The Columbia Democrat. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1837-1850, January 04, 1844, Image 1

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    I He I o!oiiiibi;i hem Ml flf
"oJnuic VIII.
irPi)8iTE St. Paul's Cuncii, Ma,n-st
... , , .-mvwu'jy mill 0(
nilblished rnnr,, AV,,,; '
1 1 J"f'f"flI,lS i,er nnum payubli
t- v iiuijiuiu wit nn the vcar
period than six mumi., ..... ar
tinitancc permitted ,unlil all arrearages
are discharged.
V) f'ER TI SEMENS not exceeding a
tiquare will be conspicuously insertedal
lOne Dollaror the first thrccinsertions,
livid Tiucntu-fivc cents for event xuIihp
taitfM nscrtion. lCr"M liberal discount
nade to those who advertise by theyears
UTTERS addressed on business. must
. . .
lie post paid.
Thu Old. Straw- ESat.
'srewell, olil friend, we part nt last,
'mils, flowers, and summer all aic past,
nd when ilia beech leaves bid adieu,
y olil straw hat must vanish ton.
e've been tngclhcr manv an hour,
graesy dell and garden bower.
nd paint and ribbon, scorched and torn,
lochnm how well thou hast been worn,
ve'vp had a lime, gay. orient anc lone,
ilnt me sing a grateful song,
no if one bay .leaf falls to me,
II slid; it firm and fixt in ther,
My old straw hat.
Iiy flapping shades and flying strings,
re worth a thousand close-lied tilings;
Aleve, thy easy Hilling r.rown,
liriu't lightly bank of slouching down;
rar.noi brook a muffled ear
f' hen tail; and blackbird whistle near;
nd dearly like to meet and seek
jThr fresh wind with unguarded cheek.
fltHK il in a tree thou l bear no hnim,
lunf on thpsod thou i lose no charm,
ike many a real friend on earth,
oogh usage only proves thy worth,
My old straw hat.
'he world will gaze on those who wear
tich snowy pe.tils in raven hair.
ml diamonds flashing bravely out,
Ji chestnut tressess wreathed about,
I he golden bands may twine and twirl,
!ike shining snakes through each fair cutl;
nd soft down with imperial grace.
fay bend o'er Beauty's blushing face,
ut much I doubt if brows that bear
'hat jewell'd clasp ami plumage rare,
fr temples bound with crescent wioalh,
Ire half so cool as mine, beneath
My old straw hat.
linerva's helmell what of that!
hou'rt quite as good, my own Htraw hat;
'or I can think mid muse and dream,
Vith poring bi&in and busy schemo.
can inform with cravins soul,
low wild bees work and planets roll,
nd be all fallen t, grave and grim,
SBeneatb the shelter of thy brim.
i'lie cap of Liberty! forsooth!
hou art tho thing to mo in truth;
For slavish passion ne'or can break
nlo the green paths where I tako
My old straw hat.
.?IVrold straw hat. mv conscience tells
yliou hast been hung with Foil's bells
)'et fully rings a pleasant chimo,
W the rogue will but 'mind his time,'
jnu not come jingling on the way
sober rninsttoli ought to play.
i oil whpn hearls and eyes arc light,
,pid Wisdom should Keep out of sight.
But now the rustic bench is left.
As trees of every leaf bereft,
Afldiisrrv vnirpn! nil am till.
f That welcomed to the well known hill
My old otraw hat-
"lHHll"1 UPn th"
I' arewell. old fi inmt il... ...... I. I .1
.i.j .nun ia none,
Hie misty clouds shut out tho sun;
Hio grapes aro plueked.the hops ore nfT,
I'ho woods are siark; and I must doff
My old straw hat but 'bide a wee.
fair skies we've seen, but we may see
Skies full as fair ns those of j ore,
nd then we'd wandoi forth once more.
Farowcl'l, till daisies deck thV'pfauf,
Farewell, till spring days conic again
My old straw lint.
