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SATURDAY MOBNINe i MARCH 30, 1861.
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To Members of the. Legislature.
Tun DAILY PATI/OT UNION will be furnished to
Memleo of the Legislature daring the session at the
low price of Oiri!Boixes
Members wishing extra copies of the DAILY PATRIOT
AIR UNION, eau procure them by leaving their orders
at the publication office, Third street, or with our re
porters in either Horse, the evening, revious.
NEARLY every day the announcement re
ported in semi-official dispatches from Wash
ington, that "the President still hesitates about
"the final ordei for the evacuation of Fort
"Sumpter." In fact the brief official career of
Mr. LnccoLx has been characterized by nothing
More than by indecision and hesitation.—
Though it was determined
must be evacuated more than two weeks ago,
the final order for the execution of this pur
pose is withheld from no other apparent motive
than a disinclination to do anything betraying
a fixed purpose. Mr. Lincoln hesitates about
affixing his name to an order which shall con
fess an abandonment or betrayal of the decla
ration of his Inaugural, that the property and
places belonging to the Government would be
held at all hazards. The difficulties of his po
sition, which, at a distance, appeared trifling,
seem to have paralyzed all his energies. In
his own party he finds distracting counsel.—
Some are for giving up everything—others for
abandoning nothing. With but a feeble appre
hension of the questions he is called upon to
decide, he seeks relief from embarrassment in
delay, and attempts to avoid decision by pro
Some of the leading Republican journals
assert that Mr. Lincoln neither expected nor
desired the enactment of the Morrill tariff bill,
and they advise him to call and extra session
of Congress for its repeal, and the avoidance
of the complications with the Southern Con
federacy that its execution is like'y to produce.
The N. Y. Even* Post even goes so far as to
pronounce in favor of free trade and direct
taxation. The Times regards the new tariff a
most serious obstacle to the adjustment of our
sectional differences; and points to Mr. Lis
comes Pittsburg speech as evidence that he
did not anticipate hasty action upon the Mor
rill bill—the very same speech which was
.quoted in Pennsylvania. as indicative of the
President's friendship for protection ; but
which really proved nothing more than his
total and disgracefnrignorance of the subject.
Pennsylvania was promised protection as the
consideration of her vote for Lincoln. The
promise was fulfilled by passing the Morrill
tariff when secession made it worthless ; and
now the Republicans propose to retrace their
steps from practical necessity, and because the
ealamity brought upon' the country by their
sectional policy renders the Government pow
Carl Schurz has at last obtained an appoint
ment that he will consent to accept—that of
Minister to Spain, made vacant by the transfer
of Cush's M. Clay to Russia. Jamer E. Har
vey, the "Independent" of the Nora American,
is appointed and confirmed Minister to Portu
gal ; the place which Schurz would not have.
These appointments seem to have been made
in pursuance of the policy of the Administration
to satisfy the conflicting elements of the Repub
lican party and keep them united by the co
hesive power of public plunder. Schurz be
longs to the radical German wing, and Harvey
may be ranked with the conservatives, though
he does furnish some very rabid stuff for the
telegraphic columns of the Tribune.
By the way, it is a somewhat curious cir
cumstance that the Tribune sneers at the ap
pointment of Andrew B. Dickinson, of New
York, as Minister to Nicaragua, because he
does not speak Spanish, and is profuse in its
commendation of the appointment of Schurz to
Spain, without certifying that he is familiar
with the language of our country.
As a general rule, Ambassadors should be
able to speak the language of the country to
which they are accredited. Nothing tends so
much to degrade the United States in the eyes
of European nations as the ignorance of our
representatives in this respect. What is the
use of our having a German at the Spanish
Court, and men who cannot converse in any
other language than the English, distributed
all over the Continent, to speak for the United
A Hoaarnzia MUILDEN IN LIMSTANA.-Dry
Williamson, a very wealthy planter of Assum
lion, La., was murdered on , the 16th inst., by
Henry and Frank, two brothers of his wife
whom be had adopted, having no children of
his own. They had quarreled with hint in the
morning. The New Orleans Bee says :
In the evening, Dr. W. went out to visit a
patient, taking with him his little negro boy.
On returning, just as the boy was raising the
bar to let the carriage in, two men rushed
forward. While one seized the bridle of the
horse, the other asked if it was Dr. Williamson
who was in the carriage. On receiving a re pl y
in the affirmative, he discharged six barrels of
a revolver at the doctor, who fell bathed in
blood. The little negro fled, and when- the
noise of the firing attracted the attention of
the household, Dr. Williamson was found
stretched on the earth in the agonies of death,
having received four balls in different ptrts of
his body. Suspicion falls on the brothers Henry
and Frank, especially as the former, when
accused of the deed, replied in his confusion :
"It was not I that fired at him; it was my
brother." Both have been arrested. Public
excitement is at the highest pitcb, and special
constables have been appointed to guard the
prison and prevent the accused from suffering
the rude and summary justice of Judge Lynch.
ARMY °MOSES RESIGNED.—Capt. Josiah
Gourgas, Ordnance Department, (of New York,)
has resigned. Also, Ist Lieut. Henry B. Kelly.
(of La.,) 10th Infantry. .
