Democratic banner. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1837-1849, January 18, 1849, Image 1

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"”(W’fmf"sutiii'c'deML'flrE”(l§E hssesnm'enva‘nt!
collecfiup ul lhu faib’df 'l‘hc’llawa-n‘iti'ihis
"impfiflbm’ br'hhcfi‘bl’ lhe' rev'é'nb‘o' trQuire
'fé be‘ remu‘d'ellbd' uml nrrn‘v’v’géd iwsuch’
{orn'n‘u'i ID c’ntqu’kquaHljuM \mltormity
"in’m‘é uvcrc‘l ‘cuumies 'UPUW'SHHO.‘ The
manner 0f adjusting and equalizing thé
valuation «gl prupvn) lur laxnnup is a con
_ c'én'l V 0! «léepv Hindi-(“‘lothe.fiéuple.’.aml [anus possible. be .lelt- in the
'shnn'danof their! immediale represemalives.
”Assessors. il in auggesled. shouhy~ be xe
.lguir‘od. 'ln “H; exercise of lheitdfi'lin. lo
minke telurlr In a‘ lull and accuralewllale
unlenl 0! rule vutious producls ,of Farms .5:
Mia'ntlfaclorics.gul. lherind. nature and n
. 'mhunl olllhe auppowd annual value ul lhe
productive induulry ol each dlslgicl 5 of
:lhemnounl and nature ul, lhe local and
general traileznntt busineu. with the man
ner and cuntot reaching the nearest mar
ket. and the val-5e of the uticle in mur
s93..“ the ncurenl pnint to the district.—
Shuuld inn annual stotctncnt loin nature
be deemed too cxpenuiv: It»; practical u
,‘titityqn ttienntnt tetutn might amber the
pnypous intended. .Rctptnsbt a nalutc ‘
so gencrnlflut Iho resounccsnnd ncztive in- t
«lustty of the State, “hil.c’it...tnuu|d ‘nflord
' (nimble infptmattnn t 9 lhtgubfignflicer.
.‘.\t-ould:,place.hetqge ,him suéh tactauaswnpjd
,enablc‘him to detectgrou errors in the u
niformity of thy nsneni’tngntsinndtwo'uld
Jetty: in the hands ofllhc‘ofiicer 'elegted by
the people. thg-flpétyfni valuing'und tnxing‘
,their-tprnpetty. ‘inste‘nil ol casting a labtit
.no impurtnnt into the cnté oi. irresponsible
Boards. _ , ‘y‘~ '.
- The importance 0! legis'ativenction on
‘ thq subject is enhanced by the tact, that
man enminpttonnl the ordinary r’eyr‘nynes
H tint] expenditures tor (the last 'fevt yeprs,
, turnishea ,t-vtslence that the neckgaitign o
the trcusnvy‘require increased reéoti‘r‘cet.
Afiotatrment from thg auditing department
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" Expense: of the public works consid
e‘retlv as ordinary. notwithstandlng much
1;! me amnunl in really extraordinary flaut
as an affair! to‘ this. (he lax on real and
penunal estate, received during each year.
.is more Ihnn the assessment of a year. the
vxcens bring lrnm outotnnding taxes 0!
previnuw years." (a
The lnlnnco in the treasury on Dec. 18!.
1844.wau ‘ . 8669.851 18
Balance in the treasury. Dec, 191'48. was 577,390 31
Deficit in balances in "ensue? In 4 years. 86,561 49
ilud Iho law ol,May 3161,] 4. boon com
-. {flied wilh bf! [he cnncollutionfiol the re
iefmuep,l e uddiuoun! charge would
' have been made on lho Ira-usury of 249.700 00
Which nddad ID the above deficn makes 336.26] 46
Deducl omega 0! nppuonl revenue, > 87.349 30
Real deficit under exisling inw. 248.912 19
‘ in quryea’ra.e'x'cluslv oi'éxlraor'linufy ex
‘pemer. * ‘ - 7 .
