Newspaper Page Text
ADVERTISING. -.- •
"• , - . i i , • -,---
Itate half a square. light lines • -.- 4 Arz'6l Ik - - - - : '
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itate a square. • ' Irie. , ==r 1 1- - ~.:Fge_e___
so a eq., one a5h ..... SO 60 ..'
20 " one week.... 200 .
00 " one month.. 600 -., :. - ., ..-77-. .... . - ,rw l: 1 , 1" . ..1 , 1 .744: - .1, 4 4 4- ,.., :
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00 " three monthsl o 00
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t i;" .ri : ,:T.:*::" - -,...: 44 .7.i . ... 1 : ,. • ..,
00 " six months.. 15 00 .
00 " one year ...-- 2 ° °°
1 111"' --
attittrit . -
Inserted ill the LOOAL comnar, IF %atlas, rip 08A713 rsa anis for ; ' 1 -14 :11 . 4 3131rilt;;; - : ~
' l .': " 2- 7 ; ;:' '. : ; ' .
: AU .; IF
tehants and others advertising! .
~ .... ......,.....v r efa.o-..._ ' , —._........ ---;
ne will be offered. .
summons mast be designated on . _. ••‘.• ~+ tiliV 1 111 1 1:1 1 ti[r.
gear lines or less oonstli
c r more than four, constil
H a lf sq., one day.. -.... $0
one week..— 1.
g one month.. 8
sin months.. 8
rc tßosiness notices it
ore marriage' and di
~co tuner:ion. To mere
toy LEM nausUrT CPI Ar'
IIT Marriages and Deaths will be Deserted at the same
:sten as regular advertisements.
DR. J. C. ROYER,
320 ZT X SS
OFFICE IN WYETIDS BUILDING,
in room formerly occupied by Dr. Carman,
CORNER or XARIENT STREIT AND KAIIKET SQUARE.
CLOCK MAKER, CLEANER AMY - REPAIRER,
NORTH STREET, EAST OF THE CAPITAL.
ALL WORK: GiARANTRED.
WM. H. MILLER,
R. E. FERGUSON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
BETWEEN WALNUT and MARKET SQUARE,
ap-Rldwitd Nearly, opposite the Buehler Rouse.
R OBERT SNODGRASS :
ATTORNEY Ar LAW,
Office North Third street, third door above Mar
ket, Harrisburg, Pa.
• N. B.—Pension, Bounty and Military claims of all
kinds presecntkd and collected.
'Refer tenons. .7olm C. Kunkel, David Mumma, Jr.,
and B . I. Lumberton_ myll.4litutim
SURGEON AND OCULIST,
EBRIMINOS THIRD MR NORTH HABIT,
He Is now fully prepared to attend promptly to the
duties of profesrdon in eM its branches.
ALONG 111111 1311700BEGML 11:111DIOAL
fcustiffeo him in promising ball and ample eatiofaction to
all who mayfayorlautiorith ik oil', be th•LiattSMOktesit
or any ether nature. in2s-ditwly
THOS. O. KAODOWNI4I , 3
ATTORNEY .AT LAW,
Mri...ITARY CLAIM AND PATENT AGENT..
Office s the R2ehange, Walnut at_ (Up Stark)
Having formed a connection with parties in Wash
ington City, wno are reliable business men, any bald
ness connected with any of the Departments yip meet
with immediate and careful attention. mel-y
MILITARY CLAIMS AND PEN
The undersigned have entered into an association for
colleetion of Military Claims and the securing of
'Pensions for wounded and disabled soldiers.
Einster-in and Muster-out Rolls, officers , Pay Rolls,
Ordnance and Clothing returns, and all papers pertain
ing to the military service will be made oat properly
Office in the Exchange Buildings, Walnut between
Second and Third streets, near Omit's Hotel, Harris
burg, Pa. THOS 0 MAODOWELL,
je2.5-dtf THOMAS A. MAG-ITIKB.
.T. LA 8 WARD.
. 11, NORTH THIRD BT., HARRISBURG.
XKLODEONS, VIOLINS, OCITARS,
Banjos, Flutes, Fifes, Drums, Accorderma,
SIBTADP, SWINT AND BOOK NUAXO, &0., &0.,
PHOTOGRAPH FRAMES. ALBUMS,
Large Pier and Mantle Mirrors, Square and Oval Prunes
of every description made to order. Beguilding done.
Agency for Howels Sewing Machines.
11:i - sheet Music sent by Mall. ootl-1
JOHN W: 1.4 - 0 VE R ,
Haa Unit received from New York, an assort.
which he orers to hiscustomers and the pablie at
nov22) MODERATE PRICES. dtt
I COOK, Nl4.lrobant Tailor,
• 1 /f CHES NUT W1 1 , between Rescind and iron%
Has just retaraed from the city with an aseertment of
CLOTHS, CASSDLERES AND VESTINGS,
Which will be sold at moderate prices and made up to
onieri and, el a n, an iditertment of READY MADI
iClohing and Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods.
