Harrisburg telegraph. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1879-1948, June 17, 1919, Page 5, Image 5

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'resident of Peace Conference Declares, They Committed
Crime Unsurpassed in History; Few Changes Were
Made in the Final Reply
By Associated Press.
Parts, June 17.—The final reply of
the Allied and associated powers to
the conditions of peace handed to
the Germans at Versailles on May 7,
was delivered to the German dele
gation late yesterday and made pub
lic shortly afterward.
The Germans are allowed five days
to accept or refuse the treaty as it
stands. If they accept, peace will
be signed at once: if they do not ac
cept, the armistice will terminate on
Saturday. (June 21). and the powers
"Bayer Tablets of Aspirin" to be
genuine must be marked with the
safety "Bayer Cross." Always buy
an unbroken Bayer package which
contains proper directions to safely
relieve Headache, Toothache, Ear
ache, Neuralgia, Colds and pain.
Handy tin boxes of 12 tablets cost
but a few cents at drug stores —
larger packages also. Aspirin is the
trade mark of Bayer Manufacture
of Monoaceticacidester of Salicylic
Capacity Loads
Carried Economically
The distinctive construction of the Autocar allows
of a two ton load evenly distributed on all four wheels.
The motor is under the seat the paying load is
evenly distributed.
This even load distribution cuts down tire costs,
gasoline consumption and wear and tear on the truck
itself it spells economical delivery.
We are equipped to render complete
Chassis to 2 tons) maintenance service.to Autocar owners in
$2050 —97 inch wheelbase this territory.
$2150—120 inch wheelbase Eureka Wagon Works
616 North St. Harrisburg
The Autocar Company, Ardmore, Pa. Established 1897
11 ■
I TT performs better because it is brake can be operated by the
dKI rajjM IJv ma ° y improvementoj other decid(J advantage?
// | \i Its hair-trigger motor is the only rant your immediate investigation
j motor dead gas cannot choke. Our 3 perfected six. • >
II I Moore Multiple Exhaust System Consider its moderate price for
"it] pWk jj increases power and conserves fuel. a quality car, possible only because
Willi I' II ||'|W lAn . . ten large factories, devoted to
' | \X<h are integral with our improved with and contribute to the Lex-
U \h non-rattle frame. The emergency ington. Let us demonstrate.
V r F nFNNK nictrikufnr • s n , ™< ■ Service. 121 Sooth Third St., Ilnrri.ihure, Pn. Soh- '
► I l/linilliJ, UlMllUlllUl, AKenclfN open for udjoinlng; Countie* of Dauphin—lnveMttffute
| ||| otor^°mpany Connersville U. S.
\* th
■ will take such steps as may be nec
essary to enforce their terms.
The principles of the original con
ditions have been vigorously upheld,
but certain modifications in detail
and many explanations of the effect
of execution are made.
Changes in Reply
The reply is in two parts—a gen
eral covering letter and seriatum dis
cussions of the general counter
proposals. The changes include:
A plebiscite for upper Silesia,
with guarantees of coal from
that territory.
Frontier rectifications in West
Omission of the third zone in •
the Schleswtg plebiscite.
Temporary increase of the
German army from 100,000 to
200,000 men.
Declaraflon of the intention to
submit, within a month of sig
nature a list of those accused of
violation of the laws cus
toms of war.
Offer to co-operate with a
German commission on repara
tion, and to receive suggestions
for discharging the obligation.
Certain detailed modifications
in the finance, economic and
ports and waterways clauses,
including abolition of the pro
posed Kiel canal commission.
Assurance of membership in
the League of Nations in the
future, if Germany fulfills her
CTemcnooau Bitter
The covering letter is from M.
Clemenceau, president of the Peace
Conference, to Count Von Brock
dorff-Rantzau, president of the Ger-
man delegation. In this letter, M.
