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men and aided in defending them? General
Twiggs has been stricken from the Army Roll
by an -order of the Secretary of War for
"treachery to the Bag." Is not this a crime
invented by.the Secretary? There is no such
crime as treachery* to A, .flag. The only crime
akin to treachery under the Constitution, is
" , treason against the United States;" and that
that is well and clearly defined. Not that the
right is disputed to dismiss General Twiggs for
disobedience, neglect or any military fault; but
that submission to State authority is not tree.
son. Has General Twiggs levied ivir against
th e United states, or any of them? Has he
given aid and comfort to their (foreign) ene
If he has done the latter:thing, then Texas is
a foreign power, in and over :which we have no
right to enforce our laws. Invasion on land,
with which idea ,our Republican Legislature
and General Wool began, seems to have been
abandoned. Blockade, of some kind, of the
Southern ports, Is not definitely abandoned.
Now blockade is clearly an act of war, for the
right of blockade is universally recognized as
the right only of a belligerent. The blockade
may amount only to sending armed vessels to
collect the revenue off the mouth of a port. It.,
of course, is not claimed that we eon collect du
ties out at sea, on the great highway of nations,
beyond our jurisdiction. But it is claimed that
the U. States has jurisdiction for the distance
of a marine league from the shore, by consent of
international law, and that within that distance
we can collect duties. But if the General Gov
ernment has jurisdiction at sea to the extent of
a marine league from the shores of South Car
olina, it has this jurisdiction only because to
that distance the territorial jurisdiction of South
Carolina extends. It is well settled that this do
minion over the contiguous sea belongs to the
riparian owner, the owner and sovereign of the
shore, and is a simple extension of his territo- '
rial jurisdiction ; the boundary line of the sov
ereign owner of the shore stands at one league
seaward from the shore. The jurisdiction of
the general government in this belt of one ma
rine league along the shores of South Carolina,
is derived wholly and solely from the fact that
this belt of sea is part of South Carolina. Inva
sion of this belt of sea is invasion of the State,
just as much as invasion of it by land ; and
against invasion it is the duty of the United
States to protect each State. The sending of
armed vessels into this belt, against the will of
South Carolina, is levying war against her, and
is tromp, if the Union' be still unbroken. It
has, heretofore, been sHown that blockading the
ports of one State by the general Government,
or collecting duties by an armed vessel at the
mouth of the harbor or outside of the port, is
also in violation of an express Constitutional
prohibition, to wit : "No prefetence shall be
given by any regulation of commerce or reve
nue to the portion of one State over those of
another." Not only must the "duties and
imposts," which are imposed by law, be (as
elsewhere provided in the instrument,) "uni
form throughout the United States," but the
"regulations of revenue," the regulations of
the details of collecting the revenue, the mode
and manner of collecting the revenue, must be
alike in every State; by means of the same
class of officers, with the same facilities and
conveniences for transacting the business ;
otherwise a marked and most injurious prefer
ence would be given.
If it be objected that in the phrase "Treason
against the United States," the words "the
United States," taken in the plural sense, must
be taken to mean all the United States, then,
admitting the men of South Carolina to be now
in an attitude of war, they are not in an attitude
of war against all the States ; their own State
at least must be expected, and, in fact, their
six Confederate States also, to charge the men
in South Carolina with treason, you must (be
sides assuming that they are making war) as
sume the very position for which we have
contended, that nor upon some of the States is
war upon all. If they are committing treason,
that does notjustify the President in committing
-min 171 ass inaugural,
says he has taken an oath to "preserve, protect
and defend the Government." Mr. Lincoln mis
quotes. The oath, which was then before him,
and which he was at that instant about to take,
reads—"that I will faithfully execute the office
of President of the United States, and will, to
the best of my ability, preserve, protect and
defend the Constitution of the United States."—
The Constitution of the United States is a very
different thing from the Government. It is
something higher than the Government—above
.the Government. It is the law over the Gov
ernment This it is his sworn duty to "preserve
protect and defend," even if, by reason of his
preserving, protecting and defending this invi
olate, and himself obeying its limitations, the
Government should fail and utterly fall to
pieces. He is not sworn to preserve the Gov
ernment at all hazards, and in any way he
chooses. Ile is sworn to execute the office of
President, subject to the limitations upon his
power in the Constitution; and if, in conse
quence of these limitations, he is unable to
execute some duties of his office, that is not his
fault; it is the fault of the Constitution. IL is
is a fair inference that the makers of the Con
stitution thought that under certain circumstan
ces where other means than those given by the
Constitution would have to be used, it were
better the laws should go unenforced. The
President is sworn generally to execute the
office—that is, execute the duties of President
—but to one of his duties, and to only one o 2
his duties, he is besides sworn specially, to watt
to preserve, protect and defend the Constitution.
