Newspaper Page Text
H Si? ft If IF
2j 0 lEXIl W
BY S. J. row.
CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, MAY 14, 18G2.
VOL. 8.-NO. 37.
paOfESSIONAL & BUSINESS CABDS.
H. WOODS, Attorney at Law, Indiana, l'
, riofes'io&al business promptly attended to.
4 CnOt'CII, rnvsiriAs, Curwensvillo, Clear
, field county, I'cnn'a. May 14.
J j CUAN!, Attorney at Law and Ileal Estate
i Ageot, CloarfielJ, To. UfTue adjoining his
reiidencK, on Second strset. May IB.
Tt M M'Ct'LLOrflll, Attorney at Law, Clear
Y . fifld, Ta. Office, with L. J. Crans, Esq.,
on fecund Si net. July 3, 1RG1.
LLLIAM A. WALLACE, Attorney at Law.
Clearfield, Pa. Office, adjoining his rcsi
dence on Fecoud street. Fept. 1 .
ROHEHT J. WALLACE. Attorney at Law. Clear
field, 1'a Office in Shaw's new row. Market
iifrret, opposite Naugle'a jewolry store. May 20.
HF. NAUULK, Wntcb and Clock Maker, and
( dealer in Watches, Jewelry, Ac. llooin in
(inibain's row, Market street. Nov. 10.
HUUCHEH PWOOPE, Attorney at Lnw.t'lenr
, field, Pa. OB!c in Urnhnni's Row, four (loo 8
wist "f Oraharu A Boynon's store. Nor. 10.
FP. Kit A 17, IK Mercbant, and dealer in
, Hoards and Khliigles, (Jrain and Produce
ront(t. above the Academy, Clearfield, Pa. jl2
J. i'ATTEKfO.V, Attorne at Law, Curwcns-
villc, Pa , will attend to all business en
trusted to his care. Office opposite the Now
Methodist Church. Jan. 15, 1802.
WI LLIAM Y. I II W IN. Marketstreet, Clearfield,
Pa., 1'ealer In Foreign an I Iotnetlj Mr
rhandlse, Hardware, Queensware, Urooerles, and
fumlly articles genrrslly, Nov. 10.
D"r7 V mTc A twTi(uZforb Is professional
services to the cltlr.ens of Morris and adjoin
ttii townships. Kel l'Mico with J. 1. Iiennlng In
Kyl'-rtowu, Clearfield county. May 1 1, inj'J.
M'LN ALLY, Attorney at Law. Clearfield,
J, Pn. 1'ractloei In Clearfield and adjoining
vuntl. Otrice In new brick addition, adjoining
the roildonoo of James II. Graham. Nov. 10.
"tThN Ul'KLlC'II. Manufacturer of all kinds of
I Cabinet-ware, Market street, Clearfield, Pa.
lie also makes to order Coflin. on short noile, and
attends funerals with a boarso. Arl0,'.VJ.
RICHAKI MOSsJOP, Ienler In Foreign and lo
mestlc lry tloods,,(iroceries, Flour, Bacon,
Liquors, Ac. Room, on Market street, a few doors
west of Journal CJfffo, Clcartteld, Pa. Apr27.
J A 1UU ME 11 A TEST, Attorneys at Law. Clear
J field, Pa. Will attend promptly to all legal
and other business entrusted to their caro In Clear
field and adjoining oountios. August 0, 1H56.
J AS. V. LAKUIMKK. ISnAEL TEST.
rvlt. M. WOQIS, tenders his professional servi
j ces to the citizens of Clearfield and vicinity.
Residence on Second street, opposite tho office of
L. J. Crans, Esq. Office, the same that was recent
ly occupied by Hon. (I K. Barrett, where he can
be found unless absenton professional business.
rpHOMAS J. M'CULLOUQH, Attorney at Law,
JL Clearfield, Pa. Office, over the '-Clearfield
qj. Lank. Deeds and other legal instruments pro
pared with promptness and accuracy. July 3.
. g. iicsn. ::::::: r t.j.m'ccllocgh
BUSH A MTULLOUOJi'S
Collection OrncE, Clearfield, rcsx'A.
SALT! SALT!! SALT !!! A prime arti
cle of ground alum salt, put up in patent
racKs. at $3.25 per sacK, at the clioap ensh store of
November 27. K. MOSSOP.
mWENTY-FIVE IIUNDKKD ACRES
A OF LAND AT PHI V ATE SALE, extending
tj the mouth of the Moshannon. An eligable
property; on reasonable terras. Inquire of
II. UUCHER SWOOPE,
PeclO-tf. Attorney at Law, Clearfield, P
IJKOPOSALN, Proposals for the building of
aPrivey at the new Court House in the bor
ough of Clearfield , will be received at the com
missioners' office, until the 27th day of May next.
