Raftsman's journal. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1854-1948, February 12, 1862, Image 1

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VOL. 8.-N0. 24.
The snow of Winter gently falls,
And whitens o'er theground ;
Thns, with the snowy wreaths of time
The brow of age is bound.
It never melts, but slowly falls,
Silent mud scarcely seen.
Vntil the heads of those we love
U litter with silver sheen. .
Time never heeds the pain or grief
Which human nature feels ;
No backward movement ever makes
Cut onward rolls it wheels ;
Regardless of the bitter wail
Of hearts by anguish riven ;
The songs of youth, the 'plaints of age,
Unheeded, rise to Heaven.
Oh, could we find the fabled spring
Which would our youth restore ;
"Or gaie, like travelers outward bound,
tu the receding shore ; ' '
Cut all in vain the bounding wave
Htill bears us from the strand ;
The mystic water's power is naught
But tale of fairy laud.
Better to bear with cheerful heart
The change that time may bring,
And garner treasures for old age,
Than sigh for endless Spring.
Treasures of faith, and hope and love,
Freely to mortals given ;
Death will restore our youthful bloom
There's no old age in Heaven.
Camp PiEnroNT, Va., Jan. 29, 1862.
Dear Row : As we have become somewhat
reconciled to camp lite, and have banished
the idea of moving from hero from some time
I thought I would try to find material for an
other letter, yet it seems to be somewhat of
task but as I have just spent 6ix or seven
uavs in unit ueiectaoio institution Known as
the "Division Hospital!" I adopt it as the
The Hospital, is a two story house about
two hundred yards from camp, and was for
nierly owned by a rebel named Cook. 1 will
only speak of that part in which I was not
leing in such health, neither had I the privi
lege to visit the apartments. I occupied i
place in the garret where the cots are struck
back under the Rafters, and it requires some
care 10 get out wunout uringing your neaa in
contact with the roof. It appears to be most
miserably conducted throughout." The sur
geon does not appear to give that personal at'
teution to cleanliness in the departments that
the case demands. In the "room" I occupied
there were two attendants, who also brought
up the meals, water, washed the eating u
I - . m . .
leusns ,cui wooa, etc. zneso attendants are
men who have become well, and are retained
lor two or three days untill others are able to
taktr ttwr places. This is all well enough,
and I wish I could stop here. 13ut justice
to my ieiiow soldiers forbids it. I noticed
four or five who seemed to me to be playing
the "old soldier," i. e. only pretending sick
ncss. Either one of them could eat as much
as two ordinary men, and of the strongest
Kind or diet at that such as bread, butter,
coiiee, cheese, sausage, mackerel, and a pound
cf meat, to the raan furnishing all themselves
except the coffee, bread and meat. Yet, for
boom, mese are sick men. it strikes me
very forcibly that men who can eat as hearty
as tnese oo, are ut go to work. However,
Hiis might be overlooked, if they did not mo
nopolize all the chairs and fire to the cxclu
sion of the really sick, who are thereby com
pelied to lie in bed to keep warm. They, too,
are all eneveAte tobacco cbewers, and the sa-
iita flows into three or four spit-boxes, at the
Hove, in a constant stream ; and the stove lw-
icg Lot the spittle is kept at nearly a boil,
winch causes the room to be infected w ith an
almost intolerable stench to say nothing of
other nuisances. In my humble opinion,
when a man can eat and digest the strongest
Kind ol food, and chew tobacco enough to kill
a hog, he should be driven or kicked out, and
set to work, for their presence in the hospital
is a perfect nuisanse. And further, I think
that the rules established by the Sanitary
Commission in regard to cleanliness, pure air,
etc., should be more rigidly enforced in our
hospitals which, for the sake of our sick sol
diers, should be done immediatly. The cook
ing apartment is another part of the establish
ment that needs some attention. The coffee
is not fit to drink (being worse than that we
get in camp,) the rice often burnt and fre
quently neither milk nor sugar with it. I called
for soup for my dinner one day ; not doubling
it would be rice or something of that kind,
but to my surprise they brought mc a little
greasy water in which they had boiled their
This is the way the men are taken care of
m the Division" Hospital, which is no better
fare than in the camp. Unquestionably, men
who are sick, should have such diet as suits
their condition. But, instead of-this, the
managers of the cooking department seem
only to study their own conveniences, and
hash up anything that is the easiest and quick
est done. These reflections are not written
with pleasure, but for the benefit of my fellow
soldiers, who are often made to suffer unnecos
"niy, because those who are princely paid by
the government, neglect the important duties
Joirusted to their care. You have my opinion
80 far as my observations extend. You can
'e'y on this statement, as I have no motive to
jguise facts ; and if I have inadvertantly
trod on anybody's corns, let them stand from
nD(r. As ever yours. '.V. R. B.
