The star of the north. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, August 12, 1857, Image 1

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R. W. wmer, Projrleltr.]
OFFlCE— Upstairs, in the new brick build
ing, on the south si<te 0f Main Street, third
square below Market.
VGR HIS Two Dollars per annum, if
paid within six months from the time of sub
scribing ; two dollars and fitly cents if not
paid within the subscription re
ceived for a leas peritSrfhan six months; no
xiiscoiilinoance permitted until aliarrearages
are paid, unless at the option of the editor.
AnvßunscMENTs not exceeding one square
"will be inserted three times for One Dollar,
end twenty-five cents for each additional in
senion. A liberal discount will be made to
Hhose who advertise by the year.
€i)o4t poetrj).
She dwelt apart from early yooth,
In gentle household ways;
Cnntented with her mother's smile,
And with her father's praise.
Hers was "the grace ol quiet born,"
Ot fancies gay and pure ;
Of trusting love that could obey,
And strength that could endure.
' Beauty from simplest actions rose,
And harmony from strife;
So did her kindly spirit fuse
The elements of lite.
Hers was the hand'that f-eely gave,
The reedy smile or eigb,
The cheek that true to feeling flushed, |
The bright and upward eye.
A stranger came, he look'd and loved,
He whispered at ber side; I
There tell a shadow on ber home
The day he clsim'd bis bride.
And well she kept her vowe, she turn'd
. The prose of life to song;
But all to high that strain lor earth—
And it was hushed ere long.
She died, ere love was fully lold,
As dies a flower in Spring ;
liarlh never lost, nor heaven gained
A fairer, sweeter thing.
Ay, hundreds like her live and die,
In Kngland's household bowers ;
And bletsed aro the hearts that feel
"Such angels yet are ours."
What is home without a mother I
What are all the joys wo meet,
When ber loving smile no longer
Greets the coming of our feet?
The days seem long, the nights are dreary,
And lime rolls slowly on;
And O, how f*v are Childhood's pleasures, I
When her gentle oare is gone.
Things are first to vanish;
"""* 1 " ■ Hearts at'dase to pas sway
And how soon even in oul childhood,
We behold her turning grey,
lie eye grows dim, her step is slow,
Her joys of earth are past,
And before we learn to know her,
She lias breathed on earth ber last.
Oilier hearts may have their sorrows,
Griefs that quickly die away;
But a mother lost in childhood
Grieves the heart from day 10 day.
We miss her kind and willing hand,
Her fond an earnest care;
And O, how drear is lifo around n,
What's homo without a mother there ?
The consideration, of dress as a mirror in
which it may be Baid to reflect the moral
condition of the individual or the communi
ty, never had much eerioua considera
tion. More than two-thirds of oar race are
like floating corks, the blind creatures of all
conflicting soeial currents, with little or no
consciousness of action ae it should be regu
lated by moral principle. A plethoric influx
of money, from commercial and other pur
suits, is sore lo breed the rankest kind of
luxury, which carries with it a vicious pro
pensiiy to excessive dressing, and this as
sumes so many morbid variations, as not
only to insult art, to parody nature, but even
to expose that sacredness of personality in
woman which has been spiritually purchased
for ber by the religions growth of ages. Out
of brutal idolitary to fashion, or a degrading
concession to the carnal ties of the lime,
woman but 100 frequently .poison our social
atmosphere by immodestly robbing their
persons of ibkb^l)fel e and becoming drapery,
which is as enhdblihg to the wearer as it is
beneficial lo the beholder. The person of
esery woman has a moral dignity, a religious
import, which can only be vindicated and
maintained by being becomingly and mod
estly attired. Whether in the street or the
boudoir ibis solemn truth should not be for
gotten. Men bnt little dream thai, in wick
edly stimulating a love of dress by their
overflowing pockets, and ont of an insane
-vanity for display, their are busily engaged
•in infusing poison into tbo moral root* of so
ciety, which most shoot forth sooner or later
into a forest of the most terrible and blast
ing evils snd obsoenities. Sensuality snd
•vanity are in every community interlinked
like two vipers, and are not only bom out
f, but are perpetuated by a misapplication
of wealth.— Cragon.
