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AND BLOOMSBURG GENERAL ADVERTISER;
LEVI L. IAIE, Editor. (,T0 H0L) AN1) Tum TIIK T0Ilcir 0P TRUTii AND Wavb it o'er the darkened earth." $2 00 PIJR ANNUM.
1 1 i , , , , , , , , ,., , , , , , . ., , ., , ii - i i
VOL. 15-.NO. 52. BLOOMSBURG, COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA., SATURDAY, MARCH 1, 1862. VOLUME 25
published every Saturday, iiy
LEVI L. TATE.
in BiooMsmma, cclumeia county, pa.
o vTih e
Itn Ike new Prick JulJIitf, 'fpoiitt the I'.tchangt, ly ilU
of the Court llime. "Democratic Head Quarters."
TERMS OF SUllSOItiri'lUN.
(5 1 00 In iidwince. fur one copy, fore! iliih:1u,
1 7j In udvunce, fur one copy, out year.
2 UU 11 imt paid within the Itcil three month i,
i! C If Jiul .alii within til') Aral six months.
!. If nut paid within tin! year.
Ov No aulmrlptlon taken fur lots than tit mnntln,
un pnpur.dlccuntinuuil uu'.ilull arrearagea shall hau
1 'j fii paid
i'v" Uriliii.it- DVFnTiicMi.i r inserted, nu.1 Jon Wokk
uieeuted. ut the uiuibllsliclrcli.es
BAFjT I M O R E LOOK II OS I IT A Is
narAiiusiiED Ad a nnrcGi: rnu.MuvA(.Ki:iiY.
The Only 1'luce where a Cute can be
DR. JOHNIWON' Iina ducover.'.l tin ino-t Curtain,
.-'porJy mid unly I'.rT final Item .!) in til" W.-rl I
Jnr all private IIhuiism, WVakiiuai. uf thu Haik nr
Lliulu, .-itncturi'i. All'cctiuna nl the ki.tneja and Had
dor, Involuntary nipctuirgis, I.uiiut.-iu v , lien.'rjl I)..
Ml.ty, N r,niiau;sa llypi-p.y. i.ain'inir. I-o spirlta
Confuaiuu uf id.'m. I'.ilpiuliiii uf tin II.. ait, Timid It),
rr-iiuulmga, Diniii ;a uf riiiiht ur Old.lluesa, niae.ni' ul
.In II 'ad, Thru.it, Nm i or a.un, Alt' ti iotm uf th" l.iv.'r
Lung,, dlouu-it ur llowela -thud' terribiu UUiir-ler-
urlsnu ftuin ihurinllturyllal.ltsnfVniith thinu kkiikt
mid ajlitar) praiiicua iin.ru latal to t!i -lr Ktl:n than
tin b.i.n? ul Syr-uia In the Marine, ul Clyaaea, Iilluht.
in j tlmr must linlliaiit ln.p-a ur ntilicip.itluu. render
li, j Ki'irtttjc, &.c ..iipo..iale.
V 11 L Mi M li V
Cap 'i lallv, ho hiivu twoine tin' ililiinn of Solitary
Vic. lint dr.'a I lu I and .lialrurin-u hal.it Mill annu
ally amicus t. an u-i'liuel) ur.nu Ihuumiida uf Ynunif
Mun ut tin: must oJiilti-d tiih iit' and lirilli.mt inntlict.
vnn inielit nth r iw.o h.iva riiiraiirkil iHteiilng riuiinli-a
witlitlu thuuJ.-ri uf ilu'pirncoui naked Invert.) the
living lyru, m.-.y uatl ttith full cunf.di'in.u.
M A It It I A n i:
Murrlud piT-nni.;. nr Vunni; Mmi luntiMiiplatinj mar
rt.ijf. h ! 'I in am uf ph) sn..il woakin-aa. urgitnlc duahili
li, dcfurriili.'.. A.r.. i-P'-u'lily iiirtil.
' II" who pi n-' a linn-wit uii.lur tin c-iro of lir. Jnhnstuii,
iuiiv r li 'luii 'lv cinili I" inlns hunnr aa n Ki'litluniun, and
CJiiliduiitly r I, upo.i Inn .kill us .1 phj aid.ui.
o n i: a x i o v i: a k . i: a c
'l'u-i. IU-tr,'iu Ml Ltnui -ulmli t.ni.Ii ra hfv' mi"
wnM.i mi I iiurniii'' niipinIUk--i tin p n.ilty pni h
ItKM.ti'iH ul imprup'-r indulii'iu uiinir pvr
,,'U.iru tun apt to I'.iinaill i'tt.-i Irnin u u.'.iu:
mv.iro uf Ihu dr. nlf'il i'.jih i'I'I.iiu' th.t limy i'imup.
,N..rt,lni ill ii iiiaiT.laii.li thu .ulJi-it will pr,'
t ind to dim) II. it il.u p.)ur ul pi...-r- iiu.u i- L.-l ..Micr
I, 1 tli.ia.'lallinuiiuoiinlirnp.'r li.ilnl.- than by t ie I'-nd.'iit.
