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RATES ON .ADVERTISING.
Four lines or Isla constitute half a square. Ten Haag
or more than four, constitute a square.
Half sq., one day-- $3 BO Onn sq., one day. $0 60
" one week.. • . 120 " oue week.... 2
" one month.. 800 cc one mon th.. 6
c three months 600 cc three monthslo 00
GC ig,m)nths.. 800 cc six months.. 15 00
etc o Year.— —l2 00 cc one yeas 20 OU
irr Business notices inserted in the LOCAL coLvmw,
or before marriages and deaths, TEN CENTS PER Liss for
oath insertion. To merchants and others advertising
by the year, liberal terms will be offered.
IMP" The number of intentions roust be
113 - Marriages and Deaths will be inserted at the same
ates as regular advertisemen ts.
. . .
itliordlancon s .
PENSIONS, BOUNTIES , BACK PAY, ,
War Claims and Claims for Indemnity,
STEWART, STEVENS, Ci / ARK. & CO.,
Attorneys- and Counsellomat-La and Solicitors
for all kinds of Military dolma,
WASHINGTON, D. • , .
This lirm, having a thorough' kno dge of Alto Pen
sion Business, and being familiar wi the nauctice in
all the Departments of Government. alleys Ithat they
can afford greater facilities to Pen, Bounty, and
other Claimants,for the prompt and ecessful accom
plishment of business entrusted to th , than any other
firm in Washington . They desire 'emirs such an
amount of this business as will sushi hem t o execute
the business for each claimant very c ply, and on the
basis of their pay contingent upon tel success in each
rase. For thie purpose they will se the services of
Law Firms in each prominent leealii7 throughout the
States where such business may be tad, furnish such
with all the necessary blank forma of application and
evidenee, requisite printed pamphlet . atructione, and
circulars for distribation in their vi nity, with asso.
-dates names inserted, and upon the us execution of
the papers and transmission of the i me to them by
their local associates, they will prop My perform the
Kr Their charges will be ten dot ' s for officers and
/We dollars for privates for each Pe , on or Bounty and
Back Pay obtained, and ten per c t. on amount of
Claims for Military Supplies or Cia for Isdernseity.
11 - 7
Soldiers enlisted since the is . f March, 1861, in
any kind of service, Military or Nay who are disabled
by disease or wounds, are eatitl • • Pensions. AU
soldiers who serve for two years ' during the war,
should it sooner close, will be entit \ to $lOO Bounty.
Widows of soldiers who die or are ' are entitled to
pensions, and the $lOO Bounty. If •, ,r e be no widoir,
then the minor children. And if • , minor children,
then the father mother, sisters or , there are enti
_ed as above to the $lOO Bounty and k Pay.
EP :1' STE WART,
HESTO ' STEVENS,
. RDW AR LARK,
080 AR TEVENS,
WASHOIGTON, D. C.,1889.
yo- Apply at our Offlefior to Our •
Mannlionma, Pi.—JOHN A. BIGL
PITTSBURG, Pa.—ARTIIIIES & B
Perrnormon, Pa WM. IL OMIT.
PHILAMILTELL, PA.--J. G. MINNI
street, WM. M. SMITH, Attorney and
WABHINGTos, PA.—BOYD CBII
SHOE S T I
NO. Beji MARXIST B
Where they ntend to devote their
BOOTS AND 8
ail kinds and varieties, in the neat •
enable styles, and at satisfactory pri •
Their stock will amidst, in pert, of
CoVend Patent parlor Boots and SA
/adios , and Missal Gaiters, and oth
variety; and in fact everything co
CTISTOBEE'It WORK will be parties
and in all asses will satisfaction be w
'Wed up by ono of the best makers in to
Zhe long practical experience of the
'- thorough knowledge of the
- sufficient guarantee to tht
to them justice, and furnish '"
recommend Ralf for utility,
iLLED BY ANY IN
AND SUPERIOR TI
OFFERED IN .PENN;
IT IS MADE
';pared any place in tht
2 Jortant Events for the
8 vo. over 750 pages. Clod
Published by D. Appletos
The design of this work is to
important knowledge of thi
war, owing to their promiza
conspicuous part, but
Art, Literature, the Moe
re due attention. The work
'veil by subscription, and r
.Bmttools Debates of Congress,l6
Benson's Thirty Years in S. S. &nazi
and $5 per root.
Cyclopedia of Anserirast _Eloquence,
speeehas edit most Mining Oreln
steel portraits, 2 lads. PAO each.
Parton, , s Life and g r imes of Atulrgte
Addreoo J. N. STRABBiI7GH, Ha
tioneralApnt D. API
For Oircalars descriptive Annual pi
VOL. s—No. 221.