' The operation at law: on lhe part 0!
ithe nafionul gove'tnment; framed mm a
new to the assessment of duties and col
lection of revenue, is a sbbject Jerioualy
aflec‘ing the finances ol the Common-
Wea‘llh. No Stale in the Union'dcpenda
in a greater degree on [he advanlages o
1 ..u‘hole‘nnme"enterprise, and me a’ule cm
rpiuy‘ment olitapital. oulhe alnbilily and
. ; ’a'géncynél laws aflovding,r.eaaouuble pro
- J't‘clilm Flo-domealic Industry. Our m'oun
‘u’im,*fi|ldd’wim rich .depnailea of Iron 85'
(can. Invitenthe munulycturer to emplny
~:- , JDi‘fikiH'and capila), in thesecom‘modilies.
H. :g and Mllen lhéy arc in dunand. llxe whole
4.l.producliwe‘bqaineas ol the Slate progpera.
No 3nleresl (eels the pressure lof,fo|re.ilgn
compolniun more keenly. none tequlru
~ "WW CGHflfil'thc («Mating ,care 0! gov .'
9‘ Human. none’smeuda lo a larger gxlen‘
‘hefic'ifi‘c Industry of qflltcllassea of ci'
7-9119. lh-nn the: peEuliut ifimiulactuling er‘
-1 ‘Wlifibmt’pmtflmur my} Slam fl‘rhe Jays
":1 “gem, ‘fSlnbli'shed by libeagt u! Congrgfisp';
18,46.‘ 3* lgpmed lu‘r lhg ppuryulsve ”lirevez
Duo. and duscrimihhtcs against ralherthu‘n
""" “’II‘IV‘JIQCIihna... 'l'he eflc‘chulgaurh m 1
”“0“.“1: ueccunrlly be, i!) cunliqupm ‘0
-~ mike-dawn lhe manulaclurer, and t det
‘V bless evdy fiu'lb't'éiikiiicli/ china” (3 in
- Lc'idéhmtly Inna un him [or suppom: ! m”.
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‘. a ”A?“ L'x‘f‘ ‘ ‘ ’3‘; 5“ ‘ V 3.31" . .153" Q; ‘ 5: VI” _ ,; $35 ‘3‘} "‘
~,. u-vtm ¢.A; . . .1... r,.,,- , ‘.. .1 ', _ . 3 $9 ‘ . V5.5} ‘ . L 73:7 .33 m ”if: ya: ._,: 33'
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2:; mg: , . ‘./ g . , j . 3:33 3535 ,‘ ; g Frag :23, 155! ,y. 7:57 4 ‘. Z.
Ifv n: fix ‘ V " ' ’ h - "'3 ‘ “ " I.- .. ‘ 3%: i;}@, - ~». . . . ‘ ‘ ‘
v I‘i‘i‘r‘r‘q ' ' hr . ‘ , p . . , ‘ _ I, W
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3 §
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, Ol the interests lavurahly rifle-feted byi
the establishment 01, manulacluriés. 'none
tlesetv,e_'tniire especial notice than the la
hurtng & producing classesh These corn
puse the great mass ol our titi'iiul'at'iun. BLI
In.al_l reapecls dtll'er radically, from the
same classeefinmther . countries. Here.
they urea part. olvthe government itsell.’
and as such are frequently
the exerciatfi-ul the, Elective,Frane'hiae. l 0
decidequesltpas themost momentous. ale
letting even the stability and duration ol
our lire institutions, ,In the [urination ol
the government under which they' live.
