Newspaper Page Text
ly r U. JAC03Y, f oMisher
Trclb and Ribt- Cod and our Country.
Two Dollars per Annuii.
. VOLUME ' J 5.
BLOOM COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA.. WEDNESDAY JUNE 2& 1864.
.. ! ' ' '
, ., - -, .M ' : 1
A roitTurvi; fou ami
", ' EITDGS HEX OB IrOJlEX !
0 tO .
' 1 Wo HUMBUG, but an ENTIRELY NEW
Yhing.: Only three month -in this pounlry.
kio elap-tr p operation to gull the public,
Vara genuine money making thing! Read
f he Circu'ar of instruction once onlr and
oo will understand it perfectly. A Lady
basjnst written to me that she is' making
Mbih 'it TWENTY EtoLLAte SOME
giving instructions in . this art.
Thousands ot Soldiers are making - money
taphily at it. thin that TaWs tetter
ihn anything ever cfiered You can
rnake money with it ho me or abroad on
Vteam boats or railroad cars, and 'in the
Country or city. You will be pleaded in
pursuing it, not only because it will ield
handsome income, bat also in conge
'boence of the general admiration which it
'liciis. It ia pretty much all profit. A
nere trifle rVnecessr to atari with.
There is scarcely one person oat of
Hhousand who ever paye any attention to
dertiemeuts of this kind, thinking they
re humbug. Consequently ihoie An do
end for instruction. will ha 'a broad
field to mae money ;.n. There is a class
' persona in thia world who would think
ti because their hVe "been humbnggei
out of a doIUr or so, that everything that
is advernad i a humbug. ..Consequently
be trj no more. The person who soc-
ed ia the one that keep on trying nttil,
:ba hita something that pays him-.
( This art cot me on ihoasand dollars
nd 1 eipect to mikemon'SyoM of i: and
II who purchase the art of me will do the
aame. One Dollar sent to sne will in-ure
he prompt return ot a crd of insirnrtons
in the act. The moy wi'l it rtftunid ta
1ho not tatufied.
Addreaa WALTER T. TlN'SLEY,
' No. 1 Park PIce,Ncw York.
Oct. 21, 1863 3m.
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. 11- .
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fio. 25, 1883. ly,
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; Dr. Harvey'a Treatise oa diseases 6f Fe
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iCTSoid by "all the principal dfajjists.
, N6r.33, )l-)y. '
' i rttlLIIHlD ITltr VIDIIKMT IT
$rik II. JACOBY,
Office on Main St.. Srd Sqnare T)efIo Karkct.
TERMS: Two Dollars rVr annum If paid
within aix months from'th'e time of subscri
bing: two dollars and fifty cents if not paid
within the year. No subscription taken for
a fees 'period th'k'n Vix months; no discon
rTnuhn'c'e "p'erfnitfed onlil alt arrearages are
'paid, unless at the. option of the editor. ;
2 a leirh's 'ff advertising trill bt a$ follows :
Onesquare, twelve lines three times, SI 00
Evelry Subsequent insertion, . 25
Orie Square, three months, 3 00
Orte year, ' . . . R 00
Wb find the followinz in one of our city
papers, copied from a Charleston paper:
the socmen girls. . :
Air Bonnie Blue Flag. -
aa aMMM ...
Ob, yes, I am a'Sootberan &Yt
I glory in the name,
And boast it with far greater pride
Than grrtfe'rrng wealth or Tate.
I envy not the Northern girl,
Her ro'je of beao:y rare,
t'ho ogh-d'iaVnnrnds grace her sanay neck
'And pearls bedeck her hair
Hurrah, hurrah for the Sunny South so dear,
Three cheers for the homespun dress thai
S utbern lad-Met wear.
The homespun dress is plain I know
Hy hai'a palmetto, too
But then It shows what Southem'girls
For Southern rights will do-
We've sent the bravest ol our land
To battle with le fci
And we would lend a helping hand
We fn've the South, you know,
Now Northern goods are out of date; J
And since "Old Abe s" blockade, I:
We Southern girls will be content
With poods that's Sombrero made.
