The star of the north. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, December 19, 1860, Image 2

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GeheVai. News. The Hon. Jeremiah J.
Black, Attorney General, has been appoint
ed Secretary of State, in place of Lewis
Cim, and E M Stanton, of Pittsburg, At
torney General of the U. S, Vice Black,
promoted to the Premiership. General
Scott has giver, the President an elaborate
opinioc in reference to the present condi
tion of the military defence of the country,
and what shook be done in view of possi
ble contingensies. It is rnmored thai the
President had given orders to hare 'the sloop
cf war Brooklyn held in reaainess to pro
reed to Charleston, to aid in the defence of
Fort Moultrie, at any time when he should
command it, bnt declined to do anything
immediately by way of reinforcing the garn
on there at present The aopoiniment
of Secretary Thompson as Commissioner to
North Carolina may render his resignation
necessary. The report that he has resigned
is premature. -Many of the prominent
men of Richmond, Virginia, coincide with
the opinion expressed by Mr. Rives, that a
firm and dignified demand by the South for
tlieir constitutional rights would be conlid
red by the north. The more general senti
ment, however, is that a dissolution cannot
be aToided, and that Virginia must go with
the Sooth. Wendell Philips was announ
ced to deliver an address in Boston a few
nights since the subject "Mob and Edu
cation." Great trouble was anticipated,
and the military were ordered to hold them
s elves in readiness There was great ex
citement, in certain circle. Men openly
talked of mobing Philips, and things really
looked threatening A Urge Union Meet
ing wa held in New York city on the 16th,
in which a number of the roost prominent
citizen participated. Speeches were made
by Daniel S Dickiuson, John M Keon,
Hiram Ketchum, and others The tenor of
the speeches was averse to secession
.Resolutions were adopted recognizing the
rights of the South under the Federal Con
titotion, and appointing the Hon. Millard
Fillmore, Greene C. Brown, and Richard
Lathers, Commissioners, to go to Soath
Carolina, and make an appeal that no pre
cipitate action be taken on her part until
the North shall have bad an opportunity of
satisfying ibem that the popular sentiment
U-oion Meeting was held at Harrisburg a
few days ao ; also one in Philadelphia
Alfred Buchanan has been captured and con
victed by b Coroner's jury of the murder of
llrs Shanks. He now awaits the action of
the Grand Jnry. The parties live in New
York city. This woman kept a fancy store,
aiad was most brutally murdered i broad
lay light. A young roan by the r.ame of
Creseler of Scott township, tbia county,
while laboring under an attack cf insanity,
was brought to this place, and delivered to
the charge of Sheriff Snyder for safe keep
ing. The whole country is becoming
alamed at the secession movement of the
Southern States.
Patriot akd Unios. There is a spirited
&nd valuable daily paper, published at the
Capital of this State, bearing this title. It
is an able defender of Democratic prioci
ples, and did good service in the late cam
paign, although cur party met w ith a defeat.
Any person wishing to become a subscri
ter to a paper that will contain fell and
accurate reports of the Legislature during
the ensuing session, (which according to
current rumor, will be a lively one,; ehould
at otxe send for the Patriot and Unfon,which
can be had daily during the session, for on
dollar. For general news this paper is
scarcely surpassed by any of onr larger city
Seth IL Bhiggs, was convicted of murder
in the first degree in the Court of Bradford
County last week. He was indicted for
the murder of a young boy, Daniel Clark,
at Troy Village, on the 24th day of July last,
by catting his throat, while in bed, with a
razor. The murderer afterwards cat his
own. throat, but not fatally. ' He said he
killed the child because be did not wish to
leave it behind to be abused," and further,
the reason he done this act, a certain per
eon had been at his bouse and the conduct
of his wife with that person among other
things was the cause of it, and that he in
tended to kill himself and all parties. It
tra attempted on the part of his counsel,
to make him on: insane, bnt they failed to
establish clearly anything of the kind.
South Cabolixa still seems determined
So secede, and we think fcbe certainly will.
Several other Cotton States will follow her
example in case she goes oat of the Union.
The Southern States feel that their Consti
tutional rights will be denied them by this
Republican party, and the only remedy for
this, in their estimation, is to set op for
themselves. This no right thinking man
wishes to see this Union was not made to
. be dissolved after the fashion it is now me
nacing. The Republican party dare not
tell the South that they are in favor of en
forcing the fugitive slave law. This they
would call knuckling to the South. But it
iajsstwbat they should do They have
Ibroeskt. upon the country all the dangers
nh&t surronod and all the evil that afflict it.
