Newspaper Page Text
The tears stood in her eyes as she spoke, and I was
.fterwards told she had lost a son only three months
before, stabbed in a brawl with some of his companions.
Subject to the decision of
'THE DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION.
be tinily Stiontutgposti
PHILLIP* & MTH, EDITOII3 AND PROPRIMTORS
;PITTSBURGH, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER $
Erne November No. of Goodman's Counterfeit
Dqteztor, published at. Cincinnati, conrninit4te..toUstw e ,
ing important paragraph: '
"Rift COMMI:XICATIO:. %VITA THE EAST.—
Thedirectars of the Little Miami Railroad, in connec.
tion with the Sandusky Railroad Company, are about
to send a gentleman of distinguished talent of this city
to Iltiton,Tor the purpose of obtaining $500,000, the
amount required to connect the two railways. This is
a very important movement, and should it succeed,
will open between these two places an immense trade,
It would bring Boston within three and a half day's'
travel of this city, and pour incalculable quantities of
prodacethrough that route, as well as become the most
rupeaitious mode of bringing goods to our city. The
tihoect Of the agent will not he to obtain a loan, but to
gilt subscriptions for stock.'
Here is another r rojeet broached, which, if•carried
out, will be another severe blow at the prosperity of
Pennsylvania, her public works, and her great commer-,
c4a.l marts, Vhi latielphis and ttsburgh. Surely move,
meats like thess should arouse our people to a sense of
the necessity which exists for prompt action on the sub
ject of a Rail-road curnmunication between Pittsburgh
and the East. What has become of all the Connels
ville Rail Road Company, its stock books, and theme.'
nied men who were to fill those books up with their .
names? The intense and feverish excitement on the.
subject of ,a Rail-road connectiuo with Baltimore,
which eves the chilling blasts of last winter could not
destroy, has strangely subided, and the whole matter .
seems to be entirely forgotten. Perhaps it may be a
roused again, and our rich men will fume and fret, and.
agitate the subject once mere, when they learn that the
arrangements above mentioned are completed, and that,
the journey between Boston and Cincinnati can be •
made in 3,4 days. Till then, they must be lefa to their
WHAT',, Ili A NAME?—We have often noticed names
which we regarded as preposterous, but pace seldom
met with any more truly so than the following, which a
friend of the Charleston i‘lercur, says, are the identical
names of a family of children in his neighborhood.--
One little girl hears the romantic appellation of Peivi.
dere Hydereila Deidamia Celestella Adelaide
IlUtchkini. 'ler younger sister is denominated Pharis
Pharasima Cella Amelia Mary Abigail Hatchkink.—
The brother of these hopeful daughters is styled Dan
iel Horatio Leander Constantine Wales Hutchk ins.—
The same gentleman mentions another child of his ac
quaintance, which bears the following appellutiompart
ly borrowed front the wife of the founder of Pennsylva
nin7Julin Alma Anne Maria Springet Penn Estes.—
All these must yield, we think, to the following which
a lady on her honor assures the editor of the above pa
per, are the real names uf two children. The first,
Marla Rebecca Sophia f1a7.:1 rci Wizard Girard
Penelope Gardner. The second, Caroline Adelaide
Jane Eliza Jefferson Jackson Beersheba Collins. As
the horiiculturalists exclaim of their mammoth Vegeta.
bles, - so we soy—"beat that?"
SVCKE!t ItPETS.—In Illinois, they use tan instead
of carpets to cover the floors of public offices, and,. fur
aught we know to the 'contrary, for private dwellings
also- A Quincy paper finds fault with the sheriff of
that county for putting tanner's bark on the floor of
the eruct room. It says "the bark is taken wet from
,Vats of the tunyard, and in that state spread over
the floor, and the consequence iq, that during the first
week of the court, all are barking with colds and
cmighs olcasiuned by it. By the second week it be
comes dry. and occasions constantly a fine dust, which
nl?mustinhale who arc so unfortunate as to he under
the necessity ofremaining in the court-room. The bark
is placed hero by tha sheriff to prevent the noise of those
walking about the rootti from disturbing the cordit!"
STEAMBOAT BUILDING IN CINCINNATI.—The At
las informs us that there have been built at Cincinnati,
within dr: present year, 31 Steamboats; the average
amount of their tonnage is 12,035 tons, and their cost
$705,000, which gives an average of nearly 380 tons
for each boat, and of a little over 22,000 dollars fur the
cost of each. Thirteen of these boats are of the me
dium siza indicated by the average, and rate from 350
to 430 tons, and six of them are of 500 tons and up
wards: 'Them have been employed on the heav'er
portions of these Steamers, 770 mechanics, exclusive
of Upholsterers. Cabinet Matters, Coppersmiths, and
many other mechanics whom they have directly bent.-
reTho Ametican still insists that his brother of
the Gazette was a.mason at the time he purchased that
paper, and that he was protected from the persecution
of the Antintasons by a certificate from a Masonic
Lodge. Biddle insists that no man is an Antimason,
until he publicly renounces all connection with the
Lodge, and he proves that brother White did not do so,
until he was goaded to it by the Mercury. If the A
merionts'a tmtuirernents for a good Antimason are cor
rect, our friend of the Gazette must admit that he was
notthe "clear truck," at the time he rink charge of that
paper, and that he was a much better mason than anti
mason. Will be answer the American touching that
HON. JANES BUCHANA.N.—Speaking of Mr. Buch
anan's late visit to Philadelphia, the Mercury, of that
city, after noticing the cordial inanticr in which he was
received by his friends, says: "Many strangers have al
so called to pay thoir respects to him, and the irnpres.
