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H. il. JACOiiY, l'ublatslicr.
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BLOOMS BURG. COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA., WEDNESDAY,' JUNE 7, 1865.
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A PSALM OF OIL.
. Tell me not in.rriournlul measure,
Oil i but an ompty show ;
For Via earth?a deep hidden "treasure,
And a pomp will make it flow.
"Oil is greasy,-' "Oil doth smell bad'
So say thoe who have it not ;
So ol old, the poor fox lelt bad,
When the grapes he had not got.
Nt to stay at home and gruratle "
' Is the way to make your pile,
Bat it. he.irty rough and tumble
Dig and bore till you ' strike tie." ,
K ds are long, and we!! are siukiu;?,
And the earth halt full of hole,
.Show i the signs of constant drilling
Shows. ihe faith that fills our soul.
See at Oil Creek bow they rally,
See in Mecca's mnd domain,
In the Allt'ghany valley,
All have oil "upon the brain."'
Tmet no agent's specious Mory,
13 yourselt and get a Ieae ;
Drill drill deep in eearch-of glory,
Ffid it when you find the grease.
Hits of greenhorn's oft remind ua
We, perhaps, by patient toil,
Can, departing, leave behind os
2 lite a tanking 'fhow of oil."
Such a show as that another
Bitting alter without luck ;
Srne forlorn and lainting brother
Seeking, may keep up Lis pluck
Let os, t!ien. be busy boring
With tlie meaii at our control ;
Kp oh drilling, keep exploring,
Witt; a pump ij ever) hole.
Advtitislc for a Wife, and 7,'bat Caiae cf it.
The Toronto Leader gives the particulars
ol a matrimonial romance in which a Ver
mont preacher, a the main character
lha djudufiieat of - which was, how
ever, anything but romantic to him. It
eetin that a farmer in McH enry county,
Illinois, named W had advertised in a
Chicago paper for a wife, which wa repli
ed to by a dashing y.cng law student of To
ronto, ripe for fun, under the name el Helen
Cari(opher. A warm correspondent ensu
ed, ''Helen' imitating the hand and style
of a I idy anxious to make a good match,
and df-fcrit ing herself as an orphan of re-.opec-iable
family confection, and of mean
residing In Toronto.' The correspondence
Va.fijittllj broken off by W 's neglect
in paying hi postage, which in Canada
amounts to !nir.eihing, ami be married some
vne in his wu neighborhood. But the se
quel contains ihe pith ol the story. W V
father a mini-tcr iu Vermont, and a widow---r,
by some means got hold of ' HtIeaV
letteM to his son, and teing'Mruck with ber
xiyle wrote to ber with a view of marrying
ber himself. He told her, that
'I am a minister of the gospel, am un
rnaripd, buried a nice little wife years ago,
and have no children to tax the attention pf
u. companion. My family is provided for
and cfT my hand I think sometimes of di
" coniinning preaching, and ol retiring to pri
vate life. My age people judge to be thirty
five though I am older. 1 am above the
middle size of men, though not large ; have
"perfect health, and a fair position in society.
My complexion is dark, with dark eyes and
hair; hair not tinged with grey in the leant.
What makes rcy complexion still darker, I
wear a fail beard and moustache."
'May I ask my little girl (if Iniy be al-
hwed to call her so) if you are a Christian ?
Jf you can siug andplay on the melodeon ?
if yoa have good, health? Wbat in your
com'plexion I ' , '
tflelen promptly replied, and an. animated
correspondence ensued, resulting in the rev
erend inviting himself to visit Toronto to ob
lain au interview with his fair correspon
dent. 'This was rather more than "Helen'-'
desired, andt hinking it impurdent lo bring
ihe eld man on fool's errand eome tix hun
dred miles Iroto his "local" habitatioa sent
liim a note oser another name, pretending
lo hava accidentally foucd one of bis letters,
$t;d to be a rival of his for the affections of
.liefen, and tLreaieniog him with casiijgatipn
in case be ehocld make his appearance in
- Tiev J. W.'wrota again to Helen, disclaim
ing any wrong intentions, and asking it his
ma! should exercise any control over each
a lady. She then replied that he' might
ccme, when he responded that be would be
there oa the 9th or lOthofUlay, when be
expected to meet his "little girl," "his dear
est Helen." He arrived on the day appoint
ed, and sent his "little girl'' a note, desiring :
sent him, which was the portrait of a prom-.
