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U. JACOCY, Proprietor.;
Tiath and Right God and onr Country.
Two Dollars per Annuia.
BLOOMSBUFIG. COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA., WEDNESDAY J 1 LY 23, 1862.
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. UU IE GENTLY
Turn me gently when I'm dying,
Gently turn me to the sun,
; Let me se the lst ray fading,
That shall mark my journey run ;
When the pulse has ceased its beating,
And my limbs are growing cold,
Dress me in my Sunday wardrobe
And my arms across me fold.
Place me in a modest casket,
Color white my choice would be,
Unadorned by costly fixture.
Close the lid and mm the key ;
Bear me to some quiet gaveyard,
Where my resting place shall be,
If it please thee, brother stranger, .
O'er my body plant a tree.
Plant an evergreen with branches
Tending upward to the sky,
Emblem unto all who pass it,
That the soul will never die;
Or instead a weeping willow
With its twigs bent "o the ground,
Which will tell my body slumbers,
In the dust beneath the mound.
In my r. arrow house yoo hollow
Oi a gentle rise or steep. - r
Lay my head toward the summit,
Just as if I were asleep ;
Raise a marble slob not costly,
With its letters chiseled deep,
; Record plain io all who read them,
When, and where, I fe'l asleep.
Sweetly there my form will slumber,
In the lap of Mother Earth.
Slumber, while the uncaged spirit.
Which is of such priceless worth,
Soars aloft to meet those loved ones,
Loved ones gone asleep before,
Cross the chil y stream of Jordan.
Never to be parted more.
Sweetly in the grave so lowly,
Let me rest where all is calm,
WLere vain hopes, and fond delusions
And li'e's ills can do no harm.
Wher the wicked cease from troubling
And the weary are at rest,
There I long to dwall forever,
. Dwelt forever wiio the blest.
All my life long I had known Mary
Moore. All my life long, too, I had loved
Our mothers were old playmates and first
cousins. My fir-t recollection is of a young
gentleman in a turkey-red frock'and moroc-1
co shoes, rocking a cradle, in which re-!
poed a sunny haired, blue eyed baby not
. quite a year old. That young gentleman
wis myself, Harry Church ; that blue eyed
taby was Mary Moore.
Later s'ill I saw myself at the little red '
school-house, drawing ray painted sled up j
to the door, and arranging my overcoat on j
it that Mary might ride home. Many a;
blick eye I have gained ou such occasions:
inr n mar nova iikpc. npr rvid4 ma. inn bh
I am afraid was something of a fl.rf, even ;
in her pinnifore. How daintly she came i
tripping down the steps when I called her i
nanae! bow iweetly her blue eyes looked
cp to me from the envious folds of her
winter hood 1 how gaily her merry laugh
rang oat when by dint of superhuman ex- j
ertions I kept her eled before the rest and 1
let her stand upon the steps excitingly to j
ae them all go by! . The fairy laugh ! No ;
-onti but Mary could let her heart lay np so ;
upon her lips! I followed that laugh up j
from my days of childhood till I grew an!
awkward, blushing youth I followed it ;
through the heated noon of manhood, and j
now. when the frosts of ase are silverins
ray hair, and many . children climb my
knee and call tee "Father," I find that
tatieic still. When I was fifteen, the first
great sorrow of my life came upon roe.
I w as sent away to a western school and j
was obliged to part wilh Mary, We i were j
not. to see each other for three, long years ! j
Thia to me, was a sentence ol death, for I
3ury was like life to me. Bat hearts are
very tough thingi after all. I s left college
in all the flush and vigor of tny nineteenth
yeiir. I wat do longer awkward and ern--bairassed,
I had grown into a tall, slender
atripplins, with very good opinion of my
el . in general and particular. If 1 thought
of Mary Mcore, it was to. imagine howl
.wo lid d"szle
and bewilder her with my
0d K.oks and
fever thinking that she might dazzle and
eirilder me '.ill mote; I was a sad puppy,
I k low, but as youth ar.d good looks have
Ced, 1 trust I may be believed when I say
!hs.cIf-conceH has left me also.
An advantageous proposal was made to
:e at this time, and accepting, I gave op
i .ideas cl profession and prepared to go iff
jlndies. In tny harried visit home l
r nothing of Mary Moore. She had
to a boarding school io ajassacnu-
y and was not expected home till the
Till.' I gave one sigh to the "next fall.