TIic EJeluge
Many, and conflicting, arc the specu
lations will) regard to t !ie Deluge, in
relation to hs exteoi; ulso Ilic causes b)
which it was produced. The accoun'
is il is' contained, in tho seventh chapter
if Genesis is by ninny wholly, or in
!trt tpjclcd. Somo .Hupposu Iht the
leluu'-j was only over part of iho earth,
while oiheiv suppose tliai I hero nevci
was any such a thing. But among those
who bi-lit'Vu lhat thuie was micli S an
'inivcrial lclni'fwo find a j;reat variely
if opinions cxiMini;. Sjrne auppusi
'lit i In: earth was arrosteil in its tliur
nil rtivolulion, which would be at on Cf
.uflicioiil, lo cause a uni deluao.
Others aru of I he opinion that there had
been an unusual drought, &thal then--
fore, the vapors had lung been accumu
Hut let U9 examine, for a few mo
ncnU lliis fitihjucl, and sec if wo cannot
liscover pvid:nces of the fact, that then
was such a deluge, nud other causes to
irnducc it, than havo liureloforo been
First that tho (leluao was universal,
hat it swept over tho western continent
ia well ns the eastern, wo havo iuiluhit
ihle evidences in tho fjet, that niJiiii'
ilunl.s, animals and shell, nre found h
il.icus very remote fiom ihu sea shore,
n tho fact trees of an ennrmou'
oze,rli3Ve been found many feet be
leath the Miifaco of the earth, and that
no in siluaiinns where no trees of thi
liscriplion are at tho present lUy to hi
ound, fiom the f.ict lhat wo find inter
nintioiis in the clitic rent strata of tin
eiith, which could only have been pro-
luci'd, by some great convulsion of na
ore. Thus then.hnvins established llit
fid, of a univeisal delugo, let us pro
jppil to cxinuiu! the ciuse, or camet
which might thus put nil tho nleincnic
in convulsions. Tlie opinion of some,
hl a drought of an universal duration,
waa the cause of long and heavy rain.i,
vlll not ceriainly hold good; and sim
ly for this reason, lhal there is as much
w.iter now in ami upon the suffice ul
lie earth, as there was at the timo of the
lelugp; and there was no more water
on the earth at (he time of tho deluge,
than there was at any lime prior to tiint
event. liut the class of persons who
hold these opinions, olso hold that the
-aril) is only a plain, and that it has no
liurnal motion, and lhal instead of the
earth (evolving upon ils own axi?, eu
tt lo make day and night; the earth re
limns stationary, and the gun revolves
iround the earth. H iving thus met tin
objections of ihose who deny that there
ever was a deluge, and also exploded
the theory of a partial deluge, such as i
yearly caused by the oveiflowing of the
Nile; and considered the unreasonable
ness of the theory, of the deluge, having
been produced by tho vapors srising
from thu Seas,Oceans,Lakes and River
luring n protract drought.
I shall now consider the two remain
ing theories, viz, that of the delugo be
ing prouueeu uy tno stoppage oi I lie
earth in Us revolution or diurnal mo
tion, and secondly, lhat of tho deluge
being produced by the fusion, oi the
polar ices. 1 he theory that llio deluge
was produced bv tho earth being sud
denly mopped in its revolutions upon its
own axis, has met with many powerlul
advocate, but I think, that notwilh
standing the advocates of this theory,
are very dogmatical and very tenacious
it will hardly be supposed that the suri-
ucn an em oi ine motion oi uiu cm in
i . . p.i. . - r it.
could cause so much vapor to arise as to
form materia! lor forlv dovs rain. 1'or
it Is said "that the windows of Heaven
were opened, and Iho fountains of the
great deep weio nroKen up." uui n
this bad been the case, (I mean the stop
Altaf f Ooj' otarnal """tr rr
pageoflhe revolution of tho enriM
universal deluge I think, could not have
iai;en place, and tho onn half of the
earih would have been thrown in night,
.for forty days and Hie waves of iht
uccan, when they cimn in contact with
tho shore would have rolled back, and
broken tho forco of iho succeed I m.
waves, and thus thero would have hear
mini niu tin in i.r,j x ,,, t, it,. v.vr r.
ninnd of Joshua; lor when Joshua co m
manded the sun to stand still, it was
nothing more nor less, than the earth
that was stopped in its revolution.