This is his highest of all duties, thin he must
do at all hazards, and with whatever conse
quences; even if the consequences be that he
cannot enforce the laws or protect the Govern
When duties are in conflict, the highest must
be preferred. The President speaks of his
duty as to the laws in the words of the Consti
tution, to wit, that "he shall take care that the
laws be faithfully executed." It is not that be
himself shall execute the laws, through military
or naval officers, by means of a mere irrespon
sible force, responsible to no one but him, and
guided only by the articles of War, but that he
shall take care that the laws be faithfully exe
cuted; by the proper officers; in such manner
that not merely the right of the government to
its imposts under the law, but the rights of
individuals under the same law, shall be pro
tected; under the guardianship of local Courts
of Justice, - which must have juries of the neigh
borhood. This is the only way to have the laws
for the collection of imposts or any of the laws
faithfully executed ; and this class of regular
rapper officers for the execution of the Taws,
lie admits it will be batter to forego appointing
in certain States ;' yet he says he will use power
confided to him to collect the duties and im
posts. To one other great duty the President
pledges himself, viz :—that he will hold the
property of the government; and, be adds, no
other invasion beyond what is necessary for
these two objects will be resorted to; for these
objects he promises invasion. Now this great
special duty on which the President lays so
much stress, of holding the property of the
government, was not considered by the makers
of the Constitution of sufficient importance to
have it mentioned in the Constitution at all, in
the enumeration of the President's duties. Yet
the President and his followers make this duty
of holding the property the chief -justifisation
of such an application of force as will bring on
a civil war. The Property question, the whole
property involved being comparatively insig
' nificant in value, being less than we would
fight about with a foreign nation, even with
miserable Mexico, unless at the end of long
forbearance and many efforts to settle it
otherwise—this property question seems the
chief point of danger. And in this ease an
amicable pecuniary settlement is proposed on
the other side. What war could be more wicked
than a war merely about property under such
circumstances ? But the President says the
ITnion is, in contemplation of law, perpetual, and
therefore he must, by holding the property,
make it perpetual. Has he never dreamed that
a, President should have a contemplation of
great questions somewhat higher in degree
than that of a mere lawyer Y Did he ever know
of one perpetual government anywhere, except
in the mere contemplation of law 2 The property
question seems the chief point of danger, be
cause this property question appears to run
most in the President's head. He began with
this as the chief theme of his earliest speech
on setting out from home ; he puts it foremost
among his duties in his Inaugural Address.—
The constant cry about property, sounds as if
it cane pot from a great government, but from
a. trader whose thoughts were intent on nothing
but his wares and merchandise. Civil war
brought on by efforts to enforce the laws, would
have something of dignity in it, devoid as it
would be of wisdom. But a civil war would
utterly lank dignity as well as wisdom, which
was brought on by the President of the United,
States in the capacity of a property keeper.
Ett Vatriot Union.
WEDNESDAY MORNING, MARCH 13, 1861
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Members wishing extra copies of the DAILY Palmist
LiiD Vssos, can procure them by leaving their orders
at the publication office, Third street, or with our re
porters in either House, the evening previous.
It has been extensively telegraphed that
when the delegation of the Pennsylvania Dem
ocratic Convention paid their visit to Gen.
Cass, in Washington City, the venerable and
distinguished Secretary expressed his dissent
from the sentiments of the Pennsylvania reso
lutions, and intimated that he could not stand
upon such a platform. This statement is en
tirely untrue. We are informed by a gentleman
—one of the Pennsylvania delegation—who
was present when Gen. Cass made his remarks,
that so far from expressing disapprobation of
the platform of the Pennsylvania Democracy,
he gave it his warmest and most cordial appro
The Kansas Relief Fund.
The Albany Atlas and Argus publishes the
following letter from a Republican member of
the Kansas Legislature, to a friend in the State
of New York. As the State of Pennsylvania
has appropriated $30,000 for the relief of the
Kansas sufferers, it would be well enough to
inquire, in view of the statements here made,
what becomes of the money :
You must be amused and astonished to see
the reports of the "Starvation in Kansas."—
The exaggeration is beyond belief. Hyatt,
Pomeroy, Army & Co. live on the relief business.
There was, last year, an almost entire failure
of crops in some counties, e_resejelly those back.
.a.L in some e& tee
cafe settled districts there is undoubt
edly destitution and some suffering which car
goes of relief would hardly cover, even if pro
perly distributed. But, as yet, I have heard
of no case of starvation, such as frequently
has occurred in New York city, and we have no
paupers. There have been, I see, $60,000 ap
propriated by the New York Legislature for
our relief. I hope that they will utilize their
generosity by appointing some agent of their
instead of turning it over to the commit
tee to help elect Pomeroy to the Senate—in my
opinion, adding to the unavoidable corruption,
instead of relieving a suffering community.—
Nothing would benefit our State so much as
tnvesting the whole amount in wheat, potatoes,
&c., for seed, and properly distributing it to
those - unable to procure it otherwise.
The Contest for United States Senator.
One of the first acts the Legislature will be
callejl upon to perform is the election of a
United States Senator, for the period of two
years, to fill the vacancy caused by the resig
nation of Gen. Cameron. Aspirants for this
honor are plenty. First and foremost there is
DAVu W/TIXOT, who means to try his luck once
more in a struggle for position. After his de
feat for the full term, at the commencement Of
this session, it is said that he felt deeply the
ingratitude of party, and determined to eschew
politics for the remainder of his natural life.
