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"I have sworn upon the Altar of God, eternal hostility to every form of Tyranny over the Mind of Man." Thomas Jefferson.
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY JOHN S. INGRAM.
BLOOMSBUSG, COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA. SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 4, 1837.
OFFICE OF THE DEMOCRAT,
Next door to Roiiison's Stage Office.
The COLUMBIA DEMOCRAT will be
published every Saturday morning, 'at
TWO DOLLARS per annum, payable
half yearly in advance, or Two Dollars
Fifty Cents, if not paid within the year.
No subscription will betaken for a shorter
'period than six months ) nor ami discon-
t .if :
unuancc pcrmuicu, umu uu arrearages
ADVERTISEMENTS not exceeding a
square will be conspicuously inserted at
One Dollar for the first three insertions
ahd Twenty-five cents for every subse
quent nsertton. JCr4 liberal discount
made to those ivho advertise by the year.
LETTER S'addresscd on business) must
be post paid.
The GcntfciY&iVs Magazine-
Tp.'c'fcfp'rictors have much pleasure in announc
ing toj tho reading public, the complete success
which has 'attended the establishment of this Maga
zine a success far beyond their utmost expectations,
and considerably exceeding the prosperity ofnny
publication in America. The daily Increasing sub
scription list, and the XL'Mr.mirs commexiiatoht
xoTi'cr.s or tiif. ritF.ss, attest the merits and the
popularity of the Gentleman's Magazine, each num
ber of which c6ntains moro
han any other monthly publication in the United
Original Tales of Powerful Interest. llumorous
and Graphic Delineations of Men and Manners.
Novel $ke'tclies pr Foreign Lands; Poetry; Charac
teristic Studies; Essays on Popular Subjects, and
liiogrophical Notices of Celebrated or Eccchtric
Persons, with many Original Anecdotes.
T.hc Lives of Paganini, with likenesses; Prlnco
Puckfcr Muskau; Dickens, Uoz, tho autlior of tho
Pickwick Papers, with a likeness; Dr. John Faust,
the Sorcerer; The li'u'ch'css of St. Albans, and
ZfAcha, tho Negro Queen, hive already been given.
The now Publication arc reviewed in full: liberal
extracts mode from rare dnd valuable work present
ing a complete account of the Popular Literature of
tho day. An Original Copy Right Song, not other
wise to be obtained, will be given, with the music,
in every number.
The Gentleman's "Magazine will contain seventy
ttvo extra sized octavo pages, of two columns each,
forming, at the close of the year, two largo handsome
volumes of Ono Thousad Seven HuhAlrcd and
Twenty-eight columns, each column containing
more than un octavo page of avcrago proportion,
And each monthly number has more reading matter
than a volume of a novel. The work is neatly
printed on good paper, and stitched in a neat colored
cover. Several engravings will bo given in the
course of the year; and the prdprifctors pledge them
selves to produce an agreeable book an epitome
if Life's adjunctics u Literary Melange possessing
variety to suit all palates, and sufficient interest to
command a plaeo upon trie, parlor table of every
Gentleman In tho United Slates. , ,
AN ENGRAVED TITLE PAGE, of supcrioa
production, Embracing every possiblo variety of
PIOTOltAL DISPLAY, ond executed iu first
ilylc of Art, by "J. An-ots, of New York, accom
panies the October NuMur.n.
Terms $5$ per annum.
To induce subscribers to forward-their names
Immediately, the publisher begs leave to offer the
following extra, Inducements for Clubbinj, the
advantages bf which proposition can only remain
in force till Christmas next. Tho subscription to
the Gentleman's Magazine will, for a singlo copy,
bo Invariably Three Dollars per annum, payable in
advance but a five dollar bill will produce two
'copies to the same direction, or a club of Tcri Dollars
will command five copies. oct 14-31
Insurance against fire.
THE DELAWARE COUNTY
Capital authorised by Law, $25b;t)00;
fTHHE public are respectfully Infprrric'il. titat this
1 Company will make insurance, eitller per
manent or limited, on property and effects of every
Inscription, against loss or damage by fire, on the
tnos't reasonable terms, at their oHlfco in Chester,
Delaware county, Pennsylvania.
