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action and effect to them.' • - =His sagacity prodigiously
iiihirged the limits of our commerce; and while hokre-
pressed and signally punished the arrogance of Spills,
he cultivated relations of trtule ovhich laid foundations
of the lasting and a Ivantageons connexion that has ev
er since subsisted between this country and Portugal.
He did not fail, however,lt subject 1)011 Pantaloon
Se, the brother of the Portuguese Ambaysador, Loran
atrocious murder committed hCre, to the same ex
trcme andignominous penalty which would have visi
ted the'reaemission of a similar offence by the meanest
EtiOligiciubject. In the Old World and the New he
dirniedttie terror, and vindicated the authority of the
'tat' is' h flag. When he had to choose between the a-
lianuaaf France and Spain, he wisely preferred the
lauer. Holland he compelled to relinquish her vaun
.anprealeny of the seas; and the same Blake who de-
Van Tromp, and ransacked the settlements of
.7..sriit South America„ animated by the intrepid cour
age and ability of his master, reduced the powerful
State of Algiers to abject submission. after it had de
fled for ages all the other powers of Europe. The great
rhirlesY., about a hundred years before, had failed
;in a like attempt, and was compelled to retire with a
iiticomfited army after seeing his fleet annihilated:—
flie'rtowerful king of France, thirty years afterwards,
40A - equally defeated and humiliated in a similar effort.
Such, then, having been the good fortune, and
nia and, to his country, eminently useful career of Ol
iver Cromwell, why shall he be'oml tted out of the sculp•
tared line of English sovereigns in the balls of the
'Enklit h legislature?
venal and corrupt House of Commons which he
summarily dismissed, could it now have any voice
"tithe matter, might well vote fur the exclusion of his
-. 4ataa. the hierarchy which he displaced might now
reasonably anathematise him. But, from the inciden
-01-C6a of never having worn "the bauble," to jostle
lOistOuit d Tito diq-nified company of the warrior Plan
*et. lets, the abler monarchs of the White and Red
Roses, the more enlightened and powerful of the Tu.
the all-miserable Stuarts; the convention, called
. jlipliSati, and the Parliament-created line of Hanover,
its illustrious progeny of Brunswick—would be,
lire repeat. a solecism and a disgrace to our nationl—
to, leave out Cromwell, would he, too, to pass over the
mast extraordinary creation of that marvellous 17th
.century,of which he was, as it were, the "salt aud the
A man was tried lately, at the Gore assizes, Can
ada West, for stealing a trunk and its contents. The
theft wascommitted on board a steamboat that plies
between Lewistown and Kingston. The trunk was
stolen at some time while the beat was on her way
from Kingston to Lewistown, and the trunk was found
in the prisoners possession; but the Judge stopped the
eaSe, because there was r. 0 evidence to prove that the
theft Was committed while the boat was on the Can
ada side of the boundary line; of course, if committed
on the American side, the Court had not jurisdiction.
gllhis is clear enough, hut now comes the pinch ofthc
cue. The owner of the trunk applied to the Court
that it Might be restored to him, but this the Court
rdfused, laying that the prisoner must first be convic
ed;'thoprostscuter must apply to the GJvertior of New
11"40c, for a requisition on the Governor of Canada, to
fiavn dm thief surrendered for trial in New York, and
thetile must be prosecuted to conviction in New York
Wire the property !.ov.lxl be restored. The owner did
not cboose to take this trouble, so the prisoner was
asehargea—taking the trunk with him, of course.—
'Ma seems tote a rather crooked course for justice to
FIRST SIGHT OF A STEAMBOAT
. A virOodsrtian from the interior or Arkansas, who had
otittit , i4en on board of a steamboat, had occasion to
ge t4gt.. Louis a short time since. From the bank of
di6 river, he hailed the "Harry of the West" with—
I ciaptaia,what's the faro to St. Louis ?'
'Mat, part of the boat do you wish to go on ?' ask
captain—`cabin or deck!'
your cabin," said the hoosier; 'live in a cabin
ithome—give me the best you're gut !'—Pic.
THE ROMANCE OF REALITI
"Troth is strange, stranger than fiction," we may
weal Observe, for if following account were to meet
ttein'a volume of Mrs. Radcliffe, or in a sketch by Du
mits;We should consider it quitea ppropriate:
Tha Newfoundland Post states that on leaving the
hitrbor at St. Mary's, a short time since, the people in
the boat saw a large red chest on the water, toward
which they directed their boat's course, and suc
ceeded In obtaining it.
This, on being opened, was found to contain the corpse
ofa,,young and beautirul female, clothed in a rich silk
(hiss, and having three solid gold rings upon her fin
pairs. And this was all that could be learned concern
ingher; who she had been, or the circumstances of her
death remain to us still sealed: it is most likely, how
evor,..that the fair young creature had died at sea, and
heirbOdy been committed to the waters of the deep,
which thus have yielded it up again.
It onlyrermains for us to add that the chest, with the
body in it, just as it lay when first opened, was con
signed to tile grave, with the appropriate and solemn
sites of Christian burial, in St. Mary's.
