Raftsman's journal. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1854-1948, March 08, 1865, Image 1

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The Raftswan's Jocksal is published on Wed
neday at 52.00 per annum in advance. Advbr
ismssts inserted at SI .60.per square, for three
or less insertions Ten lines (or less) counting a
ruuare. For every additional insertion 60 cents.
A deduction will bejnade to yearly advertisers.
2u$taf$si gjwcdotjj.
IRVIN BROTHERS, Dealers in Square A Sawed
Lumber, Dry Goods, Groceries, Flour, Orain,
io , Ac, Burnside Pa., Sept. 23, 1803.
11 kinds of Stone-ware. Clearfield. Pa. Or
ders solicited wholesale or retail. Jan. 1, 18rt3
fi XS Jk BARRETT, Attorneys at Law, Clear-
J S,M. Pi. May 13. 1-153.
1 OBERT J. WALLACE, Attorney at Law. Clear
t field. Pa Office in Shaw's new row. Market
Hreet, opposite Xaugle s .lewelry store May 26.
HF. N AUG LE, Watch and Clock Maker, and
. dealer in Watches, Jewelry, &o. Room in
Uraham s row, Market street. Kov. 10.
HBCC1IER SWOOPE. Attorney at Law. Clear
field. Pa. OfEct inGraham's Row, fourdoo s
weat'of Graham 4 Boynton's store. Nov. 10.
T TAKT3WICK & HUSTON, Dealers in Drugs,
i Medicines. Paint, Oils. Stationary, Perfume
ry. Fancy Goods, Notions, etc., etc.. Market street.
Clearfield, Pa. June, 29. 1861-y
V P KKATZLK, dealer in Dry Goods, Cloth.
J . ing. Hardware. Queensware, Groceries. Pro
viins Ac. Front Street, above the Academy,
Clearfield. Pa. April 27.
" t rll.LI A M F. IRW IN, Market street, Clearfield,
Pa., Dealer in Foreign and Domestic Mer
chandise. Hardware, Queeusware, Groceries, and
family articles generally. Nov. 10. .
TO UN GUELICH. Manufacturer of all kinds of
Cabinet-ware, Market street. Clearfield, Pa.
He also makes to order Coffins, on short notice, and
attends funerals with a hearse. Aprl0,'59.
DR M. WOODS, Practicing Phvsiciax, and
Examining Surgeon for Pensions,
I'ffice. South-west corner of Second and Cherry
Street, Clearfield, Pa. January 2l, 1&3.
rnilOMAS J. MX'ULLOUGII, Attorney at Law.
X Clearfield. Pa. Offioe, east of the ' Clearfield
eo. Bank. Deeds nud other legal instruments pre
pared with promptness and accuracy. July 3.
JB M"EN ALLY, Attorney at Law, Clearfield,
. Pa. Prxctijes in Clearfield and adjoining
C'iunti-3. Office in new brick building of J. Boyu
tm. 1'i street, one door south of Lanich's Hotel.
rCHARIt MOSSOP, Dealer in Foreignand Do
V iuetic Dry Goods, Groceries, Flour. Bacon,
Liquors. Ac. Room, on Market street, a few doors
nest of Journal O fHcr, Clearfield, Pa. Apr27.
iAHKI.MER 4. TEfeT, Attorneys at Law.CIear
J field. Pa. Will attend promptly to atl legal
and other business entrusted to their care in Clear
field and adjoining couaties. August 8, I8.'if.
WM. ALBERT BRO S. Dealers in Dry Goods.
Groceries. Hardware, Qucensware. Flour,
Bacon, efc, Woodlan t, Clearfield couuty, Peuna.
Also, extensive dealers in all kindsof sawed lum
ber, shingles, and 'square timber. Orders soiici
ted. Woodland, Aug. 19th. ISrt.'t.
11 The undersigned having located in the bor
ough of Clearfield, (at the shop formerly occupied
by R Welch as a jewelry shop.) is prepared to
do work of all kinds on the most reasonable terms.
Tbe cash will positively be expected when the
work is delivered. Hois confident that he can
not be excelled by any workmen in town orcounfy.
Come nan! route all to the Sign of the liif Wat rh.
