Newspaper Page Text
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
Four lines or less constitute half a square. Ten lines
or more than four, constitute a square.
Ralf mi., one day.-- $0 $O , One aq., one 30 30
' 4 one week. •.. 120 one week.... 200
cc one mouth.. 300 cc one month.. 600
13 500 cc three monthslo 00
" n i x 00 cc months.. l 5 00
" one year.—...l2 00 " one year —.RA 00
LET Business notices inserted in the LOCAL COLMI6,
or befom,merriettoi and deaths, Tee OENTB rue wee for
lcertill l Ml
each lAsertion. To merchants and others ad
by the spar, liberal terms will be offered.
tEr The Number of insertions must be designated on
lir Marriages and Deaths will be Inserted at theme=
11:tes as regular advertisements.
ATTortNEY AT LAW,
Office with Hon. David Miming, , Third street,
above Atarket, Harrisburg, pa.
N. 8.....p0n5i0n, Bounty and Military chains of all
kinds prosecnud and collected.
Refer to gone. John 0. Kunkel; David Mumma jr,
and B. A. Lamberton. myll-d&w6in
wM. H. MILLER,
ATTORNEYS. AT LAW,
BETWEEN WALNUT and MARKET SQUARE,
ap224lBcw Nearly opposite the Buehler House.
THOS., O. MAoDOWELL,
ATTORNEY. AT LAW,
MILITARY CLAIM AND PATENT AGENT.
Office in Burke's Row, Third street, (Up Stairs.)
Having formed a connection with parties in Wash
ington City, wno are reliable business men, any busi
ness connected with any of the Departments will meet
with immediate and careful attention. int3-y
lyt. C. WEICHEL, •
SURGEON AND OCULIST,
8.124151M11f08 TaIRD IMAM NORTH STRUT.
He is now fully prepared to *Mama promptly to the
duties of profession in all its branches.
• Loma AID near BUOO.I3OPEIL ILMDIOAL mum=
justifies him in promising full and ample satistaation to
all who may favor him wit& • oall, be thedisoase Warmth
or any ether nature.
-8 IL AS ,W AR D.
NO. 11, NORTH THIRD ST., NARRISIMINE.
higLODZONS, VIOLINS, GUITARS,
Banjos, Flutes, Fifes, Drums, 4ccordeons,
BISII4B, BRIM AID BOOK MOM, &0., &0.,
pg9TOGRAPH FRAMES. ALBUMS,
Largo Piet and Mario Mirrors, Baum* sadQvid IMMO
Agency for Howes Sewing . Machines.
117 Sheet Music sent by Mal. octl-I
JOHN W. GLOVER,
ttas just received from New York, an assort
which he ofem to his customers owl the public sa
nor2s) MODERATE PRICES. dtt
W HARRY. WILLIAMS;
402 WALNUT STRAIT,
P SUL ADELPIII4.
General Claims for Soldiers promptly Collected, State
Claims adjusted, &c., for. nutr2o4lm
SMITH & EWING,
ATTORNEYS-AT - LAW,
THIRD STREET, Harrisburg,
Przetipo in the several Omuta of Dauphin. county. Col
Motions made promptly. A. 0. SMITH,
7. B. BWING.
T COOK, Merchant Tailor,
tf a 21 CHRSITUT BT., between Second and Front,
Has Just returned pent the eity with an assortment of
CLOTHS, 043DZATSIIRS AND YKSTINGSI
Which will be sold at moderate prices and made up to
order; sad, also, an assortment of BEADY- MADE
Clothing mid Gentlemen , . Furnishing Good..
• ncri2l-ird •
L GEM, D, Do 6. 1 '
N 0 119 MARKET STREET,
RBI & KUNIEBL'S BUILDING, UP STAIRS.
RELIGIOUS BOOK STORE,
ICT AND SUNDAY* SCHOOL DEPOSITORY,
E. S. GERMAN..
iT SOTS Blom) $ ! T,IBOVI 011311111 VT,
Depot fortke male of litersaieopee,SterooOsopleviewN
Mode mil lbnical Instrumento. Mao,.subecriptkona
lake!! ibr religious publication!. ' n0be.417
JOHN G. W. MARTIN,
HAWS 1(01111110HAIMIBDURCf, PA.
Allmanner ot fISITINCti 4N- 11
NESS CARDS executed In the most artist - 10 styles and
most reasonable terms. deolitdtf
UNION HqT.EL, t ,
Ridge Avenue, corner of Broad street
The undersigned informs the public that he has re
cently renovated and refitted his well-known " union
Hotel" on Ridge avenue, near the Round Howie, and is
ireparsid to accommodate citizens, etrangereand travel
era in the best style, at 111911911bt4
His table will be impelled with the beat the muskets
afford, and at his bar wi.l be found superior brands of
Benors and mart beverages. The very beat accommo
dations for railroaders employed at the shops in this
vicinity. fait dtf] HENRY BOSTSZN.
nig plenant and commodious /iota use been the
roughly re fitted and se-ratillidt4- It is faultzdtlf
situated on North-Weet corner of Howard and iranhlin
etreete, a few doors west of the Northern Central Rail
way Depot. leery attention paid to the comfort of his
guests. • G. LRIRINRINO, Proprietor,
ien-tt Mate of Selina Grove. Pa.)
THEO . F. BOHEFFER,
ROOK, CARD AND JOB PRINTER,
NO. 18 MARKET STUBS?, HARRISBURG.
gr. Particular attention paid to printing, ruling and
binding of Railroad Blanks, Manifests, Insurance Roil
rtes, Oheoks, Bill Heads ko.
