Raftsman's journal. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1854-1948, August 05, 1863, Image 1

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    BY S. J. ROW.
VOL. 9. NO. 40.
flo look upon the battle field,
Where shot and shell fly fast ; '- T
Where Freedom' stiring battle cry
Is beard upon the blast ;
Go where the lifted sabres flash,
And fall on traitor crests;
Wbere Southern bayonets are dim
With blood from Northei n breasts ;
Go search amid the loyal ranks
Among the glorious dead
Among them all yoa will not fiod
A single Copperhead.
Go. search the gunboat's bloody deck.
When the dread conflict's done,
The traitor's banner in the dust,
And silenced every gin;
While o'er the hard Hon rampart floats
Our flag, yet oh ! what pain, '
'Xeath that dear flag, since morning light,
iiow many hare been slain;
Among the heroes of the fight,
The living and the dead
Go. search among them there is not
A single Copperhead.
Go search the crowded hospital.
Where ghastly wounds are seen,
Which tell through what a struggle fierce.
Those noble men bare oeen ;
But look upon their faces, Io !
They smile through all their paiu ; .
The scars they bear were nobly won
Their honor haa no slain.
Soft hands are mini4'ring ; kind words
Are heard aiouad each bed ;
Some soothe. .mie suffer, all are true ;
There is no Vipperbead.
Go where the look can scarce conceal
Tha (reason of the heart; ; - -And
where the tongue would willingly
Iefend th.e traitor's part;
Where beyuour. Wood and Voorhecs are
deemed patriotic men ;
Go where desertion is noeriuie.
Where loyalty is dead.
Where w.d disasrer gives no paiu ;
1 here is the Copperhead.
Go where foul scorn i3 heaped upon
Our noble bovs. who go
To'stand. a wall of fire, between
L'n and our traitor foe.
Oo where bold Grant's rev Hers are ;
Where Ilurnside is defamed ;
AVL ere Hanks and Butler noble naues
In Foru alone are named.
Go where true patriotic pride.
Honor, and truth, are dead
Where our success bring hut despair;
Th re is rhe Copperhead.
Fr.m N. Y. Tribune
Casting about lor means wherewith to nulli
fy the Conscription Law and resist the Draft,
disJoyal men an t newspapers seemed to have
agreed with considerable unanimity on a plan
for arraying the State &g-lnst - Ilia National
Government by help of Habeas Corpus and
the Statu Courts. It was proposed that who
ever was drafted should sue out a habeas cor
pus from some Cnuit presided over by a dis
loyal Judge, and that upon tl:e hearing on the
nt the Judge should prom. ur.ee the Con.scrip.
m . imKLnetMi;,.! , 1 .1 . .
A i
' " w "-
. lar? the conscript, who was to ffti nn Lit 1
n n n-j-icmg. ine recent mstrnctions ol
1 rovost Marshal Cencial try, in anticipation '
of this pnrpnse, direct his subordinates not to '
produce the deserter or conscript before a J
-j"ii tu uucmciiuc iua writoi naiHsas ,
irpus.and the conspirator whose pl..t is thus
lru.triied have made haste to denounce the '
instructions as an outrage upon the judici ary :
nd the rights of the States. They propose
iat a Marshal refusing obedience to the writ ,
'ia! be proceeded against by attachment for
c iptempt ; that the Sheriff serving that pro- I
com ohall appeal to the State Militia to en-J
"rce it, and finally that Gov. Seymour shall
ut himseir at the head ol lm State troops in
t'lttle array against the National forces. By :
he time this is accomplished, it is expected
l it a very material diversion in favor of the j
.ociiion will hive been accomplished ; or in
ihcr words that a Northern Rebellion shall be '
'rgarnzed with military force. All this is
.jeu upon i tie supposed respect of the peo-
p e for legal forms and Constitutional rights, entangle the Courts and the State in a con
nd might be in that view a very good plot but ",ct the National Government ; but you
ter one consideration. The Supreme Court of
'leLnited States lias already decided the
piestioii on which this issuv is to be made,
ranas decided it adversely to the authority :
' !he State Courts. . country which you in vain seek to .destroy.
rhec.fseof jJbletnan, agt. Booth, 21 Uow- ' -
Supreme Court Reports, 508, is well 0,K op Jefp' Da718' Children Wia&m
..owD) ,oth to the legal profession and Ihe j K,5, TbeOshkosb (Wis.) Northwestern says:
"Kntry, s that in which the eflort ol the Su- j "We ha?e been rmed on good authority.
