Raftsman's journal. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1854-1948, June 18, 1862, Image 1

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    I'D R I t M i W M M
by s. j. now.
VOL. S.-NO. 42.
Hast thou one heart that lovos thee,
. In this dark world of care.
Whose gentle smile approves thee ?
Yield not to dark despair !
One hand whose loving fingers
Are pressed in thine alone?
One fond, confiding bosom.
Whose thoughts are all thine own?
One truthful voice to guide thco,
And bless thee in distress ?
One breast, when thou art weary,
VYhcieon thy head to rest ?
Till death thy form has shroudod,
And cold that heart so warm.
Till death tho earth has clouded,
Heed not tho passing storm.
Thou hast one tie to bind thec,
And little life buds rare
Let love, sweat love, entwine thee,
In this dark world of caae !
all snug
What I am going to relate, happened in
!Muscatine county, Iowa, midway between
Jowa city, then the capital of the State, and
Muscatine city, a flourishing town on the Mis
sissippi, in a section of the country called tho
Wspsinoenoc Settlement, from a creek hear
ing that name which runs through the settle
ment. It was in '52 (and that part of Iowa was then
thinly settled,) that I found myself one even
ing ntthe Eagle Hotel, in West Liberty, a vil
lage of pome five houses, about one mile east
of Wapsinoenoc creek, (Wapsi white, noe
earth, noc creek ; Utterly while-earth-creek,)
und situated on a beautiful prairie
Some half-dozen travelers and villagers
were lounging in front ol the ample fire-place
In the bar-room ; for though the settlers had
only a few days since finished their harvest,
the evenlnys were somewhat cool, and a small
fire was necessary to perfect comfort talking
ol their prospects, ana whether there was
likely to be a large (.migration pass through
to Califotnia in the spring to buy their surplus
feed and other produce, when a new character
burst upon the btage. As the door was flung
open all eyes were fixed in a stare ofastonit.hr
Tuvnt and wonder upon the new comer.
The stranger was a raw-boned, lantern-jawed
individual, with flaxen locks straggling
about his shoulders. His long spindle legs
were encased in blue jeans, and he wore a coat
of the "tel pen cut," and in color what he
would have denominated "but'uut," with an
oii cloth cap drawn so lightly down upon his
head that it had the appearance of having
grown on.
Then what appeared most strange and un
accountable was, that he was dripping wet.
Ills whitish-.eIIow ear locks were parted down
to his cheeks, and streaks of dirt marked the
divers ru mature water courses across his fore
head, and down bis nose ; water dripped from
the claw-hammer taila of his coat and from
the wrist bands of the same. On his hack he
carried an oil-cloth carpet-bag, securely fast
ened by stout leather strops which crossed
upon the breast. Marching into the middle of
the room with an immense clatter of cow-hide
boots, he halted and cast an inquiring glance
around tho circle occupying the benches in
front of the fire. Baeley, the landlord of the
The poor fellow's feelings now completely
mastered him, and he hid his face in his hands
and sobbed like a child. His last words how
ever, gave me a clue to tho mystery, and tak
ing up his carpet-bag, I commenced haulii g
vui sums, vests ana Handkerchiefs, all thor
oughly water soaked, till at the bottom I found
a carefully-rolled bundle.
Mr. Yankee had now controlled his grief,
and stood near, with his hands on his knees,
bending over me in breathless suspense. Un
rolling a hickory shirt, I found within a largo
brown paper parcel, and within that a hand
kerchief, carefully pinned, and within it a
package done up in a newspaper. On open
ing the newspaper 1 found what I had expect
ed to find from the first, viz : a land warrant
tor iou acres of government land,
and dry.
it is almost useless to attempt to describe
the extravagant joy of the Yankee. The mo
ment ne saw mat his land-warrant was safe
and sound, be gave a perfect howl of delight,
aim snaicmng it ironi my lingers, he pressed
if to nis uosom, as he might have done Sarer
Ann, had sho been present, and with tremen-
uons strides commenced pa cing back and forth
across me room. It seemed impossible for
nun 10 ne still an instant.
"Glory to God," he cried : "glory to the
most highest! Sarer Ann, all our savin' an'
scrimin' aint in vain ! Go on with your tork
plan an' kalkerlato ! Take little Jed on yer
Knee an- sing ! m the ev'nin' when you go
out to milk, look to'rd where tho sun is goin'
an' think thar I've a happy home ! Yeour
I cleg's tharo ; he'll hev the land, we'll be
happy yit! The steers is saved ! the shoats
is all right ! the hatrer an' old Carney's bound
to count ! Oh, fellers ! you see in your midst
a happy head of er faiuerly you witness a joy
ful human "
"If you will excuse my interrupting you,
sir, and il it is a fair question," sai't 1, how
did you come i: to this sorry pickle ?"
