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W. U. JACOB!, Proprietor.
Truth and Ilight God and our Country.
Two Dollars per Annua.
BLOOMSBURG. COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA., WEDNESDAY AUGUST 14, 1861.
win, i jiilo
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THE IfllSG WIDOW.
She is modest, but not bashful ;
Free and easy, but not bold ;
Like an apple ripe and mellow ;
Not too young, and not too oldj
Half inviting, half repuleive,
Now advancing and now shy ;
There is mischief in her dimple,
There is danger in her eye.
She has studied human nature ;
She is schooled in her arts ;
She has taker, her diploma
As the mistress of all hearts, ;
She can tell the very moment
When to sigh and when to smile ;
O, a maiden is sometimes charming,
But the widow all the while.
Are you ladl how very serious
Will her handsome lace become ;
Are yon a ngry ? she is wretched,
Lonely, friendless, fearful dumb ;
At you mirthful? how her laughter.
Silver bounding, v. '11 ring out!
She can lure, and catch, and play you
As the angler does the trout.
You spry bachelors of forty,
Who have grown so .bold and wise,
Young Americans ol twenty
With the love-locks in your eyes,
You may practice all yqur lessons
Taught by Cupid since the fall,
But I know a little widow
Who could win and fool you all.
TflE PATRIOTIC DEAD.
,:Hor sleep the Brave, who Fink to rest
By all their country's wishes blest!
When Spring with dewy finders cold.
Returns to deck their hallowed mould,
She there shall dress a sweeter sod
Than Fancy's feet have ever trod.
"By fairy hand their knH is rung,
By forms unseen their dirze is sung ;
There horror comes a pilgrim cray.
To bless the torf that wraps thir clay,
And Freedom shall awhile repair
To dwell a weeping hermit there."
Are They Misrepresented ?
A correspondent of the Easlon Argus, in
speaking of the complaints of Republicans
that they are misrepresented, says: ''Did
Democracy misrepresent yon by informing
the people of your hostility to the peculiar
instit jtions of the South ? And in doing so,
did Democracy do aught else than repeat
II your sentiments ? Was not hostility to
slavery the most vital issue upon which
vonr Dartr rose into existence! Didn't
yon always consider slavery -the sv.m of all
vVlaiiirsV7 Didn't every one of your own
party organs abound in low abuse and bit
ter invective against the people of the South
and Southern institutions? If not then in
deed has Democracy notonly wronsed you.
but has also been instrumental in bringing
on the present cruis. But if yon are hon
est, yon will concede that Democracy has
alway done yon justice, and that the pres
ent troubles are 'or the most part chargable
to the blind fanatical zeal of your own party.
We hold that secession is but the effect of
Black Republican Abolitionism, the cause.
It is in vain to attempt deceiving the peo
ple. Democracy had made the country
what it was. Democracy preserved they des
troy. The truth of the adage that Ma great
empire and little minds go ill together'' is
folly confirmed by the actions and meas
ures of those now in power. Had they
been sensibly that "magnanimity in politics
is not seldom the truest wisdom," secession
might have been arrested in the start and
peace and prosperity restored ere this. We
did not expect of our rulers that they would
act in spirit of that well knoTn maxim of
Fox, "Iniqvisnim an pnum juslissimo bello an
tefero," yet we did hope that they would
hire preferred an advantageous peace to
the hope of victory. Such a peace mhht
have obtained by some timely concessions
and guaranties, and the country saved from
the horrors of civil war. Yain were our
hopes! The happiness of thirty-one mil
lions of freemen is being sacrificed to the
- platform of a political party ! The glory
and lustre of oar once proud and happy
land are fast fading away ! Our last and
only hope tests with the people ; for our
rulers, "far from being quallified to be the ft
tectors of the great movement of empire, are not
fit to turn a wheel in the machine.' 11
Mr. Partington says, that when she was
a girl she used to go to parties, and always
had a bean to escort her home. But now,
ehe says, "girls nndergo all sorts of declivi
ties ; the task of extorting them revolves on
their own dear selves." . The old lady threw
down her specs, and thanking her stars that
she "had lived in other days, when men
coald depreciate the female sect." "Be'
sides," she added, ''so many men are mur
dered every day, that yoa gals most make
haste and get husbands as soon as yoa can,
or there won't be any left." "Why so
aunt?" "Why, I see by the papers tha!
we racst have almost thirty thousand post"
cSces, and all of 'em dijpalcb.es a 4 "mail"
llzn woundedlby the ejploiion of bomb
t,-r t"i I-""'!. . .
