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BY D. A. BUEHLER
I song from "Jane Eyre."
BY CURRER DELL.
The truest love that ever heart
Felt at its kindled'core
Did through each vein, in quickened start,
The tide of being pour.
Her coming was ruphope each day ;
Her parting was my pain ;
The chance that did her steps delay
Wars ice in every vein.
I deemed it would be nameless bliss,
As I loved, loved to be,
And to this object did I press
As blind as eargerly.
But wide as pathless was the space
That lay our loves between,
And dangeions as the fomy race
Of ocean•surges green.—
And haunted as a robber-path
Through wilderness or wood ;
For might and right and wo and wrath
Between our spirits stood.
I dangers dared ; I hindrance scorned ;_-
I omens did defy;
Whatever menaced, harassed, warned,
i passed impeteous by.
On sped my rainbow fast as light;
I flow as inn dream ;
For glorious rose upon my night
That child of shower and gleam.
Still bright on clouds of suffering dim
Shines that soft, ,oleton juy
Nor cape I nuw how dense and grim
Disasters gather nigh.
I earn not, in this moment sweet,
I'hutigh idl I Ita,o rushed
:Should come, on pinions strong and fleet
Proclaiming vengeance WIWI'
'ffiniigli haughty Hate ,thould Atrike tile down;
ILight bar unruly:li in 11141 ;
And grinding Alight, with turiodi frown,
Swear Pilch:Ns enmity.
'AI% love has placed her little hand
'Vitli trusting faith in mine,
And vowed that wedloeles sacred Lund
()lir beivgg entwine.
love has sworn, with Reuling hiss,
With Inc to Ike, to ,lie;
I his', nt last, un naing•lcss ;
Ai I love, lo et' not I !
North and Soot b
The Louisiana Courier, the leading
Democratic organ in New Orleans, is in
(dined to phil tsophize over the demonstra
tions of public sentiment upon the assault
of IlitooK.s upon ,Stimt , itat. The unitnimi
• ty with which Brooks is condemned by the
people of New-England, is a phenomenon
which that Democratic journal feels called
• upon to-explain. It does it accordingly in
"Thu real cause of the trouble lies deep
er, and is another illustration of the wis
thou of the preacher—"there is nothing
new under the sun." It is a new break-'
log inn e( the same old war between boar-
grois anidgenlilhonnne which has divided
nations froni the o;aliegt period of history.
The sentiment of honor has always been
the rule of conduct of a certain select chin
of every Italian; the absence of this sem-
omen( has always marked ineffaceably all
I.lller elasz•ea in spite of wealth, intelligence I
oath power sometimes acquired by portions l
The gentlemen of the Middle Ages be-I
loogtal it. I lie bra t class; the traders and:an-I
aims to the other. The men of the South!
irrespective of trade or business belong
mostly to the first class ; the men of New
England, however rich or well educated
souse of them may be, belong to the sec
ond. Flere nearly every man you meet
is a gentleman ; that is the rule, and the
opposite is the exception. In Boston a
gentleman is an exception and not the
rule. Hence there is an instinctive aver
sion itt the New England mind to any as
act non of the doctrines recognized among!
gentletneu against one of their own Clan. I
Ilene.: their absurd endorsement of Sum-
tier's venomous-vital eration,and their still
inure absurd denunciations of its punish.
moot, on the ground of its interference
with freedom ot speech. Their realanger is
:not that Sumner was caned, but that he was
,publicly proclaimed by Brooks in that ca
ning to bea blackguard. Their animosity
to Brooks is fait because he caned Sutatier,
but because that caning asserted that a
titan of Sumner's principles was not
This is Democracy South. This is the
Democracy which calls itself national
;which exults over the simple Republican
!ism of the day and thanks God it is not
sectional, like other men I It asserts its
zupiemacy on the ground that it is made
up or,a . ..'certain select class," who are gen
tlemen::--while in the North, and °speci
ally in Novv.Englando'a , gentleman is the
.exception, aticknot, the rule."
The Bey Of Tabia has presented a cradle
to the heir of,Napoleou 111, which is said
to he elegant and expensive beyond what
has hitherto been manfactured in that line.
'The cradle is of silver, guilt. Around the
.edge is a border of arsbv(ques in precious
stones of great price, and the star alone,
with whieir the curtain is pinned, is emu
:puted to be worth 875,000. The net
,worlcourtaini composed of fine seed peal,
was made by the ladies of ilia Bey's harem,
one of which the Bey &elites to be des.
°ended. from the family of the Prophet—
thus inlesting it with a ‘ sort of sanctity.
nati there is a daily' i'Morning Union"
prayer meeting, in whir& all the evangeli
cal Churehes in the city' are represented
every„ morning in one gatherinig in Dr.
Fisher'areebyterien church. The room,
on every occasion since the-beginning of
thoie meetings, has been altogether inade
quate for the numbers who attend. • Each
session laateforfs !Wadies preoisply.
