Newspaper Page Text
ADVERTISING}. _ •
Itutoitaffs square. light lines . . - - -,- - -
Mato a %ware.
30 One on., one day,.... no 00 cf-.it
----, .: - ... -.....------ .
20 " one week.... 200 •
88 li one month.. 600 , _ •' i 1 :....._ 1I • ~,,,,,
WO " threamonthslo 00
. 00 " six months.. 15 00 - . I • ...'
90 " one year -..... 1000 ..)
I t In the i.oss. ums, 1 - - : - '.7 -- , ---7-; •
teethe, ems sears
sass for • k; _ 0 h 1 .•
-chants and others advertising
mss_a•eau De offere
insertions must, De designsted on - _
Font Vim or leormmaltit
07 more than four, WOW
eq., one dep.- 80
one week. —. 1
, c one month..
oixeronthe... 8 ,
c one yeer.......12
for lessineee notioest
or before nurrriegee and dc
a sh nonertten. To =ere
year, nooses 141.1115'
lug idilliner Of
Marriages ami Daatim bit linseed at the mum
otos as molar silivertisemeats.
f3uoitteso &t g.
ATTORNEY Ar LAW,
ex, c „ N or th Third street, third door above Nar
• ' 4 '7 het, Harrisbuii, Pa:
N. B.—Pension Bounty and Military claims of all
monde prosecuted a nd collected.
Beier to Hons. John B. Jcunkel, David Mumma, Jr.,
and Lumberton _ myll.d&witm
WM. H. MILLER,
R. E. FERGUSON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
SILO E MAKER'S BUILDINGS
BETWEEN WALNUT and MARKET SQUARE,
an-Solar Shizli ompaidta the Buehler Nano.
THOS. O. MAUDOWELL,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
MILITARY CLAIM AND _PATENT AGENT.
Office in the Exchange, Walnut at., (Up Stairs.)
Haring formed' a connection with parties in Wash
ington City, wno are reliable business men, any busi
ness connected with any of the Departments will meet
With immediate and careful attention, m6-y
1)R. C. WEICHEL,
SURGEON AND OCULIST,
BDSIDENON THIRD NAAR, NORTH STREIT.
Ha is now fully prepared to attend promptly to like
duties of profession in sal its branches.
A LONG AND USN 8000188NOL =MAL INPIII3IOI
punts"' him in promising full and ample satisfaction to
eNwhomaydayor blmsritha call,be the disease °kraals
or any ether nature. mlB-d&wly
MILITARY CLAIMS AND PEN
The undersigned have entered into an association for
the collection of Military Claims and the securing of
Pcosionspr wounded and disabled soldiers.
Muster-in and Muster-out Bolls, officers' Pay Rolle,
Ordnance and Clothing - returns, end all papers pertsin
mg to the military service will be made out properly
Office in the Exchange Buildings, Walnut between
Second and Third streets, near Omit's Hotel, Harris
burg, Pa. THOS C MACDOWELL,
is.2s4ltf THOMAS A. MAGUIRE.
30. 11, NORTE =RD ST., nessasatanta.
lESLODBONS, VIOLINS, dIfITAILS,
Banjos, Flutes, Fifes, Drums, Jecordeous,
swamis, =Env AND NOOK must; ae.,
PROTOORAPH FAMES. ALBUMS,
Large Pier and Mantle Mirrors, Square and Oval Rianlel
of every descriptionmsde to order. Begoilding done.
Agency for Hewes Sewing Machines.
Sheet Music sent by Mail.
JOHN W. GLOVER,
Has just received from New York, an assort
ment of .
which he offers to his monomers and the public at
nov22) MODERATE PRICES. dtt
T COOK, Merchant Tailor,
, 27 CHESNUT ST., between Second and Trout,
Has just returned from the city with an assortment of
CLOTHS, CASSTAIHRES AND VESTINGS,
Which will be sold at moderate prices and made up to
order; and, also, an assortment of BEADY MADE
Clothing 'and Gentlemen"' Furnishing Goods.
B. L GILDER, D. D. S.,
4sl# NO. 119 MARKET STREET,
lIBY & ICITNEBVS BUILDING, UP STAMP.
RELIGIOUS BOOK STORE,
TRACT AND SUNDAY SCHOOL DRPOSITORY,
E. S. GERMAN,
!7 SOUTH SIOOND BTENCIT, A. 1101,2 CIaIISNUT,
Depot Pottle sale of Stereoseopes,Stereoseopielnewii,
Nada and Musical Inatinunentii.' Alio,aubiglrO
titan for religion" puldieatione.
JOHN G. W. MARTIN,
HERM HOTEL, HAERISBURG, PA.
