Newspaper Page Text
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RATES OF ADVERTISING.
Four lines or less constitute half a square. Ten lineS - .
or more than four, constitute a agnate.
11alf sq., one day....-- so 30 Ono sq. : one day. -.». $0 80 - --- ' - z - ='F - -- - - ' - f ---- i - z ------- '- - , 1 : - . -- - -
, ------_'.-. ~....... - - .
cc one week-- 120 41 one week.... 200
--k" -- - '''
-. (1 I 1
-,--- -. 4. -- .
one month.. 800 cc one month.. 600 till I 415'. I /- - -
------ - - - -- --' - aikt
. ---' --- - -- - -- - 4-- _,-- --
. , threemonthe 800 u three monthsl o 00 -'----7----I'-..---- - rillb ,'- 5' 7'.--- , _ ..-
G , six monthe., Soo fills months.. 15 00 - ---1 „v. -.- 1 ....--.__ --- . '.-=,....,, - --,
ip , -,__ .. * .
one year..... 12 00 c 4 one year ...... 20 03 -„,--:_-, _ ,:,.;,;„ ,- ---,!_si - . . -
- ----..:=-_,;..-: -
Business notices inserted in the LOCAL 00LITMS, -------' --
• 1 1111 - ' .. ''•
or before marriages and deaths, TEN CENTS PER LINE for
' 1 - • " t nu c
each insertion. To merchants and others advertising .6- .
_ - ".1 " J- - I I . 11,17. -
__l ii.l .
by the year, liberal terms will be offered. . , I t
bp i' The number of insertions mtuit be designated on ----
. .. - • - . ..'-- - ---'--t_ 7 ::,, --- - - '
1D Marriages and Deaths will be inserted at the same
area as regular advertisements.
PENSIONS, BOUNTIES, BACK PAY,
War Claims and Claims for Indemnity.
STEWART, STEVENS, CLARK & CO.,
Attorney and &naiadlora-at-Law, and Saicitara
fir a bn'tly of Military Mina,
450 PENNbYLVANIA AVENUE,
WASHINGTON, D. C. .
This firm, having a thorough knowledge of the Pen
sion Business, and being familiar with the practice in
al th e Departmenta of Government, believe that they
can afford greater fecilitiee to Pension, Bounty, and
other Claimants, for the prompt and successful accom
plishment of badness entrusted to them, than any other
firm in Washington. They desire to secure such an
amount of this business as will enable them to execute
the businese for eash elaimant eery cheaply, and on the
bade of !Mir pay contingent apes their MGM' in each
case. for this purpose they will secure the services of
Law Firms in each prominent locality throughout the
Staten where such business may be had, furnish such
with all the neeeleary blank forms of application and
evidence, requisite printed pamphlet instructions, and
circulars for distribution in their vicinity, with asso
ciates names inserted, and upon the due execution of
the papers and transmission of the same to them by
their local associates, they will promptly perform the
IL7 - Their charges will be tea dollars for officers dud
five dollars for primates, for each Panacea or Bounty and
Back Pay obtained, and ten per cent. on amount of
Claims for Military Supplies or Claims for Indemnity.
Soldiers enlisted since the let of March, 1861, in
any kind of service, Military or Naval, who are disabled
by disease or wounds, are =till& to Pensions. All
soldiers who serve for two years, or during the war,
should it sooner close, will be entitled to $lOO Bounty:
Widows of soldiers who die or are killed, are entitled to
and the $lOO Bounty. If there be no widow,
then the minor children. And if no minor children,
then the father, mother, sisters or brothers are Midi
..ed. as above to the $lOO Bounty and Back Pay.
JOSEPH. B. STEWART,
NESTOR L. STEVENS,
EDW AIM CLARK,
OSCAR A. STEVENS
WILLIS Z. GATLORb.
Wientwaron, D. 0.,1882.
MP' Apply at our office, or to our Associate at
llutsisninea, Pa.—JO HN A. BIGLER, Attorney and
Prrisemso, Pa.—ARTKIIRS & RIDRELL, Atter-
Pernivisits, Pi:—WM. R. SMITH, Attorney and
PirixenstratA, PA.--J. G. MINNICHILD, 411Alwood
street, WK. K. SMITH, Attorney and Counsellor.
Wasitiwaros, re.—BOID CRUM/KNOB, Attorney
JACKSON & CO.'S
O. 99M MARIEET STMT,
*here they ntend to devote their entire time to the
BOOTS AND SHOES
call kinds and varieties, in the neatest and most fash.
onside styles, and at satisfactory prices.
Their stock will omelet, in part, bf Gentlemen's Ass
&We'd rant Xeistllet Boots and Mess, latest styles i
Ladies' and Misses' Gaiters, and other - ohoes in great
variety; and in fact everything connected with the
CUSTOMER. WORlCtrillbe particularly attendedto,
and in all OWNS 11111 catisfaation be warranted. Loris
lifted wp by sae of the best makers in the country.