N. H. MILLER,
R. E. FERGUSON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
BETWEEN WALNUT and MARKET SQUARE,
ap29-dkw 'Nearly opposite the Buehler House.
THOS. C. MAcDOWELLI
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
MILITARY CLAIM AND PATENT AGENT.
Office in Burke's Row, Thiretstreet, (Up Stairs.)
Haring formed a connection with partiek in Wash
ington City, wno are reliable business men, any busi
ness connected with any of the Departments will meet
with immediate and careful attention. m6-y
A PRACTICAL DYER FROIII fiERDIANY,
Takes this mode to inform the public and his numer
ous friends that he has fitted up a DYEING ROOM,
In Meadow Lane, in the city of Harrisburg, Pa.
Where he is prepared to do anything in dyeing, as
Silk, Woolen, Cotton, etc., warranted for good.
co. mr ;Q. .
The subscriber is ready at NO. 94, MARKET BT.,
four doors below Fourth street, to make
MEN'S AND BOY'S CLOTHING
In any desired style, and with skill and promptness.
Persons wishing cutting done can have it done at the
shortest notice. .ap2T-dly
SURGEON AND OOTTLIST;
RESIDENCE THIRD NEAR NORTH STREET.
Re Is now fully prepared to attend promptly to the
duties of profession in all Its branches.
A LONG AID TORT BDOOISSIPIIL IaINDIOLL NIZNIIINOI
justifies him in promising full mid ample satisfaction to
all who may favor him with a eaU, be the disease Ohronis
or suy other nature. mlB-d&wly
D, 4$ Atwood
CHARLES Fe VOLLMER,
Chestnut street, four doors above Second,
(OPPOSITE WASHINGTON HOSE Houss,).
Is prepared to furnish to order, in the very Ifni style of
workmanship. Spring and Hair Mattresses, Window Our.
tains, Lounges, and all other articles of Purniture in his
line, on short notice end moderate terms. Hating ax
perience in the business, he feels warranted in asking a
share of public patronage, confident of hie ability to give
e time to tho
0 E 8
d most flush-
NO. 11, NORTH THIRD ST., HARRISBURG.
MELODEONS, VIOLINS, GUITARS,
Banjos, Flutes, Fifes, Drums, Accordeons,
STRINGS, BREST AND BOOK RUBIO, &0., &R.,
PHOTOaRAPIi FRAME &ALBUMS,
Large Pier and Mantle Mirrors, Square and Oval /ramie
of every description made to order. Reguildingdone.
Agency for Howe's Sewing Machines.
ID' Sheet Music sent by Mail. oetl-1
dams , : Ana
:hoes in great
ted with the
JOHN W. GLOVER,
Has jest received from New York, an anon
which he °Moe to his • customers and the piano et
uoir22) MODERATE PRICES. dtf
UT HARRY WILLIAM
402 WALNUT STRUT,
General Claims for Soldiers promptly collected, State
Claims adjusted, &c., &c. - mar2o-dlm
f a large
SMITH & EWING,
THIRD STREET, Harrisburg,
Practice in the eeveral Courts of Dauphin county. Col
lections made promptly. A. 0. SMITH
~ to whom,
JCOOS, Merchant Tailor,
ej• 27 OHNEINUT ST., between Second and Front,
Has just returned from the city with an assortment of
CLOTHS, CASSIMERES AND YESTINGS,
Which will be sold at moderate prices and made up to
order ; and, also, an assortment of READY MADE
Clothing and Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods.
B. L GILDBA, D. D. 8.,
4,441113 r N 0 . 119 MARKET STREET,
EBY & KUNICBL'S BUILDING, VP STAIRS.
rig., is 00.
RELIGIOUS BOOK STORE,
TRACT AND SUNDAY SCHOOL DEPOSITORY,
E. S. GERMAN,
17 SOUTH 81100 ND STREET, ABOVII OREBNI7T,
Depot for the sale of Stereoscopes,fitereosoopioViews,
Node and Musical Instruments. Also, subscriptions
taken for religious publications.
cord of all
s events of
' course, Os
JOHN G. W. MARTIN,
HERB'S HOTEL, HABEIEMITEG, PA.
Al'manner of VISITING, WEDDING AND BUSI
NESS CARDS executed in the most artistic styles and
most reasonable terms. decl4-dtf
and $3 00
f America; 14
Ridge Avenue, corner of Broad street,
The undersigned inform; the public that he has re
cently renovated and refitted his well-known " Union
Hotel" on Ridge avenue, near the Round House, and is
prepared to accommodate citizens, strangers and t revel
ers in the beet style, at moderate rates.