Wedding, and Business Oardaprintad at very
UM prim and in the best style_
ME88133. CHICKERING & 00
SITE AGAIN OBTAINED THE
MECHANICS' PAIR, BOSTON,
vER $l l l-77/ COMPETITOR S IawE
Wararoom for thy 011191PERING -111 A1445, Krli
burg, at 92 Market street,
oe2S-tt W. KNOCHE'S =MO STogi.
T ARIES i YOU KNOW WERE you
I e get fine Mite Paper, lisrelePes, Visiting and
Wedding Cards? At 801IPPPER , 8 BOOKSTORE,
KIIPERIOR STOCK OF LIQUORS.-
Pa WU. PQM, Jo., CO_.. are now able to offer to
their mote/nem and the public at Urge s a Ste* Of the
west liquors ever imported late this market, oomph'.
sing in part the following varieties :
WRLSICI -IRISH, SCOTCH,OLD BOURBON.
WINE-PORT, SHERRY, OLD MADEIRA.
OTARD, DUPEY & CO. PALE BRANDY.
PRIME NEW ENGLAND RUM. '
DRAKE'S PLANTATION BITTERS.
These liquors can all be warranted; and in addition to
these, book & Co. have on hand a large variety of
Wines, WitiSby and Broady, to which they invite the
verticals, &tumult of the public.
NOTIoNB.--Qiiite a vanetY of useful
Sid d•irrtmg IastIVIS I, immurrogi!. •
. --• 2 -, 1 :. i ! !, i 'l l " . , .
. . _
. . - • ' . . .
. . .
.. - .." . . . . .
' - _-- - -:. - _•%•4?":i •' ,.. . "i , .... ' • g . . .
. 1. . - f" U-' ti ll . l' 1 ' 111 ~ °•
- ' ''''' -"."._..
- • Z---1 - 7 1-1 7"!''':::-... 4
. . _ .
VOL. 5 -NO. 249
PENSIONS, BOUNTIES, BACK PAY,
War Claims ad Claims for Indemnity.
STEWART, STEVENS, CLARK & CO.,
dttorneys.and Counsellors-at-Lato, and Solicitor'
• for all kinds of Military
450 PENNbYLVANI4 AVENUE,
WASHINGTON, D. C.
This firm, baring a thorough knowledge of the Pen
sion Business, and being familiar with the practice in
all the Departnients of Government, believe that they
can afford greater futilities to Pension, Bounty, and
other Claimants, for the prompt and aucceasful accom
plishment of business entrusted to them, than any other
firm in Washington.' They desire to' secure such an
amount of this business as will enable them to execute
the businesp for each claimant very cheaply, and on the
basis of their pay coutingeost upon, their success ix each
case. For this purpose' they will - Bemire the Cervices of
Law Firms in each prominent le stlity throughout the
States where such business may 'se had, furnish such
with ell the necessary blank forma of application and
eybuso, requisite printed pamphlet instructions, and
circulars for distribution in their vicinity, with assn.
elates name' inserted,. and upon the due execution of
the papers and transmission of the same to them by
their local associates, they will promptly parlor& the
Ery - Their charges will be ten dollars for officers and
Jive dollars for privates, for each Pension or Bounty and.
Back Pay obtained, and ten per cent: on amount of
Claims for Military Supplies or Claims for Indemnity.
lir Soldiers enlisted since the lst of March, 1861, in
any kind of service, Military or Nivel, who are disabled
by disease or wounds, sire entitled to Pensions. All
soldiers who serve for two years, or during the war,
should it OCK/111M C/Oet% lt
be entitled to $lOO onntyl
Widows of beldiere who die or are killed, are entitled to
Pensions, and the ;WO Bounty. If there be no wide*,
then the minor children. And if -no minor children,
then the father, mother ' sisters or .brothers are end
ed as above to the $ lOO and Back Pay.
JOSEPH B. STEWART,
°BOAR A. BTEVENS,
WILLIS R. GAYLORD.
WAsanscrron, D • 0.,1863.
Urn' Apply at our office, or to our Associate at
HARILIBMIRG 3 PA.--4061 A. BIGLER, Attorney and
PITTSBURG, PA.—ARTIMILS & RIDDELL, Att)r
Porrsvmx, PA.—Wit. R. SMITE, Attorney - slut
PHILADELPHIA' a. zumuctutp, i i 6 Alwood
street, WM. SI. SMITH, Attorney and Counsellor.
INABwriaroir, PA.—BOYD ORIIIIIIINON, Attorney
_ . ,
SQ. QOM MARELIIT STRAIT,
KABALISBUIi tiff 14., •
Where they steal to devote their entire time to the
BOOTS AND SHOES
all kinds and varieties, in the neatest and most fash
onable styles, and at satisfactory prices.
Their stock will 'Coedit, in part, ofGentinnees Fins
Caressed Patent Leather Boots acid Shoes, latest styles;
WWI and Misses' Gaiters, and otherAhoes in great
variety; and in fact everything connected with the
CVISTODIEIt WO:1111 will be particularly attended to,
is au angel will satisfaction bb Iriffinted. LWi
Stied soy by olio of Me but maws in the cannily.
The long prietical experlenae of the undersigned, and
their thorough knowledge of the business will, they
trust, be sulkiest guarantee to the public that they
will do them jistloe, and furnish them an article that
will recommend itself for utility, cheapness and dura
bility. Ljan9] JACKSON & CO.