Incidents of the Cattle.
When Colonel Slocnm, of the Second
Rhode Island, was wounded, h;s men, not
tes T UUUUCUj u-o ilJGll, I1UI
. ' I
supposing U to be mortal, crowded around I
1 - r c.t 1 a. a
mm ior lunner oraers, du: tie uiea in a
rdr. h a;.,! ;
minute or two after being shot, his last
words being, "Don't wait for me; avenge
my death.' And he was avenged. From
that instant the Rhode Islanders made
charge after charge, each time bringing a
host of rebels to the ground.
"Always gay is a soldier's life. A vol
unteer's recent letter says: "My wife
came on to see me at our camp. Thank
Heaven she brought needles an
with her. My raglan had nearly played
out; my pants have been drilled to death ;
I have been walking in my boot legs for
thre8 weeks. I wish my wife was a shoe
maker. The boys will soon have their new
harness. We are as happy as bob tail hor
ses in fly time."
The officers who took Mr. Pryor prisoner
say that among the other prisoners taken
was a very bably wounded rebel officer,
who wore the eagle of Colonel on hisshoul
derstrap. He appeared to have got beyond
his regiment, and got separated from them,
and so cut off. His left arm had been shat
tered above the elbow, and the useless
member was dangling in his coat sleeve
He was also bleei'ing profusely from a
wound in the side, yet waving his sword in
the air, and would not give up until sur
rounded, and a big fellow of one of the
Maine regiments rushed up to him, threw
down his own gun, and then clasped the
officer around the body. His sword then
dropped from his'grasp, and he sank upon
the ground' The first words he said were,
"What fools you Yankees are to attack us
with such a handful of men." "Why," re
plied his captors, "how many have you
got?" "There are 90.000 on the field, lie
replied, besides ." Here his strength
failed, he sighed heavily, the blood gushed
from his side in a torrent ; he called out in
a faint tone, "Emma, Emma," repeated
the name twice ; stretched out his limbs and
expired. He was a very handsome man,
about thirry-five years of age.
The Ohio Regiments were in the thickest
of the fiht, but fortunately lost but few
men. The first regiment, under Col. Mc
Cook, has covered itself with glory. They
were detailed at an early hour in the day to
put up batteries, ana they seemed to un
derstand the work to perfection. The Greys
were 6ent out as skirmishers, early in the
morning, and drove in the pickets of the
rebels, and commenced the fight. These
two Ohio regimen's have been trained by
Col. M;Cook, and were frequently brought
risht into the very range and front of the
enemy's most terrible and formidable gens ;
but no sooner would they see the flash than
every man was prostrate upon his face, and
the balls and grape would pass harmlessly
over them : they then would up and at them
with a vengeance in double quick time
i Col. Cook was as cool and collected as
when drilling his men upon the parade
ground, and issued his orders, with bullets
and cannon balls whistling about his ears
as thick as hailstones, without any appa
rent excitement whatever. Twice was he
hemmed in by the enemy's cavalry and or
dered to surrender, but he was away in a
tangent, coolly remarking ''that the ball had
not been moulded jet to take his life !"
His younaer brother seventeen yeare old,
was a member of the Second Ohio regiment
and was left as guard to the hospital. One
of the enemy's cavalry dashed upon him
and ordered him to surrender. The brave
youth, with fixed bayonet, steady nerve and
cool bearing, replied, "I never surrender!"
The father, Judge McCook, who had all the
day been ardurously engaged in assisting
and taking care of the wounded, biinging
them in from the battle field, and that, too,
at the imminent peril of his own life, was
in the hospital tent and heard the order 1o
his son, and saw others of the enemy's cav
alry near by, and rushed out. and speaking
in a loud tone, said, "Charley, surrender,
for God's sake, or you are 16m." Charley
turned to his father, and with a'l the lion in
hi countenance, replied, "Father, I will
never surrender to a rebel " In a moment
a ball pierced his spine, bnt he instantly
discharged his musktt at the rebel horse
man and laid him low in death; and then
fell himself. The rebel then undertook to
j k. h; foth, ,chD,i ;n n,,,t
Urag tlllll till, UUI II i J mini. Ji'"'- ' " 1
released him, and he died soon after.