"Excuse the question ? Sailing, sarting.
Tell yer the hull story in er minit give the
hull particklers a full ackount. Jewdas!
what a narrer escape that quarter section did
"Well, but let us have the story."
"Yass, sarting, sarting. Well, gents, mv
name is Feleg Snodgrass, son cf Mr. Suod'
grass, from down in Maine "
'Never mind that tell us how you got so
"lass, sarting. Well, you see, back hur,
ooui a mne ueyant IN ockyernoscofl creek,
wurwalkur along as happy as a lark, lookin'
aoouiover the prairies, and thinkin' heow
beautiful the great All Bern' had mado the
world, an' what awful taters this sile would
raise, when I saw a big drove o' cattle jist one
iue. i war aumirin' iieow tat an' slik they
wnr, an' lookin' at their good Dints, when an
"Engle" arose, nodded and said
"Good even'n', sur."
"How d'ye dew 1 Bo yew' the landlord o'
this heouse 1"
"Want t know ? Reckon ye couldn't keep
a feller hur, nor give him a. bito o' suthin' fur
kupper, could yer ?"
"Ye mean to say re ken bed an' break
fast ?"
"Goldarn' glad to hear on't an' if ycou
kin jist mix a tellers little suthin' hot an'
strong, with a good deal o' rum in't an' but
lectio water It'll do mo a mazin' sight o'
"Strong, mind ; a good deal o' licker.
You've got rum V
While the landlord was .preparing his rum,
ine stranger stood in front of the bar with pack
still on his back, evidently bent on seeing that
the correct thing was done in the rum and
water mingling. Then having imbibed a
"regular snorter," he asked tho landlord to
assist in removing his pack. This being done,
he was about handing his carpet-bag over to
the landlord to put behind the bar, when he
caught sight of an immense rent in it, and
therefrom protruded tho corners of articles of
clothing within it. Tho instant he made tho
discovery; the carpet-bag dropped from his
bands, his jaw dropped, and for a few seconds
he stood the very image of despair. At length
he roused himself, and striking his clenched
fist against his forehead, he howled in a voice
or heart-rending agony :
"Ruined! ruined! ruined! TpfnfnMr lnf.
d in a smash ! One hundred and fifty acres
uie uesi land that ever lay out'e door, rip
ped all to flinders ! Oh, Sarer Ann, little
knoweit that we are a ruined, busted family !
Little thou thinkest thou art a beggar ! Oil,
JerewsaJem ! Heow shall 1 ever meet yeou,
in' this destruction hev bin wroughted !
Arter all our skrlmpin', an' skrewin',an' sinch
n', an turnin', an' twistin' ; arter sellin' old
Uarney an the steers ; arter sellin' the tew-year-old
haffer an' the nine shoats ; an' arter
thou, oh, Sarer . Ann, goin' to church in cali
per, we'er a busted famerly ! Oh.Jcrewsa
jcni! All, all lost gono in a minit ! Oh,
heow, leetle Jed, an' Sarer Ann, ken I meet
jeou f"
This outburst from the tall Yankeo took us
by surprise. We could not .imagine what
''id happened to cause . him so much alarm
and grief, for tho .tears were flowing plenti
fully down bis brown weather-beaten cheeks.
"What Jn the world has happened to yon,
B,r to cause you so much distress ? , You aro
'ertainly not., lamenting at this rate over that
JCDt In your carpet-bag 7" asked I, advancing
l here the Yankee stood.