The long practical experience of the undersigned, and
their thorough knowledge of the business will, they
heat, be suilleiont guarantee to the publie that the,
min do them justice, ead.fundsh them an article the
will recommend itself for utility, cheapness and duo.
bility. Wad] JACKSON & CO.
ITURINO - EWS PATENT BEEF TEA,
In. a solid, concentrated &street of
BEEF AND VEGETABLES,
Convertible immediately into a nourishing and deli.
dorm soup. Highly approved by a number qf eminent
Thisadmirable article amdensed into & compact form,
all the substantial and nutritive properties of a largo
bulk of meat and vegetables. The readiness with which
it disestvee into a rich and palatable Soup, which would
require hours of preparation according to the tonal
method, is an advantage in many situations of life too
*Nuns to need orgieg, Its highly nourishing qualities
combined with itsilelleaey, renders it laminable for the
sick; while for those in health, it is a perfeetimbstitute
for fresh meat and vegetables. It will keep good in any
It is peculiarly well adapted FOR TRAVELLERS, by
land or sea, who canthiis avoid those accidentaldepriva
Lions of a comfortable meal, to which they arc so liable.
NOR INVALIDS, whose capricious appetite can Um
as satisfied in a moment.
TOR SPORTSMEN and MONTRSIONISTS. to whom,
both its compactness and easy preparation will ream.
mend it. Tor sale by
A BOOK FOR THE TIMES I
American Annual Cyclopedia and Register of
Important Events fordo Year 1881. In 1 vol.
8 vo. over 750 page& Cloth 03, Leather $3.60.
Published by D. Appleton 4- Co., New York.
The design of this work is to furnish a record of all
ue important knowledge of the year.. The events of
the war, owing to their prozoitiesee, will, of course, 00.
copy a oonspicuous part, but all other branches-13cl
-83130, Art, Literature, the Mechanic Arts, kc will re
ceive due attention. The work will be publiahed ex
clusively by subscription, and ready for delivery in June
Also, now complete
Bestan's Worm of Congress, 16 roolstota, SS and 58.60
Bastan's Thirty Years in V. S. Senate, 2miumss,
and S 3 per bd.
Cyciopedsa ff America* Diogranses, containing the
spasrAss of the most eminent Orators of America, 14
Masi portraits, 2 eel e_22.50 each.
Parson's Life and Times of Assdrsee Jasksta,B norranst,
Address J. P. STRANDAVGH, Harrisburg, Pa.
GeneralAont for D. APPLETON & CO.
Par Circulars deseepUve of Annual Cyclopedia.
ENEICELLED BY air IN THE U. STATES!
AND OIIPILIIIOII TO ANY
.41L.MT CI '2" slt. AN' jas
OFFERED IN PENNSYLVANIA!
IT Is IdADD OR
CHOICE MISSOURI WHITE WHEAT.
UT Delivered anyplace in the city free of ckargs.
Timms cask oft (Wimp.
7Ya9 WM. DOCK, 3a., & CO.
QOLDIEIrB CAMP COMPANION.-'
ki A very convenient Writing Desk; also, Portfolios,
Ilemorardrun Beolui,Portaronnslei &0., at
VOTIONB--Quite a variety of useful
IA and entertaining arLeles—eh
i 1 Peaches, Tomatoes, Lobster, Salmon, erten,
Wood °Yams, for solo by WM. boos, Jr., & ao.
NOTICE TO CAPITALISTS.
I VOIDABLE INVESTMENT OFFERED.
The undersigned offers for sal. PPM MINDIUM
A.ND KIORTY TRIM AOREB of exeelient COAL
LANDS, containing the entire Allegheny coal mines.
annexed. in washin . gto township, Cambria. county.
A vein of ft or feet in tacitness hue been opened and le
now being worked in three places. The Pennsylvania
C en t ra l railroad min through the trait and along side
of these openings. Samples furnished on application
to the proprietor. Reference as to quality may be had
by applying to 0. W. Barnes Philadelphia, John W.
Wooster, Dllllol l lnoix iron wor ks, or in Olaveland, Ohio.
Tittle ineapatabie—te rms easy ß .
Hemlock P. 0.,
maiiio.4l2t-vrtf Cambria county, Pa.
: C Ana and
Demotic Pickle*, (by the dosen or hundred,) &L
-eerier Babel Oil, Ketchup, Seacer sod condiments of
*very demeelptien, for isle by -
say 26 WM. DOCK, is., & CO
NIVAR I WAR I —BRADY, No. 62
Market street, below Third, Leo received.Uire
awerrtineat of thrones, Sawn and BIM, which 11
will cell very low. acle-dtl
WM. DOOM. tc. Co
VOL. 5.-NO. 203.
DR. C. WEICHEL,
SURGEON AND OCULIST,
BABIDANOE TRIAD NAAS Norm STRAY.
Heim now folly prepared to attend promptly to iks
duties of profession in all its branches.
A LONG AID TRAY 81100E8E11OL 30IDIOAL
justifies him in promising full and ample satisfaction to
all who maylavor aim with a call, to the disease okras&
Or Mkt ether sithite.
