The Franklin repository. (Chambersburg, Pa.) 1863-1931, December 02, 1863, Image 4

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Iraii - 14iu f gepOion:
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Advertisements exceeding five lines and not ex
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Advertisements or subscriptions may be sent di
*etly to the Publishes, or through any responsible
frit? Agency. At'CLURE • ct, STONER,
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(111trthe REPOSITORY in the Eastern cities. -
I .
,JINGLE copies of the REPOSITORY canle
had at the counter, with or without wrap
-pers. Price five cents.. . Persons ordering
*tile copies to be mailed must enclose a
. 0 cent postage:• stamp. -
The leaders of the rebellion, defeated at.
orrery point, have resolved in their desper
=ation to exhauSt inhumanity in their. death•
atruggle. Never before in the history of
' - tiltiVilized:warfare, has such a record of brtt
lalitytbeen made as has recently marked the
1:1 aver of the insurgents; and now they
~, t ipenly acknowledge it before the world, and
plead in extenuation of it their purpose to
_CLlonpei the government to accept their the
".`-ely, of the war; their views or the status of
oeldiers, and.theit systemj'or the exchange
_ prisoners, .They now hold some 13,000
AJnion prisoners—many of them private
• ft tizens, arrested and imprisoned without
even the pretence that they were spies, or
:la any other ground subject to eapttire and
ipmfinement by the rules of war. Yet they
0, *re crowded into loathsome prisons; sub-
I :jected to the most barbarous treatment at
4 ,, the hands of low officials; -fed, as a rule, on
:zest unwholesome food and often insuffi-
OA in quantity; and denied almost every
- ,
smote essential to theircomfort. Our mil
;,ltary prisoners often fare worse, if possible,
'tad the testimony - from all sources is eon
torrent, that they are dying by hundreds
from actual starvation,_ and from disease
klpigendered by the habit - nal atrocities fate
. ficed-in every conceivable shape upon them
' Ay the subordinate rebel officers.
Our government has exhausted its efforts
to effect ajust and equitable exchange of
prisoners, but without success. It has gen-,
'rusty offered to postpone the questi. s
tn dispute as to negro troops; °trig. - of
negro troops, and the alleged rein to ser
vice, without authority, of the ebels cap
• *tied at Vicksburg; and exclfange man for
man and officer for officer nail one side or
• t "the other should be w' out prisoners; but
':this proposition h en declined by the
.rebel authorities The last offer made by
cur' governm . t was to exchange 10,000
. • ' men, whit would leave but few in rebel
bands: t they rejected it, and they 'stand
befor the world to:day as holding' thous
, a of prisoners of war—recognized by all
viliqed Nations as entitled to humane
, v treatment—for '
no other , reason,-than te,co
'' Erce our government into a partial recogni
,tion of the Southern Confederacy in order
to rescue our brew soldiers from the hor
tors of rebel brutality. When the govern
„,,zrient proposed to send rations to our suf
.-tering heroes, the rebel offieeriquibble first
::.upon one point ,and then upon another, and
'finally reject the necad provisions entirely;
Mod when the benevolence;of private indi
viduals and christian . and sanitary. associa
' lions demands access to their deadly pris
qns, they dare not openly reject the prof
•-v,tbred humanity, but they deny all, agents
'`:admission to our prisoners, and manage by
- ;-',4;rhitrary official regulations to defeat naea-
L imatably if not wholly the relief intended.
Finding, however, that our government'
mannot be driven from its just purpose, we
"hive hope now
,that_the exchange of pris
oners will soon be resumed by the rebels,
tad that citizen prisoners will shortly be at
liberty. The brilliant victory of Gen. Grant
- 4 - I".mt: Chattanooga is an argument in favor of
- ‘ll,lte erly exchange, and of the humane
..'rltstment of prisoners, that cart scarcely be
I , 'iianheeded at Richmond. It opens to our
theyery heart of Georgia and a most
_ vital point -of the remnant of the bogus
confederacy; and unless non-combatants
are speedily discharged by -the rebels, Gen.