IMPORTANT DRCISION.--RUiehMaker va. The
Administrators of Elisha Barth, deceased.--Error
to the common pleas of Luzerne county. In
this case it will be recollected that Hutchmaker
purchased, at the sale of the personal effects of
Mr. Harris, an old drill machine, for which he
paid fifteen - cents. On taking it home and
breaking it up for kindling wood some $3,000
was found, and the dispute as to who shall take
the money, thAi adniinistrators of Mr. Harris
or Mr. Hutchmaker the purchaser. The Copt,
in deciding thkease ' say r , - There no sale
of the valnablekeontained t in the block pf wiod.
Sale, saidllr.• Juittice Wtiyne, in Williaritson
vs. Berry, 8 How. 544, is a word of precise legal
import, both at law and in equity. It means,
at all times, a contract between parties to pass
rights of property for money which the buyer
pays, or- promises to -pay, to- the: seller for the
thing bought and sold.
In regard to this case, Justice Woodward
remarks: The machine itself and every essen
tial part and consistent element of it were well
sold. The consideration paid, though fifteen
cents' was'in law a quid pro quo, and 'the sale,
unaffected by fraudor misrepresentation, passed
to the purchader an indefeasible right to the
machine, and all the uses and purposes to which
it could be applied. But the contents of the
Machine are to be distinguished 'from its con
stituent parts. They were 'unknown to the
administrators, were not inventoried, were not
exposed to auction, were not sold. - Of course
they were not bought All that - was Bold was
fairly bought, and may be held by the-purchaser.
The title to what was not sold remains un
changed. A sale of a coat does not give title
to a pocket book which mayliappen to be tem
porarily deposited in it, nor the sale of a chest
of drawers a title to the deposits therein. In
these cases and many others that are easily
imagined the contents are. not essential to the
existence or usefulness of the thing contracted
for, and not being within the contemplation Ol•
intention of the contracting parties, do not pass.
by the sale. •
If then there was no sale or purchase of the
contents of the block or machine, how did
Hutchmaker, when he discovered his unex
pected wealth, hold it? Evidently as treasure
trove, which, though commonly called gold or
silver hidden in the ground, may, in our com
mercial day, be taken to include the paper
representatives of gold and silver, especially
when they are found hidden with both these
precious metals. And it is not necessary that
the hiding should be in the ground, for we are
told in 8d Inst., 132, that it is not material
"whether it be of ancient time hidden in the
ground or in the roof or walls or other part of
a castle; house, building, ruin or elsewhere."
The "certain time" of the common law in
regard to treasure trove, as laid down by Bran
ton, Lib. 8, Chap. 3, and as quoted in Viner's
Abridg., is "that he to whom the' property is
shall have treasure trove, and if he dies before
it 'be found his executors shall have it, for
nothii accrues to the King, unless no one
knows who, bid that treasure." The civil law
give it to the finder according to the law of
nature, and we suppose it was this principle of
natural law that was referred to in what was
said of treasure hid in a field in Mathew's
Gospel, xiii, 44. But the common law which
we adminliter gave it always to the owner, if
he could be found, and if he could not be, then
to the King, as wrecks, strays and other goods
are given "whereof no person can claim pro
perty." 3d Inst., 182. Hutchmaker, therefore,
held the unsold valuables for the personal re
presentatives of the deceased owner. Judgment
STRANGE DENOUEMENT OF A MURDER CASE.—
Dr. Jonas H. Rowe, whose sudden disappear
ance from Oxford on the evening of the 28th
of August, 1859, caused suspicion that he had
been murdered by parties living in that place
for a sum of money which be was known to have
in his possession, and for which suspected
crime George W. King , was arrested by the
Attica Regulators, imprisoned, tried and dis
charged by the Benton circuit court, arrived
in this city this morning in company with Jacob
Benedict, Esq., one of the attorneys for Mr.
King, alive and well. Mr. Benedict found him
in New Massillon, Clay aonnty, Illinois. He
has been recognize by Eft nry T. Sample, Esq.,
and other of our citizens, who knew him before
his mysterious elopement from Oxford. Dr.
Rowe called upon King, who is now confined
in the jail of this county on a charge of horse
stealing.. King immediately recognized him,
saying, "Rowe, you are the cause of all
"I know it," replied Rowe, "though it 'was
wholly unintentional on my part." After a
short congratulatory conversation, Rowe left
The causes which led the arrest of King
on the charge of murder, we learn are about
as follows : A few months since two men,
named Robbins and Criger, were arrested and
imprisoned for counterfeiting. Criger gave
bail for $l,OOO, and was released. Before the
time for their trial came round,. both Robbins and
edger began the circulation of the report that
they bad information of the murder of Dr.
Rowe—that King and others had killed him,
and made numerous other statements connected
with the affair. The matter coming to the 'ears
of the officers, an offer was made to Criger
that if he wpuld appear before the grand jury
of Benton comity, and make affidavit to enable
the arrest of King, and his alleged accomplices,
he should be allowed to escape trial on the
counterfeiting charge. This proposition was
readily accepted by Criger, upon whose testi
mony a warrant was issued for the arrest of
King, Rogers, and Hagget, who were soon
after discharged by the circuit court. Criger,
we are told, soon after fled the country, and
Robbins, who substantiated Criger's statement,
was one of the gang who broke our county jail
a few weeks since, and for whose apprehension
a reward is offered by the sheriff. The position
of this whole transaction at present, would seem
to indicate that King has been the victim of a
terrible persecution.—Lafayette Courier, March
To complete the next Congress there remain
to be elected no less thou eighty-one members,
Of these eight are to be chosen by free States,
viz : Four by Connecticut on April Ist ; two by
Rhode Island on April 3d, and two by Califor
nia on September 3d. Fifty-seven members
are yet to be chosen by the border slave States.
