Newspaper Page Text
JM sr-.y'V'Vr www
BY S. I ROW.
CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 21, 1864.
VOL.' 11. WO. 17.
AFORTCXF. FOR ALL. To any one de
sirous of waking their fortune..! will, on re
viving two dollars, impart to tlieiu a secret Ljr
which lliey may uiu'm themselves i,deincu!:.y
Tich Ad-Jrcsd. Dr.O. B.AK.NIM.
BC- 7-Slp. 1'b ili'lel fh i aj-eu:
CAI'TIO.V. All persons are hereby caution
ed again:.! iturcha-irjj or in Bny way meddling
with a certain Urowa Alarc, now in pose-sion of
Levi Derrick. of Lawrence township, as the same
belongs to me and has only l.een !idt on loan with
jtaid Derrick, an t is subject to my order.
-Des. 7, l&JL- A. C. t IXN"EY
mUECSI TRLFS !! The K.Wtbcr having
J been appointed an ajrent of the "Marietta
Nur-erv" in Lancaster county, would respcetfu!
i? ir.fnrmtfca citizens of ClcnrSeH tnnty, thit
he is j.rcpurcd at. uii time? l) till orders tor every
kind of JVuit Trees and M, rubbery, at proprietor.-
price.-. NOkMAX L KfUlNrf, Agent.
Clearfield. Ta.. Dec. 7, IStH-.'Sur.
riU'R.NI'IKE LLICTIOW An election will
J. be held at the offije of tl. L. Heed A Co.. in
tiie ltorough of Clearfield, on .Saturday the 31st
Decern bor. inst , at 2 o'clock. P. M.. by the Stock
holders of the ClearQeb' and Curwensville turn
pike company to elect a President. Treasurer and
Jiuard of Managers for tha ensuing year. 13y or
der of the Priaidcnt. Jas. T Leonard,
bee. 7, ISG4 G.L NEED, j?ccyi
7VOT1CE TO COLLECTORS Collectors
i. 1 of Taxes for lstil. ate hereby notified that
all balances due on duplicates must be pat 1 on or
before the 1st day of January. ISsio. to the Treas
urer of the county, or Execution, will forthwith
isaue and interest will be charged on the same
from September, IStiL Uy order a the Hoard,
WM. S UK A DLL!', Clerk.
Coiutu'rs Office. Nov. 2 i, 1SGI.
VDMIMSTKATOU'S "OTICE. Letter
of Adniinistjuuon on the Estate of .arali
Morgan, late of tim-Iicu towuship. Clearfield coun
ty I'a.. decease.!, having been granted to th un-U-'rs'giiC
i ;' all persons indebted to said estate
are hereby required to make iuiuiediato payment,
iml those having claims against the same will
present them properly authenticated for settle
ment. JAMES II MOH'JAX,
Dec. 7. 13fil-itp. Administrator.
rnKHPKKA.M'K HOliSK. The sub-cribcr
.J would- respectfully inform the citizens of
V'leaiDeld cr.umy, that "he has ret ted the -Tipton
Ih.te!." and will use every endeavor to accommo
date thoe who may favor him with their custom.
Jle will try to furnish the table v ilh the best the
country cn afford, and will keep hriy and fed to
accommodate teamsters. ttitlen;en don't t-"'get
the -Tipton Hot-d.'' SAMUEL SMITH.
Tipton. Pa . May Si. 1S.GI.
C-tLKAK FIELD ACADEMV. 1. W. Me
J Curdy. A. B . Principal. The next quarter
will open on Monday, the 5th of December, 1 t
TERMS OF ll'ITtON AS FOLLOWS :
t-oaimnn English, comprisim? the branches net
higher than Leading. Writing. Arithmetic,
tieortiphy. English Grammar and History, per
quarter. ? 5 lid
Higher Li.Ush brar.cr.ee, , 7 50
Lanuat-s. ID 00
riu) tiii: assessors or ceeap.fi eld
JL t'o'''TT. l!y directions of Inspector oeu
,ra! To Id. you mi hereby ntitieL to make coin
lete and forthwith return to litis olllcc. your lists
if ettro!!iiii!jt and cl.isiificalii.
menu! the conntr in accordance with the precepts
in your Several duplicates It is desired that the
awe oe completed during thi month.