Stiiciri or SanaTOß RUSK. —The dreadful
intelligence communicated by the telegraph,
that Gen. Thomas J. Rusk, the distinguished
Senator from Texts, has committed suicide,
will carry a painful shock over the entire
country. No particulars are given, but as
bis health has recently been very bad, it is
probable that it was under depression of spir
its, il not ia a moment of temporary insanity.
Gen. Rusk is identified with lbs history of
the State be represented. When Texas was
warring for her independence, his sword aid
ed her battles, and when it was achieved, bis
counsel wis called into requisition, and be
was a member of President Houston's first
Of Why are good husbands like dough f
Women knead them.
From the Knickerbocker.
"Calm and deep peace is this wide air,
These leaves that redden IO the fall;
And in one heart if calm at all,
If any calm, a calm despair.
"Calm on the seas, and silver sleep
And waves that sway themselves in rest,
And dsep calm in that noble breast.
Which heaves but with the heaving deep."
It was evening.—a beautiful autumn Min
ing. The red leaves yet danced, rejmftig
in the mild air; the yellow sunshine yet gild
ed the hill tops, and the soft shadows were
creeping silently up the valley, as the gentle
widow Leedon^Asi.lh.fccr sWd in henprne,
wended her way homeward. She was tired,
for she had toiled ill day in farmer Wood's
kitchen, and though it was Saturday even
ing, she had not been paid for her labor.—
The kind hearted house maid at Farmer
Wood's had urged her to wait for her supper,
but ehe thought of her litllo hungry ones at
home, and she could not stay. She had no
eyo for the glory of that superb Ootober sun
set as she walked wearily on, her tired arms
scarcely able to hold the little joyous cream re
that laughed and crowed, and ever and anon
peered into her bonnet, lisping his sweet
toned " mamma, mamma." She thought
only of her expeolsnt little ones, and the
means of obtaining bread for them to last
over Sunday. As she neared the village,
she seemed irresolnte whether to enter it or
pass on; but a vision of ber lonely, fasting
children, rose up before her its imagination,
and she stopped, her lips rgoved a moment
or two as if in prayer, and then quickening
her step, and hurrying on like one who has
nerved herself lo a sudden resolution, she
turned into the msin street, and was soon
standing before the counter of the baker's
shop. The baker was an austere man, but
it wag not in human nature to resist the
Widow's pleading tone and touching expres
sion as she falteringly asked him to trust her
to a loaf of bread for s day or two. The man
handed the loal reluctantly, and was about
to insist no prompt payment, when a glance
at the widow's pamfully flushed face and
embarrassed manner deterred him. With
scarcely audible thanks, she concealed the
loaf under her tattered shawl, and orawing
her babe closer lo ber bosom, hastened
"Mother's come ! mother's come '."cried a
couple of young, eager voicps, as ehe enter
ed ilie gold, and liui Sevan ya—r
and his little sister came running to meet
her. They were pretty children. The little
Mary inherited her mother's mild blue eyes
and delicate complexion, and the boy his
father's handsome face and honest brown
eyes. Poor childrrn, they were accustomed
to being left alone, for the widow went out
to work daily, and the night was always
welcome that brought their mother's loved
(eturn. They had a thousand things to ask
and tell which fell unheeded this lime on the
ear of the sad mother, though ehe instinctive
ly answered them yes and no as occasion
required. She gave tbe loaf to Robert, and
taking little Mary'e hand, they entered the
house together. The table was already set
out by the little expectant housekeepers, but
there was nothing on >1 that could be con
strued into anything eatable save a cup of
molasses and some salt. The mother cut a
slice (If bread for each of Iyer half famished
children, and sat quietly by nursing the
youngest while they ate it, tor ehe had no
heart to eat herself. She was very serrow
ful as she looked at those little dependent
beings and thought of failing strength, and
shading her eyes with her band, tbe tears
stole silently down her pale, patient face, and
fell among the bright ourls of the little uncon
scious bead pillowed 10 peacefully on her
bosom. She bad been sorely afflicted. The
husband of her youth had been stricken
down by a falling beam, while attempting to
save a siok child, tbat had been overlooked
in the hurry and panic from a burning build
ing. Tbe child was saved, but he who per
illed his life for it, tbe strong, brave hearted
man bad perished. The frnit of this union,