II. 'snlca I.-HM d,-pili'd ul ill pi'-n-tru 01 luallliy nil-
nrri"s tin- limit MTio'iannd iU--ti .i t iv.- o'uiplui.ii to
1, itii hod) and il.ind ,aii.'. Thu ) -- ti.'i-i.iiu's derail,?-c-d
Hi.- l'lijin il ind m "t.il rii:nti"ii- Mi-.ikunuil, ln
of prurnatnu poH.r, iitiuw irnt.iliiliiy. .lyap'P-ia
IMlnlUlluii il i'i- h art mdi,M Hon. .uli-jlllilll.ilial il.'
('ihu. n H.i-itiii4 uf thu I'raui.', t-uujh. l-unsnniptiuii,
nuL.iv mi I dt'ath.
jfl'K'i:. No. 7 s-OUTI! l-l!i:i)i:i!I' K STUUlir
ft ua,i Hidu ..oiiii! troin r,.ilti,.niru atiu.'t, ufi doors
7ro,n ih ni -r Tail mil i- limn-! nn. iiim.b. r.
tur'alliilma-l..i.i3 m hm ulln'. .
A U L II t:
, A 1 it 1 i. i 1 u ' . &
u.u' o.t n vt itn i man.).
Mmii'ifi uf th
ito.ii odi.tre "' t'tig. on. i.uii;i..n. ;
Uraduatu from un. ul tho iiinsl
try ni iru
ir;,-,. ,...'..t . unuii.at ii..-,..' .i'.i i:;"':1'"!;. ;''l')" ''
I intu.i j-i'it -a. mid th 4r'''vt
Willi iiii-'iii.' in th.' I. 'ad i.uJ ears when aal.'ep, ereat
r.ir.iisii"-v-'. li 'UN nliirm.'.! at ainldi'i; .oui-d,. r.ud l t
Ul ne"a will, ir.'-l ''.it LUhI in n A'i.d-J
duruiilieiiieut ut nnud. were cured immediately
TVUC 1' A It T 1 1' 1' L A U NOTICH,
!)r 1 ! ldr.'H.a.-a alt thnae who have iiij'ire.l theniailvea
' ,, uiMlnce and Military habits, hu i ru-
ne.. .ind), ';fY,,!Mr"and'i.i. Utirlii.lv t-lTect. pro-Tli.-i.
; ( f 1: Weakneaa of the
ue a l.y .'.i, ' la hi ta u ill of j!, ,
lack "J',''';',; .", plipatinu ,,f the ll.art. I.)a-
'JVi-N r M.I.Y.-Th. f -arfnl T.'Ct- un tin in in! eta
1 , i, , li '-i le. l.,a.,f Mlii".-''"!'!'"'"'"' idraa
muuilou .i';.-'V ,.,i, i'r, bodimja. A
II -pr a-iun o i ''- '" ',"" , s,!,,ujc. Tiiuil)
pr a-iun of ilK-spirm. u" ' '
ion t). aeif-di-irii.t. lui-e 't a
. . ...... ..,' in,. ..ul nroitiln'd.
to So.'l I), aeii-.u-...i". -
llniutauda of n raoii ol .Ul ev .
lathe .auae "t ih'ir f ..'i
.-,,,r. I, LimiiliK .'ak, pale -i.i.l
are sutin' ' , ,n .an l.ow IcU'e what
111. J.uiJHK intir
viaor. b tu.inns """.''.'" '. i, .,,i i-inntuins ol
11.111 IU Mil-
gular npp ar-mc auoui u.u u,i-. --.--
Coiiautupliuii. - r M K X
Who have iniurudj, U jjM-'S
Indulged in hen !' r ., lt.' of w hi. il are
evil coiupauiou, or a -iln ml n ' M
rllffi-eluailldmnnUuth ,.a an 1 body.
ahniild upplj '"!"';''' ' .,,, ,. hnpc uf hia rr-unlry
What a pitty l'V V'i kmi a h ni l bJ Miat.h.'d frnni
und thu .larliui! ul " r,irt', .,.,,!, . ,fc.. coini-ni'ii-
all pro-;P". i- ' . , ,.Ve. and iiidublHS I
m a it u I A (
tellect mat n ." ' ' " ,, -n,,,,!.,,,! ;.,p.ini-8a
i .... 1 1. 1. . In
n weary pi '-t""''1,1-'.', ,l ,i Vh l.Av u ill. .Ic-nmirfc
0 'ano.V,''r U.-c bitted oh n .
IVIn-n the 1...-8.11- n'. T " - , t; lt
aiiiift no un- - - - , ......... ;,.ll!lJ f
11)111 HI ' !!-- 7 I ,
Mo cfl-u PP.'"VIT.U 1. . fr.M.i niuilvin-tntlia-u
" . f 1. ...1
II til II"
,w;u. .I-l., in, till Ihe rnn. . u una. - ;
Imrrid dii"ai;' m.iUi u .pi an r
soru ,'' lvil''L,',r';i""n,lXXi dea ml the .hin
uud li.nha. .Hi'''"'"?, J ''B' ' '0 , 1 . fare and eMren.',
h,r;i!onii;un,i r u..
due ol life miserable.
fj T R A N 0 B H 8
I a c c leu al ' r 'liplouia. ulnnya liangin Inf " fflre.
a tmn liei or trei nienl ro unknown to nil other .
prep are. 'from n Uf- .pent it. 'W' 'M."1'
ropi, the drat in this country and 1. mu el te na, o l r.
