Daily patriot and union. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1858-1868, August 03, 1863, Image 1
----RATES 01? ADVERTISING. four lines or lea eonstitute halls square. Ten Mue more than four, oonstitute a 0110811. R., one day...-- PIM Owl :lg., one ice ....—. $0 60 I one week. • 110 ' nue week.— , 200 14 one month- • 800 " one month.. 600 41 threes:smiths 600 1 1 three months 10 00 a ail in I nt" • 800 " six months.. 15 00 I one year.--• 12 08 g. one year —2O 00 Er Belineiel 110ticeeinnerted in the Lecar. commit, K bet ze marriages arid deaths, TIN °EATS rem LING for e i, j a sertion. To merchants and others advertising .. she year, liberal terms will be offered. " irr The number of insertions must be designated on lte advertivement. ta - Marriages and Beattie minim inserted at the came otas as regular advertioementa. Business iarbs. SILAS WAB.D. • NO. 11, NORTIT TIIIItD PT., umizaszruse. ST-EINIWAI" PIANOS, MELODEONS, VIOLINS, GUITARS, Banjos, Flutes, Fifes, Drums, .ficeordeous, STRINGS, SVIIST AND BOOK 110810, &0., &0., PHOTOGRAPH FRAMES. ALBUMS, Large Pier and Mantle Mirrors, Square and Oval Frame of every description made to order. Reguilding done Agency for Howes Sewing Machines. Sheet Music vent by Mail. octl-1 jOHN.W. GLOVER, MERCHANT TAILOR! Has just received from New York, an assort. ment of SEASONABLE GOODS, which he offers to his customers end The pule° et nov22) MODERATE PRIORS- dtf Vrfj IUJ WiLLIA 11 8, v v Gx.BIM 402 WALNUT STREET , PHTLADELPITIA. General Claims for Soldiers promptly collected, State Claims adjusted, &e., &e. mar2o-dlm , SMITH 8c EWING, ATTORNEYS -AT - LAW , THIRD STREET, Harrisburg, Practice in the several Courts of Dauphin county. Col lections made promptly . A. C. SMITH I_ll_ DIVIDTO7. tPCOOK, Merchant Tailor, . 27 CHESNUT ST.; between Second and Front, Has just returned from the city with an assortment of CLOTHS, CASSIMERES AND VESTIN&S, Which will be sold at moderate prices and made up to order; and, also, an assortment of READY MADE Clothing and Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods. ucti2l-174 DENTISTRY. B. L can, D. D. S., NO. 119 MARKET STREET, I k#Aietsi' BBY & ICURREVS BUILDING, VP STAIRS. janB-tf R ELIGIOUS BOOK STORE, TRACT AND SUNDAY SCHOOL DEPOSITORY, E. S. GERMAN, ir SOUTH MOND STRUT, ABM 011181117 T, Depot forthe sale of litereoscolos,Stereoscoplolflews, Mode and Musical Instruments. also, subscriptions taken for religions publications. noBo-417 JOHN.G. W. MARTIN, FASHIONABLE CARD WRITER, lIBRR'S HOTEL, HARRISBURG, PA. Allmanner of VISITING, WEDDING AND BUSI NESS CARDS execrated in the most artistic styles and most reasonable terms. decl44ltf UNION HOTEL, Edge Avenue, corner of Broad street, IL&RRISBITRG, PA. The undersigned informs the public that he has re cently renovated and refitted his well-known . " Union Hotiq" on Ridge avenue, near the Round House, and is prepared to accommodate citizens, Ist -angers and travel ern in the heat style, at moderate rates lits table will be supplies - with the best the noickets afford, and at his bar be found superior brands of livers end mart beverages. The very beet accommo dations for railroaders employed at the shops in this vicinity. [al4 dtf] REMIT BOSTGRN. F RANKLIN HOUSE, BALTIMONN, HD. This pleasant and commotion' Hotel has been tho roughly re-fitted arid re-furnished. It is pleasantly situated on North-West corner of Howard and Franklin streets, a few doors west of the Northern Central Rail way Depot. livery attention paid to the comfort of his - 712SwNRING, Proprietor, (Late of gonna GroTe Pa.) ice► T HEO. Y. SOZEFFER, BOOK, CARD AND JOB PRINTER NO 18 MARKET STREET, HARRISBURG. Particaler attention paid to printing, ruling and binding of Railroad Blonlra„ Elanifeath, Insurance Pol icies, Olieeks,:lllll.Heada 3 ach Wedding, Visiting Mid Btudilen OEMs printedat wary low prices and in thelbssit style . jan'll ROBERT SNODGRASS, ATTORNEY A r LAW, Wive North Third street. third door above Mar ket, Harrisburg, Pa. N. B.—Pension, Bounty and Military dolma of all kinds prosecat:d and collected. Refer to Hone John O. Kunkel, David Mamma, jr., and R. A. Lamberton_ myll-d&w6m WM. H. MILLER, AND 'IL E. FERGUSON, ATTORNEYS AT LAW. MICE IN SHOEMAKER'S BUILDINGS SECOND STREET, BETWEEN WALNUT and MARKET SQUARE, ep-29eled Nearly omens the Buehler HMIS_ THOS. C. MACDOWELL, ATTORNEY AT LAW, . U k T G • Office in the Exchange, Walnut at., (Up Stairs.) Hiving formed a connection with parties in Windt. [neon City, wno are reliable business men. any busi ness connected with any of the departments will meet with immediate and careful attention. DR. 0. WEICHEL, SURGEON AND OCULIST, RESIDENCE THIRD NEAR NORTH STREET. He is now fully prepared to attend promptly to fle dation of PrefeetiCe in all ita brandian dLOlO MID WY IMOONSBPUL ILIDIOAL EIrIJIIJUi justines him in promising fall and ample aatiefaetion tr all 'Mornay layer him with a call, be the disown Utmost: or any ether nature. ellB-ddtwly TAILORING. 