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JGTlio "Business Convcriti6n," as it
'is terirfed, which assembled in Philadelphia
-On the i '1st instant, and which was compo
sed of Merchants, Manufacturers and Farm
ers from every paftbfthc Union, without
distinction of party, have reported their con
viction of the cause of the existing pressure.
Wo extract tho following from-a number of
resolutions b'dopte'd by this body, without
Resolved, That gold and silver coin, -constitute
the only constitutional standard for
"the exchangeable value of property; and the
issuing, or continuing as a general curren
cy, Bank paper, which is not redeemable
at all times in tho "precious metals, is unjust
and unequal in its effects upon the people,
and subversive of the best interests of the
Resolved, That a Well regulated anil Well
guarded system of-Bank credit, by which
bills at all times TedeCmablo "in gold and sil
ver, arc made to supply tho business wants
of tlie community, constitutes one of the
peculiar characteristics of a free people,
and is essentially necessary in promoting
'their prosperity 'and happiness.
ResolvcA, That the great object of civil
government tho promotion of the happi
ness of the people cannot be obtained in
the United States, without a well regulated
system of protection to all the great busi
nuss interest jn wnicn our citizens are en
gaged, and that as the system of credit upon
'import duties, has a tendency to encourage
excessive importations, and to produce ru
inous fluctuations iu other branches of busi
ness, tho adoption of the system of reauir-
ing cash for duties, would prevent, much of
me embarrassment to Which the country is
-cxposedj aud would be of essential impor
tance to all the great interests of the United
Resolved, That the importations of silks
during the last year amount to more than
twenty tlirdc millions of dollars the promo
tion of its growth in this country by the be
stowment of such liberal bounties as would
secure its cultivation, would be of the hiihi
est importance in diminishing the causes of
our luruign uuui, anu in promoting tne
agricultural interest of every state in the
Resolved, That the avails of the public
lands after making suitable appropriations
for educatiou & improvements in the States
where they are siiuated, ought to be ap
plied to the promotion of objects of a public
character.in the several States according to
dome just ratio.
Resolved, That the time has arrived
when it is the imperious duty of the Con
gress of the United States to exercise their
constitutional power of establishing a uni
form system of Bankruptcy thoughout the
Resolvedi That tho citizens of the Uni
ted States afe United in one common inter
est, and the various classes and professions
are mutually depertdarit upon each other,
and that any effort to excite one class against
another, to divide society into factions,
would bo subversive of the fundamental
principles of society, and lend to destroy
the happiness of all.
Resolved, That in the conflicts Of mere
ptrtizans', contending for the "triumph of
party success, and subjecting every public
measure to the supervision of partyjdicipline,
We discover principles subversive of person
al independence and ruinous to the best in
terests of the Countryi
Resolved) That the substantial blessings
which a bountiful Providence is now show
ering upon the fields of our agricultural
brethren, warn us it were in the silent and
eloquent language of inspiration, to leave
the delusive mazes of speculation with
which all branches of trade have been mix
cd up, and return to the practice of industry
and economy, and to the enjoyment of their
tloutdef, the would-be banker.-'Wb
Leome days since made a notice 6f certain
mutual Credit Certificates issued by an in
dividual in Philadelphia County, named
John Golder, an Attorney at Law and a
would-be Banker, and at the same time,
cautioned tho public against receiving said
Certificates, believing, as wo did that they
Would never be redeemed. The result has
verified'our anticipations. A few days after
the appearance of our notice a number of
persons who had become possessed of some
of this paper, assembled roud the door of
Mr. Golder, and clamoured for itsredemp:
tion. This" belngrefuscd, they proceeded
to violence, soon dismanteled the premises,
and compelled thewould-bo Banker to effect
his escape. He has not since been seen in
the city; and we trust that this oxample will
serve as a warning to those who issue paper,
without legitimate authority, and without
inepower lo-reucem 11.
Mnothef New State, Another star, it is
"believed will soon be added to the Ameri
can constellation. The N. Orleans "Bee
says, it is pretty well ascertained that Flor
ida, notwithstanding tho detriment done her
by the ruthless war waged within her bor
ders, ie about to take steps to become a full
member of our confederacy. Hot popular
tion is understood'to1 be sufficient to entitle
her to that privilege, and although a Con
Vantion has not yet been called, there is not
& doubt but early .provision will be made
loi that purpose.
