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- BY M'CLURE & STONER.
1 ARTY me, S
HER -07C BEAD
G-ET"TN - 5.13 - IM,Gr.
Specially Reported for the REPOSITORY
GETTYSBURG. Nov. 10,. 1863.
' Civilized nations have ever,deemed it be
fitting to honor the heroic dead. In marble,
granite and bronze, the genius of the artist
' has been : employed to convey to posterity a
just,appreciation of bravery, valor and hero
istn. In our, own country, and in our own
time, there are, no evidences of respect- too
solemn, no Pageantry too grand that a grate
. • ful people den render to the memory of the
. martyrs who have given their lives that
their country might live. The stupendous
and momentous struggle through which our
. country is, now passing has 'furnished exam
. pea of the highest heroic type. The pages
df neither ancient nor modern history pre-
Sent such glorious examples of self sacrifice;
bravely, devotion, patriotism, as has - been
developed in the course of thi war. There
no eulogy too eloquent,'no granite too en
during to extol and perpetuate their virtues.
The, initial act-of homage and ,reverence of
the nation has been rendered. The ceremo
nies ortheilediAstium4,tha,Natioual.. Cam,-
tet',S = l4 Gettysburg.to-day, and t 4 presence
of thousands from every part: .4 the loyal
ETzlop, testified the devotion 'of the people to
.Liberty, their firm purpose to, maintain it.
and their profound reverence for those who
hav already given their lives in its defence.
The country has been for some time famil
iar with the fact, that . the 'establishment of
.- the National Cemetery at Gettysburg for
the interrment of the remains of those who
t o'fougi4 and died in the memorable struggle
(At ! July, originated with' Gov. Curtin., It
was a noble:ldea,- prompted by the highest
patriotism and holiest affection for the Mimi
_ ory,of brave and gallant men. In cariTing
out this grand purpose, the Govdnor htis
' been greatly aided by David Wills, Esq.; of
Gettysburg, n gentleman to whom was as
signed the Chief management of the purchkse
- of the ground, the proper arrangentent of it,
- the exhuming and re-interment orthe dead.
and the dediCatory - exercises: sir. -Wills
,has discharged his duties in a manner -eati
ding him to the highest praise.-
The new Cemetery contains about ten acres
of ground and is located less than half a-mile
south-west of, the town. Thus far, it con
tains only a -Portion of our dead, the work
of re-interment - not being yet completed.
The receptacles are ditches; mostly from
twenty - to one hundred feet long, with proper
width, and walled with stone. In every in
stance where the dead .are known, head
boards are placed properly. inscribed. ' The
ling rows which met our eye gave ample
proof of the heroism and bravery which filled
the hearts of the glorious mein who not- only
repelled tbe. rebel hordes from -our soil, but
did so much toward consummating the great
Work of re-establishment of the nation's ho-
nor and ,renown.
What has been 'styled the • old Cemetery
rough - evidences of the conflict.—
Broken tomb-stones, mutilated monuments,
dchspidated iron enclosures and defaced in
scriptions tell how fearfuLwas the strife. No
' grave was'too sacred thenil; no token of -af
fection too•cherished to be spared by the ,red
hand of war. ' This ground was perhaps as
hotly contested as any `portionof the field. '
_ The earth works of our batteries still remain,
.-end on this hill they were in direction to en
gage Ewell's Corps as he advanced over the
road from-Carlisle: The line of battle was
comparatively short, hardly seven miles.
, [At Fredericksburg it was about twelve and
tit Chancellorsville sixteen.]
It is not our purpose to describe the fierce..
c onflict. Our people have been made fami
with every detail in print, and many of
them indeed from bser vati on. Gens . .3lende's
and Lee's reports have been recently publish
' ed, and these, with the' graphic accounts - of
Intelligent reporters, is sufficient material for
to Make up" the permanent history of the
Battle of Gettysburg, and give it a renown
hardly less than that which attaches to Wa-
THE GREAT NATIONAL SOLDIERS' CEMETERY AT GETTYSBURG, PENNA.
