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" one month.. 600
4 ' one month.. 300
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113 Business notices Inserted in the LOOM, OoLutiN,
4 r b e f o re m arriages and deaths, vim cesivii PER LIII for
each insertion. To merchants and others advertising
by the year, liberal terms will be offered,
117 - The n umber of insertions must be designated on
he a dvertisement.
Ex Marriages and Deaths will be inserted at the same
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PENSIONS, BOUNTIES, BACK PAY,
Wu Claims anti Claims for lademnitye
STEVirART, STEVENS, CLARK & CO.,
Attorneys and Counsellors-at-Law, and Solicitors
far all kinds of Military Claims,
450 PENNbYLVANLA. AVENUE,
WASHINGTON, D. C.
This firm, having a thorough knowledge of the Pen
sion Business, and being familiar with the practice in
all the Departments of Government, believe that they
can afford. greater facilities to Pension, Bounty, and
Other Claimants, for the prompt and successful accom
plishment of business entreated to them, than any other
firm is Washington. They desire to secure such an
amount of this business as will enable them to execute
the business for each claimant very cheaply, and on the
basis of their pay contingent upon their success is each
ease. For this purpose they will secure the services of
Law Firms in each prominent locality throughout the
Statea where such business may be had, furnish such
with all the necessary blank forms of application and
evidence, requisite printed pamphlet instructions, and
circulars for distribution in their vicinity, with asso
ciates names inserted, and upon the due execution of
the papers and transmission of the same to them by
their local associates, they will promptly perform the
Kr Their charges will be ens dollars for officers and
free dollars for privates, for each Pension or Bounty and
lack Pay obtained, and ten per cent. on amount of
Claims for Military Supplies or Claims for Indemnity.
B 7 - Soldiers enlisted since the Ist of March, 1861, in
any kind of service, Military or Naval, who are disabled
by disease or wounds, are entitled to Pensions. All
soldiers who serve for two years, or during the war,
should it sooner close, will be entitled to $lOO Bounty.
Widows of soldiers who die or are killed, are entitled to
Pensions, and the $lOO Bounty. If there be no widow,
then the minor children. And if no minor children,
then the father, mother, sisters or brothers are anti
-.4ed as above to the $lOO Bounty and Back Pay.
JOSEPH B. STEWART,
KESTOR L. STEVENS,
OSCAR A. STEVENS
WILLIS B. RAIILO/tb.
Wasrostrrow, D . 0.,1865.
IW .- Apply st our office or to our Associate at
HARRIEMIIai PA.—JOHN A. BIGLER, Attorney sad
Prrrszono, PA.—ARTHUBS & ItIDDBLL, Attor
Powrsarnail, Pa.—WM. R. SMITH, Attorney and
PHILADSLPOLL, PA.—.7. G. KINNICHILD, 46 Alwood
street, WM. M. SMITH, Attorney and. Counsellor.
ASHISOTos, Pi.—BOYD OBIIMBINCS, Attorney
JACKSON & CO.'S
R.O. 90M BLABIEBT STRAIT ;
Where they Mead to devote their entire time to tike
tram :treat= of
BOOTS AND- SIIOE
all kinds and varieties, in the neatest and most faith-
Amalie styles, and at satisfactory prices.
noir stock 101 l consist, in part, of G.0114677&008
Oaf and Patent Leather Boots and Shads, latest styles;
Ladies' and Misses' Gaiters, and otheriShoes in great
variety; and in fact everything connected with the
CUS TOMER WORK will te Patti manly attended to
aid is all taint wail satisfaction be warranted. Lasts
Attu/ up by one of the best makers in the country.
T.he long practical experience of the undersigned, and
their thorough knowledge of the bneineas will, they
trust, be sufficient guarantee to the public that the,
will do them justioK - and furnish them an article the
will recommend itself for .ntaity, cheapness and dare•
Ejanfig JACKSON & CO.
iirUItINGER'S PATENT BEEF TEA,
11111 a soha, concentrated extract or
ItEEF AND VEGETABLES,
Convertible immediately into a nourishing and deli
cious soup. .Efigkiy approved by a number of eminent
This admirable article condensed into a compact form
all the substantial and nutritive properties of a large
bulk of meat and vegetables. The readiness with which
it dissolves into a rich and palatable soup, which would
require hours of preparation according to the usual
method, is an advantage in many situations of life r too
obvious to need urging- Its highly nourishing qualities
combined with its delicacy, renders it invaluable for the
sich.;" while for those in health, it is a perfedt enbstitute
for fredi meat sad vegetables. It will keep good in any
It is peculiarly well adapted FOR TR !MELEES, by
land or sea, who can thus avoid those accidental deprive
tions of eamfortable meal, ta - which they are so liable.
FOR INVALIDS, whose capricious appetite eta thus
lbelatiafial in a moment.
FOR SPORTSMEN and EXCURSIONISTS. to whom,
both its compactness and easy preparation will recom
mend it. For sale by
cep24.11 WM. DOM &Co
A BOOK FOR THE TIME
American Annuai Cyclopedia and Register of
Important Events for the Year 1861. In 1 co/
. 8 vo. over 750 pages. Cloth 0, Leather $3-50.