I inent actress. Btt the eyes of a large party
of "Helen's" acquaintances, who had been
, let into the secret, were upon him. He ap
' peared sadly di8appointed,beins fidgety in
j his movements, casting wistful glances at
i.ir iaBero uy tie piumeiiuuau iuo sucoii
whilst his tormentors, for such, they weie,
could scarcely ccc.uin themselves. They
were at hi side at the oostotfice, on the
mroet, and even talking with him iu tho ho
Not finding hi "little Helen." he con
cluded to leave town, bnt "she" determined
he 6hould not go until he had learned a les
son. With hii party of friends he appeared
at the station, arid stepping up to the rever
end gentleman, as be stood on the car plat
form, he held oat his hand shooting. "How
are yoa W 1 How are you Miss Helen
Christopher MrT J. W, became pale
with rage, stamped his foot on the planks,
and, with upiiited hands, exclamed. "Yoa
vile rascal, how dare you plav me such a
Just then the trsdn started, amid the shouts
of the merry younij lellows for W and)Hel
en Christopher, bearing oil the disomfiued
foolish old lover, a sadder and wiser man,
and who will probably never gel a wife by'
The Ttibnnc en Secession.
The New York Tribune is de.irsus of
having a rebel leader put lo trial for (reason
before the Court, in order to get a decision
as to the right of secession. What decision
Mr. Greeley desires or expects we can judge
trorn his record. He hold to the rihl of
,:If the cotton states ha!l become satisfi
ed that they can do better out of the Unio
tnan in it, we insist on letting them go in
peace. 7fi right to secede may be a rtvolu
tioH&ry one, but it exists neverlhrtes. " Trii
une, Nov. i, 1860.
He favors Southern secession :
,4Jf the cof.on states unitedly and earnest
ly wish lo withdraw peacefully from the
Unior. we think they should be allowed to
do so.'' Tniune, Nov. 26, 1S60.
Ha says.fcrce would be wrong :
"Any attempt, to compel them by force
to remai.i would te contrary to the princi
ples endiiciated in our immortal declaration
of Independence contrary to the funda
mental ideas on winch the human liberty is
bueed." 77Iu.,' 6ame date.
He will resist coercion :
"We mutt ever resist the right of any
state to remain in the Union and nullify the
laws thereof to wiih-'.. w from the Union
is quite another matter. Whenever a con
siderable section ol our Union shall deliber
ately resolve lo gu oat, we s'aall resist all
coercive measures, to keep it in. We hope
never :o live in a republic whereof one sec
tion is pinned to another by . bayonets."
Tribune, same data.
He finds a precedent for secession :
"If the Declara ion of Independence jus
tified the secession from the British empire
of three million of colonials, in 177G, we do
not see why it would not jjsl ify the seces
sion of five million of Southerners from the
Union in 1361. ,: TtiSune, December 17,
He agrees to "i xward" secession .
"Whenever it shall be clear that the great
body ot the Southern people have becdrne
conclusively alienated from the Union, and
anxious to escape from it, we will do our
beat to forward their views." Irtbune, Feb.
We woulj quote more, bnt these are
enough too much. They show that the
Tribune led oiT in advocating secesion
from the very day after Lincoln' election, till
the week before hi inauguration, and many
abolition jnurn als beid to the pame views
A beautiful record this, for the leading
' Union parly !"' organ which has never
retracted one of tho above opinions; but
holds them ready to be used in future,
should that party fail to hold power, and the
sixieen-starred flags of 1S56, again bo
hoisted by the negro-equality parly.
Was it any exesse for Greeley Ibat the
present Chief Justice, Chase, and Secretary
of State, Seward, had, as Tf-ena'tors, voted
for a proposition favoring' a dissolution of
the Union, or that Abraham ' Lincoln, as a
member of Congress, had made a speech
from which we quote; "
"Any people, unywhere, being inclined
and having the power, have a right to rise
up and shake off the existing government,
and form a new one that may suit them
'This is a most valuable, a most sacred
right a right which we hope and believe
is lo liberate the world. Nor is the righl
confined to cases in which the whole peo
pie of an existing government may choose
to exercise it any portion ol such people
that can may revolntionize and make , their
own of so much of the territory as they in
habit. More than this ; a majority of any
portion of such top!e may revolntionize,
patting down a minority intermingled with,
or near about them, who may oppose their
moveraenls."-Ccri5rmiona Globe, Jao. 12,
1343. " ' : '.