Virginia is the first, to elect thirteen members
on May ; Tennessee chooses ten, and North
Carolina eight on the let of August; Kentucky
ten on 4th of August, and Maryland her five
not till November 6th. The New York Post
(rep.) is very anxious that "Union" men may
be chosen in the border slave States. It evi
dently considers them good enough republicans
for its party's ends, and it goes so far as to name
several gentlemen who, it thinks, should be
voted for by "Union" men. It at present
passes over Maryland, but we presume the
Post will, in due time, dseignate suitable can
didates to repress& us. It will be time enough
when Mr. Lincoln shall have distributed the
"loaves and fishes."—Balt. Sun.
THE famine in India is desolating the North
western provinces for a thousand miles in ex
tent. 13ombay,papers to the 12th of February
contain the following :
" Horrible accounts reach us from the North
west provinces of human beings dying at the
rate of 400 or 500 a day; while the desolation
Is not even limited to the vast expanse of
country from Lueknow to Lahore; for tales are
now told equally appalling, of the extremities
to which the population of the native State of
Travancore, in the South of India, are reduced
by the drought, which has caused all the fruits
of the earth to wither. According to &Cochin
newspaper, mothers in Travancore are selling
their children as slaves for 6d. each, that they
may have wherewith to purchase bread, if only
for a single day."
The Niagara railway suspension bridge is
821 feet to span over a gorge 540 feet deep and
is the longest of its class yet erected.
MYNA ' LEGISLAIURE.
FRIDAY, Maroh 29, 1:861 - .
The Senate was called to order at 1 1 9,o'clock
by Mr. PENNEY, Speaker pro tern. Prayer by
Rev. Mr. Johnson.
BILLS N PLACE
Mr. irARDLITJ, an act to authorize the sale
of certain, woodland in Hllltown, Bucks county.
Mr. 10.ESTAND; an act to incorporate the
Mr; PARKER, an act to incorporate the
Harriihfirg boom company. _
Supplement to an act to incorporate the
Pittsburg, Allegheny and Manchester passenger
railway company; passed. •
Suplilement 'to an act 'tor the protection of
fruit and the punishment , of trespass in this
Cominonwealth ; passe& • • •
• Supplemeni to the- act incorpOrating the
North Philadelphiapassengerrailway company;
passed—yeas 12, nays 10.
ON SEEDED 'READING
Supplement to the act in relation to the
rights of property of husband and wife., After
a long discussion, participated in by Senators
M'CLURE, IRISH, HALL and HIESTAND,
the bill wag lost yeas 18; nays 15; '
. An act relating to railroads ; laid over on
Mr. FULLER called up an act to allow the
sheriff of Fayette County compensation in cer
tain cases; passed.
On motion of Mr. SMITH, the Senate receded
from the amendments made to the act to pro
hibit the importation of fish'.
Mr. HALL called up a'supplement to the act
incorporating the Glen Hope and Independent
turnpike company ; passed.
Mr. BENSON moved that the Senate proceed
to the consideration of an act to incorporate
the Jersey Shore boom company; agreed to—
yeas 21, nays 4. The bill was negatived in
committee of the whole, and the report agreed
to—yeas 26, nays 0.
Mr. BLOOD made a motion to re-consider
the vote ; which was not agreed to—yeas 1,
This places the boom beyond vitality for this
Mr. HIESTAND called up a supplement to
the act ineorporating the Mahanoy and Broad
Mountain railroad company : passed.
Mr. SMITH moved that the Senate re-con
sider the vote on the act in relation -to the sale
of stone coal in the city of Philadelphia ; not
agreed to—yeas 11, nays 11.
Mr. ROBINSON called up a supplement to
the act relative to the judicial districts of this
Commonwealth; negatived—yeas 7, nays 20.
Mr. BLOOD moved to re-consider ; which
was not agreed to—yeas 4, nays 19. This
Places-the bill out of the reach of a re-consid
eration this session.
Mr. PENNEY called up an act to authorize
the Governor to appoint an inspector of domes
tic distilled liquors in Allegheny county ; which
was agreed to. Adjourned.
HOME OF REPRESPNTATIVES.
FRIDAY, March 29, 1861
The House was called to order at 10 o'clock
by the SPEAKER. The reading of the Jour
nal was dispensed with.
Mr. SMITH asked leave to offer a resolution
not allowing a member to speak. more than five
minutes; agreed to.
Mr. COWAN moved to amend by striking out
5 minutes and inserting 10 minutes. On agree
ing to the amendment the yeas were 59, nays
18; agreed to.
BILLS IN PLACE.
Mr. BUTLER asked leave to read in place
an act to incorporate the Oil Valley telegraph
company ; which was agreed to.
Mr. ALEXANDER asked leave to read in
place an act declaring Crooked Creek, in Arm
strong and Indiana counties, a public highway ;
which was agreed to.
Mr. WILDEY asked leave to read in place a
act to incorporate the Loan association of Phil
adelphia; agreed to.
Mr. OSTERHOUT also asked leave to read
in place an act relative to lunatics in the county
of Wyoming, and asked the House to proceed
to consider the bill; agreed to, and the bill
Mr. WILSON made a motion that the House
have leave to make reports from committees;
which was agreed to.
Mr. SHEPPARD, Chairman of the Commit
tee of Ways and. Means, called up the general
appropriation bill on second reading.
Several amendments were propdsed and dis
cussed. The matter of printing was left to the
next House to dispose of as it might seem pro
An appropriation was made giving each of
the fire companies of Harrisburg $75. Ad
journed until afternoon.
IFITEEF.STING THEORY OF A DAPEESSION AT TIM
Perms OF THE EARTH—Tropics in the Araks and
Antarctice.—Hon. H. W. Taylor, of Canandai
gua, recently delivered a lecture in :Paterson,
N. J., on the Phenomena of the Polar Regions,
in which he developed a very plausible theory
with regard to their formation and physical
aspect. He endeavored to show that the com
monly received notion, that the earth forms a
Complete oblate spheroid, is incorrect,, but that,
instead of being flat around the poles, there is
a large depression into the earth, somewhat in
the form of a, hollow hemisphere, that this,
for various reasons, is quite warm, and proba
bly consists partly of land and partly of water,
and is the life-source of many vegetable and
animal productions found elsewhere in tropical
as well as in temperate climates. In support
of this position, the lecturer cited the opinion
of Sir John Herschel to prove that there is no
physical objection to this form, but on the con
trary that such a depression at the poles would
be the necessary result of a globe of liquid,
set in motion around its own axis, with the
velocity of the earth. It was then shown by
a variety of facts, what is indeed now generally
admitted, that there is a Warm and open sea
around the North pole, extending nearly or
quite 2,000 miles across; which warm, sea
seems to be inconsistent with the notion that
the polar regions are flat, as in that case all
known principles of physics would require that
this part of the earth's surface should he colder
than any other on the globe. If there be such
a Vollow basin, having the ioy circle for its
rim, the rays of the sun, during the summer,
striking the inside of this cavity, would gene
rate a very great warmth within, which, in
connection with the increased heat arising from
a nearer approach to the earth's centre, would
be quite adequate to the production of all the
heat necessary to make the interior basin tropi
cal in its productions. Such a formation of
the northern regions, will fully accountfor the
hitherto unexplained phenomena of the exist
ence of trees and timber collected in vast bo
dies all round and within the circle of polar
ice, and of the still more extraordinary accu
mulations of the remains of the elephant, rhi
noceros, hippopotamus and other tropical ani
mals which are extensively embedded in the
soil of northern Siberia around the Polar sea, and
are constantly washed up from . that sea upon the
northernmost shores and islands ever visited by
an. The accumulations of elephant remains
are truly wonderful for their freshness and
abundance, exceeding in quantity, as one tra
veler affirms, all those animals now living in
the world. The warmth of the sea, which, at
a short distance from tho frozen shore, exceeds
the temperature of Lake Superior; the vast
bodies of fossil and floating trees and timber,
representing the'species grown in all climates,
and the remains of countless multitudes of
tropical animals existing in all conditions, from
the utmost freshnese to those fossilized by the
lapse of centuries, are facts altogether incon
sistent with any heretqfore known physichl
causes or influences, and seem to demand some .
explanation quite different from any previously
A LUCKY Paisorten—Pardoned by Mistake.—
A good joke is current with respect to a pardon
recently granted by Gov. Curtin, of Pennsyl
vania. .It eeems.that a worthy and influential
German citizen, who felt an interest in a fel
low-eountrymari; named Miller, sent to<the
penitentiary not long sincwfor passing coun
terfeit money, visited the Statkesapital, about'.
a month ago, for the purimee ofprecuring a
pardoi for him. After ta ; co:14310616:0n isith
Goi. Curtin, he came homisivitlktbe assurance
that the pardon would be sent on the folldwiog
morning. ;;The papers in the application for
a pardon in the case of a young man named
'Mitchell, confined in the penitentiary for lar
ceny, were also on file in Ifarrishurg, and the
Governor, remembering , hie promise o but
founding the names, had the necessary papers
for the pardon' of Mitcheltinade out, and for
warded at -the time.designatai. Whetehr the
Governor's promise to our military , friends has
been yet redeemed, we are not advised, if not
the other pardon should - be forwarded at once,
as Miller ehouldnot stiffer through the Gover
nor's bad memory, when it was the intention
to pardon him. The pardon of Mitchell though
the'result, of a mistake, was well deserved, as
since his release he has given every evidence
of having become thoroughly reformed. So
6 , all's well that ends well."
FABulO' it 1730.—At the time I mention,
hoops were constantly worn 4f. yards: wide,
which it required much`silk to cover ; and gold
and silver were much used'for 'trimming, never
less than three rows around the petticoats: : et,
that, though tbe silk was slight, the'price was
increased by the trimming. Then the heads
were all dressed in laces from Flanders ; no
blondes or coarse edging used ; the price of
these was high, but two suits would serve for
life; they were not renewed but at marriage,
or some great event. Who could not afford
those wore fringes of thread. In those days
the ladies went to church, and appeared on
other public occasions in full dress. A row 'of
them so rigged out, taking a place in the pro
cession at the opening of the general assembly,
used to be spoken of by old 'people as a fine
show. When a lady appeared in undress in
the streets of Edinburg, she generally wore a
mask, which, however, seems to have been re
garded as simply an equivalent for the, vail of
modern times.—Domestic Annals of Scotland;
A BABY FOUND' IN A BAGGAGE Room.-The
baggage master of the Pittsburg, Fort Wayne,
and Chicago railroad, found in the baggage
room at Crestline, on Thursday last, a female
child, apparently about 'six days old, dressed
in a pink frock and with a quarter 'shawl
around it, the face being left exposed, doubtless:
with a view to prevent its being thrown aside.
as a bundle, or perhaps to make it more readily
noticed. When found life was nearly extinct,
in the little waif, from cold andwant of oeuste-.
nance, perhaps, but careful nursing soon re
stored its. natural 'vitality.- The child was
adopted by a family in Crestline; and a num
ber of the railroad men intend raising a fund
for its maintenance. It is supposed to have
been purposely left by a passenger on either
the'Southern or Western train on Wednesday
THE SUCCESSOR OF BYflnsns.—The Utica
Telegraph says that Mr. Alexander Hamilton
Multi, candidate for Marshal of the Southern
District of New York, to take the place of Isaiah .
Rynders, was, a number of yeaxs ago,, a table
waiter in Bagg's Hotel in Utica. He was called
among his friends, Hamilton, and it is related
that on the occasion of Aaron Burr stopping at
the Hotel, on his travels, orders were given
that Shultz should not be called Hamilton
during Burr's stay, as it was thought the use
of that name would be distasteful to the ears of
TREASON DEFINED IN FLORIDA.—An act just
passed' by the Florida Legislature declares that
in the event of any actual collision betweenthe
troops of the late Federal Union and those in
the employ of the State of Florida, it shall be
the duty of the Governor of the State to make
public proclamation of the fact, and thereafter
the act of holding , office under the Federal
Government shall be declared treason, and the
person convicted shall suffer death. This act
Was approved by the - Governor of the State on
the 14th ultimo. We snppose postmasters will
be excepted from the operation of this law.
VicritnnySTonat.—On Tuesday a violent storm
of wind, rain and hail passed over Cincinnati
and vicinity, doing considerable damage. A
large number of houses were unroofed, inclu
ding the Catholic. Church on the summit of
Mount Adams. The Masonic Temple was also
injured. At Covington, Ky., the Methodist
Church was made a perfeet wreck by the falling
of another building. The top of , Moore's
daguerrian - gallery was blown -above a half
square, falling on and instantly killing a man
named Seituel Barber. •
PROMISING STUDENTS CIF DIVINITY.—On Sat
urday evening, a couple of the stlidenteorthe ,
Theological Seminary at Princeton, were ar. .
rested at Walnut street . wharf, Philadelphia,
for flourishing a sword cane at, and attempting
to stab one of the deck hands of the steam ferry •
boat. Both of the young men were under the
influence of liquor at the time. To the Justice,
Iyho held them , for a further examination, they
gave the fictitious named of James Jones, and
William Johnson. -
A foreign correspondent of the New• York
Evening Port says that three young women
employed by a dressmaker at Nerves were
poisoned recently by particles of an arsenical
dye, inhaled by them in making up a dress of
green tarlatan. A workman in a:manufactory
of artificial flowers in Paris, having been poi
soned in like manner by a powder he was di
rected to strew over some green flowers by.his
employer, has obtained damages from the lat
A HEAVY DEFALCATION.—It is- stated that a
shipping merchant, heretofore doing business
in Pearl street, Ne w York, sailed for Europe on
Wednesday, in the Arabia, leaving his creditors
out of pocket to the amount of $30,000 or
$40,000. The Post says he went without ma
king any provision for the payment of his debts,
except his office furniture, which is worth about
$5OO. -He failed in 1857 for about $300,000,
which was never paid, nor even compromised.
SEOESSION AT• THE NORTH.—k letter from
New York declares that the most conclusive
proof can be produced that a powerful and
numerous revolutionary organization is in ex
istence in that city, the object of which is to
separate the city an port of New York from
the Union, and from the State, in order to make
it a free and independent port. A printed pro
gramme is in circulation containing 4,000 names
already in favor of the project.
The new patent law is working very satisfac
torily. The change comes quite opportunely,
as only $l5 is now required to be paid on
presenting an application. The abolition of the
excessive fees heretofore required of foreigners
will do much to stimulate them to introduce
many valuable inventions into this country,
and enable them to protect themselves against
unscrupulous pirates who lay violent hands
upon everything within their reach.—Scientific
It is stated that Mr. Goodrich, the newly
appointed collector of Boston, has a "hard
lot." "There is a bushel of letters awaiting his
examination at the custom house, two pecks
at the council chamber, a large pile at the
United States Hotel, and "any quantity" at
his house in Berksfiire. There are. probably,
5,000 applicants for the fkundrell offices in his
gift. . .
ANOTHER REPUBLICAN DEPEAT.—Union su
pervisors have been elected at Newburgh, New
York, Washington's headquarters, by a ma
jority of 375; and at Cornwall by a majority of
230. A Union gain since November of about
three hundred and fifty.
Potatoes are arriving at Philadelphia from
the Westin large quantities, and selling from
65 to 80 cents per bushel.
THE DEAN OF CARLISLE ON RETIVALS.—In his
sermon at the cathedral, on sorrow for sin, on
Sunday afternoon, the Dean of Carlisle warned
his hearers against those ebulitions of fanati
cism and enthusiasm which characterize the so
called religious revivals of the present day. He
condemned "revivals" as shallow and superfi
cial, and expressed his regret that they had
been the: 'means of sending , sevi3rat persons to
the-madhouse. 4,He could` not i•Atgll .why they
were called "revivals,;" they were conversions,
_with great excitement and terror. He
thinight they should pray' that their emotions
!night 'toe , ' restrained within the 'bounds of
Christian sobriety. ' For these: rapid conver
sions he saw no models in the scriptures; for
this passing at once from the frantic terrors of
hell and plunging at once into happiness, peace,
and joy, and goirig to convert others, hefound
no piecedents there, unlesi'they were excep
tional, and they must not draw an ordinary
practice from practices Which were 'very few
and extraordinary. Godforbikthat he skould
say a word to check wholesiimn zeal; as he had
often said, he feared not at what pace they
traveled so that they kept to the rail of God's
woitt'but if they left that the consequeiicns
were terrible and fataL—English paper.-
'A'resolutionhas been adopted by both. Houses
of the Ohio Legislature, requesting Congress
to call a National Convention. • Thismakes the
third State that has declared in-favor of this
plan of government policy. :.It will, doubtless,
meet with favor throughout the Northern, Mid-%
dle and Border States:'' •
i PitisiX.sppears to'have abandoned all hope.
"Yonr noble:' devotedness," he' said lately -to
some 'Volunteers, "is now useless, for all is
finished. I have already said the same to scv4
eral bishops of France, and to that - of Rennes
in particular." .
A young gentleman graduated at Yale Col
lege, recently, with a white head and whiskers,
who entered with auburn locks and beard.—
The change took place in, one night, on account
of the anxiety, incident to a biennial examina
An Irishman from Newburyport has recently
been taken to an asylum, having become insane
in consequence of undue religious excitement.
This is the first case of the - kind in the Catho
lics Church ever known threabouts.—Herald.
The Legislature of Illinois, intending to pass
a la* to prevent fast driiing over bridges; has,
in fact, passed a law to prevent driving any
animal or vehicle over any bridge in future at
The Charleston market is well supplied with
beef at $8 50®9 50 per cwt., and 12®15 cts.
retailed. A lot of Virginia cattle on Friday,
were liven off unsold, the holders asking $ll
per hundred pounds.
.The New York,Legislature has passed a bill .
adding _ Washington's birthday to the list of
legal holidays, and providing that when these
fall on. Sunday the next 3fonday .
served instead. .
The Boston. Commercial Balletin'i list of busi
ness changes gives 21 failures in New York, 5
in Philadelphia, 2 in Boston and 21 in other
places—Octal of 49 .for last week. .,
General Winfield Scott is said to be engaged
in writing a All. and ‘ aceurate
,history of hie
own campaigns. The second volume is believed
to be complete
Tennyson is engaged on• an Idyl, the•subject
of which - is to be a legend of the Round Table
in King Arthur's lime.
A large quantity of arms and munitions of war
were shipped from New York on Saturday for
the, South. • •
Mrs. Lincoln, accompanied by , a number of
ladies and gentlemen, visited Mount Vernon on
Wednesday. . .
Washington's birthday was celebrated in
London, by private dinner parties, among
American' residents. ' • •
A gfeat diScoveTy of coal oil, is said to have
been made At Altoona and Hollidaysburg, Pa .
LATEST BY TELEGRAPH
From. Washington. •
WASHINGTON, March 29.
During the late Executive, session of the
Senate; about four hundred nominations were
confirmed, nearly fifty of which •were sent in
by the President yesterday.
The :Post -Office, Department, under the
recently enacted provision of law, has restored
the mail service betweenrGermantown and Lex
ington, Missouri, six times a week.
'General William Stiokley was elected assist
ant Secretary of the Senate, and not Secretary,
as has been erroneously stated. .
Asbury DiCkens retains the latter position.
The trial .of' Captain Aarstrong, for surren
dering the Pensacola Navy yard and other
property, is still progressing. The government
has sent to-Florida for witnesses.
Much anxiety is expressed respecting the
distribution of the building of the seven steam
ships of war , ordered by the last Congress.—
No official action has been taken on the subject,
and besides, the appropriation for thatpurpose
will not be available till after the ,first of July.
The Cabinet met at an early hour thismorn
ing. The a administration is not particularly
popular among the press for news revelations,
but according to current reports the , threaten
ing events in the South tp!Aay occupy, .their
There has been some change in regard to the
Philadelphia Collectorship. It is rumored
outside that ex-Governor Pollock will accept a
foreign mission. This is a compromise by the
high pressure of the rank and file in favor of
Hon. David Taggart for the Collectorship of
Philadelphia. He is more strongly backed up
by letters and petitions from Republicans : from
all parts of the State than any man has ever
Case of the Steamer Bienville.
Nam Yocx, March 29.
The case of the steamer Bienville, which was
taken in charge by the Custom House authori
ties of this port on her late arrival frtim
not having the 'proper clearances from
New Orleans has been arranged with the Gov
ernment at lffashingtoni and she will sail for
Havana and New Orleans on Monday next, the
regular sailing day.
The Government, it seems, was disposed to
be lenient with the owners, as the obtaining of
a proper elearance at New Orleans is an impos
sibility at the present time, and the confiscation
of •the vessel, together with her cargo., as re
quired by law, would consequently be an act
of injustice to irresponsible parties.
The buildings Nos. 114 and 116 Nassua
streets were destroyed by fire last night.. Loss
PRILADRLPHIA, March 29.
Flour firm ; sales of 5,000 bbls. at 5.25a5.36 for West
ern extra; $5.25 for superfine; $6.75 for fancy. Wheat
is wanted-7.000 bbls. red sold at V 28a1 30, and white
at $1.388.1. 453. Corn active at 60c. Bacon sells at
60c. Bacon sells at 11a1230.; for hams 10a10,1(o. for
sides. Whisky quiet at 17)0.15e.
" BALTIMORE, March 29.
Flour firm—ss 12X for Ohio; $5.00 for City Mil's;
wheat active and firm at $1.27a1 30 for red, and sl;4oa
Les for white. Corn steady at 54a56c. for mixed, and
56a58c. for yellow. Pork dull at 117.00 for mess, and
$14.00 for whim. Coffee firm at 12,Va13X0. • Whisky
Flour quiet and less firm • sales to-day of 10.000 bhls.
at $5 300.5.35 for State; $5.60a5.70 for Ohio, and $5 50a
a 5.75 for Southern: Wheat is also quiet and less firm=
Hales. unimportant. Corn 69c. Provisions quiet,—
Whisky Arm at 17)4e.
Lents W. PIMPLES, 1301 i of Thomas and Melissa C.
Payola, of scarlet fever, aged 3 years, 5 months and lb
The i‘elatives aid friends are respectfully invited to
attend the funeral frolnithe l yesidenCe uf pis parents, in
•Tbird,street bplOw clhesinct, on, Sundainfterriuois, at 'S
NEW Youx, March 29
Hew lroax, March 29
nblig,‘,. DOLLAR REWARD.Lot
v white poodle (Lap) Dog. Any person leaving the
same at 411. T: MILLER' S, Third street, above Nerth, will
receive the above reward.
VIT 'AZIN I' E D .--A . first-rate ivrapp,
vvu anty to do house-work, to whom very lib"
w a ges w ill be paid None need apply unless they
give good recommendation. Apply at the can
- IWV . ME
,rk.AKROT ----- , On VE.--(1:.
nesday ' afternoon, from the premises of the subscr
her: The ander will beliberally rewarded by retoreini:
it to [marld-dlt4t] . J. C S oLTZIIIL '
LUST—hith er ----- -- 1 Th ir d street, betv ee
11 Market and Walnut, or Walnut street, between S e .
cond or Third, or on Walnut, between Third and Fourt
a CAPE to a child's silkdreas—colored and figured h
leaving,the same at THIS OFFICE the finder will be
rewarded - liberally.
HELMBOLO'S GENUINE PREPARATION,
HELMBOLD'S BUG HIT for the Bladder.
MEM+ BOL BUOIII3 for the Kidneys.
HtLHBOLD'S MMHG for The Gravel.
HEILIIBOLD I B BUCHU for the Dropsy.
HELMBOGO'S BUCHU for Nervmsnens.
H ELM 50LD'8,131701113 for Loss of Memory.
HELM ROL DoS MICR IT for Dimmers of Vision.
HeroS BUONO' for Diffictet Breathing ,
LMBOL,Vd Brontr for Weak Nerren,
HELMBOLD'S HITCIIII for Genera Debility.
mELEIROLD'S 81101- 1 11 for Universal Lassitude.
BELMBOI,E I B BUCHU for Horror of D sease.
HELM BoLvs BIIIIHIJ for Night Sweats.
HELMBOLD'S BUCHU for Wakefulness,
HELMItor.D'S BUCHU 'or Dryness or the MOIL t
H.ELMBOL BUOBU for Eruptions •
FIELMBOLDE4 817013.17 for wain in the li• e i t.
llELs lB orary Suffusion BUCHII for Lou Heavinets of the Eyelid, with
HELMBOLD'S DIRMIII for Mobil ty and R eatlestieef, With
Want of Attention and Horror of Society.
HELMBOLD'S BUCHU for Obstractionn,
oration, and all Di Indi a
H.F.LMBOLD'S Blloseales of 1311 for Excesses arising from
F EM A LBS—FEMALES—FEM A f. ES
OLD OR TOUIW, SINGLE, 'MARRIED, Oh OONTEM.
, PLATING MARRIAGE,
TAKE NOMOBE PILLS,
THEY ARE OF N. 0 ,
HE /MOLD'S EXTRACT BOOR U AyAn ,
IS THE VERY BEST REMEDYIN THE WORLD
For all complaints incident to the Feu, whether ariaire
from Indiscretion, Habits of Mssipat'on, or in the '
DECLINE OR CHANGE OF LIRE.
• BEE STMPTONS ABOVE.
NO FAMILY SHOULD BE WITHOUT IT.
Tate no more Balsam, Mercury or Unpleasant Medicine
for Unolea.ant end Dangerous Diseases. •
ELMBOLD , S EXTRACT RUC/111 CUBES
SECRET DISEASES .
In all Pair Bingo, , ,At little
Little Little or no Change
I:II4fRELMEOLDI EXTRACT BUOILII for Ersesses
arising frdni habits inclulgM in •
BY YOUNG AND OLD,
4‘ if II
And for diseases arising from habits. of dissipation. It re.
mores all improper discharges, and wilt restore the patient
in a short time to a state of health and purity.
Use EIELBIBOLD , B EXTRACT BIICHU for diseases sad
alfectiOns of the most distressing character.
Use IiELMBOLD'I3 EXTRACT DUCH ti for all affections
And disease/ of the
Whether @Aiding in
MALE Olt FEMALE,
Prom whatever canoe originating, and no matter of
Bow LONG STANDING.
All the above diseases and symptoms admit of the nas
trtatmant and may originate from the game cane.
'READ: READS READ
- HELMSOLDPT RUCHE] is safe and pleasant in tasteaut
odor, but immediate in its action.
Personally' appearedlefore me, an Alderman of them :
of Ph Radeaphia, H T. HELMEOLD, Chemisr, who being
duly aworn,,does say that hip preparation contains no nar
cotic, warmly or injurious drags, but is purely vegetable.
• • T, HELMBOLD, Sole Manufacturer.
Sworn and•anbscribed before. me, the 21Id day of Novem
ber, 1854.. WM. P. HIBBABD, Alderman,
Price $1 per bottle, or adz for $5; delivered to any ad
dress. - •
Prepared by ' . H. T. HELMBOLD,
Practical. and Analytical Chemist,
104 Smith Tenth St., blow Chestnut, Philo,
BEWARE OF COUNTERFEITS
AND UNPRINCIPLED DEALERS,
Who endeavor to dispose "or TOME owe" and , gornsa"
AIRMAN ON INN BNPNTAT,ON e.TIAINID BY
Helmbold , a Hemline Preparalons.
gi gg Extract Bustin.
gg gg , " Sarsapari'la.
" Improved Rose Wash.
Sold ay ,T WYBTIf,
AND ALL DKUGhTSTS RVRRYWHKRP.
ASK FOR HELMROLIPS TAKE NO OMER.
Cut out thesdvertisement and send tor it,
AND AVOID IMPOSITION AND EXPOIURE.
ti- 0..N.- - ES' STORE!
Now opening, a LARGE ASSORTMENT OF SPRING
GOODS, °ARMS ; OWOLOTHS, a a., cheap for CAM
noar29-3t4 - •
T'OR SALE.-A FRESH MUCH COW.
By , [raar2B-Btd*) JOHN H. BRANT.
E..M*O V AL.
The enbecriber has' removed Ms PLUMBING AND
BRASS POUNDRY &oils Market street to Fourth street
above Market, opposite the Bethel Church Thankful
for'past patronage, he boiler, by strict attention to busi
ness; to merit a'continnance of it.
xnar27-dtf .` " WM. PARKHILL,
Fo.4_ RENT:L—A COTTAGE on Pine
street: Inqiiireaf MRS. MURRAY,
inat27-dtt Corner of Second and Pine Ste.
R .E M 0 Y AL
.Ree removed to
"Where he will be pleased: o see all his friend .
- WARRANTED TWELVE MONTHS!
' • -ANOTHER LOT OP •
MOR.TQN'I3 trli/tIVALLED GOLD PINS!
PERSONS in want of superior and really good cots
Paw will find with me a large assortment to select from,
and have the privilege to exchange the Pens until their
hand is perfectly stilted. And if by fair means the pia
mond points break off during twelve months., the pur
chaser shall have the privilege to select a new one,
without any charge.
I have very good Gold Pens, in' strong silver-plated
wee," for $1; $1.25, $1 50, $2.00
For sale at SCREPFER , S BOOKSTORE,
mar2B No. 18 Market Street, Harrisburg, Pa,
AT LOW PRICES, at
_ Near the Harrisburg Bridge.
THE AMERICAN READER !
ipopular and very Interesting Reader, designed for
the uee of
ACADEMIES AND SCHOOLS
generally throughout our country, and now in the ogee
the Public Schools of the First School District of Penn
sylvania, by order, and with the unanimous vote of the
Board of School Controllers of said District.. Itmsy he
had on application to the Author and Publisher, South
west corner . f Lombard and 2.33 streets, Philadelphia)
for $6.50 per dozen, or 75 cents per copy.
Orders may be left at this office for any quantity or
number of them, and they will be promptly delivered to
address free of freight or porterage. febl9-dem.
PPLE WHISKY !-PuRE JERSEY AP
PLE!—In store and for sale by
JOHN Di. ZIEGLER,
73 Market street.
- p it ES H FRUIT!!!
1 OF EVERY DESCRIPTION, in rang and Tars.—
Each Package Warranted. WM. DOCK, Ta., h GO,
WANTED -A WHITE WOMAN.--
A good . COOK can find constant employment and
good wages. Apply to DANIEL WAGNER, at the Seven
Stara Rotel, corner of Second and Chesnut strceite.
FRFSFI GARDEN A ND FLOWER
SEEDS —The hitgest stock in the City. All kinds
of GARDEN SEEDS, ill large papers, at TIMER CENTS
per paper. For sale by DAVID S LYNES,
marlB-1m 110 Market Street.
TIRIED PARED PEACHES, Dried
lINPARED PEACHES, pried APPLES, Dried
BLACKBERRIES, just received by
°era. WM. DOCK, JR., & CO,
VINE CONDIMENTS 1 I-E XT R A
J: FRENCH MUSTARD, s choice variety of SALAD
OILS. SAUCES : and KETCHUPS of every description ,
1710 .• • -- ' WM. DOOR. a co.