Published by D. Appleton Co., New York.
The design of this work is to furnish a record of all
the important knowledge of the year. The events of
the war, owing to their prominenco, will, of course, oc
cupy a conspicuous part, but all other branches—Pot
ence, Art, Literature, the Mechanic Arts, &on will 11 ;
calve due attention. The work will be published ex
clusively by subscription, and ready for delivery in June
- - .
Also, new complete
Becton's Debates of Congress, 15 volumes, SS and 13.50
Bentires Thirty Years is V. S. Senate, 2 volumes,
and $3 per co/.
Cyclopedia of Americas .Eloquence, containing Gls
speeches of the most eminent Orators of America, 14
steel portraits, 2 lugs. $2.50 each.
_Parton's Life and Times of Andrew Jackson,S voitentes,
Address J. P. STRASBA.I3OII Harrisburg, Pa.
General Agent for D. APPLETON it 00.
For Circulars descriptiveof Animal Cyclopedia
'UNEXCELLED BY ANY IN THE U. STATES !
AND OIIPBBIOR TO ANY
- za ..agL XV 0 'sr X 3 JERL MT X:10
OFFERED IN PENNSYLVANIA r
IT IS MADE or
CHOICE MISSOURI WHITE WHEAT.
Er Delivered any place in the city free of charge
2tvms cask as delivery.
ir3 o 'WM. DOCK, Ss., k, CO.
SOLDIER'S CAMP COMPANION.-
I very convenient Writing Desk; also, Portfolio,
Men(62l 'Mot Beelit,Portmonole& fce,, at
VOTIONS.--Quite a variety of useful
II and toitertaining artieles—chesp--at .
CONDENSBD MILK'-Just received
and for sale by WM. DOCK jr., & DO.
AA peaches, Tomatoes, Lobster, Salmon, Oyrters,
:Spiced Oysters, for sale by WM_ DOOR, Jr., & CO.
- EIRENCH MUSTARD, ENGLISH and
ii Domentic Platen, (by the dozen or hundred,) Su
perior Salad 011, Ketchup, Sauces and condiments of
Army description, for ode by
5t926 WM. DOCK, as., it,oo
- [AJAR! WAR —BRADY, No. 62
Market street, below Third, has received a large
assortment of SWORDS, &sass and 80. rs, which h
will sell very low. a r..0-dtf
QELF SEALING- FRUIT JARS I-
I. 1 Best and Cheapest in the markets ! Call and
"POR RENT—Two desirable OFFICE
1' ROOMS, aseond story front of WyetiVe Building
earner of Market Square and Market street. Apeiyal
lak *Mee seeMidsf
INACHNINL, Nos. 1,2 and 2, in all Oa° 1. 644 21"
new, and sack ?soilage wrewrowred. moat receiv , sad
-or age low by WY. DOCK: & 00.
- Business tabs.
WM. DOCK, 75., k 00
I ............gron. .ms s,
PUBLISHED EVERY MI
- _ .._ -__
r,_--__. - --___ -
itift,gars - rso L p„..
-- ,------ - . , ---,-
a lINDAYS EXCEPTED,
. ----_-'„., ' 7----- i• ,-- - :\ -:- :` P iW . ....iiik '_---------_:_ -
- - RRETI
• f-: - ' -,- 't - — II( I I !I: -_-- - -----, ,
- - -er7 l- -, i. ==....
..,,.,.„ 44,.,,,,fik,.., .. ~..t AID eNION win 1
i --"- -- K:t:-... 1 ,- - '''
- - --.
.*: -jaw ' - , ,1~ - - " . Borough for TES
i 111 ' , ".
, o+ : '
to 0118 address i fi ' f ' tee ' ss ' do iti ll a a r i s i
THE WEERLY PATRIOT AND ITITION IS
DOLLARS PER ANSON invariably In advs
-- -11 - lit i-1 ..... !ill . - ,
_ . _ t.. • ~,_.... r
~ ., ® , dollars. --,,7- " - -
Connected with this establishment
• • JOB OFFICE containing a variety of
40. _ - -
VOL. 5.-NO. 196.
DR. C. WEICHEL,
SURGEON AND OCULIST,
RROIDENON THIRD NIUE NORTH STRUT.
He is now fully prepared to attend promptly to the
duties of profession in all ite branches.
A toms AND year stroangsstn. IINDIOAL
just:ides him in promising fall and ample satlifsetion to
all who may favor him with a call, be the diatom Ohronli
or any ether nature. rallid&wly
WM. H. MILLER,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
RITWBIN WALNUT AND MARICHT BQUABB,
no2ll] Nearly opposite the Buehler House. fd&irly
T HOS. C. MAoDOWELL,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
MILITARY CLAIM AND PATENT AGENT.
Office in Burke's Bow, Third street, (Up Stairs.)