Poos who maintain this theory say,
ilnt in this caso ihe earth being slopped
would Crfuse Ihe wter to gush out of the
l)owt;l of the e.itih, and spout up in the
time manner thai tho Whale spouts otn
wattr at the sea; hut, how come then
such vagi quanlilies of water in tho bow
s of Ihe earth, ai to caue it lo rush ti
thu mii face with such violence, as to up
heave the mountains. If such had heei
the case, tho caves which re fouud,boih
in the mountains of the Old and Nvw
Worlds would exhibit greater marks of
violence lhan they do at picsent. And,
moreover; the amount of water.that wac
then or is now in a liquid state, is not
sufficient to cause a universal delugo. 1
must here renin k tint I do not suppop
hat a single ihop of water has been losi
or added, since the creation or forma
tion ol this planet called the Earth
which we inhabit. That there was no
more water at Ihe time ot Mm deluge,
iliau theie was a thousand years before,
nor more than thero is at tho present
lime in and upon tho earth. Having
his fart, viz; the rotundity of the earth
fairly established; and having also the
fact of ils daily revolution from west lo
east, doily established, I shall now
t'liquire what may he termed the "fotin
lains of the great dcpp;"for we are told these wero broken up. These I
consider to b nothing nuir nor les-
h. in the p'dar icps; and I think that w
i. ivc jut gi uunil.4 for this conclusion.
z; ihe' uiouiiuiiiis of ico with
vhich the piles aio loadi-il being ihe
'fountains of the great deep" becau.e in
iliose mount tins ol ice, I consider theie
s water sufficient to deltigu Ihe orlh
it any lime. I shall now endeavor In
show how Ihe two piles so loaded with
ico were brought und-ir Ihe immediate
iction of Ihe sun's lays. And hero lei
no remark that at the time of the del-
ige the seasons were changed, tor this
is implied in the promisn that "seed
lime and harvest should remain." now
ii is Ilia regular change of the seasoni
which causes seed lime and harves',
and therefore tho seasons were changed
or in other words th'ro was only one
lesson, and that was a rainy one which
prevented seed from being sown.
IVow, this earlh being only o speck
in tho innumerable family of planets, il
was only necessary for tho Almighty to
hid it to ."pin round in tho direction ofa
meridian, instead of following a degree
of latitude. This would tluow the no
;ir ices under tha immediate influence
of tha sun's rays, and cause n ureal fu-
ion of the polar ices which would in
deed, bo a breaking up of the "fountain
of the deep." This too would cause
he vapors to rise in such profusion thai
they would form materials for heavy
and protracted rains,
This theory is, I think in harmony
both with nature, reason and revelation.
Because nature teaches that the poles are
loaded with mountains of ice. and here
s a natural process by whicli they nre
wrought into the liquid stale. And this
process would continue while Ihe polai
ces would remain and cs tho poles
would be thus exposed, it is easy to ac
count for Iho "forty days rain." All
know what vast quanlities of vapor rbe
from the melting of the ico in our small
creeks, and even when tho frost is com
ing out of (he ground in the spring of
the year; and it is a well established
fact, lhat these vapors form clouds and
(all again in rain, then when we take
into the account, that these polar ices
are in themselves not only mountains,
but vast continonts, containing moun
tains higher than any mountain in the
United State; or perhaps in North A
merica. Here would be a real increase
of wattr, and that by tho simplest
means in nature, viz; the fusion of ho
polar iee.s, and that in the same manner
that the iees, on our rivers and
are converted into water. And all who
have witnessed the effects of this in
ftrm of Tyrauuy ov.r th.
Mind of Man."
I'li-Hie oi water alnnir nnr 1
. ft , iiit-ug B UtJ
riVprn Im.m l,iil ,.. t .1 r- . .
..a.u ui,l IU CIIMIgU IHO 1121(1 SO
m io emtiraco the polar ices and their
fusion by ihe rjys ofa vertical son. an.l
Ihrj will find tho waters ns it were
ouisting and lioilinn from tin. Imiinm ,.r
no ucean.wlnlo ihe vanors which wmil.l
be constantly raisinc. would enmlnno
inJjlC I.U11JVT jUrii.....f. .J..