His table will be supplied with the beat the maakete
afford, and at his bar will be found superior brands of
liquors and malt beverages. The very best accommo
dations for railroaders employed at the shops in this
vicinity. [aid dtf] HENRY BOSTHEN.
on, 3 volumes,
.TON & Co.
This pleasant and commodious Hotel ham been tho
roughl7, re-fitted and re•furnifilied. It is pleasantly
situated on North-West corner of Howard and Franklin
streets, a few doors west of the Northern Central Rail
way Depot. !very attention paid to the comfort of his
guests. G. LBISENIGNG, Proprietor,
(Late of Salim Grove, Pa,)
PllEo. F. SCHEFFER,
ROOK, CARD AND JOB PRINTER
NO. 18 MARKET STREET, HARRISBURG.
particular attention paid to printing, ruling and
binding of Railroad Blanks, Disa alerts, Insurance Poli
cies, Checks, Bill-Heads, &c.
bestßusine Cards printed at very
low prices and in the style. itual
MUSIC STORE !
N 0.98 MARKET STREET, HAREISBIIRG, PA.
SHEET MUSIC, PIANOS,
MELODEONS, G 1 TITANS,
VIOLINS, BANJO STRINGS,
Of every description.
DurmS, EMS, ELUTES, A O O O RDEONS, etc., at
the lowest CITY PRICES, at
W. REOCRIVS MUSIC STORE,
No. 93 Meitir SUM.
. .... . ,
- =- - i - •,.,-- -. - 4 feT':. ..!.,.„ 1 _
-- ~___.t , -; 7; ' , 7' " - F - -::_ i= 7:-- - f - _-• ." ----- '
: -ter; - ' e.. : :,:::._ ..J.4,..--
.._ ' .
. 7 -, ,:. 7 7.• • ••• ~. -........-, o.' ....
i ---- = --- ' -''---1 7 - 7. -1 : II : , v • •11 i .
1 ilO ' 1, ~ . .
Ill i atnot
HA.K.EISBURG, PA., UISDIY, MAY 19 1863
T H E
Weekly "Patriot &
THE CHEAPEST PAPER PUBLISHER TN
THE ONLY DEMOCRATIC PAPER PUBLISHED AT
THE SEAT OP GOVERNMENT!
FORTY-FOUR COLUMNS OF READING MAT
TER EACH WEEK !
AT THE LOW PRICE OF ONE DOLLAR
AND FIFTY CENTS I
SUBSCRIBED FOR IN cstras OF NOT LESS
THAN TEN COPIES TO ONE ADDRESS!
•We have been compelled to raise the club subscription
price to one dollar and fifty cents in order to save our-
Selves front actual lees. Paper fine risen, including
taxes, about twenty-five per cent., and is still rising;
and when we tell our Democratic friend; candidly, that
we can no longer afford to sell the Weekly PATRIOT AND
tamer at one dollar a yeir. and must add fifty cents or
stop the publication, we trust they will appreciate our
position, and, instead of withdrawing their subscrip
tions, go to work with a will to increase our list in every
county in the State. We have endeavored, and shall
continue Ar efforts, to make the paper useful as a party
organ, and welcome as a news messenger to every fam
ily. We flatter ourselves that it has not been without
some influence in producing the glorious revolution in
the politics of the State achieved at the late election;
and if fearlessness in the discharge of duty, fidelity to
the principles of the party, and an anxious desire to pro
mote its interests, with some experience and a moderate
degree of ability, can be made serviceable hereafter, the
Weekly PATRIOT AND UNION win not be less useful to
the party or less weleonie to the latnily eirele hi the fu
ture than it has been in the past. We confidently look
for increased encouragement in this great enterprise,
and appeal to every influential Democrat in the State to
lend us his aid in running our supscription list up to
twenty or thirty thousand. The expense to each indi
vidual is trifling, the benefit to the party may be great.
Believing that the Democracy of the State feel the ne
cessity of sustaining a fearless central organ, we make
this appeal to them for assistance with the fullest confi
dence of success.
The same reasons which induce us to raise the price
of the Weekly, operate in regard to the Daily paper, the
price of which is also increased. The additional cost to
each subscriber will be but trifling; sand, while we can
not persuade ourselves that the change neeessarilymade
will result in any diminution of our daily circulation,
yet, were we certain that such would be the conse
glienee, we should still be compelled to make it, or snf
fer a ruinous loss. Under these circumstances we must
throw ourselves upon the generosity, or, rather, the
justice of the public, and abide their verdict, whatever
it may be.
The period for which many of our subscribers have
paid for their paper being on the eve of expiring, we
take the liberty of issuing this notice, reminding them
of the same, in order that they may
RENEW THEIR• CLUBS.