He spurned the short term, and it was even
hinted that he went so far as to swear roundly
that he would not be put off with the fragments
when a full meal was necessary to satisfy the
cravings of his ambition. Possibly this re
port was slanderous. We won't vouch for its
authenticity. 'At any rate it is true that David
has returned to look after this fragment which
Gen. Canaeron has very considerately thrown
to the dogs, whether his doing so compels
him to eat his own words or not, which is of
- very little consequence in these days of elastic
political consciences. Perhaps Mr. WILMOT'S
short official experience in the Peace Congress
revived his half-subdued fondness for office,
and satisfied him that the air of Washington
was necessary to his happiness. What his
chances of success are we cannot say. It
would be doubly mortifying to him if, after
graciously consenting to piece out what re
mains of ace CAMERON'S term, he should a
second time be defeated. Such a catastrophe
might have the effect of confirming his disgust
for politics, and insuring his retreat to private
life, which would be a sore affliction to the
people of this Commonwealth and cause them
to weep their eyes out because of the great loss
THADDEUS STEPHENS is another expectant.
This compound of anti-Masonry, Abolitionism
and malignity has already made several trials
and as many failures to obtain a seat in the
Senate, and for the credit of the State we trust
that he may be permited to wait a little longer.
When Pennsylvania consents to employ him
as her representative in the Senate we shall
think that the time has come for changing our
form of government.
WILLIAM ARMSTRONG}, member of the House
of Representatives from Lyooming, is strongly
urged as a proper person to fill the Senatorial
vacancy_ His speech on the state of the Union
delivered early in the session was moderate and
able. Hie qualifications are unquestionable,
and he is universally regarded as a pure and
uneorruptible gentleman—but whether these
qualitiEs will prove any recommendation for
toolitioal preferment admits of considerable
Mr. KETCHAM, Senator from Luzerne has
also entered the list, and is pushing his claims
with considerable energy; but 1n what his pe
culiar claims consist we are entirely unable to
Beside these leading candidates there are a
number of minor ones. JAMES H. CAMPBELL,
member of Congress from Schuylkill, would like
to come in on the score of his devotion to the
tariff, home industry, protection to the laboring
classes, and that sort of stale political gam
Monrox MeAllegan', is spoken of as a dim
arid distant possibility; but as -he lives in
Philadelphia, and as that circumstance is gen
erally regarded as a disqualification for high
"office he will be permitted to devote his whole
time and attention to the columns of the North
A merican,with an occasional after dinner speech
by way of variety.
As we are not permitted to have a choice in
this matter we can only exprees the hope that
the Republicans will select a Senator who is a
thorough Pennsylvanian, who will prove a
credit to the State.
Fort Sumpter to be Evacuated.
Who would have thought after all the abuse
heaped upon Mr. BUCHANAN and his Adminis
tration for not initiating a civil war, by sending
reinforcements to Fort SUMPTER, that the very
first official act of the LINCOLN Administration
would have been the issuing of orders for the
evacuation of that stronghold by the United
States troops under command of Maj. ANDER
SON ? And yet such appears to be the fact.
The new Administration find that it is not an
easy matter to send reinforcements to Fort
Strurna — that it will cost thousands 15f valua
ble lives, be the commencement of a frightful
war, and afford no corresponding advantage to
the Government; so it has been very wisely
determined not to risk so much to gain so little.
We rejoice at this conclusion, as indicative of
a pacifitipolicy on the part of the President and
his advisers, who have doubtless by this time
discovered that it is one thing to arraign Mr.
Bucuattaat's Administration for an alleged ne
glect of duty, and quite another thing to.assume
the resposibility of doing what must inevitably
produce a collision between different sections
of the Union. But this act of the Republican
Administration is a terrible descent from the
high position taken before the 4th of March—
that the property and places belonging to the
General Government were to be retained at all
hazards and at every cost. It is an act of self
humiliation necessarily following so much im
While taking this very important step the
Republican administration seek to clear their
skirts of the responsibility, by throwing it
entirely upon the preceding administration.
Very well. We have no doubt that Mr. Bu-
CHANAN'S administration will gladly bear the
weight placed upon thew, and take the respon
sibility of a policy which averts the danger of
an armed conflict. The evacuation of Fort
Sumpter may be the natural result of the
masterly inactivity of the late administration.
They determined that any attempt to reinforce
it would be followed by the most disastrous
ermstam mannr,, , ke, Albs 'Union, and now' Mr. lin
coin and his ardAtIOVIIM Chl leV to-the
same conclusion. The policy is the same in
both cases. Mr.' Buchanan refused to reinforce
Sumpter because war would be the consequence,
and because the place was not worth what it
would cost to strengthen it. Mr. Lincoln for
the same reasons concludes that it is not worth
the cost of holding it, and has accordingly
issued orders for its abandonment.
