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EHLEIt t EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
VOL. XI X,16.t
THE UNANIMOUS lIECLARATION OF TIIE TIIIRTEEN
' UNITED STATES - OF AMERICA.
IS CONGRESS, 4ULY 4, 1776.
WHEN, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to
dissove the political bands which have connected theM with another, and to assume
among the powers of the earth the separate and equal station to which the laws of
nature and of nature's God entitle them, a decent (expect to the opinions of mankind
requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.
We hold these truths to be self-evident—that all men are created equal ; that they
are endovied by their CREATOR with certain unalienable rights ; that among these are
life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. That to secure these rights, governments are
instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed ;
that . Whenever anylorm of Over - film:hi becomerdeetructive of these ends, it -is the
right of the people to altar or to abolish it, and to institute new government, laying its
filentletion on such principlee, and organizing its powers in, such form, as to them
shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness. Prudence, indeed, will
dictioe. that overnruentslong established elmuld not lip . chaeged for light and transient
causes ; and, accordingly, all 'experience has shown that mankind itia more iliepoied to
valet. while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to
which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pur-1
piling invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce theth under absolute des
potism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such government, and to provide
new guards for their future security. Such has been the patient sufferance of these
colonies ; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former
systems of government. The history of the present king of Great Britain is a history
of repeated injuries and usurptitions, ell having in direct object the establishment of
absolute tyranny over these States. To prove this, let facts be submitted to a can
He has refused his assent to laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the
Ile.has forbidden his governors to pass laws of immediate and pressing impor
lance, unless suspended lit their operation until his assent should be obtained ; and
when so suspended he has needy neglected to attend to them.
He has refused to pass other laws, for the accommodation of large districts of
people, unless those people would relinquish the right of representation in the Legis
lature—a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants pnlv.
He has called together legislative bodies, nt places unusual, uncomfortable, and
distant from the depository of their pultlic records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing
them into complianite wiih his measures.
lie has (besotted representative houses, repeatedly, for opposing with manly
firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.
He has refused, for a lone time after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elect
ed ; whereby the legislative powers, incapable of annihilation, base returned to the
people at large, tin their exercise ; the state remaining, in the meantime, exposed to
01l the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within.
He has endeavored to prevent die population of these States : for that purpose ob
structing the laws for the naturalization of foreigners : refusing to pass others to en
courage their migration hither, and raising the conditions of new appropriations of
He ha:, obstructed the adnenistration of justice, by refusing his assent to laws,
for establishing judiciary powers.
Ile has made judges dependent on his will alone for the tenure of their offices,
and the amount and payment of their salaries. _
De has erected a multitude of new offices, 'nod sent hither swarms of officers, to
Iharrass our people and eat out their substance.
He has kept among us, in time of peace, standing armies, without the ronsent of
Ile has affected to render the military independent of, and superior to, the civil
lie has ciooliineil with others to sulueet us to a jurisdiction, foreign to our consti:i
lotion, and imacinou Judged by our laws ; giving his assent to their acts of pretended
For quartering large bodies of grated troops among us :
For protectikg them. by a mock trial, from punishment for any murders which
they shonfil commit on the inhabitaids of these States :
For cutting ell' our trade with all parts of the word :
Fur rimposing taxes on us without our consent :
For Ileprivipg us, in many cases, of the benefits of trial by jury :
For transporting us beyond seas, to he tried for pretended offences :
For abolishing the free system of English laws in a neighboring province, estab
lishing therein an arbitrary government, rind enlarging its boundaries, so as to render
it at once an example and fit instrument fur introducing the saute absolute rule lute
these colonies :
For taking away our charters, abolishing our most valuable laws, and altering
fundamentally the forms of our governments :
Fur suspending our own legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with
power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.
He has abdicated goverunteut here, by declaring us out of his protection, and wa
ging war against us.
He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed
the lives of our people.
lie is at this time transporting large armies of foreign mercenaries to complete
the works of death, desolation, and tyranny, already begun, with cireunistaoces of cru
elty and perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy
the head of a civilized nation.
lie has constrained our fellow-citizens, taken captive on the high seas, to hear
arms against their country, to become the executioners of their friends and brethren,
or to fall themselves by their hands.
Ile has excited domestic insurrections among us, and has endeavored to bring on
the inhabitants of our frontiers the merciless Indian savages, whose knowu rule of
warfare is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes, and conditions.
In every stage of these oppressions we have petitioned for redress in the most
humble terms ; our repeated petitions have been answered only by repeated injury.
A prince whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a tyrant, is
unfit to be the ruler of a free people.
Nor have we been wattling in attention to our British liretren. We have warned
them from time to time of attempts by their legislature, to extend an unwarrantable
-jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration
sand aeulement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and
we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpa-
Amp, which would inevitably interrupt our connexions and correspondence. They,
too, have been deaf to the voice of justice and consanguinity. We must, therefore,
.actobrace in the necessity which denounces our separation, and hold them, as We bold
the pat of tnatokind,—enemies in war—in peace, friends.