After the battle had been raging for some
hours, an immense body of Mississippians.
accompanied by some (believed to be) Bal
timorean, rnshed furiously over the Con
federate ramparts. They at once saw the
conspicuous uniforms of the Zouaves, and
made at them. The Mississippians, alter
approaching near enough, sent a terrible
volley from their rifles into the Zouave
ranks. This done, they threw their guns
aside and charged onward ur.iil each con
tending enemy met face to face and hand
to hand in terrible combat. The Mississip
pians, having discharged their rifles after
the first fire, lell back opon their bowie
knives.' These wre of huge dimensions,
eighteen to twenty inches long, heavy in
proportion, and sharp, or two edged at the
point. Attached Jo the handle was a lasso,
some eight to ten feet in length, with one
end securely wound around the wrist. My
informant says when these terrific warriors
approached to within reach of their lasso,
riot Tailing to come in bayonet range, they
threw forward their bowie-knives at the
Zouaves after the fashion of experienced
barpooners striking at a whale. Frequently
they plunged in, and penetrating throcgh'a
to 6lrike again, while the first viciim sunk
into death. On several occasions the terri
ble bowie-knife was transfixed in a Zouave
i .v. v .. i . : n:,-:.
a ' . " " '
both unpalled and Jailing together, so
skillfully was this deadly instrument ban-
died by the Mississippian that lie could-pro- j
jeel it to the full lasso length, kill his victim '
withdraw it aain with a sudden impulse, j
and catch the handle unerringly. If by any
mischance the bowie-knife missed "us aim,
broke the cord fastening it to the arm, or
fell to the earth, revolvers were next resor
ted to and used with similar dexterity. The
hand to hand closing in with both pistol
and bovvie knife, cutting, slashing,
aud shooting almost in the same moment,
was awful beyond description. Blood gush
ed from hundreds of wounds, until amid
death, pitiful groans and appaling sights, it
staunched the very earth.
When the Fire Zouaves stormed the
masked battery at Bull's Run, and were
forced to fall back by the grapeshot and
cavalry charge, one of them was stunned
by a blow from a sabre, and fell almost un
der one of the enemy's guns. The Seces
sionists swarmed around him like bees, but
feigning death, in the excitement he was
unnoticed, and when a sally was made
managed to crawl back into the thicket in
side the Confederate lines. Here he waited
some time for an opportunity to escape, but
finding none, concluded he would make
the best of a bad bargain, and if he was
lost would have a little revenge beforehand
Hastily stripping the body of a Confederate
near by, he donned his uniform, and seiz
ing a rifle made his way to the entrench
ments, where he donned the secessionists,
and watching his opportunities, succeeded
in picking off several of their most promi
nent officers whenever they advanced out
upon the troops. Here he remained some
time, until, thinking it best to leave belore
his disguise was discovered, he ioined a
party, who were about to charge upon our
forces, and was, to his gratification, again
captured, but this time by his own men
Our fire proved very destructive" to the ene
my, and cut down their men by hundred.
In the battery where the Zouaves fell he af
terwards counted thirty-five dead bodies ly
ing clo.-e loe'.her, and the bushes were full
of the wounded who had crawled oil to gel
out of the way.
A member of the fifth Massachusetts reg
iment named Robinson, writes from his own
personal experience of the barbarities of the scholars begin to titter; and the teacher
the rebel soldiers in the last Rub's Run bat- turns around and frowns terribly, inconti
tle. He says that when the orders to retire nenlly sqiHchi.ig a small boy who i rising
were received, they passed some of their up to maintain a better view of the pro
dead who had been mari"UJ after they fell, ceedmgs.
One man had been bayouetled in seven pla
ces and others hacked and cut in a terrible
mariner The writer says that he could not
believe before that such fiends existed on
the face of the earth. He himself was
struck in the head by a spent ball, and fell. ''
A rebel soldier rushed up to bayonet him,
but he caught the bayonet in his band cut
ting it badly. Finally, he succeeded in kill
ing his opponent. He is now in the hospi
tal, but will soon be able to resume his du
ties. Female Secessionists.
The rebel women of the South seem to
give our army more trouble than the men.
"" j j
led at the Head quarter.-of ('apt. Ooodwin
of Connecticut and requested to be escorted
to her home stating that she was afraid to
go home alone. The Cap ain gallantly ten
deied hi own services, aud accompanied
the lady, but never returned. He had been
entrapped and was taken ofl" a prisoner.