A beautiful eye makes silence eloquent
—s kind eye Makes contradictions an as
eehi--Leind•th enraged eye makes btiaiity ,
defamed. .. •
.0Lo? kovviaTisenver OP 1500..-
Wanted, a stont,active man, whofeare the
Lord; and'ain,earry, two hondred weight.
Old Bullion on the Cincinnati
In Col. Benton's speech at .St. Louie
a few weeks ago, he gave the following
description of the Cincinnati Convention :
I went toCinctionati to be neat that Con
vention—the first one I ever approached.—
I went out to see how things were done,
and to assist a little at a safe nomination.
I found a garrison of office holders inside
of the Convention, and a besieging army
outside of it. Packed delegates were
there, sent to betray the people. Straw
delegates were there, coming from the
States which could give no Democratic
' vote. Members of Congress were there,
although forbid, by their duties, from be
ing at such a place. A cohort of office
holders from Washington city were there,
political eunuchs in the federal system, in
capable of voting for the smallest federal
office, yet sent there by the administiation
to impose a President upon the people.—
It was a scandalous collection, excluded
by the constitution from being oven electors j
of the President, and yetsent there to vote J
for the Aministration—and to vote upon
the principle of the ox that knoweth his
master's crib—upon the principle of the
ass that knoweth the hand that feed- j
eth him. Bullies were there from the
custom house and the Five Points in •
New York—all with the approbation of
the administration ; for, the office holders
would not be there, (abseet from their du
ties, and drawing their pay,) without toe
consent of their employers. It was a
scandalous collection. The members of
Congress were in the double breach of
their duties. They were neglecting their
legislative duties, and doing what they
had been interdicted from doing. Thirty
years ago, the nomination of presidenti .1
candidates was taken from Congress me ac
count of the corruption which it engender
ed, and given to delegates, intended to be
fresh treats the people stud to obey their
will ; and the nomination removed from
Washington to Baltimore, to get out of the
reach of resident-making members. But
these members followed to Baltimore, get
ting proxies from some delegate when they
could get no appointment from the people;
_and to get rid of them—to get entirely
beyond their reach—the convention itself
was removed from Baltimore to Cincinnati.
Vain effort to escape them. They follow
ed on to Cincinnati. They broke up Con.
gress.to get to this forbidden place. Sure
ly the new President will he very hard
hearted if he does not remember them
when he comes to the distribution' of office.
From Washington city came a new corps,
never before put upon such service—die
office holders in the city, cle'rks in the de
partments—heads of bureaus—men who
had no vote in any federal election—po
litical hybrids, unable to act a man's part
in any election. but sent to Cincinnati, as
a lite guard, to support the admiuistra.
Such was the composition of nearly one
half of the whole convention—custom
Ileums officers, post masters, salaried clerks,
packed delegates, straw delegates, political
eunuchs, members of Congress. district
attorneys and federal marshals. The place
- which they met, and which had been
provided by a packed administration com
mittee, was worthy of the meeting. It
was a sort of den, approached by a long
narrow passage, barricaded by three doors,
each door guarded by armed bullies, with
orders to knock down any person that ap
proached without a ticket from the coin
mittee—anit a special order to repulse this
Missouri delegation which came to vote for
Buchanan—a repulse which they attempt
ed, and got themselves knocked down and
tranyed tinder font. This den had no
will:lbws by which people could look in,
or see the light of the sun enter—only a
row of glass like a 'steamboat skylight,
thirty five feet above the floor. It was
the nearest representationikof the "black
hole" iu Calcutta, and like that hole had
wall nigh humus notorious for a similar
catastrophe. The little panes of glass a.
bore were hung on pivots; and turned flat
to let in the air. A. rain came on—drove,
in the den—and to exclude it the panes
were turned up. Smothering ! Smother
ing ! was the cry in the den ; and the glass
had to be turned up again. Over this
place was a small box for the admission of
spectators, its approach barricaded and
guarded, and entrance only obtained from
the same packed committee ; and to whom
they gave tickets was seen when the first
votes were giver; for Buchanan—nd when
each State that voted for him was hissed—
oven Virginia ! and the hissing only atop.
ped by a threat to Blear the galleries.—.
Such is the pass to which the nomination
of President is now brought.
Among the laws framed by the Border
Ruffian Legislature of Kansas is one which
enacts that any person enticing, convei
ing away or kidnapping a while child
from its parents or guardians in the "fer
ritory. of Kansas. shall suffer the penality
of six months' imprisonment in the coun
ty jail, and be further liable to such fine
u the discretion of the Court may suggest.
Another law makes the penalty for en
ticing, conveying away or kidnapping a
negro child in. said Territory, DEATH !