We, therefore, the representatives of the United States of America, in general
Pottrups assembled. appealing to the Stuarts Jeomt of the world for the rectitude of
our mteutions, do, iu the name and by the authority of the good'people of these calo
pies, solemnly publiah arid declare, that these United Colonies are, and of right ought
go b e , free and independent puttee. That they are abselVed• from all allegidnee to the
116644 crown, and that all political connexion between them and the State of Great
ritain is, and ought to be, totally dissolved ; and that, as free and independent states,
ithex have full power to levy war, Conclude peace, contract alliances, establish com
merce, and do all other acts and things which independent states may of right do.
And for the pupped of this declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of DIVINE
p °wows, we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes, and our sacred
THE AMERICAN A34.liNr.kt.
Mir, 41.1.A4 there! Our Ain is ,there 1
,_. W with ell hail it three loud buss u!
ktri4 l . l !igre Our flag is;there I
Jd* glorious stripes and stars!
Attttit litquti illiWifouglktfor that bright' nag,
--,, , 1 I il baud! .oloitilnkl It roast - head high :
:Ake Ito /lee how p . roudit „waves, '
line Abite-efjll-111 AVIV eye.
Air flog, ia g/Kr* 1 -QW.API *Aril' I •
. „ ,lve4l 401 4.1 ls* 1,47 W AuFP",I
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' . 01 411 0 • s(rraes earl Starer
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..;rult v O i rith, o ll l llloer,w ,
' • .... 1 qn Itc!!!!”l44o4fr99l l . l irli wo!
'RI= Ps ill!live utror thikt ling ,to !owes,
'' ' ' Itiinks sPOOY YtegrYll , o o !
, gbaillit,OPiwn On atiry Atom,
, s • The.opdiri,vt.; , pliOt band,
t fiike Pllttein,C.l4 Wage. or war,
It flesh; oer (merlons 's happy land.
' . t Ave !
... i there illtil i -' w ..
There 11l ji "Ok" ~...A °eft OM° '
: e gas Prey" I. 7atier. mve, b-:
„,,d....tisvai.e? to:2 •
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• 1 !ri .!IPCIOARAFT44I,
14.14/.41 •409 r pieeitiq P. 14011m,*
g l / 2 1,14fi5 , *ma "ad
koirsie oppUire otood, r•••"
Ai nijioo *is Mom
yhe rid moo u( the wo9L
Like him of old, hid doom he bears,
• Roek•hound on ocean's rim : •
The chieftain's daughter knelt in tears,
And tinwthedi a prayerful. him.
Above his head in air,
The savage wapchib swung;
The frantic girl, is wild despair,
• Her arms 'WO him °poll.
Then iihoOk the warriors of the "bade,
Like leaves cni•aapeodimb;'
- Sithdpid by that horde maid •
Who,tweathed a prayer for him.
gasped the chief;
"It is . year king,decrees
kissed away lowlears ol grief
Ahd pet The captive fie& '
• 'Tie evert:l6lin witen,ln life's steno, '
Hope's star to roan grows , dim,
An amp) knoll* in woman's form,
And hreathes a prayer him.
PRAY} R. '•
Like the low, murmur of the !emit stream, •
' Which thro' darlfalderi moils its shaded wpy;
My , stbpidisitit 'Mill yfieard : &tit do not deem
That on vain toys rthrow my hours away.
in th . oArovo, o of, the, OT'' '
.?t. lll °
' On the wild m o untai n , on the verdant mod,
Wherithiefreith breezes of the morn prevail,
~ I wandis,hme,„senimunini; with.my God. "
When the Whit aisknees of Cwopnded heart .
OM* hi csAdithuirtiniSthr4' my alnkiligikalipe.
- "Wifely *e.'—ehlt It* *en impart; / '". ' ' ' '
Whilltinninlies the inyoltets oT'l'hy awful name'.
..fini bpirif k. beam!
ram* of life, ndi4iim I 4invo Powprl
omit ins olio' obvious il . a eniinntaient glesid
Of Thy brtAt ersepie in uty dying hour;.
GETTYSBURG, PA. FRIDAY EVENING, JUNE 30:1848.
A CRYSTAL CUP FOR MB !
Ai it:--Sonitaove to roam.
Some love to drink from the foamy brink.
Where the wiste.drep's dance they see ;
But the water bright' in its silver light
And a crystal Cup fur me.
0 ! a goodly thing is the cooling spring
'Mong the rock. where the moss loth grow ;
There 'a health in the tide, and music beside,
In the brdoklgt's bounding flow.
0 ho! ho! 0 ho!
Some love to drink from the foamy brink,
Where the wige-drop's dance they gee;
But the water bright in its silver light
And•a crystal cup for me.
As pure as heaven in the water given,
"I' is for ever fresh and new ;
Distilled in the sky,..it mops (rem on high
In the shower and the gentle dew.
