Newspaper Page Text
KDtrr.D BY LEVI I,. TATE, PROPRIETOU
BLOOM SBURG, PA.
Saturday, June IK, ISOSI.
Doinoorntio State Convontion.
TjDKPOANT trt n Resolution adopted by the Domn-
X craticlSlalo Central Committee, tlio Convention of
iieiegatci", cnoscti iy the Democrats tnroughout the
Dili,,,, ll ubfciiiuiw nt
Harrisbtirg, on Wednesday, Jnuc 17l!i,
1!KI, nt 10 o'clock, A. M., to nomlnnln Candidates for
GOVERNOR Rlld JUt)K OF THE Kl'1RrMK CnrnT. In l aim.
ported by the friends of the CONSTITUTION nnd the
UNION, nttlic ensuing election,
Tho Convention will, nlro, clvc expression to the
sentiments nf the Democrats of tlio Stale, who, whllo
rArfr policy would havonvcrtcdnrefentdlsnitcrs. will.
nevertheless, devote the historic patriotism of our
Brent party to resctio the Comtltiitlon nnd the Union
ine one, irom uiurpntion-tbo other, from final .llirup
lon. F. W. HUHlinS.
Chairman Democratic Stale Central Committee.
retlsvillo, May 80, lt3.
Abolition Ideas Illogical.
It has boon often said, that tbo Aboli
tion mind is Illogical. Thoro is that in
its construction which refuses to yield to
the simplest rules of logic, and honco il is
at fault, whenever feeling (or in a lower
viow) interest is involved. If this needed
confirmation, wo havo it in tho way tho ed
itors of minor Republican Journals treat
tho Vallandigham matter. Thoy arc un
ablo to separate tho individual from the
fundamental principles violated in his case
they urging ante judicial impressions
his guilt, ns sufficient apology for tho
inannor of ''Ins taking off." On tho oth
ci hand Democratic papers do not ''do
fond" Vallandigham, they would leave
that to him and his counsel beforo the
courts. Bat thoy protest against martia
law being exercised where martial law
has not boon proclaimed, and where civi!
law is still supremo. This is distinction
between Democratic and Abolition views
of tho matter. One is logical, tho othor
Sticks to 'Em.
Dr. John's patrons are n most unforlu
note set of men. "When thoy onco get into
his clutches, there seems to bo no way to
get clear of him. Ho is liko Sinbad's old
man of tho sea, and sticks to them with
the greatest pertinacity.
A friend, who has been thus victimized
for ionic time, and has repeatedly order
ca tno Miscontinuance ot the nauseous
eheot, writes us that "thero is no way to
stop tho simpleton's paper," the italics aro
his ; and after proposing a rnodo of stop
ping it, adds, "I havo no confident in his
In that, wo suspect our correspondent
is not-'by any means singular, nor is ho
'Ho has written two letters to me,
says a correspondent, ''and I consider him
destitute of both manhood and common
senso, and not worthy of a reply, and that
ho has been playing tho fool most 'cx
That from an ardent republican is pret
ty sharp, but it shows that he knows Dr.
John fully; and wo doubt if thero is a
man in tho county whoso opinion diffors
from that given above.
A "collector" in this week's Democrat,
furnishes us with somo more of his char
acteristic dosiro to mako monay at tho ex
penso or his "manhood ;"' and going to
prove tho cstimato of him, to bo correot.
Not Long Ago.
Tho following statement of facts has
been handed to us, and wo give it publici
ty, iu order to show tho meanness and in
consistency of tho quakcr warrior editor
of tho machine over tho way Ed. Dem .
Mk. Editor :
When Dr. John was a res
ident of Greenwood twp., I was tho collec
tor of tlio District. Dr. John was charged
with GO ceuts militia tax. I called on
him for it. Ho refused to pay it, stating
as his reason that it was against his con
fcienco to support war. I lot it pass for a
year or so, and then called again he
again refused, for tho same reason, to pay
it; hut stated that I might go up on tho
hill to his orchard when peaobes were
ripe, and get somo ; which 1, of courso
declined to do, and the tax of fifty cents
Again and again I dunned him, ho con
stantly refusing to pay, becauto it was
against his conscience in any way to sup
port war. The commissioners refused to
exonerate him, he not being an indigent
person ; and after ho located in Blooms
burg, I again asked him for tho militia tax.
Ho again refused to pay, and for tho same
reason previously given. He then said ho
had somo exchango papers which ho
thought 1 would like to read ; and finding
1 could get nothing else out of him-, I told
him to send them on. and ho sent mo a few.
ttSrAVc will wager our hat that the
contemptible whelps that destroyed the
Monitor office are tho biggest cowards,
the biggest blaekguards, tho biggest fools,
and the dirtiest, meanest set of beings in
Huntingdon county.-Bell font 'e Watchman.
Of courso thoy are, they aro thiovos,
midnight incendiaries, cut throats and
white skinned niggers, and ought to bo
given no quarters.