, firan has Abundance of material in Geor•
Paz in the Persons of chivalric planter 3, to
make the rebel authorities glad to recognize
`slag propriety of adhering to the dictates of
- humanity -in the treatment of prisoners.
We do not doubt that,, unless the exchange
of prisoners shall be speedily resumed” by
.:Mh‘rebels, Gen. Grant will commence such
retaliatory measures as must operate - like
."-magic upon the rebel leaders. lie will not
'',isaitatc, their barbarous - vengeance by stare
. - ,,bhiprisoners, or confining them in. loath
_ t some prisons to die an hundred dea - ths by
!iristing,disease • buthe doubtless will take
- 341/Minenerebecitizens and hold Them as
linkages for our non-combatants now imt
- risoned without any charges against them
..:Ishaterer ; , and if necessary to car'ry retail
; still farther, he can, by the accepted
•'krulee•of war, inflict any punishment upon
wid . reds,cif his prisoners lately captured; they iste iii the rebel service in insolent
violation of their le paro at, V• urg, and
their lives are thus'forfeited. -
—There is onOchapteirof.rebel atrocity
in-Able...war that-remainS to be written, and
we Iraz4rd littloin-saying thativhen it shall
be truthfully pertrayecl, {all other atrocities
of the war will pale befdre it, We refer to
their treatment of our Uegro troops. The
rebel leaders have stead.ily refused to recog
nize negro troops or their officers as enti
tled to-the treatment of prisoners of war.
VariotiS acts of assembly of the insurgent,
States; an act of the rebel Congress, and
several proclamations of Jeff Davis, alike.,
condemn them to the ignominious death of:
the felon; and it is feared, that in many in-;
stances they have fulfilled their threatened
vengeance. Nothwithstanding, their vari-'
ous laws and proclamations, they have not
dared to fulfill them so far as to execute offs
cers of negro troops ;'1 for they well know
• that such inhuman bOtchery could not es
cape our notice, and when once known, they
are well convinced that retaliation would
ceine in the name of Justice and take eye
for eye and tooth- fot tooth with terrible
certainty. But our government has no in
formation, and can get none, of the • negro
1 soldiers captired by the rebels. Every ef ;
fort has been made, officially and otherwise,
to ascertain the fate of our negro troops
captured, 'but as Yet no evidence of .theie
existence can be found. There have . been
some hundreds captored: iAt Milliken's
Bend; where two negro regiuients, by
matchless heroism, saVed Gen. Grant's lines
of communication, a 'few were captured=
principally, wounded men ; at Banks un
successful assault on (Port Hudson, where
they won immortal% nor by their bravery,
many of their wounde and some not wound
ed fell into, the ene y's hands ; in Gem ,
'Strong's fatal assault Upon Battery Gregg,
near Charleston, many of his wounded ne
gro troops were taken, and in various skir
mishes and battles inlLonisiana and on the
.Gulf, negro soldiers have been made pris
oners by the rebels; and since their capture
our government has never- heard of them 1
'Earnest and persiste.n't inquiries have been
made by our officers at every point-, but all'
efforts have failed to elicit any information'
respecting them. The government is / Well'
convinced that - they have been eitlier bru
tally murdered, or what is equally4evolting„
sold into slave}y. The fearful/feekoning to
come upon the rebel from/ this cause has
doubtless made them' Tort to every possi
bli • `to - 1 .the exchange of pris
touching negro troops
is a general exchange
(dread to fac'e the gov
id-on their own record
4 theyeannot Long de
lutioh. Our govern
ly every consideration of
duty; by its plighted faith to its soldiers,
regardless of color, to vindicate their rights
and aienge their wrongs; and there is no
alternative but to deMand and take life for
life untirexact justice is measured out to
the remorseless, muderers, and humanity
is taught them through their fears, since it
cannot reach them through their concep
tions of justice. Td this fearful necessity
our government is driven by the persistent
atrocities of the leaders of this causeless.
this wicked • war; and when the day of
avenging justice comes; we may hope for
some measure of humanity thenceforth on
the part of the foes i:,f the Republic.