Of course this determination creates great
indignation among the warlike Repuplicans,
who expected the new Administratioe would
proceed in a very summary manner to wipe out
the seceding States. The Tribune is quite fe
rocious at the bare idea of such a thing as
yielding to traitors. Listen how it raves:
"For the surrender of a post by the new Ad
ministration, before it has been a fortnight in
power, which the outgoing Administration, with
all its imbecility and pusillanimity, persisted in
holding, is an act which cannot fail to have
most important consequences. It is, to begin
with, an acknowledgement of the defeat
of the Federal Government, and that the doc
trine announced in Mr. Lincoln's inaugural
is found to be untenable on the very first trial.
It is an acknowledgment that the Union is
utterly dissolved past all possibility of recon
struction, except by the most abject concessions.
It is, moreover, a question whether these _ac
knowledgments will not so demoralize the
North, and so strengthen the South, that the
hideous front of compromise may be again
raised with renewed hopes and renewed
strength, and whether the vigor which has
hitherto opposed it may not, by this act, have
gone out from us forever."
On the morning of the 12th inst. Judge Grier
visited the War Department, and administered
the oath of office to the new Secretary, Hon.
Limon Cameron, in the presence of a large
number of the clerks and other officials. Mr.
Holt, after introducing his subordinates to his
successor, retired, wishing great success and
prosperity to General Cameron. Justice Grier
and General Cameron are about the same age.
They were boys together in Northumberland
county, many years ago, and they started life
the one as a school teacher and the other as a
printer. During all the interval between youth
and mature age they have preserved the kind
est relations. It was fitting, therefore, that
the oath of office should be administered by the
one to the other.
Gen. Cameron has addressed the following
letter to the Governor of Pennsylvania :
WASHINGTON,. Mareh 11, 1861.
To his Excellency Andrew G. Curtin, Governor
of Pennsylvania :
DEAR SIR :—Having accepted the position of
Secretary of War, tendered to me by the Presi
dent, I hereby resign my seat in the Senate of
the United States.
I leave that, body with feelings of deep regret
as well because it severs my immediate connec
tion with the people of my native State,.as be
cause it removes me from the cherished per
sepal associations of that high am 4 dignified
body. But lam consoled by the fact that the
change in our tariff laws, for which I have la
bored for more than fifteen years. and which I
trust will add greatly to the benefit of Penn
sylvania, was accomplished at the close of my
_ . •
Ibe to say to the Legislature, and to the
people of Pennsylvania, that in my new posi
tion, which a deference to their earnest wishes
induced me reluctantly to accept, my best en
ergies shall be exerted for the benefit of the
whole country, of which Pennsylvania forms
so important a part.
• I am, sir, very respectfully,
Your Obedient Servant,
PENN' A LEGISLATURE.
TUESDAY, March 12, 1861.
The Senate was called to order at 3 o'clock
p. m., by the SPEAKER.
The SPEAKER laid before the Senate the
report of the Norristown 'Lowrance and water
company for the year 1860.
A large number of petitions and remonstran
ces of similar import to those already presented
during the session, were offered.
BILLS IN PLACE
Mr. HALL, an act to authorize the commis
sioners of Blair county to borrow money ;
which was taken up under a suspension of the
rules, and passed its several readings.
Mr. GREGG, an act chartering an insurance
company in Ceetre county.
Also, an act to charter an insurance company
in Sugar Valley, Centre county.
Mr. YARDLEY, an act for the relief of Lewis
Also, an act for the relief of Caroline Lam
bert, Mary Ann Lambert, and others.
Also, a supplement to the act relative to suits
brought against railroad and canal compa
Mr. CONNELL, a supplement to the act in
corporating the Northorn home for friendless
Mr. BLOOD, an act to declare Little Toby-
Minna Creek, Clarion county, public high
Also, an act to change the place of holding
the election in Highland township, Clarion
Mr. THOMPSON, a supplement to the act
incorporating the Lackawanna and Zance
borough railroad company.
Mr. HAMILTON, an act to fix. the place of
holding the election in the borough of Eliza
bethtown Lancaster county.
Mr. LANDON, a supplement to the act in
corporating the Tewanda gas and water com
Also, a supplement to the act providing for
the collection of damages on the North Branch
Mr. BOUGHTER, an act relating to a certain
island in the Susquehanna river, near Liver
pool, Perry country.
Also, an act to change the place of holding
the election in the second ward, in the city of
Also, a supplement to the act incorporating
the city of Harrisburg.
Mr. LAWRENCE offered the following, which
Resolved, That when the Senate adjourn, it
will adjourn to inset at 10 o'clock to=morrow
morning, and that shall be the hour of meeting
until otherwise ordered, except on Mondays.
Mr. MEREDITH called up the act to incor
porate the Freeport gas and water company;
which was passed.
Mr. SCHINDEL called up supplement to the
Ironton railroad company; which was passed.
Mr. SERRILL called up the act incorpora
ting the Media gas and water company; which
Mr. SMITH called up an act to abolish the
nisi prius court of Philadelphia ; which was
Mr. THOMPSON called up supplement to an
act relative to landlord and tenant; which was
Mr. CONNELL called up an act to extend
the provisions of an act relative to cemeteries
and burial places in York county, to the city
of Philadelphia; which was passed.
