Newspaper Page Text
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
Four lineS or less constitute half a square. Bight lines
,r more theft four, constitute a square.
us] f sq., one day-- $0 80 One eq., one day-- $0 00
i one week..__ 120 ii one week.... 200
" one month.. 300 " one month.. 600
threemonths 600 a three monthslo 00
six months.. 800 tc six months.. 16 00
, one „ oz. __ 12 00 a one year.... 2000
im Business notices inserted in the Local. 001.ma P r,
Pore marriages and deaths, r calms PIA LINi for
insertion. To merchants and others advertising
.... rear, unarm corms wait De offered.
nj A. ne sOOOlO9l 01 11050141 0011 mita* designated en
la' Marriages and Deaths will be inserted at the same
rates as regular advertisements.
DR. J. C. HOYER,
- JE "L" FS r i g 7
OFFICE IN WYETH'S BUILDING,
inn zoom formerly occupied by Dr. Carman,
CORNER OE MARKET STREET AND MARKET SQUARE.
CLOCK MAKER, CLEANER AND REPAIRER,
NORTH STREET, EAST OF THE CAPITAL.
ALL WORK GUARANTEED.
M. H. MILLER,
R. E. FERGUSON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
BETWEEN WALNUT and MARKET SQUARE,
ap-29w&d Nearly opposite the Buehler Bowe.
R OBERT BNODGI-ItABS,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Office Nora Third street, thud door above Mar
ket, Harrisburg, .Pa.
W. B.Penaion, Bounty and Military claims of all
kind' 'mounted and connoted_
Borer to Hone. John O. Minkel, DATIL Mumma,
and It. A. Lamberton.
BURGEON AND OCTILISZ
BaaI:DRUM! THIRD MBAR NORTH STRUT.
Ho Is now fully prepared to attend promptly to the
dnr.lee of profeaaion in all Its branches.
eih, Lon AMID TRIM 511003188701. WIDIOAL WEMEMICI)
jIIRVASII him In promising fan and maple satlAfteetirdi to
all who mayfavor libnwith a 6aU, be the disease Mamie
or any ether nature.
TR OE. O, N 4 toDOWELL ;
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
PELE.ITARY CLAIM AND PATENT AGENT.
OPA in the _Exchange. Walnut at., (Up Maim)
Having formed a connection with parties in Wash
ington City, wno are reliable business men, any busi
ness connected with any of the Departments will meet
with immediate and careful attention_ mt-y
MILIT.ARY CLAIMS AND PEN
The undersigned have entered into an association for
the collection of Military Claims and the securing of
Pensions for wounded and disabled soldiers,
Muster-in and Master-out Bolls, °Moen" Pay Bolls,
Ordnance and Clothing returns. and all papers pertain
lug to the military service will be made out properly
Office in the Exchange Building, Walnut between
Second and Third streets, near Omit's "Hotel, Harris
burg, Pa. THOS C MACDOWBLL,
jeSS-dtf. THOMAS A. MAGUIRE.
NO. 11, NORTH THIRD BT., HARRISBURG.
MELODEONS, VIOLINS, OIJITABS,
Baths, Fist% .Fifes, Drtiast, .fiecordsons,
STRINGS, SEXIST AND BOOK =SID, 10., fto.,
PHOTOGRAPH FRAMES. ALBUMS,
Large Pier and Mantle Mirrors, Square and Oral Primo
greverydescrildlenitiada teenier. lisgaildingdons.
Agency for Howe's Sewing 'Machines.
' Sheet Music sent by Mail. esti-1
JOHN W. GLOVER,
had just received from New York, an anon
which he offers to his customers and the public at
coed) MODERATE PRICES- dtt
4COOK, Merchant Tailor,
• 27 CHMSNIIT ST., between Second and front,
Han just returned from the city with an assortment of
MOTHS, GASSIMERES AND VXSTINGS,
Which will be sold at moderate prices and made up to
order; and, also, an assortment of READY HAM
Clothing and Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods.
DENTIST R Y.
r B. L GILDEII, t D. 1 4
IY 0 . 119 MARKET STREET,
Poutlively extrude tooth without Wu. hT tho 9114 Of
RELIGIOUS BOOK STORE,
TRACT AND SUNDAY SCHOOL DEPOSITORY,
E. S. GERMAN.
VU 6194)ND STUB; ABOVB OHISNIIT,
Depot tor thesals of EitereoscopasAtersoseopicTiews,
ikusic and Musical Instruments. Also, subscriptions
token for reLigioua publications. noWdf
JOHN G. W. MARTIN,
BARRIS ROTZL, HARRISBURG, PA.