Plans and specifications can be seen at the coia
fnissioners' office. Bv order of the board of Com
missioners VM S. EKADLEY, Clerk.
BRIDGE STOCK FOK SALE. The Com
missioners of Clearfield county, will offer at
Public Sale, at the court house, on Tuesday the
27th day of May next, at 2 o'clock, p. in., one hun
dred and thirty (130) shares of stock in the bridge
serosa the Susquehanna at Clearfield. Ey order
ot the board. WM. S. BRADLEY, Clerk.
DU. LITCII'S .MEDICINES. Afresh sup
ply of these invaluable Family Medicines
ire for sale by M. A. Frank, Clearfield, consisting
of ruin Curer ; Restorative, a greatcure for colds
and sough ; and Anti-Bilious I'hysie. They have
been thoroughly tested in this community, and
are highly approved. Tkv them.
TVOTICE Daniel Faust of Curwensville has
1 1 charge of my business in my absence. He is
authorized to receive and receipt for money due
me. and is the only poison authorized to do so.
Persons having business with me will please call
on him. JOHN PATTON.
Cnrwensville. April 2, 18G2.
MORKISDALE HOUSE. The undersign
ed having taken the Morrisdale House, sit
uate in the town of Morrisdale, Clearfield county,
respectfully solicits a share of the public patron
age. No pains or expense will be spared to ren
der guests comfortable. Charges moderate.
April 2, 'C2. GEORGE UICHaKDS.
IJLASTEKIN'O The subscriber having lo
cated himself in the Borough of Clearfield,
would inform the publtcthat he is prepared to do
work in the above line, from plain to ornamental
of any description, in a workmanlike style. Also
whitewashing and repairing done in a neat man
cer, and on reasonable terms.
April 7. 1858. EDWIN COOPER.
I(lll'ivinv t vn npirruv vrrnri'
The undernirnptl keens constautl on baud
ft his store room in Philipsburg, Centreycounty, a
"ill stock of Flour, Hams. Shoulders, Sides, Cof
tv, Tea, Sugar, Rice, Molasses, Ac. Also, Li
Hors of all kinds, Tobacco. Segars, Snuff, Ac; all
f which he offers to purchasers on the most ad
ntageous terms. Give him a oall, and try his
lcles. mar21 ROBERT LLOYD.
Vulcanite base for
Attention is especially called to this artiole, as a
"b'Utnte for gold in inserting teeth. Many per
joni who have tr-rd all kinds of metalic bases pre
j'" this, and in those cases where it is applicable,
l win in a great measure become a substitute for
silver or platina. Its chief advantages are,
'".'apneas, lightness and pcrfoct adoption to the
Jauiu ; it having a soft fleshy feel to the parts of
Uis mouth with which it cornea in contact.
.A.M. Hills i8 prepared to pnt np teeth on tho
alcanito Base, with Goodyear's Patent Gum,
Oich is the only reliable preperation, and can
'J be had through their regular agents.
Dr II in -. . . f . - or -
ti 7-- "urn win always oe joana id ui uujco ou
e&nt y ,n1 Batday, unless notice appears to the
oMrary, in. the town papers, the previous week.
"PICTURES OF MEMOBY."
"Of all the beautiful pictures
That hang on memory's wall,"
That one of the old home parlor,
I love the best of all.
Not for the dark old wainscot
Where the ancient potraits hung ;
Not for tho low, deep windows
Where the dark grocn Ivy clung.
Nor for tho high carved archer,
The mantle-piece beside
Not fur the huge old chimney,
Not for the hearth-stone wide.
Not for the tall old fashioned vases,
Nor the loungo rhere I used to rest ;
Nor tho old arm chair nor sofas
It sePintth to ino the best.
Lot I onco had an aged mother.
With eyes that were bluo and mild ;
And in this old homo parlor
(She, dying, blest her child.
Her silvery hair, like a halo,
Upon her forehead lay,
Betokening the white Spring Blossom i.
Of an eternal day.
Gently her pale hands foldod
As a glory lit her fsoo
I knew she was gently sinking
In the Angel's soft embrace.
And when the arrows of sunset
Fell on the curtain's crimson fold,
Fhe passed In her haint-like bounty
. Through tho gates of pearl and gold.
Therefore, "of all tho pictures
That hang on memory's wall."
The one of the obi homo parlor
i love the best of all
THE REBEL OUTRAGES AT MANASSAS.
