Newspaper Page Text
----RATES 01? ADVERTISING.
four lines or lea eonstitute halls square. Ten Mue
more than four, oonstitute a 0110811.
R., one day...-- PIM Owl :lg., one ice ....—. $0 60
I one week. • 110 ' nue week.— , 200
14 one month- • 800 " one month.. 600
41 threes:smiths 600 1 1 three months 10 00
a ail in I nt" • 800 " six months.. 15 00
I one year.--• 12 08 g. one year —2O 00
Er Belineiel 110ticeeinnerted in the Lecar. commit,
K bet ze marriages arid deaths, TIN °EATS rem LING for
e i, j a sertion. To merchants and others advertising
.. she year, liberal terms will be offered.
" irr The number of insertions must be designated on
ta - Marriages and Beattie minim inserted at the came
otas as regular advertioementa.
NO. 11, NORTIT TIIIItD PT., umizaszruse.
MELODEONS, VIOLINS, GUITARS,
Banjos, Flutes, Fifes, Drums, .ficeordeous,
STRINGS, SVIIST AND BOOK 110810, &0., &0.,
PHOTOGRAPH FRAMES. ALBUMS,
Large Pier and Mantle Mirrors, Square and Oval Frame
of every description made to order. Reguilding done
Agency for Howes Sewing Machines.
Sheet Music vent by Mail. octl-1
Has just received from New York, an assort.
which he offers to his customers end The pule° et
nov22) MODERATE PRIORS- dtf
Vrfj IUJ WiLLIA 11 8,
402 WALNUT STREET ,
General Claims for Soldiers promptly collected, State
Claims adjusted, &e., &e. mar2o-dlm
SMITH 8c EWING,
ATTORNEYS -AT - LAW ,
THIRD STREET, Harrisburg,
Practice in the several Courts of Dauphin county. Col
lections made promptly . A. C. SMITH
tPCOOK, Merchant Tailor,
. 27 CHESNUT ST.; between Second and Front,
Has just returned from the city with an assortment of
CLOTHS, CASSIMERES AND VESTIN&S,
Which will be sold at moderate prices and made up to
order; and, also, an assortment of READY MADE
Clothing and Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods.
B. L can, D. D. S.,
NO. 119 MARKET STREET,
BBY & ICURREVS BUILDING, VP STAIRS.
R ELIGIOUS BOOK STORE,
TRACT AND SUNDAY SCHOOL DEPOSITORY,
E. S. GERMAN,
ir SOUTH MOND STRUT, ABM 011181117 T,
Depot forthe sale of litereoscolos,Stereoscoplolflews,
Mode and Musical Instruments. also, subscriptions
taken for religions publications. noBo-417
JOHN.G. W. MARTIN,
lIBRR'S HOTEL, HARRISBURG, PA.
Allmanner of VISITING, WEDDING AND BUSI
NESS CARDS execrated in the most artistic styles and
most reasonable terms. decl44ltf
Edge Avenue, corner of Broad street,
The undersigned informs the public that he has re
cently renovated and refitted his well-known . " Union
Hotiq" on Ridge avenue, near the Round House, and is
prepared to accommodate citizens, Ist -angers and travel
ern in the heat style, at moderate rates
lits table will be supplies - with the best the noickets
afford, and at his bar be found superior brands of
livers end mart beverages. The very beet accommo
dations for railroaders employed at the shops in this
vicinity. [al4 dtf] REMIT BOSTGRN.
F RANKLIN HOUSE,
This pleasant and commotion' Hotel has been tho
roughly re-fitted arid re-furnished. It is pleasantly
situated on North-West corner of Howard and Franklin
streets, a few doors west of the Northern Central Rail
way Depot. livery attention paid to the comfort of his
- 712SwNRING, Proprietor,
(Late of gonna GroTe Pa.)
T HEO. Y. SOZEFFER,
BOOK, CARD AND JOB PRINTER
NO 18 MARKET STREET, HARRISBURG.
Particaler attention paid to printing, ruling and
binding of Railroad Blonlra„ Elanifeath, Insurance Pol
icies, Olieeks,:lllll.Heada 3 ach
Wedding, Visiting Mid Btudilen OEMs printedat wary
low prices and in thelbssit style . jan'll
ATTORNEY A r LAW,
Wive North Third street. third door above Mar
ket, Harrisburg, Pa.
N. B.—Pension, Bounty and Military dolma of all
kinds prosecat:d and collected.
Refer to Hone John O. Kunkel, David Mamma, jr.,
and R. A. Lamberton_ myll-d&w6m
WM. H. MILLER,
'IL E. FERGUSON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
BETWEEN WALNUT and MARKET SQUARE,
ep-29eled Nearly omens the Buehler HMIS_
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
. U k T G •
Office in the Exchange, Walnut at., (Up Stairs.)
