Newspaper Page Text
Iff STA1 Mi HflliM (Mill
THE UXIOX-Establkiiki), ISll-WiiOLt No., 2,SCti.
BY 6. N. W.OKDEN AND J. R. CORNELIUS.
At s.1.50 icr l'rar, aluuta In Advance.
I'nionCouiilyStai&I.cwiurCIiroiiitlt! ,ive"e,,s' wo cory following, Li last
LEWISBURG, UNION CO.," PA., FRIDAY, JULY 1, 185a
C 1 1 RON K ' T. E Est a lii.rsii Kit, imZ-7iM.r. Su 731.
Pjr SrhLiD Kacle, tni , of the S ulh'rn Mrrctm.
There's Dot tlio leat shadow of a doubt
about the matter ours is, emphatically,
undeniably, iDCoutrovertibly, positively,
comparatively, and superlatively, a great
and glorious couutry. Tlio annals of time
furnish nothing to compare with it.
(Jrccco wasn't a circumstance, lioiuc was
nowbar. Venice couldn't hold us a can-
Issued Friliy.itt L'-trisfmntlniun Co. Pa.
TF.tt Vf. fl.JW per Vfr. i:k pun ix MiYtfCF nn-1
at tti- s.ttn- r.t-- l".-r a l--n r it eli..rl r i rn-l. Thu. M
-L pay far four tHt-nlli". 7- i-lr f.-r fix ni--ntlit. I 1.1.
f.ir et-;ht moult J i"l. i-r sut.-H tifulli. o Jul. for twn
'!, Jj f'T fftir eiipie tni j.-.-ir. flu tir l-Q esipie one
j.jr. Ae. J-iii n.V. ;i '. !" ii:-lit-. by mail tpaii)
t c-ive-l in p'I'l. jx'af tnii. nr bank U'ttV at lln-ir
h-re. M"I km 1- IT--in.-.: r v. J ;tl tin Uln -.
.Vt.n tli- turn' -xvir.--. f t Snrli .x i -ii- r t- (..ti-l,
(utile- we h:ivc a ritnuiii.' n.' t it i- 'i'l'lil'.
AtiTtRTlikMi XT liali tf'tif'v l-l-il-'i.--l. t '' rf-i p.-r
r-jHr.- n i t' i ttt. r in - rti -n. 'i l- l i t
FMnth, per y--.ir. Kfit : i 'nri- - ft-, 1.. -2
d'il. l"l. T" iu tv- I 4 ". Mr. bruit-..-.
rj..t nwr ntM'-I 'iirt'i el ini ii, l -t'-l. r yi nr. oth-r
rui' A.-. iimv I iurr.t ;- A -jiiitr.- i - liu. n or
aiiiallest tvp-. t 1(. ! ii.-m t'lr.-r. A. iv. r"i.i:i n t- oaf
d-in-iraluiiii: t-ini.-n'v, an t Uti - .hi, n. t ; lnntt.-..
Comintinicaiu ns i -in 1 m :..,.ir- ..i :-tifi k int-r.--t
an. I iui..ini.-d l.v th.- iit.-r'- r. ;tl :i:i;n.- :n i l.lr. j.
r.nti-t.-.( with th-im.-,. r.- :tnt.i- mxt.'rtrtN f-r mt uiglitr, aui lull luwor, tuan aovouuy fl.ie f
inl.l JOB FKINTINki, .!,..-!. h ,ll v-uuxl H,th rivM. It h4 nuirn laWftH. fit... tln-v an
"TMrVtT,;,;;.;" ani iler, aud clearer, than ; inS of this immeoso army from AIes?an-
fa'J,,b;;rV?;'".;tK,,.yCrr.!'.-i:xTTl.-.x. th.o of any other nation. It has more : iria and Montebcllo to Novaro in four
00iFKn:K..uMirk.-t.tiar.-.. . :h -M..-nti.i -tony , cataract.s auil they full further. anJ faster, I Jay?, with all its stores, artillery and ma-
aua iiaraer, aua roar luuurr, aou iouk tonal of war, 10 such rerfjct order as to
L'rmiuer, iuau un uiuur caiaracis. ii lias
tii-ld. During thii time, the Emperor and
King were preparing to march the Impe
rial Guard and the great body of the com
bined army over tho bridge of Magenta,
an operation which was oommenced during
Friday eight and Saturday morning, but
which was not entirely terminated at the
time the great battle of Magenta was
fought, on Saturday afternoon.
Hero, then, we see that tho Austrians
bavc not only been out-generaled,but they
have been beaten on their own soil, and
die : while all modern nation eiuk into
iusniiieauce bcf.ire our country. It hae ! in n!1 probability by inferior numbers,
longer rivers, and more of ihcm, muddier ! While they were preparing to defend the
and deeper, and they ruu faster, and fio r;Ver at l'avia and l'lacenza, the Emperor
was arranging his plans for crossing far
vav to the north ftt Novum THa mm.
, nvtr4. It tin nmrn Inkn. ntitl thpv &ro ' J
)c declaration of $ntopcntontc.
JULY 4, 1776.
Cljc tor aatJ (Cljronidf.
itioMitv, ji m: !-.;.
"Spare that Bird:"
Larder . " r----
bo prepared at any part of its march for a
was a feat which
Hiitr Know on Ym. and thev arn
to get up, and easier to fall down, than all ! dl,C3 tua "K"cst nonor to tbe military
other muuntaius. It has more gold, and j skill of I.uuis Napoleon and hit generals,
it is heavier, and brighter, and wcrth iiixro For, whilo it was passing north, it must
I,.... ...1.1 r.t ...I...- .,..,.t.i..J i,,. . ...... . . .