A mirrorlair, in the Stilly air,
Is the lake and the stresiit's smooth flow ;
And the stars in their (wkt r e flashing back
Their brightness as mi they go,
ho! fief-0 ho ho'
As pure as heaven is the water given, &c.
They say 't is weak; but its strength I 'II seek ;
The worn rock owns its sway ;
And we 're borne aFeng by its wings so strong
When it ria,th to fly away.
There 's strength in the glee of the mighty sea
When the stormy wind &Ali blow ;
.And a fearful sight is the cataract's might
As it leaps to the depths Isdow.
0 ho ! ho ! 0 Ito ! ho!
They say t' is weak ; but its strength, &C.
Some love to drink from the foamy brink,
Where the wine-drop's dance they see;
But the water bright in its silver light
And 0 crystal cup for me.
O! a goodly thing is the cooling spring,
'Moog the rocks where the moss doth grow:
There's health in the tido, and music beside,
In the brooklet's hounding flow,
0 ho! Ito! 0 ho' ho!
Some love to drink from the foamy brink, Ate
THE TEMPERANCE BANNER.
• m—The Star Spangled Runner.
Rejoice for the day of deliverance is conic,
O'er the land and the sea waves the Temper-
And the voices that wailed in the drunkard's sad
Now are cheering us on with a joyous hosanna!
Let us swell the glad sound, send the chorus
0 shout ! for the pledge of our safety is find !
'Tis the Temperance banner. 0 long may it wave
O'er the land of the free, and the bony of the brave!
"Cis the Temperance bmitior, &c.
Rejoice for the homes that are once mote made glad.
For the eyes that are bright where the big tears
Rejoice for hearts that no longer are sal,
For the sweet tears of joy, and the smiles that
Let dm rich and the poortotich the liohmn no more
ti, let the proud wine-cup be banished I' ItCh4.llOllT !
Till the Temperance banner in triumph shall wave
Vet the land of the free, tin) the home of the brave.
Till the Temperunre..ke.
Il.joice for the nnwrx ice can Maw call our own,
F o r the brasiers we el.iw nhoare holding high
Rejoice fin the fair! they iivonl,l confiner alone;
It well they have joined um, Clod We., their
Through the length of the hind, 9, let none coldly
And proudly refuse na the warm helping howl;
For the TelllperAllee halliler in triumph mi./ W1.1 , C
tier the land of the tree. and the home of the hfavv.
For the Tempt:runre,
In the month of October, 1898. my ves
sel was lying :rt Mobile. I went ashore
one bright morning to do some business
with the house to which 1 was consigned,
and as I passed al o ng the street, it occur
red to me that I might as well base a beard
of a week's growth reaped . before I pre
sented In) self at the counting room. I
stepped into a barber's shop, and taking
the chair, told the harper to proceed.
Ili. was a bright mulatto, a good look
ing young fellow, not more than two and
twenty years of ago, it appeared. Isis
eves were large, black and lustrous, I
thought. Ilis manner at first was quiet
and respectful. I thought he was a long
time lathering my face, and told him he
must have bOught his soap 'at the whole
sale price. Laughing, lie replied that mine
was a long beard, and that he knew what
he was about.
"Arc you the boss here, toy man I" I
"Yes," he answered, "my master set
me up, and I pay him $2O a month for
• "That's good interest on the capital in
vested," I remarked. "Can you pay your
rent and live on the balance of your sav
"0 yes, and lay up something besides.
Spmetimes I receive thirty bits a day."
"Then I suppose you will buy your
freedom one of these days."
"As for that," he replied, "I care little.
I have all the liberty I want and enjoy my
self ae I go along : " •
,-, But should you marry and have chil
dren, you would not wish to leaVe them
"yes I would, because they would be
better off than if they were free."
By this time he had lain down the brush
and commenced running the razor over the
strop, and looking tit the blad€ every time
he drew k across the leather. His hand 1 '
trembled a little, and his eyes absolutely
burned like coals of tire. I did not feel I
uneasy, but I could not avoid watching
At last be commenced shaving me. My
head being thrown bilek..l was ahle7to
keep my ayes directly on his own. Why
I did so, reannot toil :, cirminly. I appre
hended nothing, I did not remove my
gaze for a instant,. white *the razor
was Passiiitiver my neck and throat. 'He
seemed to grow more and more aniasy—
tlis eyes were es liright but notes steady
es When I first oliserVed them. Ho could
not meet my fixed and deliberate lo'ok.—
As lie eemmericed sliaving my chin he said
ill:": . ,ll lite — rs ' ,tirtndlea deadly weapon, sir !"