J " Sii I
connexion Vvnn the deluge, was produ
ced by natural means, This would at
on co account for the universal deluge,
and by means the mo;t natural and com
prehptiiib'o to the reflecting mind.
Phis would also explain the duration of
the deluge; and the ti 11 c of the water.-
returning olTof the earth. God having
caused the earth lo mjke its revolution,
in the direction oi a nietidian, in ordei
that Iho polar ices should ho fused bj
the rays ofa vertical sun upon them, and
this fusion having been accelerated by
lie rains which would continue so long
is the vupois arising in sufficient qmnti
ties wero condensed would supply thi
clonus Willi watfr, tins na'urjl piocss
would go on until the polar ices weie
ill changed to water, which would e-a
ly occupy the spice of ' forty djy3."
We have now seen the walm j p:i vail
ing until they have reached theii ulinoii
exlen', all tho polar ices have betn tin
solved, and every part of the er'h ii.
covered, even the peaks of the hidden
mountain", and there is no feput of hud
Tho rains is resttninvd, hut not un'il
the water in the clouds lias fallen sml ihe
iljiijcl lor which the deluge was seni i(
iccomplished. The Almighty having
ihJS covered the earth with water, ami
seeu the raging of thu elements, speak
and the earth iigiin iMsumes lis loiuier
revolution from West to East, and im
mediately the ice begins to accumulate
it the noles. 'vl.icb caUfCi this wat'ei
'o abate, uud Iho dry land begins lo Hp
pear, fust rhe lop of the higlK-t-t 111 011 n
aius appear, and as the ices aecumulili
tthc poles (ho water upon the eaitl
'lecomcs less. Thus may wo accoun
'or a universal deluge without departing
111 the least from the account sis 11 is coi
taiiied in the honk of Genesis, and thi-
huorv either will also, I appiehend, b
f lund to coincide with the Mosaic ac
count of Ihe history of the creation of
the wot Id, when "darkness brooded
iver the face of the deep, and the spin
if God moved upoo ihe face of the wa-
uis," Which would imply that at tin
"rcatian of this planet, it was snbnietg
d, and diy land was made lo appear,
inly when the water hnd congeali'd a
he poles By litis theory we have i
, ili.-fictorily ohlaiued that, there is lln
iauie amount of water now lhal llier
was at any period of ihe world's exis
tence, and that should this planel remain
for au many years yet to come, as it has
stood days, Ihe quanttiy of waler would
Hill be the same as when the Almighty
poke it into existance.
At a late piliticil meeting in the wc.'
tho orator elecnhod his heaters by tin
following eloquent remarks "Every
man and woman is born Ireo and equa1
except niggers, i hey anil oorn so in
liailh. for 1 am six foot and my brothei
Rip is only four foot and a half and
thick through in proportion. They aim
born so in point of strength, for I can
double up any lip-cretur between heir
and the forks of Red River. They aint
born so in point nf gumption, for I know
smart piece, while cousin .Leafy wa
born a nal'ral. We aiut so in point ol
running, for I can run down sleumboai
nanlher. or a railwiy car; nor wo aim
so in pointof taking rye, for I can pu
Iho bung-hole to my motiihand swallow
half a barrel. Then what is we bon
equal in? I'll tell you how we're equal
When you go to the polls next 'lection
lay, if you'll vole for me 10 go lo Con
gress, I swear to yon by all the eyes in
my breeches packet, Urn ever one ol
you shall have a grant, and I'll tako a
grant too, and then we shall all bo e-
The Difference. A preacher ai
Nashville, the olhor day, made the fol
lowing distinction between a "coquette"
and a "flirt," "A flirt Is 0 creature
with 0 heart but without braiiw; a co-
quette is a creature with brains but with.
out a neart, b
Thomas Joframon
Iiove and ITffaduoti.