sion he bas left on them was decidedly a good one.—
There is the dignity of the statesman, the calm sober
deliberations of the Sanator, and the urbanity and kind
ness of the gentleman. Mr. Buchanan is justly the fa
vorite son of Pennsylvania—one of the largest of the
thirteen original States that has nut yet had a Presi
THE FRUITS OF Itum.—The Warrenton ; (Vu) Flag,
sap: "It .is a painful duty to U 3 to have to record the
melancholy aflhir, caused by intoxication, took
place 'last woek near Washington, Rappahannock cowl
ty. Smith Oder, while &Lauf the influence of alcohol,
drew from his pocket a knifh, and inflicted three dan
gerous wounds upon his defenceless and unsuspecting
son. Young Oder is just ripening into manhood, and
now lies confinedto his bed; his life is despaired o£—
His Whew is lodged in the county jail of Rappahannock
there to await his trial for this unnatural conduct. He
says he does Wet recollect any thing about the circum
stance Whitjoyer, manifests deep sorrow for his uncon
scious „critne, and solemnly vows, should he regain his
liberty; aeiror again to' touch a drop of ardent spirits."
Biagi 47 ICPSILANTL—We see it stated in the Do
tro't nisei Press that posons had arrived in that city,
with new nits and plates for the resuscitation of that
awindliagund defunct concern, the Bank of Ypsilatui•
DILLITKR.—The American ship Chester has put ie
to the port of Havana l in a distnnsted condition. She
had suffered greatly &ming a terrible hurricane which
sheencountered on the 28th September off C.lpe. : Estri•
bp... The ship was oashe point - ofhi: herseizes.
east had to be cut and tWo anchers thrown overboard,'
to keep her from foundering cm the rocks; tho thaba
thatheld them, after a while gave way, 2nd after geiiet
peril, and every possible effort of human power, the
captain finally succeeded in bringing her into the Ha
vana with a
HOGS.—The pork season has just set in, in Cincin
nati. The Enquirer says that the slaughtering of hogs
has not yet commenced, but ivsn'll-in a few days:—
Farmers are expecting to get $2,50 per 100 lbs. which
will hardly be paid. If the packers are determined
not to pay but $2,00 or $2,25, those who hold on the.
lOngest, thinking to get more, and feeding all the while,
will certainly be lasers.
relt is now said that MON liar. EDWARDS received
150 lashes instead of 100 aat first stated. Oa the
other band it is alleged that he was not whipped at all.
There is little doust that Edwards was cruelly flogged,
and it is very certain that to whip him . or •any other
prisoner iJ a most shameful outs age on humanity, which
ought to b' peremptorily forbidden by the authorities
which govern our penitentiaries and other prisons.
IMPRISOMITENT OF AMKRICANS -UN HATT c
lenim that'Capt. J. Thomas, of North Yarmouth, Me.,
and Joseph B. Carves, er Leeds, in the same State,
Master and M ate ofbrig Zebra, of N. Yarmouth, still
remained. in prison at Csonaives, by the last accounts,
having been confined G 6 days; and no proceedings had
been taken on their case by the Haytien authorities, and
they do not expect any thing will be done until the Urn.
Led States G Jveramera takes the matter in hand. The
imprisonment of the above persons was occasioned by
the death of an English Captain, who was shot by a
colored man in the employ of Capt. Thomas, while en
deavoring to get aw l/ part of the Zebra's crew.
SUPPOSED MURDER. -Mr. Chad. Baldwin, a smel
ter, of Fayette, Wisconsin, recently took lead to Saint
Louis, which he sold and got about $l,OOO in sover
eigns, which he indiscreetly exhibited at sundry times.
yr. was to return home with a niece and two male
acquaintances, but who:ft:The time.arrived fur the depart
ure of the boat he Wii.3 ritr4sing.v Thinking it possible
that he had gone on a bolt the day before, his friends
went on, hoping to find him at hams. In this they
were disappointed,. and it billow thought that he has
been munkrorl : St. LOuisc - Sad. indeed the entire
State of Missouri, Wet t it,tgiwovettafiwithdl sorts
of beJundrcis. A. *try large vortion 44.thitiittiirder s of
late are committed in that gustier.
THE TENPEnascE Moramzsr has fairly taken
bold uf the afExtionsof the people in the great West.
It i 3 spraa lin . ; over the wide Valley of the Mississippi
with the. mist gratifying rapidity. Its introdection
among the Soldiers of the United States Ar.ny has
been followed by happy results. Stweess to it.
COUNTERFEErEII3 ARIIiTED.—The police officers
of 1.-Ali:will° capturea a gang of counterfeiters at
Hawesville, who had taken passage on a flat boat and
brought tlinn to said city on Tuesday evening.
Fran. ALTON.A St. Innis paper or last Satur
day says: "Tlir.. steam2r Boreal reports that a fire Wtli
raging at Alton. as she passed that morning. The fire
was ia Second street, below the steamboat landing,
and the flames appeared to he issuing rom one or two
TEMPKRANCE.—It is stated !hat more than 5,000
distilleries have suspended operations in Sweden since
the Temperance Reformation. Truly old King Alcuhel
is fast disappenring.
THE NEKT SPEAKEII.—Tho fitrrisburgh Union rec
ommends the fbn. William IVilkins, or Allegheny,
for Sir! iker of the nest Coosress. We cheerfully en
dorse this recommendation,.—Lycoming Gazelle.