Mr. CLYMER called up House bill, entitled
"An Act revising the charter of the municipal
corporation of the city of Reading;" which was
A message from the Governor was received,
accompanied by the resignation of Hon. Simon
Mr. MOTT called up supplement to an act
to incorporate the Cream Hill turnpike com
pany ; which was passed,
Mr. LAWRENCE, (for the SPEAKER) called
up an act to change the place of holding the
election in East Brunswick township, Schuyl
kill county ; which was passed.
Mr. SMITH called up a supplement to the
act relating to inspections; which was passsd.
Mr. GREGG called up an act for the protec
tion of sheep, and taxing of dogs in Lycoming
county; which was passed.
The Clerk of the House presented an extract
from the Journal, entitled a joint resolution for
holding a joint Convention for the election of a
United States Senator, to fill the vacancy oc
casioned by the resignation of Hon. Simon
Cameron, on Thursday, the 14th inst., at 12
o'clock m.; which was agreed to.
On motion of Mr. M'CLURE, the Senate pro
ceeded to make nominations.
Mr. PALMER nominated James H. Camp
Mr. CONNELL nominated William D. Kelley
Mr. SCHINDEL nominated W. H. Witte.
Mr. SERRILL nominated Mr, Ketcham,
Mr. BENSON nominated Mr. Wilmot.
Mr. GREGG nominated Wm .Armstrong.
Mr. SMITH nominated Morton M'Michael.
Mr. SERRILL nominated J. M. Broomall.
Mr. HALL nominated Samuel Calvin.
Mr. HAMILTON nominated Thos. E. Frank
Mr. lIIESTAND nominated Thad. Stevens
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
TUESDAY, March 12. 1861
SPEAKER DAVIS called the House to order
at 8 o'clock, Tin Journal of the Ist inst. was
Mr. SHEPPARD offered a resolution for the
adoption of certain joint rules in Ziegler's Man
Mr. M'DONOUGH offered the followingjoin
resolutions, which were read under a suspen
sion of the rules:
Wimanas, The eminent devotion evinced by
lion. John J. Crittenden, of Kentucky, to the
Constitution and the Union of the United
States, and the distinguished servies he has
rendered to the same during the session of the
late Congress at Washington entitle him to the
gratitude and honor of the people of all the
loyal States, and to none more more so than to
those of Pensylvania: And whereas, The Le
gislature of Xentucky have unanimously re
quested him to remain at the Federal Capital,
and by his mature wisdom aid in restoring
peace to the distracted Confederacy, and have
further requested him to visit such other Sates
as may desire his presence to counsel with
them on the dangerous questions of the time ;
therefore be it
Resolved, That an invitation is hereby ex
tended to the Hon. John J. Crittenden of By.,
to visit Harrisburg at such time as may suit
his convenience during the present session.
Resolved, That a committee of five on the
part of the House be appointed to confer with
a similar committee .to be appointed ., by the
Senate to make arrangements for the reception
of Mr,. Crittenden should he accept the invita
tion hereby so cordially extended to him.
Mr. WILLIAMS wished the gentleman to
explain his reasons for offering the resolutions.
Mr. Crittenden had done nothing more than his
duty, and he was of opinion that he might have
done touch more, He was not prepared to en
dorse his course.
Mr. M'DONOUGH explained that Mr. Crit
tenden stood before the people, not as a politi
cal partisan, but as a patriot. The resolutions
were intended as, a compliment to the states
Mr. WILLIAMS replied, that there were
other Statesmen as great as Mr. Crittenden.
Mr. 111 7 DONOTIGH had no objections to in
serting their names.
Mr. TRACY moved to strike out John J.
Crittenden, and insert Andrew J. Johnson, of
Mr. COWAN moved to postpone the resolu
tions for the present ; agreed to—yeas 49,
The resignation on Gen. Simon Cameron as
United States Senator was read.
Mr. BLAIR offered a joint resolution, that
the House meet in joint convention on Thurs
day, the 14th inst., to elect a United States
Senator, to fillthe vacancy, occasioned - by the
resignation of Gen. Cameron. Adopted. The
following nominations were made :
Mr. PATTERSON nominated Hon. W. W.
Beteham ; Mr. Cowan, nominated Hon. David
H. Wilmot; Mr. HUHN, nominated Hon. Jas.
Campbell ; Mr. BUTLER, of Carbon naming=
ted Hon. Wm. H. Witte • Mr. MOORE, nomi
nated Morton WMichael i Esq.; Mr. HILL nomi
nated Hon. Wm. H. Welsh; Mr COPE, nomi
nated Hon. Richard Brodhead; Mr. LIESEN
RING, nominated Hon. Richard Vaux; Mr.
MARSHALL, nominated E. P. Ranch, Esq.,
Mr. PRESTON, nominated Hon. Elisha W.
Davis; Mr. OBER, nominated Hon. Thomas E.
Franklin; Mr. RHOADS, nominated Gen.