The National Cemetkry is situated on the
west ,side of the Baltitnore turnpike, adjoin:
ing the Gettysburg Cemetery, and commands
a fine view of the. town, battle-field and,sur
rounding country. It was on this ground
that the 'most• severe fighting of the second
and third days took pike. •_ •
The lot was purchased by tha State of
.'Pennsylvania, each State represchted in the
battle having a lot presented to•it proportion
atkin size 'te the number- of :bodies, to be in
terloo\ It is contemplated to erect a Menu- -
ment tq \ the memory of our fallen heroes and
in its preparation the genius_bf our best ar
Lists shoutbe engaged.
We will ow describe the -Dedicatory %Ex
ercises, inten ed as thelast solemn tribute to
the heroic aaa. The progtamine was, we
believe, itirange\l by Mr. Wills: Invitations
were sent to, the \president And ;Vice Presi
dent of the Unite ',States, and the memhers
of the Cabinet ; tri- , , Lieut. Gen. =Scott and -
Rear Admiral Stewar\ the tWo veteran and
1494=4iht*u4Alked;rtsi7sentittjves of the ar
my and navy; to Maj. Gen. Meade; to the
various lodges of Free Ma\ons and Odd Fel
lows throughout the loyal Sates. The'Gov
-crimp of the loyal States were invitecl to be
present either in person or ,b'sydeptity. A
general invitation was also 'gien to citi
zens from every part of .the Uniok ,
The President left Washington in\, special
train Wednesday noon. He was :teemanied
by Messrs. Seward, Blair and Usher f his
Cabinet and a large number of other di s in
g,uished officials connected with the arm:,
navy and civil service. The President's es
tort was from the Ist Regiment of the Inva
lid Coi ps. The celebrated Marine Band of
Washington was "alsoon Ore train. The par
ty arrived at G44.tysburgt about G'P. 3f. The
President was thh guest of Mr. Willq, and
Secretary Seward t it of Robe G. Hr
Esq. -The resideneesV '
adorned with flags,
in honor of the oc
respect for the illust
After supper the
by the splendid bat - 14
Artillery. They -pi
when with some
himself aud spoke a.
I appear before you fel
•yon for thls compliment.
one that you would hes 6
were Ito commence to make i bpeech. Ido not appear
before yon for the purpose of doing sq. anti for several
illiltdVantial reasons. The moat , tibstaptial of these is
that I have no speech to make. [Laughter.] In my po
bitloll it is somewhat important that I should not my
any foolish things.
A Voice-If you can help ft.
Ma. Li...cots—lt very often happen., that the only way
to help it is, to say nothing at all. [Laughter.] Believ ,
Mg that is my present condition tin, evening. I must
beg of you to excuse me flom addressing you further.
The President retired amidst loud cheers.
The band then proceeded to where Mr. Sew
ard was Maying, and paid him the compli
merit of a serenade, to which Ihe responded
in-a brief speech. Col. Fnrney,•of the Phil
adelphia Press was rilsO honored witlei ser
enade and responded in a speech highly eu
logistic of the departed 'Douglas, and denun
ciatory of slavery as the chief cause of the
The trains conveying the Governors came
here at :midnight having been , delayed by a
slight accident. At an early hour this mor
ning the streets became crowded and from
every direction people "were flocking to, wit
ness the ceremonies or the day. The Balti
more City Council were present in a boils
wearing the insignia of a metallic monument
fixed upon a neat rosette. A number of the
Baltimore Police force were visible among
The weather was in every way propitious.
The sun rose elertfly, but when the hour ap,
proached for the commencemelnt of the exer
cises the atmosphere became damp and for a
short time the dark clouds portended rain.
When; however, the piocessionmoved off,
the sky again became clear and the remain
der of the day was pleasant and tigiceable.
At 10 o'clock Marshal Larnon who had
CHAIBERSBURG, PA., WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 25. 1863.
terred. Neiv York having the greatest
number has the largest, as will be seen by
The number of whom no clue could be
obtained as to name, regi'ment, being
greater than any State, two lots have been
appropriated to their reception, and classed
The bodies are placed in rows,with heads
towards the centre and feet towards the bat
tle-field, each body occupying a space of two
charge of the civic portion of the procession
read the order of exercises. It was as fol
Military. under command of Major General Conch.
Office a of the Icavy and Marine Col pa of the United Steels
Alas. Chief Marshal. - Aide.