We scorn to wear a bit of lace,
A bit of Nor' hern silk ;
But make bur homespun dresses op,
And wear them with much grace.
The Southern land's a glorious land,
And hers a glorious cause
Then here's three cheers for Soth'rn rights 1
Anifor the Southern bjiys. i
We have ?nt our sweethearts to the war;
But. dear girl, rever mind,
Your soldier-love will not forget
The giHs he len behind.
Hurrah, hurrah, forthe Sunny South sodear,
Three cheers for the sword and plume tbat
Southern soldiers wear.
A soldier lad is the lad for me
A brave heart I adore
And when the Sonny Sooth is free,
And finhtihg is no more,
I will choose one then a lover bfive
From out that glorious band ;
The soldier lad 1 love the best
Shall have my heart and band.
And now, young men, a word to yon :
It yoo would win the fair, -Go
to the field where honor calls,
Arid win your la ly there.
Remember tbat our brightest smiles
Are for the true and brave
And that our tfears fail for the one
Who fills a soldier's grave.
Chorus. L. H. V.
Thk Republicans tried to expel Mr. Long
from the House for saying that he preferred
the acknowledgment of the independence
of thS South to the extermination of the
people. This was his whole offence. Yel
in the debate upon this prnpositon, an
Abolition member, Mr. Grinnell of Iowa,
" wBulcl rather say a thousand limes, let
Ihe Country be divided the South gd their
way all slave, and the North all free rath- .
er than to see the country once, mofe under
Democratic misrule." I
This is patriotism, but Mr. Long's remark )
was (teason, according to Abolition logic!
"The shameful hypocrisy and partisaii ma
five of this whole movement, are well illus
trated by fhis.
Bat another little fact is eqralljr stgnTft
ant in this direction. The whole Republi
can force in th.Hone united in declaring
Mr Long's speech to be treasonable and
well designed to afford aid and comfort to
the enemy.. Yet the leading men among
Ihem subscribe foi thousands oj copies of this
utrtaSonalile speech" for circulation anion g
their constituents ! If it was treason to utter
the speech, was it not treason to calculate
it ? xet tnis was done by the very men
who spoke loudest and were most active
in support of the movement lo eipe'l Mr
iMPORtiST I nfrORMAUos. Col. J G.Fnese
keeps constantly da hand and for sale, a
the Recorder's office in Blooms burg, "The
Consul ution of the United States'," and of
the ''State of Pennsylvania'," in VafJous
styles,, at prices Id suit j also, sundry other
democratic books; documents, arid speech
e j together with legal, note and cap pa
per, pens, ink and envelopes of all sites
and style's, as well as theological, poetical,
Historical and miscellaneous books, cheap.
Wendell Phillips, in one of bis . recent
speeches, -made the assertion that "the
whole debt of the country national, State,
county and town obligations woald, if the
ar closed the nel day, amoaot to half the
property of the nation.
A new balmoral shoe factory at Hartford
is so, arranged that a shoe goes through
thirteen different hands, and come oat
complete ia tea miaater..
Jefferson Davis' Peace EnTayi.
WberOie Hon. Alexander H. Stephens,
Vice President of the Southern Confederacy.j , That he Republican party is.in the tfpain,
applied for a personal interview with Mr. . responsible lor this cruel and 'desVblaiing
Lincoln, and was curtly and arrogantly de- war. there can be jio reasonable donbt. It
nied admission within oar lines," Vp'6'n a will be a part of history, fbe impartial hls
poiat of etiquette, we expressed sorrow i torian.'at a future ay.when tt-s din of bat
and surprise that the Adajinistration should tie will no more be beard, and strife, envy,
have thus dismissed an opportunity to open partiian prejudice, are forgotten, will en
a nath of negotiation that mii?hi have fed to large upon the causes and sat the matter to
an honorable peace. The Administration
journals, at the time, insisted that Mr.