Having formed a connection with parties in Wash
ington City, wno are reliable business men, any busi
ness connected with any of the Departments will meet
with immediate and careful attention. - me-y
CHARLES F. VOLLMER
Chestnut atreet, four doors above Second,
(OPPOSITH WASHINGTON HORS Rouss,)
Is prepared to furnish to order, in the very best style of
workmanship. Spring and flair Mattresses, Window Our
tains, Lounges, and all other articles of Furniture in his
line, on short notice snd moderate terms. Haying ex
perience in the business, he feels warranted in asking a
share of public patronage, confident of his ability to give
NO. 11, NORTH THIRD ST., HARRISBURG.
MELODEONS, VIOLINS, GUITARS,
.Banjos, Flutes, Fifes, Darns, -Sccordeona,
STRINGS, SHUT AND BOOK RUBIO, &C., &G.,
PHOTOGRAPH FRAMES. ALBUMS,
Large Pier and Mantle Mirrors, Square and . Oval Prune,
of every &alienation. made to order. Begtulding done.
Agency for 'dowels Sewing Machines.
fl Sheet Mimic sent by Mail. ectl-1
JOHN W. GLOVER,
Has just received from New York, an assort
which he offers to his customers and the public 11
nov22) MODERATE PRICES. dtf
WHARRY WILLIAM S ,
CILLA:1111 0 1. AS:GI-EMT,
402 WALNTIT STREET,
General Claims for Soldiers promptly collected, State
Claims adjusted, &c., &c. mar2o-dlm
SMITH & E
THIRD STREET, Harrisburg,
Practice in the several Omuta of Dauphin county- Col
lections made promptly. C. SMITHI
feb26 J. B. EWING.
I COOK, Merchant Tailor,
•• 27 CIDISNITT ST., between Second and Front,
Has just returned from the city with an assortment of
CLOTHS, CASSIMERES AND VESTINGS,
WhTelt :It be arda_at.modarate_mis,es and made np to
order ; and, also, an assortment.ot KE.airr - mrrarrt. --
Clothing and Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods.
B. M. GOBI,. D. D. S.,
IV 0 • 11 9 MARKET STREET,
SBY "& 'KUNKEL'S BUILDING - , VP STAIRs.
RELIGIOUS BOOK STORE,
TRACT AND SUNDAY* SCHOOL DEPOSITORY;
E. S. GERMAN,
IT 0017TH 8300 ND STRBET, ABOVE 011:28)1171T,
Depot brinks saie l lif at i etlos:i Ap r es;a t ereoneopi Views,
Mole and Dineical Instrumento. Alen, enbeariptione
taken for religions publicatiens. noSO-d7
JOHN G. W. MARTIN ,
HERR'S HOTEL, HARRISBURG . , PA.
All maamer of VISITING, WEDDING AND B USI.
NESS CARDS executed in the most artistic styles and
most reasonable terms. decld-dtf
FRANKLIN HOUSE ,
This pleasant and commodimus Hotel has bean tho
roughly re-fitted and re-furnished. It is pleasantly
idtruited on North-West corner of Howard and Franklin
streets, a few doors west of the Northern Central Rail
way Depot. 'Avery attention paid to the comfort of his
guests. G. LEIBENRING, Proprietor,
jell-tf (Late of Feline Grove, Pa.)
THE O. F. SCHEFFER,
BOOK, CARD AND JOB PRINTER,
NO. 18 MARKET STREET, HARRISBURG.
!Er' Particular attention paid to printing, ruling and
binding of Railroad Blanks, Manifests, Insurance Poli
cies, Cheeks, &e.
Wedding, Visiting and Business Cards printed at very
low prices and in the bent style. jan2l
DYOTTVILLE GLASS WORKS,
WINE, PORTER, MINERAL WATER, PICKLE AND
• Of mar asevairews.
H. B. & G. W. BENNERB
oel9-dl7 27 South Petnt 'tarot, Philadelphia.
o. OS MARMOT STREET, HARRISBURG, PA.
SHEET MUSIC, PIANOS,
VIOLINS, BANJO STRINGS,
Of every description.
DRAM, PIM KLITTIA, ACCORDRONS, eta. at
the lowest CITY PRIORS, at
W. KNOCHE'S MUSIC STORE,
No. 98 Mawr STREW!.
FRO CLAM A. T I 0 N.—Whereas, the
Honorable ,Tonu 4. Nis:items, President of the Cenrt
oft ommon Pleas in the Twelfth Judicial District, con
sistingof the counties of Lebanon and Dauphin, and the
Hon Starner. LANDIS and Hon. MOSES R. YOUNG,. Asso
ciate Judges in Dauphin county, having issued their pre
cept, bearing date the 24th day of Pebru try, 1.863, to me
directed, for boidiog $ Court of Oyer and Terminer and
General Jail Delivery and Quarter Sesaiona of the Peace
at Harrisburg, for the county of Dauphin, and to com
mence ow Wl:north , Monaay of April next, being the
27th day of April, 1863, and to continue two weeks.
