Newspaper Page Text
BY 8. J. ROW.
CLEABFIELD, PA., JAN. 13, 1864.
Effect of the Proclamation.
The North Carolina Times, a spirited lit
tle Union paper published at Newberne,
contains the following editorial remarks in
reference to the effect the President's Am
nesty Proclamation is having throughout
the Rebel domain. It says.
Some of the rebel papers at Richmond
pretend to be very indignant and greatly ex
. asperated at President Lincoln's recent Proc
lamation. They talk most pompously, and
threaten and storm more furiously than ever.
The cause, however, for all this impotent
rage is too plain and patent for concealment.
The Proclamation is a terrible blow to their
already desperate and waning fortunes. In
vain may they attempt to hide the fact that
this document will have a most marked ef
fect throughout the length and breadth of
-1 11 ' T. " 1,1
reoei nonunion, its natural tendency is to
kindle hope and resolution in the minds of
tens of thousands who still love the old flag
and really desire to come back under the
.protection of the National Government.
The new oath of Loyalty which the Pres
ident has suggested seems to act with pow
erful effect. It is a sort of trumpet call to
thousandsof men who have been almost ready
to sink with despair. Those who have here
tofore been filled with doubt and timidity,
now come boldly forward and take an open
stand for the Union. Many come ten and
twentv miles to take this binding oath and
they depart with the fixed resolution to
stand by our flag, hereafter, with unshaken
While our armies in the field have been
striking powerful blows for freedom and the
aright, it is through the influence of such
tlocuments put forth at the right time, that
a still greater success, if possible, may yet
The Japanese Difficulties
By the last advices from Japan the trou
ble between that country and our diplomatic
representative had been settled by the pay
ment of indemnity to the United States by
the Tycoon, for the attack on the steamer
Pembroke. The Brittish ami French Gov
ernments are, however, prepaimg for war
against the Dainiios, who really rule . the
country, and who seem to be waging a civil
war with the Tycoon. It is probable that
the European allies consider this an opportu
nity to take advantage of in order to punish
the Dainiios. Unless civil strife divides the
J apanese, the allies will fiud sonic tough
work before them, seperated as the' are
from England and France, and having all
their troops to transport thousandsof miles.
The Tycoon, it is said, can raise 100,000
men, and the Dainiios 36S.OOO more. They
are well versed it the art of European wf,
and have supplied themselves with Euro
lean arms, and some of their fortresses
mount several hundred cannon. It will take
a large naval and land force to make any im
pression on a people so well able to defend
themselves, and we may consider ourselves
fortunate in having settled our troubles
without the necessity of war. If England
and France have money to waste in that way,
they have a splendid opportunity ior getting
rid of it very fist
The Abandoned Plantations.
An officer of the government, just arrived
from Newbern, N. C, reports that the
scheme for the occupation of abandoned
plantations works admirably, the rental al
ready producing quite a revenue, besides
relieving the Government of the support of
thousands of poor people, both white and
colored. The principles of free labor and
the dignity of self-support are being incul
cated, and arrangements are making for the
perfection and extension of the system.
The President's amnesty proelamatiou is
generally approved there, and could the
protection guaranteed be given, there is but
little doubt that loyal men could be found
to return North Carolina to her allegiance.
Gen. Butler's call for negro cavalry created
much enthusiasm, and the second regiment,
now forming, was getting about one hundred
recruits a week.
The war news is quite meagre during the
past week the only item of interest "being.
Mosby's attack on Maj. Cole's ''squad" in
London county, Va, The rebels were gal
lantly repulsed. .
Archbishop IIcghes, died in New
York on Sunday evening January 3d, 1S64.
In him the Union cause has lost a firm and
Thanks, to Gov. Curtin for an early pam
phlet copy of his message. Also, to Sena
tor Wallace for a copy of the Auditor Gener
al's report. " '
Our friend J. W. Ilaslett visited our
sanctum on Saturday evening last. John
is a brave soldier, and looks well.
The Governor's Message. We this
week publish Governor Curtin's Message in
full Read it,
The State Senate is still at a "dead lock."
No new Speaker has been elected as yet.
Congress reassembled on the 5th.
4 x-fc vrsr
"Then and Now."