Clemenceau says:
"The Allied and associated powers
have given the most earnest con
sideration to the observation of the
German delegates on the draft
Treaty of Peace. The reply' protests
against the peace on the ground thut
It conflicts with the terms upon
which the armistice of November
11, 1918, was signed and that it is a
peace of violence, and not a peace
of justice. The protest of the Ger
man delegation shows that they fail
to understand the position in which
! Germuny stands to-day. They seem
to think that Germany has only to
"make sacrifices in order to attain
peace," as if this were but the end
of some mere struggle for territory
and power. The Allied and associat
ed powers therefore feel it neces
sary to begin their reply by a clear
statement of the judgment of the
world, which has been forged by
practically the whole of civilized
"In view of the Allied and asso
ciated powers, the war which began
on August 1, 1914, was the greatest
crime against humanity and freedom
of the people that any nation calling
itself civilized has ever consciously
[committed. For mnny years the
rules of Germany, true to the Prus
sian tradition, strove for a position
of dominance in Europe. They were
not s:®istied with that growing pros
perity jnd influence to which Ger
many was entitled, and which all
other nations were willing to accord
her, they required that they should
be able to dictate and tyrannize over
a subservient Europe, as they dictat
ed and tyrannized over a subser
vient Germany.
Nought Hostility
"In order to attain their ends they
used every channel through which to
educate their own subjects irv the
doctrine that might was right in in
ternational affairs. They never
ceased to expand German armampnts
by. land and sea and to propagate
the falsehood that was necessary be
cause Germany's neighbors were
jealous of her prosperity and power.
"She sought to sow hostility and
suspicion, instead of friendship, be
tween nations. The Germans de
veloped a system of espionage and
intrigue through which they were
*' < '
i enabled to stir up international re
bellion and even to make secret of
fensive preparations within the ter
ritory of their neighbors, whereby
ithey might, when the pioment came,
strike them down with greater cer
tainty and ease. They kept Europe
in a ferment by threats of violence,
and when they found that their
neighbors were resolved to resist
their arrogant will, they determined
to assert their predominance in
Europe by force,
j "As soon as their preparations
I were complete they encouraged a
• subservient ally to declare war 011
.Serbia on 48 hours' notice, a war in-
I volving the control of the Balkans,
j which they knew .could not be local
ized and which was bound to un
chain a general war.
% Plotted World War
In order to make doubly sure,
. lpy refused evcrv attempt at con
ciliation and conference, until it was
too late and the world war was in
,?!# ' L r which they had platted
fioll which alone among the na
,,,,3 8 ey were adequately equipped
and prepared.
rv ''® e . rman >''R responsibility, how
nnH n * con fined to having plan
rcsnonsihV c ed the war " She 18 no losa
liunwn m the sava Ke and in
ducted anne r in which it was con
self the houg h Germany was her
manv vi<dfj" ' of Ger
cmn n ™ . tho rules after a soU
,y n of P r r ° respect the neutral
..1 th ' unoffending people.
I HheWtely carried Uh ,hpy dP "
wUh tte so? sh h ° ot,n8 a "d "burnings
,h v y w b*s
• is .Ml"
hut Folelv fn'r *>T 00 object,
ing the me i f Purpose of reduc
striking ut th<q their opponents by
I "The, ™ women and children,
campaign wi£ en ?? d thp "hmarine
lenge to inti , ts P'ratlcal chal
destrucdon ef natl ° nal law an,j Its
inocont L Prcat "umbers of in
ocent passengers and sailors in
, mid-ocean far fmm s ,n
! merer of the wind SU s cor ' at tbc
and the LI ®nds and the waves
crews Thevd° re ruthless submarine
ed people would have recoiled
Seven Million Head
„ T he conduct of Germany is al-
Thc terrfh| amPled h,lman history,
at her L responsibility which lies
?hat nnHo t?" be SPen by tha fact
lie buHed in SPVen million dead
th,„ t . Europe, while more
than twenty million others rarrv
upon them the evidence of wounds
fit to B grat r |V n?, h beC , aUSe ° erma ny
resort to war 1 f ° r tyranny by
~r , 'T hp Allied and associated power?
believe that they will be false to
lave 6 the °r ha a C :HVPn tbeir a " to
thlf: freedom of the world if
they consent to treat war on anv
other basis than as a crime against
humanity and right. a^a ' n st
! a ''J bta a ltude of the Allied .and
fefi ? Powers was made per
war h7 fh F i tP Germa ny during tho
b> their principal statesmen. It
was defined by President Wilson •in
bis speech of April 6. 1918, and ex
plicitly and categorically accepted by
the German people as a principle
covering the peace."