they were a component ol the sovereignty
tthirh had, wrested [mm a lor'eign powcr
the‘independence 0.1 the country. & took
with others on equatpart in the difficult
questions, intolved. To enable them to
tltseharge.,irt a proper manner the duties
they owe to the country. to others, and
lhetnselvea.‘a portion of their time should
be given to the examination and considen‘
atiun of public questions. By the reward
at their labor, they should be enabled to
elevate their condition in society.’ to .com
mand for themselves and lamdies} not
merely the necessaries, but 'the comforts
and even the luxuries ol life—to give to
their children the ‘benefits of reasonable
‘educattunhand to ensure a c'ti'rnpetence
when age‘has disqualified them lor active
employment. The price at labor is regu
lated by its demand, and the value of the
article it produmer. When the demand
for labor is small, and the produce ol that
labor low in price. the reward of industry
is compatativoly reduced; when the de~
"land to: labor In increased, it rises in Vail
ue and receives an. adequate reward.—
Henc‘egivhateyerlincreasea‘ profitable la
bur, lfikvbslinlifllly beneficial tol the Work;
mg glasses, and aflorda them the means‘
:9! comlort. the delights of rational QDjl‘Y'
men!) and the opportunity of exalting their
condition antl performing wrth: salely to
the country the duties ol citizens.
The manulaclurer, it he be sustained in
his enterpriser produces this result. by ()3
pening to the laborera new source ol‘em
ployment. It is lrequently urged.‘ that
the syslfntol protection to domestic tn
dustry is of more interest to the tnunulac
turer than to the laborer, as it enablesihim
to dispose of his fabrics lor a higher price;
land'to realize better profiit on his capilnl;
ibut is not the capital of the laborer also
linvoleed in the fabric. and does he not re
lceive a reward in proportion to the value
the article?
Let it he remembered. also. lha'. his
daily bread.——the wants of his family.—
the education at his children. all depend
upon th‘eauecexs ol ,the establishment at.
which he is employed. and the objection
can have but Itttie wetght. It Is also ur
gedvthat a reduction at nominal values to
to, pprcrfic standard. wruld produce a re
.sult. requiring Inf domestic labor no pro
tection on the part ol government. A
doctrine of that nature is radically wrong.
and at variance with the .prlnt‘lples on
which our free government is lounded.—
Bring down the standard ol prices for la
bor to a specific standard ; allow no great
er reward lor Industry in this country
than in England, and the working classes
are necessarily forced into the condition
ul loreign operatives. compelled to labor
constantly and diligently toenrn [or them
selves a miserable subsistence. All the
luxuries, many of the comforts. and even
the necessaries ol life, must be denied to
them, while the education ol their ofi
spring must be wholly neglected. These
observations apply to the laborers engaged
in the business ul mining. and transport
ing our coal to market. as well as to the
operatives more directly employed at
manulactories. Alter the demand for
household use is supplied. this article must
seek a market in those districts ol coon
try where manufacturing Industry a
bounds, and the demand lor it increases
or dimtnishes in proportion to the active
operationsol theseestablishments, Hence,
every fire that is extingurshed. and every
wheel that is stopped. lessens the demand
‘lor coal. decreases its value in the mar
:ket, and reduces the prices ol labor. by
lessemm: its value to the owner ol the ar
ticle. Wheq to this is added the fact of
at competition lrorn abroad, underselling
in the home market the’ domesttc article.
the occupation ol the laborer-is destroyed,
and the ruin is complete. The revenue
system invites such a:r,csult. w't'tle the
system of discriminating lor protection
'orbids it. a ~
Other classes uf. aocity are also injuri
ously or}bencficinliy uflected, as the laws
on this subject favor the one or the other
policy. Ttie' nericulruraliat. inclined tr»
measure the general wellnre by.the prices
of his produce, and to remain contented
While thesenre Batisluctory. Is required,
”MY. the exercise ol his practical knowlv
edge, to be‘infultned; ,tlmt he aufleru tilen
by a policy uhich striker-triuwn \he manu
lacturcr. "l‘he home market is his only i
Mire reliancev The currrlititrn nl things
abroad tnay.uflurd increased prices fur the
produce ulhis (rum; the,rni§eries,u[ un
happy. Ireland. and the. unsettled; stale iul
public affairs in other-punts uljhe uurlrli
~n)ay_,¢rcnte, n tempuraqurlemund for grain,
tanllvlherrby augment the value no! ltis_ pm
rluctinns ;;but jg “woulglbe unsele 'ro'rlé
pend 9n conjrngmciqs .0} this nnlur'q, over
which hiqgnvgrnment‘can'lwve,o.o pin-mun,-
The'ontirze:produce ulphiqlandu .“hethr'r
.. unwrap», P.A.,JA_N, 18.1849
disla‘trt. or near the: foreign‘ market. must
depend for an ‘u‘nilorm and fair price or.