A Preacher's Advice. Lorenzo Dow once
closed a discourse with the following language,
ich is as singular for its quaintness as prac
t'Citi ij. Its advice : "I want you my young
ooers, to get married, and devote your time
to morality and money making. Then let
Jur home be provided with such necessaries
comforts as piety, pickles, pots and ket
'cs, brushes, brooms, and benevolence, bread,
'ctue, wine and wisdom. Have these always
a hand, and happiness will be with you. Do
01 drink anything intoxicating, eat moder
le,J, go about your business alter breakfast,
loQtige a little after dinner, chat after tea, and
after quarrelling. Then all the joy, the
Pce and bliss this earth can afford, shall bo
JUQrg Until th a rrravA nlnaoa rw r vtrin anrf
spirits are borne to a brighter and hap-
l"r world."
s In tha Pce ef forty years Mexico has had
Wfr than fifty-flve different governments.
In the TJ. S. Senate, Thursday, Jan. 30, 1862.
The'following resolution was under consid
eration :
Whereas, Hon. Jesse D. Bright, heretofore,
on the 1st day of March, 1861, wrote a letter,
of which the following is a copy :
"Washington, March 1, 1801.
"My Dear Sir: Allow me to introduce to
your acquaintance my friend Thomas B. Lin
coln, of Texas. He visits your capital mainly
to dispose of what he regards a great improve
ment in fire-arms. I recommend him to your
favorable consideration as a gentleman of the
first respectability, and reliable ic every re
spect. . Jesse D. Bright.
"To His Excellency, Jefferson Davis,
"President of the Confederation of States.
And Whereas, We believe the said letter is
evidence of disloyalty to the United States,
and is calculated to give aid and comfort to
the public enemies : Theiefore Be it Resolced,
That the sftiri Jesse D. Bright is expelled from
his seat in the Senate of the United States.
Mr. Wilmot. Mr. President, I shall be brief
in what l Iiave to say on this case. To me i
seems to lie in a very narrow compass.
Before proceeding to speak of the case,
desire to say that my relations with the Sena
tor from Indiana are of such a character that
shall with pain vote to expel him lroiu his sea
; k :.. i i .. . .
in imo uuuj. oevenieen years ago we met in
this Lapitol ; both young men, and both mem
oeis oi trie tnen dominant party. Since then
we have differed widely, touching public men
una measures ; yet through all the heat and
bitterness of political warfare for the past (if
. 1 i . ...
iccii i nave reuiemuered with pleasure
our early acquaintance and intercourse. I
sincerely regret the position in which the Sen
aiui is piuceu. sense oi ptiDiic duly alone
constrains me to vote for his expulsion lrom
the Senate.
What is the case presented against the Sen
ator from Indiana ? It rests upon no disputed
or doubtful facts. Every important fact in the
case is admitted full conlession is mad a in
open Cbcnata. I tie Senator from Indiana tells
us that he would, under the same circumstan
ces, do again the act complained of. Mr
President, the Senator's views of duty and my
own diner so widely, that what he regards as
innocent and natural, as a proper courtesy to
an oiu menu, to me has the features of dis'oy
alty not to give it the harsher name of trea
Hat, sir, are the facts and circumstances
of this case ? The slaveholders of the nation,
relying on Human slavery as the bond of their
unity and strength, unwilling that the free men
of the Kepublic should assume the manage
ment of Government allairs, set on foot a re
bellion in the southern and slaveholding States
of the Union. When this letter was written,
it naa ueen carried forward to the organization
of an independent government : the machinery
or mat government was in active operation
Armies were being organized, disciplined, and
equipped, to maintain the rebellion bv the
powur of the sword. Every reasonable houe
oi a settlement was past. I he Senator from
Indiana knew all this; no man knew it better.
It is true, from the timidity I might almost
say complicity of the late Administration,
no oiow naa ieen struck at this formidable re
I -It: . i .
uciiion; siwi uiose concerned in it were no
less traitors for this cause. The cowardice or
even treachery of Mr. Buchanan could in no
degree excuse Davis and his co-workers in
treason. The forbearance of the Government
towards the traitors cannot be pleaded by thern
in extenuation of their crime : nor can their
ders and abettors shield themselves behind
the weakness or treachery of those then in
power, let here rests one of the strong
grounds of defense taken by and for t ho Sena
tor fiom Indiana. The Government had done
nothing agaiust the rebellion ! It had brought
no armies in the field ! had fought no battles!