All manner of VISITING, Win nye AND BUSI
NESS CARDS executed in the most artistic styles and
meet reasonable terms. - deel4-dtt
Ridge benne, corner of Broad street,
The undersigned informs the public that he had re
cently renovated and refitted his well-known "Union
Hotel" on Ridge avenue, near the Round House, and is
prepared to accommodate citizens, strangers and travel
ers in the best style, at moderate rates.
His table will be supplied with the beet the masketti
afford, and at his bar will be found superior breads of
liquors and malt beverages. The very best accommo
dations for railroaders employed at the shops in this
vimaity. [al4 dtf] HENRY BOSTGEN.
RANKLIN HOUSE ,
Thinpleasant and commodious - Hotel has been tho
roughly re-fitted and re-furnished. It is pleasantly
situated on North-West corner of Howard and Franklin
streets, a few - doors - went of the Northern Central Ball
way Depot. Ivory attention paid to the comfort of his
guests. H. zanazNanie, Proprietor,
iel2-tf (Late of Salina Grose, Pa.)
THEO. F. SCHEYPER,
BOOK, CARD AND JOB PRINTER
No IS HAREM MUM, HARRISBURG.
ICY" l'artieular attention paid to printing, ruling and
binding of Railroad Blanks, Manifests, Insurance Poll
-4elS Oheaksßßl-ileads, km-
Weddi l3 ll3 Visiting and Banes, Cardexhited at Tery
low pritell and in the beat style_ Aida
43V . Xa Gr. 33C
Tim anbamiber is ready at 99, 94, MARKET gr.,
four doors below Fourth street, to make
MEN'S AND BOY'S CLOTHING
In any desired style, and with skill and promptness.
Persons wishing mating done can have it done at the
ahertait ru4les_ s apali
(131ARLES F. VOLLMER ,
Chestnut street, four doors above Second,
(OPPOSITN WASHINGTON Hoax Holm,)
re prepared to furnish to order, in the very best style of
workmanship. Spring and Hair Mattresses, Window Our.
inunkes, and all other articles of Bunuture in Ida
on abort settee Cad moderate WM. Having as-
Penence in the business, he feels warranted in asking a
of public patronage, confident of his ability to give
cIKY-LTGHT G A LTA; RY—The rooms
on the corner of Market amen and Market street,
cDposite - the Jones House, occupied as a Gallery for
Daguerreotype, Photograph and ambrotype purpocea,
are FOIL HHNT from the 9th of September next.
414 to . JOHN WYNTH.
EBSTER'S ARMY AND NAVY
tecmiyed mot for age at
NEW ORLE . S SUGAR !—Fresr
mie mAltin!—For sale by
WD[. DOCK Js., & CO.
VOL. 0.-NO. 11.
GREAT EXTERNAL REMEDY,
FOR RHEUMATISM, GOUT, NEURALGIA,
LUMBAGO, STIFF NECK AND JOINTS,
SPRAINS, BRUISES, CUTS As WOUNDS,
PILES, HEADACHE, and ALL RHEU
MATIC and NERVOUS DISORDERS.
For all of which it is a speedy and certain remedy,
and never fails, This Liniment is primirs4 Worn the
recipe of Dr. Stephen Sweat, of Connecticut, the fa
mous bone setter, and has been used in his practice for
more than twenty years with the most astonishing sac
AS AN ALLEVIATOR OF PAIN, it is unrivaled
by any prepars,tin before the public, of which the most
skeptical may be convinced by a single trial.
This Liniment will cure rapidly and radically, RHEU
MATIC DISORDERS of every kind, and in thousands
of cases where it has been used it has never been known
FOR NEURALGIA, it will afford immediate relief
in every case, however distressing.
It will relieve the worst cases of HEADACHE in
three minutes and is warranted to do it.
TOOTHACHE also will it cure instantly.
FOR NERVOUS DEBILITY AND GENERAL
LASSITUDE, arising from imprudence or excess, this
Liniment is a most happy and unfailing remedy. Act•
ing directly upon the nervous tisanes, it strengthens and
revivifies the system, and restores it to elasticity and
FOR PILES.—As an external remedy, we claim that
it is the best known, &wive challenge the world to pro
dnostn equal. Ivory victim of this distfeto4og com
plaint should give it a Mal, for it will not fail to afford
immediate relief, and in a majority of cases will effect
a radical care.
QUINSY aud SORE THROAT are sometimes ex
tremely malignant and dangerous, but a timely applica
tion of this Liniment will never fail to cure.
SPRAINS are sometimes - very - obstinata, and aiilargo
ment of the joints is liable to occur if neglected. The
worst case may be conquered by this Liniment in two or
BRUISES, CUTS, WOUNDS, SORES, ULCERS,
BURNS and SCALDS, yield readily to the wonderful
healing properties of DR. ifiVERT 7 S INFALLIBLE
LINIMENT when used according to dlrectionii. Also,
CHILBLAINS, FROSTED FEET, and INSECT
BITES and STINGS.
