Newspaper Page Text
L&LESlVFROftl CHItf A
TREMENDOUS RIOT IN CANTON.
By an arriv&I at Now York wo have
Cinton dates to Dec. 13th, which is two
weeks later than our previous advices.
The principal, and indeed the only item of
"tiews is an account of a great riot and im
rhenso destruclian of property in Canton,
which we subjoin. After reading it, we
hope nur readers will no longer deny that
Si the Chinese are civilized, fur it will bo ob-
I .'Har1 it. a I Y .uiVm rit ! ft ht"b nt tXtmlm rtnliriU I
t , . . . . r . ,
i u r; i ir.ii iiidt aiic; umlii i 1.1a ui iumi ituiiLiu 10
lunon tne most 'approved plan 01 modern
nations, viz; 'that which will allow the
,.hOio mischief desired by the people to
bo consummated befdre llld preventive
machinery can be brought in play. It
would also seem that the Chinese mob
have by no means becamb friendly to for
eigners In their feelings. The attempt to
break over an old prejudice carrying by
f foreign ladies loCanton a thing forbidden
by immemorial custom and deep rooted pre
"judice, was undoubtedly the origin of
John Dull (With all proper rdspdtil for
the old gentleman) is it must be conceded
an obstinately intrsive and stolidly impru
dent old quiz; and having by treaty obtained
a foothold in China, will have to fight
there with the people this many a year yet.
Every thing English, however repulsive to
Chinese mannerx religion, or government,
will be introduces by the victors for their
comfort;' and the comfort of female com
panionship of their own nation, has already
proved a dear bargain for them, in the de
struction of so much properly. The thing
has been attempted before, and among 'fore
castle yarns,' not a few are devoted to the
hair breadth scrapes of women who have
been carried in disguise up to the city of
Canton. The eye of John Chinaman
'Quick tu detect a disguise, and theie is one
case on record of a woman who, despite
slock and cravat, and in the absence of all
other marks of her scx.fliair being cut afte
the fashion of the other sex) was discovered
by the absence of the peculiar protuberance
on the front of a man's throat. She had
a narrow escape of it. But, to the news.
Tire Delhi, by which this intelligence
was received, left Uanlon Dec. 20ih
There was an alarming riot in that city on
tne 7th, in which lore;gn lactones were se
on fire, and much damage done. We give
tne following particulars
in a very lew minutes a most vigorous
was carried by numbers entering the lower
windows, i here, can be no doubts that
this factory was attacked in thissudden
!T;niuri'v'W0 laiile tnal were residing
j'iKJlP-i-ns-ladles, mpst fortunately had
been removed Immediately after it was
seen mat tne Uo's garden was broken open
find npinir l.tnn .L.-.I i. 1
rs wm we joacK wav were
uoposiieu on one or the hongs.
a uc mines was so sudden the most of
Houiuer residents believed that the object
-"-wiupiwneu ana ine ladies ca
Inraif iMaiiliA! t.i
. ,,..Hl reagent" nor domestics
..veu single article, but what they stood
in. 1 no hnnii 1 . . . J
- "b lucicuanis at tno earnest
request oi some residents had sent for sol
uicib iu oume station niiisiiiniho ..,.n
the factories, but the Mandating thereof of
. mai me row would be
much more serious than was generally
contemplated, considered hi, force insuf-
I-' uu Vu'"ff lo act, referred the ap
plication to the Qwamr.hopn 1
This functionary knowing right vell that
....mhs.6uu, W0UIU nappen.appl ed lo
Ihe Governor to be allowed to arm bis
force .Cap a pec,' as ho could not take life
2E?K ,h8,GVernor:s ssncti0". kow Si
that the ordinary mode of quieting a distur
bnce would be unavailing on the present
ST! ,i 1 n GVnor Iefused his
ed bv ,n. nQwanguhcep, Went "compan
iedbythe Qwang-chowfoo and Namhnv
I L .u about 300 aold'ers armed
The soldiers fired un in .i..
r " mi auu (lie
Jk. k , . rovo mem "".breaking
ld nTf XhteSl Mandarians
and pelting them with stones. Conse-
Muouuy iiiemanuarians took refuge in the
Consoo hous which the soldiers guarded.
