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S.'B. ROW, Eorroa axd PnorEiEton.
. CLEARFIELD, PA., MARCn 12, 1850.
Ncausfcea of the- Philadelphia Convention,
.NORtW JACKSON DONNELSON.
JIEJT CHANGE, PSIXCIPLES HEVEH.
r No betUr exemplification of this, remarks
the Philadelphia Sun, can bo shown than the
following resolves, written by Prest. PinRcr,
with Ais own hatvl, reported to the Legislature
.'if New Hampshire by the representative of
tii own totcp, and unanimously passed by the
Democratic Legislature of Aij otrn State, in
1 17, as follows: .
"Resolved, by tho Sonata and House of Rc
prsscntatives in General Assembly convened,
That o regard the institution of Slavery as a
moral, social, and political evil, and, as "such,
we deeply regret its existence, and are willing
to concur in nil reasonable and constitutional
measures that may tend to its ren oval.
"Resolved, That all territory which may
hereafter be added or acquired by the United
States, where slavery does not exist at the
slavery nor involuntary servitude, except for
the pnnhhment of crime, whereof tho p irfy
has been duly convicted, ought ever to exist,
but the same should ever be free ; and we are
opposed to tho extension of slavery over any
such territory, and that we also approv of the
vets of our Senators and Representatives in
Congress in favor of the Wilmot Proviso.
"KcBolrfid, That our Senators in Congress
be instructed, and our Representatives be re
quested, by all expedient and constitutional
means and measures, to sustain the principles
herein set forth.'? Attested bv
Moses Noams, Speaker of the House, II
iiiBaAEc, rresiacnt ot tno benate, Jaueu W..j
. - - . ' !
And yet Franklin Tierce as Trciident of tho
United Stales, and Moses Norris and Jared
Williams as United States Senators from New
Hampshire, since that timo'have changed ev
ery principle contained in the above resolu
tions, and repudiate the very doctrines now
. which nine years since they so strenuously ad
vocated. roirriCAL Pansoxs. In the communica
tion signed C.J." which our neighbor up
street gav placo to last week, unless wo are
oy mistaken, we recognize an old acquain
tance the Rev. Cyrus Jetfries who might be
either a tolerable preacher, or a tolerable poli
tician, but in trying to be both, be spoils both
most awfully, and if he don't look out they
will spoil r-in It lud i rnwiiirm r tere'e '
lor all manner of transgressions, his bill con
taining no less than ten counts. Why there
should bo exactly ten neither more nor loss
we can't imagine, unless he was thinking of
the ten commandments, the ninth r.ne of which
lie violated 5n every count. We defy this Rec
trend politician to make good not all, but a
single one of his charges. This be cannot
do, because they are without foundation.
Ministers of the Gospel, above all other men,
should stick to the truth."
Wo copy the above from the Clearfield Re
publican of last Wednesday. The logic which
It contains is certainly singular. We cannot
see the force of the remark that the writer of
the communication in the Journal might be
either a tolerable preacher, or a tolerable pol
itician, but in trying to bo both, he spoils both
tnost awfully," unless it is to convcy-the idea
that clergymen are to be deprived of the priv
' ilegc ot expressing their opinions in regard to
the official conduct of onr Magistrates, in which
they are certainty as deeply interested as any
ther class of citizens. If that is the mean
ing Intended to bo conveyed, we would beg
leave to dissent from it as being at variance
with justice and constitutional right. We be
lieve that it is not only a privilege, but a duly
of ministers of tho gospel to point out whatev-
ef evil ; tendencies may appear in the official
" condnct of those in authority; and if the wri
ter believed, as be nndoubtcdly did, that the
President was guilty ctas be stands indicted"
; in tho "bill," we seo no reason why he should
-not give publicity to his opinions. There can
be no plausible justification for endeavoring to
prevent preachers from expressing their views
on matters pertaining to the political condi
tion of the country. It was their practice in
tho primitive days of the Republic in the
days of Washington, Hamilton and Jay!
Frttdom cf ;cecA was one of the great princi
ples for which they contended, and in estab
lishing it many a brave heart beat its last throb,
and many a dauntless patriot left his bones to
whiten the field of battle. And are we now,
In these enlightened latter days, to see one of
the most respectable, intelligent and useful
'class of citizens deprived of that freedom of
speech? Are they to be enceringly styled
"rtvtrend politicians," and their veracity im
pugned, merely because they exercise it 1
We trow not. .'