0 - Ma 17 ar Irat The subscriber is ready at NO. 94, 914111E8T ST., four doors below Ihsarth Street, to make MA'N'S AND BO v'. C ,OT BING In any style, and with skill and promptness. ?famous wishing ratting done can have it dene at the ittorteec notice ap27-dly CHARLES F. VOLLMER, UPHOLSTERER, Chestnut street four doors above Second, (Humus Wasuurion Hou 'Doss.) Is prepared to furnish to order, in the very best style workmanship. Spring and Hair Mattresses, Window Onr tains, Lounges, and all other szti ales of Furniture in hi. he., on short notice end moderate terms. Having ex Patience in the business, he feels warranted ineaskieg s share of piddle patronage, conildentof hisability to give satisfaction. jangrdt* MILITARY CLAMS AND 'PEN BIONB The undersigned have entered into an setemiation for the collection of Military Chine and the securing of Penman for wonndel and disablel aol line. M cud Muster.eut Rolls. officer-0 Pay Rolls, *Nuance and Clothing returns., and all papers pertai ins to th- 'entail! will be made out properly eel expeditiously "Lee in the ruchange Bulldhige. Walnut between Prue d ann Third streets, near o,9ithi Hotel. Hard*. bu s• Pa. TBOS 0 MACDOSfi Lb, dtf THOMAS A. MAGUIRM. . . . ,--- . -• ... • 1.. •••-•.• _ - t. ' •c _ mOd• ...c.0., . _ - -...., . . .• .. . ~ _-_- -- n - lii 1 111 . .... i .." • ' I U Ijll 'l ' ll l i -4- ; . - i -E r : - la VOL. 6.-NO. 286. -V- 4-4- DR. SWEET'S INFALLIBLE LINIMENT EEO GREAT EXTERNAL REMEDY, FOR RHEUMATISM, GOUT, NEURALGIA, LUMBAGO, STIFF NECK AND JOINTS, SPRAINS, BRUISES, curs A WOUNDS, PILES: HEADACHE, and ALL RilEll. MATIC and NERVOUS DISORDERS. For all of which it is a speedy and certain remedy, and never fails This Liniment is prepared irony the recipe of Dr Stephen Sweet, of Connecticut, the fa mous bone setter, and has been used in his practice for more than twenty years with the most astonishing sue- AS. AN AL4WrZATon. OF PAIN, it is unrivaled by any preparation before the public, of which the most skeptical may be convinced by a sing!ft trial. This Liniment will cure rapidly and radically, RHEU MATIC MORD - ERB of every kind, and in thousands of cases where it has been used it has never been known to fail. Fait NEURALGIA, it will afford immediate relief in every CBlll3, however distressing. It will relieve the worst %Me of HEADACHE in three minutes and is warranted to do it. TOOTHACFIE also will it cure instantly. FOB NERVOUS DEBILITY AND GENERAL LASSITUDE, arising from imprudence or excess, this Liniment is a most happy and unfailing remedy. Act in/ directly upon the nervous tissues, it strengthens and revivifies the system, and restores it to elasticity and vigor. FOR PILES.—As an etteraal remedy, we elaim that it is the best known, and we challenge the world to pro duce an equal; Every victim of this distressing com plaint should give it a trial, for it will not fail to afford immediate relief, and in a majority of cases will effect a radical cure. . . QUINSY aud SORE THROAT are sometimes ex tremely malignant and dangerous, but a timely applica tion of this Liniment will never fail to cure. SP/I 41N5 are sometimes very °hotfoots, andenlorge moot of the joints le liablo to occur if neglected, The worst case may be conquered by this Liniment in two or three days. BRUISES. CUTS, WOUNDS, SORES, ULCERS, BURNS an"! SCALDS, yield readily to the wonderful healing properties of DR. SWEET'S INFALLIBLE LINIMENT when need according to directions. Also, CHTLBLATNb, FIifiSTED FEET, and INSECT BITES and STINGS. EVERY HORSE OWNER should beve this remedy at band, for its timely use at the brat appearance of Lameness will effectually pre• vent those formidable diseases to which all horses are liable and which render so many otherwise valuable horses nearly worthless. Over four hundred voluntarytestimoniale to the won derful curative properties of this Liniment have been received within the last two years. and many of them froim perikaatt IA the Ligh.Sit ranks of life. C 4 117TION. To avoid imposit'on, observe the Signature and Like ness of Dr. Stephen Sweet on every label, and also " Stephen Sweet's Infallible Liniment " blown in the glass of each bottle, without which none are genuine. BICH aItDSON & CO., Pole Proprietors, Norwich, Ct. For sale by all dealers. aplleow-ildrAr lOveing. A . LY WORK PROMISED IN O,NE WEEK! pg'fitt 1 0 lie PENNSYLVANIA STEAM DYEING ESTABLISHMENT, 104 MARKIT'STRJ3T, BETTrBEN FOURTH AND FIFTH, HARRISBURG PA., Where every description of Lad ies' and Gentlemen's imamate, Piece GlicK &e., are Dyed, Cleansed, And Lashed in the but manner and at the shortest notice. no9-d&wly DODGI & 00., Proprietors. F.. WATSON, MASTIC