Tbfl following Important testimony relative
to tho Hebul outrages at nml nulHO'iticnt to
tho Imltlo of Munassits, wan clicitod lu'loio
tlnj Joint Comtnittoo ott tho IJumluct of tho
TivstMit War s
Mr. Nathaniel F. Parlcor, who was enpturod
at Falling Watum, Virginia, testifies that ho
was kept in closo cuiiilriumunt, denied rxor
cU'., and, with ntimlier of others, htiddlod
up In a room j thut tlmlr food, generally scant,
was uhvaH had, and sometimes mmseoiisi
that tho wounded had neither liifdlcul atten
tion nor Immune treatment, and thut many of
these latter died from sheer neglect ; thut fivo
of tho prisoners were ahot ly the aentrlos out
side, and that he saw one man, Tibbilts, of tho
New York Twenty-seventh Itcgrment, shot ns
ho was passing bis window on btli of Novem
ber, and thut ho died of the wound on tho 12th.
Tho perpetrator of this foul murder was sub.
ejuently promoted by the Kebel Government.
l)r. J. M. Homiston, surgeon of tho Four
teenth New Yorlc or Brooklyn Keginient, cap
tured at Hall Run, testifies that when he solic
ited permission to remain on tho field and to
attend to wounded men, some of whom were
in a helpless and painful condition and suffer
ing lor water, he was brutally refused. They
ofiered him neither water nor anything in tho
shape of food, ilo and his companions stood
in the streets oT Manasses, surrounded by a
threatening and boisterous crowd, and were
afterwards thrust into an old building, and
left, without sustenance or covering, to sleep
on the hare floor. It was only when faint and
exhausted, in lesponse to their earnestpetitions,
they having been without food for twenty-four
hours, that somo cold bacon was grudgingly
given to them. When, at last, they were per
mitted to go to the relief of our wounded, the
Secession surgeon would not allow them to
jfnerform operations, but entrusted tho wound-
' to his young assistants, "some of them
w.h no more knowledge of what they attempt
ed to do than an apothecary's cleik."
And further, "that these inexperienced sur
geons performed operations upon our men in
a most horrible manner; some of them were
absolutely frightful." "When," he adds, "I
asked Dr. Darby to allow me to amputate the
leg of Corporal 1'rescott, of our regiment, and
said that the man must die if it were not done,
he told me that I should be allowed to do it."
While Dr. Ilomistoti was waiting, ha says a
Secessionist came through the room and said,
"they are operating upen one of the Yankee's
legs up stairs." "I went up and found that
they had cut oQ Prescott's leg. The assistants
were pulling on the flesh at each side, trying
to get flap enough to cover the bone without
leaving any of the flesh to form the flaps to
cover it ; and with all the force they could use
they could not get flap enough to cover the
bone. They were then obliged to saw oil a
bout an inch more of the bone, and even then,
when they came to put in the sntures, (the
stitches) they could not approximate tho edges
within less than an inch and a half of each
other ; of course, as soon as there was any
swelling, the fctitches tore out and the bono
stuck through again. Dr. Swalru tried after
wards to remedy it by performing another op
eration, but Prescott had become so debilitat
ed that bo did cot survive." Corporal Pres
cott was a young man of high position, aud
had received a very liberal education.
The same witness describes the sufferings of
the wounded after the battle as inconceivably
horrible ; with bad food, no covering, no wa
ter. They were lying upon the floor as thick
ly as they could be laid. "There was not a
particle of light in the house to enable us to
move among them." Deal to all his appeals,
they continued to refuse water to these suf
fering men, and he was only enabled to pro
enre it by setting cups under the eaves to
catch the rain that was falling, and in this way
be spent the night catching the water and con
veying it to the wounded to drink. As there
was no light, he was obliged to crawl on his
bands and knees to avoid stepping on their
wounded limbs ; and be adds, "it is not a won
der that next morning we found that several
bad died during the night." The young sur
geons, who seemed to delight in hacking and
butchering these brave defenders of our coun
try's flag, were not, it would seem, permitted
to perform any operations upon the Rebel
"Some of our wounded," says this witness,
"were left lying upon tho battle-field until
Tuesday night and Wednesday morning.
"When brought in their wounds were complete
ly alive with larvae deposited there by the flies
having laid out through all the rain storm of
Monday, and the hot, sultry sunshine of Tues
day." The dead laid upon the field unburied
for five days; and this included men not only
ot his own, the Fourteenth Regiment, but of
other regiments. This witness testifies that
the Rebel dead were carried off and interred
decently. In answer to a question whether
the Confederates themselves were not also
destitute of medicine, he replied, "they could
not have been, for they took all of ours, eveu
io our surgical instruments," He received
none of the attention from the surgeons on
the other side, "which," to use his own Ian-
gage, "i 8uouid have shown to then had our
position been reversed."
