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, . W03IAJV
M the Cross and Tomb qfiht Saviour.
" Last at his tross, and earliest at his gwo.u
She wept beneath his cros, Tyhen nil bc-lde
Forsook him when a trembling seised the earth,
When terror shook the nations far nnd.wide.
And from their graves the buried dead came forth.
Sho wept beneath his cross when Jear(ws rife,
Like flowers that bowed but broke not with the strife.
Sho followed to his-tombViusd saw him laid,
Even as mortal, in tho darkening dust;
With streaming eyes his restingplaco surveyed,
Dut never failed a moment in her trust
That Uo would burst his bonds again and rise,
Amidst rejoicing angels, to the skies.
Bhe. otood besldo his grave, ere the first light
Of morning shone upon 'the dew-charged flowers
The seal was gone, the guard was put to flight,
Anil ileatti, the tyrant that the earth devours,
O'crcome her Saviour could his sting destroy
And how she wept! aye, wept again for joy!
Oh, woman I ever thus forsako Him not, ...
And He shall not forsake thecMIo shall be
Thy constant friend, wtiatsver be thy lot,
And in thy partfng hour the stay for thee:
Thy faith shall strengthenfrom despair shall save
And at thy rising, call thes from thy grave.
From tho Farmer's' Cabinet.,.
GRAZING NElT CATTlk
This is a matter of great interest, and' in
order td its successful management it is all
important that we start on right principles.
The editor of the " Complete Grazier,"
ays that the feeding and fattening wheth
er for labour or for sale, is the most impor
tant in the wholo economy of the grass
farm. It therefore, follows that a farmer
should previously consider tho nature and
fertility of his pastures, and the extent and
quality of his other resources and accord,
ing to these he ought to regulate hissyotem !
of grazing, sollingor stall-feeding. Those
beasts only should Deselected which evince
.tho most thriving'disposition to fatten with
the least consumption 'of food, and depas-'
tqre them upon such lands as are best cal
culated for the ixepectivo breads. Cattle
ought not to be taken from ricli to inferior
soils it is desirable to choose them from
, lands of naarly the same quality as those
'intended for their reception. . It would be
well for graziers to choose their purchased
stock from an inferior soil. It is also prop
er in all situatons not fully supplied with
wholesome water, to avoid selecting cattle
from those districts where it abounds in a
state of purify.
The practise of grazing necessarily dif
.fera according to the nature of the land..
In stocking lands, as the proportion of
beasts must depend upon the fertility of the
soil, it will generallybe found that local cus
tom which is generally the result of exneri-
ehce, will afford the surest guide. Instances
uro recorueu in Jsnghsh works, of fifteen
large bullocks and one hundred and fifteen
sheep having been fattened on fifteen acres.
The subdivisions of land, kept for the sole
purpose of pasturingishould depend as well
ppon fertility astipon the number of different
kind of cattle to be fed upon it. To render the
grazing of cattle profitable it is necessa
ry to change them from one pasture to
aioiner, beginning with the most inferioi
grass and gradually removing tliem
to tho best. By this expedient, as
cattle delight in variety, thev.will cull tl
uppermost or cho'icest parts of grass, and
by filling themselves quickly, as well, as by
"6 uk.ni moy win rapiuiy au
vance towards a proper state of fatness
By this process, inclosures are rendered
necessary, but great difference exist as
thq most suitable size.