DENMARK AND THE DANES
Mr. Brooks, junior editor of the New York Express,
gives the following information in a late letter of the
gastronomic propensities of the llanes: 'I have seen
bat little of th 3 Danish peasantry—but vet enough to
coniinceme that their codition is not only improving,
bot - beeorning better. Wages are higher than in Swe
att' and average from seventy to one hundred dollars
per annum. Unfortunately they are ferocious eaters.
ani often partake of five meals a day in summer, when
they can obtain them. There is a slight breakfast at
an early rising, a more substantial one at nine o'clock,
dinner at 12 of spoon meat, of milk porridge, or bean
soup, or of fish, boiled gr - cots, green or dried peas,
fresh or dried fish, bacon or other meat, with potatoes
er other vegetables, pancakes, or boiled or poached
eggs. The fourth meal is at 5 o'clock, and consists
of no more than bread and 'wirer, with EL dram or two.
The last of the five meals is after sunset. and is made
up ofiour groats, with milk or buttermilk. In winter
there are but four meals, the two breakfasts being put
into one. Sueh is the record of the British consul at
PARAPHIIASF..—The popular melody of "Dance,
imattnea, dance—dance all night till broad daylight,
and go home mi•li the girls in the morning," is thus ren
dered into prose:
"Mingle in the mazes of the dance, thou knight of
the oar, while the resplendent luminary of the day has
withdrawn his light from earth, till bright Auromgilds
the eastern sky with golden light—and then, with thy
characteristic gallantry, accompany the fair unsophisti
cated participants of thy pleasure to their paternal
This is the name given to a plant, a native of Poland,
whlchhasbeen inr.oducod into cultivation with great
swamis in the south of France, and of which the follow
account is given in the London Farmer's Magazine:
grows on common soil suited to the old fashioned
ry‘y bat its habits are totally different. By the report
of above thirty reApectable agriculturists near L'Orient,
who have ctltivated it for the past two years it does
best when sown the Ist June. Its gr owth is most rap
id. ' Two crops of it are before July cut for hay, and
by the 15th of Augnst, a grain crop is reaped. The
shawls from Bto 10 feet high , and the ear from 10
eats Mahe' long. An account of this rye maybe found
in.t.bie 4 (Trwasactions" published by the French Miais
seref hg,ticalttire, &c. Would not this variety of
opting rye be worthy of trial in those parts of the coon
try where other grasses are difficult of growth, on soils
rather sanky and light, butwhich, if in good condition,
arethe best fortilis grain.—The growth, if correctly
stateA, is truly surprising. .--43 ritiSh Aloe. Culivator.
JrMr.Vkasrtit, at the New York Fuir, apologi
saying at word that should sound like party
polities. We hsvelrequently noticed the same basli
liaisess in whig orators, speaking upon other than elec
tioneering occasions. They have so much decency as
te 'know that the abominable politics of whiggery are
bfintroduced. A Democrat, on the contrary,
is sever ashamed of his principles; he can carry them
with him every where, and avow ilem boldly; they are
pattaosa:patcel of his character, not a garment to be
pat olfisild.orr. •
iki this: -"greet the farm&•• of Marshfield
throws *tide the narrow and selfish doctrines of the Cl av
protectors, and cuff , soundly his quondam friend;,
tbirialuatifacturers, who clamor for exclusive protec
timi,sissil with whose pokey and purposes he has long
been fareiliar. Theec are the words of the N. York
"It is a plisnorecri4o taiii,stiont the protection of
manufactures? that:re nottileithing we want or RDA
aid the protection firths agriculture of the eountryl—
(Repeated elmert.)---And at. Rochester, we ate told,
Mr. Webster, with a very funny exprez , ,,hat of counte
nance, said to a party around him that "Lowell was an
obsolete iica!"—Bostni. Post.
Subject to the decision of
THE DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONTE:I7ION
4llic ;Daily ,itiorning Post.
PHILLIPS k. SMITH, EDITORS AND PROPRIETORS
PITTiBURGH, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 20, 1643
Messrs. .Las. R. SNOWDEN aid DAVID B.
LONG have been elected to the Legislature from Ve
nango and Clarion. They are both very good men.
and will make capable representatives. Mr. SNOW
DEN, it will be remembered, was Speaker of the House
of Repre^entativcs in the session of 1841, and dis
charged his duties in a manner that procured him
much commendation from both friends and free. It is
nut imp, obable that he will again be called to the same
Cul. Loan was elected as a volunteer, and by a very
large vote. His friends asserted, after the nomina
tion, that he had not been fairly dealt with by the
Convention, and his election by a triumphant majority,
is the best possible proaf that they spoke the truth.
We regret, however, that Col. LONG felt compelled to
take the field ac a volunteer candidato—because of the
dangerous precedent it affords to those who are not
disposed to abide by regular nominations. But in his
election, his cu stituents and the party at large have
gained rather than lost. He never, tinder any circum
stances will be found taking part with our enemies—
and his talents and efficiency as a legislator are un
doubted. Whatever errors he may have committed,
were Such as may be easily repaired—and he is too
liberal and enlightened to persevere in any course not
sanctioned by a m tjority of the people, when their will
is fairly ascertained .
MAYORALTY.—Many person arc already turning
their attention to the question of the Mayoralty, and it
is probable that in a short time we will have the elec
tioneering fever up strong on this question. Personally,
we have always been in favor of running a citizens ,
candidate for Mayor—we have always regarded it as
an office that should be kept as much separated as pos
sible from partizan politics. We believe that candi"
dates elected on this principle will always make the
most liberal officers and the citizens can place more re
liance in their honesty and impartiality. They gointo
office untrammeled by party, and if honest men, they
will not permit their party predilections to influence
them in the discharge of any of their official duties.—
The most popular chief magistrates we ever had were
those elected on the no party principle, and their spi
rited efforts to improve and advance the interests of
the city wall cause them tobe long remembered by our
libel al minded citizens.