ITUALNAFER'S PATENT BEEF TEA,
In a solid, eoneintrated extract of
BEEF AND VEGETABLES,
Convertible immediately into a nourishing and deli-'
dons mop. Highly approved by a number of eminent
Fh_yh is ic eiane. ,
admirable article condensed _ into a compisetform,
all the substantial and nutritive properties of a large
bulk of meat and vegetables. The readiness with which
it disetdvbe lido a nob and palatable Wino, which would
amigo Mips of preparation according to the dedal
method, is as advantage inmany libations of lire top
obvious to need urging.. 'lts highly nouri s hing qual ities
combined with its delicacy, renders it invaltable for the
sick; while for those in hesitk„it is a perfect substitette
for fresh meat and vegetables. It will keep good in any
It is peculiarly well miapted FOR TRAVELEES,.by
land or sea, who an thus avoid those accidental deprive
lions of a comfortable meal, to which they are notable.
FOB INVALIDS, *hose capricious appetite can this
"IS Washed in a moment.
FOE SPORTSMEN and EXCURSIONISTS. to whom,
both its compactness and prepantion will t 000 nt•
mend. it. Per sale by.
.01 1 24stf • WM. DOOR, 7a., k 00.
CHA'ATE'II , OAK
UNEXCELLED BY ANY IN TEE F. *742'19.
AND suPzazoß TO ANY
Jr. As, IV Cy Ma Xt. AL "i\T X:/
OFFERED IN PENNSYLVANIA I
IT IS MAWS Of '
CHOICE MISSOURI WHITE 'WHEAT.
irr Delivered any place in. the city fog of charge
Terms task oK ds/iCary.
W,ll. DOCK, Js., k CO.
M XI 8 1 0 8T:O'Rly1
NO. 98 MARKET STREET, HARRISBURG, PA.
SHEET - MUSICS PIANO%
VIOLINS, BANJO STRINGS,
Of every deeeiiptkin.
DRUMS,PrIES, ELIITIS, ACCORDIONS, ate i , at
the lowest CITY PRIORS, at •
W. KNOCHE'S ITISIO STORE,
. No. 98 MOM STURIP.
m ! k CIL NE I SEWING
WHEELER & WILSON'S.
NEW OFFICE, Market Square, next to Colder's
- oall and . see theta in operation
A general assortment of machinery and needles con
stantly on liana.
MISS MARGARET MIN
Will exhibit' and sell them, and also 'do all rtuds• - 1
machine sewing on these machines in the beet manner.
The patronage of the public is respectfully solicited.
DYOTTYILLE (LASS WORKS;
WINE, PORTER, MINITIAL WATER, PICKLE AND
OP 111•11 T 1)113010 , 110n.
H.S. & O. W. DANNIES
oallktly South Front 'don't. Philadelphia.
TA PANEPE TEA.—A dojo° lot of
this celebrated Tesjust received. It is of the fret
cargo ever imported, and is much superior to the Chi
nese Teas in quality, strength and fragrance, and is also
entirely free of adulteration, coloring or mixture of any
It is the natural leaf of the Sapenese Tea Plant.
Nor sale by Wkl. DOOll, jr., & Co.
3fin BUSHELS York State roiat o es,
1 ovv of different kinds,
1,400 bushels York 0 fats Applony
A choice lot of York State Batter,
Alen, a Buperior lot of Catawba Grarsis, and 80 bushels
flhenbarlcs, just reoeited and for sale low by
a. W. BINA & 00_,
decl-dtf No. 106 Market street.
At ACKER FiL!
MAOII3IIIIL, Nos. 1, 2 and 2. in 01 shad 11 141113 0 11-1 "
Dow Pad sack Swans warraisted. /list readied, aid,
for sale low by orm„ .7r., & On;
SBALING FRUIT JARBI4-e
amt-.na ektalieet be the =white I Gill 41
NM, isvOli -1
H A KOS its K.li PA:, SATURDAY, JUNE 20, 1863.
At Doubtlig Gap, Penn.
JAMES D. HSNDi,TY, kaormwroa,
Late of Kiirkwood 'Hawse, Washington.
SEASON 'OPENS 'lsth • JUNE . 1863.
These Springs are in Cumverland connty, Penn's,. 30
miles west of Efarrisburg. They are accessible from all
the principal cities by railroad to Harrisbuig, thence
by the Cumberland Valley railroad to Newville ; from
Newville, 8 miles good staging - lb the pprings. The
liege is alga7s id-waiting open the arrival of 'the cars
at Newville. •
...Passengers leaving Philadelphia, Baltimore or Wash
ington In the morning can arrive at the Springs the
game evening at five o'cloci,
,The Motel is commodious and comfortable, with Hot
and Cold. Baths attached, and extensive giounde for
Walla and amusement.
The long experience of the preeeut Proprietor (for
many years past •at the Kirkwood House in Washington,
D. C.,) enables him to say, that it will be conducted in
a manner to please all Vial' ore.TIMIS :—s2 per day; $l2 per week ; 4 weelr $4O
Children.and servants half price. . je9-cl2m
P ItILADELPHIA, May 30, 1863
M. C. Sadler, Esq.";
Vasa Sia :—During the night of May 19:1813, our
Grocery and Provision Store,lat North/Second and Wil
low streets, took fire at about 2 o'clock a m., and as
the store was a two-etory wood building it burnt rapidly,
and before the fire enginee could aot upon the fire, oar
whole stock of goods, including moat combustible ma
terial, and amounting to over $2 t,OO, were wholly de
stroyed. We bad one of yotir No.llChilled Iron Serge,
which was in the hottest part of -the fire, and it came
op i tof the tire not ,n the least injured, except the mel
ting off of the name, plate and
_paint. , The Centel:4g
inside were not affected' in' the least,. and we conelder
the Safe just as good a protection against fire now sa
before, andtihall use it hereafter 'with increased confi
dence. The lock works as perrectly as before ,the fire.