The Army of the Potomac. has again
crossed the Rapidan ) and now confronts Lee
at Orange Court ouse. Unless - Lee de
dines the proffered . ,battle by retreating to- .
ward Richmond. another sanguinary strug
gle must take place very shortly between
the two armies so Often arrayed in deadly
conflict. The rebel General has the advati l
tale of interior lines ; of a defensive Dosi
tion, and of a friendly population around
him, while Meade has his only positive ad-
vantage in superior numbers. A very few
days—it may be but a few hours—will de
Geo.;Grant has ileliVered his expected
blow upon Bragg with complete success;
and the rebel army is now routed, &moral'.
Tied and fleeing southward. Unlike most
decisive battles, it has cost - but little com
paratively in men to the Union army,while
it has shattered Bt 4g terribly, with the loss
of his wounded, many prisoners, half his
guns, - and left him practically without an
army. But for the y necessity of affording
prompt succor to Burnside, Grant would be
in the heart of Georgia in a veryshorrtime,
and he may push or! with even part of his
army with safety, while he rescues Burnside
with the remainder.]
Gen. Grant will,' however, be extremely
cautious about dividing his forces. ' Bragg
hasjust paichtie se erect penalty by send
ing off Longstreet to assail Burnside. This
weakened Grant, has well nigh destroyed
him, and the victor will not imitate the
follies of the vanquished. Longstreet and
Bragg are now hopelessly isolated ; and
Bragg must defend ( Georgia alone, if it -be
defended at all. Longstreet is fully 140
miles from Bragg, 'with their cemmunica
lions interrupted, and Bragg still powerless
to make a stand against the advance Of
Grant. We take it for granted, therefore,
that Longstreet will -strike for • Virginia
again to join Lee. I He is on the Tennessee
and Virginia Railroad, some 400 milesfr4n
Lee; and with but limited means of trans-
portation on, a road exhausted, in' material
and motive power ;'bnt he has no other line
of escape. What the issue has been of.lbis
investment Qf Knoxville we are not as yet.
,:12j .
(i . 741 . i. rk. , P , , ,,, ,..: , . - '
advised. -We have no direct intelligence
frem -Gen. Burnside since the 23d ult.;
When he expressed himself as perfectly se
cure against successful attack. -It is barely
posSible.that Longstreet could drive him
out of knoxville . ; but it is mere, probable
that,Longstreet would look to his own safe
ty as sect' as adviSed of Bragg's route and
retreat into Georgia.
_ .
Urgent as rgent as is Grant's march into the heart
of Georgia, we look for him to exhaust
himself first of all to open communications`
with Burnside and render his position per
fectly secure. This may involve a pitched
battle with Longstreet, or it may be effect
ted by compWling him to retereat into Vir
ginin. Perilous as is the position of Gen.
Burnside, we . do not apprehend that he
Will be Overcome. We hope to hear ,defi
nitely. before going to press.
—The-capture , of Atlanta, Georgia, is.
doubtless the great aim of Gem Grant; and
but for the threatened danger to 'Burnside
and East Tennessee he could now reach
that point without serious resistance: He
may be thus delayed for a little time; but
he will move southward speedily and strike
'a most important point of the rebellion.
Atlanta is the great manufacturing city of
:the South.
machinery Early in the war the rebels
brought and mechanics Over
from Europe and, established there-immense
Manufactories of all kinds of munition's of
war. Their main supplies of powder, caps,,
guns, ttc„ have been created there for two
years past; and they could not be stricken
in a more vital point than at Atlanta.' In
addition to this, the possession of that- city
cuts another great line of communicatkin
.from Richmond to the Gulf, and threatens
both Mobile and Charleston.
' --Thus hopefully does thevinter
paign open in the sou west. A most sub
stantial victory and thebighest promise of
future success, is:tbe'first chapter in Grant's
grand movement
IT is follyto believe,•as we are continual])
told, that the rebellion •is almost crushed.