But whatever our personal feelings may be ea this
and similar questions, we are always willing to yield
thCm to the wishes of our party; as we know there are
hundreds of men in our ranks, who, if elected on a par
ty nomination, would administer the duties of the office
impartially, and make as good officers as if they had
been elected without reference to party politics.
BALTIMORE ELECTION.—The election which took
place in Baltimore, on Monday last, resulted in the
choice of the Whig candidate, Major Loire C. LAW,
by a majority of 332. The following is the vote:
WARD, L ITT (WHIG). IMIRRIOTT (DELI).
2d •104 490
3d 567 585
4th 640 431
sth 587 534
6th 269 499
7th 411 458
Bth 988 485
9th 429 639
10th 557 388
11th 725 492
12th 472 578
13th 638 570
14th 428 654
Total 7630 7298
The first branch of the city Council stands 16 whigs
t,i1.2 democrats. Baltimore is losing her democratic
character; if our friends do not effect a change, the
Monumental city will have to be classed among the
other "great sores" of ite country, and conceded to the
'The election of 0. B. M'FADDts, Esq., in
Washington county, in place of a bitter and active
whig, (M'Dauiels,) is a great triumph for the sterling
democracy of that county. Mr. M. is a young man, of
fine talents, undoubted democracy, and is possessed of
those qualities which constitute a good legislator, and
an influential member. He will do hono r to hi s con.
tituen ts, Rad the indomitablo Democrats who etocted
Eir We learn from the Chronicle that Mr. Der
ford has purchased the Periodical office of Godey & Co.,
in Philadelphia, and that hereafter he will devote his
whole attention to the Periodical Agency business in
that city. Mr. B. was very successful in the same
line of business in this city, and with his enterprise we
have no doubt but he will be equally fortunate in
VELEM FEVER IN NEW ORLEAN3.-W0 are in
formed by persons direct from New Orleans. that Yel
low Fever prevails to an alarming extent, and that it is
more malignant than it wus ever known before. Some
of the steamboats heretofore engaged between that city
and St. Louis, have withdrawn (rune the trade, and
nothing will induce them togo hack until the fatal char
acter of the epidemic is moderated. One old Captain
who has been engaged in the Orleans trade for a great
many years, says he never knew the sickness to be any
thing like as bad as it is the present season, and states,
as an instance of its fearful malignity, that one morning
during his last trip, be counted from the guards of his
boat no less than seven dead bodies en the levee. The
papers caution strangers not to come to the city until
the sickness has abated, as the greatest number of fa
tal cases are from among the visi tem
Mr. Russet. EERET has relieved the mind of the
editor of the American by stating that he svas authori
zed by the Chairman t.t) call a meeting of the antima
sonic Committee of Correspondence.
THE SritE.2:2 ur WomAs.—lt stated in in
English paper that in the town of Dudley, the wages
of a woman for. manufacturing 1200 round headed
hob nails are sid; these ure made with a hammer
weighing 14 lb. Each nail receives twelve blows be.
fore it is completed, and consequently the poor woman
has to /1114 C the enormous eight. of 18,000 lba.,ln ors
der to earn that small sam!
REXD MOT Etatcrso.—A postscript in t 4: on;
County Democrat of the 13th, says "We stilt the
press to announce the intelligence (most unexpected
to us) tbat Reed is beaten after all!!! His majority
in Erie turns out to be 900 instead of 1700! Irvine is
then ahead yet hurru! !"
We think the Democrat is mistaken about the vote
in Erie; we believe the first report-1307—t0 be near
er the truth. But even with this we have stronghopes
of Dr. Irvine's election. In Clarion he has 564 major
ity, i❑ Warren 240, audio Jefferson 160, making 964.
Putter and McKean are to come in yet, and if they do
as well as usual, they will give Irvine from 300 to 400
A RARE BANK.—The N. Y. Corn. Advertiser says
—"The Ontario Bank of Canandaigua, which for the
last twenty years has been under the management of
H. B. Gibson; Esq., as Cashier, exhibits a strung con
trast, when compared with many others, the difference
between the fate of a well conducted bank, and one ill
conducted. For the last fifteen years, Mr. Gibson has
paid the stockholders regular dividends of ten per cent.
the year. During the whole period of his cashiership
he has paid2:ls3 per cent, and now he has, in addition,
declared a dividend of surplus profits, payable the first
of next month, of 2CI per cent. on the entire capital of
the corporation; though the part from which he has
made the said profits, is only one half the capital, thu
other half being employed at Utica. We are told that
there is not a bad or a doubtful debt due the bank, and
pone ander protest.
KgsrocKr.—ln tho manage of the Governor of
Kentucky, we find the following statement of the in
debtedness of that state on account of her internal ire-
Total amount of subscription fur works of
internalimprovement on the part of the
Amount of bonds issued
Bearing an interest of 5 per cent, 1,497,250
Bearing an interest of 5} per cent, 263,166
Amount of subscription for which Bonds
have not yet been issued, but which are
to be issued when called for, 1,265,750
In this latter sum is included the subscription to the
Louisville, Cincinnati and Charleston Railroad Com
pany, amounting to the suer of $630,000, which enter
prise has been abandoned.