"Oh, no, no ! Holy Jerewsalcm, cf 'twas
0Jhin' else but that I Oh, murder, murder
dasent hardly think ou't 1 There's poor,
Por Sarer Ann, feelln' to proud, an' talkin'
J leetle: Jed about our fine new home in the
in t!0' Je9t like toe an' bcr "s,t often t0 tltfW
n here, Oh, Jewdas ! Is a whole quarter scc-
"oo of tho neatest land In Iowa gono to otcr-,
tnaih J" I
almighty great brindle bull jumped out o' the
tall grass an' begin tew shake his all-fired
great curly head, an' boiler, an' switch his
tail, and paw tho sile over his back. 1 con
cluded it best tew let on like as if I warn't
afeared. an' so I begin tew whistle Hake her
deown Sal, an' other good chunes, thinkin' as
heow I'd slip past tho old cuss : lint iist n T
gotoppeizit, ho gin a snort, and begin tew
walk to'rds me, stoppin' once in a while to
fetch a rake in the sile with his fore feet. I
put in a few quick steps 'beout then, but was
afeared tew run, cos I knowed er I did, he'd
feel encouraged. Putty soon ho begin to
come on the trot, an' then I let in a kinder can
ter. Then he rizo tew a lope, an'seein' it wur
no use a waitin' for him to quit, I jist loosened
these ere legs of mine, an' come deown to my
best time..
"I looked about fur suthin' tew climb, but
there I war in the cussed prairie, an' not a pea
stick tew be seen nearer than a mile ahead
heow I did want tew stop thar an' cuss the
blasted prairies. I gin a glance over my
shoulder an' see the everlastin' cuss, with his
nose down an' his tail up, comin' jist on the
dead lay deown, an' I let my legs count an
other notch. Tho chase wur nip an' tuck till
I got near the creek, when I bee the bull wur
niakin' a leetle gain tho best time ho wur
only 'beout a hundred yards behind me.
Lord, Jehossafat ! but I felt queerish when I
wnr sarting he wur gainin' ; it gave me such
a skeer that my heart 'peared to dissolve in
dish-water, an' my legs kinder lost their feel
ings so I couldn't run. But I could see ajlot
of trees ahead a leetle way, an' ef I could hold
out three minits longer I'd be to them. I
looked back, and, tho suflerrin' Moses I ef tho
bull warn t in twenty feet o' me, his eyes all
green, an' his nostrils looked like ef I might
put my head in 'em, an' as red as a bolt o' red
flannin'. I got almost to the creek, when I
found the timber-wur nil on the operzit bank
from me, an' the bull s; close I could almost
feel his breath on my back. I thort o' my
famerly in that orful time ; sez I 'Farewell,
leetle Jed, and yeou .Sarer . Ann, my gentil
companion !' Jist at that instantl see a ttunip
on tho bank o' the creek, an' made a spring
for it, expectin' tew get on tho top on't but it
happened tew be holler, an' I landed inside.
I jist had room tew squzo down in it an' get
rny head below the top, an' not a darn bit tew
soon wur I in ; for as my topknot went deown.
Mr. Bull's head camo up whack agin the stump
till everything jingled. You'd better b'lieve
I felt thankful I wur housed at last; an' tho
old cuss of a bull, wasn't he disappinted !
Lord, heow he did rave reound that stump,
switch his tail, paw tho sile, an' bcllcr I I
peeped up at him, jist tew see how he wur
"As I squeezed deown inter my stump agin
1 would er bet a gallin o' rum that Sarer Ann
would be a widder in less'n tew hours. I tried
to cipher out which would be the most becom
in lor a christian, to be pizened to death by a
orful great snake, or have my in'ards slung to
the four winds by a cussed brindle bull. I
thought of the martyrs of Amos biled in ile,
Llizer smeeredwith honey, and Joseph tempt
ed by Pottifer.s wife, and concluded that I ort
to profit by their example an' grin an' bear it
no matter how much it went agin the grain.
Jin i 1 got jist then an orful bito or tew an' to
save my soul couldn't help stickin' up mv
head, an' the bull bein' on-hand, let drive and
filled my eyes chock full of bark an' dirt; so
deown I bobrd agin fur snakes. I now begin
to git bites orful frequently, and in bad places;
the whizzin' got louder, aud squirmed an'
twisted, an' snuirmed nt a fist
bin' round I ketched somethin' an' got a bite
in the hand.
"I held my holt on't it, and behold ! it pro
ved to be nothing but a yaller jacket ! When
I found I wasn't snaik bit, I felt sumthin'lift
off my stumick like a bag o' shot. "Glory to
God,' said I, I may live to purtect the widder
and fatherless yit !' I felt for a minit as if I
didn't keer for all the yaller jackets between
the Mississippi and Missouri but, the blessed
Jeruslm ! I hadn't seen one thar to where I
see a thousand in another minit ! The hull
holler of that stump got yaller with 'em. I
couldn't stand it longer that way. I tried to
think of soma kind o' prayer suitable to tho
'casion,and commenced 'Now I lay me down
to sleep ;' but by Jewdas, I couldn't pray for
cussin'. I jist swore bull or no bull, I was
gom' to emigrate from that particular spot ;
but every time I put my head above the stump
the bull pitched at me and hit the stump jist
like a maul ; he looked orful ferocious with
his eyes as green an'blazin'as fire, and the
loam dvoppin' from his mouth. I was bobin'
up an' deown so continerously that I was
'beout half the time in the stump and half out,
and at last I felt the stump begin to give way
under the thumps the infernal ole brindle was
givin it, and I swear my hair riz straight end.