Hiving formed a connection with parties in Windt.
[neon City, wno are reliable business men. any busi
ness connected with any of the departments will meet
with immediate and careful attention.
DR. 0. WEICHEL,
SURGEON AND OCULIST,
RESIDENCE THIRD NEAR NORTH STREET.
He is now fully prepared to attend promptly to fle
dation of PrefeetiCe in all ita brandian
dLOlO MID WY IMOONSBPUL ILIDIOAL EIrIJIIJUi
justines him in promising fall and ample aatiefaetion tr
all 'Mornay layer him with a call, be the disown Utmost:
or any ether nature. ellB-ddtwly
0 - Ma 17 ar Irat
The subscriber is ready at NO. 94, 914111E8T ST.,
four doors below Ihsarth Street, to make
MA'N'S AND BO v'. C ,OT BING
In any style, and with skill and promptness.
?famous wishing ratting done can have it dene at the
ittorteec notice ap27-dly
CHARLES F. VOLLMER,
Chestnut street four doors above Second,
(Humus Wasuurion Hou 'Doss.)
Is prepared to furnish to order, in the very best style
workmanship. Spring and Hair Mattresses, Window Onr
tains, Lounges, and all other szti ales of Furniture in hi.
he., on short notice end moderate terms. Having ex
Patience in the business, he feels warranted ineaskieg s
share of piddle patronage, conildentof hisability to give
MILITARY CLAMS AND 'PEN
The undersigned have entered into an setemiation for
the collection of Military Chine and the securing of
Penman for wonndel and disablel aol line.
M cud Muster.eut Rolls. officer-0 Pay Rolls,
*Nuance and Clothing returns., and all papers pertai
ins to th- 'entail! will be made out properly
"Lee in the ruchange Bulldhige. Walnut between
Prue d ann Third streets, near o,9ithi Hotel. Hard*.
bu s• Pa. TBOS 0 MACDOSfi Lb,
dtf THOMAS A. MAGUIRM.
. . .
... • 1.. •••-•.• _
- t. ' •c _ mOd• ...c.0.,
. . .• .. .
-- n - lii 1 111 . ....
i .." •
' I U
Ijll 'l ' ll l i -4- ; . - i -E r : -
VOL. 6.-NO. 286.
GREAT EXTERNAL REMEDY,
FOR RHEUMATISM, GOUT, NEURALGIA,
LUMBAGO, STIFF NECK AND JOINTS,
SPRAINS, BRUISES, curs A WOUNDS,
PILES: HEADACHE, and ALL RilEll.
MATIC and NERVOUS DISORDERS.
For all of which it is a speedy and certain remedy,
and never fails This Liniment is prepared irony the
recipe of Dr Stephen Sweet, of Connecticut, the fa
mous bone setter, and has been used in his practice for
more than twenty years with the most astonishing sue-
AS. AN AL4WrZATon. OF PAIN, it is unrivaled
by any preparation before the public, of which the most
skeptical may be convinced by a sing!ft trial.
This Liniment will cure rapidly and radically, RHEU
MATIC MORD - ERB of every kind, and in thousands
of cases where it has been used it has never been known
Fait NEURALGIA, it will afford immediate relief
in every CBlll3, however distressing.
It will relieve the worst %Me of HEADACHE in
three minutes and is warranted to do it.
TOOTHACFIE also will it cure instantly.
FOB NERVOUS DEBILITY AND GENERAL
LASSITUDE, arising from imprudence or excess, this
Liniment is a most happy and unfailing remedy. Act
in/ directly upon the nervous tissues, it strengthens and
revivifies the system, and restores it to elasticity and
FOR PILES.—As an etteraal remedy, we elaim that
it is the best known, and we challenge the world to pro
duce an equal; Every victim of this distressing com
plaint should give it a trial, for it will not fail to afford
immediate relief, and in a majority of cases will effect
a radical cure.
QUINSY aud SORE THROAT are sometimes ex
tremely malignant and dangerous, but a timely applica
tion of this Liniment will never fail to cure.
SP/I 41N5 are sometimes very °hotfoots, andenlorge
moot of the joints le liablo to occur if neglected, The
worst case may be conquered by this Liniment in two or
BRUISES. CUTS, WOUNDS, SORES, ULCERS,
BURNS an"! SCALDS, yield readily to the wonderful
healing properties of DR. SWEET'S INFALLIBLE
LINIMENT when need according to directions. Also,
CHTLBLATNb, FIifiSTED FEET, and INSECT
BITES and STINGS.
EVERY HORSE OWNER
should beve this remedy at band, for its timely use at
the brat appearance of Lameness will effectually pre•
vent those formidable diseases to which all horses are
liable and which render so many otherwise valuable
horses nearly worthless.
