Newspaper Page Text
LEVI L. TATE, Editor.'
VOL. 15.-NO. 5.
l'UDLISIIEDEVKnY SATURDAY, BY
LEVI L. TATE.
ih bloomsduro, Columbia county, pa.
In t$ nno Hrltk Building, rppotiti Iht teinngt, ly $id
V iitw Lvurt tiovti. "istmvcraiic iitau uaritri.-
TBRM8 OF SUnSCIUPTION.
91 00 In advance, for one copy, for ilx monthi,
1 75 In advance, for one copy, one year.
3 00 If not paid within the first three montlii .
9 55 If notpal'l within the flmt itx monthi,
3 50 If not paid within the year,
, C- No subscription taken for 1cm titan tlx monttu,
tad no paper tliicotitinucd antilail arrcarngci iliall have
, Cv" OrdlnirvADVKRT'EMKiTlnoertod,andJoBlVortK
iecuted, nt the cslablishedriuces.
BALTIMORE LOUK HOSl'lTAL.
I) 11, JOHNSTON,
'TUIEfounder of this Celebrated Institution, oflVra the
X nioit certain, ipeedy, and only cf1ectu.il remedy in
tlit world for efl'ccttfur Ulocts, Mtiicturen. Hemitul weak,
nun, Pairn In the I-uiiiu, CVisiituiional Dtbilily, Iiopo
teney, Wcaknem of the Hack and Limbs, HVctiuna ( t
the Kidney, ralpitation uf the Heart, Diopepsii, Nr
voui Irritability, Disease of thj (lend, Throat, Nose or
Skin, and nil tlioie sorious mid inelaiulioly Dmordor
arUlng from the destructive h.ibiti ot Youth, wlmii do
troyi both body and mind. Tliecu tvcfl and (.uliinry
practical, art: more fatal tu their ktlma til in the nong tf
the Syrem to the mariners U1)'mc, blijfhthig tliolr imt
brilliant hope and auligipatiouij, rendering marriage -Sic,
Married persona, or Young Men contPinplafln mar
rlage, being aw arc of physical wcaknem, organic diMbili
K. deformitien, &c, should immf-diaU-ty tun-mlt Ur
ihiiilon, and be restored to perfect health.
He who placet himself under the care of Pr. Johnston,
may rtligiouiily confide in Ins honor as a gentlemen, and
confidently rely upon hit hK ill as n hician.
immediately cure J and lull igor rrniorvil.
This descasu is the penalty most frequently paid by
thoie who have become thu vatimct' improper iitdutgcn
otei. Young persons are too apt to commit rxeem from
not being aware of the dreadful corifequtnct lliat may
mue. Now, who that understands the subject will pre
land to deny that thu power of prorroatlon id tost houiiit
ty those falling Into improper habits than by the prudent.
Besides being deprived of the pleasure of healthy oil
prings, the irwiit serious and destructive symplums to
both body and mind arise. The system become derang
ed; the physical and mental power weakened. ncritu
lebility.d)spepeia, palpitation ofthc heart, indication,
awaiting ol the frame, Coupn, ij ini-toni-i if Uunsump
Olficc, No. 7 Soir.ii Fredrick EirnrET, revert doors
from Baltimore street, Hast title, up the hie pa. lie par
ticulsr in observing thcNAMll mid MJ.MllKU, or jou
will mistake the place,
.1 Curt H'arrenttd, vr no Charge Made, tn from One to
NO MERCURY Oil N.UJHl.UUS iJRUGd USED.
Member of tho Roal OVlL-ge of Surgeon, nt London.
Graduate from one of the most eminent nli'i;es of the
United States, and the greater part of w Jump life liu
been spent in tho tinl Hospitals of Lnndun, l'.tti, 1'Jnla
d el phi a and elsewhere, liai elf.Tted ttome u( the moi-i as
tua idling cures that were ever known; many troubled
with ringing in tho head and cars uli'it altep, great
nervousness, being alarmed at NiiduVn pound, and bidi
fulness, with frequent blushing, attended Kouiftluns w ith
derangement of mind, wore cured immediately.
A CURTAIN DISllAyi:.
When the misguided and imprudent otary of pleasure
finds be has imbibi ' '.f'1"," 'i"r"1 'ki':nevit
loo often happens thjt an ill timed nense n nlia.i or
dread of discovery, deters him from nppl.niig to those
who from education and respectability can alone befriend
him, delaying till the constttutionary nymploms tf this
borrid disease makes their appearance, such a ulcerated
vore throat, diseased nose, nocturce, pains tu the head
and liuibi, dimness of sight, deafness, nodes on the nkin
bonis, and arun, blotclies on tho head, face find extreme
ties, progrcssingwith rapidity.till at ton tho palate of
the Diouth and bones of the nose tall In, and the icliiri of
this deseaso becomes a horrid object of uimiiiinneratioH
till death puts a period tu Ms dreadful suffer,) ngi, by bin
ding him to "that bourne from whence no traveller re
turns." To such, therefore, Dr. Johnston pledges him
self to preserve the most cnvioaMo secrecy, and Irom Ins
xtensive practice in the firbt HoiipitaU of Lurope and
America, ho can confidently recommend safe and hpeedy
tirrtothti unfortunate victim of thif horrid disease.