P'"ne Conrt ot Wisconsin to protect a citi- ! ,hat tnere 's chi,d of 3,"S' Davis ibe Pres.
" of that State against Federal persecution j ldent ' ,be -ca'led Southern Confederacy,
Gnally defeated. Booth was arrested on j educating "ong the Slockbridge 1 ndians, at
United States Commissioner's warrant, for ,heir 9element in Shawnee connty. Davis,
"'dtng.nd abetting the escape of an alleged! ft is we" kl,own'"4S stationed at Fort Win
fC itive who had been arrested under tire Fu- Dobaeo aome year there formed
5'tive Slave Act of 1850. ne was discharged the ac(lnaiD,ance of the mother of. the child,
roa the custody ol the V. S. Marshal by the Menomonee squaw." ' , .
tZ'T rP"rt f the SUte' 6 ,hC grnnd 1 Le't our recreations be many, moderate,
Mt he Fugitive Slave Act wa. unconstitu- j sea9onablet and ,awtul. your fe De seden.
'l"'c,, U,e 8ronnd OD whjch il i9 now j tary, let it be tending to the exercises ofyonr
vropod that a conscript shall be discharged, bodj . it acUve more to the refreshing of
r. nat the two case, are in all respects iden- your mind The se of recreatioI1 is to
h r c h legalIy inthC custoly of I strengthen your labor and sweeten your rest.
aeb.S. Marshal, jnst as the conscript will . .
legally in the custody of the Provost-Mar- A friend in California writes as that they
il. But the United States Court decides hve fire-flies so large in that interesting State,
atcn!y that be sbonld not have been dis- that they use them to cook by. They hang
crgd becsuae the tw was const itutibnal.
C0ei r..rtl.x. A , . J ..
- - muu ucuiarca it vu 00 lue uuiy
2 tbo Marshal not to obey the precept of the
MWiVy. He is to moke known to the
'e Judg that he holds the prisoner nnder
toited States process, but he Is not to pro.
'A prisoner in obedience to the writ of
corpus from the State Court. This de
uton is the unanimous pinion of the Sn-
vmt Court of the United States, and Is pro-
lAtt..a . r
oanced by no less a person than Mr. Chief
Jtrtfra T- v. . - . - .. . 1
Jt -cs Tioey bimself.
puatic, and so completely disposes of the
whole case,' that we copy the material portion
ol the opinion'. Judge Taney says :
' "We do not question the authority of a
j:State Court or Judge, who is authorized by
i the laws of the State to issue the writ ot ha
I ta as corpus, to issue it io any case where the
party is imprisoned within its territorial lim
its, provided It does not appear whun the ap
plication is made that the person imprisoned
is in custody nnder the authority ot the Uni
ted States. The Court or Judge has a right
to inquire, in this mode of proceeding, lor
what cause and by what authority the prison-"
er i confined within the territorial limits of
the State sovereignty; and it is the duty of
the Marshal, or other person havine the cus
tody of the prisoner, to make known to the
Judge or Court, by a proper return, the au
thority by which he holds him In custody.