John Nicholson, Esq., in his valuabl
work, tho Farmer's Assistant, says. ' If
farmer has but three cows, and has threo
acres of the best pasture larid; he oueht
divide this into at least two parb, so that
the one can be growing while tho other
ceding. Again if he keeps only SO cows
and has twenty acres ofthebestDasture. hi
will find his reward in. haying itdivided into
four parts, and nastur'ln
three orfourdays alternately. In this way
pasture, lanu will keep at least one-fourth
more or cattle, and will jteep them better,
than if the pasture were in onn fid.!. Nnt
only a change of pasture is snt&A i.i
a change of different kinds of cattle, in the
same pasture, should be attended to, Thus
let the milch cows take the first cropping
of each field in rotation, then the horses and
pxen, and the sheep next. In this way the
last teeder will est much grass that has been
rejected by the former," Pastures should
never be overstocked as there should al
ways be a sufficient, quantity or food for
tho animals. It is also desirable that the
largo and strong cattle be soporated from tho
Weaker ones, as it frequently happens that
where they aro indiscriminately mingled
together, thq more powerful beasts will
master tho others, driving them from' placo
to place, and trampling upon and destroy
ing more food than they.can cat,
To prevent theso inconveniences, and al-
.so to stock tho land to ho, greatest advant-
ago me iompieto crazier recommends the
following method;Qf feeding and fattening
cattle. "Suppose there are four inclosures
one ought tobe kept perfectly free from
stock till the grass is in its full growth,
when the prime or fattening cattle sjiould
be put into it, that they may get the best
food the second best should then follow,
and tho young after all, making the whole
feed over tho four inclosures in tho follow
1. Free from stock, till ready for the
11. For the reception of the best cattle,
till sent to No.' 1.
III. For the second best cattle till sent
IV. For the young cattle, till sent to'
Thus the fourth inclosurc is kent free
from stock till the grass is got Up, and it is
ready for the prime cattle. To which we
will' add that tho inclosures should bo final
ly1 gonc o'ver by sheep, by which they will
be eaten down to a close and even sward,
to the' great benefit of the after growth.
In the management of land Itont in nns-
, , . . . o 4" I
ture, no manuring is required to aintain
its fertility, which will be increased and
not diminished by tho effects of pasturing.
Any species of manure, however, will add
to the productiveness of land in grass, and
When from anv Jiennlinr muss, it is tlinnrrlif
Jj , ...-b...
expedie nt to manuie use usually lime, or
composts of earth and lime, marl, &c.
These should invariably be applied as a top
dressing, that is, simply spread upon the
surface, where vegetation has become inert
at the fall of the year or before it ha3 be-
come vigorous in we spring..
Tho above remarks are gathered mainly
from agricultuial writers of deservedly high
reputation, and you will oblige one deeply
interested in the prosperity of agriculture,
by inserting them in tho Cabinet.
Burlington N. J. May 30. J. P. B.
Alice'Ray was one of those beings whose
communications are an index to her heart
whoso conversation faithfully mirrorred
in her inmost soul. She uttered a hundred
things that you would conceal, and spoke
to them with that dignified assurance that
you had ever hesitated to say them your self.
Nor did this unreservedhess appear like the
one who could not conceal, or a determina
te make war on the forms of society. It
was rather a calm, well guarded integrity,
regulated by a just sense of propriety
knowing when to be silent, but speaking
the truth when she spoke at all.
But you may just visit JJiss Alice for
half an hour to-night and judge for your
selves. You may walk into that'littlo par
lor. There is Miss Alice on that sofa, sew
ing a pair of lace sleeves into a satin dre.ss
fn which peculiar angelic, employment
she. may persevero until we have finished
So you see that pretty little lady, with
sparkling eyes, elastic form, and beautiful
hand and foot that is sitting opposite to.Jier?
Sjhc is a belle: the character is written in
her face it dimples in her smiles, and per
vades tho whole woman.
But there Alice has arisen, and has
gone to tho mirror and is arrranging the fin
est auburn hair in the world, in tho most
tasteful manner. Tho, little lady watches
eve.ry motion as comically as a kitten would
watch a pjn-ball.
, 'It is really in vain to deny it Alice, ypu
are really anxious to look pretty this eve
ning,', said she. t
'I certainly am,' said Alice, quietly. .t
Ay, aiyl you hope you shall please Mr.
A. and Mr. B.,' said the little accusing an-
eI' ....... . .
'Certainly I doi' said Alice, as she twis
ted her fingers in a beautiful curj.
, 'Well, I would not tell it, Alice, if I did,'
said the belle.
'Then you should not ask me',' said A-
'I declare.' Alice!'
'And what do you declare!'
1 never saw such a girl as you are.'
'Very likely,' said Alice, stoopin3 to'
pick Up a pin. ,. ... & - .,
'Well, for my part,aaul the littlojlady, 'I
would never take any pains to make any
body like me particularly a gentleman.