-Peaoe and Re-union. On Tues
day last, a great mass convention consist
ing according to tho Herald's report of
thirty thousand peoplo assembled in New
York city to make a demand for peaoo on
tho terms of ro-union. Tho Herald says
that it was ono of tho most cnthueiastio
demonstrations that ever took place in this
Lottor from tho Editor.
AMfcartAit Hotfx, Philadelphia,
Juno 4. 1803.
Dear Header :
Upon arriving in this city on Wed
nesday evening, wo wcro mot by a number
of friends, much excited by a sonsnticn
rumor tho latest canard of the reported
death of tho Hon. Charles R. Buckolow,
Wo informed our disconsolato friends that
wo had heard nothing of tho rumor in
Bloomsburg, tho rcsidonco of Senator
Buekalow, and did not belicvo it, as wo
had traveled in company to-day to Phila
delphia, and just eamo together from the
tea table of tho American. Wo aro happy
to inform tho friends of our distinguished
United States Senator, that ho is halo and
hearty, enjoying uninterrupted health and
is sound in tho Democratic faith.
Tho Democratic Mass Meeting, hold in
this city on last Monday evening, was not
only a great meeting, but is exerting a
great influonco upon public sentiment nnd
opinion. Independence Squaro was crow
ded to overflowing, with the living masses
of Frco Men, and overy street around the
Squaro jammed to excess. Its object was
to express tho just indignation of tho peo
ple against tho Despotism of tho" Lincoln
Administration: It was uttered in thunder
tones, and has struck terror inlo the cow
ardly camp of Republican Abolitionism.
"Vallandigham and Liberty," is the
watch-word of the Democracy. Wo havo
no doubt, that on the 11th of this month,
Clement Laird Vam-andioiiam, will bo
nominated by acclamation, by the Demo
cratic State Convention, for Governor of
Ohio, His election is certain;
This is tho turning point in tho greatest
strugglo of tho age between Liuerty
and Despotism and ho who will not now
stand forward in support of constitutional
law and white men's liberties, as against
tho acts of the Jacobins of the Military
Tyranny of the Burnsido Dynasty, is un
worthy tho name of a patriot. It requires
no prophetic wisdom to preeict tho early
caving in of this weak and wicked Admin
istration in relation to its silly oppression
of Mr. Vallandigham. His course is up
ward and onward. That of his persecu
tors downward and backward. Vallan
digham's record will shine in history, when
the deeds of his cowardly midnight
persecutors will be covered with infamy.
Tho Evening Bulletin, of Thursday
which is among tho meanest of the toadies
of tho Lincoln-Despotism, and was fore
most in laudation of tho Vallandigham
arbitrary arrest, finding tin experiment
has proven a failure now enters its un
qualified disapproval of all such proceed
ings. Tho Bulletin says :
" Tho suppression of newspapers has
been practiced at various times since our
civil war began, and in no case, so far as
wo remember, with good results. Treason
is not to bo crushed by tho suspension of a
single uewspaper, and wo, thoreforo, view
with regret General Bumsido's course with
regard to tho Chicago Times. But he has,
along with much that is commendable
done so much that was ccccntrio and un
wise, since his misfortune at Fredericks
burg, that wo cannot help thinking his
mind is disordered, and therefore feel no
great surprise at anything he may do.
J. ho procecdincs with rccaru to the
Chicago Times is doing a direct and pos
itive injury to the Government and tho
cause of the Union. The city of Chicago,
which has furnished many thousands of
soldiers for tho war, was stirred up almost
to revolt by it, and tho House of Repre
sentatives of Illinois, in session at Spring
field, has adopted resolutions McnounciDg
it by u vote of 47 to 13. Throughout the
country tho Uoppcrhcaus aro availing 1
themselves of General Burnsidc's order to
renew their clamor against the Adminis
tration, as tho enemy of frco speech and a
free press, tho- President being made by
them responsible for the act of one of his
military officers, Tho offensivo nowspa
per is brought into a notoriety that it never
could havo attained if" tho proper course
had been pursued towards it. That course
should have been to arrest and try tho
editors under tho law to punish those that
discourage enlistments. By such a pro
ceeding the publication of treasonable ar
ticles would havo been stopped, and
the offenders would havo been brought to
punishment. But by General Burnside's
order the offenders aro not punished, and,
tho offensive sheet is so extensively adver
tised that it will circulate more widely than
over and have a weightier influonco, when
its publication is resumed, as resumed It
will pc cither under its old name or a new
Tho suppression of newspapers lias been
tried here, in New York and clsewhoro,
and every case without good effect. Thu
papers havo rc-appcard, moro violent and
offensivo than ever, tho quasi martyrdom
of their owners having given them a new
claim upon tbo support of those who
oppose tho Administration. So it will
bo with the Chicago Times, and for tho
sako of tho Government and tho Union
causo, wo trust that tho President may
order tho withdrawal of Gen, Burnsidc's
order at once, for tho longer tho delay
tho worso will bo tho mischief resulting
from it, aud tho greater will bo tho power
of tho offending journal to injuro tho Gov
ernment, on its revival. A prompt rever
sal of tho order would satisfy tho publio
that tho President is not rcsponsiblo for
all tho acts of thoso to whom ho has en
trusted important positions, nnd would
still tha clamor made against him."
