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AND BLOOMSBURG GENERAL ADVERTISER,
SVI L. TATE, Editor.
2 00 PER ANNUM
"TO HOLD AND TRIM THE TOUCH OF TRUTH AND WAVE IT O'ER THE DARKENED EARTH."
VOL. 15.--NO. 10
BLOOMSBURGr, COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA-, SATURDAY, MAT II, 1861.
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY, BY
LEVI L. TATE.
IN BLOOMSBORO, COLUMBIA COUNTY, FA.
'Z o ffTo e
7rt lAtntt BrUk IJuitdinf, opposite th Ezehanjrt.hj itds
Court Iloust, "Democratic JIttd tytd r'ers."
tkrms or SUB8CnirTION.
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OrdinarvADVKRTHRMiHCTs 1 n sorted, and Job Work
'executed, at the cstablishcdnrices.
BALTIMORE LOCK HOSPITAL.
rriltE founder of Hits Cclcliral.il Institution, oners the
X moit certain, speedy, and only effectual remedy in
tbe world for ctTects twr Gleets, Htrictures, Hemtnal weak
n..t lnln. In tha I.nlns. Constitutional Ueliilifv. lnino.
lencr, Weakness of the Hack and Limbs, Affections of
tb. Kidneys, Palpitation or the Heart, Dlspepsln, Ner
vous Irritability, Discnsa of the lleud, Throat, Nose or
DMA, and all tnose serious una mciaticnoiy inxuruors
arising from the destructive habits of Voutb, which de
stroys boM DOiiy anil nilliu. iliesu seem nun summy
firacllces, aro more fatal lo their victims than the song of
be B rem to tbe mariners Ulysses, blighting tlii-lr mint
Vrtlllant hopes and anticipations, rendering marriage Ate.
Married persons, or Young Men contemplating mar
tiaicbjing aware uf physical weakness, organic denbili
ty. deformities, &c, should Immediately consult l)r
'Johnston, and be restored to perfect health.
II. who places himself under the cars nf Or. Johnston,
tniy religiously confide in his honor as n gentlemen, and
conuueimy reiy upon hi..himo juij n.iu.
Immediately cured and full vigor restored.
Tbls Uescnsu Is the penally most frequently paid by
Mios. who have become the victim ofimproper indulgeu
'clee, Vuung persons are too apt to commit excess from
Ant being aware of the dreadful consequence tlut may
ensue. Now, who that understands the subject will pre.
tens to deny that the power of pmcreulion is lost sooner
liy those falling Into improper habits than by the prudent,
llesldcs tiding deprlvod of the pleasure of healthy ofT.
springs, the most serious and destructive symptoms tu
'both body and mind arise. Tbe system becomes derang
ed) the physical and iit-atM powers weakened, ncrvi-ua
slebillty, dyspepsia, palpitation of the heart, indigestion,
a wasting iiflbe frame, Cough, ayniptoms of Consump.
K3 Olfice, No. 7 Socth FarnmrK Strut, seven doors
from Dalttinore street, Kast ldo, up the steps. He par.
Uculir in observing tho NAME and NCJIUUt, or )oil
will luiitako tbe vljcc.
A Cure llarn'ttcJ, or no Charge .Wide, In from One Ic
Tiro J toy i.
NO MERCURY OH. NAU'SCOCS DKUG3 UsSUI).
Member of the Royal College of Surgeons, at London.
Graduate from on i of tho most eminent Colleges of the
United States, and tha greater part of whose life has
been spent in tbe first Hospitals of London, I'.uls, Phila
delphia and elsewhere, has elected some of the most as
tonlshiug cores that were ever known; many troubled
flt ringing in tlu head nud ears when a.leep, great
k.i..,, ..l.irme.l nt sudden snuilds.atld huh-
TulBsss.wllh frequent Mu.hing, attended sometimes with
derangement of 'j;,
.t,n,l..rui,l.-'il and imoridetil votary of pteaaurc
finds be has Imbibed the seeds of this painful disease. It
too .neli Happens in iv m, in .,..-. -v.... . -.. - .
yTi.j . ,i,.ti.rs lil in from am. v ing to those
who from education and respectability can alone befnui il
him. dela) lug till the toaslitiltionary syiiiftoiiis ofthls
liorrld disease umitcs ut-,i .i'i -
aor. throat, diseased nose, nocture, pains in tho head
and limbs, dimness of sight, deafness, nodes on the skin
bones, and arms, blotch js ,i the h-ad, face an 1 I'ltreme
ties, proirremuewlth ra.i.lity,till nt last tlu palate of
the nioulhand bones of the nose fall in. and the v ivtim of
thitdesease becomes a horrid objector coiiiinii,tr.nion
till death puts a prriod to bis dreadful sulldrings, b) sen
line him to "that bourn" from whence no trjveler re
4'irns" To such, therefore, l)r Ji lunton pledges linn
self to preserve the most env ioable secrecy, and from bis
citensivo practice In the first Hospitals of Luropc nud
Araenea, ho can confidently ricmuieud safe nnd speed
cur, to the unfortunate victim or tills horrid dikcat.e.