The editors of the Copperhead organ, in
their last issue quote several sentences, which
purport to be taken from the Journal of
1860, and then say :
"Our neighbor has never yet attempted
any explanation ot this remarkable change
of front, although we have given him re
peated opportunities to do so."
For the information of our Copperhead
neighbors, we will just say that, in the year
I860, we were neither editor, publisher, nor
proprietor of the Journal, and hence we
need make no explanation in regard to the
matter referred to. We are only responsi
ble for that which has transpired during
This body met on Tuesday, January 5th,
in accordance with the provisions of the
The House was called to order by Jacob
Zeigler, Esq., the Clerk of the last ' House,
whereupon Hon. Eli Slifer, the Secretary
of the Commonwealth, presented the re
turns of the last election for members, w hich
was read. On motion of Mr. Bighaiu the
House proceeded to an election of Speaker
which resulted in the choice of Henry C.
Johnson, of Crawford, on the first ballot, by
a vote of yeas 52, to nays 45. The oath of
office was then administered to the newly
elected Speaker by Mr. Pershing, after
which the members were severally sworn
The Senate was called to order by Speak
er Penny, who a nnounced a quorum
present the only absentee being Senator
White of Indiana, After the roll was call
ed by the Clerk, upon the invitation ef the
Speaker the Senators elect presented them
selves before the stand for the purpose of
taking the oat h of office ; Messrs. Hopkins,
Latta, Mongomcry and Beardslee, having
first asked leave to cuter upon record "that
they take the oath under protest, which
leave was granted. On motion of Mr. Lam
berton, the Senate proceeded to ballot for
Speaker, which resulted as follows :
Messrs. Chanipneys, Clymer, Council,
Dunlap. Fleming, Graham. Hogc, House
holder, Johnson. Lowry, M'Candless. Nich
ols, llidgeway, Turrell, Wilson and Worth
ington lfi, voted for John P. Penny.
Messrs. Reardslee, Bucher, Ponovau,
Glatz, Hopkins, Kinsey. Lambertom Latta.
M' Sherry, Montgomery Reilly, Smith. Stark,
Stein, Wallace and Penny, Speaker 16.
voted for Hiester Clymer.
Neither of the candidates having received
a majority of votes there was no election. A
2d, 3d, 4th, 5th, ballots indicated the same
result. Various resolutions were then off
ered tending to show that tlie Senate was
now organized and ready to proceed to bu
siness but were lost by a vote of 1 6 to 1 6; and
several bills were alo read in place, under
protest of Lamberton and Stein. A motion
was then made to proceed to the considera
tion of the proposed amendments to the
Constitution, which motion was lost by a
vote of 1 6 to 1 6 Senator Wallace voting
"no" as he stated, "because I believe this
Senate is not truly and legally organized,"
and not "upon the merits of the bill." A 6th
ballot for speaker was taken with the previ
ous result, whereupon amotion was made to
elect a Clerk, which was also defeated. The
same result was obtained in referauce to the
election of State Librarian; A 7th and 8th
ballots were then had for Speaker without an
election, after which the Senate adjourned.
Senate, 2d day. The session opened by
reading in place several bills, after which
Mr Lowry offered the following resolution :
. Whebeas, The Union men in the Senate
of Pennsylvania were in a clear majority until
one of their number, Major Harry WJiite,
Senator from Indiana, was captured by our
common enemy : therefore, Resolved, That
the patriotism of Harry White shall rot be
taken advantage of to prevent the complete
organization of this Inxly, but that the
Speaker elected at the close, of the session
of J 863 be reeoganized as the duly elected
Speaker of the Senate until such time as Sen
ator White shall be released from captivity
or a successor be elected from his Senatorial
district, at which time it would be proper
for the present Speaker to resign and that
a new election for Speaker be held then.
The Senate refused to hear a second read
ing of the resolution by a vote of 16 to 16.
Mr. Connell then offered the following.
Resolved, That the Senate having repeat
edly decided by ballot isot to change the
Speaker, it will now proceed with the ordi
nary business of the session.
This resolution met the same fate as the
previous one. A resolution offering thanks
to Maj. Gen. Grant and his officers for their
gallant services in liberating the faithful
Union men of East Tennessee from a mili
tary despotism, was also defeated by a strict
party vote, the Senator from this district
voting "no." A 9th and 10th ballots were,
then had for Speaker, but n election.