So much far tho first effort to subvert
tho liberties of tho American people. And
such is tho general sentiment on tho sub
ject. Abraham has wisely rocinded Am
brose's despotio ordor in rotation to tho
Chicago Times and New York World.
It may bo proper hero to mention an
item wo forgot to unnounco before leaving
homo, viz : that it had been suggested by
many of our people to hold a Mass Meet-
ing of tho Democracy of Columbia, on tho
coining Fourth of July, at Bloomsburp,
nnd that ono of tho ablest Democratic
Speakers of our Stats, had agreed to de
liver tho Address. Mora anon. .
Wo may write from tho Empire City.
Yours in hopo of liberty,
L. L. T.
St, Nicholas Hotel,
No. 510 Broadway, Now York,
June 8, 1803.
Dear Democrat s
Thero aro fow cities in tho Union,
all things considered, that possess in an
equal degrco tho distinctive elements of
progrcssivenoss and greatness as that of
Now York. Its peoplo arc, proverbially,
active, cnergctio and enterprising. They
livo fast, movo in a hurry, and many of
tbcm nro addicted to sharp practices.
This is not intended as a reflection upon
tho honesty of tho citizens, but is applica
ble to that largo class, known as Sharpers
and Shavers Bulls and Bears Goths
Unusual excitemont pervaded tho city
on last Saturday and Monday. This was
occasioned by the return of tho 37th and
38th Regiments of Now York Volunteers
from a two year's servico in tho war. A
formal rGccption was given them by tho
Munioipal authorities of the Empiro City
on Monday, and a magnificent Banquet in
tho evening. Wo have been in Now York
on many public occasion, and marked the
moving masses, but never beforo encoun
tered sucli a orovrd.
A monster Mass Meeting was held here
on last Tuesday, in the Cooper Institute,
liko that lately held in Philadelphia, to
consider tho state of tho county. It
looked to a possible settlement of our
national difficulties and the certain vindi
cation of our constitutional rights and
future liberties. Tho usurpations of the
Federal Administration tho gross mis
management of tho war and the viola
tions of tho rights of loyal citizens as in
tho caso of Mr. Vallaudigham, it. ah, were
freely discussed and unmistakably con
demned. Tho tremendous demonstrations of pop
ular condemnation aud uuivorsal execra
tion of tho cowardly acts of tho ''Lincoln
Despotism," by tho indignant and insulted
peoplo of the "Keystone" and "Emi'iiu:"
States of tho Union iucludingthe "Buck
eye" and ,illoosicr'" States of tho West,
havo caused a most thorough seusation
throughout the whole country and carried
general consternation into tho Camp of
King Abraham at Washington. Daylight
is dawning upon tho country white men's
rights must bo respected, and law re
established. It is the turning point be
tween "Liberty1' and "Despotism."
Every man must now do his duly. The !
price of liberty is eternal vigilance. And
resistance to tyrants is obedience, to God.
The war drags aloug its slow but de
vastating career. Vicksburg, is still there,
although tcus of thousands of our bravo
men havo fallen in tho effort for its cap
ture, and now "sleep the sleep that knows
no wakint;.'' Our Army should about
now, mako a point or it will loose prestige.
Much u expected and much is feared.
God grant a speedy termination to this
wicked Abolition-Secession Rebellion.
Tho coustry is beautiful in appearance,
grain crops, fruit, etc., are most promising. ,
The early fruit season has come, and wo :
here, as in Philadelphia, are enjoying tho '
( .i i c. I
'"Anita ui cu.iwuumus, pc;iB, grapes, ixC,
usual in eastern and southern cities.
The St. Nicholas, is ono of the firs t
class Hotels in Gotham. Its custom is im
mense with excellent accomodations, and
liberal charges viz : Thrco Dollars a
day. And yet, there is no placo like
To llav wo shall no-a!n fninv llio lionltnn
, D v,.o
breeze on the Delaware of a Steam Boat
oxcursion and the dust in tho Oars, re
turning to Philadelphia.
Our Democratic State Convention next
week, it is quito manifest, will nominate
Heistkr C&ymeh, for Governor of Penn
sylvania. Wo want no hotter condidatc.
He can win by at least 50,000.
Yours in tho Democracy,
L. L. T.
What (he President thinks of it.
"I have examined this negro business
and probed it to tho bottom," said tho
President in reply to an application to
somo Captain who wanted to raise a necro
regiment. "It's tho same thing with all
of you. If I gave you authority to raise
this regiment tho result would bo that you
would get Colonel's pay for sevoral months
and 1 would get not a nigger!"
The Boston Commonwealth is authority
for this anecdote 1 This wholo Abolition
war has been run tho Bamo way. Thous.
ands of millions of dollars havo been set
free ubitt not a nizner,"
CSsTWo called attention a couplo of
weeks ago to somo expressions of leading
republicans in favor of a dissolution of the
Union ; and among them, to tho resolution
and epceah of Judge Conway, republican
member of Congreis, from Kansas. Wo
print to day, a letter from the sanic Judgo
Conway, wherein ho gives us his opinions
of the war, and tho party of men who aro
at tho head of it, and professes himself
willing to givo up tho Union any morning
Wo defy any man to point out a Demo-
crB, who favors a dissolution of tho Uni-
olli That is left to tho oppononts of tho
Tlirrn are pro.iprols of a good harvest.