the home’dernun'd.' 'Any‘other reliance-is
dependant nn‘t‘hc‘ policy of' ‘fur'e'igh'gov
ernmer‘tts,‘ the'ctihvulsions‘"of-unsettled
piitveri'nh'tl the unfr'uitfnl harvests'ol oth
er pr'otlucers’L‘ ’ ‘ ' " ‘ '
It is net, however, ‘in 'erili'ahced pticesl
alo‘n‘e that ho findé ‘hiif rehard; ' lit’ the
home 'm'ar'ite‘t'h’e finds'his'own factor. :-
voidsiiiie 'ri'sit of agencies. 'the dangers of
transportatidn. and can select his own time
for the dispdsal of his :iioduce. The man
tifactiirer carrie’s'tb the' market, in the fab
rics he proposes to sell. tlte produce of the
farmer. who is thereby relieved of the haz
ard and expense of conveyance.
fn'another form his is still more l‘argely
benefitted ()rie'of the elements of well
regulated society. is unity of interest ~—
Whnrever may be‘said to the contrary. no
natural antipathiee exist between capital
and labor. They are dependent on. are
supported by, and receive vitality from
each otlter. 'f‘he manufactuter who in
vests under the fostering care of govern
ment his capital in profitable industry. 0
pens a new source of wealth to the farmer.
the arti'zan and the laborer. ,b '
An industrious population whose reward
affords comfort arid competence. gathers
arortnti him; other classes are attracted.
antl the‘ store house. the workshop. the
school andthe church are erected; villages
spring up; ‘the din of active industry and
tlte sound of enjoyment mingle together:
‘roatls are opened. bridges are built, lantla
rise in value; and the farmcrEfinds a mar
‘ltet at his door. not Only for his ordinary
isurplu's' produce. but also lor numberless
articles Which were deemed unworthy of
itransportation. From that overflotvinc
fountain by an hundred rivulets, wealth is
poured into his treasury. ‘
These are a few of the many advantages
of the agriculturaltst. and the laborer. aris
iug from 'a fair and reasonable protection
of the domestic industry of the country.—
'l'he existing revenue latte of the national
government. by opening ottr ports to for
eign manufactures. invite the labor of the
wretched. starving operatrves of Europe.
to a competition with this healthful anti
prosperous condition of things. The con
sequences are ruinous to the intarests of the
laboring and producing classes. and dry
the'streams of ' prosperity iti every branch
ol industry.
it should not be forgotten. that the relia
his wealth of a State consists in the profit
ablo'i'ndustry and capital of the citizens—
Whatever tends. therefore. to prostrate in
dividual prosperity .' to diminish the va'ue
'of prqtl'ucepto injure productive labor, or to
drive from wholesome intestment the mo
ney capiial of the country. strikes with a
larming force the best interests of the State.
The revenues of the Commonwealth are
derived principally from real and personal
estate. and from our railroads and canals.
in relstion to the former. it may be said,
that every dollar shipped for ,the purchase
of foreign fabrics diminishes their value.
depresses the home market. reduces the
profits of the producer, and hence lessens
the amountof revenue paid into the treasu
ry. Capital invested in the mucus bran
ches of manufactures. sinks in value. rn
proportion to the depression of ilre bust
ness in which it is employed, and when
foreign competition is successful by reason
oflovv duties. in tlrirtng from the home
market the fabric of the (apitalist. hrs in
vestment is comparatively valucless, anti
ttro revenues therelrom are greatly reduced.