EVERY HORSE OWNER
Amoral have this remedy at hand, for its timely rum at
the first appearance of Lameness will effectually pre
vent those formidable diseases to which all horsecare
liable and which render so many otherwise valuable
horses nearly worthless.
Over four hundred voluntaryteetimonials to the won
derful. curative properties of this Liniment have been
received within the lad two years!, and many of them
from persons in the highest ranks of life.
To avoid imposition, observe the. Signature and Like
ness of Dr. Stephen Sweet on every label, and also
" Stephen Sweet's Infallible Liniment" blown in the
glean of 04. 'battle, witheat which acne are gamine.
RICHARDSON & CO.,
Sole Proprietors, Norwich, Ct.
For sale by all dealers. aplleow-d&w
ALL WORK PROMISED n 1
STEAM DYEING ESTABLISHMENT,
BSTW_HEN PO UR2H AND FIFTH,
'Where every description of Ladle's and Gentlemen , '
*amnia, Piece Goods, ico., are Dyed,. Gleamed, and
IDIOM in the host manner and at the shortest notice.
no94l&wle DOMES & CO.. Proprietors.
T F. WATSON,
i'ItACTICAL - CEMENTER,
Is prepared to Cement the exterior of Buildings with
he New York Improved
Water-Proof Mastic Cement.
This Material is different from ail other dements.
It forms a solid, durable adhesiveness to any surface,
imperishable by the action of water or frost. Every
good building should be coated with this Cement; it is
a perfect preserier to the walls, and makes a beautiful,
fine finish, equal to Eastern brown oandotone, or any
Among others for wbem I have applied the Mastic
Cement, I refer to the following gentlemen :
T. Bissell, residence, Penn street, Pittsburg, finished
J. H. Shoenberger, residence, Lawrenceville, finished
James lit)Candlass, residence, Allegheny City,finished
Calvin Adams, residence, Third street, finished four
A. Hoeveler, residence, Lawrenceville, finished four
J. D. brOord, Penn street, finished four years.
lion. Thomas Irwin, Diamond street, finished four
StSt Charles Hotel and Girard House, finished five
Kittanning Court House and Bank, for Barr & Moser,
Architects, Pittsburg, finished five years.
Orders received at the office of B M'Eldowney, Paint
Shop, 20 Seventh street, or please address
T. F. WATSON,
maylo-tf P.O. Box 1516. Pittsburg, Pa.
H A M S. ! I !
20,000, lbs. Composed of the following -Brands
EVANS do SWlFT'S—Superior.
MICRINER'S EXCELSIOR—Not canvassed.
IRON CITY—Not canvassed,
PLAIN HAMS—Strictly prime.
• ORDINARY HAMS—Very good.
117" Xvery Thou sold will be g uar anteed an represen
ted. • wia. DOOR, jr., ac CO-
RIIPERIOR STOCK OF LIQUORS.-
Wm. DOCK, Ts., & CO.. are now able to offer to
their customers sad the public at large, a stock of the
Purest liquors ever imported into this market, compri.
dsg in part the following Tgriet lo4
WHISKY-IRISH, SCOTCH,OLD BOURBON.
WINE-PORT, SHERRY, OLD MADEIRA.
OTARD, DUPEY & CO. PALE BRANDY.
/Si n NEW ENGLAND RUM.
Agre. pLANVATION BITTERS.
These Donato can all be warranted; and in addition to
these, Doek & Co. have on hand a large variety of
Wines, Whisky and Brandy, to which they invite the
particular attention if the pnbUe_ -
_.BRADY,Y, No. 62
if IF Market street, 'below Third, has received ? , lard
assortment of Somme, Salou m and B i wa, "nue) ► h e
will sell wery low. aufeo dtt
EXCELSIOR ! 1 !--SUGAR CURED
HAMS !—A DaidOSS /Tam, oared asps 8881 W for
family ass. They . are superior to any nom in the mar
ket. WK. DOON, CO.
HARRISBURG, PA:, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1863.
T H E
Weekly "Patriot & Union,"
THE CHEAPEST PAPER PUBLISHED IN
THE ONLY DBEIOORATICI PAMIR PUBLISHED AT
THA BRAT OT GOVERNMENT !