'I would,' said Alice 'ir they would 'not
love me without.' .;
'Why Alice 1 I should not think you
were so fond of admiration.' . ,.
'I like to be remembered very, much,' said
Alice returning to tho sofa 'and I suppose
eveiy body else does.'
'I don't care, about admiration,' said .tho
little lady, 'I would be as satisfied that peo
ple shouldn't like mo as that they should.'
'Then, cousin I think it's a.pjty we all
ljfie you so well,' said Alice, with a good
humored.smtle. If Miss Alice hadpenetra
Hon, she never made a severe use of it.
But really, cousin,' said tho little lady 'I
should.npt. think such a girl as ypu would
think anything about dress or admiration,
and all;that.' . .
'I don't know.Vhat kind of a girl you
think I am,' sayl Alice, 'butor my own part
I only pretend to be a common human be
iHgs.andam not ashamed of common hu
man feelings. If God has made us so that
we love admiration, ,why should we not hon-1
cstly say so? 1 love i, you lovc.it, and eve
ry body else loves if; and, why should wc
not honestly say so? . v t
Why yes,' said thp little lady, 'I sup
pose every . bpdy has a has a-general
love of ambition. I am willing to acknowl
edge that that I have but '
'But you have no love for it in particU'
arj-' said Alice 'I suppose you mean to say;
that is just the way the matter is disposed
of. Every body is wiljing to aknowledge
a general wish for the gobd opinion of oth
ers; but half the world are ashamed to own
it when it comes to a particular case. Jt Nowj
I have made up my mind, that if it is cor
rept in general it is correct in particular, and
I mean to own it botli ways.' , ,
But some how it seems mean !' said the
little lady. t. s
'It.is mean to lie for it, to be selfishly e n
grossed in it.but not mean to enjoy it when
it comes, or even to seek it, if wo, neglect
no higher interest in doing so. All that
God made us tp.feel, is dignified and pure,
unless we'peryert it.'
'But, Alice, 1 nevei heard any one speak
out so frankly.'
'Almost all that is innqcent and natural
may be spoken out : and a3 "for that .which
is not innocent and natural, it ought not e
ven to be thought.'
'But can every thing be spoken which
may be thought.' u . ,
Np, we have an instinct which teaches
us to be silent sometimes, but if we speak
at all let it be done in simplicity and sincer
ity.' jNow for instance Alice,' said the lady,
'it is very innocent and natural, as,. you say,
to think this,, that, and jthe. oilier thing
of yourself, especially when every body is
telling you of (t; now. would you speak
the truth if any one asked you on this
point!' . . , l( . .
'If it were a pers6nwho had, a right to
ask, and if it were a proper time and place,
I would,' said Alice.
,.' Well then said the bright lady .'I ask
you Alice, in this very proper time and placo,
do you think you are handsome?' .,
...'Now J suppose you expect mo to make
courtesy lo every chair in the room,. before
1 answer, but dispensing with that ceremo
ny, 1 will, tell you fairly I think I am.'
'Do you think that you arc good?
'Not entirely.' .., , 4 . ..
'Well, but dpn't you .think, that ybu are
bettor than moqt people?
i, 'As far as I can tell,. I think I am better
than some people ; but really cousin, I don't
trust my own judgment in this matter,' said
Alice. ., , s
( Well Alice,' one more, question. D,o
you. think that James Martyrs likes you or
I do not know.' t ,
I. did pot ask yort what ypu Icnexo but
what you thought,' said the lady: 'you must
have some thought about it.' ,
'Well then, I think he likes mo best,' said
Just then the, door opened, and in walked
the identical James Martyrs. Alice blushed
looked a little comical, and continued
on with her sewing, while the lady began:
Really, Mr. James, I wis,h you had
come in a minute sooner, to hear Alice's
What li.u s! confessed f said James,
Why that she in handsomer and Bolter
than most folks.' ,
'That's nothing to be ashamed of;' said
Oli, that's not all sho wants , to look
pretty, and loves to bo admired, all-r-'
'It somubi'very much like her,' said James
looking at Alice.. , . .
