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1 liavo sworn upon the Altar of Cod, eternal, hostility to evory form Of Tyranuy orcr the Mind of Man." Thomas Jtffstton.
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED TiY JOHN S. INGRAM AND FRANKLIN S. MILLS.
BliOOMSBlTIBG, OOIiTOIBIA COTOTY, FA. SATURDAY, MARCH 3, 1838.
opinE or The democrat.
Next door to Hobison's Staok Offioh
The COLUMBIA DEMOCRAT will be
published every Saturday morning, at
TWO DOLLARS per annum, payable
half yearly in advance, or Tivo JMlars
Fifty Cents, if not paid within the year.
No subscription will be taken for a shorter
period than six months; nor any discon
tinuance permitted, until all arrearages
'A 1) VERTI SEME NTS not exceeding a
square inill be conspicuously, inserted at
One Dollar for the first three insertions,
and Twenty-five cents for every subse
quent nserl'ion. ICTA liberal discount
made to those who advertise by the year.
LETTERS addressed on business, must
be post paid.
T miMtmniTR of nn order of the Orphans'
Court of Columbia County, will be .sold at
Public Vendue, on saturuay, uic iuui uuy
March, next, at 10 o'clock in the forenoon,
the following described real estate, late tha
nmnoriv nf Nathaniel Edprnr. lat of Hem
lock township, deceased, a certain tract of
situate in the townshisp aforesaid, Columbia
more or less, adjoining lands of Inane Shoe
maker, Andrew Shoemaker, and others.
The improvement are a
HOUSE AND, HALF BARN.
The land is of good quality well watered
and fenced. Conditions at the timu of sale.
MICHAEL STECHEll, Jldm'r.
By the Court,
Jas. Donaldson, Clerk.
Feb. 17, 183& 43 4t
BY virtue of a writ or Ven.' Exponas, to
. me directed, will be cxposud to public
sale, at the court-house, in Danville, on
Wednesday the 28th day of February,
at 10 o'clock, A. M. a certain
situate in Derry township, Columbia coun
ty, containing FORTY acres, more or less,
whereon is erected
A 5j6&; Hcrase
The land is all cleared, and adjoins lands of
David Dcrr, James Clark, John Springer,
and others. On the premises is an
and a well of water near the dopr. Seized,
taken in execution, and to bo sold as the
propeity of John Doalc.
WM. KITCHEN, Sheriff.
February 10, 1838. 42 3t
WHEREAS, tho honorable ELLIS LEWIS
President of iho Courts pf Oyer and Tcr
rrlnicr and GoncralJail Delivery, Court of Quarter
Sessions of tho Peace, and Court of Common Pleas,
and Orphan's Court.ln tho eighth Judicial District,
composed of tho counties of Northumborland.Qnion,
Columbia and Lycoming ; and tho Hon. Wilmam
Montodmkht and Lkokauu Ruviut, Esquires,
associate Judges in Columbia county, have issued
their precept bearing date tho luth day of February
in dio year of our Lord ono thousand eight hundred
and thirty-eight, and to mo directed for holding
A Court of Oyer and Terminer and Q il
eal Jail Delivery', General Quarter
Sessions of the Peace, Common
Pleas, and Orphan's Court,
IN DANMLLE.in tho county of Columbia, on
tfio third M today of April next, (being tho Iflth
'davl and to continue one week.
NOTICE is thtrtfurt hcrebu civtn to tho Cor-
oner, tho Justices of tho Pouce, and Constables of
and other remembrancer to do those things which
to their offices nppertain to be done. And those
who aro bound by recognizances to prosecute
; "Vajrwnst the prisoners that arc or may bo in tho jail
of said countyof Columbia, aro to be then and thero
to proccuto against thorn as shall be just. Jurors
aro ronursreu 10 uo punctual liuueir attendance,
yJL said County or Columbia, that tney b then and
.there in their proper persons, at ten o clock, in tho
lh forenoon of said day. with their records, inquisition.