Mr. Clymer, the candidate of the opjosition
to the National Government, then made
the following proposition :
That they (the Union men) shall select,
first, any office within the gift of this Sen
ate, we to select the second, they the third
and so on to the end of the list. We make
this offer, trusting that its fairness will com
mend it to the judgment of this Senate, as it
certainly will eoBimend itself to the judg
ment of the people of this State. We are
here 16 to 16 on this floor. It is no fault of
this side of the Chamber that such a state of
affairs exists. It is true that one Senator
is absent, etc. .
A llth ballot for Speaker was asked for,
but no election was made. Several Senators
then stated that they were not aware of the
resignation of Senator White being received,
Mr. Clymer having previously stated that
1 such reports were current. Mr. Lowry then
spoke as follows :
For my own part, Mr. Speaker, I do not
think that any person has the resignation of
Senator White. And 1 would inform the
the Senator from Berks that if he is really
desirous of ogauizing this body and proceed
ing to business he can by that means have
Harry . White back here, as I believe, with
in the next ten days. It is well known to
the Senate and to the people of Pennsylva
nia that suae time au a Major from tWi
rebel army, byjthc name of Jones, applied to
the authorities at Washington sayinsr that he
could procure the release of Harry White in
exchange for himself. The authorities, as
I am informed and believe, took his parole
and sent him to Richmond. He went there
and was informed by the rebel authorities
that he Major Jones, had no vote in the
Senate of Pennsylvania, but that Major
White had, and that the Uuiou party of
Pennsylvania would be disorganized in case
Major White was retained. Consequently
Mr. Jones was sent back to Washington.
Mr. Donovan. I rise to ask the Senator
a question. Does the Senator from Erie
wish to be understood as saying that the au
thorities at Richmond look upon the Re
publican party of Pennsylvania as the Union
Mr. Lowry. There is no Union party
except the Republican party and no Republi
can party except the Union party in this
country. I do not desire to get into an an
gry discussion at this time, and I will not
suffer myself to be led away from the ques
tion before us.
I trust that the gentleman on the other
side of this House will see the necessity of
not pursuing this kind of conduct further.
I think it is unbecoming the dignity of a
Senator to get up here and make bargains
for trading off this officer for that officer.
Thatis beneath the dignity of the Senate and
unbecoming the Senator from Berks. The
intention of the people of Pennsylvania to
t)lace us in a majority here eould not have
een expressed in stronger language than it
I appeal to them as patriotic men to allow
us to proceed to business. I did not think
when I submitted a resolution this morning
that you, sir would be acknowledged by the
other side in your position as Speaker and
that we would proceed with the business, un
til such time as Harry White should return.
He will return. I have no doubt, as soon as
Jeff Davis hears that we have organized
Mr. Clymer thought this a profitless dis
cussion, and if it must be entered into at all
it should be with entire good feeling on both
sides of the Chamber his authority for sta
ting the resignation of Senator White had
been received, was the publishment in sev
eral papers, and the statement of individuals
upon the floor of the Senate. Adjourned.
Senate, 3d Day. The Senate met at 11
o'clock, when the Speaker said that he was
informed that his Excellency, the Governor,
would communicate with the Senate, by a
message in writing, at 11 o'clock to-day.
A resolution was then offered, inviting "the
clergy of llarrislurg to open the services
of the Senate with prayer" the Union men
voting Aye, and the Opposition, Nay.
Mr. Johnson then offered a resolution to
appoint a .committee of three to investigate
the facts in reference to tbeallegedresignation
of Senator White, "and that said commit
tee have power to send for witnesses and
papers" the Union members voting for the
resolution, and the Opposition against it.
Mr. Lowry offered the following ;
Resolved, That in the re-election of Gov.
Curtin the people gave a clear expression of
their choice, and that any combination to
thwart the will of the people by preventing
his inauguration would be revolutionary in
its character and should be put down.
