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~- itivil----. tor I._
BY. WCLURE & STONER.
Kr. Young, - one of the Editors of the
Press, writing from Washington, gives the
following, graphic deicription of the 'organ
isation of Congress:
Schuyler Colfax is very calm and very bu
sy, and finds himself the cynosure of many
ayes; as he stands near his seat, chatting and
smiling to a group of men around him. Mr.
01fax s one of those indescribable people
that everybody seams to like, with a bright
eye, a clear, expressive face, and a genial
quick manivr thatanakes all around him per
fectly' at home. I should call Mr. Colfax a
natty little man, full of energy and good nal:
tare,. and with that positive way that we so
often see in newspaper men—a way of say
ing yes and no, and giving an opinion in the
-shortest space of time. Mr Colfax-is .a news
'-caper man, and. I fancy there is general goad
fueling among that singular race, who are,.
m Mr. Dickens would say, ," writing with
ravenous pens" in the gallery above the Spea
ker's chair, for one of their tribe isnow a
popular man, and about. o receive the re
ward of his well-earned pbpularity.
' It is very near 12 o'clock ; the galleries
are filled ; the doors are cramed ; -the floor
is covered with moving, talking
s men ; the
darks are' frantically hurrying; hither and
thither, carrying small bundles :well tied in
large red tape ; pages are bouhding over
chairs and tables, answering calls in a man
'nor that suggests many accidents and mush
mortality among them; the new Members
sire making each other's acquaintances, and
the old members arc speaking about- the
weather and the war, and asking each other
how:they have been since they last assembled
Thaddeus Stevens is in Iris seat, with his
stern,- cold-cut, intellectual face looking
bright 'and fresh,- and more like the young
eat`member of the House which he is not,
than one of the oldest members which.le
Near him is a hard, rugged face, rough and
swarthy with meaning eyes under heavy
brows, the lace of .one of the best-abused
- men in the country—Robert G. Schenck,
Irately major general commanding in Marv
lank and. the terror of every - traitor in that w
redeemed State. Behind him is one of its
redeemers in the person of Henry: I V4 inter
Davis, one of the first that treason-shackled
Maryland overthrew, and onP of the first that
;mfranchiled Maryland exalted. Garfield
quietly moves around in his presence, recall
ing all the, glories of the many; estern
campaigns, which have given glory to our
arms. .He is a young man, and beside him
are two other young men, truant sons of
,Pennsylvania—Blaine, of Maine,- and Don
nelly, of Minnesota. They, ran away from
the good old State, in early years„-one to the
_ East, the other to the West—and - ;now meet
again on the .iloor of Cotesress. • Our own
members are in'a group—Judge Kelley, one
of the ablest debaters- in the Horse, and- a.
leading. Representative; Mr. O'Neill,, and-.
Mr. Myers, and Mr._ Thayer, w are here
for th,e first 'ti and Mr. Randall, whose
hand4orne face is seen between that of John
L. Davison and Fernando Wood. Mr. Wash
-Intrne is here as one of the oldest members,
slthodgh not an old man; while Mr. Cox, of
Ohio, who is to receive the Democratie nom
ination for Speaker, is talking to Mr. Pen
dleton and Mr. Voorlse4 as pleasantly as
though he expected to be eldeted. Altogether,
it is a,:strange House. There are few old
men, and few old members' It has a pract
ical business look about it,_;as though it were
going to be'an industrious" House—a if onie
of regular habits—that met at proper hours
and dined at :roper hours, and as soon as it
fixed the affairs of the nation, would hurry
home and flx . its own affairs—its harvests
and invoices, and newspapers and briefs, and
spinning-wheels and ploughs.
The Clock strikes twelve, - and Mr. Ether
' idge, who,sei4ns to be an inoffensive man,
and not a very bad fellow, notwithstanding
the way we have been' talkins , about =him,
-raps on the 'table twice or thrice, and,pro
*sods fornudly to summon the ffouse to -or
der and call the roll. The members answer
fo their names slowly ; and the vast multi
tude listens as quietly as though each man
expected his own name called, and was
anxious to answer. Massachusetts is passed,
and Connecticut, and ,there is a buzz over
the galleries, for the bar-rooms and the
Avenue had set it down that these were
among thelitates that the conscience of Mr.