I made tip my mind to git eout o' that, some-'
how pretty quick, but jist the minit I raized
my head to jump eont an' run, the ole cuss
came at me with his head deown an' tail up,
at locomotive speed, and as I dodged deown
he struck tho stump, tore it up at the roots
an shot rnc eont like f wns Tnnih.Kiii in
over the bank into the creek ; and arter me
come stump, bull an' all. The fore feet, or
one o' 'em, of the bull struck me rite on the
back and I recon that's what tore the carpet
bag nockin' me clean deown to the muddy
bottom of the creek.
"When I riz, the fust thing I seed wur the
ole feller's tail, and as I couldn't swim a lick,
I made a erab for it and mart h
ashore. When we got thar, I let go and run
one way, while the bull run the other, and
that's the hull long an' short on't."
The Moral Character of Pigs. Some
folks accuse pigs of being filthy in their habits
and negligent in their appearance. But,
whether food is best eaten off the ground or in
a china plate, it seems to us, a mere matter of
the taste and convenience, on which pigs and
men may differ. They ought, then, to be
judged charitably. At any rate, pigs are not
nlthy enough to chew tobacco, nor to poison
their breath by drinking liquor. As to the
personal appearance you don't catch a pig
playing the dandy, or picking his way up mud
dy streets in kid slippers. Pigs have some
excellent traits in their charact.-r. If one
chances to wallow a little deeper in some
mire hole than his fellow, and so carries off
and comes in possession of more of the earth
than his brethren, he never assumes an extra
importance on that account; neither aro his
brethern stupid enough to worship him for
it. The only question seems to he, is he still
a nog t ii ne is, then treat him as such.
And when a hog has no merits of his own, he
never puts on aiisticratic airs, nor claims nnv
particular respect ou account of his family
connections. They understand well the com
mon sense maxim, "every tub must stand
upou its own bottom."
The H&rrisonhurg Fight.
JURBisoxBuitG, Va., June 6. The advance
guard of General Fremont rerched Ilarrison-
ourg this after noon at two o'clock. There.
was no fighting during tho march. Jackson
camped here last night and left this morning.
A body of cavalry, sent on a reconnoissance
four miles beyond the town, came on a large
rebel force of cavalry and infantry stronarlv
posted in the woods. Col. Wyndham, who had
pnshod the icconnoissanec three miles further
than ordered, rashly led forward the 1st New
Jersey cavalry, and was driven back by a
force of rebel iufantry, who were in am
bush. Col. Wyndham is a prisoner. Capt.
Shellmire and Capt. Haines were either kill
ed, severely wounded or taken prisoners.
Oapt. Charles is" missing. AH the officers
acted bravely and vainly endeavored to rally
ineir men. uapt. janeway gallantly attempt
ed a flanking mouetnent, covered the retreat
of the first battalion. lie is unhurt. II is reg
iment lost 31 killed, wounded and missing.
jen. uayarn, wun ine uucKtail, or Kane rifles
and 1st Pennsylvania cavalry, and Chesert's
Brigade, consisting of the lGth and 8th Vir-
. s t m
juuia, were orucreu iorward to support our
forces. Chesert drove" a body of the enemy
from their position, and captured their camp
and some stores, without loss. The Kane
rifles, numbering 123 men, found themselves
opposed and flanked In the woods by four reg
iments of inlantry and cavalry, and before
they could be withdrawn suffered. Lieut
Gol. Kane was seriously wounded and taken
prisoner. Capt. Taylor was also wounded and
captured. Capt. W. F. Blanchard was wound
ed severely. .Iieiit. J. J. fS. Wayn was prob-
aoiy Killed. After tne most gallant fighting,
tno rines were uriveu back with a loss of fifty
rave killed, wounded, and missing. The reb
els brought up their artillery and used it. with
enect. Jackson fs thought to have left the
main road, and has either halted his main
column for battle, or greatly strengthened his
rear-guard, and posted his train, which is in
confusion on the road.