TAKK PARTICULAR NOTICE.
Dr. J. addresses all those who hau inj ajed themselves
br private and improper indulgences.
These arc some of tho Bad and melancholy effects pro
duced by rarly habits of outh, Weakness or the
Hack and Limbs, 1'aiu in the Head, Dimness of Sight
Loss of Muscular Tower, Palpitation of the lluirt. Ds
peoiia. Nerous Itralalnlity, Derangement of Uio Dies
live Functions, (Jeneral Debility, H)mptumsof Cunauiiip
MKNTALI.Y. The fearful (fTccts upon the mind are
much to be dreaded. Loss of Memory, Confusion of Ideas
Depression of ilia Spirits, L'wl rortliodius, Aeriiun
of Society, Timity, &.C., aro some of Hit eils produced,
Thousands of persons of all nges can now- judge what
lithe cause of their declining health. Luoiing their
vigor, becoming weak, pale and emaii.tlcd, hat ing fin
guUf appearauc about the uyes, cough and inptoms ut
ON'3 INVICORATINn KKJinnV t'OR
By this great and Important remedy, weakness of the
organs aro speedily curud, and full vigor reptored.
I'huTisands of t!ie inott nervous and debilitated, who
had loft all hope, have b.-eu ImmediatJly riJiewd. All
impednnents to Mirriage, riiical auJM'iital Disquali
flcation, Nervous I ratability. Trembling and Weakness
or cihauktation of the most foariul kind, speedily cured
by Doctor Juhustou.
Who have injured tlimsehea by n certain practice,
indulged in when alone n habit frequently learned from
vil companions, or at schonl-ihe elfeas of which are
nightly frit, even when asleep, unit if not cured renders
marriage impotsible, and dehtrojs both luiud and body,
should apply immediately.
What a pitty that )oung man, the hope of hisfountry,
and the darling of his parents, hould be snatched from
all prospects nud cnJoments of lifi-, by the consequen
ces of deviating from the path of nature, and indulging
io n Be r lain uecrel habit. Hucli persons before con
should reflect that a sound in hid and body arc the mos
necessary requUtties to promote connubial happiness
Indeed, without these the journey through life becomes
a weary pilgrimage, the prospect hnurlv darkens tu
the view; tho nuinT becoinea shadowed with despair i
filled with tho melancholy reflection that the happiness
of another becomes blighted with our own,
OFriCII NO. 7 SOUTH rRl'.lir.RICK ST., llaMmorc, MJ
ALL SUKfilUAL Ul'KRATlONS TLUruUMKIJ.
N. U. Let no fals) modesty present ou, but apply
Immediate I v either personally or bv Letter.
HKIN DISIIASCS SPHUIIILY CURED.
7Y) STIlAXtl F.llH,
The many thousands cured at this institution within
the last 15 ycarc, and tho numerous important Surgicnl
Operations performed by Dr. Juhiutoii, witnessed by
the report era of thu papers umliuany other persons, no
tices of which Irivo appeared ogam and ngain before tho
public, besides his standing as a gentleman of charaitrr
and resnousibitity.is a siitlicieut guarantee to the aflhcte J.
S. R. There are so many ignorant and worthleia
Quacks advertising tlicmseUcR I'hvbicians, ruhuug the
health of the already aflhcled, that Dr. Johnston dreins
it necessary to say, especially to those unacquainted
, with his reputation, that his credentials und Uiploiuis
Always hang in hlsoliicc.
Takk Notick. All letters mutt be post paid, and
contain a postage stamp for tho reply, or no ausw cr w ill
(Late Vhito Swan,)
JIACE STREET, ADO Vi! THIRD
C11AH. A. PTINK, Clerk.
March 'J, lWl-i:m.
JOSEPH GREEN, SON & CO.
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
Oil. CLOTHS, H'INDOW SIIAllHS. &C.
Toj.tlier with a complete variety of ry CAIUNCT
U'AKU. at tlie lowe.t Ca.li price..
NO. 45 NORTH SECOND STREET,
JOSEl'II GltKBN, )
IIIINJ. UUKKN, ( I'lIlLAUULVIUA.
u. juiwi i.i;sti;ii.)
ALL PAPER, WALL PAPER.
rnerlot of the above named article lor the Hpnng trade
.inn received trom jvctv Yolk n lurround Pu
lTic,.raojinjfiom m cent. jttt pieto to?