April J, G2-Iy-pd. S. II. LAUCULIN.
rilEJlPEKANCE HOUSE. The subscriber
X would respectfully inform the citizens of
Clearfield county, that he has rented the -Tipton
Hotel." and will uso every endeavor to accommo
date those who may favor him with their custom.
lie will try to furnish the table with the best the
country can aiford. and will keep hay and feed to
accommodate teamsters. Gentlemen don't to-get
the -Tipton Hotel." SAMUEL SMITH.
Tipton. Pa , May 23. 1351.
Vl'L'TIO.N EER. The undorsigned having
tecn Licensed an Auctioneer, would inform
the citizens of Clearfield county that he will at
tend to calling ssiles, in any part of the couuty,
whenever called upon. Charges moderate
May 13 Bower Po., Clearfield Co., Pa.
N. B. Persons calling sales without a proper li
cense are subject to a penalty of S60, which pro
vision will bo euforced against those who may vi
olate the same.
fno WOOL. (JUOWEKS. Notice is hereby
A given to those persons who have been trading
wool to John II. Newpher, deo'U, for sooJs, that
iid Newnber wa doins business for the under
signed, and that all contracts made by him jwill
be punctually filled Such persons as have re
ct.ived goods nd were to pay fur the same in
- ii. i; spring, arc notified that the wool will
I": Ukcn as per contract and tho.-e who are
''ut to leave ibe county are requested to come
nd settle their accounts without further delay.
I'ither uiylfor another aent will bo around
in the spring, to secure payment on former con
tiacis, and make new ones. M. O. Sf IU1C.
New Millport. Jan H,lSrt5 pd
tbaistb: notice.
0rri. eopinECoiipTROLiKRorTtfF.CcRUB-cv,
'V asiii:gt.x. Jauruirv Silth. l-vji. )
' t presented to the undersigned, it has been
aa-Jc tu appear that "THE FlKsT NATIONAL
AXJi. UF CLEARFIEtD," in the Borough of
v'eariieU, in the county of Clearfield, and .state
of i'ci nsylvania, has b en duly organized under
and according to the requirements of the Act of
"''gress. entitled "An Act to provide a National
Currency, secured by a pledge of United States
f'uJs and to provide for the circulation and re-
;--uip'ion the
teof." approved June 3d, 1&04. and
all the
previsions ot saia .ici
rjured to be complied with before comjnencing
Ue l.usiness of Banking under said Act ; ,
therefore, I, Hugh MoCulloch. Comptrol
ler Uf the Currency, do hereby certify that -THE
J the Borough of Clearfield, in the county of
J-'earfitld. and State of Pennsylvania, is author
u emmeuco the business of Banking uuder
'0 Act aforesaid
" : rS In testimony whereof, witness my
f SEAL Ahand and seal of office, this 30th day of
VJanuary, A. D. 1S65.
8, ;3)5. Comptroller of the Currency.
SALT!! SALT !!! A prime rtt-
cle of ground alum salt,-put up in patent
at $3.25 per at the cheap cash store of
otwbk rr . .... - A unstop
Select SCcfinj.
Oh say not the Union is broken.
That the flag of the free is disgraced;
Through the world 'tis of freedom tho token,
An I if lost it can never be replaced.
That oldjlzs has made a nation;
What proud memories throng ou the brain
When the hope of our countr e salvation,
Through our tears, bursts brightly again.
Oh say not that I iberty falters,
That base despoU shall look o'er the sea
And proclaim that our nation's proud altars
Ace uo longer a hope f or tho tree.
Though traitors may lurk in our bosom,
They are lost 'mid the hosts of tho brave, .
Who start from tho hi 11 and the valley
The flag of our Union to nave.
Fifty years ago a terrible storm shook the
city of .Lou'lon. At tha dad of the night,
whea the storm w:to at its highest, an aged
niiuister living m the .suMirb.3 of the city,
was aroused by an earnest ory for help.
Looking from his window he beheld a rude
man clad in the coarse" attire of the sweeper
of the public streets. In a few moments,
while the rain came down in torrents, and
the htorm howled above, the preacher, lean
ing on the arm of l he scavenger, threaded hLs
way through the dark suburbs.