Assistant Secretaries ot the several Executive Depart
Ju Ifts of the United States Supreme Court.
Ron. Edward Everett, orator of the day, and the Chap-
Cominissionererof the States on the Inauguration of the
' Bearers with the nags of the States.
Slembegs of the two Reuses of Congress.
Ofileereof titel.stollouses of Congress's. '
Mayors of Cities.
Gettysburg Committee of Arrangements.
Office and Iletnpers of the United States Sanitary
Committees of Different Religions Bodies.
United States Military Telegraphic Corps.
Officers and Representatives of Adams' Express Com
,Officers of Different Telegraph Companies.
Hospital Corps of the Army.
Soldiers' Relief Associations.
I Independent Order of Odd Fellows.
Other Benevolent Associations.'
titerary, Scientific and Industrial Associations.
Officers and Members or Loyal Leagues. -
Fire Companies. '
Citizens of the State of Pennsylvania.
011.1.6 m i -of other States.
Citizens of the District of Columbia.
, The various Assistant Marshals, were two
th4lemen from each of the respective loyal
Ste .s. Ex 7 G-overnors Johnson and Pollock
were • he Marshals from Pennsylvania.
The 'resident took his position in the pro
-1 ounted on a splendid black horse.
)p . arance lie was greeted with en
e d long continued cheers. In
1. is before the procession start
n- gathered around the Presi
1 by the hand. He receiv..
*. . most gracious manner:
'1 flown witty and jovial
ith " How are you
I wing itguickly with
appy to meet you,
•9 ent received the
ve his special
I t precisely
t ence to
the few moms
ed many person\
dent, shaking person
every one' in t,
One of our own welt
citizens accosted him
Father Abraham?" foll
he remark., "I am most
Mr. President !" The Pres'
alntation 'becomingly and g
nterroghtor one of his best bo
Tk cilead of the column moved
ten' o' lock. The route was up _
street the Emmettshurg road, ti
they junctl ofthe Taney - town road,
by; the latt road to the cernettry, 1
tIM military f ined in line, according to .
order of - the Ge eral in command, for tin
purpose -- of salutin the Piesident of the Uni
ted States. The mi •tary then closed up and
occupied the space on the left of the stand.
Th'e civic procession minced and occupied
the area in front of the stlTd, the military
leaying sufficient space bet7een them and
the line of graies fin. the civic\,procession to
pas. The ladies occupied the. 'right of the
. During the morning Battery E, Zith. U, S.
Ar i tillery, under direction of Lieuts. Simons
and Piper, fired Union and Presidential sa
lutes. Signals and salutes were also
*lip the procession reached the Cemetery\ f l
The platform for the Accommodation of
the distinguished visitors was hardly ade
quate to the large number present. We no
ticed upon it, in addition to the Presidential
party, Gov. Curtin, of Penna.; God. Sey.:
mOur; of N. Y.; Gov. Tod and Mr. Brough
(Gov. elect) of Ohio; Gov. Coburn, of Me.;
G(i , v. Morton and Ex-Gov. Wright, of Ind.;
Gov. Bradford, of Md.; Er-Gov. Pierpont, of
West Va.; Mrs. Commander Henry.A.:Wise,
daughter of the Hon. Edward Everett ; Gen.
A. L. Russell, Adjutant General of Penna.;
Hon. J. W. Forney.; Gov, Parker, of N. J.;
Pre:MR.)4 of the United States
Members of the Cabinet..
, • . lain. -
Goreraera of the States and their Staff.,
Citizens of tho several Torritoritia
feet. At tbkhead of each grave kstone wall
is built, extending from the bottom of the
trench to the surface of the ground. On this
wall it is proposed to place a high curb-stone
capped with white marble, and on this bave
each man's name, company, and regiment to
which he belonged, placed opposite his grave,
making a continuous curb along the heads of
Walks are laid out through the Cemetery,
Ex-Gov. Dennison, of Ohio ; Hon. S. Cam
eron ; Major Gens. Schenck, Stahl, Double
day, Stonenian, Couch; Brig.. 'Gen. - Gibbon
and Provost Marshal General Fry. A num
ber. of flags and banners adorned the stand.