The testimony or William F. Swalrn, Assis
tant Surgeou of the Fourteenth New York
Regiment, who was taken prisoner at Sud ley's
Church, confirms tho statement of Dr. Homi
ston, in regard to the brutal operations on
Corporal Prescott. He also states that after
he himself haa been removed to Richmond,
when seated one day with his lot on tho win
dow sill, the sentry outside culled to him to
tako them In, and on looking out ho saw the
sentry with his musket cocked and pointed at
him, and withdrew in timo to save his life.
He gives evidence of the careless treatment
and cruel manner In which the surgeons oper
ated upon our wounded previous to leaving
for Richmond, aud ten or twelve days after
the liattle ho saw somo of the Union soldiers
unburied on tho ground, entirely naked.
Walking around were a groat many Rebels
gloating over tho horrid sight.
The case of Dr. Ferguson, of one of the Now
York regiments, Is mentioned by Dr. Swalin.
"When getting Into his ambulance to look af
ter his own wounded he was fired upon by the
Rebels. When ho told tliein who he was,
they said they would take a parting shot at
him, which they did, wounding him In tho
teg. He had his boots an, and his spurs on
boots, and as they drove along his spurs
would catch in the tail-board of tho ambu
lance, causing him to shriek with agony."
An officer rode up, and, placing his pistol to
his Lead, threatened to shoot htm If ho con
tinued to scream. This was on Sunday, tho
day of tho battle.
One of tho most Inportant witness was Gen.
James 11. Rlcketts,well known in Washington
and throughout tho country, lately promoted
for his daring and self sari Hieing courage.
After having boon wounded in tho battle of
Hull Run, he was captured, and as ho lay
helpless on his back a party of Rebels passing
him cried out, "knock out his brains, the d-d
Yankee." Ho met General Heanregard, an
old acquaintance, only a year his senior at tho
United States Military Academy, where both
were educated. He had met the Rebel Gen
eral iu tho South a number of times. 11 y this
head of tho Rebel army, on the day after tho
battle, he was told that his (General Rickett's)
treatment would depend upon tho treatment
extended to tho Rebel privateers. His first
Lieutenant, Ramsey, who was killed, was strip
ped of every articlo of his clothing but his
socks, and left naked on tho field. He testi
fied that thoso of our wounded who died iu
Richmond were buried in the negro burying
ground among the negroes, and were put luto
the earth in tho most unfeeling manner.
Tho statement of other witnesses as to how
tho prisoners were treated Is fully confirmed
by General Ricketts. lie himself, while in
prison, subsisted mainly upon what ho purch
ased with h'a own money brought to him by
his wife. "Wo had," he says, "what they
called bacon soup soup made of boiled bacon,
the bacon being a little rancid which you
you could not possibly eat; and that for a
man whose system was being drained by a
wound is no diet at all." In reply to a ques
tion whether he had beared anything about
our prisoners being shot by the Rebel sentries,
he answered: "Yes, a number of our men
were shot. In one instance two were shot ;
one was killed, and the other wounded, by a
man who rested his gun on tho window-sill
while tie capped it.
GeneraHiickctts. in reference to his hav
ing been held as one of tho hostages for the
privateers states : "I considered it bad treat
ment to be selected as a hostage for a priva
teer, when I was so lam that I could not
walk, and while my wounds were still open
and unhealed. At this time Gen. Winder
came to see me. He had been .an oflicor in
m regiment; I had known him for twenty
odd years. It was on tho 9th of November
that he came to see me. ilo saw that my
wounds were still unhealed ; he saw my con
dition ; but that very day he received an order
to select hostages for the privateers, and, not
withstanding he knew my condition, the next
day Sunday, the 10th of November, I was se
lected as one of the hostages." "I heard,"
he continues, of a great many of our prison
ers who had been bayoneted and shot. I saw
three of them two that had been bayoneted
and one of them shot. One was named Louis
Francis, of the New York Fourteenth.
He had received fourteen bayonet wounds.
He had one wound very much like mine, on
the knee, in consequence of which his leg was
amputated after twelve weeks had passed ;
and I would state here that in regard to his
case, when it was determined to amputate
his leg, I beared Dr. Peachy, the Rebel sur
geon, remark to one ot his assistants, "I won't
be greedy ; you may do it ;" and the yonng
man did it. I saw a number in my room,
many of whom had been badly amputated.
The flaps over the stump were drawn too
tight", and some of the bones protruded. A
man by the name of Prescott (the same re
ferred to in the testimony of surgeon Homi
ston) was amputated twice, and was then, I
think, moved to Richmond before tho flaps
were healed Prescott died under this treat
ment. I heard a Rebel doctor on the steps
below my room say, "that he wished he could
take out the hearts of the d d Yankee as eas
ily as be could take ofi their legs." Some
Southern gentlemen treated mo very hand
somely. Wade Hampton, who was opposed
to my battery, came to see me and behaved
like a generous enemy."