George M. Beim; Mr. SMITH of Philadephia,
nominated Hon. Henry M. Phillips.
Mr. WILDEY offered a joint resolution, that
the Legislature adjourn on the 3d of April.—
Laid over under the rules.
The House then proceeded to the considera
tion of bills upon the private ealender, and
several were prepared for second reading.
LATE ST BY TELEGRAPH
The Southern Confederacy.
MONTGOMERY, Ala., March 12.
The permanent Constitution of the Confed
erated States having been adopted by Congress
and the obligation of secrecy removed, your
correspondent is enabled to transmit the main
features of that document.
No person of a foreign State and not a citizen
of the Confederate States, is allowed to vote for
any officer, either civil or polical, State or
Federal. Under the first census South Carolina
is entitled to five Representatives in Congress ;
Georgia to ten Representatives ; Alabama to
nine Representatives; Florida to two Represen
tatives ; Mississippi to seven Representatives ;
Louisiana to six Representatives ; and Tekas to
six Representatives; each State to have two
Senators. The State Legislatures may impeach
a judicial or Federal officer, resident and acting
in said State, by a two thirds vote. Both
branches of Congress may grant seats on the
floor of either House to the principal officer of
each executive department, with the privilege
of discussing the measures of his department.
The representation of three-fifths of the slaves
is continued_ Congress is not allowed, through
the imposition of duties, to foster any branch
of industry. The foreign slave trade is pro
hibited. Congress is prohibited from making
appropriations unless by a vote of two-thirds
9f both Houses, except when the appropriations
are asked by the head of some department or
the President. No extra compensation is to be
allowed to any contractor, officer or agent, after
the contract is made or the service rendered.
Every law or resolution having the force of the
law, shall relate to but one subject and be ex
pressed by its title. The President and Vice
President shall serve for six years. The prin
cipal officers of the department and in the
diplomatic service shall be removable at the
pleasure of the President, and other civil offi
cers, when their services are unnecessary or
for other good causes and reasons. Removals
from office must be reported to the Senate and
practically no captious removals are to be tole
rated. Other States to be admitted into the
Confederacy by a vote of two-thirds of both
Houses. The Confederacy may acquire terri
tory and slavery shall be acknowledged and
protected by Congress and the Territorial Gov
ernment. When five States shall have ratified
the Constitution, it shall be established for
e te.a. 44_4..1ifwl .4 14 11444 - 444.A4,711 - 0
Constitution is to continue in force for a period
not extending beyond one year.
No business of importance was transacted in
WASHINGTON, March 12
It is understood at the office of the Adjutant
General that the orders for the evacuation of
Fort Sumpter by the small force of the gallant
Major Anderson, 7111 be issued to-morrow.
Commodore Stewart, just before the close
of the late administration, returned to Seers•
tary Toucy his commission as Senior Flag Cap
tain of the Navy, dated in 1859, a step which
he contemplated shortly after the passage of
the act which conferred this mark of distinc
tion. While Commodere. Stewart highly ap
preciated the friendly feelings which superin
duced this expression of national esteem, he
looked upon it as intended to ameliorate the
wrong inflicted upon him by the naval board;
but it seems he prefers that, irrespective of the
congressional resolve, his distinguished services
to his country shall be his best defence.
It is known to be the intention of the Presi
dent to first fill the vacancies which exist, and
which must be filled during the present session
of the Senate. Excepting in a few instances,
the other appointments will be deferred until
this is done. In the meanwhile applicants are
requested to file their papers in the proper.de
The officers of the army met at the War De
partment at noon to-day, and in company with
Lieut. Gen. Scott and Secretary Cameron, pro•
ceeded to the White House and formally paid
their respects to the President.
BOARD Or EXAMINERS.—The board of offi
cers composed of Capt. Ringold and Com
manders Davis and Maury, have been appoin
ted by the Secretary of the Navy, in pursuance
of the recent naval appropriation act, to ex
amine the data for charts of the surveying
expedition under Capt. Ringgold, Commanders
Page and Rogers, and Lieut. Brook, and to
report if they are such as to justify their pub
A FORGIVING WIFE.—In the Hartford (Conn.,)
rolice court on Friday, a man named Martin
was convicted of beating his wife in the most
cruel manner, first with a Leavy strap and
buckle, and afterwards with a hot poker. He
then made her stand in the middle of the room
while he doused a pail of water over her to
wash off the blood. Yet the woman interceded
for her husband.
The Delaware Legislature at its late session
passed a law imposing a fine of $lOO for deal
ing in lottery policies.
Andrew Godfrey, convicted in Philadelphia
of selling lottery policies, has been sentenced
to four months in the county prison.
Robert Rambo, convicted of passing counter
feit coin at Wilmington Del., has been fined
V2OO and imprisoned one year.
The majority in the Arkansas in favor of a
State Convention was 11,586.