Alimmuier of VISITING, WEDDING AND BITSI
NESS CARDS executed in the most artistic styles and
meet reammoble terms. decl4-dtt
LT ON HOTEL,
Igo Avenue, corner of Broad street,
The undersigned informs the public that he has re
gently renovated and refitted his well-known " Union
Hari" on Bidge avenue, near the Bound House, and is
prepared to accommodate eitieens, strangers and travel
sin in the best Style, it moderate rates.
Ilia table will be sapplied with the beet the maskets
stool, and at his bar wig be found superior brands of
liVors ant malt beverages. The very best 1106COME10-
43 f 3 r railroaders employed at the shops in this
virtnity_ rel 4 dtfl WitHRY BOSTOSN.
F KLIN HOUSE
31 /?/11022, MD.
Thilla pleasant and commodious Motel has been the
m ee k ly ra-steed and te-tlealoked. It IS pleasantly
eli k ented on North-West conker a Howard and Dranklin
streets, a few doors West of the Northern Central Ball
lOW DePot- Itsery attention Pohl to the eomiert of Ids
omit los Gro Froprve. ?aietgri
maw irlau OT hel.)
THEO. F. SOHEYFER ;
300 C, CARD AND MR PRINTER,
NO. 111 HAREM BMW, HARRISBURG.
grr Partials? attantioa paid to printing, ruling and
bindrng of Railroad Blanks, Manifests, Insurance Poe
tise, Check., 8111-Seeds, &a.
Wadding, Visiting and Business Oar& printed at carp
priors and in the best style. *di
431 r 22 0. X./ icr Cie -
tlat subscriber is ready at IW. 94, DILIITIZT BT.,
four doors below Fourth street, to make
KEN'S AND BOY'S CLOTHING
in any desired style, and with skill and promptness_
Parsons wishing cutting dons can have it done at the
iikurbeit notice. ap2T-d
CHARLES F. VOLLMEB,
ar m amd .reef, four doors above Ifeeowd,
(Oivours Weenridloll lina Room)
/ 4 Prepared to farniah to miler, in the very beet idyls of
Irtrinreaship, Bpring and flair Mattresses, Window °ar
ias'', Usages, Ind all other artietee of Pi:nature in lb
lbw" on sh o d s ow and moderate term. Haviff
Wiin the heeineee, be feels waranited
ais ablio patronage, Nape of Ma abilitytoßtfe
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VOL. G.-NO. 35.
GREAT EXTERNAL REMEDY,
FOR RHEUMATISM, GOUT, NEURALGIA,
LUMBAGO, STIFF NECK AND JOINTS,
SPRAINS, BRUISES, CUTS A WOUNDS,
BILLS, HEADACHE, and ALL RITEII-
MATIO and NERVOUS DISORDERS
For all of which it is a speedy and certain remedy,
S➢d Defer fails. This Liniment is prepared from the
recipe of Dr Stephen 6weet, of Comm' etteet, the !a
mong bone setter, and has been need in his practice for
more than twenty years with the most astonishing sue-
AS AN ALLEVIATOR OF PAIN, it is unrivaled
by any preparation before the pobtio, of which the most
skeptical may be convinced by a single trial.
This Liniment will cure rapidly and radically, RENO
MANIC DISORDERS of every kind, and in thousands
of cases where it has been need it has never been known
FOR NEURALGIA, it will afford immediate relief
in every case, however distressing.
It will relieve the worst cases of HEADACHE in
three minutes and is warranted to do it.
TOOTHACHE also will it cure instantl. GENERAL
NERVOUS DEBILITY AND
LASSITUDE, arising from imprudence or excess, this
Liniment is a most happy and unfailing remedy. Act
direetly upon the nervous tissues, it strengthens and
revivifies the system, and restores it to elasticity and
FOR PILES.—As an external remedy, we claim that
it is the best known, and we challenge the world to pro
dime an equal_ Every victim of this distressing com
plaint should give it a trial, for it will not fail to afford
immediate relief, and in a majority of cases will effect
a radical cure.
QUINSY aud SORE THROAT are sometimes ex
tremely malignant and dangerous, but a timely applies ,
lion of this Liniment will never fail to cure.
SPRAINS are sometimes very obstinate, and enlarge
ment of the joints is liable to occur if neglected: The
worst case may be conquered by this Liniment in two or
BRUISES, CUTS, WOUNDS, SORES, ULCERS
.BURNS and SCALDS, yield readily to the wonderful
healing properties of DR. SWEET'S INFALLIBLE
LINIMENT, when need according to directions. Also,
CHILBLAINS, FROSTED FF. A'T, and INSECT
BITES and STINGS
EVERY HORSE OWNER
should have this remedy at hand, for its timely use at
the first appearance of Lameness will effectually pre
vent those forraidiaie dificeses to which all horses are
liable and which render so many otherwise valuable
horses nearly worthless.