The crowd' surrounding the stand waiim
m,mse, and were gathered so compactly that
it was almost impossible to breath. A num
ber of persons fainted and it was with the
greatest ail:acuity that they were extricated
from their position. The value of hoops,
bonnets, and other articles of ladies wear de
stroyed itetheijamwould, amount t's, -no c r..
dinary sum. .
The exercises commenced with music by
Birgfield's Band from Philadelphia. It was
a composition of exquisite pathos and execu
ted in a superb manner. The Rev. Di.
Stockton, Chaplain Of 'the United States
Senate, then deliverel a fervent and patriotic
prayer. The Rev. gentlemen, venerable in
appearance and most impressive in his utter
ance, was heard with due solemnity, the vast
Multitude stalfdirig " - with perfect quietness
- America's greatest living orator, the Hon.
Edward - Everett, then arose ancl for two
hours held the crowd in one of the most
splendid intellectual efforts of his life. It
was a superbtribute to bravery and heroism;
a glorious record of deeds of piitriotism ; a
grateful remembrance of generous action; a
history of glrious events for perpetual ad
miration and:appreciation. [We shall pub
fish air_ EVerett's Address complete in. our
next week's paper.—ED.]
At the close of Mr. Everett's oration, the
Baltimore Glee Club sung the following Ode,
written for the occasion by B. B. French.
Esq., of Washington:
'Tls holy ground—
This *put, Whore, in thole graces,
We piece oar Country's braves.,
Who fell in Freedom's holy muse.
Fighting for Liberties 01141 Letts--
Let tears abound.
Here let them rest—
And Summer's heat and Winter's cold,
Shall glow and freeze above this mold—
A thousand years shall pass sway—
A Nation atilt shall mourn thin clay,
Which now is bloat.
Here, where they fell.
Oft shall the widow's tear be shed,'
Oft shall t , nd parents mourn their dead,
The orphan here Anil kneed and wet p,
And maidenet-where their lovers sleep.
Their irws shell tell.
Groat Ood in !leaven!
Shall all thin sacred blood be shed— -
" Shall we thus mourn our glorious deed,
Oh, shall the end be wrath and aoe,
The knell,of Freedoms ,Pierthruw—
A Country riven t
It alit not be!
W trust, Oh God! Thy gracious Power
To et us in our darkest hour. - -
This our prayer. "011 Father! save
A people's Freedom from its grave— -,
Ai praise to Thee."
The dedica . ry remarks were then deliv
ered by the Pre 'dent, as follows : ~ -
Four score and seven\i i r t urrs ago our fathers brought'
forth upon this tontine t a new Natioonceltbd in
Liberty. auddedicated to be proposition that all men
are created equal. [Applaftee..l Now we are engaged in
a great civil war, testing whether that Nation or any
Nation so conceived and so dedicated can long endure.
We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We are
o et to dedicate a portion of it as the final resting-place
of, those who here gave their lives that that nation
miltht live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we
should du this, riat inn larger sense We cannot dedicate
we cats of consecrate, we cannot hallety this ground.
The brave men living and dead who struggled here have
consecrated it far above our power to add \or detract.
[Applause.], It is fur us, the living, rather to be dedi
cated here to \ the unfinished work that they have thus
far so nobly owried on. [Applause.] It is rattier for us
to be hero dedierited to the great task remaininglrefore
us, that from these honored dead we take increased, dia
votion to that cause V,r which they here gave the last
full measure of devotion ; that we here highly resoles
that the dead shall not, I ,k rave died to vain [applause] ;\
that the nation shall, n der God, have a new birth clf
freedom; andthat governments of the people, by the
people and fur the people; shall not perish from the
earth. [Long continued applause.] . •
The exercises were closed by a hymn from
and carriage wars around the outside, and
between the outer and inner circles. It was
proposed to place the monument at the ex
treme southwest end (not shown on cut) on
account of the ground 'being ten feet higher
at that place, but the majbritrof those visit
ing the grotinds having expretsed their opin
ion decidedly in favor of placing it in the
centre of the Cemetery, it is thoughttheloca
tion will be.'changed to that spot.
the choir present. The procession then re.
turned to the town. -
In the afternoon, President Lincoln at
tended the Presbyterian Church, where Mr.