Quotes George and Orlando
M. Clemenceau in the letter also
quotes from speeches delivered by-
Premier Lloyd George, of Great
Britain, himself as premier of
France, and Premier Orlando, of
Italy, in which it was specifically de
clared that when victory was won,
compromise as to peace terms was
impossible and just punishment
should be meted out. and continues:
"Justice, therefore, is the onlv
possible basis for the settlement of
the accounts of this terrible war.
Justice is what the German delega
tion asks for and says that Germany
has been promised. But it must be
justice for all. There must be justice
for the dead and wounded and for
those who have been made orphans
and bereaved that Europe might be
free from Prussian despotism. There
must be justice for the peoples who
now stagger under war debts, which
exceed thirty billion, that liberty
might be saved. There must be jus
tice for those millions whose homes
and lands, ships and property, Ger
man savagery has spoliated and de
"That is why the Allied and asso
ciated powers have insisted as a
cardinal feature of the treaty that]
Germany must undertake to make
reparation to the very uttermost of j
her power, for reparation for wrongs
inflicted Is of the essence of Justice.
That is why they insist that those
individuals who are mott clearly re
sponsible for German aggression and
for those acts of barbarism and in
humanity which have disgraced the
German conduct of the war must be
handed over to justice, which has
not been meted out to them at
Ruined Her Neighbors
"That, too, is why Germany must
submit for a few years to certain
special disabilities and arrangements.
Germany has ruined the industries,
the mines and the machinery of
neighboring countries, not during
battle, but with the deliberate and
calculated purpose of enabling her
own industries, to seize their mar
kets before their industries could re
cover from the devastation thus
wantonly inflicted upon them.
"Germany has despoiled her neigh
bors of everything she could make
use of or carry away. Germany has
destroyed the shipping of all nations
on the high seas, where there was
no chance of rescue for their pas
sengers and crews.
"It is only Justice that restitution
should be made and that those
wronged peoples should be safe
guarded for a time from the com
petition of a nation—whose indus
tries are intact and have even been
fortified by machinery stolen from
occupied territories. If these things
are hardships, they are hardships
which Germany has brought upon
herself. Somebody must suffer for
the consequences of the war. Is it to
be Germany, or the peoples she has
wronged ?
"Not to do Justice to all concern
ed would only leave the world open
to fresh calamities. If the German
people themselves, or any other na
tion. are to he deterred from follow
ing tho footsteps of Prussia; if man
kind is to be lifted out of the belief
that war for seliish ends is legitimate
to any state; if the old era is to be
left behind, and nations, as well as
individuals, are to be brought be
neath the reign of law, even if there
is to be early reconciliation and ap
peasement, it will be because those
responsible for concluding the war
have hud the courage to see that Jus
tice is not deflected for the sake of
a convenient peace.
It is said that the German revolu-
II" 1 ou^b * 1° niake a difference and
that the German people are not re
sponsible for the policy of the rule 13
whom they have thrown from power.
The Allied and associated powers
recognize and welcome the change.
It represents a great hope for peace
nd a new European order in the
futu re.
.r, Peo n'<* Supported War
But it cannot affect the settle
ment of the war itself. The German
revolution was stayed until the Ger
man armies had been defeated in
the field and all hope of profiting by
a war of conquest had vanished.
Throughout the war, as before the
war, the German peonle and their
representatives supported the war,
voted the credits, subscribed to the
war loans, obeyed every order, how-!
ev ® l ; savage, of their government.
