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'WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER: 16, 1863.
THE REPOSITORY . FOR 1864.
FRANKLIN :REPOSITOICY Will com
-seance its seventy-fast '11701 . 1=1 with the now year,
snore widely read and nine libemllyanpported, than
,Etry,otber'journal in the State - out of the leading
lilies. It is thelargest,, Union newspaper in Penn
sylvania, and is unrivalled by any other rural Jour
''.llol in its lavish expeaditurea for reliable Cones
vondence, Editorial 'arciother Contributions, Tele
- 1101Phing, and everything necessary to make acom
••• Viet° General and:Local Newspaper.
THE REPOSITORY gives a cordial and earnest sup
. port to the Administrations of President Liscoim
and Governor Cuero to the policy of a`vigorons
„Prosecution of the; War; to the Unconditional Re
..union of the United 'iStates without comPromiso
murderous F rith Traitors; to the policy that exhausts'
4 orrery means within the power. f the Government
snppress the Rebellion of Treason and Slavery;
":116 the cause of our brave Soldi- is in the field; to
the preservation in unclouded honor, of the tra
veled memory of our heroic; martyred dead.
THE REPOSITORY sustains the Administration and
te War because it has abiding faith in thesUCCCSS
taI issue of this great strusgle, by which mad am.
. liitionandunholfthinst Air poweitiave made a Na
. den mourn. It advocates war as the .'surest. the
' speediest,—indeed th s e only road and ho
storable Peace;jthe only hope ol""17, mrerved
:Venality; and it will steadily appeal to the ;People
LID sustain the constituted authorities in :every mea
sure designed tt give iuccess to'our arms and vie
litirY to the cause of the Union.
THE REPOSITORY seeks no patronage'as a' matter
-it favor. .It alma to render the fullest possible re
igns-10 its patroni and it amply remunerates them
• Sex the outlay of its subscription price. To the citi
seas of Franklin and adjoining counties it is cope
' Vally valuable or its complete Local Reports, Cor
respondence, Markets, and we feel well assured
-*at the increase of its circulation will be 'no less
advantageous torbe Union Cause, and to the pro
notionofa healthy loyal sentiment in this trying
hour of oiliCountry, than'to its publishers. To such
:4i believe the REPOSITORY right in a Faithful but
,jeer Independent support of the Government, we
din with confidence apPeal.for sympathy and posi
tive aid in extending 4nr already iminenso circula
Gait There arc very few subscriber., to the REPOSI
• TORY who mild not add ONE pEw, responsible name
to its list by the let of januarit.l.B64. Let the friend.,
.416 Union and Freedom make the effort !
TEE REPOSITORY f0r1894 will be especially vain
, Ale to FARMERS. An Agricultural Department will
t. Ito regularly sustained, under the immediate con
-41E014)f the Senior Editor, who denotes much of his
;,;111itiie•to Practical AgricultUre; to the trial of Agn.
•Apialtural Implements and Machinery; to 'the im
lgovement of Stock, and to every method'Proposing
. atonomical progress in the great Industrial pursuit
di Southern Pennsylvania.
BUSINESS MEN of all classes, will find the REPOS
. *DRY the best Advertising medium in the State
iiUt of the cities. We believe that no country jour
sal reaches so large a class of intelligent, progres - -
8 -'ye, thrifty then as does the REPOSITORY, and it is
TEN REPOITJEY is furnished to subscribers at $2
. „go annum in advance; or $2 1 .50 if not paid within
• tie sear. All subscription accounts must, be settled
• annually. No paper sencont of the State nnl ess paid
for in advance. -
- .Talc REPOSITORY is furnished to Soldiers in actual
' , orrice at 25 cents for three Months ; 50 cents for sia
%months, or $l.OO for one year. This is less than the
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spunty. in charge of cengregations, are. tarnished
*o paper at $1.25 per annum. - •
Subscriptions and Advertisements may be sent di
yogi to the publishers, or through any responsible
Agency. Address -
- 1 fPCLURE k STONER, Proprietors. •
ErNaLE„copies of the RE.Posrron't can be
kid at the counter:with or without wrap
pers. Price five cents. Persons ordering
Angle copies to be mailed must en _ close a
-folio cent postage stamp.