Headquarters Armt in the Field, Harrison-bug,
June 7. Hon. E. M. Slontou, Secre
tary of War : The attack upon the enemy's
rear yesterday prccepitated his retreat. Their
loss in killed and wounded was verv severe.
ana many ot uotn were leit on the fie d
Their retreat is by an almo3t impassable road,
along which many wagons were left in the
woods, and wagon loads of blankets, clothing
ana omer equipments are piled up in all di
rections. During the evening many of the reb
els were killed by shells from the battery of
Gen. Stahl's brigade. Gen. Ashby, who cov
ered tno retreat with his whole cavalrv force
and three regiments of infantry, and who ex
nioited admirable skill and audacity, is among
the killed. Gen. Milroy made a reconnois
sance to-day about seven miles of the Port
Kepublic lioad, aDd discovered a portion of
the enemy encamped in the timber.
J. C. Fremont, Maj. Gen. Commanding.
the city was to assert the supremacy of the
law and the protection of public and private
property. Residents who may have fled arc
exhorted to return. Merchants and others
are requested to open their stores and shops,
except those dealing in intoxicating liquors,
who are forbidden to resume tho traffic under
the penalty of having their stock destroyed.
The Mayor and Common Council will continue
to exercise their functions. The military au-
morities are co-operating in enforcing all the
proper ordinances, unless -an exigency should
anse.rendering martial law imperative. It was
hoped and believed, however, that nothing
would occur to render tho sten necessarv.
The sale of liquors have been prohibited here
since December, except by tho druffcists or
pnysictan's prescnptions.
A fast man undertook the task of teasing an
eccentric preacher. "Do you believe the story
of the fatted calf ?" . "Yes," said the preach
er. "Well, then was it a male or female calf
that was killed. "A female," replied the Di
vine, fllow do you know that ?". "Because,
(looking the interrogator in the face,) I see
that the male is still alive and kicking."
"A pious minister after lecturing a Sunday
School class in the most edifying manner, pro
posed to close the exercises by singing 'Jor
dan," meaning tho hymn, "On Jordan's stor
my banks I stand." Tho worthy man has
horrified by heating tho school strike up
"Jordan am a hard road to travel I believe."
gettin' on, but I kalkerlate 1 peeped deown
agin orful suddent ! fori hadn't mor'n got
my head up when his horns came a straddle o'
it, an his skull bit the stump like a maul.
That leetle incerdent convinced me that the
best thing I could do was, in tho langwidgo of
Squire Wheeler, to May low, watch black
ducks, an' chaw poke root.' Jist as I made up
my mind not tew put my head up agin, I felt
tho orfulcst pain take me iu the leg I ever see,
an' at the same time somethin' commeuced to
whiz, whiz, down in tho bottom of the holler
stump. I tried tew look deown tew see what
on arth it could be, but the holler was so nar
rer I couldn't get a chance to look, an' all nt
once it popt into my bead that thcro wur arat
tleshake in tLo stump.
"When I thot of that Imado an orful plunge
to git eout o' the confounded den; but, the
cussed bull warn't mor'n six feet off, an' the
minit he seed my head ' ho come at me f nil
chisel. Tho fust I knowed I had dodged back
Inter the stump agin nn' hadn't mor'n tonched
tho bottom beforo I felt on orful keen bito in
my leg. ' I made a rush to git out agin, but
A beggar iuNew Orleans approached a well
dressed citizen and held out his hand for alms.
Tho citizen offered him a Confederate note.
No, said tho poor fellow, taking a mournful
survey of his own dilapidated dress, I have
too many rags already.
Dr. Chalmers once asked a woman what
could be done to induce her husband toat
. tend tho kirk. - "I don't know," sho replied,
"unless you were to put a pipe and a pot of
porter iu the pow."
A gentleman, who has traveled all tho world
over, states that he found a volume of Lallan
Rookh, in a Mexican convent, and a volume
of Burns' Poems on a battle-field in South
Commodore Foot is a very religious man
as is weir known. Somo one says that tho
rebels, who arc feeling his bombs, must think
he belongs to the "Hard-shell Baptists."
tho cussed Infernal bull drove at mo, au'
bleegcd to pop back agin.
I was
Gen. Wool having been assigned to tho
military department embracing Maryland, Del
aware, etc., has arrived at Baltimore, and ta
ken charge of the department.
With bay at a cent a pound and meal at tho
same price, the daily cost . of keeping a horse
will be 28 cents, making $1,95 per, week
equal to $102,20 cents a year.