Notice is therefore hereby given to the Coroner, Jus
tices of the Peace, Aldermen, and Constables of the said
county of Dauphin, that they be then and there in their
proper persona, at 10 o'clock in the forenoon of said day,
with their retxtrds, inquisitions. examinations, and their
own remembrances, to do those things which to their
office appertains to be done, and those who are bound in
recogniesuces to prosecute against the prisoners that are
or shall be in the Jail of Dauphin county, be then and
there to prosecute against them as shall be just.
Given u n d e r IV hand, at Harrisburg, the 24th day of
April, in the year of our Lord. 180' 4 , and in the eighty-
Seventh year of the independence of the United State s.
J. D BOA.S. Sheriff
!JAMB, PRIED BEEF. BOLOGNA
11 8A1781.072 1 , T0N111135, Ito,for sale low, by
MN WOK, Jay & 00.
HARRISBURG, PA:, SATURDAY, APRIL 18 1863.
Ctt atria i anion.
SATURDAY MORNING, APRIL 18,-1863
On the last day of the session Gov. Curtin,
in answer to the question of the Legislature
whether he had any further communication to
make, sent in the following message, whioh a
press of matter prevented us from publishing
at an earlier day : •
Harrisburg, April 15, 1863
To tke Senate and House of Representatives of the
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania :
GENTLEMEN : In taking leave of you at the
close of the session, I think it proper, under
existing circumstances, to go beyond the usual
The partiality of my fellow-citizens placed
me in the office which I now hold, at a period
of great public distraction, which soon culmi
nated in the breaking out of the rebellion,
which is still raging. The country had so long
slumbered in unbroken tranquility that we had
in this State almost forgotten the possibility
of any violation of our domestic peace. Even
our militia laws had been suffered to fall into
disuse, and Were reduced to a merely permis
sive organization of a few uniformed volunteer
companies in various parts of the State. The
whole mind 'of our people was directed to
peaceful and industrious pursuits. Conscious
themselves of no intention to injure the rights
or interests of others, or in any way to violate
the Constitution under which we had thriven,
they were unable to realize the designs of
wicked and abandoned men, even after they
had been publicly and boastingly proclaimed.
Although for many months war had been
actually levied against the United States in
South Carolina and elsewhere, it is a fact that
the people of this Commonwealth were first
startled into a sense of the common danger by
the bombardment of Fart Sumpter. The Le
gislature was then in session, and immedialely
made such provision as was at the moment
/deemed necoessary ; but, shortly after its
adjournment, events having rapidly advanced
and the Capital of the country being in ap
parent danger, I deemed it neceessary to con
vene it again early in May, 1861, to adopt
measures for placing the State on a footing
adequate to the emergency. This was prompt
ly and cheerfully done. Five hundred thou
sand ($500,000) dollars had been appropriated
at the regular session for military purposes,
and to that sum was then added authority to
borrow three millions of dollars ($3,000,000).
This loan, notwithstanding the depressed con
dition of the fitiafiete of the country, and the
alarm and distrust then prevailing, was
promptly taken by our own citizens, at par ;
and at the suggestion of the Executive, laws
were passed for organizing our military forces,
and especially ifor immediately raising and
supporting at the expense of the State a body
of fifteen thousand men, called the Reserve
Corps, to be ready for immediate service when
•The Government of the United States had
called out seventy-five thousand militia to serve
for three months, of which the quota of Penn
sylvania was immediately furnished. "
The Reserve Corps was raised, equipped•and
disci lined by the State, and contributed
ton after the first disaster at Bull Run, and
from that time we continued to add regiment
after regiment as the service of the country
From the first movement to the present
hour, the loyalty and indomitable spirit of the
freemen of Pennsylvania have been exhibited
in every way and upon every occasion ; they
have flocked to the standard of their country
in her hour of peril, and have berneit victori
ously on battle fields from Maryland, Virginia
and Kentucky to the far South and Southwest ;
they have never faltered' for a moment. It
has been my pride to occupy a position which
enabled me to become familiar with all their
patriotism and self-devotion, and to guide their
efforts. Posterity will do them full justice.—
Every requsition of the General Government
has been promptly fulfilled; all legislation in
support of the cause has been enacted without
delay, and Pennsylvania is entitled to be rank
ed first amongst the States that have been
throughout unflinching in their determination
to subdue the sacreligious wretches who are
endeavoring to destroy the last Temple of
The State has not been insensible to the sac
rifices which her eons have made. No effort
has been spared by her authorities to secure
their comfort and welfare. Under legislative
provisions to that effect, her sick and wounded
have been followed and cared for, and, when
brought home to be nursed by
their friends; and the bodies of the slain, when
possible, have been returned for burial in the
soil of the State. The contributions of her
citizens, in supplies of luxuries and comforts,
for all her volunteers, have been almost bound
less, and nothing has been omitted that could
encourage and stimulate them in the perform
ance of their holy duty. They have felt upon
every marsh and in every camp, however deso
late their immediate surroundings, that the
eyes and hearts of the loved ones at home were
upon and with them.