That verydayastrange oi l man had fallen,
speechless, in front cf the scavenger's rude
home. The good hearted street sweeper
had taken him in, laid him on his own bed
he had not spoken once and now he was
This was the story of the rough man.
And now, through dark alleys, among
miserable tenants, that seem to topple down
upou their heads, info the loneliest and
dreariest suburbs they pass that white hair
ed minister and his guide. At last, in a nar
row court, and up a flight of stairs that
creaked beneaththeir tread, and then into
the death room.
It was, in truth, a miserable place.
. A glimmering light stood on a broken
chair. There were the rough waifs, there the
solitary garret windows, with the rain beat
ing through the rags and straw, which stuf
fed the broken panes and there, amid a
heap of cold ashes, the small valise which it
seems the stranger hwl with him.
In one corner, on the coarse straw of the
ragged bed, lay the dying man. lie was but
hair" dressed hi.-j leg were concealed by
military boots.
The aged preacher drew near and looked
upon him. And as he looked throb throb
you might hear the death watch ticking
in the shattered wall.
It was the form of a strong man, grown
old with care more than age.
There was a face you might look upon
once, and yet wear in your memory forever.
Let us bend over that bed, and look on that
A bold forehead, seamed by one deep
wrinkle between the brows; long locks ot
dark hair, sprinkled over with gray lips
firmly set, 3-ct quivering as though they hud
a life separate from the life of the man
and then, two large eeys, vivid, burning,
uunatural in their glare.
Ah, there was something so terrible- in
that face something so full or unutterable
loneliness, unspeakable despair, that the
aged minister started back iv horror.
ut look, those strong arms are clutching
at the vacant air the death sweat starts in
drops upon the cold brow the man is dying !
Throb! throb! throb! beat the death
watch in the battered, shattered wall.
"Would you die in the faith of a Chris
tian?" faltered the preacher, as he kneit
there on the dark floor. ,
The white lips of the death stricken man
trembled, but made no sound.
Then, with the agony of death upon him,
he rose to a siting posture. For the first
time he spoke :
''Christian!" he echoed in a deep tone
which thrilled the preacher to the heart,
"will faith give me back my honor? Come
with me with me, far over the water.
II a! we are there! This is my native
home. Yonder is the church in which I
knelt in childhood yonder, the green on
which I started when a boy." Hut another
fhig than that waved when I was a child. And,
listen, old man, were I to pass the street as
I passed when a child, the babes in their
era les would raise their tiny hands and
curse me. The gravos in yonder church
yard would shrink from my footsteps, and
yonJ'-r fiiig would rain a baptism of blood
upon my heart."
That was an awful death bed. The min
ister had waudiod the "last night with a
hundred convicts in their cells, and yet nev
er beheld -a scene so terrible as this.
Suddenly the dying man tfrose. He tot
tered along the hour. With those white
lingers, whose nails are blue with the death
chill, he threw open the vaiise. lie showed
a military coat, trimmed with silver, an old
parchment, and a piece of cloth, thai looked
like the wreck of a battle Sag.
"Look ye. priest, this faded coat is rpot
ted with iny blood !" he cried, as old mem
ories seemed stirring at his heart. "This is
the last coat that I wore when I planted the
stars on Ticondcroga. Thai bullet hola was
pierced in the tight at Quebec, now I am
a let me !iisper in your ear." .'
. "Nov, he'n me, nriest," he said, in a
voice growing suddenly tremulous, "help my
tn nut on this coat of blue and silver. For
.. . , ,
meet death alone : but I will meet-linn, as 1
met him in the battle, without fear.
Wh le he stood arraying himself in that
worm eaten coat of blue and silver: the good
preacher spoke to him of faith in Jesus.
Yes, ot that great faith which pierces the
clouds of human guilt, and rolls them back
from the face of God. ' '
"Faith !'' echoed the strange man, who
you see," and a ghastly smile came over his
face, "there is no one to wipe the cold drops
frnm mv lirow: uo wile, no child I must
stood there erect, with the death light in his
eye, "faith! can't give me back my honor?