;eni. per ricco to .arent.
II C. 4c I. W 1IAKTMAN.
I'ltoaibais, Ceb J3, HOI,
BLOQMSBURG, COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA,
SPRING AND SUMMER
Th w yit been opened In MooimlMirK, t wlilcli lie
Irivitei the nttunlioii of liU frleiuN, nnil ns.iircn Uicm
that III")' nro oflcred for sale nt (treat bargains. Hi,
t.-.t.n t"iiin i-vs u lurgw aiuriiiicni 01
ui:NTi.t:.MnN"s wr.AniMi ArrAitci.,
ConrKtins 01 riti.)viniK llnr.C'oAT., of rcry dci
criptlun ; I'.IHU, Vests, Hliirls, L'rarnt. Stuck I, (,'otlol
Uanilkcreliicf., (.love, Bu.peiuler., cc
Of every cloicrlillon, tine and rlienp.
N. ll.Kiinciiiber " Ijfircnbcra Cfirnp Fmjtoritin"
call and ice. Nu vtiarge for examine Cuod..
Illoomiburs. .Marcli S, 1601. (Juc JS.VJ.)
Fill AND fffflmiR GOODS.
A. J. SLOAN,
HAS just reeclveil, direct from riilladclplila and ?tcw
York, a wty choice nfl.ortinciit of
l'ALL AND WINTER GOODS.
almost every new fabric which lm hern manufactured
fr Sprimr and Stirnmnr. ns well ns the mnal atsortmeiit
of STAPLE GOODS of superior qualities will bp l'uiinj
in variety, and at prices low as gjmrtar goods can be
purchased i Isewhen-.
It is nu cany matt' r to find coods nt n low nrlcr. but
ns a general rule, they nrejust low hi quality. Hut to
cct a (ouil nrlirlu nta very low price it somethlnir rare.
fcSurh an opportunity, however, is offered to any who
ina- w mil
DRY (lOOOS, ailOCFMIK
QUIiiiy it'Mtr., r5f,
S.1LT, c, c.
UT" On 1 1 and see. "fl
country I'Roiiuci: av7nti:d.
nioomsburp, Oulobrr li, ltbl).
flake pleasure in informing )iii that I have removed
frrniNo. HI North SeioiiJ i-trect, to that large and
f pat ions store -
io. 1JU Joth Second Strcit above Arch
Oppositothe Mcnnt Vernon Itottl.wlu'ru I will carry on
tho luujortiliou and Jobbing hujiuass of
TOYS, ) ASSETS,
Of nil kinds. I'jpvF, Pegar Tubes, Tob.nco At SnulT Cox
es, fanes, Choismeii. lloiiiiuo.s, Uackcaiumon Hoards,
and l'miry (,'nods in all varo.tifii, on a larger crale than
luntofore. Also thy iiianufatiuri; of 1'LACd and Tic
tun Alphabet H'ocks.
As r-'gardu pri.e" an I quality nf floods. I ntn ure to
ivi iMitirr) i-atiffuttiou to all who may fat or me with
their i rdvra.
, No. 150 North Huond Street.
March '. lr,l-3m.
ilHCft A X Unit
REDDING AND KEATUER WARE
HOUSE, N'o.W North Second street, Opposite ClirUt Church,
rf?" CnriFtantlyon hand, n larr nssnrtinrnt of Bedn.
MattressuH. rnillaseH, Cushiiiiis, Hair, Husk, Cattail,
and all arlnK's in thf lino at the Lowest l'ricps.
A 11 Particular attention paid to renovating Jftteand
UIO II AND KLKGANT
P.O. I'OIJJ.K, Nn.n.-i North SCfOVK Street, opposite
CliriBl Cliurrli. Invite, the particular attention of Mer
chant, and other, to his very large und cl.gnitt us.ort
twitiT.Tf". on. cm rits.. &c.
jiut received from the most celebrated manufactories of
l.uropennu America, luclti'llug all tho neweia patterns
.'Haul, u huh mil lie .old at a crv mnall ndanco on
eo.t. fall anili t inline quality, stjlc and price, before
puriu.itiiiK.il,, wii.'rc, i.eiiii'iiioer.
No. 35 North Second Street. Hi ilaJilphin
JIarch 3, ISCl-3in.
UNITED STATES HOTEL.
GENERA!, STAGE OFFICE.
WEI.DY Si LEVITT,
TTJ-p.ispipncers in ill riiUndclphia Mnll Train goinj
Souin.and Ulmiri Mill Train roing North,
DfXK fit iht United States Hotel Tnmaqun Pa.
Marih 2, ltJOI-Um. (March 12.519 )
G E O R G E H. R O U E R T S ,
I.Ml'UllTKIt AMI DBAMIIt IN
M A 'M B W A ffi
CUTLERY, GUNS, i(b.