What we hare said above, has been done as
an act ' of justice, not to an individual only,
ttt to a class of persons whom we highly re
spect. - .s to the position "C. J." takes in his
communication, have nothing to say that
be can attend to himself- . . . ..
Where's thz Little iOKer ? Tho Wash
ington Union contains the lbic assertion
"that it is no part of the creed of a Demo
crat, as such, either to advocate or to oppose
the extension of slavery. IIe may do thU 0ae
or the other, in the cxerciso of bis rights as a
citizen and not offend against his Democratic
fealty. ' If anybody can invent a platform
hich bas wore of the see-saw ,bont it than
tali , M hira brir; alone; a lf?5b- ,n4 t
'crit . '
DEMOCRATIC STATE CONVENTION.
This body met Ilarriaburg on the 4th March,
and organized permanently by selecting Hen
drick II. Wright as President, agisted by 27
Vice Presidents, and 13 Secretaries.
The following is the Committee on Resolu
tions: John L. Dawsoti, Howard L.' Miller, R.
Diddle Roberts, David Tidball, Wru. Montgo
mery, Emanuel Street, Franklin Vansant, Jno.
F. Means, James L. Reynolds, Mifflin I!an
num", Wilson Reilly, and J. C. Montgomery.
A committee, consisting of ono from each
Congressional District, was selected to report
delegates to the National Convention, and
Electors. The contesi for delegates to Cin
cinnati was exceedingly spirited. Gov. Big
lcr was here importuning members to send him
there, urging lhat it was expected at Washing
ton that he would go; but the Co-iveiition
concluded to send men who bad not been con
taminated by a Washington atmosphere.
The delegation is understood to have but
cne choice for President, and according to the
instructions of tho Convention, must vote for
Buchanan, dead or alive.
Several speeches were then delivered in glo-
' rificalien of Buchanan and Democracy, when
tho Convention adjourned until Wedneslay.
Wednesday, Mar. 5. A committee of Cve
was selected to inform Mr. Buchanan that he
had been nominated for the Presidency. The
platform was then repotted and adopted, when
the Convention proceeded to nominate a can
di late for Canal Commissioner, which result
ed in the choice ol Geo. Scott, of Columbia. '
On the oth ballot Jacob Fry, Jr., of Montgo
mery, was selected as the candidate for Audi
tor General, and on tho 4th ballot, Timothy
Ives, of Potter, was declared the nominee for
Surveyor General. The 4th ballot stood as fol
lows : Ives C9, Alexander 40, scattering 22.
Some interesting incidents occurred during
the progress of tho nominations. Mr. Reily,
candidate for Canal Commissioner, baling his
claims upon the ground that he was bora in
Ireland. Cf course the Convention would not
nominate him, but in lieu ot lhat he was given
tlia fullest measure of Democratic applause.
Like many other aspiring patriots, Mr. Reilly
bad a letter read to the Convention declining
the nomination, when it was evident that lie
could not get it, and his letter was received
with tho liveliest enthusiasm. Sam Black was
fitly chosen as the Irish champion, and he
dwelt eloquently on tba fact that Mr. Reilly
though an Irishman, breathed sentiments of
loyalty to this country that would do credit to
a native citizen ! This remarkable condescen
sion on tbo part of Mr. Reilly a mia born on
a foreign soil, and yet consenting to obey tho
laws and sustain the Constitution of this coun-
try,afluctcd the speaker well J;igh to te:irs,and !
tho Convention maniiested its appreciation of
Mr. Reilly's patriotism by not nominating
him. He roso to the dignity often votes. The
Convention adjourned after having made nom
inations until the afternoon, when the dele
gates met to hear and bo beard by each other.
A number of speeches were made, ranging
from very good to very indifferent from
Jndr. v "
which the Convention adjourned tine die.
The following are the resolutions adopted,
constituting the last Democratic platform :
Resolved, That in the present distracted
condition of parties, iu which sectional and
partial issues have been allowed to attain a
dangerous supremacy, wo rccgniz in the
policy of tho Democratic party, that which
rests upon the Constitution as its basis ; and
that it is the party which above all others has,
in the language of the illustrious Madison, ev
er continued to hold the union of the States
as the basis of their peace and happiness ; to
support the Constitution, which is the cement
of the Union, as well in its liniitatkns as its
authorities; to respect the rights and authori
ties reserved to the States and to the people,
as equally incorporated with and essential to
the success of the general system; and to avoid
the slightest interference with the rights of
conscience or the functions of religion, so
wisely exempted from civil jurisdiction."