Ixok ye, priest, there, over the waves, sits
George Washington, telling tc hiscamrades
the pleasant story of eight years' war
there, in his royal hall, sit George of Eng
land, bewailing in his idiotic voice the loss
of his colonies. And here am I I, who
was first to raise the flag of freedom, the
first to strike the blow against that king
here am I, dying like a dog ! ' '
The awe stricken preacher started back
from the look of the dying man, while
throb throb beat the death watch in the
shattered wall.
"Hush! silence along the lines, there!"
he muttered, in that wild, absent tone, as
thoiiiih Fpeakiu? to the dead: "silence a-
loag the Hues! Hark there, Montgomery,
we will meet there in victory or in death!
Hist ! silence, my men, not a whisper, as
you move up those tteep--rocks ! Now on,
my boys, now on ! Men of the wilderness,
we wiil gain the town ! Now up with the
banner of the stars ; up with the flag of
freedom, though the night is dark and the
snow falls ! Now now," shrieked the death
stricken man. towering there in his blue uni
form, with his clenched hands moving in
tho air "now, now! one blow, and Que
bec is ours ! "
And look. His eyes grow glassy. With
that word on his lips, he stands there ah!
what a hideous picture ot despair, ere-?t. li
vid, ghastlv. There for a moment, and then
he falls! He is dead ! Ah! -look at that
proud form, thrown cold and stiif upon the
damp floor. In the glassy eyes there lingers
even yet horrible energy, a sublimity of des
pair. Who is the strange man, dying li-?re a'one
in this garret, this man who, in all his crime,
still treasured up his blue uniform and faded
Who is this thing of terrible remorse
this man, whose memories liuk something
of heaven and more of hell?
Let us look at that parchment and that flag.
The old minister unfolded that faded flag
it was the blue banner, gleaming with
thirteen stars.
I le unrolls that parchment. It was a Col
onel's commission in the Continental Army,
addressed, Benedict A itNor.n!
And there, in tlrit rude hut, wliije the
death "MT'. h throbbed like a heart in the
shattered wall Unknown, unwept, in all the
bitterness of desolation,! ay tbe corpse of
tifit patriot and traitor.
O, (hat our own true Washington had
been there, to sever tint good light arm
from tbe corpse, and while the dishonored
body rotted into dot, to bnrg home that
good right arm. and embalm it among the
holiest memories of the past.
For tl at riiiht arm had struck many a gal
lant blow for freedom ; yonder at Ticondcro
ga. at Qtie!ec, Champlain, Saratoga that
arm yonder, beneath the snow white moun
a'n, amid the deep silence of the dead, first
raised into sight the banner of the Stars.
It was during the renowned expedition
through the wilderness to Quebec, that Ar
nold encamped lor two or three days beside
the Iiiver of the Dead, ne:ir a snow white
mountain, which rose in lovely grandeur o-
ver a!! tao or her mountains into tne autum
nal sky. A single soldier ascended the
mountain with the hope of beholding from
it summit the rock and spires of Quebec.
When ho came down, Arnold tookjfrom his
breast, where, for four days inr rivationand
danger, he h-td carried it, a blue banner
gleaming with thirteen stars. He raised it
into the Hslit, and for the first time the Con
tinental Banner floated over the solitudes of
the Dea l liiver. This is a fact attested by
history and corroborated by tradition.
Buying feld LIake3 One a Rebel.
There is instruction and example in the fol
lowing incident narrated to us by a Pennsyl
vania friend.
An honest Schuylkill County German
merchant, who had prospered and had ac
cumulated more money than he could em
ploy as capital in his bu-iness, came to a
patriotic banker in Philadelphia and said:
"I have got some moneys, and I wautyou
to buy me some gold. "
"Vhy, Schultz, what do you want gold
for? That isn't a thing you sell in your
"I knows dat but I want to make some
money on de rise of gold. Beoples say it
is going up, and I tink 1 may make a tous
and dollars."
"ScUujlZ, you dear old fellow, don't you
know that if vou buy gold vou will be a
Ilebcl?" . '
"No !" said Sohultz, with a tone of re
sentment in his wonder.