Judgo Duor's Lottor.
Wo placo tho letter of Judgo Duer, of
Now York, beforo tho peoplo, without ono
word of commont. It speaks for itself t
Oswecio, May CO, 1803.
Gentlemen -I rccoivod somo timo ago
your letter inviting mo to attend tho publio
meeting called to vindicate tho right of tho
peoplo to express their sentiments upon
political questions. It was not in my
power to bo present at tho meeting, and
illness has prevented mo until the present
moment from answering your letter. I
answer it now, though lalo, both to ex
plain my apparent incivility, and also be
causo I think that in tho present crisis no
loyal o'tizen ought to shrink from tho ex
pression of his opinion.
Tho action that has taken place sinco
your meeting was held, convinces mo that
it is tho intention of tho President nud
his advisors to crush opposition, to thejr
acts by means of force and terror. For
this purpose they have established ond do
now actually enforce martial law in sev
eral loyal States, and thoy will doubtless
do the same in New York, aud every
where else, unless thoy aro made to know
that tho Peoplo will not submit to it.
To many persons tho words "martial
law" do not convey any definito idea,
They know that it is something very harsh
and rigorous, and summary, but they
supposo that it bears some resemblance to
all other laws of which they have ever
hoard or read, in this respect at least :
that it defines offences and fixes their
punishment. And I cannot but supposo
that many of thoso who clamor for its
establishment arc ignorant that it is noth
ing in tho world but tho absoluto and un
restrained will of a military chieftain.
Permit me then to givo a dcsciiption of
martial law upon tho authority of tho
highest judicial tribunal of our country.
The language is that of Judge Woodbury,
in delivering tho opinion of the Court, in
a caso determined by tho Supremo Court,
of tho United States : ''By it," says tho
Court, "every citizen, instead ol reposing
under the shield of known and fixed laws
as to his liberty, property and life, exists
with a rope round his ncek, subject to bo
hung up by a military despot at tho next
lamp-post, under tho sentence of somo
drumhead court martial,"
It ia true that Republicans have reason
to believe that they will bo safo from the
horrors of this law, under a Republican
Administration. No Republican or Abo
litionist has yet been arrestod, imprisoned
or banished, and thoy may reasonably
calculate that nono ever will be. Such
porsons aro permitted to stigmatize the
Constitution as a league with hell, and
insist that tho war shall bo prosecuted ,
not to restore tho Union, but to destroy it,
without being regarded as guilty of any
''disloyal practice." Tho only sufferers,
so far, havo been Democrats. Indeed, the
very purpose for which tho establishment
of martial law is sought by the managers
of tho clubs and leagues, is todestroy the
Democratic party. And wo find it declar
ed in an official document emanating from
tho War Department, that to support tho
Democratic party is to support tho cause ;
of the rebels. This torriblo ongino, then, '
is to be set in motion by ono political
party for tho persecution of another, '
arming neighbor against neighbor, and
setting issues in every household. Tho
machinary is prepared. Already tho se
crct societies are. in motion, bound by
what oaths, I know not. That thoy who
design thoso things design all their dread-!
ful consequences I do not believe; but'
thoy know little of human nature and lit-
tlo of history who cannot discern them. '
Under a singlo despot there is equality;
from a single despot thoro may bo hopo of
escape But tho worst form that despot-,
ism can assume is that of tho tyranny ol
party over party ; and if anything cin add (
to its horrors it is when tho dominant. '
faction is inflamed by fanaticism and led
What matters it that these men aro
conscientious, that thoy act under a senso
of duty, of religious duty ? I do not im
peach their motives. Tho moro conseicn
ciouj they aro, tho worse. All fanatics
aro conscientious, and it is this that makes
their tyranny, of all tyrannies, tho most
What wo can and ought to do, boyond
tho mere expression of our sympathy, in
aid of our oppressed countrymen in Ohio,
Kontucky and Indiann, is a subject upon
which it may bo as well at present to say
nothing. Let us wait tho courso of events.
Wo havo an immodiato question for our
selves, and that is whether wo will permit
tlio establishment of the same species of
government in our own Stato ; a govern
ment which not only no Englishman and
no Frenchman would enduro, but against
which tho very lazzaroni of Naples would
revolt. I do not speak of exceptional
oases of an extreme publio necessity, sue h
as wo may imagine, though, their oecur
renco is not at all probable ; but I spoak
ofsystomatio acts, dono under claim of
right, without ncoossity, upon false pro
tonccs, aots which aro uot only flagrantly
unconstitutional, but uttorly subversive
of liborty and law, and of which tho man
ifest tendency, if not tho purposo, is not
to maintain the Union, but to destroy it.