This resolution, was negatived by a strict
party vote. Mr. Hopkins' (Op) then de
sired to make a remark or two in explana
tion of his position oh this resolution, the
substance of which is embraced in the fal
lowing sentence : "It must have become ap
parent to every Senator on this floor that
there are sixteen gentlemen occupying seats
here by virtue of the action of the people,
who do not, who can not, and who will not
recognize the claimed organization uf the
Senate." When Mr. Hopkins had conclu
ded Mr. Lowry asked that Senator "if by vo
ting in the negative he does not recognize
the organization of this body just as fully as
by voting in the affirmative," to which Mr
Hopkins replied "it is the best we can do."
Mr. Lowry. It is the best you can do to
prevent legislation and embarrass the Senate
in the transaction of its business. That is
the best the Senator can do. But let me
tell the Senator from Washington and the
Senate of Pennsylvania, that 1 dare not vote
any other way than that in which I have vo
ted. We have made proposition after prop
osition, in every form that we could devise,
in order to proceed to business and keep the
wheels of legislation moving, until the va
cant seat of Harry White should lie filled.
What more can we do ? Suppose sir, that
you should issue your writ for ttie election of
a Senator in the place of Harry White
whattheu? They will come in here and
say you had no authority to do that. Would
they join in a resolution calling upon you to
take such action and therfore recognize your
authority ? No, sir, no proposition which
does not contemplate disorganization would
be acceptable to Senators on the other side
of the house.
Mr. Hopkins. . That is what we do not
Mr. Lowry. You want organization ;
but you vote against it You want the bu
siness of the country to proceed ; but you
vote against it. You want prayers in this
hall,and you need them (laughter;) but you
vote against it. You desire to thank Gene
ral Grant for his noble defence of the coun
try ; Jmt you vote against it.
After some desultory remarks, the Secre
tary of the Commonwealth was introduced
and presented the annual message of the
Governor of Pennsylvania.' The Speaker
ordered the Clerk to read the message,
which was objected to by Mr. Lamberton.
The Speaker decided the objection out of
order.on the ground that the Governor Lad 1
the right to communicate with the Senate at
any tiine and the Clerk proceeded with tlj
reading of the message.
To the Senate and Hume of Representatives
of the Commonwealth of l'emisylcatua .-'.
Gentlemen : The past year has afforded
us new cause for thankfulness to the Almigh
ty for the moral and material blessings which
he has bestowed uion us.
The balance in the Treasury on November
30, 1862, was $2,172,844 10; Receipts dur
ing fiscal year ending November 30, lt63,
4,-8y,4.jl od ; lotafin .treasury tor fiscal
year ending Nov. 30, 1363, $6, 462, 215 75;
J'he payments for the same period have been
$4,ol4,y64 05 ; Balance in the Treasury No
vemberiJU, 1S63, ;s2,47,331 70.
The operations of the Sinking Fund dur
ing the last year have been shown by my
Proclamation of the 8th day of September
last, as follows : Amount of debt of Com
monwealth reduced, $'954,720 40, as follows:
Coupon loan act, May 4, 1862, $100,000 00;
Five per cent, $790,716 50 ; Four aud one
half per cent. $63,000 00 ; Relief notes can
celled, $963 00; Domestic creditors' certifi
cates, $13 00; Iuterest certificates paid,
$27 V0 ; Total. $954,720 40.
Amount ot I'ublic debt of Pennsylvania
as it stood on the 1st day of December, 1862
$40,448,213 82; Deduct amount redeemed
at the State Treasurj' during the fiscal year,
ending with Nov. 30, 1863. viz: Five per
cent stocks, $888,499 78; Four and a half
per cent stocks, $63,000 00 ; Relief notes,
$109 00; Domestic creditors' certificates,
$S 26 ; Making $951,617 04 ; Public debt
December 1st, 1863, $39,496,596 78. Fund
ed debt, viz : 6 per cent loans, $400,630 00 ;
Funded debt, viz : 5 per cent loans, $35,
709,986 45 ; Funded debt, viz : 41 per cent
loans, $268,200 00 ; Total funded debt, $36,
378,816 45. Unfunded debt, viz : Relief
notes in circulation, $97.251 00; Interest
certificates outstanding, $15,356 63 ; Inter
est certificates unclaimed, $4,443 38 ; Do
mestic creditors' certificates, $724 32 ; Total
unfunded debt, $J 17,780 33; Total funded
and unfunded debt, $36,496,596 78 ; Milita
ry loan per Act of May 15th, 1861, $3,000,
000 00; Total indebtedness, $39,496,596 78.