P'jt for them, secession would never have
jteen heard of. ft is a dangerous political
;paaie sush an eae as this country never
before beheld-Be&o'ts of Via most alarming
character are staring cs full in the face.--
Gov. J!com, of Xentocky, fcas sent a
circular letter to all ihe slaTe States propos
leg a Convention, and submitting certain
K-.i-nenls to be proposed to the Const!-
lqu;rj as a basis of cooproasise of existing
'-,,.:.., .... --- , -- .
I Cnriom Freak of Nature,
We lesrn from the Jersey Shore Ytdttte
that a cow belonging to Mr Frederick
Dewey, who resides in that place, gave
birth to a calf a day ot two ago, which, as a
nstural curiosity, takes down anything we
ever saw. ' The hinder part forma two sep
arate and distinct calves, which continue
divided to within a few inches of the shoul
der where the bodies unite and form one
pair of shoulders, neck and head. There
are two fore legs which are in their natural
portion, and two others, which though
clearly developed legs and feet, are united.
These are so situated as to rest on its feet.
The four hind legs are equally developed
and in their proper position.
The calf i not quite fully grown, bnt very
nearly so. Mr. Dewey thinks that the cow
was kicked by a horse, which was the
cause of her calving prematurely. As to
whether the calf lived any time it is impos
sible to say, though it probably did not.
Had the" calf lived and grown up it would
have been two cows to mick and only one
to feed. A small family could thus have
been supplied with cream and also have
made butter to sell. In view of this, Mr
Dewey thinks be has suffered a serious loss.
Franc Leslie's Monthly. The January
number of this beautiful monthly Magazine
is promptly on hand. With it commences
the Seventh Volume, and no time is more
appropriate than the present to subscribe.
The illustrations this month are universally
beautiful, and the literary matter is of rare
interest, consisting of tales, poems, anec
dotes, humor, etc, by the moot eminent
writers, besides the splendid and exciting
novel of "Veroua Beent, or the wayward
course of love." Lewie's monthly con
tains nearly twice as much matter as
any other Magazine published in the coun
try. The Fashion Department will attract
the undivided attention ot the ladies, fur it
is most eiaboratery and splendidly illastra-
ted with the reigning fashions in Paris and
New York, besides a vast amount of work
ing patterns, etc. How all this is afforded
for S3 per year is a mistery . Those of our
friends who wish the monthly can send the
subscription to Frank Leslie, No. 19 City
Hall Square, New York.'
The Lecture Committke Not Entirely
Satistieo We understand the Lecture de
livered by the philosopher of the New York
Tiibune, Horace Greely, in this place last
Friday evening, was not so well patronized
as was supposed would be. It has been
asserted in private and public places that,
"the Democrat i cade a political matter ont of
it," ar.d stajed away. This, we hardly
the Democrats than to "make a political
matter oat of it," yet the lecturer may be a
rampant abolitionist. Previous to the de
livering of the lecture we did not hear one
Democrat say thai he was, or was not, go
ingto attend; although quite a respectable
number are known to have been present
Greely, as everybody knows, is not a popu
lar lecturer, by any means ; and especially,
at these times, not calculated to draw a
large audience, being too deeply implicated
with a certain party that is charged with hav.
in- brought about this terrible crisis between
the South and the North, which is feared
will dissolve this Union. He is charged
with being an abolitionist, and who dare
deny it ? Aye, the religious opinions he
holds, are said to be antagonistic to those
doctrines entertained by the deciples of the
Methodist Episcopal Church, and yet he is
invited by and lectures before a "Young
Men's Christian'Assocation," the offsprings
of that Church. Lets heat no more about
ths Democrats making a political matter
out of Greely 's lecture
Gleason's Illustrated Literary Com
panion. This valuable Literary Weekly
will commence a new volume on the first
of January, 1861, in grand style, with a new
and neat dress throughout. The Compan
ion is an elegant, moral and refined mis
cellaneous Family Journal. Its columns
are entirely devoted to Polite Literature,
Wit and Humor, Prose and Poetic Gems.
An unrivalled corps of writers and artists
have been engaged for the coming year,
and several new and popular features will
be introduced. Each number will be beau
it fully illustrated. In siz the Literary
Companion is some fifteen hundred square
laches, forming a mammoth weekly of six
teen octavo pages, and containing nearly
twice as much reading matter and of a more
refined character ihan any other weekly pa
per. Terms, 1 subscriber, S2 ; 8 do., 12.
and one gratis Sample copies sent free
Published weekly by F. Gleason, corner of
Tremont and ' Bromfield streets, Boston,
Black Reptbucakism Dying out itt Mas
sachusetts. The municipal elections held
in Massachusetts on Monday last show
most conclusively that the people of that
benighted, negro-worshipping. region, are
at last getting their eyes open, and are turn
ing from the sectional nullifying path they
have been so long tiavelling. In the city of
Boston the Black Republican candidate for
Mayor was beaten by 3,087 majority. The
republican candidates for Mayor were Uo
beaten in Worcester and Newburyport. It
is gratifying to every lover of his whole
country to see the change of sentiment that
is taking place in the North. Our fear is
the reaction comes to late to save the Union.