"A fear that betrayed like treason" had para
lyzed the executive arm, and the Government
was sinking into imbecility and contempt!
How does all this change the character of the
rebellion, or extenuate the crime of those in
volved in it I The Senator from Indiana ad
mits that he could not have written the letter
with innocence after the proclamation of Pres
ident Lincoln calling for seventy-five thousand
men. Why not. if he could do so before ?
Did the proclamation change the position of
Davis towards this Government Did it in
volve any one in guilt who, up to that time,
was innocent ? Was it innocent for Lincoln
to go upon his errand with an improved fire
arm to the confederate government before the
proclamation, and treasonable to go after
wards ? It is Idle to look here for any exten
uation of the case whatever. The proclama
tion of the President in no way affects it.
Jefferson Davis was the chosen chief of the
rebel government. He was every inch a trai
tor. The Senator from Indiana knew the
damning treason of his friend and former as
sociate. HIT crime was a wicked one the
most so of any of which man can be guilty
the deepest dyed aud blackest in the catalogue
of crime.
To me it seems that many gentlemen of the
late Democratic party are afflicted with amor
al obliquity in the view they take of this wick
ed rebellion and its authors. The leading
traitors so long dominated over the Democratic
party that the fragment that now remains
seem to connect the rebellion with a struggle
for Democratic ascendency, and the leading
traitors as friends haviDg strong claims on their
sympathy. Evidently the Senator from In
diana was strongly possessed of this view of
the treason and the traitors.
To judge rightly of tho act of the Senator,
we must look at the rebellion and its chief as
they truly are the one as a treasonable revolt
against a just Government, and the other as
the chief of traitors. He was no other than a
rank traitor, a great State criminal, that the
Senator addressed on the 1st of March as "his
excellency, the president of the confederated
States, "commending to his confidence as "re
liable in every respect" one who sought the
rebel government on a treasonable errand.
What was the errand on which the Senator
from Indiana commended his friend to the
usurper and traitor at Montgomery ? It was
no other than the sale of an alleged improved
fire-arm. Have 1 stated the case too strongly
against the Senator from Indiana 1 I would j
not do so. To me, sir, it has the complexion
of agreat crime. I will not call it treason,
although it might be difficult to find a. more
appropriate name for it.
It was well said by the Senator from Nevr
York, Mr. Harris, that if the letter had not
been written, or if its essential part were taken
away, it would be a very innocent thing, and
no Senator would think of expelling the Sena
tor from Indiana from his seat. Unfortunate
ly, the letter was written. An indictment for
murder, portnit me to say to the Senator from
New York, with the homicide clause out,
Would bo a very harmless piece of paper.
Mr. President, I have briefly considered to
whom this letter was addressed to a desper
ate traitor. It commended to his fullest con
fidence one who entertained a traitorous pur
pose, and the matter of the letter was most
treasonable. Here is the whole case, and it
sounds of treason in every part.
What was the position and relation to the
Government of the Union of him who wrote
the letter J lie was a Senator, one of the
high officers of the Government a sworn.
confidential adviser of the President. What
was his plain and bounded duty ? To stand
by the Government, with all his energies and
power. To be vigilant, constant, and untiring
in his efforts to crush the rebellion, and to
bring to punishment its leading traitors. This
u-as his duty. Can it be possible that a loyal
Senator could so far forget this high duty as
to hold communication with the rebellious
government, touching tho purchase of an un
proved fire-arm ? It cannot be possible. No
loyal citizen would have done it, much less a
loyal Senator. Forgetful of his duties, un
faithful to his senatorial trust, lie is no lunger
worthy of i seat in this Senate.
With all respect for my colleague, and for
the honorable Senator fiom .New l'ork, I must
say that in my judgement they have taken a
narrow and technical view of this case. They
with the Senator from Indiana as one on his
trial for treason, and themselves as judges or
jurors sworn to try him under all the technical
rules of presumptions and reasonable doubts,
applicable in such cases. Herein they greatly
err. We sit here in trial upon the Senator
from Indiana, not to pronounce judgment a
g.iinst him for the crime of treason, but to say
by our votes, under the facts before us, if he
ha a loyal and safe man to sit in this high
council of State.
Mr. Cowan. I desire to ask my honorable
colleague, if Mr. Bright is not guilty or trea
son, what is ho guilty of ?