03. 2:!5 mill 2:i7 A'orlli Third Slrccf,
A. F. CIIKBCBROiruiI. i0, ALLKIt
A. V. GIIESERROUGH & CO.,
5?OR IK 5 A id! ;k, S 'JR. SI,
CO.VMIMIO.Y .HERCIM.YWS t( mi01.ES.1LE
Fi)sli, Clieesc; n nil Provisions,
10 North Wharve., ubovo Marku Pt.
Tacking and Curing House, tith and Ke..l Ft. .
Augu.t 4, lC0-lJni.
Ho, 125, Sonth Eleventh Street near Walnut,
I'namclcd Glass, Krcsco, Oil and Kncaustic rainling
JoiI (iHf-Of, G. II. GlSbOM.
January li, ltiul-3m .
UMRRELLAS AND PARASOLS.
rnjIB sulncriliT. mnnnfacturrr of 1'Mr.Rti las & Tara
J sols, in ites th3 attention of inert hauls to hiscu'arg
cd tlutoand superior Block.
Nos.C, & 1, North 1th St. rillLADULl'lIIA.
March C, ledl ym.
(Latb Uiolc Hotel.)
THIRD STllliET AJiOVE RACE,
KHOAIIS, & S.uiaTu, I'roitilclors.
Tiloumh V. Uotns, formerly cf thu National UMel
CiutiLrs tUium, formerly of HchuilWilt Co, To.
March . Jc(i-Urn.
riJIIE PENNSYLVANIA HOTEL,
iM.vrju.i:, mo.vtovi! cov.Tr, r.i.
lhitcrtaiiiment for Man and lleatt, in goud tt)la
und nt moilerale rate..
tlHUKCKW. KKKK.H, rronrictor.
Ilan, ilia .March, T. lHol.
1(1 Nov th Fourth Street.
0 M'KIEBEU i. SON, I'lopution
MJlth 1, 1361. y,
AND BLOOMSBURG GENERAL ADVERTISER.
"TO HOLD AND TRIM T.HB
irrilltnftr thtOiUMt Dtmictel.
Dedicated to Miss Mary D It.
BT oro. II. a0UCRT9,JR.
From ancient Greece did learning, spirit coma
rau.e for awhile to light up et.n.lc Koine,
Waved oer the seven-hill capltol it. torch,
(iililcd the Torum and illumed the porch.
II. re Homer', glorioua.ong awakened pral.a
And kindleiluplhe Arc. of Virgil's lay.,
Ho pure, so.wccl, was that delightful song,
More rich than limner's, )ctnot half.o strong.
Of Socrates, nharose in u l.dom rife
Altlio'hehad a very frttfullfe
I!ut from this Uapitol it takes Its Itight
And plunges in the gloom of western night.'
Then Roger llacon science, unfurled,
And gave hi. greater name sako to Ihc world,
And Shakespeare, the groat inasterofllic heart,
Touched every chord with nnlurc, hut not att.
Ills thonghts arose sublime, yet auuk so deep,
That man rejoiced and even learned to weep.
Ilut o'er the spirit rose a brighter star
It. rays were seen to glimer from afar,
llutnc'rcr ilocs It conic, nnd men could seo,
The fallh and light of Chriitlanity
Then savage nations did Hi beams behold
A. It did richer, holler thought, unfold,
Th"SYord was poncrlc8 tocoii'iuer men
Andfew were captured by the powerful pen,
Ilut Christian leal nnd Christian faith, held sway,
And mciitincontucrcdto the cross gave way.
Tor savaga men who brated the lieroe'. sword,
U'cro conquered by the powcrcf heaven's own word.
Oh! what i. eloquence and learning's power,
The charm nnd triumph of life's brief hour.
It soothes the id, but cannot give pure Joy ,
Sadness assuage, or sorrow deep dc.troy
Can nations holdtugcthcr by it. power,
Well miglittlio torrent stop before tho newer,
That lie. upon its surface ns it flows
No more can earthly know ledge heal man', woes,
Then what can civilize theworld, nhatbrcak,
The chains of despotism and awake
The spirit from its bondage, but the light.
That shed s iti glory on time's moral night
Hi. religion thatdoth quell all .trife,.
And call ttie nations into Clirulian lif.'.
Philadelphia, Jlprll 1, leDI.
BETWEEN TAllMEll E. AND P.
Farmer .'. Good morning, friend F.
Tho weather is so fine now I think of com
mencing to plimgh soon, r.nd I thought I
had better como and consult with you. I
have a few questions to abk, if you will ho
so Kinu as to answer tliom.
lltrwr i'--OM f.:r.i :r t ...
bo of any service to you I will answer all
Farmer E, Well then how does it
come your horses wcro kept in so much
better order than mine last summer. You
fed them no moro than I did mine ; you
ploughed moro ground, raised more corn
per aero, and I know your land is no bet
tor than mine. There is a mystery some
where. Former F. Why friend E., that is
very easily aceountod for. I used Wil
liam Schuyler's Imi'hoved Puemiu.m
I'Loucm, for breaking up my ground, and
ploughed my corn with hi Corn Plough.