Etheridge would not permit to be represent
ed: It was noticed that Maryland was not
called, nor West Virginia, nor some of the
members from :Missouri. , -This had been set
down among other things; and straightway
a member rises and calls for- the reading of
the credentials of the members from Mary
land—and after they are read moves to place
their -names upon the list. Objection is
raised, and a motion is made to lay the mo- '
taws on the table. There is adelity occasion
ed. by the lingering process of calling the
yeaa and nays,, and the impatient gallery
becomes more and more impatient. In time,
-however, it is announced that upori the mo
tion to lay upon the table the nays are in a
majority. This settles the question. The
'galleries cheer lustily, for the contest is at an
and. The majority that admitted Maryland
ia :tint:Relent to elect the Speaker, and the
election of a Speaker is merely a Matter of
form. Nearly two hours are consumed by
the majority in placing „upon the roll many
members that the conscience of Mr, Ether-.
idge could not receive, . and finally it is
ordered that the House proceed to ballot for
ikeakir. Mr. Washburne nominated Mr.
Colfax, and the galleries cheer again. Other
members are nominated, the honors -being
-between, Mr. Cox, of Ohio, and Mr. Dawsou,
'of Pennsylvania. But it is evident that the
contest is at an end. On one side there is a
firm, unbroken column supporting Schuyler
Colfax. On the other side the members are
dividing off into groups and, giving each other
eunplimentary votes. Mr. Benjamin Wood
goo' alone, and shOws that John D. Stiles,
of Allentown, is the man he delights to
Finally, the long roll is ended,' and the
tellers made their report. And the Clerk
announces that, according to the report of
the said tellers, the Hon. Schuler. Colfax,
Representative from Indiana, was , duly
Alerted Speaker of the Thirty-eighth Con
geese: Mr. Cox and Mr. Dawson are ap
pointed to conduct him to the chair, and the
natty little newspaper man, amid loud and
'long-continued cheering, ascends the steps
and makes a natty little• speech—brief; bun
am like r positive, with much modesty, great
sense, and no allusion to the star-spangled
banner. So the anxious hour is_ pasSed—tbe
.mace is formally placed upon the table, and
the House is orgtazed.
WORDS OF WISDOM. I
In sublime contrast with the
- misrepresentations, and the petty quibbles
of the Age, the Spirit and kindred. Demo
cratic journals in Pennsylvania, is the bold,
patriotic language of the Boston /ost, the
leading Democratic Organ of New Bagland,
on the conscription -bill, It says:
"Where a conscription is so general and
extensive as this, there is no reproao in be
ing a conscript.— There is a positive reproach
in seeing a hale, hearty, young man, wiWng
to confess -that he' has not spirit enough to
serve under the national banner. It is a
burning shame to hear siieh a
: one beast that
he cannot be made to go. In an. bid man
broken in health and disposition it iS excusa •
blo to want courage: but the 'martial spirit
becomes the young and middle-aged. It is
wise in all who have been .lawfully, drafted
to assume the virtue of martial pluck if they
have it not. A kind,. ericouraging`word
from others may now be of -great service.
Employers, instead of encouraging their sub
ordinates to seek out loopholes ot release.
should encourage them to their military duty,
and see that their places are kept open for
them. Ara indiscreet loan of $3OO tfl itty for
exemption ; to a young man who is only half
inclined to key at home. may be. time - worst
service a brother, parent, or friend can do
the drafted man. A smile at oneiwho has
'hit' is nnkind and unmanly. Never was
there an army- around whose banners clus
tered so much glory as those of the 'Republic.
sow in the!last days of the rebellien. The
highest places of the army are open to the
humblest - privates if only merit points them
out for advancement. To discourage enlist
ments, and to oppose the enrollment were
crimes, but it is now infinitely more crinanal
to discourage -from service those Who have
been drafted." •
ADDRESS OF SPEARER CO
After being conducted to the Ithair by
Messrs. Dawson and Cox, and before taking
the oath, Mr.- Speaker Colfax, addiessed the
House as follows :
Gentlemen of the House of Ilepresentatives:
To-day will be remarked in Anietican his
tory as the opening of Congress 'distined to
face and settle the most important questions
of the century, and during whose lexiAence
the rebellion which has passed intolculmina
don will, beyond,all queition—thanks to our
army and navy and adrainistrattn—die a
deserved death! Not only will yo r consti
tuents watch 'with strictest sertitil your de
liberations here, but the friends of' iberty in
the most distant lands -will - be interested
spectators of yodr acts in this greater than
Roman forums. I invoke yeutto approach
these grave questions with The caln thought
fulness of statesmen, fleeing your discussions
from that acerbity which mars ins!ead of ad
vancing legislation, and with unhaken re
liance on that divine power whiciii gave vic
tory to those-who formed this TJniO trand can
give even greater victory to thos who are
seeking to save it-from destruction from the
bands of the parricide and traitor. I invoke
you also to remember that sa red truth
which all histoty verifies, that }'they who
rule not in righteousness shall perish from
the earth." - Thanking you with la grateful
:heart for this distinguished mark of yOur
confidence, and regard, and appealing to'all
for that support and ,forbearance, by the aid
of which alone I can hope to succeed, I am
now ready to, take the oath of Once, an.l
enter upon the duties you have assigned me.