B. L GERA, D. D. t,
If 0 . 119 MABEET STREET,
Positively extracts teeth without pain, by the use of
Ml:mu Oxide. janB-11
RELIGIOUS BOOK STORE,
TRACT AND SUNDAY SCHOOL DRPOS/TOILY3
E. V. GERMAN,
ST SOUTH SHOOND STBEST, ABOYS OXISNUT,
tP: . 1
Depot ferthettale of Stereoecopen,itterzeoseopieViewi,
'Made and. Musical Instruments. Also, inbeest_pt!one
JOHN G. W. MARTIN,
11.11.11103 HOTEL, HARRISBURG, PA.
Allmartsier of VISITING, WEDDING AND SUSI-
I4TESS CARDS executed in the most artistic styles sad
met mist:stable terns. deel4.dtf
blge Menne, corner of Broad !beet
The undersigned informs the public that he has re
cently renovated and refitted hie well-known " Iflxdon
Hotel" on Sides argue, near the Bound House, and le
primed to accouvuodate citizens, at.angeas and travel
era in the beat style, at moderate rates-
His table will be supplied with the best the muskets
ailbra, said at his bar will be found superior brands of
liquors and malt beverages. The very best seecannio
diddling for railroaders employed at the shops in this
vicuaitr. lal4 dtfj HSNHY BOOTEHIN.
Thio pleasant and commodious Hotel Iwo been tho
roughly re.litted and re-furnished. It ii s i s iMiseanti7
'Mated on North-West norne r Howard Prosiblits
dreg% a few doers west 9f the Northers Clentrit Bail
way DePet• 7 ees7 etteetkw Paid to the comfort of big
vests. G. LIBUIMITS, Proprietor,
jol.B-tt Mete of Salina Grotto. Pa.)
T HEO F. BOBBY/ER,
ROM CARD AND JOB PRINTER.
„IFQ 11) IteltlCßT BTBRIPT, lIABBIBBIMe.
vargenhHe aetescifor =dies, ruling
bied=itaiiread Blanks, , Inseranee - Yon..
, 11111-Heade, &e.
di tdding, Visitimr and Blurbs= Garde printed at ears
ldw yddese and le the but style.
Au $3. Xi 17 CP- 3EIC
The embsaiber is ready et NO. 94, 9149.K1T ST.,
four doors below fourth street, to make
KEN'S AND BOVIti CLOTHING
In fliffy desired ityle, and with skill aid premium,.
Peron§ wistdng elating done Can hare it drat the
CUARLE . I3 F. VOLLMER ;
Maud drat, four door. above &mud.
comma rs Wnammelos Mee Rovsz,)
b"wed to rupiah to enter, Is the very beet *Vie et
nerimmeeLu m m e imeand Hair Ilatimmimac, Wisdom Our
Was, loaned, sad all other artistes of Parnitare is
Lae, es slums m otiee sad sioderrata tome. Re log es
partnere in th a b a d m en', he feels warranted in sables •
seiFapeyaosNeotelhlasDiUty to Ova
VOL. 6.-NO. 40.
- Bank Notices.
NOTlCE.—Notice is hereby given that
application will be made at the next annual ses
sion of the Legislature of Pennsylvania, for a renewal
of the charter of the West Branch Ban k, of Williams
pat: Pa., with its present name and style, location,
privileges and capital of $lOO,OOO.
By order of the Board of Directors.
S. JONBS, Cashier.
• June 30tb, 1863-jy4-tml
LEGISLATIVE BANK NOTICE.-
Notice is hereby given .that application will be
made to the legislative authority of Pennsylvania at
the next session of thelleneral Assembly thereof, nom-
meocing the trot Tuesday of January, A. to, 1864, for
the incorporation of a Bank having banking and dis
counting privileges, with a capital of One Million Dol
lar% by the name and style of gg The Oil City Bank,"
end to be located at 9ii City, Penang° county, Penn
sylvania. O. V. UULVBN
aline Path, 1863-6 m
NOTlCE.—Notice is hereby given that
"The Commercial-Sank of Pennsylvania," intend
to apply to the Legislature of Pennsylvania at their flex
session, for a renewal of their charter. Said bank is lo
cated in the city of Philadelphia, with an authorized
capital of one million of dollars, a renewal of which
will bt asked for, with the usual banklouprividnes.—
By order of the Board. 8. 0. PALIifEB, Cashier.
PHILADELPAIA, June 22.1863-61 n
NNOTICE.—Notice is hereby given that
application will be made to the Legislature of
Pennsylvania at their next session, for a renewal of the
charter of The Farmers' Bank of Schuylkill , County,
located in Pottsville, in the county of Schuylkill, with
the present capital of one hundred thousand dollars,
and with the natal banking privilege/I.
J. W. CARE, Cashier.
June 16, 1868.—Tm
NOTlCE.—Notice is hereby given of an
intention to establish a Bank of Discount, Deposit
and Oircniation, under the provisions of an act, entitled
"An Act to establish a system of free banking in Penn
sylvania &c., and the supplement thereto ; said Bank
to be c alled THB INANUFACTUREBB 7 BANK," to
be located in the borough of Columbia, Lancaster
county, Pa., with a capital of One Hundred Thousand
Dollars, to be divided into two thousand shares of Fifty
Dollars each. deed-Find
11 ALLEprrows Rum, 7sule 20,1888
Notice le hereby given, that application will be made
to the Legislature of Pennsylvania, at its next session,
for an increase of the capital of said Bank to the amount
of $200,000 in addition to that authorised by the present
Charter; and also for an extension of the Charter of
said Bank for twenty years from the expiration of the
By older of the Board of Directors.
je2o-dtml CHARLES W. COOPER, Cashier.