Anderson, the ,Lieutenant-Governor elect of
Ohio, eloquerillf addressed the Ohio and
other delegaiions. The President walked to
the Church arm and arm with John Burns,
the heroic Gettysburger, who fought volun
tarily in the ranks of the army during the
. of the Ist, 2d, and 3d pf
and the only man from the place , isho took
part in the three days' fight. The President
was escorted by Marshal Lamon, and about
100 of his special aids, _together with the
Commissioners representing the several
The Presidential train started for Wash;
ington at. 7 o'clock, and, at this hour the lar
gest portion of ythe iinmense multitude .had
vacated .the town. The high and sincere
exhibitions of respecrpaidthe Presidentinust
have been greatly appreciated by him. and
we are quite sure the people .themselves felt
honored by the presence of their Chief Magis
trate among rthem. Various computations
of the number of people present have been
made. - Twenty thousand compriies a crowd
of considerable magnitude, and we give this
as in our judgment the apprOximate number.
Inseparably with this event,—which has
become history—must be recorded this fact,
that tha procdings of the , day were con
ducted with profOund solemnity, and that :
in no instance was the bounds of decency and
propriety disregarded. No accident of any
character occurred, and the demeanor of
all, without scarcely a single exception, was
in conformity with the rules of law, respect
and good order.
Major Gen. Couch, to whom.was assigned
the command . of the military, gave his per
sonal attention to every movement. The
members. of his Staff 'present were prompt in
carrying out his orders ; and in this connec
tion we must especially mention Capt. Ship
ley. whose respectful requests were invariably ,
regarded by the crowd, and presented a stri
king contrast with - the conduct of certain
other parties clothed with a little authority.
.We heard Capt. Shipley's name mentioned
to-day frequently in high praise. A gen- 6 ,
'demon, ho must be a correct and good soldier.
And now we must close this communica
tion. The " wee sma hours " are. upon us
and we must return to our home. It is hal
lowed ground we depart from, ground con
secrated forever as the last. resting place .of
martyrs who surrendered life in the noblest
of causes. To this sacred_ spot will be ever
applicable the lines of the poet:
How. illeap the brave who - sink to rest,
By alrrheir country's wishes blest?
When - vpring with dewy lingers cold,
Return to deck - their halloired mould,
She there shall dress a sweeter sod
Than fancy's feet have ever trod.
By fairy hands their knell is rung,
By forms unseen. their dirge is-sung; •
There honor comes, a rilgrim gray,
To bless the turf that wraps their clay,
And freedom shall awhile repair,
To dwell a weeping hormit.there.,
The rebel authorities at Richmond have
declined to receive Government rations sent
to our prisoKers, but expressed willingness to
receive all private donations of provisions,
which would be delivered
A telegram, dated the 18th, from the
headquarters of the Army .Of Tennessee,
states that Maj. Gen. Sherman was at Om
'Thomas' headquarters,- having made ajunc
hosi of his whole corps with Gen. Grant's
VOL, 70,..-WITOLE NO, 3,63 t.
GIVE THANES; ALL YE PEOPLE.
Give thanks, ell ye people,,give thanks to the Lord,
Alleluias of freedom, with joyful accord;
Let the Easf and the West, North and South roll gene
Sea, mountain and .prairie, One 4ianksgiving• song..
Give shank!, all ye p Polite, give thanks to the Lord,
Alleluias of froedon, with jOyltraceord.
For the mandible and rainfall, enriching again - -
Our acres in myriadA, with tr•asnrea of grain;'
For the Berth still unloading her manifold wealth.
For the Skies beaming vigor, the Winds breathing health
Give thanks, etc.
For the Nation's vide table, o'erliorringly spread„
,IChere the many have feasted, and all hare been fed,
With no bondage. their God-given rights to enthral,
But Liberty guarded by Justice for all• .
In the realms of the Anvil,the Loom and the Plow,
Whose the mines and the field, to Him paternity bow ‘•
His the flocks and the lierds. sing ye hill-sides and Talent ,
On Tile Ocean domains chrtik His Name with the gales.
Give-thanks, eto. -
Of comineree and traffic. ye princes, behold
Your riches ftom Hira whose thesilver and gold.'
Happier children of Labor, true lords of the son,
Bless the Great Master Workman, who blesseth your
toil. - .Give thanks, etc.
