Newspaper Page Text
STAR OF NORTH
vi--; : .- firs. r". t?- - -
KM U.J.ICOBY, EDITOR.
EicnsssrsG, wedmsday, jih mil, 1862.
Anno Domini 19c2. -
The darkest and bloodiest year in our his
lury siaca the Unite J States became an in
dependent nation, has forever closeJ .and
tone into tha irrecoverable past. The year
IS6 1 will ever be memorable in American
atmaU. It witnessed the beginning of that
dreaded civil strife which the fathers of
the Republic apprehended, and against
which they solemnly warned their country
men, for tae rust time in our history the
bleed of American citizens has been shed
on American soil by the handvof American
citizens. Brother has encountered brother
... the deadly strife. Those who should
have remained united in the firmest bonds
of friend-ship, have become bitter and im
placable foes. ; War fills the land with its
horrid lu-iiult; and the nation, so lately the
sboJe of peace and prosperity, is torn and
tcarred by civil conflict.
At tte commencement of the year 1861,
the clonds ol wrath that have since en
rhrouded the nation were jnst beginning
to gather, and many efforts were made by
patriotic statesmen to dispel them forever.
The people of both sections ol the country
sincerely desired to avert the impending
coi'.flici; and but for the interposition of ar
rcganl and Teckless leaders, who for the
lim occupied positions of influence and
authority, and used all their arts to magnify
sectional differences, the people could have
teen brought together to harmonize their
conflicting views and pretensions. The sol
earn fact will ever rise in judgement against
the clira leaders of the North and Soath,that
at the commencement of the year 1861, the
vast majority of the American people, in
clcding a majority in each great section of
ike coantrj, were anxious for a settlement
of the difficulties enstrangtcg them, withodt
a resort to war and Dicoonea. iui setnsn
and ambitions leaders willed it otherwise.
At the North the Republican party had just
obtained a sectional triumph and elected a
President by a minority of. the whole peo
pie of the United States through the force
of sectional fanaticism and sectional organ
ization. The cohesive principle of this or
ganization being animosity towards the
feople and institutions ol the Southern
State?, its leaders objected to any abate
ment of its pretensions which might dis
solve the organization upon which their po
litical fortunes depended ; preferring to run
the ritk of civil war, to the humiliation of
surrendering any of the dogmas that were
potent in marlialling their fanatical array
to victory. In vain did the conservative
portion of their followers plead lor adjust-
mant o n rt naiM In tr 2 m 1 i , I thm flpmn-
, cratic party beg that the Uriion might. not
be put to the hazard of the sword.- Petitions
fnr tha nrpsprf atinn of lh Union hv the
rational process of pacific adj istment, were
receiveJ with contemptuous sneers by the
leaders -who controlled the operations, ot
the ruling party and with that mad sel
fishness characteristic of - compounded
knavery and fanaticism, they insolently de
fied a conflicj the proportions and end of
which they had not the capacity to eitimate.
They were mad wrong in everything they
did. Wrong . in the organization of their
sectional party; wrong in not heeding the
solicitation's of the people fnr a peaceful
esu!emeni,wrong in their estimate of South
ern character; wrong in their predictions of
the proportions pf the war; wrong in their
estimates of its influence and result'. And
to their persistent wror-.gheadednes is the
country indebted for the events of the year
"1861, ,' . - -
While the Northern sectionalists were
thns criminally interpo?ing between the
people and continued Union, he Southern
leaders were playing the same diabolical
game. On tie first of Jaanary 1861 the
majority of the pop'e in every Southern
State, wi.h the exception of Sooth Carolina
and possibly Alabama and Mississippi, were
favorable to the Union upon the single con
dition that their rights under the Constitu
tion should not be di.urhed. The secession
leaders were intent opoa disunion at any
cost; bat they had ljot the confidence of
the people. The large property holders
were conspicuously friends ol the Union
while the penniless politicians, led by ' a
few master minds, were conspiring to out
wit and defeat the Unionism of the majority
who had the greatest stake in the preserva
lion of good Government. ' Had the leaders
of the Republican party been endewed with
sagacity and patriotism enough to appreci
ate this, and had they m unison with, the
majority North and Sou'.h shown a disposi
ion to remove Southern apprehension for
the future by just concessions, the disunion
leader would have been thrown flat on
lissir backhand rebellion nipped in the very
b't j. But ucfortnnately these ultra section
al faction. North and Sooth, played into
er-ch ethers hands, gtvirJg each other all the
aid and comfort in their power.- The vio
lence of the disuniorists increased the re
luctance cl the Northern leaders to concede
anything and the obstinacy and levity of
tha biter gave the former the desired op
j onanity for working opon Southern appre-hensi.-m.
On both sides they interposed be
tween willing majorities and compromise,
tether they mnt stand accountable
i r ha frijjhifnl convulsions of the .country,
n-; the pn-;b!3 ruin of the best Govern
. ;v?r djvied by human wisdom.
i'tr en c!or:e is past recall
" t t the i ,: t are beyond remedy,
i o iiv rarriiin a wanting lor the
Whra will tha y?ar apon which we
1 V, i:l it c 039
rc-i-iy f-i .repair the
skill so characteristic of Americars? or will
it close upon a divided people, impoverish
ed by war, with the seeds of generations of
enmity 6owb? The sesnlt is under provi
dence, in ocr own hands. We are to trans
cribe the inefficable record of this year.
By adhering firmly to the great chatter of
our liberties, the Constitution of the United
States, and conducting this war for the pres
ervation of the Union in a spirit of resolute
moderation which shall not render future
Union impossible, tne beginning of another
year may find us once more a happy and
nnited people. God grant that it may be
so ! Httrrisbitrg Putrirt and Union.