Mr. Wilmot. I will answer my colleague
by saying that if I were called upon to-day to
give any definition of his offense I should
pronounce it treason ; but I am frank to admit
that if I were sitting as a juror, there are
those doubts hanging about the case that
would make me hesitate to pronounce a verdict
of guilty ; but as a Senator, I will not hesitate
as to the vote I shall give here. The conduct
of the Senator from Indiana, judged by the
facts and circumstances surrounding the case,
looks like treason j still I might not be pre
pared so to pronounce, sitting as a juror on
his trial. I know not under what circumstan
ces of haste, or thoughtlessness, the letter was
written. These, if they existed, were for the
Senator from Indiana to show. There may
not have existed, at tho time the letter was
written, that deliberate and wicked purpose
essential to the technical crime of treason.
We know not. We have tho letter before up.
It xcas written to a traitor, and for a traitor, and
to further a treasonable end. What more does
my colleague want I The Senator on trial has
given us no facts or mitigating circumstances
whatever. As a juror, I might even refuse on
the case, as it stands, to pronounce the verdict
of guilty of high treason. But when the case
is presented to me as a Senator is the Sena
tor from Indiana a safe man to sit here ? Is
his loyalty and fidelity to the Government
justly obnoxious to strong and well-grounded
impeachment Can ho be trusted to advise
the President, and to share in our delibera
tions, in this crisis of public affairs ? To these
inquiries! can have no doubt whatever. I
shall vote to expel the Senator from Indiana
from his seat in the Senate.
What it is right to do in this case, the Sen
ate should do promptly and fearlessly. A ti
midity, bordering on cowardice, paralyzes the
arm of the Government. Treason stalks -
broad in open day. We must vindicate the
character of the Senate, and our own self-respect
; we must give to the people an assur
ance that here at least, infidelity and disloyal
ty meet with a speedy and condign punishment.
jnow, sir, it seems to me that I have stated
the whole case. I put the case upon the re
cord and upon nothing else. I placeit upon
the Senator's letter of tho 1st of March. I
take that letter and the circumstances of the
country at the time, the position of the Sena
tor, the position of the man to whom the letter
was written, the position of the man for whom
it was written, and the errand upon which he
went, and I say the facts are conclusive and
overwhelming against the Senator from Indi
ana. There is no possible escape from the
conclusion. It is a Iecal maxim that a man is
responsible for the natural and necessary con
sequences of his act. What did the Senator
do He commended one traitor to another.
and the errand upon which he commended him
was by the admission of all a treasonable errand ;
it was to give to him an improved fire-arm.
Can it be possible, as I asked before, that a
loyal Senator would do this? Sir, suppose
your Commanding General had Ivritteu such a
letter, would there have been any doubt as to
lis complicity with the traitors ? The Senator
rom Indiana occupies a position in this Gov
ernment as high and responsible in many re
spects as the Commauding General of youf
Army. Nay, sir, in dignity of character he
occupied a position second onlv to the Presi
dent of tho nation. Suppose he had written
uch a letter, would 3 0U have had any doubt
as to his complicity with the traitors ? Would
you have had any doubt that he had at least
forgotten his duty to this Government ? Sir,
an impeachment could have rested on the
etter; and to-day I have serious doubts as to
what would be the result of the tiial of the
Senator from Indiana before an impartial jury.
Fair Play. A son of Erin having hired his
services to cut some ice, was asked if he
could use the cross-cut saw. He replied that
he "could surely." He was sent accordingly,
n company with some of his co-laborers, to
cut some ice, and on reaching the centre of
the pond the saw was produced with both
handles still in their place. The verdant son,
looking at the saw, very cooly put his hand
in his pocket and drawing from it a cent, said,
'.Now, Jamie, fair play; head or tail, who
goes below."
It is only those who have done nothing that
fancy they can do etery thing.
Chronology of the Rebellion, &c.
lath Ij. S. steamer attacked the rebel bat
tery at Sewell's Point, 2 wounded on our side
wo schooners with rebel troops taken in
the Potomac Rebels at Harper's Ferry rein-
JOth Seizure of telegraphic dispatches
throughout the North bv orders from
m Wash-
ington .North Carolina Secession ordinance
adopted Interview between between Gen.
Harney and Gen. Price about Missouri aflairs
Gov. Magoffin issued his proclamation of
the neutrality of Kentucky Mails having con
nection with the rebel States, on the sea coast
and rivers, cut off.
21st Confedernte Congress adjourned to
meet at Richmond, Va., on the 20th of July
The Confederates establish a hlorfendM nf tin.
Mississippi river at Memphis, Tenn.