WORKER iN D PRACTICAL CEMENTER, I. prepared to Cement the exterior of Buildings with he New York Improved Water-Proof Mastic Cement. This Material is different from all other Cements. It forms a solid. durable adhesiveness to any surface. Imperishable by the cation of Water Wet. Every good building should be coated w'th this Cement; it is a perfect preserver to the walls, and makes a beautiful ; fine finish, equal to Eastern brown sandstone, or any color desired. Among others for whom I have applied the Mastic Cement, I refer to the following gentlemen : J. Biseell, residence, Penn street, Pittsburg, finished five seams. H. Shosnberger, residence, Lawrenceville, finished five years. James M'Candlass, residence, Allegheny City,finished five years. Calvin Adams, residence, Third et eet, finished four years. A. Soaveler, residence, Lawrenceville, finished four years. D M'Oord, Penn street, finished four ”are. Iron. Thomas Irwin, Diamond street, finished four yearn. St Charles Hotel and Girard Mouse, finished five years. Kittanning , Court Molise and Bank, for Barr & Moser, Architects, Pittsbn, g, finished five years. Orders received at the • Moe of It lif , Kidowney, Paint Shop, 20 Seventh street, or please address T. P. WATSON, maylfi-tf P. 0. Box 18.8. Pittsburg, Pa. MESSRS. CHICKEEING & 00. - - • HAVE AGAIN OBTAINED THE GOLD MEDAL! AT TEM MECHANICS' FAIR, BOSTON, WELD TEE eItECIXDING WIEEZ, OVER SIXPY OOMPET.ITORBI Wareroom for the ONIONS/11Na PIANOS, at Harris burg, at 92 Market street, b52.3-tf W . I(NOOPIN'S MII9IO-BTORN , AMES.' YOU KNOW WERE YOU can get fine Note Paper, Envelopes, Visiting and Wedding OtPdst ? At SOH EVER'S BOOKSTORE U PEA lOR STOCK O r' IQU , lit B.— WM DOCK, Ja., & CO.. are now able to o ff er to their eusto.,.cre and ti-,e public at I...r g e, a stock of the purest li q uors ever imparted into this market, compd.. stn g is part the followin g varieties : W RISK It —IRISH, SCOTC H 2 OLD BOURBON. WINE—PORT, SHERRY, OLD MADEIRA. OTARD, DUPE? & CO. PALE BRANDY. JA M ICA SPIRITS PRIME NEW ENGLAND RUM. DRAKE'S PLANTATION BITTERS Those liquor. on all he warranted; and in addition CO these, Dock & CO. have on hand a large variety of Wines, Whiaty and Brandy, to which they invite the oartieniar attention of the public AIVEBSTER,'S ARMY AND NAVY P°CKET DICTIONARY. Just received and for sale at Olin Friive DOO4BTORN. BLACKING ! 1 .. a mt l ASON ° B "CHALLINaIt BLAMING ."-100 Goose. assorted else , ituot teived and for sale, whoissais and retail. .root WM: DOCK, Tx., k AA WrPOW ADER of lines, ' gilt b i lasred; and PAPInt BLINDS of sn °safe; variety 9f deldpe and ornaments ; otrsrAlN 1111TtralltsiCTAIMIL8 sr very lew pri , OAU . et . tieketrees Bookstores& -- Weekly " Patriot Sr, Union," THE CHEAPEST PAPER ' , CRUSHED IN PENNSYLVANIA! AND THE ONLY DEMOCRATIC PAPER PUBLISHED AT THE SEAT OP GOVERNMENT ! FORTY-FOUR COLUMNS OF READING MAT TER EACH WEEK 1 AT THE LOW PRICE OF ONE DOLLAR AND FIFTY CENTS! WHEN SUBSCRIBED FOR IN CLUBS OF NOT LESS • THAN TEN COPIES 70 ONE ADDRESS! We have been compelled to rain the club subscription priceto one dollar and fifty cents in order to save our selves from actual loss. Paper has risen, including taxes, about twenty-five per cent., and is still rising ; and when we tell our Democratic friends, candidly, that we can no longer afford to sell the Weekly PATRIOT AND UNION at one dollar a year_ and must add fifty cents or stop the publication, we trust they will appreciate our position, and, instead of withdrawing their subscrip tions, go to work with a will to increase our list in every county in the State. We have endeavored, and shall continue our efforts, to make the paper useful as a party organ, and welcome as,a news messenger to every fam ily. We flatter ourselves that it has not been without some influence in producing the glorious revolution in the politics of the State achieved at the late election; and if fearlessness in the discharge of duty, fidelity to the principles of the party, and an anxious desire to pro mote Its interests, with some experience and a moderate degree of ability, canoe made serviceable hereafter, the Weekly PATRIOT AND UNION Will not be lees useful to the party or less welcome to the L•mily circle in the fu ture than it has been in the past. We confidently look for increased encouragement in this great enterprise, and appeal to every influential Democrat in the State to lend us his aid in running our supseription list up to twenty or thirty thousand. The expense to each indi vidual is trifling, the benefit to the party may be great. Believing that the Democracy of the State feel the ne cessity of sustaining a fearless central organ, we make this appeal to them for assistance with the fullest confi dence of success. The same reasons which induce us to raise the price of the