Over four hundred voluntary testimonials to the won
derful curative properties of this Liniment have been
received within the last two years, and many of them
from persons in the highest ranks of life.
To avoid imposiVon, observe the Signature and Like
*eels of Dr. Stephen Sweet on every label, and also
IN Stephen Sweet's lufolliMe Liniment'" blown in the
glass of each bottle, without which none are genuine.
Sole Proprietors, Norwich, Ct.
For sale by all dealers. aplleow-d&w
A LL WORK PI :lONISED
1 0 -A
STEAM DYEING ESTABLISHMENT,
104 MAIIKNT 0111111 T,
BDTWDEN 7011112 H AND 10IFT13.
HARRINBUDO PA. ,
Where every description of Ladies , end Gentlemen's
garments, Pleas Goode, &0., are Dyed, Cleansed, and
ilatidied in the bast manner and at the shortest notice.
aol).dkerly DODGA At 00.. Proprietors.
DURYEAS 7 MAIZENA.
Received two ' , PRIZE DIRDALS”
(From Juries 3 and 4) at the
International Exhibition, London 1862,
Gained by Anything of the Kind.
It also receiYed the Superlative Report of
"EXCEEDED EXCELLENT FOR FOOD."
At the Great International Exhibition at
HAXRIIRG, drily,lB63, 'Received
THE HIGHEST MEDAL
For its great delicacy as as arliela of Food.
Used for Puddings, Custards. Rhine Mange, , with
out Isingleas, with few or no eggs. It is excellent for
thickening Sweet Sauces, Gravies for Fish, Meat, Soups,
&a. For Ice Cream nothing can compare with it. A
little boiled in milk will produce rich cream for coffee,
tee, *c, A most delicious article of food
for children and invalids. It is 'vastly superior to Ar
row Root, and much more economical
Put up in one pound packages, with full direction
for use, and mold by all Grocers and Druggists.
WILLIAM DIM'S A, Whigeo4e Age it,
156 Fulton Street, New York.
20,000,1b5. Composed of the following Brands
EVANS & SWlFT'S—Superior.
MICRINER'S EXCELSIOR—Not canvassed.
IRON CITY—Not canvassed.
PLAIN HAMS—Strictly prime.
ORDINARY HAMS—Very good.'
Nvery Ham meld will be guaranteed as represen
ted. WM. DOCK. Jr., & 00.
HEALTH / MONEY 1 HAPPINESS 11
At tide lemoneryear , 'benne muen MUNN proving,
every one Nhonld provide himself witk DR. REM,
PIHRITM HOSSIMPATILIO MKNOIS3II, and prevent
dhows in ita be gio r d,, g ,
• fr isk MAY always on hand et
WAR! WAR ' —BRADY,. No. 62
Market street, below Thrd , bae raaelTed a tarp
amposimost Of Bwesaa, Bisiga# awg Bain, index tame
MI wary low. . age et
E V,' EAR!
HARRISBURG, PA., MONDAY, OCTOBER 12, 1863.
T HE CONTINENTAL CASINO !
WALNUT STREET, BETWEEN SECOND & THIRD
This FAMILY RICSORT will open nightly for tilt
season, on Monday, October sth, 1863.
The world-renowned Ambidextrous Prestidigitator,
will appear and perform his great Changes, Transfor
mations, Secret Manipulations, Ocular Deceptions, &c.,
The charming Actress and Dansnes
MISS EDA LAWRENCE,
The Pretty Songstress
W. H. PORTER,
The only Negro Deliniator west of New York City,
D. A. DEMARBELLM,
The celebrated Vocalist, Comedian and general per
former—aSalated by many others unequalled in their
Good order will be enforced. No improper persons
admitted. No liquor sold about the place. Front
seats reserved especially for the ladies.
ADMIFFION - - - - - 15, 05, &50 eta.
F. A. MOLINEAUX,
Sole Lessee and Pronribtor.
T F. WATSON:,
Is prepared to Cement the exterior of Buildings with
he New York Improved
Water-Proof Mastic Cement.
This Material is different from an otter Cements.
It forms a solid, durable adhesiveness to any surface,
imperishable by the action of water or frost. Every
good building should be coated with this Cement ; it is
perfect preserver to the walls, and makes a beautiful,
fine finish, equal to tuatara brown sandstone, Or say
Among others for whom I have applied the Mastic
Cement, I refer to the following gentlemen :
J. Bissell, residence, Penn street, Pittsburg, finidied
J. H. Shoenberger, residence, Lawrenceville, finished
James BlNDandlass, residence, Allegheny City,finished
Wein Adams, residence, Third street, finished four
A. Hoeveler, residence, Lawrenceville, finished four
J. D. M'Cord, Penn street, finished four years.
Hon. Tholicas Irwin, Diamond street, finished four
St Charles Hotel and Girard Rouse, finished five
Kittanning Court House and Bank, for Barr k Moser,
Architects, Pittsburg, finished Ate years.