22d Ship Island fortifications destroved to
keep them from the rebels Flag-raising at
the Postoffice in Washington, speeches were
mane oy the rresideut and Cabinet.
24th General movement of troops into Vir
ginia ine rebels evacuate Alexandria Col
iMsworh shot by the rebel Jackson, landlord
of the Marshall House, Alexandria, from which
ine ooionel had tak-en down a secession flag
Jackson was instantly killed Arlington
Heights occupied by our troops Virginia
cavalry company captured
25th Our troops destroyed bridges on the
Alexandria and Leesburg railroad Rebel at
tack on the 12th New York regiment, nobody
hurt Ellsworth's funeral at Washington.
2Gth Alexandria put under martial law-
Western irginia voted strongly for the Union
27th Chief-Justice Taney's habeas corpus
in me .nerryman case disregarded by General
oauwanader isiockade of the Mississippi
commenced by the sloop-of-war Brooklvn
Brig-Gen. McDowell fakes command at Wash
ington Mobile blockaded.
oth Gen. Butler advanced his forces to
Newport News Savannah blockaded About
one hundred slaves escaped from their masters
in Virginia, and took refuge in Fortress Mon
roe, and General Butler declared them prizes
ana reiusea to restore them.
-Jtn Jetf Davis reached Richmond Our
troops advanced towards Harper's Ferry, the
reoeis retire towards Jlartinsburff.
30th Rebels fled from Grafton, Va., and
Col. Kelly took possession with Union troops
neueis ien oacK trom V illiamsport Md
olst Gen. Lyon superceded Gen. Harney
.uaj-uen s. uanks and Jt remont commissiou
ed Gun-boat Freeborn engaged rebel batter
ies at Acqnia Creek.
june 1st, 1601 Eieut. Tompkins. U. S.
regular cavalry, with 47 men charged through
the rebels at Fairfax Court House, killing rebel
Capt. Marr and several others, Tompkins had
.s Kinea.
3d Rebels routed at Philippi, Va., by Col
Kelly, with a loss of 16 killed and 10 prison
ers ; 2 Lnion men were killed, and Col. Kelly
was wounuea senator Douglas died Border
state Convention met Privateer Savannah
captuitd oft South Carolina coast by U. S.brig
bth Tne Harriet Lane engaged the Pig
Foint batteries Capt. Ball's rebel cavalry
capturea ai Alexandria, sworn nnd let go.
mi vjen. jratterson s army corps com
menced its march toward Virginia, from
Ohambersburg, Brig. Gen. Thomas leading
the advance.
8th The bridges over the Potomacat Point
01 itocks and Berlin were burned by order of
reoei uen. L,ee.
9th A. II. Stephens made his cotton loan
speech at Miledgville.
10th Battle at Big Bethel : Union force
under Gen. Pierce repulsed, 14 killed, and 45
wounded ; Lieut. Grebel and Major Winthrop
4inea ; reois say they had 17 killed.
11th Ool. Wallace surprised and routed
oOO rebels at Romney, Va., killing 2, losing
none v Heeling Convention met.
12th Gov. Jackson of. Missouri, issued a
proclamation calling out oO.OOO men resist the
Federal Government.
13th Fast-day in the rebel States.
14th Rebels evacuated and burned Har
per's Ferry railroad bridge, and took the ar
mory machinery to Richmond Maryland con
gress election showed a Union victory.
15th Privateer Savannah arrived at New
York as a prize Gen. Lyon occupied Jefler
son City, Mo. Rebels under Price retreated to
I6th Skirmish at Seneca Mills, a secession
captain and 2 men killed.
17th Western Virginia Convention unani
mously voted its independence of fthe rebel
section of the State The surprise at Vienna,
rebels fire upon a railroad train, killing 8 U
nion soldiers, Gs rebels killed Battle ol Boon
ville, Mo., Gen. Lyon routed the rebels under
Gen's Price and Jackson ; about 50 rebels
killed. Lyons lost only 2 Gen. Patterson
crossed the Potomac at Williamsport.
19th Rebels occupied Piedmont, Va. 35
rebels captured "at Liberty, Mo. Andrew
Johnson spoke at Cincinnati The Wheeling
Convention passed an ordinance re-organizing
the State Government.
20th Maj. Gen. McCIellan took command
in Western Virginia Wheeling Convention
elected Frank II. Pierpoint Governor of Vir
ginia, and Daniel Palsly Lieut. -Governor.
