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mi. D. A. & (TA. BUEHLER
90 YOU WANT A WELL MADE
SPIT OP WINTER CLOTIIING?
I:nto, you can he accommodated by calling
on MARCUS SAMSON, who has
just opened and is now selling rapidly at
his 'Store York street, opposite the
flank, a 'yery large choice and cheap as.
r oortment of
• FALL lad WINTER GOODS,
,o which he invites the .atiention of the
They have been selected with great
care in the Eastern cities. have been
bought ihaP for Cash, and will be sold
cheap fur 'cash , -cheaper than di any other
establiilimini Gettysburg. His itock
consists in part of Black. Bine, Olive, and
Green CLOTH COATS, with Irock.dress
and sack coats ; also Tweed._Cashnseret,
and Italian cloth; also, a large mock of
OVERCOATS. which can't be . heat in
variety. quality or price, out of the cities ;
also a very superior stock of PANTA
LOONS, conoisting in part of excellent
and well made French Black Doe•ekin
Cassimere Fancy Cassimere, Satinet%
Velvets, (lord,. Linen, anti Cotionads.—
The stock of VESTS comprises every
variety of manufacture—fine black Satin.
Silk,• Velvet. Italian Silk, white; fancy
and buff Marseilles. Summer cloth. Ste..,
Also constantly on hand a largo lot of
TRUNKS. Hats, Carpet Bags, Umbrellae,
Boots and Shoes. Window Shades, Vio
lins, Aecordeons, Guitars. Flutes, Fifes,
Melodeons, Mirrors. Razors, Spectacles.
Spoons. Watches and Watch Guards, silk
and cotter! 'Handkerchiefs, Cravats, fine
painters, Gloves, Stockings, Spring Storks,
,Shirte,,,tind shirt Collars, and a splendid
assortment of JEW ELRY—in fact every
thing in the way of Boy's and Men's
j' First-rate chewing Tobacco always
on hand—a t are article which chewers
are requested to try.
MONEY . LOST !
TT . is an ESTABLISHED FACT, that
- nutny persons lost money, by not pur
elisaing Goods elate well known CHEAP
- S SOREAhinin — Artiold,.at his old stand,
on the South East corner of the Diamond,
where he is now receiving the cheapest,
prettieht and best selected Stock of
Fall and Winter Goods,
•everhefore offered to the citizens of Ad
sins county, consisting in part—as fol
!Nick, Blue. and Brown;Frencli Cloths,
Fatiey. Felt. -and Beaver Cloths for Over
(-Sonivalt,filtylea.). , filarkAuti , Espey
Casisseres. Tweeds. Jeans. C,aeittet is, &e..
&c.olor Men's ware, Silks. Mous de Lame.
Alpacas, Merinoes, Plain and Fancy Sack
Flannels, 'also a besiniful assortment of
'Manus and Silks for Boonets, Bonnet Rib
bon anti, a emu variety of other articles,
all al which the public are respectfully re
quested to call and examine forthemselves,
believing Ow it, is only necessary to see
our goods, ?rice them, and examine, to in
sauce parsons to purchase. A large lot of
Trunks aleo received which will he sold
low. ABM. ARNOLD.
FARMS TOR SA LE)
1-4 60 AcrestgoodStone
House, and Barn, with other out-buildings
plenty 01, good timber, meadow, and never.
N0..2-175 Acres: large Stone
House, large new Barn. Shops. Sheds.
earn-cribs, water, in nearly every field ;
plenty good fruit, sufficient timber and
' Acres : first rate
House and Barn, end out-buildings, excel
lent meadow. good running water. choice
fimbee. &n. ; nenr the turnpike.
No. 4.;-180 Acres: g ood large
Brick House, whit out-buil ingi, plenty
never failing water, at the house and in , the
fieldo ; 80 Aeres excellent timber, plenty
pod meadow, first rate Orchard, of all
blur( of fruit, good tenant-linnet.. &c.
No. 5-200 Acres : large brick
/tune, with backbuildinga., large stone
Bank Barn. with sheds and cribs, and all
ether nut-buildings. such as dry-bonsai
smoke-house. droc.,; between 50 and 00
Acres in good meadow, plenty good tim
ber. good:fencing,Orchard of all kinds .of
choice fruit. several wells of water. &c.
No. 6-247 Acres , : near Pipe
titiek. - Frederick cotintY, Isige Sfone
ihede, pens. 'oribs.''plenty , of water and
fraiti`from 50 to -60 acres good timber—
can be bought cheap,'
'No. 7.-.105 Acres: adjoining
the abosiii good Mona' House, Bwiss Barn,
out builtltnge ; good water, &AThese
ttin Faints are handsomely situated onthe
Oldie *M.] • .
No. B=A Mill 'with 30 Acres
of land, gnod buildings, shops, sheds,
Any ; wean dAsirous of buying or Bell
i% properly ,will please call uron
Atyelung, Pa., Feb. I7—eow
forr. F. E. VANDEROLOOT, SUR
OE. tUnprcrsT, will be at home here.
044 1 .1',*,Pipt two w •eks in every month.