? cna sigh to the memory of my little
7ed playmate, and then called my
ian again. ,. ., . ' . . .-.
I tTinnrHt s lha staffe
away from our door, "in a year or j
e ffiost, I vri;i return, amtjif Mary
- as she "used to be why then
iz marry her.
' a young lady 1 bad not seen for four year, j
I never thought of the possibility of her re
, fusing me-nerer dreamed lhat she would
coi stoop vitn graieim tears to piCK up tne
hankerchief whenever I chose to throw it
at her feet. ' : . - . ;
But now I know that bad Mary met me
then she would have despised me. She '
was as far above me as the heavens are
above the earth. Perhaps in the scented
and effected student she might have found
plenty of sport ; but as for loving me, or
feeling the slightest interest in me, save a
,1 u uuim..;
igaled donkey ol myself I snow she would ,
J . .
India was my salvation, not merely be
cause ol the plentiful share of gold I bad
laid up, bit because my earnest labor
counteracted the evil of nature and made
me a belter man. And when at the end of
three years I prepared to return, I
to return, I wrote
nothing to the t'ear ones 1 was about to
meet oi the relormations whicti l Knew had
tatter, place. Ihey loved me as 1 was," boy stili.'
I murmured to mybelf, "and they ehall find j God help roe ! At that moment I felt
for themselves if I am. better worth the , r,ke a boy and it would have been a biess
loving as I am." ej reiie to have wept upon her bosom, as
I packed opmany a token from that land i had done in my infancy. But I kept down
of gold for the many Irienda I was to meet, j the beating ol my heart and the tremor of
The gift for Mary Moore was one I selec- j my lip, und answered quietly, as I koked
ted with a beating heart. A ring of rough
virgin go Id,; with my name and. hers in -
graved inside. Thai was, all, and yet the
lillle toy thrilled me strangely as I balanced
it on the tip of my finger.' To the eyes
of others it was but a small plain circlet
suggesting thoughts, by its daintiness, of
the dainty white hand that was to wear it.
But io me oh, me, how much was embod
ied there ! A loving smile on a beautiful
face- low words of welcome a haopv
home and a sweet face smiling there a
group of metry children to climb my knee
all th!e delights were hidden wi.hin
lhat little ring of gold.
I knocked at the door of - my father's
bouse. The lights in the parlor windows, j
and the hum of conversation, and cheerful j
laushter showed me lhat company were I
assembled there. 1 hoped that my sister
Lizzie woiiKt come to the door and that I I
raignt greet my latnily when no strangers j ner one out mina oiu lenow, don I re
eyes were looking curiously on. But no j peat the ceremony. Come here shn is,
a servant answered my summons; they j and for once I will manage those teromous
were to murry ia tr.e "parlor io heed the ' moustaches of yours in the operation. ,!
long absent one when he ak for admit
tance. Some such bitter thought was pass
ing throogh my mind, as I beard the sounds
from the parlor, and eaw the had suppressed
smiles upon the servant's face.
I hesitated a moment before I made my
ell known, or asked lor the family. And
while I s'ood silent a strange apparition
grew up before me. From behind ihe ser
vant peered 'out a small, golden head, a
liny, delicate form followed, and a sweet
childish tare and blue eyes were lilted up
io mine ; so like the one that had brighten
ed my boyhood that I started back with a
sudden feeling of pain.
"What may your name be, little one!"
I asked, whila the wondering servant held
bha liited up her hand as if to shade her.
. . . .
f i nr.! apon that wo re it n tiri a in ot.Aii. i r 1
my fcoyho0i! many anJ maoy a iime) aud j
...,, -m a hir . r- I
in a swfet, bird like voice,
' Mary Moore,"
"And what else?" I asked.
"Mary Moors Chester," lisped the
My heart sunk down like lead. Here
was an end to all the bright dreams and
hopes of my youth and manhood. Frank
Chester, ray boyish rival who had oiteu
tried in vain to usurp my place beside the
girl, had succeeded at last, and won the
woman away from me! This was his
child bis child and Mary's. And I mcst
8 ,here and roeet her once a8an.
i'lhen so away
forever and die if God
would let me ! .