Over four hundred voluntarytestimoniale to the won
derful curative properties of this Liniment have been
received within the last two years. and many of them
froim perikaatt IA the Ligh.Sit ranks of life.
C 4 117TION.
To avoid imposit'on, observe the Signature and Like
ness of Dr. Stephen Sweet on every label, and also
" Stephen Sweet's Infallible Liniment " blown in the
glass of each bottle, without which none are genuine.
BICH aItDSON & CO.,
Pole Proprietors, Norwich, Ct.
For sale by all dealers. aplleow-ildrAr
A . LY WORK PROMISED IN
1 0 lie
STEAM DYEING ESTABLISHMENT,
BETTrBEN FOURTH AND FIFTH,
Where every description of Lad ies' and Gentlemen's
imamate, Piece GlicK &e., are Dyed, Cleansed, And
Lashed in the but manner and at the shortest notice.
no9-d&wly DODGI & 00., Proprietors.
I. prepared to Cement the exterior of Buildings with
he New York Improved
Water-Proof Mastic Cement.
This Material is different from all other Cements.
It forms a solid. durable adhesiveness to any surface.
Imperishable by the cation of Water Wet. Every
good building should be coated w'th this Cement; it is
a perfect preserver to the walls, and makes a beautiful ;
fine finish, equal to Eastern brown sandstone, or any
Among others for whom I have applied the Mastic
Cement, I refer to the following gentlemen :
J. Biseell, residence, Penn street, Pittsburg, finished
H. Shosnberger, residence, Lawrenceville, finished
James M'Candlass, residence, Allegheny City,finished
Calvin Adams, residence, Third et eet, finished four
A. Soaveler, residence, Lawrenceville, finished four
D M'Oord, Penn street, finished four ”are.
Iron. Thomas Irwin, Diamond street, finished four
St Charles Hotel and Girard Mouse, finished five
Kittanning , Court Molise and Bank, for Barr & Moser,
Architects, Pittsbn, g, finished five years.
Orders received at the • Moe of It lif , Kidowney, Paint
Shop, 20 Seventh street, or please address
T. P. WATSON,
maylfi-tf P. 0. Box 18.8. Pittsburg, Pa.
MESSRS. CHICKEEING & 00.
• HAVE AGAIN OBTAINED THE
MECHANICS' FAIR, BOSTON,
WELD TEE eItECIXDING WIEEZ,
OVER SIXPY OOMPET.ITORBI
Wareroom for the ONIONS/11Na PIANOS, at Harris
burg, at 92 Market street,
b52.3-tf W . I(NOOPIN'S MII9IO-BTORN ,
AMES.' YOU KNOW WERE YOU
can get fine Note Paper, Envelopes, Visiting and
Wedding OtPdst ? At SOH EVER'S BOOKSTORE
U PEA lOR STOCK O r' IQU , lit B.—
WM DOCK, Ja., & CO.. are now able to o ff er to
their eusto.,.cre and ti-,e public at I...r g e, a stock of the
purest li q uors ever imparted into this market, compd..
stn g is part the followin g varieties :
W RISK It —IRISH, SCOTC H 2 OLD BOURBON.
WINE—PORT, SHERRY, OLD MADEIRA.
OTARD, DUPE? & CO. PALE BRANDY.
JA M ICA SPIRITS
PRIME NEW ENGLAND RUM.
DRAKE'S PLANTATION BITTERS
Those liquor. on all he warranted; and in addition CO
these, Dock & CO. have on hand a large variety of
Wines, Whiaty and Brandy, to which they invite the
oartieniar attention of the public
AIVEBSTER,'S ARMY AND NAVY
Just received and for sale at
Olin Friive DOO4BTORN.
BLACKING ! 1 .. a mt l ASON ° B "CHALLINaIt
BLAMING ."-100 Goose. assorted else , ituot
teived and for sale, whoissais and retail.
.root WM: DOCK, Tx., k AA
WrPOW ADER of lines, ' gilt
b i lasred; and PAPInt BLINDS of sn °safe;
variety 9f deldpe and ornaments ; otrsrAlN
1111TtralltsiCTAIMIL8 sr very lew pri , OAU . et
. tieketrees Bookstores& --
Weekly " Patriot Sr, Union,"
THE CHEAPEST PAPER ' , CRUSHED IN
THE ONLY DEMOCRATIC PAPER PUBLISHED AT
THE SEAT OP GOVERNMENT !
FORTY-FOUR COLUMNS OF READING MAT
TER EACH WEEK 1
AT THE LOW PRICE OF ONE DOLLAR
AND FIFTY CENTS!
SUBSCRIBED FOR IN CLUBS OF NOT LESS
• THAN TEN COPIES 70 ONE ADDRESS!