Yours truly, " Pei'MANIIS & CROFT,
Lata429 North Second et.
Attention to the above certificate is particularly re
(meted, alit is the first trial of LILLIE'S SAFES in
an accidental fire in Philadelphia.
I would say to all parties who waut a Fire and
Burglar-proof Pate that 'LILLIS'S WROUGHT AND
OHILLED IRON SAFIIS are mach the cheapest and
the only real Fire and Burglar-proof Safes now made;
and to those who want simply a Fire-proof, I would say
that LILLIE"S WROUGHT IRON SAFE is fully equal
in all respects to any of the mogapproved'makers, and
is sold at fully 0110-111P4 1171 g price.
All parties Interested are invited to examine the
safes above described, at my store.
' GEO. W. FAMES.. Agent,
jelo-2aw 1w IW Market street.
TO PAPER MANUFACTURERS.
Sealed Proposals will be receiv d at the dines of the
Superintendent of Public Printing, for supplying •the
paper used t,y the State for the year commencing July 1,
net Die paper to be Book Paper, measuring by 40
inehea, and to weigh, respectively, 40 end 40 pounds to
the ream. ,Also, Double Mat Cap, measuring 17 by 26
inchee, weighing 28 posnds to the ream. Bids will be
received' for each kind separatety.
Bids can be handed in up to WEDNESDAY. JULY 1,
at 10 o'clock A. M., and intuit state , specifically the
price per pound of paper.
Samples of pape r required will be sent to any parties
upon application to the undersigned, and can also be
seen on the day of letting.
L. H. PUNK,
• Superintendent Public' Printing,
j &Mat oaw 76 Market et., Harrisburg.
H AMS!I! !
20,000,1 be. Composed 9£ RIO Miming Brfindit
just reeeived :
NEW JERSEY ! —SeIeet.
EVANS & SWlFT'S—Scperior.
NNIRENR.'s EXCELHOR7Not canvassed.
IRON CITY-Not can vaned. -
PLAIN RAMS—Striotly prime.
ORDINARY HAMS—Very good.
ID'. Every Ham sold will be guaranteed as represen
ted_ WM, DOM jr., ac CO.
MORTON' S UNRIVALLED GOLD
PEN:-FIRST QUALITY WARRANTED.
NONE BETTER IN THE WHOLE WORLD.
A GREAT LUXURY! '
IMRSONS in want of a superior and really good GOLD
jIGN Gni And with me a large :Aorta:Lent to 'sleet from,
andluive•the pHvilege to exchange the Pees untiltheir
Mud is perfectly suited; dud if by Mr means the Dia
mond points break off daring twebe months; the pur
ghggsr fikall f lume the pdvilege t o select a, now one,
Without any charge.
.. I have very good Gold .Pens, , made by Mr. Morton, not
warranted, in. strong silverinated. easesefor $l, !MX,
Tor sale at SOHEPPERI3 BOOKSTORM,
No: DI Market Street, Harrisburg, Po.
• • .
9, • S. MARQUART havinc , o p ened a
1." . . new Grocery and Proyibion Store, at the foot of
Setand and Paiton elite* veer. ihelowei'winding
would reapectinlly invite the attention of 'the
public to hie well eel-cted stock of groceries. We will
keep GwadibiAtl7 on hand all hind)" of conntryprocluce.
much as ' ' '
Butter, BggarLard, ; • - -
Hama; Üboitiders, Fish, Salt,
White and Brown Sugars,
• Green aid Black Testi,
• . Green and Boasted Coffee
Also. a large lot of. Glees. Q ueen and Crockery Ware.
He will also keep censtintly on hand a large stock of
Flour and Feed, such as Oats, Corn. Rye` and Hay.
Notions of every. description ;- in lacy everything usu
ally kept in a .brat class retail grocery and provision
store. Cheap for cash. 9.B. MAUL/ART.
May 21st, 1863. •
11T. BABBITT'S Concentrated ; Con.
, dense& or Pulverized Soft Soap. Three gallons
of handsome white mot; soap made in dye minutes. No
grime rmisfred. '
Wiese/10'1s :—Dirsolve one pound of 416164 in one
gallon potato' water, then add two gallons warm, when
coo; you. will have. tbree.galTons Haupsalts Wdirra
Sort' Soar. Ten pounds will make, one barrel of son
Soap. The soap.thus made to an' exoellent *vb. Rd.
trees, ebrebm sod placate or all kinds. Pop male by r.
. 114jr,oy. CO,
EpALTH MONEY I HAPPINESS ! !
tt this season of Tesr,whenao muen sickness prevails,
every one should provide IhimaelX with DR. HMI?
PHRBY'd HOMOEOPATHIC 11:11DIO/Nlifb toad prevent
disease in its beginning. •
fresh supply always on hand at
LI A SPLENDID A S SORT ME N T
Formerly retailed at from $3 to;$0, are now rffered at
60 and 76 cents, and $1 and 66ritilallelassl by. ths'Ar
Union, and formerly retailed hj them.
Splendid Photographic Album .Plettims of altdistim
gushed men and Generals of the szmy, at only 10 ate.
For sale at ,BC HEFNER'S Bookstore,
- 18 Market street, Harrisburg.