It was ascertained that the name of this
young lady was Scott and that she has sev
eral sisters. Recently Lieut. Upton, who
was out on a f couting party in the vicinity ol
ihe house occupied by ihe Misses Scott, who
are rampant secessionists, and who captur-
ed Capt. Goodwin, of the Connecticut regi-
merit, enterea ineir nouse aiut asKej lor a
drink of water. The young ladies desired
to know who he was. He informed them
lhat he was a Secessionist, and desired to
know whether there were any in that vicinty.
They informed him that there were plenty,
and gave him ihe names of t-everal whom
he could rely upon. II took the names of
several. Soon alter this, however, tome ol !
our pickets came in, and the young ladies j
! bean to 'smell a rat.' He then told them!
that they were prisgners, and that they
must go with him to General Tyler's quar
ters. Alter arriving there the General took
them into his priva'e room, and gave them
thorough examination. He desired to know
what had been done with young Goodwin,
, . , ,, , , ,
They assured the General that they d.d not
know, but mpposed he was at Richmond,
They pretended to tell everything they knew
in regard to affairs in the rebel's camp, but
it was perfectly apparent to General Tyler
that they did not tell the truth. He informed
them that he should hold them prisoners
until Captain Goodwin had been returned
They are quite pretty, and very prepos
sessing in their manners. What will final
ly be done with them is not known.
Aeotheb Cask. A woman, young, pret
ty, prepossessing in manners and well
dressed, was detained at the Relay House
and searched, and on the inside of that gar
ment which is generally worn-next the dust
and ashes of humanity were lound the let
ters of great importance. As government
had not entered into an engagement with
this female to carry any portion of the letter
mail, she was accordingly sent to Washing
ton with 'males' of a different gender.
The Last Days of School.
The following amusing paragraph from
the httukerbciker, will be readily apprecia
, . i. i I I . I . .U
ted rv nil ihn who have taken Dart ill the
..,as,' l.ihi.inn a. ,h close of school
"Well, a few years pass, and school days
are coming to an end. The last perform
ance is to be an exhibition, and a grand af
fair is expected. Our parents, brothers and
sistera are to be there, and we look forward
to the day with joyful anticipation.
' What great preparations we make! ta
ing attitudes and making grimaces belore
the class ; rehearsing our pieces, out be
hind the wood-shed, and up on the hay-lolt;
vainly attempth g to catch the intonation
and superb gestures of the large boy who
had been to the ci'y, and say that is the j
way they do at the theater ; putting on our j
new trowsers, dislocating our vertebrae in
trying to get a rear view of them, and only
succeeding in making out a indistinct, bag
gy outline. At last the long looked-for
evening comes, and the little country church
is brilliantly illuminated with tatlow can
dies, and gorgeously decorated with sprigs
of asparagus. The scholars, hizhly polish
ed by much cashing and redolent of dubi
ously flavored soap, are seated on the plat
form, and the performance begins. It con
sists of declamations from Webster, Burks,
Spartacus, Rienzi, and other eminent men ;
with essays on "The Seasons" (taken in
dividually and collectively,) on "Napoleon,"
on "Our Country," etc , intersperced with
moral dialogues and choral singing.
"It passes off pleasantly enough, although
some of the boys find themselves victims of
of misplaced confidence in trusting to their
memories; and in their embarrassment
make all sorts of irrelevant gestures, and
shuffle about in a most disconsolate man
ner. "One, in speaking of the Past and Futuie
forgets what gestures to make and keeps his
arm oscillating while he tries to recall it: in j his services as churn master, and under his
studying this up, he forgets what 1 1 say management, the whole party soon had the
next, aud retires, blushing with 'mortifica- ) satisfaction of receiving alowl of fresh bul
lion. Don't lauh at him, boys ; this very ! termilk. While Mrs. Hamilton was baking
incident may rou-e his spirit; and you at! lreil11 for the party, Lieut. Means eent a
your rustic fire side may yet read his elo- j sq"J of six men to examine a house about
quent speeches in Congress. j a mile further on the road, after reaching
"Between the parti, an officious centle- ' 'l ll'e Par,y set abont searching for arms,
man. in nttpmmin' to snuff one of the can- :
dies with his fingers, pulU it out of the tin
scoucj, and drop it into the lap of an old
fady in bombazine ; whereat the old lady is
incensed, aud the gentleman apolosizes;
'The young ladies' essays embrace ev
ery topic, from "Dress" up to "Patriotism, '
and abound in cuphuistic aphorims, gen
erally misquoted, and diminutives in Id.