Orders received at the office of B. AVEldowney, Paint
Shop, 20 Seventh street, or please address
T. P. WATSON,
mayl6—tf P.O. Box 1306. Pittsburg, Pa.
AN ITEM FOR THE LADIES.
The undersigned, having a long experience in the
Boot and nos business, is now prepared to sell the
very beet styles of Ladies' shoes at the lowest possible
prices. He keeps every imaginable Ned of Gaiters,
Balmoral boots and Slippers. Also, all kinds of Child
ren's shoes, from the finest Infant's shoe to a coarse
brogan. Also, a lull assortment of Men's Boots and
(}afters of every description, besides an excellent lot of
Outhii shoes and boots.
Call and examine his large stock before purchasing
/17 - No. 12, Market square, next door to Yelia's con
N. 11,a• All eiders promptly executed.
octT-dly. LfPPMANi MEM
This old established House has undergone extensive
improvements, and been thoroughly renovated and re
It is pleasantly located in the heart of the city, in
easy access to the State Capitol and Public Grounds.
IiZT - For the accommodation of our guests, we have
recently commenced to sun a Coach to and from the Rail
road. In this manner unpleasant delay ix leaving the
Depot for the Hotel mill be avoided, and much more
time afforded &moth fa* mewls when leaving the Hours.
Intending that the BUEHLER HOUSE shall be really
a home-like resort for the stranger and traveler we re
spectfully solicit a continuance of the public patronage.
GEO. J. BOLTON,
VALUABLE PROPERTY AT PRI
v VATBRALE.—The subscriber wilt sell at private
sale that valuable Tavern kltrnd .3 eitnate On Alto Read
in the Sixth Ward, Harrisburg, corner of Broad street,
being 26 feet in front and 72 feet deep. The improve
ments are a two-story frame Tavern House, with three
story back building. Hydrant water in the premises,
and nth ar eenvenienoes. The property is calculated
either for a store or a hotel, being eligibly situated.
For terms apply on the premises to
HARRISBURG, September 9,1663
t. S.—The subscriber will Igo sell a fine Ail sear old
horse. and family carriage, having no use for the same.
sep 10-tf H. B.
pRINTING PRESSES FOR SALE.
One small CARD PRESS.
• One SUPER-ROYAL SMITH'S HAND PRESS.
Quo RUGGLES' QUARTER MEDIUM FAST PRESS,
for cards, circulars, &c.
One DAVIES' OSCILLATING, SUPER-ROYAL, MA
CHINE PRESS, suitable for jobs and newspaper work.
A stout boy can run off 1,000 copies per hour.
All the preemie ire in good order, and will be NM
low. Apply to T '.EO F. SOHEFFER.
oat 1. No. 18, Market St., Harrisburg.
LADIES TRAVELING ;
For mile low, by
WM. DOCK, Jr., It Co.
MESSRS. CHICKERING & CO.
HATE AGAIN OBTAINED THE
MECHANICS' FAIR, BOSTON,
0 TEE irrlTYmicTiarwith roxii
Warsroom for the °MOWING . Pl9llOll, at Hurl&
brma92 Market .
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
Having just returned from the pastern cities, we are
receiving all the FRESH and owns goods in our linein
We can coaclinstly offer complete stock of First
Class Groceries, which we guarantee cannot be sur
passed by any other establishment in the State in se
lection, price or assortment.
sep 22 WM. DOCK, JR., & CO.
KUPERIOR STOCK OF LIQUORS.-
1J WM. DOCK, Ja. , & CO., are now able to ofer to
their =stamen and the public at large, a stock of the
purest liquors ever innorted into this market, compd.,
sing in part the following v 5846 4 .8
WHISKY—IRISH, SCOTCH,OLD BOURBON.
WINE—PORT, SHERRY, OLD MADEIRA.
MARDI DUPEY & CO. PALE BRANDY.
PRIME NEW ENGLAND RUM.
DRAKE'S PLANTATION BITTERS.
Thus limo cia all be warranted; and in addition to
these, Doek & . Co. have on Mind a large TWAY itt
Wines, Whisky and Brandy, to whisk they Invite the
Particular attention of the public.