We shall also take it as an especial favor if our present
subscribere will urge upon their neighbors the fact that
the PATRIOT AND UNION is the only Democratic paper
printed in Harrisburg, and considering the large amount
of reading matter, embracing all the current news of
the day, and
from everywhere up to the moment the paper goes to
press, political, miscellaneous, general and local news
market reports, is decidedly the
CHEAPEST NEWSPAPER PUBLISHED IN
There is scarcely a village or town in the State in
which a club cannot be raised if the proper exertion be
made, and surely there are few places In which one or
more energetic men cannot be found who are in favor of
the dissemination of sound Democratic doctrines, who
Would be willing to make the effort to raise a club.
DEMOCRATS OF THE INTERIOR 1
Let us hear from you. The existing war, and the age
preaching sessions of Congress and the Mate Logicll.-
tare, are invested with unusual interact, and every man
should have the news.
DAILY PATRIOT AND UNION
Dingle copy for one year, in advance • - $l5 00
Single copy during the session of the Legislative.. 2 00
City subscribers ten cents per week.
(loplea supplied to agents at the rate of 01 60 per hun
WBEHLY PATRIOT AND UNION,
published every Thursday.
Single copy one year, in advance $2 00,
Ten copies to one address 16 00
Subicriptione may commence at any time. PAY AL
WAYS IN ALI/Abell. We are obliged to make this
imperative. In every instance cask must accompany
subscription. Any person sending us a club of twenty
subscribers to the Weekly will be entitled to a copy for
his services. The price, even at the advanced rate is
so low that we cannot offer greater inducements than
this. Additions maybe made at any time to a club of
subscribers by remitting one dollar and fifty cents
for each additional name. It is not necessary to Fiend
se the names of those constituting a club, as we camel
undertake to address each paper to club subscriberio
separately. Specimen copies of the Weekly will be sent
to all who desire it.
0. BANNUTT & 00., Harrisburg, Pa.
N. B.—The following law, passed by Congress in IMO,
defines the duty of Postmasters in relation to the de
livery of newspapers to club subscribers :
(See Little, lirounq Co.'s edition of the Lutes of 1860•
page 88, chapter 181, seciion 1.)
“Provided, however, that where packages of new pa
pers orperiodicals are received at any post ernes directed
to one address, and the names of the club Subscribers to
which they belong, with the postage for a quarter in aut
vsaym, shall be handed to the postmaster, he shall de
liver the same to their respective owners.”"
To enable the Postmaster to comply with this regula
tion, it will be necessary that be be furnished with the
list of names composing the club, and paid a quarter's
(or year's) postage in advance. The uniform courtesy
of Postmasters, affords the assurance that they will
cheerfully accommoaats club subscribers, and the latter
should take care that the postage, which is but a trifle
in each case, be paid in advance. Send on the clubs.
SOLDIER'S CAMP COMPANION.
A very convenient Writing Desk; also, Portfolios
Kentorandum Books, Portmonnaies, &c., at .
NOTIONS.—Quite a variety of useful
and entertaining artielee—cheap—at
tiBENCH MUSTARD, ENGLISH and
I! Domestic Pickles, (by the dozen or hundred,) Su
perior Salad Oil, Ketchup, Santee and condiments of
every description, for side by
My 26 WM. DOCK, 71,, & Co
WAR ! WAR! —BRADY, No. 62
Market street, below Third, has received a large
assortment of SWaTiDli, SASHES and 11111.T8 4 which he
will sell very low. asko-dtf
HAMS, . DRIED BEEF, BOLOGNA
SAUSAGES, TONGUES, &0., for Bale low, by
WM. DOCK, da., & (%
T AMES ! YOU KNOW WERE YOU
.4 can get fine Note Paper, Envelopes; Visiting and
Wedding Cards ? At SOKEFFERI BOOKSTORE.
FOR RENT—Two desirable OFFICE
BOOMS, second story front of Wyeth'e Buildin g ,
carrier of Market Square and Market btreet. Apply at
ale office eep23th,f
HERMETIC ALLY SEALED
Peaches, Tomatoes, Lobster, Balloon, Oyrters,
Spiced Oysters, for sale by WM. DOCK, Jr., & CO.