In relation to the revenue to be derived from the works
already completed, the Message says:
Many of our works of improvement, and, indeed,
most of thorn, have been completed, and are now in
use. They doubtless add much to the comfort and
convenience of our citizens, but as yet they have con
tributed nothing to the Treasury—although most of the
roads have bees completed and the gates erected, it
will be seen that none of them have paid any dividend
on the state sub eription. The reason assigned is,
that theindebtedoesa of these Companies exceed the
amount of subscription, and the accruing profits on the
r wade have been applied to the liquidation of their debts.
When those debts are paid, we may hope to receive
something in the way of dividends—then, however,
they must he small, and in many instances much time
must elapse before we shall receive anything.
A Dtscov Ear.----The Shawneetown Gazette of
Thursday says:—" Within the last few flays a transae
tion has come to light that has slept since 1840. About
that time. tho cashier of the bank at Clarksville, Ten
nessee. forwarded to the Perpetual Insurance Com
pany at St. Louis, a note and draft, drawn payable at
St, Louis, on two very respectable houses. By some
means the papers never reachA their destination, but
were abstracted from the mail in Imitate. Subse
quently the note and draft were placed in the hands of
an attorney for collectioa, by whirl means the agent
of the Post office was enabled to trace the matter back
to Gen. Wingate. failing to account satisfactorily
fur the manner is which he Caine in possession of them
was recrigiiivai to answer any ch arge that might he
preferred against hint in the United States Court. As
the matter will undergo an investigation, we forbear
FOLLY.-A Co)! broke into the office of the Cairo
insurance Company, some time since, and stole from
the iron safe $B,OOO in notes of the Cairo Bank ! To
what useful purpose can he turn Cairo money.
TNL Ctrta♦ TRADIL.—The N. Y. American of Sat
urday says:—"Our China Trade has lately undergone
an important change. Instead of tending coin and
credits on England, (which latter eventually created a
necessity to repay England by produce cr cuin,) a very
considerable amount of our own productions now go
out to China direct, and have thus far met a good mar
ket there. Manufactured cotton, and pig lead, are . the
leading articles used in this branch of trade."
VIOLENCE •ND OUTLAWRY IN THE CHEROKEE
COUNTRY.—The Arkansas Intelligencer gives a des
ponding description of the murders, robberies, violence
and arsons which are perpetrated upon travellers and
settlers in the Cherokee country, by a gang of despe
rate villains, who set all law at defiance and roam at
arge with impunity.
ir,:a7P The Vatican, in the "Eternal City," is more
than 1,000 feet long, nearly 8,000 feet wido—contains
eight grand staircases and !ZOO smaller ones, 20 courts
and 9,122 apartments—and a library of 387,000 print
ed volumes and 23,000 manuscripts. So says a for
eign correspondent of the New York Tribune.
REFORMING THE CURRENCT.—We learn from the
Mobile Flag, that $3,124;240 of the circulation of the
State Bank, and the Huntsville, Decatur and Mobile
banks, were recently burnt in that city, making an ag
gregate, including the amount burned in June last, of
five millions six hundred and forty thousand one hun
dr,..d and thirteen dollars of circulation destroyed since
the adjournment of the Legislature. With such a ra
pid redemption and destruction of surpluis circulation ,
the currency of Alabama must, in a short time, appre
ciate to its par or specie value.
asers.—There will be great sport at the Canton
Course, near Baltimore, during the present week.—
Fashion, Blue Dick, and many other celebrated hor
ses are present, and a large number of sportsmen are
in attendance. Fashion will, no doubt, pick up the loose
change of the Southerners, as usual.
TENNESSEE SEAT OP GOVERNMENT. The Legis
lature of Tennessee, on Saturday, the 7th inst., passed
a bill fixing the seat of Government of that State at
Nashville. The vote inthe Hoene on the final passage
of the bill stood, yeas 50, nays 23. In the Senate, yens
17, nays 8
2%l.u:ie.—The Governor and Council have decided
that three members of Congress were elected in this
State, in September, viz: Herrick, Dunlap and Ham
lin, (all demociats) Ist, 2d and 6th districts. Another
election is ordered on the last Monday of October, for
the 3d, 4th, sth and 7th districts.
ANOTHER FORGER CLDOHT.--A RUM, whose name
is not given, w•as arrested in New York, on Friday, in
Fulton market, charged with passlng false checks to a
large amount upon a number of storekoepera in that
city. He commenced operations so far back as the fall
of 1841, and has eluded detection up to this tim.'. It
is stated he has thus amassed a very handsome proper
.t.y on Lang Island, near Flushing, where helms been
residing foryeara past as a farmer.
TW STATES. TEXAS, REAT BRITAIN
A leiter from tbellon. Henry A. Was, is putyliebed
in the Madisonian of Thursday evening strongly de
nouncing any interference of Great Britian between
Texas and Mexico, for the purpose of obtaining an ab
olition of slavery in Texas, as a condition of Mexico
for declaring the young Republic independent. Mr.