Resolved, That by the general consent of
the wise and virtuous of all nations, the fia
mcrs of the Republic of the United States, ex
hibited in their individual characters and in
the result of their public deliberations, a de
gree of virtue and a practical statesmanship,
to which the history of the world affords no
parallel: that in no part of the Federal Com
pact is the wisdom of our fathers more con
uspicuos.than in leaving the whole question of
slavery to the states in their separate capaci
ties; and that in the provision for the re -delivery
of fugitives escaped from labour or ser
vice, they demonstrated a sense of justice an
appreciation of tho value cf the Union an at
tachment to its preservation an avoidance of
one-sided philanthrophy, and impracticable
theories of government which present a pro
per example for the guidance and imitation of
us, their descendants.
Resolved, That we look only to the Consti
tution, and the exposition thereof which has
been afforded by the practice of Democratic
administrations, for the chart of our policy.
That these constitute, till the fundamental law
is changed by methods which itself provides,
thc-HiGHEST.LAW of our obedience as citizens ;
and that we utterly discard that partial and ex
aggerated sympathy, tho attempt to carry
which into practice, is at tho peril ot our dear
est interests as a nation, and threatens the in
fliction of evils of teufold magnitude to those
which it proposes to heal.
Resolved, That the equality of the States is
the vital element of the Constitntionitself, and
that all interference with the rights of the
States by those who seek to disregard the sa
cred guarantees of the past, and by all others,
should be rebuked with the same spirit that
vou!d denounce and repudiate all attempts to
erect odious distinctions between those who
arc entitled to share the blessings and benefits
orur free institutions.
Resolved. That the effort to direct the pow
er of the Government by anti-slavery agita
tion, under the various names and phases of
free Soilism, Anti-Mcbraskaism, Fnsionism,
and Republicanism ; and by interfering with
the rights of conscience in establishing a re
ligious test as a qualification for office, by the
secrect oath-bound society of the Know-Nothings,
is opposed both to the letter and the
spirit of the Constitution, and to the earnest
teachings and practice of its . earliest and most
Resolved, That we are now as ever unalter
ably opposed to the doctrines and designs of
an organizations which contemplate tho over
throw of the civil and religions rights of the
citizen; that the equality of the citizen, like
the equality of the, Kta . & .r..i n4
I alienable rigbr, to interfered with by
. . , ...
out a subversion of the primary objects of our
political system, and a repudiation of tbe guar
antees of the past and the hopes of tho future.
Resolved, That in tho repeal of tbo act
known as the Missouri Compromise act, and
the passage of the act organizing the Territo
ries cf Kansas and Nebraska, free from uncon
stitutional restrictions, the last Congress per
formed a wort; of patriotic sacrifice iu electing
the demands of sectional excitement by un
shaken adherence to the fundamental law.
Resolved, That this legislation cannot bo
deemed unnecessary, but that it was expedi
ent to meet the questions cf which it dispos
ed, and which could never admit of a more ea
sy settlement than at present. That wo recog
nize in it the apnlieation to '.he Territories of
the United States, of the rule of "equal and I
exact justice to all men" of all sections of the !
confederacy, which was designed by the fra
tners of our government, and which was de
fined as one of its essential principles by the
Resolved, That the Democracy of Pennsyl
vania, foliowing the counsel of some of the wi
sest statesmen of the north and south, were
ready on more than one occasion in the past,
to extend the Missouri Compromise lino to tlu:
Pacific, so as to make it the basis of a final set
tlement of the question of slavery in the Ter
ritories; but when the proposition was reject
ed in 1818, on the ground that it involved an
undue concession to the south, by the very
men who now clamor for a restoration of tlie
Missouri line, there seemed to be but one wise
alternative lelf, and that was to refer tbe whole
question of slavery in the Territories to tbe
people thereof, to be regulated as they might
deem proper, and we therefore cheerfully ex
tend our hearty support to the policy of the
government as recognized in the Compromise
measures cf IbGO.und embodied in the laws orga
nizing the Territories of Kansas and Nebraska.