NocG9,Jr., FpeaUing cf a blind wood-sawyer,
says. "While Done ever saw him bee,
thousands have seun him saw.'7
(Is was a poetical chap who described
ladies' lipa as the glowing gateway of beans,
pork, sour fcrout a id potatoes.
THE HOSE CALL.
Bring home the battle-flags, all stained and
With bursting shell and grimy battle
The flags that through the fierce fight ye
Amid the hissing lead, the sabre's stroke,
And place them on each waiting armory
wall, That they may speak of the great pat to all.
Bring home your muskets, stand them one
In the vast arsenals, end tten leave them
The glorious work which called them forth
The din of war is no more in the air ;
The battle-echoes fade and fade away,
And Pacd is .dawning on a broader day.
Bring back the cannon, let the spider spin.
Her thin laced web within ihern where
No more their throats shall .vaka with dread
The drowsy hamlets of our wide-spread
Or cast them into bells that ne'er shall cease
To fill the air with sweet toned notes of
Bring borne the leathern knapsacks ye have
With bending backs along the dusty ways,
The mounted cross-bells ye've so proudly
A new light shines from brighter, happier
The cloud of war is swiftly passing by,
And once again the sun shines in the sky.
Bring back your swords, and lay them by
at home ;
Ah is it not a proud a noble thonghl
To know your children in the year to come
Shall point to these and say, "Oar fathers
fooght !" -Bring
back your swords, and hang them on
To grasp aain whene'er your country calls.
Come home, ye veterans ; welcome, wel
come home !
"Come," say the lips of mothers and of
Your children's joyous voices echo "Come!"
We thank toe God of Battles for your live;
And now the morning dawning on the night
Breaks in the Iutur9 beautiful and bright.
The Tender Passion. Thackeray rays
that "when a man is in love with one wo
man in a family, it io astonishing how fond !
he becomes of every one connected with it.
He ingratiates uimelf wkb the mails ; he
is bland with the butler ; he interests him
sell with the footman ; he runs on errands ,
for ihe daughters ; he gives and lends mon j
ey to the young sou. at college ; he pats
little dogs which bs would kick otherwise ;
be smiles at old stories, which would make
him break out in yawns were they ottered
by any but papa ; he drinks sweet Port
wine, for which be would curse the stew
ard aad the whole committee at a club ; he
bears even with the cantankerous old maid
en aunt; he beats lime when darling little
Fanny performs her piece on the piano ;
and smiles when wicked, lively little Bobby
upsets the coffee over his shirt."
Swallowed a Pix. Capt. C. C. Plotz, ofj
tne 143d re'gt P. V., was summoned heme !
last week by the alarm of his family at the
fact that a little daughter bad accidentally
swallowed an ordinary sizad pin. It gave
ber considerable uneasiness for soma days,
and fears were entertained of its lodging
permanently. The child exhibited some
kytnpioms of going into fits; but a day or
two after the Captain's arrival, he had the
satisfaction of seeing the pin pass from her.
The little girl is now well as ever. Luzerne
A Plot or the Negro soldiers at Mem
phis, to murder every Confederate paroled
prisoner there, was discovered and thwar
ted last week. Thursday night was the
time fixed for the massacre, but white
troops had been placed on guard, and when
the negroes attempted to eally from their
quarters, they met a determined resistance.
In the figkt which took place twenty of the
negroes were Icilled end wounded. Since
then they have been strongly guarded.
General Washburne has been superseded
in command at Memphis by General Joha
"Doctor, I want yoa lo prescribe for me."
The doctor feels ber pulse. ''There is noth
ing the matter, madam; you only need rest."
Now, doctor jail look at my longue just
look at it ! look at it ! "Now I say what
does thai need." "1 thick, that needs rest
too.'' Exit madam, in a great excitement.
Schoolmaster ''Bill To in kins, wbat'a a
Bill "A widder is a married woman
what ain't got any husband, koz he's dead.'
Master 'Verry well. What is a wid
Bill-r-"A widderer is a man that runs ar.ter
Clement B. Clay was not captured with
Jelfersoc Davis,bnt voluntarily gave himself
op to stand trial on the ch arge of being im
plicated in the assassination of Mr- Lincoln.