MEW ORLEANS SUGAR 1-FIRST iN
MI MARKET I-7or WI by
0/2 FPM. DOCK nt., & CO.
d.iar wfr Quint+
TUESDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1863
The Portsmouth, New Hampshire, States and
Union, one of our ablest and most spirited ex
changes, on the subject of State Rights, says :
If there ever Was a principle clearly estab
lished in this country it was the great Demo
cratic doctrine of State Rights, which is sim
ply the recognizing and acting upon the prin
ciple, that all rights and powers not specially
delegated to the general government in the
Constitution, are reserved to the States or the
people. In all cases where doubts may arise
as to the dividing line, it was held by the
fathers and framers of' our system, that the ad
vantage, if any, should be upon thel side of
the States, and that the Federal government
should not be guilty of the least encroachment,
under any pretext whatever. This is, in fact,
the great tundamental principle of American
Democracy, and its violation tends,
to centralization and despotism. Previous to
the advent of the present administration, it
had come to be a nearly universally conceded
principle of action, the enemies of the Democ
racy having, in some cases, gone even farther
than the most rigid States Rights Democrat
either North or South could justify under the
Constitution. Congress in 1850 passed a fugi
tive slave law in admitted pursuance of the
Constitution. But such ardent States Rights
men were the Federal Abolition leaders,
that they stood up on their pretended reserved
home powers and enacted personal liberty bills
in nearly all the free States, to counteract and
nullify the act of Congress. According to
their theory then, Congress committed an out
rage, an. act of usurpation upon the great doc
trine of State Rights, by going within the
States themselves, and remanding fugitives
from the service which they owed to the citi
zens of other States. In some States the local
legislatures made the arrest and rendition of
these slaves a penal offence, subjecting the
perpetrators to heavy fines and imprisonment.
President Pierce was denounced as an infamous
tyrant and usurper, because he ordered the
marines of Pcirtamouth and Charlestown to aid
in executing the laws in the city of Boston in
the rendition of Burns. How the Abolition
Republican• leaders howled forth their execra
tions. Charles Sumner, Wendell Phillips &
Co. haraunged. and excited the crowd to scenes
of tumult and mobocracy which resulted in the
wanton murder of a United States officer on the
steps of the Court House in Boston.
Massachusetts then held with wonderful te
nacity the high State Rights prerogative of
open resistance to a clearly Constitutional law,
because the law did not happen to chime with
the peculiar notions of her higher law fanatics.
She even visited her vengeance upon the head
of the officer who preSided in the Burns trial
and subjected him to the official guilotine be
cause he dared obey his oath of office. That
was Massachusetts' State Rights not ten years
Later still, she stood upon her dignity, and
denied even the right of Congress to compel
witnesses to testify in regard to old John
Brown's raid at Harper's Ferry.
Everybody will remember the attempt to
compel the attendance of one Sanborn, of. Con
cord, Mass., to.testify before the John Brown
investigating committee of the United States
The officer sent by the Senate was resisted
by the Abolitionists of Massachusetts, and com
pelled to abandon the attempt to execute his
South Carolina never went further in the
worst days of nullification.
Massaceusetts was not alone. John P. Hale
undertook to place New Hampshire in the same
category of nullification. In the U. S. Senate
when this question compelling, witnesses under
the law of Congress enacted in 1846 to appear
and testify. was before the Senate, he made a
speech from which the following is an extract :
I do not know but that such a use as has
been suggested may be attempted to be made
of that provision of the law.. I think the law"
was. passed improvidently, because I believe
thiti•Federal government has no sort of authority.
to take any citizen out of his State, except in
two instances that are provided for in the Con—
atitution, and they are fugitives from justice
and fugitives from labor. * * * The tri
bunal which. sits in this Capital has shown
that in every question in which the rights of
freemen of the States are brought in collision
with the reqpirements of slavery, its members
are themselves the basest slaves of the slave
power. They do not enjoy, and I thank God
for it, nor are they entitled to the confidence of
the people of the free States. I hope, sir, that
such a proceeding as has been intimated as
finding its authority in the law referred to,
will be resisted whenever the attempt is made.
* * Ido hope and trust in God, and in
the people too, that the usurpation of the Fede
ral power, in this respect, will be taken heed
of by the Legislatures of the free States, and
that they will place their foot firmly upon the
line of the Constitution, and say to any Fede
ral officer coming with any precept from any
trebunal, that when he trenches upon the sacred
ground of State Rights, he will be resisted by all
the force and all the power that the Slate can call
to its aid."
This was no longer ago than Dec. 6, 1859.
It was the position of the Republican leaders.
then, as defined by Mr. Hale, and surely he
had as good a right to speak for his party as
any other man. What now has becogpe of this
great doctrine so sacred but a little wllle since?'
Supposing Mr. Hale's advice had been followed
during all the arbitrary arrests and outrages
of the past two years. What if it shall be fol
lowed by the people when it shall be attempted
to execute the odious conscription act now
threatening us? But it makes all the differ
ence in the world whose hands hold the reins
of the Federal government.