The profits from our internal improvements
are still more seriously affected. The raw
material in its transit to die manufat-tory,
atrd the fabric on its way to a market. are
principally conveyed along our canals and
railroads. thereby yielding a handsome re
venue to the Commonwealth. When.
therefore, the manufacturer. unprotected by
ithe government. is compelled to discontin
tue his business. not only the laborers tlte
artizari and the agriculturalist. but the State
}rilso. is seriously injured in the generalde
Lpression of business, the diminished wealth
of the, country, and the reduced value of
i ‘jl'he policy of giving fair and reasonable
iprotcciiun to the domestic industry of the
icountry. has heretofore received a support
:so cordial, from wise and patriotic states
inien who have conducted the affairs ofthe
national government, as it ell as those who
have preceded the in the administration of
due Commonwealth. tliati cannot refrain
from the insertion of, a few extracts from.
their several messages.
lti his eighth uunuul message. Washing
tron deemed it proper to bring the subject
to the attention of Congress:
i “Congress have repeatedly, and not
without success,directed tlteii attention to
the encouragement of rttartufactures. The
iultject is til too much ,itttportatit‘e not to
linsure a continuance of their efforts in ev
l‘ery way which silil” appear eligible."
“ l‘lte eighth annual message of President
:Jeflerstin. contains the following rnlcrencc
ttu the liubjcct:
,V "Thesuspension of our foreign com.
‘nwrce. produced by the Injustice of the
’b._€.i.lg€cclli pout-ts. and the eonsrquem los
ttteit artd,t-aerrfices of ourcitizetis. are HID
ijeclsufjmtl Ctt‘r‘tcvf‘ll.‘ T'lflic situdtlmt into
‘tvhich we have thus been forced. hit} itnv
pellcrl us i‘lfiiPPlY a portion of our rrttlus
[try and capital ltt.yi[llt‘lnfli manufactures
endgitnprovcrpentg. _,,"l_'|lt:.l extent ,ol tlii;
NEW SERIES—47OI:. I, No:;"®;—a§ivnoLE§fio, @1255?
Conversion in daily increasing. and liule
duubl rcmni'ns (hat the t‘atabllshmenh [or
mell and forming “ill—under the auspices
of cheaper maletials and subsistence. the
lrrednm or labor from lnxalinn wnhwufi.
and '0! pruletting duties and prohibitions
-—-hocnme permanent."
l’rcsidcm Madison cullslhe altentmn uf
Onnglcss‘tu the subject. in me lullowihg
terms: ' ,
“Anhnugh other aubjocm will ‘ press
more imlm-dimely nn your deliberations, o
purtion of “mm cunnul but be weH‘bes
towed on tin-jun and aouml unlicy of ne'-
curing to our manufnclums tho succeéa
\hey huve inflamed and are Mill nllnininu
in some degree. under the impulse OI cou
iws nnt pennnlwnl.”
“And again. in his special message 0
‘Fobruarv 20, 1815, he mys:
"But'thcre Is no subject that can enter
wilh grcmer lorce and merit inln' lhe (Ie
libermions of- Congress than a cnnsideva
tion of ihe means m proscrve and promoh
the munulacluves which have sprung mlo
oxisienco. und nlmiued nn unparallekd
mnlurHy ‘hrnu‘ghnul Iho Uniled S‘n‘eslllh
ring {he pmimlnl Ihe Eurupean warn.—
This' sumce ul National Intleppndente
and ueallh. I nnxiuuslflrecommcud, Hmrer
lure, to \he promp! and gonuwnl gumdinn
‘phip 0| Cunares'.” " ~
In his m-venlh annual mesfi‘he, he agajn
recurs m Iho «übject ns lulluus -:
"ln_atljUitting the duties on imports lttlt
the ohjeet ul revenue. the influence til llH‘ ‘i
tnrill on mnnulactutcs will necetsui'ilil
prekenl itttt-ll fut consideration. Hnwev- ‘
er wise the theory may be, which leaves to
the segacity and imminent tilintllvltlUHle.l
the tipplicutton of their intlu‘try and in,
sources, there we in ttiic. an in other Ctnl
sea. cxcrptiunn to the general rule. Bot-i
Bl(l9i‘,‘llt0 condition which the theor'y its?!”
implies, 0! a reciprocal adoption by other
nations. t-xperience teachct that so many
ctrcumstancec must ncrur in intrmltlcmui
and maintaining tnnttulacturitig establish
ments. Esprclully ol the more complicntetli
kintl-. that a (nuntry mnv remain lungi
wtthttut them, although t-ulliciently nilvan .