I am snro that wo will not submit to this,
and wo ought to say so plainly. I havo
no faith in any potitions protests or re
monstrances, that fall short of this. Thoro
ts danger fn loaving tho Prosidont ingor
nnt of our purpose. I am not sanguino
enough to hope for any thing from his
senso of justioo or respect for tho law.
Tho powers that control htm, whothoi1
spiritual ortorrcstrial,will do to us whalov
er wo will suffer, but ard not likely to
attempt that winch thoy know wo will not
At the samo timo I deprccalo oil resin
tahco that is not strictly constitutional.
Lot us not only submit to, but support
all proper authority. The President
claims tho constitutional power to estab
lish Martial law over tho body of tho
peoplo in tho loyal States. Wo deny it.
Lot tho Courts detcrinino tho question.
Thcjudioial authority is vested in tho
Courts, and not in tho President, tho
Congress, or tho Army. It is as much
tho duty of tho President, as of any pri
vate citizen, to submit to that authority.
If ho resists it, ho becomes an usurper,
and may himself bo lawfully resisted.
And, on the othor bond, if any court or
judge, acting under tho forms of law, shall
sanction his monstrous assumption, let us
in turn submit ; not becauso thero may
not bo judicial as well as executivo usur
pation, and tho samo right in extreme
cases to resist tho ono as tho other, but on
account of tho condition of tho country,
and tho double dangers that assail us. In
this way thoro may bo occasional net? of
tyranny, as has been already, but upon
tho wholo tbo restraint of tho judiciary
will bo found adequate to our protection,
if tho Prcsidont himself will respect it.
But if any citizen of this Stato shall bo
arrested or imprisoned by military men,
or by Provost Marshals or other officers,
acting under tho authority of the Presi
dent, and tho court beforo whom tho
question shall bo brought shall dctormiue
that he is entitled to his liberty, then, if
in spito of this decision, forco shall be used
to detain him, thero ought to be no hesi
tation to support tho judiciary iu opposi
tion to military usurpation, and I should
regard it as baseband cowardly not to do
so, unless in the faco of such a force as
should make resistance quito hopeless.
If it bo said that such action would im
pede tho successful prosecution of the war,
I answer that it is better that a nation
should loso a portion of its territory than
its liberty. And il for this cause the re
bellious States shall succeed iu establish
ing their iudc'pendeneo, tho fault will bo
that of tho Administration ; and the peo
ple, driven to chooso between two evils,
will havo wisely oho3on that which, be
yond all comparison, is tho least.
Tho times required, in a very high
degree, the exercise of the virtues, ofcour
aga and ofprudeneo. Moderation in onr
counsels will givo us strength aud unit in
action. Let us accept as our Leader, him
whom not less merit than position desig
nates, (tho Chief Magistrate of our State,)
and follow and support that moderate and
patriotic, but not feeble or unmanly, policy
which ho has recommended aHd enforced
with so much dignity and success, and I
shall yet hopo that the Union may tri
umph over both classes of its enemies
the Southern Secessionists and the North
I remain gchtlomcn, very respectfully
your serv't, WILLIAM DUER.
To Gideon I. Tucker, John Hardy and
Andrew Mathewson, Esq.
The Kansas Apostle Tor Freedom.
The following letter is from tho IIo,n.
Mr. Conway, M. C, from Kansas, in the
last Congress :
To the Editor of the N. Y. Tribune :
Sir The recent avowal of Mr. Gcrritt
Smith that ho is in favor of a restoration
of tho Union, even if such restoration
should involve renewed power to Slavery
is a slight indication of that counter revo
lution in public sentiment on this subject
which tho war is cacculatcd to effect,
and which political leaders seem deter
mined through it to bring about. The
only period in which there was a ghost of
U UUUUGU Ul IVIU IUI3 WIU 11 U JkllU-Oia-
vory result was tho first two years of its
existence. If it had boon taken hold of at
the outset as an instrument of revolution
to dissolvo tho Union and constitute the
North tho nation thus liberating tho Gov
ernment from all constitutional obliga
tions to slaveholders, and had then been
rushed through with skill and energy, un
der wise Ministers and competent Goner
al, in a manner to givo full effect to tho
power of tho North, Slavory would havo
been swept out oE existence, and tho scco
ded States conquered to the authority of
tho Union, aud held as subject provinces.
Hut this was not dono. On the contrary
tho war was employed as a moans to pre
vent revolution and to maintain tho Union.
Tho object was to forco upon tho slavo
holders tho rights guarantied to them by
tlio Constitution thoy discarded. For
nearly two yoars tho most zealous regard
was paid to these ''rights," and military
operations, conducted in a manner to iu
duco tho Southern people to return volun
tarily to their Federal allogienco. In
consequence of this policy, tho golden op
portunity slipped away tho South became
a sottled and dctorminod Power tho
North lost tho prestige of victory, and its
morale was brokon.
Thus tho war becatno a failuro and ut
torly ceased to boar upon tho question of
tno subjugation ot tho fcoutu m any man
ner whatsoever ; and now, whatever may
ba said to tho contrary, thoro aro few re
flecting minds which havo not corao to tho
conclusion that tho indepondonco of tho
bouth is an established laet whothcr recog
nised or not.