D ECRUITS WANTED for the 47th
IA) Begi went P. V., 001. T. H. GOOD, now stationed
at Key West, Florida. Appljto
my26-lord* lieut. W. W. GIDTT,
Seeond.et., opposite Preabyterlaa church
ItiVAR WARS BRADY, No. 62
Market street, below Third, has received a large
assortment of SWOIIIB, BASIEREI mad Bums, which he
will sell very low. au9o dt3
BLACKING 11—MASON'S "CRALLNNos
BLhastno.”-100 GROSS. assorted else just f•
Wood and for Ale, wholesale and retail.
deel WM. DOCK. .7z.. 41c 00.
wRITE BRANDY 111--F6n Pftzsznv
vtio Ptrzrosac—A very =Parlor arti.c lo l (strictly
perm) just neared and for sole by
3ulyl • WM. DOOM, b.. & Co.
WANTED.--sls` A MONTH I want .
to hire 'Agents in every. ounty at $75 A month
expenses paid, to sell my new cheap Family Sewing
Machines. Address, • MAD/SON,
m5-dam Alfred, Maine..
ANTED'.-40 A. .310:NTII 1 We
went Agents At NO ‘.lk: =with; expenses paid. in
sell our , Prow/natant . Pendia, . OriOal ai Bl o rn f r3 " d
thirteen other nen useful sag minim n 4144944 novae
circulars tient 'fres: Addriie f ' .
ulb•delp SHAW & CLASH, Biddeford, Maine.
Eitt flatriut 'anion.
SATURDAY MORNING, JUNE 2,0 1863
THE REALRIS OF THE DEAD.
Full many and wide are the Realms of.tbe Dead;
And coentl- , esthe sceptres thu . sway ;
From the stiffened form on the coral het.
In the Oteati , a breast waere the wild waves play,
And the graveyard moupd, and the marbled name,
And the namelms grave on the spray-wrest/IAI shore,
To the t mb in the heart, where a hallowed flame
le bathi'g with beauty the sour-sky o , er.,—
Oome voices whose echoes never We fled; ' •
That meeker' the toe ee of the sceptered dead_
There's a sea and a sky to the Realms of the Dead,
Where beauty and sadness dwell;
'Where the purple and,gold of the cloud ire wed ,
To the tray of the Waves, as they wildly Volt' "
Oaths Alt es-grown rocks o'er the pebly:strand,.'..
Through the eavern , s depths where the wind is at
rest. , .
'When they dab out pearls - from their nee's in the sand,
And bury them deep in their own cold breast,—
These waves have , echoes that newer fled,
Awakrniug the tones of the sceptered Dead.
The depthi of our hearts are the Realms of the Dead,
The sea is the waves of love,
The soft Wards we spoke are thei pearly bed,
And the stj is the faces above.
Their voiees autdeeds are the sceptres that sway,
Our souls , both with gladness and pain ;
'Wen the Heavens are dark and the waves rush awa y ,
We wllf Het in the calm for those voices ' •
Those voices whose echoes never are lied, .
Reawakening the tone of the sceptered Dead.
. . • Besets.
—DetrOt Advertiser. •
AMOhO THE DEAD AT POMPEII?
The disentotebed city of Pompeii presents
*Objects of commandinginterest to the stranger
and traveler, such as he can hardly find else
where among the ruined cities , of, the world.—
When we walked among the ruins, some yelps
'since, three miles of streets had 'been opened
to thelight'of the sun, which had remained
buried for eighteen centuries. The walls - of
the houses were still standing—the sidewalks
and pavements in geed order, and the fresco
paintings on 'the walls, and the mosaics of the
floors were still fresh mud beautiful. But a
new chapter has recently been Opened in-the
history of Pompeii for the reading world, and
some of its inhabitants have come into view
after a concealment of eighteen hundred years.
A letter in the Athenieum informs us that two
hundred men, women and girls are employed
in excavating et. Pompeii. The writer says
The excavations are being carried en in two
spots, Weir tile temple or Tele, and near We
house called Omit of Abbotidanea, but we are
more immediately concerned with the former
site, Here in a house in a small street, just
opened, were found the bodies of skeletons
which are, now attracting crowds. Falling in
mass of pumice "stone,: these unfortunate
persons had not' become attached to the soil,
and it was easy to cut away the ground be
_neath them; but above, fire, ashes and hot
water had been rained upon them from the
'fiery mountain, causing their death, and in
'During their preservation for nearly two thou
sand year& , Ott removing, the debris . . which
consisted of the roof and the ashes which had
fallen into the interior of the house something
like human e form wee discovered, though
nothing but a l :fine poWder was iieible t . It oc
curred to Oay. Fiorelli, that this might be a
kind of sarooplingus created by Vesuvius, and
that within were the remains of one of the
T lotitee of that terrible eruption. But how to
remove lir . ,peefierve, 'keret A happy idea
struck him. Plaster of ,Pnris wattpoured,into
an aperture, the interior having been found to
be hollow, in consequence of the destruction
of the flesh, and; mixing with and , uniting.with
the bones, restored to the world a Roman lady
of the first century. .
Further researches led _to the discovery of
Male body, another , woman, and that of a
oung girl ; but that which first awakened the
interest of the
_excavotors w as the,finding of
ninety-one 'pie ces of 'money, four ear
ripgs, a finger-ring, all of gold,, together with
two iron keYs, and'evident remains of a linen
bag. The first body,, so to speak;is that of a
women; who , lies on her right • side, and from
the twisted position of her,body had been • much
convulsed. Her left hand and arm are raised
and contorted, and the - knuckle!! are bent in
tightly ; the right arm is broken, and at each
end of the fr agments one sees the cellular char
acter of the bones.Thelorm of the head-dress
and hair are distinctly visible. On the bone of
the little finger of 'the left, hand are two silver
rings, one of which is a guard. The sandals
remain, or the soles at least, and iron or nails
are , unmistakeably to be seen. The body is
much bent, the legs are extended as if under
the influence of much pain.: the side of
this figure lay , the bags of which I have already
spoken, with the money, the keys and the rings,
and'the cast of it, with all that remains inter
mingled with or impressed on the plaster, is
preserved in the same room.