"True enough; my man," I replied, but
you handle yoUrs skilfully, although I no
tice your hand shako." •
"that's nothing, sir—l can shave just
as well. My hand shakes because I did
not have , much sleep last night. But I was
thinking just now," he added with.a
!show eally it would by forme , to cut your
, If •
coy n ;col) langiling in, re
torn, but, looking sternly ni lnpa---"Yery
likely, yOt I would tot' advise you to iry
the experiment." =' •
d Nothing more werviid. He soon tip
lishidi sod I aroseficiai• tht chair, just
"FEARLEBtI AND FRXE."
an elderly gentleman entered the shop.—
The last comer divested himself of his coat
and cravat, and took' the seat I had vaca
I went to the glass, which did not re
flect the chair, to arrange my collar. Cer
tainly I had not stood before it a single
moment, when I heard something like a
suppressed shriek, it gargling, horrible
sound, that made my blocid run cold. I
turned, and there—great Clod !—there set
the unfortunate gentleman, covered with
blood, his thrlaat cut from ear to ear, and
the barber, now a raring maniac, dashing
his razor with tremendous violence into
the mangled neck..,.Qn the instant the
man's eve caught mine, the razor dropped
from his hand, and he fell down in a fit.
I rushed tov,arde the door and called for
assistance. The bnfortunito man was
dead -before. we, reached, .
We secured the barber. who, as a sub
sequently learned, had been drinking deep
ly the night before, and was laboring under
mania-a-pont. II is fate I never heard.
A SUCCESSFUL MERCHANI
"I mean to be a rich man, cost whet-it'
ill. A man is nothing in this world with
put wealth. With plenty of money he is
every thing. I mean to get rich any how."
Such was the soliloquy of a young mer
chant who, with a very small capital, had
recently established himself in buiiness.
He made n stern resolve a be rich, and
having great perseverance he went busily
to work in the execution of his purpose.
Every thing was made subordinate to
the accomplishment of his golden vision.
Ease and pleasure were out of . the ques
tion. Domestic happiness was of no tie.
count. The tnerchent's brow arched with
incessant care ; his heart chilled and warm
ed with the rise and fall 01 the markets ;
the changes of commerce 'shaped his
dreams ; money was his reigning idea.—
He had time for nothing but business.—
In vain did his wife languish beneath her
domestic cares at home. Ile had no time
to unbend hiMself at home and contribute
to the bliss of his little world there. Nei
ther could he bestow attention to the wants
of the world nor the Miseries of his fellow
creatures around him. True, the poor
were often cold and hungry---:true the
drunkaed reeled along the street—the
young fell into the inereasing;mares of vice,
immorality abounded, and virtue, strug
gling to maintainm foothold on the earth,
called upon him for aid. The call tt 3:1111
Vail], for our merchant had nciiher cars
nor eyes fur aught save the court of MAM.
?shier many years of toil and care, after
enduring zinxiety and labors; sufficient to
near out his over-tared energies, he had
reached the goal. The morftant had
grown rich ; sc> rich he could forsake the
counting.rooni, and live with princely
splendor in a palace-like. home !
This was the fulfilled vision of his
youth. Ile hail soughigold, and his mas
sive coffers groaned with the weight of
their gtittering lead ; and when men pass
ed him, they said "That is old , the
Was the price worth what it cost!—
Thirty years of sacrifice had been devoted
to its pursuit! During that period, true
enjoyment had been a ,stranger to his heart;
how conk' it he otherwise ? nir thirty
years he had not time to be happy ! Ile
had surrendered all for the advantages of
wealth ! Ile had literally sold these for
gold ! Ile had his prize. Was it worth
what it cost, we ask ?
Eut the sequel show. The merchant
had not been many months out of die count
ing-room before his mind, missing the
stimulus of business, began to prey upon
itself.' For intellectual and religious fiurL
suits it had now no relish. They had
been avoided so long for tvant of time, for
the sake of the money God, that they
would not now afford delight. Without
occupation the merchant's life became a
blank. His mind sunk into weakness,
tiiis memory failed, his energies dried up ;
first he sunk into weakness of second
child hood, and then into the stupidity of
They carried him to the asylum of de
parted intellect, sod there. ever talking of
notes and ships, his soulless eyes gazed
into vacancy, his fingers tracing figures in
the air, the successful merchant ended his
days with maniacs and fools.
Reader! our sketch is drawn from the
realities of life. If it is ideal, the world
hasmanY, very many men who present
the melancholy reality of this outline.—
And it will always : be so, while men per
mit the secondary and inferior aims of life
to usurp the place of the prioiary end of
human existence.—N. E. Diadem.
WASJIINCITON.—Fox, the great English
statesman and orator, in a debate in the I
British House pf Parliament, in 1794, thus
alluded to Washington ;—"The noble Lord
Monington (who had quoted extracts from
Brissot's pamphlet) must have been oils
taken when he stumbled on the case of I
'Mons. Genet. America is still at peace.
Moire. Genet behaved in a 'very 'indecent I
manner, and usurped some of the 'powers
of the Executive Government, and insult
ed the Pr'esident ; but . America had not
gone to war; she had only femonstrated.
She thought misconduct of an individual
ground, not for war, b'et locexplanation.