So, for stealing a white baby, six months'
imprisonment is the humane, and just ex
tent of the law. For stealing a negro ba
In view of this remarkable contrast, a
Western journal pertinently asks, "who '
are the negro worshipers now
A. VALUABLF• (31FT FOR VIZ PRINOR
'IMPERIAL.-4 letter from Rome to a Brus
sels paper, Sayit-4 , Among the presents
taken by Cardinal Pairisai to the imperial
family of France, there is'one that. deserves
especial,' mention , It is a large.emor
ald, but is formed of two parts fitted to one
another, and it eneloves a straw front the
►ranger of #ethlehern! The Prince Impe
rial is to 'Wear this relic around his neck.
The strew .has boon blessed by Pope Fjus,
GETTYSBURG, PA., FRIBA
Ws EnMiles Praise Ulm.
The Hon. JOHN A. Dix, a leading
"Democrat" in New York, and a support
er of Buchanan, in 1848, in a speech in
the U. S. Senate, in favor of ascertaining
and paying claims in California, endorsed
Col. Fremont as follows :
"In the execution,* these objects, the
young and accomplished /officer at the
head of our troops, Col. Fromont, exhib
ited a combination of energy,' promtitude,
sagacity and prudence, which indicated
the highest capacity for civil and military
command ; and, in connection with what
he has done for the cause of science, it
has given him a reputation at home and
abroad, of which men much older and
more experienced than himself might well
be proud. That the country will do jus
tice to his valuable and distinguished ser
vices, I entertain not the slightest doubt.
The objects accomplished by Col. Fre
mont, as subsequent developments have
showu, were far more important than
Ithose I have referred to. There is .no
doubt that big rapid and decisive move
ments kept California out of the hands of .
the British subjects and perhaps out of
the hands of the Mush government, aid
it is in this point of view that I desire to
present the subject to the Senate. • •
It is in this point of view that the transac
tions possess the greatest interest and im
portance, anti that the sagacity, and promp
titude, and decision of your youthful com- I
mander in California, at the time the dis
turbances broke out, have given him his
strongest claims on his countrymen. Any t
faltering on his part—any hesitancy in 1
acting and acting promptly—might have!
cost us millions of dollars and thousands
of lives ; and it might also have cost us
a contest of which the end is not 'readily
Can as ranch be found anywhere, even
from political friends and associates, in
favor of James Buchanan.
The opposition to Buchanan and Slay.
ery is united anti harmonious in Mercer,
and also in that Congressional District,
composed of Mercer, Lawrence and Beav
er counties. The Beaver Argus, the New
Caetiu Gazette, the New Castle Freeman
the Mercer Whig, and the Mercer Demo -
crat, all have up the Fremont and Dayton
ticket, and we are informed by a gentle•
man thoroughly acquainted with the Die.
tript wltn It.. •L--
wit ore judgment is reliable, that the ut4 ,
jority in that District for Fremont and
Daytbn will be from 500 to 1000 greater !
than that given to Pollock.
We saw a gentleman from Salem, Mer
cer county, on Saturday, who intormed
us that the political excitement in that
region exceeded any thing he had ever
known, and that Fremont was sweeping
all before him. Pro-Slavery Democracy
will be about used up in the Western
and Northern counties of tide State before
the election.—Pittsburg Gazette.
Assessing the Postmaster
The Buchanan men are pressing the
Post Office Department into their service.
Apystem of espiodage is to be established,
under which every village Postmaster is to
report to "head quarters" the names and
nationalities of all receiving letters through
their post•offices. A fund for election-
eering purposes is also to he nava by com
pelling Post masters to pay certain sums
each, under penalty of dismissal. Tho
following circulars, sent from Washington
to the Postmasters in all parts of the °ann.
try, tells the whole story. The copy sub
joined fell into the wrong bands, and has
been furnished for publication. Who is
to collect the funds—whether "Pat Mc-
Guire," or some other confidential agent
of Post-master General Campbell—is not
Committee Rooms of National Demorratie
Resident. Committee, Washington, July 2,
To the Postmaster at—:
SlR,—The Democratic National Committee
respectfully request you to send in, at your
earliest convenience, separate lists—
I. Of English names,
2. Of German, Swedish, Dutch, Norwegian
and French names of persons who rem ive
their letters through your Post Office, for the
purpose of sending them Democratic docu
ments, calculated . to . promote the election of
the Democratic nominees for the Presidency
and Vice Presidency of the United States.
CHARLES JAMES FAULKNER.
Address: Chairman Nat. Dam. Res. Corn.
To THE POSTMASTER
. DrAs Sin :--At a private consultation of the
leading democrats of the Union, held in this
city immediately upon the ajournment of the
Cincinnati Convention, it was recommended
!that each Postmaster be requested to contri
bute an amount proportionate to the receipts
of their respective offices. Upon examining
the returns of the Post Offico Department it is
found that your proportion will be three dol.
tars, which you will confer a favor by remit
ting by return of mail. •
The principal object in making these collec
tions is to throw. into the doubtful States an
immense quantity of speeches and documents
in favor of the policy of the democratic party,
and also to assist in defraying the expenses of
speakers who will be employed during the
coming canvass. You will therefore perceive
that every postmaster who wishes fora contin.•
nance of his official position will find it to his
interest to use every effort to hring about so
desirable a result.