Pissing'on to an inner chamber, we found
the figure of the young girl lying on its face,
resting on its claspe; hands and arms ; the legs
tire drawn up, the' len lying over the right; the
body is thinly' ebierdd over in , some parts by
the scorim or the plaster, while the skull is
visible 'highly polished ' . Onie handle partially
closed, as if it lied grasped something, proba
bly her drese,,With whichit had covered her
head. The finger bones protrude through the
incrusted ashes, and en the surface of the body,
in . various parts, is distinctly visible the ,web
of .the linen with .which it had been covered:
There was lying by the side of the child .a fitll- 4
grown woman, the , left leg slightly elevated,
while the right arm is broken; but the left,
which is bent, is perfeet,and the head is closed.
The little finger has an iron ring ; the left ear,
which is uppermost, is very conspicious, and
stands off from. the head. The folds of the
drapery, the.very web remain, and a nice ob
server. might detect the quality of the dress.
The last figure I have to describe is that of
a man, a splendid subject, lying on its back,
with the legs stretched out to their full length.
There is an iron ring on the little finger or the
left hand, which, together with the arm are
supported by the elbow. The folds of the
dress on the arm,
and over the whole of the
upper, part of the body •are visible ; the sandals
are there, and the bones of one foot protrude
through what might have been a broken sandal.
The hair of the head and beard—by which .I
mean of course, the traces of them—are there;
and the breath of, life has only to be inspired
into this and the other three figures to reatOre
to the world of the nineteenth century the
Romans of the first century. The first was
the mother and the head of the household, for
by her side was the hag of money, the keys
and the two silver vases, and a silver hand
mirror, which:was only found on Friday. She
was of gentle birth too; the delicacy of her
arms and legs indicate it ; and coiffure too.—
The hands are closed as if the very nails mast
have entered into the flesh, and the body is
swollen, as those of the others, as if water had
aided the cruel death.. The child—perhaps her
child—does not appear to have suffered so
much, but, childlike, it had thrown itself on
thaground, and wrapped its dress about its
head, thinking thereby, ,to exclude all danger..
I judge, so front the marks - of the folds of the
linen round-the arms and on the upper part of
the body, and , : from .the partially open hand,
asdf_itlind grasplal something. Peer child'!
PRICE TWO CENTS.
it was not so tenacious of life as the mother,
and soon went to sleep. There is the figure of
another woman, of a lower class, 1, servant
perhaps, and I thought so from the large pro
jecting ear, and the ring on the finger which
was of iron. She had suffered much, evidently,
as the right leg is twisted back and uplifted.
She lies on her side, and the left, hand, which
is closed, rests on the ground ; but her suffer
ings were less than those of hex mistress, as
her sensibility was perhaps less acute. The
man, manlike, had struggled , longer with the
storm, which raged around him„ for he fell on
his back, and fell dead. His limbs are stretched
out to their full length, and give no sign of
A more touching story than that which is
told by these silent figures I have never read, •
and it was with comparatively little
that I closed this day by visiting the sites where
the 'laborers are actually at woik. They are
cutting out streets beneath the recta of large •
trees, and carting off the soil for.many feet
above them. Dans are coming out to view
every moment, with the large red inscriptions
and the popular jokes of Pompeiana. Many
houses have been completely uncovered, with
the exception.of two or three feet of sand, which
are left_ on the,ground floor, and cover up the
antiquarian wealth which is reserved for the
eyes of distinguished visitors. One house I
remarked particultirly, as it is the largest-in
Pompeii. There are two large gardens in the
interior of the building, and marble fountains,
around which were found the figures of a wild
lioaT being pulled down by dogs, and.s serpent
and other animals, all of bronze. On the walls
are elegant fresco paintings, and in one small
room, a sleeping chamber, is a mosaic floor, a
portion of which was repaired, and that right
artistically too by some old Roman mosaicist.
Among the many improvements which Cavalier
Fiorelli has introduced is the establishment of
umuseura, in which many objects of great in
terest are deposited, all discovered in Pompeii.
There are the skeletons of two dogs ; and sixty
loaves which were baking when Vesuvius burst
forth, and which were "drawn" only the other
day. There are the great iron doors for the
mouth of the oven. There are the tallies, too,
and hammers, and bill hooks, and colors,
should the artist need them; and medicines for
the sick, and pulse for the hungry. Vases and
patents of plain and colored glass, light and
elegant in form, are,there, and. candelabra, so
graceful that one longs Co grasp them. There,
too, are brasiers( more ornamental, and move
useful and elegant than any that modern Ital
ians have made.: , _
GEN. .1f CLELLAN-A CALK APPEAL.