4 'Suppo.se you buy ltX000 of gold. Sup
pose that some itior.iiusr you read in the
papers in big letters : 'Terrible disaster to
th Union rav.o ! Grant's army routed and
destroyed! ! The llebels marching on
Washington !!!'"
"I should say tat was tam pad news," ex-citcdi.,-
interrupted the German.
"l'es, but. wouFdn t you say ris'ut on, "dis,
however, wil put gold up pad for the U
uion cause, but it is goot fr my ten thous
and?' Do'.ft vou see. Schultz, that in buy
ing gold you instantly make the interests of !
the lie bcls your interests that you bribe!
yourseif to wish them to succeed, an I to
wish j our con ntry uni your countrymen to
fail? And if th?-e unholy desires, Shultz,
don't deilne a Bebcl. there is no language
to define one. Don't you Fee that buying-r-
gold inevitably turns honest, patriotic, ue
voted men like y tu, away from the cause
which they ouit to support, and which
they .think they do support, but which .they
cannot support, because they have made it
for their iutcrest not to support it? Don't
you see it, dear old fellow?"
"Be thure I do," said the honest man,
with gravity of manner and humility: 4'and
I ax pardon of the war. Put de whole of
dat in Seven-Thirties. My money goes mit
my principles."
The following beautiful incident we clip
from the last Houesdale Republic. It is a
striking illustration of a mothers love :
Just before the close of canal navigation
a resident of this borough went into the
store of Mr. J. M. Bauman and requested
him to change a fifty dollar greeuback.
Bauman seeming to hesitate the neighbor
remarked that if there was reason to doubt
the genuineness of the note it was best to
have the question dcrinatoly settled, because
its owner was goiug down the canal and
would not be back again. Bauman decided
that the note was a good one and that he
would change it at his own risk. It turned
out that the note was a counterfeit. Bau
man held it some weeks, when a fellow
merchant came into his place and asked him
if he had any bad money. Baumansaid that
he had a bad fifty dollar greenback. He pro
duced it, and his fellow merchant gave him
fifty dollars in genuine greenbacks for it.
This excited Bauman's curiosity, and he
asked the meaning of the transaction. The
solution was this: The counterfeit greenback
belonged to a young boatman of iloudout.
In his last trip he contrived to have it pass
ed to Bauman as above stated. When he
reached home he boasted the achievement
to his mother telliur her the name of the
man he had victimized. Soon after the
young man enlisted and went to the front.
His mother thought upon the flagrant act
of dishonesty he had committed, and could
not rest. Her son was exposed to special
hazards of death, and she could not endure
the idea of his dying with that wrong una
toned. She raised the fifty dollars, and sent
it here to a friend with instructions to re
deem the counterfeit bill.
Wonderful 1 is a mother's love ! Beautiful
is that piety whit h counts truth and hones
ty as among its highest excellencies !
Respect the Aged.
Many, an old person has the pain not
bodily, but sharper still of feeling himself
in the way. Some one wants his place.
His chair in the chimney corner is grudged
him. He is a burden to sou or daughter.
Tho Very arm that props him is taken away
from some productive labor. As he sits at
the tabic, his own guests are too idle or too
unkiud to make him a sharer in their mirth.
Tiu-j grudge, the trouble of that raised
voice which alone could make him one of
them ; and when lie speaks, it is only to be
put aside as ignorant or despised, as old
fashioned and absolute. Oli,!.ittie doyonuger
persons know their power of giving pain or
pleasure ! It is a pain for any man.till in
the world, to be made to feel that he is no
longer of it, to be driven in npon his own
little world of conscious isolat ion and buried
enjoyment. But this is his condition; and
if any fretfulness or querulousness of tem
per lias aggrivated it if others love him
not because he is amiable shall we pity
that condition the less shall we upbraid it
with that fault which is itself the worst part
of it?
Young men, pay Attention.
Don' t be a loafer, don' t call yourself a loafer
don't keep loafer's company,, don't ham
about loafing places. Better work hard for
nothing and board yourself, than to sit a
round day after day, or stand around the
corners with your hands in jour pockets,
better for j-our own mind, better lor jour
own respect. Bustle about, if jTou meau to
have anything to bustle about for. Many a
poor phj sician has obtained a real patient
bjr riding hard to attend to an imaginary
one. A quire of paper tied with red tape,
carried under a lawjcr's arm, may procure
him his first case and make his fortune.