The many thousands cured nl this in-mMIn V"" ;
tor year, and Ihu numerous iiiipo.iunt ftiirgi ai l1"'
"na ilerformeil by Ur. J..l..i.lo.i. it ea-c. I W t
KKl.V UlSU.VaUS Sl'IIEUIl.Y CUUKD.
r..rona writlni! should he particular iiul'roctlmj their
Of tho ll.Htl.noru Lock. Iluaplul. ""'''I'lluTlilo.'
Jun Itf, iml. l'""c" '
Initio nirhJnse 111... k, rxu-udliili uv Mir'. Wo . er
& I'oVa II iknv, and lh tlnoki,toro where he has put in
aVnri-o Skylight It isonly by Hk)li?ht Ihal ifim.l plc
maai. uetal n."pec'ally t-.ui.ps Hheru each pcrwun
anlmtak-njii.lii wi ll fta nvpnnit
IHhasgon locon nlerablu ciiu-i.." tu iri-.ko I ea
1 lla'iiv ntallrstciuaaon.'.uiiil lie til nf r "'Hi' n
"ll"t "i to i.u ic J11111, 1 r ... lautly intrudui")
ti.u inudnru iu.provei.iuuv. u. .
DJ" Uouutry j.r uuc 1 i!,;il1nv,"IfNr-
Tlio Dying Uliildjo her Molhcr.
Tho followiug liues wcro composed by
Elder Suitoti, on the death of J03cpU.no
0, mother let mo wipe tint tear,
That's itnrtltut from jour eye,
O ' weep noi. that your child ao doar,
Ymir Josephine must die,
You told me when my slater lay,
Sj bunutlful in ikatl.,
"That what waa left naa but the clay,
The body without breath."
That Knnin .he had gone to God,
The amela took lur home ;
That J.-aus In hla precious word,
1, 'lda littlo children come.
Tho Angola bright are coining iiifh,
I ecu each t'lddcn win;,
Tln'y enmu to take nw up on high,
l .Mother, litar thetu ring 1
I pn lo meet my el.tfr irujru
To h w Jili Christ at reat
Like little dovea he'll bring ua near '
To nesllu un hla bru.iit,
I. ye I unli he'll full' ih In hla iirma
An. I talk to ii', so a weet,
Wu'll gazj upon hia ondleae charms,
And uurahip ut hla l'ui t.
We'll tell 1,'uu ef our p.iront. 'ami,
And ia and brullu'r loo,
And iiiiiny friends wo left behind
So loath to let tli go.
Ar.i now one kls, and then good bye,
Tho grave I do not fear,
I'rcparo to meet mo tip on high,
The Angela now nro here.
Littlo Eddio, tlio Drummer.
a iu.i.visctxci; or wileo.n's ciikuic.
Camp Uunto.v, Dccembc-r, 21), A few
daya before ouv rogiiucnt received orders
to join Gen. Lyou, on his inarch to Wil
son '.s Crtct; the druininer boy of our oauip
was taken sick and convoyed to tho hos
pital, and on the evening proceeding tho
day tint we were to ina eh, a negro was
arrested within .the lines of our eanip and
; brought befoio our Captain, who asked
i him what buiinei.5 ho had within the lines ?
Uo reimuu , "i uiiow a Uruiutuer that vou
'.vouiu iu;c to un ist m
your company, auu
I havo come to toll you of it." He was'
immcdiattly retreated to inform tho drum-!
nior that if ho would ou!it for our short I
term of service he would bo allowed extra ,
pay, and to do this ho must bo ou the
ground early in the morning. The negro'
was then passed beyond the guard.
On the following morning thero appear- ',
ed before tho Captaiu's quarters, during
tho beating of the nrellic, a good looking,1 lal'-tt howling of the wolf, that seemed to
middle-aged woman, dressed iu deep ! accut "P011 1,10 cveuinS air after the ban
mourning, leading by tho hand a sharp, I flot tLat 'u La1 hecu Preparing for him
sprightly-looking boy, apparently twclvo j Tuo imts V1 slowl3' away, when at
or thirto'en years of age. Her story was ' lcllSth tbe niorning light began to streak
soon told. She was from East Tennessee, ! "1" tho CaStf ? fty"' surrounding
. , , , , , , , obiucts U10r plainly visible. Presently 1
where her husband had been killed by tho iluai.j a drum beat up tho morning cali.
rebels, and all her property destroyed. At first I thought it came from tho camp
She had come to St. Lnu insearch of her ot' tue enemy across tho creek, but as I
si.-ter, and not finding her, anil beiuir des-! liBtunci1 1 feund that it came up from tho
titute of money, she thought if she could ' ,WP nW,in?5 for f?w ",imit03 l a? Z
procure a situation for her boy as drum
mer for the bhort timo that we had to re
main in service, she could find employ
ment fur herself, and p rhaps find her sis
ter by the time we were discharged.