LOOKING GLASSES --A Splendid
Amiortment of New Looking Glum, just received,
at W. KNOCHE'S Magic Store, 93 Market street, where
they will be Bold cheap. Call and examine. mrlll
ADIES i YOU KNOW WERE YOU
get fins Itoto Papett_lnvelepee,lrisiting_and
Wedding Cita ? At BOBAFFEWS BOOJESTOII3.
ate 4 ,!: grid it anion+
MONDAY MORNING, 0CT.12, 1863.
THE DYING SUMMER.
Dying Summer's gently gliding
Into Winter 7 B frigid grave ;
While the falling leaves are hiding
Beauties that around her wave :
Still, are gems of beauty glowing,
As the grove she tesselates,
With the floral wonders growing,
Wonders that her life creates
Ri oh and gorgeous is the pillow,
Where she lays her dying head.
'Midst the gold-fruit ripe and yellow
And the flowers One and red.
Happy Summer, bright and airy,
Brilliant, transient—linger still;
With thee, life and fay and fairy
Yeinieh all from 1119a14 and lin I
Roses sweet with dew-drops weeping.
Woo thee lovingly to stay;
Stilly. streams and cascades leaping,
Bid thee not in haste away.
Laughing hours of sunny gladness,
'Fall winds still will blow away;
Leaving leaves to sigh in sadness,
As they wither day by day.
While the snitry Autumn's' breathing,
Perfume from each dewy flower,
Summer's hand is gently wreathing
Garlands for her parting hour.
Youthful Julie and July glories,
With their beauties pass away;
Serve but as Mem.nto Afories,
Of all pleasures bright and gay!
HOW TO TREAT THE REBEL STATES!
HAY TREY RETURN TO THE UNION?
Whenever it has been charged that it was
the design of the Republican party and of the
admlnietration to refuse to end this war on the
simple submission of the rebel States to the
Constitution and the laws—but to prolong the
war with all its horrors, for the purpose of
compelling the abolition of slavery in the
States—the imputation has been vehemently
denied by a large portion of the Republican
press. The Albany Evening Journal has been
particularly conspicuous in repudiating, for
its party and the President, such a purpose,
and has repeatedly arraigned us for misrepre
sentation in making such a charge. The
proofs, hOwever, of such a policy have con
stantly accumulated, until there can be no lon
ger a pretense that it is not entertained.
IWe have in the Atlantic Monthly, for Octo
ber, just from the press, an elaborate article
from Senator Sumner, under the title of "Our
Domestic Relations; or, How to treat the Rebel
States," which puts forth and defends in a la
bored wegument, the doctrine of the =Nu ,
gation and extinction of the States, as such,
and their subjection to what the writer terms
"Congressional governments," and their re
admission to the Union only at each times and
on such terms as the pleasure of Congress may
dictate—and especially on the condition of the
Abolition of slavery.
Mr. Sumner is a Senator of the United
States. having within the last year been re
electeil-to that office from Massachusetts. He
is a prominent member of that body, and
holds the post of honor in It—..the Chairman
ship of the Committee on Foreign Relations.
' It cannot, therefore, be objected by any Re
publican that it is unfair to quote Mr. Sumner
as Competent authority as to the views of the
Republican party. He is eminently authority
in that respect. Let us therefore examine a
little into the opinions which he puts forth in
this his latest manifesto.
Senator Sumner expends several columns of
his article in depreciation and denunciation of
" State Rights"—arguing to show that the
States have substantially no rights which the
Federal Government is bound to respect. We
" Thus, whether we regard the large powers
vested in Congress,
the powers denied to the
States absolutely, the powers denied to the
Stites without the consent of Congress, or
those other provisions which accord supremacy
to the United States, we shall find the preten
sion of State sovereignty without foundation,
except in the imagination of the partisans.—
Before the Constitution such sovereignty may
have existed ; it was declared in the Ankles of
Confederation; but since then it was ceased to
Wit. It has disappeared and been lost in the
supremacy of the National Government, so
that it can no longer be recognized. Perverse
men, insisting that it still existed, and weak
men, mistaking the shadow of former power
for the reality, have'made arrogant claims in
Having thus annihilated "State Rights," he
proceeds to denounce the assertion of them as
a "pestilent pretension :"
" But the government had hardly been in
augurated before it was disturbed by the pesti
lent pretension of State Rights, which, indeed,
has never ceased to disturb it since."
Mr. Sumner has adopted the views of a
school of politicians who believe in making
the Federal Government a supreme central
power, unrestrained by any reserved rights in
the States—forgetting that the States are really
the sources and the supports of the power of
the National Government, and that without their
vigorous and constant aid, it would speedily
fall to pieces. But our object is not in this
article to discuss the general question of State
We proceed to Senator Sumner's plan for
treating the rebel States, and for restoring
peace to the nation. He states his theory of
the effect of the rebellion upon the status of
the seceded States, at follows :
"And the whole rebel region, deprived of all
local government, lapses under the exclusive
jurlsdlatien of Congress, precisely u any
other territory ; or, in other words, the lifting
of the local government leaves the whole vast
region without any other government than
Congress, unless the President should under
take to govern it by military power."