Abolitionism rules the roast now, and behold
the States, or the people, have no rights wor
thy of cognizance or respect. The central gov
ernment is now supreme, omnipotent, all-per
vading. The State authorites are not even
permitted the poor privilege of appointing the
officers of the State militia. State laws and
State courts are set aside, and we have the im
proved system of Austrian provost guards,
courts martial, and all the sweets of European
Democracy, republicanism, civil and consti
tutional liberty, habeas corpus and trial by jury
are obsolete, defunct, in this sublime age of
progress and improvement. No man is safe in
his own house, his person, or effects fora mo
ment. Spies and informers infest all the ave
nues of society.
Secret orders connive at public plunder, and,
under fictitious names, lure the unwary into
the meshes of an infamous oligarchy to perjure
their souls in homage to the bloody moloch
which is trampling human liberty into the
grave. Such a gigantic terrorism is threat
ened, that even some of the leaders, the first
and foremost, apparently begin to quail at the
magnitude of their own perfidy.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
[here follows an extract from Greeley, which
we have already published.]
And now, when a corrupt and debauched
Congress have, as far as able, conferred upon
the Executive all the powers of a despot and
liberty goes mourning up and down the land,
he thinks it time to stop, to look about and see
whither we are drifting. He falls back upon
State Rights, but just as unworthy of the least
confidence as ever. The fact is, this adminis
tration and all its alders, abettors and hangers
on, are a set of arrant imposters, from the
President down to the vilest kitchen stipendi
ary, and deserve the pillory for their impu
dence, wretched cant and hypocrisy. A maud
lin set of political drivelers without brains or
capacity for anything higher than canons poli
tics and , party jugglery. That's the whole of
WASBINGTON RUMORS AND GOSSIP.
We no longer undertake to vouch for the ac
curacy of any information that; comes from
Washington, whether it originates in private
circles or has its birth in the War office. We
give such rumors as reach• us, or such official
telegrams as come-over the wires, for precisely
their true value. They may be believed or
rejected at the option of the reader. some of
them are interesting; but. since Stanton's tel
egram to Oov. Curtin has proved to be a tissue
of misrepresentations; we think it safer to
doubt everythingin the shape of news-sent out
of that Sodom, and to read them rather as
matters of curiosity than fact. Here is a
batch which we out oat of the Philadelphia
Mercury, which we label " - Important, if tome
WASHINGTON, May lei—Never, sauce the
commencement of the war, has our city been
so excited as at the present time. The move
ments of the Government are a profound se
cret, but something highly important is about
A- New England , Senator' has stated in the
most emphatic manner that. within the next two
weeks• there would be an armistice for tke purpose
of , entertaining peace propositions. The gentle
man making this assertion seems to speak by
The failure of Dupont at• Charlestomand the
disastrous defeat of Hooker, seem. to. have
aroused. the Republican leaders to the impor
tance, on the score of humanity, of putting a
stop to this frightful caraago.
ffeveral prominent Rlpublioans• favor the
idea of an armistice, if for no other purpose
than to reeruit our army,
Gen. Hooker paid us- a visit ;. hatila long in
terview with the President and Secretary
Stanton, and,. after tabling a ride down the
avenue with Mrs. Lincoln in the Presidential
bareuehe, returned to hia-base of operations.
It is currently reported that Gen. Hooker
will be transferred to another command, and
that Gen. Heintzelmaa will assume that of the
Army of the Potomac-, In fact you may say
rumor has taken every.turn in ascribing the
object of Hooker's visit. His supersedure,
resignation, and retention,'haye all been confi
dently asserted, and. difficulties-with General
Halleeh, Secretary Stanton, and even the Presi
dent, have been reported as the foundation for
them. Some members• of the administration
have been inclined, it is said, to favor the re
call of Gen. M'Clellan to the command of the
Army of the Potomae;. but this influence has
been largely counteracted by Senators Chand
ler, Wade, and Stunner, now. here,. the former
two having arrived since the retrograde move
The Abolitionists here are mombitier against
Brelellan than even• They, laughed and sneered
at his Peninsular campaign, and promised us
great things when Burnside• should "On to
Richmond." The Burnside failure was a sick
ening blow to Ahem. The Hooker slaughter
was so terribledhat it staggered them. They
now say M'Clanan could have. captured Rich
mond, as his army. was one-hundred per cent.
better, in morale and numbers, than was eitherr
the army of Barnside or Hooker.
The sea , siege• at Charleston appears to have.
'been almbst entirely abandoned. It is reportedo
that all the transports OP the bar have saileab
for parts unknown. The blockade is still
strictly kept up, yet several vessels from Nair
eau have succeeded in running in.
There is no doubt but that some new plau.io
to be adopted to reduce Charlestos.
It is rumored that the case of Vallandigham
is not yet decided,. thsh Mr: Seward favors his
release, and• that the Breaklent is undecided.