HON. EDWARD M'PffRRSON has our
&auks for valuable public documents.
IT IS significant that notice has already
- been given in both branches_of Congress,
if bills to repeal the. Fugitive Slave law,
• and there is little doubt that the'repeal will
, carried. •
Ox Satnaday last the, members of both
Houses of Congress were finely entertained
e Agiboard the Russian flagatio, where speech,
`and sentiment, and eating and drinking
`mere the - order of the day.
Ting Pittsburg Gazette has been enlarged
and gives substaptial evidence of prosper.
,ity. It ,has learned some wholesome les
',sons lately, and may resume its old-time
-.llp,efalness as an efficient organ of the loyal
ERRONEOUS impressions prevail with
`many ai to the notice of the Provost Mar
shal relative to exemptions. Ali who have
paid $3OO under the late • draft, furnished
'substitutes; or been discharged from ser
:vice for any reason whatever by the present
ho ardf,need, not apply again. They are es
:auipt from 'service under the present call.
.112 last we have 'an independent, self sus-
*lining, vigorous newspaper at the National
capitol—a want sadly felt for many years.
fhe Washington Chronic& has just been
~enlarged; donned a new suit, and is a com
plete:newspaper in every department, :and
is edited with great•ability. It is publish
ed daily by - D. C. Forney at $8 per Anum.
WE give in 10-day's ' paper the annual
message of President Lincoln, and commend
it to the people of all parties. It deserves
Ao be read with care, and its plain, practi
cal propositions and its Judd discussion of
the main features of his administrative
polies', cannot but carry conviction to every
inaprejidiced Mind. That ilae is earnest,
honest and faithful in his great,ofEce, must
'be_coneeded., by friend and foe; ,s.ud when
•he shall save fulfilled ihis holy 'mission of
preserving the great Republic of the world'
•1 will stand pre-eMinent la history.ag _Quo
*f the wisest, noblest of mankind.
THE -CALL FOR TROOPS.
Gov. Curtin has, under instructions from
the National authorities, issued General
Order No. 48, calling upon the people to
act, promptly and patriotically in their sev ,
eral districts, •to raise theirqipta of 300,000
Called for by the President.
He is empowered to detail, for recruiting
service in the State, such officiers now in the
field whose term expires in 1564, as author
ized committees representing townships or
boroughs may desire, and wlien practicable
old regiments will be returned to the State
to be filled up.
. It would be well: for citizens in acting for
their respective districts to d rect recruiting
for the benefit of any company raised in
their neighborhoods ;- and also to apply to
the Executive for the return of such com
panies, if practicable, as would facilitate
The volunteers raised by this order :will
be under the direction of' the Governoi at
camps or plices of rendezVou; designated
by him, until they, are • equipped and pre
pared for the field.
Under this call all volunteers will be at
tached to 'regiments now in service ; but
they can. elect the regiment in which they
prefer to serve.
Premiuttiis of $25 for veterans '(soldiers
who have served nine months or more) and ,
$l5 for'netf,recruits, will be paid. to officers
detailed for recruiting service, whenever the
men are - accepted-by the United States.
Any borough, township or ward may fur
nish its queta-by volunteers, white or black,
and thus be exempt from the draft ordered
in January next.
Authority will be given to officers detail
ed to recruit companies, tq join such :old
regiments as have not thee makamum num
ber of companies; but no larger organization
than a company can be allowed ,under the
The Governor earnestly 'and eloquently
appeals to the people of ' ;the State to act
by boroughs and districts ;and respond `,to
this call with promptness.
the, armies need men! The power
of the Rebellion is broken, but it will strug
gle in the agonies of death for months to
come unless our ranks are filled and our
brave defenders made invincible, by over
whelming numbers, at every point.