It is,revelling in the pride of its strength to.
dm< and pressing our armies back from - all
JUST SO ! For particulars inquire of one
Braxton Bragg, now playing hide and seek
—particularly hide—somewhere in the Ten
nessee mountains, minus some sixty odd
guns and the major portion of his warriors
of crime. If Bragg fails to respond;' me
information on the subject might be had of
one Uncle Sam Grant, who' has been culti
vating the "olive branch " on the sterile
slopes of Look-out Mountainand Missionary
Ridge. Will the Spirit be truthful s iitst
once, and deatjustly with our gallant ar•
mies, by informing its readers that more
than half the territory, population and re-
Sources of the rebels have been wrested from
them by our brave volunteers, and restored
to the Union ? We shall see.
CONGRESS will meet on Monday next, and
as the friends of the Administration have a
clear majority over all phases of middling,
mixed and positive opposition, the organi
zation cannot be delayed. Hon. Schuyler
Colfax, of Indiana, will probably be chosen
Speaker, and Hon. Edward M'Pherson, of
this district, is prominentr for Clerk. The
President's message will be delivered as soon
as the House is organized. It is looked for
with great anxiety and will be read with un
usual care. The conceded candor and in-.
tegrity of the Ptesident-'—appreciated alike
by political friend and foe—invest his offi
cial papers with the highest degree of in
terest; and if, as is intimated, he will fore
shadow the probable policy to be adopted
toward the States just rescued from Trea
son, his message will be the most important
State paper ever' isSued. in the history of
the; Republic.
WE give in to - day's paper the oration de
livered by Hon. Edward Eiiereti at the
dedication of the National Cemetery at
, Gettysburg. When we say that it has
greatly disappointed the Nation . ; that it is
not worthy the great fame of its author,
we but reflect the generally accepted judg
ment of the country. Scores of newspaper
correspondents, unknown to fame, would
give a more brilliant narrative of the san
guinary struggle of GettysbUrg, and his oc
casional flashes of exquisite polish do not
redeem the effort. Still, it is a most valu
able production, alike for its classical elo
quence and its historical record of the most
decisive battle of the war; and as such will
be widely read and take its justly high rank
in the thrilling history of this causeless re
ONE of the most hopeful signs of the
times may be observed in the uniformly
patriotic and loyal tone of the American
Pulpit on last Thanksgiving day. We have
noticed report's of the sermons preached
on that' day in all our, leiding cities, and
there was not one that did not breathe the
purest, the loftiest christian fidelity to the
government; and none that did not, with
more or less positiveness, tbe co
lossal evil of Slavery as the came of our
National humiliation and - Sorrow. Thus
has Christian Progress, tuned by the "les
sons of remorseless war, pointed at last io
the National crime that basso long, in gory
insolence, confronted Humanity and Hem.
ven. Uneasily must disloyal hearts .have
worshiliped on Thursday last. -
Ooir. Cuwrm has appointed Hon. Law
.retkce L. Igcaufftni
. of LaWrence county,
RresidentJudke of the Lawrence, Butkr
and'Beater district, in place of Hon. Dan
iel Agnew, elected to the Siaprethe Court.
. :
WHILE Gen. Meredith and Commissioner
Could are diplomatising and writing sharp
letters to:each other about,the exchange of
prisoners, Gen. Grant cuts the Gordian
knOt by routing Bragg and capturing thou
sands of his army. He is the most efficient
Commissioner of exchange the government
can empfoy. Jeff. will agree to trade short
ly, and it will not be long until he estimates
a white prisoner as equal in valueto a ne
gro. A progressive fellow that Grant I
GEN. GRANT captured Pemberton's army
at Vicksburg and paroled the men. The
rebels manifested their appreciation of the
solemnity of a parole by putting the soldiers
again 'info service without =exchange, and
they contributed largely to the defeat of
Rosecrans at Chilkamauga, Gen. "Grant
has rectified the matter by re capturing the
most a - them again, and now he will most
likely parole them again—when "this cruel
war is over ! "
HoN. W. N. FRANCIS, of Lawrence
county, :has been sent -to Chattanooga by
Governor Curtin to look after the sick and
wounded Pennsylvanians in Grant's army,
and Surgeon General King is now on'his
way to ' the same point. Agents of the
State Will also be sent to Morris Island,
Key West, and North Carolina, to look af
ter the welfare of Pennsylvania troops on
the Southerwtoast.