In describing a snil upon the lake, "genily
gliJing boatlet" is alluded to, whereupon a
crusty n'.d cus torncr, who is a deacon
in the church, and a practical man, suggests
to his neighbors that ikrfllet would do just
"The large boy from the city gires us
Mark Antony's oration over Cccsar's body
in what we suppose is', the most approved
theatrical style. He astonishes and capti
vates the scholars, especially the weaker
vesI to whom his annointed locks, city-
maje clothes, and ' miraculous tie," are
irresistible : but he by no means pleases the
older portion of the audience. His antics
are likened to those of a wet hen, a short
tailed b ovine in fly time and other lu
dnens objects, familiar to rustic eyes Un
fortunately his vehement efforts disturb the
slumbers of one or two inlants, whoe cries
do not at all enchant the trnic etTtct, but
are much too violent for the occasion . be
i:i2 quite judiUe, though smothered under
shawls and partially jol'ed down by a vig
orous trotting on maternal kn.!es.
And now the last piece is
! jexofyv is BUn? ,he weey
coughs cut the candles and locks the door
and 'school days are over.' "
Old iiiekory vs. (JM Abe.
"It is well known lhat there have always
been those amongst us who wish to enlarge
the powers of the general government ; and
experience would seem to ind'.ca e that
there is a tendency on the prt of this gov
ernment to overstep the boundaries marked
out for it by the Constitution. Its legitimate
authority is abundantly sufficient for all the
purposes for which it was created; and its
powers being expressly enumerated, there
CAN BE NO JUSTIFICATION FOR
rr.AiMin Ar:vrinn nr.vnvn tufm
jrvirnv ., , . i , .l
LvLIlx attempt to exercn-e power beyond the
, be pfi0MI.rLY AXD pjj; jj.
j npPnrPn Vnr nns 3m, ;,, ,M.
ms - A mM m-r A - I v . A. U Ul SiV Will 1 1 14 14
to other measures still MORE MISCHIEVOUS;
and it the principle of constructive powers,
'or supposed advantages, or temporary cir
cumstances, shall ever be permitted to jus
tify the assumption of a power not given by
the Constitution, the general government
will before long absorb a 1 the powers of
legislation, and you will have, in effect, but
one consolidated government." Andrew
Jackson's Farewell Address.
"II such a struggle is once begun, and
the citizens ot one section of the country
are arrayed in arms against those of anoth
er in doubtful conflict let the battle temlt as it
may, THERE WILL BE AN END of the
UNION, and with it the hepes of freedom. Hie
victory of the ii fared would not secure to them
blessings of liberty; it would avenge their wrongs
but tfuy would tliemsekes share in the COM
MON H U(NS-3 ? .'jkjm
The Stout on Tuesday Morning.
After the engagement on Monday night I Tho following extract from a beautiful
it was deemed necessary, by our officer in 1 poem breathes a sentiment that finds a re
command of the town, to send out a tcout-' ppori-e in every patriotic heart. It is so
ing party to ascertain if possible the amount 1 peculiarly appropriate at this time, that
of damage done to the rebels, accordingly j we are satisfied every reader of the Union
Lieutenant Means with twenty-four men , "ill thank us for reproducing it :
was detailed to act as such. They left "Sail on ! sail on ! O Ship of State !
Piedmont Tuesday morning and taking a Sail on, O Union, grand and great !
path leading directly over the mountain, n.an'ty with all its fears,
1 A ml all ilu hnnQ t r inlnra a t r
east of the town, after a tedious climb, (for j
it could not properly be called a march, as
the mountain was so steep,) they finally
reached the top where they found a house
and quite a lare barn (which by the way
are very scarce in this part of the coun:ry,)
both of which had evidently been occupied j
bv the rebels the night before, alter making !