Maryland has done well; she has gave
indubitable 'evidence that at the next poll,
she "will ovcrtllrbw completely all Bank
whiggery and monopoly. She' has vdone
it at the late election, and this is but the
forerunner of better things. Baltimore city
has 'nobly done her duty All hail Mary
land. Glorious triumph.
Congressmen from Maryland. The re
sult in all districts having been ascertained,
we publish a list of those elected with the
names of the late members, which will show
thechanges tint have been made.
Districts. Last Coigriss. Next Con'gtcss
1. J. N. Steel, John Dennis,
"2. J. A. Pcarcc, J. A. Pcarcc, (ton
3. James Turner, J. T. H. Worthing
C . C. Howard, C B. C. Howard,
Isaac MiKirh, Isaac McKim,
5. .O. O. Washington, V. C. Johnston,
C. Francis Thomas, Francis Thomas,
7. Daniel Jenifer, Daniel Jenifer.
The names in italic are democrats, which
shows a1 clear gain over that of last year.
The special session df the 25th Congress,
td commence ill September, has caused an
earlier election of members in several of the
States than would otherwise have taken
place. Tho whole number of members in
both Houses, when full, is 294, viz: Sen
ate 52, House 212. The Senate is already
full, and is divided thus:
Democratic majority 15
Of the 242 members of tho House, 18G
are already known to be elected, atid arc
politically divided thus:
Democratic majority thus far 34
The 8 states which have not yet elected
their members, or from which we have Hot
as yet received returns, were represented
in the last Congress by thirty-one monop
olists and twenty-five democrats. The an
nexed schedule specifies the states from
which we are yet to hear, the date of their
elections respectively, and the political
character of their delegations in the last con
gressi States-. Tlmi. Last Congress.
Mississippi July 17 & 18 S
Tennessee August, 3 2 11
Alabama " 7 1 4
Indiana " 7 7.
Kentucky " 7, 8 & 9 4 9
N. Carolina ' 10 6 7
Michigan " SI & 28 1
Rhode Island 29 2
English sovereigns since queen Anne.
1. George I., son of the Duke of Bruns
wick, Elector of Hanover, and the Prin
cess Sophia, who was grand daughter to
James the First of England. Began to
reign 1714 Tcigned 12 years.
2;-Gcorgo 11., son of George 1. Began
to reign 1727 reigned 33 years.
3i George 11L, grandson of George 11.
Began to reign 17d0 reigned 60 year's.
4. George IV., son of George lll( Be
gan to reign 1820 reigned 10 ycarsi
5. William IV., son ofGeorgc 111. Be
gan to reign 1820 reigned 7 years.
0. Victoria 1., Daughter of the Duke of
Kdnt and grand-daughter of George 111.
Began to reigri 1837.
Molition of oaths in England. By a
recent act of the British Parliament, the
following declaration is to be substituted in
stead of the oaths heretofore required to be
taken in accordance with the idolatrous
custom of kissing the book "1 do solemn
ly and sincerely declare that (here the fact
is declared) and I make this declaration
conscientiously believing the stfrric to be
true.'' All persons taking afalsc declaration,
shal be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor,
and all persons' authorised heretofore to
administer oaths, may administer and sign
declarations as above specified.
A London paper mentions thal"a very el
egant port folio" was presented to the Prin
cess Victoria, on her late birth-day, of gold
and silver leather, richly embossed, and
presenting to the eye every appearance of
being composed of the precious metals, by
Mr. Andrew Jackson" Allen, of Boston
being an invention of his own. Tho royal
family have accordingly resolved to patron
ize this new preparation of leather.
MR. FORREST. By the following
from the Liverpool (Eng) Chronicle of the
24th of June, it will be seen that Mr. Por
rest has became a "Benedict.'
"On tho 23d ult. in London, Edwin For
rest, Esq. tho celebrated American tragedi
an, to Catharine, the beautiful and accom
plished daughter of John Sinclair, Esq. of
the Theatres Royal Drury Lane and Convent-Garden."