On the 12th inst., by Rey. Roberta . , Carson, Mr. Joss_
PEWS SHISLER to WEB ELLA ETROMINGER, all Of this
On the sth inst., by Rev. G. J. Martz, Mr. jossra
BUSER to Miss SUSAN FACKLER, all of Dauphin county,
On the 7th inst. ,by Rev. G. J. Martz, Mr. DAVID
SHIMMER to Miss MARGANNT'SHETBOI,TB, all of Worm
leysburg, Cumberland county, Penna.
i NRESEI GARDEN AND FLOWER
SEEDS.—The largest stock in the City. All kinds
of HARDEN SEEDS, in large papers, at THREE CARTS
per paper. For sale by DAVID HAYNES,
rnarlB-Ira 110 Market Street.
ENRY BECKER offers himself as an
Independent Candidate for re-election to the office
be now holds—Constable .of Third Ward—and will be
obliged for the support of the voters of said Word.
WORCESTER'S ROYAL QITARTO
This Dictionary is. the recognized standard o f i ,
English language throughout the world.lt ..... is. the . f -:'
dard authority for the Official Records and DoeuMeiati
and the Public Printing of the United States, ami i.., t l L -R,
sirmosYniZ SD,tonetl ie ;
only standard recognized by our eminent autho m . '''''
It is the BEST DEFINING and PR ONOttiCIS4 hi„
tionary of the English language, and contains over 0 0 ,;: .
Y deparGnr.•ot 0
third more useful matter than any other similar WOrk__
more than NINETEEN TIIOIIBAND important wO OO .
meanies not found in Webster's Unabridged, v iisil
It is illustrated by more than 1,000 SUPEER noon_
; 5,000 words are accurately
with full Tables of Proper Names Prormuliced . A . ,
dent can afford to be without it. -, J httv,
That it is the best Dictionary in ever
Lexicography, is the opinion of our most ~,,,,,e 4
From George P. Marsh, L. L. D, Author of Lectures on
the English Language.
have examined the neW editiOn of Dr. Warcesterr
English Dictionary with care, and have formed a
favorable opinion of its merits.
The principal points to be aimed at in a hatel-tliction
mof w orthograordphs ; y and orthcepy--tiv: written
Precision and distinctness in definition ;
Fullness in vocabulary, and truth in historical etyma_
to The work of Dr. Worcester is unquestionably IifCCII
SUPERIOR to any other general Dictionary of the lan,
guage in EVERY ONE of these particulars, and it is
therefore entitled to rank first among the existing helps
to a complete knowledge of English philology.
Frryant and Washi»gton ireittz
authentic e etymologies, the coneisenei:;
W and completeness of the definitions, the nicety with
which the different shades of menni +
ng .h synonyineS are
distinguished, and the conscientious accuracy of the
work in all its
the highest claims epartments to public , favor .ve it, in my judgment,
I concur with the opinion of llir. Iryant.—woh k.
From Prof. Oliver Wendell Holmes, p o ,, m.
It is, indeed, a monumental work, and on. o f „w ell
our city and country may be proud as lin% us „.e hays
city, a country and a language.
From Charles Dickens, England
It is a moat remarkable work, of which Anicyica will
be justly proud, and for which all who study lb: Envlish
language will long have reason to respect your
and to be grateful to you.
From Herbert Coleridge, Secretary of the London Philo
logical Society, England.
Your magnificent present reached me here at length
safely yesterday, and I lose no time in returning you my
cordial thanks for your kindness. The London ageeti
of your publishers, in their letter to me, (which I got
before the book itself,) described it as a new edition of
Webster, and I hardly felt inclined to be very grateful,
as my opinion of Dr. Webster is but small; and mysur.
prise and pleasure were consequently all the greater
when I found out what I had really become possessed of.
As a work of practical utility, your book appears to
me to be NEARLY PERFECT, and. I expect to derive
immense assistance from it.
From the Rev. V. ;newel!, D. D.. Master of Trinity
College, Cambridge, England, Author of "History of
the Indiana:6 Setektes.”
I have repeatedly consulted the Dictionary since it
has been in my possession, and have seen reason to think
it MORE COMPLETE AND EXACT than any of its
Sold at all respectable book-stores. marl3•lml
WANTED -A WHITE WO lAN.-
A good COOK can find constant employment and
good wages. Apply to DANIEL WAGNER, atthe Seven
Stars Hotel, corner of Second and Chesnut etyma,
CHANGE OF LOCATION.
The old stock of cars being disposed of, the under
signed has broke out in a new place, and established a
daily freight line between Philadelphia., New York, Har
risburg and all points on the Northern Central, Sunbury
and Erie and Lackawanna and Bloomsburg railroads,
Thankful for the liberal patronage heretofore extended,
he hopes, by promptness in delivery, to retain all his
old customers and patrons. All goods intended for the
line must be delivered at the depot of the Philadelphia
and Reading railroad, Broad and Callowhill streets, Phil
iladelphia All goods delivered ei the dgpot lip i 9
o'clock, P. M., will reach Harrisburg next morning.
J. WALLOWER, Ja.. General Agent,
marchl2 Reading Depot, Harrisburg:
BRANT'S CITY HALL.
THREE NIGHTS ONLY!!!
WEDNESDAY, THURSDAY, AND FRIDAY,
MARCH 13th, 14th, and 15th.