Such is the world: to him that hath shall be
given. Quit droning and complaining; keep
busj- and mind your chance.
The Rehel3 Desponding.
The IL.'rahTs armj' of the Potomac cor
respondent,of the22d,sajTs: Hoke'sdivision,
of Jjongstreet's corps, is the only large body
of troops which have .been sent South, from
Lee's army. They estimate the strength of
the rebel armj' around Peter-burg at thirty
thousand men. The news of General Sher-
genorallj' known throughout the rebel camp
to-daj-, and caused a feeling of universal
depression to prevail there. The private
make no secret of their intention to desert,
and Gen. Lee has placed a heavy guard in
the rear to prevent them. Rebel officers
express their opinion that nothing can stop
Sherman's advance thence, .and hence pri
vates desert by lots.
Tee Surprise of Sheridan's Cavalry.
According to the ITcrnhTs correspondent.
the surprise of a detachment of Sheridan's j
cavalry by a party of Moby's guerrillas in I
Asp.hy s (iap, on Sunday last, proves not .to
have been so disastrous to the forn: eras was
at first supposed. Forty of the ninety men.
at the time reported capture!, having elu
ded the rebels and have succeeded in effect
ing their return to their regiments.
WjrrT. PitF.stE, a private in the Third
Maine Beginu : (. was frozen to death, recent
ly, within a few rods of his father' 3 house,
in Wiuslow. He was on a visit to his home,
on a furlough, and become bewildered and
died.i'.mna within speaking distance of home
and friends. His age was 33.
Tttt fvTi d.ide.l that the 1st Maine
Psviilrp Is pnfltViJ to !vfjr t.h honors of
thirty actions on its regimental standard, 1
which is eight more than can oe ciamied ry
any other cavalry regiment in the Army of
the Potamge. '
A friend tells us a story of a country fel
low, who, having been invited to witness
the performance at a fasionable church, re
marked on coming out, that he thought tliere
were too many Monkeys for one Organ.
I 31 r. Green, the famous diver, tells singu
; lar stories of his adventures when making
j search in the deep waters of the ocean,
i He gives some new sketches of what he saw
j at the "Silver Banks," near Hayti :
The banks of the coral on which niydi
j vings were made are about forty miles in
length, and from ten to twenty in breadth.
I Ou this bank of coral is presented to the di
i ver one of the most beautiful and sublime
I scenes the eye ever beheld. . The water
j varies from ten to oue hundred feet in depth,
and is so clear that the diver can see from
two to three hundred feet when submerged,
with but little obstruction to the sight.
The bottom of the ocean, in many places,
in as smooth as a marble floor; in others it
is studded with coral columns from ten to
one hundred feet in height, and from one
to eightj' feet in diameter. The tops of
those more lofty support myriads of pyrimid
al pendants, each forming a myriad more,
giving the realitj to the imaginary abode of
some water nymph. In other places the
pendants form arch after arch ; and as the
diver stands on the bottom of the ocean and
gazes through in the deep winding avenue,
he finds that thej' fill him with as sacred an
awe as if he were in some old cathedral,
which had long been, buriei beneath old
ocean's waves. Here and there the coral
extends even to the surface of the water, as
if the loftier columns were towers belonging
to these stateljr temples that are now in ruins.
I here were countless, varieties ot diminu
tive trees, shrubs, and plants in every crev
ice of corals where the water bad deposited
the earth. Thej we: call of a faint hue,
owing to the pale light they received, al
though of every shade, and entirely differ
ent from plants that I am familiar with
that vegetate upon dry land. One in par
ticular attracted my attenlion; it resembled
a sea fan of immense size, of variegated col
ors and the most brillient hue.
The fish which inhabit these "Silver
Banks" I found as different in kind as the
scenery was varied. They were of all forms,
colors, and sizes from the symmetrical go
bjT to the globelike sunSsh; from those of
the dullest hue to the changeable dolphin ;
from the spots of the leopard to the hues of
the sunbeam ; from the harmless minnow
to the voracicus shark.