The UnroRTUBATE Judge. Hon. Abra
ham S. Wilson, President Judge of the Ju
dicial District to which Union and Snyder
counties belong, who for some time has
been suffering from the effects of paralysis,
has been further disabled by an accident
which has recently happened him. On
last Monday two weeks, after
went into the yard attached to his resl
denee," at Lewistown, and the pavement
being slippery, be lost his footing and fell,
breaking the thigh "bone of bis right leg
entirely oZ. Li consequence of this injury,
Judge Graham, of Carlisle, has- held Court
in Snyder county, and Judge Linnof Eelle
foats, in Union. Suniwy Gaxetl
Id Imposler About. . i
A few days' since several of ocr citizens j
were imposed upon by a well-dressed and
rather prepossessing individual, who repre
sented himself as being engaged in collect
ing funds in aid of the poor. He took es
pecial care to call on ladies when he sup
posed their husbands were not about, ex
pecting, no doubt, to be able to influence
them sooner than the sterner sex. He rep
resented at one place that he had received
fifteen dollars from a certain clergyman,
and on the strength of this representation
received two dollars from the lady called
upon. He received other sums at other
places, and at last a suspicion arose that
all was not right, and persons whom he rep
resented as having contributed were called
upon, and the imposition was discovered.
He has not been heard from for several days
past, and it is supposed that he has gone to
other parts to operate. A sharp look out
had belter be kept for him. Easton Sentinel.
Get the best Detector. Peterson's
Counterfeit Detector and Bank Note List for
December has been received by us, and is
corrected by Drexel & Co., the well-known
Bankers and Brokers, and it is the best and
most reliable Detector of Counterfeits and
Altered Notes published in this country.
The number issued this day fully describes
Fifty New Counterfeits, and contains full
descriptions of all bogus bank notes that are
being altered to suit various banks all over
the country, and which are being daily put
into extensive circulation. It also contains
several other pages of very valuable infor
mation of everything pertaining to bank
notes. It has been considerably enlarged,
having now forty-eight pages in, and con
tains fac similes of three bogus bank plates
and coat of arms of all the United Slates.
We have no hesitation in pronouncing it
the most complete, reliable and best pub
lication of the kind iij the United States, as
it is not used to subserve the interest of any
banking-house, as most of the so called
Detectors are. It should be ir. the hands of
every storekeeper in the whole country ;
and we would advise all persons who han
dle paper money to send One Dollar in a
letter, for a year's subscription, to the pub
lishers, and thus subscribe for the monthly
issue of it at once ; or Two Dollars for the
semi-monthly issue. It is published by T.
B. Peterson & Brothers, No. 306 Chestnnt
street, Philadelphia, to whom all letters
should be addressed.
A UsroN Crowd. The boarders of the
United States Hotel, of Eas'.on, resolved
themselves into a "Union Meeting" on Fri-
day evening last. Early in the evening j
trrc -Bpctfrnfes"" were "made-at-about nine'j
o'clock they dragged the old cannon to the j
brow of College Hill, and from there fired
a number of rounds for the Union, as it is.
The Cosmopolitan Art Journal for the
last quarter of I860, is a most elegant num
ber. The engravings are of the finest kind,
and there are many of them. The literary
contents are also of the highest order. It is
published at New York in quarto form, on
elegant paper, with new, clear type, by
the Cosmopolitan Art Association, at 32 00
per annum; 2 copies for $3 5C; 3 copies
$5 ; single numbers .10 cents. To the sub
scribers to the Cosmopolitan Art Associa
tion, (the price for membership in which is
$3 00) it is furnished gratis. For particu
lars as regards this flourishing and useful
Society, we refer the reader to our adverti
sing columns. Address C. L. Derby, actu
ary C A. A 546 and 548, Broadway, New
The Rural Annual and Horticultural
Directory for 1861. The Sixth Annual
volume of the Rural Annual and Horticultu
ral Directory is on our table. To those not
acquainted with the previous numbers, we
would say, that the Rural Annual is a hand
some book of 120 pages, published in
Rochester, N- Y., at the office of the Genes
fee Farmer, and designed to furnish a large
amount of valuable and. interesting infor
mation in a cheap and permanent form.