It was nov about five o'clock, the mob had
.ui mine oo s nan and commenced pi.
Jaging and destroyed all the factories East,
ward of Hog Lane.
tint lliinin 1. 1 . . t .
., .' , " "cm upon 'loot, as
...; uruKe ana destroyed every thin?,
course seizing all (he money that fell
in. r way. Wo i Uthabt ajjoInin ,e
io, ana tne iiong mer
.KHisscni ineir engines to provent the fire
yaug, ,r 3,0Q W0U(U n()l a)ow
thtm to work, saving that they
were determ ned that all the factories
Eastward of Hog Lane should be burnt;but
..... .HJ UIUCrS caugnt, they would assist
Ibem in quenching them.
All these factories had now been pilaBed
deserted, excepting No. I Dutch. This
ftcfoiy having an immense amount of
"""u 'reaaury wa bravely defend-
u jr ii imaoiianis, who, aled short of
luiuuiiiiion auu mt laclory being in a blaee
yacualfd it about 8. o'clock. The residents
f the factory to the Westward, finding the
square in possession of a rutheless mob,
elated with success, had to look after llieir
own person! tafeiy, those between Hog
I.ano and old Chins streets look ri,,nn n
. . T-.WCW fll
v. ...v.. nuuotj, cijiwcung every
rnomrnt to finti their factories on lira, ahd
hopcri, by .climbing 'over life roof !to gain
access to the back Btreets.
These gentleman conld not go out, iB
the mob was frantic before the dobrsi
Those to the Eastward of that again, at
the entreaty of the Hong merchants, made
their escape at the back doors, and after
being conveyed through the streets tuwards
tile Westward, were Ueposited for the night
in Shaman pack houses. Somo took te
fuge in Minqua's hong, and were in mo
mentary expectation of being attacked.
It was fortunate that the immense
amount of dollars Which Were under tlid
embers of the burnt factories diverted the
attention of the mob, or there can be no
doubt that all the factories would have
shared the like fate. For, although It was
evident, that tho political part of it were
satisfied with what they had done; when
they saw all in a blaic Eastward of Hog
Lane, yet all the bad Characters of Canton
having by this tim assembled, a great
number consisted of those who came after
loot. Things remained in this state until
about two, when, strange to say, the mob
began to dispetse. Soon after, the Quang
keep having received tho Governor's au
thority to do as ho liked, came to the
square, and soon dispersed what re
mained. Kinqua's hong escaped . by a miracle,
having to bear the full influence of the
Creek factories being on fire. Some for
eigners gave large price to boats lo go
to Whampoa, ar.d others offered $300 to
be taken across the river, which was refused.
It is to be particularly observed that the
Mandarins prevented the fast boats for Ma
cao starting as usual that night,
All the next day the fire continued, and
the following day early, Sir Hugh Cough
anchored off tho rectories in the Sir Proser
pine. Orders were immediately sent to
Hongkong- for 2000 troops, but nothing
has yet anived (Monday, 2 P. M.) The
square is now entirely in tho possession of
the Chinese soldiers, who have nrido an
encampment thereupon but arc much ap
prehensive of a fresh attack, and it is said
have applied to Sir Hugh for his co-operation.
The iack streets are much crowded,
and foreigners cannot walk in the back
streets. Parlies are s ill shipping off Teas,
the pcople.it is said, has petitioned the Gov
ernor to be firm, and they will assist him
in carrying on the war with the British
All anxiously waiting for Sir Henry.
Howqua is quite alive to ljje.,e.y,efy.jl!ib
SaS8Sd?SpfcTiTie renfof lho""fa8clorTeT
The day after the disturbance, two of the
rioters were executed in the Square, and it
' 1 V. i""- .ihiw nave benn cap
lured and are lo share the same fate.
THEY AKE MAiMY who.