her eldest born, tbe pride of ber heart, the
noble boy whose every movement and ex
pression had been so many smiles of his
buried father, was a wanderer she new not
Years afier (he boy bad left her, when
Robert Leedom came often to see her ih bar
loneliness, and ventured to tell her at length
how he had loved her from the time they
had played together at school, and how he
had remained single for her sake, and came
back always to the same old port that he
might breathe again the same air that she
breathed, and besonght her to let him sustain
and shield her, to comfort her in sickness
and sorrow, she gladdened the honest sailor's
faithful heart by consenting to become bis
wife. No wonder the young sailor loved
her, she was so nest in her habits, so gentle
and industrious; and her colm,rweet face and
holy eyes shone with "the beauty that dwelt
in her soul. She bad learned to love her
sacoad husband, and bad borne htm three
fair children, when the aad news came that
the gallant vessel in Which he had sailed,
was wrecked oil Iba dangerous coast near
Abaecom, and in his generous efforts to save
others, Robert Leedom was loat. She had
been a widow the second time only six
months, and now, as she thonght of her ut
ter inability to support herfstherless children,
even in the summer lime, and saw no other
prospect belota her whichever way ahe look-
Ed, and knew that the cold, dreary winter
was coming gradually on, tier heart failed
her utterly, and she could ouly weep. The
wondering little ones tried by every endear-
ing art they could think of, to attract Iter at
tention, but in vain. Impressed by thoir
mother's mood, they ato -their bread almost
In silence; and when they had finished, she
arose mechanically, and laying her babe in i>s
cradle, put them to bed. She heatd them say
their prayers, snd bade good night, and God
bless them, carefully and tenderly as usual,
but with that subdued, spiritless tone that
emenates from a heart without hope. She
continued kneeling by their bedside long
after she had prayed with them, and wept. —
Bitterly she wept, but there was no pitying
eye to see now, no tender hand to caress,
no loving voice to soothe, as the cry from
her overburdened, despairing heart t "My
God, my God, why hast Thou forsakeg met"
wey up over the ueooaacioM heads of the
sleepers in Ihst hour of agony. No pitying
eye did I say 1 The eye that netftr slumbers
nor sleeps was there; the loving kindness
tbal said: "I will be a Father to the father
less," was about her evflßsn, though she
knew it not. In the power oithe Spirit
came the blessed sssrance iiffMbar4o her
despairing cry, "I vnrniever leave thee nor
forsake thee," and her eoul grew calm, *ll
her old trusting faith returned, and she arose
from her knees tranquilly, feeling that "the
Lord is a vary pleasant help in lime of trou
ble." She look down the little worn bible
liom the mantel, and as she read .on through
the closing chapters of St. "John, an expres
sion of peace ineffable, " the peace that
passeth understanding," settled serenely on
her sweet lace. Pulling the bible reverently
back, nd took some mending from her
basket, and soon the clear tones of a hymn
sonnded through the stillness oL the little
cottsge; and "How firm a foundation, etc,"
when pealed from lordly organ, and echoed
through valuted dome, never ascended more
acceptable to "Him wbo sitteth oo the great
while throne."
But other ryes beside the All-seeing bad
been looking in through the low casement at
the lonely sufferer, and now the sweet tones
of the holy hymn were interrupted by a
knock at the door. The widow opened it
and saw before ber a travel-stained man,
who asked only -for a crust of bread and a
cup of water. Tbe widow glanced at the
loaf which still lay table, and then at
the sleeping
for a moment; there was snmlllfing in the
tone of the stranger's voice that came grate
fully to her 'oul as the breath of spring over
violets, and she thought of her own beloved
boy asking for charity in some distant land,
aqil she listened to plaae u clutt and reach
hira tbe loaf, Irasting in Him' 'wlio caused)
it to rain on the earth where no man is, to
satisfy the desolate and waste ground,' for
her orphans.
"My mother! my own precious mother!"
cried the familiar voice in broken tones, and
springing fnrward, she was caught and strain
ed to the beating heart of her long lost son.
"My son! my son I" she could only murmur,
while he exclaimed : "I am rich, my moth
er, 1 have been to California, and have come
back rich beyond all I ever hoped or dream
ed of—my poor famishing mother! I am
just in time—thank God! thank God!" and
the mother and son knelt together in one
glad, earnest prayer of thanksgiving.