It appears, as a part of the history of this
Rebellion, that General Ricketts was visited
ed by bis wife, who, having first heard that be
was killed in battle, afterwards that he was
alivo but wounded, traveled under great diffi
culties to Manassas to see her husband. He
says : "She had almost to fight her way
through, but succeeded finally in reaching
me on the fourth day after the battle. There
were eight persons in tbe Lewis House, at Ma
nassas, in the room where I lay, and my wife,
for two weeks,slept in that room on the floor by
my side, without a bed. "When we got to
Richmond, there were six of us in a room, a-
mong them Colonel Wilcox, who remained
with us until be was taken to Charleston.
There we vers all in one room. Ibere was
door to it. It wai much as it would be
here if you should take off the door of this
committee room, and then fill tbe passage
with wounded soldiers. In the hot summer
months the stench from their wounds, aud
from the utensils they used, was fearful.
There tas no privacy at all, because, there be
ing no door, the room could not be closed.
We were there as a common show.
Colon: I Wilcox and myself were" objects of
interest, and were gazed upon as if we were a
couple of savages. Tho people would come
iu there and say all sorts of things to us and
about us, until I was obliged to tell them that
I was a prisoner and had nothing to sny. On
our way to Richmond, when we reached Gor
donsville, many women crowded around the
cars, and asked my wife if she cooked t If she
washed? how she got there 7 Finally, Mrs.
Ricketts appealed to the oflicer in charge, and
told him that it was not the intention that we
should be subjected to this treatment, und if
it was continued sho would make it known to
tho authorities. General Johnson took my
wife's carriage and horses at Manassas, kept
them, and has them yet for aught 1 know.
When I got to Richmond I spoke to several
gentlemen about this, and so did Mrs. Rick
etts. Thoy said, of course, tho carriage and
horses should be returned, but they never
wore. "There Is one debt," says this gallant
soldier, "that I desire very much to pay. and
nothing troubles me so much now as the fact
thai my wounds prevent me from enteiing up
on active service at once.
The case of Louis Francis, who was terribly
wounded aud maltreated, and lost a leg, is re
ferred to by General Ricketts but the testl
mooey of Francis is startling. He was a pri
vate in the New York Fourteenth Rfgimetit.
Ilo says t "I was attacked by two Rebel sol
diwrs, and wounded in tho right knee with the
bayonet. As I lay on tho sod tin y kept bay
oneting me until I received' fourteen wounds.
One then left me, tho other remaining over
me, when' a Union Soldier coniming up shot
him In the breast and ho fell dead. I lay on
tho ground until ten o'clock tho next day. I
was then removed In a wagon to a building,
tny wounds examined and partially dressed.
On the Saturday following we were carried to
Manassas and from there to tho general hospi
tal at Richmond. My leg having partially
mortified I consented that It should bo ampu
tated, which operation whs performed by a
young ruun. I insisted I fiat they should allow
Dr. Swalin to bo present, for I wanted one
Union man there If 1 died under tho operation.
The stitches and the baud slipped from neglect,
and the bono protruded and about two wks
alter another operation was performed, ut
which timo another piece of the thigh bono
was sawed oil. Six weeks after the amputa
tion, and bofore It healed, I was removed to
tho tobacco factory."
Two operations were subsequently perform
ed on Francis one ut Fortress Monroo and
oi o at Hrooklyn, New York after his release
from captivity. ,
Revolting us these disclosures aro, it was
when tho comm Ittoe c nine-to examine witness
es in reference to tho treatment of our heroic
dead that tbe fiendish spirit of tho Rebel
leaders was most promineitly exhibited.
Daniel Bixby, Jr., of Washington, testifies
that ho went out in company with Mr. G. A.
Smart, of Cam bridge, Massachusetts, who went
to search for the body of his brother, who fell
at Blackburn's Ford in the action ot tbe 18th
July. They found the grave. Tho clothes
were identified as thoso of his brother, on ac
count of some peculiarity in tho make, lor
they had been made by his mother; and, in
order to identify them, other clothes made by
her were taken that they might compare them.
"We found no head in the grave, and no
bones of any kind nothing but the clothes,
and portions of tho flesh. We found the re
mains of three other bodies all together. The
clothes were there ; some flesh was left but no
bones." The witness also states that Mrs.
Pierce Butler, who lives, near tho place, said
that she had seen the Rebels boiling portions
of the bodies of our dead in order to obtain
their bones as relics. They could not wait
for them to decay. She said that she had
seen drumsticks made of " Yankee shinbones,"
as they called them. Mrs. Butler also stated
that she had seen a skull that one of the New
Orleans artillery had, which, he said, ho was
going to .send homo and have mounted, and
ttiat he intended to drink a brandy punch out
of it the day he was married.