The names of houses are for tho world out
side, . When you read "Hose Cottago" on tho
wall, think of tho thorns inside.
, , --
Tho prosperous man who yields himself up
to temptation bids farewell to welfare ( , ,
From Memphis, Tonnessee.
Memphis, June 4 oclock r. m. At this
hour, just as the despatch-boat isjeaving, all
is quiet. All the rebel flags known to have
beun flying in the city have been removed,
and no difficulties have occured. Reports are
current that Commodore Hollins, when he
heard of the news of tho destruction of Mont
gomery's fleet, burned his vessels, four in
number, which were some distance below here.
Over 5,000 people lined the bluffs heie, and
witnessed the naval fiirht this morning. All
the stores are closed, but many will be open
ed to-morrow. The people seemed anxious
to have trade renewed with them. Very little
trouble is apprehended in holding the city.
l.iarge quantities of cotton were burned, but
it is said there is a great amount of sugar and
uioiusses in sioro wnicii lias been secreted bv
us owners, ready for shipment. One rebel
regiment was stationed a milo b .-low this city,
out ii nas disbanded,, and tho men, are now
endeavoring to get home. Tho fleet will start
at once tor V lcksburg. Tho loss of the rebels
in the engagement was upwards of one hun
dred Killed, Blty of who belonging to the
gunboat (jren. Lovell, ere drowned.
MEjirms, June 7. Since tho formal surren
der of tho city yesterday, and the posting of
pickets through the city, tho excitement of
the people has subsided. All was quiet last
tnglit. Iho only event this morning was the
capture of the rebel steamer Mark Ii. Cheek,
which eluded tho fleet yesterday. She was dis
covered up a slough, above tho city where she
nad gone lor concealment. She surrendered
to .our tU2 Samson. About 1.000 rnhi-I
sons were left on the cars for Grenada last
night. Thomas II. Kissan was the military
commandant, but ex-Senator and acting Brigadier-General
G. N., Fitch, of Indiana, is now
in command of the city. Since the formal
surrender, at 3 v. m. yesterday, and tho post
ing of pickets through the city, the excite
ment among the people has subsided, and all
is quiet. Tho new postmaster for Memphis is
now in Cairo, and will be here soon.
Memphis, Juno 6. The casualities during
the late tight are estimated at from one hun
dred to one hundred and fifty, including from
thirty to forty wounded. Jeff, Thomson wit
nessed the naval battle sitting on his horse In
front of the Gayoso House. The remnant of
his army, with the stampeding citizens were
in the cars not far from the city, when one
after another of the rebel boats were sunk,
and on the flag ship taking to flight, Jeff, left
Two of our mortar boatmen mauaged to elude
our guard aud get on shore on Friday night.
They were killed In a row of their own getting
up. Tho citizens, to tho number of 2,000. re
ported themselves, armed and equipped, to
the Provost Marshal the same evening, to pre
vent the destruction of. property by tho mob,
whicb it seems they feared moro than the Fed
erals. It was expected that the city would bo
fired, but the prompt action of tho poaceablo
citjzens and the colonel commanding, with a
strong provost guard, prevented. As it was
the depot of tho Mississippi and Tennessee
road was broken into by a mob of men and
women, but beforo they could take anything,
a detachment of military arriving, they were
dispersed. Tho stores in the depot were yes-j
terday removed, to a placo of safety. Capt;
Gains, tho provost Marshall has established
his headquarters in tho Planter's Bank build
ing. Col. Fitch, tho commander of the post
issued a notice last ovening that the purpose
of the United States ' in taking possession of
Eetreat of Eeauregard.
Louisville, June 9. The following de
spatch has been received from General
Hallock's headquarters : Tho United States
forces now occupy Baldwin, Guntown, Jack
son and Bolivar. The railroad renairs are pro
gressing rapidly. The enemy passed last
night, retreating southward irom Baldwin. It
is estimated that there have been 20.000 de
serters from the rebel army since it left Cor
inth. These deserters are mostly from the
Tennessee, Kentucky, and Arkansas regi
ments. All the regiments from those States
passed down closely guarded on both sides by
Mississippi and Alabama troops. It is believ
ed by country people that Beauregard can't
enter Columbus with half of the troops hj
brought away from Corinth. The whole coun
try east and north of Baldwin is full of armed
soldiers returning from Tennessee and Ken
tucky. General Pope telegnqlis from tho
advance that the prisoners who first desired
to bo exchanged now want to take the oath.