Postmas tern' are appealed to becalise they
are oonsideredttie representatives of the party
in their respective localities, and lbeing the , re;
cip . ients of the patronage of the administration
it in but just that they should comply with its
. •Pleabi) send us the name of some 'relfahle
leading democrat in your town whom we can
'confer with hereafte Address.
• PER RIN BROWN, Jun.
W.4.BIIINOTON . Crri, D. C.; W 56:
, ,A Wise nian ts like a spring .lock—al•
Ways 'more, ready to shut then ei•en.
"FEARLER ANb FREE."
EVENING, AUGUSTi, 1856,
exchanges we gather a
' .vidences that the Lo
. sojviug, and is sure to
not unpreeedent ovar
y/here they gain one
r'. Read these particu
. age, every man who
and prefers Freedom
few of the man
coloco party is
meet a deserved
throw this fall.
man, they lose
lam. and take c
loves his countr,
ICrA new am
come over to tl
Kellogg and 'Will
era in this turd
in Congress in 181
27, and stood at
cratic party of V
palmy days, is to
eylvania, said abo
of Pennsylvania, v 1
tent. The masa
the idea that it is r
aide of Fremont has
!pollee Redfield, Judge
C. Bradly are lead-
i diaintegratinn of the
:the, latter, who was
15, and agfin it), 1823-
. head -ofttli; tlemo-
Mont through all its
one of the Fremont
itls, for many years a
North- Western Penn
,a week since that the
'remont, in that portion
(s beyond belicf in ex
es having received
it true Democracy to
itsvist in the eictiniiiin of Solliery; are
leaving the ranks?), hundreds , and there
is no telling whi the defection will
0:7 - At a recent l )rge and enthusiastic
meeting of the publicans at Seneca
Falls. to ratify the omitiation of Fremont
and Dayton, Col. . W. Edwards, a sol
dier of the war of l 2, and a "Democrat,
rt l y
was called on to 13 ide. Amos Nichols,
a Democrat, Who . , eted for Washington
and every Presiden t since, was one of the
Vice Presidents. Ilion. H. B. Siaatin,
also a Democral, ritirtrteil the resolations,
anb At!thew' T. K.,ita, late Democratic
candidate for Judgerf the Supreme court,
made a stirring spe ch.
ICPGen. Lowry4 former private Secre.
tary of Gov. Reeder!, will shortly take the
stump in Pennsylvania for Fremont. He
has always been aoeniocrat, and voted
FRESIoNT ur ERTERN PENNSYLVANIA.
—The Mercer ( P.) Whig gives the fol
lowing cheering akceunt from Mercer
County : "During the last week we have
conversed with .persone from almost every
section of the county, and from the infor
we hsso no ises:.
!tattoo to 'BROig ftldTT-Ice.. .c-wru esrry
the county by a large majority. Among
the opposition to the nro slavery Democ
racy we hear of no disatisfaction at the
nomination ; but on the other hand we
have heard of munv Democrats who
have declared themselves for Fremont.
PROTESTANT TRIM FREMoNT CLUB.—
The Lowell, (Mass.) Courier says : In
addition to the Lowell Fremont Club al
ready formed, we understand that the
Protestant Irish of this city, numbering
between three and four hundred, are
making steps toward the formation of a
third Fremont Club. All these clubs
will act in unison and with perfect harm
ony. The descendents of the defenders
of Londonderry are sure to be found on
the right side next November.
.VERBIONT.—Th. Burlington, Vt., Free
Press says that Vermont Is considered
pledged to give twenty thousand majority
for the people's freedom ticket, and Rot to
leave the Buchanan men enough for guide
New Hatersutee.—A Franconia N.H.
correspondent of the Boston Adam. writes
that New Hampshire is as sure for Fre
mont as she was for Pierce.
Itimots.—The Illinois Independent
says there appears to be but one party in
Henniker :county, the party of Freedom
and Fremont. It claims 3000 majority.
A postmaster in one of the towns was in
quired of from Washington as to the pros
pect in his neighborhood. He wrote back
that there was not a Buchanan man in the
town—not even himsell ; and if Ito was
turned out fcir saying so, he had this satis.
faction, that no one hut a Fremont could
be appointed, as there was no other in
FREMONT IN lowa.—A• letter to the
New York Tribune from Fort Madison;
lowa, say,ts :—As one of the Republican
Electors, I have already canvassed come
ten or eleven counties of this State, and,
from what I have seen and heard, I regard
lowa as a certainty for Fremont by 5000
votes ahead of any and , all antagonists.--
I cm not so certain of carrying the State
election in August, because of the diffici&
ty of getting our voters out at anything
short of a Presidential fight, though I he-
Have we shall elect boil* of the Represen
tatives in Congress.