ted, and in some respects even. peculiarly
fitted lur carrying them 9n with nucct'u.‘
Uiitlcr circumstances giving a pnueilul
impulSe to manulnclurin: industry. it has
mult- uniting us it pttigrcsi, antl e-ilnhited
an elfictency \VhICh juutily the beliel, that
with u protectiun, nut man: than is due to
the enterprising citil,ens “hose interests
are now at stake, it will become at an ear
ly day not only sale against occasional
competition: lrutu nhrnatl. but a suurcc ol
domeatic “ealth and even ol external com
merce.” t i
And again : 3
"I: m“ be an ndditiunul recommenda
lilm uf~pamcu‘ar manulncmrcs, where lhc
maleriuh lor lhem are enunnivcly dmun
[rum our ngricuhurc. and consequently
impnrl and ensure I 0 Um! grant luml of
national procpetily and indeprndence‘ an
encoulngomem winch cannot loil (o be u».
President Monroe, in his first inaugur
nl address. says:
"Our mnnuliicturea will likewise requiie
the oystemnttc and lustering care of the
government. [Hun-Ming. an‘ we (In, all
the row ltldlt‘llnll, the Inuit nl our own soil
and intlunry‘ we ought not to tlept'ntl In
the degree we huve done. on htlppllcb ltoni
other rountties. \Vhile we are thus tle~
pendant, tlic bUtldt‘tl event nl mir, un
sought. and unexpcclml. cannot ltll to
plunge us into the ltltlsl serious tlllflt‘ulllt‘n.
It itupnttuN, too. thin the cupitnl uliltli
nourishes our lltallulnClUfEb should be do
mt'atic, as it» Influence in lhut (use. in
stead nl exhausting. us It mnv tlu. in lor
olgn hantln, would be lrlt ntlvzintagcumly
on agriculturv, and m‘my other bitinth nl
industry. l‘ltlunllv important is It. to pro
Htle at home. u~tniitket lur our raw mitte
rials. m by t‘Xlt’tltllttg the competition it
Will enhance the pricr. and ptolt‘cl tho
cultivatoi'iaguinst ttic (mu-.ilttt's Inridmt to
luretgn (norm-tn.”
lli-t Excrllcncy, Simon Snyder. Gun-r
-nor ol this Continunuimlih, in his tllt's‘éagL'
ol Ducetubct Bth, 1815. eta-vi.
“’l'hc subjt'ct ol tnntiulutturoa. ltutn ltilt
oxpt'ricncc during the restrictive su't‘tn
and the war, is now so well understood.
as respects the piucticabtlttv nl advantage
oualj cutrfl'f'; thcm on. us- to the hint] ul
good: uhicti may be mudc. and the quail
ly and durability ul the articles \\lll(ll
have had 21 lair oxpvrimcnt Bllltlflg‘l us,
that it is tlt'fmt‘d unnecesiaiy to urgclur
gun-cuts In their puppurt. The general
goteinment, lully au-aie at the import
nnce ul the nubject. will. ll is conlidmn‘tly
hopeil, l'ullow the-dictates of political wis
dom, and protect our uuiuulncturea against
injurtou: lm't'lgll competition or rumbimipl
tiuli : a contrary course would protrucl Ull‘i
lung and nuxiumly sought real intfrflun»
drum! of our country, and thlll.llllpoac
on its a tlrpenilvnce ultnnat colonial.” 1"
III: Excrlltlnry. \\ illizitn Fludlny. rc-i
letting briefly to llll: .uhjectmays:
"Au agriculture and nmnulitctures fltt‘
the great sources ul wralth‘. and the only
solid l‘nundutiun ul our comlurtandtl intle
penrlcucr, they are piirticularly eutitletl to
the fostering um.- nl government.”