a thorough search about the premises noth
ing of impoitance wa found They then
took a northerly direction, following the
trail of the retreating party of the night be
fore, and judging from appearances that
they had retreated in great disorder, after
the warm reception given them by our
picket guards. Alter a few miles march in
this direction they came upon a house oc
cupied by a Union man by the name of
Hamilton, who seeing them coming and ta
king them to be rebels, flew to the woods
with his family. The good woman of the
house was at their approach making prep
arations to churn, having a churn full of
nice cream ready, the sight of which made
the boys mouths fairly water, and not wish
ing to commit any depredations of any sort,
more especially upon the property of Union
men, Lieut. Means sent a squad of men to
invite the family to return and to as-ure
thern of their friendliness. They expressed
much joy in finding that the purty was
friends, and immediately Bet about provi
ding them something to eat. The boy
being very anxious to get some good butter
milk and fresh butter Burnwell volunteered
., af'er being asured that there was noth- j
l ot the kind in the house, ihey thought ;
it best to examine the beds and in one of
them they lound an ni l U. S. musket care-
limy wrappeu up in tne domes wntcn mey To rn!,,t ,iie j.j for Uoss to con
eized as contraband. j 8tant!y used up, the bank has its cwn pa-
They next proceeded to the barn, and af- I per makers, its own printer!, is own enjra
ter a thorough search, brought to liht feix '; ver,( M at work ,.,4 lll(J 6ame tcor alJ
pint bottles, which had been snr.gly stowed it eve, mai.;e3 me machinery by v.-hich the
aw;iy in the bottom of an old sleigh, they o( jw owa ,vp,ij IS j,,,, cornpli-
had a tremendous smell o! old Rye, but to , catej but beautiful operation is a register,
the disappointment cf some of the squad, extending from the printing office to the
were entirely empty. In a field clo-e by ; banking otfices, which makes every sheet
the barn they discovered a lare gray horse D p3per that is struck orf from the preso
which showed the marks of severe labor ' lnat the printers cannot manufacture a single
supposing uy ir.em 10 nae ueeu uui.e uio
night beloie, and they came to the cor.clu-
sum that it was the same one that was fired
i I .l l I U.
at three times, by the pickets, on Monday
nijtht, but not hating positive prool of the
fact, they thought best to leave him until
another time. The fact of the musket, bot
.!eH and hotse at the same place confirmed
the belief that the rebels had encamped
very near for some time.
! Not meeting wiih anything of interest,the
i Fquad returned to Mrs. Hamilton's where
they, with the balance of the party, partook
j of some nice tresh bread, butter and milk,
i Lieut- Mean having instructions to return
to Piedmont before night, got hn men in
j order and marched to this place about 4
i o'clock, p. m , of the same day.
j Everything taken in that direction by
Lieut Means shows conclusively that the
presence of the troop here had driven the
rebels away from the vicinity ot Piedmont.
The Phi'adelphia Gazette says :
night before his rej;imnt left Washington
for Alexandria, Ellsworth and some of the
Captains of his regiments were in quarters
preparing for the morrow's march.
Captain John Wildey, of company I, was
perhaps, the favorite of poor Ellsworth.
The soldiers in the same room, were selec-
ting their appared for the nextt!ay's march.
Captain Wildey laid out his ordinary dress,
and was preparing to put it on. Ellsworth
had done the same thing, but as Wildey
was robing, Ellsworth stood in a musing at
titude. "Why don't you dress yourself!'' asked
Wildey, who was robing with considerable
4 I was thinking," said Ellsworth, slowly,
"in what clothes I 6ha!l die."
"Die, my dear fellow ! What do you talk
of dying fori Before yon die you will see
the American flag flying over every city in
Union, and all secession leaders will hare
been hung or exiled."
Ellsworth shook his bead sadly, and said
no'hing for a moment. He then smiled his
peculiar sweet smile, and opening his trunk
produced an entire new uniform, as yet
fresh from the hands of the tailor.
"II I am to be shot to-morrow," said he
"and I have a presentment lhat my blood
is immediately required by the country it
is in this suit '.hat I shall die ;" and suiting
ihe action to the word, he donned the hand
some uniform, and in a few minutes was
as gay and jocund as though he was pre
paring (or the festivities ot a wedding party,
instead of preparing for battle.
Five hours afterward, a ballet sped thro'
his heart, first cutting into a badge of engine
i,an!?i ' 'breathless "on ihv fate !
We know what maiter bid ihy keel,
What Workmen wrought thy ribs of steel.
Who made each mast, aud sail, and rope,
What an ils rang, what hammers beat,
In what it foraje, ar.d what a heat,
Were shaped the anchor? f our hope I
r-- j -
In sp:teof false lifllits on the shore,
' ?r- no Iear DrpaM me "ea.:, ,
vur iirari, our iiupes, are an wiui inee,
Uur hearts, our hopes, our prayer, our tears,
Our laith triumphant o'er our fears,
Are ail with thee are all with thee 1"
4 Terp Into the ank of England.
The Bank of England must be seen on
the inside as well as out, and to go into the
interior of this remarkable building :o ob- !
exerts more moral and political power than
any soveieign in Europe, yoa must have an j
nri'pr frnm (Intcriinf nf thi Hanlr The :
order from the Governor of the Bank. The
building occupies an irregular area of eight
acres of ground an edifice of r.o agricultu
ral beauty , with not one window towards
the street, being lighted altogether from the
room of the enclosed area.