Frederick Scholes, of the city of Brooklvn,
New York, testified that ho proceeded to the
battle held ot Bull Run on the fourth of this
month (April) to find the place where he sup
posed his brother's body was buried. Mr.
Scholes, who is a man of unquestioned char
acter, by this testimony fully confirms the
statements of other witnesses. He met a free
negro, named Simon or Simons, who stated
that it was a common thing lor the Rebel sol
diers to exhibit the bones of the Yaukees.
"I found," he says, in the bushes in tho neigh
borhood a part ot a Zouave uniform, with the
sleeve sticking out of the grave, and a por
tion of the pantaloons. Attempting to pull it
up, I saw the two ends of the grave were still
unopened, but the middle had been pried up.
pulling up the extremities of the uniform at
some places, the sleeves of the shirt in anoth
er, and a portion of the pantaloons. Dr.
Swalm (one of the surgeons, whose testimony
has already been referred to) pointed out the
trenches where the Secessionists had buried
their own dead, and, on examination, it ap
peared that their remains had not been dis
turbed at all.
Mr Scholes met a negro, named Hampton.
who resided near the place, and when he told
him the manner in which these bodies had
been dug up, he said he knew it had been
done, and added that the Rebels bad commen
ced digging bodies two or three days after
they were buried, for the purpose, at first, of
obtaining tbe buttons of! their uniforms, and
that afterwards they disinterred them to get
their bones. He said they bad taken rails
and pushed the ends down in the centre, under
the middle of the bodies, and pried them up.
The information of the negroes f Benjamin
Franklin Lewis corroborated f Tilly the state
ment of this man, Hampton. They said that
a good many of the bodies had been stripped
naked on tbe field before they were buried,
and that some were buried naked. I went to
Mr. Lrwis' house and spoke to him of theman
ner in which these bodies bad been disinter
red. He admitted that it was infamous, and
condemned principally the Lousiana Tigers of
General Wheat's division, ne admitted that
our wounded hid been very badly treated."
In confirmation of the testimony cf Dr.
Swalm and Dr. Homiston, this witness avers
that Mr. Lewis mentioned a number of instan
ces ot men who bad been murdered by bad sur
gical treatment. Mr. Lewis was afraid that a
pestilence would break out in consequence
of the dead being left nnburied, and stated
that ho had gone and warned the neighbor
hood and had the dead buried, sending his
own men to assist in doing so. "On Sunday
mornihg (yesterday) I went out In search of
my brother's grave. Wo found tho trench,
and dug for tho bodies below. They were
eighteen inches to two feet below the surface,
and had been hustled in in anyway. In one
end of the trench we found, not more than
two or three inches below the surface, the
thigh bono of a man which had evidently been
dug up after tho burial. At tho other end of
the trench we found tho shinbone of a man,
which had been struck by a musket ball aud
split. The bodies at the ends had been pried up.
While digging there, a party of soldi-rs
came along and showed us a part of a shin
bone, five or six inches long, which had tho
end sawed olf. They said that they had found
it among many other pieces In one of the cab
Ins the Rebels hud deserted. From tho ap
pearance of it, pieces had been sawed off to
make finger-rings. As soon as tho negroes
noticed this, they said that tho Rebels had
had rings made of the bones of our dead , and
thut they hail them for sale In their camps,
when Dr. Swalm saw the bone ho siid It was a
part of the shin bono of a man. The soldiers
represented that there were lots of these bones
scattered through the Rebel huts sawed Into
rings," etc. Mr Lewis and his negroes all
spoke of Colonel James Cameron's body, and
knew that "It bad been stripped and also "where
It had been buried." Mr. Scholes, iu answer to
a question of ono ot the committee, described
the di lie rent treatment extended to' the Union
soldiers and the Rebel dead. The lutter I) ad
little head-bourds placed at tho head of their
respective graves and marked j none of them
had tho nppi-ararictt of having been disturbed.
Tho evidence of that distinguished and pat
riotic citizen, Hon. William Sprapue, Cover
nor ot the State of Rhode Island, confirms and
fortifies some of the moid revolting statements
of former witnesses. His object in visiting
tho battle field was to recover the bodies of
Colonel Slocum ami Major Billon, of the
Rhodj Island regiment. Ilo took out with
him neveral of iiis own men to identify tho
graves. On reaching the place be states that
wo commenced digg'nug lor the bodies of
Colonel Sloctim ami Major Ballon at tlui spot
pointed out to us by thoe men who had been
in the action. While digging, some negro
women came up and asked whom we we-relouk-ing
for, and, ut tho samo time, said that Col
onel Slogun' hud been dug up by tho Rebels,
by some men of a Georgia regiment, his head
cut otl, and his body taken to a ravine thirty
or forty yards below, and there burned. We
stopped digging and went to tho spot designa
ted, where we found coals and ashes and bones
mingled together. A little distance from
there, we found a shirt (still buttoned at the
neck) and blanket, with laigo quantities of
hair upon it, everything indicating the burn
ing of a body there.