1 eanK voaT ana B0U beneath tn blow
and hiding my face in my hands I leaned
against the door. The little one gazed at
me grieved and amazed, and put up her ;
pretty lips as if about to cry, while the 1
petplexed servant s'epped to the parlor door ;
and called my sister out to find out who it
could -be thai conducted himself so strange-
I- -' '
I beard a light e;ep and a pleasant voice,
'Did yon wish io see my father sirl"
I looked up. There stood a pretty,
sweet faced maiden of twenty, not much
changed from the dear Utile sister I had
loved so well : I looked at her a moment
and then stilling the tumult of my heart by
a mighty effort, I opened ray arms and
. "Jennie, don't yoo know me 1"
"Harry. Oh my brother Harry !" she
fried, and threw hersell upon my breast,
She wept as if her heart: woulJ break. I
could not weep. .1 drew her gently into
the lighted parlor, and stood with her be
fore them all- There was a rush and cry
of joy ; and lhn my mother and my father
sprang towards me, and welcome me home
with heartfelt tears.' Oh, strange and pass
ing sweet is such a greeting to the way
worn traveler, And as I held old mother
to my heart and grasped my father's hand,
while Janme clung beside me, I felt lhat alt
wa;, not iet 0slf ttn(j ;hongh another had
secured hie'e choicest blessing. Many a
iov remained for me in thia dear sanctuary
There were four oth ers, inmates oi the
room, who had arisen on my sudden en
trance One was the blue-eyed child whom
I had already seen, and now stood by
; Frank Chester, clinging to his hand
by stood Lizzie Mary Moore's eldest ister,
and in a distant corner, "where she had
hurriedly retreated when my name was
epoken, stood a tall and slender figure half
hidden by the heavy window curtain that
fell on the floor.
When the first rapturous greeting was
over Jennie led me forward with a timid
grace, and Frank Chester gnsped my hand
"Welcome home my boy," he said with
Uje ,oud cheerfu loneaI re(I)ernberei 6)
'n .,v i u j ' u,
well. "You have chanced so much I v ever
I would have known you but no matter lor
I that your heart ia in the right place I
"How can you say be is chaged ?" said
my mother, gently. "To be sure he looks
older and "raver and more like a man than
, when ne weil. awa bu. hi, eve8
1 J W 4
smiles are the same as ever. It is that
; heavy beard that changes him.
He it ray
j in his full handsome face
i "You have changed too Frank, hut I
( think for the better ".
i "Oh yes thank you for the compliment.
My wile tells ma I grow handsomer nvery
His wife ! Could I hear that name and
keep silent still ?
"And have you seen my little girl 1 ' he
added, lilting the infant in his arm, and
kissing her crimson cheek. I tell you, Har
ry, there is not another like her in the
United States Don't you think she ooks
very much like her mother used to V1
'Very much I faltered.
''Hallo !'' said Frank, with a suddenness
that made me starte violently, "1 had for
gotten to introduce you to my wile, I be-
lieve you aud she used to be playma es in
your days. Eh, Harry !" and he slapped
me on the back. "For the sake o old
times, and because you were not here at
the wedding, I will give you leave to kiss i
He pushed Lizzy, laughing and biusung, y , .
f . , 7. . . , , ness. If its stores of corn and wheat, meat,
toward ma. A gleam of bgtit and hops, al- ! ., ,, . ,- ,
... . 1 ' vegetables and fruit are applied io tne use
most too dazzling to tear, came over me,' ,
. , , . . , . . . ,.v ) of our army, one rebel will have to pay a
and I cried out before I thought; -Not!, . J. rt.
It rauht have betrayed my secret to nvery
one in the room; but nothing was s iid ;
even Frank was this time silent. I kissed
the lair cheek of the young wile ; and hur
ried io the silent figure locking out of ihe
"Mary Mary Mcore," said I, in a low
voice, 'have you alone no welcome to :
give the wanderer?'' j
She turned and laid her hand in mine i
and murmured huriedly
"l am glad to see ycu here Harry !'