Again he says :
"The whole broad region is tabula rasa, or
"a clean slate," where Congress, under the
Constitution of the United States, may write
hir. Sumner expressly takes the ground that
the States in rebellion can never, return to the
Union—however distinctly they may repudiate
the rebellion and submit to the Constitution—
without being re admitted as Slates by Con- -
gress, on such terms and at such times as that
body may prescribe. We quote :
"But there are yet other words of the Consti
tution which cannot be forgotten ; 'New States
may be admitted by the Congress into the
Union.' Assuming that the rebel States are
no longer dc : facto States of this Union, but
that the territory occupied by them is within
the jurisdiction of Coagress, then these words
become completely applicable. It will be for
Congress, in such way ati it shall think best,
to regulate the Warn of these States to the.
Union, whether in time or manner. No special
form is prescribed. But the vital act must
proceed from congress."
That Mr. Sumner. and those for whom he ,
speaks, intend to compel the seceded States to
abolish slavery as a condition of re-admission
to ibe Union, is evident from the following :
" Whatever shows itself dangersois to a re
PRICE TWO CENTS.
publican form of government must be removed
without delay or hesitation ; and if the evil be
slavery, our action, will be bolder when it is
known that the danger was foreseen."
The folloWing shows that apart of the plan
is to divide the soil of the rebel States among
the emancipated negroee
"But even if we hesitate to accept this im
portant conclusion, which treats slavery within
the rebel States as already dead in law and
Constitution, it cannot be doubted, that, by the
extension of the Congressional jurisdiction
over the rebel States, many difficulties will be
removed. Holding every acre of soil and every
inhabitant of these States within its jurisdic
tion, Congress can easily do, by proper legis
lation, whatever may be needful within rebel
limits in order to assure freedom and save so
ciety. The soil may be divided among patriot
soldiers, poor whites and freedmen."
Senator Sumner denominates these systems
of control, which he proposes to inaugurate
over conquered rebel &atm ae "congressional
Governments." He proposes these in lieu of
the " Military Governments" which the Presi
dent has established, and which the Senator
describes as follows :
"Four military governors have been aiready
appointed : one for Tennessee, one for South
Carolina, one for North Carolina, and , the other
for Louisiana. So far as is known, the appoint
ment of each was by a simple letter from the
Secretary of War. But if this oan be done in
four States, where is the limit ? It may be
done in every rebel State, and if not in every
other State of the Union, it will be simply be
cause the existence of a valid State govern
ment excludes the esterase of this ontraordi.
nary power. But assuming that, as our armies
prevail, it will be done in every rebel State, we
shall then have eleven military governors, all
deriving their authority from one source, ruling
a population amounting to upwards of nine
millions. And this imperatorial dominion, in
definite in extent, will also be indefinite in du
ration ; for if, under the Constitution and laws,
it be proper to constitute such governors, it is
clear that they may be continued without re
gard to time—for years; if you please, as well
as for weeks—and the whole region which
they are called to sway will be a military em
pire, with all the powers, executive, legislative,
and even judicial, derived from one man in
Washington. Talk of the "one man power."
Here it is with a vengeance. Talk of military
rule. Here it is, in the name of a republie.
"The bare statement of this ease may put us
on our guard. We may well hesitate to orga
nize a single State under a military government,
when we see where such a step will lead. If
you approve one, you must approve all, and
the National Government may crystalize into
a military despotism.
It will be difficult for the reader to perceive
how these "Congressional Governments" to be
established over eleven conquered States by
the sword, directed by a partizan New Eng
land Senatorial cabal and upheld by vast ar
mica, will be less tolerable than the "Military
Governments" above so graphically described.
Either would prove dangerous to the liberties
of the people, and end—as Mr. Sumner con.
ce d es the last would — in a " military despc,
This is, therefore, the plan of the adminis
tration and its supporters for conducting the
war. It is to be an Abolition war The sece
ded States are not to be allowed to come back
as States ! They are to be conquered and re
duced to territories ! The local laws and in
stitutions are to be changed ! Slavery is to be
abolished by Congress, and the soil is to be
divided among the emancipated slaves !