O fhe Van Buren (Ark t ) Intelligencer of the 14th
ultimo states 64 the trial of Jacob %Vest and others.
for the murder of Is :3u 6f:teii,nnlan attack on
Mr. David Vann, commeuc'ed on the 25th .S.Tt. Ja
cob West has been convicted, and was, sentenced to be
hung, on the 11th ultimo. *he other cases have not
been heard from. We learlithat the jury recommen
ded West to the Chief for pardon, and that it was sup
posed that the sentence would be remitted.
13Cr The Mobile Daily Advertiser of the 26th ult.
says:—The sickness has evidently subsided iu a great
measure, and we hear of no rim cases of any great ma
lignity. Still we must caution absentees to keep a
loof, until we can advise them of a thorough frost.
NEW ORLEANS.—The Ttiopic of the 28th ult. says:
"The weather has changed and the change is decided
ly conducive to the health o‘our city. We can now
confidently advise oar absent friends to return with all
possible speed, and betake themselves to their accus
tomed pursuits. Yellow feVer has been for some time
decreasing, though the daily atriving vessels have
contained no lack of subjects; and now we may look
for the speedy advent of a frost that shall speedily:ex
terminate every cause of that dire disease.
DoonEßßlrs.—Some of the Albany watchmen, who
saw some burglars leaving a house by a ladder from
an upper window, at three o'clock in the morning,
gave as a reason for not arresting them, that they
thought they were painting the kouse-1
' i;s' The St. Louis Missourian of Saturday last says:
—We learn from a gentleman who arrived there yester
day from the Ea.sr. that 0. H. W. Stull, Esq. has been
removed by Mr. Tyler from the secretaryship of the
Territory of lowa. and a Mr Birch appointed in his
AMERICAN INTERF.ST IN CIIINA.--The last number
of the Chinese Repository, states that Commodore
Kearney, of the U. S. Frigate Constellation, "has had
much official intercourse with the Chinese officers, and
this intereourso has been conducted on terms or perfect
equality. Commodore Kearney hat; we believe, ob
tained the objects sought for in hiscoming here, and, if
we arc rightly informed, indemnity for all losses sus
tained by the Americans in December last is in a fair
way of being obtained."
SPECIAL ELECTION IN Vino's tx.—The Governor
of Virginia has ordered an election to be held on the
20th of November next, to the Norfolk District, to fill
the vacancy in the State Senate, occasioned by the res
ignation of Col. Jamer 1-1. Langhorne.
LeTHE BANK OF COMMERCE, in ite quarterly re
turns, admits loans to Directors of $163,262, and to
Wall street broket s $626,/04!
A mechanic orth five thousand dollars could not,
probably., borrow a hundred dcliars at any of these Wall
street banks.—N. Y. True San.
SWEZT Ditesst.—A young man in New York
dreamed a few nights ago, that he was married to the
prettiest girl in creation, and bad buckwheat cakes for
Sits AVE is It.Las.--Among some contraband goods
recently seized, were twenty-two pairs of silk whis
LOSS OF THE DON JUAN AND THE UNWED
We noticed brieqy yaaterdnymorn
"setiopyr, the lose of
the ships Don Juan and the'llnited tes, the' first
frets New York, and the latter from Philadelphia, both
On their voyage wilds Olty.
The followipg ststienutat of the partiettlars attending
the wreck of these-resit% has been communicated by
"The ship Dun Juan, of Freeport, C. H. Soule,
master; sailed from New York on the 21st Septem
ber, bound for New Orleans; the crew,and passengers
numbering about 196 souls. On the 29th, latitude by
obsarvation 26 10, !cog. 72 25; course S. W.for the
Hole in the Wall, the S. W. point of Abaco. The
30th commenced with fresh breezes, still N. E. and at
(o'clock, still continuing to freshen, took in studding
sail, and half past 8 - made the land under-ear lee. At
this time the blow increased to a severe gale, and the
Hole in the Wall being ulmost a-head, it became ne
cessary to retry sail to the utmost. At 11 o'clock it
blew a perfect hurricane, with violent squalls, which
were continually heading the ship off; her situation be
c one very critical, and every soul was tilled with fear
"The hurricane still continuing with groat fury, no
canvass could withstand its violence, and all the sails
were blown from the spars, save some tattered lin
ments, which we ,- e hanging to the spars.
In this situation, with our ship perfectly unmanage
able, we were left tothe mercy of the troubled element.
The ship was drifting to the north and eastward at
half past 3 on the morning of Oct. Ist, when it was
discovered we were on soundings Immediately an
anchor was let go, with a large scope of chain, but the
fury of the gale was such that the flukes wore severed;
and at , four the step stuck on a - coral reef near a
cary which it) attached to all island called the great Ba
hamas. At this time the ship was found to he labor
ing on the lee shore, and orders were immediately giv
en to cut away the mast, which was done with des
patch. Our ship was now a perfect wreck; the hull
was still beating towards the shore, and the object was
to land the passengers as soon as possible, to effect
whith a lino was taken to the shore for the purpose of
steadying the launch as much as possible: this being
Sunday. lst of October, the gale abating in some degree
the passengers all landed with their baggage. Capt.
Soule left for Nassau with all the female cabin pas-
sengers, to procure such vessels as might be suitable '
to remove the passengers and such property us might
he saved from the wreck."
Lose OF THE UNITED STATES.-The ship United
States, bound from Philadelphia to N. Orleans, was
totally lost in a tremendous hurricane nu the island of
Key Corda. about 25 miles from the Hole in the Wall.