FORTY-FOUR COLUMNS OF READING MAT
TER EACH WEEK
AT THE LOW PRICE OF ONE DOLLAR
AND FIFTY CENTS
SUBSCRIBED FOR IN CLUBS OF NOT LESS
THIN TEN COPIES TO ONE ADDRESS:
We have been compelled to raise the club subscription
price to one dollar and fifty cents in order to save our
eaves from sand lode. PAVE has risen, including
taxes, about twenty-five per cent., and IN still rising;
and when we tell our Democratic friends, candidly, that ,
we can no longer afford to sell the Weekly PATRIOT AND
Union at one dollar a year. and must add fifty - cents or
stop the publication, we trust they will appreciate our
position, and, instead of withdrawing their subscrip
tions, go to work with a will to increase our list in every
county in the State. We have endeavored, and shall
continue our efforts, to make theme: mogul its a 'Arty
organ, and welcome as a news messenger to every fam
ily. We flatter ourselves that it has not been without
some influence in producing the glorious revolution in
the politics of the State achieved at the late election;
and if fearlessness in the discharge of duty, fidelity to
the principles of the party, and an /11/1101U3 desire to pro
mote its interests, with some experience and a moderate
degree of ability, can be made serviceable hereafter, the
Weekly PATRIOT AND limos win not be less useful to
the party or loss welcome to the facei/y ofdrele in the fu
ture than it has been in the past.. We confidently look
for increased encouragement in this great enterprise,
and appeal to every influential Democrat in the State to
lend us his aid in running our slipseeption list up to
twenty or thirty thousand. The expense to each indi
vidual is trifling, the benefit to the party may be great.
Believing that-the Democracy of the State feel the ne
cessity of sustaining a fearless central organ, we make
this sprig to them for assistance with the fullest confi
dence of Sueeefill•
The same reasons which induce us to raise the price
of the Weekly, operate in regard to the Daily the
price of which is also increased. The additional coat to
each subscriber will be but triniugi and, while we ean=
not permute ourselves that the change necessarilymade
will result in any diminution of our daily circulation,
yet, were we certain that such would be the conse
quence, we should still be compelled to make it, or suf
fer a ruinous loss. Under these circumstances we moat
throw ourselves upon the generosity, or, rather, the
justice of the public, and abide their verdict, whatever
it may be.
The period for which nisei of our enbecribere have
paid for their paper being on the eve of expiring, we
take the liberty of homing We notice, reminding them
of the mime, in order that they may
RENEW THEIR CLUBS.
We shall also take it as en eapOcial faYor if OW present
subscribers will urge upon their neighbors the fact that
the PATRIOT AND UNION is the only Democratic paper
printed in Harrisburg, and considering the large amount
of reading matter, embracing all the current news of
the day, and
Prom everywhere up to the moment the paper goes to
press, political, miscellaneous, general and local news
market reports, is decidedly the
CHEAPEST NEWSPAPER PUBLISHED IN
MX STATE! .
There is scarcely a village or . town 11 the 'State in
which a club cannot be raised if the proper exertion be
made, and surely there are few places in which one or
more energetic men cannot be found who are in favor of
the dissemination of sound Democratic doctrines, who
would be willing to make the effort to raise a club.
DEMOCRATS OF THE INTERIOR !
Let us hear from you. The existing war, and the ap•
preaching sessions of Congress and the State Legisla
ture, are invested with unusual interest, and every man
Should have the news.
DAILY PATRIOT AND UNION.
Single copy for one year, in advance $5 00
Sinsle isopydnring the session of the Legislature.. 2 00
city subscribers ten cents per week. ,
Copies supplied to agents at the rate of $l6O per hun
WEEKLY PATRIOT AND UNION,
Published every Thursday.
Dingle copy one year, in advance .e 2 00
Ten eopies to one addrees 15 00
Subscriptions may commence at any time. PAT AL
•WAYS IN ADVANCE. We are obliged to make this
imperative. In every instance cash must accompany
subscriptims. Any person Sending 1111 ellth Of twenty
subscriber' to the Weekly will be entitled to a copy fbr
his services. The price, even at the advanced rate is
so kw that we cannot offer greater inducements that
this. Additions maybe made at any time to a club of
subeeribere by remitting one dollar and fifty cents
for each additional name. It le not necesearyto send
us the names of those constituting a club, as we cannot
undertake to address each paper to club eubscribers
separately. Specimen copies of the Weekly will 1 )e Pent
to all who desire it.
0. BARRETT it CO., Harrisburg, Pa
N. B.—The following law, passed by Congress in 1860,
defines the duty of Toetmesters in relation to the de
nvery or newspapers to club anbearlbeni
(Su Lettle, Brown of the Laws of 1860,
page 38, chapter 131, section 1.)
g Provided, however, that where packages or new pa
pas or perlodyals are received at any post office directed
to one address, and the names of the dab subscribers to
which they belong, with the postage for a quarter in ad
vance, shall be handed to the postmaster, he shall de
liver the same to their respective owners."
' To enable the Postmaster to comply with this regale-
Mu, it will be necessary that he be furnished with the
fiat of names composing the cha t and paid a quarter's
or year's) postage in advance. The uniform courtesy
of Postmasters, affords the assurance that they will
eheerfallyaccommoaate club subscribers, and the latter
should take care that the postage, which is but a trifle
each case, be paid In itateneto, Bead oic the dubs.