WM. H. MILLER,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
BIWA= WALNUT AND MAXIM SWANN,
no Nemay opposite the Bnehlar H 621116. rdiewly
THOS. C. MAcDOWELL,
ATTORNEY AT LAW
MILITARY CLAIM AND PATENT Aeon?.
Office in Burke's Row, Third street, (UP Stairs.)
Haying formed a connection with parties in Wash
ington City, wno are reliable business men, any bust
nese connected with any of the Departments will meet
with immediate and careful attention.
CHARLES F. VOLLM ER
Chestnut street, four doors above Second,
(OPPOSITE WASHINGTON lion Housz,)
Ie prepared to furnish to order, in the very beet style ol
workmanship. Spring and Hair Mattresses, Window Cur
tains, Lenu,ges, and all other articles of Furniture in hit
line, on short notice end moderate terms. Raving ex
perience in the business, he feels warranted in asking*
share of public patronage, confident of his ability to give
NO. 11, NORTH THIRD ST., NARRISBillitt.
RESLODEONS, VIOLINS, GUITARS,
Banjos, Flutes, Fifes, Drums, Acconleirms,
STRINGS, sassy AND ROOK 101310, &C., &e.,
PHOTOGRAPH FRAMES. ALBUMS,
Large Pier and Mantle Mirrors, Square and Oval Triune*
ofeverydeaeription Made to order. Regnildingdoall.
Agency for Bowels Sewing Machines.
11:r Sheet Music sent by Mail. oeU-1
JOHN W. GLOVER,
Has just received from New York, an assort
widish he offers to hie customer, And the Wino at
nov22) MODERATE PRICES. dtt
402 WALNUT SPRINT,
General Claims for Soldier's promptly collected, State
Claims adjusted, &c., &c. mar2l3-dlut
THIRD STREET, Harrisburg,
Practice in the several Courts of Dauphin county_ Col
loctions made promptly. A. C. WITH ]
feb2o J. B. EWING.
JCOOK, Merchant Tailor,
s 27 CHESNUT ST., between Second and Front,
Has just returned from the city with an assortment of
CLOTHS, CASSIMERES AND VESTING'S,
Which will be sold at moderate prices and made up to
order; and, also, an assortment of READY MADE
Clothing and Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods.
B. N. MU, D. D. By
N 0 . 119 MAREET STREET,
*-4‘ , ts*
EBY & KUNKEL'S BUILDING . , UP STATES.
RELIGIOUS BOOK STORE,
TRACT AND SUNDAY SCHOOL DEPOSITORY,
E. S. GERMAN.
$7 8017 TR ONOOND MUST, ABOVB OUREINIIT,
Depot for tke sale of Stereoseopes,atereesoopicTlews,
Mud° and Musical Instruments. Also, subscriptions
taken for religions publications. now-ay
JOHN (I. W. MARTIN,
NEER'S HOTEL, HABRIEIBTIRG, PA.
Allimner of VISITIN', WEDDING AND B US&
NESS CARDS executed In the meet artistic styles aud
moat reasonable terms. deel4-dtf
F ILANKLIN ROUSE,
This pleasant and commodious Hotel has been the
roughly re-fitted and re-furnished. It is pleasantly
situated on North-West corner of Howard and Franklin
streets, a few doors west of the Northern Central Rail
way Depot. livery attention paid to the comfort of his
guests. G. LEHINNBING, Proprietor,
mete of '64> Grove. Psi
THEO. F. BOHEFFER s
• BOOK, CARD AND JOB PRINTER,
NO. 18 HAMM STUB?, KAMPMi.
1 Particular attention paid to printing, ruling and
binding of Railroad Blanks, Manifests, Insurance
des, Cheeks, Bill-Heads, /cc.
Wedding, Visiting and Business Cards printed at very
low prices and in the best style. jan9l
DYOTTVILLE (31-LASS WORKS,
POSTER, Imam WAVLE, PIOB7rJ AND
N. B. & 0. W. 88NN2211
2422412 21 eolith Front steret, Ph il adelphia.
Ma. 93 KAMM STREIT, HARRISBURG, PA.
SHEET MUSIC, PIANOS,
VIOLINS, BANJO STRINGS,
Of every description.
DRUMS, PIM, PLITT'S, AOOORDIOIIB, etc. at
nu lowest CITY P 210313, at
W. HNOOHIPS MUSIC STORM,
No. OS MuII Orsciv.
1080 CI, AM A TIO N.—Whereas, the
Honorable lona I. PILLBEION, President of the Court
of Common Plus in the Twelfth TudlCial Plablot, con
sisting of the conntiee of Lebanon and Dauphin, and the
Hon. tiamtisr. Lawns and Hon. Moses R. Potrero, Amo
ebae Judges in Dauphin county, having issnedthe ir pre
cept, bearing date the 24th day of February, 1863, to me
directed, for holding a Court of Oyer and Terminer and
General Jail Delivery NA Quarter Semitone of the Peace
at Harrisburg, for the county of Dauphin, and to com
mence on the fourth Monday of April next, being the
2714 day of April, 1863, and to continue two weeks.