Tbe citizens of Columbia countv arc hereby in
formed, that insurances bv the ubove Company of
every description of lironcrty, can bo effected by
pplying to tho undersigned agent, in Cattawissa
Tho following are the annual Rates of Insujance
on the $100, upon tho most Cortimon description
of property, viz:
Frame or Log do.
Brick or Stone barns,
Frame or Log do.
00 to 75
50 foti'i J "
750 100 "
02J to 100"
75 to 100
JJrickor Stone Urxst
Merchandize ahd furniture contained in houses,
nd grain and utensils in mills and barns, in pro.
portion. Information can bo had by applying el
her personally, by letter pott paid, to
EZRA S. HAYHUR8T, Agent.
Cattawissa, September 30, 1837.
IJTjIUR CAPS, just received, and for sale at tho
JU new 6c cheap store ot
PACKET AND FREIGHT BOATS.
From Philadelphia, by Rail Road $ Canal
to Harrisburg, Northumberland, Dan
ville, Cattawissa, Bloomsburg',
Berwick, Jf'ilkesbdrrd, Mil
ton, TlHUiamsport, and
PASSENGERS can leave tho West Chestt1
Hotel, Broad street, Philadelphia, daily, ct 6
o'clock, A. M. reach Harrisburg at 4 o'clock, P. M.
of the same day ; Northumberland at lfl o'clock A.
M. of the next day ; and Wilkesbarro on the suc
ceeding morning at G o'clock ; when Coaches will
immcdiatey start for Catbondalc, Tunkhannock and
Montrose, and thence to the Western part of New
York stnuv, .
RETURNING The Boats cave Wilkesbarre
dniy, at 10 o'cock, A. M., and arrive at Booms
burg at 4 o'clock, P. M. It arrives nt Harrisburg at
0 o'clock on tho following morning, and reaches
Columbia in time to take the morning Cars for
The Boats afso arrlvo a Wilfiamspdrt, on the
West Branch, at about 9 o'clock, P. Mi of tho same
day on which they reach Northumberland arid re
The Boats on tho above lines have been repaired,
and arc now confidently recommended to 'the PUB
LIC as a pleasant, comfortable, and convenient mode
of travcllin EAT may be taken in Philadelphia
at the north-east corner of Fourth & Chcsnut streets,
at No. 200 Market street, and at tho West-Chester
Hotel, Broad street.
FREIGHT may ho forwarded by Rail Road from
Orrich & Nobles and 'Ji J. Lewis & Co, Broad street,
and by CapU McCabcs Line of Union Canal Uoats
o Harrisburg, whero they will be received by the
Susquehanna Line from Jiihc'z irdrrasdin, Vine ifnTet
P. Mc. C. GILCHRIST,
Wilkesbarre, June 10, 1837. Agent.
To Travellers up the North Branch of the
PA8SENGERS by the Susquehanna Boat Line
from Northumberland, arrive at Wilkesbarre
EIGHT HOURS tooncr than by the Mail Line
nf Stages, and reach fontrorb TWENTY-FOUR
hours sooner". . P. Me. 0. GILCHRIST,
Juno 10, 1837. Agent.
F a very superior quality, neatly bound, and
" printed on gold-edged paper, with coloured
ins, for sale at the clieap store of
J. T Musselrnan, Co.
September 10, 1837;
OF a very superior quality, for sale at the new
and cheap store of MUSSELMAN.& Co.
Sept: 5, 1837.
UEENSWARE, of every variety pf figure
and price, just received 6c for sale by
.. T. Musselrnan. &' Co.
Sept. 30, 1837.
Bushels of Flux-Seed wanted, and
the highest price paid, by
J. T. Musselrnan, Co.
INE, Brandy, Gin, Cordial, Jcc. just re
ceived, and rcadv for delivery to customers,
at very redueb'd prices, by ,
J. l . Musselrnan, $ vo.
Sept. 30, 1837.