Stephen's mission was entirely dicbnnect
ed with any purpose of a diplomntic nature.
and that it referred exclusirely to a military
question.' We advanced VTg'o'rVlen'ts to
prove the contrary, and exposed the absur
dity of the enpposition that a statesman,
of such superior abilities a Mr. .Stephens,
and 'one of such hish official grade in the
Confederacy, should have been dispatched
upon an errand less important than the dis.
cossion of the tadical points of difference
between the sections. We publish to-day
a recent correspondence between Jefferson
Davis and Governor Vance, of North Caro
lina, that proves that we were correct
in our 'estirhafe of Mr Stephens's mis
sion ; and that fnrther proves how obstinate
and systematic have been' this Administra
lion in cfesins all .the avenues tbroogh
which the influence of reconciliation might
enter. When we reflect upon the terrible
sacrifice of life that has occurred since that
time, and of the new obstacles to compro
mise that have been engendered, it is im
possible for the patriot and the humane
man to repress his indignation at the heart
less treachery of those officials who, for
their own purposes, could thus coldly shot
the door in the face tof a messenger of
";irrxivie says : " e have made three
distinct efforts to communicate With the
authorities at Washington, and have been
invariably unsuccessful " In regard to Mr.
Stephens's mission, be says : ' "The third
lime, a few months ago, a gentleman was
sent whose position, character and reputa
tion were such a to Insure bis position, if
the enemy were nordetermi"ed to receive
no proposition whatever from the Govern-
ment. Vice President Stephens made a
patriotic tender of his services in the bope
of being able to promote the cane of hu
manity , and although little belief was en.
tenained of his s uceess, I cheerfully yield
ed to V.is suggestion that the experiment
should be tried. The enemy refused to let
him pass through their lines or to hold any
conference with them. He was stopped be
fore he even reached Fortress Monroe on
his way to Washington."
We should not have referred so poin'edly
to this correspondence, had not the Black
Republican press, at the time of Mr.
S'ephens's rejection, sought l deceive the
public and to exculpate Mr. Lincoln by re.
peated assertions that the proposed in'er-
view had nothing whatever to do with peace ' men of the sooth, some of whom are now
negotiations. But we wish the people to ; at the helm fit their Government, and no
appreciate the extent to which the arts of ' dbnbt wonid yet have the same reverence
deception have been practised, to blind the for the Union could it be restored upon a
public as to the real state of affairs. It j eolid and safe foundation,
would nb: have aoited Air. Lincoln's pur- t ve shall commence with Jefferson Da
pose to have had the war terminated at that Tjgf now al ,he head of the Southern Con
time, because, in the Erst place, the Abo- j fedracy. THe Republican or war man, no
lilion plot had not ripened, and, in the sec- ; maer what he may call himself, will agree
ond place, his arrangements for retaining ' ,ha, hi influence is great and would have
the Presidency were not manured. He, ;
therefore, s ent a discourteous and foolish
answer of rejection to Mr. Stephens's re
quest for an interview, knowing thai such
a course would so effectually disgast (he
Southern people as to render any fature ad
vances on their part improbable. At the
same time, he instructed his organs tn
mislead the Northern ptople by. asserting-
that Mr. Stephens's mission was of no pri-
liiical importance, having reference ex- ;
clnsively to an exchange of prisoners. But. J
in the course of time, the truth starts from ;
its hiding place, and confronts the falsifier, j
We were sare. then, that Mr. Stephens
came upon an errand of mercy, of humanity
and patriotism to appeal to the nilera of the ;
INorm tor negotiation witn a view to the
peaceable settlement of differences. His
mission was one ol peace and for that rea
son was thwarted by Mr; Lincoln. . In that,
as in all other things, the Administration
pursued a policy tending lo exasperate the
Soalhern people and to prolong the war.