.110,1N9 purchaaed the property I
R . rfWotieupy, I will want money to pay
frtr E it.in the spring. 'Chose therefore that
are indebted to me either by note or book
armant of long standing, will please call
*Ad piy the,samts on nr before the first
day Of Match
_next, and oblige.
. _ _
- nr, Blanks of all We fur
i 11001514 ,1 10114., • •
• • [From (be Aibitry Alla.
• Peen' for the
A stranger preached last Sunday,
A rul crowds of people came,
To hear a two-hnur sermon ,
With a barbarous sounding name;
. "Fwae all about coins heathen.,
Thousands of miles afar,
Who lire In a land ofdarknews,
Called .13orroboola Ohs."
$o well their wants he pictured,
That when the plates were passed,
Fisch list'ner tell his pockets,
And goodie sums ,were cut;
. For all must lend s shoulder
" To push the rolling car
That carries light and comfort
That night their wants and sorrows
loty heavy on my soul,
And deep in meditation '
I took my morning stroll ;
Till something caught my mantle
With eager grasp and wild.
And looking dm% n with wonder,
I saw a little Child.
A pale and ponyereature,
In rage and dirt forlorn :
Whet could she want, I questioned.
'lmpatient to be gone.
With'trembling voice she answered,
4•We livejust down the street,
And mammy she's a,4e'n!
And we've nothing IA to est."
Down in a wretched basement,
'With mould upon th
Throe whose hull buried windows
God's sunshine never fulls ;
Whole cold, slid want, and hunger,
Crouched near her hush. lay,
I round a felling creature,
Gasping her life sway
A disk, a bniken table,
A bed of ditty straw.
A hearth all dark and cheerless—
But these I scarcely saw ;
Fur the muurnful a;ght before me,
The sad and sick'ohl snow—
Oh, newer had I pictured
A scenes() full of woe—.
The famished end the naked,
The babies that pine for bread,
'The squalid group th,st huddled.
Around the dying bed ;
All this distress and sorrow
Should be in lands afar ;
Was 1 suddenly transplanted
To "Borroboola (Asa 1"
Ah, lo Lthe poor and wretched
Were close behind the door.
And,Lhed passed them heedleu
A. thousand times before.
Abu tor the cold end hungry
That met me every day,
While all my team were given
To the puttering far sway !
There!s work enough for Uhristians
In distant lands, we know;
Our Lord commends hie Remota
Through all the world to go,
Not only , for the heathen;
This was hio charge to them—
.oo prea c h th e word. beginning
First et Jettillitdefik."
.God. tproulried.. , ,
W boieer to thee ties given
A cup of pure cold water,
shall find reward in Heaven.
Would you moire the blessing.
You need not uk it far;
Go find in yonder hovel .
A "Et orroboola
Oswego, Decemuer, 5, 1854.
A Graphic, Picture.
Iles 'not God connected with all lawful
avocations the welfare of the life that now
and that Income ; and can we. lawfully
amass property by.a course of irede which
fills the land with beguats and widows,
and orphans, acd crimes; which people
the grava,vard with premature mortality,
and the world 'of woo with victims of des
pair 1 Could all the forms of evil pro
duced in the land by intemperance, come
upon us in one'horrid array, it would
pall the nation, and put an end to me
traffic. If in every dwelling built by blood,
the stone in the wall should utter all the
cries which the bloody traffic extorts, and
the beam of the timber should echo them
back, who would build such a hone°
sod who would dwell in it t What if tn'
every part of the dwelling, 'from the
teller upward, through all the halls and
chambers, babbling - and contentions, and
vice, and groans, and shrieks, and ,wailing
were heard by day end by night 1 What
if the cold blood oozed out and atomd upon
the walla ; and by preternattuar art, sit
the skulls and bones 'of the rictims.tles
troyed by intemperance, should stand up
on' the walls, in horrid sculpture, 'within
and, without . the building who wool)
rear sitelt a building 1 What,' if at even
litle and at nsidnight, the airy forms, of
Men destroyed by intemperance, were
seen haunting the distilleries and stores'
where' they received the bane i followed
the • trade of the ship engaged. in coin.'
coerce r, walking on the • waves ; fl itting
athwart the deck ; sitting upon the rigging •
and sending up froirttlie hold within, and
from the waves without, grOinis and lona
laments, and wailinge I who would Wend
such store. t , whir would tuber in such dis
tilleries t who wield navigete•stich.altips?
Oh, when the bky over - our .. .headt9: One
great whispering gallery, brings dOwn
upon us all the lamentations and woe
which intempersnce'creaute, and the firm
earth, one • sonorous medium of sound,
sends up . from beneath the wailing's' of
those the commerce of ardent spirit, had
sent thither ;. these tremendous realities
assailing our sense, would invigorate our
conscience, and give decision to our Or:
pose of reformation. But these evils are
real, as if the atones did cry out of the
Wall, and the beam answered it; as real
as if, day and night, %railings were heard
: in every part of the dwelling, end blood
and skeletons were seen upon every wall;
as real as if the ghortly torment the depar
ted victims flitted about the ship as 31161
passed over the billows, and showed them. '
selves nightly about stores and distilleries
(and we may add breweries), and with I
unearthly voices screamed it, our ears their
loud lament. They aro as real as if the
sky. over our heads collected and brought i
down about us all the notes of sorrow in
the land, and the firm earth should open a
passage for the wailing of despair to colts
up from beneath.-11. W. Beecher. •
Iy is a law which fiod Willowlike' made
that ibo arrow which is slim from iha pet
secotor's, biw; sloal rebciund, nod pioroit
GETTYSBURG, PA., FRIDAY EVENING, EBRUARY 9, 1855.