Notice is therefore hereby given to thetoroner, Jus
tices of the Peace, Aldermen, and Constables of the said
county of Dauphin, that the y then and there in their
Proper persons, at 10 &clock in the forenoon of said day,
with their records, inquisitions, examinations, andtheir
own remembrances, to do those things which to their
office appertains to be done, and those who are bound in
recognizance's to prosecute against the prisoners that are
or shall be in the Jell of Dauphin county, be then and
there to prosecute against them as shall be just.
Given under my hand, at Harrisburg, the 24th day of
April, in the year of our Lord, 1883, and In the eighty
seventh year of the independence of the United States.
3. D. BOAS. Sheriff.
RAMS, DRIED REEF, BOLOGNA
IMACIB, TIMMS&o., for gals low, b.!
* Wif. DOWL, Jai & r.
HARRISBURG, PA:, MONDAY, APRIL 27, 1883.
Weekly "Patriot & Union,"
THE CHEAPEST PAPER PUBLISHED IN
THE ONLY DEMOCRATIC PAPER PUBLISHED AT
THE SEAT OP GOVERNMENT !
FORTY-FOUR COLUMNS OP READING MAT
TER EACH WEEK !
AT THE LOW PRICE OF ONE DOLLAR
AND FIFTY CENTS 1
SVESCRIBED FOR IN CLUES OF NOT LESS
THAN TEN COPIES TO ONE ADDRESS!
We have been compelled to raise the elnb onbaeription
price to one dollar and fifty agate in order to save our
selves from actual loss. Paper ham risen, including
taxes, about twenty4ive per Cent., and is still rising;
and when we tell our Democratic friends, candidly, that
we can no longer afford to Bell the Weekly PATRIOT AND
tintow at one dollar a year, and must add fifty cents or
stop the publication, we trust they will appreciate our
position, and, instead of withdrawing their subscrip
tionS, go to work with a will to increase our list in every
county in the State. We have endeavored, and shall
continue our efforts, to make the paper useful as a party
organ, and welcome as a news messenger to every fam
ily. We flatter ourselves that it has not been without
some influence in producing the glorious revolition in
the politics of the State achieved at the late election;
and if fearlessness in the discharge of duty, fidelity to
the principles of the party, and an anxionsdealre to pro
mote its interests, with some experience and a moderate
degree of ability, can be made serviceable hereafter, the
Weekly PATRIOT AND UNION will not be less useful to
the party or less welcome to the family circle in the fa•
tare than it has been in the past. We confidently leek
for increased encouragement in this great enterprise,
and appeal to every influential Democrat in the State to
lend us his aid in running our sapacription list up to
twenty or thirty thousand. The expense to each indi
vidual ie trifling, the benefit to the party may be great.
Believing that the Democracy of the State feel the ne
cessity of sustaining a fearless central organ, we make
this appeal to them for assistance with the fullest confi
dence of success.
The same reasons which induce us to raise the price
of the Weekly, operate in regard to the Dallfpaper, the
price of which is also increased. The additional cost to
each subscriber will be but trifling; and, while we can
not persuade ourselves that the change necessarilymade
will result in any diminution of our daily circulation,
yet, were we certain that such would be the cone
qnence, we should still be compelled to make it, or eel
fer a ruinous loss. Under these circumstances we must
throw ourselves upon the generosity, or, rather, the
justice of the public, and abide their verdict, whatever
it may be.
The period for which many of our subscribers have
paid for their paper being on the eve of expiring, we
take the liberty of issuing this notice, reminding them
of the same, in order that they may
RENEW THEIR CLUBS.
We shall also take it u an especial favor if our present
subscribers will urge upon their neighbors the fact that
the PATRIOT AND UNION le the only Demoirfaile paper
printed in Harrisburg, and considering the large amount
of reading matter, embracing all the current news of
the day, and
/rem everywhere up to the moment the paper goes to
press, political, miscellaneous, general and local news
market reports, is decidedly the .
CHEAPEST NEWSPAPER PUBLISHED IN
There is scarcely a village or town in the State in
which a club cannot be raised if the proper exertion be
made, and surely there are few places in which one or
more energetic men cannot befonndwho are in favor of
the dissemination of sound Detueeratie doctrines, wbo
would be willing to make the effort to raise a club.
DEMOCRATS OF THE INTERIOR !
Let as hear from Yen. The ;misting war, and the air
preaching ses sions of Congress and the State Leghile
tnre, are invested with unusual interest, and every man
should have the news.
DAILY PATRIOT AND UNION.
Single espy for one year, in advance.... 00
Single copy daring the session of the Legislature.. 200
City subscribers` ten cents per week.
Copies supplied to agents at the rate of $l6O per bun
WREN= PATRIOT AND UNION,
Published every Thursday.
Single copy one year, in advance 52 00
Ten copies to one address lb 00
Subooriptions may sormnence at any time, PAY Al.