She hid, in a temPentte t dipiged manner,
represented None. Genet'a 'conduet to his
Govirntnent, and he understood that he
had been re-called. Happy America ! in ,
possessing a Washington, whose temper
and wisdom had saved hie country from a
ruinous and Moody' war, and whose vir
tues had made hint the adMiretion of the
*world! T mean no disrespect to our roy
al 6mily,litit4lien compared with Wash
ingtun, the ; Princes and Potentates appear
Mean and contemptible. . Forintiatti man !
I mean not tri Detract from his tperite and
.lili'virtuei; built surely is an' Instance of
singular fortune, that, without otir . i'
Won of hie integrity, without pm' stain np-
Am hie eltafieter, he hes made himself the
First Milmin the itiorki." i.‘ , r
The words orthe Bible ere. iidres of
immortality—dews from the smut kilowl
edo4loll4ll from the Aver g We. .
THE POOR LINEN WEAVER
TRANOLATiD FRON.THE ORRMAX.
"Know then the truth of government &rime,
And let those scruples be no longer thine."
In ono of the retired streets of a populous
country town, lived a young linen weaver,
of an upright and pious character, but ex;
ceedingly poor. Himself and his affec
tionate partner were distinguished in the
place for their extraordinary piety. Often,
for weeks together, they had nothing to,
eat but potatoes and salt. They ardently . ,
loved each' other, and were cheerful and'
happy. Whoever visited this - worthy
-couple. was . delighted with_theirmagreeabbs
society ; many gladly partook of their
humble fare, on purpose to enjoy their
sweet religious conversation: - I
Once, on a fine summer evening. a well
dreesed-man celled at the - door -of-' their •
humble cottage, who, after an affectionate
salutation, informed the young weaver that
he was travelling to a distant village, lint,
had missed his way, and that if lie would '
be kind enough to accompany him a mile ~
or ton, he would compensate him for the I
tronble. The weaver sprang from his,
seat, and, putting onthis well worn but de- I
eently patched garnient, undertook to guide I
the stranger on his way. They discours
•ed on' verions matters, entertaining each,
other, and cominued until it began to grow
dark, when suddenly the stranger drew a,
whistle from his pocket and sounded it so,
loud, that it sent a cold chill through the ,
frame of the linen weaver. In an instant,,
ten stout, terrible looking men leaped from
I an adjoining hedge, and entered into con
versation with the stranger, who appeared
to be their chief, respecting the robbery of
a neighboring mill. 'Tito captain of the .
band introduced the linen weaver to them,
' as a newly favored comrade, trot yet inured
to their'businites: The unhappy titan fell
on his knees, and begged with the most I
earnest entreaty to be released ; but the,
robber held a pistol to his breast, threaten-'
ing him with instant death if he refused to
comply—whereupon two of the stoutest
• took hold of his arms, and walked away
with him. They arrived at the mill about
midnight, and broke it open, while • the
captain, in company with several robbers,
Illumined at a distainm to watch. But they
had been tracked ; the measure of their
iniquity was now full. 'The captain and
some of the rubbers, together with the lin- 1
en 'weaver. were apprehended and itnpris-,
&met!, but the rest escaped.
I i Meantiiiie the wife of the weaver berr an
to he alarmed anti distressed; her husbatid
remained out, and when she found that he
did mi n d retire, in the morning, her distress
of mind became overwhelming. Her kind
• neighbors went in search of lien, Wit could
hear nu tidings of hi in. About evening.,
th t news came that the mill hail I
been rob -I
• bed, and the weaver apprehended with the
robbers. Her distress now arose to its
height. She left her children in 'the care
of a neighbor, and proceeSel with ill pos
sible hasut to the prison. She applied to
I a magistrate, and gave him as circiunstan
' nal an account of die matter as she knetv
how, while on her heeded knees she beg
ged and implored his assistance for the lib
eration of her unfortunate lisbind. The
magistrate, who felt a deep sympathy for
the unfortunate woman, could do nothing
in behalf of her husband, though he gave
her permission to see him.
The meeting which took place is inde
scribable. They raised together their 'im
ploring hands to the Judge of the innocem.
The wei.ver encouraged 'his wife' to main
tain unshaken confidence in God; who, he as
shred her, would never abandon them in the
extremity of their trial. They parted, mil
tually strengthened, and humbly resolved
to plead with Grid for a happy issue.
l'he government, in consequence of the
frequent robberies that had recently fol
lowed in quick auccessjon, was obliged to
enforce the laws with rigor; the pour wee
ver, therefore, 'had uo reason to hope for a
dispensitiou in his favor, especially as he
had been apprehended in company 'with
the r ubbers. But a still worse feature in
the case was the dreadful fact, that the
Captain of the band had concerted s plan
with his fellows to bring the weaver to the
scaffold, let the consequences be what they
might.' On trial, they all affirmed that the
weaver laud been with them' on other ei
peditions, naming the times, places, and
circumstances. When die weaver plead
ed his innocence, they were sedating as to
look hint in the face, and ask if lie
were not afraid, in the presence of God,
to utter such falsehoods.' Thus matters
went from one court to another, the poor
weaver having no advocate but his una
At length the trial was concluded, and
all were condemned to die. It was deci
ded that the linen weaver should be-hang
ed tirsi; and the Test, after witnessing his
execution, were th Undergo the same sen
tence,Only with this difference, that their
bodies were to leiquariered.: The verdict
had been signed' by the prince. and the el--
caution was to take place in three daye.—
A deep and universal sympathy was exci
ted in beliedOf the weaver—everyone re
garding hint as ttinoCent.•• The elergynian
of the place; rho well knew his innocence,
administered al' the consolation in his
power,-'to supPlirt him:in the trying crisis.