The quota of Frinklin county is less than
600 men. We have not the official requi
sition ; but a call for 38,200. : men in Penn
sylvania requires about one in every sev
enty-five of our gross population. From
this will be deducted all enlistments. made
since the last draft.
We appeal to every ward, borough' and
township to take immediate steps to raise,
volunteers. Some have already moved in
the matter. Let local meetings be called,'
and such bounties to volunteers or provis
ion for their families be determined upon
as may be thought hest, and let Franklin
stand first in the list of counties in respond
ing in behalf of our honored. Nationality.
LINCOLN'S PBOC LA
Since President Lincola's late Proclama. l
tion has been spread before an intelligent,
-and loyal people, every one who has sui
tamped him in his efforts Ito crush this re,.
hellion and Vindicate thelintegrity of 'thei .
Government, must breathe freer when
after two years of war a Proclamation . of
Amnesty is extended to the rebels. This
Proclamation settles very easily And practi
cally the difficult questions which even great
men were stumbling
, at, and which often'
looked as troublesome as the vindication of
the Government and• the restoration of the
Union. This proclamation meets the eel.-
dial approbation of - every loyal man in the,
country, and will be zealoasly supported as
the,basis of re-organizatien in, the South:,
The institution of Slat , * is emphatically
dead, and cannot in the l future, even by
party triumph, be galvanized into a show of
vitality. The President'd proposition then
is the simplest and easiest plan of restora
tion to the blessings and benefits of a benef
It is also satisfactory to the loyal people
because it fixes the status of those high in
power in the so-called Confederate Govern•'
merit, upon whose shoulders rest the:re
sponsibility of this.war.l,lt has been re-.
peatedly said that human slavery was at the •
bottom of this unhallowed rebellion. This
we believe, for an institution so barbarous
Can only be vindicated by its advocates allY
ing themselves to the atrocities of the so-,
vage, from which the common instincts of,
an enlightened people rcbel. Liberty needs
not' the dirk of the assassin to support it.
It asks an unlimbered press and the privi
leges of free speech, and when these are
checked in this e,nlightened age, a revolu
tion in sentiment will necessarily overture
the obstacles in the way, and give free
course to the: mighty channels which give
power to the thoughts and notions ofreprt
- Two yeais ago the Smith had the adti:aii
tage i n political leadersbYcoinmon consent.
,Now they are singled out as Only* for tile
Zig' Smithlin Repository, iDiient6ei -
traitor's doom. To day the President offers
terms to the . unfortunate and the innocent,
leaving the alternative to the guilty. - The
majesty of the Government must be :re
spected and its power acknowledged, or
those who raise the arm of rebellion must
themselves be the victims of their own
atrocity. In this day, • when enlightened
options are gaining • ground, and when
governments freely scrutinize each other,
add by the free press of at least two power
furl-nations, England and America, neither
the institution of slavery, nor those who by
rebellion attempt to sustain it, can exist.
Total 4estraction is their rate. If the pee
, ple of England more than - two centuries ago
taught kings a Wholesome lesson by im
peaching, dethroning, trying and condemn
ing one by the very laws he had violated, so
may the people of the United Sta tea demand
the death of the authors of fraternal war,
because of their bold and bloody effort. at
Usurpation and rebellion. The Queen of
England is as much bound by her oath as
any private citizen. She is the servant of
- the people ; the people are her peers ; not
the crowned heads of other nations. :If she
commit offences against the people, and the
Constitution, accepted and honored by the
people, she- may be tried like a private in
dividual for her - offence, and if proved
guilty be punished therefor. Such men the
noble arguments brought to bear upon the
base of Charles I by the great Milton, and
in a blundering, blood-thirsty way; such
were the pretexts made use of by the French
Jacobins upon the trial of Louis XVI.-
The English people did execute the beau
tiful but misguided Mary Stuart, and it
must be remembered that this took place
a period of earnest religious reform and
excitement, when the conflict - was for free
-don] of thought—Protestantism as opposed
to Romanism, and for offences and deep
laid conspiracies against a Queen. For this
she was condemned and suffered a felon's
(10013 i. The world's history is full of ex
amples of men high in power, as well as
private citizens, who for schemes and devi
ces againt recognized, authority, have ;paid
the penalty of their folly by the forfeiture
of their lives.