This right to inquire by process of habeas cor
pus, and the duty of the officer tq make a re
turn.grow necessarily out of the complex char
acter of our Government, and the existence of
two distinct and separate sovereignties within
j the ame territorial space, cacli of them re-
stiicted in its powers, aud each within its
! sphere of action, prescribed by the'ConMitu
' tion .f the United States, independent ot the
I other. But alter the return is made, and the
i State Jiide or Court judicially apprised that
, t lie party is in custody under the authority ol
. the United States, they can proceed no'fur-
! ther. They then know that the nrisoner is
within the dominioD and-jurisdiction of an
other Government, and that neither the writ of
naoeas corpus, nor any other process issued under
State avlfioriy. can pass over the l.ne of dii is
ion between the two sovereign'ins. He is 1hcn
within the. dominion and exclusive jurisdiction
I qr ine unuetl stales. II he has committed an
can punish bitn. If be is wrongfully iruniis
oned, then judicial tribunals can release him
ana .mora Dim redress. And although, an we
nave said, it is the duty of the Marshal.or oil
er person notamg him, to make known by
proper return the -. authority under which Ik-
detains him, it it at the same time imperatively
his duty to ttbey the process of the U. to hold
the prisoner in custody under it. and to reus,
obedience to the muriate or process of aim other
government. Jlnd consequently it is his duly not
io fane me prisoner, n r sujfer htin io be token
before a State Judge or Court upon a hub" us cor
pus issued under Mate aulhority. No State
Judge or Court, after they are judicially in
foimed that the party is imprisoned tinder the
authority ot the United Slates, has any rieh
to interfere with him, or to require him to be
orougnt Detore them. And if the authority o
a Stale, in the form of judicial process or oth
erwt.ii, should attempt to control the Marshal
or other authorised olticer or. agent of the
UiiYted'Slates in any respect, in the custody
or Ins prisoner, it would be his duty to resist it.
and to call to his aid any force that might be
necessary to maintain the authority of law a
gainst illegal interference. No judicial pro
-coo, nuaievcr itirui u may assume, can have
any lawful authority outside of the limits o
the jurisdiction of the Court or Judjre by
... t. : : . 1 , . -
. . . . ' - "'""I" enimce
wmyiiii is iiueaj ana an atte
it ueyona these bound tries is nothing lesr. than
ircsi n'ofur."-(21 H.,a-aril s. t'
U..523 4."
A ir, that was the law whicU the Siijireme
Court of the United States announced in ur
r to carry into effect tlu most infamous stat
le ever passed in this or any o;her counirv-
r uguive csiave act ot l- . L.niocratic
papers and politicians exulted over it then
when it was meant to consign to prison a cit
i2(?" whose only crime w.is that he refused t
be accomplice to slave hunting nnder the
,aw - ;They may not welcome it now. w hen it
serves to enforce a law vital to the safety of
the Republic, but they must accept and obey
It. Northern conspirators and their agents,
the rioters, may as well understand now that
the Government stands pledged to enforce the
drift at all hazards? that it his both L iw and
Force on its side, and that it will execute the
one h7 help of the other.if necessary. Messrs.
Seymour, Wood, Brooks & Co., you have
'Tied to incite to sedition by langnage, you
,):v created a riot which you meant to be in
surrection, and you may even yet strive to
'ill fail i that effort as you have failed in the
others, and yon will then stand, if possible,
more openly convicted of treason, and even
more heartily execrated than now, by the
their kettles on their hind legs, which are
"bent for the purpose, like pot hooka.
One day a person pointed out a man who
bad a profusion of rings on bis fingers to s
cooper, "An master,' said the artizan "it's a
sign of weakness when so many hoops 'are
I im astonished, my dear young lady, at
Tour sentiments: von make me start." "Well,
air, I've bees wanting jou to start for the
. . . ' . ....
A Record oflnhurrian Cruelties.
Innocent Men Hanged, Children Shot
and Women Tortured to Death.
The editor of the Memphis Bullein.nho has
been Hpon a visit to Nashville, communicates
the following to bis paper, in reference to the
rebel rule in East Tennessee. Cof. Crawford,
the gentleman from whom the facts are ob
tamed; has a personal knowledge of some of
the circumstance,' having left the scene of
their enactment quite recently and vouches
for the truth of all of them,
. Last. summer three young men, brothers,
named Anderson, left their homes in Hawkins
county, and attempted to make their way in
to Kentucky. They were arrested by a squad
of rehel cavalry on Clinch river, about seven
ty five miles from Knoxville, shot and thrown
into the river. . Their . bodies were found float
ing in the stream.litteen miles from their own
forsaken homes.