BANK -NOTICE I—The SthokheddeYs
of the FARMERS' AND DROVRRS' BANN OF
WAYNESBURG, in Green county, Pa., will apply to
the next Legislature of the State, for an extension of
charter, for the term of fifteen yearn from the expire
Lion of its present term. The location, corporate name
and privileges, and amount of capital stock, to wit:
one hundred and fifty thousand dollars, to be the same
as under its present charter.
By order of the Board_ 3_ LILZEAIt Cashier.
Waynesburg, Green co., Pa., junels,lB63—je'4o.dtml
VOTlCE.—Notice is hereby given, in
e.enfermity with the net of Assembly, that the
stockholders of the Bank of Montgomery County will
make an application to the neat Legislature of Penn
sylvania for a renewal of the Charter of said Bankorith
the same amount of capital (Four Hundred Thousand
Dollars) as wider the present Charter, to continue its
present name and location.
By order of the Board of Directors.
W. H. BLINGLUPP, Cashier.
Norristown. Pa., June 20,1868.=6m
'NJ oncE.—The Miners' Bank of Potts
vine,. in the county of Schuylkill, hereby give
notice that they intend to apply to the Legislature of
finsnaylvaaia at their next session for a renewal of their
charter. Said Bank is located in the borough of Potts
ville, in the county of Schuylkill, with an authorized
capital of Rive iltindred Thousand Dollars—a renewal of
which will be asked without any extension of.privileges.
By order of the Board.
CITA. LOESER, Cashier. -
Pottsville, Tune 20,1863.-6nd
NOTICE is hereby given, that applies-
Di lion will be made at the next annual session of the
- Legislature of Pennsylvania, fora renewal of the charter
of the HARRISBURG BANK, with its present name and
style, locAtion;privileges, and capital of Three Hundred
Thousand Dollars. By order of the Board of Directors.
J, W. WEIR,
TRADESMEN'S BANK, •
PHILADELPHIA, June 2d t 1E,63.
Notice is hereby given. In coin - army-Jr with the laws
of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, that the Trades
men's Bank, of Philadelphia, located in the city of
Philadelphia created with banking and discounting
privileges, with a capital of One Hundred and Silty
Thousand Dollars, that application will be made by the
said Bank to the next Legislature for authority to in
crease the capital One Hundred and fifty Thousand
By order of the Board of Direet,ore.
/OLIN CAB illemt,
A MENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION
A JOINT RESOLUTION PROPOSING CER
TAIN AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITU
Be it resolved by the Senate and Some of Re
presentatives of the Cmwmonwealth of Pennsylva
nia in General Assembly met, That the following
amendments be proposed to the Constitution
of the Commonwealth, in accordance with the
provisions of the tenth article thereof:
There eball be an additional section o the
third article of the Constitution, to be designa
ted as section four, as follows:
Elscrron 4. Whenever any of the qualified
electors of this Commonwealth shall be in any
actual military service, under a requisition
from the President of the United States, or by
he authority of this Commonwealth, such
electors may exercise the right of outrage in
all elections by the citizens, under such regu
lations as are, or shall be, prescribed by law,
as fully as if they Were present at their usual
place of election.
There shall be two additional sections to the
eleventh article of the Constitution, .o be de
signated as sections eight and nine, as fol
SECTION 8. No bill shall be passes by the
Legislature containing more than one subject,
which shall be clearly expressed in the title,
except appropriation bills.
Section 9. No bill shall be passed by the
Legislature granting any powers, or privile
ges, in any case, where the authority to grant
such powers, or privileges, has been, or may
hereafter be. conferred upon the courts of this
Speaker of the . House of Representatives.
JOHN P. PENNEY,
Speaker of the Renate.
Mmes o rso Ilizaiurrisr or ram Commorwown, j
Harrisburg, /sty 1, MS. $
niNIISYLVANIA, S :
I do hereby certify that . the foregoing and
annexed ie a full, true and correct copy of the
original Joint Iteselatien of the General As , --
eembly, entitled. "A Joint Resolution propo
sing certain amendments to the Constitution,"
as the same remains on file in this office.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set
my bond, and caused the seal of the Secretary's
officio to be affixed, the day and year above
written, ELI SLIFER,
jy7 lawf3m gamstary of the Commonwealth.
AT °TICE Is 1111111 CRY !vg g, that
01`pgrque indtbtril to the aerate ef Atm Drlgn•
ler. late ef Jetrnsou tenon.). Despitin smutty, de
ceased. are requested to sake Inkwell .te payment; and
all poems hating adios sga, nal said estate will pro
slat then to the ealmerloo r for a dirtment.
„maw -oolf Wt.
ddistildetra rof Mato Berw•ler, deed.
Affirms tow skip, Sept 26„ ums,42B 01 saw*
%;.IOLDIER'S ( I AMP 04 OP ANION.--
,Y,==l, Writing belik
ortm i l e an portfolios,
. 8011.11,P8 374)1C5T033.
HARRISBURG, PA:, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 17, 1863.