I, jreoably to their notices.
Dated at Danville, the 10th day of , February, In
tho voar of our Lord ono thousand eicht hun
dred nml thirty-aight, and in the 03d year of
the inueponuanoo pt the United states of Airisr
WILLIAM KITCHEN, Sheriff.
Sheriff's Oflloo, Danville, ?
Ksb. 10, 1883, 6t
Tub enrolled inhabitants belonging to 'the
Firm Baltallion 7,lst Regiment 1. M., are
.hereby notified that an election will be held
at th house of Alexander Hughes, in Or
angevillc Columbia county on Saturday the
10th day of March next, between the hours
of ten in the forenoon and six in tho nftor
noon, to eleot. by ballot one person for Ma
jor for said battullion in the room of Uzcl
Hopkins, uoe u.
Inspeotor 1st Brigade 8th D'iv. P. M.
Limestone, Feb. 17, 1838. 43 4t
A THREE DOLLAR Shinplnster; the
owner can have it by calling at this office,
and paying tor tins advertisement.
Blooinsburg, Feb. 17, 1838. 43
THE snbscribor wishes to engage for one year,
from the fint day of April next, the services
such an one as can make Ono and Two Hsrsa Wa
gons in n firm and substantial manner. A ho ;
A SPJCK MOTJLDEB.3
for tho season, who can come well recommended as
a good workman. Either of tho above will obtuin
reasonable wages by opplying to the undersigned
Uloomsburg, January 27, 1838. 40-tf
Jf Bi'SlIE partnership heretofore existins between
IS tho undersigned, tradine under tha firm of
Jocph Lemon, & Co. was rnirtually dissolved on
llie lotli ol January, 1833. All persons havrng de
mands will please to present them for settlement, &
uiose .indebted to tho firm aro requested to mauo lm
January 27, 1835. - 4Wt
THE PROPRIETOR of tho North Branch
Lino of Mail Stjsgc3 would inform the trav
elling public that he ha reduced the fare to TWO
DOLLARS for through nassencers, and four cents
a mile for way passengers. Leaving Northumber
land daily at the arrival or the Harrisp.urg Stogc
(TW',or seats at Northumberland, anolv at H. II
isurrs Hotel. Returning leaving Wilkesbarr
ovary morning between 8 and 9 o'clock j for seats
apply at the Hotels of (J.' Korhcr and George P.
llloomsbarg, January 2T, 1838. 40 If.
Ziook at TMs.
SPIRITS, fr renewing mid cleansins Ladies &
3 Gontlenen'B wearing apparrcl, arid resloreing
rnem to their onginal colour and bnalitncss. J his
axcellcnt Renovator nevor fulls, no matter with whut
artiole tho garment may bo stainod. It removes
all grease from tho collarj 01 cotrts, spots and stains
eaujou by lime, paints, tnr, on, &c. &c. for salo at
x nutan s jjeallh Emporium.
Bioomsburg, January 27, 1S38. 40 3t
TJIE subscriber would respectfully inform th
public that lie has taken his sou WILLIAM
SNYDER into co-partnership in his Tannery, und
that tho business wilt hereafter bo conducted undor
the firm of Daniel fc William Snyder, at ths old
established stand in Jlloomsburg.
Bloomsburg, January C, 183S. 37-tf
F cood quality, and for sale at tho lowest nii
ccs, always on hand at, tho old established
Tannery, adjoining Snyder's Hotel, The subscri
bers would respectfully solicit d continuance or the
liberal customs hentafora enjoyed by tho s:nior
Bloomsburg, Januiry C, 1838. 37-tf
fTS wanted immnicdiatoly by fhe subscribers, to
jy, tho Talintng business. A boy between 1-1 and
7 yoars of ags will obtain sjood situation by ap-
Bloomsburg, January 0, 1838, 37-tf
JOB Pft'nTTIHG .