Pnlal laws have rec.ntlv been Mfscd. T"," " . , V. "0 "collccteJ, it was moving along in
1 ai cars uro uitircr.. uuu ruu xasier. u iu .:. i .i f i . . .f i - -
lo prevent the wanton des.ruetioa of , ,litch cff lbe oflencr anJ klll 'Dl,u "fi" " " part o f the Austrian
winged insect-levoorers, and there are people, tl.au all other rail car.. ( )ur j J sU posted in the I ledmontes. ter-
general statutes aj:aint cruelty to animals. !-tea in bonis arc longer, and carry bigger j "'"i'l 0I U 1UJ Oiu Garlasco north to
liut there is one suliering member of the j luaj3- allJ "' t"--'ers" oftcner, and the I Xovara.
brute creation, whose ease is not met by j ,i,ai e(w,ear Lardcr' , .tban aDf , 0,Iitr Tho K!dS'" 0!d8 of theSesi. at Pa
... , ' country. Uur men are bigger, and longer, i,.rn Bit, tho mrnnatinn nf thnt r,lf
any ex.sting law, and b, causo we aud bhcri auJ thicker" anJ can Gght 1 ' , , 0CCT, n oI ,hat Uee
pleaa. It is tne ci me nouuns , Larder and taster, aud can drink inure) .... , '
taeKagloof thj I nivcrsal Yankee Xa-! whiskey, chew moro tobacco, spit more ; of tho 1'reDcU on Novaro, and the
tion. He is styled, in books, the King of j and further.stiek up their heels higher.aud general plan for the crossing at lSuffalora.
Uirds and is a lazy, rapacious, predatory, I dj anything 1 more, and better, aud ( It was a part of the rute, and contributed
Ch-robbing, worthies, thing-no honor to of,e"'rr J? countries TCry materially to its.succe... Thu. the
fc, B cniubined. Our ladies uro t.rettier. dress ! .i . j t : .t
K -iftrr I pin ' , . .' luree ursi uays ot iiune Bive us luo scene
being nainL.l alter tLnn. fi s J niore ,,,, lTt.ak more . ' . 6 ,
. : , . . - , . i or iwo immense armies, on on eacn siue
Why be was chosen to blazon the b in tier hearts, wear bigger hoops and shorter
of the pure K-f ublicau or I'euiocratic dresses, and kick up the devil generally,
Americans, we wiil not attempt to investi- ; to a grtater extent than all other ladies,
rate: perhaps ,', "habits" and our ar j Oar politicians can. spout louder, and lie
" 1 ., 1 . ... !- harder, make pas faster, dodgo ouieker,
erv bimi ar, even thuii"U he be a King i ' , i i i
ery biiuu.., 0 . turn oft. ner, make more noise, and do less
and we hate all Kings ! I Wl,riii everybody else's politicians.
liut Laving adapted tho 1'agle as our ; ( )ar niggers are blacker, work harder,bave
l':.tr.,n Saint, it behooves us tj take cood thicker tkulls, smell louder, and need
t are of Lim. aud preserve Lim not only i thrashing oftener, then other niggers. Our j ing have been lost. Muoh bloodshed was
kcaiust foreiyti foes.but also against excess 1 " t' 'e inv.umgarmy.iorai any
" , , , too viz lor meir iruwsersqmciicr, luau ail
cf kiuducss at home tho latter (juite as , otuert-hildreu.
killiug" as the former. Fur many years j jt ja a great country ! It is the corner
past, the grossest exactious havo been stone of nations, it is the top of the pile,
made of him, aud the most cruel punish- the head man of the heap, the last button
mcnts inllieted.iu the great National Circus jn the coat, the erown.ng jewel in the dia
.. , t i t .i i I deui, tbe capital or the column, the last
on the Fourth of July. Ten thousand . ' 0Wrvad of all ob
servers. It will eat up all others faster
than 1'haroah's lean kiue ate up the fat
ones. When all other nations are num
bered among tbe things that were, it will
thel'acilie-his bead engaged in picking jwt be rejoicing in its strength It will
lm"u j,,. ,, I kick all otner nations out of existence; it
up whales from tbe North 1 ole, and bis , them up cqw ljckcth up
tail hovering threateningly over Cuba. To j at jt ha3 now thirty-three States, and
Hand there for hours, just to amuse won- more a-comin'. It covers more territory
derin" cpeu-moutlicd auditors, is awful; than all other nations. And finally, it
c . . . , . . .i . r ,
j of a river, rushing up that river to a cer
tain point where one wishss to pass and
the other wishes to prevent the passage.
Tho invading army arrives first, effects its
passage, and is caught only at a distance
of two miles from the river, when all the
advantages of an attack during the cross-
poiut lower down on the river crossing
could only have been effected with great
loss of men.
fervid orators Lave commanded him to
land with one leg on the Alleghenies aud
the other on the Kocky Mountains one
wing fanuing the Atlantic and the other
. . 'i l r. . . i: .-!. It..