During the rehursa! uf tho story tho lit
tlo fellow kept his eyes, intently fixed upon
the countouanco of the captain, who was
about to express n deteruiintitioii not to '
take so small a boy, when ho spoke out,
"Don't be afraid, Captain, I can drum. '
This was spoken with so much confidence
that tho Captain immediately observed
with a smile, " Weil, well, Scrgc,mt,bring
the drum, aud order our fifer to eomo for
ward." Iu a few moments tho drum was
produced, and cur fil'or,a tall,round-shoul-
dercd, good-uatured fellow, from tho Du
buque mines, who stood, when ereet,some
thing over six feet iu height, soon made
Upou being lutrouuccti to ins new com
rade, ho stooped down with his hands res
ting upon his knees that were thrown for
ward into au acuto angle, and after pcor
iug into tho littlo fellow's faco a moment
observed, "My littlo mau, can you drusi?"
"Yes, sir," ho replied, "I drummed for
Captain Ilillj iu Tennessee." Our fifer
immediately commenced straightening him
self upward until all tho angles in his
person had disappeared, when ho placed
his fife to his mouth aud played tho "i'low
ors of Edinburg," 0110 of tho most difficult
things) to follow with a drum that cculd
have been selected, aud nobly did tho lit
tlo fellow follow him, showiug himself to
bo master of tho drum. Wheu tho music
ceased, our Captain turned to tho mother,
and observed, "Madame, I will tako your
boy. What is his nainof" "Edward
Leo," fho replied ; then placing hor hand
upon tho Captiiu's arm, fcho observed,
Oarta'.n, if ho is not kiucu nureuci- u...-tn-nal
fe Jiu"3 overcome her uttcrance,und
.1 - I., u' down ov-r Lir by Mid kined lilm
upon tho forehead. As alio nroso sho ob
served, "you will bring him back with you
wou't you V "Yes, yes," ho roplicd 'wo
will bo certain to bring him back with ifa.
Wo shall be discharged in six weeks."
In an hour after our company led tho
Iowa First out of camp, our drum and fife
playing "Tho girl I left behind mo,1' Ed
die, as we called him, soon became a great
favorito with all tho men in tho company
When any of tho boys had returned from
a horticultural excursion, Eddio's sharo of
tho peaches and melons was tlio first ap
portioned out. During our heavy and fa
tiguing march from tyolla to Springfiield,
it was often amusing to see our long-legged
fifer wading through the mud with our
littlo drummer mouuted upon his back aud
always iu that position when fording
During tho fight at Wilson's Creek, I
was stationed with a part of our company
on the right of Totten's battery, while the
balance of our compauy, with a part of
the balauoo of our company, with a part
of the Illinois rcgimcnt,wcro ordered down
into a ccop ravino upon our left, in which
it was known a portion of the enemy was
concealed, with whom they were soon en
gaged. Tho contest in the ravine contin
ued some hours. Tottou suddenly wheel
ed his battery upon tho enemy in that
quarter, when they retreated to tho high
ground behind their lines. In les3 than
twenty minutes aitcr Tottcn had driven
the enemy from the ravino,thc word passed
from man to man throughout tho army
that "Lyon is killed;'' aud soon after, Jios
.tilities having ceased ou both sides, tho
order came for our maiu forces to fall
back upon Springfield, while a part of the
Iowa First aud two companies of the Mis
souri regiment were to camp upon the
ground and cover tho retreat next morning.
That uight I was detailed for guard du
ty ,my guard closing with the morning call.
When 1 went out with an officer as a rc.ief
I found my post was upon a high emi
nence that overlooked a deep ravino iu
, Which our men had engaged tho enemy
; until Totten's baltory camo to their assist
i ancc. It was a dreary, lonesome beat.
j Tho moon had gorio down in the early
part of the night, while tho stars, twiuklcd
' dimly through a hazy atmosphcro, light
ing up, imperfectly, tho surrounding ob
j jects. Occasionally I would place my car
1 near the ground and listcc for tho souud
of footsteps, but all was silent savo tho
lent, and then as it becamo moro light I
heard it again ; I listened aud 1 know
that it was
Our drummer boy from Tcnuosscs
Ucatingl'or help thu rtcutle.
I was about to desert my post to go to
his assistaueo when 1 discovered the offi
cer of the guard approaching with two men.
c all listened to tho souud, and were sat-
isliud that it was Eddiu's dium. 1
permission to go to his assistaueo.
officer hesitated, saying that tho orders
were 10 mareu 111 iweuty minutes. 1 prom
ised to bo buck 111 that time and he euu-
neuted, I immediately s aited down tin
hill through tho tliick uudcigrovuu, uud
upon reaching tho valley I Jollowed tho
souud ot tho drum, and soou found him
seated upou the ground. As soou aa he
discovered me he dropped his drumsticks
and exclaimed. "Oh, Corporal, I am so
n vjv, u..m 'I'. -
arlfifl in ann 'mi ' I .irn n 1 1 rt 11 Ir ' Ann1i
wcmpty I I?Jd7.3H5 to
bring him somo wator from tho brook
viiiioli I could hoar rippling near by, when
thiukiug I was about to leave, ho com-
ineneeu crying, saying : - von i icavo mo
Corporal I oau t walk."
