Raftsman's journal. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1854-1948, June 28, 1865, Image 1

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    BI S. J. EOW.
VOL. 11.-N0. 43.
'The Raftsman's Journal is published on VTed
Mssilay al $ 2,00 per annum iu advance Adver
t.sekests inserted at $1.50 per square, for three
- less insertions Ten lines (or less) counting
ncunre. For every additional insertion 50 cents.
A deduction will be made to yearly advertisers.
38u$iuc$jS JHrrrtorju
IRVIN BROTHERS. Dealers in Square fe Sawed
Lumber. Dry Goods, Groceries. Flour, Grain,
4c , Ac, liurnjide Pa., Sept. 23, lsd3.
T1 REDE RICK LEITZINGEIt. Manufacturer of
V It kinds of Stone-ware. Clearfield, Pa. Or
aer solicited wholesale or retail. Jan. 1, 1363
C IR AN'S A BARRETT, Attorneys at Law. Clear-
field, Pa. Mriy 13. 1363.
v J. trans. w alter barrett.
ROBERT J . WALLACE. Attorney at Law. Clear
field, Pa Office in Shaw'u new row. Market
street, opposite Nauglo's jewelry store May 25.
H F. NAUGI.E, Watch and Clock Maker, and
. dealer in Watches. Jewelry. Ac. Room in
Gruhnru's row, Market street. Nov. 10.
t Bl'CHER RWOOPF. Attorney at Law. Clear
171 . field. Pa. OfEci inGrahaui' Row, four Joo e
Weet'of Graham A Boyctons store. Nov. 10.
. TARTSWICK A HUSTON. Dealers in Druars.
J 1 Medicines. Paints, Oils. Stationary, Perfume
ry "Fancy Goods, Notions, etc., etc.. Market street,
Clearfield, Pa June, 2, 1SG1.
7 P. KUATZER. dealer in Dry Goods. Clth
. injr. Hardware. Queenware, tJrooeries. Pro-
ti.-'i; cs le. rront street,
CleaiCeld. Pa.
above tuo ncaueniy,
April 27.
17 ILLIAM F.IRW IS. MarketBtrcot. Clearfield,
V P . Dm'nr in Forciirn and Domestic Mer
chandise, Uarlware, Queensware, Groceries, and
faiuily articles generally. -ov. iu.
-fTJTlN GT'ELICH. Manufacturer of all kinds ol
j Cabinet-ware. Market ftreet. Clearfitld, Pa.
lie a!so makes to order Coffins, on short nmice. and
attends funerals with a heurso. Aprl0.'59.
"Y" M. WOOD. Practicing Pi'vsk iav, and
I ) Fxntuininjr Surgeon for Pejjsious.
fifiice. south-writ corner of Second and Cherry
btrt. Clearfield, Pa January 21. lsrt:i.
rpiIOMAS J. MCULLOl'uII, Attorney at Law.
JL Clearfield. Pa. Office, eut of the -Clearfield
a. Bank. Deeds aud other lesal instruments pre
pared with prou-ptn?ss and accuracy. July 3.
B M'LXALLT, Attorr.cyat Law. ClearGeld,
Fa. i'rscticea in Clearfield and a;'jinir.
cour.fies. OflSco mi new brio.K boil'iing ol ) . uoyn-
!-. 2d itre-jt. on door tout a of Lanicn s Hotel.
r)ICIIARD MOSPOP, Dealer in Foreign and Do-
mestio Dry Goods. Groceries. Flour. Bacon,
Liquors, lo. Room, on Market street, a few doors
mat ot Journal Ojfice, Clearfield, Pa. Apr27.
rARRIMER A TEST, Attorneys at Law.Clear
J field. Pa. Will attend promptly to all legal
and other business entrusted to thoircarc in Clear
field and adjoining counties. August 6. I860.
rpHOMAS W. M'ORE. Land Purveyor or Con
X veyancer. Office at his residence, i mile e.-wt
f Pennville Postoffice address. Grampian Ililii
I'eeds and other instruments of writing neatly
executed. June 7th, ltt)5-ly
A7"M. ALBERT A DUO'S, Dealers in Dry Goods,
V t roceries. Hardware, Queeiiswate. Flour,
Bacon, etc.. Woodlanl. Clearfield county, Penn'a.