Gerry O'Lbdqs at the Oil Regions.
I have reached the land of oil, having ta
ken a safer rout than the Erie.
Pennsylvania is a good sized State, and it
takes sometime to get there.
When you do get there yoa wish you
There is plenty of oil and that is all ex
cept lots of people.
I am for "Snake Run," the most likely
place for oil.
They call these places rnns, because ev
erybody who is after oil runs here.
Every man you meet is the President, di
rector, or. engineer of a petroleum company.
The native?, who are while people, and
repemble country folks, live by selling land
They have a system in both transactions.
They double llie price of land every morn
ing. If y6a kriow anybody who has got a few
vacant lots that he wants to sell, tell him to'
bring them out hero.
The folks are so busy looking for oil they
haven't time to build houses, and everybody
is afraid to put up a house for fear he might
cover an oil well.
Consequently (be hotels are a little crowd
ed. The Muggins Hotel, where I put op is
Muggins, tho proprietor, is the mo6t ac
comodating man you ever Baw. A city rail
road conductor isn't a circuni3lauco to
He has only six beds in bis hoase, but be
is always ready lo take in everybody.
He took Ria in.
Also two hundrsd more petroleum pil
grims. The sleeping accommodations are various.
We go to bed in platoons.
When the first platoon gat asleep they are
carefully taken out of bed and hung over a
close line. The second platoon go through
the same process, until! everybody is pro
Preferring to sleep a!one, I slept on tho
mantle piece wi;h the coal scuttle for a piU
. As I observed land is precious out here, I
bought a lot ton inches by four, for ten thou
sand dollars, and commenced operations.
The next thing is to commence boring.
You wan: a sharp' bore- A public lectur
er won't do,ncithdr will a skating gimlet.
I took a brace and bit aod went iu.
Got down about teven thoasand feet in to
the bo-vels of the laud, when 1 came to an
Found that I had struck the pra-Ad mite
I rock of the ossified strata of the Silurian for
This is geology, and yon perhap? won't
understand it, but 1 will explain it all in the
l .i so-.
PPr 13 l Historical society i am aoout
Got 8 candle and went down to see about
1 found a big Megatherium, about six bun
dreJ feet long, aad wide, in a capital state
I got him cat and will send hira along by
Went on boring through forty feel of sand
Here enconntereJ a strange smell of sal
phur which alarmed the native who sold me
tho land, and lo eae his conscience gave
back half the money, and wanteJ mo to
! stop boring.
Told him I was beend to keep on nntill I
struck ile, br come oat on the other hide of
creation. Bored on. Went through about
sixty thoasand feet more, when sudJonly
the brace and bit went in, and there wa a
grand report like that made by Butler's pow
der boat that didn't blow up Fort Fisher.
Things were slightly confused for awlnlo.
A section of Pennsylvania went up, and I
went up with it. I guess I mal have come
down again, as the next idea I had was
finding myself comfortable, hung orer ihe
clothes line at Muggins Hotel.
An investigation into the matter showed
that I bad struck through into a gass factory
in China, which had exploded at both ends
of the bore, killing half a million of Chi
nese. The casualties on our side were confined
to one native aad a small dog.
1 haven't givea ap yet.
The folks here a;e very encouraging: they
will click t a man as long as he has aent
left, and I never new Muggins to turn a mac
out of his hotel to pay his bill.
A kind hearted chap offered me another
piece of land, the siza of a s'.ove plate,
within a mile and a half of a seven hundred
barrel well, lor the reasonable figure of half
a millioa, and two-thirds of the oil.
I had calculated that boring for oil is not
so profitable as bleeding the public I thall
start an oil company on more liberal terms
than any yet offered.
I shall be prepared to guarantee anything.
The capital will be a million dollars, divi
ded into two million shares, at fifty cents
Dividens of two hundrad per cent, will be
paid weekly, in addition to which'.each sub
scriber will be entitled ton season ticket for
Lanigan'a Ball, a new hat, a farm near La
Crosse, and a ton of coal td market prices.
The "Scaly ilnn" Petroleum Company
will be the biggest thing ia oil in the mar
ket. I am going to arrange the basinets as
soon as my frienda send rao funds enough
to pay ray way back.
From the Old Guard
The Republican a Disaaloa Tarty.