Lard work albeit, such a stretch of legs i uas louuer tuunuer, iaitr i.gmu.up, u.g
, ,. ... f, ... nnr,i,in i ger hail, aud colder ice, than can be found
and of ima gination far exceeds anytuiug . t
anu oi . i in any other part of the habitable globe,
iu the Ornithological line we have yet i jurriih f,,r ,bis prrl jj.gi.oua constellation
found in tbe 1'aciGc llailroad Survey. Said j of le jtatp9 t Hang a man that wont
American F.agle is al.-a trained to eat up praise his own country !
a British Lion at one meal. And by bis
borrid uo.Ve to scaro away all the despots j The Allied Plans before Magenta,
from Central America. And to make his j . writer in I'aris, speaking of the bat-
cyry on Cbimborazi. l.ke in tho dark tie, says :
empyrean. Hut we indignantly declare
that Lion is too strong food for bis deli
cate taste, and that Chimborazo is too cold
a sleeping place. These valiant deeds are
leg-and-wing wearying and stomach-cloying
to the F.agle in fact, far beyond his
capacity. Such exploits ought never to
be required of Lim, even in figures of
speech for lluncombc county.
Next Monday, we fear, our Bird will be
caricatured by excess of glorifying,-eoiu-manded
to perform all manuer of silliness,
and so flattered as completely to turn bis
Lead if any braius were in it. His ail
overshadowing protection will be required
to cement our gcl-lorious Union, even as
a setting hen is coaxed to spread herself
over an exceedingly big nest, and hatch
all niauner of eggs put under her. Ho
will be expected to atone by bis renown
for every National crime, wink at every
Fin, and conceal, palliate, or justify every
folly and weakness of our people. His long
talons will be stretched out to rend asun
der all creation and the rest of mankind
who should stand in the way of our fili
busters, and his sharp beak must be whet
ted on the tombstone of every pefplo who
If wc go back to tbe events which pre
ceded the battlo of Magenta, we shall find
ample material for admiring the maiden
generalship of Louis Napoleon. His long
delay at Alessandria was to collect and
organize perfectly his army, bo that, not
withstanding its great bulk, it could bo
moved rapidly in any required direction ;
moreover, by collecting his army there,
and sending, in tho direction of Monte
bello and Casteggio, strong advanced posts,
he constantly maiutained the idea in the
Austrian camp that Le was going to at
tempt to cross the river into Lombardy,
below l'avia. The sequel proves that the
Austrians regarded this as tho probable
point at which Napoleon wuuid attempt to
On tbe 30th of May, tho Emperor Na
poleon, with his whole army, commenced
moving to the north, stopping first at Cos
sale. Thus far, tho Austrians Lad no
reason to Lolievo that the plan of cam
paign Lad been changed, for they could
nut tell whether this movement was a nue
or not, and so they waited. General Niel,
however, as well as BaragHay D'llillicrs,
had disappeared suddcnly,and as far as the
duo "say boo" to Uncle Samuel. All the j first was coucerued, no trace of him could
w irld wiil bo dared to pluck a single pin- b; found by tho Austrians, until he sud
f.ather from his tail, or to deny that he denly fell on Novaro, and took the place,
furpasies the dove in gentleness, buJ the j much to their surprise ; for they retreated
bird of .aradi.se in beauty Now this is ' precipitately scarcely firing a gun.
Ou the 1st of June, tho J.uiperor Lad
formed his junction with the King, still
further north, at Vercelli. The '2d of
June, their Majesties were at Novara,stiIl
further north, with the bulk of the com
bined armies. It was now evident to the
Austrians that the French were aiming for
the bridge of BuQalora, on the direct road
from Novara to Milan, aud they commenc
ed, too late, as usual, to recross tho Ticino,
aud ruh up, ou the Lombaid aide of the
river, to iuterccpt the crossing at liufTalora.
Napolvoo, in order once more to deceive
them as to Lis real designs, made a fuiut
to cross tho bridge of Magenta, and than
ordered the corps of Central Neil to cross
I the bridge of Tubigo, which Ledid on the
-la the mei.n time, tj show that the 2d of Juuc, Friday. A smait coufiict cu
E'gl is willing to doythiLgr.aniej"ue'l on tho s.il of Lombard, in which
: ! ftiisalstinp tho N.ti nal vanity j th? FionoU low wis 10 lillcd and wou-d-
all very nauseating very pernicious. We
leg every speaker, and reader, and toast-
luaker, the coming Fourth, not to touch
the Kjgle. Lot him have oue Auuivcrsary
cf IuJependeuce unmolested by man or
Irast editor, i.oliticiau, orator, poet, or
Spou'rr! spare lhai Pird!
tiive turn a li.ilulay !
Kxt'.n fron lain nn bnaMful word.
liut lei him muse or play.
Yi.u've usc'l in mi ill in days Knne by,
H'-'s done much n.is.niie rnork.
N"r in htm seek hi tree-tep Inh
As sle.'py as a Turk.
''. tnen with fatness shall he inc,
'Huuk' ehickcns, mice or fih,
An1 when lur "ptory'' you repine
o caicu luui it you isu:
The Zouaves and the Tnroo.