They shared the responsibility for
the policy of the government, for at
any moment, had they willed it.
they could have reversed it. Had that
policy succeeded, they would have
acclaimed it with the same enthu
siasm with which they welcomed the
outbreak of the war. They cannot
now pretend, having changed their,
rulers after the war was lost, that it
is justice that they should escape
?~ 1 ° nSequences of th eir deeds.
The Allied and associated powers
therefore believe that the peace
they have proposed is fundamentally
L^ e^ f 4 j ," s ! ice - The y are no >ew
certain that it is a peace of right on
the terms agreed. There can be no
doubt as to the intentions of the Al
lied and associated powers to base
the settlement of Europe on the
principle of freeing oppressed peoples
and redrawing national boundaries
- Ppwible, in accordance
the W "1 of the peoples con
cerned, while giving to each the
facilities to live an independent na
tional and economic life.
"These intentions were made clear
not only in President Wilson s ad
*o Congress on January 8.
1918, but in 'the principles of set
tlement enunciated in his subsequent
addresses,' which was the agreed
basis of the peace. A memorandum I
on this point is attached to this let
"Accordingly, the Allied and asso
ciated powers have provided for the
reeonstitution of Poland as an inde
pendent state.
"Dan?ig has been constituted as a
free city, so that the inhabitants will
be autonomous, and do not come un
der Polish rulo or form any part of
the Polish state." \
Section missing.
C lause \ I of the /Treaty says the
Allied and associated powers have
given careful consideration to the
request of the German delegation l
that Germany be admitted to the
League of Nations as one of the con
ditions of pea?e, but that the Allies
are unable to accede to this request
It is added that the Allied and as
sociated powers believe if the Ger
man people prove that they intend
to fulfill the conditions of the peace,
and that they have abandoned for
ever those aggressive and estrang
ing policies which caused the war,
"and have now become a people with
whom it is possible to live in neigh
borly good fellowship," it will be pos
sible at an early date to complete the
League of Nations by the admission
of Germany thereto.
Clause VII refers to the denuncia
tion by Germany of the blockade of
the Allies. It declares that the block
ade always has been a legal and
recognized method of war.
Clause VIII, rays:
"In conclusion, the Allied and as
sociated powers must make it clear
that this letter and the memoran
dum attached constitute their last
word." i
The clause adds that the Treaty
creates the machinery for the peace
ful adjustment of a'l international
problems by discussion and consent
and represents a sincere and delibe
rate attempt to establish "that reign
of law, based upon the consent of trie
governed, and sustained by organiz
ed opinion of mankind," which was
the agreed basis of the peace.
Toronto, Ont.—As a result of the
success of the stock raising move
ment among school children of the
United States the Ontario Agiicul
tural Department Is organizing many
Boys' and Girls' Live Stock Clubs.
These are expected to result in a
large increase in the available supply
of sheep, calves and pigs.
Vancouver, B. C.—Residents of Kit
silano have complained to the Health
Department afeainst the odor com
ing from scores of cases of salmon
eggs dumped into the harbor and sub
sequently washed onto the beach. The
eggs were consigned to Japan, tilt
apparently became too "high" for
Epidemic and Disorder Result
from Bolshevism
New York, June 17. —Startling
conditions of starvation, epidemic
and the disorder resulting from Bol
shevism at Riga, on the Baltic, as
described by Captain Howell, head
of the Baltic mission of the Amer
ican Relief Administration, are re
vealed in a cable from Mr. Hoover
received yesterday by Edgar Rick
ard, joint director of the American
I Relief Administration.
Captain Howell, In his report to
! the Paris office of the Administra
tion, explained how American flour •
provided practically tho only sub
stantial food available at Riga and
how the arrival of the American
staff with supplies stimulated thc
disheartened inhabitants to throw.