' : Organization of the Huusp.
The Hone ol Representatives wa organ
ized yesterday ' by the election of Johk
Rowc, of Franklin, county, Speaker. Mr.
Rows professes to be a Democrat, and in
limes past has received substantial favors
at tha hands ol the Democratic party but
a glance at the vole by which he was elect
ed Speaker will show from what source he
derived his support. He, and the small
body of professed Democrais of which ' he
was the chosen chiel, went over in a body
to the Republicans in pursuance of a bar
gain by which the latter made Mr. Rowe
Speaker, in consideration of certain benefi;
which the former are yet to confer upon
members of the Republican party.
A few words will explain the whole trans
action. On Monday last the Union Demo
crats and Union Republicans hld a caucus
and nominated Mr Rows. They appsinted
a comraicee to confer wiih the regular Dem
ocrats, and at the meeting of the Democrat
ic caucus on Monday evening, a proposition
was submitted from the Union Democratic
committee that il the regular Democrils
would accept Mr. Kowe as their candidate
for Speaker, the Union Democrats would
assist to elect Democratic officers of the
House with the exception of two inferior
places, which were to be given to Union
Republicans. As an additional inducement
to accept this offer, the assurance was given
that Mr Rowe would organize the House
upon a Democratic basis and act with the
Democratic party. To the eternal honor of
regular Democratic members of the Legis
lature be it said.tAe proposition wus indignant
ly rejected. 1 hey determined rather to sink
with the Democratic colors floating above t
them than to yield to the dictation of a set
of professing Democrats who demanded a
consideration for their co operation. We
honor ihem for their courage. We respect
them for their devotion to principle, and we
are sure that their conduct will meet with
the approval of the sterling Demoracy of
Finding that the regnlar Democrats would
not compromise their organization or sell
out at any price, the Union Democrats dis
covered that the Republicans were ready
to accommodate them with a trade upon
the most reasonable terms. The regular
Republican caucus eagerly embraced the
occasion by nominating Johv Rowe and
after that desirable concession, we presume
the details of the treaty between the nego
tiating powers were soon settled upon terms
highly satisfactory to both parlies.
The Democratic party knows no hall way
supporters. Those who commence by be
ing half friends invariably end as whole
enemies. Men who cr.nnot trust their
claims to a Democratic caucus have no right
to call themselves Democrats. Let ihem
make the most of their triumph, for it will
be short lived. The Democratic organiza
tion comes out of this contest pure and una
dulterated. -Another election will put it
out of the power of selfish and trading poli
ticians to sacrifice it.
Want of space forbids oar commenting
apon the scr.e enacted in the Ilou?e of
Representatives yesterda) , in the terms it
deserves. Our readers are referred to the
sketch of the proceedings. The Cler1 Gf
the last (loose a mere servaua&sornej
the power ol determing who Were entitled
to feats and actually rdfueJ to permit the
House to judge bl the qualifications of its
own me'mbers. By this arbitrary and un
jqstifnVe proceeding two, ol the members
fro3. Luzerne county were deprived of thnir
soats. and t.wo persons who never received
certificates from the Board ol Return Judges
thrust in their places. But if it was a high
banded measure for a Rppnblican Clerk
to play this bold game, what shall be said
of the pretended Democrats who remainnd
approving spectators of the outrage 1 Pal
riot and Uiion.
The following is a list of officers of the
"Hurley Guard,' a company recrui'ed most
ly in Colombia and Montour Counties
They are a fine body of men and will sus
tain the reputation of the region whence
they go. Democrat.
Captain, Alex. J. Frick, of Danville.
1st Lient. U, H. Ent, of Light Street.
2nd (t McDowell, of Harrisburg.
1st Serg't. Alex. Thornton, Liaht.Street.
2nd " Wm A TobiaM, of Berwick.
3d " James B Moore, of Danville.
4th V. Jos Hampion. of Ashbury.
5th " Harry Fmk, Elizabethtown.
1st Corp'L James M Price, Lime Ridge.
2nd " Chas B. Mummy, Danviile.
3d David Larisb, Sugatloaf.
Notice. The accounts heretofore due for
fees &c, in the Register' Office, transferred
to Hon. Peter Ent, have been lelt in the
hands of John G Fbeeze, in the Register's
Office, for collection, where they will re
main until the 15th of February; after
which time they will be put in the hands
of a Justice foi collection. Daniel Lee.
The Berwick Gazette appeared last Sat
urday printed upon a half sheet. This does
not look well for any newspaper, mnch less
the Gazelle, considering its size, and more
especially on account ot ltd- being the last
number, in the present vclaiue of that pa-
per ' , . ' ' -
WiLBtaG. Brow eb, local editor of the
Montour Ameiican, and son of Dr. Brower,
of Danville, has been appointed as a mes
senger to the Senate of this State. He has
filled this position heretofore with fatisfac
tion. Snccess to the yoaij local editor.
See New advertisements in to-day's Star.
They compass an mterestttrg part of a pa-
rcr- ' - . . ,
OUR ARMY CORRESPONDENCE.'
- Hancock, Md , Jan. 7ih, 1862. ;
Friend Will: Yon will perceive by the
heading of this letter that we have changed
our poBish since I last wrote. We left Camp
Curttnonthe morning of the 3 1st ult and
took the cars for Hagerstown, Maryland,
where we arrived in the evening, and slept
or rather staid in the cars ail night. , Wed
nesday morning, New Years, and what a
splendid morning 1 Soft southern breezes
faned the brows of ihe wearied soldier. In
fact 1 never in all my life saw such a beau
tiful New Year's morning.