By the act of 15th May, 1861, authorizing
the military loan of $3.000, 000, a tax of one
half mill was laid on real and personal prop
erty,, to furnish a fund for redeeming the
same. I recommend that the commission
ers of the sinking fund be directed to invest
the proceeds of the tax in State loan, so that
it may be drawing interest, to be in like man
ner invested, or that they should apply such
proceeds directly to the purchase of certifi
cates of the military loan, and cancel such
certificates as shall be -purchased.
Although our finuiicesare still in a healthy
condition, it is necessary to Invite the seri
ous attention of the Legislature to the con
sideration of the means of maintaining them
unimpaired in future.
By the act of 12th J une. 1840, it was pro
vided that the interest on the State loans
should always be paid in specie or its equiv
alent, and that whenever the funds in the
Treasury should be of less value than specie,
the difference m value should be ascertained
and certified to the Governor, who should
thereupon issue his warrant to the agents or
banks authorized to pay such interest on be
half of the Commonwealth, to allow such
difference to parties receiving the interest,
or at the option of the parties to pay the
same in specie.
By the act of the 1 1 th April, 1862, it was
provided that for the purpose of paying in
specie or its equivalent, all interest that
should thereafter be due by the Common
wealth, as required by the act of 12th June,
18-10, the several banks who should avail
rfiemselves of the provisions of the act, (of
llth .April, l&b-') and who should refuse to
redeem their notes in specie, ou demand, at
any time within ten days upon or after the
time when such interest should become due,
should thereafter, when required by the
State Treasurer, by notice in writing, pay
into the State Treasury, in proportion to the
capital stock paid in of each bank, their rata
ble proportion of such premium for gold or
its equivalent, as should have been actually
paid by the State.
" By the act of the 30th January, 1863, it
was provided that the State Treasurer should
exchange with the banks an amount of cur
rency sufficient to pay the interest on the
State debt falling due on the first days of
February and August, 1863, fyr the same a
mount of coin, and should give to the banks
specie certificates of exchange, not transfer
able, pledging the faith of the State to re
turn said coiu in exchange for notes current
at the time, on or before the first Monday of
March, 1S64, such certificates to bear inter
est at the rate of 2 per cent, per annum.
Uuder the provisions of the act of 1S63,
certain banks paid into the State Treasury
$140,768 30 as an equivalent for coin for the
payment of the intercut on the public debt.
Under the act of 18C3, specie certificates
have been given to the banks, amounting in
the whole to $1,968,904 97, which, with the
acesuing interest, w ill fall due on the first
Monday of March next. As the provisions
of this act were of a temporary character,
the only acts now in force on the subject are
those of 1840 and 1862, above mentioned,
under which it will be the duty of the State
authorities to pay the interest on the 1st of
February, 1864, and thereafter,iu coin or its
equivalent, and look to the banks that may
be liable under the act of 1862 for reim
bursement of the premium paid by the
In the face of all difficulties, this Common
wealth, actuated by a sentiment which does
its people honor, has hitherto paid its inter
est in coin or its equivalent. Existing cir
cumstances make it necessary toconsider now
the fair extent of her just obligations. The
exigencies of the times have compelled the
Government of the United States to issue
large amounts of Treasury notes for circula
tion, which are not redeemable in coin, and
which form the great mass of our circulat
ing medium. It is our duty as a loyal State
it is our interest as a State whose" welfare,
and even safety, depend emphatically upon
the maintenance of the credit and success of
the military operations of the general gov
ernment to do nothing to impair its eredit
or embarrass its measures. Ou the contra
ry, we owe it to ourselves and to our poster
ity to give an active support to its efforts to
quell the monstrous rebellion which is still
raging, and thus restore peace to cur dis
tracted country. It is our own Government
and we could not, without gross indecency,
to attempt to refuse its currency in payment
of taxes and and other debts due to the
In 1840 the case was very different. The
difficulties then arosw from the suspension of
specie payments by our State banks, mere
local and private corporations, and the State
very properly by the act of that year, in
tended to provide against loss to its creditors
by reason of such susiensions. An exigen
cy like the present could not then have been
foreseen by the legislature, and it is to be
inferred therefore that they could not have
intended to provide for it. We derive our
system ot public loans Irom Europe, and the
true extent of our obligation is to bo ascer
tained, by referring to the known established
practice of European governments prior to
the dates when our loans were effected. I
mean of course such of those governments
as were held to have maintained their na
tional credit. It is. believed to have been
the uniform practice of such governments to
pay their interest in paper currency, howev
er depreciated, during a legalized suspen
sien of specie payments. An ob.-ervable in
stance of this is afforded by the course of
the British Government, which during 25
years, from 1797 to 1822, during w hich the
bank was prohibited by law from paying out
coin for any purpose, paid the interest on its
public debts in bank notes, which during a
great part of that time were at a heavy dis
count, sometimes amounting to 30 per cent,
or thereabout. Their necessities then were
not greater than oursase new.