Weekly, operate in regard to the Daily paper, the price of which is also increased. The additional cost to each subscriber will be but trifling i and; while we can not pomade ettraelves that the Change neeeeearilymaae will result in any diminution of our daily circulation, yet, were we certain that such would be the conse quence, we should still be compelled to make it, or suf fer a ruinous loss. Tinder these circumstances we must throw ourselves upon the generosity, or, rather, the inctiee of the public, and abide their Verdict, whatever it may be. The period for which many of our subscribers have paid for their paper being on the eve of expiring, we take the liberty of issuing this notice, reminding them of the lame, in orderthat they may RENEW THEIR CLUBS. We shaU also take it as an especial favor if onrpresent subscribers will urge upon their neighbors the fact that the PATRIOT AND Mem is the only Democratic paper printed in Harrisburg, and considering the large amount of reading matter, embracing all the current news of the day, and TELEGRAPHIC DISPATCHES from everywhere np to the moment the paper goes to press, political, miscellaneous, general and local news market reports, is decidedly the CHEAPEST NEWSPAPER PUBLISHED IN There is scarcely a village or town in the State in which a club cannot be raised if the proper exertion be made, and surely there are few places in which one or more energetic men cannot be found who are in favor of the dissemination of sound Democratic doctrines, who would be willing to make the effort to raise a club. DEMOCRATS OF THE INTERIOR Let us hear from you. The existing war, sad the ap proaching sessions of Congress and the State Legisla ture, are invested with unusual interest, and every man ghoul' have the news. TERNS. DAILY PATRIOT AND UNION. Single copy for one year, in advance 56 00 Dines copy during the session of the Legislature.. 2 00 City subscribers ten cents per welt. Cows supplied to agents at the rate of $l6O per hun dred. WZBRLY PATRIOT AND 'UNION, Published every Thursday. Single copy one year, in advance S 2 00 Ten copies to . orte address 15 00 ,Subsariptionsmaycommenceat any time. PAT AL. WAYS IN ADVAI4 CN. We are obliged to make this imperative. Is every instance cash must accompany subscription. Any person sending us a club of twenty subscribers to the Weekly will be entitled to a copy for his services. The price, even at the advanced rate is so law that we cannot offer greater inducements than this. Additions maybe made at any time to a club of subscribers by remitting one dollar end fifty cents for each additional name. It is not necesearyto send as the names of those constituting a club, as we cannot undertake to * address each paper to club subscribers separately. Specimen copies of the Weekly will be sent to all who deals it. N. B.—The following law, passed by Congress in DM, defines the duty of Postmasters in relation to the de livery of newspapers to club subscribers: (See Little, Brown it Co.'s edition of the Laws of 1880, page 88, chapter 181, section 1.) "Provided, however, that where packages of new pa pers or periodicals are received at any post office directed to one address, and the names of the club subacribore to which .hey belong, with the postage for a quarter in ad vance, shall be banded to the postmaster, he shall de liver the same to their respective owners." To enable the Postmaster to comply with this regulse then, it will be necessary that he be furnished with the list of names composing the club, and paid a quarter's for year's) postage in advance. The uniform courtesy of Postmasters. affords the assurance that they will cheerfully accommonate club , subscribers, and the latter should take care that the postage, which is but a trifle in each case, be paid in advance. Send on the clubs A SPLENDID ASSORTMENT 0 P LITHOGRAPHS, Formerly retailed at. from $3 to $5, ere now rffered at 50 and 75 cents, and $1 and $1 50—Inblished by the Ar Union, and formerly retailed by them. Splendid Photographic Album Pictures of all distin guished men and Generals of the army, at on'y 10 cts. For sale at SaIIEFFERI3 Bookstore, 18 Market street, Harrisburg. BASKETS! LADIER TRAVELING-, MARKET, SIGIOOL, PAPER, KNIFE, CLOTHES, ROUND, CHILDREN'S, CAKE, For sale low, by jel2 WM. DOCK, Jr., Jr- Co. WHITE BRANDY !!!—FoR I:iftZSEIVF 'O 0• riser Portrosam—A very superior ertiole, (Micas , owed just received and for sale by julyl WM. DOCK, Jr.. it 00. STEW ORLEANS SUGAR I-FIRST IN THI MARKET !—For sale by ' O l2 WM. DOCK Ja., It. 00 NIA ' OKERELI MACKEREL, Noe. 1, 2 and 2, in all sized paeluyges— new, and sack pi/clasp warranted. must received, and for sale low h. WM ROCK Jr., * CA QKV—VGLIT GALLERY.