V.M S. EKADLEr. Clerk.
Comru r? 'faoe.- Nov. 2?,. 1 in.
I)I.MST!t TORS .NOTICE,
oi AdmiiHstraliou on the estate (
Curley. late of 1'enn townsh ip. Clearfield Co., Pa.,
dei-e.ised. having heeu granted to tlio undersigned,
all persons iudebLed to said estate are requested
to make iainiediatc payment, and those having
claim? n jainst the tame will present them duly
Authenticated L-r settlement.
D. II. rAl'LHAMLV.
DecembtT 7, l.-iSf. Administratur.
RI Lirr NOTICIJ. Tlie Hoard of Eelisf
lor the ojuntj- of Clearfield, w ill meet at the
''ijjEmissionprf ' office- in Clearfield, on U'cdnts
.ay ar. l TLarsJ.iy, the "Sth aud 29th days .f
l't l uiber. LvSt
'j he lioirj of llcEef have Cirected that the wife
if th-S'ddier must appear before the b'jard. and
iriu-e li?"r sworn statement, doailiji name of
"idier. regiment and eniupaoy. a:i 1 when eu lis
ted ; tLe number !' i-hiiuren. wi.ii ae urn! .j-tx of
e.iclt ; the t- i.-h;p ii. which they re-jHtd at the
tun-J .t en! :sru-.rii! . ia.I tuetr oe.-i.-nl resi-leuoe ;
iind that .-he i- without il e means of support for
herself and ciiil ir:li who are dope l dent .upon her.
1 wo v. itiicsse- of cr&d'.'i;ity l roiu the tonuship
in which fhe resides, niu-t also bo prodaeoJ.vv hose
certificate (sworn to betor the Eonrd of Ueliet";
tJiust set forth tbst the appli.-ant is the person she
rfpresccts heroelf to be. that the itateruer.t of the
loiaiber t;nd aio of her family i true, that she ii
i: destitute circuit stances at:d her family in ao
t'iil want, and that ail the facts set forth in Ler
nj :-icatIon uie eorreet and true
I o, ms containing these requi-itions can be &b
t.dned at the Often of the I:o;-rd of Eelief. v hen
; lic ition is made ar.d the witnesses appear.
S. U. UU.uiSof Lhc apl.'oant. properly pruvon,
i'l r.e;e ptldouat attendance
i'ec. i-i, i.tr.i , V.i. S ERADLEY. clerk.
J l:(;iST:R'S NOTICI:. Votf.f is hereby
- I- given, that the following accouulj have been
-J iiiiiiied and pased by me. and remain tiled of
tfi'"id in this office for the inspection of heirs.
I' Mtees creditors. and all others in any other waj
iiitere.-ted. and . will be presented to the net"r
T'iia us' Court of Clearfield county, to be held at
ihe i'.,i:rt llant, in the. Eorouih of Clearfield,
'luuiviieing on the 2d Monday cf January. JSOj.
final acciiuut of John Korabauh, AJm'r, and
''ry lli.rgunder, Adm'x. of all and yinular the
ii "'i-- atip ehiittels, rights and crediU which were
"f John Eurgunder late of Eurnside towuship,
viearfield county, deceasdd.
Kiu.-.l account ol Elias Uhh?I, Administrator of
A" and singular the KK'3!tnd chattels, rights and
ertkiis. which were of Philip' Ivriuer, late of Dra
sy Y- Clearfield county, dee'd.
Final account ot Valentine ITegal, surviving
Adui'rs of David Fiegal. dee'd.
Miial account of Cyrenus Howo. Adtoi.Distrator
" -Mary huieal, Aiiiu'rx of all and singular the
tff'li audehattels, rights and credits, which were
l'eter Smeal. late of Decatur township, Clear
ed county, deceased. ,
inal account ot Mary Lydick, Adm'rx of all
-"' singular the good and chattels, rtghti and
"edits, which were of John Lydick, late of
township. Clearfield county, dee d,
toe account of 'tn Hoover, AdtuV of John
"rcy. late 0f Bradford tp , dec d.
account of Lmeline Owens. Adm"rx, and
"ihocy Hilc. Adra'r of all and singular the goods
r-a chattels, rights nd crediu, whioU were of
toomas Owens, late of Peun township, Clearfield
ite account of John M. tSeylcr. guardian of
Ir'v lenti. miner child of John I'entz, late
T;rady township, deceased.