The picas man eiMunoned all . his fpretagths
and committed hits wife ontichibirint to his
heavenly "'atlier Jlis wife crLetf 1 . 00 . 1 . 7
sandy Jaid Servantly to dm Akt.r;llle.aMvoi.
fur deltverance; I'he day,previoui to his
excitation she appeared the .pitectos object
of distress before is Bite of the prince's
mansion, Desiring an ttudiake: — It-prOvi
'llentittlly happened that; while at dinner,
the' history of a'poor "fatbei'of 'a family
was related, Who' had been executed inno
cently. This'gave occasion to speak of
the linen weaver; and when her requeat
fur an audience wits presented, it was
c't.herfully 'granted. 'Her respectable 3 00
pOpOeftemitng appearsipee; in addition' ti,s
her thien distress , SpOke 'so" loud ' a' lan
thit the cheeks of the pripase were
covered with fears.. She conducted her
rife,pritibe,' who was so much' "
that'heiiiistantly, despatched a messenger
with hie pardon; And it was now time—
for it wet Aveniag, aid the next day at
o t tainit, the weaver WGS to be led to
execution. ThellMlenribld umtleNrdel
The princess ordered refreshment for
the weaver)* wife,WWo.sfiX +We' had par
taken, else' histened w* . all possible
speed, to place of execution, impelled
with heertfrltoy and gratitude to . ° od.—
But when elm had travelled about ,two
leagues her system failed trotso Ample,
and the strong excitement dflfer feelings.
She was, 'therefore,' obliged to rest a few
hours; which prevented her' from arriving
till ten o'clock the next notating:
The unaware, r whiteititeen sent, like.
wise met with an eceideitt On the way—
his horse fell with' him and - sprained his
house. He committed the 'pardan to the
Postmaster, who forwarded It by a poStiP
lion. But it Was near too " late. Of's!)
that had transpired, the weaver yet knew
clock struck nine, the knell of execution
sent 'forth lei' awful peal; 'The School
children, as was .the' custom, came. wiiii
their teacher and hymnbooks, in the pro
cessioq ; then the waiver and Ida pastor ;
next the captain and his bind of talkers;
and last of all, dm: executioner end' eisist
ants. A sitilliinde had assembled 'frOwl
the country around about. whniudowed the
procession. attended with i regiment of
armed eoldieis who marched with .ilow
and measured step to the plore'of exeen
don. " The weaver spoke not p..word.:-.lifte
distress was mo . deep forelther team or lan..
guitge ; the • people, 'however, ' observed
that he was intently watched by the keen
eye of the haplened robber-captain. '
The procession at length arrived near
the scaffold; the linen weaver was now
ducted up the ladder...but that - Instant the
palliation came_ riding in fell gallop; lie
hastily handed the letter of pardon to the
magistrate, "who hastily broke seal, and
proclaitned aloud--4'gridonl Pardnal--
for the linen Weaver!" • A shout of joy
then rose up from theassembled thousainds,
that scented to know no end. - In . The
midst of the excitement,' the 'robber-esp.;
tain rose and begged perinisaion to`speak;
when granted, he stepped forward' on the
scaffold. andbeekoned for silence.'
— All were instantly robber
then exclaimed cload- 4 . There is a God.
and dud God Is.a God of fualieei This
I never believed till this moment--therefore
I never feared him, and pie myself uglo
crime. Sometimes in the. midst of my
gniltycourse, things have Occurred whiith
led me to suppose there was a God'Who
governs the world, but I wished to be lure
of it—and to'be so, I thought if I could
bring an innocent. pious. Man into lay so
ciety, and compel him to take part in our
crimes, the( this God could not be 'right
eous, if he sutkred him to fall in the same
punishinent as ourselves.. e must deliv
er him as be WA (to& a . Mit+
Clare before this assembly, that the linen
weaver is perfectly innocent—tie lea pious
and upright maim. • I have made a fair trial
with him, and. God has delivered him:-- -
Yes, there is a God, and that God is a
God of righteousness." lie now begged
to be remanded to prison, alleging that he
had some important disclosures to make.
His request was again granted, and his
promise fulfilled. • ' " •
• In the meantime they had reyived the
weaver, who had fainted under the excite+
ment of the sudden 'transition of feeling.