The Union men of @hie demand that if this
man is- to.be•punished at all, he should be•sent
South to the rebels,. whose cause he has so loug
Gen.. Booker has gone hack to Falmouth to
prepare for another campaign. The rebels are
already upon their legs, and if we do not emit
over and give them employment, they will soon
move up awards Washington. This is the
opinion of soma of our best military. men.
Regiments of nine months' and two years'
men are constantly pouring through, Washing
ton to the North,. their time having expired.—
There is a feeling of nervousness upon the sub
ject in some varters, but our military leaders
are satisfied that if we are to lose twenty or
thirty thousand man from the army at all, it
Ls better to lees them now.
The draft will take place about the first of
July. The soldiers now returning will have had
six weeks away from the army, and they will
begin to. get restless. By the middle of July
the War Department will offer a bounty of
• poll to all who will re-enlist, using the fund
which has accumulated from those drafted
persons choosing to pay WO rather than go
into the field. It is expected that nearly all
these returning soldiers will accept the high
bounty and return to the service. Six weeks
will undoubtedly be consumed in the enrolling
of all persons subject to military duty.
Differences of opinion between high officials
as to the conduct of General Hooker and the
affair of the Peterhof/ are said to.prevail to suck
an extent as to interrupt the previous entente
cordiale. It is believed by many that some
important civil and military changes are about
to take place, which will be received with
great satisfaction by the friends of the govern
The thirteenth section of the conscription
law has received an interpretation, and sub•
stantially a warlike adjudication. On repre
sentation of influential citizens of Illinois, that
the acceptance of POO from drafted men, in
lien of service, throughout the West. would
degenerate the enrollment measure and defeat
the intent to raise an army, Secretary Stanton
is understood to have decided that the section
was permissive and not mandatory; that it is
optional with him to reoeieve the money or
reject it ; that he is not a national treasurer ;
that he gives no bond for the safe-keeping of
the mone)'; has no financial officers under him;
has no means of enforcing security for the
immense sums his subordinates would receive
on this commutation of military service, and
has no time to go into the business of hunting
up substitutes. Solicitor Whiting, of the War
Department, is understood to concur in these
views. The President is understood to concur
in their lawfulness and policy. The clause of
the act selling exemptions at sac*, therefore,
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING,
BY 0. BARRETT & CO
TNN DAILY PATRIOT AND UNION will be served to sub.
scribers residing in the Borough for TEN OMITS tits Will,
payable to the Carrier. Mall subscribers, FIVE DOLLARD
THE WESEL? Pevarow ex! UNIOSI it published at two
Dot.Larte PER amine, invariably in advance. Ten copie
to one address, fifteen dollars.
Connected with this establishment is an extensive
.TOE OFFICE, containing a, variety of plain and fancy
type, unequalled by any establishment in the interior of
the State, for which thepublic is so.
Hefted. patronage of tit!
will practically be ignored. Conscripts will
either be left to hunt up their own substitutes
at their own price, or the plan will be adopted
of calling for an equal number of volunteers at
the time the draft, is ordered, to be accepted
only as substitutes for drafted men, and re
ceive a government boanty of 0100 and the
conscript's price of exemption besides. Any
way, the enrolment law will not be a revenue
measure, but a war measure.
DEATH OF STONEWALL JASKSON.—It is cred
itable to the manhood of our Northern people
that the news of the death of "Stonewall"
Jackson has been received' throughout the
Union with a thrill not whelly alien from the
emotions which it must have• touched in those
rebellious States, the lightnings of whose bat
tle be bad so often , launched against our ar
mies and our flag. As every noble heart that
beat beneath the rad coats of the Parliament
must have mourned the peerless Falkland; as
every , high- smiled eavalier must have brushed
aside an honest tear - when Hampden fell; so our
children will be proud to know that Northern
valor and Northern loyalty, the pride of the
Northern soldier, and the faith• of the north
ern citizen, paused in the hottest and sternest
hour of our greatest struggle to honor the
memory of the man in whom the Union had
found at once the mset conscientious, the most
resolute and the most chivalrous of its foes.
War is never so hateful as when it kills in
men the supremely manlike quality of justice
to our enemies; and the•spontaneous, irrepres
sible tribute which rase to all men's lips, when
they heard that the bravest of the rebel brave
had died a soldier's death, was-a victory won
by the heart and temper of'the Northern peo
ple, on which the muse of history will linger,
perhaps, with something like relief from her
chroniele of men arrayed- for mutual slaugh
The- Northern people honored in Jackson
qualities which the worstgeause cannot obscure.