M OUNT VERNON HOUSE,
Second Street, above Arch,
A. F. BLAIR, PROPRIETOR,
seplsl Late of Surf House,” Atlantic City. [dam
This old established House has undergone extensive
improvements, and been thoroughly renovated and re•
It is pleasantly located in the heart of the city, in
easy access to the State Capitol and Public Oronnds.
gEr For the accommodation If our guests, we have
reeently eontmeneed to ma a emelt to and from the Rail
road. In this manner unplgzfant delay to leaving the
Depot for the Hotel will be avoided, and much more
time a f forded guests for meals when /caving the House.
Intending that the BUEHLER HOUSE shell be really
6 home-like resort fat the Onager and traveler we re
spectfully solicit a continuance of the pubis patronage.
(}SO. J. BOLTON,
BeptlB-113m • Proprietor.
NATIONAL .110 TEL,
(LATE WHITE SWAN,)
Race street, above Third, Philadelphia.
This establishment offere great inducements, not only
on account of reduced rates of board, but from the can•
tral location to the avenues of trade, u well as the con.
venienccs afforded by several passenger railroads run.
ning past and contiguous to it, by which guests can paw
to and from the Hotel to the different railroad depots,
should they be preferred to the regular omnibuses be
longing to the house. I am determined to devote my
whole attention to the comfort and convenience of my
guests, and endeavor to give general satisfaction.
Terms-4L25 Per Day.
DAVID C. SINGIIIST,
(Formerly of Eagle Hotel, Lebanon, Pa.)
T. V. RHODES, Clerk. mr'll-dtf
Sot Gate It.; iterd.
FOR SALE.—A two•story Brick House
on Pine street. For particulars inquire of
SIBS. JOHN MURRAY,
oct 10-2mS&W Corner of Second and Pine.
PTRIVATE SALE= he well known
stone Tavern and Grocery stand. now doing an ex
cellent business, situated between the Canal and Front
street, in the borough of Liferpool, Perry county, Pa.,
is now offered at private sale on accommodating tering.
Information regarding the property will be given by
calling on the undersigned, or by addressing Dr. T. G.
Morris, Secretary, Perry Lodge, No. 259, I. 0. 0. F.
at Liverpool, Pa.
T. G. MORRIS,
J. A. BLATERNBERGEB,
LivartrooL. Oct. lfth, 186T—d6t
VALUABLE PROPERTY AT PRI
&TE SALE.—The subscriber will sal. at private
sale that valuable Tavern Strad, situate on Ridge Road
in tike Slgth Ward, Harrlsbnrg, corner of Broad street,
being 26 feet in front and 72 feet deep. The improve
ments are a two-story frame Tavern House, with three
story bask building. Hydrant water in the premises,
and other conveniences. The property is calculated
either tor a stogie or a hotel, being eligibly situated.
For terms apply on the premises to
HARRISBURG, September 9, 1963
p. B.—The subscriber will also sell a fine six year old
horse. and family carriage, having no use for the same.
sep 3.0-tf H. B.
TOB, BALE.—The BUILDING on the
k corner of Walnut and Short streets, used as a
UOOPER 0170 P. Mid building WAS Ofighiall7 built
shat it could be turned into Dwelling Rouses. It con
filets of three separate frames placed together, each frame
being 2f• by2o feet, making theantire building, RS itnow
vtiack, 78 feet long and 20 feet wide. Will sell also an
E/OHT.HOESE.f WEB. ENG-INE AiVibsfllZ ER,
nearly new, and one of Driziel•aeh , s Patent Stave Cutters ;
end a Set of Saws for .Toieetiag Staves. • The above
property will be sold at a bargain, as we wish to cleat
the ground on which the building stands. Enquire at
the Brokers Opine of • S. L. 31 , 01JLLOCH,
fete-dtf 1.20 Market Street.
LOTS FOR SALE-ON NORTH ST.
and Pennsylvania Avenue. Apply to
It. T. HALM:WAR,
mar6-dtf Cor. Front and Walnut ets.
poR SALE—A House and Lot on
A: Sixth street, am SUM, ZnquirQ at the lutioago
26 Market street,
Where the highest price is always paid for GOLD and
I'OR SALE.-A TWO-STORY FRAME
HOUSE in Short street. Inquire of
septlOtf W K. VERBFX.E.
DANIEL A. MUENCH,
Agent of the Old Wallower Line,
Beam%fully lufopis the public that thie Old Dail;
Transportation Line, (tile only Wallower Line now in
existence in this city,) is in successful operation % and
prepared to carry Freight as low as any other individual
line between Philadelphia, Harriaburg, Sunbury, Lewin
burg, Williamsport, Jersey shore, Lock Haven, and all
other points on the Northern Oertral, Philadelphia and
brie and Williamsport ar.? Ntenits Railroads.
DANIlaa. . MURNOH, Agent,
Goods sent to the Warehouse of Mews, Peacock.
Zell & Hinchman, No. 808 and 810 Market street, above
Eighth, Philadelphia, by 4 o'clock p. m., will arrive at
Harrisburg ready for delivery_ next morning. myd
9 1 F. WATSON,
Is prepared to Cement the exterior of Buildings with
he New York Improved
Water-Proof Mastic Cement.
Thiel Meteriai le different trein oil ether Cements.