WAYS IN ADVANCE. We are obliged to make this
imperative. In every instance cash must accompany
subscription. Any person sending us a club of twenty
Subscribers to the Weekly will be entitled to a copy for
his services. The price, even at the advanced rate is
so low that we cannot difer greater inducements than
this. Additions maybe made at any time to a club of
subscribers by remitting one dollar and fifty cents
for each additional name. It is not 110001111ftrY to send
11 the names of those constituting a club, as we eannot
undertake to address each paper to club aubseribere
separately. Specimen copies of the Weekly will be sent
to all who desire it.
Q. BARRETT ft CO., Harrisburg, Pa.
N. B.—The following law, passed by Oongress in 1880 2
defines the duty of Postmasters in relation to the de
livery of newspapers to club subscribers :
(Iges Lane, Browns ¢ Co.'s edition of the Laws of 1800,
pegs $B, chapter 191 , mettle 1.)
“Provided, lieweier, that where packages of newalut
pars or periodicals are received at any post office directed
to one address, and the names of the club subscribers to
which they belong, with the postage for a quarter in ad
vance, shall be handed to the postmaster, he shall de-
UTer the same is their respective owners.”
To enable the Postmaster to comply with this regula
tion, it will be necessary that be be furnished with the
list of names composing the club, and paid a quarter's
or year's) postage in advance. The uniform courtesy
of Poetmegters, affords the assurance that they will
cheerfully acoommodate club subscribers, and the ban
should take care that the postage, which Is but Atria'
in each case, bepaid in advance. Send on the clubs
TAPANEsE TEA.—A choice lot of
J this celebrated Teapot received. It is of the first
cargo ever imported, and is much superior to the Chi
nese Teas in quality, strength and fragrance, and is also
entirely free of adulteration, coloring or mixture of any
It is the natural leaf of the Japanese Tea Plant.
For sale by WM. DOOR, Jr., & 00.
Ridge Avenue, corner of Broad street,
The undersigned informs the public that he has re
cently renovated and refitted his well•known " Union
Hotel" on Ridge avenue, near the Round Hones, and is
prepared to accommodate eltismii, Strangefe And travel
ore in the beet style, at moderate rates
Hie table will be supplied with the best the markets
afford, and at his bar will be found superior brands of
liquors and malt b-verages. The very beet accommo
dations for railroaders employed at the shops in this
vicinity. /WAY BOSTGEN.
FOR RENT—Two desirable OFFICE
ROOMS, second story front of Wyetles Building
eorner of Market Square and Market street. Applyal
kis dice eepSids,
PIANOS carefully paeked or removed
r23-2w 12 North Third Hired.
( lONDENSBD MlLK'—Just received
V and. for sale by WM. DOCK jr., lc 00.
QELF SEALING- FRUIT JARS 1-
k Beat NA Clheepeet la the markets: Oen and
jY3I WK. DOUK, Js.,& 00.
MONDAY MORNING, APRIL 27. 1863
WHO ARE RESPONSIBLE? \
History—impartial history to be hereafter
written—will record the fact that but for the
prevalence of radical Abolition ideas in the
Peace Convention of 1861—but for the prede
termination of that fanatical, reckless and
revolutionary sect to carry out its bloody pur
pose by precipitating civil war, which they
were persuaded would result in the subjuga
tion of the South in a single campaign—the
calamities that are now upon us •would have
been averted, and we should, this day, be a
nation at peace, united, poweribl, prosperous
The Journal of Commerce, in reply to a com
munication from D. Dudley Field, (who was a
member of the Peace ConVentiett,) defending
himself and his Abolition associates from the
charge of having provoked the civil war by their
radical, uncompromising course in the Conven
tion, has some remarks well worth republish.
ing. We quote from it the following : 1
"We may well pause in sorrow at the exhi
bition which this one radical member of the
Peace Convention, after a silence of years,
makes of its course. In the winter of 1860-61
the American republic was convulsed as never
before since its birth. The approach of war—
civil war—was visible to the eyes of all saga
cious men. There were throughout the coun
try, in the South and in the North, vast num
bers of patriotic men. who desired to avert the
coming catastrophe. They sought to hold a
conference—a peace- convention, as it was
called—the holy purpose of which was to save
the nation, which had been a blessing to the
work, from the curse of strife, disunion and
bloodshed. The convention met. But, as it
soon appeared, there were in it Northern mem
bers who were sent for the express purpose of
preventing the only action that might lead to
peace. These men labored diligently to make
the convention powerless for all purposes of
peace. They keep their debates secret, and we
have no knowledge of their individual acts,
but we have at length the published confession
of Mr. Field, to the distinct effect that he op
posed the peace plan which was adopted by a
small majority, and we are justified, from the
votes of the States represented, in believing
that all the members of the convention who
were of his political party opposed the plan as
he did. We asked Mr. Field, in an article
publishel two days ago, whether he and his
friends did anything for peace in that conven
tion, whether they made one solitary effort for
it, and our readers have his reply. He and
they agreed to nothing proposed by others, but
they did this—they proposed a National Con
vention And Mr. Field prides himself on the
splendor of the proposal. Why, Congress could
have done that, Mr. Field ! They were in ses
sion and it did not need the calling- a Peace
Convention to recommend the calling of a Na
tional Convention. What you were supposed
to be sent to that convention for was to agree
on the measures which the people of the coun
try could adopt; not to shuffle off the responsi
bility of agreeing on such measures upon a
National Convention. War was impending.—
The secession ordinances of some States were
already certain facts. The bound of battle was
. audible in the distance. Union men North and
.Seuth desired to have your Peace Convention
for the purpoae Of "adopting peace measures at
once. Every hour was of vital import. With
a singular eagerness you allied yourselves with
and devoted your time
to contriving 'how not to do it.' It was an inge
nious device to recommend the calling of a Na
tional Convention I That was an excellent
way to postpone all action a year or so, and in
the meantime let the country rush to ruin.