' off the Bolshevik rule,
i The report of Captain Howell, glv
] en out in its entirety by Mr. Riekard,
I follows:
"One hundred and eighty-seven
i thousand people here are receiving
I one meal a day from eighty kitchens
j established by local authorities un
der direction of the American Relief
Administration. America!} flour is
baked into bread and distributed to
citizens from ninety depots, but no
fuel is available for private baking.
Local committees are being organ
ized to care for the sick and chil
drn. It is estimated that between
ten and fifteen thousand inhabitants
are seriously ill from starvation,
typhus and other causes and the
majority of the people are greatly
underfed . All are thin, pale-faced,
listless. A great deal of dysentery is
beginning to appear and causing
anxiety, because an epidemic is
feared with the coming of hot
weather on account of the generally
weakened condition of the populace.
Medical experts of the American Re
lief Administration are studying the
situation and advising us what toods
are most urgently needed.
"Encouraged by the arrival of
American food, the inhabitants are
gradually reorganizing the city gov
ernment, many volunteering for
service with the anti-Bolshevists.
Food and relief committees of citi
zens are at present handling the s -
uation. Most of the former civic
leaders yvere murdered or executed
by the Bolshevists. Before they
abandoned the city, the Bolshevists
opened the doors of one prison and
drove the prisoners into the yard,
where machine guns played upon
them. The bodies of seven clergy
men and a number of women were
found when troops entered the city.
At present Baltic troops arc hunting
down Bolshevists with great cnci .
manv executions occurring <lii>-
There is a large radical e ement left
in the population, and failure of the
Authorities to provide food unW the
citv can get on its feet again rtl lkM
load them, with assistance of the
Bolshevists still in hiding,
tempt another uprising.
"Under the Bolshevik reign, occu
nants of handsome residences were
moved into slums and hordes of ruf
fians invaded richly-furnished apart
ments Houses of the wealthy were
ransacked and furniture, clothing
and iewelry packed and shipped into
the interior. To be well dressed in
Riga to-day is dangerous. A grim
local jest says, 'if a man is well
dressed he is a Bolshevik, if in rags
he Is harmless."
Many to Hear Heck
Tell of Turkey
Considerable interest is being
shown- in Harrisburg in the lecture
on Wednesday of Lewis Heck, of
Heckton, American Commissioner to
Turkey, at the membership luncheon
of the Harrishurg Chamber of Com
merce in the Penn-Harris Hotel.
Mr. Heck will discuss the condi
tions in the Turkish Empire, in
which he saw several years' of dip
lomatic service. He served as Tr.-rk
ish secretary under Ambassadors El
kus and Morgenthau and during
(he war, was commissioner of Amer
ican affairs in Constantinople. His
knowledge of conditions there makes
him capable of speaking with au
thority on conditions in the Otto
man Empire ,on the characteristics
of the Turks arrd of the underlying
causes of their participation in the
Mr. Heck's service was of such a
heroic nature that he won repeated
commendation from li-is superiors.
Soldiers Now Study
Business Management
' I
Washington. June 17.—One of the
courses given by the Federal Board
for Vocational Education to soldiers
disabled in the war. that opens up
a promising future, is that of busi
ness management. The nature o
this work is such as to rettuire not
only very special training, but the
possession of certain personal Quali
fications This necessitates a very
careful survey of the applicants for
this course, in order to insure their
making good. Sound judgment
needed in adjusting the relationships
of the workers to the work, and a
practical knowledge of the work it
self are essential to success. The
board is supervising the truining of
men in this course Physical handi
caps are not necessarily hindrances
to success in the business manager's
job. A high grade of intelligence is
the chief requisite.
Suffrage Reaches
the State Senate
The official resolution ratifying
the suffrage amendment, which will
Best Light
Food For nffjU
Sum mer/M^?
| Best of corn flakes
•. ' • I
* ■ ' , \ tt t
JUNE 17, 1919.
receive the support of the Repub
lican organization in the State Leg
islature, was introduced in the Sen
ate last evening by Senator T. I*ar
ry Eyre, Chester.
There are already two resolutions
in the hands of Senate committees.