We returned and dug down at the spot indi
cated ns tho grave of Major Ballon, but found
nobody there; but at tde place pointed out
as the grave where Colonel Slocum was buried
wo found a box, which, upon being raisod aud
opened, was fouud to contain the body of Col
onel Slocum. The soldiers who had bu
ried tho two bodies were satisfied that the
grave bad been opened, the body taken out,
beheaded, and burued, was that of Major Ball
on, because It was not in the spot where Col
onel Slocum was buried, but rather to the
right of it. They at once said that the Rebels
had made a mistke, and had taken tho body of
Major Ballon for that of Colonel Slocum. Tbe
shirt found near the place where the body was
burned I recognized as one belonging to Ma
jor Ballou.asI had been very intimate with
him. We gathered up the ashes containing
tho portion of his remains that were left, and
put them in a coffin together with his shirt and
the blanket with the hair left upon it. After
we had done this we went to that portion of
the field w here the battle had first commenced,
and began to dig for the remains ot Captaiu
Tower, we brought a soldier with us to des
ignate the place where he was bnried. He
had been wounded in the battle, and had seen
from the window of the house where the Cap
tain was interred. On opening the ditch or
trench we found it filled with soldiers, all bu
ried with their faces downward. On taking up
some four or five ive discovered the remains
of Captain Tower, mingled with those of the
men. We took them, placed them in a colli n,
and brought them home."
In reply to a question of a member of tbe
committee as to whether he was satisfied that
they were buried intentionally with ti.eir faces
downward, Governor Sprague's answer was,
"Undoubtedly ! Beyond all controversy !"and
that "it was done as a mark of indignity."
In answer o another question as to what their
odject could have been, especially in regard to
the body ofColonel Slocum, he replied:-"Sheer
brutality, and nothing else. They did it on
account of his courage and chivilry in forcing
bis regiment fearlessly and bravely upon them.
He destroyed about cue-half of that regiment,
which was made up of their best citizens."
When tbe inquiry was put whether he thought
these barbarities were committed by that reg
imeut, he responded : "By that same regiment.
asl was told." While their own dead were
buried with marble head and foot stones, and
names upon them, ours were buried, as I have
stated, in trenches. This eminent witness
concludes his testimony as follows: "1 have
published an order to my second regiment, to
which these officers were attached, that I ahall
not be satisfied with what they shall do unless
they give an account of one Rebel killed lor
each one of their own number."
Belgium, so famous for (be Tulip Mania of
earlier years, is still celebrated for its Horti
cultural successes. The capital now engaged
in the Nurseries of its principal cities is stat
ed at 6,300,000 francs and there are many e
stablishments which annually sell tbe Bulbs
of various flowering plants to an amonnt ex
ceeding $10,000. In the town of Noodwyck,
the trade in this single article is more than
$50,000 a year.
Tbe New Orleans Delta asks whether we
suppose that the United States troops can
live in tbe summer in the alligator swaros of
the South. No, but we mean to drive tbe
rebels into them.
Tbe human race, like au auctioneer's goods,
are always going going gone.
"Pray, madam, what makes you so sedate ?"
Oh, I have takea a aedatiTe." .
A Wife's Poweh. The power of a wife for
good or evil, is irreaistablo. Home must bo
the seat of happiness, or it must bo forever
unknown. A good wife is to a man, wisdom
and courage, and strength and endurance. A
bad ono'is confusion, weakness, discomfiture,
and despair. No condition is hopeless wbero
the wile possesses firmness, decision and econ
omy. There is no outward prosperity which
can counteract indolence, extravagance and
fully at home. No spirit can long endure bad
domestic influence. Man is strong, but bis
heart is not adamant. He delights in enter
prise nml action ; but to sustain him he Deeds
u tranquil mind, and a whole heart. Ho needs
hid moral force iu tho Conflicts of the world.
To recover his equanimity aud composure,
homo must bo to him a place ot repose, of
peace, of cheerfulness, ot comfort; and bia
soul renews his strength again, and goes forth
with fresh vigor to encounter the labors and
troubles of- lile. But if at homo he fiuds no
rest, and there met with bad temper, sullen
ness or gloom, or is assailed by discontent or
complaint, hope vanishes, and ho sinks into
Cotton R aisixo in the MinrLE States.