Also, extensive dealers in all kinds of sawed lum
ber, shingles, aud square timber. Orders soiici
led. Woodland. Aug. 19th. Is63.
l?CTIONEER. The undersigned having
boen Licensed an Au;tioner. would respect
fully inform the citizens of Clearfield county that
he will attend to the calling ot sales, in any part
vf the county. whc desired. Terms moderate..
Address Z. 0 M CI ."LLOL'GH.
June 11. IS'35 Clearfield. Pa.
A rf'TION i;LH. -Tho undersigned having
, u ;icori-d an Auctioneer, would inform
tl. -: xoL'i of Clearfield county that ' he will at
tend to culling nales. iu any part of the county,
whenever called upon. Charges mnderatu
May 13 Bower Pp., Clearfield co., Pa.
Al'CTiONLEIC The undersigned having
been Licenced an Auctioneer, would inform
the citizens of Clearfield couuty that he will at
tend to calling sales, in any part of the county,
whenever called upon Charges moderate.
Feb. 22. Ih05. Clearfield, P.t.
M BLOOM, of Pike township, desires to in
f.Tu; Lis friends aud the public generally that he.
Las taken out a License asan ALCTlOXEEil, and
will attend to tho crying of sales iu any part of
the county at the shortest notice, and at tho most
reasonable charges. Address, either personally
or by letter, either at Curweusvillo or Bloom
iugville. May l 1St5i- tf-
-BirsriK: notice.
Ot r ice op the Comptroller ok the Cirrkncy
Washington, Janruary oOth, Isoj.
f presented to the undersigned, it has been
ma e to appear that "THE FIRST NATIONAL
l!..'KOF CLEARFIELD," in the Borough of
Clearfield, in the county of Clearfield, and State
ol Pennsylvania, has b-.cn duly organixed under
and according to the requirements of the Act of
t'ongresa. entitled "An Act to provide National
Currency, secured by a pledge of United States
bunds and to provide for the circulation and re
demption theieof." approved June 3d, lao-l, and
h.is complied with all the provisions ot said Act
required to be complied with before commencing
the business of Banking under said Act ;
Now. therefore, I, Hugh MeCulloch. Comptrol
ler of the Currency, do hereby certify that "JHh.
in the Borough of Clearfield, in the county of
Cieurfield. aad State of Pennsylvania, is author
tied to commence the business ot Banking uudcr
the Act aforesaid
In testimony whereof, witness my
SEAlfband and sealof office, this 30th day of
VoxyJanuary, A. D. LSoj.
Feb. 8, 1S35. Comptroller of the Currency.
SPECIAL NOTICE. All persons knowing
themselves indebted to the subscriber, either
l7 note or bock account, are requested to pay up
luiuiediatcly, as further indulgence cannot be
iTn. May27-p G. II. H ALL.
tiiiures against loss or damage by fire. It is the
aiest company in the State, aod has made no as
tenuienti since its establishment, and hence it is
A mopt economical S. J. ROW, Agent.
tm 21, liii. fltarfleld, Pa.
J udge Rose lived in Bellville, on the
banks of a great river iu the West. Every
year he went to Washington, and his voice
was otten heard in the halls of Congress.
Yet though he was called great, he was not
good, because he was fond of drinking wine,
brandy, &c, and frequented the gambling
rooms .o numerous in the city. The.se hab
its gained on hint daily, until they conquer
ed all his moral trtreugth. His townsmen
refu.-ed to send him as their delegate any
Judge Rose had an amiable wife and
three pretty daughters. Mary the eldest
was his special pet. He thought more of
her than of himself, and no wish of hers
went nngratilied. She was of a sweet dis
position, and so obedient and respectful to
her parents, and kind to every one about
her, that she was beloved by everybod'.