We have been compelled to rain the club subscription
priceto one dollar and fifty cents in order to save our
selves from actual loss. Paper has risen, including
taxes, about twenty-five per cent., and is still rising ;
and when we tell our Democratic friends, candidly, that
we can no longer afford to sell the Weekly PATRIOT AND
UNION at one dollar a year_ and must add fifty cents or
stop the publication, we trust they will appreciate our
position, and, instead of withdrawing their subscrip
tions, go to work with a will to increase our list in every
county in the State. We have endeavored, and shall
continue our efforts, to make the paper useful as a party
organ, and welcome as,a news messenger to every fam
ily. We flatter ourselves that it has not been without
some influence in producing the glorious revolution in
the politics of the State achieved at the late election;
and if fearlessness in the discharge of duty, fidelity to
the principles of the party, and an anxious desire to pro
mote Its interests, with some experience and a moderate
degree of ability, canoe made serviceable hereafter, the
Weekly PATRIOT AND UNION Will not be lees useful to
the party or less welcome to the L•mily circle in the fu
ture than it has been in the past. We confidently look
for increased encouragement in this great enterprise,
and appeal to every influential Democrat in the State to
lend us his aid in running our supseription list up to
twenty or thirty thousand. The expense to each indi
vidual is trifling, the benefit to the party may be great.
Believing that the Democracy of the State feel the ne
cessity of sustaining a fearless central organ, we make
this appeal to them for assistance with the fullest confi
dence of success.
The same reasons which induce us to raise the price
of the Weekly, operate in regard to the Daily paper, the
price of which is also increased. The additional cost to
each subscriber will be but trifling i and; while we can
not pomade ettraelves that the Change neeeeearilymaae
will result in any diminution of our daily circulation,
yet, were we certain that such would be the conse
quence, we should still be compelled to make it, or suf
fer a ruinous loss. Tinder these circumstances we must
throw ourselves upon the generosity, or, rather, the
inctiee of the public, and abide their Verdict, whatever
it may be.
The period for which many of our subscribers have
paid for their paper being on the eve of expiring, we
take the liberty of issuing this notice, reminding them
of the lame, in orderthat they may
RENEW THEIR CLUBS.
We shaU also take it as an especial favor if onrpresent
subscribers will urge upon their neighbors the fact that
the PATRIOT AND Mem is the only Democratic paper
printed in Harrisburg, and considering the large amount
of reading matter, embracing all the current news of
the day, and
from everywhere np to the moment the paper goes to
press, political, miscellaneous, general and local news
market reports, is decidedly the
CHEAPEST NEWSPAPER PUBLISHED IN
There is scarcely a village or town in the State in
which a club cannot be raised if the proper exertion be
made, and surely there are few places in which one or
more energetic men cannot be found who are in favor of
the dissemination of sound Democratic doctrines, who
would be willing to make the effort to raise a club.
DEMOCRATS OF THE INTERIOR
Let us hear from you. The existing war, sad the ap
proaching sessions of Congress and the State Legisla
ture, are invested with unusual interest, and every man
ghoul' have the news.
DAILY PATRIOT AND UNION.
Single copy for one year, in advance 56 00
Dines copy during the session of the Legislature.. 2 00
City subscribers ten cents per welt.
Cows supplied to agents at the rate of $l6O per hun
WZBRLY PATRIOT AND 'UNION,
Published every Thursday.
Single copy one year, in advance S 2 00
Ten copies to
. orte address 15 00
,Subsariptionsmaycommenceat any time. PAT AL.
WAYS IN ADVAI4 CN. We are obliged to make this
imperative. Is every instance cash must accompany
subscription. Any person sending us a club of twenty
subscribers to the Weekly will be entitled to a copy for
his services. The price, even at the advanced rate is
so law that we cannot offer greater inducements than
this. Additions maybe made at any time to a club of
subscribers by remitting one dollar end fifty cents
for each additional name. It is not necesearyto send
as the names of those constituting a club, as we cannot
undertake to * address each paper to club subscribers
separately. Specimen copies of the Weekly will be sent
to all who deals it.
N. B.—The following law, passed by Congress in DM,
defines the duty of Postmasters in relation to the de
livery of newspapers to club subscribers:
(See Little, Brown it Co.'s edition of the Laws of 1880,
page 88, chapter 181, section 1.)
"Provided, however, that where packages of new pa
pers or periodicals are received at any post office directed
to one address, and the names of the club subacribore to
which .hey belong, with the postage for a quarter in ad
vance, shall be banded to the postmaster, he shall de
liver the same to their respective owners."