The newspapers, correspondents from
Italy, and I'aris story tellers give ns all
sorts of reports and anecdotes about the
Zouaves, the Turcos, and other new species
of troops now in Italy. The Zouaves at
1'alcstro, they tell as, got their bagged
trouscr legs so wet, and therefore so heavy,
in crossing some lands, that when ordered
to the charge, they cast off their trousers,
and ran at the Austrians, bayonet in hand,
bare-legged ! The corps has been so wild,
it is alsj added, and so little regardful of
?neum and ttitm, that the Emperor sum
moned a certain number of them, and told
them be would order them back to Africa
and to Franco, if anything of the like oc
curred again ; whereupon, it is said, they
cried like children, and promised good be
havior. The Turcos are new raco of men on th
European field of battle, or at least, not
there seen or known since the days of
Hannibal, who led their aoeestors into
Italy. They are Mohammedans under
French officers, and sub-officers, natives of
Africa, about Algiers, black or wooly
headed. We havo to day the first ao
count from them on the field of battle, in
the correspondence of the Constitutional,
from Novarre, June 4th. McMahou's di
vision is made up of these troops and others
from Africa. The correspondent had then
just heard of this division at Magenta,
where they attacked the Austrians pro
tected by their cannon. "Like tigers"
(says tbe writer) they precipitated them
selves upon the Austrians, crying "victo
ry," even before they had discharged their
guns. The attack is said to have exhibi
ted one of tbe strangest and most terrible
aspects of war. The Turcos threw them
selves upon the enemy like the savages of
Cooper, without mercy or quarter. Soon
a horrible niolco ensued. The voice of
the cannon even was drowned by tbe
savago cries of the Turoos cries, not the
chauut of victory, nor the plaints of the
dying and wounded. All tbe language of
Mahometcan muster of imprecations broke
forth from them in isolated groups,
where one Turco would often be seen
struggling against tbreo and four Aus
trians. When the Austrians ran, and the
strife was over, the spectacle was not less
strange. The fanatio conquerors rolled
upon tbe ground, and under the inspira
tion of somo African war song, they
danced tbe most frautic species of dances,
amidst bursts of laughter, and frightful
eries, that startled even their, companions
in arms. Some of them had forced their
prisoners to sit beside them, and upon
these poor prisoners at first they glared, as
tho lion glares upon its prey ; and then,
with a specie of fascination, as if they
pitied tho poor creatures now without
means of defence. In other parts of the
field they lay down upon the groood, ex
hausted with fatigue, and recovering their
atreugth in sleep. Tba French writer,
however, deuies that they aot like beasts
cf prey, or ate cainiverous, but neverthe
less, be says, they are savage. Their
voter nl invitee and of consaniMiiriilr. "e
must therefore acquiesce in lh necessity
which drummers our 'separatum, and hid
them, as we huld the rest of mankiiid.eiieinies Jhf brmrr hfv1ll , hfu4 m mlrma-T k,..-l,
JU war ; in peace, friends. Aud th riarkiwi rliarg-r .und quivering id cownl,
We, therefore, the rrprrsrnlativrs of the a th. bo.-ni nurein i chuu.i .loud.
United .Slates of America, in Renrral (.'onrr-. Th. gnu of the dt-mii itn"k in,uin.
assemblrd. appealing to the supreme Ju.ie t.t ( wtnl ict..rj kk on, like -.i.n. pn!e and proud,
the world for the reclitudr of our liitrntinn-., ;
do, in the name and by Ihe authorny of ihe
(rood proplr i.f these colonies, solemnly pub
lish and drclare. That these nnMrd roi.mirs
arr, and of mht onjht to br. FKKK A.MJ I V
DKi'KNDK.Vr STATES ; thai tl.ry arr ab
solved fr..m all allegiance lo the Itnlih
crown, and that all political connexion be
twern them and the state of Oreat ltntaiu, is,
and oiiEht to be totally dissolved ; and that as
free and indepni!enl states, they have full
power to levy war, conclude peace, contrart
alliances, establish commercr, and lo do all
oilier acts and thinjs which in. lependent stales
may of right do. And for the support of this
declaration, with a firm reliance on the pr
trction of llivine Providence, we mutually
plr.lr to each othrr our lives, our foiiunes
and our sacred honor.
The following table presents ihe native
place, and year of birth and death, of the
Signers of the Declaration. Wr copy it from :
the IV Ktpulihcan, by the editor of which :
paper it was received from Phili Susia, a ;
lawyer of York. It is worth preserving, and
for that reason we give ita place in the stak ;
John Hancock, Mass.
Kichard Henry l.ee, Va.
(ieorge Taylor, Pa. (Ire.)
John Hart, N.J.
Lewis Morns, N. Y",
Thomas St..ne, M I.
Francis I.txhtfoot Lee, Y'a.
Samuel chase, Md.
SVilliam Ellery. K. I.
Samuel Adams. Mass.
Arthur MnUielon, S. C.
Abraham Clark, N. J.
Francis Lewis, i.Y (Wales) li:i
Julia Penn, Va. 1 4I
James Wilson. Pa.(Scot.) (abt 1715
(about 1 730
When, in the course of human events, it I pondenre. They too have been deaf to the
neeomes necessary ior one people wuhju.h
the political bands which have connectrd them
with another, ami to assume amons the powers
of ihe earth the separate and equal station to
which the laws ot nature and ol nature's tiod
entitles them, a decent respect lo the opinions
of mankind requires that ibey thould drclare
the causes which impel Ihem to the separatum.
We hold these truths to be self-evident
that all men are created erwil Ibat Ihry are
endowed by their Creator with certain uimlun
uble rights ; that among theseaie. I'ftjibrrft,
undlhe pursuit ot htwpinc. That, lo secure
thmt right, governments are instituted among
men, deriving thtir just powers from the cunM itt
of the governed ; that w henever any form of
government becomes destructive if these, enrfr,
it is the right of the people to utter or Utalxdish
it, and to institute new government, laying its
foundation on such principles, and organizing
its powers in such form, as to them shall seem
most likely lo ellect their safety and happi
ness. Prudence indeed will dictate, that gov
ernments long established should nut be
changed for light and transient causes, and
accordingly all experience hath shown, that
mankind are more disposed to sutler, while
evils are sull'erahle, than to right themselves
by abolishing the forms to which they are ac
customed, liut when a long tram of abuies
and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same
object, evinces a design to reduce them under
absolute despotism, it is their right, it is their
duty, to throw oil such government, and to
provide new guards for their tuiuie security.
buch has !.een the patient suilrrance ot thee
colonies ; and such is now the necessity which
constrains them to ailer their former system
of government. The history of the preenl
King of Great llritain is a history of repeated
injuries and usurpations, all having in direct
object the establishment of an absolute ty
ranny over these States. To prove this, let
facts be submitted to a candid world.