Many of the SOuth are sincerely loyal and
long for the bleisings they once enjoyed tin
der the United States Government, but
there are also many that need the strong arm
of power jut as they love the pomp and
show of arbitrary Empire. To take away
from such - the strong arm of nower, would
not be to restore them to liberty with - -its
natural attendants law and order, but to
absolute anarchy and license, and bring back
the summary executions upon the nearest
tree, the hunting down by blood bounds,
and the savageness of men who are little
better than a race of ferocious tigers when
given over to - their unrestrained instincts.
Abolish the institution of Slavery, and re
store the Union of States on the President's
proposition, and those who have originated
and carried on this unholy rebellion must
necessarily seek refuge and find homes in
foreign lands. _Free soil, Free Institutions
and Free Government are not suite to their
depraved notions of social and political econ
omy. The Country will be better rid of
them. The great idea of Human Freedom,
that is destined to carry everything before
it, as the crowning glory of the nineteenth
century, needs not their services, nor can it
be long impeded by their oppositiOn.
In no other country in the world, nor
under the operations of any other govern
ment could so gigantic a rebellion have been
met and ,crushed in so short a time, and
with such paramount blessings to_the world
resulting from it, as the, one now rapidly
closing in America. Let us hope in the fu
ture,-Thr it is full of promise, and while we
contemplate its glories and blessings let us
not forget the stern reality of the present.
GEN. MEADE'S LATE MOVEMENT.
We have carefully examined all the in
formation, official or otherwise,. giien rela-"
tivp to Gen. Meade's late movement across
the Rapidan and his retreat without giving
battle, and it would seem that Gen. Meade
waS compelled to decline battle from causes
and circumstances over which he had not
control. His purpose to, give battle was
fixed, it is alleged on what seems to be re
liable authority, until the entire frustra,`
tion of his plans was _clearly manifest not
only to his own army but also to the enemy.
Such a movement, with severed lines of
communication, and but a limited period
within which to advance and fight, necessa
rily requires the prompt and faithful exe
cution of the entire plan of the commander
in all essential details, and it is now clear
that from some cause not yet fully explain
ed; the duties assigned to different corps
commanders were not executed with such
promptness as to secure success. French
was' sadly behind, and Warren, 'who bad
taxed his seniors heavily to win the laurels
of the day, declined to attack 'after all his de-'
mandahad been acceded to. .
We cannot now judge justly as to the cul
pability of subordinate commanders; but
thatthere is grave fault -somewhere is not
to be denied. We incline, however, strong.
lv to acquit Meade of the responsibility of
the failure, and commend his prudence in
declining to attack when he found that the
foe had folly comprehended and prepared
for his assault , but he cannot stand guiltless
before' the coup try unless he Shows fearlessly
upon whom the blame should justly rest.
e. give in another column of 10 -day's
.Paper ,a detailed necoupt of tote rnoveMent
from the New York Times, which is per
haps the fairest that has yet reached the
press. It is fully coriobOrated by there.
ports in several other leading - journals; and
the fact that the government has, not in any
way given 'even an implied censuie of Gen,
Meade, points strongly to the fact that he
acted with prudence and skill in the move
ment, and that wherever the blame may be;
it is not dearly upon him.
The following extract of a private - letter
from Gen. Meade to a friend in New Jer
sey, written before his advance, displays
the highest type of true-heroism. He says:
"I am fully aware of the 'great anxiety iii
the public mind that something should -be:
done. - I am in receipt of many; letters, some
from persons in high posstions, telling me I
had better have my army destroyed and the
country filled up with the bodies of the sol
diers than to remain inactive. Whilst Ido
not suffer myself to be 'influenced by such
communications, I am and have been most
anxious to effect something, but am deter=
mined, at every hazard, pot to attempt any 7
thing unless my judgment indicates a prob
ability of accomplishing some Objeat coin
measurate with the destruction of life neces
sarily involved. I would rather a thousand
dines be - relieved, charged with tardiness or
incompetency; than have my Conscience bur
dened with a wanton slaughter, uselessly, of
brave men, or with having jeopardized the
great cause by doing what .r thought wrong."