The enemy drove and carried off eveything
for miles wound. Tho wealthiest families are
destitute and starving, and the woman and
children are crying for breart, the males their
protectors, having been forced in the army.
The enemy is represented to be greatly suf
fering for food.
Corinth, June 9. To Hon. E. M. Stanton,
secretary of H ur. The enemy has fallen back
to Mussina, titty miles bj' rail and nearly sev
cnty by wagon road. General Pope estimates
ine reuel loss from casualties, prisoners and
deserters at over 20,000, and General Bucll at
between 25.C00 and SO, 000. A person who
was employed in the Confederate commissary
uepariment says they had 130.000 men in Cor
inth, and that now they cannot muster much
over 80,000. Somo of the frosh graves on
the road have been opened and found filled
with arms. Many of the prisoners of war beg
not to oe exchanged, saying that they pur
poseiy allowed themselves to be taken. Bean
regaru niuisen retreated from liaidwin, on
Saturday afternoon to Okaland.
11. W. Halleck, Major General,
Gen. Banks Official Report ha been
published. The document is tod long for
our crowded columns, and most of the Tacts
have already been anticipated. The New
York World docs no more than justice to tho
report, and its author in the following notice:
"Gen. Banks' ollicial report of his retreat
down the Shenandoah valley is characteristic
of the man. It is a plain.straightforward state
ment of facts, without any attempt to conceal
his losses or magnify those of the rneuiy.
Tho opinion that we have previously express
ed of tho movement is mrc than confirmed
by the report, and it shows the General to !o
as competent to act in tho military as fv? ha
shown himself to bo in tho civil service.
With less than 1,(K0 men he marched nearly
sixty miles in forty-eight hours, and had thrc
engagements with an enemy 2-,00 strong in
the meantime. It should bo added that ot hi
march of nearly sixtv miles thirty-five were?
passed over in one day. II is loss wa but
killed, 14-j, wounded, and 711 missing : tof.il.
005. He saved all his cuns and lost 55 war-
ons out of 50l, and most of thoso worn burned
to prevent their falling into the hands of thu
enemy. Iho few facts tell the whole story,
and stamp the "Iron Man" as no ordinary
From South Carolina.
Washington, June 10. The Navy Depart
ment has received dispatches from which it
appears that Commander Prentiss, of the Al
batross, recently sailed up the interior waters
of South Carolina to Georgetown. He cross
ed the baron on the 21st with his own vessel
and the Norwich. Lieutenant Commanding
Duncan, and entered Winyan bay after pas
sing a small deserted redoubt near the light
House. An extensive fortification was observ
ed on bouth Island with apparently several
large guns mounted, which turned out to be
quakers. This fort was found deserted. An
...i i j t. . ' i. .. - -
uiuer auanuonea ioriiucauon was lound on
Cat Island. On the 22d he stood ud the bav
for Georgetown, entered Swampit creek, and
steamed past the city's wharves. .Not bein
prepared to hold the place, he abstained from
making any demonstration, knowing that a
contest with the artillerv and cavalrv in the
place would compel him to destroy the town
no auerwaras ascended tne n seaman river
to a point ten miles abovo Georgetown,
through a fine country and meeting with no
resistance. lie brought off eighty contia
bands. Tho rebels wero leaving their planta
tions, driving their negroes beforo them in all
"The first Connecticut battery with a Penn
sylvania and Massachusetts regiment under
Col. Christ, started from Beaufort, S. C, on
the night of the 23ult., and proceeded to Po
cotalgo, where they destroyed the railroad be
tween Savannah and Charleston, affor driving
off" a thousand rebels who guarded it.'; They
lost two killed and five wounded, and remain
ed in possession of the road for two days,
when tho rebels wero strongly reinforced and
our troops returned to B'-'jmfort, having sttc
cesifully achieved the purpose of their visit."
The silk line as spun by tho worm is about
the 500th part of an inch thick ; but a spider's
lino is perhaps six times finer, or only the
3,000th part of an inch in diameter ; insomuch
that a single pound of this attenuated sub
stance might be sufficient to encompass our
globe. . '
A Maine editor thus distinguishes between
different sorts of patriotism: "Some deem it
sweet and decorous to die for one's countrv :
others regard it sweet to live for one's coun
try ; and yet others bold it to bo sweeter still
to live upon one's country."