SOUTHERN OplNtoNs.—At the New Ha
ven Republican Ratification meeting, on
the 4th, Gen Wilson said, in his speech.
that he received an average of fire letters
a day from the South, whose authors said
that there was a strong anti-slavery , .sen
tituent in the Southern States. but the des
potism was so.severe there that it allowed
no expression of their views ; but if the
North would exiinguish their doughfaced
politicians, the would-be free fiftieth would
join hats& with us in arresting the furth
er progress of slavery in the Territories.
The Hon. Jashua Quincy, senior,
has written a letter, enclosing "material
aid"' to the ,Young American Fremont
Club of Boston. "If the Free States are
united," says Mr. Quincy, "there , success
is certain. Be on your , guard. The
slaveholdere have governed thii Union al
most unterruptedly for rieUrly fifty years,
by two arts—by buying in 'the free States
what was corrupt, by dividing in them what
MI-The re-itominaiion of Gov., }Ems-
LEY EL. BINOIII3I by the , Republicans of
Michigan is a good sign- In.s'old Dem
ocratic Macomb," the pillars of, DeMOCfl
- are transferred in the Repoblieso side.
Dr. Neil Gray, a democrat, of steady per
ek. • '• •
sistence, State Senator, and an influential
citizen, accepts the; appointment of dele-
gate to the Repohltean Coneention. Hoff
Calvin Davis joins his own political assii•
civets in the abandonment of thee slat , *
driving democracy. John Bowies. Chas.
F. Mallory. Henry Stevens: of Macomb
Co.. Henry J. Higgins. of Jackson, and
Horace B. Lathrop. of Lapeer; all old dent.
°crate, go the same way
Weatmoreland, the western Berke
of Pennsylvania. hap repudiated the Oin..
cinnatti platform and set up one of her
own. k An experienced politician writes
that the Faniorr ticket is secure of 800
majority it, that county.
Crli is proposed to hold in Boston,
says the Bottum Mlas, some time in An.
gu.t, s New England Convention of the
fnendsofFiteatosT and DAYTON. Should
the project be carried nut. this will be , the
most magnificent political gathering .in
Boston since the famous one of 1840.
iirr-The Chicago Tribune states that in
a number of the townships of Northern If
linois, the Buchanan electoral ticket will
not poll a solitary vote, where last ycarti
majority acted with the Democratic party.
USA friend writes th, from Green7ille,
that Judge Wharry, a highly re.spitchtblu
citizen 01 that place. who has always acted
with the Democratic Arty. has been. elec
ted President of the Fremont Club of that
POLITICS Sorriu—Mr. Buchanan seems
to be losing ground everywhere at the
South. Thu New Orleans Della, - Anil
number of other Democratic papers refuse
to support hint. tied favor Fillature's 'elec
REPOSES TO 'BEILVE.—Thoms9 F. Goode,
Esq., who was nominated as Presidential
Elector by the Democrats of Virginia, de
clines•the 'doubtful honor, in a letter which
has been published, and in which be states
that he is nets member of that party.
lPiir'Hon. Jere. Clemens has taken the
stump in Alabama for Fillmore and Don
elson. He promises to riddle the Cineitri
natti Convention and plstfortu or his name
is not Jere.
IC The Portland Expositor, a leading
advocate of the Democratic cause in Jlaine
last year, now support 3 Fremont and the
RECEUIII3 FOR FREMONT AND FREE
DOM.—Jos. Turner, Esq., President of
corporation of Menasha, J. B. Hamil
ton, Esq., President of the corporation of
sttcmah. Hon. M. C. Darling ainl-H'"
Juinr-za.- mmatuagets llNihd On Lae, and" u
large number of old-line Democrats of that
city have come out for Fremont and Day
ion.—ifilwanlit Fret Dem. •
Ir.7'The Tribune's Washington corres
pondent says :—"Bets are running high
in Washington that Fillmore will carry
Virginia. The news which comes in from
the South show., that the ranks of Buchan-'
au are being everywhere broken."
to...Presideut 11 111, of lknison Univer
sity, at Granville, 0 , an old and subs tan
tial member of the Democratic party, lies
dissolved his connection with the authors
of the Kansas iniquity, and boldly comes
out fur Fremont and Dayton.
WAYNE ConsTY. This is a county on
the northern border of this State, and it
has heretofore been good for from 500 to
1000 democratic majority. In 1854 it
gave 469 majority for Bigler. It now
promises to give 700 for Fremont. The
Democrat, published in that county, says :
..The Republican Ratification Couven
tien, held in the Court House of this bor.
otigh. on the 9th • inst. was the finest con
vocation of the sort ever held in this wen
ty. It entirely sarpassed the auticipa-
bans of those concerned most actively in
getting it up.
Full half of the officers of the tbeeting
were democrats who voted for Pierce four
years ago ; and one half the persons pres
ent, participating in or approving of the
object of the gathering. were in the same
category. Taking the county as a Whole,
it may fairly be said that the individuals
comprisul in the Republican organization
have been drawn in very nearly equal
proportions from the old Whig and demo.
cratic parties. Nor is the end yet reached.