It forms a solid, durable adhesiveness to any surface,
imperishable by the action of water or frost. Every
good building should be coated with this Cement ; it is
a perfect preserver to the walls, and makes a beautiful,
fine finish, equal to Eastern brown sandatone, or any
Among others for whom I have applied the Mastic
Cement, I refer to the following gentlemen :
J. Bissell, residence, Penn street, Pittsburg, finished
J. H. Shoenberger, reddened, Lawrenoeville, finished
James M'Clandlass, residence, Allegheny City,iinished
Calvin Adams, residence, Third st sot, finished four
A. Roeveler, residence, Lawrenceville, finished four
J. D. M'Cord, Penn street, finished four years.
Hon. Thomas Irwin, Diamond street, finished four
St Charles Hotel and Girard House, finished five
Kittanning Court House and Bank, for Barr & Moser,
Architects, Pittsburg, finished five years.
°idea eeeei - ved at the • E 63 of & WEldegrany, Paid
Shop, 20 Seventh street, or please address
T. P. WATSON,
mayl6-tf P. O. Box 13-11. Pittsburg, Pa.
iirUKINGER'S PATENT BEEF TEA,
Aft a aoh d, canceutrated extract of
BEEF AND VEGETABLES.
doursrLibie immediately Into a ooarialliat dad da
da= soup. Highly approved by a number of eminent
Th 36 admirable article condensed into a oompeot form
enhetaulial and nutritive properties of &large
bait of meat and vegetables. The readiness with which
It dissolves into a rich and palatable Coup. which would
require hours of preparation awarding to the tumid
milked, is an advantage in many situations of lite, too
olivine to gee 4 nrffing. Its Nair iieuriohing treaties
combined with its deavaoy, render, it invaluable for the
sick; while for those in health, ale a perfeotimbstituto
for fresh meat and vegetables. It will keep good In any
It is paeans* well adapted POI, TBSTELBRO, ty
land or sea, who eau Lim avoid those soaidentaidepriva
blocs of a comfortable meal, to whloh they are so liable.
rou INVALIDS, whose capricious appetite can thus
10 satiated in a moment,
YOU SPURTSELEN and EXCURSIONISTS. to whom,
both Its , compsetness and easy preperetiell will recom
mend It. I/or sae by
oepad-tf WM. DOCK. la., & Co.
GOLD PENS '-The largest and telt
Moat, from SIM to 11.1.00—warrostol—at
B. L. WOULLOCH,
ttt atrint slition.
SATURDAY MORNING, OCT. 17, 1863.
Extracts from Debates in the National
Convention of 1787 upon the Danger of
The men who framed the Constitution were
men of large experience. They had lived un
der the rule of England,. and knew from actual
experience, from recent traditions of their
fathers, and even from the.long history of the
mother country, of the danger to the liberties
of the people from the oppressions of those in
power. Their great object was to establish a
government based upon the will of the people,
with such written provisions and guarantees
as would forever secure the people against the
arbitrary power of the men who ehould repre
sent" the government. To this end they framed
a government of laws, a government in which
the duties and powers of those in authority
were defined and limited. As all governments
must be administered by men, they strove, in
the hour of calm reason, to provide not only
against encroachments on the liberties of the
people, by unwise and bad men, but against
any undue-exercise of power by worthy mag
istrates, under the influence of the passions
and excitements generated by an inflamed state
of the public mind, in times of great dissen
sions. Experience had taught them the falli
bility of the best and wisest of men. They
knew that the tendency of unrestricted power
is to strengthen itself, and that the only safety,
in the contingencies of the future, wouldi be
found in prescribing and limiting the powers
of those who should administer ; the govern
Their words are full of warning and instruc
tion, and afford a terrible rebuke to those who
in the time of public excitement and danger,
would break over the limits which the fathers
set to the exercise of power, and would con
fidingly entrust all the liberties of the people
to the keeping of a partisan administration.
' The following extracts are from discussions
upon various sections of the Constitution, and
their application can be understood, without
stating the different subjects of debate: ,
Mn. HAMILTON—On the other plan of ap
pointing him [the President] for seven years,
he thought the executive ought to have but
little power. He would be ambitious with the
means of making creatures, and as the object
a big bc t9prOong hIS pull.,
it is possible that in case of war he would
avail himself of the emergency to evade or re
fuse a degradation from his place.
Mn. Mamsos—A people deliberating . in a
temperate movement, and with the experience
of other nations before them, on the plan of
government most likely to secure their happi
ness, would first be aware that those charged
'with the public happiness might betray their
trust. An obvious precaution against this
danger would be, to divide the trust between
different bodies of men, who might watch and
check each other.
COLONEL MASON was for giving all possible
weight to the revikiemiry Jostitution, The
executive polder ought to be well secured
against legislative usurpations on it. The purse
and the sword ought never to get into the same
hands, whether legislative or executive.
Mn. RANDOLPH—No mischief can be appre
hended, as the concurrence of the other branch,
and in some measure - of the executive, will in
all cases be necessary. A firmness and indepen
dence may be more necessary, also, in this
branch, as it ought to guard the Constitution
affaipst encroachments of the executive s who
will be apt to form combinations with the
demagogues of the popular branhe.