A law was passed at Bogota, June 15th,
1857, which completes the division of New
Grenada into Sovereign and Federal Slates,
after she form of the United States. The in
tegral Slates are Cauca, composed of the
provinces of Buenaventura, Cauca, Clioco,
Pasto and l'opayan, and of the territory of
Laqueta ; Cundinainarca, of the provinces of
Bogolo, Mariquito and Neiva; Boyac, of the
provinces of Casanara, Tundaina, Janja and
Velez, with exception of the old canton of
Velez, which is apportioned to the Slate of
Ssntander; Bolivar, of lbs provinces of Car
thagena and Sabanilla and Ihe part of tbat of
Mompos which lies west of Ihe Magdaleua,
and Msgdalena, of the provinces of Riohacha
and Santa Martha, of tne territory of Goadjira,
and of part of the provinces of Mompos that
is east of the Msgdalena, with the exception
of the districts of Aspasica, Brotare, Cunavis-
In, Caremen, Convencion, La Crnz Ocana,
Palms, Pueblo Nuevo, San Anlonia, San Ct
listo, San Pedro, and Teorana, which are ap
pointed to tbe Stale of Ssntandor. These five
Slates are dependent upon New Grenada in
everything relating to Foreign affairs; in the
organization and service of the standing army
and the navy; in Ihe National credit; in the
Naturalization oT foreigners; in tbe National
revenues and expenditares; io the use of the
standard and escutcheon with Ihe arms of the
Republic; in whatever pertains lo the uncul
tivated land* tierras baldius that are reserved
to the nation, and all other matter of legisla
tion and administration, Ihe Slates may inde
pendently ordain anything that is in confor
mity with the regulations of its own Consti
In the individual Constitution of the States,
the gusronteos contained in Article sth of the
Conslitntion of May 21st, 1853, (except the
eleventh paragraph,) shall be declared funda
mental and irrevocable. The Slatea shall send
to the Congress of New Grenada the repre.
sentatives, which according to the general
basis of population adopted by the general
Constitution of the Republic, which have be
longed to these territories considered as one
province alone, and while the Constitution
and laws of the republic do not establish
some other arrangement, the number of Sen
ators for etch will be three. The joint ar
rangements for the election of one and anoth
er's functionaries shall be within the Stales.
The elections of President and Vice President
of the Republic, Attorney General of the Na
tion, aud Magistrates of the Supreme Courts
Tralli aid RlgM and imp Wpntry.
ol JuMine that are held in these Statee, are
within the province of the General Govern
ment. For the public service of the affairs
that the nation reserves to itself, the necessa
ry posts of employment shall be established ;
until such establishment, or whenever there
after, these posts that are to be established
are vacant, the despatch of national affairs
nhall be in charge pi the employees of the
State, wSo are to be considered in this charge
as agents of the national government, and
thus being responsible for their conduct in
said charge according to the laws of the Re
public. Whatever be the changes the pres
ent law may suffer, and however the con
stituent legislatures of the Slates may alter
the dispositions ot the constitulM|s, in no
case shall the rights which has
'reserved to itself over the Mterocearde
communication be altered. The products
and benefits that the Republic should obtain
in virtue of such right, ate hereby irrevocably
appropriated to the security of the national
debt. All New Grenadians shall enjoy in
these Slates all the .rights, guarantees and
benefits lhat, by the conftltntion ami laws ofj
the said Stales are granted to thoM born with
in their respective territories ; and in case of
the adoption of a reform of the constitution
in the federal sense, these Stales are hereby
included in al! the dispoMtiomof'the confed
eration, with respect to the affairs of general
jurisdiction, provided that they do not restrict
the powers conceded to tbe Slates by the
present law.
The national F.xecutive power will convoke
for the 15th of September next in every one
of the Stale constituent assemblies,composed
of thirty-five deputies for each one of the
Stales of Itoyaca; £aue ,l
twenty-five for lhat of Bdffvar, stiff twenty
for that of'Magdalena. The Fxecn'.ive pow
er will divide the Slates into electoral dis
tricts, taking care that tbe population of each
Stale by the number of deputies assigned it
in the former temporary regulation. The :
cities whose population presents obstacles to
the formation of a district of this class, shall
be enabled lo compose (with the adjoining
districts that shall be necessaryJTSlecloral dis
tricts that give as many as three deputies,
according to the population basis established.