Fivo half grown wolves were killed in
tho vicinity of McAlstersvillo, Juniata coun
ty, -on Wednesday the 5th instant by a cit
izen of that villago.
We are assured by tho Poughkccpsie,
N. Y. Eagle, that not nine, but eleven twins
have actually been produced in that thriving
place since last spring! and four of them
under the same roof! What a work-shop
for tho Fat West! BeaJ it, Yankee girls!
From 'iGcneral Statistics of the llrjVish
Empire," by James MacquCcn, of tJlas-
BPROPERTY IN GREAT BRITAIN
Lands, 2,310,022 940
Fifnds, Banks, fec. 932,000,000
Canals, Rail Roads, &c. 118,000,000
Furniture, Apparel, &,c. 975,874,270
Farmers Stock, 654,8G2,730
Capital in Manufactures. 201,000,000
Stock in Shops-, Ware
houses, &c. 350,000,000
Capital in ships, 33,573,032
Grand total for Great Britain
and Ireland, 0,186,072,257
Produce of Great Britain and Ireland.
From Agriculture, 474,029,880
Funds, Banks, &c. 35,000,000
Horscs'and Carriages, 13,500,000
Canals, Roads, &c; 12,000,000
Mr. MacqueC'n estimates the property In
the British colonies to be worth 4,052,
200,000,nnd its produce to be 1,516,015,
788. He estimates the public property of
Great Britain and her Colonies at 170
millions and makes the property of the Bri
tish Empire 10,409,137,257, from which
deduct the National Debt 772,190,849
leaves nett property 9,096,940,406, or
over 45,545 millions of dollars:
Estimated annual average value of grain.
Wheat (180 millions bushels) 50,000,000
Barley (90 do do.) 18,000,000
Oats, &c. (390 do do.) 60,000,000
Annual value of Potatoes, 20,000,000
From the Houston Telegraph, of July 1.
The following extract of a letter from
Columbia furnishes particulars of one of the
mos audacious assassinations we have ever
"Yesterday) at dinnertime, Capt. Joseph
Powell was killed by Dr. Humphries in a
manner which called fortli the unequalled
abhorrence of all our community!
"Powell was on his way to dinner with a
few friends, when Humphries, who had
been waiting for him to pass, suddenly
sprung forward, and with a pistol, shot
him through the hcartt Powell fell dead
instantly) and Humphries was instantly
seized and tied, afterwards was examined,
and fully committed. The fust feeling was
to hang him immediately; the better feeling
was paramount, and he was delivered over
to the strong arm of the law. The excite
ment Was trcmcndotls, on account of the
good qualities of Powell, who was mUch
liked, and the base, cold blooded, assassin
like manner in which he was deprived of
i:r n u i 1
me. j imvuh was lincrrcu wiin military
honors, and a large number of the ntost re
spectable inhabitants of the country attcn-
The New York Morning News says
a wcaiiny mercnam oi mat city, who has
civen more advertising tn thn nrpca tli-m
any other in the city, once told the editor
of that paper that he commenced business
with a determination td expend, in adverti
sing, all his profits for tho first two years,
but that he soon found it impossible to do
so. The faster he paid it out, the more
he received; and could he' have monopoli-
cu au me auverusing papers in tlie city,
he would have been repaid fourfold
llfe- A gentleman advertises, in
one 6f the Detroit papers", for an 'helpmeet'
lor lite. He wants one who shall be 'a
companion of his heart, his head, and his
lot.' As to tho latter, his lot being descri
bed as a rich one, he may find many a lady
who would like to be a companion to it.
But for his heart and for his head, she
would bo a flat indeed, who would willing,
ly bo a companion to them! If the first
were not full of sap, ho would never have
advertised for a wife.
Ringbone hi horses It is stated in tho
Boston Herald, that tho cause of ringb&no
in horses is a small collection of water in
the foot jnst above the hoof, which maybe
felt by pressing the part affected with the
linger A little vessel like a bladder con
tains tho matter, and if this be carefully cut
out the horse being cast, to securo tho
safety of the operation the disease maybe
Ptblic .tfws. According to a table
published in the Indianapolis Journal, thero
have been, since the 4th of March, 1820,
to the present time, 00,401,037 acres of
land ceded tn ilm TI Kt-,i00. : i t..