THE ELITE OF THE PROFESSION ! !
IN THEIR - UNAPPROACHABLE ETHIOPIAN EN
This Troupe is composed of the first class Artists selec
ted from the most popular troupes in the Union.
OBSERVE THE LIST OF STARS !
BILLY BIRCH, D. S. WAMBOLD, GUSTAVE SIDIUT,
S. A.NBANWIL H. WILES, J. EASTNEAD,
MASER ALBEBTINI, CHARLEY FOX, AUGUST ASCHF,
A LEHMAN, N. OEHL, C. BLASS,
A. BREITSOPB, W. BURNES. COOL WHIM
LLOYD'S BRASS BAND, lea by AUOI7AT Agenn, wilt
give a free Balcony Serenade previous to the Minstrel
Tickets 25 cents. • Doors open at 7, commence at a
o'clock. [mar9.(l6t) P. A. CLARK, Agent.
C ONCER T.
ON THURSDAY EVENING, MARCH 14,11111.
AT THE ENGLISH LUTHERAN CHURCH,
THE PROGRAMME will comprise a Cantata by RIES,
~ T HE MORNING,> , "OLD FOLKS' MUSIC," and selec
tions from celebrated authors—to close with HANDEL'S
chef d'oeuvre, "THE HALLELWAIL CHORUS."
The Piano-forte to be used is one of Chi ckering's best,
furnished by their Agent, Prof. Wi WAX KNOCHE.
Tickets 25 cents—may be had at Prof. KNoens '5 Mu
sic Store, GROSS & CO.'S Drug Store, and from any of
the members of the Society. mar9-dlt
pUBLIC SALE .—Will be Sold, at
Brant!s European Hotel, on Wednesday Evening,.
March 1304 1661, a certain TWGSTORY FRAME
DWELLING HOUSE AND LOT OF GROUND, AND
VACANT LOT, situate on North street, near Second
—being 50 feet on North street, and extending back 51
feet. The House is well finished, with seven rooms and
Basement Kitchen. Sale to commence at 7 o'clock,—
Terms wilt be made known by HENRY ROBERTS.
mar6-ltd* W. BARB, Auctioneer.
THE BIBLE ON DIVORCE.—The fol.
lowing words are from Mark x. v. 9, :
"What, therefore, God has joined together let not man
"Whosoever shall put away his wife and marry another
committeth adultery. And if a woman shall put away
her husband and marry again she committeth adultery."
Legislators and others, the above is the edict of the
Supreme Lawgiver, from which there is do appeal.—
"What, therefore, hod has joined together let no man
put asunder." janl2 dtf
ALL PERSONS who hove any Affection
of the Lungs or Throat, or Chronic Diseases, and
wish to be cured, should consult Da, On:WAR!, who
has bad many years' experience in different sections of
the United States and Canada, and has cured cases which
had been treated without benefit by what are esteemed
the BEST PHYSICIANS in the Union.
He has been in.Harrishurg for mrny months,. and has
restored to health, invalids who had expended hundreds
of dollars with Physicians and Patent Medicines. He
can refer to some of the best families in Harrisburg, and
can give the names of persons in the city, and nearly all
parts of the State, whom he has cured of almost every
He does not profess to cure all diseases after the man
tor of Some advertising quacks, but will give a candid
opinion in regard to curability after examination. The
medicines of Dr. S. are vegetable, andderived frommore
than a hundred sources while traveling, In Lung and
Throat Diseases he has had great success by means of
his CARBON CURE, which may be taken by the Stomach
Beware of Caustic and the Threat Burners of the old
In COMPLAINTS OF FEMALES his success has been
remarkable, and be has cured affections of the Eye and
Ear said to be incurable.
DR. STEWART solicits cases of the following, given
up by others :
NEURALGIA, jiwgrmATisM, SCROFULA, ULCERS, LIVER
COMPLAINT, SWELLED NECK, Ss - xi:re/. DEBILITY, DROPSY.
FALLING FITS, PRIVATE DISEASES, DYSPEPSIA , GRAVEL.
Cancers removed by a new remedy procured in Canada.
When so requested, pa, OTkWA,RT will visit patients
at their residence,
In regard to qualifications, Dr. S. refers to ProlessUg
Paneoast, Dungliaon and Delp, of Philadviplua•
also begs leave to refer to Senators Chase and Pugh; an
Don. Thomas Corwin, of Ohio.
Patients or their friends should call at the FUEII I, ER
ROUSE from 9 a m, to Bp. m.
Letters promptly attended to
SEALED PROPOSALS to furnish the Dauphin County
Poor House with such meat as may be Want e d , from
time to time, will be receir , d by the Directors up to the
27th DAY OF MARCH, and opened and contract awarded
on TUESDAY, the 2d of April, 1861, to the lowest bidder.
The meat must be of good quality, and delivered at the
All propotiala to be handed to the Steward of the Peer
House. • JOHN RAYSOR,
PETER R 121101.,
naar64tdeatw Direttore of r oot.
m ere-d&W 2 W