Neaty 'exceuttd at the Demaerat ojtee.
A general supply of FRESH OYSTERS may
always be obtained during tho season, by ap
plying at the Refectory of the subscriber in Blaomt-
liurg. Jl'lltt if, .VJU1TSN.
IiL persons indebted to the subscriber by bond,
note, or book account, or otherwise, aro re
quested to call and settle the same lefore the Jini
day vf April, next. He is determined to have ojd
rnattcrs justly arranged; and thoso who neglect at
tending to tins notice may rely on strict legal pro
ceedings for tho purposes of settlement. There is
UO mistake. . DANIEL SNYDER.
Bloomsburg, January C, 1838. 37-tf
MPLOYMENT will bo given to 20 stone cut
ters nnd masons, 20 drillers, 20 common la
borers, 10 wood choppers, and 10 teams, at Bridge
No. 1, Catawisua Rail Road, by the subscribers.
Achuylcr, Iriek, Co.
Catawisiii Furnace, January 0, 1838. 37-3t
sy?vjy 3 of a superior quality, just re
cuned, and lorsaloat tho new and cheap store
J. T. MUSSELMAN, Sc. Co.
Bloomi,burg, Feb. 3, 1838.
LL persons indebted to the subscriber on Bnolc
account or otherwisn fhrnnnvmr lmpV. urn
requested to make payment prior to tho 25th of
.uarcu ncxi. ,
t LEWIS MEYER.
Bloomsburg, Feb. 3, 1839.
'ALlvER8HAMl"S Cough Sirup and Family
i-iui, lor saio at.
Tobias's Ifealth Emporium.
THE tsubscriber Would respectfully inform, the
public, that he his taken the slum riWntlu
occupied by Mr. McDowell, in Oraligcville, and is
now opening and receiving lrom ISew York ahd
rmiadeipliia, a splendid nssortment ol all kinds o
which ho will dispose of at the most reduced ririccs
lor casn or country produce. Tho public aro inv
ted to call and examine for thcmsclvev
Orangeville; Oct. 7, 1837
Cheaper than cheap !
rCnHE subscriber would respectfully announce
w t' vjiw ui ..uu.uauuiy Iliiu vicinity, x
to tho public in general, that hp has just returned n
second time from the city, and is opening out his
purchase, which, tourlhr r with lit fnmiir ctnt-
comprises a neat and general assortment
Consisting in part of an assortment of
Cloths, Casiimeres, Saltinctts, Merinos,
,5V Merino Shawls e Handkerchiefs',
Dress $ Bonnet Silks and
Muslins, Vesting, Stocks, Hosiery, f,-e.
An extensive assortment of
Hardware, Jlollotv-ware, China; Glass,
$ Quccnsivare, Crockery, Groceries and
Liquors, Oils, Paints, Salt, Fish, iyc.
All of which ho offers for sjIc at his store room in
Bloomsburg, on Main-strcot, directly opposito the
Post o'u.;t, v!r tho pnbljp, are rcspcettnlly invited
to call mid scoforthcmsolvoF; s.iJio intends selling
his goods still a little cheaper than nny yet sflircd
to the public, for cash or country produce.
Bloomsburg, Dec. 30, 1837.
Dr. Freeman's Indian Specific,
OR the prevention and cure of colds, coughs,
Asthmas. mnKimuilinnc. cniHinrr tf hlnrwl.
and all disorders of the breast and lungs, for Bale at
ue urug siorooi the subscruer, in JJloomshurg.
Rawant's Tonic Mixture,
R Vegetable Vermifuge, a lasting cure for tho
t ever and Ague, on hand nnd for sale by
D. S. Tobias.
Mead's Anti-Dyspeptic or Stomach Pills,
juk innigesnon.orsourHtoniach, on hand, and
M fnr mnln ft.
ToMat1 ITrnhh Jtmnnriim.