In the month of January, 1863, at Laurel,
N. C, near the Tennessee border, all the salt
was seized for distribution , by confederate
comuiisbioners. Salt was selling at seventy
flt'Aff-n.nt. !.J tt. . ....
uus nuiiiiicu uuiiars persacK . The com
missioners, declared that the. "lories should
have none.'' and pos. lively refused to give
Union men their portion of the quantity to be
..lairuMiiea in 1n.1t vicinity. This palpable
injustice roused the Union men"; the v assein.
ien ogeiner ana determined to s:iz their
proportion offthe salt by force. They did so.
taking at Marshall, N. C. , what they deemed
to be ' their just share. Immediately alter-
wards, ihe 6j:h North Carolina regiment, un
der command of Lieut. Col. James Keith, was
01 tit led to Laurel to arrest the offenders.
L. M. Allen was Colonel of the regiment.but
h-rl kuAn n . A ...J f ...
...... suspcuueu ior six montus lor crimes
and drunkenness. Many of the men engaged
in the silt seizure left their homes. Those
who did not participate in it became the suf
ferers. Anungthoso arrested were Joseph
v oou, about sixty years ot age s David Shel-
ion, sixty ; James Shelton, fcfty , Roddy Shel-
uimiicr, ageu
.c-iucen, sons 01 iuus bhelton in all, thir
teen men and boys. Nearly all of them de
.....j iuhuvcuij uull )aa laKen no
part appropriating the salt. They beceed
f'-r a trial, asserting that tbey could prove their
Colonel Allen, who was with his troops, but
noi m commaud, told them they should have
a trial, but they would be taken to Tennessee
for that purpose . They bid farewell .to their
i es. uauguters and sisters, direct ing them
i fi"u,i5 me witnesses ana tiring them to
... .1... ... 1
Ik. n. I ; T 1 I
..... , .cuessee wuero ihey sunr.osed
incir trial ...nid take place. Alas! how little
they dreamed what a late awaited them!
The poor fellows had proceeded but a few
miles when they were turned from the road
into a nor so in the mountain anri haitost
.- ... I
unout any warning of what was to be done
wim mem, nveol them were ordered to kneel
down. Ten pacts in front of these five a file
or soldiers were placed with loaded muskets,
1 ne tenoie reauiy nasnea upon the minds of
he doomed patriots. Old man Wood (sixty
jears 01 age; cried out : F..r God's sake.
men, you are not going to shoot us ? If you
are going to murder us give us at least time to
pray.' Colonel Allen was reminded ot bis
promise to give them a trial. They were in-
formed that Allen had no authority ; that
Koith was in command, and that there was no
timeior praying. Ihe order was given to fire.
ine 01a men and boys put their bands to their
laces ana rent the air with agonizing cries ot
despair; the soldiers wavered and hesitated to
obey the command. Keith said, if tbey did not
fire instautly he would make them change pia-
ces with the prisoners. The soldiers raUed
their guns, tbe victims suddered convulsive-
ly, the word was given to fire and tbe five men
lell, pierced with rebel bullets, Old man
Wood and Shelton were shot in the bead, their I
brains scattered upon the ground, and they
died without a struggle.
The uther three liv-
ed only a few minutes. - . . , .
Five others were ordered to kneel, among
them little Billy Shelton, a mere child, only
twelve years old. II implored the men not
to shoot him ia the face. "You have killed-
my father and brothers," said he, "you have
shot my father .in the face ; do not shoot me
n the face." He covered bis face with bis
bands. The soldiers received tbe order to fire,
and five more fell. . Poor little Billy was woun
ded in both arms. He ran to an officer, clasp
ed bim around the legs, and besongbt bim to
spare bis life, "You have killed my old father
and my three brothers ; you have shot me in
both my arms 1 forgive you all this I can
get well. Let me go home to my mother and
sisters." What a heart of adamant the man
must have who could disregard such an ap
peal. The little boy was dragged back to the
place of execution ; again tbe terrible word
fire I" was given, and be fell dead, eight
balls having entered bis body. , - Tbe ' remain
ing three were murdered in tbe same manner.