'Oli, but besides that,' said (lie lady, 'she
has been preaching a discourso in justifica
tion of vnit)nnd. eclf-lovc.' .
.'And the ns:;t, timo.you shall .take notes
when I preach, said Alice, 'for I do not
think your,memory is, remarkably happy.'
'Ypu see, James,' .said tho lady, 'that
Alice makes, it a pojht to say exactly the
triflh, when she speaks a; all ; and I'vo
been puzzling her with questions. I really
wish you would ask her some to see what
she will say. But mercy! the.ro .is uncle
.G come tp tako mo to ride. I must
run. And off flow the little,humming-bird,
leaving James and Alice tele a tele.,,; ..
'TJierc is .really one question,' said James,
clearing up his voice
Alice looked up. ., '
, .fThero is one question, Alice, which I
wish you would answer.' .r
Alice did not enquiro what the question
was, but began to look very solemn, and
.1 t . i r , i i
jiisi men i WL'iu oui oi uiu ruum aim suui
the door : and so I never knew what it was
that Alice's friend James wante'd to bo en?
Trom Waldio's Journal of Belles Letters,
Judge Hopkinson Wo present our
readers with an Ameiican anecdote, from
the' pea of a valued correspondent, respect
ing the composition of " Hail Columbia,"
by Judge Hopkinson. which will bo new
to post of our subscribers. .
Mr. Editor though you are aware, that
the Hon. Judge Hopkinson is the author of
Hail Columbia, you may nptknow.the cir
cumstances under which it was written. I
have heard the history of the song more
than once, and it may find a place of record
in sorne corner of your Journal,' and bo se
cured from oblivion. .. ,
In tho year 1708 when patriotic feelings
pervaded the coutry and when there were
several parties in the field, Mr. Fox, a
young player, who was more admired ..for
his vocal than historical powers called ono
morning upon his friend Mr. II. and after
stating the following ovening had been ap
pointed for his benefit, and expressing
great fear for the rcsult,,a single., box had
been taken begged his friend to do some
thing in hjs behalf. , , , v ,
"If," said Fox, "you will wrjle me some
patriotic vrses to the tune of thePresident's
March, I feel sure of a full house. Seve
ral of the people about the tlieatre have at
tempted it ; but they have come to the con
clusion that it cannot be done, yet I think
you may succeed. Mr. II. consented i to
make a trial,. and requested Fox to call in
the evening to Judge of the result. .
Mr. Hopkinson retired to his study, and
in a short time wrote tho first verse and
chorus which were submitted, to Mrb.Hop-'
kinson, who sung them to a pianno accom
paniment, and proved the measure and mu
sic to be compatible and in. keeping. , Jn
this way the second and other verses were
written and when Fox returned in tho eve
ning, ho received with delight the sqng as
it now stands. Tho following morning,
small handbills and placards announced
that Mr Fox would sing a new patriotic
song, S:c. .. , . .,
The theatre was crowded, ; the song was
sung and received with' rapture it was re
peated eight times and again encored, and
when sung last the whole audience stood up
and joined in the chorus. Night after night
nan L-olumbia cheered the visiters of the
theatre, and hi a few days it was the uni
versal song bf the, boys in the, streets from
one end of tho city to the othqr. Nor wa6
the distinguished .autbdr or this truly, na
tional song a song which met the entire
approbation of all parties .of the', day for
gotten. ,Thc street in- which ho resided
was on the occasion crowded, and Hail Co
lumbia broke on the Stillness , of midnight
from five hundred patriotic voices
MORNING. , ..lt, (11
The best part of the day for moat pur
poses, is in a great measuro loot by most
persons. There is riq qucsllpn of it. . It is
either lost in sleep between sleeping and
waking feeble effors to rise buttoning up
at the toilet,, or.in a slato of lrilling.indcci
sion what to take hold of first. Let habU
have its due influence In the case, and there
can bo no doubt, but that early morning is
the most advantageous timtf for effort of any
kind, physical or mental. What an iinpoi.
tant part of most people's lives nre lost!-.