This is tho secret, and now I expect a lar
ger crop of grain than you will have, for
I used his Wis IHouzh last fill for
seeding in my grain.
You had bettor go
and get one of each.
Farmer A'. I never dreamt of that be
ing tho reason, but I believe there h policy
in what you say and am disposed to net
after your advice ; but I can hardly afford
tho Seeding Plough
Farmer F. Not afford tho Seeding
Plough ! Why, it only costs ten dollar
nnd docs as much work as tho Drill, thou
does it far bettor. You aro saving twice
their cost every summer by getting one of
Farmer E. I will go homo and order
them made, for I ant sure there is no uso
to go there for them thoy say ho is selling
from twenty to twcuty-livo per week, so it
will bu impossible for him to make them
Firmer F, Never fear, friend E., but
go nt onco for them. He had his timber
prepared last fall and winter, and it is
now seasoned and ready for use, and I
will warrant you he will get them ready
as fast as thoy aro wanted; and if you seo
any of your neighbors, advise them to go
along nud get of Schuyler's Ploughs, too,
if thoy aro not already supplied.
Flu titer E. A Veil, I believe I will go
homo nnd get ready to go to Orangcvillo,
this very day ; delay 'tis said is dangerous;
but will Mr. Schuyler tako grain for his
Farmer F. Oh 1 yes ; ho will tako
grain of any kind, old castings or any
kind of produco and then ho allows a very
liberal perccntago for cash. I supposo
you aro nwaro that Schuyler took tho
Premium at tho County Fair last fall,
against an almost overpowering opposition
and had it not been that tho Judgos woro
good practical farmers ho would undoubt
edly havo lott the premium.
farmer E. Yes, I know, and ho was
awarded a Diploma for his Seeding Plough
too, but docs ho make anything else.
Farmer F, Certainly If you want a
good Stovo, a pood I hrcbhing Machino, or
if you want mill gearing, you can get it
thero at very low prices. Ho also does
repairing nt very short uotico. In short,
ho hemes competition, for ho does good
work aud at lower prices than U dona elsewhere.
TORCH OF TRUTH AND WAVE IT
Hon. John C. Breckinridgo.
Tho following aro tho remarks of tho
Hon. John 0. Breckinridge, of Kentucky,
in tho United States Senate on Monday on
tho resolution of Mr. Dougla?, making
inquiry relative to tho forts and other Fed
eral property in tho seceded States. Tho
speech is marked with all tho forco and
sound judgment which characterizes tho
arguments of tho distinguished Kontucki
an, and points out at once tho causo and
remedy of existing evils :
Mr. Rrcckinridgc, of Kentucky, said it
was not his intention to tresspass leng up
on tho timo of tho Senate ; hut in tho
present anxious and distracted condition
of the country, this body should not ad
journ without expressing an opinion on tho
exuting state of affairs, and giving some
advico tending to allay tho public appre
hension. Heretofore, in an official position
as presiding officer, lie had of necessity
been a silent spectator of iho scenes boforo
him. Sineo the last Congress met tho
Confederacy had been dismembered.
At an early period of tho late session
he, with others, had made strenuous efforts
in order to conmmato a satisfactory ad
justment. Unhappily, all these efforts have,
tailed. lie thought ho foresaw, soon after
Congress met, thatthoy would all fail, and
accordingly moro than two months ago ho
wrote to tho Governorof Kantucky to that
effect. No man regretted this failum
more than ho did ; nnd now, tho other
branch of Congress havins adjourned, ho
should regret if this body separated with
out giving their opinion or advice in order
to allay apprehension in tho publio mind.
Then tha immediate question was one of
peace or war. So it was to-day. What
ever may bo tho possibility of an ultimate
adjustment to unito all tho States, it was
ono of peace or war. Public opinion
seemed to bo divided as to tho meaning of
f imjnrM ut Sonntnr fnvn 1 III .mi
pcaco and conciliation The Senator from
Maino (Mr. l''escndeii) ha also said so.
Tho President him.sclf certainly used gen
eral terms of conciliation.
But then, it was proper to inquire what
kind of peace, and on what kind of terms
it can be maintained. Tho country, how
ever, ahould not bu lulled by a general
assuraneo of peace, uuloss ho was prepared
to give it. Ho regretted that ho had not
been able to construe tho inaugural ad
dress ns other Senators, Ilo was free to
confess, and ho was gratified to do so, that
tho general expressions are for harmony
and tho nreventionof bloodshced : lint tha
polioy whic!l tho i.rcsiuent says ho deems
fa lIa auty to punuo must result in Wood-
shed uulcssit is essentially modified.