,r , 0 account of James A. Campbell, Adininis
ri 'y'f01 " ant uBular ttiv goods and chattels,
KtUad credits, which were of Ueorge Young,
'e of bell tp., Clearfield Co.. dee'd
fi . ; ISAIAH Q. UARGEIt. Register.
KBUter' Offio, Dec. 7, 1 .- - "
A CE2TAIU Y0U5G- WIDOW.
She is modest, but not bashful,
Free uud easy, but not bold.
Like an iipplt. ripe aud mellow,
Not too young aud not tooold,
Half inviting, half repulsive,
Now advancing, and now shy.
There is mischief in her dimple,
There is danger in her eye.
?he has studied human nature;
r-he is schooled in all its arts:
J-he has taken her diploma.
As the tuUtreas of ail hearts.
She cau toil the. very moment
When to siirh and when to smile;
O, a maid is sometimes charming,
Rut a widow all the while.
Are you sad; how very serioug
Will her handsome face become;
Are you ansjry '. Mie is wretched,
Lonely, friendly, tearful, dumb ;
A re you mirthful ? how her laughter,
silver-sounding, will ting out;
She can lure, and catch and play you,
As the anglerdoes the trout.
Ye old bachelors of forty,
Wha have grown so ld and wise;
Young Americans of twenty.
With lovc-looks in youreyea;
You inoy practice all the lessons
Taught by Cupid since the fall,
Hut I know a little widow.
Who would wiu and fool you all.
0 US HJgAKOIAL STRENGTH.
Mr. LoRl.v JJi.odoet has imblisbed a rc
m:irkaMe phHUipLlet on the Conmiereial
aul Fii;-jHcutl strength of the United States
as shown in the balances of Foroin Trade
Mid the increased in oductioii of .staj lo arti
cles. Its object is to prove that the resour
ces rf the country are far preater and its
condition iitr uiore favorable' than is com
monly supposed; and especially to Ueuion
stiute two proposiUoas; that the
balance of trade betwceiv the United States
and foreign nations is largely in our favor;
aud Kr.'yitt'?, that not'.Tith.standing the war
the prod.ierion of the loj-a! States is preater
tifttj it was at the outbreak of the llebel-
oul jast and a-leiaate meaanr j of
the national resources.'' says Mr. Biodget,
'"istobe reached thron;.li a calculation oi'
the juatitities of ail articles of valae iro-dtu-f'l,
and of the exchases, both, of quan
tities and values, eondutted with foreign
co'.m'iies.'' Pleasured by these two htaml
avds, the actual wealth of the country i?
utuch greater than ordinary estimates make
it. Mr. Ulodgot considers first the travie
with foreign countries, ns being the-txpres-sinn
of the actual rel!:fs of the; industry
and productiveness of the country ; and on
this point generalizes the res tilts of Lis in
vestigations as follows:
'"Contrary to the impression almost uni
versally prevuleiit, foreign exchanges do mt
draw an exhausting balance front us, nor
have they dune so in recent years at least
not sin-.re 1S5S. Still more important is the
fact thrit .-mce the war the balances in favor
of the United States in fortigu tiaile have
iucr!;aed greatly ov-tr tne of any year im
mediate',' preceding. This balance was
twii-e as great in J JS(i!-.'i as it was in lS"C-()0,
oi tog in the la.-t tumei year .U.,'Ji6,UUO,
while in LsCJ-:i it was iiT'A0ol,00i..