The election of 'he deputies forffhe Constilu- |
ent Assembly, shall be held on the 15th ofl
August next, according lo regulations estab- I
lished for the "election of representatives to
the Congress of the Republic, It belongs to I
the first jury (or Hoard of In*|fccl<#) of the !
eVicf mwn ol iho electoral district (which the !
F.xecutive power shall designate) to make !
y-r- '—- -I'; g'"-> i i- 1
clare the election if Hie Jfeptf n-s to the Con- |
stituent Assemblies, exdfcisfog the powers i
lhat belong to the juries and tft the provin
cial legislatures, set forllf*fn the law of elec
tions, in all thereof that may be compatible
with the present law. The Constituent As
semblies, as soon as organized, can examine j
and decide the reclamations tost are madtai
respecting the election of their meinUH
qualify them, declare the nullity of the
tors that are illegal, and hold rlhw cxamflp
lions with valid registers, declaring the elec
tion in favor of the deputies legally elected,
and in conclusion naming, them. The Na
tional Executive power) in the decree of con
vocation will designate Vn each Slate the
point at which the constituent assembly
should be installed, seeking to select the
place most central and best fitted for the pur
pose. The Assembly once organized, can
transfer its sessions jliev tuu
deem the must convenient." jS
When the Assembly is organized, it
designate a citizen who may exercise prol|H
ionally the Executive power of the Slate, utW
til the Constitution is promulgated, and the
chief (Jefe Superior) is elected and
duly installed. In the present year, the elec
tion of Governors, Magistrates and Attornies
of the tribunal of the district, till be deferred
until the assemblies of rbe Slates appoint the
lime and mode of holding the elections. The
provincial legislatures shall cease the exer
cise of their functions ftcm the 15th day of
September next. The provincial ordinances
sh&l continue in force in their respective ter
ritories, and the municipal authorities shall
continue exercising their (unctions, until the
constitutional assemblies ordain and establish
such as they deem best for each Stale. From
the sanction of the present law, the following
ba to be for
election proceed ol Velez to
the province Nocorro,th Gjpi(on#of Cbrqoin
quira and Mouiquira to that of Tunja, and
these towns set apart from-the province of
Mompos to that ol Pampionas and Santa
Martha respectively. The Stale of Santander
will be constituted on the 13th of September
next, and the election of members to tbe con
stiluqpl assembly of said Stale, will be held
the same day on which (he elections for
members of the other sssemblies are held ;
the legislative act of the 13th of May last,
which creates that State, being hereby re
formed on these points. From this outline
of the new Constitution, it will be seen lhat
the influences of our government are exerting
their "manifest destiny" upon our neighbors,
and will go on extending themselves like a
circle in the waters until the entire conUafiM
becomes studded with federated constella
tions of sovereign Stataj. _
tr The following toast was drunk at
Lynchburg, Va., by the "Hyena" Club on
the Fourth of July:
"Hoops and the Equator —Crino-fine and
the Equinoctial line—God bless 'em 1 The
one encircles the earth and the other the
heavens 1"
tW A young girl recently committed su
icido because her mother refused to give her
a new bonnet. Corouer's Verdict—"Came
to her death through excessive spunk^jjfo
From the Knickerbocker.
An Adieu,—To a Ludy In her Hoops.
She star is divine from its distance,
Anil, gazing at you from afar,
I've a theory about your existence
Kxlremely like that of ihe-etar.
Whatever the orbit they enter,
Aslronoisers hold it as sound,
That each Mar Itself is the centre
Of a system without any bound.
Your way's like the course of a comet,
Requiring a very wide birth,
And whatever's therein most fly from it,
If it be to the end of the earth.
To wonder is certainly human,
And the only conclusion is this:
That in such a whole world of a woman
There is something more than a-raiss.
My fears have lent wings to aflection;
And so terribly great sre your charms,
I have said on the fullest reflection,
You can never return lo qny arms.
Love, at best, is a hazardous venture,
And 'twera folly to follow, a day,
An angel who never can enter
The straight and the narrow way.
So, accept the farewell of a lover:
His heart may be yours tilths dies,
But his little attentions are over, [sice.
And he trembles at one of your siglial
Yeljet me not call you cold hearted,
For I know your whole nature is warm.
And the process by which we are parted,
Is purely a matter of form.
From the 11. Y. Post of Tuesday.