C I'AltTlLULAU ND'l'lCK.
Dr. J. addresses all those vv ho hav o inj ured themsch ci
The slaughter of Northern troops in tho
City of Baltimore, for tho pretended of
fence of marching at tho call of tho Fed
eral Government, peaceably, over soil
admittedly in the Union, and with the
ultimate object; of defending our common
Capitol against an armed rebellious inva
sion, together with tho obstruction of our
Pesnsylvania troops when dispatched on
the same patriotic mission, impose new
duties and responsibilities upon our State
At last advices tho General Government
had military possession of the route to
Washington through Annapolis ; but tho
transit of troops had been greatly endan
gered and delayed, and tho safety of
Washington itself imminently threatened.
This cannot bs submitted to. Whether
Maryland may profess to bo loyal to tho
Union or otherwise, there can bo permitted
no hostile soil, no obstructed thoroughfare
between tho States that undoubtedly are
loyal and their National scat of Govern-
There in a reason to hopo that tho routo
through Rallimorc may bo no longer closed
against the pcaccablo passage of our pco
plo, armed and in tho service of the Fed'
oral Government. Rut we must be fully
assured of this, and have the uninterrup
ted enjoyment of a passage to the Capitol
by any and every routo essential to tho
purpose of the Government. This must
bo attained ; peaceably, if possible, but by
force of arms if not accorded.
The timo is past for temporizing or for
bearing with this rebellion tho most cause
less in history. Tho North has not inva
ded, nor has she sought to invade, a single
guarantied right of the South. On the
contrary, all political parties and all ad
ministrations have fully recognized tho
binding forco of every profession of the
great compact between the States; and.
A YOUNO OIRL'S THOUGHTS ON HER TWEN
Girlhood's tunny-daviare over
With 16-dny j
They, w Ith all their wayward brightness,
Tars away I
Woman's earnest path before loo
Who ran tell what grief and anguish
Then await I
CiJc mc, rather I Codofmcrcyl
On th. way ;
Never from thy liotyguldanco
Let mc stray I
Give that meed ofjoy or sorrow
ricas tl thee,
Whatsoe'er thy will ordaincth
lies! for me.
In tiie shadow and tbe darkness
lie my star;
In the light, lest radiancs datztc.
Go not furl
Make me pitlent, kind, and gentle,
Hay by day;
Teach me how to live more nearly
As I pray.
That my heart somuch deslrcth
Grant me still,
If that earnest hope accordeth
Phouldtliy mercy ''tilts withold it.
He thou near ;
Let me feel 1 hold its promiso
All too dear.
Here;, upon life's very threshold,
Take my heart ,
From thy holy guidance let it
When life's stormy strife is over
Take me home,
Th'-rc to bo more fully, truly.
Thine alone I
Executive Chamber, )
IIarrishuro, April au, 1801. J
To iftc Sciwtc and House (if ll'jirtscnla
lives of the L'ommonicaiUh of I'cnnsyl.
Ge.nti.kmkn : The present unparalleled
exigency in the affairs of our country, his
induced mo to call you together at this
lime. With an actual and armed rebell
ion in some of the States of the Union,
momentous queftions have been thrust up- I rcgardloss of our views of State policy,
... ...1.t. ..11 r -l-VL n- nnnnln 1. n tn .n.nnnln.l l,n, 'Px n
viu u,, nmeii can 101 yuur uciiucrauon ,anu "w .vun. .v ty. mum. j.w
that you should devise means by legisla- dicato a rebellion, therefore, upon any
tbn for the maintenance of tho authority i alleged wrong inflicted, or sought to bo
of the General Government, tho honor and inflicted upon tho South, is to offer false
dignity of our Statu, tho protection of our as an apology for treason. So will
citizen:, and the early establishment of ' tnc civilized world and history judge this
peace i iiud order throughout the land. mad effort to overthrow tho most benefi
On the day of my induction to tho Ex- cieut structure of human government over
ecutive office, I took occasion to utter the "euscd by man.
following sentiment : I The leaders of the rebellion in tho Cot'
remained for two days, and until, by di
rection of tho General Government, thoy
wero ordered back and went into camp at
York, where thcro aro now five regiments.