Why should we rejoice 1 If the surrender
of Gen. Lee were the least proof that the
South has been conquered or subjugated by
the North, so far from rejoicing, it ought to
cause, in tho breast of every patriot, of ev
ery friend of liberty, the most painful sad
ness. But thank God, the event carries with
it no such proof. The Sonth is neither sub
jugated nor conquered. Tho defeat of all
ber armies would be far enough from
amounting to subjugation. Bat if there is
to be an end of bloodshed, then sincerely
do we rejoice in iho hope, of seeing all the
questions involved in the controversy set
tled by the exercise of reason and justice
As to justice, the sword may establish noth- I
ing it as often aids the wrong as tha righl
cause. WitSess ihe triumph of Russian
arnts over tho holy cause of Poland ; and of
Austria over Hungary. What is the char
acter cf tho man who rejoces in the murder
and extermination of the Poles, and in the
final trinmph ot despotic Russia over that
brave people ? As good, certainly, as that
of the man rho cocld rejoice ai the thought
of the subjugation ol the South by lha North.
He is a wretch '. a scoundrel, who is an
enemy to the grand tbeory of government
established by our fathers, and deserves to
be execrated by every friend ol liberty and
self government ! We havo no word but
that of scorn for such a creature. He should
have been born in Russia, or in some other
hated spot, where ihe word liberty is count
ed as a crime; but while a love of truth,
and a sense of duty, force na to this declara.
lion, we are not without the hope that hu
manity and reason may now return lo tho
Northern heart and brain. We speak of
the masses of tho people, and not of the
leaders cf tha Republican party. Of theea
last we expect nothing bnt a luel of power,
plunder and despofn-ra. They wanted the
war. Difguie it as they may evade, cover
up, and lie aa they may there stands the?
naked, shameful truth, lhat they wanted
this war. Among ihe last words of Mr.
Douglas in th9 Senate were these, (point
ing to the Repcblicau Senators,) "You
want rrar!" If they did not, how easy to
avoid it ! Tho proposition of Mr. Critten
den, which was simply a re-aSrmation ol
ihe ground on which ihe country had found
peace and prosperity for half a century, if
accepted by the Republicans, would havo
saved millions cf lives, and a debt that no
man can compute. Would have saved the
anguish of many millions of hearts, which
time can never fcaal. Theso fair and just
measnres of peace were sustained by the
whole Democratic party in- Congress, and
opposed by tho entire Republican delega
tion. A brief history ef this struggle for
peace on the part of the Democrats, and
for war, on the part of the Republicans,
will fasten the crime of all this bloodshed
npon the Abolitionists.
Finding the Republican majority in Con
gress unyielding in their determination not
to accept tte compromise as introduced by
Mr. Crittenden, a proposition was made in
the House ol Representatives on the 27i!i of
Fubru-uy, 1861, to'submit the question to a
vote ol the people. The following were
ihe resolutions embodying that proposition :
Whereas, The Union is in danger ; and
owing to the unhappy divisions existing ia
Congress, it would be difficult, if U9l im
possible, .for lhat. body to concur, in bolh
Us branches, by the requisite nifj rity, so
as to enable it either to adopt men meas
ores of legislation, or to iscommend to tho
Stale such amendments to tho Consulu
tion as are deemed necessary and proper
m v r
to avert that danger; Ana uhctcjs, in so
great an emergency lha opinion and judg
ment of tha people ought lo ta beard, ad
would be the surest guide to their Repre
sentatives ; therefore,
Resolved Ly tks Senate and. Home cf Hcpre
scnlativct cf tke United Slcdcs in Congress as
femblol, That provisions ouht to be made
by law, withoGt dalay, for taking the sense
of tbe peoplo, and submitting lo their vote
the following resolutions (Crittsndon's) as
the basis for the fiual and permanent settle
ment of those disputes that now disturb the
peace of ihe country and threaten the exis
tence of the Union.
Upon the proposition to submit tho Crit
tenden Compromise lo lha sense of the
people, the following was the vote in the
House of Representatives, Feb. 27ih, 1S6 1 :
Yeas Messr. Adrian, William C. Ander
son, Avery, Barr, Barrett, Bocock, Boteler,
Bonligny, Brabson, Branch, Briggs, Bristow,
Brown, Burcb, Burnett, Horace F. Clark,
John Cochrane, Cox, James Craig, Burton
Craige, John G. Davis, De Jarnelte, Dim
mick,Edmandson, English, Florence, Fouke,
Garnett, Gilmer, Hamilton, J. Morrison Har
ris, John T. Harris, Hatton, Holman, Wm
Howard, Hughes, Jenkins.Kunkle, Larabee,
James M. Leach, Leake, Logan, Maclay,
Mdllory, Charies D. Martin, Elbert S. Mar
tin, Majnaad, McClernand, McKcnty, Mill
son, Montgomery, Laban T. Moore, Isaac
N Morris, Nelson, Niblack, Noell, Peyton,
Phelps, Pryor, Quarles, Riggs, James C.