To enable the Postmaster to comply with this regulse
then, it will be necessary that he be furnished with the
list of names composing the club, and paid a quarter's
for year's) postage in advance. The uniform courtesy
of Postmasters. affords the assurance that they will
cheerfully accommonate club , subscribers, and the latter
should take care that the postage, which is but a trifle
in each case, be paid in advance. Send on the clubs
A SPLENDID ASSORTMENT
Formerly retailed at. from $3 to $5, ere now rffered at
50 and 75 cents, and $1 and $1 50—Inblished by the Ar
Union, and formerly retailed by them.
Splendid Photographic Album Pictures of all distin
guished men and Generals of the army, at on'y 10 cts.
For sale at SaIIEFFERI3 Bookstore,
18 Market street, Harrisburg.
For sale low, by
jel2 WM. DOCK, Jr., Jr- Co.
WHITE BRANDY !!!—FoR I:iftZSEIVF
riser Portrosam—A very superior ertiole, (Micas ,
owed just received and for sale by
julyl WM. DOCK, Jr.. it 00.
STEW ORLEANS SUGAR I-FIRST IN
THI MARKET !—For sale by
' O l2 WM. DOCK Ja., It. 00
NIA ' OKERELI
MACKEREL, Noe. 1, 2 and 2, in all sized paeluyges—
new, and sack pi/clasp warranted. must received, and
for sale low h. WM ROCK Jr., * CA
QKV—VGLIT GALLERY.—The rooms
on the cores f of Marlatt Knape and Market a reet,
opoo.rte the Jones Bons; ououpind ass Marry Air
Doane , reotype, Photograph 'and kinbrotype 4..urposes,
are .POR RiiNT from the 9th of fiepttrober n.xt.
Apply to JOHN Wit ETEL
UIA.KRASI-Ai i Jatl, iVIONDA_I". AUGUST 3, 1443.
T H E
. 1 P A 00.,Ifarrtabnri, Ps
Zee Vattiot ',llion.
MONDAY MOENING, AUGUST 3, 1803.
SUBSTITUTE FOR THE TEAS OF CHINA.
We observe in many of our cotemporary
journals of the northern States, a notice in
regard to a " Tea Plant," said to have been
recently discovered in Pennsylvania. Having
already one staple, (iron,) in profusion, and
another, (Anthracite,) almost in exclusion, the
'' TEA, that Pnliyener of wit and the soul,
Mare inspiring, by far, than drafts from the bowl,"
could be had for the plucking, upon our hill
sides—was one well worthy of careful ascer
tainment; and we have been looking for the
report of some of our eminent naturalists in
Our own humble stock of knowledge upon
this subject, we offer with diffidence, although
far from being a stranger to the uses of the
plant to which public attention has lately been
It is the CEANOTHUS AMERICANA, of Bota
nists. The generic name is from Theophras-
Ns- the Greek keanOthos—keo, to prick, and
anothen, above, or at the extremity. There are
several varieties of the plant—one, (the Ad
aticus,) is a native of Japan, and probably of
China; although we must' confess we thought
one statement which we saw, in regard to the
recognition of it in our wilds, by a native Chi•
nese, looked rather apochryphal. It certainly
is neither of the varieties of the Chinese Thea,
or, (as it is usually written,) TEA. It does not
even belong to the same order of plants, as de
fined by Botanists; nor is there, except in re
spect to the Nate, much resemblance. Whether
its medicinal properties are in any considerable
degree the same, remains yet to be determined.
The Chinese Tea is a narcotic plant, on which
account the natives of China refrain from its
use, until it is divested from this property, by
keeping it at least twelve months. Whether
the American Ceanothus has this quality, we
are unable to decide ; although the writer of
this employs it at his table as a beverage,
almost daily. The flavor of a decoction of the
leaves so nearly resembles the Black Teas of
china and Japan that very few persons would
discover the difference in ordinary use. Te
our apprehension, the American Cegnothus is a
wholesome tonic. The leaves masticated have
an astringent taste, and are slightly mucilagi
This plant was extensively used during the
period of the American Revolution; and at
that time was sometimes called the "American
Tea"—" Liberty Tea ;" but more usually,
" New Jersey Tea"—being then very common
in the pine regions of that State. It is indige
nous in the pine regions of all New England,
Pennsylvania, Virginia and the Carolinas ;
and we apprehend the use of it has greatly
increased in the South since the commence
ment of the rebellion. It was used medici
nally, the same as lobelia, by the Six Nations
of Indians; and from them the native Cana
dians learned also to employ it in syphilitic
disorders. The early settlers of northern
Pennsylvania, especially in the Connecticut
townships, used very little of any tea plant
for. many years, except that and SAGE—the
Salvia officinalia of science. The properties of
this latter common tenant of our gardens are
far from being appreciated as they should be;
and our excellent housewives, who sometimes
employ it in cheese, and in meats simply as a
seasoning, are seldom aware that it is one of
the most powerful resistants of animal putre
faction in the whole range of vegetable econo
my. As a tonic also, it is much used even
among the Chinese; who, like physicians, are
very circumspect in taking their own native
medicine—the black and green teas of com
The Ceanoihus Americana was first introduced
into England for its beauty as a flowering shrub
in 1713 ; and was then placed in Bishop Comp
ton's garden at Fulham. Later, according to
Miller, it was lost in that country, and he re
introduced it from America. It is now common
in English gardens of the higher class. We
observed it a year or two since in the Royal
Gardens at Kew, near London, growing and
flowering beautifully. Senator Buckalew, of
this State, who has a cultivated taste in planti,
as well as good judgment in affairs of gov
ernment, once called our attention to the Cea
nothus in his collection—he having been at
tracted by its ornamental features—to inquire
into its qualities and position in botanical sci
In botany,it is a genus of the order Monogynia,
belonging to the_ pentandria class of plants,
and in the natural method ranking under the
4&l order, Dumont. There are five petals,
pouuhed and arched. The fruit is a small brown
trilocular, trispermous berry. The stem is
woody, with a pale brown bark or covering,
and sends out branches from the bottom ; these►
from a green, gradually assume a reddish color
The leaves are oval, serrated and pointed, about
two and a half inches long, proportionably
broad, and have three nerves running length
wise. They grow irregularly on the stalk, and
not (as sometimes described) opposite by pairs.