She struck about half-past 3in the afternoon, and beat
over the reef in 5 feet water, and sunk and bilged at 9
o'clock, P. M . in 14 feet water, having broken her
back and lost her rudder. Shortly after she struck,
we found it necessa r y to cut away the masts. The
next day we landed all the passengers and craw, and
three days afterwards the wreckers came to our as
sistance, and savad a cdonsitieribk) part of the cargo,
all in a damaged state. The passengers and crow
went to Nassau, and a part of them have arrived an
New Orleans on I)9ara the schr. Teresa Jane, charter
ed by the Consul Mir that purpose.
A. F. SMITH, Mate of the U.S.
There were on the United States, as passengers, at
the tine of her loss, Miss Dayton, Mr. Frame, Mr.
EIMIes, and 18 in the steerage.
The Eimin,ipation de Bruxelles, Sept. If, says
that a shrtular case has come before the authorities of
Molenbe3k St. Jean, and reported to the higher courts.
A can in that town named Detroiville Venders Edge,
had lost within six years two wives and a young infant,
all by the same malady, a kind of slow consumption.
Four cows and two horses had died, and all the hens
and rabbits of the neighborhood. At length his horse
died, cod the poor fellow was in despair. Suddenly
he recollected that this mortality had begun soon after
the erection of a building for the refining of zinc and
Mad ntitr his hoes Oa examination, he discovered
that the vegetable and fruits of his garden were all cue.
ertxl with a sort of vel vet down of a bluish tint. which
was sup;msed to result from the deposition of oxide,
nssulting, from the process of purification of the metals.
On these vegetables he had fsd his animals, and im
(bed himself, with his family, sad hence the mortality
The facetious Editor of the Lowell Times 1011, a
story of a fellow •' Adrit got his sufficiency of boiled
nt,'' and at it has a moral, we gladly cope• it.
A fens year; ago, a farmer, who was 110leti fur his
waggery, stopped at a tavern, which he was in the
habit of stopping at on his way from H -- to Salem.
The landlady had got the pot boiling for dir, ner, and
the cat was washing her face in the corner. The !Tar
elk.t thinking, it would be a good joke, took of the
pm-lid, and while the landlady was absent put grimal
kin into the pot with the r xn wtoc3, and then permed
his journey to Salem.
The nmatement of the landlady may well be con
ceived, when on taking up her dinner, she discovered
the unpalatable addition Which was made to it. Know
ing well the disposition of her customer, she had no
difficulty in fixing on the aggressor, and she determin
ed to be revenged. A ware that he would stop on his
return home for a cold bite, the cat was carefully dres
sed. The wag called as was expected, and pussey
was put on the table amongst other cold dishes, but so
disguised that he did not know his old acquaintance
He made a hearty meal, and washed it down with a
glass of .After paying his bill, he asked the land
lady if she had a cat she could give him, for he was
plagued almost to death with mice. She said she
could not, for she had lust hers. "What!" said he
"don't you know where she is?" "Oh yea," replied
the landlady, "you have just eat it!"
He was never known to boil a cat afterwards,
A NOVEL IDEA
A short time since a respectable lady residing in
Old Town, being desirous w test the charitable feel
ings of some of her friends, adopted the novel idea of
dressing herself in the tattered and torn habiliments of
a beggar, and with a basket on her arm, and a tale of
woe and suffering on her lips, proceeded to theirdoors,
and solicited alms or Cold victuals for a starving fami
ly. She started out immediately after dusk, and the
plan succeeded to admiration. St me drove her away
from their houses with imprecations, whilst others ex
tended to her all the attention and comfits which the
woful relation of her sufferings called fir. Being de
sirous also to test the heart of a preacher, and although
unacquainted with the gentleman, she knocked at the
door of the Rev. Mr. of the Methodist Epis
copal church, who will doubtless recollect the visit.—
She was here viceived with the greatest kindness, made
to sit down and partake of the best that the house
could afford, whilst her basket was also filled with
food for her children. The Reverend gentleman and
his family acted fully up to the Scripture proverb, that
"he that giveth to the poor shall not lack."—Ball. San.
1 - ""F•iVe lean from the Baltimore American, that
the Citizens' Bank of that City has formally deter
mined to make application to the next Legislature of
Maryland for permission to wind up its concerns;and it
i 4 likewise in cmtemplation to ask permission for a re
duction of at least 25 per cent. of the capital of
the ATeliants' Bank. The Citizens' Bank is urged
to this course by its inability to make dividends satis
factory to the stockholders—the Institution, it is well
known, has been faithfully managed, and will return a
large porti ;n of its capital at an early day. It is under
stood that the m.wement on the part of the stockhold
ers of the Merchants' Bank is the result of a confirmed
impression that the capital of that institution is too
large for profitable employment.
The State loans of Maryland, which at one period
touched the lower point of 39 per cent for 6 per cents,
are now quoted at 70 per cent. This appreciation is
assignable to two very prominent causes—first, the so
called Coupon Law enacted by the last Legislature,
which made available the interest on the public debt,
although at some discount; and secondly, to the better
feeling which prevails in regard to an early applica
tion of all the State's resources to a redemption of its
THE FAMILY OF SMITHS.
Not less than half a dozen of this distinguished &mi.
ly have been returned to the next House of Repres.-m
-tatives of this state, vi= Henri W. Soria, of Barks,
Lewis W. Smirk of Clearfield; Abraham Herr Snug
of Lancaster; Rudolphus Smith of Monroe; John V.
Smith of Wyoming; and John Smith of the county of
MARINE DISAStER .