The fads and figures cited on both those
jiointr., klihoJigli relat.i'.ig in part to years be-
ibre ihu war, aio new u the public, and
have ii: .l hejctxloro been collected in
any authentic and aetes.-i.Ue ibrm. Such
returns of total exports for resent years as
have been published require to be corrected
by adding the actual reports of the cotton
crop of 1SC0, which mainly went out while
the Southern ports were still open, vet was
not embraced in the published report of
trade for S('O-01. Correcting the tables on
the principles authorized by the Secretary
of the Treasury d ring the jeriol when
these ports wore actually open, the totals
for that year become :
Exports : : :
Imports : : :
$4 10, .-(; 18
. Balance iu favor of U. S. $jS,S81,2S3
The uiiet-nct-ted tables gave a balance the
other way of $0,:jt).3,H4O. Yet even this
correction is below the real value of. the ex
ports of produce from Southern ports du
ring the period unreported... .But taking
this .statement for the year 1SG0-G1, the
comparison of the totals of foreign trade for
a series of years to 1S63, thows that:
'"The scale of excess of exports establish
ed in 1S54-5, rises gradually and steadily to
1m53. Its average i'or the lat two years,
the worst of the war, is $51,S0O,OOO each
year. Its average for the two years prece
ding the war, 1S53-59 aud JSo'J-CO, was
siIS.OoO.OuO each, year only. Eor the last
period of six years the total excess of ex
ports is 2i0,4S-L,37O, an annual average of
. This statement iucludes the mutual ex
changes of gold, and excludes exchauge re
mittances' If, however, gold is not to be
reckoned as merchandise and is excluded,
it remains true that :
'"The annual balance of aggregate foreign
trade in favor of the United States for
six years to July 1, 1863, was $43,414,095,
and that the annual excess of the gold sent
abroad, over that imported for the same e
riod. was onlv $34.56C,J33. There was,
therefore, a balance exclusive of gold iu fa
vor ol the United States averaging annu
ally $S47,0Gi" ' .
Comparing Iho British oineial returns of
trade between the United States anl Great
Britain with our own official returns, it ap
pears, deducting the value of gold aud silver
exchanged from both imports and exports
"The average in favor of the United
States for three years before the war is $-0--178.f0t);
for three years of the war $4-,-847,5.39,
and for six years $34,513,082.
But the true averages are of the totals in
cluding gold, which are :
For three years before the war $01,770,353
For three years of war : : : 53, 4 '.5, 690
For six years :::::: 59,298.085
So that bv either method of calculation it
is demonstrated that the balance ol trade
remains during the years of war as it was
before, with the United States, and not with
foreign countries in general, uor with Great
Britain in particular..
The second division of 31 r. Blodget's
pamphlet treats of the "increased quan
tities of important articles produced iu the
United States;" and its aim is to show
that our actual products have not fallen oil
in consequence of, the war but have been
in fact largely augmented during its contin
uance. To this view we have no other sug
gestion to make than that, while we accept
the evidence of increased values, we cannot
suppose and we do not know that Mr.
Blodget means to argue that the condition
of the country !is more favorable than it
would have been had there been no war.
That it is in advance of what it was four
years ago is abundantly, demonstrated by
the facts which this pamphlet adduces;
but we conceive it to be equally demonstrat
ed that this increase is not in consequence
of the war, but in spite of it. 'lo many
branches of industry' the war has supplied
an unwonted stimulus, but it is impossible
to suppose that on the whole the United
States wuuld not have been a richer country
if the energies of a million of citizens had
been turned steadily to productive, instead
of destructive, employments.
We can present Mr. Blodget' s figures on
ly in the most condensed form. He shows
that the eastward tonnage of all classes of
merchandise increased from 4,734,714 tuns
in IStiO to (5,290,424 tuns in 18G3 ; in which
the New York Canals, the New York Cen
tral, the Erie, aud the Pennsylvania Bail
roads arc included. The total tuunage in
creased in the same years from 7,780,321 to
10,505,248. Elaborate tables of different ar
ticles moving at the different important
points are given at Chicago, Milwaukee,
at Green Bay, at Toledo, at Buffalo. In ev
ery eae the positive increase of 1803 over
1800 and 1859 is enormous; and this wheth
er the total tuunage, or each specific article,
be considered. At Chicago, for instance:
"The increase of wheat is nearly twice, of
corn nearly six times, and of the total oi
cram much' more than three times in 103
over 85iL An unusual season occurred in
1803, reducing all grain crops largely below
the average of years, otherwise the ratio 'of
increase iron: 1859 to 1802 would have been
At the sanie place the increase in cattle,
hog, leef, pork, lard, tallow, and bacon,
far exceeds the" increase in grain. At Mil
waukee, the increase in grain is nearly three
fold in five years. At Green Bay, the in
crease is nearly fourfold in 163 over 1800.