"Sir, if you could not do any thing in that
Peace Convention, what probability was there
that a National Convention could do anything ?
If you could not agree on peace measures there,
what nonsense, what treason to your constitu
ents was it, to be proposing a National Con
vention ? Do you imagine that we are desti
tute of common sense, that you think to palm
off on us this excuse for your failure to devise
any plan of peace—for your opposition to the
plan which, had you and your friends cordially
and patriotically sustained it, would have been ac
cepted by the Union men North and South, and
would have saved us from this terrible war in
which we are now engaged.
"What charming eoniistency does Mr. Field
exhibit in telling us that be was in favor of
the Constitution unaltered, but in favor of a
convention to alter it i He was opposed to
any change of the Constitution and in favor of
a National Convention to make amendments to
the Constitution ! This is the true radical
style. But Mr. Field should remember that he
is writing for a conservative newspaper now,
and the readers of conservative papers are not
so easily contented with professions of princi•
ple that look two ways. If he talked thus in
the convention, we need not be surprised if the
South distrusted the sincerity of his praes-
"What, we repeat, did Mr. Field and his
r e adies' associates do for peace in the conven
tion held to devise peace measures ?
"We have his own answer. OUR OPPOSI
TION WAS NAIIIILISS Mat then were you
there for? Harmless ! Lay not that flattering
unction to your soul. Do not imagine the peo
ple se occupied that they have forgotten the
true history of that convention, the Bele object
Of which was to try to devise plans on which
men could agree to live together in peace.
Harmless? Your opposition was fatal. It
was that very opposition that settled the whole
question, and made it manifest that peace was
Impossible. You represented the Republican
party. Year opposition was the announcement
to the world that that party would oppose the
plan adopted whenever it should be submitted
to the people. Your opposition informed Con
gress that the peace plan was after all little
more than a proposal from one side in the
convention, and that the other side—the party
which bad just carried the North and elected
the President—would oppose the plan, and
would defeat it. Your very opposition was a
declaration that that same party would pursue
the sam'b course in a National Convention,
should one be called. Why, it is the veriest
folly on earth for Mr. Field to be attempting
this deception of the people, and trying to
convince them that there Was no harm in radi
cals going to the Peace Convention and oppo
sing peace plans. The whole question which
that convention was to answer was, whether
any plan could be devised which the party re
presented by Mr. Feld and his associates would
accept, and which the Union men of the South
would accept. !formica ! Is it possible, then,
that Mr Field is not even yet aware of the
tremendous responsibilities devolved on that
Peace Convention ? He thinks his course was
harmless, when the land rings with the wails
of the orphan, and when our mighty rivers
PRICE TWO CENTS.
flow between the graves of the uncounted dead
of this war, and all because of that 'harmless
"We repeat the question—What did Mr. Field
and his radibal associates do for PEACE in that
convention ? Did they do anything? Seek
not to escape the question by prating about
'harmless opposition.' What did you do there
for rsAca—you on whom America had thrown
the burden of her very existence, the fate of
her noblest sons ? Alas ! the reply—Nothing !
"Let the sad confession go. Draw, if it may
be, a veil over the shame of these poor weak
men who could not lift a finger to save America
from destruction. Let us endeavor to believe
that the hands of a political party were bound
tight around them, so tight that they could not,
if they would, do anything for their perishing
country. Would to God we could forget them
and their deep dark sin. But We cannot.—
They go down to posterity to be judged and
condemned hereafter, as they have been judged
and condemned by contemporaneous history.
If that convention had accomplished its work;
if the men sent there had thrown off party
shackles, and donned the toga of patriotism, it
would have been the proudest record of their
lives that they had been members of the Peace
Convention of 1861. As it is, they shrink
from the true history of it already, and we
venture the prophecy that the marble which
marks the graves of Mr. Field and his radical
associates will never bear one line indicating
among the events of their lives that member
ship, which ought to have been emblazoned
among the noblest of their honors."
THE FATAL BLUNDER - OF THE LIN
We were among those who believed, with the
late Senator Douglas, that "WAR WAS DIS
UNION," and made use of every means within
our reach to impress this conviction upon the
minds of those who were presumed to be in
commuaieation with the men who, in the spring
of 1861, assumed the reins of government.
Most men then agreed that a resort to the
sword would be the death knell to the Union.