MAJ;;WEIRTE:Senatar from the Indiana
uistriet,' was.brought to City Point on the
,2th ult.. for exchange; but a despatch from
Richmond was there received remanding
him back to Libby Prlson. If he were a
Copperhead Senator,• his exit from the re
bel prison to take his seat in the Senate
would not be long delayed.
'GEN. !JOHN - MORGAN, the rebel guerilla
chief, with six of his subordinate officers,
escaped from, tbe Cincinnati Penitentiary
on Saturday last. .The most; culpable neg
ligence or downright treason only can• ex
plain his escape; and the tisponsible party,
or parties should be punished with an un
sparing hand.
GEN, JOHN MORGAN has landed' safely
in Canada with Vallandigham. Par noble
fratruni !
We have frequently in these columns
urged Upon the people of Franklin, the
propriety of investing their surplus funds in
the securities of the National Government;
and we are glad to know' that nearly if not
quite a t quarter of &million of these bonds
are now held by the citizens of this county.
The, safety of this Republic is in the hands
of the people. They make up its armies ;
Sustain its credit; direct its rulers, and
bring peace, security and prosperity to their
own homes by their unfaltering determina
tion that treason shall not destroy the fair
fabric Of our Free Institutions.
Nobly have the people responded to the
financial wants of the government,. even in
the darkest hours of gloom ; and 'now that
the ultimate restoration of the Union and
the maintenance .of our credit, is no longer
a doubtful question, they will from their
unexampled wealth, invest largely in our
National securities. _On this subject the
North American, justly says .
" Though money has been temporarily
scarce, capital continues abundant; and the
recent tumble inthe stock market has brought
capitalists to a realizing sense of the unreli
able character of Many or the securities flealt
in. It is greatly to the credit of the govern
ment that its loans, of all the securities daily
dealt in on the market, have Maintained their
integrity of price better than aln:toSt any
thing else. its Five-Twenty year six' per
cent. loan, the interest on which is promptly
paid- in gold, has been subscribed to, all
through the preisure in the money market,
at an average of more than two millions per
day. :And what is not the -least gratifying
fact in conneetkm with the daily large sub - -
•scriptions to th 4 popular loan, scarcely any
of it is returned to the market - for sale. I.t
is tliken for investment, and is held with un
falOaring confidence in its reliability. And
why should it not be? It is seen that the
government now, after two years of the - most
gigantic war that the world has over known,
experiences no difficulty in commanding the
necessary means to prosecute it, or in paving
regularly the interest in gold at it falls due.
If this can bo done when the war is waged,
who can anticipate any difficulty in" readily
accomplishing it when the war shall be end
ed? What better investment then, for cap
ital, than the, "Five-Twenty" government
loan? • But if any doubt, let him refer to the
statistics furnished by the census tables of
the various nations of the world. The facts
which they present will prove the niost sat
isfactory-mode of dispelling the numberless
gloomy apprehensions which are being con
tinually conjured up by those who are dis
posed to exaggerate the exte6t bf
the calam
ity occasioned. - by our rebellion.i, A reference
to the state of the most prosperous nations
of the Old world clearly dispxoves sueh a po
sition, and shows that the highest conditions
of national advancement have not •been ma
terially affected by the -extended wars in
which those nations have been immemorially
engaged, and that a heavy national indebt
edness has not proved an unmitigated evil.