MARSH AL SOM T. ,:'''' 7- WINTER CAIIPAIG.‘ I
..' - . 1
.Ile &hr. Col. T. Sheppard, Cooper, from this This officer was one of Napoleon's tallest geperig
port for Havana, with a cargo of dßice,"hns put into and enjoyed ids' full confidence foreht ny years. : Help _, ~._
Key West in distress. On day Ist inst., off Cape also distinguished as a statesman-4in is far adranON Xi ilniantCareerandUnpreceniented Success
Carnovoral, the Col. 'l'. Sheppard encountered a tre- into the vale ef years. A letter published in's , Pails ' OF THE
=endues gale of wind, and during which, lost nod split paper , says that_be is now suffering greatly from ill- THItEE BILE DOORS!
sails, stove hallmarks, curried away spars and riving, health, and is impressed with the idea that be will not l
making her alm.t.d. a complete wreck, and on or about outlive the year, and he is almost always occupied in 1
the 6th i ut , in endeavoring to make a harbor, got a- putting his affairs in order, and is supetintending the
shore-on One of the Florid i reefs, and was gut off and execution ofthe mauseleum which is to be placed over
taken to. Key West by wrec'iers. A portion of the car- his tomb.—Bost. Jour.
go was; we learn, damaged, the vessel having leaked 1 -
badly. his thought the Col. T. S. would be condemn
ed, she is so seriously injured.
There has been a great deal ofda maga done and ma
ny lives lost in the gale of the 30th Sept. The keep
er of the Abaco light house reports having seen a hng
capsized off the Hole in thUVull, and that he has no
doubt all hands were lost. 1511oe schr. name not rec
°fleeted, was lost on Stirrup Key, and 15 men out of
A nut has recently been brought to England, and a
few of them thence to this country, resembling the
horse-chesnut in its exterior appearance, but the interi
oris solid, and white, as bard as ivory, and resembled
the elephant's tooth so exactl) thrt none would suspect
itof being anything else. It is so hard as to receive a
polish even superior to ivory, and can only be cut in a
lathe. When taken from the tree it is a milky pulp,
and maybe reduced to that state again in warm water.
We have a sample of the article on our desk, made in
to a match box.N. Y. Jour. of Com.
THE REMAINS 07 COM. PORTER.—The Philadel
phia Enquirer, says that the brig of ear Trurton is ex
pected to arrive daily is the Delaware, with the re
mains of Corn. Porter. On her arrival, the body is to
be conveyed to the *residence of his friend, the Rev.
Dr. Ducachet, in Girard street, and there to remain un
til the arrangements shall be made for the funeral. The
funerrl serviced to be performed at St. Stephen's church
—and the remains of the gallant old Commodore are
to be taken to the Naval Asylum, at which, by order of
the Secretary ofthe Navy, with the consent of the fam
ily of the deceased, they are to be interred.
Commodore P. was one of the brightest sons of the
Republic, whose chivalry during the last war shed so
much glory on our gallant navy. His bloody engage
ment off Valparaiso Point, la the Eases. frigate, against
two British ships, is regarded as one of the most gal
lant and desperate actions during the last war with En
Coy PLI M EN 7 . A.ll.l. — ung.man wrote home from
Illinois, to his father, as follows: "Tim had much bet
te.l come out to this country, for mighty mean men get
offices here." The old gentlemsn thought himself
highly flatternd, no doubt.
- - - -
The lion. Amos. K mds.ll, in speaking of the contro
versy abouttha transprtatioa of mail Matters says_
"Tic, truth is, that the circumstances of the cuantry
have so changed since the laws on this subject were
passed, us to make theraHuadequato to the existing
state ofthing.s. The PoStmaster Gaueral cannot alter
the laws, and is bound by his oath CO stie them execu
ted as he underefaads them. lie may err; but he
must be an odd sort of a.nt an, aumathing very pee 'War,
who err. in a mattea of this sort, at rho
expense of his case, his popularity, and his reputation.
The press in our opinion, would ba m ire prop,:rly and
more usefully enyloyed. in exposing the defects of the
is W and sug4esting remedies, than assailing the Poet-
N. 0. Tropic
DREADFCE. ACCIDENT.-o.le of dr.: thxh, hands on
the towboat Porpiii,i e is repined to h Lye been crushed
betwen the boot and the ship Parthenon, which she
wag towing up from gen. We hear there is no hope of
the man's rocovery.—N. 0. 7'ropic.
Owing- to its rarefaction, the air hawed a certain
height is incapable of sustaining clouds. Th 7 principal
ITIU3Sei of clouds are .ustainel itt the air at a li.?.ight
tsseeu 4,300 and 7,60 d fret, the avcr4gc being rathor
more than a toile.
THE CHARITABLI; HICHI‘V.IYII3N.
It %Val said of Honker, a hi4liwayman, that ono day
riding on horsecack on the hi g h road, he nwt a you a z
WOllllll Will) wus weepi nr, . v at who appeared to he in
0 - ent distress. Touched with compa.ishin, he asked
her what WWI the call,in of hot affliction: when si , told
him that n creditor attended by a bailiff, had g/Ilc to a
house which she pointed out. and threatened to take
her husband to n
• for &In of thirty Bonl,
ter race her ti n • amount, telling her to pay the debt and
set he•r husband at liberty; and she ran off loading the
honeg gcntlertrin with benedictions. B.,alter in tl
menutimo waited on the road till he saw the creditor
come out; and th,•n attacked him, and took hack the
thirty guinea:, hes id !everythin; 0140 Ito Irld ahout
rt, Wm. Corbett showea no small exultation in
totapitularing the naval vittories of the Amin
fie was once speaking. somewhat boldly on the subject
in the pre.enceof au English officer, who pen i-hly ob
served, '•There is one good reason fur it, 1 went On
board thPit min-of-war after rcir defeat. and found
half their sailors were English." And had you not
all English ? said the undaunted radical.