He has refused his assent to laws the most
wholesome and necessary for the public good.
He has forbidden his Governors to pas
laws of immediate and pressing importance,
unless suspended in their operations untill his
assent should be obtained; and when so sus
pended, he has utterly neglected to attend lo
He has refused to pass other laws for ihe
accommodation of large districts of people,
unless those people would relinquish theright
of Representation in the Legislature; a right
inestimable to ihem, and formidable to tyrants
He has called together legislative bodies at
places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant
from the depository of their publi -"iaA'
ih. r-T" vi-ntuguing them into com
pliance with his measures.
He has dissolved representative houses re
peatedly for opposing with manly firmness bis
invasions on the rights of the people.
He has refused for a long time after such
dissolutions, to cause others to be elected,
whereby the legislative powers, incapable of
annihilation, have returned to the people ai
large for their exercise, the state remaining in
Ihe meantime exposed to all Ihe dangers of
invasion from without and convulsions
He has endeavored to prevent the popula
tion of these states : for that purpose obstruct
ing Ihe laws for naturalization of foreigners ;
refusing to pass others lo encourage their
migration hither, and raising the conditions
of new appropriations of lands.
He has obstructed the administration of
justice, by relusing his assent to laws lor es
tablishing judiciary powers.
He has made judges dependent on his will
alone for the tenure of their offices, aud the
amount aud payment of their salaries.
He has erected a multitude of new offices,
and sent hither swarms of officers to harass
our people, and eat out their substance.
He has kept among us, in limes of peace,
standing armies, without the consent of our
He has arteeted to render the military inde
pendent nf, and superior lo, the civil power.
He has combined with others lo subject us
to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution,
and unacknowledged by our laws ; giving his
assent lo their acts of pretended legislation.
For quartering large bodies of armed troops
For protecting them, by a mock trial, from
punishment ibr any murders they should com
mit on the inhabitants of these states :
For cutting off our trade with all parts of
the world :
For imposing taxes on us without our con
For depriving ns, in many cases, of the
benefits of trial by jurv :
For transporting us beyond seas to be tried
for pretended offences :
For abolishing the free system of English
laws in a neighboring province, establishing
therein an arbitrary government, and enlarg
ing its boundaries, so as to render il at once
an example and tit instrument for introducing
the same absolute rule Into these colonies :
For taking away our charters, abolish
ing our most valuable laws, and altering fun
damentally the forms of our governments:
For suspending our own legislatures, and
declaring themselves invested with power lo
legislate tor us in all cases whatsoever.
u- i., 1. 1 i - r.. i i
clarnig as out of l.is Protection and'wamnJ lne ""' ' bor0 c'"""5' ":
AFTER THE BATTLE.
Th drunn af)l mofttfl. ttw tuicVr ir f-titr,
Th-tVn a pmwm in tb f i.'y. bait on tbe t.ill.
And brmrv-r? of UtvlrJn w-tib hm k ilh ft thrill,
W hart !,? uf the -ar th mm ;
Fur mt fWI-J i n apr.1, Hfil . 'tutj to til,
And tUta iVs,Ui li ,i Jf liu. lir ! u. Jay-
Th.r s en tt;e wiiii lik a -ptrifi l cr
Tii th Bitufr r'jll ftoiitnliiij: n 1 hrt -hail r-vlyt
Ntt tLiM who wia fa-9 uiarv lnte to th rkj.
W ith y fiwl !o ntviwilf t nr.J dim It,
Ai O.f? wait that lai't trump hi h th- mar Rot dVi,
Uhor haoJ clut -hetl th'or4 tu.t grimly
Douglas1 Position on th Piesldency
WASHixcro. June 22, Hj.
Mj IX-ar Sir I bT received juar let
ter, irjf'i.r;c hettir my fritfbds are t
libertj to present my name to theC!ariev
j tua tj(jTuUja fur ihe IVeAiJcHtial oa.;
IJef r thin question eati b 6naHy de
! UrmineJ, it will be nersarj to uaier
' stan i (iiviact.y npia what isauee the can
j Ta i to bd cotvlucuX If (as I bav full
I faith they will) the Dcmocr.ft.tic party iball
j detcTtuice, in the 1're: Jeutjnl election of
' lCO, to a ihdrc to the prluoiIei emboJiei
j io the Comprjosiie Measnrftof 1S50. act
r.t; God by tbe people in tbe Presidential
election sf 1S52, ana reoiBraieJ ia tht
Kac?a Nebraska Act of aa-i incor-
poratcl infj the Cincinnati Hatfurm of
I$5G, m expouoJ-?i by Mr. Duct man i
his letter accrptiuj the Domination, aol
approved by tbe people in bid election, in
I thiU event my fiienda will be at hU-r;y f
' preot-nt my lime t) the Couv.ation f
they pee proper t do .