21st EastTennesseeUnion Convention met
-dd Balloon reconnoissance commenced
Forty-eight locomotives, valued at four hun
dred thousand dollars, belonging to the Balti
more and Ohio Railroad Company, were de
stroyed at Martinsburg, Va., by the rebels.
24th Gov. Harris proclaimed Tennessee
out of the Union, tho vote of the people be
iug for secession Largo fire at Richmond
25th Virginia Secession vote announced
at 128,884 to 32,131 against Iowa voted a war
loan of $600,000
2Gth The President acknowledged the
Wheeling government as the government of
Virginia Skirmish at Patterson's creek, Va.,
17 rebels and 1 Union man killed.
27th Marshal Kane arrested In Baltimore
J. C. Fremont arrived from Europe En
gagement between gunboats Pawnee and Free
born and rebel batteries at Mathias Point j
Capt. Ward of the Navy killed.
28th Skirmish at Falls Church, Va., one
Union and two rebel troops killed Skirmish
at Shooter's Hill, Va., one Union and two reb
els killed.
" 29th General conncil of war at Washington
Steamer St. Nicholas captured in tb Poto
mac by the rebels, aided by Thomas, the
'French Lady." . .
Jclt 1st, 1861 Privateer Sumter escaped
from the Mississippi Privateer Petral escap
ed from Charleston Fight at Buekhanoon,Ya.
rebels routed, 23 killed and 200 prisoners
Rebels routed at Falling Waters, Va. A n en
gagement took place at Ilaynesville, Va.
Skirmish at Farmington, Mo.
-id Engagement near Marsinsbursr. Va..
reDe's routed, loss heavy, Union loss 3 killed
v irginia legislature at heeling orga
: organized.
od Arkansas called out 10,000 men to re
pel invasion Rebel company, 94 men, taken
at Neosho, Mo.
4th Congress met in extra session New
Hampshire voted a 1,000,000 loan for the
war Rebels seized Louisville and Nashville
railroad Great Union Meeting in San Fran
cisco. 5th President's Message read : the Presi-
called for 400.000 men. and $ 100.000.000 to
aid 111 putting down the rebellion Battle at
Carthage, Mo., between 1100 Union troops un
der Ool. Sigel, and 5000 rebels under Gov
Jackson, tebel om 330 killed and wounded
Lnion loss 13 killed, 31 wounded.
6th Gallant ligrht of 45 men of 3d Ohio regi
ment at Middle lork bridge, near Buckhan
"on, cutting through an ambuscade of about
300 rebels.
th Infernal machine found in the Poto
mac Battle at Brier Forks, near Carthage
Mo., drawn.
bth Skirmish at Bird's Point, Mo., rebel
lost 3 killed and 8 wounded Rebels routed at
Bealington, Va. Attack on a rebel camp at
t londa, Mo., which was broken up Col. Tay
lor brought to th Piesident a message lrom
Jeff Davis concerning prisoners captured as
privateers liiomas the "French Lady, '"taken
in .Baltimore.
Oth Maj. Gen. Fremont put in command of
the W estern Department Virginia Legis
ture, at W heeling, elected John S. Carlile and
Waitman T. Willey to the U. S. Senate, in
place ot the rebels Hunter and Mason.
10th Battle at Laurel Hill, Va., rebel
routed, loss unknown, Union loss 1 killed-
Miarp skirmish at Monroe station, Mo., rebels
driven off.
11th Battle at Rich Mountain, Va., Gen
Kosencrantz defeated Col. Pecram. took all
his camp equipage, killing CO and took a great
many prisoners, six cannon and a large num
ber of horses and wagons : Union loss 11 kill
ed and 3-5 wounded
12th Col. Pegram surrendered to Gen. Mc
Clellan his whole force of 600 men Union
troops occupied Beverly Rebels routed a
Barboursville, Va Skirmish at Newport
i ews, iz U nion men taken prisoners
13th Battle of Carrick'srord,Va.,Gen.Gar-
nctt, ot V a., commander of the rebels killed
rebel loss 200 killed and wounded ; Union
loss 13 killed, 40 wounded ; rebel power in
Western Virginia broken Fairfax Court
House occupied
15th Skirmish at Bunker Hill, Va., rebels
routed reace meeting at Xyack, N. Y
16th Skirmish at Millville, Mo., rebels fire
into a train of cars Tighlman, a negro, killed
three or a prize crew on the schooner S. J.
W aring and brought the vessel intoN. York
The rebel scouts and pickets driven beyond
fairtax Uourt House.
17th Skirmish at Fulton, Mo., rebels driv
en back with loss.