THE SOUTHERN CO
Winter in North Carolina— aI n and .
Mnd—Visit of Gen. Butler—His Enthu
at his Advent—Than ksgici g Day.
Correwondence of The Franklin Repoalto y.
NEWBBIIN, N. C., Nov. 8, 1863.
" To-day.the moaning of the bitter Wind,'•
Rhymes with the plashing of the c . )1i113 , rain."
And to-day the weather is in e i ery respect
similar to that of every other day of the past
week. Could not the Sanitary.Ooramisiion
or some other benevolent institution send,
among the many good things which are re
ceived it their bands, a few weeks of clear,
cold Northern weather, just enough to dispel
the deadly miasma which fills he air, and
which daily hurries many contrabands to the
place "where good darkie.s go ri
In a former letter, I spoke of the small-pox
having made its appearance here. , Since
that time the disease has been Oreading ra
pidly among the negroes, and 1 at present
there are about seventeen hundred cases in
the town and vicinity . ; The filthy habits of
the negroes is doubtless one - of the principal
caustoof this great increase in the number
of cites, as well as that so man Y deaths oc
cur. Happily,. white soldiers and citizens
are almost entirely exempt from it. I have
heard of but few cases among these Classes of the
population. OWing to the unfavorable wenth,:
er "the shakes" still ,prevail to a l considera
ble extent. Bitter experience ( q uinine and
4. bone-set") has taught us to pray earnestly
for the day of our deliverance f4om this pest
of the swamp country.
The few frosts we have had, have! divested
Newbern of its chief attraction). Its groves
of magnificent shade trees, which in summer
form complete arches through all the streets,
and renter the place beautiful and attractive,
are now leafless, the few eve green ferns
shooting out from the mossy trunks being
the only remaining evidence of life. The
cottages of the poorer classes, Iwhich a' few
months ago were neat and picturesque in
their covering of vines and shrubbery, now
look bare And dilapidated. *inter is fast
approaching, but instead of its glorious ac
companiments,. skating, sleighing, parties,.
etc., which you at the North enjoy, we will
have nothing but cold North-east rains and•
oceans of mud.
. I have little tolerate in the
CHAMBKRRITRG, PA,, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER i 6, 1863.
The event of the month was the visit of Ma
jor General Benjamin F. Butler, the new
Commander of the Department of Virginia
and North Carolina. The General with his
wife, daughter, and staff left
'roe in the steamer S. R. Spaulding, on the
19th inst., arriving at Morehead city on the
20th. After inspecting Fort Macon and the
other harbor defences, and visiting the vil
lage of Beaufort, the_ party took, a special
train for thisoity, stopping atand inspecting
the several military posts on the line of the
-railroad, An immense crowd was gathered..
at the depot here, and the reception of the
distinguished visitor was enthusiastic and,
gratifying. Accompanied by Major -Gene
ral Peek and staff, Brigadier - Genera Pal
mer and staff and a squadron Of the 12th N.
Y. - Cavalry, the whole forming a brilliant
cavaldade, the Commanding General pro
ceeded to inspect the defences of Newbern
and the different outposts. After dining at
GeneralTeck's, the party embarked on the
steamer Collyer and visited Washington,
Plymouth and Roanoke Island, and thence
by way of Hatteras Inlet, (in the capture of
which, in 1861, Gen. Butler's forces played
a prominent part,) returned to Fortress Mon
As our friend Stiner of the Herald was
with the visitors, it Would be worse than
useless for roe at this late day to enter upon
the details of the trip. Except by the resi
dent rebels, who hate him with a bitter ha
tred, Gen. Butler was at every point warmly
weleoined. His coming betokens a change
in the administration of affairs in this De
partnent, and the native citizens, who of
late have been doing pretty much as they
pleased, await the change with fear and trem
bling, With Baltinfore and New Orleans
as an example, the secessionists here may
well dread the man, who in 'Support of the
Constitution and the laws of the Union, has
.never hesitated to "take the responsibility."
The maledictions heaped upon him by the
press and people of the rebel states, are far
more honorable to him than the warmest
praises ()Oils. friends. His headquarters are
at Fortress Monroe.. Though he may not.be
the fortunate - man who is to capture Rich
mond, he is at least conveniently 'located to
take charge of kind run the machine when it
comes into our poisession.