Wise contends that the main object of Great Britian is
to abolish slavery in the United States. Mr. Wise
says he is "for the stand taken by Mr, Monroe, when
the Holy Alliarrre threatened to dispose of some other
American destinies;" and Mr. Monroe warned them
that the United States "would not submit to their un
authorised interference in American affairs, either
North or South of the Equator."
FROM MEXICO-THE INDEMNITY
The brig Petersburg, Captain Larkin, arrived at
this port last evening in thirty two days from Vera
Cruz, having sailed on the 13th ult. We are indebted
to Col. L. fur files of Mexican papers, but they contain
no later intelligence than that already received via
New Orleans. Capt. Larkin brings twenty thousand
dollars in specie, part of the second instalment of the
Mexican indemnity. We observe by our files that
Santa Anna is endeavoring to arouse a spirit of im
provement among the people. A fair was to be held
in the city of Mexico, last month, at whicl liberal pre
miums would be awarded fur the best specimens of ag
ricultural production. A school fur the advancement
of Arts and Mechanism is to be established in the city
of Mexico, under the direction of government, in which
workmen will be trained and educated in the variuJi
industrious pursuits. rn connection with this school,
there is to be another for instruction in agriculture,
which will be located upon a model F. Sun.
DREADFUL SCENES IN Sr AIN.—A London corres
pondent of the New York Commercial, states that the
corporation of London, having invited Espartero and
suite to dinner, much excitement was produced by
Lord Ranelagh, who "called public attention to the fact
that one of Espartero's suite is the General Nogueras,
through whose instrumentality the aged mother of Ca
brera, the Carlist leader, was shot in cold blood, du
ring the contest for the throne of Spain. Nogneras
has attempted to prove that as he did not actually su
perintend the execution he was not responsible for it.
This of course is idle, and all attempts to excuse such
an .atrocity must be vain; but the true palliation (if
there can be any,) has not been alluded to." The
correspondent adds that "Nogueras was provoked to
this murderous act by the still more blood-thirsty con
duct of Cabrera himself; who, only a few days before,
had ordered the execution of the young wives of eigh
teen Christino soldiers—who were accordingly drawn
up by the road side and shot. In retaliation, and to
prevent the recurrence of such deeds of horror, No
gueras executed Cabrera's mother, and thus did effec
tually *Lay any further.•xeeutiou of females by Cabrv
MUTATIONS OF FORTUNE-ESPARTERO
Raldotnear Esparte ro, the son of a bumble joiner of
the village of Guarantala, in the province of La Man
cha. was barn in 1793, and is consequently in the prime
of life. Being of a delicate constitution, he was educa
ted far the priesthood, hut, on the invasion of Spain,
by the French, he, at that time only fifteen years of
age, joined the army as a private soldier. He con
tinged in that capacity for several) cars, after which he
was, through the influence of a relation, placed at a
military school, near Cadiz., and, in due course, Ist
ceived the commission of ensign, when twenty-three
years of age. Soon after this, he went to South Amer
ica, with the troops sent thither by Ferdinand VII, to
trance the rehellod colonists. In 1824, he returned
from the new a orld, after having distinguished him
self there, in several engagements, with eighty thousand
pound, the fruits of his savings, and the rank of briga
dier general. Shortly after his return Ire marria-d the !
daughter ofn wealthy merchant ofLegrog na, named S an- ,
to Cruz. When the royalist war, under Carlos, bruise
out, at the close of 1833, he at once declared for the
Quern Regent, and her infant daughter, and obtained
employment in the north of Spain. From that time,
Up to 1336, he continued to rise, by successive steps,
till ho was, at last, appointed commander-in.chief.—
In 1839, after the civil war had been brought to a close, j
he was created Duke de Victoria. and in the fallowing
year he assumed the premiership, and, in 1843, the
jainer's sun was appointed Regent of Spaio. On the
Bth July. 1313, Esparteto was obliged to take refuge
on board the Malabar, 111 English ship of war, the
people or Spain having revolted against hint, and on
19th of August ha arrived at Falmouth, England.
Ixetix.t.—For the firt. time, aceJrding; to the
••ohiest inhthitant," Indiana till have. a L^gi,lature
at itx next cession, Delmicratic is both branches—the
Senate fur the tir.t tint . haw; l 5 in it a Dcrnocratie ma
Among the offices to be filled, is the P re ,i3 eac y of
the State Bank; and fur this distinguishing and prob
ably e.rtinguishing poeition,strae:ef the most
tied Democrats in the State are aspiring. The okl one,
Mr. Merill was a partizan in the warmest political con
tests, and prostituted his often and its influence to the
progress of party. Most of the evils reselling (torn
the partizanship ofthe Bank officers, is the principal
and Branches, grew from political favoritism.
The people paid dearly for furnishing a few unprinci
pletivm with proscriptive power, sad pliaeng in their
hands the political welfare and pecuniary interests of
the masses, and may think themselves fortunate if they
tan find in the Democratic party, men of prudence and.
sagacity, who will labor to remedy the blighting mis
chiefs which were inflicted by the former.
But, will the Democracy of Indiana gain any thing
by possessing thernselvn of the Bank influence and
distributing among its men the offices of President, el
They may say the power to do evil will be taken from
their opponents, which will be true. hut investin g " them
selves with this power, howtsver desirnu; and deter
mined to ezeit it for the true inrr•m.ts of the State, are
there not mischief. inherent in th Banking system
that are inseparable from it, that will show themselves
and will prevail, umetgst tine in ..t juilicious manne
mem.? Fo r our part, ‘ve 'oak at this matter of contend
ing fur Bank tact., as a rack on which the D:mocracy
of that noble Stnte may founder.