Some have heads like squirrels, others like
cats and dogs, one small size resembled the
bull terrier. Some darted through the
water like meteors, while others could scarce
ly bo seen to move. To enumerate and ex
plain all the various kind-? of lish I beheld
while diving on thee banks would, were I e
nough of a naturalist to do so, require more
than my limits would allow, for 1 am con
vinced that most of the kinds of fish which
inhabit the tropica! seas, can be found there.
The siinfish, sawfish, white shark, blue or
shovel-nose shark, were often seen.
There were also fish which resembled
plants, and remained as fixed in their p osi
tion as a shrub ; the onljr power thej'. possess
ed was to open and shut when in danger.
Some of them resembled the rose when in
full bloom, and were of all hues. These
were the ribbon fish, from four to five inches
to three feet in length : t! eir eves are veiy
large, and protrude like those of a frog.
Another fish was spotted like a leopard,
from three to ten feet in length, fhey
build their houses like beavers, in which
they spawn, and the male or female watches
the egg until it hatches. I saw many
specimens of the green turtle, some five feet
long, which I should think would weigh
from 400 to 50o pounds.
How they Hate the Yankees.
A detailed account of the captive of Wil
mington contains the following: ';But few"
citizens left the chy except such as tho ene
my f jrced to enter the ranks and follow. All
able-bodied men - hid themselves, and
thronged the streets as .soon as our forces en
tered. The ladies were also out in force, and
the negroes crowded all the avenues: Not
a symptom of animosity was displayed bjr
man, woman or child throughout the day."
The proclamation of Governor Vance does
not seem to have inspired the people of
North Carolina, with that undying hatred to
the Yankees, which was to give said Yankees
all manner of botheration, and finally smoth
er them in the Serbonian bog familiarly
known as"the last diu-h." There are sev
eral modes of manifesting hatred. The
South Carolina mode, which may be regarded
as the mode par excellence, is to make tracks
from the abominable Yankees, as from a
stalkinar plague, leaving houses, chattels and
effects behind. The North Carolina mode
seems to be, to stay at home to receive visit
ors, in fact, to exhibit no little satisfaction
at their arrival. Between the two sorts of
hatred to the Yankees, the rebellion will de
rive precious little aid and comfort, and may
be expected to wither from the fugitive zeal
shown by some of its adherents, ar.d the
very passive and undemonstrative affection
shown by others."
Eill to Prevent Military Interference in
Elections Approved.
The President has signed and approved
the act to prevent officers of the army and
navy an 1 other persons engaged in the mil
itary and naval serv ice of the United States,
from interfering in elections in the States.
No troops oi Frmed men are to be brought
to the polls.- unless it shall be necessary to
repel arm ?d enemies, or keep the peace, nor
shall it be lawful tor anj- onic r to prescribe or
fix by proclamation, order, or otherwise the
qualifications of voters, or in auy other man
ner interfere with a free right of suffrage.
Officers so offending are liable to indictment
for misdemeauor, and, on conviction, to 1-e
fined not exceeding $5,(XKvJnd tuffer im-
Iirisonment in a penitentiarj' for a term no
ess than three months nor more than five
years, and any person convicted shall more
over, be disqualified from holding any office.
of honor, proffit, or trust under the Govern
ment of the United States.
Manj' of the laws of Lycurgus, rn con
nection with this subject would undoubtedly
meet with the approbation of the fair sex of
modern times. The time for marriage wai
fixed by statute, that of the man at about
30 or 35 years, that of the lady at about 20
or a little younger. All men who contiuued
unmarried after tho appointed time were
liable to prosecution, and all old bachelors
were prohibited from being preseut at the
public exercises of the Spartan, maideus.
and were denied the usual resject and hon
ors paid to the aged. "Why should I give
j'ou place," cried the young man to the old
unmarried gentleman, "when jou have no
child to give place to me when 1 am old?"