Three regiments mustered intoscrvico aro
now encamped at Chambcrsburg, under
orders from the General Government , five
regiments arc now encamped at this place,
and seven have been organized and mus
tered into tho services at Philadelphia.
The regiments at this place aro still
supplied by tho Commissary Department of
the State. Their quaiters aro as comfort
able as could be expected ; their supply of
provisions abundaut, and under the in
struction of competent officors, they aro
rapidly improving in military kuowlcdgo
and skill. I have mado arrangements to
clothe all our regiments with the utmost
dispatch, consistent with a proper economy
and am most happy to say that before tho
close of the present week, all our people
now under arms will bo abundantly sup
plied with good and appropriate uniforms,
blankets and other clothinc.
Four hundred and sixty of our volunteers
the first to reach Washington from any
of tho States aro now at that city.
These aro now provided for by tho Gener
al Government ; but I design to Ecnd them
clothing at the earliest possible opportuni
ty. I am glad to bo ahlo to state that
I thoreforo recommend tho immediate
organization, disciplining, and arming of j
at least fiftoen regiments of Cavalry and
Infantry, exclusive of those called into tho
sorvico of tho United States. As wo have
already amplo warning of tho necessity of
bciig prepared for any sudden exigency
that may arise, I caunot too much impress
this upon you.
I cannot refrain from alluding to tho
generous manucr in which tho peoplo of
all parts of tho State have, from their
privato means, provided for the families of
those of our citizens who aro now under
In many parts of tho Commonwealth,
grand juries and courts, and municipal cor
porations, have recommended lho appro
priation of moneys from their public funds
for the samo commendable purpose. I
would recommend tho passage of au act
legalizing and authorizing such appropri
ations and expenditures.
It may bo expected lhat, in the present
derangement of trade and covmncrco, and
the withdrawal of so much industry from
its ordinary and productive channels, the
selling valuo of property generally will
bo depreciated, and a largo portion of our
citizens deprived of tho ordinary means of
meeting cnsaccmcnti. Although much
You meet together at this special session, sion at last.
surrounded uy circumstances involving ino
forbearance may bo expected from a gen-
thescmen, in their progress to tho National , crous and inagnani.nous people, yet I feel
Capital, received no bodily injury, al-1 it my duty lo recommend tho passage of a
though thoy were subjected to insult in the ' judicious law to prevent tho sacrifice of
city of Baltimore such as should not have property by forced sales in tho collection
been offered to any law abiding citizen, of debts.
much less to loyal men, who at tho call of
tho I'rcjident, have promptly left their own
State in the performance of tho highest most solemn rcsjansibilitics, Tho rcccol
duty and in lho scrvieo of their country, j lections of tho glories of tho past, the ro
A largo body of unarmed men. who flections of tho gloomy present, and tho
wero not at tho timo organized as a portion 1 uncertainty of tho future, all alike call up-
of the militia of this Commonwealth, un-. on you to discharge your duty in a spirit ' t;on of tho authority hy ono of it3 mcrabers
flni- tliiv pp., ntil.mil nf nffinorc witlimi! prim ' P ,ini-!ntir. nr.,, en r,n nnintirolintielen wie. 1 - .... ...
i -b") ...r.v.. was not tor-seen or provided for. It is a
missions, attempted, under the call of tho dom, and firm resolution. Never in tho j casQ wllicll cannot bo rcached by its now-
ixatiouai uovvrnincui, as j. uuucrsianu, to mstory 01 our peace-loving vjommonweauu,
reach Washington, and wero assaulted by i have the hearts of our people been so stir
armed men iu the city of Baltimore ; many ' rod in their depths, as the present moment:
of their number wero seriously wounded, and I feel that I need hardly say to you,
the United States has been spurnod and
repudiated. Tho authority of tho Govern
ment has been resisted by military forco.