We left Hagerstown about' 12 oxlock for
tius place. After marching some 15 mile
over a splendid pike road we encamped for
the night, at a place called Clear Springs.
We did not pilch our tents but slept on thi
bare ground, with the canopy of heaven fo
a covering. And notwithstanding we went
wirhin four miles of a secesli camp, we slept
soundly until about II o'clock p.m., when
there arose one of the most violent wind
storms I ever experienced. Hats, blanket,
coat, knapsacks and haversacks were strewn
promiscuously over the field. No mon:
leep that niht. The morning broke clea
and cold, and af:er eating a cracker w i
took up our line ol march, and after ascend
ing a hill to a place called Fair View w;
had a sight of no less than Jour rebel camps.
We here struck the Potomac and lollowed
its banks to this place, 12 miles from Clear
Spring We arrived here about l o'clock,
p. m., and were soon quartered in the di -ierent
churches and school houses in tha
town. We found here RuselPs Cavalry
numbering 100 and the 39th Illinois Volur
teers. The laller however were over tbe
river guarding the Baltimore & Ohio R. 11
Friday evening we received tne balance .f
our arms at 5 o'clock and returned to quar
ter. Just as we were about turning in lur
the night our Colonel received a despatch
from the Colonel commanding the 39:h
Illinois asking for reinforcements. Tte
boys were marched to the Arsenal and there
received twenty rounds of ammunition, ard
at 10 o'clock companies A. B. C. D. E. G. i.
and K were marched to the Ferry, whe e.
we crossed, one company 8t a lime. Ti e
boys thinking ail the while that it won. d
turn out a false alarm ; but when the ord it
passed along the lme to '-Load !" we begi.n
to smell lun ahead.
It appeared that two companies of t ie
39ih Illinois volunteers had occupied a
smalltown called Bathe, about six mhs
lronri this place ; on the afternoon ol the 3rd
inst. their pickets were driven in by a stro lg
force ot the enemy, and fearing an ?.tta:k
upon the town they called for reinfoae
menu. Alter crossing we drew up in li le
of battle, the Colonel passing along the li le
and cautioning the men to silence, save I le
order to ''march !" A cold storm "of sluet
and hail was raging at the time, yet the
boys obeyed with elacrily, and at 5 in the
morning we were drawn up in li-ie upon
the heights above and overlooking the tov n
The troop were disposed as follows
Capt. Russell's Cavalry with companies D.
and J. of the Illinois troops and Company
G. of the 84th I'd Volunteers occupying he
town; Companies A B and K. of the 8 Ith
and Com piny G. of the Illinois 39th w re
posted upon the ririht ; Companies D. mid
C. ol the 84th in the centre; t'ompanie t J.
and K. ot the 8-1 th and two pieces of Harip
ton's Battery (which now came up) w?re
posted upon the left with companies E.J
and K. ot the Illinois troips as 7t reserve;
the whole under command of Col. Muiray
of the 84th P. V. Jn this situation we wait
ed patiet.tly the dawn of day. Morring
came, 8, 9 o'clock, and yet no sign of the
enemy, but just as we began to think about
breakiast bang ! bang ! bang ! went the sons
ot onr pickets on the right; who after ex
changing several shot9 with the enemy
retired to the main body, followed cloely
by a strong force ot the rebels Now cam
n.-enced tte first battle tor the 84th anc for
three hours the firing wa almost incessant,
the right sustaining the brunt of the be trie,
but from the position ol Company D. the
balls of the enemy fell like hail around as.
Not a man flinched, but 6tood noblj by
Our Artillery now got the range ol the
rebels and tent shell and grape into heir,
ranks, causing them to retreat through ,he
woods like sheep. The rebels los' (art rtenr
as could be ascertained) 18 oc 20 whila out
loss was not one. This soma simn- . .
true. A messen;
, ...... . jCl
ger C iv ram .. ... ni
... .. . f.' V'l-
! i'. r tn v tntnrmini - i ....
" 7 ..- mm tUrtl a heavy body
ui r,.u vrr.a advanc.ng from Wind ester
upon ovu r-ear. Tni Colonel ascendel ihe
T.d.lhe;e had a fair view of ti; e ap
Pachin foe. They numbered between
eight and ten thousand, with a heavj train
ot Artillery. To meet this force wj had
but 1200 men, many of whom were undis
ciplined troops. Our Artillery sent them
their compliments in the shapa of s iveral
he!l, which emptied some 15 or 20 saddles
and caused them to h3lt. Our Colon 1 now
ordered us to fall back, which we Jid in
excellent order; and we met on th t way
the 13th Indiana Regiment coming lo onr
assistance, but too late to do. us any guod
We got back to this place just af ei dark.
The enemy soon afier sent several sh t and
shell in the town without doing any di.mage
except frightening the won en and ch Idren.
Sunday morning a flag cf truce Ire m the
enemy came over with Col. Ashley of the
rehel army, demanding an immedia e sur
render of onr forces; but General Landers,
who had arrived and assumed command,
informed him (Ashley) that he never i urren
dered to any rttcl.
Col Ashley then gave the womun and
children one hour to leave town. At II
o'clock the firM gun was fired by ihe rebtls
which was answered by our Artilieiy.
I forgot to state that Lieut. Ricketts, with a
lu lb. Parrot Gun ol Capt Matthews' Eattery,
came up to our assistance, and in one hour
had completely silenced the enemy'i guns,
and drove them back over the hills.
In the morning of the 6th in:, they again
appeared, but a few well directed sho s from
our Parrot soon caused them to re reat. .