Scarcely a day passes in which we do not
receive intelligence of fresh acquisitions
to the Republican ranks. I
A while ago we stated our impression
that the Republican majority in the coun
ty would reach five hundred. This is
what we judged it would be worked up to.
Quite a number of our sanguine friends.
and among them several who by old asso
ciations, are best posted in respect to the
partiality of the democrats towards the
new orgi'aizstion„ insist that our mark is
too Isw. We begin to think it is ourselves,
and shall claim the privilege of altering it
♦ Double Picture..
TM From my soul I respect - the laboring
mau. Labor is the foundation of the. wealth
of every country; and the free laborers of the
noel' • deserve respect both for their probity
and their intelligence. Hearm forbid that
should do them wrong I Ofall the countries
on the earth we ought to bare the most con
sideration for the laboring min.—James Bu
Now TO& THE OVUM SIDE.
&R hat is the reason that, with all these ad
vaatsges and with the protective duties which
our laws afford to the domestic manufacture of
cotton, we cannot obtain exclusive possession
of the , home market, and successfuly . contend
for the markets of the world? It is stmplybe
cause we manufacture at the nominal prices
of ourown inflated currency, and are compel!.
ed to sell at the real prices of other nations.—
REDUCE OUR NOIILNAL •TO THE
REAL STANDARD OF PRICES
THROUGHOUT THE WORLD AND YOU
COVER OUR COUNTRY WITH BLESS
INGS AND BENEFITS—James Buchanan,
is the IT. S. Sestate,Jait. 22, 1840. DIPI-See
Appendix to the Congressional Globe for 1833
—lO, pages 135-6.
The heart—the pendulum that ticks the
hours of life.
'CORRESPONDENCE OP THE "STAR
citrus°, July 2,1866.
, Ma. EDITOR:-1. am probably extrava
gaut in tny admiration of the river St.
Lawrence, but the varied scenery along its
banks and the various changes in the
width of the stream make it intensely in
timating to, me. Now expanding into a
broad and placid lake, now contracting in
to a narrow stream with. a rugged and
rocky channel through which the steamer
plUnges madly, with the waters boiliug
and seething arou and undernegte„ ibis
majestic outlet of he, upper lakes thus
rolls its great , m of waters into old
.e eying Montreal. In '; a' nificent
steamer in the evening .I arrlii d here the
folloWing, ,morning, , the night's repose
hating only been disturbed by the fright
ful fliatl2l of tire. "The' planks sunburnt:
ing the bOilera took fire-in the night and
the flame made considerable t progress. be
fore it W2B discovered, put by the firmness
of the captain of the boat, who at once had
all the officers and , crew at their post with
hose, IV., the'firti was stiOn 'checked:" It
is not a pleasant position to be on a vessel
on tire in the middle uf a wide river with a
high wind—a, perilous; position in which. I
hope Cover again io be placed ,
As we 'iipproached Witt ancient 'and 're
nowned fortress the appiarance of itii crittif-
try changed. Beth banks of the river are'
High; and iu many places broken lute lieep
wooded ravines. ...Che North batik near
the city risesprecipitoiltily from the river,
tenting' for many miles It deep eseoriiment,
on the summit of ;whielti. btreching back,
lie the heightis of .AbrAltain,. not iow •st
halt.cultitated plaip,; us in„ the days_of
Wolf, hitt dotted with eouptry Nam. Bit ,
low the land dudilenlY breaks and forths a
buld'headland *Web is'icalled Wile Dia
mond; and there stands the world tehown-
ed citadel, frowuingrdown-tipon, the , river 1
which its• innumerable gnus ' command,
and-there teats •the uhuitint - flag tif/Eng•
land_ from those tnightybniwarks: -Ai the
abase, of - this reeky, premontory ;is the ea,
;melees harbor um which ananc,hundbum :
dredti of ships of all signs, from :the great-,
est OfJnir majestrs'Uniu" id' War' to the
small elturloiertver rteeps.' 'Upon lanillitg;
us usual, scures of thubkmen end porters
besieged me, and there was no remedy,
and uo escape, until u selection was made
of the patticular calerhe.•:-Theuttotitnen
ced,,the ascent into i the upper town, the ci..
ty being, oiyifind trito t ,,ultp,or,,,ant),„ lower,
. betrig witbu t t he
anon unlefichttir. , s+ , Ti:rilmnr'uttentetru--atei
ping to rest the horses every few rifdb,
at last reached Prescott gate, one the
five gates of the ziltratia lite only entrance
frotnthe,St. Lawrence, passtui the Guard
and entered within the walls of t he Guard
Gibraltar of America. • '
After tikiug souse relreshnients,: Which
are line here, and , the day beteg pleasant..