Tne 13.0.--:-The French romancer.
Clemence R4bert, expresses thus warm
ly' an apprecintion of one of these every
day (night) comforts, 'which in the fre
quency they are enjoyed ; are some times
leas highly valued than they deserve , to be:
bed is cetteinly the most precious:
and the moat favorable asylum. to be found
here below. In fact, when I look at it
and' when I think, as I step into it, how
one_.ia euddenly,aa if by enchantment,, rid
of fatigue, cold, wind, dust, rain, importu-
note nailer.; tedious conversations, cam'.
mon plate remark., pompous - assertions,
bragging, putting. forth head.strong opin
ions, contraductinua, discussinne, travelling
stories, confidential - readings of a poem or
a whole tragedy...explanations- ol bystems
in long words, interminable 'monologues,
and that.in. place of all there one Lis pit ,
tures„ thoughts, memories to be called lip,
that he is in the'llii4st of a chosen society
of phantoins and just to his mind,
and all thine •dreami. which a fereign wri
ter calls "moonlight 'of the brain;" , when
I think of all this, eel look at a bed, I
know not what words to make urn of to
express ,m' enthusiasm and veneration.
and I am almoa" ready to bow in adoration
A RIMY SCEIVE.—The fohowing rich
scene (occurred in one of our 'courts of
justice, between the Judge and a Dutch
witness, all the way from Rotterdam :
Judge.--." What's ycur native lan
Witness.—"l pe no native; l's a Notch
Judge.--" What is your Mother's
Witneae.—‘6o, fader says she pe all
Judge—(ln an irritihle tone.)--..!W hat
language did you'apeak in the cradle t"
Wittiess.--“I tid not speak no language
in .the cradle at all; I only cried in
Then there wre a general laugh, in which
judge, jury,, and audience . joined. The
witness was interrogated no fu . rther about
his natty° language.
a good story of a M4lll on the Mississippi
steamer, who was questioned by a Yen.
kee. The gentleman, to humor the fellow,
answered all his questions etraighifor:
wardly, until the Downeastcr was lairly
puzzled for an interrogatory. At last he
inquired, "Look here, Squire, where was
Yeou born 1"
"I was born," said the victim, "in Bos
ton. Tremont street, No. 44, on the Ist
day of August, 1820, at five o'clock in the
Yankee was answered completely,—
For an instant he was smirk. Soon.
however. his face brightened, and he
trickly . said :
4 .Yrtato =Wall I cailtitate yob don't I:moi
ler' whether 'twee a frame house or 'a
brick house. dn 1"
A very green sprig' from
. the Emerald
Isle mitered a boot and shoe' bhnp to pur
chase himself a pair of "biogans. After
overhauling his stock in trade without be.
ing able to suit bib customer, the shop.
keeper hinted that he would make him a
pthr to order. "And whai will yer az to
make u good pair iv 'eni ?" was time quar
ry. The price was named ; the Irishman
demurred, but, after a "bating down,"
the thing was* trade. Paddy was about
leaving the thop, when the other called af
ter him, asking, "but what size shall I
make them, sir t" "0.. th." cried Paddy.
"'Over Mind about the size, at all 7 -rnake
them as large as ye convaniently con for
HOW TO INCOIN AN A aIEttIOANT.—A na
tive and an adopted citizen ' were dis
puting the other day about their respective
patriotism. Said . the adopted citizen :
"I love America as much as zou du I"
"Granted." said the native. •
"1 love liberty. with a fervor - you cannot
"1 vole conscientiously. pay my taxes
before. they are due, rosier education both
private and public, cherish the Constitu
tion and Taws.
4 .1Ve11, and what else 1" asked the na•
Live . pointedly.:
oWhai avOidtl-o 'h m ore" Yn 'have 1 de.
mandi ii the adopted eitiarn. -
6. & f i r e our , patiOna! prejulicei I and
dien I you an American."
A learned clergyman . in.-Maine waof ae
coated in the following' manner by . an
illiterate preacher; who'" despised educa
tion : , • ,
"Sir. you have been to college, I sup.
pover.. _ • ' . .
"Yes, sir,". was the reply..
"I• Agit thankful,l. replied the other,
Kthat die .I'mo' hits opeuled •my mouth
w Winn' any- teeming," • .
~ ,J 1 similar event.", replied the latter.