DiiTECII" BANK PAPER, AND SPRCIE WILL FLOW
IN AI THE TlDE."—Andrew Jackson.
In 181'2, the greater portion of the Banks of New
Orleans, after an unsuccessful effort to resume the pay
ment of their debts, went down a total wreck, swind
ling the community to an extent that has scarcely no
example in the annals of crime.
No sooner had the banking system fallen into ruin,
and the false "public confidence" in Bank paper des
troyed than the Democratic prophecies in regard to
the flowing in of the Constitutional currency to supply
the place of Bank paper, began rapidly to be fulfilled.
No less than
has been received into New Orleans since the up-burst
•f their banks. " In Louisiana this robbing system has
now no advoeate with either party. Their dear bought
experience has taught thent a lesson which they will
On ono of the principal thoroughfares across the
Green Mountains of Vermont. in ascending the moun
tain you pass three public houses, the first of which is
kept by Mr. Chaseum, the second by Mr. Ketchum, and
the last of course, Mr. Killum. In passing the other
side you pass three other taverns kept by a Lord, an
Angel, and a Devil, respectively.
S/C KNISS IN ALA DA mi.—The Mobile Register gives
the following melancholy picture of the health of Ala
Whilst we are called upon to mourn under the hea
vy hand of affliction, and our city groans beneath the
chastisement of a mysterious Providence, the inhabi
tants of many of the towns in the interior °four State,
and to a considerable extent throughout the country,
have. also been visited by disease and death. The
present summer is considered in the interior as one of
the tnost unhealthy and fatal which has occurred for a
great many years. In Lowndes, Montgomery, Clarke
and Monroe counties, more or less sickness is to be
found in every settlement, and numbers of old settlers
have been carried off. In the towns of Hainevifle and
Claiborne, the disease has been more than usually ma
lignant. In the latter, a village of not exceeding 1000
or 1200 inhabitants, it was reported about a week
since that over sixty persons were down at one time
with the fever, and the names of several old citizens
were mentioned, who had fallen victims to its ravages.
The city of Montgomery has, however, been favored
with uninterrupted good health, although in the vicini
ty it is very unhealthy. The disease most common is,
the fevers of the country—but where attended with un
usual fatality, congestive fever i a found in its moat viru
Commacial Matad i sk.
RIPORTID FOR THE POST BY ISAAC HARRIS
Friday morning, October 20
This morning the weather has become dry and clear
after some cold and rainy weather. Our rivers are in
excellent order; with a prosp'ct of an immediate rise
from the late rains. Our wholesale merchants and
manufacturers are generally well occupied, and we no
tice a great many goods selling and packing; and also
arriving by the canal, and loading for all parts of the
country. Country• produce arriving meets with an ear
ly market for goods or cash.
Flour.—Sales at the river and from wagons at $3,,
30, and a few choice brands $3,56ia53,624.
Grain.—Wheat 62ia70c Corn 37i. Oats 18a
20c. a bushel.
Hay.—Sulei from wagons at $7,5048,00 per ton.
Sccd—of all kinds is ready sale. Timothy $1,50a
41.75. Clover. $4,7545.00. Flax. Seed, B.liaB7i
cents per bushel.
Beeswax—in demand at 26c. a lb.
Groceries—Coffee and sugar have declined a shade
Coffee, Rio 7/aBl, St. Domingo 7a74, Laguyra Bia9l
N. 0. Sugar, common 6a6i, best 6 ja6tc. a lb. in hbds.
in bbls. 6ia7ic. a lb. Molasses, sales in lots 26a27c
a gallon. Teas, V. H. 40a75. Imperial 62.ia 80c
T a'Tl•rs.- - 23,:. alb.
Provisions.—Sales of Pittsburgh Bacon 4,} cents a
lb. ling round. Fresh Roll Butter in bbls. sto 9,'in
kegs 6i to 6,1 c. a lb. Lard 51a6,4 a lb. Cheese,
soles in boxes, 5c., in casks 4i c. a lb. Beef Cattle
from $2 to $3. Hogs $3 per 100 lbs., and rising.—
Sheep 87i to $1,25, and Ceres $2 to $4 each, paid
by Butchers. Tallow 4t06 c. alb.
Leather. —Stock and sales good. New York red
17 a 18; Baltimore 22: and good country 22: Upper
$24 a $23 per doz. Calfskin, $l2 to $26 per doz.;
Good skirting 23 to 26 a lb.; Green Hides, Butcher's
weight, 4 c. a Ib; Tanners oil $lB a $23 a bbl.
Iron—Sale, of 80 tons superior pig $2l, beat soft
$25 a ton. Saks of common $22 a $23 a ton.
Salt--Sales at the Canal 27i a 90 and frcm stores
$1 a $1,12A per bbl
Lead.—White, large sales, $1 75 a keg; Pig 3 a
3i a lb.
Tobacco—Pittsburgh Manufactured 5 a 10. Rich
mond lump 12 a 15c-, Honey Dew lb lump 15 a 30;
leaf 2 a 3,1 c. a lb.