Yet a few. were found, who, through their igno
rance of the American character, affected to
believe that there was no fight in the South,
and that their conquest by the North would
hardly be a "respectable breakfast job."—
Among these were the radiealAbolitionists,who
fancied they could thus see the way clear to
" impartial freedom " for the negro ; and most
unfortunately for our country, they, just at this
particular time, obtained complete control and
mastery of the administration.
The result wag, the War poliay wag adopted.
This was a bad enough blunder, but a worse
one was to follow.
. When war was • thus resolved on, the only
possible hope of success was in creating divi
sion in the South—dividing the war element
there—by strengthening the hands of the Union
men in the rebel States. A reference to the
vote at the last Presidential election will show
the opportunity that wag offered
According to the Abolitionists, Breckinridge
was the disunion candidate. For the sake of
the argument let us grant that such was the
oase s no matter how false it may have been in
fact. If he was the disunion, or secession can
didate, it must be granted that all the others
were Union candidates. Let us then turn to
the vote :
Lincoln had votes North 4831,160
et " 50uth...........9.11,430
Douglas had votes North 1,202.451 "
41 " South 168,525
Bell had votes North 74,678
tt ig Beath 615,053
Breekinridge had votes North.— 276,818
Total vats 4,682,070
Of this vote Mr. Lincoln received 1,857,610
All others 2,804,660
We thus find Mr. Lincoln to be a minority
President by a popular vote of 946,950—0 r
nearly one million.
But to return to our purpose. The above
figures show that but 571,135 votes were polled
for Breckinridge in the Southern States, and
for all others, 705,908—thus:
For Lincoln 26,430
For Douglas 163 625
For Bell 515,953
War Braeklaridge 5714185
Against Breckinridge 134,773
We thus find that, granting that all who
voted for Breekinridge were disunionists, there
Was a majority of 134,713 of the Southern peo
ple in favor of the Union—or opposed to se
The 500,000 who voted for Bell and Everett
were certainly Union men,
for their platform
was simply the "Union, the Constitution, and
the Enforcement of the Laws." The 163,000
who voted for Douglas and Johnson must not
be claimed as secessionists, for they were espe
cially opposed to Breckenridge and Lane ; and
it is needless to say that the 25,000 Abolition
ists scattered through the South who voted for
Lincoln and Hamlin, will not be charged with
that kind of secessionism for which the South
was to be punished.
By making war, therefore, upon the South
as States, for the crimes of their individual
citizens, and not upon those individual offen
ders, those men of the South who stood upon
the record as our friends, were at once trang
formed into our worst enemies. Had wisdom
guided the councils at Washington, that ma
jority of Union men in the South could have
been largely increased, and secession sup
pressed through the instrumentality of the
Southern States themselves.
But instead of this, the war policy was
adopted—a war, first of coercion, then of sub
jugation. and now of conquest and extermina
tion, with what result future history must
"GRADUATING" OFFICERS OUT OF SKILVICE.-
A distinguished civilian remarked, the other
day, that the administration seemed to regard
its generals and other officers like students in
a college, who, as soon as they ware complete
in their course, were given diplomas of leave
and sent off as finished and done for. We
aye a score of generals who, having estab
lished their experience and excellence in their
parts, have been thus “graduated.". Charmed
with its success, the Institution at Washington
proposes to extend the collegiate system and
put it into force on a grander scale.
The order to muster out all the colonels and
•majors of regiments which muster less• than
500 men, is of this character. The regiments
thus reduced 'are the veteran regiments of the
service. Their officers are those who have
shown generally the best abilities, and have
acquired the most experience. In the two
years of arduous service they have gone
through, tkey have ripened into thorough o
oars. Away with them, then ! Muster them
out ! Fill up their places with the proteges
o f congressmen, or the nominees of political
The reward which a regiment Must receive
at the hands of the administration for two years
of campaigning and the loss of half its men, is
to We its name struck iron! the'lists of the
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING,
BY ; ...0. BARRETT & CO.
Tag DAIL! PATEIOT AND lls row will be served to Nub
scribers residing in the Borough for .rns outs PIIIIIIE,
payible to the Carrier. Mail subscribers, FM BOLL/Lai
Tax liraUM Pl.lllOl AND UNION IN rotaiked !AVM,
DOT-LAUB PER ANNUM, invariably in advance. Ten copieo
to one addrese,Aftesit dollars.
Connected with this establishment is an eztenalvd
JOB OFFICE, containing a variety of plain and fancy
type, unequalled by any establishment in the interior of
the state, for which the patronage of the pnblie is N
army, its colors torn to pieces, and its officers
Perhaps, however, we should regard this
discharge as a complimentary diploma of
We see that Gen. Hooker does not feel in
clined to dissolve the senior class of his army !
A letter from Falmouth to the Boston Post
" The order mustering out all colonels and
majors and surplus officers of all regiments
not having 500 men created a great excitement
in the army, so much so that Gen. Hooker de
clined issuing the order, and sent it back to
the War Department. The order would take
all the colonels in the service—the veterans of
six or eight battles. The commander claimed
that such an order would ruin the army; that
there were some officers that ought - to be mus
tered out, but such a wholesale sweep was not
only grossly unjust but very impolitio."