Those in whom lite aras .not entirely ex-.
f ' t ' w 1 ' 3' lUWa falth and highly respectable, were requested place of execution, and banged bim there.
St' u fi ' !v Moore'tnly-ae: Isaiah by some of the officers" to" sing and pray for The cHy Was in the hands of the rioters while
a leiton, Dtteen; m. Shelton, twelve ; James them, they prayed and sang a few national this was being done, and the whole proceed-
. I tC" ; Jasper ChauneI. fourteen ; Sam- airs Keith learned that, and ordered that the ines were in direct violation ot h law. of
wU tuo ueaniess omcers aespached with their
w"' . - : r
Aole was then dug, and the thirteen bod-
pitneu inw u. ine grave was
carcely large enough ; some of the bodies
lay above the ground. A wretch named Ser
geant X: B.-Dj Jay, a Virginian, but attach
ed to a Tennessee company of the 65th North
-Carolina Regiment, jumped upon' the. bleed
I ng , bodies, and said to some of the men :
"Pat Jnba for me, while I danco the camned
"counarei8 aown and through hell." The
grave was covered lightly with earth, and the
nextday.when the wives and families of the
murdered men heard of their fate, searched
for. and found their graves, the hogs had root-
cd p one man's body and eaten his head off.
Captain Moorley, in coram aud of a cavalry
lorce, and Colonel Thomas, in command of a
number of Indians accompanied Keith's men-
TbV? Irceded' to, Tennessee ; Keith's men
returned to Laurel, and were instructed to siy
that the cavalry had taken the prisoners with
mem to be tried, - m accordance with the lork) of an incapacity, for government ;
pledge of Colonel Allen. ' In their progress hw t H aflirai that the n tural aud undevi
through the country many Union men were ting tendency of republican institutions is
known tobave been killed and scalped by the towards public tumults. Of course this isun
Indians. Upon the return of Keith and bis true; bnt this will not prevent its bein
mn to Laurel they began systematically to
torture woman of loyal men, to force them
to tell where their fathers and husbands were
and what part each bad taken in the salt
raid. The women refused to divulge any-
thing. They were then whipped with hickory
switches, many of them till. the blood coursed
In stream down their person to tbe ground ;
aud tbe men who did this were called sold.
lers Mrs Sarah Sheltou, wife of Esau Shel-
ton,who escaped from the town, and Mrs. Mary
Shelton, wife of Lifus Shelton, were whipped
ana nung Dy ine neca till they were ali'-bt
dead, but would give no information. Mar
tha White, an idiotic girl was beaten and fied
by the neck all day to a tree.
Old Mrs Unns Biddle, aged eighty Ave
years, was wnippea, Dung ana robbed of a con-
siaerahie amount of money. Many others
were treated with the same barbarity. And
the men who did this were called soldiers!
The daughters of William Shelton, a ma'n of
laaies oe placed under arrest and sent to th
guardhouse, where they remained all night.
Old Mrs. Sallie Moore seventy years of age,
was whipped with hickory rods till tbe blood
ran in strean.s down her back to the ground
aud the perpetrators of this were clothed in
the habiliments of rebellion, and bore tbe
name of soldiers.
yue woman, wrio naa an miant uve or six
weeks old, was tied in the snow to a tree, her
child placed in the doorway in her m!it. and I
- o
she was informed that if she did not tell all
she knew about tbe seizure of the a!t hnth
. ' I
herself and the ch d would lall.,wfl r...r.
S . .1. II. . .
su. xiouses were ournea ana torn down. All
kinds of property was destroyed orcariied ofl.