Resolved, That unerring indication! point
to tho Hon. JaWes Biiiu.va.n distitiiriiishcd
alike by bis high personal character, bis tried
Democracy, bis great abilities, experience and
eminent statesmanship as the nation's choice
for tho office of President of the United States,
for the term commencing on the 1th of March,
18o7 ; and that we do hereby instruct our dele
gates to the National Conventionn to assemble
in Cincinnati in June next, to use thyir elibrls
Resolved, That at a period when sectional
ism, in its worst aspects, attempts ta under
mine the foundations of tho federal constitu
tion, and when an abolition majority a.-pires
l supremacy iu the popular branch ol the na
tional legislature, and with the prospect of dif
ficulties with foreign nations, who for their
purposes may seek to intercept end slay the
progress of free institutions on li.is cor.tinet.t,
in order that they may more effectually arrest
the advancing footsteps of oi.r republican ex
ample, the statesmanlike qualities cf James
Buchanan his lon? a:id well tried services in
defence of the Constitution his intimate
knowledge of all our relations with foreign
countries and bis large and enlightened ex
perience point to him ss preeminently the
man to lead the victorious columns of .the
Democracy in November next.
Resolved, That we fully endorse the admin
istration of President Piluce as national, faith
ful and efficient fully equal to all the impor
tant emergencies which the country has had to
encounter, and that he has wortbily'maiiitwincd
her interests and honor st borne nnd abroad.
Resolved, That in tbe rise at home of fac
tions based upon a single priueiplc iiiiniic.l to
our government and Constitution, and in the
stirring and warlike condition of tbe times, we
behold dangers to our peace and prosperity, if
not to our perpetuity, which should cause" ev
ery good citizen to ponder well the steps of
of bis political action; and that we earnestly
invito the lover of his couu'rVjfjT,
ConsTitiif ion in its purity, and trausiuittin,
unimpaired to our successors.
Resolved, That whatever ca.vs of dissatis
faction with the working of our laws and insti
tutions may exist in different sections of the
country, the proper remedy is to be sought in
the temperate exercise of the rijrht of discus
sion, and the ballot-box ; that all other evils
are insignificant in comparison with that of
d inger to the Union ; that all others can wait
the sure amelioration of time, if the I'nion be
maintained; but that disunion would at once
pr.e the destruction-of our present interests
and happiness as a people, and tho death
knell of our hopes.
Resolved, That it was npon the soil of Penn
sylvania that Independence was declared, and
the Federal constituion constructed, and that
it therefore becomes in a special sense the du
ty of Pcnnsylvanians to watch over its safety,
as secured by the great charter of the Union ;
to resist the first approaches of danger to its
perpetuity, and forever to cherish and main
tain it inviolate, as the palladium of our hap
piness, political, social and civil.
Resolved, That all vacancies that may take
place.in the delegation to Cincinnati, now se
lected, shall be filled by a majority of the whole
number there present, and that the said delega
tion shall have full power and authority among
themselves to regulate by whom and how their
.votes shall be given in the Convention.
Resolved, That tlieDemocraticStateCentral
Committee shall require a pledge from each
elector, to vote for the candidates for Presi
dent and Vice President of the United States,
who may be nominated by the Cincinnati Con
vention, and in case of tiie neglect or refusal
of any elector so to do within a reasonable
time, the State Central Committee be and
they ara here by empowered to substitute.
Crtsade agaixst Free-Masoxs. Tbe Ken
sington, Jamaica, Morning Journal, of Janua
ry 10, says: "Not long ago, we noticed in onr
paper an order from the Pope to tbe late Vicar
Apostolic of the Roman Catholic Church of
this Island, through the Right Rev. Dr. Nicu
windt, Bishop of Cytrum, to excommunicate all
persons professing Free Masonry in Jamaica.
This order or rescript, Father Benito Fernan
dez refused to obey. We now learn that bis
Holiness has sent a similar instrument direct
to the present Vicar Apostolic, Father Dupey
ron, ordering him to discountenance Free Ma
sons, and persons connected with other secret
societies who are connected with his commu
nion, becauso their tenets, being unknown,
may be dangerous to the State (what State ?)
His Holiness also prohibits the reading of such
works as those of Eugene Sue, Which contain
moral poison, under an attractive exterior.
The rescript, or whatever tbo instrument may
bo termed, was read by Father Dupeyron, in
open congregation, in the Chapel of the Holy
Trinity, on Sunday last. Wo learn, from
good authority, that a stone cutter of this city
has been employed by the Jesuit Priests here
in effacing tho Masonic emblems on tombs in
the Roman Catholic burial ground."
The Chicago Democrat says that some idea
of a religious week day meeting in that city
mayhe obtained from tbe fact that on a recent
occasion of unusual interest, tbe assemblage
consisted of Elxty-eight women, one man and
a boy. .....
tactions parties ana recuress legislation, wun-
LATER FP.? Iff EUROPE.