Mr. Oalhoun, in his speech on ihe
Uregon bill, related the folldwina interest
r. ! .u- r .
nig idmis iii we perusal oi winch one
is insensibly led lo imagine that the tramp
ui hid wuiic man, ma iron neei pressing
on nie possessions oi ner reu otethern, and
inetiueot civilization rolling steadily to
wards the gentle Pacific.are before the eve.
i ne exiroci is one oi those powerful speci
mens oi tho 'eloquence of facis,' presented
iu me puouc Dni once in a lile lime:
'In ihe period of thirty two years which
nave eiapseu since i took my seat in ihi
other House, ihe Indian fioniier has ro
ceded a thousand miles to the west. All
lhal time, our population was much les
than half whaf it is now. It was ihen
increasing at the rale of about a quarter of
a minion annually; it is nownotliss than
six hundred thousand; and still increasing
at the rate of something more than three
per cen-, compound anuually. At that rale
H will soon reach the year v increase nf
a million. If to this be added, that the re
ginn west ol Arkansas and the state of
Missouri, and south of the Missouri riup
is occupied by half civilized tribes, who
... . . - . ... -M
have their lands secured to them bv trtv
-..I ...us -l. ...;n .. v
uiiu which win prevent nits spread or popu
itt.mii in mill uirecuon, anu mai una great
uiwicdsiiig hub win do mrceu to lako tho
comparatively narrow channal to tho north
oi that river and south of our northern
boundaries.some conception mav hn fnrmp.l
oi I'le sirengin wiui which the current wi
r .1 .. ... . . . ' "
run in mat direction, and how soon it will
reacn tne eastern gorges of the Rockv
mountains. I sav snmn Mnnni.A r.. r
- 1,1,11, ,ur J
feel assured that the icalny will outrun the
uu.iui juuuii. in iiiusirauon. 1 will rpnnl
what I slated when I first address! il,.
ociiaie on this subject. As wise and ex
penenced as was President Monmfiao
much as he had witnessed of the rrowih nf
uui uuumry in ma ume, so inadequate was
his conception of its rapidity, that near
the close of his admin'straiion, in ihe year
ne proposed to co bnsize the Inilinna
of New York, and ihose norlh of the Ohio
river and cast of the Mississippi, in what
is now called the Wisconsin territory.under
the impression that it was a portion of our
territory jso remote, thaiihev wnnhl nm !,
disturbed oy our increasing population for
a long time to come. Il is now bul eighteen
years since, and already, in that short por
lod. it is a ereat and flnnrishlnir r;in.,r
ready to knock at our door for admission as
one of ihe sovereign members of the Union.
But what is still more srking what is
really wonderful and almost miraculous, is
that another territory, (Iowa) still furthor
wcsi, oeyonu. tuo Mississippi, Jias sprung
hp, as if by rnagic, and1 lias olrehity oat
stripped Wisconsin, and may knock for
entrance before she is prepared to do rol
Such is the wonderful growth of a popula
tion winch has attained tho number ours
has, and is still yearly increasing at the
compound talc it is; and such tho impetus
with which it is forcing its Way resistlessly
westward. It will soon, far sooner than
is anticpated rcacli the Itocky mountains,
and be ready lo pour into the Oregon ter
ritory.' BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF OREGON.
Much Interest is every whero fell at the
present time in regard lb Oregon Territory.
Iu extent it is larger than the Atlantic por
lion nf the old thirteen United Stales; in
llimatc, soften in fertility, greater; in salu
brity, Stiperior;in position; belter bec&use,
fronting Asia and washed Ly a tranquil sea.
In all these particulars, the western slope
of our continent is far more happy than the
eastern. In its commutation it is inexpres
sibly fine and grand a vast oblong'square,
with natural boundaries, and a single gate
way inlo the sea. The snow capped Rocky
Mountains enclose on. the east, an iron
bound coast on the west; a frozen desert
on the norlh, and sandy plains on the south.