A circle was formed rounds the scaffold.
when a number Of young men, rushing in
and taking hold of him, raised tim on their
shoulders, anti conveyed him around 'the
streets in triumph ; others raised
bution for him amouning to several hund
red guilders. Just is they were bearing
him through the streets, his wife arrived
from her long and painful 'journey. She
heart, the shouting and saw tbeconcourre
of people. »pardon for the linen weaver!"
resounded in every diiection—and with
sobbing. of transport she followed "the
procession to the public house. • The
meeting of husband and wife was most
deeply affecting— a scene of joy jndiseri'
bable. 'They were conveyed linme in a
coach which their friends hat kjOly pro
vided Jor the occasion. The whitey which
he received raised his condition in life, and
the rich experience he had acquired froui
his assured and simple concideoiv 'in God,
produced i still mum elevating etrectOrl his
Chrielian eriaracter. ' The liktelingolGol
continued with him ; and if he still lives,
he must he a gray-haired man of seventy:
The event oceured in the year 1798,---
Christian Observer. '
Addres of The ante Central fain.
TO WIZ WHIGS O P&NN'tyLVANIII,
Whip of Pennsylvania! - Tour Corte
Central Committee, appoined by the W h
State Convert Con of Maich 15; / 5. 1 0 .# 1 1 01
their first official duty "lo be, that of an
'bouncing to you the nonduatioa, by the
Philadelphia National Convention, of Geo.
Zaciardtv i ravioe, of 'fontioisma, • for nest
President:and ofthe Woo, latbLlA#. o Flt 4,
seas; or New yolk; for scat Yin u Press- 4.4 this.great Union, Having cum.
Seined to ther . Ponverition Which made
'these nominations, as a milieus() necessary
to eel# ll - 111- ceniteohntisko af¢d upai)itryity
of action so legitimate to anccess4-.having
pada:4*d in itsdeliberations by our , del
egates IlltdarkY and fairly chosen. --hay.
mg by such participation bound ourselves
ps a Party, as Whigs, as individuals, to
abide by and suppokt its decisions', 'your ,
Comoutteti . feel authorized, under these
circumstances, and in consequence of the
noble 'and unanimous response which
gnxtts this ticket iii every county of our
great commonwealth, to declare w our pa
hike( brethren io other . States, that the
Whip of Pennitylvauia, with 011(1 univer
sal Acclaim. ratify the nominations and
will re-record that ratification on the 7th
of November next in the most emphatic
manner, by giviog the electoral vote of the
Old. Keystone for TAYLOR and Fitturonn,
without perlikrentiire and without fail.
Whigs of Pennsylvania! In anuounc,
ing these nominations, and your cordial
assent to them, your committee are well
aware that a majority of you probably
cherished is your firstchoice for Chief
TWO DOLLARS PER A.Xlfllllli
)NEW SERIES-NO. 5!:,
Magistrate, that other gallant soldier, Wirt,
'robs Crinada to the gates of Neiico; NI
forty yesrs, by a series of victorfoolfdeed4,"
has 'shed a halo of glory over the Arnaii:
can aims, - Your committee also knnw
that thousands of you hoped again to bulgy
de under that true-hearted civilian whonj
"white plump" so often has been the gut ^:
ing signor . for Whigs in many a wt , I
stricken political field. Your entbusiuti';l4
*sent to the nulninations, therefore,"is t!. f i .
more honorable to you, and ii the strong,
eat evidence of your sense of the hiLifi
claidsti, the moral fitness, sterling oharaet, t 't
and'iMund principles of the nominees." r 4,
Geheral 'Pavlor it is not necessary for ns
la - sPealt. - pis deedi have engraved lir.i
name on the heart of every American vitt:,
ten=—for it' is the name of the Hero amen!+
erbOse brow played the golden sun of P•sof
Alto and licsaca, and whose.fortn was e;,,,
retire - H*ln thd lightning blaze of Mortie - ilif
and newt Vista. " •
W igs of Pennsylvania! If you fri
your duty y in the ensuing contest, the eh -v.
tion of General Taylor is not, fOr one "io,,
staitt, - doubtful. " But it is right to wart
you that you have a entitle, untiring enenri
opposed to you, who, already in Pessettemtr
of this 'public races of the nation, Writ
struggle the more deslperately' to retain
them'. To conquer this- trained veers!)
hand; you must be TIIOROU4aiLY OH:
a Aritzpo 'in 'every 'clecticin district Itt
the Colninettwealth, in such a manner 114
will legit: no hope to our opponents of trj
vercoming Our superior numbers by Omit
Superior discipline. The Committee hit% ri '•!