To have held a conference with Alexander
H. Stephens, npon whatever subject would
have disgraced no Government and wrong
ed no cause j for whatever his political
creed may be, he is a statesman,' a gentle
man, and an honorable, conscientious and
right-hearted man. That we alt know, and
as such, he is the peer ol the best in Wash
ington. JWhen he asked admision at the
threshold of our Council Chambers, we
must have known Ibii no d. Jfotidfable mo
tive brought him "there ; and when our
Chief Magistrate turned hia back npon him
he likewise turned away from a hope that
was offering to heal the wounds of our poor
country. In dictating the brief lines that
denied the interview, he dictated the death
warrants ol hundreds of thousands of onf
countrymen whom Mr. Stephens would
have spared, but whom Abraham Lincoln
doomed to the stanghter-p'e'ns, that in their
blood might be written the realization of
hia schemes. AT. Y. Daily Setet.
Several womea in Lemberg, Poland,
have been flogge'd by the military authori
ties for insulting sentinels ' Bad and dis
graceful as that is for Austria, it is not quite
as infamous as the treatment of women" in
New Orleans by General Butler, whose j
famous eeneral order respectinz them
irameended all the annals ef brutality. - .
'ran react and a 'FIeV'loYch Itfth be Froenred
.' ., . . by Comproinin.
rest forever. It is now upwards of three
years since ihis civil war was commenced.
The fairest portion of our beloved land has
I been made desolate, and a debt created that
will reduce to poverty and want the present
and coming generation. Brother against
brother, father against son, son againM fa
ther, relative against relative, have met on
the battle field and moistened the earth
with their blood ; and where are We now ?
Are we any nearer towards a restored Union
and fraternal feeling than we were when
the first gun was fired? Let the unpreju
diced reader answer. But how are we to
procure peace and restore the Union but by
war, say the Republicans. This is the only
mode left us it you know of another mode
pray tell me, he will add. Well, we will
tell you of another mode, and a sure and
better one at thai. By war you can never
restore a fraternal Union, and a Union with
oo: fraternal feeling would not be worth a
roh. By a spirit of compromise and con
cession, on both sides, this Union can be
restored to all its f'orraer pristine purity,and
by no other mode under the son. But sup
pose th North wonid hold out the olive
branch ol peace to the South, would they
not spurn at it, asks the Republican again.
We ihlnk not. At any rate, it would be
worth a trial. That there was a large and
influential Union element in the South at
the breaking out of this rebellion is well
known to the reading community. We say
influential, because their greatest States
men expressed themselves as most devoted
ly attached to the Union of these States
some of whom are now and have been ever
since the war began, prominent officers in
the new Confederacy Immediately after
the elevation of this sectional President,
the principal efforts made to avoid a disrup
tion came from prominent we - of the
South. The celebrated but ineffectual ef
fort made by the "Peace Convention'' of
which ex-President Tyler was made Chair
man, was started by southern mea. Critten
den Resolutions, which would have set
lied nil in a few minutes in peace, had the
Republicans not voted against theni to a
man, came lrom a southern statesman.
Nearly every prominent southern man then
-in Congress was ready to accept them a a
final settlement of all our difficulties. Most
reluctantly the leading statesmen of the
i South entered upon this dreadlul war. In
brder to bare os out in what we say, we
shall publish a few extracts from peblic
speeches made by the very leading states-
much weight with the people. In the Uni
ted States Senate then a Senator from the
St die nf Mississippi, June 27, 1850. in a
speech On the Compromise bill, Jefferson
Davis said :
' It I have a snperstition, sir. which
governs my mind and holds it captive, it is
a superstitious reverence far the Union. If
one can inherit a sentiment, I may be said
to have inherited this lrom my revolution
ary father. And if edac'iiiion can develop
a sentiment in the heart and mind of man,
surely mine has been such as would most de
velop feelings of attachment for the Union.