All its rivers, rising on ihe segment of a
vast circumference, run to meet each oilier
in the centie, and then flow together into
the ocean, through a gap in the mountain
where ihe heals of summer and the colds
of 'winter are never fell, and where north
ern and southern diseases ate equally un
known. This is the valley of the Colum
bia a country whose every advantage is
crowned by the advantage of its configura
lion -by Ilia union of all its pans, the in
accessibility of its borders, and its single iu
lrngres9ion lo the sea. Such a country is
formed for union, woalih and strength. It
can have but one capital, and lhal will be a
Thebes; but one commercial emporium, anu
that will be a Tyre, queen of cities.
THE SPIRIT OF THE AGE.
Tho Vicksburg Whig of the 25th ult.
says: 'We learn by a gcnlleman from
Jackson, that upon the affidavit of his Ex
cellency I. M. lucker, he believed Ri
chard S. Graves, treasurer of the Stale of
Mississippi, was guilty of embezzling the
funds of the State. Chief Justice Sharkey
issued a warrant for hs arrest, and his hon
or had placed tho treasurer under guard, and
also appointed a suitable guard for the trea
sury. Mr. Graves was lo have been uicu
VS.tPi'Ju-'?a"V'-1-ul'i ' " ' ' - "'-"J
Vte arc noi informed ol ihe proceedinas of
the trial; we understand the Jackson papers
have deferred their publication, in order lo
record Ihe result of the trial."
'After all, Mississippi is not likely to lose
(so much-by her Treasurer aa was at first
expected. We learn verbally from Jackson
that soon after the departure of Graves, his
wife sent to Gov. Tucker, requesting an
interview. At fust the Governur declined,
but on the lady's sending a second lime, (he
Governor olU.l i,e adv, in company
with Judge Buckner. Mrs'. Q, delivered lo
the Goveinor a packapc containing yoo.ooo
in gold and treasury notes, also a parcel
containing stale bonds, which had not been
examined when our informant left.'
The above is from a New Orleans paper
The Vicksburg Sentinel of the 28ih, an-
nouuees the escape ol Graves, although
I - .1 I r D
guarueu oy live men.
The Lancaster Intelliuenccr llius renudia
les ihe idea of transmogrifying John Tyler
iaio a uemucrai wnicil ll appears lo us
was intended should be accomplished in
aooui me same ume a ijondoner would
swallow a mug of porler.
'John I yler a allec.ed democracy is
humbug which gulls nobody not oven his
own oihee hunters and office holders. Fm
his vetoes of a National Bank, we feel grate
fill; bul his great government bank, under
thename of a Naiiooal Exchequer, wilh iis
issue of three paper dollars for one of silver
is, il possible, more unconstitutional and
more dangerous lo the libenic of the peo
plo lhan either of ihe banks which he veto
eg. ne, accoruing io the communication
.i it i . . .
handed to ihe Keystone, is 'a Jeffersonian
Uemocrat I and yet, forsooth 1 he was rea
dy and anxious to put down, by military
force, ihe honest people of Rhode Island,
who dared to ask for tho righl ol sulTrage!
(We remember very well hearinir lhal ver
satile politician, James M, Porter, in 1840
denounce John Tyler' for Ins opposition lo
popular suiirage in tJie Virginia (Jonven
lion!) He is a 'Jeffersonian Democrat.'
apd yet tho Palinurus of his administration
is Daniel Webster, notoriously a corrupt
feelings, and has been distinguished for his
"uhviiivu t't-riiti-biaii.ia un h i iiiiuii i n
viruicui uppustiion to democracy. livery
other member of his cabinet is a leneiade
democrat, and ihe most of them were the
deadly enemies of Gen. Jackson and his
administration Mr. Tyler signed the bill
repealing ihe Independent Treasurv law!
and it was only when he hoped to divide
the democracy.that he set up as a "Jeflerso
nian Democrat !'
Chronicle of Saturday
The quantity of flour received in nin.
cjnnati ranges from 150,000 o 20OJ00O
bbls annually. Its present price is $2,75
per bbl. of 100 lbs. Boef 4 els. Tier lb.
ork 3 ctsf Veal Motion, and oilier meats
in proportion. Potatoes 12 cts. per bushel
Uuller 8 cts. per. lb. Cheese 6 cts. E
5 els. per dozen, and Poultry at corresnnn.
ding price '
The1 following Is an abstract of this bill,
as It has passed both houses of thb Legisla
ture and signed by the goveror.