PROGRESS OF TENIPERANCE.
The British Rec.or let gives a comparative table of
malt made in Great Britain and Ireland, fur at 1 years
1836, 1840, nad 1812; showing a decrease in four years
(from 1836 to 1840) of five and a half millions of
bushel•; from 1310 to 1842, a further decrease of five
and a half millions of bushels—or in six years, a de
crease of 11.090,969 bushels, or 25. per From
the same source we learn that there has been, in three
years, a decrease in rum of 26 percent; and in wines
of all kinds, in the same period, 22 per cent. In French
brandy, in two years, 11 percent; and Geneva 53 per
cent. In Ireland, in three years, whiskey has ditnish
ed 50 per cant: 8,800 beer shops have been closed in
the past five or sic years. The extracts are from ME
cial returns, brought down to the year 1843.-1/batty
It appears to be generally ncknowledged that the
Flemish are the best farmers in Europe; their farms
are small; they collect and preserve all the manure
they can; keep all the stock they can feed well, and
make their land resemble a garden, by their perfect cul
tivation; always keeping up a constant rotation of crops,
and making so much manure that they do nut find it
necessary ever to employ a naked fallow, er to lay
down their ground for pasture; their cattle being fed all
the year in stables, which are kept so very clean that
they appear t r have surprised the Scotch farmers who
have visited them. A Flemish family is often support
ed by the produce of six or eight acres, in a state of
comfort much superior to that of Scotch or English farm
laborers; thus giving a practical proof of the wisdom of
working no more land than can be cultivated. The fol
lowing extract of a letter from "Mr. Gillet, Directeur
d'Affaires Publiques a Bruxelles," to Sir John Sin
clair, deserves attention:—"l have examined with at
tention the situation of agriculture in most cuuntnes of
Europe, and du not hesitate to affirm that itis nowhere
so well understood and practised as in the Low Coun
tries. I do not except my native country (England,)
though I am ready to admit that she is as touch advan
ced in important science beyond France, as the Low
Countries are beyond England. This will not sur
prise you. sir, wk.:l you coasidet that while the for- ;
tunes of England and France were divided between I
agriculture, industry, colonization, and external corn
illnee, those in the Low Countries were principally
employed in the advancement of agriculture alone, by es
tablishing small farms. This system has succeeded
admirably well in Flanders and Brabant, where land is
everywhere in the highest state of cultivation, and of
fers a wonderful contrast with its situation in the Liege
country. county of Namur. and in the onvinceof Hai
naut, which bounds Flanderi and Brabant. There the
system of large farms is still in common practice, and
very little progress has been made within fifty yenrs.—
The vast disproportion of the product of those provinces,
when compared with that of Flanders and Brabant, of
fers a strong argument in favor of small farms." "It
is an error into which many have fallen for want of ob
servation. and it knowledge of the interior of the coun
try, to believe that the soil of the Low Countries was
originally good. It is the almost incredible industry I
of the peasantry in Flanders and a part of Drabs=
which has rendered the soil so productive. The Pays
de Waes, a prodigy of art, was, forty years ago, a
bragere—a heath of waste. It is now, perhaps, the
richest province in the world."
THE GENIMAL POST OFFICI
HEIGHT OF CLOUDS
We are informed that some new questions, involving
large amounts, are about being raised in our courts res
pecting the loans made by the banks of this city while
in a state of suspension. It is well known that if the
bunks receive on any transaction more than at the rate
of six per cent. per annum, the whole contract is void,
and neitherprinciple nor interest is collectable. Du
ring their suspension. our banks loaned their own notes,
which were from 8 to 12 discount, for silver, aid re
ceived 6 per cent. interest for the same. The ques
tion about to be raised is, whether this isnot usury, and
will not void the contract.—Goodman' s ( Cin ) Coun
terfeit Detector for Nor,
W e published yesten.lly an abstract of the re
port of the Com2troller of Tennessee. We annex
same other important items. It appears that since the
organisation of the present Board of Internal improve
ment, there have been issued on that account, bonds to
the amount of $155,000; making do entity amount
now issued on account of Internal Improvements to be
$1,760,416,66. That portion of the issues Which
bears an interest of 5i per cent per annum is $263,-
Part of issues for the Gulla
tin Turnpike Co.
Part of issues for the Mem
phis Railroad Co.
Part of issues for the Lehi',
non and Nasbville Co.
Entire lA3I„ICS of Nashville
Murfreesboro' and Shelb
-- $263,166 6G
That part which bears an interest of 5
per cent per annum is
The other liabilities of the State for
bonds issued are—For the benefit of
Union Baia, bearing on intetest of 5
per cent as stated 500,000 00
For capital of the Bank of
Tennessee, at 6 per et 1,000,00 00
total liabilities , of State, bearing int. $3,260,416 66
In addition to this SUM them have been issued, for
the purpose of raising a capital for the Bank of Ten
nessee, Bonds to the amount of $1,500,000, the whole
of which has been cancelled and destio:,;ed. -At the
same time there was also issued, in bonds, $3,000,000,
the proceeds of which was intended to be applied in
improving the navigation of the-riveri. - t
None of these ',trials have been sold, and two-thirds
of them }rive been destroyed as directed by the Leg!
islature, and in lieu of thlt portion", the; Bank of Ten'
nessee is required to pay out an equal amount- to be ex
pended on the rivers in East Tennesseo and the Wes ,
tern Distriet.--.N. Y. Sun.