Ntw York, Mar. 4. The steamer Baltic
arrived to-day with Liverpool dates to the 20th.
All the envoys to the peace conference have
arrived at Paris, and the sessions were to open
ou the 23d. The coufidc-nce in the establish
ment of peace continues undiminished.
The excitement in the public mind relaiivo
to the American difficulty is subsiding. The
concentration of a large British force in Cana
da has been ordered.
From the fact that the above dispatch, pre
pared in Liverpool, makes no nieUion of the
Pacific, it is feared that no tidings of her have
bceu received there.
The Baltic reached her dock at eleven
o'clock. She brings dates to the 20tb, but
tbo papers contain no striking news.
The London Times announces' that eighteen
regiments and battalions of rifl.-s sre to be dis
patched to Canada and that several other regi
ments will follow. It is also rumored that
almost every regiment attached to the home
service has received an intimation Hut their
services may bo required in Canada.
Money continues extremely tight, tbe de
mand being in excess of the supply.
The i;ew loan of XoDibOOOMJ announced,
iryvides for the pending of Exchequer EiiU
to the extent Of 3,000,000. As these amounts
have to bo naid iu five instalments in t hi- i-.n-rw.
of two mo:.ths, the demaud will douLt;,,,,,.
tinueto be c.W nnd the market continue
stringent. Consols had improved on thoan-
a w ji; u-jUiitreailiS
j declined to OOJaSO. Rothschilds, it is s,,d,
propose taking the whole of the loan
Much gossip continues in relation to ti e
peace conference. Baron Drunow is reported
to have said that Russia sincerely desires peace
but if it is not declared within three cr four
weeks at the furthest, from the opening of the
conference, a-.-r ii.' i fl:P.vji t i(.i,.;i,.f,fo
i..t nnai settlement of the question.
Lord Clarendon had a private interview with
Napoleon immediately upon bis arriv.il r.t Par
is. England. The Duke of Norfolk is dead
A mulatto girl was found secreted on board
the ship Aterian, which arrived at Liverpool
from New Orieaas
Fraxci:. An article ia the Assemblec Na
tionale, touching the defensive works being
constructed at Portsmouth, England, has eli
cited some remarks, nnd is looked upon as an
exhibition of French j-jalousy.
ArsTRi.t. So;no additional particulurs cf
tho forth coming Austrian. amnesty has trans
pired ; it will, with a few exceptions, be un
conditional, and be made known individually
to tuoso immediately concerned. Those who
n Z i
II i Rl' IV 1 1 n (
choose can rcassumc tb;ir citizenship
and be put in po-n-Msion of their T-rnpertv ; i
those who do not choose to return immediate
ly, may sell their estates ; those who do neith
er, will be considered as demanding that their
property shall be handed over to their legal
Asia. 0:i tho 5th of January, six battalions
of Russians surprised a battalion cf Turks
s'abseq uently burned the Pacha's jlaco and
Rissia. The Emperor's brother, the Grand
Duke Nicholas, has be-n married to the Prin
cess cf OMenbargh, Alexandria Patromrt.
Among tho passengers by the Baltic are B.
C. Towsend, bearer of dispatches, and I). E.
Hughes, inventor of the new Printing Tele
Feaufi'l Riot is Solth Carolina College.
The Wilmington, N.C., Commercial, Feb. 18,
has tho following correspondence: "A tre
mendous axcitement now prevails in Colum
bia. Last night, about 0 o'clock, some of the
students of the South Carolina College were
walking around the city with murderous object
in view, it is supposed. As three of them
were walking down Richardson street, imme
diately in front of the market house, one of
thcrn yelled out the name of the Chief of Po
lice, whom they intended murdering that eve
ning. This gentleman, hearing considerable
noise in Ihe street, proceeded to the spot to
arrest tho parlies disturbing the peace. Ono
of them pretended to bo almost beastly drunk.
The officer commanded the peace, and laid bis
hand in the meantime on the shoulder of tho
intoxicated person, and as he did this, one of
the students puuehed him in the abdomen with
his club ; the policeman thinking he had been
6tabbed, immediately struck the student with
his bludgeon, splitting his skull dreadfully.
This being done, he commanded his fellow po
licemen to assist in conveying him' to the
guard bouse. As soon as he was lodged there
the cry of 'Colhge" was raised by the stu
dents, and in less than ten minutes, 100 stu
dents were present, all armed with pistols,
bowie knives, swords, hatchets and clubs, and
rushed to tho guard houso, crying "out! out!"