"occurred in Baslant's time., but, such
things steed' rare occurrence at the present
day." • .
nsrLionrins.—There are very few of
God's people who have not some open or
secret affliction ; lor the words, *in the
world ye shall have tribulation," are not
a figure of speech, but n literal•lftnii.. A
mail may hare hidden troubles, air well as
hidden treasures, in his 'etrong.hoi, that
co one knows of but himself. We con.
ceal our infirmities and our afflictions,
oftentimes, more jealiiusly than wo hide
our moneybags.. Whatever may be your
troubles, whether afflicted in mind, body.
or estate, take courage. It will not be so
always. . ,
oLa. !". said Mrs. Partington, .4here
I've. been - sollering the Inagoties of detth
for, three. mortal weeks. Fir2,t. I was seized
with a bleeding phrenology in the
ni. left Si. o sphere of the brain, which : was, suc
eceded by a stoppage of the left ventelator
of the !tears. This gave me an informa
tion in the hem and now siek• with
the ehlornfortn niorbas.. There is ntrbles:
Sing like thai of health; partieularitirhisti
iIItARLESS AND MB."
AvrtacTiosa.—There are veryfew of
God's people who have not some open or
secret affliction; for the words. “In the
world ye shall have tribulation," ere not a
figure of speet;h, but a literal truth. A
man may have hidden troublei. as well as
hidden treasures. in his strong.boa, that no
one knows of but • himself. Wo oonceal
our infiriOitiee and our afflictions; often
times, more jealously than we hide our
:noney4bags. Whatever maybe yonr
troubles, whether efflicted in mina, body;
or estate, take courage. If wal'Oot be to
a/ways. '• • • '
FOUR LIMOD 11 - lARlT4.—Theiet.are four
good habits a wise and , good mail , earnest-
Ix recommended in his counsels; and also
by hie , o vn example, and which he consid•
ered essentially necessary for management
of temporal'concerns ; these are Punctu.
ality, Accuracy, Steadiness and. Despatch.
Without the first of these. time is wasted;
without the second, mistakes the most
hurtful to our own credit and interest and
that of others may be committed '• without
the third, nothing can be well alma ; and
without the fourth, opporttinides of great
advantage are lost, 'which it ii impossible
to recall. •
Mr ITU, STATU, your benne, tri
Two emblems: one or F Ame r . .
Alas! the other that it wears, :, ' • '
Proclaims your nation's sham •
Your high renown in glorious tws:
le blazoned by your stars: ": ' • - - '
Hut what the meaning of your, ipso?
They mean your nekroes'
illsawl. - -
. Reply.loe Abo v e.•
• By GEORGE Llltly, GY MAN&
EMMA lIID. whence comes verb glowing hue
That tints you fitgof ..mrteer',! light;
The streaming red, the deeper blue. '
Crossett with the moonbeitine pearly white I
The blood end bruire--the Ors and-reti—
Let Asia'a groaniug Millions speak ;
The white--it lON the senior fed
nom starring Erin'i naiiii cheek.
ABSENT Mlitozu.—We believe there is
another anecdote told of Lessipg, the cel
ebrated German poet, and the same one
whose absent mindedness. the .following
story commemorates, wlthsh marks quite
am strongly his puro sin4licity of mind.
When on one o'ccasiort he returned to his
own house after a briA'ab,seace, apd find
ing the door
.tioeured,' knocked to obtain
admittance, the servant-giiteried from the
window. without looking. to see who' was
there, that '<iNtr. Leasing was not at
home," and our hero; forgetful
of his whereabouts, turnedtway; saying,
"It's of no consequence, Call another
"A CANDLE OP. TUE lisED." —"AR Re
fus Choate was cross-questsming a witness
the other day in nue of otii taints, he ask
id what , profession itelelkietet" Iler a live-
lihood 1 1 ' The witness replied: l4 g am . a
candle of the Lord—a minister of the Oa+
pal." "Of what denomination ?" asked
the counsellor. ."A Baptist," replied the
witness. "Then," said Mr. U., "you are
a dipt but I trust not a sicked candle."
ARKANSAS INSECTS.-A citizen .of-Ar
knifeiiis while on board a steamer on the
Mississippi. was asked by a gentleman;
"whether the raising cif stock in Arkanm,
was attended by much difficulty or ex
pense ?" "Oh, yes,stranger—they suffer
much' from insects." "Insects !--why
what kind, pray ?" "Why, bears, cata
mounts, wolves. and Bich? ,
A man will be ;hat Will most cherished
feelings are.. It he encourages a' noble
generosity. every 'feeling will pe . eurielied
by it : if. he nurse bitter and envenomed
l 'iliugbis, his own spirit Will'absorb the
poison ; Mul he will crawl Among men av
a burnished adder, whose life is mischief.
and whose errand is death.
latenovito .Puito.—lt is stated that a
Frenchman named: M. Ilixander. has in
vented n.contrivanee for giving the piano a
prolonged animal. For many years this
has been sought tar in vain. .It was im•
possible to,olonin a sustained note. like the
human voice or the violin. . trhe invention
is said to be very-simple. : • -
Drv:T foes %Vitae. —An advertisement
in a Roston papery lately, for a young invn
In work `in a attire, was insviered by eigh
teen applicants. But one far a ' , voids
nom". to travel and play on the banjo, met
with four hendred and Mimi respondents,
Thera must be a great many .Igeittlettien"
of who ..play on the banjo."