18th First battle of Bull Run, at Black
burn's Ford, Union troops under Gen. Tvler.
rebels under Beauregard ; alter 3 hours fight
ing, fGen. lyler ordered his men to fill back
to Centreville; Unioa loss 19 killed, 38 wound
ed, 2G missing; rebel loss (Beauregard's re
port), 15 killed, 53 wounded.
lytu Gen Banks supercedes Gen. Patter
son in command ou the Potomac
20th The Union army moved to the vicin
ity of Manassas Junction Rebel Congress
met at Richmond The rebels under Henry A.
w ise, fled from the V alley of tho Big Kana
wha, ou the approach of the Union troops.
zist liattle ot Bull Run; 18,000 Union men
under Gen. McDowell attacked the rebel armv
(27,000 in action according to Beauregard's
report),and in a desperate conflict of 10 hours
almost won the hotly contested ground, when
an uuaccountablo panic seized upon the Union
army, and nearly the whole force retreated in
disorder toward Washington. Union loss.
4y killed, 1,011 wounded, l,o00 prisoners ;
rebel loss (Beauregard's report), 393 killed
1200 wounded.
22d Gen. McCIellan placed in command of
the Potomac army.
2od General disorganization of Gen. Mc
Uowelrs army commences, and the 3-months
men return home.
23th A slight skirmish took place at Ilar-
rissonviile, Va., in which the rebels lost six
29th The Southern Bank Convention, held
its second session in Richmond, and adjourn
ed alter advising the Rebel Government to is
sue 100,000,000 Treasury Notes.
0th iho Missouri State Convention de
clared vacant tho State of5ces, and the seats
of the members ot the Legislature ; The State
officers and a majority of the Legislature were
31st The Missouri Convention elected n.
R. Gamble Governor, W. P. Hall Lieut.Gov.,
and M. Oliver Secretary of State, all Union
August 1st, 1861 Gen. McCIellan begins
the reorganization of the army Rebels leave
Harper's Ferry, fall back to Leesburg Priva
teer retral sunk by the St. Lawrence ; crew
2d War tax and tariS bill passed Congress;
500,000'men to bo raised Battle ol Dug Spring
, Lren. lA-on deieatea lien Mconlloctrs
force; rebel loss 40 killed, 44 wounded;
Union loss 8 killed, 30 wounded Fort Fil
more, New Mexico, traitorously surrendered
by Major Lynde, who had 750 men Rebel
vessels and stores destroyed in Pokomoke
3d Some of the vessels of the blockading
fleet threw a few shells into Galveston A
skirmish took place at Point of Rocks, Va.
A battle was fought at Athens, Mo., the rebels
were routed.
6th The special session of Congress ad
journed, after sitting 33 days.
7th Village of Hampton burned by rebels
under Gen. Magruder Privateer York burned
by ganboat Union.
8th Skirmish at Lovettsville, Va., rebels
9th An attack was made on tho rebels at
Potosi, Mo.
10th Battle of Wilson's Creek rear Spring
field, Mo. Gen. Lyon, with 5200 men attack
ed 24,000 rebels under McCulloch,R4ins,Price
and Jackson, and repulsed them, but afterward
refreated to Rolla ; rebel loss 421 killed, 13
wounded ; Union loss 2G3 killed, 721 wounded
Gen. Lyon was killed while heading a charge
11th Twenty-two Reb-. l prisouers were cap
tured at Georgetown, Mo.
12th Ex-minister Faulkner arrested Ban
gor Democrat office destroved bv a mob
13th Battle near Grafton, Va., 21 rebels
killed ; no Union loss During a skirmish at
Matthias Point, Va., the Unionists lost three
killed and one wounded.
14th Mutiny in the 79th N. Y., regiment at
Washington Fremont declared martial law in
15th Davis ordered all northern men to
leave the South in 40 days.
10th President proclaims non-intercourse
with the rebel States Various newspapers in
New York presented by the grand jury for
hostility to the Government Gen. Wool took
command at Fortress Monroe Passport sys
tem established The Rebel camp at Fred
ericktown, 31 o., was attacked and twelve of
the enemy were, taken prisoners A boat's
crew of the Union steamer Resolute was fired
on by a Rebel battery at Aquia creek, Va.
Three were killed and one wounded.
18th A fight took place at Charlestown,
Missouri A slight skirmish occurred at Lady's
Fork, Va.
19th Editor of Essex Co. Democrat, Mass.,
tarred aud feathered for rebel sentiments The
Secretary of War issued an order -calling up
on the Governors of the Northern States to
send immediately to Washington all regiments
and parts of regiments In their respective
States The State Department in Washington
issued a notice setting forth that no person
would be allowed to go abroad from a port of
the United States without apasppoit.