Among turselves, at the present time,
Massachusetts (who.-e dobt is believed to le
very small) pays the interest in coin. Ohio
and Indiana pay in currency. In New-York
it is not known what will be done. Her Le
gislature by concurrent resolution, ordered
the interest to be paid iu coin to foreigu
stockholders, in April last. " ,
At the present rateol premium on .gold,
the sum necessary to pay on an amount suf
ficient to discharge the annual interest on
the State debt, would be more than $1,000.
OOO, and to meet this additional taxation to
that extent would be unavoidable. The de
mand on the Treasury for other necessary
purposes must probably be such as to render
it imprudent to throw any part of this ex
penditure on the existing surplus. To bor
row money from year to year to. pay the in
terest on past loans would, of course, be
wholly inadmissible. To leave the act of
1862 in force, and attempt to throw the pay
ment of this large premium annually upon
the banks, Avould uot only be flagrantly un
just, but impracticable. 1 recommend the
whole subject to the careful and immediate
consideration of the Legislature. Some le
gislation ought to be had on it before the
close of the present month. In my opinion
the Commonwealth will have fulfilled her
obligations by providing for the payment of
her interest in the currency of the Govern
ment. If the Legislature 'should think fit
to continue to pay it in -oin, it will be
their duty to levy forthwith the heavy
taxes necessary for that purpose. I must
in passing observe that the plan adopted by
one of the States of paying coin to foreign,
and currency to donic.-tic loan holders, ap
pears to me to be wholly unwise, and found
ed on no legitimate principle.
At the close of the last session, nineteen
bills renewing the charters of certain banks
for another period of five years were pre
sented to me. Of these I have (for realms
which will hereafter be communicated (with
held my signature from one and approved
the remainder. I have been led to sigu them
by the considerations that the banks of the
Commonwealth pay a large revenue which
the State can ill afford to lose, and that in
the present condition of the country it would
be impolitic to drive so much capital out of
active use or force it into new employments.
If the National Banking system afford
sufficient inducements, capital will voluntari
ly take that direction. It is proper to ob
serve the charters of most of the banks in
question expire, at an early period, while in
consequence of the invasion of the State,
during the last summer, they could nut have
been reasonably expected to cive the neces
sary notice of renewed applications for re
charter. I recommend an extension of the
time during which the banks are now reliev
ed from jienakies lor not paying their obli
gations in coin.
The increased expene of living invite at
tention to the salaries of our public officers.
Those of the Secretary of the Common
wealth. Auditor General and State Treasu
rer, and of the Clerks iu their employment
are, hi my opinion, too low, especially as the
exigencies of the times have greatly enhanc
ed the labors and responsibilities or all, -and
in the ase of the heads of those depart
ments, enforce a constant attendance at Har
risburg, which was not formerly required.
Under the act ef the 16th of April, 1862,
and its supplement passed 22d April, 1863,
the Adjutant General, Quartermaster Gen
eral aud Commissary General have been act
ing as the Board of'Military Claims. They
have, up to this time, approved claims to
the amount of $166,415 81. and others have
been already presented to the further ain't
of $332,120 29, which have not yet been
acted on. .
Under the act of 22d April, 1S63, (P. L.