The llOih P. V., the 1st Virginia aid two
Regiments of the Md. Home Brig ide are
now with us. We cross the river again
to-morrow, and if the reMs show f ght we
will have hot work, as they are now Irom
15 to 20,000 strong. We are now ordered
un.ier arms, so I most close, but e) pect to
write you soon again. Good bye, yc urs kc.
Letter from Camp Oberteuffer.
Jancart 6th 1862.
Mr. Editor, Two weeks have nor nearly
elapsed since I joined the army, anc during
that time, much of interest has tra cpired
Camp lile, thongh in many respect i.hat we
had anticipated, has many striking peculi
arities its stringent regulations tnd war
like appearance render the soldier ' home
truly (tubiime and novel. 1 think it a grand
place for the study of humar. nature and
lor the inculcation ot those lusher motives
which prompt noble actions. One can not
enter a camp without being imprest ed with
a knowledge of his own imperfect ons and
frailties. But 1 digress. Your reade s would
no doubt be pleased with a deser ption of
Camp Oberteuffer. This I wiil off r in the
hope that a very brief and imperfect picture
will suffice for the present. . ;
This Camp, bearing the name' of our
Lieut. Colonel, is pleasantly eitostedona
slight eminence in view ol the city' of Cam
den. It consists of about seventy Sibley
tents, capable ol accommodating (from 12
to 13 men each; twenty or more Wall ten:,
together with a few smaller
different description. In, or near the centre
ol each of the Sibley tents, there is a gov
ernment stove, which, by the way, is a
very essential ani welcome companion thi
chilly weather. The camp s laid aui in
Streets, many ot which bear conspicuous
and humorous- names. It would be quite
as difficult as unnecessary for me to attempt
a minute detail ofour furniture, fare, amuse
ments &c., but I can assure you that we
are well cared for. .. -
Columbia county js pretty well represent
ed in Company F. ot first Penn'a. Heavy
Artillery, there being quite a goodly num
ber ol enthusiastic and enterprising young
men with us from that section. 1 some
times hear persons remarking that Columbia,
county is not very loyal in this crisis, which
I believe to be a most egregious error. She
has furnished her full quota ol volunteers,
although the irregularities ol enlistment
wonld cause it to seem otherwise.
Our boys are well and in excellen! spirits.
The officers of Company F. are kind and
courteous, and everything that will contri
bute to the comfort and happiness ot the
Soldier i. to them a matter of special at
tention. We have ns yet but a very limited
acquaintance with the field officers but
should think them respectable and respon
sible men. Tha Major appears to be an
especial favorite with the officers and men.
Yesterday (Sunday) was full of events
There was a General S:ii in Campv citizens
and soldiers could be i-eeii pas-ing and re
passing in all the principal streets of our
great Metropolis. In fair weather reat
crowds of citizens from Camden, Philadel
phia and from the country, visit us. The
regimental drill or dress parade attracts a
good ileal of attention, and is sometimes
witnessed by hundreds of spectaors. A re
port prevails in carnp that three companies
ofour regiment are under inarching orders
Other rumors, with some shadow ot author-
ity, art afloat that we (the remainder) wiff
follow in their wake. The destination is
Fort Delaware. Should these reports be
correct, Camp Obertenffer may be broken
U ... ma.. iu udn. i ins regiment
was gotten op for the nurpose of entering
Fortress Monroe, and the probability is that
we will see her formidable walls before the
commencement of next summer.
v"":"3 -" "em iu
Aboul five inches of snow fell during last
nijjhl. the first I have sesn in this b-tate 1
expect there is good sleighing in your town
and in the neighborhood. If so tha lads
and lasses will no doubt make the best of
it Sleigh riding is fine sport; but unhappi
ly for us (in that particular) we will miss
it. I should like very much to have a copy
of the Stak. Truly yours,
Resolutions on tfc Doalfi of II. IL Forlner.
Camp May, Fort Good Iipe, )
- January Gih, 1862 J
Whereas, It has pleased Almighty God,
in His Divine Providence, to remove by
death, our be!ovd brother and comrade in
arr.. I L- T-l i" L - I
r... i... i 'im. . . l . .
His will in thn rpmnvin irhn -
it?inrt?ii i aa unw in si'imi9tnn irk
valuable soldier, a kind"" and true friend, i
though young a stern and flinching patriot j
always generous and courtou to a laull. !
AWt.That in this su-tder. removal of j
a true comrade, we bow in meekness to i
the Divine will of Him who is dispenser of '
u.. uuu. dim -...mougi. inns Fuuueniy db
reaved we know that our loss is his eternal I
Resolved, That we deepely sympathize
wi.h the parenis and friends ol the deceaj
in this sad hour of their bereavemee
Re-iolced, Th.it a copy of thes resolutions
be forwarded to his pa'rents. a's0 for pui,i.
cation in the different pa;,ers jn Columbia
and Montour conr.tttr,
l.ieui . uhas. . Eck.mon, Serst Jown T.
Howe. Fergt. W. Voiiko Pnm'1 n n llD.
dk, SucLDis T. Gibb;,, Committee.
, ..r ..
By ths Iron Gutdi" on the death of S.imn
tt C. faltir, wh.) wis killed in the bailie at
Camp Pierpost, Va., Dec. 2G ISG1.
At a meeting of the " Iron Guard" of the
6tb Regiment P. V. R. Corps, in pursuance
o( a dispensation of Divine Providence the
lo'Iowing re-olutiona were unanimously
Whereas, It hath pleased the " Almighty
Arbiter of Battles'' to take from our midst
Samuel C. Walter, one who left his home
and all its eiuiearnient p.fhis country's call
to aia in crustnn ' reoeilion, an.j sne I in
blood in th sus enance and enlorcement of'
the laws of his country, therefore ! as the only successful method of condncti:.