Senate Districts. No. of membors.
1. Philadelphia city .2
i. Philadelphia county 3
3. Montgomery 1
4. Chester and Delaware 1
5. Berks 1
G. Bucks 1
7. Lam asier and Lebanon 2
8. Schuylkill, Carbofi, Monroe,
'and Pike 1
0. Northampton and Lehigh 1
10. Susquehanna, Wayne and
11. Bradford and Tioga . 1
12. Lycoming, Clinton and Centre 1
13. Luzerne and Columbia 1
14. Nurihumbarhmd and Dauphin 1
15. Mifilin, Juniata and Union - 1
10. Perry and Cumberland I '
17. York 1
18. Franklin and Adams , 1
)d. Huntingdon and Bedford 1
20. Clearfield, Indiana, Cambria
and Armstrong 1
21. Westmoreland and Somerset 1
22. Fayette and Greene 1
23. Washington 1
24. Allegheny and Butler . 2 '
25. Braver and Mercer 1
20. Crawford and Venango .. 1
27. Erio . 1
28. Warren, Jeffetson; Clarion .
McKean and Puller 1
The Senatorial ratio is 11,628.
Lehigh aii J Carbon
Wajno and Piko
Union and Juniata
The Reprcseatarive ratio is 3,876.
TEXAS AND MEXICO,
1 he Southern mail of Tuesday brought
us iiigmy inieresung intelligence. The
inlvioes from lialvealon are lu the 29ih ult.
n seems mat santa Aula has
posed a Treaty of Peace will:
W. Robinson, Esq. arrived ai G.nlvppinn nL
ihe -sum; and was lo leave immedialelv fur
ivi.: i .... i .:
ii .laiuiiiMUii, jo lay OBKire his Hxen nnrv
ine rresiueni 'ine basis' upon which the
war oeiwcen Mexico and Texas
sibly be terminated, which basis
wiimmic Hum anu uear the signa
e . . . r-.r-
ture ol den. banta Anna, President of
ist. h is proposed that Texas should
acKnowiedgo the sovereignty of Mexi
2d. A general act of amnesty to be pass
ed for past acts in Texas.
3d '1 exas to form an independent de
partment of Mexico.
4ih. Texas io be represented in the pen-
5th. Texas to institute, or originate
local laws, rules and red illations.
fill. M M : .
fm. ip uicAiudii ironns, under any
i 'i mmioirci, iu uu stationed in l ex.
EXPLANATION OF A WONDER.
. -.w..w,, itLouuv appeared Jn
A PniTimilniOohnh ninn.. il i
wiu uosion transcript, siai nrr iiV.. n ,it
.iu uumo genueman ol Hariford named
l-ieclere, requested the writer in oti n ,i.
opposite side of the room in which they
both were, and; without opening his lins
nr imrtir not. nn..- l .i. . . ' :
u, uu iine wriierlcould
damh mmlpm.n .l , . " - V u"u
V.UIIIIIIUMH.U ID 11 B 11 nM i o In l ha oP
r.,j ...r' ; :. . "MU V. -"B '"e room
.m.u Mitui wriiien on ins slum .......1 r..
, ,,,, .., .vuiuiuri
word. 1 his was renoaieillv
iiLn rn..,..: ', -v "-"v.
.-..ww.8 p,aiiBiion has since been
'I was (old by the gentleman to writo my
thnllvhl in ihn oir ...i.U e '
-Ti t . ' . " "v lorennger, as
rapidly as I pleased. I did so; and thev
were accurately written on iho !. .
seems tliat Trom long practjee in reading the
olographic language of the deaf and dumb.
..na p... eman nad acquired a quickness of
-.5..., onaoieu nini to read the evano
n i,.(t , me air, made by mv f0
finger. I t, at rapidity of sight was tho m.
nuuuciiui pari oi mo leat.
ui isju, me population of BmnhnnVi
Wisconsin Territory, was 380; now it is'
um. i.hey have five churches: fium-Rn
lnrno ! .