Simple word and yet how blest they
made me! I would not have yieldel up
t hilt rnnmnn mr fi.ii Km nfiror' rrnt rn
There was u,e happy home sroup al the '
dear home fire bJlJe and lherft 8We4?. Tarv ;
Moore! The eyes I had dreamed cf by
night And by day were tailing betom the
ardent gaze of mine and ihe sweet lace I
' had so long prayed to see. was there be
fore me more .beautiful more womanly
and more loving than before ! 1 never
knew till thai moment the meaning of hap
Man) years have passed since that hap- j
py nipht and the bair that was dark and :
glossy then is fa?t turning rey. I arn '
growing to be an old man and cn look I
back to a long arid happy and wet I i pent
life. And yet sweet as it ha been I vould
not recall a single day tor the love that
made my manhood so bright shine in tiie
old man I Can this be ho ? At heart I am
as young as ever. And Mary will, her
hair parted smoothly trom a brow lha has
a slight lurrow in it is still the Mary of tny
early days. To me she can iieer gro ,dd
or change. The heart that field her in in
fancy and sheltered pioily in her the flesh i
and beauty ot womanhood can uever cast
her out till life shall cease lo warm it.
Not even then, for iove still lives in
The PowKaor Shells. Several instances
occurred during the battle nt Miil.ih, i bow
ing the terrible destructive power ol ihelin.
In one Dlace lav five men who appeaiJ o
have, sheltered them-eives behind a tree in i
order IO take better aim al our me l A
shell burs', just over their heads. One man
was struck just ou top ol the headland
each successive man was struck lower
down at om the breast aud body in regular
order One ot the, men grasped in one
hand a musket, with his cartridge ii the
other, just in the act oi putting the powder
in the barrel , another was' ramming the
cartridge, aud the other men engaged in
similar occupations when the fatal shell
burst. All five were dead. '
An. Irishman in a time of a revi valj ji ned
church, but found lo be sinking grev ouslf
not long afterwards. "DtduVyou join the
methodtsts ?'' inquired a piously disposed
person. .Faix and f did ; I jined Ut six
months) and behaved to well thai th y let j
ma oil with three.'J ; .
Ah ! don'l be sorrowful . darling,
And don't be sorrowful, pray;
Taking the year together, my dear.
There Un't mote night than day.
'Tis rainy weather, my darling,
Time's waves they heavily run :
But taking the year together, my dear,
There isn't more cloud than sun 1
We are old folks now, my darling,
Our heada, are growing gray ;
But taking the year all round, my dear,
You will always find the May 1
We have had our May, my darling,
Arid our roses long ago ;
And the time of the year i coming.my dear,
For the ilent night and the snow.
And God is God, my darling,
Ol niht as well us ot day ;
And we feel and know lhat we can go
Wherever He leads the way
Ay, God of the night, my darling
Of the night of dea.h so grim ;
The ga'e that leads out of hie, good wife,
Is the gate that leads io Him.
McClellan's Sew Banc.
Its Topography and Geography Interesting
Reminiscences Why it is called " Classii
Ground' and "Sooerf Soil" the posscesors
of the land once rich vow poor, &c.
Directly opposite the old Harrison Man
sion lives or did live, Edmund Ruffi'm, Jr,
son of the old Ruffln who fired the first gn
at Fort Sumter. Ruffin junior had a beau
tiful place when 1 was t'.re some years
ago. surrounded by a bell of forest trees
upon the bluff, which is eighty or a hun
dred feet above ihe river, which is here
about a mile wide. The view from the lop
of the house was a beautiful one, over-
looking the river and the old Harrison plan
j tanon, and several others. From the same
, spot there must now be a panoramic view
ol McClellan's camp; and if the rebels are
allowed the opportunity to erect batteries
' upon Ruffin's farm entirely masked as
they would be shells could be easily
' dropped upon the lower ground on the east
The RufHn farm is a very large one, ha
' ing some 700 acres in cultivation. The
wheat crop, when I knew the place, aver
. aged 230 acres a year, and produced from
10 to 20 bushels an acre The crop ranged
from 2.600 to 4.700 bubhels. There were
. 60 slaves on the place, whoe labor and the
. application of marl had raised the place
f from its condition of an old worn out cot-
An nl.ni.dnrt r. 1 1 m j rk n . I 1 1 ! n rtf fm'.ttlll.
iair proportion oi ins w ar iax.
) There are many other Urge farms along
the west side of James river.lrcm City Point
though generally hidden from the river by
high blulls and forests, which will undoubt
edly be infested by guerillas who can an
noy ve-sels as they did last year along the
Thirty miles below City Point thers are
immense plantations, owned by the Harri
son family, for more than 200 year?. 1 rode
six or seven miles through cultivated fields
all in one enclosure.