But, sir, I have an allegiance to the State,
which 1 represent here, I have an alle-
giance !o thoBe who hive entrusted their
interests io me, which every consideration
of faith and of duty, which every' tee ting oT
honor, tells me is above all other political
considerations. I trust I shall never find m y
allegiance there and here in conflict. God
forbid that the day should ever come when
to be true to my constituents is to be' hos
tile io the Union."
Such were the sentiments of this leading
southern man, near fourteen years ago.
What were his views upon tba matter ol
perpetuating this Uoion to the remotest
posterity eight years after ! Here it is ex
pressed in language that at once reveals the
man's heart, in a public speech at Augus
ta, in the State of Maine, September 29ib,
"It has' always been with me a principle
to exercise, public functions in the spirit of
the Constitution and the purposes ot the
Union. If I know re j self, I have never
given a vote from a feeling of hostility to
any portion of our common country ; but
have always kept in view the common wel
fare, and desired by maintaining the Con
stitution In each and every particular, to
perpetuate the blessings it Waa designed to
secure, and to transmit the inheritance re
ceived from our fathers unmutilsted and
snenntaminated tn remotest posterity "
Two years later just previo'os to tfie'eol.
mination of our difficulties in a speech, de
livered in the Senate of the United States,
Dec 10,-160, Mr. Davis th'es appealed to
all men who have hearts, and who love the
Uoion, to look the dapger in the face :
. "The onion of Statjs forms in my iude-
meat the best Government rnst'rtared among-.'
men. ft is only necessary to Var'ry it out
in the spy-it "iri which'it was formed. Our
fa'hers made a Union of friendly States.
Now hostility has been .substituted for fra
ternity. I call on all men who have hearts,
and who Wve the Union, to'look the danger
in the face. Our people are prepar
ed to do justice. This Union is dear
to me as a Union of fraternal Sta'es. It
would lose its value if the Union had to be
held together ly armed physical force.
Hostility, not fra'ernily, would then exiat
in the hearts of the people.'
And again, in the same place, January
1 1th, he said :
"Long have I offered propositions for
equality in the Union. Not a single Repub
lican has vo'ed for them. I do not regard a
constitutional government a failure. Re
garding the sett'ement of difficulties, the
President himsell says he has no power
he has thrown it npon you he has told
you the responsibility is opon yoo. If you
decide right, the angel o peace will spread
i her wings "
After the Republicans had refused any
compromise, after they had voted down all
the propositions tbat were made during that
memorable session of Congress, after the
Southern S-ates had seceded from the Uni
on, and alter he had been elected as their
President, Mr. Davis, in his first message
to the Confederate Congress, said :
"We have vainly endeavored to secare
tranquility and obtain regret; for the rights
to which we were entitled. As a necessi
ty, not a choice, we bave 'resbred to the
rerhedy of separation. If a jus: percep
tion of mutual interest shall permit us
peaceably to pursue our separate political
career, my most earnest desire wil! have
been fulfilled . But if this be denied os,
and the integrity of cur territory and juris
diction be assailed, it will but remain, for
us wi'.h firm resolve to appeal to arms and
invoke the blessing of Providence ion a just
This is what the President of Hie South -ern
Confederacy paid on various occasions
Is this mar. a secessionist from choice .or
from necessity ; and were an opportunity
afforded to return to t ha Union, with their
rights protected, don't you think he would
not embrace it ?
Now, we will introdnce Alexander H.
Siephens, the Vice President of the Con
federacy. His Union feelings are so well
known thrt much of bis public acts and
speeches need not be quoted. At Augusta,
Georgia, Joly 10, 1861, after his .return lrom
the Senate of the United States to his home
he said .
"We appealed to them, (the North.) We
believed it vas best for all the States, as
Washington presided over the Convention
that made the Confederation, that all the
States should remain in the Union, faithful
ly performing each (or itself the obligations
of the Constitution."