At Buffalo the total in bushels of grain in
creased from 27,089,461 in 180O, to 04,735,
510 iu 1863. Fork and beef at the same
point were, in 1859, 44,010,950 lbs : in 1803,
1 49.42,894 lbs; and at the other principal
points where this great movement of pro
duce may be measured at Cleveland, Erie,
Dunkirk, Niagara, Oswego, Ogdensburg,
and Champlain, similar results are present
ed. Their gnu-mi result is shown in the
entuniary of receipts at the termini of trans
portation to the seaboard, which in bushels
of flour and grain compare as follows : In
1859, 44,354,225; in 1863, 116,307,548.
The same or similar proportions of in
crease, Mr. Blodget shows to have occurred
in the production of iron, "of copper, and of
coal, while to take one article which has
been almost created as a commodity of com
merce within the san e period, petroleum,
the increase is from 750 bbls. in 1859, to 2,
220, 000 in 1860. Anthracite iron was in
1859, 286,332 tuns; in 1863. 430,000 tuns. '
Cincinnati is an inland city, usually tho't
to be greatly dependent on its connection
with New-Orleans, and with the planting
States generally, for the larger share of its
trade. It is therefore an extreme case of
the depression which the war may be thought
to have produced ; yet its product increases
as follows: Iu 1859, the hogs packed were
382.825 ; in 1803, 608,457. l'ork, from 76,
565,200 lbs, increased to 123,516,771 ; Oats
from 557,701 bushels to, 1,504,430. And
though the Mississippi trade during this pe
riod has almost been annihilated, the gener
al result at Cincinnati is an increase in all
the quantities of merchandize handled, aver
aging from 5u to 00 per cent.
A still clearer view of the essential facts
in tliis demonstration is presented by the
followiug table, showing, in certain Lading
articles, the exerts of quantities exported La
1802-3 over 1859-00:
Wheat, bushel, : : : 32,005,201.
Wheat "Flour, barrels, : 1,778.459
Indian Corn, bushels, : 12,805.321-'
Indian Meal, barrels, : : 24.23
Fork, barrels, ':::;.. 122,878
Lard, pounds, : : . . : 115,047,077
Hams and Bacon, lbs. : 192,399,000
Butter, pounds, : : : 27,531501
Cheese, pounds, : : : 25, 529, 255
Tallow, pounds,- : : : 48,523,21 'J
Lard and Whale, oil, gallons 2,0J 3,551
Petroleum, eallons, : . : 27,934.944
Candles and Soap, pounds, 4.041,197
Spirits, gallons, : : : : 3,29s,lo5
. Clover Seed, pounds, :. : 19,37 ,MK)
. Hops, pounds, : ; : : 8,580.82-1
Total excess in grain and flour, iu bush
Total excess of meats and like animal pro
ducts, pounds, 458.791,059.
Total excess of oils, gallons, 29,948,495.
Total excess of spirits, gallons, 3,298,195.
Approximate tunnage in excess, 3,845,
207,293 pounds ; equal to 1,716, 7G6 tuns (of
The importance of this increase is most
strikingly shown by comparing the quanti
ties of these articles exported in 1859-00
with the increase :
Total weight of these exports in 1859-60,
1,240,3,S8,'J44 pounds, 550,423 tuns.
Total weight of these exjorts in 1S02-03,
5. 091. 055.930 pounds, or 2,273,000 tuns.
Increase, 3,45,207,293 pounds, or 10o,
100,401 pounds more tl an three times the
entire export of these articles in 1859-00.
"In all this calculation," says Mr. Blod
get, "attention lias exclusively been given
to the quantities produced and exported,
and it reaches the remarkable result that tin
ftbsohitc Junnage of increase, in Northern
prodm tx r.i'cre'ls the aetwil tnuuageof South
ern 2u I nets lost to the exports through the
Rebellion. In weights and quantities, that
enormous deficiency has already been filled
from the surplus products of the loyal
States." Who, then, shall descend so low
as to despair of a Republic that exhibits in
the midst of a desolating war this unpar
alleled energy in peaceful and productive
Mr. Blodget's conclusion from the great
mass of facts, which we have thus abridged,
is' succinctly stated: "Not to cucumber the
two points developed ia this paper with any
detail not absolutely necessary, the case is
closed, here. Much more might be said,and
many facts scarcely less striking may be ci
ted, but it is proposed only to bring out the
two great results : First that the exchanges
of the loyal United State? with all foreign
nations still produce large annual balances
in our favor; and, Second, that the produc
tion of these loyal States has increased al
most five-fold at a time when half-hearted
friends and open enemies have' joined in
predicting its ruin."