A new number is prepared each year, con
taining entirely new matter. Among the
contents of the present number we notice
treatises on the Farmer's Kitchen Garden,
Shade and Ornamental Trees, management
of Window Plants, cultivation of Immor
telles or Everlasting Flowers, Ornamental
Hedges, Sulphur for Mildew on the Grape,
designs for Farm Houses, Cottages, Subur
ban Residences, Barns, &c ; Ornamental
Water Fountains, Construction of Gates,
Calendar of Operations, Cultivation of Pears,
with many other articles of interest and
practical value to the Farmer, the Fruit
Grower, and the Horticulturist.
It is illustrated with 80 beantiful wood
The Rural Annual nnd Horticultural Direc
tory for 1861, will be sent, prepaid by mail,
on the receipt of 25 cents in postage stamps.
Address Joseph Harris, Publisher of the
Genesee Farmer, Rochester, N. Y.
Mr. Bates, of Missouri, has been on a
visit to the President elect. He was spe
cially invited by Mr. Lincoln. It is report
ed that Abraham formally offered him the
Secretaryship of the Interior. Bates is said
to have takeu strong grounds against seces
sion, and thinks it is treason, and must be
put down, and the authority of the Govern
meut maintained at all hazards. Wonder
what Abraham's views of secession are!
He'll soon have an opportunity to express
The Berwick Gazette, published by A.
B. Tate, has been pursuing a coarse of late,
if it persists in it, which must entitle it to
some respect at the hands of the Black Re
publican party. In the last issue we notice
a taunting article in relation to South Car
olina's' seceding from the Union, in which
the writer talks Republican nonsense. Not
Ions since this same Gazette lamented over
the defeat of Burtingame of Massachu
setts, that radical abolitionist who was just
ly defeated for Congrea. v " "
To the People of the United States.
Numerous appeals have been made to
me by pious and patriotic associations and
citizens, in view of the present distracted
and dangerous condition of our country, to
recommend that a day be set apart for fu
miliation, Fasting and Prayer, throughout
the Union.
In compliance with their request and my
own sense of duty, I designate FRIDAY,
this purpose, and recommend that the peo
ple assemble on that day, according to their
several forms of worship, to keep it as a
solemn Fast. .
The Union of the States is at the present
moment threatened with alarmir.g and im
mediate danger ; panic and distress of a
fearful character" prevail throughout the
land ; our laboring population are without
employment, and consequently deprived of
the means ol earning bread. Indeed, hope
seems to have deserted the minds of men.
All classes are in a state of confusion and
dismay, and wisest counsels of our best and
purest men are wholly disregarded.
In this the hour of our calamity and peril
to whom shall we resort for relief but to
the God of our fathers? His omnipotent
arm only can save us from the awful effects
of our own crimes and.follies our own in
gratitude and guilt towards our Heavenly
Let us, then, with deep contrition and
penitent sorrow, unite i humbling our
selves before the Most High, in confessing
our individual and national sins, and in
acknowledging the justice of our punish
ment. Let us implore Him to remove from
our hearts that false pride of opinion which
would impel us to preserve in wrong the
sake of consistency, rather than yield a just
submission to the unforseen exigencies by
which we are now surrounded.
Let us with deep reverence beseech Him
to restore tho friendship and good-will
which prevailed in former days among the
people of the several States ; and, above all,
to save cs from the horrors ot civil war and
"blood-guiltiness." Let our fervent pray
ers ascend to His Throne that He would not
desert us in this hour of extreme peril, but
remember us as He did our fathers ic the
darkest days of the Revolution, and pre
serve our Constitution and our Union, the
work of their hands, for ages yet to come.
An Omnipotent Providence may overrule
existing evils for permanent good. He can
make the wrath of man to praise Him, and
the remainder ol wrath he can restrain.
Let me invoke every individual, in what
ever sphere of life he may be placed, to
feekemrWflfW aTrrrrmriower lo'remove
our actual and impeding calamities.
James Bcchanas.
Washington, Dec. 14, 1860.
Lift and Deatb in Great Cities.