Resolved, That we sincerely mourn the !os . ,iie presidential campaign of ISC) That
of our brave and .beloved fetlowsoldier who . . . . . . . ,
r) . . ; unwise and impolitic step l as nnfortiMia'e
vas so suddenly and in the prune of lite ta-
ken from onr midst, at the head of his com- j ly involved the two serious of the country
pany, in the battle of Drainesville. ! in civil war. Inflammatory speeches of
Resnlved, That we deeply sympathise with demafoues hoth North and S-urb p.h'e d
the bereaved sister and brothers ot the de- j f , o , fllime amil men were fonnd on
Kesnlred, That a copy of the above resnln- ! bnth p'cle3 of J!an'1 a,n Nixon's line
lions be sent to his friends and one to the ' openly advocating a dissolution of the Fed
Columbia county papers for publication. j eral Union.
Sam Knorr, ) I But President Buclianan ha been much
A. B. Jamisov, Com. i .
Jas. Stan i.f. y. j ,ri?U''eo by nltra politicians of the Black
-r j Repiibiican stamp for not putting down ti e
The Legislature meet on Tuesday of last j secession movement at once by an armed
week and effected a complete organization ; lorce. That censure was neither founded
on the first day. We publish an article in j in reason or justice. Abolition Conventions
to-day's paper from the Putrid and Union ; had frequently been held in the New F.n
showing the complexion of the organization eland Stales at which resolutions in favor
and how brought about. The Speaker j of a dissolution of lli3 Union had been dis
comes from among the Union Democrats j cussed and passed, and yet no effort was
and will make up his Committees to suit
the Republican members of the House.
The Democratic members of ihe House
placed in nomination as their candidate for
speaker the Hon. William Hopkins, who
received forty five good and true Democratic
vo'es Tate and Tutton voting for him of
course. They were determined to suffer
defeat rather than come off victorious with
their enemies. They are no half way men ;
and we in behalf of the Democracy of-this
section honor them for their course. The
Speaker elect claims to be. a Democrat, has
received posts of profit at the hands of the
Democratic party, and was made honorable
mention of at the Reading Convention for
Governor but as to how well he will stick
to the old landmarks of the Democratic
party, ol principle and right, will be cauti
ously observed during the present session
by every politician in the State.
The two United State Senators from the
Stale of Missouri have been xpe!led from
the Senat, ou account of their secession
pioclivities. . ,
' Mr Bright, new Senator elect from Oregon
as successor of the late E. D. Baker, is hav
ing some trouble in getting his seat. Seri
ous objections have been offered against
the man. It has been stated that his sym
pathies are with the South.
Wk acknowledge the receipt ol the Tri
bdne Almanac, compiled by J. F., Cleveland
and published by Horrace Greely, of New
York. It contains a vast amount of both
general and political information.
There has been no President of the Uni
ted Slates from Washington down to Lin
coln, who has been so gross! and vilely
calumniated by the opponents of Democra
cy as James BiKfhar.an. Washington. Jef
ferson and Jackson were each in their day
reviled and denounced by unscrupulous
demagogues, who sought the overthrow and
the defeat of the Democratic part-, but all
the bitterness and rancor of pent up years
of political strife, perfidy and detraction
seem to have culminated against the per
sonal and political character of President
Buchanan. The man who entered the
Presidential chair with a moral rharacter -o
pure that the breath of suspicion had never
been whispered asiaii.st him, was
course of oe short year held up tcOfre public
view as one o' the mosjUj.-fibnesi and cor
rupt of all our pub-l-ivTservania The Sia'es
man whose name and fame were familiar
to every civilized and enlightened nation
on the face of the earth, was proclaimed a
miserable dotard, devoid of ability and unfit
for the high position he held. Committees
of investigation were instituted for the pur
pose of fereting out abuses, which never
had existence save in the brains of d'sap
pointed, ambitions and malignant politicians,
and although they were conducted with all
the searching scrutiny whieb'a Forney and
Covode could invent or sugsest, they failed
most signally to impeach either the moral
or political character of the man. He stood
before the world tui air.tc.1 and unscathed
by the fiery ordeal through which he passed
In the Report of the Covode Investigation
page 47, the Hon. Warren Win-low of the
committee, makes use of the following si.
.., . '
! nitJcant language :-Mr. Forney is the only
witness who has ventured to impute any
'dishonorable art lo the President; when
these things come to b dinainn.
a'ely considered, and the whole proceed
ings of this committee shall be examined
and nruWstood as sooner or later they will
be public justice cannot fail to regret that
the power af.d authority ol this Houce has
1 een devoted to the malignant purposes so
plairdy shadowed for b in Forney:o speech.
And no matter what resolution, prompted
by party interest ar.d stimulated by disap
pointed ambition and revenue, mav nmv be
pronounced, public justice will not fail io
vindicate a chief Magistrate who. venera
ble in ye.rs, after honorable sprvice of a
whole life in the Capito! of the Nation, has
been reviled by a mob. calummated bv en-
Prnies, and for a whole session iiualed bv
an inq-iisitor ial committee, cor.sistin-r rl.W-f-
ly of his political loes. And when e re'
r,i. ,.r lf . . ' v
CnU f ,h,s com i ome known
lhe '.''stematic viola'ion 0f a'.i Hie rules of
evidence and the plaiijeht principles cf
common jns'.e tt e leadin" nnestirms th .t
, ,eat""-- qutir.nn th.H
, lJr- .sistenuy oeen propour:nc i against
r'nonstrance theeager suggestion of what
ever might degrade or criminate ihe Presi
dent the encouragement of informers the
refusal to call exculpating witnesses ir.