I was led, on presenting my card of ad
mission, into a private room, where, after a
delay of a lew moments, a messenger came ;
and conducted me through tho m ighty and !
mysterious building. Down we went into
a room where the notes of the bank receiv-
ed the day before, were now examined, i
compared with the entries in the book and
The Bank of England never issues the
same note a second time. It receives in
the ordinary course of business, about XS0O
01)0 or 4 OoO.OOo daily in notes ; these are
put up inlo parcals according to their de-
nominations, and are kept ten years; at
the expiration of each period they are ta-'
i ken out and ground up in the mill which I j
saw running, made aijain into paper. If,
in ,ne corie 0f these ten years. any dispute !
,n business t,r law suit, should arise, con !
; ctTnn., xhe payment of any note, the bar.k !
; can roJuce the hiersticat bill. (
, eei ot bank notes that is not recorded in
; lhe bar k. On the same principle of neat-
nfefi(, , shaft is made to nass from one anart-
. . . . ...
i i - k
merit to another, connecting a clock in six-
teen business wings of the establishment,
and regulating them with such precision
that the whole of them are always pointing
to the same second of lime. In another!
room was a machine, exceedingly simple '
for detecting light gold coin. A row of them
are dropped one by one upon a spring scale.
If the piece of gold was of the standard
weight, the scale m-e to a certain height
and the coin slid of! upon one side of the
box ; if less than the t-tandard it ro-a a little
hitler, anil the coin slides of! upon the oth
er side. I aKea tne weiner wnat wa- tne
avera2e number of light coins that came in
to his hands, arid strangely enough he said
it was a question hs v.ms cot allowed to an
The next room I entered was th.it
room i entered was tti.it in
which notes are deposited which are ready
for issue. "We have thirty-two millions of
pounds sterling in this room," the officer
remarked to me; "will you take a little of
it?'' I told hirn it would, be vastly agreea
ble, and he handed me a million sterling,
which I received with many thanks for his
j liberality, but he insisted upon my depos-
iiing it with him as it would hardly be safd '
i to carry so much money into the street. I
very much fear that I shall never see that
1 money again. In the vault beneath tho J
i door, were a director and cashier counting '
, t ii i i :.t- i
Dags oi Oiu wnicn men were pucmng
down to them, each bag containing a thou
sand pound sterling, just from the mint.
This world of money seemed to realize the
fables of eastern wealth, and gave me new
and strong impressions of the magnitude of!
the business done here, and the extent of
the relations of this one institution lo the
commerce of the world.
General Pattkh-on turned over his com
mand at Harper's Ferry to Gen. Banks, on
Thursday week, under the instruction cf the
War Department, and left for home the
same day. The officers and men of the
Division were very reluctant to part with
their veteran commander, for whom they
had the greatest regard and affection.
Endeavoring to make violent love to a
pretty girl under the table, and pressing the
wrong fool that of your wifes, whose corns
are tender is described as one of the mis
eries of married life.
The latest description of the difference
between a good soldier and a fashionable
young lady, is, that one faces the powder
and the other powders the face.
How a Soldier reels in Battle.
Thejbllowing, which went the rounds of.
the press some time ago, is possessed of
additional interest now :
"A young French officer thus writes of
his first experience in battle : Our officer
sent ns back, for we were not numerous'
enough to charge upon the enemy This
was most prudent, for the murderous fire
so fatal to the white ccats, did us but littlo
harm. Our conical balls penetrated their
dense masses, whilst those of the Austrian
whistled past our ears and respected our
persons. It was the first time I had face l
fire, nor was I the, only one. Well, I am
satisfied with myself. True, I dodged the '
fiist balis, but Her.ry Vf, did the same thing
at the beginning of every battle. It is, in
fact, a physical efTect, independent of th-j
Cut, this tribute pa'.d, if you could only
feel how each shot electrifies you. It is
like a whip on a racer's legs. The balU'
whistle past you, lura up the earth arounA
you, kill one, wound another, and you hardi
ly notice them. Yon grow intoxicated; .L"S
eme!j o SUIipowder mounts to your brain
me eye oecomes Dioousnoi, anu me iook is
five., nnori the Pnerr,v. Thr U KmnPiMn
of all ,he pasions jn lhal lerrible passion
. . i i , .
excneci in a soiuier Dy me signt oi uiooa
and the tumult of battle.