When Alaric the Goih heard that Rome
was thronged with the fugitives who bad
fled before his barbarons borders, the grim
chieftain laughed and said "Aha I I am
glad of it. Ii is easier to cut down thick
grass than thin." It has been estimated by
a physician of eminent standing that out of
227,000 deaths which annually take place
in populous cities, 100.000 might reasonab
ly be struck off the list by proper sanitary
measures. But Dr. Holloway, the greatest
modern traveller and roost experienced
physician of the age, considers that these
figures considerably undervalue the true
relative proportions. From various data in
his possession, taken at random during a
eerie of years in the largest cities of the
world, Dr. Holloway says 80 per cent, of
the yearly morality would be a closer ap
proximation to the mark. He accounts for
the unnecessary sacrifice of human life
from the foul air breathed in densely crowd
ed cities the blood becomes vitiated and
the tissues loose their vitallity, hence that
general debility and pale emaciated ap
pearance witnessed in the denizens of large'
towns. Dr. Holloway's celebrated vegeta
ble Pills neutralize the virus received into
the lungs by their action on the blood,
which they purify and invigorate, while the
active principle of the medicine combines
with the vital fl aid, and is consequently
scattered over the entire system. The ef
fect of these life sustaining Pills is not con
fined merely to the blood ; the stomach,
liver, and bowels are equally benefitted by
them. The functions of the stomach are
strengthened, the secretions ol the liver cor
rected, and the action of the bowels stimu
lated so that the tone and vigor of the gen
eral constitution are completely renewed.
We understand that Dr. Holloway is a-
bout publishing his"Memors," which when
they appear, will certainly be a valuable
acquisition to the Scientific literature of the
day. We predict that they will be eagerly
read by all classes and doubtlessly transla
ted into every printed language. Few men
if any, have travelled more than Dr. Hol
loway, for we find that he has nearly made
a tour of the habitable globe, receiving let
ters and souvenirs from persons of the high
est distinction. From what we have beard
the forthcoming volumes are replete with
strange and startling incidents that have
occurred daring his visit to Paris, St. Pe
tersburg, Vienna, Pekin ; Melbourne, Ber
lin, Washington, Constantinople, and other
remarkable cities of the World. Dickens'
"AH the Year round.'-
We are inquired of whether our criticisms
upon Dr. John's orthography, particularly
upon his spelling of "catnip," were correct.
We would state, in reply to all inquiries,
that Webster's Dictionary, the highest and
best scholastic authority in the world, spells
it just as we did; and that's good enough
for us, and should satisfy everybody who
was correct
The individual, residing in the vicinity
of Millville, who promised to bring us
several bushels of. potatoes, has not been
seen since in this section, and what ia the
wotst of it, we have not yet eeo the pota
toes. - - -
Common School Affairs.
Educationists are specially invited to con
tribute to this column. All articles not
written by the editor, will be marked with
the proper or assumed signilure of their
The Education of Children .
It is acknowledged on all sides, even by
parents, ihat our school law is defective in
allowing children to go to school so young.
The brain receives its animus from the body,
hence the latter should be educated first so
that when we commence training the for
mer it may have something substantial to
rest upon As it is, a child as soon as it
can lisp, and long before its physique is de
veloped, is 6ent to a mixed school, gener
ally in an illy-veniilated room, where it is
compelled to remain five or six hours in
the day, and at least five days in the week,
listening the most of the time to apparently
meaningless recitations, while occasionally
it is called upon to repeat after the teacher
a few harsh sounds devoid of meaning
and represented by a few arbitrary charac
ters, many of which are similar in their
structure. .
This of itself is sufficient to discourage
the child, and no wonder that in many in
stances, going to school and punishment are
synonymous. But in addition to this, the
teacher is often of that stripe which endeav
ors to jorce the child along, and if it is not
so apt as some he has 6een, is instantly
branded as dull and dumb, and from that
moment becomes an object of derision J
among farther advanced pupils.
But further; Nature during the winter
season forbids the child from venturing on
snow and ice ; hence, in case it is excluded
from the district school by reason of
youth or severity of the weather, it is coop
ed up in the house, and can only occasion
ally receive the attention of a busy mother.
In order to make up for what it is supposed
to be lost time, as soon as winter's snows
and ice have disappeared, and the earth be
comes clothed in garments of beauty, the
child is sent to a summer school. The
yonthtul spirit longs to be amidst the trees
and flowers, to hear the chirping birds and
enjoy the gladsome sunshine, but all in
vain. The same dull, monotonous school
room and recitation, crushes out the buoy
ant spirit, or, should that fail, the fear ot
correction will suffice, as each youthful
and childish mishaps is generally punished
wilh as much severity as though it had
been committed by an adult.
The effects of educating the mental at the
expense of the physical, is made painfully
evident in the man. He is either toop
bWMni,'W(Jtrrrnkl6raT"po,sit"i6hs. 17
such a being fit to buffet with the storms of
life? I answer emphatically no; for the
body is ineapable of performing what the
mind dictates, hence a shifting life is led,
or at least a precarious living gained; for
in this age, brains without muscle are at a
discount. Then in conclusion I would aay,
that to parents first belong the responsibility
of miseducaling their children, for they are
bv no means obliged to send them to 6chool
as soon as the present school law permits.