- aooiyiiLu to In
dians, as part of the consideration, 32,381,-
uuu acres, tj,0 Indians have been pad
altogether, in land, money, fcc. $07,458,-olol
THE COLUMBIA DEMOCRAT;
"TRUTH WITHOUT TEin.
Saturday, August IS, 1SH7.
The Office of the "CMjUBI-
BIA DEIflOCfitAT" is removed
to ihc Building art. joining W.
Rohison's Stage Office. JiAW
Office next door.
Oh Tuesday last a serious breach occur
red in tho canal at Snyder's lock between
this place and Danville. It will probably
require a week or ten days to repair the
same Sir navigation.
JCpMcssrs. Sullivan and Witmek, of
the Board of Canal Commissioners, wdre
In this place on Wednesday night. They
are exploring the North Branch Division
of the Pennsylvania Canal. We are pleas
ed to state that they are devising means for
the construction bf stone locks in lieu of
the present wooden locks, which arc fast
decaying, and must before long go to pie
ces, and thus obstruct navigation for a sea
JC?In our last we noticed the scarcity
of water in the Canal, and tho consequent
stoppage of navigation. Wc done so from
our own observation, as well as froni an
intimation of the cause from an officer on
the canal. He attributed the obstruction to
the immense quantity of grass wliich fills
the bed of the canal above Berwick, and
which produced a similar result last year.
It was then removed by the application.of
the scythe; and we know that a leading
friend of the stale administration had writ
ten to the Supervisor to remove tiro obstruc
tion by a similar process. A faithful cur
would have known such an act on tho part
of his charitable keeper; but his surly dispo
sition prevented him from giving publicity
to such correct information. We have nev
cr yet, as intimated, blamed "tho state ad
ministration" for misfeasance on the part
ot its office-holders; and we would rejoice
in tho success of our public improvements
under any administration. If we err, it is
not from malice towards others; and we
take pleasure in correcting our mistakes
when convinced of error. In the present
instance We retract nothing.
JC7Until very recently wc never licard
the term "red-mouthed Antimasom" but
wc have ample evidence of a fold-mouthed
one, m the billingsgate ebullitions of our
cloven-looted 'Squire, whoso want of do
cency may be attributed to empty brains
and an envious and malicious disposition
and whose quarrelsome course is prompted
oy his commission to preserve the peace
tCOur "pledge" to abstain from per
sonalities shall never bo violated unless ab
solutely necessary in self-defence. W(
wish not to detract from the character ofom
paper by endeavoring to wound the feelings
oi an opponent, through Calumny. W
nave no such mean revenge in store. It is
human to have foibles and enemies; and
those who possess tho fewest arc the best
oil. With our present and increasing na
tronage wti aro satisfied our nanor seems
pbpular without filling its columns with
slang-whangish out-pourings of malice-
ana consequently we shall not descend to
notice "dirty beds" as either matters of
lact or record until forbearance becomes no
longer a virtue.
C7Tiio second number of 77i a
tlcman's Magazine' possesses tho same at-
tractions in matter and execution that elici
ted a compliment to its predecessor. It is
certainly tho cheapest and best periodical
Hot Weatiiek. The "Carlisle Repub
lican" says "Its too warm to write on
political subjects. After dog-days and
County nominations wo shall mil ,m t,un.,
and go at it in earnest." Wc have a simi
The Venango Democrat states thero arc
50 sawmills, 30 grist mills. 5 wonlm, fnn.
torics, and 53 retail stores in that county.
"In launching our iiitlo b.-irl-
indicates its character, upon the irr,
waters of the great political ocean. .
anticipate some severe gales; but m
much wc may securo tho censurf.
cal opponents, as a party, wc shall Cr
vor' to deserve their esteem as an isim
A and a NEioiinoun. Tlie "Coin '
Democrat" will b'o fearless and fauhf,
supporting those principles whiclithf.
tor may deem essential loan honcstai!
istration of the government; but shall JS
ly avoid the vulgar and abusive cant
characterize some prp'Sscs of the pre. "
day, -ai the sacrifice of their own rcputat, JL,
and tho displeasure of their patrons."