The Decay of Conversation.
The ancient art of talking is lulling into
decay. It is an ascertainable fact that, in
proportion to an increased amount of pop
ulation the aggregate balk ol conversation
is lessoning. People now-a-days have some
thing else to do than taik ; turt only do
they live in such a hurry that there is only
leisure i'or just comparing ideas as to the
weather, but they have each and all a gross
quantity to do, which puts talking out of
the question. If persons remain at home
they lead ; if they journey by rail, they read ;
if they go to the seaside, they read ; we 'nave
met misguided individuals out in the open
fields with books in hand ; young folks have
been seen underneath trees and upon the
banks of rivers, jwring over pages ; on the
tops of. mountains, in the desert, or within
forests everywhere men pull printed sheets
from their pockets, and in the earliest, la
test, highest occupations of life, they read.
The fact is incontestibly true, that modern
men ana women are reading tnemseives in
to a comparatively silent race. Beading in
the great delusion of the present time ; it
has become a sort of lay piety ; according to
which, the perusal of volumes reckons as
gcod works ; it is, in a word, the supersti
tion of the nineteenth century.- Chambers'
An Immense Establishment.
The Cambria Iron Works, Johnstown,
Pa., are being en 'arged, though already the
most complete ani extensive establishment
of the character in -the country. These
works give employment to a about two
thousand five hundred workmen, whose la
bor produces every week an average of over
eight hundred tuns ol railroad iron, lhe
ore and coal necessary to produce this, iron
are takinjr out of the hills surrounding
Johnstown, to the large and seemingly inex-
haustable deposits of which the location of
the rolling mill at that place is due. The
luonthby payments of the proprietors of the
rolling mill to their employees, to neighbor
ing fanners, lumbermen," etc., amounts to
about one hundred thousand dollars, nine
tenths of which sum passes at once through
the channels of home trade, '..".; . '
Manufactures are developing on the Pa
cific slope. In Oregon city, the edifice for
an extensive woolen factory is going up.
The Pittston GazctU, has raised its price
to three dollars a year not a cent too much.
SKETCH OF JUDGE SPEED.
Judge James S. Speed, of Kentucky the
newly appointed Attorney General, is a res
ident of Louisville, Ky., and was born near
that city. HLs lather was one of most ex
tensive farmers and slave owners in Ktn
tiicky. His mother, who is still living, at
the advanced age of nearly ninety years, in
Louisville, has had twelve children, one of
whom. .Joshua Speed, an elder brother of
the subject ot this sketch, was for many
yoars the bosom friend and lor. a short time
the partner of President Lincoln. This
gentleman is also Ktiil living at Louisville,
where ho enjoys an enviable character as an
able lawyer aud influential, enterprising cit
izen. dames S. Si wed has not been promis
cuously before thevountry as a politican. I n
IS 19, during the attempt to emancipate the
slaves in Kentucky, and make the State a
frxe one, Mr. Speed took a prominent part
iu the contest as an emancipationist. His
party was badly defoateU.and having expres
sed in the contest views which were obnox
ious to the large majority of tlu
Kentucky; 31 1
Speed had declined to at-
tempt to attain any o;itical sacoess. Since
that period he lias, therefore, coniiucd him
self to the practice of law, and has ' long
been recognized as among the first lawyers
of his native State, ranking with Rousseau
and several others who have figured more
prominently thau himself during the war.
About three years ago 'Mr. Speed freed all
his slaves, committing, himself entirely to
the policy of emancipation.
In the beginning of the rebellion Mr.
Speed, with his brother Joshua, Gen. Rous
seau, Judge Harlan and others, assumed
a determined stand in opposition to the ne u
tral position forced upon 'Kentucky by the
conduct of her authorities, but confined
himself to quiet though earne-t efforts to stay
the current which was fa-t. carrying the
State out of the Union. On August 17,
1801, an opjntrtunity ofKred itself to the U
nion men to take some action against the se
cessionists, and Judge Speed, as the Union
leader, determined, to take advantage of it.