All the women and children of tbe Union
men mho were shot, and of those who escaped,
were ordered by Gen. Alfred E. Jackson, head-
quarters at Jonesboro, to be sent through the
"nes "S way of Knoxville. When the first of
tt,em arrived at this place.the officer in charge
applied totren. Uonelson(foriuerly speaker ol
,nt ouse 01 Kepresetitatives at Nashville) to
know by which route they should be sent from
"--re, whether . by Cumberland Gap or Nach-
vine. Gen. Donelson immediatelv ordprod
J 1
them to be released and sent borne, saying
that such a tbin was unknown iu civilized
They were then sent home, and
11 he refugees met on-the road were also
turned back,
On the 14th of February, 1863, a squad of
soldiers were sent to conscript James M Col-
lum Greene county, Tennessee, a very re-
spectable, industrious man, thirty-five years
ofage. They found him feeding his cattle,
When be saw some of them be ran to the back
of his bain. Others were posted behind tbe
barn, and without halting or attempting to
forest hire, one of them shot him through tbe I
neck, killing him instantly. Ilia three little
children, who saw it, ran to the house and j
told their motlrer, She came out, wringing
her hands in anguish and screaming with ter-
ror and dismay. , Tbe soldiers were sitting
on the fence. Tbey laughed at ber agony.
and said tbey bad ouly killed a "d n tory
The murdered man was highly esteemed by
bis neighbors, and was a firm Union man.
- In April last two rebel soldiers named Wood
and Ingole went to tbe house of Mrs. Ruth
Ann Rhes, living on the waters of Lick creek,
Green county, to conscript her son. Tbe old
lady was partially deranged ; she commanded
the soldiers to leave her bonse, and raised a
stick to strike one ef them. He told ber U
she struck him be would run ber through with
his bayonet ;. she gave tbe blow and he shot
her through tbe breast.
In tbe same month Jesse Price, an o.ld man
sixty years of age, two sons and two neph
ews, were arrested in Johnson county, Ten
nessee, bordering on Virginia, by Col. Fouke'a
cavalry composed of Tennessee and North
Carolina men. Tbey were taken to Ash Conn
ty, North Carolina, to be tried for disloyalty to
Jeff. Davis & co- The old man had been pre
viously arrested, taken to Knoxville ,tried and
t acquitted. W hen the five, nrinnnr. .rriri
j I " . - - .
I Ash rmintr a r.r I
, - w i - nrqrer proposeu
treat Fouke's men to eiebt llon. f hmndv
they would hang the old man, . bis son and
nephews, without a .trial. The bargain was
struck and the five unloruoate men were bang
ea without further ceremony. The brand v
was furnished, and some ; of it drank before
the tragedy, tbe rest afterwards.
We may safely calculate on a terrific out-
burst of abuse, reproach, exultation, and
sneers when the mail steamer China, which
le" New i'ork on Sundav. reach.. Fnland
h particulars of the riots in the largest citv
ol our vast empire, the rnetroDolis of Amm.
can commerce, the seat of -vast industrv
wit, and enterprise. .. We know, as well aa
,be article' was. bfore us in priut. bow the
Times--will inflict humiliating pity upon this
country j how it will accuse us (because of
J strongly stated and fanatically believed.
Joln Bull will complacently chuckle over tbe
mo,o in our eye, self-ignorant ol the beam in
his own. Englishmen will shudder over the
details of the bad work in New York just as
ucfl things were the rule with us, and not
j tnu exception. Our historic records are pat-
ent to the world, and show, we confidently af
firm, less rioting within the period of our ex-
isteuceas a nation, than has occurred in any
foreign country with a like population.
On the other hand, the frequency of riots
in England, is very remarkable. Without
going very far back, we can point out many
very serious instances which agitated the
couutry at the time, and disgrace its annals.
In 1736, the noted Porteous riots occurred
1 at Edinburgh, as described with vivid power
n Scott's "Heart of Mid Lothian." A police
officer had rendered himself obnoxious to th
mob, who broke iuto the prison where be was
i -
confined, dragged bim out, took bim to tbe !
man and God.
I 1753, there were riots in many parts of
England, on account of the excessive price of
food aud the great exactions of toll8 upon tbe
turnpike roads. Tbe very safety of the Gov-
ernment was threatened, and it was considsr
ed necessary to reduce the cost of bread and
lessen the number of toll-bars.