,u uuwepapers; and an export of
-sricunurai products, to the venrlv ,m...
Uedlbrd . 2
Uutler , 1
Centre & CIcirfield 2
iln.l i W
"TBOTII iTHOC' Ft Aft "
sAtuunjii-, jivhiij utf, iei3.
(Subject to the decision nf a Nationbt
Dy an advertisement, in ur paper, it will
be 3een, tha. the School Directors of Bloom
District have notified an election lo be held
at. the houso of Robert Ilagetibuch, on
Tuesday, the 2d ol May next, for the pur
pose of taking a vote upon tho question of
discontinuing the Free School system in
said district. Uudcr former laws it required
a majority of all ihe voters of the district to
discontinue the school system, but by a
supplement to the acts relating to schools,
passed in 1838, a majority only of those,
voting is necessary, as will bo seen by the
following section of the law.
Section 12. Prom and after Ihe passage
of (his act, the Common School system
may be discontinued or rejected in any
accepting district, by a clear majority of the
votes polled al a triennial meeting of the
taxable citizens of the propei disliict.whirh
meeting shall, in all other respects, be con
ducted in ihe mtnner pointed out in the
thirteenth section of the act to which this is
The lato rains, and tho melting of the
immense body of snow on tho mountains
linrilprinrr nn llip vnllp.v nf ihn Siunnelinn.
D '"J muiiijiiwiiuu'
nah, has swollen the nrrth branch of that "
3 river several inches hrgher lhan it has been s
known for (he Inst fnrir ucir.. Pnnoi.1ur. C
ablp damage has been done to ciops and''
IpnrPQ prinn Inn Inur Innim n in ..:..tM:... u
and to the north branch canal. We learn
that between this and Danville, two very
serious breaches have occurred brsidpj
other injuries, At Berwick another very
serious breach has occurred a short dislanco
below ihe lock. If reports be true, the
wooden wall and embankment has been
- "v rKl away jot several rods in?
length, mainly caused by the negligence-o
carelessness of the most excillent new Suf
pcrvisor D. N.,Kownover, in not having
small breach repaired; thai occurred the last
of January. What injury has been ilonu
higher up wo hrve not learned. The water
is now on a fall.
The West Branch we learn has also been
very high, noi however, doing much dam
age to the canal.
Owing to ihe late freshet, we have not
had a mail from Harrisburg.since last week
Friday, wc are therefore without any ad
vices from the seat of war, other lhan
such as we got by the way of Philadelphia.
Considerable business of a public and pri
vale natureiias been transacted iho past
week. On the 13th the eovenor ve
toed the supplement to ihe stale nrinler's
bill, giving the wotk to Ihe lowest bidder.
which was sustained in the senate by a vote
of 12 lo 20, and on the 15th both houses
met in conveniion and elected M'Kinlv. of
ihe Keystone, slate printer, for three veais
from July next. This is a complete tri
umph over the Cass, Tyler, and Porter
factions, and the two stringed fiddle, Dan
ville Intelligencer and Harrisbunr Arcus. is
left to fluunder away upon the spoils alone
obtained from the administration of Captain
I'yler, and from the pockets of his friend
Jimmy and Davy.
A I Jl
HOUSE OF REPRRRRN'pa'imvpr
- - irau iciuiucu me consiuera
of the Generel snecilio Brorl.,i mil
Ir. Sines' amendment
idsi oession, abolishing millia company
trainnings, was agreed to So that beauti
ful exercise is again restored; but one half
the people did not know that the thing
had ever been abolished. 9
Phe item of $47,000 to Colleges, Acad
nm ina .1 HA ln .
"""-"I u l uinaie .seminaries being under
consideration, Mr. Rockhill movm! n rn.
duce the sum to one half the amount, and
repeal all Inns allowing said approbrialions;
which was rgreed lo
Some further progress was made im the
Bill before the morning hour of adiourrft
The amendments of Senate to i3ie Bill
for tho sate of the Mara Lino of Canal.