No marriage portions were given to. any of
the maidens, so that neither poverty should
prevent a gallant nor riches tempt him to
marry contrary to his inclinations. The
parents of three children enjoyed consider
able immunities, and tho.-e with fourchil
dren paid no taxes whatever a regulation
which all manned men with large families
will readily admit to be not wise and equit
able. Kvory marriage was preceded by a
betrothal, as in other Greek cities, but the
marriage itself was performed by the joung
Spartan carrying off his bride bj' pretended
rbduction, and tor some time afterward the
wife continued to reside with her own family,
and only met the husband on tated occasions.
This extraordinary way of spending the
honeymoon was first introduced hy Lycurgus
to prevent the husband from wasting too
much ot his time m his wife ssocietj' during
the first j'cars of their marriage, and in or
der to economize the bride's charms, it was
customary for her bridesmaid to cut off all
her hair on the wedding day, so that for
some time, at least, her personal attraction'
should increase with her j-ears a very good
and commendable plan, which we here re
commend to the wives of the present day.
Roads. In many things it is veiy mani
fest the world has made no progress, as the
excavations of .Egypt and Pompeii attest.
There are no roads in the world now that will
at all compare with those of ancient Home.
Even our best street pavements hold no com
parison with them. The Appian way,
which wf s made 300 years before Christ,
ran from Borne to Capua, about "140 miles,
2nd part of it was through the Pontine
Marshes. Nine hundred years after its con
struction it was described by Procopius as
showing no appearence of waste or ruin.
It is described, as composed of large square
blocks of freestone, so well fitted as to show
no joint, the whole looking like one
stone. The ted underneath was broken
stone, grouted with cement. Parts of this
road are still sound, and bid fair so to re
main. The Flaniinian Way made 190 years
befcre Christ, was one of this kind, and it
was ISO miles Ions.
TiTE following odd illustration is from a
late serman of Kev. Phillips Brooks, of Trin
ity Church, Philadelphia: "There was an A
rab once who had the devil for his servant..
When his term of service expired, the dev
il begged as his reward to kiss the shoulder
of his master. The request was granted,
hut out of the spots where the devil's lips
had touched sprang serpents, which ever
darted their fangs in the breast of .the un
hajpy man. He strove to tear them away
but could not for the agony. The devil of
slavery had kissed the strong shoulders of the
Republic, and the serpents which sprung
from her defiling lips aropre.ving'upon,'her life
It is agonj' to tear them off, but it is death
to letthem remain. Despite our anguish, we
have taken courage to rid us of the abomi
nation." A Buckeye Story. The Columbus
(Ohio) Journal tells a queer story about a
married couple in that place. The husband
is a tj'rant. One evening during a recent
severe storm, his wife was visiting a neigh
bor : and when she applied for admission
on her return, her husband pretended not to
know her. She threatened to jump into the
well if he did not open the door. Having
no idea she would do so, he obstinateh re
fused to reccgnize her ; so she took a log
and plunged it into the well, and simulta
neously with the splash it made, she placed
herself by the wde of the door ; and as soon
as her husband darted out in his night
clothes, she darted in, locked the door, and
declared that she did not know him! She
froze him till he was j enitent, and then let'
him in. '
A gcntlemau in the West Indies, who
had frequently promised his friends to leave
drinking, without their discovering any ira-
Crovcmeut, was one morning called on early
j' an intimate friend, who met his negro boy
at the door. "Well, Sambo," saih he,
"where is j-our master?" "Massa gone out.
sare," was the reply. "And has he left off
drinking yet?" rejoined the first. 4iOh yes,
sure," said Sainbo, "massa leave off drink
ing heleave offtwo tree time dis morning. ""
An Qld Stoky. A clergyman called on
a poor parishoner, 'whom he. found bitter
ly lamenting the loss of an only son, a boy
about four or five years old. In the hope of
consoling the afilicted woman he remarked
to her, that one eo young could not have
committed any grievous sin; and that no
doubt the child was gone to heaven. "Ah.
Sir," paid the simple hearted creature,
4hut, Tommy was so shy, and they are all
strangers there."
A MrLD Reqcest. A lady recently wrote
from England to the War Department,
Washington, requesting them to Fend her
all the names of the men who had been
killed iq this war, so that ehe could see if
her son, John Smith, was among theni. '
Oil has been discovered Bureau coun
ty, Illinois, and the indications are th
there will be any number of dsavoer '
Bureau within a month.