Tho war for tho futuro, theroforc, bo-
comes simply an instrument in the hands
or political managers to ejeciresulcs favor
able their own personal ends, and unfavor
able to thi cause of Ireedom,
What matters it that a fow rrgimcuU of
nenrocs, morn or less undor whiw facer4,
arc sent into tho fiold ! What matters it J
that tho President's edict of Emancipation i
is printed in Littlo & Brown's edition ot tno
United States at iiargc i as jhuuh.u .
ours ? or oven Vicksburg ? Docs not the
Confederacy still stand firm and deGant,
and does it not promiso to stand so in tlio
futuro t And, abovo all, is not tho Presi
dential election aproaching t t
It is now assumed that tno union is an
objoct paramount over all other consider
ations, and wo aro told that it must never
bo relinquished. Wo aro asked to adhero
to the war, not boeauso it gives us success
ful nchiovomouts in tho field, but for tho rea
son simply that olhorwlso wo givo up tho
Union. Wo aro told aiso mat uiu institu
tion of Slavery, liko all othor institutions,
(vidoNcw York Times ofto-day,) is of
minor importance, ono way or tho other,
compared with tho Union ; that it must
givo way or not givo way; bo destroyed,
or granted a new loaso of life with in
creased power, just as tho exigencies of
tho Union may require. Andjto this doc
trine that lifo long Abolitionist, Gcrritt
Smith, and that zealous Republican, Mr.
Raymondjand that eminent Dcmocwt, Mr.
Van Burcn, all aliko assent. Sinco tho
deportation of Vallandigham, it is supposed
that this is to bo tho mongrel Domocratio
platform for tho next Presidential race.
Now, Mr. Editor, I desiro thus publicly
and from tho beginning to announce my
emphatic wish to bo counted out of any
such arrangement. I went into this Anti
Slavery busincs earnestly, and on tho
presumption that I was acting with honest
mon men who hated Slavory, and who
wcro determined to oast it out, como what
might. I find that as to many I havo been
dececcivcd. "I find that these mon want
power, and care for nothingclso ; and that
for tho sake of powor thoy would kill all
tho whito peoplo of tho South, or tako
them to their arms ; that they would frco
all the slaves or mako their bondage still
morp hopeless, or do any other inconsis
tent or wicked thing. I havo no sympa
thy whatever with such unhallowed lust of
As to tho Union, I would not givo a cent
for it unless it stood as n guarantco for
freedom to every man, woman and child,
within the entire jurisdiction. I consider
tho idea that everything must be sacrificed
to tho Union as uttorly prcpostorous,
What was tho Union made for ? That wo
should sacrifice ourselves to it ? I, for one
would beg to be excused. As things stand
I would sacrifice tho Union to Freedom
any morning beforo breakfast.
" Very truly yours. M. F. Conway.
Washington, 28th May, 1803.
Tho Four acts of Despotism.
By D. A. Maiiony, of Iowa, author of
the " Prisoner of State." i'ublislied by
Van Evric, Ilorton & Co., No. lG'i Nassau
street, jNcw York,
Wo havo in this work just what tho
people need in ordor to for nia reliable and
intelligent opinion upon the legislation of
the late Congress. Wo havo full and of
ficial copies of the four great acts which
will make that body forever infamous ; and
they aro subjected to a brief but searching
analysis by Mr. Mahony. Ho shows how
cunningly and dexterously the Tax Bill
is drawn, so as to mako tho burden of tax
ation fall on tho laboring and producing
classes. It is assessed upon necessaries
of life and implements of labor rather that
upon Inxurics, indulged in only by those
who could afford to pay a tax upon such
luxurios indulgences. Tho Financo Act
still further mortgages tho labor of the
eoutry, in placing the entire currency of
tho people in tho hands of tho Secretary
tho Treasury, who can sell the credit of
tho United States for any sum and any
prico he pleases. Then comes the Con
scription Act, which boldly ignores State
laws and Stato Constitutions, and forces
men, nolens volcns, into tho army, and
still keeping alive tho odious principle
running through all theso acts of favors to
tho rich, who can avoid military service
by paying 300, while the poor
compelled to go
nnally COmcS tllO In-,
demnity Bill, the crowning act of all, which
virtuallily susponds tho Constitutions, and
which in tho languago of Senator Rayard,
of Delaware ought to bo entitled "A Bill
to create a Dictator." All of these acts
arc given in full in this volume, and they
must'bs very acceptable III tlllS form to a
largo number people who desiro to have l."cutor nt his residence in .aid township, with
, ,. ... . . out delay, and all persons indebted to make payment
authentic copies of these acts, examino r'thwuii.
iiicir uuiuua uuiuua, uuu preserve mom lor
rofcrcncc. Tho Tax Bill is needed almost
daily in all tho business of li.o, to detcr
inino the taxes upon articles of manufac-
f nrr. nrwl .nncnmnt inn no ti-nll na ,n
duties upon deeds, notes, drafts, checks,
bills Ot exchange, bonds, mortgages, CCrtif-
. .... c. n
ICatCS, policies Ot insurance, contracts, 0.