—The rooms on the cores f of Marlatt Knape and Market a reet, opoo.rte the Jones Bons; ououpind ass Marry Air Doane , reotype, Photograph 'and kinbrotype 4..urposes, are .POR RiiNT from the 9th of fiepttrober n.xt. Apply to JOHN Wit ETEL jylB-dlawilm UIA.KRASI-Ai i Jatl, iVIONDA_I". AUGUST 3, 1443. T H E THE STATE! Q. BARR/1T . 1 P A 00.,Ifarrtabnri, Ps Zee Vattiot ',llion. MONDAY MOENING, AUGUST 3, 1803. SUBSTITUTE FOR THE TEAS OF CHINA. We observe in many of our cotemporary journals of the northern States, a notice in regard to a " Tea Plant," said to have been recently discovered in Pennsylvania. Having already one staple, (iron,) in profusion, and another, (Anthracite,) almost in exclusion, the idea, that '' TEA, that Pnliyener of wit and the soul, Mare inspiring, by far, than drafts from the bowl," could be had for the plucking, upon our hill sides—was one well worthy of careful ascer tainment; and we have been looking for the report of some of our eminent naturalists in the premises. Our own humble stock of knowledge upon this subject, we offer with diffidence, although far from being a stranger to the uses of the plant to which public attention has lately been directed. It is the CEANOTHUS AMERICANA, of Bota nists. The generic name is from Theophras- Ns- the Greek keanOthos—keo, to prick, and anothen, above, or at the extremity. There are several varieties of the plant—one, (the Ad aticus,) is a native of Japan, and probably of China; although we must' confess we thought one statement which we saw, in regard to the recognition of it in our wilds, by a native Chi• nese, looked rather apochryphal. It certainly is neither of the varieties of the Chinese Thea, or, (as it is usually written,) TEA. It does not even belong to the same order of plants, as de fined by Botanists; nor is there, except in re spect to the Nate, much resemblance. Whether its medicinal properties are in any considerable degree the same, remains yet to be determined. The Chinese Tea is a narcotic plant, on which account the natives of China refrain from its use, until it is divested from this property, by keeping it at least twelve months. Whether the American Ceanothus has this quality, we are unable to decide ; although the writer of this employs it at his table as a beverage, almost daily. The flavor of a decoction of the leaves so nearly resembles the Black Teas of china and Japan that very few persons would discover the difference in ordinary use. Te our apprehension, the American Cegnothus is a wholesome tonic. The leaves masticated have an astringent taste, and are slightly mucilagi nous. This plant was extensively used during the period of the American Revolution; and at that time was sometimes called the "American Tea"—" Liberty Tea ;" but more usually, " New Jersey Tea"—being then very common in the pine regions of that State. It is indige nous in the pine regions of all New England, Pennsylvania, Virginia and the Carolinas ; and we apprehend the use of it has greatly increased in the South since the commence ment of the rebellion. It was used medici nally, the same as lobelia, by the Six Nations of Indians; and from them the native Cana dians learned also to employ it in syphilitic disorders. The early settlers of northern Pennsylvania, especially in the Connecticut townships, used very little of any tea plant for. many years, except that and SAGE—the Salvia officinalia of science. The properties of this latter common tenant of our gardens are far from being appreciated as they should be; and our excellent housewives, who sometimes employ it in cheese, and in meats simply as a seasoning, are seldom aware that it is one of the most powerful resistants of animal putre faction in the whole range of vegetable econo my. As a tonic also, it is much used even among the Chinese; who, like physicians, are very circumspect in taking their own native medicine—the black and green teas of com merce. The Ceanoihus Americana was first introduced into England for its beauty as a flowering shrub in 1713 ; and was then placed in Bishop Comp ton's garden at Fulham. Later, according to Miller, it was lost in that country, and he re introduced it from America. It is now common in English gardens of the higher class. We observed it a year or two since in the Royal Gardens at Kew, near London, growing and flowering beautifully. Senator Buckalew, of this State, who has a cultivated taste in planti, as well as good judgment in affairs of gov ernment, once called our attention to the Cea nothus in his collection—he having been at tracted by its ornamental features—to inquire into its qualities and position in botanical sci ence. In botany,it is a genus of the order Monogynia, belonging to the_ pentandria class of plants, and in the natural method ranking under the 4&l order, Dumont. There are five petals, pouuhed and arched. The fruit is a small brown trilocular, trispermous berry. The stem is