In 1765, when the English Parliament re-
jected a bill which was intended to act as
Iirollihi torv on the imt.nrt.tf ion ni rnniitn suit
t . f -
protectative of the manufacture of English
silks. th Siitsfilda u. .?...-. ,j,i.. t
1 '
r.rin in LnnHnn iho' raii;i.,. i.- . 1,
0 "Hlll.lJ uu .u ,It
employed to disperse them, it was on that
occasion that the first Lord Holland shrewdly
said, "What evil an artful man might do witb
these mobs." The full details are to be found
in "IJorace Walnole's Memoirs."
la 1780 occurred the "No Popery" riots of
which the best ' description is to be found in
Dicken's "Barnaby Kudge," A young man,
Lord George Gordon, son of a duke, himself
a member ot Parliament, and unlortunately ao
feeble-minded that his insanity was never
doubted, constituted himself chamnion of th
cause fifnltrj.Pmiuotanm ;n P,nni..n.t 1 a
- . vf .v s. , uu lam 1 (ill , lirOU'
ed.tbe Protestant Association, and after bav-
ing encouraged a multitude of idle, quarrel-
some and rascally persons of both sexes, was
unable to control them when thev broke into
riot. London was at their mercy, the civic
magistrates not daring to enforce tbn law a-j
gainst them. The Government itself was par-
aiyzed for some-davs. during which ranine
and even worse crimes were rampant in the
capital of the kingdom. Prisons were burn-
ed to the ground and their inmates liberated;
churches were destroyed ; private dwellings
gutted, plundered, and demolished. In fact.
for several days the mob ruled and reveled,
audacious and cruel, such of. them as were
not incapacitated by drink applying them-
selves to tbe business of pillage and murder.
In 1811, there were' the Luddite riots iu
Notts and Derby; in 1816, the celebrated
Spa Fields' riots, when London was a?ain i at
the mercy of the mob; and, in 1830. tbe ag
ricultural machine-destroying riots,, iu Sur
rey, Kent, and Sussex.
In 1831, while tho Reform Bill was under
discussion, -the mob used violent means to io-
timidate the peers known, or supposed to be,
hostile to the meaure,assaulted tbe Duke of
Wellington in tbe atreets of London, grew tu-
multuous in Derby, where tbey attacked tbe
prison and liberated all tbe prisoners, burned
tbe Castle of Nottingham, and plundered the
dwelling houses of neighboring peers and
country gentlemen. In the city of Bristol,
tbe mob went into even worse excesses, burn-
ing and plundering the residences of the May-
or, Bishop, and other obnoxious persona, as I
well as tbe prisons, custom house, excise of
fice, and other public buildings, wholly de
stroying Queen Square, and, forty-two private
bouses and warehouses, causing tbe destruc
tion of property to tbe value at $2,500,000.
Next to (be Gordon riots of 1780, this was I
in . h- mn. h,....,. .,k.v r
. .... i.i..g.iv.vilWltM VI UIVU IIUICIWV
:., n .
10 1 ever Known in cnguDa. I ne -KeDecca riots
if .,f 1S4S .hiAi. .....t .i!.. i iv.r. .-a
mainly directed to tbe demolition of torn-,
Dikes, too numerous in the nuor airrU-nltnrat
- country of South Wales, and which for a long
time defied all the efforts of the Government
to suppress them, may close tbis catalogue.
From this enumeration, which might readi
ly be 'extended, for we have not mentioned
the Peterloo massacre and Ihe many other lo
cal riots of Manchester, Rochdale, Oldham,
and other places it is obvious that public riots
such as recently came off in New York are
of frequent occurrence in England. There,
as well as here, tbey are readily put down by
the law, provided that the miscreants concern
ed in tbetu are certain that the law will ot enfor
ced, f resisted. It is folly, in such cases, to
indulge in mercy, a virtue then so feeble tbst
its existence often becomes criminal. A mob
directiug iu, evil energies, to murder plun
der, and arson, deserves no mercy. Let that
be given to their victims. To quell a riot re-
quires as much moral courage. as phiaic!
force ; there is much virtue in a few files of
soldiers, with loaded weapons, and a command
to tire low, so as to intimidate tbe rioters,
and cause tbera to retreat and disperse, in
England, where rioting is frequent, that plan
is invariably adopted now, and it is the mott
merciful, as well as the most effective, action
in the end.