Bloomsburg, January 13, 1838. 38-4t
RY respectfully Informs his friends and the
public, that he has Always on hand, at his Li
very Stable in Bloomsburg, for tho purposes of Hira
or Exchange, a variety of
GIGS, WAGONS, AND SLEIGHS,
which he will foel gratified to keep in readiursj for
the accommodation of customers.
Personal application can b made at his residence,
whn avery means will bo used to render entire cut
Ufaction of thoso who may give him a call.
NOAH 8. PRENTI8.
Bloomsburg, November 4, 188T.
From tho Lancaster Journal.
Tho vocation of the School-master, lias
been less appreciated, and most illy reqult
ted of all others. He has been looked up
on by tho greater part of society as a se
condary being, disqualified for any other
pursuit, cons-quently only qualified to
"keep school" hence it is obvious why
education languishes and so little impor
tance attaches to the common schools in our
beloved state. Our eitizens have been in
tent upon getting rich; their affections have
been wedded to the world by the lust of
unholy Mammon. The school has beer,
neglected, 01 what is worse, been occupied
by some stupid, debauched veteran of rum,
corresponding in his character, to the esti
mation set on the knights of the "Birch"
by his employers. I say it, with mingled
feelings of regret and indignation, that our
("armors in particular, have been more ea
gerly bent upon the attainment of fine hor
ses and fat cattle, than upon the culture of
the minds of their children. The poor
Bchool-master, and the rich farmer's child
have been in apposition both secondary
concerns. ' One, because he can do nothing
else, the latter because ho has 110 work to
do: thus as if to fill up a natural vacuum,
ho is sent to school during the winter
months; and by reason of his home educa
tion, he thinks it a duty while at school, to
treat his teacher superciliously and contemp
tuously; to regard him as a servile depen
dant upon the bounty of his parents, and a
fit sublcct for tho scoffs and jeers of noisy
urchins. Lot the history of our common
schools be a sufficient voucher.
At present, when a simultaneous effort
is being made by the wise and good, to el
ovate the character of our schools, the pe
cuniary remuneration of teachers falls so far
short of a competent salary, that few of
tliose wlio arc quallitied will embark in the
cause. No young man of good parts will
for one moment think of devoting his life to
teaching. With a salary of S20 or 625
per month, a young man can hardly subsist,
Where then are there any inducement to
uige him to perform the duties of ono of the
highest offices? None, unless it be a dis
interested I0V0 for the character ofhisfel
lows. The toad to eminence and distinc
tion-invites him through other professions
ami few will be found willing to immolate
themselves on the altar of a nation's neglect.
He see3, and wiselysecs that his labours of
love will not be appreciated, and that for the
wear of his constitution, he will reecive no
remuneration, and finally when his health
is broken down by close application, he will
be turned out upon the commons to die
or end his days in a poor-house, subsisting
on the forced bounty of the community.
Have parents and guardians viewed this
subjcot seriously? I trust not. I cannot be
lieve they possess so little interest in the
moral and intellectual training of their im
mortal charges, No! a withering indiffer
ence, a negligent disposition has settled up
on tlit'iu. They reflect not upon the awful
responsibility that rests upon them, relative
to this matter. In this wealth seeking age,
an incubus presides tho cursed love of
pelf, vibrates on every heart-string. They
inglonously fall down at the foot of Mam
mon, their vows are paid, and at this shrine
every duty is forgotten.
Wide, deep, and desolating aro the ha
vocks made upon tho principles of our go
vernment, by cunning and dissigning dema
gouges, who lend the great mass who aro
blinded by ignorance and led captive by oily
tongucd politicians, and who shout Amen!
to all their designs. If liberty ever finds a
crave tn the land of her Washington If
anarchy ia ever rocked in the 6araa bed
where freedom first drawned, 'twill be be
cause the people,lQ whole people, were ig
norant and uninformed.