woody, with a pale brown bark or covering, and sends out branches from the bottom ; these► from a green, gradually assume a reddish color The leaves are oval, serrated and pointed, about two and a half inches long, proportionably broad, and have three nerves running length wise. They grow irregularly on the stalk, and not (as sometimes described) opposite by pairs. The flowers are white, usually growing in a cluster at the end of each stalk, giving a beau tiful appearance to the whole shrub, which is generally found from three to flip feet in height, flowering from July often until October. The former month is deemed the best one in which to gather the leaves for use as a bev erage. We have neglected heretofore to mention that the whole plant, roots inclusive, furnishes a neat dye (even for wool) of a nankin Cinna mon color. It may be propagated from the seed, of which it is very fruitful; but it requires a light, gen eroue soil, and judging from its habits of growth in piny woods, we suppose it should have a sheltered position. No one need be surprised, if competent naturalists should take PRICE TWO CENTS. up the subject and properly'experiment upon and examine this plant, to find it placed ulti mately among the most useful in the American Flora; and perhaps, even what many claim for it, an admirable substitute for the .teas of China. By all means, we urge, let there be an analysis of the Ceanotizus, such as Mulder has given of Orientals. What may be the soluble constituents of this American plant can only be determined by such an analysis. Those of the Chinese teas consist of gum, grape sugar, a large poportion of tannin, a volatile oil, and a peculiar or nitrogenized principle called theine ; which is a weak alkaloid, and the same precisely that is found in coffee, called chemically, caffeine. Theine is thought to possess some properties of importance to the annimal system—possibly lessening the waste of tissue, and so taking the place of food. When the Dutch tam India Company first introduced the China teas into Europe, they were sold at prices ranging from thirty to fifty dollars each pound ;this was in 1657. Twenty years later, the English East India Company commenced their importations at the rate of a $5OO venture for the first year. The next year they glutted the market with 4,000 pounds; and for six years 'after, they appear to have imported only 410 pounds. This com pany had a monopoly of the trade in the En• glish market, down to 1834, in which year they introduced thirty-five millions of Pounds In 1859, the importation in English bottoms, had increased to eighty four millions ! The direct exports from China to the United States, for the year ending July 1861, amounted to about thirty millions of pounds. It is interesting to mark the progress of its use: In 1657 Thomas Garway advertised to sell at his place in London, (a public house,) "an infusion of tea, made according to the di rection of the most knowing Eastern merchants and travelers." Three years after this, the English Parliament laid a tax on this "infu sion," along with sherbet and, chocolate, of Bd. on every gallon made and sold. Such a tax, imposed at this day, would upset the English government. Another anecdote "in point," as the lawyers say, and our tea-table gossip shall terminate for this sitting : The late Dr. R—, of S 4l , (in his early days an intimate friend of Dennie, and a contributor to the Port Folio,) related to us an adventure of his own, in the "tea line," which transpired in one of the interior counties of Pennsylvania. In course of his frequent journeys to and from Philadelphia, he had found at a small German hostelry, cof fee equal in flavor to any he had ever tasted in Paris. Of course, this became a favorite stop ping-place. One evening, arriving late, and feeling a little unwell, he thought he would vary the entertainment by a cup of tea. There was none in the house ; and the Dr. took from his portmanteau a precious halt pound paw of "extra gunpowder," intended for the solace of many a lonely evening in the "backwoods," whither he was journeying. Knowing his landlady's skill is coffee, be gave no special directions in regard to his tea. Supper was called in due course ; the guest observing the delft-ware coffee pot hissing as usual, blandly asked if his tea had been forgotten. "0 nein —dare it is on de Mate," said the smiling Teuton bootees. What was his absolute hor ror, on finding that his whole half pound of tea had been boiled and served up as greens, and there lay, "smoking hot," before him I At the end of his journey ; no tea short of Philadelphia—a distance rendered immeasura ble by bad roads, or rather, no roads at all— the Dr , in despair, heard of paw paw Ceano thus —tried, and liked it. Years afterwards, he gave us our first taste of it, as well