1 eoucluded to visit the. Palls of. M o ninio.,
renei first, and from amine get some idea
of loellities. These 'tinted falls ire eight
miles flout the city;' hut the iput is' visi
ble from; 'almost' every portion eft' tipper
Quebec. ;Passing threugh St. Loilia gate
and wait% St : Charles River, tt , is . a . ; de
lightful 'drive on is' finely macadamized,
road, npasslitg 'coittage's mid
handsome villas,tq the 'Village Of 'Been
fort, noted.for. ite fine bhurch with three
tall spires is,Wso fixated the adfni
rahly managed' Lutiatio Asylum fur East
ern Cauaila. Two - wiles beyond are the
beautiful Falls' of NMI fin aerial. • Nut iiii
timpatiug much of a display Of nature, af
ter having recently witnessed her in her
aide' publituity at Niagara, I was very a•
greeably surprised. cros.ed the river of
thu sante name as the Falhi on "a bridge
thrown across the rapids. Hero r was
struck with the peculiar browti bee of the
water in contrast with ,the, .deep and very
peculiar green tint of tho water at Niagara.
Passing around the bluff the falling sheet
of water burst npon my chin% in ill 'its'
beauty and grandeur, , impreising 'my miiid
With sentimente of awe and aublimity.4---
The Falls are two hundred and 'nifty feet
in height, thus greatly exceeding plieolia.
They are not however, as sublimely ;ter-
rifle as Niagara, but ',this' mighty oasiade
is resplendent with' all that can be realised
by the river pouring ita , angry waters two
hundred and fifty feet over the gloomy
precipice, from which arisen mist glitter
ing in the rays of the sun. Frqm •• this
bluff and 'amid the. roar of the . torrent,
. with is lofty towers, fortifications,
shipping. the St. 'Layrronee r , valley toward
the the Ocean, Point Levi, Angel Garden,
and watt) other "pluses Wrest' were
pointed'out:' 'Over the, rapidiWebtive'lhe
hills there was, a sespepsioto bridge eresc
ted last yinter sod which, wes ,opened for
use a few weeks ago. After beinq in lase
about iwdnry days it Suddenly , ' have Way ,
preCipitat lug' three men gaud horsolibieh
were au .it at the time. into 'the eeething
elements witieh hurled them.over the pre
cipiee. ,The übdics of the cueu mere after- ;
wards foiled in- the' de er' below. The . , a-,
buutithits of unfortunate drunter()
still mark its-site.. ' 'Near the falls the
sput was pointed out where Wolfe attenip
ted to , laud and was.repulised Wilb a foal of
700 1110 h. Opposite. to full view, is . the
Gland of Orleans which is 80 miles in
length and 'of 'lertile soil, ' The winter
1108/13 kern is said to be grand.' The spray
of the &thug sheet forms , a core of ice
which was,. last winter, to the height,. of
180 feet. The natural "tape are a cari
osity and the rugged bills and bluffs cloy-
Brad with cedars and firs render the plaoe
one of unusual attractions, which no trav
eller to,Quebeesbouldiail to. visit.
-The ride through the country to these
Falls and' the valleys around gave me en
opportunity of witnessing the mode of life
of the habitats', who are all 'Canadia n
French. They live in small woOden cota
gee, surrounded with several acres of very
fertile land, but their method of agrienl
turd evinces, a sluggishness and inertia
which naturally oharauterialea , the.people of
such a climate where they are kept within
doom moretime half the ,7eat. The 0c1?,..
TWO: DO/AARO f*AIR4O
i al~ ~1 i'J~? L~~
crops raisigl are oats gad barley , The
grasses gr#ir luxuriantly. but tbo...waran
season is too Short for corn. Flax it,raier • .
ed in 'abundance and used extensitely
Indian village and Loretta gall. are
'places of great , 'natural' beauty - Chart
diere Falls, which 'are alio abottt eight'
miles from Quebec on the railroad leading ,
to Portland, although • yielding in, gran - . ,
deur to Niagara and Montitiorenci, Possess
features more interesting than either.--:
The river after passing over a rugged bed
for, it is said,loo miles, is suddenly' niir
rowed to a width - of 800 feet and la thds
precipitated over a' height of about'lBo '.
test. The celebrated Falls of St: 'Anne, "
Etohennie end Lake Charles, I (lid not,
find time to visit, but from those whit have
visited them I learned that they , Were e
qually- imposing itv.' grandeur, stiblimity.,
and natural beauty. But to reenter, t o the
City. ' The firer place of interest 'I "visited' .
was the citadel, to which I obtained 'II per
mit, and was hccomprinied around by one
of the sentinels." This remarkable 1 fora .
trestils about • 200 feet 'higher than the
city and is entered by a winding road' made
through the acclivity Of the glocia e nd
commanded everywhere by the tune of
I,ho'ciifferent bastion& ' This road leads in.,.
to the tinter ditch of The t ovolin and' into
the principal ditch of the work,, built nu
both aides wiih'wails of solid masonry, and
extending along the whole eireurnferance
,of the citadel on the land *and city We&
The Main entrance is thieugh
Gate.rt massive entrance of admirable con
structiou. Within are the Gueid Bomna
and in front a spacious area ifed'aa parade
ground. All around the bastioW are loop-
holes for musketry and embrasures for,
cannon: Every avenue of approabh to the
citadel is thus guarded, Within 'this nit.