Braris men of..tir forcee,Life•guard of onr upsets;
To your Leader be loyal..lebovall' of fleets,
Glow the Stripes and Stars, aye, with victory bright,
Reflecting Ills glory—Tiecrowneth the Right.
Give thanks; etc.
Nor Anil ye through our bo!dera, ye stricken of heart,
Only wailing your dead, in the joy have no part;
God a solace be yours, and for you there shall flow
All that honor and sympathy's gifts can bestow.
(live thenla, etc. - ,
The Domes of Messiah—there, ye tiorshlfing-throngs
Solemn litanies mingle with jubilant sotigiu
TM Ruler of NatiOhs beseeching to spars,
And our Empire still keeps the Elect of His care,
- . Give thanks, etc. •
Our guilt and tratutrefeions remember no more;
Peace. Lord I Righteous Peace. of Thy gift we implore
And the - Banner of Union, lestozziil by Tby Hand
Be the Bonner of Freedom o'er All in the Land. -
- And the Banner of Union, An
Olve thanks, etc.
-- - --------
BRIEF 'WAR ITEMS.
Several - English Office s are now quartered
- Meade. -
A dispatch from the Potomac sa)a that the
army has advanced to thliltapidan.
Gen. Longstreet is. reported to be adranc : . -
ing on Gen - Burnside, and skirmishing has
already taken place.
Gen. Rosecrans' report of the Georgiit
campaign, it is understobd„will be soon pub
by the . War Department.
Two divisions of Hill's corps have gone
southward; whether to Tennessee or Freder
icksburg, or to threaten -- Meade's left flank,
is not known. '
An official despatch from the West, receiv
secure in his present position in Knoxville;*
being well fortified.
The Army of the Potomac, it ie reported?
will advance upon the enemy, crossing the
Rapidan, with the object of forcing a general
battle at - the earliest moment. *--‘
The - rebels lately crossed the Rapidan at
Morton's ford, in front "of Kilpatrick's line,
and captured half a'dozen pickets. Sutler's
goods to the value of ten thousand dollars
were found, where they were secreted by
Moseby, in a cellar at Warrenton.
Gen. Kilpatrick on iunday made a recon
noissance along the Rapidan, ascertaining
that the enemy still held the line of the river
in strong force. - It- is reported that two
divisions of Hill's Corps have left the Rapi
dan and proceeded southward, possibly to
Southern writers confess that through the
recent success of Gen. Hooker the rebels ha4e
lost all the advantages they gained by the
battle on . ithe Chickamauga. “The battle of
Chickamauga must be fought again,'' say*
the Richmond Examiner. Can the rebels
afford another such a battle ?
.Len. Averill has arrived at New Creek, on.
the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. At Cov
ington, in Central Virginia, he dispersed!.a
part of Imboden'a command and captured
.Gen. Kelly says ,
that there is not now any organized rebel'
force in the new 'State of West Virginia.
Forty-five other officers, ranging from'
Colonel to Second Lieutenant, were recently
dismissed froM the Army of the Cumberland
by a single order from 9-en. Thomas. The
offences charged are disobedience of orders,
desertion; abandoning company in battle:
cowardice, dishonesty, immorality, dinaltea- ,
ness, disloyalty, and a score of others.
‘ The Richmond 'Enquirer of the llth'inst.
contains the following items:
Since ,the bombardment of Sumter com
menced (on the rith of August) up to Thun; .
day last, 15,583 shots had been fired at it, of
which 12,502 struck. Of the garrison, - 27
have been ,milled and 69 wounded. - The
flag during the same time has been cut down .
As was anticipated, Bragg has commence E
- on BUruside's troops. Gn Wed
nesday morning- our mounted infantry ad:.
vance, on the Kingston road, under cow -
mand of Gen. Sanders, were attacked by a
rebel-battery at short range. This was re- -
piled to by Benjamin's battery,, posted to the "
right of the town. At three O'clock the::
enemy-made a desperate charge. Gen. San=
den was severely wounded, and was carried •
from the field. Our men gave up their reit.
barricades and fell back nearly a mile. VP's,
lost a hundred men, • of whom 'about twenty:
five were killed. - The enemy have invested ;,
the' place, but it will be defended by Bitra m
side to the last man.