. THE rebels have crowned their inhuman
ity by summarily stopping the supplies sent .
by the people of the North to=-bur suffering
prisoners. Gen. Butler thus officially an
nounces it :
FORT MONROM, Dec. 18, 1863
Mr. A. C. Fulton :—Please give immedi
ate public notice that the Confederate author
ities decline receiving any more packages or
provisions for the Union prisoners, so that
parties interested may refrain from forward
ing any more goods to this point.
13F.N.r. F. BUTLER,
Ilajor General Commanding. _ ,
, The petty excuse given for this barbarity
is the allegation that the Northern press
charged the 'pfficers in Richmond with this
'appropriating the contributions. Colonel
Hatch, the: tebel officer who - brought the
information !to Gen. 13utler..admitted,that
there had been "sonad irrregularities in the
supply of our prisoners," "but he declared
that it had been remedied. The very same
boat that biought• Col. Hatch to our lines
also brought the Richmond papers, in 4ich
Mr. Foote of the rebel - Congress is repivted
as 'having declared in a.speech in the House
that thcrebel-Commissary-General North
rop had "starved the enenly's prisoners and
stealthily placed the Confederate Govern
ment in the attitude charged by the enemy.
From the 18t to the 26th oflast month meat
was furnished to the prisoners Very irregu
larly ;. for twelve days the supply was inad
equate, and, for eight days many got none
at all." Mr. Foote demanded the removal
of Northrop fOr the honor of the country.
Thus are the rebels self-convicted of fraud
and falsehood—of defrauding our starved
prisoners of the gifts of their friends to sup
ply their wants and solace them in their tore
trials, and of shameless falsehood in deny
ing their' relentless barbarity.
,r a, ll,
It appears that no caucus nomination on
the Opposition side was made for Speaker,
Pendleton haying, withdrawn, and the cau
cus having refused to nominate Cox. Their
vote was scatterred on Cox, ' Dawson, Mal
lory, Stebbins, King, Franitlllair and Stiles.
The Administration men fro'm the Northern
States -voted square through for Colfax.
Brutus Clay, Lucien Anderson, Clay Smith,
and William H. Randall, of Kentucky;
Winter Davis, Webster, and Cresswell,, of
Maryland; Blow, Boyd, M. l Clurg, and Loan,
of Missouri;' SMithers of Delaware, and all
the West Virginia , members formed the
border State column who voted for Colfax.
He had nine votes more than a majority
over all competitors and had a majority of
fifty-nine over little Mr. Samuel. Cox. He
could have had three votes more; but for the
exclusion of the Virginia members, and
would have had three less against him had
the bogus Louisiana members been picked
out before instead of after the election. This
would have, brought his majority up to fif-'
teen.. That is about the_ practical working
The bogus Governor of Louisiana, who
signed the bogus •mernbeis' certificates ;with
his private seal, was' Postmaster in New Or
leans Under] the rebel government, when
Butler entered that
: city. One of the bogus
members was inside the rebel lines - at the
time of the pretended election, and was sent
through by them that ho might come on and
take his seat. Mr. - Stevens' stated in 'debate
that they had applied already to the Ser
geant-at-Arms for their pay and mileage.
Dr. Cotman who claimed A seat as one of the
Louisiana Representatives did so upon the
authority of a certificate—signed byJ. L.
Riddell, "Governor of Louisiana"—that the
State election was held on November 2d. Dr.