short when the proceedings of this commitee
shall come before the people ol the United
States it is believed bv the undersigned that
i .i :n a. j. ' ' . ..-.
nicy wi.i ue cuiKirm ne i wn:i a reproDauor.
j so strong and earnest as to prevent any rep
j eiitinn of such an outrage against the chief
! Magistrate of this nation "
The above extract proves conclusively the
desperate meant which were resorted to by
the Covode committee to impeach the char
ncter of President Buchanan, but without
! being able to accomplish their purpose
Forney wa the onlj man on the whole lift
of informers, who ventured to asall his
character, and pven ha is contradicted by
several wirtiws whose reputation-1 fr ,-er-acity.are
equa'Iy a cool as hi- own. The
inquisition was a failure, asid the Black Re
publicans chagrined nt t!ie result were com-
pebed to Tall Dark on the slavery nera!ion
1 made to put them in force. Those who
were so anxious to punish iheSouth for
their transgression, had remained silent spec
tator in abolition conventions. Beside the
Pre-idenl had no army at his command to
march anywhere. The troops of the United
States were all, with the exception ol a few
garrisons, stationed in Utah, Texas, Calafor
nia Oregon. Washington and the Indian Ter
ritories, and nearly one half of the officers
of the army were disaffected toward the
Government so thot in ordering the U. S
j army down South it would have increased,
I instead of crushed the rebellion. It would
have been placing in the hands of the ene
my officers and men whse services they
were unable to comtmnd because of their
abscence Irorn home Just so with the Na
vy. If our slVips ot war had been sent to
Southern ports, it is more than probable
that a large number of them would have
been surrendered to the rebels. The Presi
dent was surrounded by traitors on every
ide, in the Cabinet, in the army, and in the
Navv, and he like an experienced and pru
dent statesman awaited the full develope
mentofthe secession movement. He could
give no explanation of the principles and
policy of the Republican party which would
have been satisfactory to the people of the
south- He was not authorized to say wheth
er the existence of slavery as a state insti
tution, and the constitutionality of the fugi
tive slave law, were recognized by the Re
publican party as a part of their political
creed. That was a ma'.ter for the Republi
cans themselves the issue was with them
and not with the Democratic party. The
President however, well knew the Imrr-d
butcheries and relentless strife of civil war,
and wisely forbore to do a single hostile act
until every effort at conciliation and com
promise should fail The patriotism which
prompted him to take the course he di I o i
this question will be applauded long before
this unhappy war shall have been termina
ted as one of the most judicious acts of h'n
life. Even now the thinking portion of our
people without distinction of party, are be
ginning to acknowledge the Statesman like
view he took of the question.
Why President Buchanan yhoa"dbts cen
sured, we are at a loss to conjecture 1 Pres
ident L'ncola in his speech at the State
Ilouen'lhi!adelDhia sai.l hp raw nn ni
- y for a war wi,u the people of the
South, and in his inaugural address on the
4th of March J 68 1 , he declared that he
should not make war on the South unless
they firt made war on him These decla
rations were made and published to the
world by a man whom the Republicans el
evated to the highest office in the gift of!
the American people. If the conduct of
President Buchanan was treasonable, that
of President Lincoln was doubly so He
was a traitor not only to his country but to
Im party. Buchanan opposed the doctrine
of secession as unconstitutional, and defend
ed the right of the Government lo hold and
occupy the Forts Arsenals and public prop
erty of the United States in those states
which had passed the ordinance of seces
sion, and Lincoln has done no more. Bu
chanan received the commissioners who
were sent to negotiate for the Forts, and
public property of the Government, as pri
vate citizens, and Lincoln did the same
Buchanan urged the adoption of the Critten
den amendment as the best mean of set
tling our difficulties and avoiding strife and
bloodshed, and Lincoln bitterly regrets that
he did not pursue the same course. Thus
i: will be seen that up to the attack on Fort
Sumter, the policy ef the Lincoln adminis
tration toward the secessionists was almost
iJenticall the an;e as that of Buchanan'.
The imparial historian who writes the
history of our country will not fail to recog
nize in the administration of President
Buchanan the wis-dom and prudence whi."'.
would have kept us a united and pr jt. Serous
people. The evil which has befallen us
wrl be j-isfy charged to ll.'e format-, of
seciiorial and geograp!y",cal patties.
. '''- . by Rev. A. F Shriafe. Mr.
"K' H-Thomas, to Miss Am.vd. Tka.s
, , 'e' Lycorrt0S Co., Pa.
January 5nJ, by the same, at the paron-
j nze near White Hall, Montour Co.. Mr.
! George W. Cohfi.!-hx, to ,Mi-s Mary Jmc
' HL LT' a!l of Jl,:e township. Col , Co., Pa
On the 31st of Dec 1S6I. in Lihtstreet
b ilev. Wm Goodrich, Mr Wm. P. Ix'Lkh,
nt Hrpn ivn.t l f vi- In l K.l ii t . f! u..
Oi Ihe 9 h inst., by the same, al the res
idence of the bride's father, Mr J J IImiaS
blch. of Briarcreek Twp., to Miss E. C.
Armstrong, of Bloomst'ur.
By Bev. S. Homer, at the honse of the
bride's parents on Thursday nion:in2. Jan.
2d, 18152, T C. Ki.sF, E-q ,of No 45. North
3d street. Philadelphia ami Mis Lizzie only
daughter of Major 11 N.' Bachus, o Seiins
On ihe pjh ir.U., by the Rev. William J.
Eyer, Mr. CHp.r.t;s J. Whitman, and Miss
Hannah Matilda Fisher, both of Maine
twp., Columbia county.
Op the 26:h o! Dec, iFfil, by Rev. C II.