Dn. FRANKLIN said: We seemed too much to
fear cabals, in appointments by a number, and
to have too much confidence in those of single
persons. Experience showed that caprice, the
intrigues of favorites and mistresses, were
nevertheless the means most prevalent in mon
archies. Among instances of abuse in such
modes of appointment, he mentioned the many
bad governors appointed in Great Britain for
th e co l on i es . He thought a Council would not
only 'be a check on a bad President, but a re
lief to a good one.
MR. SIIERMANIII making laws, regard
should be had to the sense of the people who
are to be bound by them; and it was more
probable that a single man should mistake or
betray this sense, than the Legislature.
Ma. SHEamatt—He admitted it to be proper
that many officers in the executive department
should be so appointed; but contended that
many ought not, as general officers in the ar
my, in time of peace, &c. Herein lay the cor
ruption in Great Britain. If the executive can
model the army, he may set up an absolute
government ; taking advantage of the close of
a war, and an army commanded by his crea
tures. James 11. was not obeyed by his offi
cers, because they had been appointed by his
predecessors, not by himself.
MR. BUTLER was strentrous for the motion,
as a necessary . security against ambitions and
corrupt Presidents. He mentioned the late
perfidious policy of the Stadtholder in Holland
and the artifices of the Duke of Marlborough
to prolong the war of which he had the man
a. WiLsow—Despotism ewes on mankind
in different shapes. sometimes is an executive,
sometimes in a military one. Is there no dan
ger of a legislative despotism? Theory and
practice both proclaim it. If the legislative
authority is not restrained there can be neither
liberty nor stability; and it can only be re
strained by dividing it within itself, into dis
tinct and independent branches. In a single
House there is no check, but the inadequate
one, of the virtue and good sense of those who
Mn.GOVERNEUR MORRIS—The Legislature
will continually seek to aggrandize and per
petuate themselves; and will seize those criti
cal moments produced by war, invasion, or
convulsion, for that purpose.
Ma. GOUVERNEUR MORRIS—It is the most
difficult of all to rightly balance the Execu
tive. Make him too weak—the Legislature
will usurp his power. Make him the strong—
he will usurp on the Legislature.
Mr, Racroobrn said the propriety of im
peachments was a favorite principle with him.
Guilt, wherever found, ought to be punished.
The Executive will have great opportunities of
abusing his power, particularly in time of war,
when the military force, and in some respects
the public money, will be in his hands.
Should no regular punishment be provided, it
will be irre e ularly Inflicted by tumults and in
Ma Gotrvennanu Mows—But make him
ineligible a second time—and prolong his du
ration even to fifteen years—will he, by any
wonderful interposition of Providence at that
period, Min to be a meal he will be
unwilling to quit his exaltation; the road to
hie object through the Constitution will be
abut; he will be in poeveasion of the sword; a
civil war will ensue, and the commander of a
victorious army, on whichever aide, will be the
despot of America. This consideration rem-
PRICE TWO CENTS.
dere him particularly anxious that the Execu
tive should be properly constituted.
Mr. MADISON—The truth is, that all men
having power ought to be distrusted, to a cer
Mx. Devric—lf he be not impeachable
whilst in offloe, he will spare no efforts or
miens whatever to get himself re elected. He
considered this as an essential security for
the good behavior of the Executive.
Mr. WILSON concurred in the necessity of
making the Executive impeachable whilst in
Mr. MADISON thought it indispensable that
some provision should be made for defending
the community against the incapacity, negli
gence or perfidy of the Chief Magistrate. The
limitation of his period of service was not a
suf f icient security. He might lose his capacity
after \his appointment. He might pervert his
administration into a scheme of speculation or
oppression, He might betray his trust to for
COLONEL IVIASON.:—No point is of more im
portance than that the right of impeachment
should be continue& Shall any man be above
justice ? Above all, shall that man be above
it who can commit the most extensive injus
tice? When great crimes were committed, he
was for punishing the principal as well as the
coadjutors. There had been much debate and
difficulty as to the mode of choosing the Ex
ecutive. He approved of that which was
adopted at first, namely, of referring the ap
pointment to the National Legislature. One
objection against electors was the danger of
their being corrupted by the candidafies, and
this furnished a peculiar reason in favor of
impeachments whilst in office. Shall the man
who has practiced corruption, and by that
means procured his appointment in the first
instance, be suffered to escape punishment by
repeating his guilt?
Ma. MADISON.—In the case of the Executive
magistracy, which was to be administered by
a single man, loss of capacity or corruption
was more within the compass of probable
events, and either of them might be fatal to the
MR. GERRY urged the necessity of impeach
ments. A good magistrate will not fear them.
A bad one ought to be kept in fear of them.
He hoped the maxim would never be adopted
here, that the Chief Magistrate could do no
Mu. Eritewoavu.—The Executive will be re
garded by the people with a jealous eye. Every
power .for augmenting unnecessarily his influ
ence will be disliked.
MR. MADISON.—A standing military force,
with an overgrown Executive, will not long be
safe companions to liberty, The means of de
fence against foreign danger have been always
the instruments of tyrany at home. Among
the Romans it was a standing maxim, to ex
cite a war whenever a revolt was apprehen
ded. Throughout all Europe, the armies kept
up, under the pretext of defending, have en
slaved .the people.
Ma. GOUVENEUR MORRIS.—This country
must be united. If persuasion does not unite
it, the sword will. He begged this considera
tion might have its due weight. The scenes of
horror attending civil 04mmotion cannot be
described, and the conclusion of them will be
worse than the term of their continuance.—
The stronger party will then make traitors of
the•weaker ; and the gallows and halter will
finish the work of the sword.