Tho flag of tho Union has been in3ultod,in
more than ono instance torn down, and
oven trampled under foot. Most of us
wero born, and all of us havo lived, in
prosperity nnd peace under tho protection
of tho Constitution ; wo havo regarded our
allegiance to tho Union as second only to
our religion in tho sanctity of its obligations;
and wo have venerated the national stan
dard under which Washington and Jack
con and tho host of gallant men who were
their companion's id arms, or who followed
in their footitcps, achievod undying honors
for themselves and their country. (En
thusiastic applause.) Wo should bo more
or less men if wo could look with indiffcr
cuco on these outrages on all wo hold most
dear. There is 'no justification for the
cause of tho Confederate States in over
turning within their limits the authority of
tho Federal Government. They have no
excuse fcr it. This is no timo for elabo
rate argument. Let mo say in a word
that no respectable defence of the right of
secession has ever fallen under my notice.
No man contends that there is any warrant
for it in tho Constitution. Thero is but
ouo way for a State to go out of tho Un
ion tho way in which all camo in by
tho concurrence of the common authority.
Iu no other manner can tho terms of sep
aration be agreed on. (Wo don't w&nt to
separate.) Whatever preliminary action
thero may be, it must como to this condu
it is an omitted caso in our
Tho framers of the Constitution did not
contemplate the dissolution of the Union.
Thoy framed the government for them
selves and their posterity. The repudia'
"No one v ho knows the history of Penn
sylvania, and understands the opinion and
feelings of her people, can justly charge
us with hostility to our brethren of other
States. We regard them as friends and
fellow countrymen, in whose welfare wo
feel a kindred iuterost ; and we recognize,
in their broadest extent, all our Constitu
tional obligations to them, These wo arc
ready and willing to observe generously
and fraternally, in their letter and spirit,
with unswerving fidelity.
"Ours is a National Government, It
has within a sphere of its action all the
attributes of sovereignty, and among theso
are tho right and duty of self preservation.
It is based upon a compact to which all
the people of tho United States are par
tics. It is the result of mutual concessions,
which wero mado for the purpose of secur
ing reciprocal benefits. It acts directly
on the people, and they owe it a personal
allegiance. No part of tho people, no
State or combination of States, can volun
tarily sccedo from the Union, nor absolve
themselves from their obligations to il.
To permit a State to withdraw at plcasuro
from tho Union, without thecousent of the
rest, is to .confess that our Government is
a failure. Pennsylvania oan never aequi-
thlastl5)earr,andthe numerous linpoitaiit Uurgirnl C5Ce iu SUC.L a conspiracy, or assent to a
Operations performed by Dr. Johnston, witnessed by 1 Jl
th. reporters of tho papers and many other persons, no- doctrino which involve the destruction 01
lice. 01 WHICH navo appearuu ugum uno untuit ih-iuis mc t
public, besides Ills Handing as u gentleman of character a Government. If the Government IS to
and responsibility, is a sufficlcutguaruntcctoiheaUlictcJ .
taki: notice. exist, all tho requirements of tho Consti-
K. B, There arc so many ignorant and vvorthloisi .
Quacks advertising themselves I'.'i) sicians, ruining the tUttOU lllUSt bo obeyed ; and it must have
It necessary 10 say, especially iu loose uuacquuinveu
v... ..!. ,n ami imnrnner indulgences.
ili.... ... on,,, nt the sad and imUnrholv' effects nro
dueed by early habits of vouth, vis: Weakness of the
Hack and Lluibs, 1'ain iu the Head, Dimness of i!i-ht
IrtSS of Muscular Tower, 1'alpltatiou of the lit art. Dys
pepsia, Nervous Irratabillty, Derangement "f the Diges
tlv. Functions, General IKbility, sjmplomsof Consump
MENTALLY. The fearful effects upon the mind are
much to bedrcaded. Loss of.Mcmory.Coiifuslon ofldens
Depression of the Hpirits, Evil Fortbodiiigs, Aversion
of Society, Tlinlly, ate, are some of the evils produced.
Thousands of persons of all ages ran now- judge what
Is th. cause of their declining health. Loosing their
Vigor, becoming weak, pale and emaciated, having sin
gular appearauc about the eyes, cough and sj inptouia of
Consumption. INVIGORATING REMEDY TOIt
Oy this great and important remedy, weakness of the
organs are speedily cured, and full vigor restored.
Thousands of the inovt nervous and debilitated, who
had lost all hope, have been immcdiatily rilicved. All
ttmptdimenti to Mnmagc, Physical and Mental llisquali
flcalion, Nervous Irratabillty, Tremllingsand Weakness
or elhaustation of the most fearful kind, speedily cured
by Doctor Johnston.
' YOUNG MEN.