Park, Mr. Robert Acton, and Miss Mahga
ket BiMMfcTES. a'l of Liberty township,
On the 2d ii.st . by Rev. A Da! b. rd Tur
hutvii'.e, Mr Damh. Smith, and Misf Rate
Wagsf.', of LirneM'jue twp , Mon'oor co
In Milton, ai the reside-ire el the bride's
father ai 8 o'clock on New Yt-.ir"s morn in ,
by the JJev Dr. Watson. II A. Fexr.-A, Eq
Su)"t of the Wrn'sport k i' rnira Kail lio-id,
utid M -s C S Blown, o! Miltoti. Pa
iJE A 1 1 1 r l L ( 0 l VLLX 1 9 .
fOCTOU THOMAS F. CHAPMAN will
st-n ! loali wl;.- wi-h H (Ire- of !i er)
th" Ri-e pe ;ird fo'! .lireri for makir a
and iii-it.-r a beamifnl vegetable Balip. i! at
v-i!i I'f'rctr.ahy rfir.'iM' I'.'iiple, Creches
r.in Krerki".-, o:c , fie, l-avii.g I he ,-kni
srnoot!i. i-lean, and hHauiif;;! ; aUo f':!l ti
rections tor usiiii! IVIatrao' eelet rate I
Stimulant, waratiled to sia't a full growth
ol Whiskers, or a Mi s aclie, in leis than
thirl ('ays. Either of tne above can be
oht-mei by rpturn n.ail, by aihlre-rin-j
i with s'amps lor return postage) DR.
THOMAS F. CHAPMAN, Practical Chem
ist. 851 Brcadwav New YorK.
January 15, lSt2. 2m.
iIECONKEs:ONS and EXPERIENCE
of a M'FFERHR, Pb'ished a a warn-
ii'S, an.! tor the e-.ci a I betieri" of Young
Men and iho-.' who suffer wr.h Nervous
Debility, !? of Memory, Premt'.ure De-
c?y. ue , ikC. &c, by one who has cureil
himself by simj'le mean
ai'er neiag put
io great exper.:
through the use
of worthies medicines
prescribed by learned Doctors.
Single, rayf may be haJ of the author,
C. A. LAMBERT, Esq , Greenpoint, Long
Ilard, by enclosing a pos'-paid addressed
envelope. Ad Ire.-s CHARLES A. LAM
BERT, E-q , Greenpour., Long Island,
Jauuar 15, 15f2 2m.
i'O TICE is hereby civen to c!I persons
,L interested, ttat the account J David
Davis, Trustee of Peter Blue, of Yalley
tovvnhip, Montour roun'.y, formerly Co
lumbia county, has been filed in the Pro
ihotioiary s otf.ee ol Columbia omtnty, and
will be presented lo the Court of Common
Pleas of saiil county, for confirmation and
allowance on Wednesday the 5:h day of
February, A. D , 1862.
JACOB EYERLY, Proth'y.
Bioomsburg, Jan. 15, 1862.
jVOTlCEis herby given that the lollow
" ing persons in Columbia county, have
filed ttieir petitions ir. the Court of Quarter
Sessions, of the sai-1 county, fnr Tavern
License, in their respective townships,
wbioli saii peteiions will be presen'eJ to
the sa d Court, on Monday, tha 4;h day of
February, A. D. 1862, ol which all persons
interested will take notice, and the License
will be granted Oil Wednesday the 5di day
of February next, al 2 o'clock p. m.
Applicants. , Townships.
E. & A. P. llnangst, Tavern, Fishmgcreek.
Jacob M. Fry, do. Greenwood.
Bloomsbnrsr. Jan. 15, 1862.
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral
By viiine nf.hpea' wr of venditioni
exponas issi:e ! on o ih Con.l of Common
Plea ol Columbia p.iimiv f me directed,
will be ejf;ioP'f :o putilip xah, al ihe Court
Hiie rn Mmtdity the 3d tl-y of Fewtry1
l662 ai 2 oVim-k in me aft--r-iOoi, the fjl.
lowirir ral pta' ro wi' :
All thai certain iraei of lad, Situi in
S'gtr.t.f township, Col;i-nr'a ooun'y,
bounded and des-riDed a lolh.ws io wit;
O i he N"r h b) lands of Jacob Fri'z on
ihe Eait ty lands ot J.hn Lewis and Divid
Lewis, o't :hn Son'h hy hr.ds o Kz-kiel
Cole, o i the w-s: oy Ian I" ol Fzkie Col
and A'tdraw Lauhifh rntitaming two hun
dred ar;d iorlv.lonr si-re be the anr.f morn
or less. Abui' one hundred and fnrycrpi
of which is cleared laud. wliireoii are
erected a two ttory log dwelling hnot a
iwo story plank dwelling hon a ar.,a
fram bank barn, a frame wagon shed'a
stone spring house, a stone pu' honp, a
cider house and other O'H bndlings, alo
one otherone and ahalf stojy Iranrp dwell
ing house a frame barn and other ont
buildings, aUo a large pumber of fmii iree
with ihe aptiurtenanee-'. Seized laken i.i
execniion and lo be sold aJ the property of
Frederick L-uibach. '
ALSO, at the fame time and p'acp, all
thai cerfain iract or parcel of I,,.! ciiunte ia
Miuarlctai twp., Columbia count v, contain-'
ing Ssveny Three Acres, abo.u 20 arres
clea-ed land, bnutided and described a-
follows, lo wit : On the north by lands of
Miles Sutliff, on t'te south by land of
Phelondry Heru'isMon. on ihe eat by the -"
County line ol Luzerne an l Col. oouitties
and on the wcm by T. Q. A. Stephen,
whpieon are erected a one lory Log Dwel
ling House, a lg barn with the apprrte
nan es. Seied tal'en in -execniion and to
be sold as the property ol Q.eii Parks.