For instance, Great kritain, Frank and
the Netherlands will undoubtedly In conce
ded to •represent the highest prosperity that
has been attained by any , of the European
nations. - Andet no nationshave been call
ed upon. to end - ure fiercer or more prolonged
-wars, domestic and foreign, than they. The
effect has been, unquestionably, to incur an
enormous national indebtedness; but neither
- their wars nor their indebtedness have had .
the effect to destroy their elasticity, nor to
check the progress of their general prosperity
The result would have been different; proba
bly, if these nations had been failing into de
cay, instead of being.- as they really were, in
a'state'of developeinent ; and in this respect
their ease resembles our own, with enormous
adVantiges in our favor. These nations,
while undergoing the trials of war, were op.:
posed by: the evils of an immense exodus of
their,people, cadged by the density of their
ovulation, the impossibility' it, provide oecu-'
pation for thim, the low price of labor, and
the scarcity, of, territory. Compared- With
our own' country, tliey possessed slight I'D=
for future - development ; they were.settledin
every part, and no iast territory lay invitingT
.ly open to encourage enterprise and settle
ment. Their great prOlem his ever been
what to do with theft surplus population,
which, in its turn, has sought new fields for
adventure and self-support in -countries like
our own, :where an illimitable territory waits
to be developed, and where incalculible re
sources invite industry and energy. The
encouragement to be derived from these facts
and comparisons -of circumstances is very
great, and to the mind of any-dispassionate
reasoner is conclusive that the course of this
great country is onward and upward, and that
its'credit will live unimpaired to the end."
Mr. Whiting, the Solicitor- of the War.
Department, - in a recent letter explains the
difficulties in the way of the exchange of
prisoners. says:
“There are several serious difficulties in
the way of continuing an exchange of -pris
, .
"One is the bad
„faith of the enemy in pit
ting into active service many thous - ands of
paroled prisoners, captured at. Vii'skibtirg and
elsewhere, without - releasing any of our ,sol
diers- held by them. But another difficulty
- of-still graver -importance is the-peremptory
refusal by Me enemy to exchange - colored sol
diers and their white e_ticers upon any terms
whatever. It - is well known that they have
threatened to sell colored -captured - soldiers
into slavery, and-to hang their white officers.
"The Government demands that all offi
cers and men should be fairly exchanged,
otherwise no mere prisoners of war will be
given lip. The faith of the Government is
-pledged to these officers and troops that they
shall be protected, and it cannot, and will
not, abandon lo,thesavage cruelties of slave
masters a singW- officer or soldier who has
been called on to defend:the flag of his coun
try and thus exposed to the hazards of war.
"It has heen suggested that exchanges
might goon-until all except the colored troops
and their white Officers have been given
But, if this were- allowed, the rebels would
not only be reliOed of the burden of main
taining our troops, but they would get. back
their own meh, retaining their, power over
the very persotts whom we are solemnly
bound to rescue, and upon whom-they could
that withouj teak of retaliation, carry -into
execution the inhuman cruelties they have
so basely threatened.
"The President has ordered that the stern
laW of retaliation shall without hesitation be
enforced, to avenge the death of the first
Union soldier, of whatever color, whom the
enemy shall - in cold blood destroy, or sell
-into slavery. All other questions between
us may he postponed for future settlement,
but the fair exchange of colored soldiers and
of their white officers will be insisted on by
the Government before another-rebel soldier
or officer will, be exchanged.
"The sufferings of our men in Richmond
are the subject of deep regret and symnathy
here, and there has been ntiwant of effort to
afford. all 'possible -relief."
Washington correspondent of the
7ribune says:
" There are good grounds for believing that
the President will ,embody in his message to
Congress the main features df his plan for the
restoration of the loyal people of the Rebel
States to the blessings and priVileges of the
Union, and that the policy thus announced
will, as we telegraphed you fast week, be in
accordance with and furtherance of the Pro
clamation of Freedoms We are assured that
the suggestions embraced in this portion of
the Message will be generally considered by
loyal men to be eminently just, wise and ef
General Grant's Great Victory !
Rebel Losses Very- Heavy !
Am Eventful Weeks History!
CitATTANOOGA, Nov. 25.—We are COM.
pletely victorious. The 'enemy is totally rou
ted and driven from every position. Our loss
is small, while that of the enemy is keavy in
Finding Hooker so successful in his move
ment against Lookout Mountain, the enemy
evacuated that— point during the night.
Hooker took possession early this morning.
The enemy' moved south, and got on Mission
ary Ridge.