20th Mayor Berretl, of Washington arrest
ed for declining to take the oath Col. McCunn
dismissed for misconduct A skirmish took
place at Hawk's Nest, in the Kanawha Valley,
Virginia. Four thousand Rebels attacked the
barricades of the Eleventh Ohio Regiment,
and were driven back with the loss of fifty
killed. Only two Union men were wounded
The Wheeling Convention passed an ordi
nance erecting a new State to be called Kana
wha, by a vote of 50 to 28.
21st Bird's Point affair; 40 rebels killed
and 17 taken ; Union loss 1 killed, G wounded
A skirmish occurred at Cross Lanes, Va.
24th J.G.Berret, Mayor of Washington
city, was arrested on a charge of treason, and
conveyed a prisoner to Fort Lafayette, in
New York harbor.
26th Seventh Ohio regiment surprised at
Somerville, Va., while at breakfast, but fought
their way out, losing 3 captains and 3 other
officers. Floyd commanded the rebels Hat
teras expedition sailed.
28th-29th Bombardment and taking of
Forts Hatteras and Clark, rebel loss in prison
ers 765, Commodore Barton, was taken, with
a large amount of ammunition anl stores, and
two vessels 2000 rebels attacked Lexington,
Mo., having no artillery, they were repulsed,
with a loss of GO killed 23 rebel prisoners
were taken at Greytown, Mo.
Novel Mode of Caruso the Mail. The
rebels in the lower counticn of Maryland are
so closely watched by the Union troops, that
they find it difficult to communicate with their
friends in Virginia. Their last dodge is the
most novel which has yet been put Into oper
ation : A largo kite is made, covered with
silk, so as to render it imprevious to water.
The tail is formed by folding letters or news
papers together, and tying them with a loop
knot each letter, or perhaps two letters to
gether, forming a bag. When the tail is as
heavy as the kite can conveniently bear under.
a cord long enough to reach about twe-thirds
of the way across the river is attached, and
the kite raised in the air. After fhe kite has
exhausted the string, or has reached a suffi
cient height, the cord is cut, and the concern,
gradually descending, is borne by the breeze
to the v irginia shore, where the tobs are tak
en off ly those in waiting, and new ones for
their sympathizing friends in Maryland tied
on in their stead. With jth first favorable
wind, back comes the kite to the Maryland
shore, and vice versa. Although mishap
sometimes occur to the tnail bv a sudden
change of the wind wafting it into the river, as
a general thing the dodge is successful. By
this means, large numbers of letters and North
ern newspapers find their way into Virginia.
The Death of Children. There is some
thing exceedingly mysterious in the early
death of the finest children. Nevertheless,
may we not charge God foolishly. Yon know
well how, sometimes, you would take the lit
tle object of its fondest regard out of the hand
and eager grasp of your dear little child, not
n sieru severity, out to anure its greater will
ingness to come to yourself. God dealeth
with us as with children ; he snatches from
us, it may be in the bud, the finest specimens
of our nature, around which the fondness and
the hope of our hearts cling not because He
would cast us off, but that He may the more
effectually win our thoughts aud our hearts to
himself here, and the more easily reconcile us
hereafter to be likewise ever with the Lord.
Of little human flowers, Death gathers many.
He places them upon his bosom, and he is
transformed into something less terrifllc than
before. We learn to gaze and shudder not,
for he carries in his arms the sweet blossoms
of our earthly hopes.
Deep Plowing A recent English writer
makes the following sensible remarks on dep
culture : "That land may be injured by deep
culture is a common but a erroneous opinion.
Plowing down good earth and up bad, and let-
mg them remain in that position, must lessen
fertility for a time, but that is not deep cul
ture ; it is literary exchanging good earth for
bad, and is the reason why individuals declare
that they have injnred their land by deep
plowing. Let the nature of the land be what
may, it can be raised to its greatest fertility
only by a sufficiently deep pulverization and
mixture of the engredients. Where the sub
soil is of good quality, and in many places it
better than the soil, bring it up at once to
the surface. W here deep culture is judicious
ly executed, in no case does the new earth
lesson or destroy the fertility of the Id ; n
th-e contrary, they improve each other, and
constitute a deeper and more productive soil."
"Does the razor take hold well I" inquired
barber, who was shaving a gentleman from
the country. "Yes," reqlied the customer,
with tears in his eyes, "it takes holt first-rate
but dont let go worth a cent."
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