Messrs. BECKER it F ALE, Proprietors, announce to
the ottizena of Harrisburg that this cool and delightful
Bummer. retreat is now oven for visitore. Accommoda
tions will be furnished to pianism and pic-nics at reason
able terms, a dancing platform having been erected fir
their.special use. Beason tickets for families, good for
one year, $t AN
No improper characters admitted, and no intoxicated
person will be permitted to visit the Island.
A Ferry Boat plies constantly between the Island and
the foot of Broad street, West Harrisburg. jel3-3m
For olds low, by
MACHNUL, Noe. 1, 2 and 3, hi all Sited packages—
new, and sack package tharramsed. suet received, and
for sale low by wig. DOOR Jr., & CO.
BLACKING I IPLisolr's “Comainial
llzsoznia.”-100 OROS& assorted size , just re
seized and for sale inholosale and Wail.
duel WEIL DOCK. alt., it CO.
10HOTOGRAPn. ALBUMS•=A large
and beantiful assortment of Photograph Albums
just received and for sale cheap, at KNOOIiMII,
:// 9 93 Market street•
WM. DOCK, Jr., & Co
MONDAY MORNING, SEPT. 14, 1863.
sTATE RIOTS AND STATE REMEDIES—No.II.
To Ms Excellency A. G. Curtin, Governor of
RESPECTED SIR : Let not Massachusetts ap
peal in triumph to her practical resistance of
the Tea Tax, in December, 1773, when her citi
zens, in Boston, destroyed the tea which was at
that time in the harbor; for, as early as the year
1765, the colony of South Carolina forcibly re
sisted the Stamp Tax; her citizens,inCharleston,
having in that year surprised the garrison of
Fort Johnson,and seised upon the stamps which
were there deposited. (See Drayton's Mem
oirs of the Revolution, vol. 1, p. 45.) We owe
a debt of gratitude to the action of the Colo
nies for casting off their " loyalty," seceding
fro& the crown of Great Britain, and declaring
themselves " Free, Sovereign and Independent
States." From that day to the advent of Lin
coln, the words " loyal" and " liege" were es
chewed by every true and patriotic American
citizen. But the New England States, after the
eleotion of Mr. Jefferson, forgot their covenant
entered into with their co-States, and formed
a conspiracy with Great Britain to saver this
Union, as I clearly proved in my last letter.
In the war of 1812, they opposed the Federal
Government, refusing to give men or money for
the prosecution of the war; while at that time—
one of the darkest periods of our country's ex
istence—the embarrassment of the Union was
communicated to the Legislature of South
Carolina, and, on the 22d December, 1814, the
Governor of that State addressed the following
letter to the Secretary of the Treasury of the
United States, dated
COLUMBIA, December 22, 1814.
Stu i—On the 21st inst. I received a letter
from Major General Pinckney covering several
others, the purport of which was to inform me
that the funds of the General Government at
his disposal were exhausted, and that the
troops now in service for the defence of this
State could not - be subsisted without money,
and suggesting the propriety of my recom
mending to the Legislature the expediency of
an appropriation in relief of the finances of the
United States at this moment. I have the
pleasure to inform you that two hundred and
sixty thousand dollars have been put at the
disposition of the government by the Legisla
ture last evening. This disposition of the
State manifests the continued good will and
faithfulness which our citizens feel towards
the Administration, in return for which I can
not but crave their special care of its defence..
I hope it is unnecessary to add that my, indi
vidual and official efforts will not be wanting
.in aiding the government whenever in my
power. Respectfully yours, &e.,
"D. R. WILLIAMS."
This is an historical fact; and to• a man of
plain tindeistindliig; it -*wild appear that one
such act as this in - the...bortr,el-our country's
need, would outweigh ten thousand pro/cations
of patriotism in a fratricidal war. But, Sir,
let us return to the further consideration of
State Rights and State Remedies.