[Prom the National latelligeneer, Jute) VI ]
In the present season of national adversity
and trial, when the hearts of the bravest are
moved by the sight of their country's misfor
tune, and when the hearts of others are fail
ing for fear of things which, as they appre
hend, are yet to come upon the land, every
good citizen.owes it to himself and to the gov
ernment to express with freedom, but yet with
respectful deference, the
,opinions he enter
tains and the counsels which he deema'appre
priers to the emergency that is on us:
After much reflection, and with a full sense
of the responsibility which it involves, we feel
it our solemn duty at this juncture to avow the
deliberate but. earnest conviction that the
President cannot, by any one act, do so much.
to restore the coultdenee of the nation as by
the recall of Gen. M'Clellan to the command
of the Army of the Potomac. We intend no
disparagement to Gen. Hooker, and we are
sure we do him no injustice when we say, that
while, an.:tbe commander of a corps or a divi
sion„heideseives and possesses the confidence
of his companions in arms and of the entire
country, be cannot hope, in his present
tion, to inspire in the breasts of either the
same confidence ,as Gen. Welellan And, -in
avowing this opinion, we are very ,far from
auguring inevitable disaeter under the military
direction of. Gen. Hooker, for in so doing we
should write with as little of prudence as
knowledge. He may. be equal to the situation,
and, should the President deem it best to re—
tain him in his present command, we shall
seek to be eebeibeed of the wisdom with which
that determination shall be taken;
our deliberate convictions in favor of the supe
rioradvantages possessed by Gen. M'Clellan for
coping with the demands of the hour, we, can--
not forbear to express the opinion we have
We commit ourselves at this time to the-sup-
port of no thesis with respect to Gen. bl'Olel
iaa's military capacity. We simply say that,
whether regard he , hid to. the morale oD the
army, to the defence of this capital or to the
expulsion of the invading foe, Gen. M'Clellan
is the man of the hour. All concede that the
private soldiers of the Army of the Potomac
love him as they love no other man. All con
cede that he is a skillful defensive general,
and the whole courktry knows that he has bad
special opportunities for studying the defence
of Washington ; while in the matter of expell
ing th e invaders from Maryland - and PennaYl:
vania he has already bad the advantage of .a
former experience, in which he was successful,
whatever may have been his actual or imputed
shortcomings in failing to " destroy" the ene
my he then defeated and foiled.
In giving expression to these views we know
ourselves to be reflecting those of multitudes
who, are among the most thsughtful as they
are among the most patriotic of our Mintry
men. The thoughts of the people are turned
to Gen. 141.!Clellan and his former comrade s
this crisis. .In proof of it we have but to ad
vert to the fact that at a meeting held at Har
risburg on the 15th inst., to take measures for
the defence of that capital, the Hon. Simon
Cameron, the late Secretary of War, (than
whom none other should know,Gen. M'Clellan
better,) said that while he "had every confi
dence in the present commander of the depart
ment, such men as APClellan or Franklin, in
whose leadership. the people had every confi
dence, would rally to their standard every loyal
man." He accordingly 6, called upon the Gov
ernor to send for Gen. M'Clellan to take charge
of the militia of the State."
General McClellan would doubtless do well
at the head of the militia . of Pennsylvania.
But he is more needed at the head of his old
legions, beeause there he could do more good.
Let the President restore him to the command,
give him unrestricted control of his movements,
and then hold him responsible for his conduct
in the face of the country. We believe that if
he were again placed at the head of the army
it would be equal to a reinforcement of its
ranks by tens of thousands. At his call we are
sure that multitudes who, in their dissatisfac
tion, have left the flag, or who are reposing at
home from the fatigues of war, would rally
once more to the standard of the country tattler
their trusted and favorite leader.
We know tbere are those who will contemn
this advice as emanating from the spirit of
military partisanship. But is it not possible
that those who deal in such Imputations are
themselies the 'victims of prejudices and de
lusions lk• The sincerity .of ottr advice—however
Mistaken it may be—is attested by the gravity,
of the circumstances under which it is uttered.
None but words of truth and sobeineen befit an
hour liki this. We Would aeuelously-ipeet
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING,
BY 0. BARRETT & CO
Tax DAILY PATRIOT AND UNIOII will be served to sub
scribers residing in the Serous!' for TieN4RNTS INN Will,
TRyible to the Perrier .' subseribere,llvlllOLLAU
Tam WEICIELT PaTatcrt £W 17stott in•pablieled stew°
nota.aas rag aardom, invariably in advance. Tea (*pie
to' one address, fifteen doPar:
C , nneeted with thie eptabgebmen. .n eattenedva
:OE OPPTC.E i containing a.variety of plain and faney
type, unequal ed by any entabitehnlent in the interior of
the State, for which the patronage of the wilts is eO
in no other language. It is for the President
to judge whether we have spoken wisely. He
will be assured that we have spoken sincerely.
THE STATE MILITIA .AND THE GEN
Governor Curtin, of Pennaylvania, has teen
under the necessity of sending personal ap
peals to the Governors of various eastern States
to hasten forward. the militia of Their respec
tive States .to aid in tke-deftnne of.penneylva
nia. The Governor of - keerorklas recleived
such au appeal,- and the -Governor of New Jer
seys, in his proclamatierlisays
that “Peunsylvatia, throngh kar
appeals to New Teisey 'to aid In driving back
the invading army." ...,A.per&vtimilliagreya
tem in Washington would hive AniibTed . the
national authorities to inaugural* anfl„ RarrY
out measures for the defense o_ f & the soil of
Pennsylvhdia ; but, in times if
these, States have not only to 'aid thentstillien,
but their officers have also to appeal to sister
States for aid. Until the sloes of this rebellion
the militia of every State in.the apion
kgi on a toot footitt 40.-1%4
The occurrences of the post week show how
fatal a mistake the last Co - nestle made in put
ting the wit Ole Military powev:,of the widen in
the hands of the general government:at Wash
ington. Every time the capital wis ifl danger
or men were wanted, previous to , the paesage
of the conscription act s •the local authorities
were fully equal to the emergency, and filled
up every requisition of the War Department.