Who have injured thmselvcs by a certain practice,
Indulged ill when alone-aliabil frequently learned from
evu companions, or ut i.uiu,-... ... .
nighUy felt, even when asleep, and If not cured renders 1
marriage Impossible, and destroys both mind and bod), ,
.bould apply immediately. I
Whai a nluv that vountT man. the hope of his rountry. I
and the darling of his parents, should be snatched from
alt prospects and enjoyments of life, by tho consequen
ces of deviating from the path of nature, aud indulging
la a aertain secret habit. Such persons before con
.hould reflect that a sound mind and body arc the moi
necessary requlslties to promote conunbial happiness
'indeed, vvllhout theso the journey through life becomes
avweary pilgrimage, the prospect hourly darkens to
tbe view; the mind becomes shadowed with despaired
filled with the melancholy reflection that the happiness
of another becomes blighted w itli our ow n,
OFFICE NO. 7 SOUTH FUEDCIIICK ST., Bdlllmcrt, Md
ALL SURGICAL OPERATION PEllfOUJIEIl.
TJ. U. Let no fatso modesty prevent you, but apply
tmtncdiatclv either personally or hy Letter.
SKIN DISEASES Si'EF.DILY Cl'IlED.
The many thousands cured at tins institution within
.with his reputation, that his credentials and diplomis
always hang in his otlice.
07" Tike Notice. All letters inugl be post paid, and
contain a postage stamp for tho reply, r no auswer will
BBW Grotf HXira
-"-Pin undersigned, grateful for pait patronage, respect-
fullv Id for ui hUcustumers and the ,ublicneiiernv
hatha has just received from the Laiternu cities, the
argeat and mobt iclcct stock of
SPUING AND SUMMER
Tbat has yU been opened In llloomiburg, to which he
Invites tho attention of his friends, and astiures tlifiu
that they aro oiler ed fur sale at great burgaind, IUj
Pio-ck comprises a large assortment of
Jg GENTLEMEN'S WEARING APPAUEL,
Con if ting of Fas ii .ok idle Dtu.es Coat, of every d(-s
trlpllont Pants. Vests, Shirts, Cravats Stocks, Cotton
lUudkcichiefs.CiOvi'., tuncnJcri, ate.
Of every description, toe and chean.
N, B. Remember " Lovenbtrg't Cheap JCmermr.."
call and cee. No charge for cxamlng Goods.
Blgonnbur;, March:, teoi, (lucllj'J)
power adequate to the enforcement of tho
supreme law of the land in every State.
It is the first duty of the National author
ities to stay tho progress of anarchy and
enforce tho laws, and Pennsylvania, with
a united peoplo, will give them an honcst)
faithful aud active support. Tho people
mean to preserve tho integrity of lho Na
tional Union at every hazard.''
It would scarcely havo been anticipated,
at that timo, that wo should cosoon be cal
led upon for tho practical application of
theso truths, iu connccticn with their sup
port and defonco, by tho strong arm of
Tho unexampled promptness and enthu
siasm with which Pennsylvania and tho
other loyal States havo responded to tho
call of the President, and thecntirounam-
ity with which our pooplo demand that tho
integrity of tho Government shall bo pre
served, illuatrato tho duty of the several
States and tho National Governments with
a distiuctucjj that caunot bo disregarded
resulted in the es
tablishment of a Provisional organization,
assuming to dischargo all the functions of
Governmental power, havo mistaken tho
forebearanco of the General Government,
They havo accepted a fraternal indulgence
as an cvidenco of weakness, and havo in
sanely looked to a united South and a
diwded North to give success to the wild
ambition that has led to tho seizure of our
National Arsenals and arms, tho invest
ment and bombardment of our forts, the
plundering of our mints, has invited piracy
upon our commerce, and uow aims at the
possession of tho National Capital. 'J ho
insurrection must uow be met by force of
arms, and to ro establish the Government
upon an enduring basis by asserting its
entire supremacy, to repossess the forts
and other Government property so unlaw
fully seized and held, to insure pcrsoual
freedom and safety to tho peoplo aud com
mcrco of the Union in every section, the
people of tho loyal States demand as with
one voice and will contend for as with one
heart, and a quarter of a million of Pcnn
sylvania's sons will answer tho call to
arms, if need bo, to wrest us from a reign
of anarchy and plunder, and sceuro for
themselves and their children for ages to
come, tho perpetuity of this Government
and its beneficent institutions.