And though her father's dwelling was the
most elegant, and they had beautiful
grounds, aud servents, and horses, and car
riage and fine clothes; she never put on
airs as many do, but was laode-t and retir
ing. Mr. Rose and his wife aud daughters
were all members of a christain church. lie
was often suspended from its fellowship, and
on promise jf repentance received again. His
influential po.-ition in society and the pious
conduct of his wife and daughters, caused
much pity for them, and elicited much pa
tience. 'Ihey hoped by love and forbearance
to restore him wholly. Dut all the love of
his family and of the church could not stop
this erring mail in his downward course.
At last so low did he fall as to lose all
self respect, and frequented the lowest whis
key sb'ips in the town. ailyhe went out
unhaved, unwashed, ragged, and almost
naked, and when drunk would sing some
low song which would draw around him a
crowd of boys to jeer, and laugh, and scorn
the oticc dignified and respectful judge. In
personal appearance he was the lowest of
the low.
It is not to be supposed that Christians
ami temperance men allowed such a man to
ruin himself without efforts to save hiin.
Karrn-tand persevei intr efforts were put
forth ; prayers were offered up, and his
family left no evenue to his heart unenter
ed. But all were alike useless. His wife
and daughters wept and prayed, but disput
ed entirely.
Mary, his pet, often labored to save her
father from cien disgrace, if not from pri
vate sin. She became very sad and refused
t. .itfrtiil rlnii-r.L nr frrt intr irlptv WliPn
her father was sober, he had sense to perceive
the sorrowful change in his once happy Ma
ry and seemed to regret his course more fbr
her sake than his own.
One morning he started as usual for the
drink'ng shop. I le was a horrible.object, in
decent to look at as well as filthy. His wife
tried to hold him back, rnd get him at least
to put on some decent clothing, but he would
not yield. Mary made her appearance by
his side, clothed in ratrs, low at the neck,
bare armed and bonnet less with an old whis
key-bottle in her hand. Taking her fath
er's arm she said: "Come, father, I'm go
ing too."
'"Going where?" said he, stairngather as
if horror struck.
"To the dram shop. What is good for
you is good for me. '
Then she began to flerish her bottle and
sin? one of the low songs she had heard
him sing in the street.
"Go back girl, you are crazy; mother,
take her in."
"Rut I am going with yoa, father, to ruin
my soul and body. It is of no use for me
to be good while you are going to the bad
place. You'll be lonely there without your
"(Jo away, girl, ycu'll drive me mad.
"But you have been mad for some time,
and I am going mad too. What do I care?
My tether is only a poor old despised drunk
ard ; liis daughter may as well drink and lie
in tue gutter loo." t
So Mary pulled away at her father s.arm,
and went out to open the gate, lie drew
back ; still she dragged on and sung louder.
A few boys came toward them, and then her
father broke from her hold, and went into
the bouse. There he sat down ; and put
ting his hands to his face, he wept aloud.
"What is the matter?" said Mrs. Rose.
"Mary is crazy, and I have made her so.
I wish 1 was dead. Ho go out and get her
iu ; L won't go out to-day.
Mrs. Rose went out and told Mary what
l.r f. f l.nr 1....1 w,m,1 and then she went in.
She sat down with her bottle in her hand
and all day kept on her old rags. Mr. Rose
was in an awful state for want of his accus
tomed stimu'u; snd frequently went to the
door, but Mary was ready at his side on ev
ery occasion. "Mrs. Rose prepared his meals
with extra care, and gave her husband cups of
strong coffee, and the latter part ot the day
he lay down to sleep. When he woke up,
Mary was still there in her rags, and her
bottle by her side.
With much shaking and trembling he put
on a suit of clothes, and rsked his wife to
send for a barb-jr. Then after tea he said,
"I'm troing out."
"To the Temperance Hall uo with me
and sec if 1 do not go there."
So Mrs. Rose went with him to the door
of the hall, Mary still saying : "I must fol
low, for I'm afraid he will go to the whis
kev shop without me." .