In the lint tnesfiiige ol GovetuurAWull.
ht- rpwiks up lollowll:
.Hfl‘lw protecting policy hitherto austui
and bv the General Government runnnt.
untl‘i-rnlxiuling circntnstunrrs be lllMllthll'
‘ad or relinquished with the uppl‘ubullotl w
3119 f“ .. ;'. , ,
consent ol the people ol ‘.i’\€ditsyli'nnia.-L-
Their interests} r'their pioefiei‘j‘t'y. and. l 3
may add. theirrctinilorie.gare :Dllilils time ;
t'ascllllully '-t‘,tleti:tifie'diwithuthohpolitym ' ,
The diversified "hriitichett:f‘of industry in
which our cilizenénie enga‘getlfithe chiir
iicter of the, nnod‘ti/e'tions‘ peculiar to our
soil. the stiite oi the ltlretgnfinjnrketlitito '
which we had herelolorc been accuatt‘tmed
to resort loi'the sale and exchange of our
staple commodities. and the’j‘nierdicting
duties by. which the pr’o'du'céof ‘ou'r'ogri
rculturnljsts is excluded from thote tnar- _
kets, leave» no no alternativetns to the
course to be pursued. 'Wor'i‘mist .‘either
Buflfl' our turplos . produce toiiietigil‘i'flupnn
our hands, or we must cptahllah a market _
for its‘ ronsutnptinn at home. We must -
uitlrér submit to the humiliating condition
ul becoming tributary to toreign'indi'mtry.
or by allordrng egcuuragernent to ounown,
render ourselves iritl‘epe'ntle'ttltl‘nl [orieign
impusrtion-and exactioii..w . Uiitlfl ,lh'etttn'
Ctiuragement utit! protection nonvoltoriled,
our inunulncluiing estnblifiht‘petfigmt 89'
rooting u vigorom iind liualtltlttl itppenr‘
once, and give reasonable promise of pro
moting the generul prespetity oi the ‘coun
int. and of accomplishing" ithe "great end
and (leitgn contemplated by the triends
and atlt'OCitlES‘Ol the tirttteclive‘fiatt‘tn.—
Happily for us in Pennsylvania. we have
no constitutional dtfliqultieeqto‘epilprruss
us in reference in this,syst'etitrppngltates
men. who have lieri-tn‘loro'.represented its '
in the Nullonnl Legislature. 03:.tye,“ as in '
that ut the State, have onitu‘rni'lj‘expr‘e‘ss
ed their opinions uflirmotively,"n‘nld‘})y no
means equivocal. that this notion postsea
cr. the right, under the constitti‘tionptnpro
trct its industry by salutary c'niie'tiitentaof
HS own. against the itrjurioiisyqontiequen
cert rrl lorcign legis,|otj.on.tind thiit‘t'li‘e__ucta
til Congrega imposing doticaort'tnipiirts.
riro constitutional, and ll)t-i‘rflzepnstit'o‘entu
havens oiiettuivueullx L res‘por‘itl'étlll‘to WP”
opinions.” ‘I 4 4 "
Govuinur Porter‘nlao refers .lo‘tyhe‘rgob
joct‘in the lolluwing manner 1'; 'l‘jlttig uri
worthy the grenl State of Penneylitiihio to
depend on the tiionolacturen‘ ofi ‘iither
Stnlt‘s, or ol foreign countries, topupjply
her citizens tiith those articles for the va
rious purposes ul ltle nliiclint‘h. y -‘lréli:9r°'
duce themselves as “ell. aév‘c'heiipljj‘and
ru abundantly it's any other peoplejlilr’iflhe
lace of the globe. Our valleytidlc‘ettitng
Will) plenty, our lltlls‘tvlvjllt. :dcpdtitté‘l of
cool and irnn,—our Vet‘reatne lotinitttd‘ing
\ttllt water power. tor till purporeg‘tiiieutu
posted by that in tiny country"; find ‘our
Citizens atitnuliited by enterprise and pop
sesatng mrans to render it eheclttnl‘; )s’hould
awaken in us thut spirit til independenco
which disduitiit tonset-lt tit tlie.hnntls“ol oth
,ers‘ that which it can lttrniah'wt‘th'ltp’onn.
lit t 8 Hill) on feelings of entry or nitric-it
lealouvyol othcr'a. that l britig-{ltlij‘trttub
ljert to your notice,‘ but “ill! tilt, fifth“!