Ho then proceeded to read from tho
inaugural that part which seemed to him
to be tho key on his important point, and
then said : The leading idea was therein
very clearly put forth that tho President
!'ofs not rccognizo m any ponso tho exist
onco of another Confederacy of States, but
that ho regards all tho proceeding and
acts in tho seceded States as cither insur
rectionary or revolutionary, and that it is
his purpose, to tho extent of tho power
confided in him, and tho force at his com
mand, to enforce the laws in all tho States,
including thoso which havo withdrawn be
yond this power. "There will bo no inva
sion no war." Tho inferenco was irre
sistible that, to whatever extent forco or
invasion is necessary to collect duties on
imports, and to maintain, possess, and oc
cupy tho forts, that forco will bo employed
by construing it to bo his constitutional
duty. It is truo, tho President has quali
fied his dcelara'.ion by saying that tho
course hero indicated will bo followed,
'unless current events and cxpeiienee shall
show a modification or chaugo to bo proper,
nud in every case and oxigcuoy my best
discretion will bo exercised according to
circumstances actually existing, and with
n view aud a hopo of a peaceful solution
of tho national troubles and tho restora
tion of fraternal sympathies and affections."
Ho (Mr. Breckinridge) took this quali
fication to mean that ho will undcrtako to
execute tho laws or to hold tho forts and
other places within tho withdrawing States
excepting where circumstances show his
inability to do so. If ho will not under
take to exercise thoso functions because it
will bo irriUting, aud mako tho hopes of a
peaceful solution moro doubtful, then this
polioy would bo that which would prevent
irritatiou aud bloodshed. But the Presi
dent conceived it to bo his duty to hold,
possess, nnd occupy tho forts, aud collect
tho duty on imports, to bo modified accor
ding to tho necessities of tho caso which
may surrouud him. Otherwise, his policy
would bo simple and easy, What wcro
O'ER THE DARKENED EARTH."
SATURDAY, APRIL 0, 18GL
tho reasons for tho rumored evacuation of
Fort Sumter ? Not political, but military
reasons. Not because, in tho opinion of
the Administration, tho holding of tho
lort would irritato tho publio mind and
render conciliation and harmony doubtful,
uut because tho military and naval power
does not exist to penetrate to thnt point.
Unless tho purposo of tho President was
to uso force to far as was necessary, ho
would, if his object was purely conciliato
ry, withdraw tho troops for political nnd
not military reasons. This was tho only
reason why tho evacuation was to bo ex
cused by the dominant party, and tho
Republican press, Then, ho thought, ho
was justified in construing tho inaugural to
moan that the President will hold tho forts
and other places within tho Confederate
States, and collect duties on imports to tho
extent of his power ; and if thero is any
modification, it will bo becauto of his ina
bility, ami not becauso he would bo willinc
to withdraw tho troops for tho purposo of
producing conciliation nnd peace in the
It was avowed tho other day, when the
bill was passed making an appropriation
for a certain number of steamers of light
draught and heavy armament, that it was
for no other purposo than to invado tho
shallow waters of tho Southern States,
should this become necessary.
Tho public press gave but little ground
of hope that this policy, if pursued, would
avoid bloodshed. Tho character of tho
Cabinet was not such as to induce tho be
lief that forco will not bo used. Although
Mr. bewartl breathed general words o'
conciliation, ho said ho would "not only
speak a good many words for the Union,
but would fight for tho Union." If this
gentleman had modified his views, he (Mr.
Brockinriilge) did not know of it. The
Secretary of tho Treasury, tho Postmaster
General, tho Attorney General, nnd per
country to favor tho policy of coercion, if
it becomes necessary to redueo the South
Tho very organization of tho Senate,
and tho opinions continually expressed by
tho Republicans hero, show that their pur
poso is to maintain tho authority of the
Federal Government over tho withdrawing
States, by forco if necessary. In the for
mation of tho standing committee there
wai scarcely a chairman of any ono of
them whoso known opinion was not iu fa
vor of this policy. Tho country should
not ho deceived. What was meant by
peace and conciliation ? How was it to bo
maintained ! He desired to know it as
sincerely ns ho debired tho Union of all
tho States. lie had sceu no measure of
practical policy whicjitendsto produce tho
desired result. Wo are in constant danger
of a collision and bloodshed. Perhaps in
no other country on tho globo than our
own could such events long exist without
producing bloody consequcnocs. Wo arc,
ho repeated, liable at any timo to hear of
a collision of arms. For tho sako of tho
political interests of tho country, tho sup
port of its credit and general prosperity,
1st us establish some leadiug principle.
Mr. Brcckiniidgo put tho question.