Practical Education.
Men have wants in this world which will
not be supplied by a miracle, but by their
own exertions ; and no small degree of ef
fort is demanded to meet these wants. Now
a Practical Education proposes to give ihe
knowledge essential to some legitimate
mode of self support. It regards life, not
as a grand holiday a splendid panorama,
exhibited for our amusements but a scene
of toil and trial, where man is to work out
his own destiny, and reap down to the very
root and soil that which he has sown. A
Practical Education provides for life's great
necessities and wants ; and it is the solemn
duty of parents to give such an education to
their children to prepare them for some
sphere of labor and usefulness to send
them out into the world with the means
and knowledge of self-support. Among ihe
Athenians, if parents did not put their chil
dren in ihe way of obtaining a livelihood,
they were not bound to make provision for
them when old and necessitous. 1 da not
say that such a return for a parental neg
lect is sanctioned by the spirit of the Gospel;
but it is a practical comment upon human
nature upon the impropriety of failing to
give children an education that will fit them
for the duties and responsibilities of after
life. But how often are they educated as if
they were lo dwell forever in a
land of
dreams, and shadows, and unrealities as
if life were a play ground, where labor and
duty, where trials and calamities, were un
known educating to no profession, for no
end. This is not training up children in
the way they should go. It is not acting
according tc God's design and appointment.
He intended that children should be trained
up to labor and industry. The rich would
nullify the original ordinance of Heaven :
"In the sweat of thy face shall thou eat
bread," and teach their children that labor
is associated wilh poverty and meanness,
dishonor and disrespect.
Let parents, then, train up their children
to feel that industry is noi only honorable,
but a necessary element of a good charac
ter, and indispensable to the highest suc
cess in life. If they are wealthy, it is their
best policy to give their children a Practi
cal Education, and then will they be the
better prepared to meet poverty and afflic
tion should it ever come upon them. With
out such an education a man is the con
sumer of the fruits of others' toils a leech
upon the community a loss to humanity
and the world he is regarded as the gen
tleman, the man of leisure, and they would
be glad to pass with him into a virtual non
existence. If this reasoning be valid in
relation to the families of . the rich, what
must we think of those brought up with, no
Practical Education ? We cannot think of
them bat with mingled feelings of sympa
thy and sorrow. Their children grow np to
manhood utterly unqualified for the duties
that await them nnfitted for any kind of
useful industry. They contract
habits, furnish the scum and sediment of
J society. The evils resulting are loo mani
fold and mighty to be easily described
Let the. parent, then, consulting the talents
and tastes of his child, select some employ
ment, whether it be mechauical, mercan
tile, literary or agricnltoral, and encourage
it in the attainment of such acquirements
as will best fit it for proficiency in that par
ticular branch of industry the child is to
pursue ; and by so doing he will lay the
foundation for ii future usefulness and
honor. It will be qualified for its appropri
ate position will have right views of life
and labor, and with the blessing of God will
become a benefactor to the race. Exchange.
Resignation or the Hon. Ilowel! Cobb.
The following is the letter of the Hon.
Howei.l Cobb, addressed to ihe President,
tendering his resignation of the office of
Secretary of the Treasury, and the Presi
dent's reply :
Washington City, Dec. 8, I860.
My Dear Sir: A sense of duty to Ihe
State of Georgia requires me to take a step
which makes it proper that I should no lon
ger continue to be a member of your Cabi
net. In the troubles of the country, conseqnent
upon the late Prseidential election, the
honor and safety of my State are involved.
Her people so regard it, and in their opin
ion 1 fully concur. They are engaged in a
struggle where the isue is life or death.
My friends ask for my views and counsel
Not to respond would be degrading to my
self and unjast to them. I have according
ly prepared, and must now issue to them,
an address which contains the calm and
solemn convictions of my heart and judg
The views which I sincerely entertain,
and which therefore I am bound to express
differ in some respects from your 'own
The exiitence of this difference would ex- !
pose me if I should remain in my preent
place, to unjust suspicions, and put you in
a false position. The first of these conse
quences I could bear we! enough, but I
will not subject you to the lat.
My withdrawal has not been occasioned
by anything you have said or done. Whilst
differing from your Message upon some of
its theoretical doctrines, as well as from the
hope so earnestly expressed that the Union
can yet be preserved, there was no practi
cal result likely to follow which required
me to retire from your Administration
That necessity is created by whai I feel it
my duty to do ; and the responsibility'of the
act, therefore, rests alone upon myself.