Sir Walter Scott's evidence in atiy.tiiff
which relates to experience in great perform
.anro will bo taken without reserve. TJ0
says, when I got over any knotty difficulty
in a poem, it hasahvays been when 1 first
opened my eyes that the desire hiden
thronged, upon mo. This is so much the
case, that I am in the habit of relying upon
lU.and snywffto myself when I am m n u.-
."we shall havp it at sk o'clock to morrow
m6rning.' Ifl have forgot a circnmSin.,A
.iui.il, u, u uujiy .ui veracs, It is t(j
samo thing-, I think the first hour of ti10
morning is favorable to bodily strength.
Among other feats, when I was a young
man I was ablo to lift a smith's anvil, by
what is called' tho horn! but It could only
do this before breakfast and required iny
wholo strength undiminished by the least
exertion. .'.' .
A judge, on a journey, fell it company
with a quaker. "Sir," said tho judge, "how
is it that you quakcrs always have fat hnr.
and money in your pockets?'
Quaker. "By. .and by I will toll thee."
Shortly after-liiey arrived at a tnvom
Tho judge called for a glass of bitters. nn,t
urged tho quaker to drink; tut ho refused,
saying "i have no need." Ho then called
foi two quarts of .oats for his horse, and tho
Quaker for four for his.
Quaken Now I will toll thee., we rlrint
no spirits at tho tavern. How miml,
thou pay for the biltcis?
Quaker. How much for tho oats?
J. Sixpence. ,
Q. ..'My oats cost mo ninenence: ami wh.i
good did tho bitters do thee?
J. rlioy procured mo an appetite.
Q. Abstince gives me an appetite.-.
Thus you see that wo spend no more than
thou, and our horses aro fat. But I havs
not done with theo yet. I see silver buckles
on thy shoes; how much did they cost?
J. iMiie dollars..
Q. How long hast thou had them?
J. Eight years. .
Q- ' Do they answer anv better than my
1 J. No. '
Q. With nino dollars wo should havs
bought live stock, .and at tho expiration of
fivo years, wc should havo had fifteen head
of cattle. Here thou -seest we can havs
money.in our pockets instead of Wearing
silver on our shoes wo have leather strings.
COVERSATION ON CONSCIENCE.
A few friends accidcntlv meetini? one
day, were led in convcasation to conclude
that some men have no conscience. "There
is neighbor T." said one of them, "who
.has borrowed from .mo no less than three
umbrellas, and seems to' make
of bringing them back.". . Ah,'1 said a stu-
t . - .
Ueilt. "1 hUVO SOVernl riipIi nnirrtitinrs unlil
. MV(, IIUIIIUUU UtlltS
my library almost consists of odd Yolumos."
" i he case is bad enough," said a mechanic,
"but not o. liad as mine;- ror .1 have beea
.working for the rieh Mr. F. for tho last
twelve months, and he has so little consci
ence that he always.putsme'off when I ask
for payment. "Well well" said a physi
cian, 'I havo always found that men had
less conscience in.paying thp doctor's bill,
.than any thing.elqc." iExcuie.me," says a
country clergyman,, "if I doubt your conclu
sions I lal?or .hard', and live poor, .and al
though I ani always descanting on the" plea
sure, of a good conscience, that is a consci
ence whickaccuses lis of no neglect of duty
yet I seldom find my parishoners with con
science enough to reraqmber the poor part
sori's. quarter day' , .Whilo thls. corlversa.
tion was going on, tHo pulisher of a newsr
paper stept up and remarked, "Gentlemem
noheofiyou havp so much causa to com
plain as I havet,-I go to the expence of have
ing presses, types and paper, I hire work
men who must be paid by the week; I send'
out a daily .sheet of noWs, and yet somo of
my subscribers have never made it a mat,
ter of. conscience to pay me a cent for (he
last three years. And when I send .them a
bill, they threaten to cease their patronage
if l.dun.them." At this, most of them pre
sent agreed that it was true that many had
very little conscience in paying for a news
paper. Perhaps felt guilty themselves.
If every body would mind their own but
sincss, there would be more business tlone
and belter done,