An eminent and witty prelate was onco ask
ed if he did not think such a one followed his
tionscience. "Yes." said his lordship. I
think he follows it as a man does a horse and
gig ho drives it first.":
Fremont and M'Clellan. It is a fact which
the public is not generally aware of, that .Ma
jor General Fremont, by the army regulations.
ranks General M'Clell.irt. They both receiv
ed the appointment of Major General on thj
same day. M'Clellan is a retired army cap
tain, and Fremont retired lieutenant colonel
in the regular army. By the army regula
tions, when two officers are appointed to high
rank of the same grado at the same time, tho
one having the highest previous rank rank
the other, and General Fremont having Iccti
lieutenant colonel, and General M'Clellan
only a captain, Fremont is of higher rank.
Guaeding Rebels Property.-A corre
spondent of the Fittsburg Gazttl) writing
under date of June 10th, says :
"Complaints having been male that General
McClellan has placed a guard around the white
house on the Pamunky. the property of tho
rebel Col. Lee, allowing no ono to enter or
trespass on the domain, although the building
was needed for hospital purposes. The Gen
eral has replied that tho surgeon in charge ha
not made requisition for the building, that it
would accommodate only a small number of
patients, and that they get along quite as well
Last Turn of the Screw of Treason. The
Adjutant General of the Confederate States
publishes a general order from tho rebel War
Department, directing recruiting officers, duly
accredited, to draft every white or mulatto
male found throught the South who is able to
bear arms, and who is between tho ages of
twenty and fifty-five years, whether such per
sons may have obtained substitutes Tor them
selves or not, and willful evasion of this order
is to be severelj- punished.
Ratification ofthe Slave Trade Treatt.
Lord Lyons called at the State Department
on Monday the 9th on the occasion of the ar
rival of . the British ratification of the new
treaty in regard to the African slave trade.
and by direction of his Government, express
ed their sense of the service rendered by Mr.
Seward to both countries aud to the
humanity by his agency in that transaction.
Labor in Demand. A dispatch from Wash
ington says that tho demand for the labor of
colored people is so great that sixty fugitive
blacks were hired out on Saturd iv. Manr
women and children, who, it is charged, aro
supported by the Government, aro receiving
rations out of tho earnings of male members
of their families, who aro laboring for tho
Vallandigham. Mr. Gurley presented a
petition, in Congress last week, from six bun.
drcd and thirty-three citizens of Cinciunati,
Ohio, asking for tho expulsion of the Hon.
L. Vallandigham from the House of Rep
resentatives; the petitioners . believing him,
as they declare, to be a traitor to his country
and a disgrace to the State of Ohio.
An old Jew who sold exclusively for cash.
said that he did it for the benefit of his Deigh.
bors. He did not wish to seo them "deep in
debt mit him, veu dey ish got no monish to
pay mit." " ' 3 ' -
A public speaker should never loso sight of
tho thread of his discourse : like a busv nee
dle be should always have tho thread in his
eye.- '" ! n . , .
Alas !, how fleeting is all earth! v bliss I
Did you ever meet a man ' who greatly cared
for turtlo-soup after tho fourth plate full ?
It is said . Jeff Davis baa
lie had better find a largo
course in it.
taken tho field,
one with a raco
Tho pay of tho local toail afront. In Erio. has
been reduced from $1,000 to $500 per year, i
The lore that is
quires facding. '
fed by presents always re
Corcoran to be Released. Tho peoplo
will bo delighted to hear that Col. Corcoran
and his brave fellow-prisoners will bo released
immediately Dy the rebel Government, and
that a fair exchange will bo made for the pri
vateersmen. Tho latter will bo taken to City
Point to-day, under a flag of truco.
Efficient Service bt Robert Small.
Robert Small, the loyal South Carolinian, aud
tbo steamer Planter, his prize, arc doing good
service to the navy in its advance by way of
Stono Inlet to Charleston. Flag-ofliccr Du
pont recognizes the usefulness of both in his
official dispatches
Emancipation. A colony of ono hundred
and fifty colored persons, mostly from Wash
ington city and vicinity, are about to embark
on a vessel at Alexandria direct 'for Hayti.
This movement is quite encouraging to tho
agents of Uayti now hero. .'. '.
, Large Fire. Quebec was visited by anoth
er largo firo on tho morning of Jnno 10th.
One hundred bouses, principally of wood, and
tho property of workmen In the ship-yards,
wore bumf. ? : : ' : : '
. Who would make the best soldier Dry
goods men ; they bavo the most drilling.