1 was soon back with tho water, and 1
discovered that both his feet had been shot
oil' by a cauupu ball. After satisfying his
thirst, ho Icked up into my laco uud said: n consequence of a quarrol with a porson
"You don think I will die Corporal, ! of the nam0 of 0rofts, ho challenged his
vou? ihis man said 1 would not hesaid , , , , , ? , .
tho surgeon could euro my feet." I now , enemy to morlal combat' 0rofts (luly
diaeovored ti mau lying iu tho grass near 1 mado his appoarance, but his only woapon
him. By his dress I recognized him as was a largo squirt, A ronl duel avenged
belonging to fho oiomy. It appeared ti10 BeCond insult, and Jcffery at tho first
that ho has been shot through tho bowoh, fl ghot h,9 advomry daad, joffery on
and had fallen near where Lddio lay. ' . , , , m - , ' i
Knowing that ho could not Hv'o and seeing ' ouo occasiou waa tal:0,n.by a ?lcTU ?l"
tho condition of tho boy, ho had crawled 1 rate, and tho itory of his activity is colo
to him, taken off his baskin suspenders, brated by Sir William Davcnant, in a
aud cord6d tho littlo fellow's legs bolow pocm oaHcd " Jeffricdos." Ou tho rcstor
i,.,., ..,,.1 i, 1.,,, .i, ,,,,,1 ,n,i 1
. . . . J V'""'
Whilo ho was tilling mo theso particulars
II llllU 1IU WU3 17UIU U1U II1CDU tlUUlu.B,
I hoard tho tramp of cavalry coming down
tho ravino. and in a moment a scout' of
tho enemy was upon us, and I was taken
prisoner. I rcquosted the officor to tako
Kudie up in trout ot inm, nmlho did so,'. .,,,: ; t, vn-c
nn,..in,f 1,!,,, ,;n. nrnJ tnnnia tJ dwarf was boriun 17-11 , in tho osgs,
care. Whon wo roachod tho camn of tho
Select illliscellauDa '
Somolhing about TOwarfs.
Wo bog loavo to call tho reader's atten
tion to Dwarfs. Has not Homer told us
how tlio pigmies fought tho cranes ? Has
not Strabo described tho difference bo
tweou two pigmy races tho one five spans
high, and the other oidy three? Is not
Ctctias grave, and Ovid gay concerning
them '' Do not iu"i:y nil the writers of
antiquity bring loitli trom their brooding,
and prolific fancy, races co diminutive as
to rival the Lilliputs of Lemuel Gulliver?
With such high authority, wo might in
dulge in many curiom speculations as to
how small a luima u body could hold a hu
man soul, and picture the vagaries of Na
ture iu her variations of man's normal
height. All we propose, however, is to
offer c. fow wcll-authentictted facts about
dwarfs ancient and modern.
Tho Egyptians aro said to havo had
dwarfs in attendance ou tlwir princes.
The Itomans, iu tho degeneracy of the Em
pire; not satisfied with tho dwarfs wlvch
Nature presented, mado it a trade lo pro
duce dwarfs by tho use of bandages and
confinement in boxes, so as to hinder the
natural growth. Domitian had a compa
ny of dwarf gladiators. Tibcriu3 bad a
dwarf in whom ho tolerated great license
of speech, aud who was almost as cruel as
his master. Julia, the nieco cf Agustus,
had a littlo dwarfish fellow, called Cano
pas, whom sho sot groat store by; ho was
not above two feet and a half high. A
freed maid of Julia va3.0f the samo height.
Pliny tells us of Lho kuightp of Home,
Marius Maximus and Marcus Tullus, who
wcro two feet, eleven inches high, "and,
in truth," says ho, "wo ourselves have
seeu their bodies as they lay embalmed."