OE: Taxne wrra FRASCC.—The fOilOsihig 'state
ment'w;ll show the exports to, and the inyorts from,
France, for the year ending 1842: y
Exports. to Produce. Produce. Total.
France on titre, $15,310,72.8 1,076,684 16,417'412
France on Mtcrn, 1,574,570 73,8 1,748,438
French African pts, 3,890 q 9 2.979
French W. Indies, 44,063 1,030 45,893
Imports from all theseports,
1:.; , (tx,....± of exports over ittiport., $/12.5:32
ntt.rican toon'age entered, 147.195 Cl'd, 186,112
French ' 26,485 '• f2U,701
Excess of Am. tonnage, 121,1'10 ; 165,412
By those tables it will be seen that ti value of ex
ports uxceeas dial of the irtiports ty nittletst a million of
dollars. while the tonuageis immensely in our fiver.
Otr trade with Spain and her dependepeies presents
n different result, as will be seen front the following
Totni imports prom Spittn 1812
Total exports to
Excess of imports over exports, 570,477
Our trade with Spain 13 thus decideily against
le relation to her dependencie4 it is the same with the
exception of Cuba. It is stated, hoivet•er, that the
trade is almost exclusively on American twtturns.
Port of Pittsblirgt),
Reported by Sheble and Mitchell, GetteralStearn
Boat Agents. Water street.
FUCK fa:AT WATER IN THE CHANNEL
• Doily 13eaver Pa , ket.s.
A llegile.ny Benet Ilantra, Cincinnitti. • •
Belfast, Ebben, Wheeling.
Mingo Chief, Devenney, Wheeling.
*Daily Beaver Packets
"Clipper, Crooks, St. Louis, !
Orpheus, Dales, Cin.
rip' All beats marked thus(*) are wait:led x'ith
Evans' Safety Guard, to prevent the Exp4ion of Steam
For New Orleans.
p E now and suttstatitial steamer
VIOLA. JNO. SgOWDEN, jr.,
Master, will leave for 4 above. and
inwrmediata landings, on Wednesday nt ct. Bth ult.,
at 10 o'clock A. M. For freight or pass4ge apply on
board or to J A MPS MAY.
The Viola is furnished with Evans' Safdty Guard to
prevent the explosion of boilers. nS
A Good Souse and Lot for S Low.
1 - ,' OR sale low for cash or the larger pa cash, part
JL: credit or trade, a good new two storytbrick house,
two good lots with a house and cow stable, coal and
chicken houses, and everything in good order near the
Market hciuse,. B irmingham —the property will be sold
low for all cash, or three fourths cash and the balance
on time or suitable trade. A good bargain and good
title will be given the purchaser.
Please apply at Hartie General Agency and Intel
ligence Office, No. 9, Fifth street. n 9
An Owner Wanted.
a boa of goods marked "Mr. Parker, Pitts.
1: burgh." 11. DEVINE,
nB-3t U. S. P. Boat Line.
Change of Hour.
TITIE mail for Beaver and Cleveland will close here
after at 9 o'clock A. M. instead of 11 A. M.
ROBERT M. RIDDLE, P. M.
Post Office, Pittsburgh, Nov. 7th, 1843. nB-3t
MERCHANTS AND MANUFACTURERS' BASK, 1
Pittsburgh. November 7, 1843.
This bank has this day declared a dividend of three
per cent. for the last six months, payable on and after
thh 17th inst. Eastern stockholders will be paid at
the Commercial Bank of Pennsylvania.
nB-2w W. H. DENNY, Cashier.
BUFFALO TONGUES.—Received by Little Ben,
10 boxes Buffalo Tongues, in fine order, direct
from the mountains. A: BEELEN.
BUFFALO ROBES.- —Received by Cicero, a fresh
and full supply of all sizes of Robes. Apply to
nB-tf A. BEELEN.
EAR SKINS, well dressed and full haired, a
suitable article for travellers' trunks, &c., fur
sale by A. BEELEN.
ZOAR BUTTE ft..—A lot of that celebrated choice
fa mi ty butter, put op in &Who' aiid lava. - Apply
to A. BEE LEN.
SPLENDID SALES ROOM,
No. 151, LIBERTY ST.,
THE MOST MAGNIFICENT STOCK OF
i WINTER CLOTHING
Ever offered for sale in this city.
BTOCX CIT .
CLOTHS, CASSIME RES. PILOT AND BEAVER
CLOTHS, CACHMERE, SATIN AND
CANNOT BE EQUALLED.
All of which can be manufactured into clothing to or
der, and made in as good style, and as tastily and &sir
ionably designed as ut any other establishment
IN THE UNITED STATES.
IT IS WELL KNOWN THAT HIS PRICES
ARE LOWER THAN ANY OTH
ER HOUSE IN THE CITY,
And at no place west of th 3 mountains can purchasers
find such a variety of goods from which to select as at.
In addition to his unrivalled stock of clothing, Its. ;
has a magnificent assortment of
HANDKERCHIEFS, SCARFS, GLOVES,
SUSPENDERS, &c, &c.
The motto of the "Three Big Doors" is
"QUICK SALES AND SMALL PROFITS,"
And in following out this system he feels con-
fidentthat his customers and himself
ARE MUTUALLY BENEFITED.
HE WOULD TSVITE
THE MAN OF FASHION, THE PROFES
SIONAL OE TLEMAN, THE MER
AND WOR KINGMAN
To :all and examine for themselves at
THE THREE BIG Dooms,
No. 151. Liberty street,
ANT) THEY MUST BE SATISFIED.
re OBSERVE METAL PLATE IN THE
P. 4 YEMEN T. 41
na JOHN 'SI'CLOSKEY.