Below the Harrison plantation lies the
Orcein estate, inherited some rears aso by
Wm. Allen, who theu became ihe greatest
landowner in Virginia. There were 14,000
acres in the home farm, and 26,000 acres
beside, including James Island and old
; James'iOwn, and Berkly, the Gen. Harrison
j place where the army is now encamped.
', He took with the land some seven or eight
j hundred slave, but as they could no't work
' a quarter of the land it has growu up to
j The otj-ct of his ancestor was to drive off
I ad winie population, lo accomplish wii.cti
' he bought ali ihe srnad farm surrounding
i turn, and made a desert ot them. That is
real slaveho'dmg policy, liepubiiean pol
icy wou.d teliok.esilv applied in uit.g ihe
crops ct tni place lor present needs, and in
i reconverting the land lo ihe use of men in
stead of wild beasts.
Directly opposite lies the great Sandy
Point estate, formerly owned by Robert H.
.toiling, ol Peier&burg a very wealthy, in
lelliiient. uood tuan. He sold it to Richard
j Baylor, a very large slaveholder on the
j Rappahannock, below Fredericksburg
fne Sandy Point j.iaiilaiioii embraces ihe
poml between the James and ChicLalvjmi
ny, and contain 7,00U acre, and when
owned by Boiling, had 2,700 acres under
cui'ivation, ol which 1;000 acres were an
nually in wtieat, about 550 iii corn, 50 in
oal, and ihe remainder in clover, and
there were ISO slaves on ihe place.
I in place was tne home ot the Light
toot imili- in itie ancieul davs of Virgmia
epiei.Ucr, and it ha eight miles of navig
ao.e snore line, aud would be a better loca- j
lion tor a large camp than the ground now j
occupied by ibe army. It is 70 miles, by
water, below Richmond, and 45 by land j
Teu miles towards Richmond, nearly all
the way through thick woods, pine aud
oak, along a narrow, unworked road, I
came to tne inausion ot Ex-President Tyler
a Jong irregular wooden house; standing on
high ground, a mile and a half back from ,
the river, which is nearly bidden by forests
which abounds in all this pari of the Stat
in its primitive con dition. . The soil here
ou the upland is stiff clay, and travelling iti :
a wet time is not done for pleasure.
President Tyler had a good wheat farm
oi eleven hundred acres six hundred and
fifty cleared but it was in a wilderness,
without a near neighbor except overseers
and "poor white trwh. The road toward
Richmond, in those days, was simply hor
rible, nd the county seat, at Charles City
county, five miles northward,- where the
Ex-President did his court business, was
like many of the capitals of Virginia coun
ties a capital without bouses. It had but
Before parting from the dead lion I will
give hirn one kick, by copying and apply
ing to hime!t an epitaph which 1 found on
the monument erected to the memory of
his faithful old horse :
"Here lie the bones of my faithful old
horse. General, aged 25 years, who in all
hi" long service never blundered but once.
Would ihat his master could say the
Berkley, the place where the army is
now encamped, is about a dozen milos trom
j the Tyler place. There are some good
! farms in the country back from the river,
I but the great bulk of the land is forest, the
j country between there and the Chickahom
.; iny is comparatively level, clayey soil, .with
bad roads and inhabited by a raiserable
i looking people.
j The next plantation above " Berkley " is
1 called Weatover. All plantations are named
aud are as well known by name as towns
at the North.
Westover was the residence of a Colonel
Byrd. whose tomb is in thu yarden. He
built an expensive house of English brick,
more than 130 year ago. There was one
mautiepiece that cost $2,800. The bouse
was beautitully located upon the bank ol
the river, winch was walied with brick,a!id
the lawn is enclosed with a brick wall en
tered by massive iron ga'e.
The Bycd estate was extensive, but, after
beirg reduced to an area of 1,900 acres of
woodland and 500 acres arable and lhat
run down to starvation point it passed
from the heirs irao the hands of John Shel
don, one of the most improving faimers up
on James river, cwlio renovated the laud
and made it productive and beautiful. If
he stiil ownes it, I shall regret his fate as
that of a personal tnend. It seemi hardly
possible for such a man to be a Secesh reb
The buildings here are very extensive,all
built of English brick, consisting of lour
large houses, beside storehouse? and barns
aud negro houes. The land is clayey loam
with a surface gently undulating, and with
roads to Richmond, about 2s mites such as
I never wish to travel aain'just at the
commencement of winter.