' If on the contrary, it shall become rb
' policy of the Draocritio party (which I
. CiQ not aa'i.'ipite,) to repudiata thew
time hinorei principles, on which we hive
achieved so maoy patriot..; trtumphf, anl,
in lieu of them, the ConvenMin shall in
terpolate inta the creed of the parfy aucS
i new issues as tbe revival of tbe African
! filavd Ui'U. or a CoogreioDal slave cod
for the Territories, or tbe doctslne ths.t
, the CoDitirution of the Uoi:ed Statue
either establishes or pruhibits slavery in
the Territories beyond the power of tha
people legally to control it as other pro-
Tbe prospect of tbe early completion pertT( lt is jaa lo caQJjr to say, tht ia
fiiK-h an event, I cmld n jt accept th nom
ination if tendered to me. ,
ULo atfaiU till th morrow Lvt irowuiDf.
Thrrf iff no nvwkinx Mnin, n rj niukn to :
Th- in pontpt or lb1 ' Stun art ait oi-tay
Id the t?rril i lv l Ihe- Jrvad 'mttl: daj ,
rntftu? nor nhn u-lir. mrr lt-r ,
Ouiy rt-:i'-! that lay r thi 1 tl. It
A rtrtit ''a.riu aiiJ a bi-adl-M .-fr
Faraway, tramp on tramp. pa!- tli mr-h nf th- fr,
Like a etorm wht' r'tn-tiii- i -nt. litful, an4 !,
With tK'UDds hk- th-ir sl-irit that fmut ai lh-y g
ity yon r c (:! iug rtTf r who wt r
S;(:li d;rkD with s-rn ihr Ixu l wh-rt- th-y torn
To the v'ji'i ot hr tlv-lat tiauht.-rw.
Thy an f -o tliy ar (Tin ; "tt "h not a- thfy raoit,
1 n th- prid of tln.r oui.'iWr- thy tnki-J on th- tract";
.Never niorrl.ail th-' utat.-i in ttie nfc-uanJ ot Fiaiua,
Ni-r I.tt th- : .ii.-.I -a.jr 1 whu h tL-y Jtt- -Ne-r
mora hti!t th-y tt.f a ((.nri..u batue,
ttr Diari'h aith the I. a! an-i Ita- true.
tl her the wr-rk of our li-i'm lay i-tran-i'i n l torD,
Th-y utile on uur rak in the mi in t the mora ;
Like th- Kmnt of 1 .ia. th-tr tr n,'I. it wu shorn
fcre those inifU hwl r.ll- i up Ui t'.ir ky;
I'rotn tbe Cdh ot our ,-t, rl a new J, bieak j-t-ni'-d horn
As -pran uj to t -u ,u-.r or
The tnmult is
Ami th- h-f'-en
!ene-l; the d-nth-Iot are eat
vf bnltle are nlumi-riuh; their iiutt.
you .ream cf -n ale f- riu that r -i- t-u the hlaft?
int. i WoulJ ye free it on mref t. ye hmre?
fH Yea! the hroaj roa.l to Honor ia red wh-re ye pasfte-J,
6 J j Ani of tilorj ye ak-i hut a grave '
&t I Sunbury & Erie Railroad.
44 of this work gives peculiar significance to
tbe following cxrract from Hun. A. K
M'I'l .fin-:? snpi't-h in Biinnnrt nf ihn hill .
atitbonzin;; tbe sale of the State canals to Trusting that tbi-. auswer will be deem
tbe Sunbury & Krio Hailr"a l Company, sJ eufaciently explicit, I am, very respeot
delivetej the session if Is it' : ' fully, your fricnJ, g Doiola
'I regar J the completion of the Fan To j B. Djrr, E., Duluqtu, loica.
17;is sn bury Si Erie Ilailroal, as the great nieas-1
I HI 14
fit nr.. nf thp or,. Tr 14 nnt mrr.lt ttiAfltinn i Y?A sit t VflTft V. J one 2 1 J'J d" D.TI-
51 e 'l-" j ' 0
of to-Jay, nor of tbe geueratioo. When j glss stateJ, lo day, to a very prominent
J you and I, Mr. Speaker, shall have passed i soutbero politician, that be intends tcsup-
''' away, the fruits of this great measure will j port tba nominee of the Charleston Cot-
k vj mi let-
fit not have yet reached their fullness. Th, ntl
Carter Braxton, Va.
John Morton. Del.
Stephen Hopkins, R. I.
Thomas M'Kean, Pa.
Elbndge Gerry, Mass.
Caisar Kodnev, Iel.
I Benjamin Harrison, Va.
William, l'ac a. Md.
George Kose, ra.
John Adams, Mass.
Benjamin Franklin, Pa.
(ieorge Wythe, Va.
Francis Hopkmson, Pa.
Robert Treat Paine. Mass.
Thomas Jefferson, Va.
William Hooper, N. C
James Smith, Pa. (.Ire.)
Charles Carroll, Md.
Thomas Nelson, Jr- Va.
Joseph Hewes, i. t;., ionn.; 1 .u ij i , , ,. . , , , . I'
1 4 vj inih. 01 : - -r 1 - r r . piaiiorais
Mia; ruiuvts ot tna jrth, who are ; ter to Mr. Dorr, of Iowa, was. that he will
strangers to tbe bounty of tbe Common- j not himself consent to run upon a platform
wealth, will teach those who are to come that be can not endorse. It ant ecent he
after them to bless the men who this day will adhere to his party svast the oppo
pleaj their cause. They have straggled ' eition.
The Great Issue.