The result is that Pennsylvania is actually
in a position on which it is my duty to con
gratulate you, as her representatives. Not
withstanding the immense drain of her popu.
lation, her industry is thriving at home, and
so far as it may not be hurt by causes o vet'
which she has no control, must continue to
prosper. Her finances were never in a more
healthy condition—her people were never in
That the labors, anxieties and responsibili
ties of her Executive have been great andhar
resales, I need not say. I have given tp them
my nights and days, with, I true - ,
a single eye
to the public welfare. I claim no special merit
in this. I would have been unworthy to be
called a man had I done otherwise. lam
proud of the people who have effected it. To
be called a freeman of Pennsylvania is hence
forth to have a title of honor wherever loyalty,
patriotism and the martial 'virtues are cher
ished. It is to be observed, moreover, that the
labors which - I have necessarily undergone,
have aleady impaired my health. I shall have
serious cause to apprehend that a much longer
continuance of them might so break it down, as
to render me unable to fulfill the duties of my
position. It is to be added that as the ap
proaching season will probably be the most
eventful period in the history of the country, I
will be able, with more effect, to discharge my
duties, if ravoid being made the centre of an
active political struggle.
Under these circumstances, it has pleased the
President of the Unites States to tender me a
high position, at the expiration of my present
term of office, and have not felt myself at
liberty to do otherwise than accept this offer.
As I shall, for all these reasons, retire' from
office at the close of my present term, I haire
thought this a not inappropriate mode of an.
nonnoiug the fact.
In taking leave of you, 1 may be permitted
to say that as Governor of the Commonwealth,
I have given, as was my duty, and shall con
tinue to give, an active and earnest support to
the Government of the United States in its ef
fort to suppress the existing rebellion. As a
private citizen, I shall continue heartily to up
hold the President and his administration, as
the only means by which that result can be at
tained; or, in other words, the country can be
saved. I give this as my deliberate opinion,
and shall openly, candidly and zealously act in
accordance with it.
Of the warm-hearted friends, to whom I owe
so much, and of the people of the Common
wealth, who, regardless of party, have never
tired of cheering my toils and anxieties by to
kens of their generous confidence and approval,
I cannot speak with composure. I can do no
more than express to them the deepest, truest
and most heartfelt gratitude.
Hoping that you may safely return to your
homes and families after yoUr public labors,
and with the best wishes for your individual
welfare and happiness, I now bid you farewell.
A. G. CURTIN.
MISREPRESENTATIONS BY THE COM
MITTEE ON THE CONOUCT OF THE
From the Journal of Commerce
It is necessary to review with patience the
report of this committee. If the general reader
had before him the collected history of the va
rious transactions of the war which the care
ful daily editor preserves for reference, he
would be astonished at the t oldness with !
which in numerous instances the committee
disregards the permanently recorded history of
events. It is sadly true that a correction
never overtakes a falsehood, and it is not to be
expected that the almost innumerable small
misrepresentations which are accumulated to
makea grand effect against General M'Clel
lan, can be set right in the minds of half the
people who have read the " report " of the
" False in one false in all," is the old law
maxim. One who is convicted of deliberate
false witness in a single matter is worthy of
noisredit in any portion of his statements. If
this rule were applied to the committee, and
it must be' tYPPlied by any one who would
weigh the value of the report, what becomes
Let us take a single instance of the most
glaring kind. The committee, in the opening
of their report, state as follows in regard to
the organization of the army into corps :
The President and the Secretary of War
concurred with them in the necessity of such
a measure; but it did not seem to be regarded
with much favor by General M'Clellan. Indeed,
General M'Clellan stated to your committee, at
thp time of their conference with him, that,
although it might at some time be espodiont
to divide the army into any corps, the sub
ject was one of great difficulty. He said it was
a delicate matter to appoint major generals
before they had been tried by actual service,
and had shown their fitness to be selected to
command 30,000 or 40,000 men. A major gen
eral could not be stowed away in -a pigeon
hole, if he should prove incompetent, so easily
as a brigadier general. He proposed, there
fore, to himself manage this entire army in
some battle or campaign, and then select from
the brigadier generals in it such as should prove
themselves competent for higher commands.—
Consequently, the division of the army into
army corps was not even began until after the
movelytt''''' --- IP -in March hal corn=
mewed, and then only in pnrsualicer ortira - Ar.-
red and repeated orders of the President:
" General If' Clellanlhowever, continued to op
pose Me organization of the army into army corps,
as will be seen from the following despatch to
him from the Secretary of War, dated May 9,
The President is unwilling to have the
army corps organization broken up, but also
unwilling that the commanding general shall be
trammeled and embarrassed in actual skir
mishing, collision with the enemy, and on the
eve of an expected great battle. You, there
fore, may temporarily suspend that organiza
tion in the army under your immediate corn
=mud, and adopt any you see fit until further
orders. He also writes you privately. '"
The provisional corps of General Fitz John
Porter and General Franklin were thereupon
formed by reducing the other corps from three
to two divisions.