Such are some ol ihe si;rrounding of the
present location ol the army ol McClellan. !
It will be a healthy one until the 1st ol Sep- j
tember. It will ba Beverly sickly then till !
frosty nights. It is surrounded by a coun- j
try capable of aflordin a gcod deal of food '
for man and beast if its commander does '
not consider reoel property tco sacred tor
such a purpose. We shall see. ;
Address of Jeff. Davis to bis Soldiers.
The Memphis Appeal has the fallowing ad
Soldiers : I congratulate you on the series
ol brilliant victorias which under favor of
Divine Providence you have lately won,
and as the Presided of the Conlederate
States I do hereby tender you the thanks
of the country whose just cause you have k
so skillfully and heroically saved.
Ten da) s ugo an invading army, vastly
superior to y ou in numbers and materials
ol war, closely beleaguted your capital, and
vaunting! proclaimed its speec.y conquest
You marched to attack the enemy in his
in'.reutumenl. With weil directed move
ments, at;d Ueadi-dantig valor, you charged
upon him in his strong position, drove him
from field to fie id over a d. stance oi more
than in trty-tive miles, and in spi',3 ol his
reinforcements, compelled him to seek shel
ter under over of his guntoata, where he
now lies, cowering before the army he so
lately derided and threatened wi;h entire
The tortitude with which you have borne
ihe trials and privations, ihe gallantry with
wmcii you have entered into each succes--ive
battle, raui-t have been witnessed to be
fully appreciated, but ataceiul people will
not tall to recognize your deeJe aud bear
you in loved remembrance.,
Weil may i: be said of you that you have
uciirf enoua lor glory, but duty u a stitrer
ing country and to the cause of consaiuiicn
al liberty claims ior you yet lurtiier etTorta
Let it be your pridi to relax in no;hui
which can i-iomoie your own future eui
cieucy, your own great object being to
drive the invaders irom your soil, carrying ,
your standard beyond the out1 r boundaries ,
ot the Coalederacy to wring from an un
scrupulous foe the recognition which is the
birthright ei every independent community.
JcrriUisoN Davis. I
Friends thai are worth, having are not
made, bult:grow" like Topsy in ihe novel.
An old man, on his death bed gave this ad
vice to his sons : '"Never try io make a
friend. Enemies come last enough witnoui
cultivating ihe crop, and lriends who are
brought lorward by hot bouse expedients
are apt to wilt long before they are ripeued."
We find the following ''want'' in an east
ern paper. Is the writer tird of his wife or
is he a young physician seeking practice t
"Wanted to bite with or without the priv
iledge ot purchasing- a small house ocpart
of a house, with an acre or more land attach
ed to it. A skkley neighborhood prefered.
Possession on or before the first day of
August next. Address, postage paid," kc.
. Dcmccratie State Convention in Ohio.
The Democracy of Ohio, like their breth
ren in Pennsylvania, held a convention at
their State Capital, on the 4th, which like
ours, was the largest gathering of the kind
ever assembled in the State. Their plat
form, tike ours, is sound in its support of
the Government to crush the rebellion, and,
at the same time, the causes ot it, South
ern Secession and Northern Abolition.
We, therefore, the Representatives of
nearly or quite 20000 voters ot the State
ot Oiiio, who have as deep a stake in the
welfare of ihe Country and the preservation
of the Union as any other equal number of
men, in the exercise of our duty and Con-
stitutional rights,and with the desire of op- driving or over-straining before they have
holding instead of weakening the just pow- I attained firmness of muscles, and capabili
er ot our Government.and anxious to unite ty for -enduring labor. Thus it is, that
all men , without regard to their former party ; horses are often, with us, rendered cornpar
associations, who agree with us in opinion t atively valuless before they have in truth
and to treat , all loyal men who honestly ! arrived at an age of full powers ""and endu
differ from us with becoming respect, do
hereby declare oar own opinions and those
oi our constituents as follows :
Resolved, 1. That the Democracy are for
2. The Abolitionists alone are forcing
party issues on the country.