Cotman was an original Secessionist ; be
signed the ordinance of.secession adopted by,
_the Louisiana Convention in 1861, and took
the oath of allegiance to the Southern Con
federacy. Backed by a few mikliown plant
ers, with a certificate signed by a mock
Governer, and 'a
record of treason, it was
sublimely audacious in Dr. Cotman to come
to•Washingtones a. legal Representative of
When Henry Winter Dayis, of Maryland,
gave 14is vote' fOr ;Colfax, it was received
with-great applause by the galleries. Four
years - ago, while:in Congress, he first voted
for a Republican Speaker, which alone elect
ed Pennington, And then it was •received
with storms of hisses by the secessionists who
then crowded the galleries. John Ordnay,
of New - Hampshire, was elected Sergeant-at;
Arms,; Ira Goodnow, of New York, was re
elected Door Keeper, and. Wm. ?
King of Min.:
ncsota," Was rotelected for Postmaster.:
MY OFTHE POTOMAC.
T4E - PLAN OF THE LATE CAMPAIGN.
THE CAUSES .OF ITS FAILURE.
A correspondent of the New York Times
has furnished a complete review of the late.
advance and retreat, from which we take the
following important • statemept, intended to
prove that Gen. Meade's failure could not
have been by him prevente&
The force of the enemy consisted pf
and Hill's corps and Pickett's division, of
Longstreet's corps, which was not sent South
—not less, in the aggregate, than 50,000 men,
while our own, in numbers, was probably its,
superior. At the time the commandinit o
general ordered-the advace, the position of
the enemy was as follows: Ewell's corps had_
been withdrawn from lower fords of the'
Rapidan, and posted behind entrenchments,,
and on natural vantage ground, his left rest-,
ing on or near the river, while his right ex
tended toward Orange Court House, causing
his line, as may be seen on the map, to run
nearly north, and to front toward the east—:
thus leaving Ely's, Culpepper,Germania,
Jacob's Mills, and other fords uncovered.
Hill's corps was in the vicinity and south of
Orange Court House, separated from Ewell's
by several miles.
GEN. MEI - DES . PLAN
The object of Gen. Meade was to doss at
the lower fords, and to push his columns rap
idly to the south and west, to the vicinity of,
and, if possible, beyond old •Verdierville, in
the direction of Orange Court House, thus
gaining the interval between Ewell's and
Hill's corps, and enabling him to give them
battle in detail. It was known by General
Meade that the left of Ewell's line was well
,carthworks and the character
of the country, but that his right was'iess
guarded, And that the plank-road from Old
Verdierville to Orange ,Court House was not
strongly covered by Ids forces.
On the 26th .the roads were in passable
condition, and the advance commenced at
dawn. In the meantime Gen. Meade had
given orders to the different corps command
ers to reconnoitre the respective roads they
were to take, and to put thent in such a con
dition that their troops might move with
rapidity. This may "have been faithfully
accomplished by some of the corps command
ers, but by others it Was neglected, and, on
account of this and other causes, serious
delays were occasioned. It should also be
stated that on the part of some of the subor
dinategenerals there was an inexcusable ig
norance of the direction and termination of
the roads over which they were to march,
and a want of promptness in pushing for Ward
their commands, which, as the sequel will
show; proved fatal to the success- of the
campaign. Friday morning, the 27th, only
found the entire army on the south side of
FAILURE OF TEE THIRD CORPS
Early Friday morning the army was in
motion, and its different columns were push
ed forward with greater rapidty by more im
perative orders. The 2d Corps, under-com
mand of Maj. Gen. Warren, reached:llobert
son's tavern about 1 o'clock in-the afternoon
of Friday, found the enemy, and commenced
to ascertain his- strength and position by a
brisk skirmish fire: In the meantime, he
was ordered not to attack till the 3d Corps,
commanded by Gen. French, should come up.
Three or four aids were sent with despatches
toliurry up this corps, but it did not arrive,
and when night came on it was still two or
three miles from Warren.
Gen. Meade having waited hour after hour
for the arrival of the 3d Corps, and having
made use of his aids, in vain, in endeavoring.
to hasten its march, at length sent a despatch,
about 4 o'clock in the afternoon, to General
Newton, in command of, the,lst Corps, which
was at this time at Parker's store—distant
'some two or. three miles from Robertson's
tavern—ordering him to cross over - to the
support of the 2d Corps. This order Gen.