The flowers are white, usually growing in a
cluster at the end of each stalk, giving a beau
tiful appearance to the whole shrub, which is
generally found from three to flip feet in
height, flowering from July often until October.
The former month is deemed the best one in
which to gather the leaves for use as a bev
erage. We have neglected heretofore to mention
that the whole plant, roots inclusive, furnishes
a neat dye (even for wool) of a nankin Cinna
It may be propagated from the seed, of which
it is very fruitful; but it requires a light, gen
eroue soil, and judging from its habits of
growth in piny woods, we suppose it should
have a sheltered position. No one need be
surprised, if competent naturalists should take
PRICE TWO CENTS.
up the subject and properly'experiment upon
and examine this plant, to find it placed ulti
mately among the most useful in the American
Flora; and perhaps, even what many claim for
it, an admirable substitute for the .teas of
China. By all means, we urge, let there be an
analysis of the Ceanotizus, such as Mulder has
given of Orientals.
What may be the soluble constituents of this
American plant can only be determined by
such an analysis. Those of the Chinese teas
consist of gum, grape sugar, a large poportion
of tannin, a volatile oil, and a peculiar or
nitrogenized principle called theine ; which is a
weak alkaloid, and the same precisely that is
found in coffee, called chemically, caffeine.
Theine is thought to possess some properties of
importance to the annimal system—possibly
lessening the waste of tissue, and so taking
the place of food.
When the Dutch tam India Company first
introduced the China teas into Europe, they
were sold at prices ranging from thirty to fifty
dollars each pound ;this was in 1657. Twenty
years later, the English East India Company
commenced their importations at the rate of a
$5OO venture for the first year. The next
year they glutted the market with 4,000
pounds; and for six years 'after, they appear
to have imported only 410 pounds. This com
pany had a monopoly of the trade in the En•
glish market, down to 1834, in which year they
introduced thirty-five millions of Pounds In
1859, the importation in English bottoms, had
increased to eighty four millions ! The direct
exports from China to the United States, for
the year ending July 1861, amounted to about
thirty millions of pounds.
It is interesting to mark the progress of its
use: In 1657 Thomas Garway advertised to
sell at his place in London, (a public house,)
"an infusion of tea, made according to the di
rection of the most knowing Eastern merchants
and travelers." Three years after this, the
English Parliament laid a tax on this "infu
sion," along with sherbet and, chocolate, of Bd.
on every gallon made and sold. Such a tax,
imposed at this day, would upset the English
Another anecdote "in point," as the lawyers
say, and our tea-table gossip shall terminate
for this sitting : The late Dr. R—, of S 4l ,
(in his early days an intimate friend of Dennie,
and a contributor to the Port Folio,) related
to us an adventure of his own, in the "tea
line," which transpired in one of the interior
counties of Pennsylvania. In course of his
frequent journeys to and from Philadelphia,
he had found at a small German hostelry, cof
fee equal in flavor to any he had ever tasted in
Paris. Of course, this became a favorite stop
ping-place. One evening, arriving late, and
feeling a little unwell, he thought he would
vary the entertainment by a cup of tea. There
was none in the house ; and the Dr. took from
his portmanteau a precious halt pound paw
of "extra gunpowder," intended for the solace
of many a lonely evening in the "backwoods,"
whither he was journeying. Knowing his
landlady's skill is coffee, be gave no special
directions in regard to his tea. Supper was
called in due course ; the guest observing the
delft-ware coffee pot hissing as usual, blandly
asked if his tea had been forgotten. "0 nein
—dare it is on de Mate," said the smiling
Teuton bootees. What was his absolute hor
ror, on finding that his whole half pound of
tea had been boiled and served up as greens,
and there lay, "smoking hot," before him I
At the end of his journey ; no tea short of
Philadelphia—a distance rendered immeasura
ble by bad roads, or rather, no roads at all—
the Dr , in despair, heard of paw paw Ceano
thus —tried, and liked it. Years afterwards,
he gave us our first taste of it, as well as our
first information about this promised subeti-
Lute for the teas of China.