3. Denounces the Abolitionists for criti
cising the President and the conserva
tives. 4. Condemns the letter of John Andrew,
Governor of Massachusetts, to the Presi
dent. 5. Is in favor of meeting out merited
leal punishment to ll.e plotters of rebel
lion, t ut opposes confiscation as unconsti
tutional and likely to irritate the South, and
opposes emancipation as unphdanthrop
ic. 6. Ihat, entertaining these views, we
cannot too strongly condemn the refusal of
our General Assembly to prohibit, by law,
the immigration of negroes into this State.
7. That we are opposed to being taxed
to purchase the freedom of negro slaves.
With all due respect for the opinions of
others, we think that such a measure would
be unconstitutional, impolitic ?.nd unjus.
8. That the onparalelled trauda and pec-
ulations upon the Government, revealed
by ih investigating committees, and o'h-
erwise, demand ih9 6ternet condemnation
ct every honeM man and friend of the
country , and call lor the severest punish-
ineot prescribed by the laws.
9. That the patriotism, courage and skill
manifested ty onr armies have never bee:i
exceeded in the history of the world, and,
deserve and receive our highest admiration
10. That while we will, as heretofore
discourage all mere factious opposition to
the Administration, and will continue to
give our earnest support to ail proper mea
sures to put down the rebellion, and will
make ah tne allowances that the r.ecessi
ties ol the case require ot good citizens, we
protesi against ail violations of the Constf
11. That we hold sacred, as we do all
ether pansol that instrument, the follow
ing provisions oi the Constitution of tha
Here follow all ihose amendments to the
Constitution known as ihe Biil of Rights
12. That we view with indignation and
alarm the iilegal and unconstitutional sei
zure and ihipri-oument, for alleged political
offenses, of our citizens, without judicial
process, in Sta'es where such process is
uiiubs'.ructsJ, but by Executive order, by
telegraph or oib-srwise, and call upnn all
who uphold the Union, the Constitution and
the laws, to unite with us in denouncing
and repelling snc'i flagrant violations of the
Mate aud Feaerul Constitutions and tyran
nical inlr;ctio:i ol the rights and liberties of
American citizens, and thai the people ol
this Isa'e cu;snot sately and will not submit
to have tlie Irjedont o t speech and freedom
oi ihe press, the two essential bulwarks of
civil liberty, put down by unwarranted and
despotic exertion of poer.
The Republicans have adopted an inge
nious plan ot galling up a "Union" State
Convention. Wherever they can find a
reueade Democrat, they elect him a dele
gate to their con veniion, wilh the hope o
gulling the putiti: into the belief lhat a
large ilivision of the Democratic party has
rue over to the Abolition-Republican par
ty. In Philadelphia a committee of Repub
lican politicians, selected delegates to the
l7;h of July convention, end who da you
think were appointed to represent the
Democratic element ? Why such Demo
crats as John W. Forney and John C. Knox,
who for the past two or three years have
been among the most conspicuous haters of
Democratic principles and the Democratic
organization, to be lound in the Commonwealth-
The selection of these men is an
eviilence ot ihe desperate shifts to which
the Republicans are driven to procure Dem
ocratic decoy ducks. The antecedents
and present position of Forney scarcely
reijuire notice Since he sold himself lo
ihe republicans he has endeavored to earn
his wages by the mosi vindictive and reck-
le-s aspersions oi Democratic men, and
misrepresentations of Democratic measures,
His colleague, John C. Knox, belongs to
the same class of treacherous trimmers
Like Forney he was nursed and pitied by
the Democratic party which he is now
endeavortng to destroy. Thrown the
Democniiic organization he was made a
memi.er ol the Legislature, a judge ol the
Supreme Court and Attorney General 01 the
Stte. His sratitude for :hese marks of
lavor, is shown by his present coure. We
wish the Republican joy of their distin -
guished acquisition. Patriot and Union.