If there is any object in having a conscrip
tion, one would suppose it to be to fill up the
ranks of the veteran regiments ! But no, the
work of mustering out precedes the drafting,
which yet lingers, a threat rather than a plan,
in the hands of the administration.—Albany
COTTON IS KING.
Negroes Used for Coin—Republicans
Vindicating their Sincerity.
Prom the Cincinnati Enquirer.
The military commission of which General
M'Dowell is the bead, and which has been in
vestigating into the charges of cotton specula
tions made against General Curtis and other
Western officers, is making some rare develop
ments. One of the main 'Charges against Cur
tis and company alleges that negro slaves had
been taken from plantations upon the pretence
of giving them freedom under the President's
emancipation proclamation, and exchanged for
cotton, and thereby restored to slavery.
The charge is substantiated by the testimo
ny. The principal offender was one Colonel
Hovey. Other officers participated in the
profits. These were Republican officials, who
had dinned the ears of the people with thei r
demands for the freedom of the slaves, unti I
they ached. The following is a part of th e
testimony on the point. Brice Suffield, being
sworn, says :
"Q. State whether you ever made an expe
dition for cotton on the steamer /atan in sup
tember, 1862, and if so, state what occurred at
that time ?
"A. I did. Our company, commanded by
Captain Twining, was ordered out fro a
camp near Helena, to go down on the steamer
Wan. The Captain of the boat told us the
intention was' to take us down to get some
wood for fuel. We landed on the Mississippi
side of the river, opposite the cut off—White
river. There was aboard the boat one Brown.
an overseer of Colonel M'Gee's plantation ; he
was on the boat when we'went aboard. After
the boat was tied up, Brown went ashore; this
was after dark, Borne of our company, sup
posing him to be a rebel soldier, asked him
where he got his clothes. He told them in the
Mexican war. He went to the Captain of the
boat and told him it was all right—that the
cotton would be there in the course of a few
In due time Brown returned, bringing with
him twenty-six bales of cotton. After the cot
ton was delivered, the boatmen, by order of the
Captain, put on shore fifteen negroes that had been
used as boat hands. After getting them on,
shore, they tied them, after considerable strug
gling on the part of the negroes. In the tying
operation one of the negroes escaped. After
they were tied, Brown took them away. I was
on picket post, and Brown, with the negroee,
stopped at the post and bid me good evening,
and then went on. Some time after taking the
negroes away, Brown came back and went
aboard the boat and stayed till daylight. A
member of my company (I don't recollect his
name) told me he saw Captain Weaver pay
Brown his money—we supposed for the cotton.
"Q. What part did Captain Twining or the
soldiers present take in this transaction of put
ting off the negroes
"A. Merely acting under orders. They put
Ub on shore to guard against surprise. We
guarded the boat. That was our duty. We
had nothing to do with the negroes
"Q. On what date was this ?
"A. It was about the 24th of September.
"Q. Was any military officer on board the
boat besides the officers of your company?
"A. I think not. There was a man on board,
but I don't think he was a commissioned
cer. He was acting as aid to Col. Hovey. His
name is Washburne.
"Q. How many negroes acting as deck hands
were there on board the boat when you went
aboard with your company ?
"Q. After these fifteen negroes were put
ashore, did any negroes come back with you
as deck hands in the service of the boat ?
"A. No; sir. These negroes were taken on an
expedition to the same place some weeks before, from
the same plantation.
"Q. Under whose charge was the expedi
"A. Colonel Rovey.
The correspondents say Old Abe was gre.
teequely funny during the recent review. He
dined with Fighting Joe, and kept the table
in a roar with his humorous sallies.--Boaton
Several thousand poor fellows had gone to
their "gory beds," but a short distance from
where the President was, only a few months
before ; and yet he could be "funny."
Our public debt is swelling up at the rate of
two millions a day,and crushing taxation stares
the people in the face and yet Mr. Lincoln
can be "funny."
Half a million of armed rebels are in arms,
striving to break up this hallewed Union, With
the encouragement of all the European gov
ernments ; and yet the President can be "fun
Two hundred thousand brave men have
found untimely graves, through the follies of
the administration, and five times that many
are clothed in mourning, for fathers, brothers,
husbands, eons or friends, and yet Mr. Lin
coln is "funny."
What a "funny" man he must be ! —Erie
Algoma other discoveries made in Pompeii'
is an inscription on the wall of what WsB
probably a workshop of some kind, as follows :
" Otioais Mc locus non eat. Diseede, Aforator."
This may be translated : "This place is not
fer the lazy. Loafer, depart !" This inscrip
tion is interesting as showing that there were
loafers in ancient days as there are in modern,
and that they were troublesome in a similar
WHEN Sheridan, found drunk in a coal-hole,
and questioned as to his name, replied that
his name was “Wilberforce," he did a sufficient
ly impudent thing ; but it wasn't a touch to the
effrontery of Senator C. (or some o th er man )
who, being picked out of a street ditch by a
watchman, and told to give hie name, replied,
in a gutteral voice, "Don't you see I am Sew