I have hopes that I have satisfied you , that
secession, or revolution, is no part of them;
but that, in all cases of usurpation by the Gen •
eral llovermeat, State interposition has ever
been the means of securing State Rights and
preserving our constitutional Union. Freemen
jealous of their rights, have ever, by due vigi
lance and energy, arrested the course of ag
gression, and shunned the baleful results of
'slavish indifference. Apathy to usurpation
is the bane of free institutions. "The price
paid for liberty is eternal vigilance." Let this
be once allayed and lulled into security, and the
people become an easy prey to usurpers. But
to those who look to the tree intent and mean
ing of our compact of union—who regard the
Federal Government as the creature and not the
creator of the States—who believe that there is
some remedy in our !system of government
short of revolution, or secession—and who es
teem this as the greatest excellence of our civil
polity, and that which mainly distinguishes
our form of government from all other sys
tems—the very exertion of this measure is
nothing more or less than a process of injunc
tion or mandamus, or State veto, to arrest the
usurpation, or trespass, for the sake of bring
ing about a compromise, or an amendment as
is provided for by the Federal Constitution—
such as was resorted to by Georgia, in the case
of "Chieolm vs. Georgia," before referred to,
whereby she obtained, 'by this pacific and•
effective State remedy, a satisfactory amend
ment of the Federal Constitution. So again
with Virginia. By the act of the Legislature
of '9B, her citizens were shielded and protected
from the operations of the infamous Sedition
Law of the "Reign of Terror." Also, in Penn
and in Ohio, this remedy as we have
seen, was enforced and maintained, until those
States voluntarily consented to withdraw their in
junction& In 1824 Congress attempted, by law,
to compel the State of New York to pay tonnage
duties on canal boats it' that State. On the
Bth Nevember, 1824, the Legislature of the
State passed a preamble and resolution, by
nearly a unanimous vote, declaring that
"WHEREAS, It appears to this Legislature,
after due consideration, that the claim on the
part of the United States, to require boats
which navigate our canals to be enrolled, or
licensed, and to pay tonnage duties, is a claim
not founded on any legal right—and in regard
to the circumstances under which it is made,
such claim is so evidently unjust and oppres
sive that the interference of this State is called for
in define' e of its citizens; therefore," &o.
From that time, 1824, to the preeent, I have
never heard of any steps being taken by the
General Government to enforce its claim. So
also, Maine, in 1831, by her Legislature, af
firmed the right of a State to declare VOW a law
of the United States, by the resolutions which
were adopted to annul the treaty or convention
or September, 1827, between the United States
and Great Britain, for establishing the north
eastern boundary of the State by the decision
of a common arbiter.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
In fact, we find that every State of this Union,
which has at any time been oppressed by Fed
oral usurpation and tyranny, has (in some
shape or other) invariably asserted this her
sovereign right, and, by the exercise of this
reserved right, has protected the Federal Con
satiation from the destructive schemes of the
usurper. The acquiescence of the States, un
der infractions of the Federal compact, would
either beget-a speedy consolidation, by precip
itating the State governments into impotency
and contempt, or prepare the way for a revo
lution, by a repetition of those infractions and
usurpations, until the people were aroused to
appear in the majesty of their strength.
It is to avoid these calamities that I exhibit
to you, sir, and to the people, the momentous
question, whether the Constitution of the Uni
ted States shall yield to a construction which
defies every restraint, and overwhelm the best
hopes of civil liberty ? And this can only be
prevented by resorting to State Rights and
State Remedies, as is clearly shown in the fol
lowing letter from Judge M'Lean, of the U. S.
Supreme Court, to a gentleman.in North Caro
" KNOXVILLE, Oot. 23, 1834
" MY DEAR Sin :—As I am about leaving
this plane for Ohio, I have but a few moments
to reply to your favor of the 21st inst. In my
view, no powers can be exercised by the Fed
eral Government except those which are ex
pressly delegated to it ; and I should think
that the experience we have bad ought to con
vince every one that any extension of the Fed
eral powers must endanger the permanency of
the Union. All judicial questions which arise
under the Constitution and laws of the Union,
are referable to the Supreme Court of the
United States, and its decision is final in en&
cases. This tribunal is expressly vested with
the power to decide such questions by the Con
stitution, which was adopteft by the people of
the respective States. The Supreme Court,
then, has been made the arbiter in such oases
by the States, and its decisions are binding on
all litigant parties. But, if a political power
be asserted by the Federal Government, which
is controverted by a State, and which affects
tbe interest of such State, end it cannot be
made a judicial question under the Constitu
tion or laws of the Union, there is no tribunal
common to the parties ; and, in such a case,
sffeot cannot be given to the power. The de
cision of a sovereign State, in such a case, is as
good as the decision of the Federal govern
ment, and, of necessity, there must be mutual
forbearance. An unconstitutional act of Con
gress imposes no obligation on a State, or the
people of a State, and may be resisted by an in
dividual, or a community. No one, I believe, will
controvert this. But, is a State bound to sub
mit to a systematic course of oppression from
the Federal Government ? I answer no- It
should remonstrate again and again, until all
remonstrance is vain and useless. An appeal
should be made to the other States, in all the
forms sanctioned by the Constitution, and am
ple time should be given for reflection.