But his wife sa v him go up stairs and en
ter the meeting room, and the door closed
upon him. Theu she and Mary went home
to rejoice with trembling at the success of
the strategem. . ,
Surprise, joy, and some distrust pervaded
the inuids of the assembly ot temperance
brothers when Mr. Rose walked in lie
was invited to walk forward and asked to
speak whatever he wished.
lie rose and told his tale of the day, and
then added, "When I saw how my angel
daughter was transformed into a low, tutny
creature; when I knew how much lower she
would have to descend if she went with me,
I abhorred myself. She vowed to go every
where I went, and do everything I did.
Could I see her do that ? Her loveliness
stained her character ruined she pure as
an angel? No sirs! If it kill me I will
leave off", and never touch, taste or handle
from this night henceforward and forever.
And now gentleman, help me to be a man a-
The building vibrated with the cheering,
stamping and clapping, and a gush of song
rose from those manly hearts which might
have been heard for miles. Oh, "there is
joy in heaven over one sinner that repent
eth," and why shculd , there not be on
earth? .
We hope no other daughter will have to
resort to so painful a remedy to save a father.
Advice to Housekeepers.
If you are subject to uninvited company,
and your means do not al,ow you to set be
fore your guests as good a table as they keep
at home, do not distress yourself or them
with apologies. If they are real friends,
they will cheerfully sit down with you to
such a table as is appropriate to your cir
cumstances, and would be made uncomfort
able by any effort in your power to provide
a better one than you can afford. If your
resources t re ample, live in such a way that
an unexpected visitor shall occasion no dif
ference. The less alterations made in fami
ly arrangements on account of visitors, the
happier for them as well as you.
2s ever treat the subject of having compa
ny as if it were a great affair. Your doing
this will excite your domestics, and lead
them to imagine the addition to their usual
work much greater than it is; your own
cares too will be gieatly magnified. A calm
und quiet way of meeting all sorts of do
mestic vicissitudes, and of doing the work
of each day, be it more or less, equalize the
pressure of care, and prevent it becoming
Be composed when accidents happend to
your furniture. The most careful hand is
sometimes unsteady.' Angry words will not
mend broken glass or china, but they will
teach your domestics to conceal such occur
rences from you, and the only explanation
ever given you will be, that they came a
part. Encourage every one whom you em
ploy to come immediately and tell you, when
they have been so unfortunate as to bak
or injure anything belonging to you. The
cases are very rare, in which it is better to
deduct the value from their wages.
In the best regulated families there will
be some laborious, perplexing days. Ad
verse and inconvenient circumstances will
cluster together. At those times guard a
gaitist two things discouragement and ir
ritability. If others look on the dark side,
find something cheering to say ; if they fret,
sympathize in their share of the trial, while
you set them the example of bearing your
part in it well.
A Sheriff Badly Sold.
The following incident took place in the
court of B ounty, Ohio, Judge M'F
presiding. A new Sheriff had just been e
lected, and the Judge wishing to have eve
rythfng done in order, called the newly e
lected official into his room to instruct him
in his duties, and finding the said official de
cidedly verdant as to the proper manner of
opening court, wrote out the entire procla
mation and gave him all necessary instruc
tions in relation thereto. Now it so hap
pened that F of I' county, a fun-loving
attorney, was sitting by at the time, and
seeing a chance for fun ahead. prepared an
other proclamation, and by a little legerde
main succeeded in substituting it in the
sheriff's hat for the one given him by the
J udge. Eleven o'clock came and so did the
order from Judge M'F : "Sheriff, open
court." Drawing his instructions deliber
ately from his hat he commenced, in a sten
torian voice : "Hear ye! hear ye! The
Honorable District Court of the county ot
B is wound up and all ready to grind. All
having grists may pitch in, and ti eir grists
shall be ground !" The lautrh that came in
can only be appreciated by Western men.
The Mrnxv Among tue Colored
Troops at Fortress Monroe. Thestate
ments first given in regard to the mutiny of
the colored troops at Fortress Monroe have
greatly exaggerated its nature and extent.