- CURE 'von Lovs.--liide in a ()inset
half.a-dosen times, and litten to tit° con
verration which takes place between a cou
ple Who have been married ono year, whilp
they think-illemselids entirely alone.
31irriage'is the , strongest tie of perpet
nal'frianlehip, aral there cats be no friend.
ship Wittiont confidence, no confident*
without integrity. ' • -
A Fthlag girl je rod—the eyes
are the honk. the smile the bas, die lover
the gudgeon, and marriage the butter in
which lie is fried.
Somebody says very beautifully : "As
small planets are nearest the san, so are
little children nearest toGod."
A RULE WITHOUT AN EXCEPT/ON.-- , -
There never yot lived a young lady, who
did not like to be told she was pretty.
The Know Nothings of New Efamp•
shire have nominated, Ralph Metcalf. of
Newport. for Govettor of that State.
A - true - believer, when blessed with a
smiling imagination, is the happiest ; 01
The . philnsinphy of a thousand yea!s has
not ezp,ored.the chambers Ind magazines'
of the soul.
True freedom eoneiets in this—that each
men alien do whatever he like*, without
injury to another. • •
Men are never en ritliculons by thp`Anal._ ,
i►iee which they poeensi,an by thane whinh
they iffeet to , • , • • '
SPEECH OF MR, COOPER,
Convict & Pauper Immigration
U. S. SENATE, JAN. 25, 1855
On motion by Mr. COOPER, the Senate
proceeded to consider the following resolu
tions, submitted by him on the 23d in.
Rrsohred, That the President of 'these United
States be, and he is hereby. respectfully requested
. to cause the. becretary of titate and the Secretary
of the Treasury, respectively, to communicate to
the Senate such information as may be contained
in their several departments, relating to the
transportation of convicts and paupers into the
United states from forer.r., countries, and what
'rimy the Governmentefo which they belong
have bed in sending them hither. Alan, such in
formation as they may posses/ relative to the vol.
untary immigration into the Visited Slates of the
above classes, the numbers of oath that have sr
rived here within the la•t two years, whether sill
untary or through the compulsory agency of their
Resolved, That the Committee on the Judiciary
he, and tho same is hereby, instructed to Inquire
what legislation, any. tie necessary to pre.
vent tho tiovernmen'ts of foreign countries, from
transporting into the United State" convict' Ind
pauper.: Also,Nrhether any, and what legials
jspecessary to prevent the voluntary immi
gration into the United tltatec from foreign coun
tries of either of the above class's of Peracins.".
Mr.• Oootutit.—Mr. Preatient, my ob
ject in presenting these resolutions which
have just been reed is to obtain, iq •tbo
first place, such authentio inforination from
the Departments of State and of the Treas.
ury as may be in their possession, relative
to the number of fin eie convicts and pan
perm' arriving annually in the United States,
either voluntarily or through'Ate compel•
eory agency of Govern Meats to Which they
belong; and, in the second placeoo pro
cure, if possible, such legislAtion ,as will
prevent the country from becoming the a.
sylum and refuge of thieves, burglars, and
paupers sent from abroad.
I presume. Mr. President, Senators are
aware that a policy; which scarcely seeks
concealment, prevails amongst several of
the 'States of onatinental Europe, in virtue
of which, convicted and unconvieted
Inds and paupers are transported to the
Uninal States, at the expense, and by the
direetion,. of theirj Governtaents. This
policy which is as unjust as it is unfriendly
should be 'pet an'end to by legislation, if it
eanuot - be abcompliched byThegothition.—
Nations in amity with us have no right to
make of the Unita! States a penal colony;
yet they ore ,beeotning so, by thO tolorn
don with which our Government , has -re
garded the practice of sending. hither pan.
pots and felons. There is scarcely an em
igrant ship which arrives iu our ports that
is not, to some extent, freighted with this
kind of cargo. This had long been an evil ;
but latterly it lies, increased in magnitude.
and to such an extern as,te he justly' regard.
ed with alarm .'BM a month or two since, a
singlewive' . landed in New York one hue
dred and fift yjniiiptifirtiiiirillreen or, six
teen' conviets; wearing; 'us . the' bald e++ of
their conviction; chains upoh their limbs:
More recently., another; vessel, freighted
with a similar carp. w a s WillOknd $a
bin. Island, from whenee the passenger*
were minded to Halifax; fi nd from, Halifax
were brotight to Nine York, by the way of
Boston. - By au affidavit wide by one of
these, passengers. it , appear& that they are . ,
natives of Switzerland, who, being unit.
ble to support theinsOlves at , home, wore
sent hither at tote °gnome of the munici
pality to which they belonged. The fol
iowing is the affidavit: '
, city nod Coust:y If Nay York, as.—We, the
undersigned, being duly sworn, do depose and
say out, that we and our families, whose limn.