Gen. Hooker is said to have captured not
less than two thousand prisoners in his mag
nificent assault of Lookout Mountain.
Gen. Sherman, being all prepared. began
an assault at eight A. M. to-day, upon the
strong position of the enemy at the north end
of Missionary Ridge. He had the daybefore
taken a hill near the position of the enemy,
but commanded by their artillery,' he had to
descend into a valley, and therimade another
ascent to the position held, by the enemy.
Two • unsuccessful assaults - were made_ by
Sherman; 'but with tho co-operation of the
centre, he ultimately gaiiied the position, and
completed the "Victory.
The brigade of (ten. Cary, with a portion
of Gen. LightheW's biigade, composed the
storming party in the first assault. They
were repulsed with quite a heavy loss, - after
an attack persisted in for an hour, but being
reinforced, were enabled to hold apart of the
hill. , _
A. second assault was made at half-past one,
in which Matthias', Loomis' and Paul's
brigades were engaged. .-' The force reached
within 20 yards of the summit of the hill and
the works Of , the eneinr, 'when they were
flanked and broken, - retiring to the reserves.
In this assaulitin. 'Mathias' was wounded,
and Col. Putnanc'Of TWenty-tbird Ohio;
killed.' =". • •
' prepistent 'efroitz- ectinpelled tht
enemy to mass, heitvilY on Isis Tjght:. ordet -
to bold the position of .": 1 na4ch ln3porinn4
to-him. •
About three o'clock Gen. Grantitartea
two Columns, against : the weakened 'eentrti
and, in an, holies desperate fighting. sue
ceeded in breaking th,' eentre, and gel n i4„,
possessioy . of the ridge in which. the enepii,
was - posted. h
The main force was driven northward ti.
ward Sherman, who opened - an them; and
they were forced to break and seelesafety is
a disordered-flight doWn
_the western slope Of
the ridge and
,across the western slope Ot th
- The following have been r heal,
quarters :
"CRATTANOOGIA, Nov. 25.-7:15p. in.
"T o . Maj., Oca, Haiteck- 7 Althougi Olt
battle lasted from early dawn till dark
evening, I believe I alp not premature in
nounaing a complete victory over Bragg.
, Lookout,Mountain Top,:all the' rifle-plio L
in .Chattanooga Valley, and Miisienat ,
Ridge entire, have b ;en carried, and areno,
told by us. U' S. GRANT, Maj.
‘4 CHATTANOOGA, Nov. - 25—Midnight.
To Maj.*Gen. Halleek,
—The 'operations of to-day have been more
successful than yesterday. having carried Mio
sionary Ridge, from near Rossville to thb
Railroad, Tunnel; with a comparatively snail
loss on our side, capturingabontforty pie
d of artillery, a large quantity of sznalti.arm:S.
camp and garrison equipage, beside the arm.
in the hands of prisoners.
We captUred two thousand prisoners, of -
whom two - hundred were officers of allgrado..
from colonels down.. „ " • - •
" We will pursue the enemy in' he Morning, •
• "The conduct of the otliders and ti oopo
was everything that could be expected.
Missionary Ridge was carried•siniulti
neously at six different points.
_ _
c=Go. 11. TnomAs, Gen."
WASIIINGTON,, Nov. 26.—The,reports from
Chattanooga received at the War DepartmePt
represent that three thousand prisoners were
captured from the rebels yesterday, 'with
two cannon,. five thousand stand of small
arms, and ten flags.
The rebel forces are utterly routed
and in full retreat towards, Dalton, Georg:,
and firing the bridges after them to retard
pursuit, and burning their depots and 84iitit.
and abandonin. , or destroying everything
that would eirearass their flight. Our forces
were pursuing them this morning.
CIIATTANOOGA, 26.—LGe. *egg*
retreat from his position of last night is rep
resented as a perfect rout.
Gen. Sheridan reached Chekamings.ste
tion at 4 o'clobk this morning; he eipturea
_live hundred prisoners, four guns, limit nun -
bar of pontoons.