The threatened invasion of Pennisylvania,JUSE
previous to the 'battle of Antietam.: called
70,000' of the local, militia of, that State to
arms, and the melghboring • States were not
asked for a man.
But how changed is' everything, tiow that
the management of affairs is left with the
Washington War Department. An invasion of
Pennsylvania or Western Virginia has ..been
inevitable ever since the battle of Chancellors
ville, yet, with the' utter lack of forecast which
distinguishes the administration, not the , first
thing was done to provide for the emereney
until' the enemtwas in Vflien Ehe
President's pr9cl44laLOP at length came out,
the , people of- the jemmied State plumply re
fused to enlist under its provisions. Alarmed
at the stolid, apathy of the Pennsylvanians,
the administration finally put the matter into
the bands .of Governor Curtin, nnd under his
calL for minute men, the people are rapidly
filling up the militia regiments.
The value of. a State militia organization is
shown by tha.prompt : response of our. Now
York regiments. The New York Seventh will
be in the field before the first complete Penn
sylvania regiment is Maid, and enough troops
for two brigades will leave this neighborhood,
ready for immediate service,,before the people
of the menaced Statewill have oompleted,their
scattered` oompany organizations . .
The 'lesion should , not be bit upon is. The
administration, with all the power of the na
tion, le barely able„to hold the capital.. To.
prefer their military,protection, to that uf the
local authorities, ie to prefer weslr.ner to
strength. We join With 'the Mar in' retierne,
mending the people and Governors of the sev
eral States to immediately add to the effective
ness of the local militia. Let arms be pro
cured and equipments furnished; eo that in
this State 50,000 trained unifOrMed militiamen
could : be put in the field in three days. If
Pennsylvania had had even half that number
there would be no danger of a rebel invasion ,
of that State. imethere be a general arming
of the people.—N. Y. World.
THZ DZISOORACT AND' THE INVAIHON.—The
Philadelphia Press of the 17th is shamed , into'
, 1.•n01 , 10 TO NEW YORIC.
.47Ter Governor has
acted lik.4 a man trio knew, when ' the timelor,par.
tiattnellip.itr at an end. Her gallant Seventh is
now:in• Harrisburg, and side by aide with oar
brave Pennsylvanians, preparing , to resist the
invader. This is.the, true opirit -of brotherly
love. But while theoity of New York is doing
so much to save our State, what is the city of
Philadelphia doing ?" ' ./
It is quite , time the administration prees•did
jUstice to Governor &armour. If, the ,New.
York rlktieatid Tribune and the Philadelphia ,
Preis were to be believed Horatio Seyniony,
and those. who •act with him politically, /die
been,. from the start in the interest of the
“slaveholders' rebellion 69 they term it rr -,
When,lowever, an actual invasion takes place
these same Democrats are fotind in the very
front ranks• of those' who are defending their
State, and Nation. ,The “Copperhead" Gov
ernor of New Jersey is quite it,e prompt to send,
troops to beat back the enemy as the most ar.
dent Republican in the land, and although
southern Perinsylvaniaiallled with Demobrate
who abhor the Abolition policy of the admin
istration, we have not , beard of one who has
given aid and comfort to the enemy. If there
was - the slightest particle bf truth in the libels
of the Press and New York Times upon' the
Democratic party, would not Pennsylvania to
day be in a state of civil war, and the enemy
welcomed &Om every quarter?-- World.
WHAT is Cazeit ?--Pray paeden the use of
a slang term; impudence will not do, for it
may exist without shrewdness ; nor self-pos-.
session, for that, is a passive rather than an ,
active virtue; nor courage, which is often
allied with modesty ,- nor b oldness, *hick a
man may have without humor. True, you
may Say that a' man has the face to, say, or do .
knything ; but that is a roundabout way of ex
pressing onesself, and you cannot speak of his
face in an allegorical Bernie; or call him, facet'.
Grant me the term, then, and I will endeavor.;
to explain it to my young-brotherless. lady
readers. Cheek, then, is a rare anion of fup,.
impudence, readiness, perseverance, and
ligenee, endowing its posiessor with the'poster
of walking quietly over social obstacles, which
form an impassable barrier to dm majority'of
mankind. For example, it was "cheek." that
gang Piogenes the advantage. iner Alexander.;
that procured wives for the early Romans ;
that got dear old Falstaff out'ok all his serapes,
enabling him to " make a good end," instead
of a parlous bad one; that procured James
Boswell admission to a club and niche in his
tory denied to many a better man; that
enabled the great Barnum to gull his fellow
creatures out of a fortune, an.d nthen,hu had
spent that, to make , a second. by telling: his
dopes, foes to faqe, b.pw he had done them—.
Once a Week.
PROPOSAL TO PAT DIVIDENDS IR SPROIE.- -
The New 'York Commeriat Advertiser under
stands that the subject of paying their divi •
deeds. in specie know under discussion by a
portion of the banks of that city, both as an
act of justice and policy, it is argued that
the present aspect of financial affairs it ie of "
no advantage to the banks to add tovtheir al
ready large accumulations of the Precients
metal ; that it would be a public benefit to
put in circulation that which would iittierwise
be boarded in bank vaults, and a prtvitelbene-
St to the stockholders from an inerease ift the
returns on their investments and tbatebenoe..
ment is the market value..affite pto4g i which
would 14 the probible•reduli tlf‘thit adoption
of of roller. ' ' •