as our first information about this promised subeti- Lute for the teas of China. Torranna, Penn. _ THE OPPOSITION. —lt is amusing as well as interesting to recall the names by which the opposition to the Democratic party have been known since the Revolution. Here is a list, but we do not pretend to say that all the dif ferent parties that have attempted the over throw of Democracy since the formation of our . Government are named therein; Kr like the color, platforms, and pretensions of the per sons themselves, they are innumerable. They were- In 1776, Loyalists or Loyal to King George, or Tories In 1778, Loyal Tories. In 1780. Nova Scotia Cow Boys and Tories. In 1786, Convention Monarchists. In 1789, Black Cockaders. In 1808, Anti- Affersonian Improvement men. In 1811, British Bank men. In 1812 Peace and Submession Men. In 1816, Blue Lights. In 1814 Hartford Convontionists. In 1816, Washington Society Men. In 1818, No party Men. In 1819, Federals. In 1820, Federal Republicans. In 1826 National Republicans. In 1828, Anti-Masons. In 1834, Anti Masonic Men. In 1836, Conservatives. In 1837, Independent Democratic Whigs. In 1838, Abolitionists. In 1839, Log-Cabin Hard-Cider-Democratic Republican-Abolition Whigs. In 1843, Native American Whigs. In 1844, Coon Party, or Anti-Annexation Whigs. In 1845, The Whig Party. In 1846, Mexican Whig party. In 1847, Anti-Mexican Whig' Party. In 1848, Rough and Ready Party. In 1850, Clay Whig Party. In 1852, Scott Whigs. In 1864. Know Nothings. In 1855. Native Americans. In 1856, reeWQnters or Abolitionists and Know Nothings. In 1867, Black Republicans. In 1869, Opposition and PeOple's Party, In 1860, Wide Awakes, Cap and Cape party. In 1862, NO PARTY. In 1863, UniOn-Piagoe• No . Party. Emanci pation- High-Taxation Centralization Con fißoB - Negro-Equalization-UsurPation-Abolition Administration Party. • PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING. BI7NDATS 11XCIPT1D BY 0. BARRETT gb CM - Tau Da' PATRIOT MID UNION will b. TOMS blf AIM scribers residing in the Borough for UM 011IIMPV1 Wit; payable to the Carrier. Mail eubseribers, emu •voLLAU PIM ANNUM. Taa Wasat.v PATRIC 4 awn Crams is publistind algae SOLtaves run anima, invariably in advance. Ten cope to one addrecui,fiftesc dollars nnected with this establishmene n extensive JOB OFFICS, containing a variety of plain and tansy type, uneauslled by any establishment in the interior of the State, for which the patronage of the public is so. I; ,ited. A POLITICAL, ARMAGEDDON. To our sister cities in the West, and to all the people on the banks of the Mississippi and its tributaries, we say, in fraternal kindness —and to our national enemies, at home and abroad, we say, in sternest defianee—OF MA NY, WE ARE ONE I—Bufalo Cummercial Atl verfiser. There is a ring about this Sentiment which touches the right chord. The time rapidly ap proaches which is 10 test our dispositions and capacities as a rewle—our disposition to live together in bonds of unity and interest—our capacity to preserve, not merely the integrity of our soil,•hut.the purity of our laws and in stitul ions inviolate. There are foreshiVicwings of evil as well as good streaking the political horizon. When the South hag been compelled to abandon this unequal contest, and the authority of our gov ernment is fairly restored over all parts of the country, there will be at least two conflicting elements, one of which will not talk or act with "fraternal kindness." The tw9 elements will struggle for political ascendency, and upon the issue of the struggle our future career as a great, united and prosperous people will de pend. One of theite elements will be satisfied with nothing short of making the negro popula tion of the South politically equal with the white population both North and South. This ele ment is headed by Salmon P. Chase, and exerts a vast degree of influence in moulding and di recting the fortunes of the war. It is respon sible for the delays and disasters of the con test, and openly glories in the fact that they have contributed to the furtherance of the sweeping revolutions intended. The other element is anxious to make us really one people, upon the basis of common laws, ties and interests. It is eminently con servative, humane, liberal and patriotic. It is animated chiefly by love of country and an earnest desire to see the nation sustain its character as a free, happy and powerful De. mocraoy. This element includes men of all parties, though we are proud to say it is for mally represented in the organization of the Democratic party. When the practical issues brought to the surface by the collision of these antagonisms, are summed up, they will be found to be about as follows : Have the people or the States any political rights during war? Is the Constitution obligatory during war ? Shall free discussion be allowed in this country ? Shall the negroes be freed and have the full political franchise of the whites ? The Chase element will take the negative of the first three interrogatories and the affirma tive of the last. The Democratic element will affirm the rights brought in question by the first three inquiries, and will sternly oppose the revolution involved in the last. Upon these propositions the real battles of this country are to be fought. If the Democracy is defeated —which we do not contemplate—our system of government Will be changed. We will have a republic in form and in name for a few years, but the spirit of republican institutions will be trampled under foot. If the Democracy sue. cetd—as we hope and believe—the foundation will be laid for a stable, constitutional and'en during system, alike genial to the people and the States, and strong enough for all practical uses without being oppressive. Let' us put ourselves in proper trim to fight this good fight, so that our children will have a free government to live under, and not an imperialism like Aus tria or France. —Cleveland Plain Dealer. THE FUNERAL OF JOHN J. CRITTENDEN.—A correspondent of Fran kford, Ky., gives the particulars of the ebeequiee of the Hen, J. J. Crittenden, on Wednesday, the 29th. In testi mony of respect to the deceased, all business was suspended and the people seemed to have but one subject upon which to iconverse, that of. the death of Crittenden. At the late resi dence of the decease& where the body lay in its plain rosewood color metalic coffin, men and women were c3nstantly passing in to take a last look at the features of the deceased, which bore an expression apparently of pain.- The visitors to the house were many, including the numerous relatives, friends and personal ac quaintances of the dead, Ind many of thee. who, with him, had exercised a cofftrol over the affairs of the nation. At 10 o'clock the body was taken to the Presbyterian church, where every seat was already filled with people to hear the funeral services. The services were con ducted by the Rev. Mr. Hayes and Rev. Mr. John T. Hendricks. The latter pronounced an eloquent discourse, extolling the virtues and many brilliant qualities of the deceased., The body was then taken to the hearse, and the pro cession proceeded to the cemetery, where the body was deposited in the family vault. As the procession marched along the streets the bands played mournful dirges, the belle tolled, guns were fired, and the entire population crowded the pavements looking on in silent sorrow. On the 27th the Governor of Kentucky issued an order requesting that on the day of the fu neral all places of business and all public offices in Frankfort be closed from 10 a m. until 5 p. m. We quote the following "AW hen a great man dies, a nation mourns.' such an event has occurred in our midst, in the death of the Hon. John J. Crittenden, Kentucky's longest tried statesman in her public service, a man faith ful to every trust—one who has added by hie talents and character to the fame of the nation, and has pre-eminently advanced the glory and honor of Kentucky. It is fit and proper that all testimonials of respect and affection should be paid his remains by all in authority, as well as by private cilia as." "DON'T UNCHAIN THE TIGER "—A poster with the above caption bee appeared for some days past on all the public places and dead walls of the city. We fear the warning comes too late. The tiger has been already unchained. It was let loose when the old landmarks of the law anti Constitution were departed from in the prosecution of the war. Prom tha.o hour as prophesied by far-seeing statesmen like Seward, Mr. Crittenden, • Fburlow Weed, and others, the South became united and the North divided. The tiger was unchained when Gree. ley's prayer of the "Twenty Millions" was granted, and the President replied to Oa voice of the people as expre-sed in the fall elections by adopting the ra 'Nal programme. He be gan his ravings when fanatics and partisans obtained a preponderating influence in the ad ministration of public affairs. The people then became alienated and dividrd, volunteer ing ceased, and conscription was the necessary result. Bloody graves fierce animosities, jar ring sects, secret leagues, foreign insults, wars of races and religion, internal strife and na tional weakness follows the track of the Abo lition tiger. He can Only be muzzled by the ballot boa. The silent fall of millions of slips of paper, inscribed with the nemrd of true men. and legally deposited by freemen, can alone chain up the '.Tiger" that ravages our fair Union.—New York Sun. "Give the devil his due." -4Jertainly,k , eve a contemporary ; ..bau h io betty* to kofro no dealiuge with the devil, and there Inaba noth ing due him."