To say that I regret deeply regret tkis
necesMiy, 'ttVTKTi-ZZZW'ilnniZiA
"j j --" -
with you as one of yoor Cabinet officers,
and during that period nothing has occur
red to mar, even for a moment, our person
al and official relations. In the policy and
measures of your Administration, 1 have
cordiallv concurred, and shall ever feel
proud of the humble place which my name
may occupy in its history. If your wise
coonsels and patriotic warnings had been
heeded by your countrymen, the 4ih of
March next would have found our country
happy, prosperous, and united. That il
will not be so, is no fault of yours.
The evil has now passed beyond control
and must be met by each and all of us un
der our responsibility to God and our coon
try. If, as I believe, history will have to
record yours as the la t administration of
our present Union, it will nl-o place it side
by side wilh the purest and ablest of those
that preceeded it.
With the kindest regard for yourself and
the members of your Cabinet, with whom I
have been so pleaan:ly associated,
I am most truly and sincerely, your friend,
To the President.
Washington, December 10. 1860.
Mt Dear Sir: I Tiave received your
communication of Saturday evening resign
ing the position of Secretary of the Treasu
ry which you have held since the com
mencement of my administration. Whilst
I deeply regreet lhat you have determined
to separate yourself from us "at the present
critical moment, yet I admit that the ques
tion was one for your own decision. I
could have wished you had arrived at a
different conclusion, because our relations,
both official and personal, have ever been of
the most friendly and confidential charac
ter. I may add that I have been entirely
satisfied with the ability and zeal which
you have displayed in performing the du-
i l'es 5 our important office.
Cordially reciprocating your sentiments
of personal regard, I remain, very respect
fully, your rriend,
Hon. Howell Cobb.
Catlavrissa Rail Boad.
Col. H. Stanley Goodwin, as our readers
have already been apprized, has been ap
pointed, by the Cattawissa Railroad Com
pany, to the responsible position of General
Superintendent, as the successor of . A.
Fonda, Esq., resigned. We are informed
by those who are better acquainted, than
we are ourselves, with Col. Goodwin, the
newly appointed Superintendent, that he U
a young gentleman of fine business qualifi
cations and with large experience in rail
roading, and cannot fail to make an effi
cient officer. Indeed we have always
found the officers and managers of the Cat
tawissa Railroad including the Conductors,
attentive and polite gentlemen, and we are
glad to know, ihat the Company are con
ducting their business upon principles of
high honor and strict economy, and as a
sequence of good management the travel
upon their road is encouragingly increasing
and the Company are regularly paying off
the old debts of the Road.
The mischiefs and dangers of Black Re
publicanism are conspicuously manifest in
everything. U the bare attainment of pow
er by ihat party developea such, results,
what will be the condition of affairs after
four years exercise of power by them V
It is as cheap ta raise one tun of grass
lor clover
as tun of bordock. of pig-
' weed.
- Mcir3y'l Ptf. Never Despair Some'
thing that never falls. Fever and Ague.
To the side it t of little consequence how
they are curerd,' whemer from a rational
view of the Jinerae or by the rule daSnf1
for the guidance of the profession, so louj'
as the cor is certain and expedition. Tor
a suffering man the question on ths relative
merits of q uinine or calornei is uninterest
in!. The faculty may wrangfe aicf discusa
their varions theories, but Dr. Holloway'
treatment dispels doobt ere h disciple of
Efcu'aplu have finished the firt stajje'.
In the West, Holloway's Pills are the onlf
remedies which effect a spnady ar.d radical
cure without danger of relapse. Read the
advertisement elsewhere.
Gejt. Cass, is a native of the Un'red States,
which adopted the Constitution. He lived?
in the town where the convention was held
remembers distinctly the rejoicing at the'
birth of the confederacy; has grown with
its growth ar.d strengthened with its strength,,
and be i now unwilling to be present at iw
last expiring gasp. Having witnessed its
bir h, he say he 'u urwillinjj to remain
here to witness its dissolution Hence he
retire from the cabinet, but with the kind
est feelings for Preai.lent Buchanan and
each member of the cabinet,, whom he
complimented highly. as honorable and pa
triotic men.
The paper are bragging of an inventioT
by which leather can be tanned in ten min--utes
We have seen the human hide, how
ever, tanned in five. Our schoolmaster'
ued to do it occasionally in two.
On the 9;h int., by Rev. A. B Still, Mr.
WiLf.uM J. Thomm and Mios Ctitairy Ax
Smvek4, both of Panvil'e Pa.