Educate tho youth of our land, and though
commotion should lash the bloodstained
ensigns of freedom. Though factious dom
ajognes should arise, and with unholy hands
commit sacrilege upon the' Star Spangled
Banner its Stripes will still wave triumph
ant its banners bedewed in the blood of
.patriots will emerge from the destoyer's
hand, beautified and resplendent in enafTable
When time permits, I shall resume this
subject: it is full of interest to all. In the
meantime, it is to you, Mr, Editor, and
your brethren of the press, that we look
for tho greatest aid in reforming the depor
able condition of our common schools.
Will not the Press speak out?
Mill Hall, Pa. Febuary 1, 1838,
Stkanoe Story. It is 18 years since
the commune of Laudum, in the department
of'Gnrd,. was the scene ofa most bloody
deed. A woman, the mother of several
children, was murdered in the night, and
her body was found buried in a field close
to the house of her brother-in-law, upon
whom many other circumstances conspired
to fix the guilt of this crime. He was tried,
found guilty, and condemned to perpetual
hard labor. This man was in his 50lh
year. The letters "T. P." (travaux a
perpetuife ) were branded on his shoulder,
but his last words to that society which cast
him from it were, "I am innocent.'? .
For 12 'years the unfortunate .Bertrand
continued an inmate of that scene of herrors,
a French bagne, aud during the whole of
that time his conduct was calculated to gain
for him the esteem of his superiors. He
never ceased to proclaim his innocence, and
his confidence that ono day the truth of his
declaration would be acknowledged. At
the end of the 12th year, of confinement,
when he had entered his 08 th year as a re
ward for his good conduct', tho term of his
imprisonment was reduced to 12 years, thus
affording him the prospect that in the 80th
year of his age lie might bo allowed to turn
his back on (ihc gates of his prison. Ber
trand was not, however, satisfied; it was the
vindication of his character for which alone
ho wished to live, and to which ho never
ceased to look forward with confident hope.
On attaining his 70th year, Bertrand was
excused from further labor, and confined
to the Central House of Confinement in
Abdul three weeks after a letter addres
sed to Bertrand arrived from his native vil:
Iage. It was written by an officer of rank,
who had been his neighbor, andhad fre-'
quently befriended him before the fearful
stain had been thrown on his character.
This letter informed trie prisoner that his "
innocence would in a short time be openly
acknowledged that by order of the Prociit
reur-General aftcsh inquiry had been insti-'
tuted and that there was no doubt that in
a few days his (Bertrand's)innocenco would
be fully established. "My poor Bertrand,','
said hie correspondent, ,"you will bo re
stored to society, when I am sure you will ,
conduct yourself as in your happier days.
Courage, Bertrand! you will behold again
the mountain of Plauzolies, that of Saint
Pierre, and my old Chateaude Be."
It had bsqn ascertained that the , murder
bad been committed by the husband of tho
victim, and that he had buried ihcb'p-dy near
Bertraml's house, to divert suspicion from
himself. The children of the murderer
were aware of tho truth, but during their
father's life they had kept the secret invi
olate. On his death, however, they be
came less reserved; soino hints were at first
dropped, and public attention having been
recalled to the almost forgotten affair of Ber
trand, an inquiry was set on foot, the result
of which was a complete vindication of his
character from tho horrid chargo that had
so long weighed upon it.
Poor Bertrand, howover, was not desti
ned to behold again his; native mountains,
nor his aged wife, nor his friend tho officer,
to whoso zeal he had been mainly indebt
ed for tho recognition of innocence. Tha
formalities required by the French system
of eontralization beforo tho order for tha
prisoner's discharge could bo made out oc
cupied several days, and when it reached
Renns poor Bertrand had already been e
mancipated from captivity. He diod on tho
second day after that on which he received
the letter from Ins friend, and hisjastworda
were, "I knew the day would oomo at
length when myinnoeence would be recog
ntsed," French paper.