Entertaining these views, and anticipa
ting that more troops would bo required
than tho number originally called for, I
continued to receive companies until wo
had raised twenty-three regiments iu
Pennsylvania, all of which have been
and four were killed. Tho larger part of
this body rcturnud directly to Philadel
phia ; but many of them wero forcibly do
crs vested in Congress or in the Executive;
aud the States aro necessarily remitted tho
exercise of their united sovereignty, for tho
I solution ot a problem whicu concern
that, in tho performance of your duties ou lbo cxistCDC0 of au. It wag for til!3 resson
tins occasion, auu m providing mo ways i that a C01nmiUec, of which I was chairman
and means for tho maintenance of our in an ad(ir0S3 to our Southern brethren
taincd in Baltimore ; some of them wero country's glory, and our intogrity as a na- a(iontcj at a nicctim? i n Pi no street .in Do-
thrust into prison, and o'hers have not yet tion, you should bo inspired by feelings of cemuer iajf recommended that the States
... , l.ie ,. v- .. . i . .1 .-1--1- I 1 '
reached their homes.
self sacrifice, kindred to those which anima-
thoy have been accepted into tho service,
should meet together for consultation, and
Gentlemen, I place tho honor of the I ..... tho collntr. from ,he holto.A of
btate in your nanus : and i pray tuat tuc ., Wo imr)iorcrl th0m to nauso. in or-
IU tlieir CiJortS to CSUbllSU tUlS our groat Wmnnv and ir.ltornnl fnrlinrs Wn nn
........ . i j - suouia mcei logciutr tor cousuuauoi
I have tho houor to say that the officers ted the bravo men who have devoted their 'if t, couW not sdtlo thoir difficulti
aud men behaved with tho utmost gallantry. lives to the peril of the battlo-ficld in dc-1 -iqM j prc.ervc the Union tha
This body is now organized into a rcgi- j rcnce of our nation's flag. j should a " tbc term3 of aratIc
mcnt and tho ofueors are commissioned ; Gentlemen, I place tho houor of the I .. .i, ..,, f.m .i, i,rrnrJ
and will bo to Washington by any route, Almigllty Uod who pretcotca our fathers 1 dcr "to gIve u3 timo for an cffort to're8toro
indicated hy tho I-cdcral Government. . ... , . . , ,i,ksi, ,i,u , , b ,
- ... . . n ,i D'K u.i. w wv..,.w b.v... uarmouy and iratcrnai ice ing vo ap
I have established a Camp at Pittsburgh j nons:sof:0nai liberty who hag controlled 1 . ..1..1 it ,
at which the troops from cstern Pcnnsyl- ,h(! 0f civilization and Christianilv .t-, ,., i. rnr..:.- r:
..... i i i 1 o wuiuu wuuiu uuvu utuu Jiuumiiiuuir 11 11
vanm w,l bo mustered into serv. e and in Qur may not now forsako us . tLat bad Mt bcfia brctbrcnfaof tbo
rirrf i nt'inil oii-iil flieiirt tiipn iiv NKlllllll mill ' .
U1 b"441" J I lie mav watcliovcr vour counsels, ana mav, i:,:,,,! r.i;i tv
experienced oiuccrs. ! iu His Providence, lead those who havo fnii..iuM.n,rr,snnn,.,m.i
I communicate to you wun great sans-1 ....,.-.... . . v...
f. i,s ,i, i,i.. r ,i, left the path of duty aud aro acting in 1 7.0ns of this State, who had always been
Commonwealth have voluntarily tendered
any amount of monoy that may be neces
sary for tho common defence and general
welfare of the State and tho nation iu this
emergency ; and tho temporary loan of
5300,000, authorized by tho Act of tbo
General Assembly of tho 17th April, 1601,
was promptly taken at par. Tho money
is not yet exhausted, as it has been imposs-
bio to havo tho accounts properly audited
and settled with tho accounting and paying
officers of Government, as required by
law. An account of this expenditure can
not uow bo furnished. Tho Auditor-General
and State Treasurer have established
a system of settlement and paymeut, of
which I entirely approve, that provides
amply for tho protection of tho State, aud
to which all parties having claims will bo
obliged to conform.
A much larger sum will be required,
than has been distinctively appropriated ;
but 1 could not receive nor make cngange
mcnts for mouev, without authority of law;
aud I have called you together, not only
open rebellion to the (jovemment, back the most strenuous advocates of Southern
again to perfect loyalty, aud restore peace, rights, tho States to which it was address-
Jiarmouy, and lratcrmty to our districted c(j responded by setting the authority of
ANDREW G. CU11TIN.
mustered into tho service of lho United to provido for a completo re-organization
In this anticipation I was not mistaken,
On Saturday last an additional requisition
of tho Militia of tho State, but also, that
you may give mo authority to plcdgo tho
faith of tho Commonwealth, to borrow
was made upon mo for twenty-five rcgi-1 such sums of money as you may, iu your
racnts of infantry, and ono regiment of discretion, deem necessary for theso ex
cavalry ; and there havo been already
more companies tendered, than will make
up the entire complement.