We have italicized the more direct misstate
ments here made. It is of less importance to
repeat, what every one knew, that General
M'Clellan always favored the oreanization of
army corps, and only wished a proper trial of
general officers in order to select competent
corps commanders. But what do the commit
tee mean by saying there were repeated orders
from the President on the subject, and that
even after these General M'Clellan continued to
oppose the plan ? The statement is simply
untrue. There-was never but one order from
the President on the subject, and that was
issued March Bth, 1862. It was in fact the
President's war order No. 2. The number
itself would be sufficient to show the wrong
done by the committee_ rt stating that there
were "repeated orders." And it was promptly
obeyed. Let us go back to our memoranda of
events and see how promptly.
The following is the order of Gen. M'Clellan,
made March 13th, organising the army corps,
only five days after, and referring to the Presi
dent's order of March Bth. Five days would
seem to be a brief time within which to com
plete the detalls of so important a change in
the entire Army of the Potomac. But when
the circumstances are recalled it will be seen
how much more was done in those five days,
and what was the condition of the army at the
time. Hers is the order :
• HEADQUARTERS AIME OF TIM POTOMAC, /
FAIRFAX 0 H., Va., March 13, 1862
General Orders, No. 101.
In compliance with the President's war or
der No. 2, of March Bth, 1862, the active por
tion of the Army of the Potomac to formed
into army corps, as follows :
let corps: Major General Irvin M'Dowell ;
to consist for the present of the divisions of
Franklin, M'Call and King.
2d corps: Brigadier General E. V. Sumner.
Divisions: Richardson, Bleneker and Sedg
3d corps: Brig. General S. P. Heintzelman.
Divisions: F. J. Porter, Hooker and Hamilton.
4th corps: Brig. Gee. E. D. Keyes. Divi
sions : Couch, Smith and Casey.
6th corps: Major Gen. N. P. Banks. Divi
sions: Williams and Shields.
The cavalry regiments attached to divisions
will, for the prom-nt. remain so. Subsequent
orders will provide for these regiments, as well
as for the reserve artillery, regular infantry
and regular cavalry.
Arrangements will be made to unite the di
visions or each army cops as speedily as pos
sible. The commanders of divisions will at
once report in person. or, where that is impos
sible, by letter, to the commander of their
army corps. By command of
Mej Gen. Wer.t.nr.Les.
A. V. CoLBCTIIN, A. A C.
Now look at the dates and positions. It was
on the 91h of &larch that the information was
received leading to the belief that the enemy
PRICE TWO CENTS
had evacuated Manassas, and on the 10th the
army was in motion on the advance, part of it
reaching Fairfax Court Rouse. On the 11th
General M'Clellan was in person at Bull Run
and Manassas, and the entire army was moving.
Obviously this was no time for dividing the
army into corps, or even for consultation with
generals on the subject. On the night of the
11th or the morning of the 12th, Gen. M'Clellan
reached Fairfax Court House, and that day
doubtless the elaborate arrangement of corps
was made, as indicated by the order published
on the 13th. From the best information we
have, and a comparison of that information
with the order, we can give an intelligible view
of the position of the divisions on the 9th,
showing this interesting and important fact,
that if the various corps bad been organized on
the 10th, the entire movement towards Manas
sas would necessarily have been abandoned or
seriously delayed, a new arrangement must of
necessity have been adopted, and a movement,
then regarded by all authorities as most im
portant, seriously embarrassed, if not wholly
prevented. In the following line, the extreme
right, Sedgwick's Division,
was at Harper's
Ferry, and the extreme left, Hooker's Division,
at Budd's Ferry, the line being therefor not less
than seventy miles in length. We have given
to each division the number of the corps it was
afterward in :
King, lst corps. I Porter, 3i corps.
Blenker. 2d corps. Smith, 4th corps.
Franklin, Ist corps. _ Breall,lst corps.
Richardson, 24 corps. Couch. 4th corps.
Hamilton, 3d corps. Casey, 4th corps.
Hooker, 3d corps. Sedgwick, 2d corps.
Under these circumstances it seems very
plain that the compliance of General M'Clellan
with the President's only order on the subject
was remarkably prompt and efficient.
What the committee mean by stating that
General M'Clellan subsequently opposed the
plan must be left to that mystery which over
hangs all that the committee did not choose to
make clear. They intimate that as late as
May 9th. the date of a letter from the Secre
.tary of War, the orders of the President re
mained unattended to and opposed by General
M'Clellan ! And they very ingeniously, in
stead of giving any letter from Gen. WClellan
indicating such opposition, give an extract
from a letter of the Secretary of War to him,
which show no such opposition, but on the
contrary seems to imply that at that date, on
the Peninsula, the general had requested.au
thority to make some temporary change in
corps, a request which the President thought
proper to grant. It is a strong circumstance
against the integrity and fairness of the com
mittee, that instead of giving us the letter of
General M'Clellan to establish their point
. against him, they supress it and - give an ex
tract from a reply to it !