Should tho authoiity of tho Federal Gov
ernment bo maintained over tho withdrawn
Slato by force of arms? This exhausts
tho entire subject. If tho answer is yes,
it is propoo for it to bo known. But thero
is no adequato preparation here. In thoso
seven States the only causo of irritation
was tho Fedi ral possession of tho soattcred
forts. If thy are to bo maintained by
arms, let us get ready for tho conflict. If
not, then the policy is clear. If tho Union
is not to bo maintained by arms, then tho
only policy is to withdraw tho Iroops from
tho limits of tho Confederate States.
'I hero aro not, he repcatod,sufiicieut troops
thero to coerce tho peoplo. If you would
avail yourself of tho la-t chanco of reuni
ting tho States, withdraw tho troops.
Their prescneo thero could do no good, but
incalculable harm. Nay, more, it could
not bo dis guiscd, that while civcu States
havo withdrawn, tho eight othor States ro
in dining in tho Union nro discouraged,
gloomy, and threatening. Their course
will, iu all probability, bo determined by
tho polioy of this Administration.
In his opinion, if a halting policy bo
pursued, tho forts abandoned, and tho
squadrons withdrawn, uuder the pressuro
of circumstances and ncccaity merely, nt
tho same time setting up thu claim of co
ercion without tho power to exercise it, or
if blood should bo fhed, yon will havo del
troyd tho last hopo of reuniting tho States
aud maintaining in their iuk'giity what is
left of thu Uuiou,
It might bo presumption in him, but to
fought the Pcnato, representing tho tcv
oral States, and being an advisory council
ought to advise tho President, by resolu
tion, to withdraw tho troops, nnd not to
tako any steps looking liko a mcnaco; but
to throw tho chances on an amicablo ne
gotiation. If tho pcaco policy was not to prevail,
let us get ready for tho conflict. But if
blood 1.0 shod, tho last hope of preserving
what is left of the Union will bo gone.
His opinion was, that iho Federal Govern.'
msnt cannot bo restored or preserved or tho
principles which brought tho dominant
party into power.
Our Stato Legislatures.
It has been a complaint for many years
that our Stato Legislatures, instead of
keeping pace with the masses of tho popu
lation m in o ligenco nnd morality, arc
year after year becoming less scrupulous,
less intelligent & more unreliable. Instead
of proving to bo tho conservators of tho
rights of tho peoplo and tho promoters of
their prosperity, tho annual sessions aro
beginning to bo regarded with apprehen
sions and dread. Judging from tho recor
ded proceedings, tho official duties of the
members appear to bo most exclusively
confined to the conferring of special privi
leges upon organized cliques, to prey upon
tho immunities nnd possessions of the peo
plo nt large. The publio watch their ae.
tions from day to day with fear and trem
bling, clothed as they aro with tho panoply
of law, lest their houses aud lands which
they hold under tho regis of tho Constitu
tion, bo legislated for a prico into tho pos
session and for tho benefit and behoof of
chartered bonds of unscrupulous specu
lators. Tho present legislature is not an excep
tion to tho general rule. Iudcod it is re
garded with tho greatest suspicion, and tho
joufns :ilfi6i(ou!:ra'orco'nnViiign'fy'' non
orablo exceptions among tho mcmbors, but
tho number is so meagre that their voice
is lost amid tho din of thoso whoso conduct
is marked by an cntiro disregard of tho
wishes of their coustitucuts,butwith a most
discriminating sense of their own impor
tance and tho absolute propriety of doing
what they please with tho power inconsid.
erately conferred upon thcru by the pcop'o,
who, permitting by their neglect, a few
noisy, needy and prcsumptous politicians
to nominate candidates, all belonging to
their own set for them, quietly go to the
polls nnd elect them. And this stato of
things will continue just so long as tho
great body of tho voters shall assist to
bring these misfortunes upon themselves,
instead of tccuriug honest and capable men
to mako their laws, whioh they havo nt all
times tho power to do1
We aro informed that a majority of the
members of tho Legislature aro usually
mere adventurers with nothing to lose, and
seek an election entirely with a view to tho
money they can make beyond tho amount
of their salaries. Thoy havo a way to ef
fect this which few of their constituent
dream of. At one timo it is by menacing
the banks ; next pitting one set of corpora
tors against another in contending for tho
same franchises ; again when exclusive
corporato powers nre sought ; again when
parks and public squares aro to bo estab
lished ; ngain when persons aro to bo leg
islated into offces of profit by tho creation
of new places for their accommodation ;
agaiu whenever any privato cnactmcnt)
however proper in itself, is asked for by
individuals. It is a well-known fact that
there are "agents" aud "middle men" con
stantly to bo found at llanisburg, by
whim black mail it levied, and who thus
screen tho principals from tho exposure
nnd penalties to which their perjury aud
corruption would subject them.