Gov. Moore, of Ala., in his message to
the Legislature on Nov. 7lb, of the same
year, said :
"I am no secessionist per te, and would
like to contemplate our future glory as a
nation, could I have the assurance that the
Union, opon the basis of the Constitution,
wodld be as durable as the hills and va'leys
embraced within the vast Territorial limits
of its jurisdiction. This cannot be the case,
however, unless each section of the coun
try accords td every other section the full
measure of its Constitutional rights."
Gov. Letcher, of Virginia, in his letter to
J S. Brisbiri, Nov. 19th, rif the sime year,
said : v
"If the North will respct and nphold
the rights of the States, the Union will be
In this honr of danger it is the duty of pa
triots in all sections of onr country to cul
tivate a kind, generous and conciliatory
spirit one towards another "
Gov. Brown, of Tennessee, said in DV
cemter, of the same year :
' I am for the Union as long as it ctn be
maintained consistently with the compro
mises of the Constitution ; I am for re
dressing the wrongs of the South in the
Umon by peaceful remedies, and until such
remedies are exhausted by fair trnl Let
nor war cry be The Union and the right nf
all under it, in undivided fortune nnd glory."
Mr Slidell, a U. S. Senator from Louisi
ana on taking leave of that bodj, alter Lou
isiana had seceded from the Union, made
the following remarks. This is the same
man who represents the Confederacy in
France as Minister io that country :
."They hope and wish for peace, but the
decision of the question rests with the Free
States. He had no doubt if the issue was
fairly presented to the people of His States,
they might have a peaceful separation, with
the possibility and probability cf a com
plete or partial reconstruction."
Howell Cobb, on leaving Congress, after
Alabama had seceded, thus addressed his
fel low members:
"When he Peinrned home shonld he' not
tell bis people there is yet hope f Hp re
peated he had permitted himself to believe'
that something could be done that the States
of the Confederacf might remain together".
Oq the 4lh ol February, the' Southern Con
vention will meet at Montgomerr to forrh a
provisional government. He trnsted before
that time the whole' country would once
more be in possession of peace and happi
ness. He appealed to his Northern friends
to make efforts to save' the country; and
now, gentlemen, one and all, Republicans
yoo have the power of selling this matter
before the snn shall 6er. Will you not do
it ? Will yon let vour .President enter into
Pwr governing the whole of the States,
or only a part of thWe which so lately be
longed to ihis great Union 11 bope we will
do something that peace may reign '; that
we fnay not be called to shed one another's
I am not a secessionist. I desire peace,
predicated on the principles of the Consti
tution. If you can give, us that, you can
help us to remain in the Union as long as
the sun shaH shine ; and my prayer shall
be sent forth for the perpetuity of the Gov
ernment." Mr. Rust, a Senator from Arkansas, wish
ed the Union to be testoTed. This is what
he said on leaving the Senate of the United
"1f the Union .was to be dissolved, be
hoped it would be in each a way woula
afford an opportunity for its reconstruction."
Senator Yulee, of Florida, on the same
occasion, thus explains the feelings ol the
people of that State on the perpetuation of
the Union :
"He was sure the people of Florida wo'd
never be insensible to the blessings and ad
vantages of the Union, when directed to
the purpose ol establishing justice and do
mestic tranquility and safety."
Mr. Hunter, also a Senator of the United
States at the time above alluded to, and
now Secretary of late of the Southern Con
federacy, in a letter written in December,
I860 said :
"I do not consider the election of Mr.
Lincoln a just cause for secession. The
Souiheni States caii obtain guarantees
which will secure their rights in the Union,
I advise them to stand by it." '
The Hon J. B. Floyd, now a Southern
General, in a letter published about the
same lime, said :
"For one, I am not for secessionas. long
as any honorable effort can be made to pre
serve the Union as a constitutional basis.
I believe that the great material interests
of the country demand a reconciliation of
the sections and the preservation of the
Union. The main study of all should be to
prevent any collision between the sections,
and mot especially the shedding of the
first drop of blood. If we can but succeed
in averting these calamities, the great prac
tical business interests of the country mav,
perchance, sooner or later bring about a re
construction of the Union and a restoration
of harmony between the sections."