A .nr.., r....i ...
uiifai nucuunrr nnni'fVitn i . . - i ,
Dr. Uuwins, in his Treaiiss on l)i4rdr-
of thu
"uy on the point of nisr
intondad husband usually
h 1 1 1 -------... uuudmv
1 .V
went one day to meet him.& found. i.,,..i
.,ri...., up .... ' -
11m Biuiclton tlial nail uelallen her, ceased
From lhat fatal moment,' says the author,
'has ibis unfoitunats female, for rifty years
in all seasons, traversed the distance of h
lew miles to where alio expected her
future htiabatid io alight from tho coach,
anil every day sho uttered in 11 plaintive
tone. Ho fs not come yet, I wi't return
to-morrow.' There is a morn reinaikablo
case, in which lov, aftei it hat! lotip been
npparenlly extinct, prmluced n like effect
upon being aocidenlilly reviyed. It is re
curded 111 a Glasgow newspaper. An olti
man, residing in tho neighborhood of that
city, found a miniature of his wife, taken
in tier youth. She had been deod many
years, and he was a person of suictly se
dure and religious habits; but the eight oi
this picture overcame Inra. From the time
of its discoTery till his death, which took
(iUch Boine months afterwards, he neglect
'! 3II his utdinary duties and employment
ami became in a manner imbecile, spend
ilia whole days without uttetine a word, or
manifesting the slightest interest in psasi hr
jimirrences. The only one with wiium he
would hold 8tiy communication, was
tittle grandchild H'ho etrikiuglv resembled
the portiait; to her ho was perfectly docile
and a day or two before his death, he gaye
her ins purse, and strictly enjoined bar 10
Idy the picture beside him in tho coflln
a request which was accojdingly fulfill
Ohtisiflrfield nbsetves their is a kind ul
ihort lived friendship which takes place a
mong men, from u I'onueeiion in iheu pleas
diircs onlv; 11 frteuilship too often attended
wnh bad coHsequenceg. This coinpnnio
ni our pleasures, young and inexperi encri)
'vill probably in the luat of convtvibl uiirlh
sow a perpetual Irienuship, and unlold him
self vo you without the least reerve;bui neu
associations, cliange ol plice, will snnn
break this ill-timed connection, and the fn
ly ol surh nnsiy Aiiacuiuenu. i lie aann
nhervution will apply 0 young females. I
have frequently witnessed wuh regret, will
what warmth oxciiement.they enter cnli
into new alliances 01 irieiiasinp; repose, in
some short lived acquaintance, nil iheu
iecrcls of se.nti ment pnuroul their even
linushl of afTe etinu in an nggraiated strain
inq appetr perlectly happy in its develnt
ment. For a voting female lo be without
ronfident in affairs of the heart, urgue
'iiueh fur her understanding, and 1 tdwa
take it for granted, lhat she who takes pleus
ire in making every acquaintance the re
pository ol tier nearest secrets, is soiiip
ivhat touched wnn luincy. A mottier or
sny other eenior relative who acts in that
capacity if ahe be a woman perfectly
ihaste of seniiment perfectly affable nf
ilispnsition.and perfectly capable ol'disciiui
ination is the only counceiior that
voting female should require, in rpgulatinc
that most preciout and invaluaslo ol
gifts, her hilcriioiis, It may be, when long
years ol acquaintance hive deeply and sue
cessfully tried a young friend.that ahe sha!
'ni worthy ol all confidence, still, until time
ind experience have pictured to her the
vays of the world, sho will bo an unfit
i.ouni'uller, although a sinusro and affection
jte associate.
It doe one's heart pood to see a meiry
round-fared farmer. 8a independent, and
vet o fren Ironi vanities and pride. So
nrn, ami yoi so inuintrinus o pauein
ind preserving 111 Ins calling, and yet si
'iind, octal and obliging; I here are i
hnusand noble traits about his character
tie is generally hospitable eat and driiil.
with him, anu he won 1 set a maru on you
1 ml sweal it out of yon with dounlu com
Hound interest, as some I know will yot
ire welcome, lie will do you ktnunesr
without expecting a return by way of com
iiensation it is not so with ovary body
He is generally tnnre honest and sincere
less disposed to ileal in low and underhand
running, than many I could name. He
jives society ils bast support is the fit 111
est pillar tint tupporls the eilifieo of gov
eriinient lie is the lotd of nature. Look
at htm in his homespun and grey, bucks
gentlemen! laugh at him if you will bin
believe mo, he can laugh back if ha pleas
I blush deeply under the heat of
passion' as the lobster, suiu to lha
flWlis a niinhtv conftirer tin of fnrmj
"id a ready adapter of Ideas. An Irish
man landed Vea'erdav r.n tha L-ven.