Will this plan end the War ? Will such a
policy strengthen the hands of the Union men
in the rebel States ? Rather ' will it not ren
der the whole population of those States des
perate, by showing them that they have noth
ing to expect but subjugation and destruction
from submission to the Union rule ? Does not
this policy prolong the war indefinitely, de
mand of our people yet more costly sacrifices
of treasure and blood, and involve the danger
of the utter destruction of our present system
of government and the loss of our liberties ?
The conservative men of the Country stand
in opposition to this fanatical policy of Sena
tor Sumner and the administration. They con
cede nothing to the rebellion—o 4 the contrary
they demand that it be put down, and that the
Union be maintained in all its integrity, with
out rending from it a single State. But they
couple conciliation with power, and say to the
citizens of the rebel States—" return to your
allegiance, submit to the Constitution and laws,
and your States, with unimpaired rights and
powers, shall resume their former spheres, and
again shine as stare in the grand Union con
Which of these policies—we submit to the
candid reader —is most likely to stop bloodshed,
end the war, save the nation, and give us, in
the language of Governor .Bramlette,tof Ken
tucky, a " - preserved Union ?"—Albany Argus.
IS SMOKING INJURIOUS?
The Answers of a few Ladles to the Above
Mrs. Brown,(of Bloomsbury Square.) "Most
decidedly ! Doesn't it injure the curtains ?"
Mrs. Tones, (Sea Shell Cottage, Brighton.)
"There can't be a question about it, and I am
only surprised how persons can be so foolish
as to put one ! Doesn't it stick in the gentle
men's hair ? and get embedded in their whis
kers? and hang about their clothes for hours
and hours, and sometimes days afterwards ?
So much so that any one can tell a mile off
whether the nasty things have been smoking
or not. I'm sure it is downright terrible to be
shut up in a railway carriage with a party of
oollfirpted smokers—for though they may not
be smoking at the time, still the unpleasant
smell of their garments is such as to make one
regret that Lord Palmerston will not bring in
an net of Parliament to make every. Cathy smo
ker consume his own smoke."
Mrs. Robinson, (1002, Old Gower street.)
" It not only injures the complexion, but the
carpets also. Why, you have only to look at
the carpet of a room which the gentlemen have
been smoking over night, and your own eyes
will tell you whether it is injurious or not
have seen carpets (beautiful carpets, that must
have cost ss. 2d. a yard, if they cost , a penny,)
in such a disgraceful state that a black beetle,
I'M' sure, would eat himself rather than walk
Mrs. Blue . &oaken, (Minerva , Hall, Bath.)
"If it is not injurious, perhaps you would
have the kindness to inform me the reason why
we ladies• are not permitted to smoke ?" .
Miss Twentyman, (Willow Lodge, Brixton.)
"It's all a fuss and nonsense, and I quite lose
my temper when persons question me about
the injuriousness of tobacco. Of course, it is
injurious. Don't it kill spiders? Doesn't it
stifle gnats, and flies, and even earwigs ? Isn't
it need in noblemen's and gentlemen's gardens
to fumigate the plants 2 Are not our °tithe:ones
and summerhouses smoked when we want' to
get rid of the vermin ? and I really half wish
sometimes . that it would have the same effect on
gentlemen, when they will persist on injuring
themselves (and annoying ns) by smoking
hours after hours to the anomittable extent they.
do. If I was called upon to say what a msa
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to one address, Aileen donors
Connected with this establishment n extendill
YOB Minos, containing advariety of plain ans fancy
_linequaUed by any establishment in the interior of
the sate, for which the patronage of the public it No
was, I would answer by giving this definition :
"Man is the only animal that smokes."
Mrs. Bloomer, .
(Lecturer on the Rights of
Women, eto.) "It is i ndisputably of injurious
effect, for that which has the natural power of
separating for so many conservative hours the
husband from the partner of his joys, cannot
be beneficial in its results, any more than it is
humanizing in its relations, It is my firm
conviction that it brutalizes all those who par
take of it, for it has been a source of sorrow
to me to notice that a husband, when he has
been smoking to a late hour at his club, inva
riably returns to his home in a much worse
temper than when he left in the morning. tie
leaves happy and smiling—he returns spirit
less and discontented."