Wool-22 to 33c- a lb,
Colton Yarns.-17 cus pe t lb., specie funds for No
. 5 :Ind 6.
S-rocKs.—The N. T. Express says:—"There has
been a great excitement in Wall street within the past
few weeks. Money has been so abundant, that men
with small means and with facilities to pay differences,
have operated to a vast extent. During this short pe
riod, certain stocks that have been played upon have
gone up, some ten per cent., and have again fallen ten
per cent; and this ton without the slightest change in
the money market, or the least alteration in the intrin
sic value of the shares. Within the last five days,
among the reported sales at the public board,havo been
9,785 shares Harlem.
Probably nearly as much have changed hands out of
Vern is an exhibition of only three doscriptisms, to
which othor extensive stiles might be ridded. The
spirit ofgarabling, fur it is nothing else, has run to an
extraordinary iteight, nor is it presumed that the few
'lame ducks' that hare waddled out of the board with
a few days past, will tend to check thu spirit fur
more than a short period."
Fisti —Sales of Malec mess Shad, $9,50 a $lO per
bbl; Connecticut do. $8,50 a $9; Herring, scaled pet
box, 78 aBO cts: Mackerel, Nu. 1, (new) $10,50 a
$10,75; do No. 2, $3,50 a $3,75; No. 3, $6,25, a $6,
75; Salmon, $12,50 a $l3.
Fut IT—Sal,4 of 20 casks of Zante Currants at 10
cents p'r Ib,; 40 bbls of Mantanzas Oranges at $4 per
bbl; Bordeaux Almonds 15 a 15. cts per Ib; Marseilles
paper shelled d0'.28 cts; Lisbon do do do 15 cts; Shel
led Almonds 20 cts; Cocoa Nuts $32,50 per 1000.
Ft.oua—The sales for export of superfine shipping
brands have been liebidet-lag the week, at $4,37i per
bbl. seraped $4,12. We notice sales of 2000 bbls.
James Patterson's extra family flour for city ase, at
$4,37i per bbl; other choke brands in a retail way, at
$4,431 a $4.62i. Rye Flour $3. Corn cal $2,
GRA IS.—••Salef. of Pennsylvania Wheat. 91 a 94 cts.
per bushel. Rye, 50, a 55 cent*. Corn, yellow flat,
48 a 50 cts; do round is in demand at 52 a 53 cts.—
Sales of about 8000 bushels Delaware and Maryland
Oats, 25 a 23i ets.
SUG•ii—Saip of 300 boxes Havana browns, at 7 a
7icte per lb, on time; New Orleans 61 a 74 city; Porto
Rico 8a 81 cts; Steam Loaf 124 a 13. Brazil Whites
9 a 9i; do browns 71 a 84.
WOOL—Sales to manufacturers for immediate con
sumption within the following figures, viz—Prime Sax
ony, 35a 37cts per IbiNo 1, 28 a 32 cts; No 2, 23 a
28 cts; quarter and common, 25 cts; superfine pulled,
28 a 30cts; do 1 ; 25 a 27ct„;,
BEEVES-860 Penn'a ofrered (including 74 head
driven to New York,) Sales were dull at 34 a 4./ for in
ferior to fair qualities, 4 1 "2. a 4/ cts for prime, and a
few extra prime bought $5 per 100 lbs--60 left over.
SUGAR CROP.—The Opelousas Gazette of the 30th
ult. publishes the following extract of a letter from
Bayou Lafourche: "The cane, in consequence of an
unfavorable season, has not obtained its usual size at
this period of the year. The greater part of it has but
a few joints, and there is every reason to believe that
it will yield but very little. The crop is rated at one
third less than last year."
FLOUR AND WHEAT
The following table will be read with interest and
will prove valuable to many of our readers as a matter
The United States have treaties of commerce that
admit our grain into sixty-one foreign governments and
colonies. The markets to which our flour and wheat
were exported last year, as given in the report of the
Secretary of the Treasury, furnished fur the use of the
U. S. Senate, were as follows:
Whither exported. bbls Flour. Dollars.
Sweeden and Norway, 9 43
Swedish West Indies, 15,624 80,199
Danish West Indies, 42,394 217,475
Dutch East Indies,
West Indies, 14,932 80,891
" Guiana, 1,502 8,320
England, f.'04,154 984,555
Malta, 100 513
British But Indica. 11.357 59,239
Australia, 7,416 38,199
British West Indies, 246,465 1,235,850
" Guiana, 17,385 95,602
Cape of Good Hope, 3,570 18,662
Honduras, 4,699 26,112
British American Colonies, 377,806 1,860,659
France on the Atlantic, 1,140 5,928
Mediterranean, 200 1,000
French West Indies, 4,739 23,472
" Guiana, .659 3,853
Spain on the Atlantic, 104 440
" " Mediterranean, 458 2,487
Manilla and Philirpine Islands, 3,415 21,213
Cuba, 69,337 326,028
Other Spanish W. L Islands, 15,566 132,302
Madeira, 5,408 24,746
tae Vends Islands,
Cenral Republic of America,
West Indies generally,
South America generally,
S. Seas and Sandwich Islands,
Total, 1,516,817 $7,759,646
It appears that the number of barrels expor
ted was 1,516,817
Bushels of wheat, 613,85--in barrels of
Total barrels exported last seas 1,694,417
The following table presents the total number of bar—
rels of flour exported in each year from 1835 to 1842,
inclusive, with the average price per barrel in each of
Reported by Siteble and Mitchell, General Steam'
Boat Agents. Water street.