But, if all these efforts shall .produce no
effect, and the oppression be continued—an
oppression which withers the hopes of the
State, and dries up the resources .of its pros
perity—and the people of the State are forced
to the alternative.of choosing, under each cir
cumstances, liberty or slavery, they may, and
shou/d - reject the latter,,,and assert the former,
by open resistance. This is an inherent right,-
which may be asserted and maintained by every
Organized community. Instead of enlarging
its powers by a rule of construction which may
be contracted or extende%:* rleasure, the Fed
eral Government should act Within the aphire
alloted to it, and consider that the true glory
of our Federal system consists in attaining the
great obpots of its formation, with the least
possible action upon the diversified and Con
flicting interests of the people. In this way,
and this way only, can this system, so event
ful in its origin, and which has excited the as
tonishment and admiration of the world, be
made perpetual. And I need not say, what
every enlightened individual must admit, that
upon its perpetuity the cause of national liber
ty depends. If time permitted, I would give
a more detailed reply to your inquiries; but I
trust this hasty scroll, under the circum
stances; will be received.
"Very truly and sincerely yours,
This letter speaks for itself, and clearly
proves that the States created and erected the
General Government, with the Federal Consti
tution for its charter, or power of attorney,
conferring certain specified powers to carry
that policy into effect. When, therefore, this
creature of their formation grasps at, and
by insidious and artful pretexts, more
power than was ever intended to be bestowed
upon it, and invades the high and undelegated
rights of its sovereign creators, these creators
have:, each and all of them, the palpable and
inherent right of "interposing to arrest the
progress of the evil, and to maintain within
their respective limits, the rights and liberties
beleoging to them. For, if the Federal Gov
ernment may enforce one unconstitutional law,
it may'enforce every unconstitutional law ; and
thus all the rights of the States and the people
may fall, one by one, before the omnipotence
of that government. This consequence is too
manifest to escape even the most superficial
observation. But the right for which we con
tend, is not a right of action at all, but merely
a right to check unauthorized action, in the other
party. The abuse of this right can be feared
in nothing but in the interposition of the State
to check its own agent when acting in accordance
with its power of attorney—which is not pro
Bat, on the other hand, the Federal Gov
ernment .has a direct interest to enlarge its
own powers by encroaching on the rights of
the States. The constituent can rarely, if ever,
have an interest in contracting the powers of
his agent, but, prima fade, the agent always
has an interest in making them greater. And
when we reflect on the strong love which toOtit
men feel for patronage and power, the influ
ence of this interest upon the weak men who.
wield the Federal Government at this time,
affords much cause for distrust and fear ; and
it would be perfidious in those entrusted with
the guardianship of the State sovereignty, and
acting under the solemn obligation of an oath,
not to protect and defend the people of the
State from encroachments and usurpations of
the Federal Government oa their rights,though
clothed with the pretest of necessity--roar
necessity—or disguised by arguments of expedi
ency, and thus establish precedents which may
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING
BY 0. BABRETT *
Tut DAILY PAM°. AND UNION DM be INDITIId 110 nb•
scribers residing in the Borough for via aim Alta Iran,
payable to the Carrier. Mail subscriber', rivi •SOLLASE
TaeWRICIELT PATZIOT AIR 17utox is published IMMO
DOLLMIB Pill ANNOY, invariably in advises. Tint rope
to One address, Nlee* dollars
Connected with tide establishmens n extensive
JOB 07110 S, containing ft .- variety of plain and fancy
type, unequa ll ed by any esta - bliehment in the interior Of
the State, for which the patronage of the pubile hi so
Hefted. . •
ultimately devote a generous and unsuspicious
people to all the consequences of usurped
power. And when we find usurpations and
encroachments springing from a government
whose ORGANIZATION CANNOT BE MAINTAINED
WITHOUT THE CO-OPERATION OF THE STATES, the
Executive and State Legislatures are furnished
with the strongest incitements to watchfulness,
and have imposed upon them the strongest ob
ligation to preserve unimpaired the law of position;
and this they are bound to do if they regard
their oath of office. True, they may disregard
it like Hudibras's Philosopher, and reason thus:
" He that imposes an oath makes it,
Not he that for convenience takes it;
Then how can any man be said
To break an oath he never made),
THE TRUE I,SSUE-IVEGRQ
A Democratic paper . says :—"The adminis
tration means emancipation, and avows it.
The Democracy mean peace; why should tkey
equivocate and shrink from the confasioff 2"
We cannot understand the logic of the above,
nor, indeed, does the writer himself, else no
such nonsense - would be written. But accept
ing the premise, let us see what is in truth the
logical consequences, and hence the duty of
the Northern Democracy in the fall elections.