The secessionists of the city bad called a
meeting of sympathy with the South, and
had early mustered their strength at the
court house. Their leaders were on the
stand, which was handsomely decorated with
white or "peace"' flags, awaiting the killiig
of the hall by their friends, and somewhat anx
ious at tne appearance ot numerous well
known Unionists or "abolitionists," as they
were then called by the rebel sympathizers.
Everything YUi readiness to opcu the
peace meeting, and Jaues Trabue,the prin
cipal secession leader, had risen to call the
assembly to order, when Judge Speed quiet
ly walked upon (he stand and approached the
desk prepared for the chairman. He called
the attention of the hou.-e by rappingon the
stand with his cane, knocked aside w ith an
air of contempt the "peace flags" on either
side of hitii and was about to speak wheu
he was interrupted by the clamor of the
rebel leaders, wno insisted that the house
was theirs and that the meeting was to be
addressed by them. Amid the excitement
aud above the clamor which ensued was
heard the steutoriau voice of General L. H.
Rousseau, proposing Judge Speed as presi
dent of the meeting. He immediately put the
question to a vote. A aeafenin
drowned the'nie-i" of the rebels, and per
fectly calm and cool. Mr. Speed reached
forward, lemovedthe white flags Iroui the
stand, and unfurled two small star spangled
banners in their stead. Iu an instant, as if
by preconcerted arrangement, from different
parts ( f the hall large and small United
States flags were unfurled, aud tcu minutes
afterward the secessionist had left the hall,,
amid the groans of loyal citizens. Judges
Speed and Harlan, and ' Messrs. 'Wolff,
Rousseau and others followed iu strong U
niou -anti-neutral speeches, and- the meeting
adopted several very strong .resolutions.
Next to General Rousseau's establishment
of a Union recruiting camp-opposite Louis
ville.' tnis atiair wa the lirst ictertnmed
step taken by the Unionists of Kentucky to
keep the State iu the Union. Shortly after
wards it w as followed by Rousseau's occupa
tion of the city with his brigade, and the
conclusion of the farce of Kentucky neutral
ity. Since tl is period Judge Speed has
oecu em. aired in aiding tne cause .: tne trov-
ernment as a private citizen".' and to his in
fluence and example in lventuiKV tne ad
ministration of Mr. Lincoln Liuiuch indebted
for the suppoit which it received in that
1 Mr. Speed i nlout fifty years of age, and
is ye.-, in the vigor of his power. He is short
in stature, and, though squarely built, is
somewhat thin in appeareuce. . The reputa
tion" as a lawyer which he had previously
won,' aud his influence with the military
power at Lousviile. has of late years very
much augmented his business. He formed
a copartnership in the law business with
Samuel I). Smith, which isi still continued
in their joint name?;
Some of the Southern papers Iwgin to
talk as though they were about to confess
and ask to be forgiven. Thus the Jackson
JHi.sinstjHan concludes a forlorn article by
saying: "The North was fanatic; the
South was ignorant ; the North bullied :
the South bantred ; Slavery teas the rock
Otat sh iptcree.ed the Ship vf State.' ' ,
.True. The "North American Review"
argues, that profanity indicates a chronic
weakness of intellect and a poor education,
i'or it requires no genius to swear, while it
does require some decent taste and culture
to converse iu genteel language. .We wish
all the swearers might take the hint.
A pretty woman would rather have a
tubercle on her lungs than a pimple on her
nose. " .. ; .. . ; ... . '.
. . Conscience is a monitor, but in most ca
ses we fear the monitor is iron-clad. '
COEEESPOND'EXCEJJF TEE JCUENAL.
To iiiK RDrrouut the Jolu-nal: Sir:
I herewith send yoti an abstract of the Me
teorological re tort for November s04, as
mado to the iepartment of Acricuhure at
asiungtou, F. C, which please insert it
you think, it worthy a place in your columns.
CbservAtions ami Seniarks.
Nov. 1 The month conies in line and
clear; frost; barometer well up, 28.32;
2 & 3 mostly cloudy; bar. falling fd.-t.
4 still cioudy ; rain; barometer very low,
7.35 at noon, rising iu the afternoon.
5 snow 2 inches, looks like winter; clear
ed off in the evening.
7 cloudy, very light rain ; bar. rising.
8 & 9 showery.
12 light snow ami rain at neon ; evening,
cloudy, snow, appearance of dreary winter.