While discussing this subject, and reviewing
the history of the war by the light of our own
collections of historical incidents, our atten
tion is attracted to the very next line of the
report we have quoted above. The committee
Your committee endeavored to obtain as
accurate information as possible in relation to
the strength and position of the enemy in
front of Washington. The testimony of the
officers in our army here upon that point, how
ever, was far from satisfactory. E trig in De
cember an order had been issued from- hear
quarters prohibiting the commanders in the front
from examining any persons who should come into
our lines from the direction of the enemy; but all
such persons were to be sent, without examination,
to the headquarters of the army. Restrictions
were also placed upon the movements of scouts.
to b ----111 2 4 " 41 , 4t e almost enure y tgno cei ls ifil e n L f in o ed r i c ri f eaf th ed e
enemy opposed to them, haiing only swer.--.-,,---
mation as they were allowed to obtain at head
We pause astounded at the audacity which
penned this paragraph. The order referred to
by the committee is on file in every regiment
in the army, and doubtless in the proper offices
at Washington. Of course, the committee have
seen it, or they would not have referred- to it.
Its terms are precisely the reverse of their
statement. It directs all such persons to be
examined first by the officer commanding the
advanced guard, to elicit information impor
tant to his particular pest of duty ; second, by
the division commander within -whose lines
they are taken or come ; and, finally, to be sent
to headquarters. Here is the order :
IlsecQuAßTmcs, Awry OF TEE POTOMAC,
WAsaiNoros, December 16, 1861.
The Major General commanding directs that
hereafter all deserters, prisoners, spies, "con
trabands," and all other persoes whatever
coming or brought within our lines from Vir
ginia, shall be taken immediately to the quar
ters of the commander of the division within
whose lines they may come or be brought,
without previous examination or communica
tion with any one, except so far as may be ne
cessary for the officer commanding the ad
vanced guard to elicit information regarding
his own particular post; that the division
commander examine all such persons himself,
or delegate such duty to a proper officer of his
staff, hod allow no other person to hold any
communication with them; that he then im
mediately send them with a sufficient guard to
the Provost Marshal in this city for further
examination and safe keeping; and that strin
gent orders be given to all guards having such
persons in charge not to hold any communica
tion with them whatever ; and further, that
the information elicited from such persons
shall be immediately communicated to the Ma
jor General commanding, or to the chief of his
staff, and to no other person whatever.
By command of
Major General M'CLxLLAN.
S. WILLIAMS, A. A. G.
• And in the face of this order the committee
say that the generals had only such informa
tion as they were allowed to obtain at heal
quarters ! Another order, equally wise and
equally divergent from the committee's state
ment, was issued a few week's later, which is
also on file everywhere, and known to every
soldier—for these orders were read aloud to
the soldiers in every company. Here it is: 'LOWER Mrssissrprz.—CmcniktAti,
Apr* 16.—The expecittiog which 'left Helena
ussancsaraas ARMY Or YRS POTOM&O,
WASHINGTON, February 26, 1862. last Sunday proceeded up the St. Francis river,
General Orders No. 72 —L Paragraphs 8 Arkansas, a distance of sixty miles. scoured
and 9of General Orders No. 60. current series, the country , and had 'skirmishes with rebel
from these headquarters, are modified as fol- cavalry, in 'which they killed three, captured
lows : thy; and then returned to Helena.
All deserters from the enemy, prisoners ma t t!' A large number of troops were embraking at
at the last accounts.
helena for Vicksburg
other persons coming within our lines, wig
taken at once to the provost marshaVcif the the greatest activity prevails.
nearest division, who will exami th em i n - Adjutant. General Thomas made a speech to
presetice of the division comgehider, or an General. M'Pherson's brigade, at Lake Provi
officer o f hi e staff designated or the purpose. deuce, the other day. He told the soldiers that
This examination wilt only (refer to such in- the President bad clothed him with the fullest
formation as may affect therllivielon and those power to inaugurate the administration policy
near it, especially , those Inure remote from touching neeroes, who were to le received
general headquarters. Aee soon es t hi s exam i within our lines, clothed, fed and armed. He
nation is completed, and o ut must be made as had authority to dismiss any man, be his rank
rapi•ily as pbssible, the . Pellson will be sent what it may, who maltreats this unfortuaate
under a proper guard to the -Provost Marshal race. This was the policy of the administra•
General, with a statement of lire replies to the lion. The President had set his foot down a•
questions asked. Upon receiving him, the and was not going to take it 1)p.
Provost Marshal General will at mete send him, 4lllElll*O O
with this statement, to the chief of staff of the Heinous Teit** llo / 1 1.10
Army of the Potomac, who will eauwe the ne- NAVY
eeasary examination to be made. TheTtp 4 n
4 wit received ,jor Nate at
r ^ "A. ...Pr -,pydregruniAy.