529,) the Court of Common Pleas, appoint
ed three appraisers to ascertain the damage
done in the counties on the Southern border
by the militia called into service in Septem
ber, 1862, by the Anderson Cavalry iu the
same month, and bv the Rebels in their raid
on the 10th and llth October, 1862. The
Appraisers have not yety'Oinpieted the per
formance of their duties. When their re
port shall have been made to the Court of
Common Pleas and affirmed, in whole or in
part, by hat court, it will be the duty of the
Governor to claiiii the payment of the a
mounts from the General Government, and
on failure to secure the same, then to report
to the next Legislature, recommending such
action as he may deem just and proper.
The expenses oi' the' Transportation and
Telegraph Department during the past year
have been as follows: Paid (out of appro
priation made by Military Ijoau act of lt-61)
$13.658 87: Unpaid (the appropriation be
in exhaused) $15,764 7 ; Outstanding lia
bilities, estimated at $5,000 00; Making in
all $34,423 06. These expenses have been
mainly incurred in keeping up the necessary
correspondence of the military departments
and in the transportation of sick and woun
ded and the dead bodies of our volunteers,
as will be seen by the report of the Chief of
Transportation, herewith communicated. I
recommend an appropriation to meet the de
ficiency, and also to carry on the service of
this department hereafter"
By the thirteenth section of the act of the
1 5th May, 1861, the sum of $20,000 was ap
propriated to be expended by the Governor
for the compensation of Rich persons as he
plight require to serve the Commonwealth
in the mihtary organization of the State or
the General Government, and for the expen
ses incident to the business in whick they
miglfbe employed. : I have, according to
ture ot this. f'm..l t... T
office, to which the Wislature is rvf. r, T
fhe unexpended balance w now $4 yq .
A further sum should be appropri
like manner. Out .f this fim,l 1 lave I ?'
the persons whom 1 . i.mnd it neeew,rV ,
employ in the military department, and'tl,
expenses of the agency which 1 ws t-nun '
led to establish at Washington to utu-iuiV"
the interest and welfare of our r(kuiiuVN'
The continuance of this agency and the
tablishnient of a similar one iu'the West av
ofviuJ importance to them. 1 reconiUk'ii,l
the passage of an act authorizing the appoint
incut of agents atWa.-hiugtun and Nahvi:le"
and deffnink' their duti. which should in
elude the collection of all bounties, back l av
pensions, etc., duo to Pennsylvaniaus ii'
this siO.w.t 1 r.t',.i.tl,. 1 v "
ponoi uoionei ii. uiuaie 1UI Mirts. iu
trent fit' tln Statu t Wok;., i
vv.iiwiimn-.uicu aiiu comnteilU It tj
....1 . . ) ,
Oh the invasion of the Slate diinllir tt
last summer, the President made a ca'ij n
militia, and with bis assent I sUl.se.(lh,lu .
made a call for volunteer militia for In. ,V
fence of the State Under ,W tJtit
were assembled and organized with prlllll))t
ness, after the reality .f lh(. , 1
came to le understood bv ,,m- ..,., . v r,
f:t,nr.,l I":,,,-,.,.,,, .'I 1 . : "Jf
.1 . v i . "
, . i. iii UVIC1UHH.-UI iioiiiOii. ami siii
- ' ' , l "., 'l; I'llt as l'J
appropriation for that p,.rp..s. W.J
made bv Congress, the Piesid. -m and Srr.
taryof War promised if the iiu.uev hou!d
im lorce. auu airret-o tn .. 1 ...
c.mauccu jiwjh uun'l i'!;ti'lers tu rco
menu its lmmeuiaie renavniei't untl
mg ot Congress It is unoerstoo.1 th-.t t.
have been already taken to fulfill this pl.-J
Several of the tanks checi fully and reu.lTi,
advanced the necessary funds to the aumu'iit
of $671,476 43, on my promise to ivewi.
mend to the Legislature an appropriate, t
repay them in case Congress sh..,aL fax
make one. I accordingly make that reo m
mendation most emphatically. Should it,
be necessary. I will hereafter, in a spe.
message, give thedetails a!ideoiresp..n J.-u.
relating to this subject.
New York and New Jersey, under the
President's call s-.!:r regiment. to assist in
onr defence, for which our thanks are dr.-;
to those States, our good neighUirs.