The great contest of 1S60 will be fooghl
out on tbe issue set forth in tba follawios
They have hoped on, and still p0n,s 0f tt. Republican and Democratic
1743 126 83 j for a quarter of a century, but now can
1718 lMofi H7 ' P'Dt tJ 110 evidence of progress around
1737 lift 95 tbcm tbat is not tbe fruit of their unceas-
113 17X9 51 ;nr,toil
1 Tin iu o
Edward Kuiledge. S. t
l.vman Hall, Ct.. (Ga.)
Oliver Wolcoll. Ct. 172fi
Kichard Stockton, X. J. 1 1
Button Gwinnet, Ga, (Eug-) '
1731 1790 A!) 1 0f this great movement ; and still hope for
From the Pbili.1-lpbia RepnHimo FlMtfora.
A'tWif, That the Constitution cocfirn
the day, which I trust is now soon to dawn
45 ' upon them, when the L.kcs and tbe At-! P5n. ogress sovrei-n power over th.
K-, , " . , ., . ., , , 1 - .1 .territories of the tutted Mates fjr their
" lantic thall strike hands with ihe Aorthcrn ; . , . . -
r.i ) govern men', anJ that in the exeraiaa of
wilderness, and pour its tshauslless na- ( ,bij p ,,er u bh the ri(,hUod dutT of
63 tive wealth into the lap of commerce, j Congress to pmhilit in thc'l'trrtiorin thom
They have borne their share of the bur- J tirin Ttlict of LarUirism, pt.ltjami and
61 dens imposed upou tbe people to make i Juvery.
: our more favorable sections develope their rr:m J?'"""' 0'
1.4. ,. , . . , , , , , . , Ke&uhfl. Ibat the t.oQs'iia'ioa eonfars
... wealth ; tuev have he red, bv the fruits of .1.
... , " ' J " ! tin m I nnirrflsa sovreiijn rower nrr thtt
. .t - 11 t.-?l ) . i r - '
if.ij o. j meir laoor, 10 uuua our rauroaos, our Territories of tbe Lnued States for their
1x03 M nal nJ out colleges ; and now they ak government, and, in tbe exercue of this
17h' 64 ', no' ur bounty, not our gifts, cot our j power, it is boiu tba right and duty of
179t 72 ' credit : but thev ask tbat we shall enable ongre.s to pass laws lor taeorjfecttt.il or
them, by a generous policy, involving no I
Josiah Hartlett Mass
Philip Livingston. X. V.
Roger Sherman, Cu ( Mass.)
Thomas Havward, Jr., S. C.
George Read, Del.
William Williams, Ct.
Samuel Huntington. Ct.
William Floyd, .. Y.
(ieorge Walton, Va.
George Clymer, Pa.
Benjamin Rush, Pa.
Thomas l.vnch. Jr.. S. C.
Matthew Thornton,Mass.(Ire.)17 14
William Whipple, X. H. 1730
John Witherspoon,X.I (Scot. it722
Robert Morris. Pa. (Ens) 1733 1800 6
... ,'...-- ..it .K. lnr
. . , ,o . .1 i 1 pecuniary sacrifice to the State, D con-
died fiftu-nx years (1S32) alter the lleclara- , 3 '
lion was made. ' summate an enterprise that niut scatter
Their average age signing was a little over j enlightened progress and untold wealth
4 1 years. The average at Iheir death was a ! over the long neglected regioD uf the com-
liule over 6-J years.
The oldest at signature was Franklin aged
70 years. The next oldest was Hopkins.agcd
Lynch of S. C, and Rutledge of S. C, were
the youngest each about 27 years of age.
Lynch was ihe youngest to die, a few months
after the Declaration. Carroll was the last,
and loneest lived having survived Adams
and Jefferson si years.
Protection to Adopted Citizens.
The views of the A Irninistratiouarecon-
iutery ia the Territories.
The Dociilasites try to occupy inter
mediate ground, denying to Congress the
right either to exclude or protect slavery
in tho Territories, but giving that power
to the f lutters, sut ject to the doctrine,
however, of Judge Taney, who has
already decided a"..1.nsx Territorial sov
reignty. This lnch.j the Douglas plat-
In 10(1 121 vears alter the signing) only 22 Tov, .May 1., 1-0J. 1 our le tter ol the
of the 5fi were alive.
tained iu tbe following letter to Mr. Le ; fjr!n out of the ring, and leave the field
Clerc, of Memphis, Tennessee, a French- j c;eir l0 ihe twa great parties to Settle tha
man by birth, but now a naturalized citi- i important question by an appai t tha
leu of the L uitcd States :
"DtrAKTMENT OF STATE, W.V.SUINCI
whole people. Ifir. V.vr.'i.
Train Horses to Walk. The .VirJ-
4 lived to the age of 30 years and upwards.
10 do 0 .to
9 do 70 rto
12 do 60 do
12 do 50 do
8 do 40 do
1 do 30 do
Considering how new our country Ih'n was,
it is a little remarkable that only eight out of
war against us.
He has plundered our seas, ravaged our
Coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the
lives of our people.
He is at this time transporting large armies
of foreigv mercenaries 10 complete the works
of death, desolation and tyranny, already be
gun with circumstances of cruelty and perfi
dy scarcely paralleled in Ihe most barbarous
ages, aud totally unworthy the head of a civil
He has constrained our fellow-citirens,
taken captive on the high seas, to bear arms
against their country, 10 become the execu
tioners of their friends and brethren, or lo fall
themselves by their hands.
He has eictt'd domestic insurrections
amongst us, and has endeavored to bring 00
the inhabitants of our frontiers the merciless
Indian savages, whose known rule of warfare
is an undistinguished destruction of all ages,
sexes and conditions.