Torranna, Penn. _
THE OPPOSITION. —lt is amusing as well as
interesting to recall the names by which the
opposition to the Democratic party have been
known since the Revolution. Here is a list,
but we do not pretend to say that all the dif
ferent parties that have attempted the over
throw of Democracy since the formation of our .
Government are named therein; Kr like the
color, platforms, and pretensions of the per
sons themselves, they are innumerable. They
In 1776, Loyalists or Loyal to King George,
In 1778, Loyal Tories.
In 1780. Nova Scotia Cow Boys and Tories.
In 1786, Convention Monarchists.
In 1789, Black Cockaders.
In 1808, Anti- Affersonian Improvement
In 1811, British Bank men.
In 1812 Peace and Submession Men.
In 1816, Blue Lights.
In 1814 Hartford Convontionists.
In 1816, Washington Society Men.
In 1818, No party Men.
In 1819, Federals.
In 1820, Federal Republicans.
In 1826 National Republicans.
In 1828, Anti-Masons.
In 1834, Anti Masonic Men.
In 1836, Conservatives.
In 1837, Independent Democratic Whigs.
In 1838, Abolitionists.
In 1839, Log-Cabin Hard-Cider-Democratic
In 1843, Native American Whigs.
In 1844, Coon Party, or Anti-Annexation
In 1845, The Whig Party.
In 1846, Mexican Whig party.
In 1847, Anti-Mexican Whig' Party.
In 1848, Rough and Ready Party.
In 1850, Clay Whig Party.
In 1852, Scott Whigs.
In 1864. Know Nothings.
In 1855. Native Americans.
In 1856, reeWQnters or Abolitionists and
In 1867, Black Republicans.
In 1869, Opposition and PeOple's Party,
In 1860, Wide Awakes, Cap and Cape party.
In 1862, NO PARTY.
In 1863, UniOn-Piagoe• No . Party. Emanci
pation- High-Taxation Centralization Con fißoB
Administration Party. •
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING.
BY 0. BARRETT gb CM
- Tau Da' PATRIOT MID UNION will b. TOMS blf AIM
scribers residing in the Borough for UM 011IIMPV1 Wit;
payable to the Carrier. Mail eubseribers, emu •voLLAU
Taa Wasat.v PATRIC 4 awn Crams is publistind algae
SOLtaves run anima, invariably in advance. Ten cope
to one addrecui,fiftesc dollars
nnected with this establishmene n extensive
JOB OFFICS, containing a variety of plain and tansy
type, uneauslled by any establishment in the interior of
the State, for which the patronage of the public is so.
A POLITICAL, ARMAGEDDON.
To our sister cities in the West, and to all
the people on the banks of the Mississippi and
its tributaries, we say, in fraternal kindness
—and to our national enemies, at home and
abroad, we say, in sternest defianee—OF MA
NY, WE ARE ONE I—Bufalo Cummercial
There is a ring about this Sentiment which
touches the right chord. The time rapidly ap
proaches which is 10 test our dispositions and
capacities as a rewle—our disposition to live
together in bonds of unity and interest—our
capacity to preserve, not merely the integrity
of our soil,•hut.the purity of our laws and in
stitul ions inviolate.
There are foreshiVicwings of evil as well as
good streaking the political horizon. When
the South hag been compelled to abandon this
unequal contest, and the authority of our gov
ernment is fairly restored over all parts of the
country, there will be at least two conflicting
elements, one of which will not talk or act with
"fraternal kindness." The tw9 elements will
struggle for political ascendency, and upon the
issue of the struggle our future career as a
great, united and prosperous people will de
pend. One of theite elements will be satisfied
with nothing short of making the negro popula
tion of the South politically equal with the white
population both North and South. This ele
ment is headed by Salmon P. Chase, and exerts
a vast degree of influence in moulding and di
recting the fortunes of the war. It is respon
sible for the delays and disasters of the con
test, and openly glories in the fact that they
have contributed to the furtherance of the
sweeping revolutions intended.