After the battle of Gettysburg, in which
loyal volunteers from eighteen States, h,
cludinir Pennsylvania, were engaged, it ap
peared tome proper that all those States
should unite in establishing a Cemetery vt
the spot, in which their scjdiors who bn l
fallen in that conflict, should be huiiorubi.'
interred. 1 accoidingly appointed Pavid
Wills, Esq., of Gettysburg, my agent, and
through him, a site was purchased at a cost
of 2.475 87, and tlto conveyance made t
the Commonweaitli. On coinuuinicaiiiii'
with the authorities of the other State-,
they all readily agreed to become parties t
the arrangement, and on the 1 9th day of
November last, tie cemetery wa.- dedicate!
with appropriate ceremonies in the prescn;:--;
of the President of the I'nited States, th'j
Governors of the States concerned, and oth
er high officers. State and Nati.mal. On
the lUth day of December, on the invitati .n
of Mr. V'iiis. commissioners repre.- nting
the States ir.terrcsted in the Cemetery, im'r'
in Harrisburg and agreed upon a plan for lu
improvement and care in the future. :tn t
the apiMjrtionment of the sum of mom r -quired,
to the several States, which is here
with communicated. The expea-es att.-ii ;
ing the rtablrdnnent of this cemetery. i:;
lading the cost of the site and of renio
the bodies tif the slain, have thus fr
mounted to ;
Hiid an appropi iar..i ,
wui he required to p::v these expanses, iu 1
to meet our portion of thoe attending its fu
ture maintenance. It will appear by the pr--ceedings
of the commissioners that their Li
proportion of the expeii-os already inciiri. .;
art Lj be refunded by tho States on vl:
account they were made. It is jut t-
thaOIr. Wills has discharged his deli t;"
and important duties with fidelity and to n:;.
The act for the relief of families ef vol
unteers in service may require sonic revision.
It is alleged that in some parts of the State
the county authorities are backward in exe
cuting' the law. If this be so. the 1!k'!h:x-.
from the different counties will be aware of
the fact, and will be most ready t- niak
such further enactments as may re propo:.
I commend to the prompt attention of the
Legislature the subject of the relief of p.r
orphans of our soldier who have given, or
sbnil give their lives to the country diuiu-'
this crisis. In my opinion, their maiurcna::c:
aud education should Ik? provided for if
the State. Failing other natural friend- uf
ability to provide for them, they should lc "
honorably received and fostered as children
of the Commonwealth. The $5o,0oo here
tofore given by the Pennsylvania Ibiiliwi 1
Company, referred to in my last annual mes
sage, is still unappropriated, ami 1 recom
mend that this sum, with such other lm-aus
as the Legislature may think lit. be applied
to this enJ.in such manner as may be thought
most expedient and effective "In antitij a
tion of the adoption of a more perfect sys
tem, 1 recommend that provision le lwd
for securing the admission of such t-liiblre::
into existing educational establishments, tv
be there clothed, nurtured and instructed at
the public expense. I make this reeon;
menaation earnestly, feeling assured that :a
doing so. I represent the wishes of the
triotie, the benevolent and the gid. uf tLe
1 invite the attention ot the Leui.-lare
to the condition of the loyal people of
Tennessee, which is represented to l.-e im1-'
deplorable, and apjieals with iiresist.i
force alike to your sympathies and vmr
sense of justice. Their whole country hz
been laid waste by the contending armies
large armies have passed over that ihstrii!
destroying or carrying off all that had l"
gathered for the-approsching winter, pi
now the women and children are left m
fetate of destitution. The represeiuati"
made by suedry gentlemen of the highest
respectability, "from that State, are ef in
most heart rending character. Starvauou
actual and present, now exist. Can e, m
the midst of affluent abundance, '"ra,?1,)
nient hesitate as to what our action sha.i '
towards the people whose. only crime tas
beeu their lovalty and devotion to the gov
ernment ? Even if a portion of our ''i:Jr!
shoidd reach the starving families of those
in sympathy with the rebellion, letter
should, than that these devoted, self sacri
ficing people who have so unhesitating,
adhered to the Government, be leltto .-
for. Whenever pestilence and famine ut
tressed the ieoplo of any portion of on
eonntry, we hare always been foremost
relieving then;, and. the people of 1 ecn