Everybody who has tried it testifies to th
peculiar intoxication that is produced by
being in a battle. ThereJ is an infatuating
influence about the smell of powder,
thrill whistle of a bullet, and the sight of
human blood, that instantly transforms men
from cowards to heroes from
sometimes to monsters. No one
of the nature or inys'ery of that influatu- j
but those who hav been in ih trav- thfrr. .
Mushroom Ccltcke. As mushrooms ate
a delicasy mosl people are fond of,alihough
soon universally grown, I think, a they
would be were their culture known to be ro
simple that any one possessing the ''"Ty
lence of an outhow-e or cellar, with.
perature of from 48 deg. to i0 deg..
Irtle short dung, may grow them, I bf
offer a few remarks to those who may nc
have attempted theircnlture as to the
they may be produced in abundance vfX
very little care.
In the first place.if short dung tfresh from i,j
6tab!e, is to be had, so much the better; l J
I have grown abundance on a bed made otf""
short dung ihree months old. However, let
it bo which it may, procure as much u I
will make a bed of six:een inches deep and
any required ize, throw the same together
for a few days to heat and dipel the great
er part of the moisture, thn throw it
down for a day or two to cool and dry, after
which again throw it up together for a few
days generally fcbout five or sir. will be
found sufficient. It will then be fit to make
J the bed with, which, let the size be what it
may, should be about sixteen inches deep,
In matmo th tal- . -. .
j " w j i i a m
beat it firm. As soon as the bed shall havn
1 risen end declined lo 75 deg . it is ready to
J spawn. I find Cctbrush's Millnck to be the
I besfspawn I can piocnre. Half a buhcl
will spawn a ted ten feet square. Thi, f
broken in pieces the size of small apples,
jost in the dung and covered two inches
uepp, in any garden soil well-beaten down,
will produce abundance of mushrooms in
six or seven week, in a temperature of
from 50 dej. to 55 deg.
A -bed ih'i ireate i, twelve feet by seven,
spawned by half -a bushel of spawn obtain
ed trnm Mes-rs Cutbuh, of H'srheate. pro- "
! duced rn above eighty pounds weight of
uiusnrunm ui m-i quamy many- rrni
thoroughly opet weiahiugfoar ounces each.
The bed is now in fun tearing and ha
been since the 7tri of October, and like!y to
produce at least half as many more with 00
farther car? than above enumerated, with
the e.xcept-of cf an orca-oual watering
when dry Cot'.jgc Girdeuer
Fhcir Tkees in Scmrceeerics I fhooM
like to see the apple and pear in more gen
eral ue as cnumantal p'ants, and want to
know why they are not more frequently
planted in place? of rr.oderate,or even limi
tede.vte.n, as suiburban and villa residen
ces, by intermixing them with common
ehrubbery plants. Far cottage ornees they
are peculiarly adapted, and in the focmer
places mihi be planted to a considerabla
extent, a"d would add greatly to the beau
ty of residences at th;s reason of the yea-;:
anJ afforJ jn lhQ
autumn some compensa
tion by way of sot oil, by contributing a sup
ply ot fruit in places where there is gener
ally a want of it. The great beauty of tha
bloom of some varieties of apples and pears
would of themselves entitle them to a
place in our grounds, solely as ornamental
plants ; and I wish you could persuade mu
serymen to make a select ion for thi pur
pose's I imagine many country gentlemen
would be induced to purchase them for their
parks and homesteds for thi property alone,
of good-sized plants could be procured and
that proprietors of small places would be
glad to introdcos them I say nothing of the
Chinese apple and pear,which are just now
in bloom ,and worthy of idl the admiration
they call forth; but bavins noticed for sev
eral seasons how really beaciiful the bloom
is of many varieties o: apples, I venture to
suggest to your readers. As for the p?3r,it
is, when old, or.e of the most picturesque
trees to be met with, and for parks and
home grounds invaluable as an ornamental
tree, when in bloom. 1 strongly advise plan
ters to try the Beurre Ranee pear, and three
or four other new varieties ; these have fine
foliage and flowers and a strong growth.
which. "" "' tiTi.-H --