In every stage of these oppressions.we have
petitioned for redress in the most humble
terms: our repeated petitions have been an
swered onlv by repeated injury. A prince
whose character is thus marked by every act
which may define a tyrant, li unlit to be Ihe
ruler of a free people.
Nor have we been wanting in attentions to
our British brethren. We have warned them
from lime to time of attempts by their legisla
ture lu extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction
over us. We have reminded them of the nr.
eurostancfs of our emigration and setilement 1
here. We have appealed to iheir native jus-1
lice and magnanimity, and we have conjured
them by the ties of our common kindred, to J
disavow thess usurpa'iinj, which weuld in !
........ r f.rfr'r. tr.fj r.r;t.
Button Gwinnett, Lngland.
Robert Morns do
John Wuherspoon Scotland.
James Wilson do
George Taylor, Ireland.
Matthew Th..rnion do
James Smith do
Francis Lewis, Wales.
Of the 56 men, 2 were rurnamtd Adams. 2
Morris, 2 Lee, and only 1 Smith, 1 Mac, and
I Williams all. true Bntish tames, and
nearly all of British desceul. Of their 5:i;ir. n
names, there were 6 each 01 John, Geoig,
Thomas, and William ; 3 each of Samuel.
Benjamin, and Francis; 2 each of Richard,
James, and Robert ; while Henry. Charles, j m mJ p0 ,i,r0,,J
rnu.p.aai . o.ners u ., . ( pf f ; fj,
tentative. About nan nan .-scripture given
names. Only three had double given names.
loth iustant has been receive 1 In reply, w'lii Funwr well observes ; "A plow
I have to state that it is understood tbut nrss should above all tbiug be a good
the French couniry claims n..itiary ser- j wa;jcer Tbe talking gait is not cultiva-
vice from all natives ol r ranco who mav L , , . ,
, , , ... ...... ,. - I ted enough m IraiDiUi; horses. "Jjlv con
be found within its jurisdiction. Jour: D 0
nat.,r.,liznt;.M in thi country iri! m l fx- 1 'der wb:tt 'alu VmX coal1 "'k f,ur
I rmj't Ion from 1b.1t liitim, sA'wr'. ynU r,J-1 miles an hour t-.r ten hours per day, eoald
j Maturity refxn'r thither. Lewis Cass." j dotowards hurrying f rward spring wjrlt."
j The Pemocratie party always pretend- ; Fast waikiujj and notfast trailing or racing
ed to be the peculiar friend of the fir- I horses are what should he tolerated e
eigner, but this last act of Ca.s gives ' clusively at Agricultural Fairs.
them the cold shoulder, and removes the I , ' . , . w,
, , . Bkes Mr. J. K. F.itner, eol fsr Dr.
protection cf our government from them j,-rDI1!jn-t self dividing bee b.ves.i. bo
should they visit tbe land rf their birth j this place, putting up new hives anJ
either on business or pleasure. transferring bees. Mr. II. is a mister of
This in a sten biekward in the indenen-' his buiius, aud hi. coulrol ever the be
i deuce and sovreignty of th l otted Mates
; Sec. Marcy claimed Martin K jm'i as an
is wouderful. Thursday ou transfer
I nug a biv for I'eter Hack, ol White Deer
Vili.v fli h tiii.li mt first ka.l hAr.
1 : ..; k I.. I ..i- - -
i .uv u- docile, became mrur.areJ, aud attackel
f. r nuturalintion and not obtained it. It 1 Jlr. Uuek .nd family, the house being ftj
will ba seen that modern Democracy does ' yards from the Live. The family er
not elaitn U protect our naiuraliiod peo Compelled t j shut themwues up in tb
All Democracy ( oou"" . " ueil
at boin and vote early and often '"
Tbe Washington Rpiil'ic calls atten-
j tiou tothe fact that the termsof the pream
ble of Dr l'aiton's resolution, offered at
tbe Aniericaa Tract Society lueetin
condemoaiion cf the Africau slave trade
uatel about the same distanee from tba
hive, and slung tba horse so severely tbat
they broke loose, raa utf, atid demolished
tbe wsijoQ. The driver was so La.lly stung
1 that it was foend necessary to leave him
behind. During tbe wbole time Mr. K
continued bu oncrstions at the bite, f
it 'd : succeeded in transferricg the bs wuhj'H
rade, r.:eivieg a siogla tiuj J.iy
Thirty-three Stars mast te on tbe
Natiaual Flag from and afler the 4lh of
July next. This is in compliance with
the Aot of Congress, passed April, 1 13,
L 1 -1. J A ,1.... .n tliA eirltni-.jion fiV :
HUIUU mat. vu " w muii.wiiu w 1 - - ...
every new State, one star shall be added, i precisely the same as tho one offered . H-poan.
snd tbat each addition shall take place on j i ! - Congre,,, by Mr. L-her- j It u now uerUint4 that Fper.r
tbe 4th of Ju.y next succeeding each ad- idge, of Tennessee, two years before The J ZZ
mueieo. Ilouia T'ttaeU to lay it oa tne table oy a - . . . ' " ,,
' in the evscvtaiion of Milan Ths' wualt
If a man 21 vears of see becins to save i vote of VI to 137. Tho Tract bociety . . a,.K h ionrsi
a dollar a week, and put it to interest 'laid Dr. l'atton's up"n the table by am h.mMlf
L- tJ I. n n. n L Of . immDti:. m.inritv t, hlrh 19 tha mitt
every year, db wuum uo cl jcj.d, i j j -- , -- , . . t
. 1. ClI..U. ' '
"i:s tbT sr