The enemy attempted to burn thelbridge
behind him, - and partially succeeded. The
eneifir also burned the depot and Storet:tx•
Gen. ,Sherman crossed the Cbielianniugt
this morning. Gen. HOoker was - reported,et
ltingold at 5 o'clock this evening.
The desertions and captures from there
army are rapidly thinning it.-
The number of cannon captured thus far.*
reported at-fifty-two, including the colebrit,_
ed Loomis battery Which was lost' by twat
Chickinauga. Gen. Sherman's less is nfitu:h
less than was estimated, and will probably
not exceed-live hundred. ,
Nearly six thousand prisdners have Veen
reported as eapttired. .
The son Of Gen.. Breckinridge, and 33ttjct
Wilson. his chief of staff, were brotight
among the prisoners.. Gell. Breckinridgi
himself narrowly escaped.
A strong column is in pursuit of theenet4,
and it is not impossible that another, disaa
trous defeat will beforced on him.
IffssniNGTozkr, Nov. 27:—The tolhiwing
dispatch has been received at the headquar
ters - of the army.
CHATTANOOGA, Nov. 27,..—Te
Halleck, General-obi-Chief: I unjust in from
the.front. The route of the enemy
. 14 miss
complete. Abandoned 'wago'ns, caissons, and,
occasional pieces of artillery. are everywhere
to be found. think Bragg's loss will fully
reach 60 pietas ofartillery. A•large number
of prisoners have fallen into our hands. Thai
pursuit will continue to Red Cla in the ,
morning, for which place I shall start in a few
hours. - ' U. S. Grant, 314. Gen. -
CHATTANOOGA, Nov. 26. - ---This
army is already again on the,march, in pur
suit of the flying and panic ; trieken enemy : , ‘,
tho Ugh wp are hardly yet au but the faint
gray of dawn. Yesterday's'work was Oen
more complete than thal of the day beforo.
Everywhereour admirable troops want 'ahead,
often at the double laick. They , captured
bodies of the enemy in hundreds, if not lb .
The aggregate - number of prisorairs we thus
took yesterday, it is believed, it much =great
et that' our captures of men on the day
The enemy's army is certainly destroyed.
Whenever we reach portions of It in arms,
they instantly throw dOwn the arms And
scatter like frightened sheep, leaving all strag
glers, beside their large number of djicon
tented who desire to be taken and 'their
wounded, in our hands.
They also, in the saran manner; abandon
artillery, ammunition and traneportntikt
wagons, caissons,. knapsacks and, everything{
that can possibly impede their flight. In this
way suffleientanore of Their artillery fell into
our hands to swell the number rof pieces
Up to 6 o'clock, before. our troops stopped
to rest for the night, -thert;l a progress wait
everywhere lighted by the,fires tqf their store*:
of all descriptions, to which they applied the torch to prevent them from falling, into' out
hands. They also burned all the bridget
they had time to fire before we were, upon.
'them, in the hope of thus delaying the im
petuosity of the pursuit. . .
What is left of Bragg's l boasted army it ,
now but a panic-stricken mob, rushing likek
herd . of frightened ; buffalos and appirentl4
incapable of making any further' ratustanos.
. Nr.w..Yonw,-Noy. 27.—A special &Web
from Washington to the Tribune says Gen.
Bragg attempted to Make a stand atrehicka
tnauga Station,. but- was again forced- bark.
The number of priscinera taken is at learn
No later -information has been. receid
from Burnside. -
The letter of the John Minx B6iib,
published in , a Richmond paper, has at lengtlk,
made its appearance North. It is astarelrg
protest against - the iniquity fuldranny of
the rebellion. Mr. Botts defends his mans
of itentrality; 'declares his earnest'feelings for
the old Government, and is proud to avow
that he invited Gen. Meade to dine with him.
just as he also invited officers of , the -rebel
army; He compares his imprisonment for
eight' weekii in a loathsome negro •jail , with
the'better treatment :received by Vallandif
ham,Wlc. had put hirasellin violent °pro
tion to the North, instead of reraainiag quit
end neutral: -