The general report iliat Mrs. Cunningham
whom everybody has supposed to h ivc been
pregnant for months, was safely delivered
of a child this morning, who would claim as
heir to the lSurdell estate, created a good
deal of excitement throughout the city,
which was increased by the announcement
that Mrs. Cunningham was under arrest, for
what cause was unknown.
The following statement of the facts in
the case, which were procured at the Dis
trict Attorney's office this morning, and
elsewhere, by our reporters, will shed some
light upon the mystery, and disclose the
history of a crime almost without a parallel
jn this city. .
Dr. Uhl has been in attendance with Dr.
Catlin, of Rrooklin, upon Mrs. Cunningham.
Dr. Ulil hns been led to believe that Mrs. C.
.♦ hi "srs
ed all the oxlernal appearance of one about
to be a mother—as he expressed it, "grow
ing larger and larger every week." But Dr.
Uhl remarked about a month ago, that as
yet there was no positive evidence of preg
nancy, and told her that under the circum-
Bho thought it his duty to make a
examination. Mrs. Cunningham
d very reluclant, and put the matter
time to time. "Finally sho told him
that she was not pregnant at all;
that she had been playing a game, and he
(Dr. Uhl) must help her out with it.
Dr. Uhl, previously to this time, had had
confidence in the lady, but this bold propo
sition took him completely aback. Ho im
mediately consulted counsel, and upon legal
advice stated the whole matter to District
Attorney Hall. Mr. Hall told him it was his
duty to carry out the matter in order to de-
JMUMjeat crime, and supply the proof
conviction. Dr. Uhl fiually
■PPbld Mrs. Cunningham that lie was
Tfcquainled with a California widow, who
was, ho feared, about In bo confined, and it
would be necessary to dispose of tho child
altogether, as the lady was going to join her
husband in California.
Mrs. Cunningham was delighted. It was
arrangeil that neither party was to know
anything of tho other. The "widow" was
to bo confined at a house in Elm Street, and
tho infant to l)o taken thenCotoNo. 31 Bond
Mr. Hall then imparted tho matter to Dr.
De la Montagnie, and engaged him to assist
in the counterplot, whenever the critical
time should arrive. Yesterday morning Dr.
De la Montagnie went to Bollevuc Hospital,
and, with tho consent of Governor Daly, se
lected a babe of Elizabeth Anderson, a beau
tiful little blue-eyed girl, born on Saturday
last. The mother kissed the baby, and con
sented to part with it on condition that it
should be well takfn care of and returned
within 24 hours.
Dr. Uhl visited Mrs. Cunningham by ap
pointment at half past three o'clock iu the
afternoon, and told her he was prepared to
carry out tho thing at once; that the Cali
fornia widow was about to bo confined at
190 Elm street, and Bhe must bo prepared
to receive the little stranger with proper cer
emonies. Then sho said she would be con
fined that night, if he would produce tho
child by nine o'clock. Ho was to come
over and let her know a quarter before nine
and she would send a woman to bring the
child in a basket.
Hfttimc was to be lost. Mr. Uhl hired a
rospectable lager beer-seller at
So. 190 Elm street, and immediately set
down "Suitable furniture from his own house,
including the basket for the baby. Dr. Uhl
took possession of the promises, and he
hardly got possession when Mrs. Cunning
ham was seen passing the house and eyeing
it closely.
l'olicemon wero now judiciously posted,
and everything was arranged. The greatest
difficulty was to procure an "after-birth."—
1)V. Montagnie immediately ported to Belle
vuc Hospital, and succeeded in getting what
lie wanted, as well ns the assistance of an
intelligent Irish girl, named Mary Ragan,
who was to act as nurse to the fictitious
widow. A physician was also engaged to
lie in bed with a night cap on, and do llio
- groaning for the "widow." This party ar
rived at 190 Elm street just in season.
Officer Wm. B. Walsh, of the Quarter Ses
sions, was posted in the street opposite, and
Inspectors Speight and Dilkes in Bond street.
The physician who was to personate the
"widow," assisted Dr. Montagnie in certain
operations necessary t-give the child the
appearance of a new-born babe, and then
went to bed. Some private marks were al
so made upon the child's head, with nitrate 1
of silver. A messenger was sent to 31 Bond
Shortly Speight sow Mrj. Cun
ningham leave her home; followed her into
a Fourth Avenue car, whero she was recog
nized by the conductor and some passen
gers, who spoke lo Capt. Speight about her.