Hon A. O P. Nicholson, of Tennessee.
thus speaks of the sentiments of the peo
pie of his State to preserve the Union ;
"If I am not mistaken in- the sentiment
of Tennessee, our people require an hoc- j
est effort to be made to save the Union bj
demanding additional guarantees, and it is
only when this effort shall have failed, that
they propose to resort to secession."
We will close our extracts of leading
Southern men by that of Hon. R. Toombs,
of Georgia. Mr. T. is ono of the most in
fluential men in the South. In referring lo
the demands for guarantees, he said :
"Such demands were only for an equal
ity in ihe Union. He himself was willing
to DEFEND THE CONSTITUTION WITH
THE HALTER AROUND HIS NECK.?'
Now we wo-ild ask in the spirit ot broth
erly love, in the name of everything that is
sacred, would it not be worthy ol a trial to
resort to peaceable remedies ? That the
Union feeling of the South has considerably
abated since this terrible war. there is
little doubt : yet the fire of patriotism, the
love for this once great Union, cannot be
yet altogether obliterated. It is there yet
it only wants an impetus to revive in all its
grandeur and power. We hate tried war.
The war party had all and everything to
itself to bring it id a favorable issue, if it
can be done by war. Bit"j-hat Is the sad
reality ! Reader, we will not tell you here.
We do not wish td recite the dreadful ca
lamities that have befallen this lately hap
py cbnntfy. And is it over now ? Do yoo
see the least bright sr-ot in the distant po
litical horizon ? Nb ; all is gloom every
patriot's heart i despondent.
But we are auain asked; how can we re
sort to reconciliation and concession. Is
the party in power, from the President
down to the footman, not opposed to any
such thing? The are. The President,
the head of the Departments, his consti
tutional advi-ers, the mtjorty of both Hous
es of Congress, every Governor iri the
Northern States, with a few honorable ex
ceptions, a majority of nearly ali State Leg
islature are all opposed to an amicable set
tlement. War, war draft, draft is their
cry. We must change the aspect cf affairs
in all these places before we can make
even a star: in this so desirable an under
taking. And this most be done in a legal
and constitutional manner, viz: by the
ballot box. We must change our Nation
al and State administrations. We must
put in to office such men as wifl favor a
reconstruction of our Union as it was. For
this end let us begin with the head of the
nation the President. Let us try.
In order to show that we cannot do any
thing towards reconciliation and reconstruc
tion so long as the present party holds all
ths power, we shall, in some future issue,
p'ublih some extracts from speeches of
prominent Northern statesmen and others ;
some of whom are now at "in- head of cor
Government, and some holding high po
sitions in the hrray, &c.
It appears that Henry Ward Beeeher and
other Republican friends of the nice your.r
man, Joseph Howard, are nrgins upon
Gen. Dix the proprieiy of releasing Howard,
on the ground that he was led into the for
gery of the proclamation by dihers.
From the boston Courier.'
BcCIdfan'j Plans Sustained.
A balance struck of the gains and fosses,
consequent opon the attempt lo reach the
neighborhood of Richmond by a different,
route from that judged to be the proper one
by McClellan, tells seriously against thu
mode of approach adopted. The sole gairt
is in fact, that the identical line of 'opera-'
tions near thai city, held by McClellan
two years ago. near the middle of May, has,
been al length reached by Grant. - Twenty
six days have been spent in accomplishing
this object They hare been days of ter
rible conflict and ot fearlol and exhausting
"tTUggte with d at oral obstructions - even
when no enemy stood in the way. In the
successive bloody battles . which have, en
sued, the fortnne of war
.i . . . i
has been pretty-
Vhen onr array has
attacked the rebels, it has been repulsed;
when the rebels have attacked onr . army,
they have been repulsed Without reference
to various brilliant detached operations, on
both bides, ii is obvious that nn substantial
advantage, by mere fighting, has been
gained by either. That is, no rictory hia
beeen won, such as to affsct (be constitn
lion and integrity of the several armie.