Before tho regiments eould bo clothed,
S P E E C II 0 V
I10N. JOHN A. D1X,
LATE .SECRETARY Or THE TREASURY,
AT Till: t.VOAT .VF.F.TIXU I.V .Vi.ll- YORK.
HE VINDICATES THE LATE ADMINISTRATION
the Union at defiauce, hy seizing tho pub
lie forts and arsenals, hy seducing l'cde
' ral officers from their allegiance, and in
J one instanco by confiscating tho treasure
of tho Government. For months these
outrages were submitted to wit no effort on
llin nfirf nf flin C nrnrnmnnf In rnsnnt. np
pumsii tucm, iu tue nope mat uuuer me
guidance of better counscls,thoso who com-
Mr. Bix, on taking the Chair, cpokc as m:Uc!l tbcm would return to their allcgi
follows : anC0i -j b-u forbearance, unexampled in
Fellow Citizens. : Wc have como tbe iiloTy 0f nations, and falsely inter
together to express our determination to ' pT.ctetx into a pusillanimous surrender ofits
uphold tho authority of tho Government, autfa ovi ty by tho Federal Government, had
and to maintain inviolate tho Honor ot tlio oniy the effect of invigorating tho spirit of
country, x no circumstances, unaer wuicu i3tanc ltil at ast tho slender force
wc are assembled, aro calculated to fill any in ro,.t sulliptcr wa3 attacked some 0,000
patriotic heart ith tho deepest concern. 1 Qr 7)000 mcn against 100 and compollcd
For tho first timo in our day civil strife has aftor a boro;0 resistance, to evacuate it.
broken out in tho bosom of our prosperous I (fjbocrs for $t Sumpter.) Tho gallant
and happy country, and has been pushed commandcrof that handful of loyal men
It is impossidlo to predict the lengths to
which ''tho madness that rules tho hour,"
iu tho rebellious States, shall lead us, or
three of them were ordered by tho National I when tho calamities which threaten our
Government to proceed from this point to 'hitherto happy country shall terminate
Philadelphia. I caunot too highly com-1 Wo know that many of our peoplo havo
mend tho patriotism and devotion of tho already left tho Stato in tho service of the
men, who at a moment's warning, and .General Government, and that many moro
without any preparation, obeyed tho order. 1 must follow. Wo havo a long lino of bor
Thrco of tho regiments, under similar Ider on States seriously disaffected, which
circumstances, by tho direction of, and should be protected. To furnish ready
accompanied by officers of tho United support to those who havo gono out, and
States army, wero transported to Cockay-1 to protect our bordors, wc should have a
villo, near Baltimoro, at which point thoy well regulated military force,
by unscrupulous mcn to the extremity of
war and bloodshed. With no provocation
whatever, from tho Federal Government
they turned their arms in fraternal hatred
against it, oven when it wa3 administered
by those who were acturated by the most
friendly dispositions toward them. But I
do not doubt, whon the present excitement
shall have passed away, when those who
havo thus arrayed themselves agains tho
Government of tho country shall havo lear
ned from a disastrous experience that their
true interest lic3 in peace, all will concede
ou a review of tho past in a spirit of fair
ness aud moderation, that there was no
just ground for alienation. (Cheers.) But,
fellow-citizens, 1 feci that all such consid
erations aro inappropriato to tho hour.
Tho timo for action has come. Practioal
issues aro upon us, to bo dealt with under
a just senso of tho responsibilities thoy havo
brought with them. The Constitution of
who sustained this uucqual contest is be
fore you. (Tremendous cheers for Major
Anderson.) Thero hangs tho flag under
which they upheld tho honor of their couu
try ; and its tattered condition shows the
desperate defence they mado. (Enthusi
astic chceriug )
It is under thesa circumstances that tha
General Government has appealed to the
country to como to its support. (Wo will,
we will.) It would havo bocn treacherous
to its trust if it had not determined to up.
hold the authorities confided to it.
And hero, fellow citizens, it is impor
ntta that wo should clearly understand the
position of the late Administration on this
question. It is due to this Administra
tion, as well as tho last, that we should all
understand it. I shall bo very brief, but I
must sik your closo attention for the few
moments that will be needed.