f. T. r..n ..... ., , ,
c)-c. It is given in full, with all tho late
amendments passed at tho last session of
of Congress. It is also furnished with an
alphabetical recapitulation for easy refer
cuoo for business men. This bill has been
published in various forms by tho Republi
cans, but it has never beforo been accom-
panicd by tho moro odious and more glar -
ingly unconstitutional acts of tho samo
Congress, Tim Finance, Conscription and
5JH aU tolt. eVr0ry8o H," M
wani tlicm all together, SO as to tako in
at ono view tho criminalty of tho men who
tb.,,1 a,,pnn,1n...l l. -:!.. -. .
u..w,.,wuu vuu nguis ui mo peopio
which thoy had been elected to preserve.
Wo know of no way in which fifty cents
can bo so judiciously expended as in pro
curing this pamphlet. Many editions) ot
of tho Tax Jaw alono sell for that, but
here wo have tho four enactments ontirc
for that sum, in a pamphet of 100 pages in
In ordor to furnish thoso of our roadcra
who may desiro this important woik, wo
havo mado arrangoraonts with tho publish
ers to supply it, through our offico, and all
who wish copies can ordor from us. Wo
will furnish them at publibhcrs' ratos.
tesT-Send on the order at once.
Fifty Cents in paper binding,
Seventv-fux Cents in muslin
i r I.
Buokulew, in answer
' an nvltati
address tho Dcmocratio meeting on Moi
day ovening last ;
BLOOJtsmma, Juno 1, 1803.
. N. Diltman, Etq:
fllinirinnn l)nm. (?ilv Frrn!vi,
w"" " ' J " ' ' ' " VVJIiIj,
Dear A'ir; Your lett cr inviting mo tt
attond your meeting of this evening cnllcj
with referenco to tho nr rest, military tiinl
and cxilo of Vallandigham, was dolnw.1
in reaching me. I have only timo befoio
tho closing of the mail to writo a few lines
1 approve, most heartily, tho object of
your meeting, and I hopo it may bo sue-
cosslul and exert a wuto lnlluonco upon
public opinion. Now that publio ovcnt3
present to tho peoplo tho question of lib.
borty as woll as of Union, thero ought to bn
no doubts nnd no hesitation among the
as to the courso to pursuod. Thoy mu ;
uphold liborty and put down its foes, an .
tnat too, without regard to the poor piti
ful pretexts by which the latter seek to
tlefond or excuso their usurpations.
I am, respectfully, yours,
U. R. BUCKALEW.
At Town Hill, on the 4th inst., By Rev.
E. Waddsworth, Mr. Daniel II. Har
RI80N, to Miss Deborah A. Shultz. both
of Fair Mount, Luzerne co,
On Saturday 23d ult., by Rev. II. D
Dill, Mr. Thomas Bird, and Miss Sarah
J. Williams, both of Light Street.
In Mount Pleasant, on the 20lh of May,
Martha A. Kramer, aged 8 years and
At Espy, ofErysiplcs, on tho 5th inst,,
Edith II. infant of Alfred II. and Mary
W. Cruvcling, aged 3 months and 11 dayj,
At this place, on tho Cth inst., Mary
Geutiiude, daughter of Rev. D. C, and
Addio John, aged about 10 months.
Ltmiw:, i u---,'f r1".mrliti- tr
RECEIPTS FOR MAY.
Tho following payments havo been mado
to the Columbia Dcmociat office, during
tho month of May :
Columbia County, $20 75
Hugh MrDriilr, !t 0
John Jone, Sr., 1 M
Henry V. Sinter, I PO
t'ol. Ncal McCoy. 2 00
Mmlunn School hist. 1 50
Hon. Reuben Kcl!u,$l3 W
John I). I'.lln, 1 ;s
A. 11, Whltmiru, 1 00
Henry il. Mills, 1 OJ
Win. Frill, Esq., 4 7J
Est of llenj, Jones, 1 ou
Est.on'ntrn-k Tool, 1 iu
Hon. Win. Merrifluld, 2 I HI
I lav iJ 1'lillliis
IM. of John Heller,
(ic-o. IV. Bleilnian,
tfimk-y 8. Slattr,
John Kline, (Ml 1'.)
A. K. Hoacock, Esi
D S. Urown,
John C. Wcnner,
Cnl. Hiram It. Kline,
John 0 Quick, E1
William li. Sternrr,
Andrew 1'rcup, Enq.,
Daniel Mcllcnry. I
Itolir Mcllenry, Esq.,
M.l'arkcr, M, 1) ,
Willaril V. iJrecn,
Joseph II. Kniltlc, nq.
James (1 Maxwvll,
II. H. llitienbender,
J 1). Iiirc,
Peter Yohe HSon
Henry Ih loriR.