On the 13th int , by the Rev. William K
Eyer, Mr. Philip Gutthi.l, to Mi Cath
arine Kibtlck, both of Catlawiana twp
At Sereno, on the 6:h inst.. by James
Masters, Esq , Thosus Brittaik, of Frank
lin twp , Lfcomuig county, to Elizabeth
Min!cr, of Jordan twp.. Lyc unin; co.
On the loth int , by the ssme, in Green
wood twp. Abhaham Kobbins, of Jordan.
! p, Lycoming co , to Nakct Swmhe, of
Greenwood twp., Columbia county.
O.i the 6:h inst., by J. H Ikler Esq.. Mr.
Samuel Jacobt, of Sit. 11eaa it. to Miss
Lucikda M. Lemon of the same place.
On December 1st. in Bloombnrg, by the
Rev. D J. Waller, Mr. Lewi Schotle. t
Miss El'Zabcih Janc daughter of the late
Aamn Patterson, all of Green wood township
Columbia comity.
45 years, 8 months and II
At the "Danville Hotel," on the 6th in;.
Mr. Augustus Bach maw ; ased 40 ef.- ,
IlKTlhtt OF TlIC A1AKKE17 corrected weekly.
WHEAT, t 20
RYK. 70
CORN, (new) f0
OA IS. 31
FLOUR pr.bbl. 7 00
Dlt'D APPLES,! oa
Iicciitor' ioticr.
Estate of Elizabeth Enl, late of SiO't totcntJupj
Columbia county, deceased.
I E ITERS tamentRrv on ihe Estate of
" Elizabeth E ii, la'.e of Scot t wninip.
Columb a county, deceasd, lie beA
gramed by the Roister ot sai roanty ti
Ihe undeisiiifd, who resi.les n S:uti lrtn
hlp. AH persons tiaviiz claims aiii
lh enaie ot the deexdent a-e rqi iste f te
present them 10 the Etnur lor e return
and t!:09 indebted to mak ? nrni imrim
dtaiely in DANIEL GLNT,
Scott, Dfc. 19, 1860-6. Exacwor.
Estate or Geo. Fetter-man, Sen., Late
of Locust Township, dee'd.
i4' 'I Commonwealth of renn-.
Sr J. vlvania. 'o S.iluinnn Fetter-
Iman, Henry Fetierman, Genrge
V? Fetierman, Jno Fetlrrnar.,j3h-
... 1- r-
ua reiterm)!, jona reiierman.
Reobrii Fe terman, Catharine Fe terman,
intermarried wiih Henry Hanier; Srai Fet
terman, intermarried witn VVillum Yar;
and Elizabeth Fetierman, intermarried wj:U
Hamilton Fiher; and ta -all 'he he;rs anl
legal representatives of ihi said G-. Fet
ierman. ern., dec-asd, reeling? You sndr
each ot you will take notice that an inqnest
will be helJ to make partition or vatmticm,
as ihe cae may require, of ibe real estate
of the above named Gaorje Fetiernnn, sen.,
deceaad, silnalf in the township ot L cust,
and county of Colombia, at the l-t' Duel
ling Hoiie of said deceased, on WEDNES
1361. between the hoars of 10 o'clock in the
forenoon and 3 o'clock in tne afternoon of
said day, at which lime and place j ob my
attend il yon think proper
Witness the Honorable Warren J. Wood
ward, E-q., President of our Orphans' Court
at B ootno jr, tiie 8ili day o'i Dece nber,
A.D., one thousand phi hu-idred atiJ sirty.
Bloomsburg, Dec. 19, 1560.-4 .
Teachers' Institute.
fllHE next Institue ot Columbia co,unty
-"- will be held in Orangeville, commenc
ing on
and closing on Fridaj evening of the same,
Arrangements are in f rosress which are
designed lo render the les itule one of tne.
most interesting ever held in ins county,
bat ihey are not sufficiently completed to.'
give the programme of exercises.
The citizens ot the village and vicinity
have generously offered to. entertain a,
large majority of the Teachers nf the coon-
ly free while there. Ad tie expuse ot
ihe remainder, if they are present, wjjl. be
but a light burdon tor ihe Institute to as
sume. Prof. J. P. WICKERSHAM, oftheSta
Normal School, and. other prominent in
blructors and lecturers will be with o, and.
in view ot the great benefits to be derive
from in attendance, lal there be a - gstieral
gathering of Ihe friends of education, and
especially, let every Teacher of the county
deem it a doty as wU as a privilege tc
participate in the various exercises ol the
T. M. POTTS,- Committee,.
Lisht Street, Dec 12, 1S60 2t.
. RlanUH oT all Kind
Fc tale 4 the Siar cfJu Sunk OClce. -