Ma. PINCKNEY was for a vigorous Executive,
but was afraid the executive powers of the ex
isting Congress might extend to peace and
war, &a.; which would render the Executive a
monarchy of the worst kind—to wit, an elec
Mn. BuTLEIL had been in favor of a single
Executive magistrate, but, could he have en
tertained an idea that a complete negative on
the laws was to be given him, he certainly
should have acted very differently. It had
been observed that in all countries the Execu
tive power is in a constant course of increase.
This was certainly the case in Great Britain.
Gentlemen seemed to think that we had no
thing to apprehend froin an abuse or the Ex
ecutive power. But why might not a Catiline
or s Cromwell arise in this country, as well
as in others ?
CoL. HAMILTON Ras seriously of opinion
that the Houle of Representatives was on so
narrow a scale as to be really dangerous, and
to warrant a jealousy in the people for their
liberties. He remarked, that the connection
between the President and the Senate would
tend to perpetuate him, by corrupt influence.
It pas the more necessary ? on this account,
that a numerous representation in the other
branch of the Legislature should be estab
THE ARMY TESTIMONIAL TO M'CLELLAN.-
There is no other thing which the radicals
have made such noitM about of late as the pro
posed army testimonial to Gen. M'Clellan.—
The constant cry, that it has proved a failure,
is on a par with all their other falsehoods in
regard to that gallant officer, and it is further
proof that they fear M'Clellan's ability. Were
he so poor an officer, and possessed so little
talent ait they claim he does, there would be
no attacks upon him. The foot is, they know
that he is one of the ablest Union generals.—
Hence their constant assaults upon him to
poison the public mind.
In regard to the testimonial by the army to
M'Clellan, its success was far beyond the an
ticipations of the friends of that general. The
basis for subscriptions for privates was ten
cents each; but in many instances they refused
to limit themselves to that figure. In most in
stances the rank and file took hold of it with
great enthusiasm. In one division alone the
sum of ten thousand dollars was raised. The
only instance where there were any objections
raised were in a New York regiment, whpse
colonel, when raising hie regiment, publicly
announced that he would have no one but Abo
litionists in his regiment, and a Michigan regi
ment and one other from the West. These
regiments were all that made any objections.
When the order was issued putting a. stop to
the subscription, the round sum of thirty
thousand dollars had been subseribial. Here
is thnseeret of the order being issued, and the
animosity of Stanton and company. Had the
plan proved a failure no order would have ever
been homed to prevent the circulation of the
subscription papers in the army. The failure
of the men to subscribe would have been just
the evidence the raJicals wanted against M'-
Clellan; but their taking hold of it with enthu
siasm roused the anger and petty jealousies of
Stanton and hie clique. In order, therefore, to
prevent the fact that the army still adhered to
their devotion to their former gallant com
mander being known, an order was issued to
prevent the subscription being taken, and the
money was refunded.
Most of the officers contributed liberally ;
others m..nifeeted their regrets that they were
so situated that they dated not take hold of
the matter and push it as they desired to,
fearing that it they did they would be aegraded
by the War Office at Wabhingtee. The treat
ment of Colonel Divis, of the staff of General
Meade. shows how well founded were their
Colonel Davis held a position on General
Meade's staff, with the rank of colonel. Being
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING
BY 0. BARRETT $* CIO
TEN DAILY PATRIOT AID UNION Win be mood to Nab.
scribers residing In the Borough for sett mum PIUMRIPZ,
MO/et° the Carrier. Nail subecriberk sin !MUM
THD WIDIXAT PATITO? AND VISION IS published SAW°
DOLLARS ma AXIOM, invariably in advance. Ten oeyie
to one address, Afters dollar.,
Connected with this eatablieltmenc n extenaivil
JOB 011101, containing t so w variety of plain and fanny
et unetlurned by any est ab lishment in the interior of Zt utate, for
Baited. which the patronagliof the publie le no
an ardent admirer of General M'Clellan, he
took an active part in circulating the paper,
and in swelling the amount subscribed. The
result is that Colonel Davis' rank was redueed
to that of major, and he taken from General
Meade's staff and sent off to Santa Fe. Other
officers are being treated in a similar manner,
and efforts are being made to degrade all offi
cers who took prominent part in the work.—
Could party meanness, petty jealousies and
despotic power go further ?—N. Y. Herald.
FEARFUL SCENE AT WARSAW:
A correspondent of the London Post, writing
from Warsaw on the 20th ult., giyes a . vivid
sketch of the scene which followed the attempt
to assassinate the Russian General' Berg, by
flinging an Orsini bomb at him as he was
riding through the streets of Warsaw :
The missile was thrown in the narrowest
part of the street, between the house of Count
Andrew Zamoyski and the Saxon Palace.—
When the smoke cleared away General Berg
was found to be unhurt, in his carriage. Trust
worthy witnesses of the scene, who were at
their windows at the time, declare that it was
perfectly impossible either for them or Gene
ral Berg, blinded with the smoke, or for his
escort, to see whence the bomb fell. - The
police at the corner of the street were so
frightened that they concealed themselves, 80
that they could not have a suspicion of the
house where the author of the attempt was.—
It was a moment of suspense, fear and uncer
tainty. Meanwhile Berg, having arrived at
the Orderly Room, gave certain orders, whose
nature subsequent events disclosed, and after
wards, surrounded by a fresh convoy, rode
home. One thousand infantry and cavalry
now proceeded by a wide column from the
Orderly Room in the direction of the spot
where the attempt had been made. On the
road they arrested, in the most brutal manner,
every person they met, driving all before them
with their bayonets.