On tho 3d of December last, in Lis an
nual Mcssago (o Congress, the lato Presi
dent made a strong and unanswerable ar
gument against tho right of secession. lie
alto indicated his p'urposo to collect tho
rovenuo and defend th'o fofts in South
Carolina. In a special message to Con
gress on tho 8th of January ha declared
(I use tho lang'uago of tho Message.) "Tho
right and duty to uso military forco defen
sively against the't'e who resist tho Federal
officers in' tho execution of their legal
functions and against thoso who assail tho
property of the Federal Government, is
clear and undeniable. (Cries of "Good
for him 1" and loud cheering.) Tho au
thoritles of South Carolina wore repeatedly
warned that if they assailed Fort Sumpter
it would bo tho commencement of a civil
war, and thoy would bo responsible for the
consequences (Cheers ) The last and most
emphatic of theso warnings is contained in
the admirable answer of Mr Holt, Secreta
ry of War, to Mr. Hayuc, tho Commis
sioner from South Carolina, on the 0th of
February. It is these words : "If, with
all tho multiplied proofs which' exist of tho
President's anxiety for peace, and of tho
earnestness which ho has pursued it the au
thorities of that Stato shall assault Fort
Sumpter aid pciil the lives of tho handful
of bravo any loyal men' shut up within its
walls, and thus plungo our country into tho
horrors of civil war, then upon them and
those they represent must rest tho respon
sibility." (Enthusiastic appluuse, and wa
ving of hats.) I boliove tho letter from
which I have read this extract has never
been published, for I as a member of tho
Administration at the time it was written'
havo a right to say that it had tho cordial
approval of tho lato President and all
his' constitutional advisers." (Chocr for
General Dix.) And this brings me to tho
point I wish to make. 1 violate no confi
dence in making it. It ie this : If South
Carolina had tendered wax to the lato Ad
ministration as she has tolthis I mean by
a hostile and deadly assault it would
have been unanimously accepted. (Pro
longed cheering.) I repeat, thon, that
this Administration has done no more than
its duty. Nay, I believe that self-preservation
rendered necessary what it has don.
I have no dc'ubt that the Confederate lead
ers at Montgomery have ontorained, and
still entertain the desigu of marching upon
Washington to over throw tho Government
taking its place and presenting itself to tho
nations of the world as the truo represen
tative of the people cf tho United States.
(Cries of "Never, novcr ; they can't do it.)
Against this usurpation and fraud, if it
shall bo attempted, I trust wc shall contend
with all tho strength God has given us.
(Cries of "wo will.") I ant for supporting
the Government. I do not ask who ad
ministers it. It is the Government of my
country, and as such I shall give it in this
extremity all tie support in my power.
I regard the pending contest with ths se
cessionists as a death-struggle for consti
tutional liberty and law a contest which
if successful on their part, could only end'
in the establishment of a despotic govern
ment, and blot out, wherever thoy wero in
tho ascendant, every vestige of national
fracdoiu. You know, fellow citizens, that
I havo always been in favor of adjusting
controversies between tho States by con
ciliation, by compromise, by mutual con
cession iu a word, in the spirit in which
tho Constitution was formed. Whenever
the times shall be propitious for calm con
sulfation, thoy will find mo so still. But,
until then, let us remember that nothing
could bo so disastrous, so humiliating and
so disreputable to us all as to see the com
mon Government overthrows, or its legiti
mate authority sacccssfully resisted. Let
us, then, rally, with one heart, to its sup
port. I bclicvo it will act with all tho
moderation and forbearance consistent with
tho preservation of the great interests con
fided to it. Thcro is no choice left but to
acquiesce in its surrender to revolutionary
leaders, or to give it tho means it needs
for defence, or self-preservation, and for
tho assertion of its authority, holding it re
sponsible for theiBjlegitimate uso. Fellow
citizens, wo stand before tho statute of tho
Father of his Country. Tho Fag of tho
Union, which floats over it, hung above
him when ho presided over the Convention
i i . -i . i n .. i"-... . .1
uy WlilCU tUU vuusiuuiiuu nsa uuuivu.
The great work ot Ms Hie lias noon reject
ed, and tho banner by which his labors
were consecrated nas been trampled in mo
dust. If the inanimate broulo iu which
the sculptor has shaped his iHage could bo
changed to tno living lorm which led mo
armies of tho Revolution to victory, ho
would command us, in tne name ot tue
hosts of patriots and political martyrs who
have gone before, to strike for the defenco
of tho Union and tho Constitution.
Mr. Diz clotcd his remarks amid tho