N assortment of HARDWARE, just opened
and for sale at tlie new & clieap store ot
J. T' Mitssehlim; $ Co.
Sept 30, 1837;
AN Apprentice to tho Tailoring Uusincss, is
wanted immediately. A Bey between 14 &
17 years oi age, win nnu a gocu situation uy apply
ing to the subscriber. P. R. I1EIGHMAN
Orangevillc, September 30, 1837:
A Journeyman Blioemancr, win mcci wiui con
stant employment and liberal wages by apply-
i:ii tnfimtiiWrilu'r in Bloomsburer.
lllg U111IICUIUW.IJ -
Bloomsburg, Oct. 14, 1837.
LADIES' FUR CAPES, just received, and for
sale at the new it cheap store of
J. T. Musselrnan, $ Co.
Oct. 14, 1837.
LEIGH WHIPS &BELL8,jut received, and
for sale at the new cheap store oi
J. T. Musselrnan, i Co.
HAS just received from Philadelphia, a fresh
assortment of GOODS, which have been
purchased very low, and are now offered to custom
ers at reduced prices. An excellent article of Cor
fek is how ofrcrci at, twelve and a half cent per
pound first quality of New Orleans Sugar at ten
cents, and second quality at eight ccniiper pound.
He has also a largo and full assortment of
Iron & Hollow-Ware,
Which ho offers at the lowest prices. The public
are respectfully invited to call and examine his as
sortment. Oj All kinds of country produce will be taken
In exchange for goods,
C. B. FISHER.
Bloomsburg, Aug. 19,183V.
V a superior quality, just received and for sale
by the subscriber. C. U. FISIIEK.
Bloomsburg, Ang. 6, 1837.
UST received, and now opening at the new &
iStiS Yards G-4 Mcririos
.TOO Yards 3-'i do.
5000 do. Blnachcd Jlti'slill
000 do. Brown do.
4000 Yards New Style of Prints, at
irom 0 to 28 cents per yaru.;
30 Pieces 900 yards of Sattinetts ;
Blue, Brown, Olive, Black, Strcl-mixed,
Drab, Claret and Invisible Cloths.
All which they arc determined to dispose of very
cheap for cash or country produce.
. T. Musselrnan, Co:
Bloomsburg, Sept. 30.
very extensive assortment of Cedar Ware, just
received, and tor sale at the new store ol
J. T. MUSSULMAN, k Co.
Bloomsburg, August "0, 1837.
SUGAR & COFFEE !
PRIM.E COFF.EE, at Twelve and a halt
Cents per Pound, and a superior quality
oi SUGARS at Eight and Ten Cents, for sale at
the nbw and cheap store of
J. T. MUSSEIiMAN, & Co.
Bloomsburg, Aug; 2u".
LB Rinds of GRAIN Wanted, for wliictl the
Inchest market nrico will be raid, at the new
lid cheap store of the subscribers.
J. T. MUSSELMAN, & Co.
Bloomsburg, Sept. 2, 1837.
JOHN S. INGRAM,
TENDERS his professional services to tho citi
zens of Columbia county. He will feel grate
ful for business entrusted to his care. Office in the
same building with the 'Columbia Democrat.'
Bloomsburg, May, 1837.
List of Letters
Remaining in the Bloomsburg Post-office,
iseplcmbcr 30, 1837;
Miss Anna Kcndig,
Mrs. Mary Lllley,
Miss Abigail lioble,
Overseers of the Poor,
George T. Wolcot, I
Jatrics Yeoman. 45
BERNARD RUPERT. P. M.
October 7, i837;
JUST received' and for salo at the storo of tho
subscribe splendid assortment of WOOD
STOVES, both rlam and with Boilers. Also an
assortment of round and square Coal Stoves; of
different sizes. O. B. FISHER.
Bloomsburg, Sept. 30, 1837.
HE Co-partnership of Davit 4- Williams, con
tractors on tho Cattawissa Rail rp0,.was dis
solved by mutual consent on the 11th of August
last; All persons having demands against satdfirnl
will call on E. Davis, who has assumed to pay tlio
THE subscriber begs leave to inform the pubfic,
that he continues the above business, in its
vunous branches, in Sclinsgrovo and Milton, where
lie has constantly .on hand an assortment of
Head & Foot Stones,
Of ALL SIZES AND DIFFERENT QUALITIES.