Robinson, Rust, Sickels, Simms. William
Smith, William. N. H. Smith, Stevenson,
James A. Siewart, Stout, Thomas, Vallan
digbam, Vatica, Webster, Whitely, Winsiow,
Wojdson, and Wricht 80. Democrats,
61 ; Americans, 19 ; Republicans, not one.
Nays Messrs. Charles F. Adams, Aid
rich, Alley, Ashley, Babbitt, Beale, Bing
ham, Blair, Blake, Boffinton, Burlingamp,
Brayton, Bornham, Butterfield, Campbeil,
Carey, Carter, Case, Cobnrn, Clark, B.
Cochrane Coliax, Cockling, Conway, Cor
in, Covode, H. Winter Darts, Dawes, De
lano, Duel'., Dunn, Edgerbsn, Edwards, El
liott, Ely, Ethfcridgcj Farnsworth, Fenton,
Ferry, Foster, Frank, French,- Gooch, Gra
ham, Grow, Hale, Hall, Helmick, Hickman,
Hindmand, Hoard, Williarc A. Howard,
Humphrey, Hotchins, Irvine. Junkin. F. VV.
Kellogg, William Kellogg, Kenyon Kilgore,
Killinger, De Witt C.'Leech, Lee, Long-
Rice, Christopher Robinson, Royce, Scrau
ton, Sedgwick, Sherman, Somes, Spaulding,
Spinner, Stanton, Stevens, Wm. Stewart,
Stralton, Tappan, Thayer, Theaker, Tom
kins, Train, Trimble, Vandever, Van Wyck,
Verree, Wade, Waldron, Walton, Cadwala
der C. Washburne, Elihu B. Wathburne,
Wells, Wihson, Windom, Wood, and Wood
ruff 113. Republicans, 111; Americans,
2 ; Democrats, none Congressional Globe,
Thus the Republicans, having a clear ma
jority; in the House ot Representatives, re
fused to submit the Crittenden Compromise
to the sense of the people.
The question then reverted to the original
proposition. It was not until Sunday, the
3d of March, 1861, the last day of the
i Thirtv sixth Cor.cress. that a vote was ter-
miUed 5n ,he ina,e uPon ,he rlaQ of ai"
junujciu KnoAii as u.o - nucnuen vuui
promise." Thai vole is given as evidence
that tho Republican Senators never intended
that any plan of compromise should be
adopted with their approval, bat thatf their
party doctrines and the supremacy of their
party in the control of the Government
were far superior to their desire for the pres
ervation of the Union iu peace and with the
good will of all the Slates.
Upon the direct vote, taken March 2d,
1861, for the adoption of the Crittenden
Compromise, just as it was offered by the
distinguished Senator from Kentucky, the
following was the result in the Senate
yeas, 19 ; nays, 20.
Yeas Messrs. Bayard, Bigler, Bright,
Cri.tenden, DoBglas, G win, Honter, John
ston, of Tennessee, Kennedy, Lana, Latham,
Mason, Nicholson, Polk, Pugh, Rice, Sebas
tian, Thomson and Wig!a!l-rl9 ; of which
17 were Democrats, and 2 Americans.
iVujs Messrs. Anthony, Bingham, Chan
dler. Clark, Dixon, Doolifila, Daikee Fes
scnderi, Foot, Foster, Grimes, Harlan, King.
Morrill, Sumner, Ten Evck, Trumbull,
Wade, Wilkinson and Wilson 20; ail Re
publicans. Il thus appears that all the Democrats and
Americans present in the Senate voted for
lha Crittenden Compromise, aad all the
Republicans voted against it.
Before this vo'e was given, as a last ef
fort to avert lha impending conflict, a Peace
Convention, composed of delegates of sev
eral cf the States, assembled in Washing
ton at the invitation of Virginia, for the
purpose of maturing some proposition
which it was hoped would be acceptable lo
the dominant party. They agreed upon
measures of peace, but, like all other1, they
were rejected by tho Republican party.