NW this matter under careful consideratima
and have concluded to mike the following
ist.—That on the corning 4th of July
otthit Friends of General Tavt.ost" unite 1 1 ;
the different counties, townships, or. bora
ough*Clo"eitTeriiiilei tbli 'birth-slay Of "rail'
Natidn in the canal, or any `appropriate
mintier; et 'which songs may be sung,
ousts espreelsive of the sentiments of Ilia
public read, and speeches delivered in ex;
Positillii of the lilbi character and princi,
pltiii oral* candidates. ' -
- ' gind:-...Thitt as soon as possible, an or,
;titillation in each county should be cons,
ineti?ird ; ' last' only:id boroughs and town;:
iihipt, "hoc in etsbool Districts, by means
of VoMmittega' of intelligent men;
that whenever' practicable; Rough ite
Read 'Pluds Should he formed ; arid ever.) .
effort'wain - ''through them to eireulaul
Newtfiripere' end document* to inspirit, , tti
conflict: or to inform. For the preseittaillt•
'steed Of * Mosts Meetings, your Committee
would advise popular Taylor Meetingsaiti
township's and small 'districts; at whiell
those whi3 stre'able to address the "people"
ahobld Made it a point to be present. o'"I
- `l:td,-A•The subject of holdiug'great Mars '
Mintinge, the coniinitwe'have now
in correspondence in relation they, ' ''' Air'
it is n tieetr'shie ihereshould be no W*4l4
in the dines' fixed fort :siding Maas illiteli`
jogs, it is requested that whenever SSW*
meeting is contemplated the prispoiser* , ir
it advitie with this Obnimittetohrough its'
Chairman at Harrisburg; in regard to . illy
proPer'time end place of boldingit. '' ' ''
• ' Withfrtheiti brief recommendations. the
Cothmittele submit the matterlo the Pee ,,
ple. They are impressed with the • tepid
vietion, that in elliesent orgAizatieti Uplas
the part'of 'the rattan* or TiVi t ilif Al
Puppies, is all that is requisite to Fail '
Faunativania, by a refajority'af (mum ii
to 20,000. - Atom - dy• the evidewitiolowa
dial iimiliintity of feeling,, , Of enthinnliiel
devolibif to dr Whig ranee, as alcigichil
iti the' nominee of the Convention.44'
zealous aid vigercius determination to OW
eye the country frem its pieeent annuli:
administration, or Oxcart who ' would pniat
sue a *hiller pojicy-are numerous il ( t
overwhelming te they tole Most insiplritit*;`
The Whig tarty of' Feunlylvunia" ,t,ll
present a United, a interich* and a siali
cirri:sue front, id the ensuing Ccunitill. 'iltto
reedy the fuy 'of victory , lights 0,60 Wkic
eye-n-the glory of spprouitior trii* , i4i
gladdens; every Whig ceinhottanCei'litai
our Opponentp readin the "and in thit
other the' hand Writing of tbelidertu
general Tail,ost nor 'hit ftieada!,rliegt4
sinottnveza t"'' ' '.. '' ,: •
' • '..` ALEXANDER RA MSEV ''
rf.ou,Dirldiahael. David. W. Piatteiriasi v , • •
''Lewes E. 0044 n, Georg* y.3filkir,
abort trees% /Aria coePerr
~,sation'Tosvisseri, Lot ffiolo,lfi
John C. ifuoitair t ' ' vinsie n.A6ikt,
)aricas PDX, . Javiish fare* ' '
'Pamela N/Aut. Qeoi V, liOnlsrso, '
'Boujalula obis a, lobo row*, '- •
George Law. D.'4 , Y00,101Y.. '
'Moans i..Wapers, ia. D. Wiazeare, ,
G Erety, John blairritve ,
.11. Ette r! - ' Di'W
.. Patrick, '
Paul 8...P.traa41, &OA W•Panse,
D. C. Derniattest, . A4akiusku.W W. TWO.
VAdie CesPai Coussivo,
Iloseraereee Oritsie.tc,--"Ah, gentle,
men,Y!'eaclitiMed notitiparte:—it was jury
ett he Walt : about to embark for Egypt - i t.
tome young Americans happened to, by
present, and, an x ious to see the mighty
Odisicati, had obtained the honor of an,
troduction to him ; scarcely were passrA
th,e'citstimpary salutations, whin he eager.
ly fares your cutintrymsn;
the . greit Washington was very
well,' replied the youths, brightening'
the thought that .they Were countrymen 'or
Washington; ohs was very well, General,
when we left America," “Washiquir
can never ho otherwise than well. 'Po ,,
terity will tallt'of him with reverence is.
the founder of a great empire, 'when o,y
name shall be lost in the vortex of Itimpi
lotion." ' .
• "We must be unanimous," obsetroj
H an cock on the occasion of siring 'OW
Declaration of Independence ; Orem,*
no pagjugAtifferont way." ',"
“Yes,” observed Franklin, We niemt ,
all hang together, or most assuredly; Wy
shall all hang separately." -104;
There ure many hour•
SQu ' s life which are2wit thi pit 44,
iteporilint ; but i!je otsreprogi .
nut 4,ie spent idly. k,Ati t t ,
Why is u dog with s broken % til t**
boy cypitsting in' arithmetic,'
be pus dowo a fuid carries' 4: