Newspaper Page Text
RATES OF ADVERTLSLN4.
Four lines or less constitute hsif a square. Ten lines
sr more than four, constitute a equare.
Half sq. i one day..... go 30 .On" eq., one day.-- $0 00
120 " week... 300
41 o n e mon th.. 300 41 one month.. 600
" threemenths 500 .41 three monthslo 00
" six mmthe.. 800 " sax months...ls 00
4, 0ne ye5r.....12 00 " one year 20 00
Bus i n epe notices inserted in the Loom. cowries,
or before marriages and deaths, Ti! aunts tsa mun for
each insertion. To merchants and others adTertising
by the year, liberal terms will be offered:
Bx The number of insertions must be designated on.
or Marriages and Deaths will be inserted at the same
rates as regular advertbiemente.
PENSIONS, BOUNTIES, BAM
War Claims and Claims far Indemnity.
STE AIT, STEVENS, CLARK. &CO.,
Attorneys and MunnMrs-at-Law, mad liiitors
for all kinds of Military Claims,
450 PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE,
WASHINGTON, D. C.
This firm, having a thorough knowledge of the Pen
sion Bonin' ein, and being familiar with the practice in
all the Departments of Government, believe that they
can afford greater futilities to Pension, Bounty, and
other Claimants , for the prompt and unrocessfel accom
plishment of beelines entrusted to them, than any other
Sim in Washington. They desire to secure such an
amount of this business as will enable them to execute
the balminess for each claimant eery cheaply, and on the
basis of their pay contingent spins their success in sack
case. Per this purpose they will secure the services of
Law Slims in each ;imminent locality throughout the
States where sack hiudneas may be had, furnish such
with all the nominal blank forms of application and
evidence, requisite printed pamphlet instructions, and
circulars for distribution in their vicinity, with asso
ciates names inserted, and Upon the due execution of
the papers and trawmaission of the same to them by
their local associates, they will promptly perform the
111:r Their charges will be tea dollars for officers and
fine dollars for ?memos, for each Pension or Bounty and
Pay obtained, and ten per cent. on amount of
Claims for Military Supplies or Claims for Incionsity.
Er' Soldiers enlisted since the let of March, MU, in
any kind of service, Military or Naval, who are disabled
by disease or wounds, are entitled to Pensions. All
soldiers who serve for two years, or during the war,
should it sooner close. will be entitled to $lOO Bounty.
Widows of soldiers who die or are killedi are entitled to
Pensions, and the $lOO Bounty. If there be no widow,
then the minor children. And if no minor children,
then the father, mother, sisters or brothers are calk
_Aid as above to the $lOO Bounty and Back Pay.
JOSEPH B. STAWART,
RBSTOR L. STETBNO,
•BDW &BD CLAIM,
080 AR A. itTRIFINS,_
WILLIS B. GAYLORD.
1111ININGTOII, D. 0.0582.
• Apply at our °Mee or to our Associate at
Ilamszcaa, PA.—JO HN A. BIGLBIL, Attorney - and
Prrotaano, PA.—ARTHUBS it. t ILIDUBLL, Attor
Porrarnaa„ PL.—WM. B. SMITH, Attorney and
PHILADZLTEL, PA.-1. G. sultiocarp,46 Abroad
street, WK. M. SMITH, Attorney and Counsellor.
WMlEll4'6l'O; PA.—BOYD OSIIMBIDICS, Attorney
JACKSON k . 00. 1 $
SHOE STORE f
NO. EOM MARKET ETRZET,
Where they ntend to devote their entire time to the
BOOTS AND SHOES
all kinds and varieties, in the neatest and most fult
.onable styles, and at satisfactory prices. .
Their stock will consist, in part, of igneffiemen 7 s Fier
oaf s l id Patna Loather Boats and Skeet, West styles;
Ladies' and Misses , Gaiters, and otherphoes in great
variety; and in feet everything connected* with the
CUSTOM:SR WORK will bepartiouterlyettendedto,
and in all cases will Batisfactioi be - warranted. Lease
Sind op by ors of the best makers is the ermstry.
The long practical experience of the undersigned, and
their thorough knowledge of the business will, they
trait, be sufficient guarantee to the public that they
will do them justice, and_furnbru SA.wn yw #s4lcle LMe
will recoinmend itself tor Utility, anvepnesS eau -a.--
tjan9] JACKSON k. 00.
it S MUNGER'S PATENT BEEF TEA,
IYI a solid, concentrated extract of
BEEF AND VEGETABLES,
Convertible immediately into a nourishing and deli
cious soup. Highly approved by a %umber of eminent
Tins admirable article condensed Into a compact form,
all the substantial and nutritive properties of a large
bulk of meat and vegetables. The readiness with which
It dissolves into a rich and palatable Soup, which would
require holm of.preparatien according to the =nal.
method, is an advantage in many situations of life, too
obvious to need urging. Its highly nourishing qualities
combined with its delicacy, renders it invaluablefor the
pick; while for those in health, it is a perfect substitute
for fresh meat and vegetables. It will keep good trimly
It is peculiarly well adapted FOB witewmmus, by
land or sea, who =nth= avclidthosb scadentaldepriva
Lions of a comfortable meal, to which they are =liable.
FOE INTALMEI, whose capriole= appetite can thus
be satisfied in a moment.
808 SPORTSMEN and IXCUBSIONISTS. to whom,
both its emnpactnees and easy preparation will reCOln
mend it_ war sale - bY
C HARTER OAK
IiNNICBLLED BY ANY IN TEN SI. STATBS!
AND strignuon TO ANY
IPA& TC GI -sr 33 R. AL I‘7 - 3:1
°FINNED -IN F PANNSYtkANIA !
IT IS NADB O.
CHOICE MISSOURI WHITE WHEAT.
Delivered any place in the city free of charge.
Terms cash on delivery.
100 WM. DOOR, Ja., & 00.
QOLDIER'S CAMP COMPANION.-
Lp A very convenient Writing Deek also; Portfolios,
Yeeseressioes Books, Portesoniudee, &e_,
1304EPIEW O BOOKBTOB3
CHEESE I I-100 Boxes Prime Cheese
(on consignment) for sale at less than market rate.
jylo WM. DOOM, Ja., & CO
VOTIONS.—Quite a variety of useful
and entertaining articleS—cheaP—a , t
80HRIITA3 S BOOKSTOB.I.
WANTED.—A GOOD COOK at the
Boateasserma Horar.. Apply-Immo:Rat
ARET WINE !!!—We are closing out
MT 8171.18102 LOT at WS than cost!
WM. DOCK Js CO.
FRIME POTATOES 1-A LARGE LOT
just lecolyeti and for Bala law.
oct24-dli • WM. WOK, U., & 00.
MINCE ME AT !—Very superior, just
rtceived and for sale by Wit. DOCK, jr.. & 04).
VONDENSEID MlLK'—Just received
bj and for iude by WM. DOCK jr., .k 00.
Peaches, Tomatoes, Lobster , Salmon, Oyrters,
Oysters, for sale bi WM. OCK; jr., ik, 00.
QMOKED HALIBUT.! —A very choice
iJ artiolcOust received and for ecle by
wM: DOCK, jr., it CO.
ENCEIMUSTARD, ENGLISH and
n omadic pi c kles, (by the dozen or hundred,)
or Salad :Oil, Ketchup, Sauces and eandlments of
scary doluoiption, for rile by
oty3s WM. DOOR, la., & 00
'FAKE TROUT !I—A small invoice of
JJ LAKI TROUT, (Msekinsw,) trimmed, and the
quality "L No_l, 21 just received and for sale very low
by WM. DOOR, JR., & go
WRA I WAR! —BRADY, No. 62
Market street, below Third, hew rim:toyed a large
assortment of fiwasos, Baaasil and Baum which h
will sell ivory low,. • al2o-dtf
QEJS SEALING - mturt JARS 1-
y 7 Beet and Cheapest in the inarketi lAlai and
sasminetheia. . ••.
11,0 V---Tito desirable OFFICE
atm.. f r ont of Wyeth'l Building
sorrier otrife e" knt ild rottlar! ---611 . * ail " litnili t" s e .
- . .
- • _ . . .
WAIMIIIL, 800.% 2 aqi*, inVhiplet pess*/
OW, end Oat publsgs warranted. Just rdtaiivod, mina
or pais low by WM. DOOX, Js_. & 00.
U. DOCK. Jx., do Co
WM. DOOM, Js,l 00
. .- , • :;
, s -t - _ -
_.., . ..• 4
11 1 _
' / Ili*
• .....•• •.,__ iI
: . .
I I 1
. - , li • i i __ ..
1 - A
VOL. 5 -NO. 182.
D R. '4. WEICITEL,
sv - Bezos AND OCULIST,
RADIDINO.II THIRD NR/13 NORTH STRUT.'
He is now fully prepared to attend prompt* the
Maim •of profiesion in all its Driniehen. • .
A LONG AIM WIRY anconeerug *aDICLL
jtuitidu him in promising fall and ample eatlefebottaa to
allwhdnaydrerhimwit%aeall,be the Mime Oloorde
or any ether nature.
WM. H. MILLER,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
• .orticii IN
8/10E - MAiBRIEI RIIILDIN:GEI
• Bliril9lNer WALNUT AND . MADKIT INWARD,
wen] Neatly appetite the Dasider,Deate.
T HOB. C. MAoDOWELL,
ATTORNEY AT . .LAW,
MILITARY CLAIM AYR PATENT AGENT.
Office in Burke/ Raw, Third street, (Up Maim)
Hiring formed a connection with partial in, Wash.
ington City, who are reliable business men, any bast.
nem connected with any of the Departments Will' iheet
with immediate and careful attention.
CHARLES F. V OLL.MER
Chestnut street, four doors above Second,
(OPPOBITI Men Hotren,)
Is prepared to furnish to order,-in the very best stile of
workmanship, Spring and Wair Mattresses, Window Cur
thins, Lounges, and all other articles of Iturnitarein hil
line, on short notice snd moderate term'. Having ex
perience in the business, he-feels warranted is asking a
share of public.patronage, confident of hisabilayto give
SO. 11a VOWS MUSD OT., ifAILIf:ISI3MI4.
STEINWAY'S - PAINOS,
IHILODEONS, VIOLINS; Gtt
Banjos, Flutes, Wes, Drums, . 4ccaideons,
mama, GMT 4WD $OOl mob, 45.,
PHOTOGRAPH ; FRAMES. ALBUMS'
Large Pier and idantle Mirrors, Square and Oval Primal
of every description - inside to order. Regaildingdowi.
Agency for Howes Sewing Machines.
I:7' Sheet Etude sent by Mail. oetl-1
JOH.N W. GLOVER,
Has just received from. New York; an mod.
meta of '
*filch he offers to his customers and the , piddle at
nov22) MODERATE PRICES. dtf
RUTH (t- E WING,
THIRD STREET, Harrisburg,
Practice in the several Courts of Dauphin county. Col
lectione made promptly. A. C. SMITE,
feb26 J. B. EWING.
1 - COOK - , Merchant Tailor, •
1 27 01138 NUT Si., between Second and Brent,
Has just returned from the city with an assortment of
CLOTHS, CASNIMERES AND VESTINGS,
Which will be sold at moderate prices and made up to
order; and, also, an assortment of READY MADE
ClAthisso nod Gentlemen's Furnishing% Goods*
B. L ULNA, D. D. S.,
NO. 119 MARKET STREET,
EBY & KVNKEL'S BUILDING, UP STAIRS.
RELIGIOUS BOOK STORE,
tiZACT AND SUNDAY SCHOOL DEPOSITORY,
E. S. GERMAN,
IT 8011TH 131110OND. BTRUT, ABOV3 0101EINIIT,,
Depot forthesolil of StereoscoposAtereoseopieViews,
Mud& and Mitifrej justroments. Also, sabscriptiosui
Won for raligiorui publications. note-dy
JOHN G. W. MARTIN,
SWUM HOTSL, ILLRIMIBURG, Pd.
Al'manner of VISITING, WEDDING AND BUSI
NESS CARDS executed in the most artistic styles and
most reabonable terms. - deel4-dtt
This pisacant and commodious Hotel has been tho
roughly re-fitted and re-furnished. It is pleasantly
situated on North-West corner of Howard and Franklin
streets, a few doorsmeat of the Northern Central Bail-
Way" Depot. ivory attention paid to the comfort of his
guests. G. LNISANBING, Proprietor,
elfi-tf • (Lite of Felins fihrove, Pa.)
T HEO. F. SCHEFFER,
BOOK, CARD AND JOB PRINTER,
NO. 18 MARKET STUNT, 11A1tRIOBURG.
112- Particular attentloa paid to .printing, ruling Ltd
binding of Railroad Planks, Manifests, Lannon Pan
sies, Checks, &o.
'Wedding, Visiting and Business Cards printed at very
low prices and in the best style. Aral
DYOTTVILLE ASS WORKS,
WINE, POILTEB,, MINIMAL WATER, PICHLI AND
os I►ssi saisaarrriou:
H. B. 1& O. W . EIRNNERB
oel9-dly 27 Beath Front eteret. Philadelphia.
N .NI MARKET sTBERT, NANziostract, PA.
MEET MUSIC, TWOS,
VIOLINS, BANJO STRINGS, .
Of every description.
DRUMS, FIFES, FLUTES, AZOORDZONO, ete. at
the lowest CITY PRICES, at-
W. ENOORWS RUBIO STows,
No. 98 MAIM , STUNT.
A BOOK FOR THE TIMES I
American Annual Cyclopedia and Register of
Important Events for the Year 1861. In 1 vol.
8 vo. over 750 pages. Cloth 08, Leather $8.50.
Published by .0. Appleton 4 Co., New York.
The design of this work is to furnish a record of all
the impertsat k i powledge of the year. The events of
the war, owing to their prominence will of course, oc
upy a conspicuous part, but all o t her . branches-801-
e mse, Art, Literature; the Mechanic Arts, Mi l will re.
wive due attention. The work will be published em.
elusively by intbseriptlon, and ready for delivery in June
Also, new complete
BastonAs Debates of Coacrus,l6 volumes, $8 and PAO
Becton's Thirty Tsars in V. 11. Smatc, 2436hmest,
and $8 per voi.
CyclopediaAuserticas Moque/eta, castaintay the
speeches of, the most smituat Orators of Amines, 14
stssrportraits, 2 roofs. $2.50 sack.
Parton 9 e Life mad nous of Alarm Jacham,ll volumes
Address , J.l. BTRABBAUGH, Harrisburg, Pa.
General Agent feat. APPLATON &
For ()beams descriptive of AniusitatelOpedia.
WEET CIDER !,—A very merior lo
LP het received add 'kir tide bf WBUDOOK.R.. &Oo
DOTATOES;-304 SII4BELS OF A
operior qvielity just received and.for ea .lowby
1 - ' IT / l ARE rf
ospAinw_but ree•ivit i r p99s, 0 . 1 & CO.
HARRISBURG, PA:, THURSDAY, APRIL 2, 1863.
T H E
Weekly "Patriot & Uniolt!
TIM CHEAPEST PAPER PUBLISHED IN
TIM ONLY DIKOCIRATIO YAP= PUBLIOHXDAT
TUX BSAT OF UOVERNU.XNT
FORTY-POUR COLUMNS OP READING MAT
TEA EACH WEEK
AT THE. LOW PRICE OF ONE DOLLAR
AND FIFTY CENTS!
SUBSCRIBED FOR IN CLUBS OF NOT LESS
THAN TEN COPIES TO ONE ADDRESS!
We have been compelled to raise the club sabscriptisin
price to one doUsreaddfty cants in order to save our
selves. from actual loss. Paper has risen, including
taxes,about twenty-live , per cent., and 'is still rising;
and when we telleur Democratic Mends, candidly, thit
we can no longer afford toren the Weekly Psvator awn
Wren at one dollar a year, and must add percents es
stop the publication, we trust they will appreciate our
position, and, instead of withdrawing their . subscrip
tions, go to wink with a will to increase our lilt in every
county in the State. We have endeavored, and shall
continue car efforts, to make the paper useful as &party
Gripe), and welcome M a news messenger to every fam
ily. We flatter ourselves - that it had not been without
some influence in producing the glorious revolution in
the politics *Me State achieved attire late election;
and if fearlessness in the discharge of duty, fidelity to
the principles of the party, and an anxiousdesire to pro
mote Its interests, with rome experience and a moderate
degree!of ability, can be Made serviceable hereafter, the
Weekly Relator . MID 0.7810 A will not be less useful to
the party or less welcome to the family. circle in the fu
tare than it has keen in the past. We confidently look
for increased encouragement in this great enterprise,
and appeal to every influential Democrat in the State to
lend us his aid in running our nipeeription list up to
twenty or thirty thousand. * The expense to each indi
vidual is trifling, the benefit to the party may be great.
liellerini that the Democracy of the State feel the ne
smelly Of anntaining 'a fearless central organ, we mate
this appeal to them for 'salaam* with the fullest confi
dence of success.
The same rename Which induce us to raisethe price
of the 'weekly, operate in regard to the Dilly paper, the
price of which is alsolnereased. The additional cost to
each subscriber will be but trifling, and, while we can
not persuade ourselvets that the change neoesiarily made
will result in any diminution of our daily cirbulatiOn,
Yet, were we certain that such would be , the cones
Tome'', we should still be compelled to make it, or snf
for a ruinous loss. Tinder-these cirenmetanoes we must
throw ourselves upon the generosity, or, rather, the
justice-of the public, and abide their verdict, whatever
it may be.
The period for which many of our subscribers have .
paid for their paper being on the eve of expiring, we
take the liberty of issuing this notice, reminding them
of the same, in order that they may
RENEW THEIR CLUBS.
We obeli also take it as an especial favor if our presenv
atbacribere will urge upon their neighbors the fact that
the Palmieri 'AND UNION IS the only Democratic paper
printed in Harrisbiirg, and considering the large amount
of reading matter, embracing all the current news of
the day, and
market report; is decidedly the
CHEAPEST NEWSPAPER PUBLISHED IN
There is scarcely a village or town in the State in
which a elnb cannot be ?abed if the proper exertion be
made, and surely there are feW places in which one or
more energetic men cannot be found who are in favor of
the dissemination of sound Democratic doctrine; who
would be willing to make the effort to raise a club.
DEMOCRATS OF THE 'ENTERIOR !
'Let as hear from you. The existing war, arill the ap
proaching sessions of Congress and the State Legisla
tare, are Invested with unusual interest, and every man
should hare the news.
DATLYTATRIOT AND UNION.
Single copy for OMB year, in advanoe ... . ... as •• • • •$5 0 0
Single copyduring the session cof the Legislature.. 2 00
City subscribers ten cents per week.
• Copies aepplied to agenti at the rate of $l6O per bun .
W.IIIIKLY PATRIOT AND UNION,
Published every Thursday.
Single copy one year, in advance s2 00
Ten copies to one address 15 00
Subscriptions may commence at any time. PAY AL ,
WAYS IN ADVANOR. We are obliged to make this
imperative. In every 'aostossea tack must accompany
subscription. Any person sending ire a club of twenty
subscribers to the Weekly will be entitled to a copy for
his serviced. The pries, even at the advanced rate is
so low that we cannot offer greater inducements than
this. Additions maybe made lit any time.to a club of
subscribers by remitting one dollar and• fifty mute
for each additional name. It , is not necessaryto send
us the names of those constituting a club, as we cannot
undertake to address each paper to club subscribers
separately. Specimen copies of the Weekly will be sent
to all who desire it.
0. BABItsIT dr. CO.,llarrislbnrg, Pa. -
N. B.—The following law, passed.by Congress in 1860,
deems the' duty of Postmasters in relation to the de
livery of newspapers to club subscribers :
(See Lsttie, Brown ¢ 00..'s edition of the Laws of 1880,
page 88, chapter 131, section 1.)
"Provided, however, that where packages of newepa
pars or periodicals are received at any post office directed
to one address, and the names of the club subscribere to
which they belong, with the postage for a quarter in ad
vance, shall be handed to the postmaster, he shall de
liver the same to their respective owners. 2l
To enable the Postmaster to comply with this regale
tion, it will be necessary that he be furnished with the
list of names composing the club, and paid a quarter's
(or year's) postage in advance. The uniform courtesy
of Postmasters, affords the assurance that they telil
eheerfuliyaccommooste dab subscribers, sad the bats"
Should tate care that the postage, which lit but a WHO
in each case, bepaid in advance. Send on the club'
FRO Cli AMAT 10 N.---Whereae, the
Honorable Jona J. PNANSON, President of tbirDeurt
of Lei:omen Pleas in the Twelfth Judicial District, CO'.
slating of the counties of Lebanon and Dauphin, and the
Hon. gamma. LANDIS and • lion. Moans R. Toon" Alm
clate Judges in Dauphin county, having issued their pre
cept, bearing date the 24th day of Ifebrusty, 1803, to me
directed, for holding a Court of Oyer and Tervsiner and
General Jail Delivery and Quarter Sessionsetthe:Peace
at Harrisburg, for the county of Dauphin, and to COM'
mence on thefourta Monday of Apra nerd, being the
27th day of April, 1883, and to °outline two Weal.
Notice is therefore hereby given to the Coroner, Jun
flees oithe resce, Aldermen, and Constables of the said
county of Dauphin, that they be then and there in their
proper persons, at 10 o'clock in the forenoon of said day,
with theirrecorda, inquisitions, examinations, and their
own , remembrances, to do those things which to their
office appertains to be dope, opd those who are bound in
recognisance@ to prosecute against the prisoners that are
or shalt be in :the Jail of Dauphin county, be then and
there to prosecute against . them as shall be just.
Given under my hand, at Harrisburg, the 24th day of
April, in the year of our Lord, 1N)8, and in the eighty
seventh year of the independence of the United States.
• J. D. E(AS. Sheri,
A SPLENDID .ASSOBTMENT
Formerly retailed at irom $3 to $5, Ire now (dared at
60 and 78 orate, an3Sl and $1 ho—paaiabo by the Art
lilnionoind formerly retailed by them.
Splendid Photographic Album Pictures of all distin•
gnished men mid Menorah of the irmY, at only 10 ote..
for gala at : : • 8011X1FPFR'S Elooketore.
18 . Market street, Harrisburg:..
IJItOODISi BRUSHES; TUBS AND
for Nilo by WW. DOOR, is., 130;
Grim Contjast neely
WL DOCK, rs., & CO.
tljt 1 4 1. ittriot & (I pion.
risen stamp," I am glad to find that we have
a common stand point from which to view a
portion oilthe field. Looleat that de& conclave
of Conspirators, freedmit-shritikers, Bible
spurners, Ilene, implacable, headstrong, de
nunciatory. . OonsOtution
,and, Union haters,
noisy factious, breathing forth threatenings
arid elliughter against allifho venture a differ
- enee of opinion front Omni, murderous, position-
ProfeesorMorSe, the President of SocietY ate advocates ofAeoprisonreent and hangings,
for the Diffttaion of Political. Knowledg e , h as bloodthirsty, and if there hi, any other epithet
recently replied to a note from a personal of atrocity found in the vocabulary of wicked
ness, do they not every tine fitly designate
friend and political opponent in a letter from some - Phalle of radical Abolitionitun ?
which the following are extracts. Mr. David DISTiIIoTION UMW ADOLIT/Ontalll AND RE-
Dudley Field and the Poste scandalous fallifi- rosucans Ineossintat.
cations are very briefly disposed of: But you would hive us sinike a, distinction
between these "ritilleals and' infidels of the
You ground your remarks on the assumed Garr'
truth of the egregiously false and impudent which ison 'stamp" , and the "immense party
," as you say, "same into being and into
representations of an unprincipled reporter of
this power only in the grand purpose of reldsting
the Rvening Poet. If • was the source of Southern tiggresaion."
your information you might as well look for - I ask yea now to look at the state of the
truth respecting Bible doctrine from Voltaire country. le it not true that the Abolition
or Thomas Paine. Are you not aware that the element has acquired the control of that `time
report of the incipient meeting at
Delmenico's, which. led to the formation of our manse party"
: of yeittch,you speak t Are you
not advocating and supporting the Abolition
society, is a tissue of falsehoods from begin
policy of the administration - 1 Is ' it not true
ning to • end, exposed and refuted in numerous that these very "radicals and infidels of the
journals ? Of how many falsehoods, persist- Garrison stamp," whonryoujustly loathe, have
ently repeated, must a journal be convicted framed and passed the, most offensive Abolition
before its statement of faets shall be received
with suspicion ? I need not say to you that , ,
measures that tinge the whole policy of the
administration ? So notorious is this fact that
the admission into the Evening Poet of ouch a to ask is 'to answer the question.
grossly abusive report,. while entertaining, as
I ha,e•hitherto, for its senior editor so mull h EMANCIPATION PROOLAMAITOMAND MEE CORNED
perional respect, (however much I may differ ; 5T01611.,
from him politically,) io a source of deep more 4: I , sorry .to find you, defending the Presi
,tification to me. dent s ematicspation procitentat!ion. It is a mea-
T#pßszkAy MORNING. APRIL 2.1868
INWERSOR NORSE'S LETTER.
MR. IFIELD'iI. .1118711 TB.
Mr. Field's letter addressed to me was pro
bably indited under the influence of impres
sions made by that same infamous report; and
while I have no complaint Cf want of courtesy.
oh his part toward me personally, I saw no
thing in its general tenor of sufficient impor
tance to require any answer from me.
His views and mine on the subject of the
policy of the adminietration are antipodal, and
in 'view of his reported action in the Peace
Congress in connection with some of his radi
cal associates, to which lotion Gan be traced
, the present awful condition of the country,
since it was -their power (if 'I have been
rightly advised) to have averted the war, . I
cannot but look upon , his and their political
course as laying upon them a weight of re
sponsibility.which would not have upon my
conscience for a thousand= worlds.
You apyear to have fallen into the prevalent
error, of. confounding the government with .the
administration of the government. You are too
sensible not to see that they are not the same.
The word government has-indeed two meanings,
and in order to rescue- the subject from ambi
guity allow me to say that the ordinary mean
ing of government s in• free countries, is that
form of fundamental rules and principles by
*Moh a nation or state is governed, or by
which individual member., of a body politic are
to regulate their action. Government is in fact
a constitution by which. the , rights and duties
both of citizens and public officers are prescribed .
axtd de:h'ned. If the word sometimes has a sec
-4,12444 or more ratited meaning synonymous
tration, and should not be confounded with the
original and true signification of the term ad
ministration, which means the prawns collectively
who are intrusted with the execution of the
'awe, and with the auperintendesee of publie
.Opposition to the administration then is not
opposition to the gbvernment ; the former may
not only be utteily destroyed without affecting
the health of the government, but it may be,
and constantly is, thought to be necessary, in.
the opinion of the supreme power, the people i
to destroy the administration in order to pre
serve the life of the government. Thisois in
accordance no: only with the theory of our.
institutions but with the• daily practice of the
people. Every change a - administration at,
every election, Federsly State, or munisipali
great or or small, exemplifies this great truth.
The government remains intact, unscathed,
while the adminstration is swept out of exist—
In the light of tit:mt . explication you must/per
ceive that soder 'from "allying myself with,
others for the the purpose of undermining and
paralyzing, the power of thefgovernment,' the
very purpose of our society is to uphold. and
strengthen , the government, by diffusing among
the people such a knowledge of the principles
upon whit& it is founded, that it shalt not be
in the power of, any administration, whether
weak or wicked, to work its injury.
I yield to no man in hearty loyalty to the
government, nor in obedience also to the ad in-
istratioa in all its eonstitutional measures, what
ever may be my Irivate opinion of their wis
dom. You mistake me if you suppose I have
any "radical purpoie of undermining or par
alyzing" any of its legal measures. if I think
them iutwise i I shall nee my coneettutionallio
erty to say so, and if the administration
transcends the power intrusted to it by the
people, I shall endeavor to point out their er
ror, not in , a contumacious or unkind spirit,
but nevertheless firmly. To the standard of
the Constitution, oad the Union. under it, of all
the United States, I shall cling as the only
political hope of the country, our only defense
against anarchy and despotism.
WHAT MUST WE EITTPOHT ?
But you say `-'unanimity of support is es
sential to the very life of the nation." Sup
port of what? Laws and acts subversive of
the goTeriment ? Laws and acts in direct and
Palpable sontravention of the Constitution ?
Laws and lacks outside of the Constitution ?
Where in I,he fundamental law of the govern
ment, the Constitution, does the President, one
of the adaiinistrators of the supreme law, find
his authority for his emancipation proclamation t
Where for his usurpation of the" power to
suspend the Woos corpus ? Where for the con;
fisoation acts ? Where for his authority to
arrest and incarcerate citizens? These are all
acts of tbeiadministyation, not of the government ;
they are th is subversive of the government ;
acts that re "paralyzing and undermining"
the goverment ; sots that are dividing the
people of he North, alarming 'them for the
safety of he Constitution, the government,
and arous ng them to call their servants, the
administritors. to account.
It is on such a confounding of terms as this,
of governeeat and administration, that you charge
"extreme and radical purposes" upon those
who rallYin support of the government.
NORSE:ITT FM oUR SOCIETY.
et excuse me, dear air, if I Say that
, to ao great an extent based upon
ar fallacies of the day, is itself a
e necessity of just such a society as
ormed ; because, if minds like yours,
It; reflective, ingenuous and oonsojenr
i SO much at fault on the fpntiamental
of our institUtions, whit must be in
the minds of others less intelligent.,
be their op . inions, and mould their
am the preuudieed and befogged in
ontrolling the fanatical aTenues to
.. , --
BARACTER OE ABOLITIONISM.
1 'lntoner in which you allude to the
i radicalism and infidelity of the Gar-
By til l '
PRICE TWO CENTS.
sure which I have considered from tbe moment
of its , promulgation unwlee, uneonstitational
and calamitous, productive of evil and only
evil, a measpre that, more than any other, has
tended, to divide the cennsels of the North,
and unite the South, andrend'er the restoration
of the national Union nest to hopeleas. Your
defense of it rests on a 'fallacy. Yoe say,
it id. it legitimate function of our government
to deist*, the, fabri,o of-the 4outhera Confed
eracy, a fortiori, is it nob justified in removing
that - which 'their own highest inittorities pro
nounce- to: be its corner atone?" To answer
your. question intelligently, it is necessary to..
know the, nature of that "corner stone," before
We can Pronouride whether the' government
would be jdstified in renrevidioir attempting
terenaove it. If the stone should happen to.
be &providential fixture, unalterable in its very
nature by anything that man can do,a condi
tion of a phiiienl chartiotar, not to be affected
by any act of man, you will agree With me
that the-government would not be justified in
making any. such necessarily abortive and
Quinotic attempt. I presume from your ques
tion you , have adoptedthe prevalent misunder
standing of a passage in-Mr. Stephens? speech
at Savannah, in whioinhe speaks of the corner
atone of the Confederate-government. You as
sume that this corner stone is slanery, and so
our government is justified in its measures- to
destrey slavery. Although a great multitude
both in Europe and America entertain this ste
reotyped error, and it.has within. a few days
been twice reiterated-in the labe non-interves
don report of the Senate Oimmittee of "%reign
meet have adopted , any such corner stone. In
the first place', if Mr. Stephens had made such
an announcement in his speech (which. he has ,
not)i that would not constitute law for-the go
vernment. We de , not look for the authority
of the fundamentel , law of a government in: a.
casual speech of any members of its adminis
tration, not even, from the: President, but in
the fundamental law itself,. in its written, offi.
daily accepted Constitution. Now,. there is
not one word in the Constitution of the Con
federacy that gives color to any such idea as
slavery being the corner stone or the govern
ment ; on the contrary,. section ix. art..l clearly
repudiates it. For if slavery is: the adopted
corner stone of their government, common
Dense suggests. that, in their fundamental law,
they would and should use every effort to
strengthen and support it ; and yet they forbid
i that section. and Wide that very policy
which would give strength and permanency to
such a cornett-stone. Mr. Stephens, however,
has made no suck declaration, yet he Is. quoted
everywhere as' the source whence this wide
spread, erroneous apothegm has preceeded. . It
may be well to ventilate this matter more tho
TILE CORNIM SfrEER. IS THE INEQUALITY' EPT THE
Let us learn what Mr. Stephens actually did
say. His language is this "The foundations
of our new government we laid, its corner,
stone rests upon" ~what ? slavery ? no, "upon
the great-truth Chet the nacre, is not gnat to the
white man, that elarery"—which he then de
fines to. be "-subordination to the superior
race"—"-is his natural' and moral condition.
This, our new government, is the first in the -
history of the world based upon this great
pkeieal,. philosophical and moral truth." This
lOguage could not be applied to. slavery. It
Would be a strange misapplication of terms to
call slavery a phYsicat, philosophical and mo
ral truth. He had just been stating to his
hearers that the ideas prevalent at the time oar-
Federal Constitution was formed "rested upon.
the assumption of the - equality of the races."
This proposition be declares to be unsound,
and that the new government was founded
upon exactly the opposite idea. The error on
one side, which he combats, is the assumed
equality of the rates. The opposite truth which
he propounds is the physical. philosophical
and moral truth, that the two races are not equal,
and the inference he draws from this truth is
that this physical difference determines the
status of the inferior race. I confess I cannot
see how to escape that conclusion, except by
denying the inequality of the races; by deny
ing that there is this physical differeacebetween
them ; forlf there is this difference, then one
race of necessity, is superior, and the other
inferior, and if the two physically unequal races
are compelled to live together in the same
community, the superior must govern the in
ferior. Can you avoid this conclusion ?
PRESIDENT LINCOLN AND MR. STEPHENS rizocLeim
THE SANE CORNER STONE.
Perhaps you , may think I have adopted
Southern views on this point, and that the in
equality and physical differences of the two
races are altogether Southern dogmas. I need
not cross the Potomac , to find the same great
truth proclaimed in a quarter entitled to re
spect, and by one who politically outranks the
Vice President of the Confederacy, to wit; the
President of the united States.
You will recollect the interview, on August
14, 1862, between a committee of colored men
and President Lincoln, invited by hini to hear
what he had to say to them. His object in
aummoning them before him was to persuade
them to emigrate, and he bases his argument to
them on the very corner stone declared by Mr.
Stephens, tow t Oke kjeioal difference or ine
quality of the two races. .President Lincoln's
plan was to siourate the races.
"You and we," said he to them, "are differ
mit met. We have between us a broader
'differentia then'eiists between any other two
remits. Whether it is .right or wrong I need
sat discuss, but thief/tyska dojerence is g great
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I disadvantage to us both, as I think. Your race
are. suffering, in my judgment, the greatest
wrong inflicted onsny people. But even when
you cease, to be,slares yOu are far from being
placed on an equality with, the, white race. On
this broad continent not a Single man of your
race is made the equal of a !single man of ours.
Go where you are treated •the best, and the ban
is still upon you. I. do not propose to discuss
this, but to present it as a feet with which we
have to deal. - I eannotrillter-it-if4 !would. • It
is a fact about which VW all feel and think
alike, I and you."
TEEM DIFFERENT MODES OF DEALING WITH THE
Thus you perceive that bOth Preeident
coin and‘Mr. Stephens are in perfect Accord in
accepting and noting upon the same great truth.
President Lincoln accepts thephysirat inestrlalky
of the two rases as completely as;Mr. Stephine,
for where there is abr,oader iteffereno than (mike
between almost any other two racer!, it, would
be absurd to say they ire 'opal, esPecially
when the President jtistli Adds thailkis dif
ference is physical; that is, grounded in the
original constitution of each race. The "only
difference between tie President of the United
States and Mr. EitePhene is in the use to which
they put this physical, 'philostipitioar and moral
troth—this corner. 'stone. Mr. Stephens propo
ses it in his Savannah ,speech as the basis of
the new,goverement Mr. "Lincoln aihrits as
the basis of his plan of separating the'rices
because of this physical difftirenee.
Stephens takes thentene, as a • whole, :npon
which he would construct a, government. Mr.
Lineoln would split the stone awl drag the
parts asunder. Mr. Stephens accepts the fact
and adjusts his fabric. to it. Mr. Lincoln also
accepts the fact, and is perplexed with mite:-
trioable difficulties in hie attempts to dispose
of the two portions of the common corner
.TUB. )1015IDEZiT s 8 311 / BYLEXITIE3 •DilidiEni
WITH TH GOTINEZ BTONI
It is well to notice these perplexities of the
President's mind as they are manifested in hie
singular interview with this colored delegation.
The great truth of the physical, dilierenee of
the two races is so palpable that he cannot
controvert it, inclihe • frankly declines to make
the attempt, yht, while accepting the faot, he
more than doubts the wisdom of the AO itself
by raising the singular question or right and
wrong/ upon its existence, aid the (no 'doubt
unconsciously)` isipugns the': wisdom of the
Creator, for who but filed could ordain.aphysi
cc? difference in the two races? The raising
of the question, therefore, whether a • 1/weirs/
fact is "right or wrong," as if .ther ,P e were
two. sides to such a' question, directly impli
cates the wisdomof the Creator. • The. Presi
dent, too, while declining to &scuba this
question of right and wrong, actually, decides
it to be wrong, by declaring it to be & "dim&
vantage to both"' races, in his opinion. The
plain goad sense of most of the remarkeof the
President in this interview, and'the collisions
of thought in hie-own breast which he disclo
ses, where truths and doubts come into con
stant conflict, point to some great radical dis
trabing error; not in the President's mind
alone, bat pervading the popular 'mind on the
subject of African.
slationa trourfato,resta on n
tne almost ti ye al
persistent closing of the eyes to this fact of the
1 : physical difference• between Ale. two races.—
: Slavery is not. tho-cause of the sectional war,
but a blind and mad resistant° to a physical
condition which. God has ordained and , which
man is in vain attempting to subvert.
THE CORNER STONE, DOUR ACENOWLSBORD,
BOWES MIIF". TREED quEsztes OF SLAVERY.
Take your stand on this great aciknowledged
fact that the African and white racedare physi
cally different,. follow out this-truth to its logi
cal result,. and the questioner slavery,. or sub
ordination of the inferior te.the superior race,
is clearly solved in all its phases.
Do you. ask how ?
First—We must 'accept 'so a fixed fact that
ordinance ot god which he has decreed, that
the tworaces are physically diferis4t, and not
complicate the fact, with any modifications,
drawn 'from the prevalent visionary, infidel
notionnof an equality which has no existence,
nor make any vain Attempt to fix upon the
mere relation of superipc and inferior, or of
rulers•and ruled, morali or religions
which, God in his Wont has not fixed to the
Becontk—We must leave to eaoh and every
State in the Union where the two, races exist
together, whether in larger or smaller propor
tions" unmolested control over any adjustment
of their relations to each other.
Third---In the kindly spirit of the fathers of
nfir,. which they brought , to the construction
of our priceless Conntitution, we, should re
frain from embittering the relations of the two
noes by an irritating busy-bodyism,a meddle
'some interference with the manner in which
She, diaties belonging to their relation to each
other are or are not fulfilled, and taking the
Apostle's counsel "to be quiet and Wind our
These three directions, carried out in a Chris
tian spirit faithfully, worth' restore the Union,
cm the only basis on which it can ever be re
stored. Whether enlightened reason can make
its voice heard in this din of warring passions,
and interests, so that its “Peace, be still" can
calm the storm that is desolating us, is a ques
tion I will not pretend to answer. It is to.the
true, sober, Christian sentiment of the conntry,,
when disenthralled from its entanglement with.
the delusive socialistic and infidel theories of:.
the day, that we look with any hope for our•
I have dwelt at some length on this oriel:pint,
because of its paramount importance. It is
noticeable and gratifying circumstance that
our President and the Vice_ President of the,
southern government are in accord on a, fun
damental principle. Union of opinion on one
point, especially if that point be fundamental,
is hopeful, and prophetic of further concilia,
Lion, perhaps pacification, in the future. The
great physical fact of the broad difference of the
African and white races, which the President
so justly and 'openly recognizes, liee at the root.
of the whole controversy respecting slavery.
Let ns, then, study the condition of things
resulting from this truth in the light of an
intelligent. Christian philosophy, not viewing
it through the, distorted medium of Abolition
spectacles, but with the clear vision of an eye
spiritually enlightened, and a temper of heart
which accepts a providential fact' with humil
ity, recognizing the highest wisdom in all
God's ordinances, however mysterious to us,
endeavoring to adapt our ways to hie &eta,
not his facts to our ways. In that temper of
heart you will clearly discern that tide provi
dential arrangement of conditions in, human
society has for its end a purpose of infinite and
eternal good to both races, a. ptirpcile. clearly
discerned in the light of GisePel 'truth, but
wholly obscured in the stroke with which a
proud but shallow infidel Phileeaphy, a false
Christianity and pretended , humanitarianism
have enshrouded the whole subject.
A dasTIMSSTAL YOiING MAN tikUß feelingly
expreeses himself ••Er as Nature benevo
lently guards the'vose with Morse, eo 40g8 ebe
endow wOmea with pine."
AsPniv & ak