Noiton _promptly obeyed, but it was dark
by The time his corps arrived .in the rear of
Warren, and the fight of the - day was over.
In the meantime the 6th Corps, under Gen.•
Sedgwick; had arrived, and it wasi>osted on
the right of the 2d Corps. On thaet, Gen.
Gregg, with his cavalry, was gallantly hold
ing in cheek" the advance" of Hill's corps,
which had been rapidly pushed forward from
_Orange Court - House, on the plank road,
passinc ,, Parker's store. Gen. Sykes, with
the sth Corps, during the afternoon of :Friday,
was supporting Gen. Gregg.
GEN . MEADE'S PLANS AVILEADY FRUSTRATED
Such was the position of the different corps
late on Friday night. If Gen. Meade rested
at all on this night he rested under the vveight
of many and bitter disappointments. All cif
his plans had been frustisted. The misfoF
tune of the 3d Corps in taking the wrong
road, and meeting Johnson's division, devel
oped the object of Gen, Meade. The delays
in its march, and its failure to supportniVar 7
ren, enabled Ewell to concm trate, and pre
vented the advance of the Corps, which
would have separated the two corps of the
enemy, and brought our line pf battle beyond
Mine Run, upon the same ground, and in _
the same impregnable posifon which the
enemy•held the following da3. This delay
also gave time for Rill to move up to Ewell's
support, and prevented Gregg Sykes, and
Newton from swinging aronndthe left of our
line, and rutting off all avenua of escape to
A BATTLE STILL THE PURPOSE. •
During Friday night Gen. Meade determ-'
iced to give the enemy battle the morning.
The light of the morning revealed the fact
that the enemy had during the night aban
doned his position in front cf Warren, and
fallen back. An advance oleic line was at
once ordered. This line rapidly pressed for
ward, passed the enemy's h asofearthworks,
behind which he had - fought the preceding
day, and, at length, remand his second
line of defence, which was tvo miles in rear
of the first.
CHARACTER OFTHE ENNNTS POSITION
This line was of the most fonnidable char
acter. It extended along a preminent range
or, series of hills for a distance of six or eight
miles. This series of hills fouled all the
angles of a complete fortiflcatko; and com-
Tprised the essential elements 'of a fortress.
he centre of the line presentee four or five
well-defined facings of unequal mgth, occur
pying a space of more than 3,00 yards, with
such angles of defence that the fire of the
enemy was able to enfilade ever. avenue of
approach, while his right andleft flanks
were not less strongly protected. 'Stretched
immediately in the rear and on to flanks of
his position was a dense forest of teavy tim
ber. About 1,200 yards - in front'f his lines
was Mine Run—a stream of no pat width,
but difficult for infantry to cross, from the
marshy ground and dense erndep.owth of
stunted timber with which it was requently'
flatiked on either side,
as well as - from the
abrupt-character 61 its banks.: Ir addition
to these natural aef3ces,, the eel:ay:lad
felled in front of a Wits extent obis Posi-
Ison a thick growth of pine, as a abattis,
while he had also thrown np earthworks of
great strength.along his entire line._ Thus
the position was much stronger than ours al
Gettysburg, and more formidable than the
enemy's at Fredericksburg.
' A.N EXTENDED RECONNOISSANCA
When our lines had advanced on &Mr
day morning to within. two thousand yards
of the enemy's earthworks, a 'halt ffas 09-
dered, anti his position 'TM reconnoitred.
A great part of this day passed'away 'heroin
the lines and strength of the enemy could
be fully ascertained. It was the desire of
Gen. Meade to'-attack upon this day. The
extent of outline of battle had been con
tracted for this' purpose.. The 3d Corps had
arrived, and it had been posted on the .160
of our lines, while the 6th held the extreme
right, and the Ist and 2d the ce - ntte, sup
ported by the sth. Upon the reports of his,
subordinate guierals, and a thorough person
al reeennoissanee, Gen - . Meade was unwilling
to make an assault upon this day, which - now
was nearly- spent. •
Thus Saturday passed. On the following
day;—Sunday—all was quiet. Both armies
rested, and neither seemed disposed to break
the repose of the day. Gen. Warren, who
had: now been transferred from the centre to
the extreme left, reconnoitred the right of
the enemy's lines and - reported personally,
with the.strongest assurranc of success, than
ho could carry the works in his front. Upon
this favorable report of Gen. Warren. and
also upon the encoLragino- '* reports received
from the right of our line, the commanding'
General determined bmake a vigorous ae
sault at early dawn on Monday morning.--
To insure the success of Warren on our left.
he at once bent him two divisions from the
3d Corps, and one from the 6th, which, to
gether with Warren's own Corps, gave him
a command of twenty eight thousand men.
The balance of the 6th Corps, together with
the sth, held the right, while the two divie
ions of the Ist and one of the 3d held the
centre of our line. The artillery was posted
along the entire front of our line, and in a•
commanding position. The time for the.ao.
'sault on the right and left was fixed upon,
and at 8 o'clock in the mooring the struggle '
was to commence. ,' At length something
was determined npon—something definito—f
something encouraging—after the bitter die
appointments of the past three flays.
A THIRD FAILURE AND THE REASONS 808 IT
Early Monday morning, the army was an.
der arms, waiting impatiently fer the signal
gun. At last, the sound of Sedgevick's can
non came foiling along the line, when the
entire artillery of the right andeentie open
ed upon the works of the enemy. Bet note
sound came from Warren ; not a gin vse,
heard on the left. Is the army againto
-Yes. Upon a more careful and therolgt,
examination, of the enemy's works, withiut
consultation with General Meade--withems
consulting with a single officer, but assuming
the entire responsibility—Gen. Warren de
tided not to attack. He immediately repor
ted to" Gen. Meadethe reasons for his failure!,
to attack—that he bad misjudged the strength
of the enemy's position, and that he was wit
ling to sacrifice himself, rather than to sive- ,
rifle° the army. Gen. Meade at once ordered
a postponement of the asSault on the right '
and centre, and galloped to the left to ascer.i,
tain if it was possible in any way for War-i
ren to be successful. He decided that suc
cess would be at an immense sacrifice of life*,
and that the defeat of Warren would be dis
astrous to the army. -
It was too late now to change the pro
gramme of the battle. It would consul*
another day to transfer the troops to the cen
tre and to the right. The supplies of the ar
my were nearly exhausted, and one day . of
rain would have caused the- roads to be im
passable. The army was safely withnrar
to this side of the Rapidan. . ,
THE loyal Democrats Of Massachusetts it*
speaking out in decided terms against the
policy of the opposition leaders, and in favor
of the Government and the, war. In Wor
cester, Hon. Isaac Davik up to the present
time, in .full accord with, the Democrat
party, spoke at a 'war meetiner a as follows:
"Allusions have been made by the eloquent
officer who has just taken his seat, to the
subject of Slavery. I don't - propose to say
anything ,about - that matter. It is an hi
tution I abhor and loathe.' As an institution
it is between the upper and nether millstone,
and will be- ground to powder. [Great
applause.] 1£ this foul blot is °lased ,sie
will forever shout glory !' hallelujah !'
hive no sympathy for that patriot who will
do nothing because Lincoln or his Cabinet
do not do just right." .
THE Richmond Examiner of the 20th insC ,
in an article on the political condition of ills
"Confederacy," makes this admission: "Sucli
deessivo military advantages as to reduce the ,
enemy to submission can scarcely be expected. ,
If-any prompt termination to . the war can Di
hoped for, itis from foreign complications,
to which Its further continuance will always
afford: occasion." Here, then, is a , direct.
confession of the weakness of the rebellionl—=
a confession that it can never succeed o s f its
own strength, and that unless strengthened
from abroad, it must inevitably be crushed.
Our Southern enemies have been slow to re
alize this fact; their Northern sympathizers
have never been willing to admit it, but now
that it is established upon • rebel authority;
let it never'iDare be questioned.
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