After cutting all the doors and window? into
fragment?, they rushed in upon the Chief,
each student giving him a wound with knife,
bludgeon, or sword, and then threw him out of
the second story window on the brick pave
ment. The alarm bell Avas then rung to call
the citizens together, but too late to bo of anv
servicc to the police. This morning, about
10 o'clock, the alarm bell was rung again. On
arriving at the guard house, I found the stu
dents and several of the citizens "going in
lemons" with pistols, swords and bowie knives.
Several of the students were carried to their
various homes dreadfully cut and bruised.
The studeuts had sworn to kill the policeman,
and they broke into the guard house, where
be had been put for safety, and pulled him out
in front of it, where they were each giving
him a blow with their clubs, and some cutting
him with bowie knives. The few citizens that
were present rushed among them and they had
a dreadful mnss. The alarm bell was rung to
summon the military companies, and in a Bhort
time five companies were present.
Feb. 19. One of the students died this af
ternocn,md ethers arc expected to di to-
night. Tbe chief of police died to-night.
Three policemen were killed.
Oil the 20th, tbe students jrocured immu
nitlon from Charleston. They also procured
rifles from a neighboring town, under faLc
pretences. Tho Mayor having feecured the
key of their armory, they sent a Messenger to
bint stating that if be did not give up tbe key
they wonld break open the armory, which they
did accordingly; On tho 21st, tbe Governor
went to the campus and demanded tbe arms
from tae students, telling them if they did not
surrender be would fire upon thea. This be
ing done, they gave tip their arms.
Caufousia as a Fbee State. Gov. John
Bigk-r, in bis Message of the Slh of January.
ISvO, bus the following among other remarks
npyii the progress of California in agriculture :
"That n'tom'shiug progress has been mad
in agriculture is demonstrated by the fuct that
a few years ago we were almost, if not entire
ly dependent r.j-rnthe Atlardic States, Chili,
Oregon nnd the Islands for ail the recct-saries
and luxuries cf life. Nor,-, however, ly the
energy cf our people and the unequalled fer
tility of orr sol, we have a superabundance
fhr home consumption, and even for e;;tort.
Lithe m.:rktt repoits of the All :r.t;c cities
are regularly quMetl the prices paid for Ca!i-
.C..J... .j,.-.n. una Hour; ct wlitcil exports ex.
ceeui:ig 51,WU,;yo iu the aggregate h ive been '
URdo daring the past vcur. This is truly a
i t:, ' f it JL . in 1 ri?I
! f;:'-v o1' out- most pTcUZ
velopcd sister Si.-t?s. " .
"Among the many and vsrie 1 ?:ro-?m f f
niir nuut r.w.ltf.- c..;l .!.. t . ,
may LeTnentTone lli
i i.ese are produced i: Ciii.'ornia in greater
puinu:ies 10 ine r.eret ian ia nnv nC is..
! lantic States, and of a quality unsurpassed if
i.ui uuequaneu. Jiye and coin, althutieh not
so proline in growth as in some of the older
W extern States, nevertheless vivid remunera
n he savs s
productiveness of California, as an evidence; or
her wonderful progress a;id prosperity, we may
welt and proudly institute a companion with
other Stales of tiu coofedeiacv.
! "Ai!io::g til n.
anv iutorestir." facta to l
i gleaned fnm of.:c:.tl reports andeth
! sources v.e learn that the number ot
ses a!rl mules in California, is only exceeded
m lo States, including the f.-r.-at States cf New
xork, Pennsylvania, Virginia and Ohio. In
the number of cattle, but 7 States exceed Cal
ifornia. Ia wheat, l::t OSteites produced more
during tbe year 1So5 while New York alone
exceeds California ia the number cf bushels of
Cf Potatoes, sixteen cf tho
Q lil.C f ifl- .... ...... . 1 1 n
Of ail tno States of the Union, not one produ
ces so many gallons of wine aul iu tho ag
gregate value of live slock, but 1 1 of the 31
Truly this is a cheering exhibition of tho
r.t. . r y-,.. c, C t. fl 1 s- T" . I
7 , . : '
- m. v an imi'ii-aaj -. is lessou IV tile trilsi-
ness men of our country. Sur-nosn f:.ii:r..r..i,
had been admitted as a slave State how dif
ferent would have been her present condition J
To understand this, compare Virginia !