I . 7 . T
"mii im utuni UHLLK iic; hi an a
?' A mulal.o approached him
i?;,-s..up..ojw.ji"w Usui's wviVf.K-,,?-
I , I O I ft 1. . I I , ...
whal'rf your name?'
Mulatto My name is John, massa,
but dey calls mo Jack.'
Irishman ' llnefo' the world
lon'l lay a hand on that trunk; rr I
won't leave a bone in your yellow skin
hat I won I pound as fine as bnel; dust;
he olf, I say, you mumicrln Yallow
lack bq oil, otil o mo sight this very
tiinit shine they say your very touch
is contagion; l heard ennun 01 you
elsewlu re; and now, you treacherous
V.1II0W ttcf,you want to -Hack me hetoro
I even wel my wistle in the ci'y. 'Clear
ju', I say.' and heie he twirled his slill-
rrtah, and wculd actually have laid it on
he mulatto, had he not run off. The
fact wat tho Irishman confounded Yel
low Jack the mulatto, with 'Yellow
J )ck,' the epidemic , Bnd henco liis ap
prehension iV. (J. ricayune.
A Newspaper is a FAititr Tho
minds ofactive childten are ever gog, alter
omething on which their fancy tiny rest
This principle of '.he human facility never
can be satisfied eliotl of enjoyment in some
thing. This being a self ciident pushion,
the question fairly crises, what ia the best
food for sne'i mimic? If we wish their
facultfjs to remain uelesK, deprive children
ih much os possible of all sources of infotin
atiun, teach them that all polish, of what
ever kind il maj be, is superfluous. Then
they will either be drones or vagabonds ac
coiiling a the bfctil uf their inclination may
lead them. But, on the contrary, if you
would like lo have the otlspring ol your
charge both active and useful, place such
incentives before them as would lead a
'endir and sueceptible mind into a train of
useful thoughts, which would so bias futtiro
I'ondtict, as to juepfy tha snying of the wise
1 an, that 'train up a child in the way he
should go and when be is old he will nut
t'epait from it.
When Dr. Frankln's mother-in law
rirt discovered that the young man had a
hankering lor her daughter, Iho good
lady said she did not know so well about
giving her daughter fo a printer Vheio
a ere already two printing ounces in tho
United Slates, and sdie was not cer
ain ihe country would support them.
Iteresling to Account unci wrilers.
It is said that when ink marks on p?pcr
are or used, by scratching- out,lhat a littlo
rub of the spot with the edge of fresh
India mbber,will render it fit lo receive
new mark without the ink spreading,
and is better than pounce for that pur
Lookman; the Ethiopian sage was asked
from he received his first lesson of wisdom
lie answered: From the blind who never
take a sep tilt they havo first felt the
ground before them.
A talhor green sort ofa well dressed in
dividual walked into tho Broadway House
the other morning and stretching himself
up 10 hi full height exclaimed in a loud
Where are all iho nhigs? Show mo a
whig, gentlemen,' said he and I will ehow
you a tilled
A large Company of quiet gentlemen was
present and in nu instant one of them stood
before the nntsy inqutrror in a warlike rttu-
ude and said
'I am a whig sir!'
'Are yon indeed?'
Yes sir I nrn."
IJ'ell iust step dnwn to the Tomln u i h
me and I wilt ahow you a thirJl'iX. Y.
If I wero not penetrated with a conviction
of the truth of the biblo and tho reality of
my own experience I should bo confound
ed on all side from within and from
without in the world and in the church.
fcniall things often decide a
man's df.
directs her
boilinghinp. as the ruder of a ehin
. ; .