They then entered both the houses of Count
Zamoyski, one of which is strictly a private
house, occupied by his family exclusively,
and the other, perhaps the most magnificent
house in Warsaw, fitted up in a most luxurious
style, and occupied by nearly one hundred
opulent and highly respectable families. That
the bomb _should have been thrown from one
of those houses was most improbable, and I
have already pointed out that it was im
possible to know which was the house whence
it was thrown. What were the scenes that
were enacted in these, perhaps the most res
pectable houses in Warsaw, between five in
the afternoon and twelve at night, Ciod only
knows. The crowd outside saw the windows
all smashed, and the furniture, books, pic
tures, mirrors, pianos, dresses and cupboards
thrown out into the streets ; and they heard in
the midst of the savage soldiery the noise of
the breaking of furniture, and the despairing
cries and groans of women. After seven hours
of destruction, the soldiery dragged the male
inhabitants, upward of two hundred in num
ber, covered with wounds and contusions, to
the citadel. These poor people were without
hats or coats, and their clothes were nearly
torn off their backs. Among them were several
old men, whose weary and despairing looks
moved the bystanders to tear&
In Miodowa street, where there is a church,
these unfortunate people knelt down to say a
silent prayer ; but the soldiery rushed upon
them with their bayonets, tore them from their
kneeling position, and forced them to march
0n...t Meanwhile the *omen and children, thus .
deprived of their natural protectors, were ex
posed to the insults and obscene jokes of the
drunken soldiery, without a home—even with
out warm clothing against the cold. About
11 o'clock p. m., a short time before the men
were taken to the citadel, a lurid light was
seen in the :sky above the spot where these
scenes occurred. It was thought that this
ii6ll6t be a fire, caused either by accident or
despair. .The ire brigades immediately col
lected from all parts of the town, but the sol
diers who were posted in the street would not
allow them to enter it, and even threw furni
ture into the flames as fuel. The fire lasted
all night, and this morning three heaps of
ashes are all that remain of the residence and
homes of nearly 100 families. Among the vic
tims I will only mention Prince Thaddeus Lu
bomirski and Count Stanislans Zamoyski,
(brother of Count Andrew.) The resideneee
of both have been razed to the ground, and.
both are now in prison.
This well-known Oriental scholar Rowalew
ski rector of the University, owed his personal
safety to the accident of his absence from
home, but of his furniture, his rooms, and his
magnificent Oriental library—the fruit of some
30 years' collection—nothing remains. The
very valuable library of Prince Thaddeus Lu
bomirski, who has for sometime been occupied
in writing a history of Poland, has been com
pletely destroyed in the fire. As for other ar
ticles, which in the eyes of the barbarian sol
diery, were of more value—such as furs,
dresses, gilt furniture, &o.—they were taken
to the citadel, there is no doubt, to be divided
among those who showed the most zeal in the
work of destruction. The immense stores of
the wine-merchant Krupeoki have been com
It is a great mistake to suppose merit has no
reward because it may seem to be unrecognized.
Even in this world the good, for the most part,
fare better than the bad. "I never knew,"
said Sam Johnson, "a villain that wasn't an un
happy fellow." And who ever knew a good
man who was altogether wretched ? It is true,
indeed, that the best are subject to poverty and
detraction ;to sickness and bereavement. The
noblest, of heroes may, for a time, be regarded
with indifference or contempt; but the case is
by no means so bad as it seems. There is more
justice in the world than the grumblers allow.
Hear how Coleridge has rimmed up the whole
'•How foldout, friend, a. good great man inherits
Honor and wealth, with all his worth of .pirits,
When any mau obtains teat which ha merits,
Or any merits that which he o4.alna.ii
Per shame, my friend! renounce this idle strain !
What viuld thou have a good g eat man obtain'
Wealth, title, dignity; *golden eh in.
Or hasps or cones which his sword hie chic ;
Goodness and greatness are not wane, but Cada.
Haw ha not always treasures, always friends—
The good great man? Three treasures—love and light,
And calm thoughts, equable as illeaVs breath;
And three feet trends, more dare than day or alght-:-
Himself, his Mater, sad the hotel Death.
A GOOD Titer'. or "Tun Tpwes."—Mr. J.
Moore, a practical printer in London, lately
stated in a lecture on the History of ihe Art
of Printing : " The proprietors of the Times
hire dare week Iv hums the condition of
the compositors employed in their establish
ment. Fur many years a aiming& bank has
been established, to which every compositor
is expected to subscribe weekly. A cuisine has
been fitted up, where viands, wholesome and
suitable, are prepared at a Olean coat to the
enetetners. There is also a bath to refresh the
body after the fatigues of the night. And,
better still, dwelling houses h.ve been erected
on gr. Walter's estate, in Berkshire, where
the compositors may retire, in their ld age,
upon a pension."