[More answers, as they are dropped into our
In contemplating the various phases of po
litical affairs and observing the rise and decay
of parties in this country, we are profoundly
impressed with the vitality of the old Demo
cratic organization. Scores of political asso
ciations have been formed, played thier brief
but exciting part in the drama, and passed
away from the stage to give rise to new experi
ments on the part of leading men and masses,
but throughout all these mutations, one party
alone has set time at defiance and preserved
its traditional name and policy. There is a
reason for this, It lies down at the very bot
tom of our political system. It is, in short,
that the Democracy has been, and is to-day,
the pcopie's party. On, the gelid fOUUdati9ll es-
the people's love and confidence, it was first
erected, and on that foundation it rests se
curely, when other contrivances of men to ob
tain and preserve power in themselves have
been shifting forever and forever like the
sands of the sea. When Mr. Jefferson, deeply
impressed with the abuse of consolidated power
in the old world, had interwoven with our sys
tem those muniments of personal liberty which
are established by the amendments to the
Federal Constitution, he laid the foundation
for a political order whose chief mission should
be to watch over and secure from aggression
these great rights, and who should be con
stantly strengthened by the masses in the good
work. The old Whig organization was illus
trated by the largest wealth, the highest social
influence, and a great share of the cultivated
intellect of the land. In spite of these signal
advantages, it gradually declined, and at last
perished. It was a most respectable, and it
was also, a national party, but it did not expand
with the widening area of the country nor with
the new issues that began to tax the thoughts
and labors of public men. It gave way, there
fore, to other political societies, but it was not
solely owing to a certain sluggish and con
tracted vision, that the Whig party ceased to
grow. A latent cause of this slow and certain
wasting away of the body, was that it wanted,
in a measure, at.tive aympatlig with the great mea
ns. It prided itself upon its wealth, its social
caste, and its intellectual culture. It was not
a party that ever taught indifference to the
laws, or treachery to their obligations—in
which respect, it is in shining contrast with the
Republican organization—but it was apt to lean
too strongly to the side of government, and to
turn the cold shoulder to the popular wishes.
Herein it totally failed, and herein it provided
for its own speedy dissolution. The pef r i e ,
outgrew it. It ceased to be re-inforoed and
recruited. Sectional ideas began to rally *boat
them thousands of indiscreet or vicious adhe
rents. The Whig party was not strong enough
to combat these new dangers. Its shield was
too narrow, wherefore it ceased to be. Let it
rest well in its great tomb. For all its short
comings, it was a noble party, and has left a
high and comparatively unblemished name.
The Democracy was born to good luck. It
was its rare fortune to have its love for the
people, at the outset of our Government, blen
ded with attachment for the Constitution of
the United States. As this Instrument was so
shaped as to provide most admirably for the
liberties of the people, the party which hes
ever in view the constant preservation of the
one, has an equal interest in the preservation
of the other. If the Constitution had been
deficient in those careful provisions for the
popular safety. the Democracy would never
have had an affection for the instrument. If
it had not so wonderfully established the limits
of power vested in pgblic agents, and so ex
plicitly guarded the rights of the States and
people against aggression, the Democracy
would have obeyed the instrument, but they.
Would never have felt for it that burning and
ardent attachment which has made them its
especial guardians and exponents during our
entire history as a nation. Glorious privilege
We are fortified in our regard for the brave
masses who have made this country "blossom
as the rose," by the great public charter
which first enabled these masses as a united
people to achieve such wondrous results. Sc,
it has happened, that popular liberty and con
stitutional law have become watch-words on
our party banner, blazoned ever on its ample
folds. They have become rallying notes in
our public discussions, the sign -boards, the
beacon lights, the grand land marks of our
policy as an old, stable and national party.—
This is the marvellous good fortune of the De
mocracy. It can never perish so long it clings
to these landmarks, nor can the laws and li
berties of the people perish so long as they
steadily reinforce the good old party on this
The Democracy ! There is something electric
about that appellation. It is blended with our
greatest civil and military achievement& Li
is blended with the eagle flight of the young
nation from one ocean to the other. It is
crowned with the memories of statesmen and
heroes. Under its auspices the country etea
dily won a foremost place among the nations
of the earth, and if ever thie nation is to ear.
vire the shocks of civil convulsion, still a , free
and united people, it will be under the fortinate
star of the same old law-loving and people
loving party. May it De perpetual I—Medea
REPUBLICANS ABE MONAUCIIISTS.—As an evi
dence that the Republicans are in favor of s.
monarchy, it is only necessary to refer to the
1. They strike at the very root of liftman.
liberty by denying the citizen the privilege of
the writ of habeas corpus.
2. They have imposed stamp duties / 4Mb as
the Colonies refused to regard.
3. They introduced the conscription! set, the
offspring of the bloody Jacobins of FOnnee.
4. They have inaugurated a censsirship of
5. They claim that all power is in the Pres',
dent, and that the people have no rithte save
such as be is willing to bestow upon them.
G. They whip men at the stake as in the days
of old John Adams.
7. They pardon mobs and justify them in
tearing down papers and riding Mbn on rails
for their opinions.
8. They are proscriptive in religion, ne in
the case of Snow-Nothingism.
9. They trample Constitution find laws un
der their feet, and resort to deeptic powers.
Can honest men or freemen sustain them by
their votes. i • •