Tha following letter, wriitun by Senator
Chandler, nf Michigan, to the Governor of
that State, exposes, as clearly as any lan
guage we could employ, ihe spirit which
prompted the Republicans to oppose every
possible plan of peace :
My Dear Governor : Governor Bingham
and myself telegraphed you on Saturday, at
the request ol Matfsachussdtts and New
i ork, io seud delegates lo Ihe i eace or
Compromise Conjzre-. They admit that
we were right and they wrong ; that no
Republican State should have sonl dele
gates ; but they are here and can't get
away. Ohio, Indiana, Rhode Lland, are
caving in, and thero is some danaer of Illi
nois, and now they beg ca for God's sake
to come to their rescue, and save tke Hepub
ticun vnrw from runlure. I ho:e yoa will
send stiff-Lacked men or none. Tbe whole j
thing was gotten up against my judgment j
and advice, and will e:id in thiu smoke, j
Still 1 hone, as a matter ol courtesv to some :
of our erring bretnern, that jou
.... i j
Truly your friend,
Hih Excellency, Austin Blair.
P. S. Some cf the manufacturing States
think that a fiyltt '.ccvld be mcfvl. Without a
Untie bhod'Uiting tJs Unhu trou.'J net le
Viottk a curse.
Mr. Douglas, 'ia a Fpeoch delivered in tic
Ssnale on the 3d of Jinuary, 18G1, said: j
I fear from every indication thai the Re-'
publican party is disposed to treat the mat-
tcr a? a party question, to bo delormmed in :
a caucus wiihor.l reference to iu effects j
upon the reace of the country and the safe- (
ty ol tto union I t.e unity ot me party is
nearer to isem man tno ur.uy oi ma o!b.?.
Tbe American people have nol decided thai
they preferred the disruption of this Gov
ernment, and civil war, with all its horrors
and miseries, to surrendering o:io iota of the
During tho pendency cf the peace meas
ures, Scatter Docglae ulo said :
The Senator (Mr. Pugh,) has said that if
the Crittenden proposition could have been
passed early in the session, it would have
saved all the Stales except South Carolina.
I firmly believe il would. While the Crit
renden proposition was not ia accordance
with my cherished views, I avowed my
readiness and eagerness to accept it in order
to save ihe Uniou, if we could unite upon
it. I can confirm the Senator's declaration,
that Senator Davis, when on thai Committee
of Thirteen was ready, ai all times, to com
proms fe on tke Crittenden ptoposition. I xrill
go further and 3iiy that Itir. loombs teas also.
And thus he placed the responsibility cf
the rejection of Ihe measure :
1 believe this to be a fair basis of amica
ble adjustment. If yoa of the Republican
side are not willing to accept this, nor the
proposition of the Senator from Kentucky,
(Mr. Crittenden,) pray tell os what yoa are
willing to do ? I address the inquiry to
Republicans alone, for tke reason that in tke
Committee cf Thirteen, a few days ago, every
member from tkeSoutk, including those from the
Cotton States, (Messrs. Davis and Toomb?,)
txjnessed then rc idincss to accept the proposi
tion of my venerable iriend from Kentucky (Mr.
Crittenden,) as a f.nal tcltlemetd of the contro
versy, ij intended and sustained by the Repuhli
can'members. Hence, the soik responsibil
ity Or OUR DISAGREEMENT, AND THE ONLY DIF
FICULTY IN THE WAY OF AN AMICABLE ACJUST
MKNT, IS WITH THK REFI'BLICAN PARTY.
This settles the matter. We conld have
had peaco.t with the Union, and on pre-
war upon the Constitutional rights of tbe
Sou. h for more than a third of a century.