Ohio, Missouri with Illinois, or Arkansas with
Wisconsin. Have not tho cilizens of all the
old States a deep interest in preserving Kansas
frpni the curse cf that ins tiintion wliieh smoth-
teuds ? Kansas, peopled by freemen, wculu
in a few years rival even California or Iu in
its progress, and would furnish a vast market
for tbe products of our manufactories. So
that even as a matter of dollars and cents, wc
have a deep interest in preserving Kansas from
th curse of slavery.
The Gasg or Ho.us TniEvr.s ia Wrsrtnx
Pe xx'a. and New York. The Pittsburg Dis
patch of March 1st, has the following notice of
the arrest of another of the gang of horso
thieves, whose, existence has recently been
discovered ia the western part of this State:
On Wednesday evening, Mayor Bingham, hav
ing ascertained that John R. Harper, who was
mentioned as an active member of the horse
thieving gang by Rutter, in his eonfession,was
in Buffalo, N. Y., telegraphed to the officers of
that city and had him arrested. ILj was about
starting High Constable King after him, when
two cHcers from Indiana Co., who were on the
hunt" of htm, arrived iu that city and called no
on the Mayor, having learned that ho had al
ready caused Harper's arrest. The Mayor ban
ded over the correspondence to them, and they
left last night for Harrisburg, to procure a re
quisition to remove Harper to this State.
While in prison, awaiting trial in Indiana j
county, some four years ago, Harper, aided by
Rutter, Brown, and a roan namod Greer, broke
jail, and since that time has been living by de
predations on the public. An indictment has
been ponding against Lira at Ebensburg, and
Rutter says he was with him engaged in steal
ing horses in Westmoreland and other western
counties. He is the same man who, according
to R utters account, was at one thre employ
ed in onj of the railroad depots at Buf'aio.and
stole goods which he sent to Brown to be dis
posed of. Thus far Rutter's statements have
proved literally correct, and have already led
to the discovery of a large number of stolen
horses by their owners, and will doubtless result
in breaking up one of the most extensive and
thoroughly organized band of rascals which
has ever csTisted in this part of the country.
Earthquakes ix Switzkblaxd. On the 5th,
8th and 2ith of January last, shocks ot carth
qnako were experienced in various cauto;:s.
A Swiss naturalist, who has for some time
closely observed these phenomena, states that
in July last the fright lul effects of earthquakes
were visible on the tops of the highest moan
tains. On the 25th immense masses of ice
seperated from the glacier Monte Kosa, came
crashing into tho valley beneath, and a solid
wall of ice was detached from the peak of tho
Wctterhorn. On Mount St. Bernard the shock
was as severe as in the valley of the Rhone.
Oa the 23th a shock was felt in a circlj cm
bracing Ilerraatt, Geneva, Basle, Zurich and
Lurgano, which filled the animal world with
terror; migratory birds left the vicinity, snd
bave not since returned.
When does a man look like a cann?n ball .
"When he looks round.
COMPEKSATIOX VX THE ExCEMITE Ssow -Tbfc
excess! v. snow, wth bIch ,h United St. J
bave been vUUed this year, mach ,
have delayed travel and transportation on n7l
roads, bave not been without compeaUm .
vantages. All through this Sute. M .
in the West, they have enabled the f,
by the use of tleds, to carry their grain to h'
market towns, at & season of the ?eM
roads are usually impassable, eithr nhy
exceedingly rough. Most cf the pri-!,!f
country towns, we understand, are overflo'T j
ly been so full of moaev. Thess fief ..
gratifying in two respects. They show tba
tho agricultrial interest is in a Tery fiouriii.
ing condition ; but they show also that
farmers have been holding back their griii
and that consequently the stock in the coustr
at large is greater than has been supposed. I;
is plain that four must come down. To tLa
Inhabitants of cities, to manufacturers aad op.
cratires, and generally to consntccrs of foe!
as distinguished from producers, this will I
gratifying newj; for it is they who have felt
most keenly the late enormous prices of pre
visions and who need most the relief of a de
cline. But the heavy snows have nut only brought
' eaormotisa qnar-tities of ra;n to tsarket; :L?v
ateatdo retutweu n nearly certain that t.ta
i TfU,S CTP .Wl!? be 0De ofaIni0it
j a-'-'ea maginucie. An agricultural jotuaal
! estimates that tho ammonia addd to ti, .
Ly this winter's snows will be as good ai a tLo
ro::gh manuring. The protracted cold, more
over, forbids the idea of a changeable spring.