Adel' are the rarities magasines,, store
haulms and buildings required for the se
commodution of it large garrison.
fortifications whinh are continued' around
the whole .'of ' tipper "toivii; ticinsist, of b`fl!g.
lions connected • by lofty cdriaini" of solid
masonry, and ramparts from 26 to 36 feet"
iu height and about the same in thiekeesit,
bristling with heavy cannon, round .toti
ow loop•holed Walls, and massive fates re.
durrintat certain distances. Oa the.suLn
mit_iff the ‘ramparti from Cspe Dliceend '
L 9 Artillery . Barracks
,is a broad walk:much
frequented (Jr reereation by the
and on which I enjoyed a delightfel them. ' •
male ; viewing the extensive mid' ptotirr
trque landscape stretching far away tethe
1 7:1. , Qu the opposite side is the tail
L ery, mountin g , a 'tangent heitrea ons
and commanding' the basin and' !Arbor;
and at an elevation of 300' above the *a
•ter. , This long row of black ariillery;hioira
like beasts of prey crouching and readyto
leap , upon their viotinis. The ee'plitnade' "
isa beautiful level space covered with greed '
and situated near the soutliern rampart, '
and from are very beautifill views of
,the surrounding country. , Here 'the , gar
rison' euea•ionally parade ! The . goverti
,:eent glade's ;is a delightful retorts' and,
'here may be . heard soul-:stirring strain ' s"; of;
ILUSio 011 two evenings in the week by the
garrison band:` 'Here Here also stands' a menu.''
mew erected collie memories of Milfand
Monte:llM, having engraved on the emit ';
side the name of Wolf, Ind on the , wi4,,
bloritcalm. It is a' beautiful ruentunent
built , of dark marble; to the height Of prob.'
ably 70 feet. • It was erected:in 1827:and
pli the North side wears'the following rift ,
propriete inscription :•-Military` proweqty,
gave. them; a common- death : histo'ry a '
common Tame;: posterity i'eeintuod menu- '
went." The whole circuit of the lAN'S
threudles ? with five gates. Durham Ter-''
rage Lis , on. the walls also, and a Tavdr
itv resort, IG ' t a evening for a prow
untie, and a view of the/ harbor and 'sliip•
plng, lying neat 400 feet belosi. • - '
The French Cathedral alao is of some
interest. but , the .Chtipu) attached to the
seminary for the instruction of Catholic
clergyi. is a place of intense interest to one,
who has ti (mite for fine paintings. it eon:
tains dreputedli, the best - colleetian ofC
paiutiogir in this obit n try. Thby ate moist
ly executed by French artists.' I have
not however, the time nor apace to give you ,
a deseription of any of the interior of the
churches, convents, or many other place's
of interest, but will at once visit the plains'
of Abraham. TiMse not only 'recall his
torso recollections; but gratify a taste for
beautiful scenery. • Here' 'can dimly 'bre
traced the redoubt where Gee. Wolfe re ,
,ceived the fatal Wound. There' is the rock
.to which he was carried leaning, against
'which he expired. ' Near . by is the well
from which water Was brought to him.—
Some distance beyond is Wolfe's cove
wherolhe British army landed and aeon.
ded the banks. An obelisk with the name ,
'.Wolfs"` engraved upon one side, Marks
ihe spot' whore the intrepid leader'fell.— ,
How different is the respect shown fo thiti
sprit and that in old town under the' bluff
where fell' the impetuous Montgomery in
his &Spanks attack on a DeceMber night .
in 1776 in the midst 'tit' a sin* 'storm,'
dre daylight; covered in its cell!
winding sheet the many braves who shar
ed his fate. No monument marke the
spot, but a plain Woooden plink with the
name of the hero printed upon it tells
where be met hie fate.
Quebec), to an American, is certainly a
very peculiar place. A military town—
most compactly and immanently built—
environed as to its most important parts
with walla and gates,—an'd defanded by
numerous heavy cannon,—garrisoned by
troops bearing the arms, the costume and
the ditoipline of Etirope—foreign in lan.
guage, features and origin—foundeil
a rook and in its highest parts overefuelt•
fog a great extent of country-.do, the midst
of a great continent and yet .displayierg
deem of foreign merchantmen 404 owe- ,
dons bay and showing all the Nagle of
'aro tded neaport—its streets oprrow,,
ulous and winding upund down Mountain.
one deolivitietk—these outdo eir 1 50
prominent features wbistricenggeimd ro
my XV an ordiii4uP „wood: to A
114 rt ' against lire the 'Ode of all tit =