bet is 'correctly taken down opposite to our
names, on the loot atlas affidavit, are natives of
Switzerlan.l; that they were poor in their own
4:unfitly and cuald nut *sipped themselves there
any longer ;•th.d. literal - we the map* of their
village has. paid their passage money ' diiect to
New York, and that therefore thei7 paimatee wo
w/ has not been paid by these deponents ; that
they embarked at Antwerp .m board the ship Ar
cadia, which vessel was intended fo'r New York.
but "sleeked at 6able Wand ; that they salted
from Roston on board the passenger itiestnhoal,
State o 1 Maine. and arrived it. the port of New
York on board the ui.l &Mawr, on the 2.1 daY n 1
Jemmy, 1855 ; that they Me now q.iito desti
tute and without any means for support, except
from commissioners of captivation ; and igniter
they it,, not say. ,
[Here follow signatures]
'Sworn belore me this thth day otholuarl, 18'55.
Corsmiuiose of Deeds.
But:it is net only thriftless paupers who
are soot to addl.° the buitheu of our poor
laws, , and•stand between native misfortune
and the relief provided for it by charity.—
Felons, convicts, deep-dyed is crime, are
sent to this country by their Governments. I
Lately; the Sardinian Geverntnentabipped
to New Yorkoin beard a national vessel,
(the Degennes unto of. war,) t hirty.four eon
victed criminals'. Whether they have yet
arrived. I au* not able to say. But that
they wore 'shipped for the Oil of New
York there - is no doubt.` The Tribune has
the following paragraPh in relation to the
..information: has teen received hem, from a pri
vate source;worthy of the highest confidence, es
the effect that the thirty-four person" in question
ars not mere political uiretalers, but are convicted
culminate of the must dimptrans description, ta
ken from the prione of that country."
It is a common practice•in several of the
States of continental Europe to auction off
to the lowest bidder, to the person who
will bring them hither cheapest, their pau
pers, and, in some instances, the inmates
of their prisons and penitent iaries. Agents
of the great passenger lines of packet ships
are maintained in these States for the per-
pose of making arrangements with the mu
nicipal authorities of the various towns, ,
for the removal of their paupers to Ant-1
werp, Bremen, Havre, or other sea-port
towns, with view to their trlinsportation
to the United States. Tn .England, or
rather Ireland, saintlier system is pursued; l
and Miss Dix, amiable, benevolent, and
philanthropic, us she has proved herself to
be, by a life of devotion to the interests of
suffering and unfortunate humanity, writes
to her friends in this country (row Ireland,
,where she is now sojourning, in terms of
excited by witnessing the
praotiefe of the English Government, in
pouring upon oar ahem the polluted pop
ulation of their hospitell, aline-houses, and;
Mr. President, it is time that a stop
should be put to these practices on the
Part of the governments of Europe, If it
cannot be effected by negotiation, surely
we have the power to do it by legislation,
The inherent right of every community, to
protect itself against the contagion of vice
and crime, as well ag of disease, will bard•
ly bo questioned. We , have , our quaran
tine laws to protect us against the intro
duction of groan-pox, cholera and other
kinds of pestilence ; and these laws we en
force even to the detriment of eoinmerea.
But hitherto we have neglected , to guerd
ourselves agaitigt a more dostrietive pesti
lence than small-pox or choleie -While
our sea-parts and the gates of our cities
and towns have been closed against the
contagion of disease, they hare been open 7
ed wiie to admit the more fatal contagion
which is flowing upon us, in the shape of
pauperism and crime, from the prisons and
lazar houses of Europe. • Wn dread fever
and the plague', and endeavor to exclude
them, while “the pestilence which walketh
in darkness and blighteth at midday," hug
been suffered to enter without let or hin
drance. It . is time we should open our
eyes and look the evil in the . face ; we
should eiamine our prison and alme-house
statistics, and provide a remedy, cost what
An insult to our flag, by a failure to sa
lute it with the required n u mber of guns, a
refusal to indemnity a citizen for a wrong
Committed on, his,persoo or property, or
the neglect of some point , of national riti•
queue by a foreign Government, is always
followed by a demand for explanation and
apology ; and if explanation. be denied,
our pride takes fire, and war. ultimo ratio
rectum, the last argument of Kings, is , lin
' mediately threatened. But against empty.
ing upon us the contents of . and
houses of refuge,- and prisons, .we .have
nothing to object , ; we are tamey aequies.:
cent. for fear, that opposition, might be con
strued. into hostility to, other classes. of,
immigrant foreigners, whose Voles may he
esteemed necessary to the success of this
litirty or. that. Operated on by, .motives
an unworthy and unmanly, America!'
statesmen and legislators have stood , by,
with folded arms, and permitted the fair
' est, heritage.that 'leaven has ever
infect 'to a people to be overrun by flits in
r mates of foreign prisons, and the,cerrupted
and impoverished honks of foreign. (min
tills._ I am willing that this eountry should
Continue to he the asylum of the oppressed
of evcry, land, that, out of its abundance
the virtuous needy should be led as here
' forme ; that to its institutions, they
shoUld find protection lot permit' and prop
eery. But Mr. President, the time has
come Ashen the" door of admitisiOn should
he - closed forever against ail settled and 1
legalized paupers, and all persons concici
et: or suspected of crime, who shall he
sent hither through the agency of their !e
-1 vpective ("Overtime:Hs. II n stop be not
speedily, put to his kind of immigration.
thieltiontains of public morality will he
enreupted: and the publie. salely• Compro
mised. Can it ,b 0 otherwits.2, when those
who are brought here are the vicious, the
turbulent conspirators' against order, pick.
pockets, thieves, burghers, and mindereis
These people are the sittlT of tvhieli oohs
are made ; theY era the class which invade
the purity of the htilltit-box, and intertere•
with the elective franchise.