Wc extract the foregoing paraTanli r-
our editorial address-, for the especial it 1
mation of our neighbor of the "HcguK
'Plinrn tllllqt liolrni1rr nifteifn
. ........ "uuou iu mum c a
lation of tho contract; and although
hope that our valedictory may sustain
fulfilment to the letter, yet we can is
him, that should our liberal putronu
excite his envy and hatred, as to mc.
mean and malicious attacks upon the fc.
and shoulders of our humble self, he '
experience a spirit of retaliation, now
standing cither Our pledge or avcrsioji
such nauseous squabbles. Our war ij'
against individuals. Wo aim at disspic
ting useful information at sustaining
rect principles by moderate argument .
statements of facts at prcservnie a c
reputation for bur paper, and secur,
ample return for our labors from sui
hers. On questions of principle, in
ing either party views or sectional feche;
this paper will always be found a into
instrument to discuss points at issue; b;.
"slander and personal ab use aro the na.
aliments of a bad cause evidences of j
ly head and a vicious heart," we sh.J!
their use, and rely on facts and candi 1
gumcnt to silstain our views, and the n,
csts of community.
M. Inoram: Will you please to -
a rumor that I have suffered my n.iw
used as a candidate for Sheriff wrt ..
promote the elevation of anothrr? I
not tho case. I am running "on n.
responsibility" with no other
to secure my own election anil s! .
nothing but fair means to attain wv
I. C. JOHNiMv
Orangevillc, Abg. 10, 1837.
The New Crop of Wheat. The I) '4
more American says, that their repoi'
the market shows, that various parn K '
new wheat have been sent in in the com
of tho week, and the editors arc gralitind
bo able to add, as well from their own pt i
sonal observation as the opinion of com;
tent judges, that the quality of the ne !
crop is very fine. '1'heir friends in t ;
country will see, top, that those who sr.
their wheat to market early are sure olV .
alizing high prices, the sains having be. f
at $1 85 to SI 00 for tho best whites, at
at SI 70 to SI 75 for tho best reds. ?.
MAKING MONEY PLENTY.
The banks arc of great use, say tho bar
party, because they may make money pie
ty. Upon the same principle tho Yankf
tin pedlars Used to make nutmegs pier
by Manufacturing whole cargoes of woo:
en ones. They were of course, a ver
Useful class of people.
The Largest Ship.h is said that the
gest ship in the world is the Mahino'iJ f
tlie i urks have her now in actual serving
iter burthen is 3,984 tons, nearly I0
tons more than tho Pennsylvania. Thu
Leviathan is 223 feet on the lower gun Jerk'
01 feet 8 inches in extreme breadth, 30 fee
(teptu liom tho base line, 7 feet 0 inch"
8 feet, 7 0, 7 0, and 7 feet between the ito :
fercnt decks, 20 feet 1 1 inches draft forward
and 27 feet 0 inches aft.
Presbyterian Convention. A Conven
tion of Delegates from the Synods cut
by the late General Assembly at Philadel
phia, will bo held at Auburn, in the state n
New-York, on the 27th inst.
lioston Rioters. A verdict of acquit
for eleven of the Irish prisoners indicted
for tho riot in Broad street, last month, was
returned on Friday last. Tho jury were
in consultation until after 1 o'clock in the. ,
morning. Two weio convicted. The
four American prisoners were then put otivA
trial, and on Saturday morning a verdict -was
returned not Guilty. W
Jl Chance A wagon and harness ma
ker aro wanted at Cnnajoharie. The tovn
contains 5000 inhabitants, and is well If i
R. P. Robinson; Tho Detroit Spectator
of tho 22d ult., says: Upon the books of
one of our hotels, wo noticed yesterday,
tho following arrival. "R. P. Robinson
Texas Homo." A
Mr. Stouffer, whilo carrying a scythe
horseback, in Cumberland county, Pa.
ntr ln. W'JS
thrown to tho ground, and falling upon tic
instrument was sn Imllv nt ll.it lm tl!CU