13 siiowr2 inches, with flying clouds and
sunshine ; snow-squalls and cold in evening.
14 moderately cloudy through the day
at 11 p. m. totally overcast with mackerai
15 cloudy and snow, threatening rain.
10 fine and clear.
17 tain and sleet.
18&1J cloudy ; snow going off ; strong
light at the north, evoning.ot the 19th.
20 heavy frost ; cloudy and rain in the
21- 23 cloudy; rain; snow and cold ; on
morning of 23d mercury 16 and snowing, and
at 9 on the eve ning of the same day.
24 cold, mercury at 15 ; clear and fine,
thawing through the day; barometer high,
28.-13 at m., and 28.48 in the ecning, clou
dy at d still.
25 mostly clear ; barometer very high,
28.52 in morn; commenced to sink slowly.
20-27 mostly cloudy; barometer sinking
slowly; cleared off evening of 27th.
28 cloudy and drizzling rain ; barometer
still sinking slowly.
29- 30 mostly warm. without rain or snow,
the ground bare ; partially cloudy ; little or
30 it Bee. 1st, more favorable for gather
ing in crops, thau at any time l-.r ccral
I luring the past month clouds and mois
tare hive predominated. No great rains or
high water, and very moderate w inds. No
severe stu; m.s : three light snows, eight in
ches in all. Range of barometer greater
than for lour months past, being 27.35 in
ches on the 4th and 28.52 on the 25th. The
thermometer was 9 on the evening of the
23d and 15 on the morning of the 24th; aud
05 at 2 p. m. on the .9th aud 62 at 2 p. m,
on the 29th. And now, Dec. 1st, the month
has gone out warm and pleasaut, with ba
Mean of thermometer from three observa
tions daily. CO,1; degrees. Mean of barome
ter. 28.08 inches.
Depth of snow fell during month 8 inches.
Bain, or melted snow in inches, 3.900.
Pcnn township. ' E. F.
Ailms Lost in Battle. That a raw sol
dier, in the excitement and agitation of bat
tle may fail to discharge his gun, and put
charge upon ebarire until it is loaded to
bur; ting, is probable enough. But the ex
tent to which this sort ot blundering pro
ceeds is greater than most persons would
supprwe. : In the annual report of the Chief
of the Burcuu of Ordinance of the Navy
Department, it is stated
"On the field of Gettysburg there were
20,574 guns picked up, and of these 21,000
were found to be loaded, and half of them
were double loaded. One fourth had from
three to ten loads in. and many had five or
six balls to one charge of powder. In some
cases lhe powder was above the ball,, in o
thers the c-iifridgfs were not broken at the
end, while in i'; n.usket twenty-three balls,
sixty-two buckshot, and a quantity of pow
der were all mixed up together."
"Tommy, my son. what are you going to
do with that club?"
"Send it. ro the editor, of course."
"But what are you. going to send it to
th cdirpr for?"
'"Cu.e hesavs if anrbodr will send him a
club, he'll send them a copy of his paper. "
'i he mother came pretty near fainting, but
retained consciousness enough so a-.k,
"But, Tommy dear, what do you suppose
he wants wiih a club?"
'"Well, I don't know," replied the hope
ful urchin, "unless it's to knock down sub
scribers who don't pay for their pqper." .
In New York volunteering goes on brave
ly, and substitutes are supplied to all ma
king application to headquarters. Six hun
dred and fifty dol'ars for a three j'ears man
is cheap to what it will be two months hence.
An Irishman, sent to trim a young orch
ard, was asked at night if he had finished.
"No," said be, "I have cut the trees down,
and shall trim theru all to-morrow."
That chap deserved a trimming, euro.
One of the rebel officer prisoners at John
son's Island has given birth to a "bouncing
boy." So ays the .Sandusky Ueqister.
The Register informs u that the "officer is
undoubtedly a woman."
Some one has taken the trouble to calcu
late what it costs to support all the dogs ia
the world, and has concluded that the ex
penses amounts to about thirty million dol
lars annually. " .
The milkmen of New York have deter
mined upon another advance in the price of
milk, and propose to charge fifteen cents a
quart after the first of January. -
The bloodhound captured with the rebel
General Marmaduke, is on exibition at Chi
The North-Western Indians want gold in
stead of greenbacks for their annuities,