WINDOW AND DOOR-SILLS,
made to order, on the shortest notice, and in the
Tho public arc respectfully invited to give him
Lettering, both English and German, done iu a
near, nom, ana ucauiitm style.
September 30, 1837.
fXjThc Terms, &c. can bo ascertained by calling
upon the Editor of tho "Columbia Democrat," who
will attend to any orders which may be made by the
people of this neighbourhood, anil guarantee a
speedy and faithtul execution ot any job winch may
be specially ordered.
THE subscriber would respectfully inform the
public, that ho.has ftikcn the storo recently
occupied by Mr. McDowell, in Orangevillc, ond is
now opening and receiving lrom XScw xork and
Philadelphia, a splendid assortment of all kinds o
whichjie will dispose of at tho most reduced prices
Tor casll or country produce. 1 he public are mvi
ted to call and examine for themselves.
Orangevillc, Octi 7, 1837
ALL persons indebted to the estate of Thomas
Girton, deceased, by Note, Bond, Book Ac
count, or otherwise, are rrnnestp,! tn nmtr nnvmrnt
to tho subscriber before tho 15th day of November
ncxi; anu uu persons Having demands against said
csiaie are requcsicu lo present mem, properly au
thenticated for settlement, to the subscriber.
Hemlock, Oct. 7, 1837.
I.OOI HERE I!!
fWHE subscribers thankful for past favors, have
t tlio picasuro ot announcing to tlicir custo
mers, and the public in general, that thev have iust
received and aro now opening a fresh supply of cheap
carefully selected for tho season, at their new and
cheap store in Bloomsburg.
Come friends and patrons, ono and all,
And sec our purchase for the fall;
If you'll but call and take a peep,
Surely you'll say, they're very cheap.
J. T. MUSSELMAN, & Co.
Uloomsburg, Sept. 30, 1837.
STOKE GOODS AT COST!
THE subscriber is going to remove to the West
on the first of January next, and would re
spectfully inform the public that he is now selling
off his stock of Merchandize, consisting of
Dry Goods, Hardware,
At cost, for cash or country Produce, or Lumber
Caltawissa, Oct. 14, 1837.
ALL persons indebted to tlio subscriber are so
licited to call and settlo immediately, other
wise uicir accounts win oo piaceu in tue nanus oi
aiiia'giitratc for collection.
Cattawissa, Oct. 14, 1837.
PETERSHAM and Bearskin cloths, for Over
coats, just received and for sale by
J. T. Miisselman, Co.
Sept. 30, 1837;
IptLANkET SJiawIs, and Ladies' Capes and
JtS Tippets, jast opened at the new k cheap
J. T. Musselrnan, Co.
Sept. 30, 1837.
inLANKETS, of various sizes and qualities
Jfjf and warranted a fresh articlo, for sale at the
new and cheap store of
. J Musselrnan, Co.
Sept. 30', 1837.
K OF THE
IciiTus lvania Fanner, .
And Common School Intelligencer :
A scnii-rnonthly publication devoted to Agriculture
Gardening, and the General ImproM-mcnt of the
Mind, published at Harrisburg, Pa. by Bejjjamik
Nothing need be said ps. to the importance of the
science of agriculture, which being the girat busi
pess ofpur country, the sure road to competency
,p.nd tho lnafn source of wealth, lies at the foundation
of our national prosperity. The experience of every
year, and especially of tlio last few years, ha?
shown that agriculture has been entirely too much
neglected for tho best good of our country. The
great desire of the present age for the accumulation
of wealth, and tho prevailing spirit to seek for it in a
new and shorter course, than that pursued by our
ancestors, had led many from the slow but certain
means of agricultural labor, to tho more alluring
employments of professional life, and commercial
enterprise, or the still moro hazardous fields of
.speculation and adcnturc, in which a few have
succeeded ovon beyond their .owncxpectationq.