An authentic account is now given, from
which we learn, that the mutiny was caused
by some rebels putting it in the heads of the
soldiers ot the d colored cavalry, that they
were to be sent to Texas as setvants for the
white troops, and they would be kept there
for five years. Believing these stories,
they determined not ta go. They were soon
undeceived, being informed that they were
to go as soldiers, obedience was required of
them. The troops on this quietly went on
board the vessel bound for Texas. Thus
ended the last attempt to bring the negro in
to disgrace j
tv,. fnll.tvSnv .is thft verdict of a nesTO
........... ...0 i ,
iurv : We, de undersigned, bein a koroner s
jury to sit on ae ooay oo ue insurer camw,
now dead and gone afore us, hab been sitten
on de said nigger aforesaid, did on de night
ob be fusteenth ob November, come to del
by falling from de bridge ober de riber in de
said riber, whar we find he was subsequent
ly drown, and afterwards washed on de riber
side, whar we 'spose he was froze to def. J
"My sister in Charleston writes me," said
a lady the other day, "that we (secesh) have
no country. What do you say to that j
"Only this," replied the gentleman addres
sed, "that, if they have no country, I hope
they won't insist on ruling ours.
Large numbers of refugees, both wlite I
and black, are in Washington, en route tor
the South. There are also a large number
who are determined to henceforth settle in
the North.
Deacon Joseph Jones, of Litchfield, Conn.,
was a fine specimen of the old style sturdy
farmer, honest, conscientious and hospitable
to a fault, and with one leading vanity,
which was his ability to raise the finest stock
in the whole of New England. In his young
er days the deacon had commaud of a com
pany of State troops, which had done service
during the last war with Uieat Britain, and
though he had failed, in the technical ap
plication of the term, "to smell gunpow
der," yet he he had received the infusion of
a warlike spirit, and earned the title of "cap
tain," which, on the principle of "once a
captain always a captain," stuck to him,
and mingled with the more peaceful cogno
men of the deacon.
The warlike spirit inbibed in his youth,
the deacon could never conquer, even though
he had been frequently rebuked by the good
dominie for showing so much of the church
militant iu his daily bearing ; aud lie could
find no greater delight, when he could ob
tain an audience, than iu recalling the days
of his captaincy and telliug the bloodless
tales of ""when I was out iu '13 and '14."
Among the deacon's fine stock was a bull,
a splendid auimal, which for strength, size,
and beauty, excited the envy and admiration
of the whole country. So much was the
deacon's bull prized, that very soon Its own
er began to think that he possessed the most
wonderful animal that ever existed, and to
boast accordingly. From morning to night
noth.ng could be heard in the neighborhood
of Litchfield but the praises of the deacon's
bull, aud estimations of its value. At last
to such a pitcli did this estimation reach,
that the deacon, not content with bearing
the palm from every cattle raiser in the coun
try, sought, like Alexander, fresh worlds to
conquer, and offered his bull to the compe
tition of the whole country. To do this
properly, deacon Jones issued a handbill,
setting forth in glowing lines the qualities of
his buil, its, size, weight, and color, leading
off" with a challenge to any one possessing
an animal bi like size ami age, to vanquish
the deacon's in a fair fight for one hundred
dollars. Here it was that the old warlike
spirit peeped forth, and the deacon, instead
of offering to match his bull for any of those
qualities that go toward making good beef,
proffered the challenge for its lighting qual
Those handbills were scattered far and
wide by the aid of a peripatetic peddler, and
one of them found its way to the hands of
a noted breeder of stock in the western part
of the State, who determined on accepting
the challenge on behalf of a fine younjr ani
mal of his own, and making an attempt to
fob the deacon s one hundred dollars. Ac
cordingly he started with his bull for the
deacon s, but by some delavson the road he
did not reach his destination until late on
Saturday afternoon. Upon his stating his
errand he was warmly welcomed by the dea
con and honest praise bestowed upon the
splendid animal lie had brought with him.