In the Court of Common Pleas ofAillegheny
I n the matter of the account
of James Morrison, As. N0.12,JuneT.,1840.
signee of Clendeaing Clarke.
And now to wit, Nov. 7,1843, account of 464 g-re
exhibited under oath, and tiled and confirmed. m.o.'
and the Court order and direct the Prothonotary tit
Common Pleas to giv - e notice of the exhibition and 'fi
lingursaid account in the Daily Morning Pest, by three
insertions, setting forth that said account will be allow.
ed by the Court on the 28th dny of November, A. D.
1843, unless cause be shown why said account should
not be allowed. From the Record.
nB-3t A. SUTTON, Pro. -
FOR SALE, CHEAP,
Two New and First Rate Steam Engines.
ONE is 20 horse power, 10 inch cylinder, and 4
foot stroke, will he sold with ur without boilers.
The other engine is 12 horse power, 74 inch cylinder,
3 foot stroke, one boiler about 22 feet long . 30 inches
in diumetet. These engines are made of the best ma
terials and itt, the most , übstantial.manner, and wiU be
sold on acenhimattring terms. They can bo min at,
the wareholise of the subscriber at any time
no—tf IL DEVINE, U. States Line.
Pittsburgh. Nov. 7, 1843.
r IH E President and Directors adds Bank have thy!
JL day declared a dividend of 3 per cent. for Lb,
10-ftaix month., payable on and after the 17th instant.
Eastern Stockholders will be paid at the Weatetn
Bunk, Philada. THOS. M. HOWE, Cashier.
ALIFAX SA LMON.-.- fhe lorem of good fish
. are rept. sted to call and examine some very
fine No. 1, flu lifix Salmon, which welts've just re4eiy
ed and opened for 'retail. _
We ha% e also a few bbls Nos 1 and 2 Salmon, same
a.:;above, fur sale by the 1:45}. 'LLOYD &
n 7 120, Liberty street.
11~_1CKEREL, HERRING. 4-c.-
10 bbls No. 1 mackerel, (Northern inspection)
10 •. ,• 2
10 " " 1 herring,
I 0 bnx , s. Scotch herring,
Received this day and fur sale by
n 7 LLOYD & CO., 140 Libortyst.
T"Epartnershiplreretofore existing between F. A.
Frethey and G. G. Freibei having been cLissolz
ed by mutual consent on the Ist instant, the business
will be conducted in future by F. A. Frethey, who is
fully authorized to settle all the partnership concerns.
He respectfully niks for the continuation of the pa
trsnage Of friends And the peblic generally. n7-Irn,
FRESH Amirrikt OF DELICACIES
AT 190, LIBERTY STREET.
'ettoics: PICKLES. Walnut Ketchup,
Gerkins, Tomato do,
.11angoes, Sarsaparilla Syrup,
Piccelilly, Lemon do,
Cauliflower, Olive Oil,
French Beans, India Currie Powder,
Walnuts, Italian Maccaroni,
Onions, Italian Vermicelli,
Mixed Pickles. Capers, (French,) '
RICH SAUCES. Prunes,
John Bull's Sauce, Bitter Almonds,
Harvey's do, French Currants,
Reading do, Prepared Cocoa,
Cavice do, Jtoliaica Ginger,
India Soy, Dried Cherries,
Essence of Anchovies. Oranges, &c, &c.
Just received and for sale by LLOYD & CO.,
n 4 No. 190, Liberty stmt.
Travelling Agents Wanted,
A FEW YOUNG MEN are wanted to obtain sub
scriptions to Publications in the adjoining coun
ties, to whom regular employment and liberal renin*
ration will be given. Apply at this office.
Nv ANTED immediately and on the best security,
on mortgage on excellent property in town
and country, and on good private security, if preferred,
and for differentperiods, the following sums, viz: $5OOO,
$5009, $3OOO, $2OOO, $lOOO, $750, $5OO, $2OO,
$l5O, $lOO. PeNons having money to lend will find
undoubted security. A fair interest, and in several
cases a good premium for money, and all in coofidence:
on applying at HARRIS' Agency and Intelligence Of
fice, No. 9,5 th street. n 1
SEVERAL improved farms wanted, (within MY
miles of the Pittsburgh market). Persons dis
posed to sell will please call at my office, in Smithfield
street, near 9th, soon
FRESH[ TEAS, COFFEE, and other Groceries,
purchased on the best terms, for cosh, just ro
ceived and kw sale by IV & M MITCH ELTREE,
nl—livdscw No. 160, Liberty street
ABEERICAN WORM SPECIFIC.
Mr. J child of mine about 44 yea= .
old, was constantly indisposed, and of Bale complex-
ion; but had always a good appetite. In order to have
the child well, I bought a small bottle of McLane's Ver.
mifuge of which I gyve him 3 spoonfuls, after which
20 or 25 large worms were expelled. I wish all Ger-
mans would read the above facts. The child's health
is much improved. MICHAEL RIHN.
Chortler *Creek, Sept. 26 1843.
02rForaille at the Drug Store of
Oct Corner of 4th and Wood its. Pittshg., ra
- Alli. ,
T"proprietor of this well known and highly Lae,
coreil establishment takes great pleasure in in
forming his friends cu'id the public at large that he hut
DOW prepared at his
THREE BIG DOORS
VAN EMIR DRESSING SALOON,
FIFTH' ST., NEAR MARKET.
J. K. HENDERSON
.__._ _.~_~...._~.___._______ ~~,.._.__, ~,..0.+~