- Beautifui. Extract. Wben tbe summer of
our youth is slowly wasting Iuto the nightfall
of age, and the shadows of t tie past years grow
deeper, as if lifi; were ou lis cloi.e.it is pleasant
to look back through the vista of time npoa
the sorrows aud felicities ot years. If we
have a home to chelter ns, and friends '. hav
len gathered together by our fireside,5 and
then the rough places of wayfaring will have
been smoothed away in the twilgbtht of life,
while tbe sunny spots we have passed through
will gorw brighter and more beautiful. ; Hap
py, indeed, are those whose intercourse with
tbe world has not changed the tone of their
holier feelings, or broken those musical cords
of tbe heart, whose vibrations are so melodi
ous, so touching to the evening of age, . .
Stort or a Mississippi Landlord. Printed
bills of fare were provided, yet the landlord
stood at the head "of tbe table, at dinner and
I in a loud voice read oil the list of articles in a
J rhyming way : "Ilere boiled bam, and rasp-
I berry jam baked potatoes and cooked toma-
I toes; turnips smashed and, squashes fOttajAerf."
j nd ao on. A stringer asked him, afterward.
why be read it aloud when printed copies
I-were on the table. "Force of habil," replied
I the landlord; "got ao nsed to it I can't beln
I 't. You see I commenced business down here
at Jackeoo," (the capitol of Mississippi) "and
I most all tbo legislature honrdnri with m
I . - .
There wasn't a man of 'cm could read, so (
bad to read tbe bill of fare to 'em,"
A good looking fellow was charged with
having stolen a watch. It was his first of
fence, and he was ready to plead guilty. The
magistrate asked bim what bad iuduced him
to commit the theft.
The young man replied, that "having been
ill for some time, the doctor advised him to
take something, which he accordingly did."
The magistrate was rather pleased with tbe
humor of the thiug, and asked bim what Jed
bim to select a watch.
"Why," said the prisoner, I thought if I
only took time, that Nature would work a
cure !" 7 - , .
"Get up ; get up," aair a watchman tbe
other night to a chap who bad fallen a trade
below the doorstep, and who bad taken lodff-
ment 'n the gutter. "You must not lie here."
"Lie! you're another ! y-y on lie youraelf !
not lie ber t I tell yon wh-what, old fe-fe!-'
low, that may do to t-t-tell in tbem slave
States, but I I'll lot you know," said the
agrarian, sputtering a mouthful of mud into
the watchman's face, "'that this is free tile !'
J 11 in ii mW9 ' m
"Slavery is a divine institution,", said.
George Francis Train, while delivering a ;
speech, in New fork. "So is hell 1" shout
ed an old man in tbe andiance, and tbe boose'
came down -with terrible cheers.
An honest Irishman, fresh from Hibernia
caught a bumble bee in bis band, supposing
it to be a bumming bird. Ob," he exclaim
ed, "Devil burn I how hot bis little fut ia."
"Mamma, may I go a fishing V "Yes, lad.
oul -on't go near tbe water. And recollect,
ir foa ara drowned, I shall akin you as sure
as you arealive."
A witty editor of a uennv ranar t.k ki.
motto, "The price of liberty is eternal vlgf.
lance tbe price of the Star only one cent1
Sum for tbb Bots. If a newspaper editor
"stops tbe press to an nounce," mbat sbsH be
do to a pound 1 " '. J,
Manv men esnouse a oartv aa an Indus . 1
do,,. - . wife not to serve It. h m.v. t
serve tbem.
The man who kept bit word, gave serioes
offence to Webster who wanted it for b!a de ,
tionary. .....
Why la ac old Jemon like aa'old ssli f Be- ?
cause it isnt worth squeezing.
is so rcii ana em-, last tionr. - - - -