Senator Gray, Philadelphia, and
Senator Phtpps, Venango, being the
End your
foot misery / )' jd
Relief is Fbsiflvely I ¥ |
Instantaneous for . I
Burning Puffing I
Sweating or I
Special Plasters in Each Package I
1 Summer Needs I
I At Sale Prices |
I Wednesday I
|| InKaufman's Bargain Basement 1
§ Plain White Duck Awnings I|j
jsjj IJlffji' This is an opportunity to buy your 19 N
jinijllllliA j Awnings at a very low price. This is H| ||y
fill 111 /11 ifH 1I a E oo * l Quality, strong, firm; and in
|IU lII' this sale we have widths from 30 to EB
j | | Special Each on Wednesday
® Garden Hose 15c ft. Wednesday I b
gj We have about 500 feet 'Of moulded | fJjl
In rubber garden hose in lengths of 10 to EgSsspfef B
30 feet and we will place the entire lot B
.on sale Wednesday at 15c a foot. W
W Lawn Mowers Special Prices i S
I 12-inch AQJ- 14-inch C QC | S
ij size, dJTWtJ size, tpJ.jJ Eg jij
j $6.50 ||
js Summer Home Needs Special I |jj
Ironing Boards One-Burner Oil | O'Cedar Mop, I SjijJ
hi with stand. Stoves, CO- B SU
| $1.48 $2.39 | S
nil ... Chair Seats, QC- Ba I'M
Hj| Nursery Chairs, I/OC Ira -
k! C 1 AO. Wash Tub BR fit)
jiy D 1 • I xO Telephone Stand, RE] liliJl
153 Clothes Pin Stands, <?Q„ ffi
jfl each - $2.69 .. ffl fu
iy _ Aluminum |EB 12*
15c Clothes Ham- Roaster, B kT|
fU Cannlster Sets, r " "a. Q— $1.39 M liU
(slightly damag- $1.33 Aluminum Bo fil
In e "L Clothes Tree, Windsor Kettle, i[M
S 95c 95c $1.69 1 §
m Shelf Paper, - Westinghouse Copper Tea Hj tig!
j gNj *°'' m Electric Iron, Kettles, H| k|)
m 5c $2.95 $1.95 H W
1 loor Mops, Potato Masher, Flour Sifters,
1 98C 25C 25C P1
l Flaxons, 29c Yd.
Da Flaxons—White stripes and from. Yard HOC 25*
Si checked Klaxons; beautiful |I|J
ffy quality. Special, 29c Voiles, 48c Yd. ■ S
Plain Colored Voiles—4o- [jM
111 miAetin? 49c Yd. inch wide - Bood ranße
Us OHCCUIIJ}, * colors. Special, AQ _ llj
fill Brown Sheeting—Bl inches yard, HOC |jsa
IM wide. Sale price, , " tfl
yard , Messahne, [JM
J Long Cloth, $2.39 $1.75 Yd.
Long Clotli —10-yard piece, Mcssalinc Silk —36 -<inch jSjJ
111 36-inch wide, extra good qual- wide, all colors, very good
*£* lty for underwear. d0 OQ Quality. tf> 1 T|- ISg
hj Special, piece Yard 01./3 S|
bji Suiting, 48c Yd. Georgette Crepe, bi
ljU Colored Suiting—Bungalow $1.69 lM
|yl Suiting. 36-inch wide, oil SN
colors. Special. AfKr Georgette Crepe—4o-inch |i|
•S yard, tul " wide Georgette Crepe, all col- IjJ*
hi Just/ received a special lot ors and extra good d| CQ si
P of new Figured Voiles in the quality. Special, yd., ||J!|
sponsors. Neither, however, had the
official backing of the IJepublican
State organization.
There will He prompt action.
For contracting pur
poses. We will de
liver good River Sand
to any point in Har
risburg and suburbs.
Builders' requirements
promptly supplied.
Phone our main office.
United Ice & Coal Co.
Forster & Cowdcn Sts.