In the great cities of . the Republic. in
New York, Philadelphia, Bone n, Haiti
timore; St. I:ouis, and NeW 'Orleans' the
evils which have grown mit'of
sibs of these classes of iintnigraina have
become gigaittic—friihtful. Not only
have ttie irresolute and timid become a
forma at the magnitudo of the mischief
which threatens the piddle peace and en
dangers the public morals, but firmmind
ed slid tar-sighted statesinen.have likewise
been appreciated the imminence . . of the
danger, and the neceislty of prompt and
energetic tneatiiires to arrest it. The May.
or of Illicit). of Ilis , York refers to the
subject in the last message to the alderman
awl Members of the common council, and
has, also, addressed a communication on
the same siihjeet to the President of the
United States. The is ail ex.
tract frontons message :
"It has long beeen the practice of many Gov
errimente hu the continent of Europe, to get rid
of convicts and paupers' by sending them to thii
country. and moat generally to this port. The in
crease of crime here can he traced to this cause filth
eitban to detect in the criminal law, or their admin
istration. An examinitiun of the criminal and pan
per reetirds, show conclusively that it is hut a small
proportion of these onforturiatee who are natives
of thus country. One of the very heaviest bur
dens we bear is:the support of these people, even
when considering the direct cost ; but when esti
mating the evil influences upon society, and the
contaminating effect upon all who come
the range of their depraved minds, it becomes
matter exceedingly serious, and demanding iin
mediate and complete eradication. I know of no
subject of more importance ; Certainly we have
the power to protect this city ag inlet the landing
of so vile an addition moor population; the health.
WI well as the 1111) 'and property of the people fur
whom you legislete: requires some ecti nt at your
hands. lam confident the General 'government
will listen to any repiesentations from you raid
ting to it. and interpose its national authority-in
our behalf, oii the ..Idi inst.. I made ILO grigautico
the 'abject of an official communication to the
President of the United Slams."
By the extract from the message, which
I have just now' road, but a very few of
the clangers and mischiefs to which the
country is exposed from this class of lan•
migrants have been adverted to. Buy it
exhibits enough to lead to Mquiry ; and. an
inquiry into poor and crianitt , tl statis
tics of the country ie well calculated ,to
startle the equanimity anti alarm the 141 7
prehension of every Christiao and p str i m
in the lend. But before I proceed, to call'
the attention of the Senate and country to
the startling fae.ts which these statistics ex
hibit. I desire to advert briefly to soaker
mischief, not wholly, but, neverthelESs, to
some extent, the result of admit ing isle
the country the idle and turbulent epirits.
sent hither in order to relieve MO/ own
Governments of their dangerous presence.
I refer, Mr. President, to the prentica now
prevalent in the forger citiee,'of Organizing;
volunteer companies and buts:lame:coin !
poaed wholly of fore , igners, bearing foreign
nanlies t 7Weiring toretgli' unifernts; and
grailang tinifor Miele veJon.
Tort; Boitoir, ytkiiititt
TWO DotA'lls it'lMOtit'"'""
Oermln Yagers. Frerteh ChtiaseiiN , YPii}~ `i
G'reens, Swiss Guards, do.; and I entln-'
firmed that in the first named eitY
brigade eoinpased entirely or 'lrititiMete, 2
runt called the: Irish httiade.
this is all wrung, and would be toteilifetd
by n' other GOveritinent on the fade of tie
earth." • ' '
When, by the' liberal' character "
institufintot; , and the Idessingei
meet which °Ur !awe Cdnfer.
of other Governments were invited' fp our •
shores, it was never intended they shoeld
enter ittto separate. organizations, CIO 'a''
' military. or cultivate an esprit di 'corps ,
mono themselves, calculated to letaire •
them foreigners in' feeling and inlibits,'",
tbagh dwellierin oor inidst, ind"o'Whiti
allegiance to our latvs. for.'
signers ehould renounce all -allegiance 1n
their former Governmentei both
stance and in form, and identify_theinielies''
with-the country'. of their own lidOiktio'n in
the more unreserved 'manner.' Let then,:
if they pleAse, unite with otir iethinfeer,;
nod militia organizatioes for' theParpoie
of acquiring a knowledge 'of the use Of
arms; bullet ihem beware of fortnirigi+
erste organixatione, by which' jealimey
maybe excited, and doubts of, their weal-
menu in their adopted Country, and its pen.