She was disguised in a quasi nun's dress.—
The Captain followed her to Elm street,
until she disappeared in the lager beer sa- 1
loon. He then returned to his post. In a
few moments Dr. Uhl caino out and asked
the officers opposite whether they had Been
the womau leave the house. She had pass
ed out so quietly that they had failed to per
ceive her.
The officers next repaired to No. 31 Bond
street, where they learned that Mrs. Cun
ningham had gone out, but had not returned,
and that a man with a white hat had gone
in. [This was Dr. Cutler, of Brooklyn, who
was assisting Mrs. C. in good faith.]
Dr. Montagnie at once went to tho corner
of the Bowery and Bond street, where lie
met Mrs. Cunningham, in the nun's dress,
with a largo basket in her hands, in which j
he had placed the baby. She went into her
It had been arranged between her and Dr.
Uhl that she should send in urgent haste to
his house. Accordingly he had appeared J
and went.
He soon came o*t and walked down the
street. The officers then went up, by the '
District Attorney's directions, rung the bell, I
and entered. The were met by two women
at the door, who informed them that Mrs. J
1 Cunningham was very sick and coukl not
j be seen. They found her in bed with the '
j baby by her side—one of tho "nurses" giv-1
| ing her warm drink, from a dish over a lamp,
| from time to time.
| Dr. Montagnie asked if that was Dr. Bur-'
I dell's baby. Mrs. Cunningham replied, 1
J whoso qlse could it be I" The
bfiltert at LFstviiiuJ Ur-
J arrested, that the game was played out.
She was apparently under the influence of
opium, in order to create artificial paleness,
One of the nurses was taken to the station
house, and the other remained at 31 Bond
street with Mrs. Cunningham in charge of
the officers.
To-day affidavits were submitted before
Justice Flandreau, and warrants were is
sued for the arrest of Mrs. Cunningham, her
nurses, Dr. Cutler and others.
Toicanda, July 14, 1857.
Hear Sir: —l propose to spend some time
during the Summer and Fall, in canvessing
before the people of the State, the princi
ples and issues iuvolved in the pending State
Parly mcotings bring out only that portion
of the peoplo to whom the call is made, and
the addresses are necessarily all on one side;
whereas it is desirable that the whole peo
ple, so far as may be, should hear both sides
fairly presented before them at the same
If it should meet your views, I propose
that wo canvass so much of the State as is
practicable, in company, addressing alter
nately the same meetings. Should this meet
your assent, please so inform me at your
earliest convenience, so that wo may ar
range the times and places of meetings, or
der of speaking, &c., &c.
Very rospoctfully ;
Your obedient servant,
Williainsport, July 18, 1857.
Chairman of SMe Committee:
Dear Sir —l have received the enclosed
letter from one of tho opposing candidates
for the Gubernatorial office, and inasmuch
as it proposes a plan for the conduct of
tho campaign which has novor before been
practiced in Pennsylvania, and as the suc
cess of other candidates, bosides myself is
involved in the election, 1 have thought it
my duty to submit the communication to
the judgmont of the State Committee rep
resenting the Democratic party. If it is
thought to be a proper mode of conducting
the canvass, I shall cheerfully accede to the
Respectfully yonrs,
Philadelphia, July 25, 1857.
Dear Sir —l have laid,before the State
Committee the lettor signed D. VVilmot, da
ted the 14th instant, and am authorized to
say to you that in tho opinion of tho Com
mitteo yon ought not to accede to the propo
sition it contains. Tho reasons for this opin
ion I will proceed briofly to state :
The slavery question, which it is proba-
[Two Dollars per Annua.
ble your opponent proposes to discuss, lias
very recently been thoroughly considered
and passed upon the people of the Com
monwealth. The late Presidential canvass
involved-(be whole subject so far as it was
proper for consideration by olir people, and
we can perceive no utility in its re discus
sion nt this time; nor any other good reason
for reopening debate upon it. The position
of our party is well understood and requires
no vindication, at least by any extraordinary
proceeding like that proposed.