If former experience is to he relied oa there
will be little or no retrocession when the mild
weather once sers in 5 bnt the processes of veg
etation wiilg- on without those sudden r-
j turns lo cold which so often destroy grain cad
j 1:1 ,ua".v of the papers, that the irust troes Liv3
j been universally destroyed. Bat We J.2.
; r..onl nu:C0r0U5 sources, that this is r.ct r.-ll'
i.,,. . .. . ... , A, . . .
" e l;'u;a,: w "" l,,Jl lnt imiwch m
fruit trees iiavo been split, or otherwise injur
ed, are exceptions. It is not certain, iadeeA,
that even trees which have been split, arc rsn
tiered permanently useless. On the whc!,
the excessive snows of this winter have brouf ht
with them many compensations, and it is not
improbable that, in a cycle of years, it may b
u,3-0 c-t, luci werc omteiy necessary.-
the people cf the United States the people
of all the world most entitled to hold their s
tionality as a proud privilege, sn J boasting th
strongest and mo&t heart-rooted attachment
i t0 the of their fathers, banded
;va Lorn sires to sous, are the raoi; reckless
and careless of fortin influence, aud dtaot
j seem to regard it as thuir duty to jtreverro
their Americanism pure and nnadulJeratcd.
o otter -"'r ", hc face of the earth Bas
so little regard for its nawvu.-., . .
contrary they all endeavor to protect and sus
tain it. Th following ia the opinion wt n,
, .... " .
-itenvould call an untutored savage. This
man saems to have imbibed froiu nsturo sad
good common sense the pnro principles of
those who framed tho glor:us Union .f tho
States, and were willing to receive foreigners
here as the "asylum of oppressed bumanily,"
but not to control the destinies or subvert tL
institutions cf our country." Demagogues here
may learn a lesson from the "Pure Nativtlsa"
of the new King of the Hawaiian Islands,-
contained iu the following announcement i
Hawaiian Islands, January 13A, 1863.
The funeral of the late King took jducc oi
10th. The procession was by far the most Im
posing ever witnessed in the islands. CVth
11th tne new King made bis firs? apearanca,
and attended a council. The King addressed
bis native subjects, and also tho foreigners.
From the speech to the latfer we extract the
following : "I therefore Stiy to the foreigner
that ho is welcome to our shores welcome so
long as ho comes with the laudable motive of
promoting his own interests, and at tbe sam-s
time lespecting those of his neighbor. But if
be conies here with no more exalted motiv
than tli.-tf of building up his own interest, al
the expense of the natives; to seek our confi
dence only to betray it : with no higher aaxbi.
tion than that of overthrowing our govern
ment, and introducing anarchy, confusion aad
bloodshed j then he is most unwelcome."
Woetht ok Bitxo Pondered. Tho Grand
Jurv fcf the Citv of New York made
sentment to the Court on Friday, the 22nd wit.
We call attention to one or two tacts. Th
Grand Jury say, "during the past year tho
number cf commitments were ihirfy-six ks
ijni, luo hund.el and tUiy-four. Of these.
thirty-tiro thousand tercn hundred and thrtt wero
persons of intemperate habits. Eight thou
sand, r.ine hundred and six wero American
bom, while the remaining twenty-seven thou
sand, three hundred and thirty-eight wero of
foreign birth. I:i view of this fact, the Grand
Jury arc forced to the conclusion that ther
exists an organized system of deportation and
emigration to this country of criminals from,
abroad, and they urge that-every means which
the law allows be put in force to check this
Here, we say, arc two things worthy of being
pondered. First, the intimate connexion be
tween intemparar.ee and crime, and second.
th.3 grievous burden imposed upon us by pour
ing upon this country a tide of worthless ts
abon 1 people, who eat up cur substance, fill
our alms-houses, and crowd onr prisons.
Farxcii Love or Soasdal. A French pro
vincial papar contains tho following : ""A trial
took placo at our Assizes. It promised rich
food for scandal. All tho ladies of the towa
bedecked themselves in their smartest toilets,
abd crowded to the court-house. On seeing
this, the prcsidiug judge rose and said t Per
sons here assembled as spectators are not a
ware of the nature of tho cause. I therefor
invite all decent women to withdraw." A
pause took place without a single female mor
ing from her. seat. Seeing this, the president
agaitv rose and exclaimed : "Officers of tbe
Court, new that all decent women baYe retired,
turn out tH remainder,