The term old, as applied to horses, is
generally intended io convey not only the
statement of their age being past marks in
the mouth, but also the common impression
thai comparatively they are of little valve if
past eight or nine years.. Now,if we right
ly understand it, the btfree has not attained
his lull growth and perfection of bodily
frame, until he has passed his seventh year ;
and until growth is attained he is just as
untried for extreme hard labor as a man
before arriving at full manhood. . In this
country, the practice of putting horses to
workat two and ihree.years, usually results
in their becoming broken down by 'over-
rance. We have owned a number of horses,
and whenever we have had one that had
not been injured before arriving at'raaturity ;
we have found him more capable of p er
formir.g regular labor al from tes to fifteen,
than those of four to seven years. In oar
opinion, therefore,judgiig from observation,
we consider the horse in hjs prime aCfrom
nine lo thirteen years of age always remem
bering that previous to his having attained
his growth, say seven years, he has not
been over driven, strained, or otherwise ia
jnred by reasen of high stimulatingjoodot
abu?o. Ohio Farm'.r.
In accordance with the order ofthe Pres-.
ident calling for 300 ,000 more Jlroops, Gov."
Curtin, of this State, has issued a proclama
tion and, the followinggenerBl order, setting
; form ,Vje manner in whlchnPennsylvania'e
I quota is to be recruited and.mus-ered in : '
1st. Troops will be accepted by squad
or companies, as hereinafter indicated, fand
will as rapidiy as possiblekbeorganized in
to companies or regiments.
2d. Persons proposing to organize "compa
nies wi'.ltbe accepted under the following
provisions and nrt otherwise, viz : To be
com missioned a Captain, the applicant'
I must have furnished.lony orlmore men who
have passed the Surgeon's examination and
j bean ncs'.e red .into the U.S. service. To
J be commissioned a 1st Lieutenant, from
twenty fiva to forty men must have been
furnished as above. To be commissioned
a 2i Lieutenant, from fifteen to twenty-five
men rncat have teen furnished as above.
2d. Transportation to the Central Depot,
Camp Curtin, will be furnished on applica
tion in person, or by mail, to Capt. J. Dodge,
U. S. A , Superintendent of the Volunteer
Recruiting Service for Pennsylvania, at Har
risburg, to whom report must be made.
4th. The actual p.nd necessary expenses
for boarding and lodging of troops raised
under this Older will be paid by the United
Slates Disbursing Officer at this post, for a
period not exceeding twenty days, at a rate
not exceed ing forty cts. per day for each
man mustered into the service of the United
States, on the affidavit of the officer furnish
ing the men, supported by the receipts of
the party to whom the money was paid.
5th. Squads will be organized into com
panies at Camp Curtin, as rapidly as possi-
ble ; Ihe companies fo'med iuto regiments,
fi eld officers appointed and commissioned
by the Governor and the regiments imme
diately p'aced at the disposal of the War
6th As a reward for meritorious conduct,
an ! also to secure valoable military experi
ence, appointments of field officers will be
made (except under peculiar circumstan
ces.) from men now in active service.
Under a late order from the War Depart
ment each new recruit will receive one
month's pay in advance immediately ort
his muster into the service of the United
States and joining a regiment already in the
fiel i, or if enlisted for a new regiment, on
the mu-terin2 of his company into the ser
vice of the United States. Each new re
cruit will also receive a bounty of 525 ia
advance, to be paid in like manner as his
one month's advance piy.
A French paper reports that the Empe
ror of China rerently washed hiraself.there
by occasioning the greatest consternation
among all classes of his subjects. At first
it was thought that Fodari.ig an innovation
would be visited with serious consequences
but as soon as it wat ascertained that the
experiment was only performed as an act
of humiliation and personal mortification
before the Chinese deity, with the hope pf
averting the political calamities of the ca
tion, public tranquility was restored.
The Art cf Printisq A jabilae will
soon take place in Vienna in honor of lh
four hundred years' existence of the art of
priming in that city. The first Vienna prin- -ter,
Ulrich Hann, opened his printing office
in 1432, did not succeed, and emigrated to
Rome. - He was the came of ihe Emperor
j Frederic ihe Fourth bestowing a priviledge
! on the printers, in the year 1468, which
j placed them in equal rank with noblemeri
j and scholars, and permitted them le wear A
Ax editor in the villa-e of Mitchel, C.
1 , r
U" : ' 0i,e Parde" Pa'ch f
was profitable last sea-on. The snad.i eat
op the cucumbers ; the chickens ki up th
gnjul, lbJ rei,bora cal9 op the chick
. .- . .. -
en 1 "d Cau Set holJ of M,ffl
i ihiDg hW fl eat up the. ci8, 1