Another ancient writer states that, "in
tho timo Thcndosius, there was scon in
Egypt a pigmy so small of body that ho
resembled a partridge ; yet did he exer
cise tho functions of a man, and could sing
tuuably." Antonius had a dwarf who
was not more than two feet high, aud Au
gustus CrtMar exhibited iu his plays a
young man who weighed no more than sev-
outccn pounds. Alypiu3, the excellent of
Alexandria, i3 said to bo only ono foot five
inches high. Calvus, tho orator, who con-
tended with Cicero, was remarkable for
the smallncss of his s tr.turc. Tho Turks,
as well as tho llomans, had their famous
dwarfs. They wore purchased at an im-
monso orpensc for tho amusement of the
Ottoman Emperors, and sometimes did ' on more than one occasion was ho corn
good service. Chiracus, the wisest coun- mauded to attend upon hor Majesty, to
sellorof tho East, was not three feet high, dance the Highland fling aud sing "Yan
neither was Uladislaus of Poland, who hoc Doodle." His coach and servants
fought more battles, and achieved more wero tho obiccts of attention wherever they
brilliant victories than any of his prcdo- appeared ; tho announcement of any
ccssors. Dantlow, who was thirty inches change in the character of his perform
high, and deprived of his arms, wrote Lat , ancc3 iucroasod the crowds at his levees ;
in aud ltuss vith his left foot, and by the presents numerous and valuable wcro
samo means mado pen ink drawings of no poured in upon him by ladies, who con
mean kind. Nullum virtus rcspuil ISatu- tended ibr a shake of the General's hand
rum. Giauts show us the work of Nature or a kisa from tho General's lips. Tom
written in text baud ; dwarfs aro her Thumb aud Barnum reaped a goldeu bar
smallest penmanshin, but no less eomplcto vest, and no doubt, as tho General told
anil elegant than thn otherc. Queen Victoria, he "felt as big as any-
Among comparatively modern dwarfi body."
we may notiei! JiU'ery ludson. Ho was Opposition dwarfs emulated this popu-
boru iu its. ,J ut L.itli.uti. 1:1 Kut audshiro. larky of Tom Thumb, but not with tho
Uu father wj
lcnt of frame ;
a i-utcmr, stout uud eotpu
his mother was also of or
At cighs years old, Jeff-
cry was not a half a yard in height, and Both the male and female were somo inch
was takon by tho Duchess of Buckingham, cs taller thau Tom Thumb ; but they were
who clothed him in satin. At a splendid perfect in form, cxtromcly intelligent and
feast f'iven bv tho duko. thero was a cold rjrrrcnable. Tho thoroutrhlv Mongolian
nio. which bcit,cf opened. Jeiferv started
V3 ' '
1 ' a 1 '
un in a comnieto urmor. dcitery was a
P M tU th and
qucutly drew ou himsolf tho attention of
, tho court and tho public. In tho castlo of
Petworth, in tho county of Sussox, tlioro
j3 a flr,0 piQturo by yaU(iyko, representing
T .. ,,
I Jcffery standing by tho queen. At tho
bogiuniug of tho civil war, ho was appoint-
cd captain in tho royal army. In 10-11,
nl nn nf f in roval 11!! V. .lo Forv ntrain
, appeared at court,
- - w
llo died in 1082, at
tho age of eisty-thrco ; ho was then in
prison chargod, with somo political oflonce.
1 1 Nicholas Porrv, auothor celebrated
! in t north oast ofFranco. At an early
Poland, aud becamo tho favorito toy of
tho whole palace. Ho was then two-nnd-twenty
inches high, nnd weighed about
tl I Itrt ttSMirwl a n ft rl i 1 1 ai I f T-l al ft"! 1 1 11 it fl ft
. t,,, r I,;. :i .,,.. I
, b , . . , . , I try, nnd who in the present crisis has sjg-
from whom in jest ho received tho uamo naod hU Aoyofon0 tho oaU50 of tf10
of "13cbc." This naino originated iu the Union, was origiually scut to U3 for inser
inability of Perry to pronounce tho conso-! lion without the signature of tho writer.
nants, all of which ho called "15." Stan-1 '0 desiring, from considerations of
islaus, in jest, imitated his voice and called ! !u0;kst' tot wr,tQ anony;UO"slny('t
, -,, .. ,t , , - , j induced, at our request, to attach his
lutit It IE II J' I I ntmn timU ttntinn inlnnli 1 ' . .
x.. "nu mu "fv-a. aaiuu, v, mv.il
na novor lost.
Liko Jeffory Hudson, Bobs was uitvdo
tho subject of a pastry-surprise. Tho pie
being placed on tho tnblo, tho dwarf sud
denly leaped forth, fired a pUtol. drew his
sword, nnd pretended to attack the com
pany. I no story ot tins pastry is narra
ted at full longth in thfi journals of that
day. People came from all ports to see
tho wonderful dwarf, aud attempts wore
made to carry him off. Now he has sly
ly pocketed, now hidden a capacious boot,
but his cries for help saved him ; and
proper precautions were aftcrwar.as taken
to secure him fr.cm such peril1 Poor Bo
bo died at an early age, before ho had
quite reached his twenty-third year. His
funeral was conducted with great magnif
icence. His statuo mod led iu wax is pre
served in the cabinet of the Faculty of
Medicine, Palis ; his skeleton is in tho
Museum of Natural History in tho samo
metropolis; his heart is in the mausoleum
erected to his memory in tho Church des
Miucmcs, at Luncvillo.