Grant finding the enemy's lines in his front
too strong lo assail, without danger of too
heavy loss, has gradually executed the
movement by his flank, which has placed
him in his present position. . Lee, per
ceiving his pian, has left behind him the
fortifications which fits adversary 1 declined
lb assail, and has moved down in unbroken
strength in advauceof his ad versary, keep
ing his own forci always between our army
arid the city which il waa its object I to be
siege aod capture. ' . v . - -, ,
U these various, 'manoeuvres we know
that our own loss has been severe beyond -precedent.
Without question, the loss
upon the other side has been heavy, also
though inadequate means exist to estimate
it. $at there ia no reason io imagine that
it is in any degree comparable to our owrit
for the reaon that the rebela have ioagat
undercover or. behind entrenchments, as
much as possible. It seems evident, also
that whi'e Grant at first pursued the policy
of endeavoring to break his way by over
powering, strength thus presenting large
compac: bodies of men to the sweeping
rebel fire, Lee has sought every means of
husbanding his forces, exposing it no mare
than the nature of the case required. In a
word, ifter a long seriee of desperate arid
murderous encounters, which have distin
guished this eventful campaign. Grant finds
himelf where McClellan was, at the first
establishment of his ' headquarters on the
Pamunkey river, and at ihe beginning of
the still more serious work before him.
The question ot flanking or not flanking,
which has recently been agitated wnhsoch
vivacity, resolves itself into thi that Gen.
Grant; who, beyorid e!l possibility ofidis
ptHe, crossed the Rapidari with the inten
tion of proceeJing to Richmond by trie
shortest direct line of march, fonnd it im
possible to do so. by reason of the resist
ance offered him. He has consequently
changed his plan, recrossing the North
Anna river, ever which he had pnhed bis
columns, and by a circuitous route, in order
to accomplish his object, has now taken
position on the Pamonkeyl His recent
march has not ben withstood, but Lee, we
presume, is on the Chickahoininy awaiting
him. The rugged nature of the country
where the latter may be posted is at least
as favorable for defence as either of the
points where he has heretofore made a
stand, and on a line in such proximity to
the Confederate capital we may be sure
that every inch of ground will be disput
ed. We do not pretend to estimate the losses
of our troops in the series of engagnmente
during the last twenty-seven days. They
have been variously srated at from 40,000'
to nearly twice that number. It is enough'
that they have been enormous ; and seeing
that nothing has been gained by attempting
the route in question, but the same position1
which might have been so moch mor
readily secured, at comparatively slight
loss, by reaching that position through
another mode of access, those who have
insisted opon a course involving such tear
ful hkenfices shb'ufdi iioteseape their ac
countability to the country. Besides, of
what serviea now might oa to Geo. Grant
the 40.000, if no more, of the brave men
who are either disabled or lie sleeping for
ever in the Wilderness and upon other the
atres of the late desperate arid terrible con
A CoMPLCTi Scrprisc A short time1
rl urt a lh. nfrm A vsitart al tYim W Mii A m I
waited on the proprietors in a body and
stated that unless a colored steward wa
engaged they would leave (he establish
ment. Messrs. Kirkwood replied, they
'would see what could be done.' Thursday
morning all the waiters were summoned in
the dining room, where they were amazed
at finding a full force of white waiters.
The discomfiilcd 'colored help' were ' re
quested to proceed io the office, draw their
pay and 'vamoose' as speedily as conveni
ent. That 'strike hit the strikers' thetn-7"
selves badly. Cleveland Herald.
A specia! election takes place in Penn
sylvania on the firt Tneday ii Atgut
next. to decide whether the proposed amend
ment to the Constitution of th.i S?at. per
mining soldieri to vote, shall or shall aot.be