It was too late that evening for the trial,
and the bull was accordingly driven into the
rich pastures to recruit after the journey,
and his owner made free to the deacon's
The next day being Sabbath, the family
all set forth to church, the deacon surrend
ering his placo in the family pew to the
stranger, and staying at home under plea of
not f eeling well. After they were all gone,
the deacon, lo aid in dismissing the thought
of the two bulls, and of the coming fight
to-morrow, got down the family bible and
read a chapter ; but still the bulls would
mix themselves with the texts, and wander
away with his thoughts. At last the dea
con could stand it no longer, and putting on
his hat, out he went to take one look at the
fierce monster that was on the morrow to
cany the laurels from his bull, and the
hundred dollars from him, or leave him the
happy victor.
There be stood in the centre of the field,
coal black, and shaking his fierce shaggy
head in defiance. The deapon gazed in ad
miration and the thought crept into his
brain that to-morrow was a long time to wait
and that there was no body to see and no
one to tel' tales, he might as well give the
bulls iust one little turn at each other that
he might be the better able to judge, and if
the contest waxed too warm. he could drive
off his own animal without trouble. No
sooner thought than done, and the deacon
stealthily let down the bars that led into the
field and proceeded to drive his bull, but the
strange bull in an instant saw the entrance
open, and without delay, rushed through
and in less time than it takes tell to it, tackr
led the deacon's bull.
The fight was terrible and the deacon de
lighted. For a while he forgot his Sabbath
breaking in the keen enjoyment of the fight,
and the belief that his bull would be the
victor, but at length the stranger began to
have the best of it, and the deacon, fearing
the defeat of his tavonte, took a hand in
the fight himself. He tore a rail from the
fence and rushed at the black bull, punch
ing him in the rear, and striving to drive
him back to his pasture. The attack in
stead of attaining its otject only increased
the animal s rage, until with one fierce lunge
he laid his antagonist on the ground, pierc
ed him through the chest with one thrust of
his sharp horns, and laid him dead in an in
stant. No sooner had he finished his work in
front than, like a good soldier, he made for
the enemy in the rear ; and the deacon made
for the opening in the fence with the bel
lowing monster close at his heels.
Away they went, deacon and bull, straight
for the house, the first puffing and blowing
under his fearful speed, the last pawing and
bellowing in a manner to strike terror into
firmer hearts than that of the deacon. It
was a terrible race ; but the deacon won it
by a few yards, just slamming the door of
the house in the face of the bull, and rush
ing to the kitchen for safety. In a moment
he heard with terror the b,ow of th most-
ster's head upon the door; a second thump
and down it went, admitting him to the halL
The door of the parlor stood open, and
upon the wall opposite was a large mirror,
the pride of the deacon's wife and daugh
ter, and the choice piece of their household
goods. The bull did not waste time, but
seeing his image in the glass, made one rush
scattering the glass in minute particles, and
shaking the house with the crash.
By this time the deacon began to recover
his wind and his presence of mind and think
of a loaded gun hanging over the niantle-
Eiece in the kitchen. Rendered desjerate
e clutched the weapon and rushed to the
door of the parlor. The bull spied him in
stantly and made a rush his last for al
most running the muzzle of the gun into his
head, the deacon fired, and a dead bull block
ed up the hall, deluging the floor with blood
just as the family presented themselves at
the door on their return from church.
The consternation of all may be imagined,
and the deacon had nothing for it but to
make a clean breast and confess his Sabbath
breaking, pay the strarger for his bull,
hand over the hundred dollars, and make
good resolutions about bull fighting for the
future. " -
"Woolen Clothing.
It is not generally understood how cloth
ing keeps the body cool in hot weather, and
warm in cold weather. Clothes are gener
ally composed of some light substances,
which do not conduct heat ; but woolen sub
stances are worse conductors than those
made of cotton or linen. Thus a flarnel
shirt more effectually intercepts or keeps
out heat than a linen or cotton one; and
whether in warm or cold climates, attains
the end of clothing more effectually. The
exchange of woolen for cotton undershirts,
in hot weather, is, therefore, an error.
This is further proved by ice being pre
served from melting when it is wrapped in
blanket, which retard, for a long time, the
approach of heat to it. These considera
tions show the enor of supposing there is a
positive warmth in the materials of clothing.