Henry O. Kelchntr,
On. W. t raczc,
c. Hudson Cirion,
David V. Alberlson,
American Shoo I ip Co
John A. Fuuston, Esq. I in
I). Al. ItaiiHOiu, I 51)
Charles A.li, 2 ml
llnbert II. Arthur, I 00
A. J. Evans. G 50
John llrobst, 2 on
A. I). (loud, 3 oil
Thomas E. Evce, 4 00
J. II. Patton, A. M 2 50
llriun's Nat. Circus, 5 00
J I). Harrison. I 75
Jacob Eyvrly, Esq., 12 eo
Jer. II. Vocum, 7 (ill
Peter S. Ilaruun, 5 00
IM Jofliah Hafenljuch 1 73
S. Austin liitler. 2 00
J. U. rurmaii, Shir., 10 (JO
Dr. Win. A.Cos, 4 00
Elijah 11. Ikeler, Esq., 1 75
Jhn Donk, Esq , 1 00
Est. ofC.C. Ilreecc, 1 00
Enoeh Fox, Egq., 1 75
Vincent UUhnrt, j 73
Wm. R. rcterman, 4 00
A ilam Suit, Esq., 1 00
Lcwin Ditterick, 3 00
I). C. Oeorharl. 1 75
EM. Dr A. II. Wilson, 2 00
Jocph Marlz. 2 00
Alexander lliijhc'q, 10 00
Jnmes H. .VcMnch, 1 O'J
Hiram Ilittenbender, 1 00
Ocorso Ohl, 0 00
John Knrns, Sr., 2 45
M. U, Woodward, 1 75
tJamuel Urugler, 2 00
JSrThankful, friends, for your Eupport.
Itjs yours to sustain and ours to maiutsin
a FREE PRESS." Keep the ball In mo
tion and liborty will servivo.
J. state of John E. Shaffer, dee'd,
LETTERS of administration on the
Estate of John E. Bluffer, latu of Cenlre twp.,
Columbia countv. deceased, h.iva hpen frfititmi i.w ,li
1 Itegi.ter of Columbia county to the undersiRned ! all
n.r.nn. Ii.ulri0.1.lina ntt..i. .1... e .,
HI persons indebted to make payment forthwith.
j June n.iecs cw 'yin SIIAtt'iilt' Adm '
I Estate oj Solomon Eckroth. dee'd.
IT F.TTEItR TpHlmnniiin.u nn ih. ,,,,. nr silAmnn
JjEckroth laic of Denver tnwnship.Cniiimbin tounly,
i"ca.fC'l.'1lmv.0 !'ecl! """'V'1 i :iio Resistor or wiii
c to the undcrisned nlo residing in said Heaver
township; all persons having clnims against tho cs-
tale nf the ilnrenrlnnt nr rnii,a,i,l tn .noni,. .I,a, tn
VALUABLE REAL ESTATE.
TN Pursuance of an order of Iho Ornlmm' fn,,., r
'"""I'i'11, ,cni"y 011 Saturday, june hth,
U!l",t rjl" Cinglcs, lato of Madison township,
:----,-"- . .' BIIIUII, AUUllll
I,. pU1u.u,J,u,t.. iiovii, uni uiju8u 10 saiu ny puoiic
vendue, at the public housuof Koifer A, Smith, in Jer
acytown.accrtain messuage or tciicincntiind
in said county, drceased, will expose to salu by publio
' ituat iu Mains
Joining lands of Alexander l.nvo on tho South and
i.ast, Manila Oinglen on tho North, and the Heirs of
Jacob itetler oh the West, conlaiulii"
on tnwnshln. Prtlitnililn on,..,.,. b.I.
T 11 1 11 T Y-F I V E
more or less
There is on tho premises an old
nnd about twcnty.rtve creg clcaruU laml, Lite tti
1 SMS counMr0 ,ow"9"ll, of
,commK or BAniivXfi&.
, feSfflrtt tKlftS;
! fWrf 'XlS
mo'"'y vtHn ono year from the conllnnation of
1 Jhl,',!!!t'f.cfLfr"m coflriHation, The pur
I 1 ,icu ur UM-,I.
Madison twp, June 13, 1S(13.
IfillU h3 til 'it 1 1 t J.-t-
ri AMC on the premise of the subscriber, in Ilcnloi
ijwnehip, Columbia county, im Uiu lutlinf A, ay, on
IRON CRAY MARE COLT,
two or threo yoars old, having on a
halter and girth. The owner or owners
bra requested to com? forward and
tir.i.n nninj.hi ...Jl.ta
ber awny, otherwise the w'lll be disposed of nrcordlnj
juuufi, Iffa-llt, 31 00,
J, M, UEISIILIN'E.
Estate of Elizabeth Mnstcller, dee'd.
LETTERS ft administration n (he Elnie of I lti
betn .Masteller.latc nf Mifllln twp Columbia co.Mie d
hnvebeen granted by Ihe Register of Columbia co.. to tin
undersigned -, all persons having claim, against lh (
tjto of tlio decedent aro rMiicstcJ tontc-,nt thciJ
the i uudc-mignei, I is rindono ,n said tnwnrh f
without dslay, and all ptrMnsjndsttcd to nuks fay
mint fojthw nh
,, . ... JOHN .MAMT.M.RR
J'm 6, 1163 dw 5J