Marshal General will have the ousts 1
8011 .11M1113 BOOK/MOBIL
ouch persona. Division contmandc'
ill an extensive
plain and fancy
type, Unequalled by any ii . atabliehmient in the interior o f
the State, for which the patronage of the public is so
communicate to other division commanders all the
information thus obtained, which affects them.
[The remainder of the order refers to other
By command of Maj. Gen. M'CLELLAN.
S. Williams, Ass. Adj. Gen.
Could not the committee devise some better
excuse for their "inability to obtain accurate
information," than thus boldly misrepresent
ing a recorded truth ? It is only too manifest
that the committee took no great trouble to
obtain accurate information, and it is to- be
lamented that they have added to their lack of
information an mouse founded on attell aston
These are not unimportant matters. They
go to the very foundation of the report of this
committee. They show that it is wholly un
worthy of credit, and even the respect due to
the mere opinions of impartial men. It is not
even founded on evidence. These facts con
vict the committee, beyond doubt, of such dis
regard of truth as can only be explaiqed by
supposing them to have had an object before
them, which they pursued, reckless of future
consequences and future exposures like this.
Again, we repeat, the cause of our country, of
our glorious Union, is terribly impaired, by
the course of such men.
Correspondence of the Patriot and Union
Mxssus. EDITORS :—Having a few spare mo
ments I thought I would improve them by giv
ing you the news. Four companies of our
regiment were marched into Norfolk yesterday
afternoon to relieve the 19th Wisconsin, which
was acting as provost guard. So our four
companies are now acting in that capacity,
and it is likely cur whole regiment will be
moved into town. This would be quite a com
pliment to our boys. The 19th was ordered
out with the expectation of a battle going on
at Suffolk. They have been skirmishing about
Suffolk for the last four days, but with what
result is not known here. There are a great
many rumors, but nothing reliable. The gun
boats along the Blackwater have been shelling
the rebels out the woods along the banks of
that stream for two days. There was.quite an
excitement here last Sunday in consequence
of an apprehension of attack, but it has some
what abated. Yours,
S. B. J.
THE F( 31ITING NEAR STIFFOLK., VA..
Correspondence of the New York Herald.
OF THE SIGNAL TOWER (NINETY FEET HIGEI)
April 14, 1863.—At eleven o'clock the enemy
opened from the direction of the Sommerton
road with heavy artillery. We replied with our
batteries, when the enemy opened with some
light field artillery against our left. To this
latter fire we responded with our guns from
Fort Dix. Another fort next to the right next
opened with its guns, and still another one to
the right of this again. The enemy replied
with moderate rapidity, changing his position
as fast as we obtained the range of his guns.
Thus the cutnonading continued for seine little
The general scene at Ois time was one of
peculiar interest. Oa Gen. Terry's front, a
short distance forward, were two or three
houses in full flames. Our infantry stood up
to the breastworks, whilst our skirmishers
were deployed -forquite a distance forward, all
stretched ;Ira boabe. enemy's_ skirmishers
they bad the advantage of rails and other
things to protect them, while our men hal to
lay down and get up in a broad open space—
one that we had cleared ourselves—on a smooth
open plain. Our infantry reserves held their
positions, with cavalry, to the right and left,
the camps in the background forming an.en
tire circle, the town in the midst of this, the
torturous, 'winding Nansemorul behind this
again, with its burthen of white and lead-col
ored gun boats, and etceteras always incident
to scenes of this character. In less than au
hour the enemy stopped firing, and fell back
one mile. Our cavalry then went out to charge
on a piece of artillery limbered up in the road,
when a force of rebel sharpshooters rose up in
the woods and delivered at them a whole vol
We could now see that our shots had done
some execution, for several of the enemy's
horses ran off riderless, while more lay dead
in the road. Our cavalry retired, when the
enemy advanced again with two sections, and
renewed the fight. So plain was the enemy in
view that we could see their officers, or caval
rymen, waving their swords and rushing to
and fro in haste anti almost recklessness. The
wind being strong, blowing towards the enemy,
a detachment of the Eleventh Pennsylvania
cavalry advanced again and set fire to several
houses by the roadsir'•.e. This they did in the
coolest arui quickest manner possible. Our
shells also set fire to some woods near by. By
this maw:ever we caused a dense smoke to blow,
so to speak, directly in the face of the enemy's
force working theif guns. In order to get
clear of the smoke the enemy would thus be
compelled to move his artillery nearer, or to
either side of the road, thereby giving us a
better chance for sight and range. After this
the firing became less lively, the enemy firing
a few shots, then retiring, and then again ad
vancing, and the like. Up to this period the
engagement was confined to Acting Brigadier
General Foster's and Acting Brigadier General
Murphy's (Irish Legion) brigades.
By one o'clock the enemy had ceased firing,
doing so only occasionally, and we were shell
ing them out of the woods.
A train is going to Portsmouth now, and I
must close this dispatch. My next one will,
contain the afternoon's proceedings. We have
no news yet of any one killed or seriously
LOOKING GLASSES.—A Splendid
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LETTER FROM NORFOLK.
liestax, Ts, April 15, 1863
be semi to Matto
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