The other element is anxious to make us
really one people, upon the basis of common
laws, ties and interests. It is eminently con
servative, humane, liberal and patriotic. It is
animated chiefly by love of country and an
earnest desire to see the nation sustain its
character as a free, happy and powerful De.
mocraoy. This element includes men of all
parties, though we are proud to say it is for
mally represented in the organization of the
When the practical issues brought to the
surface by the collision of these antagonisms,
are summed up, they will be found to be about
as follows :
Have the people or the States any political
rights during war?
Is the Constitution obligatory during war ?
Shall free discussion be allowed in this
Shall the negroes be freed and have the full
political franchise of the whites ?
The Chase element will take the negative of
the first three interrogatories and the affirma
tive of the last. The Democratic element will
affirm the rights brought in question by the
first three inquiries, and will sternly oppose
the revolution involved in the last. Upon these
propositions the real battles of this country
are to be fought. If the Democracy is defeated
—which we do not contemplate—our system
of government Will be changed. We will have
a republic in form and in name for a few years,
but the spirit of republican institutions will be
trampled under foot. If the Democracy sue.
cetd—as we hope and believe—the foundation
will be laid for a stable, constitutional and'en
during system, alike genial to the people and
the States, and strong enough for all practical
uses without being oppressive. Let' us put
ourselves in proper trim to fight this good fight,
so that our children will have a free government
to live under, and not an imperialism like Aus
tria or France. —Cleveland Plain Dealer.
THE FUNERAL OF JOHN J. CRITTENDEN.—A
correspondent of Fran kford, Ky., gives the
particulars of the ebeequiee of the Hen, J. J.
Crittenden, on Wednesday, the 29th. In testi
mony of respect to the deceased, all business
was suspended and the people seemed to have
but one subject upon which to iconverse, that
of. the death of Crittenden. At the late resi
dence of the decease& where the body lay in
its plain rosewood color metalic coffin, men and
women were c3nstantly passing in to take a
last look at the features of the deceased, which
bore an expression apparently of pain.- The
visitors to the house were many, including the
numerous relatives, friends and personal ac
quaintances of the dead, Ind many of thee.
who, with him, had exercised a cofftrol over the
affairs of the nation. At 10 o'clock the body
was taken to the Presbyterian church, where
every seat was already filled with people to hear
the funeral services. The services were con
ducted by the Rev. Mr. Hayes and Rev. Mr.
John T. Hendricks. The latter pronounced an
eloquent discourse, extolling the virtues and
many brilliant qualities of the deceased., The
body was then taken to the hearse, and the pro
cession proceeded to the cemetery, where the
body was deposited in the family vault. As the
procession marched along the streets the bands
played mournful dirges, the belle tolled, guns
were fired, and the entire population crowded
the pavements looking on in silent sorrow.
On the 27th the Governor of Kentucky issued
an order requesting that on the day of the fu
neral all places of business and all public offices
in Frankfort be closed from 10 a m. until 5
p. m. We quote the following "AW hen a great
man dies, a nation mourns.' such an event has
occurred in our midst, in the death of the Hon.
John J. Crittenden, Kentucky's longest tried
statesman in her public service, a man faith
ful to every trust—one who has added by hie
talents and character to the fame of the nation,
and has pre-eminently advanced the glory and
honor of Kentucky. It is fit and proper that all
testimonials of respect and affection should be
paid his remains by all in authority, as well as
by private cilia as."
"DON'T UNCHAIN THE TIGER "—A poster with
the above caption bee appeared for some days
past on all the public places and dead walls of
the city. We fear the warning comes too late.
The tiger has been already unchained. It was
let loose when the old landmarks of the law
anti Constitution were departed from in the
prosecution of the war. Prom tha.o hour as
prophesied by far-seeing statesmen like
Seward, Mr. Crittenden, • Fburlow Weed, and
others, the South became united and the North
divided. The tiger was unchained when Gree.
ley's prayer of the "Twenty Millions" was
granted, and the President replied to Oa voice
of the people as expre-sed in the fall elections
by adopting the ra 'Nal programme. He be
gan his ravings when fanatics and partisans
obtained a preponderating influence in the ad
ministration of public affairs. The people
then became alienated and dividrd, volunteer
ing ceased, and conscription was the necessary
result. Bloody graves fierce animosities, jar
ring sects, secret leagues, foreign insults, wars
of races and religion, internal strife and na
tional weakness follows the track of the Abo
lition tiger. He can Only be muzzled by the
ballot boa. The silent fall of millions of slips
of paper, inscribed with the nemrd of true
men. and legally deposited by freemen, can
alone chain up the '.Tiger" that ravages our
fair Union.—New York Sun.
"Give the devil his due." -4Jertainly,k , eve
a contemporary ; ..bau h io betty* to kofro no
dealiuge with the devil, and there Inaba noth
ing due him."