"The thick cloak which guards a Spansard
against the cold winter, is also, in summer,
used by him as a protection against the di
rect rays of the sun ; and white flannel is
our warmest article of dress, yet we cannot
more effectually preserve ice, than by wrap
ping the vessel containing it in many folds
of the softest flannel. Black clothes are
known to be very warm in the sun ; but they
are far from being so in the shade, especially
in cold weather, when the temperature of
the air i below that of the surface of the
skin. We may thus gather the importance
of attention to children's clothing. It is an
absurd idea that, to render jouug limbs
hearty, the body must be exposed to the un
due influences ot our capricious climate.
Soldier Governors. Major General
Cox without much' doubt, will be the Union
candidate for Governor of Ohio. It was in
view of the strong current i' his favor that
Governor Drouth got out of the way by re
tiring gracefully from the field. The turn of
politics in Ohio is not peculiar. It will be
the same in other States, not alone for Gov
ernor, but for other offices of honor and em
olument. In the progress of the principle
no doubt a good many noses will be put out
of joint but it will prove to be a necessary
result or the war, rather the ending of it. It
was the remark ot one soldier to another:
"Bill, when this war is over, we who do the
fighting and 'live to get home, will own a
good share of the country, I reckon." The
philosophy of the remark is worthy, of con
sideration. Something fortae Old Pub. Fcnc. A
Yaukee soldier lately picked up a letter writ
ten by Howell Cobb, to a Democratic editor
in Atlanta, dated August 16, 1857, which
concludes as follows: "I repeat to you that
the Administration of Mr. Buchanan is
the most thoroughly indentificd with our
principles and our rights of any that hasev
er preceded it, and lam willing to stand or fall
by the same." In Mr. Buchanan's forth
coming work, it is presumed this letter will
be conspiciously inserted.
The citizens of CJay county, Illinois, have
made formal complaint to the Governor of
the fact that that country is overrun with
rebel soldiers and disloyal citizens, who in
sult and even assault the Union people;
wear butternut uniforms, and display flaunt
ing rebel badges. The Governor has assur
ed tbem that the laws shall be enforced, and
that any person making himself in any way
liable will be punished to the letter.
Relics of the Past. Some classes of
person.? will become otaelute by the purify
ing process of war. The negro drivers occu
pation is gone ; the poor white trash of the
South will be renovated and be turned to
some good account ; the doughfaces of the
North will become an extinct race. The
auction block, the slave whip, the negro pen
will disappear, or be kept m museums, as
curiosities of an ancient barbarism.
An employee in the Surgeon General'sof
fice at Washington has discovered a new
use for petroleum. His invention consist of
a simnle process of adhering the debris of
dust of coal minesof yards with petroleum and
in lumps or blacked masses, which ignite
readily without use of soft coals or kindlings,
lasts longer, and gives out a more intense
heat than ordinary anthracites, ana costs a
bout half as much.
Would They ? The Springfield Eepvb-
lican says that if "the Southern negroes had
the suffrage to-morrow, they would be mnch
more likfily to follow the lead of the white
men around them, than that of politicians
in Massachusetts, of whom or their ideas
not one in a hundred know anything."
This we know is the view many, good men
take but is it the right otte?
The Capture of Jeff. Davis. Correet Ac
count. Col. (now Gen.) Pritchard, of the 4ti
Michigan cavalry, who captured Jeff. Davis
and party, is now in Philadelphia. He
gives a correct account of the ciscumstanoes
attending the capture, which we buljoin:
It appears that Ger. Pritchard (theu
Lieutenant Colonel) with his detachment of
the 4th Michigan cavalry, fell in with a de
tachment of the 1st Wisconsin cavalry whose
officer informed him he was on Davis' traiL
Magnanimously allowing them to pursue it.