ALSO, At the same time and place, all
that certain lot of rouud, situate in Espy,
town, Scon iownhip Columbia coimtv Pa.
bounded on the north by M-aim S're-M of
-aid town, on the east by loi of B. G. Doari,
on the south hy North Branch Canal, and
on Ihe west by lot ol Jol n Kiessler, con
taining ono third of an Aere, be the awie
more or les, whereon are erected a two
iiory frame dwelling hou wiir, a kitchen
attached to it. A train stable, a frame
carpenter bhop and o I er outbiiildinas with
the apourtenances. Seized taken in exe
cution and io bn sold as the property of
JOSIAH H. FURMAN,
Blonmsbnrg, Jan. 15, 1SS2.
ORA NO L V I LLE ACAD EM V,
Oiangviiet Columbia County, Pennrylv ir.lt.
'JpHE Thir'l Term of the present Aeadprrj-
ic j ear of the Oransevifle Male ant
Female Academy, will comm-Jiice on Tues
day, February 4 U. 1S62;
1'rof. II. D.HI.Kt lt, A. 31, Principal.
NORMAL DEPATM ENT.
In the arranjerneni of Clss. tSP
j of study and instruction, and ihe exatniru
I tion and graduation of pupils in ini H.
narlmer.l will cmform in m ji V.-. i"
i - -j -.-o iv.jriiiai
tiools of Pennsylvania a-et to the views
ol the S a e Department oi Pnoiie School-.
Ihe lnxii.uiiou will be under ih cTar
ol Prol. H. D. Walker, A. M , h Priru-ja?,
who as a cliotar,a Teacher and a Lecturer,
is too widel knout t.t need a .y r-;c nn
meiidalio:i. Tha Tru-tess ham spared
neither puns nor pxpense io secure the
service of a man in whose integrity tcA
ability th-y have enure CMifi ei.;e ; an l
they are determined thai the uho.) in the
advaniajes whten it profTais lo the pahiic
shail noi he snrpas.-ej ry .ny similar in
s i uiioii in the S ate. Arran2ment have
also been made to conned w ith the Hti
lu io-i a COMMERCIAL STITU fE Li
which (tie c-oune of In-lrticii i
i complete and ihorongh as in thx best Com
I niercial Co'lee. S u le'.is, i,No who ara
j ilesirou- ot piirniri2 Cu- i ai or select
i s udies will tiave, as m the Sate Norml
: '.vliocils, ihe neeJeJ tjilities and instruc
tion. Tt:e preparatory and m.'i.lel schioU, lift
' der the direct charge of the P.incipal, will
eomprii-e p-ipds whoss ae or aitainments
i do not quality them io pursue the st!idi!i
' t 'ife regular e!a-ses. In ibis deoartment
; there will be furni.-he I to ihe teacher !ti
; e.ents Lo are qt:a ified for it, an r-p-:
ponuni'v Jor practice in ihe Art ol Teach
; ir-2, an.i for Irjarnirg ho v t o.-aaniz".
arrange, and instruct a school, i'i such a
: manner that under their il.rie't in o-ir p-:b-(
lie sliail beco ne truly mode! S-hnoi Lec
tures en the Theory and P. :.e i-nf fA.;h
ir.n wih b given t-j tie Teaner stu.lents
. wpklv Pufi c Lectttras wi.l aU i be uiven
rg SSrjp 36 El S3 3 S3 s
I Tuition, perbeio'l. of eleven weeks:
: For Ihe tir-l yrade $4 00; Sernnd srade
;?5 00; Third sjra-le 66 CO ; Co nrnercinl
Uepar'ntent M5. fuil course.
One half th Tuition is req rrel to b
paiJ at the opening of each Session and
tne other half al trie close: unless by
agreement ; no dedu?iion made for ab
pence except in ca-es of continue 1 illness.
Boar jtng and furnished nom will be
given SiuJenls at two dollars per week.
Th6'e are a'-o ro tm i io -t for those who
wish to board themselves.
A II the text books use 1 in ihe fn-ti'utim
can be had m itie place nt the usual sehmg
t"c"For fu:ther particulars address the
C. Bitienben Jer,
Hoard T$ Trustee.
Orangeviile, Jan. 15. 1S62.
A HOUSE AND LOT.
HE ul'dersined will expose lo publ
sale in Bloomcbors, on Tuesday, it
4th day o! tebrtiary, 18b2, at 2 o clock
A BUICK HOUSE AND LOT,
situate on Centre Street, Bloomsburg. The
lot is in sond condition, and well pUnied
with desirable fruit tree and shrubbery..
The hou-f is new, twenty eight by bjven-
leen feet, and well built
The conditions of sale will be reasona
ble, and mada known o-i dav of al by
ANDREW S CROSSLEY;
Or Peter Billrnevr, Auctioneer.
Bloomsburg, Jan. 15, 1862.
Estate of Christopher Heller, lute of Mifflin
tfttcnsh'p, Cot co.t deceased.
T ETTERS testamentary on the estate of
" Christopher Heller, late of M.frlin twp.,
Columbia county, deceased, have been
granted by ihe Register of Columbia coun
ly, to Samuel Heller, residing in Hollen
baek town-hip, Luzerne county. All per
sons indebted io said etat are requested
to call and make immedu'e payment, and
those having rUims or demand will pre
sent ihem prppM ly aoihMCatod for fcettle
rnent to :he nr.dersisned.
SA.MCEL HELLER, Ere 'for.
January 8, I Sf-2 6t.