,leeling of State prideuind avgeitenou'shem
tuhitton. which should inspire, its hilhp’flc
terinitiiittnii not to be indebted to other»
lur those solid and uselul metinii’ol promo
ting our p:osperiiy & independence tthtch
Nature hus buunteouuly lai'iahed on our
own Cl‘l'LUtfi," , l.‘
A que-tion ol the greatest magnitude.
involving the honor of the Stiite. andthc
interests oi the citizens. wdl arisotn the
cuttetdt-ratiuii ol the gpolilte debt‘g-n'vl'lie
regular payment ol the annual interest. St
the lotrnpttnn of ti {inking lupd lor'tht' fi:
rizil littutilutttii. ol the pr'tticipulpshitul'd‘re-
Ct‘lH! the ertrlv and curt‘lul ullettlltlfl ol
the Lunglriturth lt \tlll gtte me unféign
t‘tl pleasure to unite ititlt you ttt‘lttpy. tu
tiunrtl tiiode calculated to Inctltloteraii ob
ject sodeairrihlc. A ‘_ ,
'l‘he prescm dubi ul the State is as lul
Iowa: - "
6 per mm. Mocha, $1,867,549 06
5 do do 37.305 801 10 W ,
45 do du 200,000 00 '
———-_—.5a5.393.350 24
Ruhefnolcs m cm ' .
cululinu. $702,664 00 ‘4
lmcrcsx (lorunrulca - , 3&1“
uulslunding. 2130.789 s‘). J . 34,
Du du unclmlm-d. 5,448 28 ‘ V
lulcrcnl on unclaimed Ih ' ?
&uu|slunding car; ‘ '
certificates In be
added to them
when lundud,
Domenic creditors,
’l‘ulul amount of public deblvDeq. . , ' ,
31m.1848. ._ " ‘ " 340.424.7315 90
O! the übily'c'l'here is due und'dem‘sud
ublc at the "entity us Inflows: ‘ " '
Reliafrwleu. ’ "6702.664 00
Dumenlic Crodnoru. J - :1 s': f--'~8953148 95
lnmeu: cerlificulesol ull kinda.~ m _3289.fi03 79
. -v.. . 31.33.1338,“ 74
ll is presume“ the gradual _pr9cepa of
cancellation ul Ihe relic! ,gotgs'h p‘ttlheir
redemption. us git-(endure,hipgigaled, will
remove [ulhnl .‘nmuunl, lheprgssilng ne
cesmiesul the 'l‘r/rnsmyy 5". 4,, , -
The rcyldue Vuf 51:de sum of- $1.031,-
386,74, lu “win, , I ”M": -
$323,722 7_4 g 9 yuopnd domundabhh wag-2,74-
Aluo duo nnd «lgnlutldublo o! hinded‘ (‘ " 1‘.'..":- -,.‘rv‘
“'dehla‘u I1)”u‘wn“:" 'l' “V“ "‘"thfin '-
Juuolal. " "[B4]. , 326051 80‘) .uflfl‘n‘ .
Augual IM. 1846“. 1098509 35 .a :‘ir'i .
August ll”. 1847: _. . 22.335 06.| ‘ $13711
_. w - :"“T"'T'7" 8294,6195 21
l’roscm linhilily uf'l‘roasury.
Resuluo ul publicflcbl falling due 3'
March 111. 154!” '9595551‘ 46 “‘ '" “"
Doc. lax. 1850,. ‘ 929:3115152m .Edfflx
April llth. 1.853: :. 135,914'DU‘J1: ‘i’JliH
Dog. 1‘1! 18339. .~ ,1,?93..40,1,r‘03, :ul'ga Wig;
5‘ nvv-wmvm-v‘m 1‘
14165 86
89.818 95.
——r—_——, 4:09;»‘3'86 v 4
95943.7‘55§'¥6 95
'. V i La