Gctiernl Pritchard moved his party to the
left and making a long cctir, by a rapid
march, reached about nihtf ali a wood where
he learned that a party was euoa.mpci whoui
he suspeeed of bciug those of whom he was
in search. Posting guards all around the
wood, he gave orders that at daylight the
main column should advance upon it. But
about 3 or 4 in the morning he heard firing
to his left and then occurred the unfortun
ate collision between his men and tho lit
Michigan. Hurrying to the scene, the mis
take was discovered and he returned to his
The advance on tbe woods was made and
was a complete surprise to the camp, for
there was no resistance. Pritchard was re
quested not to desturb a couple of tents, as
the occupants were ladies, who vcie dres
sing. He complied with the request. Byand
by a couple of ladies, one of whom wore a
white night gown md a shawl and who
proved to be 5lrs. Davis, appeared and ask
ed that an old lady with thtui might be al
lowed to go to a spring to get some water.
The "old lady" wore a lady's water-proof
cloak fastened about the waist and reaching
to the heels ; a large shawl, with a black
ground and colored border, covered the head
and the upper part of the person, and the
wearer carried a tin bucket. The requesl
wa3 granted and a couple of Holdiers were
sent with the "lady" to the spring.
On the way one of the soldiers detected
the boots of a man beneath the femanine
skirts, and at once suspected that they had
Davis. He was taken back to Col. Pritch
ard and soon confessed that he was Jefferson
Davis. Preparations were at once made
for removing him and the whole party, and
they were safely conveyed to the sea coast.
It will be observed that the main facts of
the capture are almost precisely as they were
at first reported.
The accounts of Mrs. Davis' conduct are
not as correct. She did not make the re
ported remark about "the President" or
complain of any thing, except on one occa
sion. That was when she requested that
the guards should not carry their guns cock
ed. Col. Pritchard had.'to exr lain that the
were only half-cocked ; that they were the
Spencer carbine, which, when a charge is in
the chamber, has to be kept at a half-cock,
and that there was no danger. After this
explanation there was no more complaint.
Praying with their Friends.
How often we omit prayer because of
some fact which is the very reason for offer
ing it. One of the most common excuses
for not praying is that we are with others.
A pastor, speaking of a devout young chris
tian, says:
"In the course of our conversation she
referred to a young ladv, a dear friend of
hers, who some time before had gone to be
with God. Their friendship was of the
most sacred character, bo pure and perfect
that they seemed almost one. They were
friends of Jesus and friends in Jesus. They
were often, very often together, and, in
speaking of the b!csedness of their inter
views, the remarked: 'Whatever part of
the house we were in, however limited our
time, or whatever the circumstances sur
rounding us, we never parted without
Never parted without prayer! Then
they never parted without a blessing. Lov
ing each other, they loved God more for the
congenial natures he had given them, while
God, pouring in through these channels of
holy communion the elements of his own
bliss, made their hearts swell with perpetu
al tides of love.
In one of his terrible menaces, Jeff. Da
vis declared that when all the men ofthe
South were put to death in battle, the wo
men would seize their weapons and beat
back the Northern vandals. When cap
tured, the "President" evidently thought
that the time had come when tbe women
must maintain Southern chivalry. He
would himseif lead them in petticoats.
The Emperor of the French is having con
structed at Toulon, a ram, pure and simple,
which is to carry no guns at all, but butts
its way through all obstacles, and attacks
fleets as a sword-fish attacks whales. By
dispensing with guns and putting the whole
weight into armor and engines, the Emper
or hopes to have a vessel that will send eve
rything else to the bottom tovt de suit.
A son of Dr. Breckenridge having return
ed from the rebel army, the old man asked
him in hisquintway,"Myson,bave you found
out what you've been lighting for?" "Yes,
father," the returned prodigal replied,
"We've been trying to get the nigger into
Kansas." Can the histqjy of the war,
from a Southern stand-point be given in
fewer words ?
OiTT-k Tli a withdrawal of Brousrh. has
,l.Ua - - t7
reduced tbe contest for Governor, in the ea
rning State Uonvention, to uen. lox ana
Hon. Samuel Galloway. It is represented
the former has the chances. The army del
egates are sai 1 to be almost unaimous fbr
It has been decided by the Ma?onio au
thorities that the division of Virginia iseoa-
rtitutionai, and that the Lodges in West
Vinn! ara hsrtlvA frnm t Kft innsdtctaon
of the Grand Lodge of OH Virginia.
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