FIVE FEET FOUR INCHES WATER IN THE CHLSRLL
t:_'.lll beats marked thus[") are provided with
Evans' Safety Guard, to prevent the Explosion of
Por St. Louis, Dubuque and Galena.
THE favorite steamer NORTH
.J BEND, DUNCAN, Master, will!
depart for the above and all intense.
diate ports on Saturday, the 21st inst., at 3 o'clock P.
M. For freight or passage apply on board, or: to
0°43-`-'t JAMES MAY.
The North Bend is provided with Evans' Safety
1 -1 0 R SA LE LOW or exchanged for other property
a good smooth-bore 4 Rifle, in good order, and,
mormed with German Silver. Also, a good revolving
to shoot seven times without reloading; foe sale
at a fair price for cash or approved barter to snit the
BANK or PITTSBURGrf,
October 19, 18 , 13.
AN election for thirteen directors of this 'Bonk, fot
the ensuing year, will be held at the Banking
House on Monday ,the 20:11 day of November next
BECL.kRD'S PHYSIOLOGICAL MYSTERIES
HIS 14-hly useful work on Physiology has met
with that favor with the public to which the im
portant matters of which it treats entitle it.
The author is one of the most eminent Physicians
that ever France produced. The work is a most ex. ,
traordinary one, and not more extraordinary than true.
The subjects treated of are of the utmost importance
for every human being who has arrived at the age of
maturity to be acquainted with. It should be in the
pu:ses:ion of both married and single persons, as it
contains information of the utmost importance to all.
The work can be had wholesale or retail at No. 85,-
Fourth street, Pittsburgh.
retsons o.'ho buy to sell again will be furnished
cheaper than at any establishment in tie eitw
ALL persons are hereby notified that letters of ad
mmistratioia hare this day been granted to the
subscriber upon the estate of James Funston, late of
the city of Pittsburgh, deceased. Those persons to
whom the estate is indebted, will please present their
claims duly authentica'ed for settlement, and those per
sons indebted to the estate will make payment to the
October 38, 1843. JOHN BRYAN, Adm'r,
020-4 t Fayette township, Allegheny county.
;ay*.1411,-3 Q TRA YE D or stolen from the subscriber,
at the Fountain Inn, Pitt township,
on Monday night. October 9th, 1843,a small
sorrel mare, about 10 years old. 13 hands high, bald
face, all the legs white, and white under the belly, and
a little hip shot, long mane and tail. Any person Irak -
ia g up said mare and returning, her will be liberally re
warded. If stolen, $2O reward will be paid on con
viction of the thief. JOHN K. O'CARRALL.
[AFTER fur sale a large assortment of Fraitelek
Trees, Evergreens, Shade Trees, Sbrubs:
Winter Blooming Plants, &c. consisting in part of Ap
le, Peach, Nectarine, Almond, Apricots, Grape Vines,.
English Gooseberries, Currants, Raspberries, &c. &c.
EXTRA LARGE SHADE TREES, very suitable for plant-.
ing on the streets, which will afford good shade the
first season. Also, choice imported Dutch Hyacintis
and Tulips; part of them are selected for flowering in
pots or glasses during the winter. CUT FLOWERS;.
viz: Japonicas, Rose Buds, Heliotropes, &c. furnished
during the winter at the shortest notice.
N. B. Purchasers may be furnished with careful
men to plant the Trees, at a reasonable charge.
A rs b s usin D es o s ß fa s v o ors N al r re et a u d r ; s tha v n o
an f d r . si
respectfully informs her customers, and the Ladies of
Pittsburgh and vicinity, in general, that she has just
received anextensive and choice supply of FALL AND
WINTER MILLINERY and fancy articles. She is
prepared to furnish all who may call upon her with
every article in her line, of the most fashionable dee.
caption, and at shell notice.
Straw and T1.13.ea1l Bonnets altered and cleaned.
Lir Store on St. Clair street, four doors below Perm
AS Teacher of French, Spanish, Greek, and the La
The undersigned wishes to acquire a perfect knowl
edge of the Englie+, so that the recompense looked for
will be very moderate, if he could get lessons in En
glish Irons those whom he may instruct. He was late
ly, a Professor of the abore languages in the Col!mei
of Baton Rouge and St. Charles.
For a character for competency and morality, be can
exhibit letters of the most respectable gentleman in.
New Orleans and Cincinnati.
EvP Reference in title city can be made to Rev. H.
J.. 1. Dean, of St. Paul's Church, and Captain James.
May. PAUL EMILE THEVEAp,
019. Washington HOUSP, Water et.
Port of pittsburgt).
• Daily Beaver Packet;
*Alps, Todd, Cin.
Belfast. Smith, Wheeling.
Massachusetts, Bennet, Cincinnati
*Cutter, Allen, do.
*Olive Branch, May, do.
Ohio Mail, Ward, do.
"Daily Beaver Packets
Zanesville, Duval, Cincinnati.
Lehigh, Price do.
* Columbiana, Murdock, do.
Freedom, Spencer, Parkersburg.
Avnt and Corn. Merehants
JAMES WARDROP & CO
2541 I XII
13,327 - 84.11416
5 307 27,923
Average pi ice