Tho dwarfs with which tho public bevo
been the most fa;niliar aro those which
havo been publicly exhibited. Ono of
tho most iutorestiug of tbisc'ass was Nan
uetta Stocker, a native of Austria, who
was exhibited as a dwarf in the early part
of this century. M10 was two feet nine
inches in height,
having great skill in the pianoforte.
uo modern dwarf has excited so much in
tcrest as General Toi Thumb. This
niiuaturo man, ono and twenty inches high
perfectly formed, graceful iu every move
ment, with a shrewdness and wit worthy
of his country, obtained a hold on public
patronage such as uo other shew dwarf
j has ever achieved. Mr. Barnum found
1 Tom Thumb a real nugget of gold, and
the public found Tom Thumb a reality
nothing of tho woolly horse or the Pejeo
mermaid school about him; no wonder the
J General should attain so much popularity,
'"and achievo so great success. Every
where the General was well received, his
own levees wcro thronged with visitors, and
samo cuccess. Tho most interesting
dwarfi sinco the Tom Thumb furoro aro
tho Chinese Manikins, exhibited in Europe.
O - SJ-
cmrsion and character oftho faco would
,. ., . -I-.-.- -r .1
...... . . 1
without tlio auttition ot tno national cos-
' tuC LaT SCttlcd thdr ideati" witt
Chinese raco, but tho dress, tho national
1 peculiarities, thu sigularity of their per-
j formanccs, gave inoreased interest to the
exhibition ; and tho Passages Jouffroi,
Paris, whoro th? dwarfs wero exhibited, in
1850, was always woll atteuded.
Dwarfs aro usually regarded m'aroly as
matters of curiosity. Their conformation
and history, however, aro of immense
importanco to tho physiologists.
Tho causo of dwarfism is still involved in
obscurity, and is probably to bo found in
nothing moro than wo commonly designato
as a frsak of Nature. A weak or disor
dered frame, or a bad or ignorant nursing,
are no doubt detrimental to tho fcoundncs3,
vigor, and duo development of tho human
frame. 'These oausos may account for
smallncss of staturo, associated with mal
formation or with grcvious malady ; but it
ilocu not account for tho minnituro men,
tho playthings of Naturo, tho dimunitive
mcdeh cf humanity whioh wo occasionally
find, cf which Jcffery, Hudson, Bobo,Tom
Thumb, and the JJhmoso awaris, n:o cs-
From the .Yalhnal httlllgtnter.
j)bjfcCt of tllO War. ja
The subjoined letter, tho initial num-
bcr of a brief scries, from tho pen of a
public man well known to tho whole coun-
,)amc o UlcSG eJter3) !iml thUS gIVO tO tUOtn
the weight of his authority.
LETTER NO. 1 .
To Abrhnn Lincoln , President of the
United States :
Respected Sin ; I do not address you
for the purposo of censuro or advice.
From boyhood to old ago I havo belong
ed to the Democratic party oftho country.
My political creed, in common with that
of my party throughout the North, has
been and now is devotion to tho Constitu
tion as it camo from tho hands of Wash
ington and hia compatriots, and to tho
rights of tho States reserved by them on
tho adoption of that instrument.
Wo look upon the structure composed
of the States and tho Union as our toinplo
of liberty, of which tho States aro tho pil
lars and tho Union tho roof. Kcmovo tho
pillars and tho roof will fall ; rcmovo tho
roof and tho pillars will bo overthrown
by tho6torms of anarchy and war, and
our country will bo strewed with ruins
moro melancholy than thoso which lie
prostrato or stand shattered on tho sites
of ancient cities.
Ruthless hands have seized upon and aro
attempting to remove a portioa of tho pil
lars of our temple, at tho hazard of crush
ing themselves aud us iu its fall, and iu
tho insano hopo of building a now temple
for themselves out of tho ruin3.
Though tho Democratic party of the
North wcro always willing to make all
reasonable or even tolerable concessions to
satisfy their allies in tho South, yet, as a
body, no party is moro devcicd to the
Conslution and tho Union. It was devo
tion to the Union which induced them to
make concession after concession to quiet
the apparrent apprehensions of their South
cm friends. So vital in their view was the
preservation of tho Union and tho Consti
tution to tho interests nnd snfety of the
Southern States in particular, that many
of them could not, until tho assault on Port
Sumter, bo convinced that the leaders of
Southern agitation had any thing in view
bcyoud further guarantees for their local
institutions, Under this dolusion somo of
them raised their voicos against coercion
aud thereby unwittingly rendered mate
rial service to tho causo of rebellion.
But wheu couvineed, by the thunder of
rebel eanuou and the flamc3 of Fort Sum
ter, that revolution, anu not redress or
security within tho Union, was tho object
of tho Southern leaders, they did all that
honest men could do to rctriovo their error,
and, notwithstanding their political antag
onism on minor points, tho Democratic
party, of tho North rallied around your
Administration a3 tho only moans of sav
ing their country. Your armies abound
with them ; none aro moro ready to 6acri
fico all that is dear, even lifo itself, for
tho preservation of tho Union and the
Coustution, and to them it is cheering,
though but just, that you havo recently
given them a representative in your Cab-
Ba assured, bir, that tho Democratic
party of tho North, with tho exocptiou cf
, , ., ...
a low somtt-rauors wuom uioy repudiate,
cortuauy approve me oujeuis 01 ittu war
against robollion a3 declared by you in all
your public avowals. Thoy rally around
you with a devotion to tho causo not cx-
cooded by any class of your original sup
porters, and thoy will spare uo saeriGco to
savo tho Union nnd tho Constitution. In
this grcal object thoy are already consoli
dated with tho great mass of tho Repub
lican party, and will bo among tho last to
despair. Iudeed, theso two parties for all
present purposes constituto but ouo, which
may bo appropriately called tho Constituti
onal Union' party. Tho object of this
party in tho pouding war is to prescrvo
tho Union and the Constitution us it ts.