Dr. G. Erner6n, of Philadelphia, has publish
ed a pamphlet on tho cultivation of cotton In
the Middle States, which he says was success
fully done long before the Southern States
took up its regular culture, aud which declin
ed only because other crops proved more prof
itable. On tho peninsula between Delaware
and Chesapeuke Bays it was first cultivated,
whence it was carried over into Virginia, and
subsequently into the so-called Cotton States.
In some parts "of Delaware there are isolated
cajes ot its cultivation even at this day, and
the plant perfectly matures. Tho cotton
grown In the middle States is the green seed
upland, or short staple. The Doctor thinks
that if the farmers iu Delaware and Maryland
were to put a portion of their land in cotton,
that ut the present prices it would pay better
than in grain, at its present and prospective
low prices.. No more skill Is required than
in raising com, and the pio.kiug, drying aud
einnirig aro simple processes that common
hands cau perform.
Ai'STR am V. The last British Blue Hook
which has reached Washington contains the
despatches from tho Governors of Victoria,
South Australia and Queensland, relative to
the expeditious by Burke and Wills, of tho
continent of Australia. The discoveries of
these men have brought to light au immense
area of fertile and beautiful territories, which
has for two hundred years been considered a
rocky, bowling wilderness. What hat hereto
fore been a great blank on the map of Austra
lia, now promises to become a new and pros
perous colony oT tho British Empire. Both
of tho enterprising men who thus served their
country so nobly, perished in the midst of
th?ir labors; their names in tall were Robt.
O Hara Burke und William John Wills, and
their remains and papers were diCDveredby
an exploring party, commanded by a sou ot
William and Mary Howitt. The explorers
alluded to were assisted by two men named
King and Gray, the first of whom was the
What it Cost England. America, since
the commencement of the rebellion, has been
making the European nations realize, very
uncomfortably for some of them, the magni
tude of the inteiests involved in the relations
she sustains towards them, both commercially
and politically. Look at the cane with refer
ence to England alone. Tbe chancellor of
the Exchequer, in his recent speech on tho
Budget, states that the dispatch of troops to
America, in view of a possible war with the
United States, Cost $4,2-30,000. Besides this
loss to Great Britain, resulting from our civil
war, it nny be stated that in 1860 tho exports
to the United States amounted to $108, 335,
000; in 1S61 they fell to $45,290,000 dimi
nution in one year $C3,0I5,000.
Another Fink Soltuern IIarhor. Prof.
Baclie, of the Coast Survey, reports that next
to Port Royal, St. Helena Sound is the best
harbor on the Southern coast. Two channels
of seventeen feet each at mean low water, en
ter it, and from the Suund the country may be
penetrated by gunboats nearly to the railroad.
The width of the Sound renders all its shores
healthy, as all are freely reached by the sea
breeze, and Otter Island especially is finely
situated fora settlement and commercial town.
If ever other Interests than planting ones mle
in this region, he looks to see its commercial
advantages made use of, and the lumber from
the heads of the Asbepoo and Combahee find
a market nearer these great rivers than either
Charleston or Savannah.
Pbize Money. Tho share of prize money
which accrues to the Navy Department lrom
the prizes taken during the war, amounts al
ready to a very great sum, sufficient to cover
a large part of the outlay of the department ia
purchasing vessels tor the blockading fleet.
Our ships have been very fortunate of late
in making captures; and as the vessels attempt
ing to run tbe blockade are generall y laden
with extremely valuable cargoes, every prize
adds largely to the fund. Of course our sea
men and officers must be making very band
some profits. Many of tho officers and ordi
nary seamen make several hundred dollars -each,
by a cruise oi a few weeks or mouths.
Wkll Pct. Tho Boston Journal hits the
nail on the head when it says : "Not a tenth,
part of all the local news which transpires ia
any country town finds its way into the city
newspapers, and be who takes the latter to tbe
exclusion of bis own town or county paper,
does not fulfill his duty as a citizen." And
we might add that no man who does not take
a county paper is not fit to hold a county or
township oflicej as be is ignorant of what is -going
on in bis own neighborhood or county
State Bank of Tennessee. Andrew John
son has quietly notified the directors of tbe
State Bank of Tennessee, wbo banded over the
assets of that institution to tbe rebel leaders,
that they will be held individually responsible
for every cent of interest the State bad in it.
They are very sorrowful, for many of them
have great possessions.
John Slidell is said to be worth three hun
dred thousand dollars, which he invested, be
fore he "left his country for his ceuntry'i
good," in English and French securities, thus
abowiDg that be never intends to retara to the
"green land he left behind."