From year to year this party bad been
growing in strength and. violence, until at
last it elecied a President pledged to carry
out to the fullest extent its aggressive and
murderous spirit. In a moment of alarm (
and of well-caused alarm, the South de
manded guarantees that their Constitutional
rights should be respected. The Republi
can 'party answered only with sneers and
threats. The deliberation of its delegates
in Congress, and of its State Legislatures,
resembled more the gibberish of a grinning
match of guntoos than the councils of states
men. Their whole spirit was embodied in
the so characteristic words : "Without a lit-
tie blood-letting the Union would not be
worth a curse." They were tbe authors,
and the sole authors, of ihe war. Every
drop of blood thai has been shod is on their
guilty souls. The Somh wanted peace ;
and it wanted peace in tke Union, on the ba
sis of the Constitution as it was interpreted
by those who mde it, or as il had been ad
ministered from the foundation of the Gov
ernment. A party had come into power,
founded upon a "higher law" than the
Constitution. The South had cause o be
alarmed, and it had a right to demand guar
antee that its institutions should be no fo
ther warred upon. What an impudent, ly-
ing tongue, is that which declares lhat
"slavery caused the war !" Slavery caused
the war in no other sense than money in a
man's pockets causes robbery. To be sore,
if there had been no "slavery" there weald
have been Do Abolitionists, just as if there
had been no. such thing as money, or its
value, there never would bave been a rob
ber. In a legal view, the same morality
and logic which -justifies abolitionism justi
fies relict y. Tbe South bad the same light
to take tfie best measures within its reach
to protect herself from abolitionism that il
had to provide against .robbery. If there
was no other way to guard its property bt,t
to resume the powers it bad delegated to
the Federal agency, its rijht to take lhat
step is as clear as a rr.an'a right lo protect
his o n life. An ignoramus, or a rascal,
may deny this proposition ; bnt a wise man,
or a statesman, never. Bat what the South
had a right to do, and what was policy for
her to do, may be very different things'
The rght of a Stale to resama sis "delegate!
powers" fa: self-protection, is as clear as
the -sun ; but pidicy, we think, would have,
in the case of the South, led to the adoption
of a different remedy. A very small ppr.
tion of the North was really Aboliiionized.
The Democratic party was divided and de
mora! zed by the long practiced fclfirhues
and dishonesty of i;s leaders. It was on
this account that a revolutionary and disun
ion northern party slapped into power. We
say disunion, for the founders of that party
had been open distmioniits for a third of a
century. WhiJe Jefferson Davis, and those
lik him in the South, were for the Union,
theae meu were for disunion. Tho reader
of the Old Guard are in possession of thetr
full record on this point, but though they
were politically in power in ihe Norih"7they
were, in reality, in a great minority of num
bers. Had the South remained to fight her
rights out politically, in tke Union, abolition
ism would, at length, have been driven to
thj.wall, and disarmed of all its power for
evil. And even now, we are persuaded that
the shortest way for her to be revenged op
en Abolitionism is to return straight to '
the Union, by every ct:e of tho seceded
States passing repealing acts. This will
place those States back in the Union with
out terms dictated by the Abolition admin- -istration.
Then the administration will
have a right only to appoint Euch federal
oiTiceis as are authorized by (he Constitu
tion. If any others were appointed who
darjJ to make their appearance in their
midst, they would be amicable to tha State
la ws, ami might be punished according to
, heit cr-m,c3
against theso laws. La! the
Sjcth take this course, and the face of Ab
olitionism will be blanched with fright ia a
moment. Its heart will be seize. 1 with the
most horrid lo-ar. It would bring an end to
the war, end then would commence the bu
siness of settling up the accounts of tha
war. An awful business to those who have
carried it on. It will be their judgment day.
And the Union nothing is terrible to them
as the thought of the restoration of tha
Union. They want a "new nation." That
is what they call it. A new nation, wherein
dwelleth negroes and white men apd -women
in beautiful and undistinguishable fa
miliarity and equality. We had an illustration
of theaJministr3tion'8 fear of the old Un
ion in the removal ef Gen. Weitzel aa com
mandant at Richmond. That officer was
appoalad to for permission to assemble the
Legislature of Virginia, with the under
standing that it wished to call a Convention
of the pebpla for ihe purpose of repealing
the act of secession, and thereby placing
that Stale fully tack in ihe .Union. For
givinr that permission Gan. Weitzel waa
speedily and wrathily set to one side, and a
more pliant tool of northern disunion put
ia bis place,' These persons mean not to
permit the Union to be restored ; they dare
not! A restoration of ihe Union will pre
serve the laws which they have outraged.
The idea of restoring tbe Union is ten thou
sand limes more hatefal to tbe Abolitionists
than to the secessionists of the Sooth. While
the party in power can prevent it, thera
will never be a return of lb,e glorious old
Union th'ul was formed by our wise and pa-.
Iriotic forefathers. " -