.The 3d North CarolinalOyal regiment is
being rapidly, recruited by Capt. Foster, a
worth Carblina than, and one who has al
ready rrfoilned.good Service in the•cause of.
the Union. , His thorough knowledge of th"
4ouil,try and his acquaintance with moat of
the citizens in - this part of the ; state, peculi
arly fit him for the work in which he is now,
engaged, and_ will prove invaluable to. him
when he conies into the command of the 3d.
The'regimentis being formed for service in
the State. With Gen. Butler in command
they will probably have enough to do.
Our pickets at Newport -Barracks were
driven in to-day by a reconnoitering cavalry
force of the enemy. Maj. Jarvis, of the 9th
Vt. ;Refit:, was killed while gallantly leading
his men in repulsing the rebels.
Thanksgiving day-Was generally observed
as a holiday by the Army, Navy and citi
zens. At the Fair Grounds, the employees
of the Quarter-Master's Department engaged
in foot:races, sack faces, climbing greaied
poles, etc., to the great amusement of nume.:
roux spectators: The performances closed
with a grand ball and supper.
The scarcity of tro.)ps in this Department
may invite an attack in force by the chiv
alry. Let them come. - Our magazines are
well filled, the artillerists in perfect practice,
thecommiisiariat well supplied-and we shall
delight in welcoming them with bloody
hands, etc. Yours,
The Washinkton County Bank, (lid.) las
declared a - dividend of 31 per cent, clear of
The Pennsylvania-Railroad Company an
nounces a. semi annual dividend a five per
cent., free of government tax.
The First ,National Bank of Carlisle has
been' designated by the Secretary of the
;Treasury as a depository of the Government.
The Reading railroad company have de
clared a dividend of seven per cent., payable
in common' stock, on and after December 31,
and a dividend of three and a half per cent.,
payable in cash or common stock, has been
declared on the preferred stock-.
'We learn that measures are in train for
the' establishment of a National bank in Get
tysburg, under -the, Act of Congress. \ The
Farmers' and Mechanics' Savings Institution
is tto be the base of-operation, we understand,
and will be merged in the Bank.' The capi
tal, we hear, is to be $50,000. • -,
'The Philadelphia Banks have - declared
their semi-annual dividends, viz:
Farmers' and Mechanics' Bank 5 per cent
Kensington Bank.. .10
Southwark Bank 8 31
Tradesmen's Bank 5 , ••
Manufacturer? and Mechanics Bank 6 " •
Philadelphia Bank 5 ,••
Bank of .Northern Liberties 7 *II
Bank of Penn Township 6 . 41
Corn Exchnnge Bank 5-"
Bank of Commerce 5 "
Commercial Bank 5
Girard Bank.. 5 ••
Union &ink- , 5 S.
Consolidation Bank ' 5
Western Bank 5 ••
Commonwealth BMA 4 ••
The average .of these dividends is consid
erably greater than any known for a number
way of news
The 38th Congress assembled on the ith
ofDecember. We subjoin a list of the lea
ding officers 'and members. x, Administrattorf
Members in Roman—Opposition italics :
HANNIBAL Haman, (Me.) Vice President. -
John W. Forney, (Ph.) SecrotarY.
Term Expires. - Term Expire/.
c aN pecricuz. missonat.
Lafayette S. Y. 05ter...1867 Benj. Gratz Brow-n.. 0887
James Dixon 1869 John D Henderson...lB69
CALIFORNIA. NEW lIAIIPBRIRZ.
Jas. A. M'Dougatt...lB67l.Tohn P. Hale 1865
John Conical 1869 Daniel Clark 1867
DE'LAIrA BE. NEW FORK.
William Sauldatry-.1865 Ira Harris • .1867
AMC, A. Ballard 1869 Edwin D. M0rgan....1869
musics. NEW JERSEY.
Henry S. Lane 1867 John C. Ten Eyok 1865
Thos. A. Heaceriq:s...lB.s9 William Wright. 1869
Win. A. Richardatra..l66s -
Lyman Trumbull 1867
James W. Grimes 1865
James Harlan.. 1867
Lazarus W. Patce11...1865
Garret Davie 1867
Samuel C. Pomeroy-1865
James H. Lane 1867
Thomas H. Hicks 1867
Reverdy Johnson 1869
Wm. P. Fessendon....lB6s
Lot M. ..... -.1869
Henry Wilson- ..... -.1865
Charles Sumner 1869
Jacob M. Howard ..... 1865
Benjamin F. Wade... 11369
John Sherman ' 1867
Benj. P. Harding 1865
Jas. W. Nesmith 1867
Edgar Cowan 1867
Chas. R. Bucket/rm....1869
Henry B. Anth0ny....1865
Win. Sprague.. 1869
Jacob Collamer 1867
Solomon Foot 1869
John S. Carlisle 1865
Lemuel J. 80wden...1869
Timothy 0. Howe AB
James R. Doolittle....lBC9
Waltman T. Willey-1/365
P. G. Van Wink1e.....1869
M. S. Wilkinson 1857
ROUSE_ OF EXPEESZN"TATIVES.
SCHUYLER COLF4x. (Ind.) Speaker.
Edward APPberson, (Penna.) Clerk.
1. Lorenzo D. Sweat. 1. Nath'l B. Smithers.
2. Sidney Perklax" -
3. James G. Blaine. 1. George H. P endleton.
4. John H. Rice. - 2. AlexandeiLonu.
5. Frederick IL Pike. 3. Robert C. Schenck.
NEW nAgraarns. -4, J. F. McKinney.
1. .Danist/ 31aro. s'. Frank C. Le' Blond.
2. Edward R. Bollins, 6. Chitton A. White.. _
3. James W. Patterson. 7.. Samuel S. Cox. •
VIIRMONit. 8. William Johnston.
1. Freirk Woodbridge. 9, Warren P. Noble. •
2. Justin S. Merrill. 10. James M. Ashley.
3. Portus Baxter. ' 11, Wells A. Hutchins
massacuusgrra. 12. William H. Finck.
1. Thomas D. Eliot, 13. John O'Neill.
2. Oakes Ames: 1 114, George Bliss.
3. Alexander H. Rice. 15, James B. Morris.
4. Samuel Hooper. , 16t Joseph 'W. White.
5. John B. Alley. 17, Ephraim R. Eckley.
6. Daniel W. Gooch. 18. Rufus S. Spaulding
7. George S.Boutwell. 19, James A. Garfield.
8. John D. Baldwin. - KENTUCKY.
9. Wm, B. Washburne. 1. Lucien Anderson.
10. Henry L. Dawes. 2. George H. Yeoman.
RHODE ISLAND. 3. Henry Crider.
1. Thomas A. Jenks. 4, Aaron Harding.
2. Nathan F. Dixon. 5. Robert Mallory.
CONNECtICL'T. 6. Green Clay Smith.
1. Henry C. Mining. 7. Brutus J. Clay.
2. J ane s K. English. 8. William H. Randall.
3. Augustus Breadegee., 9. 'Win. H. Wadsworth.
4. John H. ljubbanl. ' INDIANA,
Yew volts. 11. John Law. -
1. Henry G. .51ebbirts. 2. James A. Cravens.
2. Martin Ka/Welsch. 3. Henry W. Barrington
3. Moses F. Oda 4. William S. Holman.
4: Benjamin Wood. . 5. George W. Julian.
5. .14.rnalmin Al'hode 6. Ebenezer Dumont.
6. Elijah 7. Daniel W. ki.korkees.
7. John W. Chandler. 8. GodlOTO S. Orth.
8. James Brooks. 9. Schuyler Colfax.
9. Anson Herrick. 10. Joseph K. Edgerton.
10. William Radford. 11. James F. AfeDowel/.
11. Charles H. - Winfield. ILLINOIS.
12. HOVlth' A. Nelson. 1. Isaac N. Arnold.
13, John B. Steele. 2. John P. Farnsworth.
14. John V. L. Pruyn. 3. Elihu'B. Washburne.
15. John A. Griswold. • 4. Charles M. Harris.
16. Orlando Kellogg. 5. Owen Lovejoy.
17. Calvin T. Ilurlburd. 6. Jessee, 0, Norton.
18. - James M. Marvin. 7. John R. Eden.
19. Samuel F, Miller. 8. John T. &tiara.
20. Ambrose W. Clark. 9. Lewis TV. Ross. •
21. Francis Kernon: 10. Anthony L. Knapp.
V.. Dewitt C. Littlejohn. 111. James U. Robinson.
'X. Thomas F. Davis. ;12. ,William R. Morrison.
24. Theodore M. Pomeroyi 13.' William J. Allen.
25. Daniel Morris. 14. James C. Allen.
26. Giles H. Hotchkiss. alissornt.
V. R. B. VanValkenberg 1. Francis.P. Blair.
Freeman Clarke. 2. Henry T. Blow.
29. Augustus Frank. 3. John G. Scott.
30. John B. Gannon. 4 Johir W. McClung.
31. Reuben E. Fenton. ' 5. S. H. Boyd -
we. w JERSEY. 6. Austin A. King.
L John F. Stan. 7. Benjamin W. Loan.
2. George Middleton. , 8. William A. Hall.
3, William G. Stele. 9. „James Slßollins.
1. Fernando-C. Beaman
5 4 . . A s nd ehem ret i v a i. p ß e Og v er . S. -MICHIGAN, . •
PENNSYLVANIA. 2. Charles Upson.
1. Samuel .1. Rdndall., 3. John W. Longyear.
2. Charles O'Neill. 4. Francis W. Kellogg.
3. Leonard Myers. 5. Augustus C. Baldwin.
4. William D. Kelly., 6. John"F. Drigge. ,
-5. M. Russell Thayer, lOWA. '
6. John D. Stile.. 1. James F. Wilson.
7. John M. Broomall. 2:Hiram Price.
8. Sydenham E. Ancona: 3. William B. Allison.
9. Thaddeus Stevens. ,5. James B. Grinnell.
10. Myer Streuse. - 5. John A. Raison
11. Philip Johnson. 6. A. W. Hubbard.
12. Charles Dennison. WISCONSIN.
13. 11. M. Trace'. 1. James S. Brown,
14: William IL Miller. 2. Mauler 13, Sloan,
15. Joseph Bailey. 3. Amass Cobb.
16. A. H. Co(froth, 4. Charles A. Eldridge.
17. Archibald if Allister. 5, Ezra Wheeler.
18. James T. Hale. 6. Walter D. M'lndoe.
19. Glenni W. Schofield. CALIFORNIA.
:0). Amos Myers. Thomas B Shannon.
21. John L. Dawson. ' William Highg.
22'. James K. Morehead.. Cornelius Cole. ,
23. Thomas Williams. , MINNESOTA.
24. Jesse Lamar; William, Windon.
'MARYLAND. - • Ignatius L. Donnelly.
1. J. A. Cresswell. ongonn.
2. Edwin H. Webster. John R. BYEride.
3. 11. Winter Davis.
4. Francis Thomas. I A. C. lilder.
5. Beniamin G. Harris,- wtar VIRGINIA.
viRGINIA. William G. Brown.
1. L. H. Chandler. I Jakob B. Blair.
2. Joseph Segar. Kellian V. Whaley,
3. Benjamin M. Kitchen
Samnel G. Della , :
Hiram. P. Bennett.
*Mem H. Wallace,
John P. Kenny,
George E. Cole.
Opposition or Copperhead
' ROUE OF BHP!
Unconditional Utiion Met
Opposition or Doubtful
Union majority, about-
Gov. Bramlette, the lately elected Goyetn
or of Kentucky, in his message to the Legis
latUre urges the reorganization of the Militia
for home defence against guerillas'. He
pledges the entire services of 00 State to the
defence of the• Government. In relation to
the question of slavery, the 'Governor con
cludes that it is not essential to the ,life of
the State or nation; but that Union is.
The following are the ballota giveniia the
Union Corgreasionaf caucus for Clerk
First. Second. Third; Flirth. Fifth
Fessenden '2l_ 21 13
Buffington 32 32 Sr 46 44
Green Adams 14 14 10 5 --
MaPher50n...:;.....02 32 41 , 40 55
, The Bedford Inquirer raises tie naues of
Abraham Lincoln for President, and
Winter Paris for Vice Bresident, in 1864:.
BRIEF WAR ITEMS.
The small pox has brcken out among the
Union prisoners at Danville, Va.
Illinois has over sev_entp•flve regiments
under• the immediate command of Gen.
The Ladie'sFair at Indianapolis, Ind.,
recently held, realized twelve thousand dol
lars for the benefit of soldiers'
The Charleston (S. C.) Courim:says that
the pay ota rebel soldier for a:month will
not suffice to purchase'a pair of gloves.
Nearly two hundred river guerillas have
recently been captured 'near Vicksburg.
Some of them - wear' the uniform of RebeL
The Rebel Gen. Polk has been ordered to
command the Southern - AlissiSsippi Depart
ment, with his headquarters at Brandon,
fifteen miles east of-Jackson.-
A special despatch 'from -Chattanooga,
dated the 7th inst., saysi,—Hardee•is slowly
failing back from Dalton with Bragg's whip
ped army. The mountains of Reast -Ten
nessee are -filled with Rebel deserters and
Maj. Gen. French, lately commandingtbe
Third Army Corps, Army_of the Potomac,
the New York Times says, has been relieved
of his command and ordered under arrest for
alleged misconduct in the late movement of
The cavalry of the Army of the Potomac
are kept busy looking after )loseby's
Stelvart's - Rebel cavalry frequently
make raids on the north side of the Rapidan,
occasionally picking up some of the stragglers
of the Itnion army.
Gen. Butler has issued a .chitracteristic
orcier for the regulation of the colored people
in his department. He is of the opinion that
as a negro fills the same apace in the ianksas
a white man, and if shot fills as-large a grave,
he should receive the same pay as the white
The steamer Fulton brings the sad
gence that the monitor Weehawken, sud
denly sunk at her anchorage off Morris
Island, during a gale on the 6th inst. Out
of her crew thirty were lost, including four
assistant engineers. Her captain was on
board the flag-ship When the accident oc
cura All the other officers except the
above named were saved. No damage re
ceived by any of the other iron-clads.
Dr: Chas. P. Wright,. of Ohio, who was
captured at Chickamauga on the 20th of Sept.
last, has just arrived froth Libby Prison by
a flag of truce. Thii.sloctor states that t' e
of clothing, provisions, &e., sent to
the Union prisoners at Rialfmond by their
Northern friends and associations, have bteen
received by them, except in a few cases.
The doctor was'requested by our officers no*
in Libby Prison to convey to their friends at
home an injunction as to the necessity of
confining themselves to sending forward
staple articles instead of luxuries, as the
Confederate modes of transportation are now
?taxed to their utmost extremity-.
The Richmond Whig, of Saturday last,
says, after. lamenting the" " deep water" into
which the confederacy is plunging; ~ . We
have a department of State trat has not been
able in nearly three years to establish nisi:,
tions with any other State; a treasury de
partnient- that has failed to keep its finances
from running to ruin; 'a war department in
the hands of a chief- whose whole studies and
course of life have been purely and peculiarly
civic; a navy department without a navy ; a
post office department with a very schackling
system of mails; a department' of justice
The rebels have perpetrated another bold
theft.. The steamer Chesapeake, a vessel of
about - 600 tons buithen, plying•between New
York , and Portland, left the former port on
Saturday week. When off Cape Cod the
,passengers, sixteen secessionists in disguise,
shot the engineers, and placing the captain
and crew in -irons, - seized tlie ship as a prize
to the Corifederate States. The captain and
crew were subsequently sent ashore in a boat,
and when last seen the :Chesapeake • was
taking coal fona' a vessel she had captured.
She is not a fast ship, and will undoubtedly
soon be retaken. - •
The loyal Governor of West Virginia, in
his message, says : " P ree the slaves, and
when the State is fully restored there will be
no need of contention. The people will at
oupe adapt themselVes to the new state of af
fairs. Populationi and cApitel, invited by
our mild climate and vast agricultural, min
eral, and manufacturing resources, and.eom
xnercial facilities, will immediatsly flow Into
the State from the North. The State will
emerge from the rebellion regenerated, and
enter into a noble and successful competition
with her sister States in all that pertains . to
the true question of a free commonwealth."
...... a 9
Gen. Meagher is not-a prisoner. He is
now at Fairfax * Court House, the *guest of
Cot. Corcoran. I
Joseph Moore; ex-member of the Pennsyl
vania Legislature, 'has been appointed a pay
master in the &Tiny. •
Col. Tippen, • of the 68th Pa. Vols., and
other . cifficers; have been restored to their
commands in the army. • , .
Gen. Doubleday has been appointed a
member of a court-martial, to try eivWarts
who aro accused of certaia crime* • •- " '
VOL 70..11 WHOLE NO. 3,635.
Gen. W. D. Whipple has succeeded
Gen. ReYnolds as Grant's Chief. of Staff. Gee.'
Bevnolds takes command of the troops.
• Maj. Prank. Jordan, Paymaster, and now
stationed in St. Louis, was in Chatnbeributil
on Saturday last, on his way to BedfJrd.
• INA. Wm. Whistler, who was. the oldest
army officer in the ITTiited States,-micept the.
Scott, died at'his residence; in Cineinnati,oi•
Maj. John If. Filler,. of Bedford,- is sz
prisoner at Columbia, 8. C. He wfta tabss
at one of the .unsiecessful assaults on Fort.,
• Col. Jas. Belger, Chief Quarter:master at
Baltimore, has been dishonorably dismisstod;
the service by the Secretary of War, on tlw
order of the President- . ,
We learn that D. V: Ahi ik'Co„ of Neu` 2
ville, have - purchased the Antietam Irdst"
Works near the famous battle ground of thee
name in Washinjon county, Md.
The President has issued a pardon for 81.
N. Gantt, of Arkansas, from the penalty of'
treason, which he incurred by aeceptinf
position cf a Brigadier-General in the rebtst
army. ' - • 1
Joseph T. Bramlette„ son of the - Cisovettip.'
of Kentucky, and a member of the Kentukp
,Logislature from Mir county, has been air:,
pointed Colonel of the 12th Begt. of V 015.7,
Col. J. J. Lawrence, formerly Supertn-_
tendent of the Huntingdon and Broad "rpp
Railroad, has been appointed Spperintendent N
of the Middle Division of the Philadelphba
and Erie Railroad.
Capt. Wm. B. Lane his been. appointed
chief disbursing and mustering officer I
Philadelphia. He is a courteous, competent
and faithful officer, and will do himself' and
the government creditin his new position.
The Hon. John Wales died at '
ton, Del., on Thursday last, in
- the filet year '
of his age. He. was One of the old -Whig
leaders in Delaware, and represented that
State in the United States Senate. for some ,
Seth T. Ilurdtof the Brownsville Clipper; _
has been appointed by Gov. Curtin, a cora-
missioner to visit the Pennsylvania soldier.
in North Ctiroliri,for the purpose of aseep
taining and repOrting upon their conditimi
to the. State authorities. •
Hon. Jas. 11. Morrison, of Spruce Hill, Ja-
niata_ county, met with a sad accident last;
week, which cost him his life. He was on st.
visit to some• relatives .in• Maryland; his
horse ran off, - and threw- him from the ve.,
hide, fracturing hit alcult, and causing in
stant death. ,
The memorial of C. W. Carrigan, conte4t•
ing the seat of Mr. Russel Thayer, arid - fits
memorial of John. Cline, contesting the sue'
of Mr. Leonard Myers, all of Pennsylvanbi,„
have been presented is Congress by Mr.
Randall, and referred to the Committee of
The bravo old hero, John Burns, the_only,f
man_in Gettysburg, it is said, who lent his .
aid to the Union army, in 'driving back - OW
rebels, in. July_last, was overwhelmed
visitors during the recent ceremonies attend-,
ing the dedication of the National Cemetery.
anddid quite a thriving business in the mat"
of photographic views of himself and
JEFF. DAVIS'S EICESSACIE.
Jeff. Davis's 'M087:11,0 to the rebel Congress,
dated Dedember 7th, is desponding over tire . '
losses of the strongholds of Vicksburg, PDX..
Hudson and many other points.
Ho says that " there are no improvements
in the re'ations with foreign countries sieve,
his message of but January. On. the
trary, there is a greater divergence in the
conduct of European nations, assuming
character positively unfriendly, and a mark-,
ed partiality by Great Britian in favOr
our enemies are strongly evinced in their
decisions regarding the blockade, as well as
thiiir marked, difference of conduct on the
subject of the purchase of supplies by the
two belligerents. This difference" has bee&
'conspicuous since the commencement of the
The public finances demand* the • ii‘•icepat t
and most earnest attention. NNc prompt and.
efficacious remedy for the present condition.
of the Currency is necessary to a suc6eettol,
performance of the administration of 'A:,
Goverpment. 7"• _
He:recommends tar ttion instead : of further'
sales of bonds or issues of treasury notes,
The holders of the currency now outBtaruSf;
ing can only be protested by suhstitutinglor.:
them some other security: 'The currency.
must be promptly reduced to prevent the
present inflated prices reaching rates more
He calls upon the people to come to 'the
rescue. He recommends putting an end'ee,
subititution, and modification of the cutup- 7
Lion law, and to , add forces to their arms_
largely and as promptly as possible, He re.
grets the suspension of the exchange of prix
sorters, Mid that, the communication, witk
the trans: Mississippi region is so obstructed
Milo render difflcult the complying with the
legislation vesting ; the authority over it he
_the Executive of the Goiernment. The sub-;
my - refuse the proposals for the on4peece
that is possible between us, and the o
for peace now is in. the vigor of our .
• PRESIDENT LINGUA. luiz sent the fame*
lag letter of congratulation, to Goa. Giant:
wwsnizteint4 Dec. 8. —.ltf.6. Ge 74
Grant: Understanding. that gout lodgment
at ,Chattanooga and Kno*Nilie now seeure,
I w i s h to tandnr, you and all under your tons-,
naiad,; My more ,tTran thauka;-my !wort:mud
eat gratitude for;the skill, °mirage • and pet
stiverance with, Wkieb..you and they, over se. •
great diffieultj*; Wire effected that insport- -
satq•W blase, yea MI I ' •
• AU. janeotir.4