If tho Legislature met only onco in three
years, uuless called oftoncr together by the
Governor, it would prove a great blessing
to the Commonwealth; but the only bless
ing now vouchsafed is tho hopo of a short
scksion ; and if an adjournment of ihe
present body had taken placo ten days ago
tho event would havo been thrieo blessed.
"Accept a lock of my hair," said an
old bachelor to a widow, handing her a
"Sir, you had better give mo your
"Madam, you bita hard, but pray, don't
risk your beautiful porcelain teeth."
The journeymen painters of New York
havo resolved to demand a day after
tho 1st of April,
Rkad John C. Baki'indr s cell,
m 00 PER ANNUM
Littlo Oscar's Mission.
A pet child of about six ycar3 of
entered a school Bomo two years
'i'kreo truths entered his litlo mind i
1. That God created him.
2. That God was good.
3. That he should pray to God.
Going homo after tho
climbed into-his father's Inp, and com
mencod to catecniso him.
" Papa, who made you V
"God mado me, my son."
"Who mado ma I"
"God made ma; lio mado everything,"
"Papa, I love God for makinr. mrt-dr.
do you love God, too, for making yon ?"
Tho father answerd.-'ves :'' hut
ding to his narrnti'on before tho church,
wncn applying tor membership
0, what a pani! ! how bv nonioti.
smoto mo when I reflected that I told m
innocent child a licV
Tho sequel was, his adoption into tho
family of Christ, followed soon by his wifo.
Very soon after, littlo Oscar sickeud ; tha
angel came for him.
"Papa, I'm going to die, and I shall
soon seo God."
Tho mission of tho child was ended, but
his parents will never ccaso blessing God
or him, and tha Sabbath School.
Core for Neuralgia Tho following
is given by high medical authority as a
certain euro for neuralgia Tnlcn n .,(!,-
glass, and a piece of lint a little less insizo
man tuo waten-giass to- bo used which
need not bo more than two inches in dism
etcr puttinn- it on tho Irollnw sir! nf t,
glass. Pour on a few drops" of chloroform
sufficient to saturate it, and then apply it
at onco to the part affected, ke
edges of tho glass closely applied to tho
eiiin, uy covering it with tho hand, for tho
purpose of keening it in nositinn. no ll
op?;itiflyiCf'HOfir-ifte-io' tfen 'min
utcs, according to the amount of irritation
wisueu lor. JL he patient during this time
will complain of a burning sensation not
so sevcro as that produced by a mustard
sinapism, which reaches its height in fivo
minutes, and then abates, but docs not en
tirely disappear for moro than ten minutes
To insure tho full operation of tho rem
edy, it is necessary that tho watch-glass
bo rather concave, that it be closely appliod
to tho skin, and tho hand applied over it
bo sensibly warm. Tho immediate affect
of tho application is to remoye all local
pain in neuralgia.
Nlam Air. An extraordinary fallacy
is the dread of night air.- What air can
wo breathe at night but night air I The
choice is between puro night air from with
out, and foul night air from within. An
unaccountrsb'o choice. What will thoy
say, if it is proved to bo truo that fully one
half of all tho discaso wo suffer from is oc
casioned by peoplo sleeping with their
windows shut? An open window most
nights iu tho year cau novcr hurt any one.
This ij not to say that light is not necessa
ry for recovery. In great cities night air
is often tho best and purest to bo had in
twenty four hours. I could better under
stand shutting the windows in town, during
tho day, tlrau during tho night, for tho sako
of the eick. Tho absence of uinoko, tha
quiet all tend to mako night tho best time
for airing tho patient. One of our highest
medical authorities on consumption and
clituato, has told mo that the air of London
is novcr so good as after ten o'clock at
night. Always air your room, then, from
tho outside air if posiiblc. Windows aro
mado open, doors aro mado to shut tho
truth of which seeus extremely difficult of
j apprehension. Every room must bo aired
irom wituont every passage lrom within.
But tho fewer passages thero aro in a hos
pital tho better. Floience Nightingale.
"Hot But Good." Tho following in
cident, extracted from ono of tho Eastern
papers, is designated by that luminary as
"hot but good" :
A good deacon, away up iu Maino, re
cently, in addressiu1? a Sabbath School,
mado a point by the following aneodoto :
"Children, you all know that I went to
tho Legislature last year. Well, tha firat
day I got to Augusta I took dinuer at the
tavern ; right besido mo at tho table sat a
meinbor from one of tho back towns that
had never taken dinner at a tavern beforo.
Before his plate was a dish of pepper and
ho kopt looking at thcn; and finally as
tho waiters were mighty slow' in briugiog
things on, ho up with his fork, and in less
than no timo, soused down on one. The
tears came into his eyes, and he seemed
hardly to know what to do. At last spit
ting tho popper into hii hands, ho laid it
down by tho sido of his plate, and with a
voico that-set tho wholo tublo in a roar,sid
"Just lia thar rncooll"