They respected the sincerity of the man as
much. as they admired the daring of the sol
dier. They believed him misled;. but they felt
that he was no misleader. They lamented in
his victories only this, that feats which re
flected such renown upon American gallantry
sboubbhave been performed in a cause so-fatal
to American hopes; and not even the sense of
gain we all must feel in the•loss to the rebel
hosts of such a captain can. make us stand
otherwise than with uncovered heads before
the early grave of a heroic chieftain, the exam
ple of whose high qualities• th% truest and
most loyal soldier of the Union and the right
•may honorably lay to heart.—World:
The fob:ming is a description. of Gen. Jack
On-Wedoesday, Hie 3Sth, the-funeral of Gen.
Jaekeon took places At 11 o'clock ) in obedi
ence to an order froze, Major General Eizey,
the procession moved, in the Mowing order
Ist.. Military Escort. 21 The Public Guard.
3d.. The Camp Guard, at Camp. Lee, about 100
men. 4th. 6 , pieces of Dearing's battery. sth.
The-21st battalion Virginia cavalry. 6th. The
hearse drawn by four white horses. Grouped
around, the hearse as pall-bearers, were Gene.
Ewell,. Winder, Elzey, George- H. Stewart,
Olturohlit, Garnett, Corse anti Kemper, and
Com. French Forrest. The hearse was followed
by a number of the original " Stonewall bri
gade." ith. President Davis and Vice Presi
dent Stephens in a carriage. Bth. The mem
bers of the Cabinet and chief officers of the
Government, led by tke Secretary - of Var. 9th.
The officers connectediwith the staff of General
Jackson, mounted, with appropriate badges of
mourning. 10. The Governor of Virginia and
other State officers, and the members of the
! Oily Council of Richmond. These were fol
lowed by a largo number of military and civil
dignitaries, mounted and on foot.
On arriving at the eapitolthe coffin was con-
Tepid to the large hall in the southern end of
the building, and iba , doors thrown open to
afford an opportunity to the crowd to look
upon the features ofthe lamented dead. Many
of the ladies as they ,passed the coffin shed
bears over the remains, and, in token of their
deep regard for the noble- chieftain, pressed
their lips upon the-11/of hie coffin. Witnes
sing the deep feeling , of sorrow manifested by
these fair daughters of Virginia, an elderly
and respectable looking' gentleman addressed
them in words of condolence as follows : "Weep
not; all is for the best. Though Jackson has
been taken from the head , of his corps, his
spirit is now pleading. our cause at the bar ofc
The remains oft the deeeased were conveyed.
from the capitol+ of Virginia to his late borne,.
Lexington, Rockbridge county, where the
will be interred. This was his place of resi
dence before the war;: mut there for years tio
subordinate prc teaser is the Military Institute r .
he lived and labored, unknown to thekorldo
and perhaps even to himself, till called forth
by Providence to play a part in the affairs. of
mankind which has borne his name to theirs--
motest corners of the earth.
Otis Grznam.s.—One year ago at this time,
the list of general officers from Pennsylvania,
at least those accredited to the State, stood as
.follows, and the easualifies marked bane oc
curred in that time
Major General-1. Cadwaladsr, Philadel—
phia. (In service.)
Br4aelier Generale-1. Heintzelman,,regular.
army, Harrisburg. (In service.)
2. Andrew Porter, regular army, Carlisle.
(On leave.). •
3. Franklin, regular army, Lancaster. (On
M'Call, Philadelphia. (Resigned)•
J• J. F. Reynolds, regular army,. Lancaster.,
41. Hancock, regular army, Nossistown. (In,
T. C. F. Smith, regular army,. Philadelphia.
8. Cullum, regular army. (Never lived in,
the• State.) •
9. Reno, regular army, Meadville. (Dead.)
10. Parke, regular army, Lancaster. (In,
11. Birney, Philadeiphia. (In service.)
12. Keim, Reading. (Dead.) •
13. Patterson, Phila. (Dead.)
14. H. M. Naglee, Phila. (In service.)
15. Negley, Pittsburg. (In service.)
16. Cooper; Adams county. (Dead.)
17. Bohlen, Phila. (Dead.)
18. Baird, regular army, Washington, Penn
sylvania. (In the service.)
Several of the Brigadiers named have since
been promoted.—Philadelphia Press.
LINSEED AND ITS OIL —ln addition to what
we have already said respecting the favorable
prospects for the cultivation of flax to obtain
fiber, the present prices for flaxseed and lin
seed oil offer great inducements for its more
extensive oulture. Linseed oil has recently
bqn selling at $1.75 per gallon, in this city at
wholesale, and flaxseed is from $3.25 to $3.50
per bushel. Flax for rope and cord making
is selling for 25 and 30c. per pound: Land on
which oats or corn may have been planted in
the previous year is well suited for flax, when
put into good tiltb. If the season is favorable
and the soil suitable, 14 bushels of seed and
500 lbs dressed flax may be obtained from one