The result of this unnatural state of things has been
what might very well have been predicted; a great
scarcity of all the products of the soil, with such an
enormous increase in the price, ns to cause their
ijuiportations frpm foreign rountric,s,to the great
impoverishing and discredit of .our own. , ,
This folly and these o ftls. havo now become ap
parent, and many of those, who, having been lured
by the examples and success of others or the prospect
held out to tlicir view, from the producing to the
consuming class, and being disappointed in thcirex
pectations, are now disposed and are making arrange
ments to return to the hone t, the healthful dnd the
independent employment of tilling the soil whcio
they arc sure of being amply recompensed for their
labor. ( s t ,
Pennsylvania is emphatically an agricultural
state, and has thus suffered less from the late fluctua
tions and changes, which, have 'embarrassed 'oor
country, than any of her sister states. Her soil is
not surpassed any in the world, and her German
and other citizens are justly celebrated .as being
among the first fafmes in the Union,'.. It has there
fore been considered peculiarly proper, that in the
hear of this gardejqf our, country, an. .agricultural
jiapcr should bcjcstaliishc(l, (o.gathcr up, the cxpcif
ience of intelligent farmers from all quarters, .anil
send it abroad, not only vcr our commonwealth',
but to every part of the United States. For the
purpose of doing this, and supplying what has been
considered a desideratum among tho periodicals of
our stales, the publisher has been induced and en
couraged by numerous friends cf agriculture and
general improvement, to establish the Pennsylvania
Farmer. Ho has received assurances which lead
him confidently to xpect that its columns will bo
enriched with contributions from some of the most
distinguished scientific and practical farmers and
gardeners in our own, as well as some of our sister
states, which with extracts and republications of
standard and new works upon the science of agricul
ture, will render it both interesting and useful to
every farmer who desires to excel in his most lauda
ble en ploymcut. ,
Pennsylvania h is established .and is now maturing
a system of general education by common schools,
which is intended to 'orry the blessings of knowledge
to every man's home, and place within the reach of
every child in tho commonwealth, tho means of in
struction and improvement This object is all im
portant, and our means Iwin'j ample, it is confidently
hoped that tho plan will continue to bo improved
& carried out, till theminds of our citizens shall bo
as highly cultivated as their fiil'ds, and tho harvest
of intellect bb as. itch and abundant as that gathered
fromjhc soil. Then shall Pennsylvania be indeed
the Keystone of our Un'on, bearing a polish not
equalled by any state or kingdom in 'Jie wbrldi
The events of the last few months havo shown
that an increasing interest is felt in this department
and therefore it cannot be doubted but that tho
Common School Intelligencer, will be welcomed a.i
a co-laborer in so important a work, and being made
the vehicle of communication between the friends of
education, aid in the proper arranging and develop
ing of tho system, and be tho means of doing much
To tho advancement of these objects, and to the
dissemination of useful scientific information calcu
lated to expand tho mind and improve the heart,
shall the columns of tho Pennsylvania Fanner and
Common School Intelligencer, bo exclusively devot
ed, and it is confidently expected that a generous
public will award to it o liberal support.
The Farmer and Intelligencer will be printed urv
on fino.whito paper and with new . type,, in royal
quarto from, each number containing eight pages of
matter. It will be commenced in the month of
November, or as soon as a sufficient number of sub
scribers are obtained to justify the ex)cnse, and re
gularly issued during, the first .and third weeks of
every month, at ONE DOLLAR PER ANNUM
payable before the issuing of the sixth number.
Any person who will procure and forward ten res
ponsible subscribers shall receive a copy, or eleven
papers will lie sent to any ono office for $10.
Post masters and others friendly to the obiccts
aro requested to act as agents in obtaining suWri
bcrs, and forward tho names to the publisher on or
before the first of November next.
Harrisburg, October 21, 1837.
8 Pieces of Assorted Terinos, double wedth
and an assortment of tilack Merinos, of a ve
ry superior quality, just opened and for sale at the
New nnd Cheap Store qf the subscribers in Blooms
burg; J. T. M I'SSELMAN, & Co.
October 31, 1837.
JUST received, a handsome assortment of Silks'
& Fur Hats, which will be "sold cheap at the
store of. C.B. FISHER.
ONNIT SILK8 of a very superior qnality, .
jdk reccivixi, anu ior naie ai me new store or
. 7. Musttlman, Go,
. T. Musselrnan, Co,
Oct. 14, 1837.
Oct. 14, 1837;