It is ths Constitution, aud that only, which
makes us a nation ; destroy it and the na
tion will cctvso to orist, being resolved into
thirtyfour.iudopcndent States. In fight
ing for tho Constitution, thercforo, wo fight
for tho life of the nation, for all that can
give us poaco aud scourity at homo and
all that can mcko us honored or respec
Tho fundamental priuciplo of our Gov
ernment, that priuciplo whioh has enable! I
.1 1 in t-i -v ftr ' - k 1
lantio to tho Pacific, and endowed it with
capacity to embrace continents ani
climes within its domieion, is that ovory- '
thing which relates exclusively pr pjainly
to local allairs snail bo Iclt to uo regulated
by local governments, while tho powers o
tho General Government shall bconly suslj.
as aro requisite to premcje tbopeto, hap
piness and prosperity of tho people, wlia
ovcr mayb.a their peculiar customs, laws
or domestic institutions. An attack upon
this principle is an assault upon tho Con-
stitution ; it is undermining tlio foundations
of the Ilepublic ; it is divesting it of that
attribute almost divine, which, ljJ;o tho-
Government of Heaven, protects aliko or-.
ror and truth, allowing man to work ouj"
his own happiness in peaoo by $0 fr.oocz.
crciso of his own powers.
But wo havo a class of men cmong ut
who aro not content with such a Govern
ment. Thoy are not conicnt with" the
privilcgo of shaping tho laws and institu
tions of the Stales in which they live ac
cording to their own sense of right and
expediency; but wish to compel other men
and other communities, over whoso -local
affairs they havo no rightful control, to
ndopt their notions, and', utterly Tcgardloie
of essential differences of circumstances.
romodel all local institutions byhoir pro-
crustoau standard. And by a eonocrted
offort these men aro x.tonup,ting to divert
tho military poT?cr oftho country from its
legitimate object, the preservation of tha
Constitution and its integrity, and direct
it to tho subversion of tho fundnmoiital
principle on which it is based'.'' Such a
schemo is virtually 0 conspiracy against
the Constitution and tho Union in the
North, giving effectivo aid to tho rebellion,
in the South'. It would present -tho loyajl
States to other nations, not, as at present,
defending an established Government
against wanton rebellion, but as them
selves rebels against the dbvtrnment thoy
profess to be chf ending. It would cast tho
North also on tho stormy ocean of rev
olution, not fighting for any existing Gov-
eminent, but for such a ono as mny'rise
out of tho waves it may bo inauyTvaiv
ring States or Confederacies or a' military
despotism based c'n ccnqucst,an5 cwdlow
ing up tho wholo.
In another letter I shall ondcavor. moro
fully to cxposo tho danger and the folly
of all such' schemes.
TGRRin.LG Wahninq. Wo ego it stat
ed in an English paper that Miss Burt,cf
Glasgow, rcoently broko hor nook in resis
ting tho attempt of a young man to kiss
her. This is a fearful warning to young
ladies, especially pretty ones. Why will
girla peril their delicato uoeks in absurd
endeavors .b avoid the application of that
delicious and soothing "two-lip" salvo,
which is an universal corrective" ef chap
ped lips, and will ultimately euro tho
worst form of palpitation of ttha heart.
No ladies of ta3tc or senso will conduct
theinsolves in a manner so reprehensible
and fraught with so much danger. Bo
sides, they well know, that kissing, liko'
charity, blesses both aliko. "It blesses
he that gives, and her that takca."
Father and D.vuanTEit. Thoro is no
prettier picture in life than that of a daugh
ter reading to her aged father. Tho old
man, while listening to her silvery notes,
goes back lo other times when another sat
by his side and whispered wordo ho will
never hoar again ; nor docs ho wish to ;
for in soft evening light, he sees horiraao
reflected in her child, aud, as cno by one
gentle emotion steals over him, ho veils his
face, and the daughter, thinking him asleep",
goes noiselessly in search of other employ
ment. Virgin innocenco watching over
the cares and little wanln of old ago, is n
spectacle fit for angels. It is one cf the
links between oarth and heaven, and takes
from tho oftho necessarily hard andaolilah
world many of its harshest features.
CffiThiugo that nevorBtop. Ho thai is
good will becomo better, and ho that' is
bad, worso; for virtue, vico, and time
1 1 MP.
EST Wo are novcr satisfied that a lady
understands a kiss udless wo have it from
hor own mouth,
. . . . .
BSr If you do not lay out ycur pUns
of 'life betimes, you will probably bo laid
out beforo they are.
tST The timid man trembles before
danger tho coward duriug U tho bravo
man whgn it is over,