The administration means "emancipation."—
Well, what does "emancipation" mean? Surely
no citizen, no American, no white man, woman
or child in all this broad land is a slave, or
needs emancipation. It is then negroes—four
millions of negroes in the South—that are to
be "emancipated." But God 'has made them
different and subordinate beings, and they are
in their normal condition and'natural relation
to the eight millions of white citizens. What,
then, can Mr. Lincoln do ? He cannot set
aside the work of the Almighty, or "abolish"
this natural subordination of the negro. His
physical structure, his brain, in a word, his
organic inferiority cannot be changed the mil
lionth part of an atom by "honest Old . Abe,"
even if he brought five hundred millions instead
of five hundred thousand bayonets to enforce
his design. With the physical structure un
touched, with the gross organism, the small
brain and big nerves still the same, of course
the mental and moral qualities remain intact.
He is still the "almighty nigger," the same
creature that God made, and fashioned, and
designated at the beginning, a different and
subordinate being, and though fifty millions
of white men sacrifice their lives and waste
their subsistence to "abolish" the eternal order
or to "emancipate" this inferior creature,
their work is vain, for that which the Almighty
has fashioned and shaped, human power, mad
ness nor crime can never modify to the extent
of even an elementary atom.
It is simply absurd, therefore, to speak of
emancipation in the case of the negro, or any
other naturally inferior creature. But while
God does not permit us to emancipate, abolish,
change.or modify other creatures, He does not
permit us to go mad and abolish ourselves. A
husband cannot change the sex or nature of,
his wife, or abolish the natural inferiority of
his children, but he may so debauch and de
grade his own faculties as to sink, even in his
physical capacities below their level. So, too,
a white community, as the Spaniards in Mex
ico, &c., may degrade themselves by " impar
tial freedom" with a subordinate race. This,
then, is what "Old Abe" proposes to do in re
spect to negroes. He has issued a proelania
then that the - eight milliArne -cf-wbite people in
the South be degraded to a common standard,
or " impartial freedom" with four millions of
naturally subordinate negroes, and if he can
bring armies sufficient in the field, say fifty
or so, why, he will siloesed—not, it is
true, in changing the nature of one single
white man or negro, but in exterminating, the
former. True, lie fancies, and his lunatic fol
low') f6ney, that they are emancipating
"slaves," Or lifting negroes to the level of the
whites; but God not pemititting this, they are
simply striving to degrade the latter to a level,
or into " impartial freedom" with liegrodoffi ;
and every white life lost, and every drop of
blood shed, and every dollar wasted, are not
to emancipate negroes, but to degrade our
own superior race. It is true that' the men.
fighting in the field do not know this or mean
this, and, as recently wrote Mr. Lincoln to a
War Democrat, "You may believe you are fight
ing for the Union to yourbeart's content, as
long as you fight and do my work for me;" but
a, time will assuredly come when they will
truly understand that "work," and then the
day of judgment and the end of the world
will also have come to those who have worked
If, therefore, the war could be successful,
and eight millions of our own race so degraded,
destroyed, beaten down, abject and miserable
as to submit to emancipation, or "impartial
freedom" with four millions of negroes, then
we should not only have destroyed the Union
and our Republican institutions, but our civili
zation, and indeed our mere territorial unity,
for it would then fall a helpless conquest to
some unadulterated nation of the old world, as
Mexico is now being conquered by France.
Is it not certain that, if Mr. Lincoln were
to resign the government into the hands of
Chief Justice Taney, or was to issue a procla
mation that the Constitution should be admin
istered as it was by all his predecessors, and
that negroes could not be citizens or amalgama
ted into our political system, that the Union
would be restored within the next sixty days,
and without the shedding of one single drop
of blood in the interval ? Is it not then abso
lutely certain that we are fighting, not for ne
gro liberty or emancipation—for God, as we
have Said, does not permit us to change the
nature of negroes—but simply to destroy our
selves by amalgamating four millions .of ne
groes in our system ?
This, then, is the issue, to e true issue, the
only issue before the Country 2 Shall the four
milligMS of negroes remain in. the position
where God, and Nature, and reason, and the
Constitution placed them, in domestic subordi
nation, or shall we go on slaughtering the
white people of the South for the impious and
lunatic purpose of amalgamating four millions
of negroes in our system, and thus destroying
ourselves or our posterity even more disgust
ingly and wickedly than the Spaniards did by
amalgamating with Indians ? It is simply spit
ting against the wind to ask Mr. Lincoln or his
advisers to withdraw theit armies or to cry
peace, when there isino peace. We must get
power in our hands, the power of the States,
for that is the power wielded for two years
past, and through which all the slaughter and
destruction, in the interval, have been coneurn
mated. If we can carry the six great central
States this fall, we can restore the Constitution,
and hence the Union. We can then stand on
common ground with the border negro-subor
dination States, and force negro•equality New
England and the fire-eating cotton States to
make peace. But we cannot carry these States
by supporting a war-to amalgamate negroes in
Our system. We must combine all—no matter
what they are or who they have been—opposed
to niggerism, to mongrelizing the Republic, or
to "impartial freedom" with negroes; and if