pie; crested. Such organizationv Of natur
alized citizens, officered by foreigners fn . '
strange dress, and mustering under sirsinge?
flags, will never be tolerated by the "
of the American people:' Their ownhati:'
ter—the glorious mars and stripeithoinif
over their own and. their' fathers' 'head*,
both by land and sea, on many a ithiorlii'
day, ir, with them, 'a holy emblem—heir',
us the. Ark of the' Convent to the [Tellies
of old, and associated with memories that
consecrate it in every •American
No heraldic blazonry, nn mailer, how'art.
oient, nn mutter who 'may have borne it; '.
mover what fields of deathless rehntitri'll'.
mat have floated in triumph,ean aver '
compared, in our eyes, With the iiiritilet';
'peters and stripes." ' To raise an - Other le
tt) destroy the idea of unity which it rep-
resents, to intimate a doubt of he perpetn•
ny, and manifest a preference that is repul,
eive to every reeling of our hearti.
eigners, therefore, who have renounced
their allegiance to Kings, and make theuit-",
selves sharers with us in 'the heritage
libery and all its concomitant advantage*
and blessings, ehould•east behind theni the ,
insignia of tyranny and 'tally with 'th'eir
native brethren in hearty accord;Under
banner of freedom —the starry flu 'tbi'
Republic.' 'lf they be Americana in heart; ;
it willcost them nothing to Organize,'
if need be to fight and die,' beneath itsfOldr.''
This flag hue waved over the heads of he•
roes; and though it was rididtiled but a*
few years Since, as a plea' of 4 ‘strii;ed
bunting," tt now bats on every sett, in"
proud equality with the tri-celorof France,
and ihe St. George of England; its'
ow affording protection tostliese "who limit,
a right to claim it, iu every quarter •of the
globe. Why, then, stiould tanctralized
eitizena apparently repudiate it, by riilsitie
another And why, abkve alb organize'
separately, wlteu duty tied toted pelfer
alike urge them to take their felleviethip 4
with us perfect by unity of action iii,every
possible case ? If they have broitgliewith
theta feelings of 'attachment to their
tive land, let then: cherish them in theik',
hearts, for such' feelings are amiable and
exist in every generous beam. — No one ,
will find fault with thetn 'for indulging _
memories which carry 'them back tci` the
!loam of their childhood; and'tib' doe well"
complaiu, even if they should tionteii,.thei
there arc thinga and' 'places dear; to
hearts, in the land they have left. Ail we':
ask oetheut is, that having been' received t .
as brethren, they should . coeduct' them-''
selves as such, and not a rivalii of en ti
It may be alleged, Mr.. Presiclent,.that
they are none' the less attached th oat" ini
atitututions because thdy hitittrfortned 411
itary assoeiations'With" tastiest , ictqhalify,;
thoinselrea ter defend and "uphoitl theta.—
I do not charge them ilth a viaiit
tinn to our institutions. I'have only oom.
plained that 'they haverfornted'sopitratu or
. ganizations ;'.that they have net, as' dtith
policy and safety eeqnre, associated
theta native-hot n citizens; that these sep.. -
arate organizations are calculated to' p#.
cite jealousy'; and that between theselor!,'
sign organizations and similar native
ganizations there is danger of collision; and
of such a character as is frightful to 'eon=
template. If; instead of being'formed 'of
foreigners alone, these companies and tifit,
tollions had been composed of 'ithmething,
like equal proportions of natives and for...
eigners; the danger that is to 'he apPre7 , r
hended would cease to exist, or exist oral
in a modified form. 'From these orgaidia•F
tions there is nothing to be gained,'isveli
by those who compose them. On, the con.
trary, the 9 uspicion and "jealousy Which
they excite operate to their disadvnAtege.
And bore, Mr. President, allow - Me to Sly;
that, while I have not questioned the
trintisin of the mass of those 'who 00111)058
these military organizations; I'think there
'is reason' to believe that many of tlio . ktuli,,
Viduals belonging to them are ''desiieValf
characters, who:would not *greatlY'deplort,'
such . c . ai is'net itupibbalilit 14 44
'the present excited state of
mind. 'The great ma's of their own ootipii
4112ot—those whobome here . in' goadfallliv
to seek a livelihood and a heme, fire tiet!'
dom found connected with' these oatioeii:
tiona as members. Engaged in subdialairl:
the wilderness alba far 'West or' Orin.
ing their avoeittiouit the cities an ;total
they have neither time nor dieposiiidil;
unite with them.' But toe ftneri
1 the testimony on the subject ato be; hifi 4-
I lieved,•they are composed erthe
dissolute, of those who, fond 'of the " e3raltr at
, Mutt of military shows; hive niifiled., •
I rise in view, white the number t he ttor'
r. lutist men •of •businOsta, 'tb ,
‘',,ittld be a guarantee for the
of ortior,. is cortipanitiielt stein: Under
these mutant:to^ it Is tjaaa that
were Wien to o. i tect,The
I I ton aware;ltrifpteßvi v
nm ot fully
tebtot: l36 o'
°Tankard, to „ Athbit .
Auld 111 n l -47. $