A joint canvass by candidates lor the Gu
[ beruatorial office has never been conducted
in this State, nor, I believe, in any other
Northern one, and may well be questioned
on the grounds of public policy. If the
practice be once adopted, it will doubtless
continue, and party nominations be uniform
ly made with reference to it. No party wilt
venture to select a candidate for this offico
who is not qualified for the stump; and ap
titude for debate will henco come to be pre
ferred to administrative ability. In short
the result will be to confine nomina'ions to
the class of talkers, and to exclude all oth
ers. A rule of parly action which would
prevent such men as Benjamin Franklin,
Simon Snyder and Francis R. .Skunk from
(tiling the Executive chair of thisStatc,musl
be a bad one, and to be denounced rather
than adopted.
We believe lliore is a considerable pub
lic opinion against the propriety of execu
tive candidates appearing nt alt before pop.
ulur meetings to solicit votes. This was
first practiced by Wip. F. Johnson in 1848,
and has been to eomo extent followed by
candidatos stnee. The good- resid's of it
are not obvious. It did not originate with
the .Democratic party, nor has it ever re
ceived any formal, popular or party sanc
tion. It may therefore be considered at)
open question in future practice, and at all
events, as forming no part of the duty of a
candidate imposed upon him by bis noray
While your opponent holds the office of
President Judge, there is a special objection
to the acceptance of his project. The pro.
prioty of law judges taking part in political
meetings is denied by our party, and is
opposed by sound public opinion. By 110
act whatever ought we to sanction, or be
come participants, in a prostitution of tho
judicial character. Nor will a resignation
now made altogether remove this objection.
Your opponent has intentionally held hut
office until within three months ol the elec
tion, (rendering it impossible to elect a
successor, dio urescui j eaxA f a resiir
•...sir*".—*T' 1 "' v 1 v "" rfr ob
viously be with the intention of rosnming
the otlice alter a defeat for the post which
he aspires.
The proposed mode of conducting cam
paigns may possibly be suited to some of
tho Southern and South-western States,
where it has been practiced, and where
population and political conditions differ
from oqflMut its introduction here would
be agaiiisrsolid objections, and without any
conceivable good. It is, therefore, a propo
sed "Southern aggression" upon the prac
tices and politics of parties in Pennsylva
nia, which cannot be at all accepted or per
It is well that the question has arisen
whew we have a candidate capable and fit
for any discussion before tho people, and
wjicn the decision can be placed, without
cmbarrussment, upon public grounds which
control it.
I am, very respectfully, your obedient
C. R. BUCKALEW, Chairman.
Williamipo't, July 2?. 1867.
Ho*. D. Wii.Mon
Dir Str—Your letter of the 14th instant
was duly received; and as it proposed a
plan for conducting tho Gubernatorial cam
paign which had never hitherto been adop
ted m Pennsylvania, and as the interests, of
other candidates were involved in the result,
I did not feel at liberty to accede to your
proposition without first consulting the
State Committee to which the Democratic
Convention has on its part specially confi
ded the control and management of tho
You will receive herewith a copy of my
letter to the Committee, as also their reply,
bv which you will perceive that yqur sug
gestion does not meet (heir approval, and
mat, for reasons stated at length, I ought
not to accedo to your proposition. It is
therefore respectfully declined.
1 am, yours, truly,
The way they get Itlch out West.
Tho Newbnryport Herald relates the ex
perience of a friend, just returned from the
YVest. He says:
" Here is the whole story. We complain
of hard times, and go West to better onr con
dition. If we would live in a log or mud
house with one room and no floor, sleep on
struw, go barefooted, wear the cheapest and
coarsest clothes, and deprive ourselves of
all the comforts ol life, anybody might squat
upon two acres of common pasture, and with
the same labor, be as rich in seven years as
upon any half section of land in Kansas;
and if there wero hundreds thus squatting,
they could get up a land fever, speculate ia
lots, and have the prices go up as they do iu
the West.
Whnt peop'c save in the new States, they
crush out of themselves, and that they do
anywhere. All the advantages they have,
is the privilege of living as mean, and hav
ing their children as mean as human nature
will bear, with nobody to find fault with it;
while hero, living in the same manner, they
would separate from the masses, as much
as the gypsies do. If any of our people wish
to learn practically about this matterj let
them take a view of tho basket makers who
drive into market from New Hampshire,
and then go home and live with them a
month in tne back part of Harrington, and
they will bo saved the trouble of going to